Newspaper Page Text
He Will Succeed Col. Neal atthe
DOUTHIT ALSO DEFEATED.
Result of the Elections Held by
the Legislature last Week.
How Each Member
The Legislatuire met in joint
bly on Tuesday morning of last week to
elect a superintendent of the State pen
itentiary and other omeicers. .ust be
fore the election was held the friends
of Senator 1). J. Griffith claimed that I
that gentleman had 0; votes pledged to
him, but there were few wiio expected
to see him cle-ted on the first bal
The resi 't of the election was that
upon tho first balt apt. Griffith re
ceived 71 votes, audt before tile vote
was declared over a ,core o tes were
changed from the other canditates to
him and he was declared letd
Miss Nannie Mont Nmer' was e
ted State librarian and Me. A. K.
Sanders of Sumter T. J. Ciuininghai1
of Chester and W. T. Odell of Pi-k
ens were elected directors of til rem
But the closest contest of all was the
vote for member of the State board of
control to suceced Mr. J. B. Dou.hit,
whose term had expired. Mr. Pouthit
was nominated for reelection and his
opponent was Mr. T. Chris Robinson of
Pickens. Tke vote was so elose that
there was much dispute over the result
anaounced, and it was only after a suc
cession of recounta that)Lr. Robinson
was declared elected by a majority of
The house of representatives as.m
bled yesterday morning, but there was
a feeling of restlessness in the very at
mosphere, and nothing was accomplish
ed until the hour of 11, when the joint
session of the senate and the house of
representatives was called to order by
Lieutenant Governor McSweeney.
Gen. Hemphill, clerk of the senate,
read the conearrent resolution ordering
this election, and President McSweeney
anaounced that the first vote would be
Under the rules previously adopted,
no speeches of nomination were per
mitted. A member of the joint assem
bly merely put a name in nomination
and but one second was allowed for
Mr. Jos. W. McCullotgh of Green
ville nominated Miss Nannie Montgom
ery of Marlboro, the present incumbent.
This was seconded by -Senator Ilderton
Senator Marshall of Richland nomi
nated Mrs. LeConte of Columbia, form
erly State librarian. Senator Barn
well of Charleston seconded the nomi
nation. The ballot resulted in Miss
Montgomery's election by a vote of 96
Following was the vote:
Mrs. LeConte-Senators Aldrieb'.
Barnwell, Blakeney, Dean, Glenn, Gru
bet, Henderson, Hough, Manning, Mar
hall, Mower, Standland, Sheppard,
Miss Montgomery-Senators Alenan
der, Appelt, Archer, Bowen, Brown
Geo..- Brown W. A., Dennis, Douglass,
Graydos, Ilderton. Livingston, Love,
Mauldin, Mayfield. Ragsdale. Sarratt,
Scarborough, Suddath, Sullivan, Tal
bird, Wallace, Williams-22.
Mis. LeConte-Representatives Gary
Ashley, Bacot, Bell, Colcock, Cosgrove,
Dean, DeBruhl. Efird. Gantt, Hender
son. Hopkins, 'Jenkins, Lofton. Ma
rion, W. L. Mauldin, Mehrtens, Miteh
elI, Mobley, Nettles, Patton, Puerifoy,
Pyatt E. B. Ragsdale, H, B. Richard
ion, i. B. A. Robinson, C. P. Sanders,
Sawyer, Seabrook. Simkins. Siler.
G. P. Smith. J. L. Smith. Strom, Su
ber, W. H. Thomas. Vernor, Wharton.
Bailey. J. B. Black, W. D. Black,
Blease, Blythe, Bolts, Browning, Cross,
Dargaa, Davis. Decndy. Dowling. Epps.
Estridge. H. H. Evans. N. d*. Evans.
Fairey, Floyd. Gause. Graham. Hill,
Hoffmeyer. llolhs. Jackson. W. J.
Johnson. Leverett. Lyles. Magill. Man
sing. Labaa Mauldin. McCoy. Me
Craw. McCullough. McDow, Me Lauch
lin, Means, Miley, Montgomery. Moss.
Patterson.' Prince. .J. W. Ragsdale.
'iichards, G. W. Richardson. C. E.
Robinson. Rogers. E. L. Sanders.
Sharpe, E. D). Smitb. Jeremiah Smith,
Stackhouse, Stevenson. Theus. Threatt.
Timmerman, Varn, West. Weston,
Whisonant. Williams, Wilson, Wim-I
berly. Wingo. Winkler, H. H. Wood
ward. M. B. Woodward. Wyche. Young1
Mr. Geo. RI. Jones was paired with
)fr. Gamble, and Mr. L. K. Sturkie
with Mr. Dukes.
The total vote was 149, of whieh Miss
Montgomery received 96.
c'ot. nsE~r r':n:xvr i.
The galleries and the floor of the hall
were crowded with visitors, who were
present to watch the contest for the po
sition of superintendent of the peniten
Col. Neal was there, looking quite
unwell, and surrounded by a number
of friends. Capt. Griffith looked confi
dent, and his friends were buoyant with
The prominlence of Col. Neal in af
fairs political lent peculiar interest to
this race. Although the race was won
partially by Capt. Griffith's popularity,
there is no doubt that the feeling of
politicians toward Col. Neal had a great
deal to do with the result of the elee
Mr. Stevenson of Chesterfield nomi
nated Senator Griffith. This was see
onded by Senator Taibird of Beau
tir. Timmerman nominated Repre
sentative Bell of Aiken. This was see
onded by Senator.Sheppard of Edge
Senator Mayfield nominated Mr. H1.
H-. Crtum of Bamberg, chairman of:
the ways and means committee. This
was seconded by Mr. Moss of (bange
Col. W. A. Neal wvas nominated by
Mr. Prince of Anderson. This was
seconded by Senator Manning of Sum
Mr. John W. McCullough of Green
ville was nominated by Mr. WV. L.
Mauldin of Greenville. This was see
onded by Senator (;. W. Brown.
The nominations were then closed
upoa motion of Mr. Wyche.
When the roll of the joint asse mbly
had been called, and each member had
voted for the candidate of his choice, it
was seen that Senator Griffith was far in
the lead. The vote was not announced
but the first roll call resulted as fol
lows: Griffith. 71; Neal, 84: McCul
lough, 23; Crumi, 21; Bell, 4. Total,
15:3; necessary to elect, 77.
