Newspaper Page Text
L. XI. MA NNI NG, S. C.. IVE1) N E S 1) AY, FEBRUARY9.NO3
VIE CIIO0L TAN.
The Senate Spends a Day and
Night on It.
NO EXTRA TO BE LEVIED.
But the Senate Ordered the
Apporticnment of the Dis
pensary Funds to
Senator Hay's bill to fix the tenus of
the free public Fchools. to provide for
the support of the same and to regulate
the disbursement of moneys arising
fron the sale of liquors. eame up for
consideration in the State senate 'iues
day week. Senator Hay gavie a sue
eiLct explanation of tie objects of the
Senator Scarborough moved to adopt
the following substitute:
L Strike out all after the enacting wor-s
and inseit the following:
-Section 1. That from and after the
approval of this Act all revenue derived
from the sale of alcoholie liquors in this
State. under the disrersary law, shall
be appor. ioned amorg the various coun
ties of the State, for the benefi: of the
common schools, in propuoruion to the
enrollment of pupils in such :chools in
the respective counties: and all fun ds
derived from said dispensary law, not
already disbursed. shall be apportioned
in the same way.
-- "Section 2. Such apport ionment shall
be made by the Coml troller General.
and he shall draw his v arrant upon the
State Treasurer in favor of the county
treasurers of the respcue couiiines
for the amounts apportirond to such
Senator Brown, of Marion. ffered an
amendment to make the term not less
than six months instead of three months.
lie made an excellent p:escutment of
the merits of his amend ment.
In conclusion Senator Brown said
that the poor country districts will have
to rely upon the State for years to come.
The rich centres of wealth and popula
tion will have to help. In a State like
ours they live upon and derive their
wealth from the country.
Senator -ederson stated that he
was as zealous as any one else in the
matter of improving the common
schools. but the Constitution prevented
the Senate. at the outset, from origina
ting bills to raise revenues. But. be
sides that, the people were now taxeu
enough and could not afford to pay more
taxes. Besides the law provided that
in addition to the three-mill tax for
schools any s-hool district could levy a
special tax for senool purposes and
thereby keep open the schools for an
extra time. Ile hoped the bill would
Senator Brown. of Maiion. thought a
half mill would be all the additional
Senator llenderson suggested that
should the dispensary law be done away
with or the State go for prohibition the
Comptroller General would have the
power, under the protisionsof this bill,
to order the levy, Ile opposed this.
Senator Brown. of 3Marion, thought
that in the circumstances there would
be no objection.
Senator Rlagsdale thought there would
be no objection. rhe peoplei were al
ready taxed until they complained.
Senator Barnwell said he could not
vote for Senator iLay-s bil! beca'use ihe
was of' opinion that it was uniconstitu
tional. and for the sam ' reason lhe was
opposed to Senator Scarboroughs sub
stitute bill. The substitute was to dis
tribute the funds and fix the term for
schools. It was a wise provision of the
Constitution that distributed tile fund
so thlat the term would be th~e same all
over the Statte. and the poorer eoun ties
would receive benefit from the rich. It
looked like nullifying the Constitution
to pass this bill.
Senator Scarborough said lhe would
not go into the constitutionality of the
uestion. Ie did not thlink tihe provis
ionsof the Constitur ion were mandatory
on the Legislature to fix a term for the
schools to run. le did niot think it
was expedient to raise: a tax at tnis time
to support the schools ior a definite pe
riod. It was not because there was op
position to free schlQS. bttt there was
suffering on account financial stringren
~Senator Rlagsdale opposed thle buill.
lie also thought it uneonstutional and
read from the Cons:itution the panra
graphs affecting the question. The
Constitution did no. autho~rize an ap
portionment by enrolhnent. as proposed
y the substitute. The law said it
riust be apportioned in aid of the sup
Senator Ihenderson said that the de'
ieiency had been paid up. The thre<.
dollars per eapita had been paid in. and
it was now proposed to distributte th<(
Senator Walker said lhe yielded to mi
one in his desire to see this State up
ifted by education. Il Ichought tha
the unconstitutionality had nothing tt
do with the case. lie thougrht that oa<
important point hlas been lost sight of
lie thought that this Legislature wa:
prohibited from levying tihe tax uniti
~e per capita tax was distributed. Th<
tar could not be levied unless there wa:
a deficiency. ie thought the substi
i ate constitutional. Thetfinancial statu:
f the State is that such that tihe Sena
t.rs dare nit do anything that woult
rarease taxes. The burden was nov
heavy enough. I Ie did not think then
x as any mandate that the term be fixed
lIe thought the substitute covered thu
w hole matter.
Senator Ilenderson tho~uuht it wouhi
i-well if the Senate would bear it
mind the constitutional argument i:
e neetion withl a little histo~ry.
vo years algo Comprntroller General Nr
.n ren sed to make a lery and said
.i t tnt il thle whole school funi
abefore makinrg aln adiit ional levyv.
an he aettu dwisely.
Senator .heppard said that the hegal
it c of the Comptroller's action was sti]
in the Cou~rts. and asked what woul
Sth-.: efte if the Courts decide,
enrct: Illendersoni replI id that th
I,.zisl ture can anow prews~ri e how t hi
miner should be paid out.
Seator MIauldin said that as ther
was such a di Iference of opi nion bet wee
the members of the legal fraternity hi
.enator Mayfield thought that all
could agree that if it was undertaken
to make a scheme to fix terms it would
be more dificuit than the proposition
to distribute this fund.
Senator Scarborough moved to table
Senator )lhmldin's motion to adjourn
the debate. His motion prevailed and
the debate was continued.
Senatcor Hay opposed the amendment
to make the term six months instead of
two. lie favored amending the bill so
that the Superintendent of Education
would have to report to the Legislature
what deficiency existed, and then the
Legislature could provide for the defici
ency. Then the contention that bills
carrying revenues could not originate in
the Senate could be gotten around.
Senator Archer thought that if it had
been a !ucstion of dividing one hun
dred thousand dollars among the coni
111011 schools it would not have taken
half an hour. lie thought the Sear
boroli subetitute all right and would
vote for it.
Senator Sheppard agreed with Sela
tor lBarnwell. lie thought the bill and
the substitute unconstitutional. and he
did not wish the General Assembly to
come in conflict with the Supreme
Court. for the Supreme Court generally
w% on. The last Legislature had already
decided what should be done with this
fund. and until lie found out whether
this question was now before the Su
preme Court or not he could not vote
for the substitute.
Senator llagsdale renewed his motion
to indefinitely postpone the bill.
lIy a vote of 29 to S the Senate re
fused to rostpone the bill.
Senator Searborough moved to strike
out all but the enacting words of the bill
anii the adoption of the substitute.
Ye'as--Alexander, Archer. lilakeney,
Bmowen, G. W'. Blrown. Connor, Dean.
)ennis. Douh.zss. Glenn. Graydon.
lentiion. HIoughi. Love. 31anning.
Vlayiield. Sarratt. Scarborough. Stan
lrnd. Suddath. Sullivan. Walker and
Nays-Aldrich, Appelt, larnwell.
W. . lrowin. Gruber, Ilay, Ilderton,
Liviug-ston. MIarshall. Mauldin. Rags
dale, Sheppard and Talbird-13.
Senator Gruber offered an amend
nient that thereafter the public schools
of the State should be kept open for at
least six months in the year.
Senator Brown, of Marion, offered as
a substitute that when such apportion
ment could not keep open the schools
for six months that an additional levy
be made for that purpose.
Senator Scar borough moved to. table.
Carried by a vote of 28 to S.
WILL NOT BOLT BRYAN.
Whoever the Candidate Tammany
Hall Will be Loyal.