Sora of the nmbhr had ker, a
votes. M\r. I uerton. iar cteu~ o n:.
chausj. ing his vte from1 (Crum~ t (1 h
or . .lLImith fron Ne
uu toG ritith .r. Sheppard frim
Rell to riith, and in a few momeints
a score (ito others l'Olowed their exam
pe. N o one candilate was injured by
this Sluup. as each lost a nuuuber of
Supporters and when the vote ou the
tirst ballot was declared, Sienator Grit
fith was announced as elected Fol
iwo ing was the final result: (Griiitli.
;: Neal. 2S: )lcuillough. 16: Crum.
11 jel'. 2. 31r. Crum lost nore than
any oth' ?r candidate uheu the 1.reak to
Following .as, the vote as fir-t rcOrd
G ridith Sen-itors AN:aid.er. Arch
er, Barnwell. Blakency. Down. Doug
lass. Glenn. Giraydon. Grubei. Hay.
Uenderson, Marshall. Mauldin. )lower.
Ragsdale. Sarratt, Scarboru-gi, Sud
dath. Tolbird, Wallace, Waler, Wil
liams. Represe':tatives: Speaker Ga
ry, Black, W. 1'., Caughman. Davis,
Dean, Eird. Estridge. Evans. N. G..
Fairv. Gamble. Gause. Graham. llop
kins, Johnson. XV. .J., Lockwood. Lof
ton. Lyles. Mann. Manning. MeDill.
MeLauchin. Mehrteus. Mobley. Net
tie. Patteron. Patton. Pcurifov. Rags
dale. E. 1". Richards. Sanders E. 1.
Sawyer. Seabrook. Shary. Simpson.
Sinkler. Smith. .Jcremiah; Smith. J.
L.. Stevensen. Strom. Sturkie. Suber. I
Thenis. Thomas, W. .. Threatt, Whis-'
onaut. Vinkler. Woods. Wooiward.
Neal-Senators Appelt. Boweu. Den
uis, Livingston. Love, Manning. Stan
land. Sullivan. Walker. Iepresenta
tives: Ashley. Bacot. Blease. Bolts.
Coleock, Cosgrove. Dendy. Epps. Er
ans, H1. 11.. (antt. .Jackson, Leverett
Mauldin. .., McCraw. Means. Mitch
ell, Pyatt. Prince. Richardson. 11. B..
Robinson, R. It. A.. Rogers. Verner.
We-ton. Williams. Wharton-34.
31eCullough- Senators Brown. Dean,
Hough. Representative )irgan. De
Bruld. Dowling. Floyd. Henderson.
Hloffmeyer. Magill. Marion. Mauildin.
W. .. McCullough. Montgomery.
Ragsdale. JT NV.. Richardson. G. W..
Robinson. C. 1E Sanders. C. P.. Smith.
G. P.. Smith -. D>.. Wilson. Wino.
Crum-Senators Aldrich. Ilderton,
Mayfield. Representatives Bailey.
Black. J. B.. Blythe. Browning. Cross,
Hill. 1ollis, Jenkins, Jones. McCoy.
McLaurin, Miley. Moss, Thomas. W.
J.. Varn. West. Wimberly. Wyche
Bell-Senator Sheppard. Represen
tatives Richardson. Geo. W.. Timmer
man and Woodward--4.
There were three vacancies among
the board of directors of the penitenti
ary to succeed Mr. Wharton. elected to
the general assembly. and Messrs. Cun
ningham and Blackwell. whose terms
Mr. Wharton nominated Mr. J. 11.
Blackwell of Barnwell.
Mr. McDow nominated Mr. Jno. W.
Lyles of Fairfield.
Mr. Blythe nominated Mr. T. .J.
Cunningham of Chester.
Senator Mayfield nominated Mr. V.
S. Odell of Pickens.
Mr. J. Harvey Wilson nominated
Mr. A. K. Sanders of Sumter.
All five of the candidates were voted
for on one ballot. 15 votes were cast.
79 being a majority. Mr. Sanders re
ceived 130; Mr. Cunningham 115: Mr.
Odell 84: Mr. Lyles 78 and Mr. Black
well 62. The first three having receiv
ed a majority, were declared elected.
A STRAXNGE SCRiAMBL.E.
President McSweeney then announced
ttat it was in order to elect two mem
bers of the State board of control. one
for a five year term and one to fill the
unexpired term of Mr. M. Rl. Cooper.
It was decided to ballot for these
For the five-year term, Mr. .1. B.
Douthit, the present incun.bent. was
nominated by Senator Sullivan of An
derson. This seconded by Representa
Mr. T. C. Robinson of Pickens was
nominated by Mr. Laban Mauldin. see
onded by Senator Dean.
These were the only nominations.
The greatest interest was manifested
while the vote .ras being polled. There
was lobbying going on even at this
time, and unless a member enunciated
distinetly. it was difficult to distinguish
the name of the candidate for whom he
voted. Those who kept tally sheets
wore satisfied that Douthit was elected
when the last vote was polled. There
was considerable surprise when the
president announced that Robinson had
been elected. baving received 76 votes
and Douthit 75.
Prince demanded that. as there was
dissatisfaction as to the correctness of
that vote, the joint assembly be polled
to see if the votes had been recorded
Graydon matde a point of order that
the vote had been declared, and that
the election could not be re-opened.
Senator Sheppard said that such a
condition had confronted the .ioint as
sembly often betore. and the natural
course was to poll the vote.
President McSweeney ruled that as
there had been a difference ini the vote
as recorded by the tellers for the senate
and the tellers for the house that no
election had been held.
This made the vote open for changes.
Sawyer changed from Robinson to
Douthit. Stutkie from Douthit to [lob
insou. Montgomery from Robinson to
Douthit. D~eBruhl from D~outhit to
Robinson. Whisonant from Douthit
to Robinson. Peurifoy from Robinson
to Douthit. In this way Robinson
gained one vote.
When the vote was polled. it was seen
that there had been 1.4 votes east. and
that Robinson had received 7S. while
Douthit received but 7". Rlobinson
was declared elected.
The vote was very close and there
was considerable feeling over it. Chair
man Hlaselden and others were on the
floor working for Robinson. and there
was a great deal of excitement at times.
Senator Sheppard was applauded up on
his construec.ion of a point of order, and
Sturkie was appl laudied when he changed
from Douthit to Robinson in order to
offset Sawyer's change from Robinson
The friends of D~outhit do natL seem
to be dis.posed to concede that he was
beaten on the first ballot, and that there
was so much confusion afterwards that
the result was unfavoraibk to Douthit.
-Following is the final 'rote:
Dout hit-Alexander, Appelt. Archer
Blakeney, Brown. Connor. Hay. Love,
Manning. Marshall. Mauldin Mower.
Scarborough. Sheppard, Suddath, Sulli
van, Talbird. Walker. Waller. Williams
Robinson-.\idrich, Barnwell. Bowen,
Dean. 1~enniis Douglass. Glaydon, Gru
ber. Henderson, Hlough. Ilderton, Liv
ingston. Mayfield. R(agsdale. Satrratt.
Deuthit-.\Ashley. Bailey. Bell. Bolts.
Browning Caughman. Cross. Davis.
Dean. hendy, Dowling. Etird. Epps.
EtriAg. WEx- TT.H. ET-T rne N. K
Jenkins. Jotnes. Leverett. 1ann. Me
Coy. NlDil. l L c, .1ontgomery.
Nettles. Patton, l'eurifov. Prince.
lyatt. Eiehards. lcliardson G, eorge
W... lichardsou Icnry .. ltobinsoin
1. 1. A.. Sanders C. P.. Sawyer.
Sharpe, Smith Jeremiah, Smith J. L..
Stevenson, Strom. Suber, Theus Thon
a W. 11.. Thomas WN. J.. Timmerman.
Verner, Weston. Williams, Wilson,
Wing Winikler. Woods-..
lIabinson-Speakcr Gary, liaot.
I'lack J. I lBlack W. D.. Bllease, Ily
the. Colhock, C,.:rove. (-runn, Dar
gan. 1 e3ruhl. Fair- ', Floyd, G use.
Henderson. Hill, lloffmeyer, Hollis
lopkins, .Johnson A. J.. Lockwood,
Lofton, Lyles, Magill., Manning. Nar
ion. Mauldin L., Mauldin v;. L, Mu
Craw. Mc(ullough. McLauchlin, Me
Laurin. Means, Mehrtens. Miley.
Mitchell. Mobley. Moss, Patterson,
lBasdale E. B.. hagsdale J. W., lobin
son C. E., llogers. Sanders E. L., Sea
brook, Simpkins, Sinkler. Smith G. P..
Smith E. D.. Sturkie, Threa:t, Varn,
West. Wharton. Whisonant. Wimberly,
Woodward 1l 11.. Woodward M B..
Wyche. YouUg -'A
The balloting for this place was not
concluded until 2:20. and the joint as
sembly then took recess until S o'clock.
The ioint session was resumed at S
o'clock for the purpose of concluding
the elections. This session contained
quite a surprise, for Mr. B. 11. Boykin
of Kershaw was elected on the first bal
lot. Mr. Boykin had been spoken of
as a candidate to succeed Mr. Douthit,
although he was a candidate to succeed
Mr. Cooper, and it was feared by his
frends that this confusion would in
juTe him, but it did not after all cause
When the .joint session had been
called to orderby President 31cSweoney
Senator Gruber of Colleton nominated
Mr. 31. W. Simmons of Dorchester as
candidate for member of the State
board of control. This was seconded
by Mr. Stevenson of Chesterfield.
31r. Winkler of Kershaw normiunted
Ar. Duriill H. Boykin of Kershaw,
seconde' by Mr. Woods of Clarendon.
Mr.' J. 0. A Moore of Darlington
was nominated by Mr. Efird of Lexing
tod. seconded by Mr. Floyd of Darling
Messrs. Verner and Means protested
that as there had been so much lobby'
ing and confusion on the floor b- n'e
siders in the morning, that the fl '
the house be cleared of visitor.
could find seats in the gallery.
Mr. Timmerman said that thi- :as
unnecessary if the sergeants at a'irns
would obey the orders of the Ire:ing
When the roll call was finished: Mr.
Boykin had a majority of 6 votv,, he
having received 76, Mr. Simmons UU and
Mr. Moore 10 votes. Messrs. Dowling,
Floyd, Magill, Rogers and C. P. Sand
ers changed from Moore to Boykin,
making his vote 81, Mr. Simmons' ie
maining unchanged, and Mr. Moore's
vote being reduced to 5.
Following is the vote as finaly re
Boykin--Appelt, Blakeney, Brown,
Connor, Dennis, Douglass, Glenn, Hay,
Hough. Livingston, Love, Manning,
Marshall, Mower, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Suddath, Sullivan, Talbird. Walker
Simmons-Aldrich. Alexander. Barn
well, Bowen. Brown, D~ean, Graydon,
Gruber, Henderson, Mayfield, Rags
dale. Scarborough, Standland, Wallace,
Moore---Dargan, Efird, Lofton-3.
Boykin-Ashley. Bacot, Bell, Black,
W. D.. Blease. Bolts) Caughman,
D~endy, Dowling. Epps, Floyd, Gause,
Graham. Hoffmeyer. Hollis, Hopkins,
Jackson, Leverett, Magill, McCul
lough. McDill. McDow, McLauchlin,
MLauri n. Means. Montgomery, Net
tles, Patterson. Patton, Peurifoy,
Prince, Pyatt, Richards, Richardson,
George W.. Richardson, Henry B.,
Robinson, R1. B. A.. Rogers, Sanders,
C. P.. Sawyer, Sharpe, Sinkler, Smith.
E. D., Smith, Jeremiah; Smith. J. L.,
Strom, Sturkie. Suber, Theus, Tim
merman, Verner. Weston. Whisonant.
Williams, Wilson, Wingo, Winkler,
Woods, Woodward, H. H., Woodward,
M. B., Wyche, Young-61.
Simmons-Speaker Gary, Bailey,
Black, J. B., Blythe, Browning Cel
cock, Cosgrnove, Cross, Crumrn, Dean,
DeBruhi, Estridge. Evans, HI. H..