31r. Oliver H1. P. Belmont's paper.
the New York Verdict, contained a sig
nificant editori21lastweek. It declares
that. though :nreity opposed to free
silver as an issue next year. Tammany
Ilall will loyal r support the candidate
and platforn of the Democratic Party.
as it has always done heretofore. The
\erdiet says on this point:
"If Bryan is named in 1900. Croker
will be for him: Tammany Hall will be
for him. Personally. Croker deems
high and well for lBryan. He holds
himn a leader ofirea.dth and force and
truth. Croker may differ from Bryan
on finance or some other question of
politics. but lhe yields him his w~hole
respect. And if Biryau should again be
the choice of a national convention,
whoever else nay fail him were he the
last in the lines, Bsryan would hate the
titter support of Croker to win his vic
tory. Croker never bolted and he nev
<r wrill. Tammany never bolted and
never will. They both stood for Cleve
land in '92, and that means that no man
no day. will ever come when either
Croker or Tamimany will be found out
side the ranks of the Democracy.
Croker is not for silver. That need not
separate him from his party in 1900,; it
didn't in 1896.'
Further. the Verdict hints at a
scheme of the deposed leader, Sheehan,
now out for silver, to set up a contest
ing delegation to the next national con
vention, and wvarns the D~emocracy of
the country to beware of the man.
Ex-Senator lull, it is intimated, is
giving encouragement to the Sheehan
scheme. thotigh Ilill bimself' abandoned
Biryan at the last moment in the mem
orable silver campaign. Concluding,
TIhe Verdict says: --Frs and last, the
party interests lies in full reliance on
the liemocracy that never yet failed the
national ticket: and it in no sort runs
w ith anv Ihill-led clique. who. without
parity following or party force, speak
for nobody stand for nothing but them
Passed the House.
A bill with regard to trespassing on
land, which was passed by the Ilouse
on Tuesday, naakes entry on land, "after
not ice by the owner or tenant 7,hibi
ting the same," a misdemeanor, pun
ishable by a fine not exceeding one
hundred dollars. or imprisonment with
hard labor on tile public works not ex
(eeding thirty days, and adds: "Pro
vided. that whenever any owner or
tenant of any land shall post a notice
in four conspicuous places on the bon
ders of any land prohibiting entry therc
in, or shall publish once a week for
thiree successive weeks such notice in
any newspaper circulating in the coun
ty where suchi lands are situate, a proof
of the posting or publishing of such
notice witnin twelve months prior to
the entry shiall be deemed and taken as
noii) conclusive against the person
ma king the entry as aforesaid.
A Good Headsman.
ThIe h andiest man with the axe in
this~ par of the country is M1ayor M1y.
ofhis administration he hacked off the
heatds oft au even dozen of city officials,
bigo and little, and then lie paused to
catch his breath. How many more fa
tlities there will be no one can tell.
r: 't is fair to assume that the 3Iayor
wi not -top until he finishes the job.
H~e believes that ''to the victors belont
the spoils." and lie will not let any ol
the spoils. get away.
Powder PressIill Explodes.
Th ' re s mill 'f the Ohio l'owd.ei
compny~' s works, located about foul
miles northI of Youngstown. exlloded
shortlyV before noon. Wednesday killint
two empIloyes. Evani Evans and Henr'
Dams and totally demolishing th<
Prominent Prohibitionists Urge
Their State Platform.
MUST BE NO COMPROMISE.
Members of the Legislature are
Asked to Stand for Prohibi
tion Principle Against all
A number of prominent prohibition
ists have issued an address to the pro
hibition members of the general assem
bly urging their supipert of a straight
prohibition measure without aiV Cm
promise or combination with luc:al p
tion forces. ie first signer of the ad
dress, it will be noticed. is lion. L. ID.
Childs, who was the prohibition lader
in the legislature last session. IL is
said that the members of the gneril i
assembly who are clas-el as prohibi
tionists will stand together and su port
Mr. McCullough's bill or somUe siilar
leasuie. There are thoiuht to be not
less thau 20 prohibitionists in the
house and how many there are in the
senate is nut known.