Gamble, Gantt, Henderson, lill, Jen
kins, .Johnson. W. J., Lyles, Mann,
Manning. Marion, Mauldin. L.. Maul
din, William L. McCoy, McCraw,
Mehrtens, Miley. Mitchell. Mobley,
Moss. Ragsdale, E. B. Robinson. C.
E., Sanders. E. L., Simkins, Smith,
G. P.. Stevenson. Thomas. W. HI.,
Threatt. Varn. West. Wharton. Wim
Three trustees of South Carolina col
lege to succeed Messrs. I-'. 11. Weston,
WV. D. Evans and .Jno. TI. Sloan were
Mr. I. 12. Withcrs of Columiai "a
put in inominiatiot. by Mr'. Means. e
anded by Mr. Ashley.
Mr. J. Q. Davis of Winnsbori. was
nominated by Senator Barnwell. sce
anded by Mr. Stevenson.
Mr. F. P. McGowan of Union was
nominated by Mr. Simpkins, seconded
by Mr. Gantt.
Mr. Juo. T. Sloan of' Columbia was
nominated by Senator Marshall. see
anded by Mr. Moss.
The total ntumber of votes cast was
1-, of which Withers received 105;
Sloarn 119; Davis 127, and McGowan 99.
lhe first three were deailared elected.
Therez being no further business, the
joint session was dissolved. The house
of representatives also immediately ad
Storm-Swept South Seas.
The steamer Aorangi. from Austra
ia, brings the details of the terrible cy
elones which swept the south seas about
the middle of December, devastating
villages, wrecking shipping and causing
many deaths. In the Solomons the
hurricane did most damage, whole vil
lages being destroyed. Hundreds of
cocoa plantations were uprooted and
vami patches leveled. Over 500 natives
are reported to have been killed. Capt.
Pentecost. of the yacht St. Aubin, who
brought the news of the disaster-toSvd
ney. says he saved a wouanu who na
to have been killed as a sorceress, she
being accused of having cauused the hur
ricane. lie bought her, the purchase
price being a pig, and took her to an
other island, where she was released.
Tiui: most diabolical reven~ge ever
coelved was perpetrated upon a South
Dakota soldier while he was in the
Philippines. lie insulted some petty
Spanish officials who h ad him wine drug
god and the blood of a leper injected in
his veins. Hlanging is too good for such
an infamous wretch, in fact any death
would be. The pocrn Dakota soldier
must have (lied a thousand deaths.
One of these geniuses that is always
planning for the good of the country
says that the cotton can be brought up
to 25 cnts a pound, if Congress will
furnish rations to the tenants of the
An Act Establishing Them Fased by
the State Senate.
The !uestion of establishing county
courts occupied the senate Thursday
and after over two hours of debate, re
sulted in a big victory for Senator Gru
ber and his bill. providing for the for
mation of !ucl courts. The bill was
called up as a pecoial order immediate
ly after the morning hour, and Senator
Archer moved to strike out the enact
ing words. Gruber arose to the defense
of his bill and made an able argument
in its defence. The debate then be
came general and a number of speeches
were made for and against the bill.
Finally a vote was reached and the bill
passed by the following vote:
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, Archer,
Brown G. W., Brown W. A., Connor,
Graydon, Ragsdale, Suddath, Sullivan,
Yeas-Appelt, Blakeney. Bowen,
Dean. Dennis. Douglass. Glenn, Gru
ber, Hay, Henderson, Hough, Ilderton,
Livingston, Love, Manning. Marshall,
Mauldin, Mayfield. Mower, Sarratt,
Scarborough, Sheppard, Stanland. Tal
bird. Walker. Williams-26.
The first section of the bill provides
that whenever one-fifth of the qualified
registered electors of any county in this
State shall file a petition with the clerk
of the circuit court of such county pray
ing for an election to be held in such
county on the question of the establish
ment of a county court therein, it shall
be theduty of the said clerk within ten
days to make an order thereon, and
serve the same or the commissioners of
election. requiring the said commission
ers of election of such county to hold
an election. after first giving at least v0
days' notice thereof in the newspapers
of such county, upou !he question oI
establishing a e.ouity court in such
county. not later than 60) days nor
earlier than 40 days thereafter. Said
petition shall be accompanied bp a ce
tificate of the board of supervisors of
registration that the names appearing
upon said petition constitute one-fifth
of the qualified registered electors of
EARTHQUAKE IN MEXICO.
The Severest Ever Known in the His
tory of That Country.
A special from the City of Mexico
says: In point of duration the earth
quake Wednesday evening was the se
verest ever known in the history of
Mexico. The movement began in the
City of Mexico at exactly nine minutes
past 5 o'clock. The oscillations were
from nor.theast to southwest, and last
ed one minute and fifty-six seconds.
Three minutes later came a companion
shock, which lasted five seconds, also
oscillating northwest and southeast.
The movement made a perfect cross.
The earthquake was un'iiversally felt
over the entire republic, and it had a
very general movement from the Pacific
to the Atlantic. It ereacbd Colima at
seven minutes past 5 o'clock, oscilla
ting from east to west. It lasted one
minute and twenty seconds. It reach
ed Vera Cruz eighteen minutes past 5
and the oscillations were from south to
north, lasting ten seconds. Many
houses were cracked in this city. Some
were entirely ruined. Fully a dozen
walls were crushed and broken in the
national palace. A two-foot iron pipe
carrying water from Chapultepec to
the city was broken in seven places.
Intense cold and other phenomena fol
This countxy has produced no more
remarkable character than Andrew
Jackson, the first of our presidents who
came from the loins of the peole. He
was a Democrat in every sense of the
word. He had confidence in the peo
ple and thespeople believed in him and
trusted him, and he never betrayed
their trust. Charles 1J. Ingersoll says
of him: "He was a combination of wis
dom without learning, passion with
gentleness, animosity with benevolence
devotion with destruetiveness, homicide
with homily, seldom, if ever, seen in
any man. Nothing was wanting to his
amazing triumphs but that Welllington
instead of Paekenham, as was intended
should have headed the invasion of
Louisiana. that Jackson might tear
from the brow of Napoleon's conqueror
the laurels of Waterloo. We find him
in Washington one day hurling defiance
at his political opponents in volleys of
language and the next day carrying into
the white house a little girl and her
dog to warm at the fire because he had
found the child crying on the street.
In the intervals of political strife we
see him at his dinnor table. singing
songs with D~aniel Webster and Martin
Van Buren, each laughing at the efforts
of the other." The eountry has proba
bly n ver needed a Jackson so badl'
Ready to Fight.
A dispatch from Manila says the Re,
publican, the official organ of the Fili
pinos, announces that thme congress at
Malolos has adopted the Philippine
constitution, passed a vote of con
fidence in Aguinaldo, and empowered
him to declare war on the Amerienns
whenever he may deem it advisable.
At a mass nmeetsng of women at Cavite
yesterday, the paper adds, it was enthu
siastically resolved to petition Agninal
do for permission to take men's places
in defense of independence and to bear
arms if necessary. Paterno has asked
for, and, it appears, has been granted
the privilege of "taking a prominent
place in the line of battle against..the
>? . : . 4a. Prices.
Not o'nly on Provisions, Clothing,
Furniture and all the artual necessaries
of living, but as well on things apper
taining t: our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianios and
Organs. Wise Manufaicturers realize
that ini these close times prices must
he exceedwngly low, and they are meet
ind~ the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Bates
Southern Music House. Savannah, Ga.,
in this issue, and write them for their
Four Cents Prices. This is a wide
awake-never-get-left and thoroughly
reliable house, whose offers always
mean just what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden & Bates for
Catalogues, Prices and Easy Install
ment ?ferms, which they send with
Tm: *iOceanic" the largest steamer
afloat, was successfully launched at
Belfast. She is owned by the White
Star Line and is 704 feet long and
weighs 17,000 tons. 11er coal bunk
ers will hold enough coal for her to cir
cumnavigate the world without recoal
ing. She is built upon different lines
from the "Great Eastern" and will be
- BSOLUTELY l
Makes the food more de
ROYAL BAKING POV
THE MARKET IN HAVANA.
Picturesque Cooks. 'nframiitar rruits and
Live 1,h :cen There.
The Havana market is crowde< at
daybreak by Spanish. French. Chi .cse
and colored cooks of both sexes. Some
chefs, who affect the dignity of a coat,
are accompanied by their apprentices
or scullions, who carry baskets. Span
ish cooks, who usually are employed in
second-class restaurants, wear flat, red
woollen caps. and shuffle along slipshop
with their baskets- slung over their
shoulders, while oblique-eyed Chinese
wear all sorts of queer headgear, loose
trousers and blouses. Colored women
don bandanas, which lend a dash of
color to the scene, as they waddle along
through the market, their fat sides
shaking with laughter, while they
boisterously greet their friends as they
go from stall to stall, haggling with thce
market men. Marketing is always done
by cooks in Havana, because employers
are aware that they can drive a better
bargain, even taking into account the
perquisites allowed them by trades
Golden, juicy oranges are synimetri
cally piled on the stalls, .ilanked by
bunches of luscious yellow and red
bananas, and nutbrown zapotoes which
outwardly resemble an Irish potato,
but contain a luscious pulp inside.
Green cocoenuts contain a sweet
liquid like water, as well as a soft
white pulp. Other tropical fruits which
abound in Cuba are mangoes, chirimoy
as and ciruelas, which are juicy and
sweet. Fish caught in Cuban waters
are especially nice, and the pargo, a
species of red snapper, is very tooth
some, as is the cherna, which tastes
like salmon. No Havana cook will buy
fish unless they are alive, and the fish
market with big tanks full of fresh
fish, with white marble slabs and
scales, is very picturesque. Sea crabs
and land crabs are also good. The lat
ter grow to a large size, and their
bodies stand high from the ground on
their enormous claws. Land crabs bur
row in holes, and their locomotion is
clumsy, sounding like that of a
drunken man. Cooks feed these crabs
on corn meal for several days before
they cook them, as this makes them
The First Flying Machine.
Roger Bacon, in his writings in the
thirteenth century, predicted the use of
the baloon and flying machine. It is
said that Jean Baptiste Dante, an Ital
Ian mathematician, crossed Lake Trasi
meno on artificial wings in 1400. Leon
ardo Da Vinci, in 1500, made some ex
periments in aerial screws, designed a
parachute, and left some sketches of
mechanical wings in his notebooks. A
famous bishop, named Wilkin, in the
seventeenth century wrote on the sub
ject of artificial flight, and was so sure
of the practicability of it that he de
c.ared~ the time would come when it
would be as common a thing to hear a
man, when starting on a journey, call
for his wings as for his boots and spurs.
In 1709 Friar de Gusman, of Portugal.
asked and received assistance from the
King in plans he had for constructing
a flying machine. About the middle of
the seventeenth century a Frenchman
named Besnier constructed a pair of
oscillating wings, with which he made
several experiments. He tried them first
in jumping from a stool, then from a
table, then from a barn, when his
progress was interrupted by his falling
and breaking his leg. In France the
Marquis de Bacqueville, in 1742, at
tempted to cross the Seine on wings.
He launched himself from a terrace
and flew for a short distance, then fell,
landing in a washer-woman's barge,
breaking his leg, which discouraged
him from further experiments in that
A recent issue of the Hardeman
(Tenn.) Free Press contained the fol
lowing paragraph: "We -wish to expfiin
our lack of editorial this week. We
was down to Memphis, and a smart
Alec at the tavern put train oil on our
greens, and said it was vinegar. Of
course, we were horse dew combaw fat
three days, and now that we are able
to talk, our language is not fit for pub.
A Big Apple TJree.
Alexander Bates, a Bowdoinham, Me.,
orchardist, has just sawed down a
mammoth apple tree, the biggest in the
t~wn and perhaps In the whole state.
It was 28 inches across the st~ump, six
feet trunk, then branching out in long
branches, It must have been nearly or
quite 100 years oid.
Water Dearer Thaft Champagne.
b~eaking at a meeting of the London
Corporation, Mr. Miller said that owing
to the system of the water companies
of charging for water upon the ratable
value of premises instead of for the
quantity used, water in Newgate street,
where he had premises, was dearer
The Dromedary's Hump.
The hump on the back of the drome
dary is an accumulation of a peculiar
species of fat, whjich is a store of nour
ishment beneficently provided against
the day of want, to which the animal
is often exposed.
We All Know Him.
The man who has a most exasperat
ing laugh is the man who laughs the,
logest and the loudest. It must be
a great joke to him to think of the
misery he is inflicting upon humanity.