The address is as f llowN:
To the Prohibition Members of the
General AssI nbly.
Gentlemion: llecent developmients of
a desire and purpose on the part ol tie
friends of he liquor traie to draw vmi
into a false and inconsistent lt-iien tO
ward the issue now before the le&i-h
ture and to divert your acknowl:iged
lufluence in that, body fr'm thle su
port of prohibition to thitam of the i
quor traife, hias iipressed upon us the
duty of given expression ti our views
(f the situation, for which we deei no
We respeetfully suggest that wiat
ever may be individual opinions on th is
subject. and however conscientiou ly
entertained, their correctness and value
in guiding loyal prohibition ists nmiust be
determined by their agreiicnt with the
platform of their convention as a body
represcnting the prohibitionists of the
That convention in April last dis
tinctly announced its opposition to
every form of liquor selling for bever
age purposes and to any le tl sanction
of such sales by dispensary, high li
cense or any other agency.
Inon that platform its candidates
for State offices entered the eampaign
and earnestly contesting the views uf
those candidates representing the dis
pensary, local option and license. they
proclaimed as the doctrine of the pro
hibitionists that a prohibition law for
the whole State was the only remedy
for the evils of the liquor traffic.
Upon that issue the camupaiglr was
fought and resulted in the eliinnation
of the local-option-high. licence idea
from the contest by a decisive v,.te t)f
the people in the first primary. and
their deternmin. tion that the final coD
test should be between prohibition and
The attitude of the prohibition can
didate throughout that campaign was
one of unswerving devotion to prohibi
tion as a principle, and this. with the
high plane on which his canvass was
conducted. called forth the grateful ad
miration of his friends ar.d forced from
his opponents the highest commenda
tions for hiimsclf and his cause.
In several counties members of the
general assembly were elected over lo
cal option license candidates because
of their adherance to the doctrine of
prohibition announced by the conven
tion while in other counties, also.
where no issue was made candidates
were elected whose views were known
to be in harmony. on this issue, with
those annonneed by the convention.
The number of these prohibitionists in
the general assembly is bclieved to be
sufiient to constitute the "balance"
without which the dispensary cannot
be perpetuated nor license legislation
In this condition of affairs the advo
cates of license are making the most
strenuous efforts to secure the coopera
tion of the prohibitionists in their ef
fort to enaet what they are pleased to
call local option, to effect which three
bills arc now on their passage .through
the house. Plausible pleas are offered
by these local option advocates to in
duce the filends of prohibition to for
sake their principles and join with them
in the inanguration of a system which
they claim will be benefial to all.
We do not prop~ose to poit out the
fallacy of this claim in theory and fact.
We would briefly submit that whatever
may be the benefits of local option when
used as an agency for the deliverance of
a community from the curse of the li
uor traffic, these claims fail when it is
distinctly proposed for your support by
th friends of the liquor traffic. ocu the
opponents of prohibition, as a means of
securing the license of the liquor tralie
in certain countie-s of the State whe-re it
dees not now exist and where it cannot
exist without your aid. This sup~port
is based on a temporising, temp orary
policy of expediency and necessarily im
volves a compromise of your pirincilles
as prohibitionists. I t is the commner~-ial
mehod of dealing with the traffi andl
should be left with the trading politi
cians who resort to) it. It piroiposes to
set aside prohibition in the iinterest of
law-defying cliques and schemes andat
the opportunec time, when it huas dc
moralized the public sentiment t its
own plane, to offer it up as a sacriti~
to the liquor Moloch and sprinkle its
blood upon all the high places where
sin hoids its carnival. It Isroposes to
ignore the eternal distinction between
right and wrong by endorsing wrong
and legalizing it. It makes a majority
Ivote the authority by which what is
declared a wrong in one coutnty is madw~e
right in another, or what is wronig at
one time in sine coiunty is made right at
another time in the same county. I t
proposes to grant the protectioni which
prohibition of the lijuor trathc miay se
-ure to life, health and miorals in one
county, and by the same means in the
adjacent county to grant the license to
individuals to invade the rights and set
-jat naught the pirotectioni thus scoured.