Book of Marble.
At the Strozzi palace, in Rome, there
Is a book made of marble, the leaves
being of marvelous thinness.
A girl can't be in love and have a
bad cold in the head at the same time.
\ALUF: OF CnoPS-The North Caro
1iPa labor commiisssioner has prepared a
statement showing the average profit
per acre of seventeen of the principal
crops grown in the State. The figures
are: Cotton $5.92, wheat $1.97, corn
$3.53, tobacco $20.97, sweet potatoes
$29.6, Irish potatoes $28.37, peannuts
$23.23 sorghum $19.85. bay $14.98.
rice $12.25, beans $9.80. barley $9.64,
peas $5.67, broom corn $3-10. flax
$3.15, rye $2.93. oats $2. 51.
TU: Richmond Times thinks that
'befo:e Eagan gets through eating the
dish of crow .in front of him. he will
think that embalmed beef is angel's
licious and wholesome
DER CO.. NEW YORK.
PURSUED BY WHEAT
W~wior n ( ihed Out of a varehOuSL6
Iby a Flond of Grain.
six tiousand bushels of unsacked
.*1heat got loose and went on a tear. It
iappened in the warehouse of the F.
Ayers Mercantile Company at Den
:er. The scenes that followed were
;ouething similar to those described by
letor Hugo when a cannon got loose
rom its fastenings on board ship and
-olled and reared from one end of the
;un dleck to another until the ship was
lisabled and a number of the' crew
Cilled. Only. nobody was killed by the
In the rear of the Ayres warehouse
ire four great bins, built up from the
;round floor and capable of holding
.wenty-five carloads of wheat at a time.
The company's bookkeeper. sitting in
s (fit- at the front of the building,
100 fet or more from the bins, heard
i terrific ripping, tearing, splintering
sound. as if the whole end of the ware
house was being torn out by a monster
hand. He rushed from the little box
:f an office out onto the main floor of
the warehouse. He paused, gasped for
breath and threw up his hands.
What 'lie saw was a giant wave of
wheat flowing toward him, licking at
the very heels of a dozen laborers who
had been at work near the bins and
who were now fleeing for their lives.
The ocean of wheat moved on9atd
for a score of feet or more and then
calmed down as suddenly as if a barrel
of oil had been spread on its troubled
waves. The bookkeeper yelled to the
laboring men to stop running, pulled
his hands down to their accustomed
pockets, took a deep breath and
By and by the cloud of dust that had
arisen drifted away and the bookkeeper
and the laboring men could see what
had happened. It didn't take long.
One of the stout beams had grown
weak from the burden on its back and
snapped in two. A hundred other stout
beams had followed suit. There was
nothing left for the imprisoned wheat
to do but make a rush for a less con
fined resting place. There were 6,000
bushels of it in the bin, and it was no
wonder that its moving caused conster
After the dozen laboring men had re
covered their wits and gone to work
again the little bookkeeper in the front
office said the damage done would not
exceed $50. All that was necessary to
do to save the wheat was to sweep it
up off the floor and pack it In sacks.
The Monkey Bread Tree.
Cape de Verde, that is, the Green
Cape, is said to ow.e its name in part
to the foliage of the Adamsonia digi
tata which adorns the whole of Sdne
gamble and Guinea with its green ellip
tic arches; a full-grown tree presenting
at a distance almost the appearance of
a forest. According to Adamson, trees
are met with having a diameter of
thirty feet. although the height of the
tree is moderate, varying from fifty to
The lower branches, however, shoot
out to an incredible length, at first in
a horizontal direction. These are cov
ered with an immense foliage, which
from its weight causes them to bend
toward the ground and thus there is
presented a huge hemispherical mass
of verdure, 120, 140 or even 150 feet in
diameter and perhaps 60 feet in height.
The fruit is an oblong, dull green,
downy body, eight or nine inches long,
containing several cells, in which there
is a number of hard shining seeds, im
merg~ed in a soft pulp, which is scarce
ly juicy. From this pulp the native
negroes prepare an acidulous drink,
much used in the fevers of the coun
The bruised leaves in a dry state
form a substance called halo, which
they mix w~ith their food, and imagine
it useful in checking or counteracting
the effects of profuse perspiration. All
the soft parts of the tree are emollient
Action of Sea-Water. on Cast Iron.
Some cast iron cannon balls were re
cently recovered from the sea near
Brest. They had been under the wa
ter for over a hundred years. They
could be cut with a knife, a great part
of the iron having disappeared. Ex
posed to the air, the interior became
quite hot, of course losing the heat in a
short time, after the oxygen of the air
had ceased to act upon it.
Hitherto it has been supposed that
the record of national impoverish'ment
was furnished by the Transvaal, in the
treasury of which, when Great Britain
took it over, was the magnificent sum
of about $3. But Sir George Bowen,
when he wvent as the first governor to
Queensland, found in the public chest
no more than 17 cents.
Life of the 3Maslhroom.
The mushroom's life is measured by
hours, but it flourishes long enough for
an insect to hang its eggs on the edge
of the "umbrella" and for the egg to
become an insect ready to colonize the
next mushroom that springs up.
Plenty of Gold.
The gold contained in the medals,
vessels, chains and other objects pre
served in the vatican would make more
gold coin than the whole of the present
A Ilird IHabit.
Among the many mysteries of bird
migration is tile fact that over-sea
journeys are generally conducted in
the darkness and invariably against a
About 1,300,000 pounds of p'tekles and
sauces are exported yearly from Eng
land to other countries.
Mr. -James M. Smith of Columbia, S
C., writes: D~ear Sir--It eives me
great pleasure to say tnat tao uid
North Statc Ointment bought .of you
has entirely cured me of eczema when
everything I had used previously failed
to giye any relief. It is a great medi
cine. and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost every
thing, where any medicine is needed,
and have gotten the best of results
every time. Respectfully.
James M. Smith.
IN spite of Senator Tilbran's charge
that tho Nicaragua canal bill is a steal,
it has passed the United States senate
by an alnns nanimous vfo
Disgusted With Poitical life.
Rtobert L. Taylor, thrice governor of
the State of Tennessee, a man much in
vublic life, has evidently discovered
the path of politics to be a rough and
not entirely pleasant one. Read an
extract from his farewell speech:
"While I believe that the good in
politics outweighs the bad, vet how
thorny is the path and how unhappy
the pilgriraage to him who dares to do
his duty? There are no flowers ex
cept a few bouquets snatched from the
graves of fallen foes: there is no happi
ness except the transient thrill of cruel
triumph, which passes like a shadow
across the heart.
"Every honest man who runs for of
fice is a candidate for trouble; for the
fruits of political victory turn to ashes
on the lips.
"To me there is nothing in this
world so pathetic as a candidate. He
is like a mariner without a compass,
drifting on the tempest-tossed waves
of uncertainty, between the smiling
cliffs of hope and the frowing crags
of fear. He is a walking petitioR-iina
a living payer; he is the pack horse of
public sentiment; he is the dromedary
of politics. And even if he reaches
the goal of his ambition, he will soon
feel the beak of the vulture in his
heart and the fang'of the 'serpent in
"I am no longer a candidate. Never
again will I be inaugurated into public
office. The ark of my humble public
career now rests on the Arrarat of pri
vate life, and I stand on its peaceful
summit and look down on the receding
flood of politics. The dove of my des
tiny has brought me an olive branch
from happier fields and I go thence to
labor and to love."
And he anticipates that Benton Me
Millin, his successor. is going to find
thorns among the r':ses in the guber
natorial career, for he says:
"I now have the distinguished honor
to close the scene, so far as I am con
cerned. Benton MoMillin has given his
heart and hand to Tennessee. I now
pronounce them husband and wife
and may the Lord have mercy on their
Our young men should read and re
member what Bob Taylor says.
Robet Edward Lee.
Last Thursday was the birthday of
one of the best and greatest men o4 this
or any other country or age. He com
bined in his life and beautifully illus
trated by his acts those virtues which
make manhood noble and lovely. Rob
ert E. Lee was great as a soldier; he
would have been great as a statesman
had he seirVed in civil instead of mili
tary office. But, as the Atlanta Jour
nal says he was greatest as a man. I-e
won many 1.attles; he put many armies
to rout; he took many cities. But a
mightier conquest than any and all o'
these was his mastery of his own spirit.
No man who is conspicuous in history
ever held his powers under such com
plete self-control. As a soldier lie was
almost beyond criticism, but as a man
he was spotless. No mean action was
ever charged to him. Many a time he
t.ok npon himself the responsibility
f or faults andfailures which were due
it others. His great heart went ou
no tender compassion as readily as it
leaped forth to meet and dare the dirt
est dangers. Maliee was alien to his
nature. Tae-.petialouisies anud hates
which have specked and married so
many strong natures were absolutely
and immeasurably beneath him. His
whole life moved' on the straight white
line of duty. The ideals of chivalry
never in history, legend or poetry had
a finer or fuller expression than in the
actual life of this man. He won the
respect of his foes even in the heat and
tempest of war; he captured the admira
tion of the world; he went deeper into
the hearts of his own re-ple than ever
any-leader has gone since William the
Silent. It is weil to give up one of the
many (lays of the year to the conte m
plation of such a man's life and charac
ter. There can be few better inspira
tions to youth and few ssveeter rerresh
ments of the faith which is often beat
en down iu the contact with ordina ry
Keep Your Mouth Shut.
Don't be offended. The admonition
is not meant as a reflection upon 3 our
talkativeness. Talk as much as you
please, but keep your mouth shut when
you arc not talking. People who keep
their mouth closed, except when the
are talking, eating or drinking. rarely
ever contract colds or coughs. Savages,
even those living in Northern latitudes
seldom take cold. Scientists say it i
because they arc close-mouthed. Di
ease germs floating in the air find a di
rect toute into the lungs of a person
who breathes through the mouth. They
arc arrested by the fine, sieve-like net
work of hair in the nostrils of the ind
vidual who breathes through his niosei.
Kep your mouth shut and you may
defy pestilence. Thle teeth suffer fromt
too much and too fretmuci t exposcre to
the atmosphere. Sudden changes of'
temperature, whether liquid or atom
pherie, are hurtful to them. The b-st
teeth in the world are those of the suv
age tribes, whose owners always kee p
their mouths shut except when talking
or eating. Throat and lung diseam's
are o'iten contracted by persons who go
about open-nmoutuicd. TIhe frosty air
of winter, inhaled directly into the
lungs through the mouth, is a frequent
cause of bronchial disorders. Ta':':en
through the rLose, it is modified and'
sifted of many 01 its dangers. Kee2
your mouth shut!
TnE dawning of the new century is to
witness an era of independence in poli
tis such as this country has never
known, and if the country is to be saved
from the trusts at all, it will be by this~
means. So long as the voters of the
country allow themselves to be blindly
led by tile party bosses-who invariably
represent boodle in its most objnoxious~
forms-just so long will the liberties r-f
the people be a matter of harter anid
sale. Whcn the voters beria to think
for themselves and vote as their own
conscience dictates. regardless of t~e
orders of tihe bosses: when they have
the courage to break loose from the ties
of mere partisanship; when reason and
judgment instead of prejudice decide
the complexion of the voter's ballot,
then there is hope of our ultimate- salva
Wi- see it statedl in some of the p::S
pers that 31r. F-eatherstone advocate
the union of all opponents of the dis
pensary in tile Legislature against that
law. This is the same tight that wa s
made on the dispensary in the second
primary. when ex-saloon keepers vied
with prohibitionists in voting for MIr.
Featherstone. It is an unholly alli
nce. and will do the cause of temper
THE general assembly does not ap
appear to have gotten down to real
work at all as yet. Floods of new bills
have been introduced, but the members
ha~ve accomplished little, and at the
:r.sent rate of progress, the taipayers
may expect to have to fiddle to time of
A DrAmRvx ESi DUTY.
INSPECTiNG COj3LE .COTT3MS IN
OUR NAVAL VE&.SELS
Tt Ix tExtr(-mely ntzitdOe:n and TFry
In= Worli. amd M.Vnnyb f'reenations
A1re ecems.sary to r.-eert Loss of
iae )Uri ai he- o,-rmat ion.
Tbmcr. is ne ph:m- of the ship life of
the American nlavnl oflicer that is
scarcly kn'wn to the layman and that
cm 1:rcliy he U::drstad by him as he
leas nt:;!1 the nic era ship in all her
atactiv c!n-linc.ss and meets her
n vr ulI(rn:ed offcer:< upon the spot
le-s upper eck. Yr.t en7y are the parts
of tl:e ship in si:-b [e::t clean and free
fron ru-t ald d, cnv. lUnt also those far
down. contract2d Spaces tbat nevpr see
t -? light of day. These include the cel
lular cmpartments between the inner
and outer iaius of the shi p, known tech
nically as the "duble bottom," and
other places teat se; :imte the magazines
and various bril: u-, structnres within
the ship frem the noter -kin.
Tht:-e narrow coinpartIents are espe
cially lusptile to dampness and rust,
and in order that those who have the
care of then 1 -y do theit duty well
and s prevent tho decay of the ship a
system of iL1spaKtion has been devised,
and the in:1pectors mast be, under the
naval regulations, commissioned offi
cers. A permanient board of inspection
is formed1 npan cach ship, which must
consist of one engineer and two line of
ficers. .The duty of this board is period
ically to make personal inspections of
all the parts of the ship, examine every
thing critically, suggest remedies for
any evils that may be found to exist
and to report to the commanding offi
cer, for transmission to the navy de
partment, the condition of the vessel in
Uniforms are discarded while mak
ing these inspections, and clad in sea
men's ordinary working suits these offi
cers crawl upon all fours throughout the'
length of the bottom of the ship, wrig-,
gle snakelike through narrow openings
and examine with their own eyes every
Inch of the surface of the thin steel
plates. The paint of these compart
ments, softened by dampness in some
places and by heat and the steam laden
air of the boiler rooms in others, rubs
off upon the working suits, and an
hour's crawling transforms the neat
officer into a very sorry spectacle. In
some modern navies this duty is per
formed by the enlisted men, the officers
being excused from it, but in our navy
the-feeling exists that an enlisted man
should not be asked to go where an offi
cer is not willing to lead. The result is
that "things always work" with the
Americans and the efficiency of the fleet
Numerous precautions must be taken
to avoid the risk of losing life while
performing this cuty, for it is attended
with no lit!!e danger. The atmosphere
of confined spaces entirely or partly
closed for a cousidere ble length of time
becomes robbed of its oxygen in the
formation of rust and is soon made unfit
to sustain life. If possible, such com
partments are blown out with pure air
led through a hose from a blower duct
and all manbole plates removed before
being entered. A lighted candle is al
ways carried bay the inspecting officer
upon his cra' ling tour. If the candle
burns dimly or sems upon the point of
being extiangushed, tbere is a dedciency
of oxygen, and he will immediately
seek the ner: l opening leading from
the compart:::ent and leave it at once
Menre sta inedat places as near as
possible to him, so that they may hear
is voice andl render immediate assist
ot~e in case cf ::eed. No one is allowed
to en:2r ::y c:-nined space on board
ship withe-:t ::a uncovered light, al
though in r.2-itiona a portable electric
lg bt i:a catrc:' fregnently to render the
iauation more thorough.
t:.:infregnuently happens that offi
cers anid macen become so wedged between
bulk beads and1 beams while performing
this duty a.: to make it extremely diffi
cnt to remove them, and more than one
oficer of t be navy is upon the retired
list today because of permanent injury
to his health contracted while perform
ing this arduous labor. Because of the
care exercised it a rare that a life is
lost in this service, but in one case at
least the rashness of a man proved fatal
to bimn. One of the main boilers-of the
:ruiser Newark, while flagship of the
south Atlantic station. having been
tightly c!ou ed for a month, while empty,
in order to preserve it: fromn deteriora
tion, the ecppersmith of that v-essel, an
energtic t:n:hfuJ mn, thought its in
terior .: .1 [ e enilead and, al
bough wa: ed re'peatcdly never to en
ter such a hoiler without an open light,
c:w:ed :si up)!r manhole l'late and
~rav:lt am asO;: theC braces with an
:ectr h;;t. Ilu m.:ldl no one that he
Wa ping mato) the boiler, and no one
was stat ioned to assist im in case of
need His de-ad todyv was ime ud half out
n halt m the~ boi ler maaole with the
e::e light i: ! bania; brightly
vithin the Veib: lHe bad evidently
crawled in u?:nm the braces, felt a faint
ness c:-e:.mag over- himn and had en
eavom! l regaina tihe open air. hat lot t
onsc:.:~acsss Jast as life lay witbmin
his rearb. aind so died of asphyxiation.
The air mt tuo boiler had been entire
y robbedl of its oxygen by the iron of
the shell m tine ; r::.ation of rust, and
he residanm :n uniit to breathe. A
ighted aui:die was snutfed oct immnedi
ately upon bjemt thrust into the boiler,
md this condition prevailed until a
:ower manhole plate wvasremaoved, when
:e heavy gas ran out as water mighe.
md the air within soon came #2 be
uite pure. No amore vivid illustration
of the damgers to be encountered in the
care of ships adnat and the precautions
necessary to b~e t::ben in this dau~y couli
e given thana this itncidenit. wh-t a
bows thu~t shot aaAd ahi1l and bar.-:a a
team lI.:pes are not the only da:.:e i
tat coa.ront tihe omects anati meI!of
t;ele Sam's navv -New V:rb San
Jouix Ideson, farmer. of Livingston
County. N. Ye, seventy-mix yea~' old,
writes to the Rochester Times: "Fifty
ears age there was not a fram in my
town. und~er mortgage: today there are
ut thirty-two which arc not mortga
ed" The condlitions prevailing in
Iarm-r 1Ude0So' county are duplicated
n every other section of the country.
The tro'nble is, the farmers canntot
organize themselves into a trust; they
are the natural victims of these com
mercial cormorants. and exist, uan ler
the present fotnm of government. only
to be preyed hpon by the plutocrats.
(i the trusts.
Tm : newest gun in the United States
army is a balloon gun, made especiailly
:o bring down balloons. It is mnounoted
so that it elan be fired at any point
rom zenith to homizon. and has a range
of a mile and a quarter. This is a new
reature in warfare, as heretofore there
a n- way of reaching those engaged
a spying out the lay of armies. It is
iaimed by armly officers to be the thing
Te first camp meeting in the
uaited States was held on the banks
f the Red Rivrca. Kentucky, in the