We regret the necessity whi-h has
been forced upon us of protesting thus
publicly against the advice of sine of
our most prominent counsellors wvho
favr an alliance with the friends sot
the liquor traffic under the name of lo
Ie colratrued ami an approval of tis al
liance and used to e promote it. we are
constrained by a sense of duty to our
solves and to the thousands of loyal
prohibitionists wlo have pit tlieiselves
on record as opposed to the liquor t-I'
tie by local option or otherwise, to set
forth these views and earnestly urge
upon you not to lend your influence to
any alliance with local option license
advocates in the general assenbly in
securing legislation which must inevi
tably prove disastrous to prohibition
and fasten upon us the evils of a i
quor system for an indefinite time to
L. 1). Childs.
Ge'. 11. Waddell,
C. 1). Stanley.
W. R llichardson.
.Jolin 31. Pike.
Id itor \av of Faith.
Thios. J. LaM otte.
lobt. MI. Adam,
S. II. Zimmerman.
.iohin A. Ric6..
.John 0. Wilson.
.1- C. Abney.
EATEN BY SAVAGES.
The Hor ible Fate of Eleven Ship
Alter ese: piing deati by dr -owni ng.
eleven of the crew of the ship Marbare
were capt ured and eaten by cannibals of
New G uinac. The 1anbare was bound
for Sydiiey. Australia. when it was
cauglit in the terrible gale of I Decenm
ber. Near Ca:e Nelson it began to
sink. The crev. eihteen all told, lert
the vesscl ina tiwo boats and soon became
One.- boat containiing twelve iuen was
finally thron it as.ore ten miles from
the aIpe. Tho sailors were seized by
natives friomi t lie interior ard hurried
off to tie villoge of the chiefs. One
ma1:1n1. .hnes a Gr " I-eene. escaped. The
sailors were stripped and bound, and
killed, one cach day. A wild orgic was
participated in by at least a hundred
savages who had gathered for the feast.
In several cases the sailor:- were tor
tured by the old women and children
of the tribe. The eyes Af one were
gouged out. The doomed men stoical
ly watched the elaborate preparations
for their death. A huge pot filled with
boiling water was used for the feast'
which ou the first day was prolonged
away into the ni.ht.
li iost eases the men were behead
ed. their headI buing plaeed of! poles
and paraded before the men who were
to suffer the same fate. Greene was
rescued by a steamer after tramping
without food a day and a night to reach
the coast. The scenes of horror lie had
witnessed turned his hair snowy white.
Wants to Get Out.
A letter from llavana to The State
say_ t he men of the Second sayegiment are
circulating another petition asking our
representatives in congress to use their
utimost influence to have tie regiment
mustered out at an early da te. There
are several reasons set forth why this
should he done. Lhe men are mostly
farmers and would like to get out in
time to plant a erop or they will be left
high and dry when they are mustered
out. Then. too, there is no chance to
save any money here and there are those
at home who are dependent upon these
men for support. Again there seems
to be nothing here to do but to sun the
rocks. There is nothing that can be
done. There are provost guards at
every crook in the road. and consequent
ly nothing can be learned of the pieople
or of the county except in a very small
area. The men are not allowed to visit
the city at all. Another is that most
of the mien have gotten enough of army
life. They are realizing that it is most
demoralizing to themr and they wish to
quit. Then. too. this climate is not
healty, and they do not care to expose
themstives to needless danger when
there is absolutely nothing at stake.
No Tax Exemption.
After one of the ablest debaites pro
and con ever heard in the state capital
the senate Thursday by the decisive
vote of 24 to 14 refused to p~ass a bill to
"aid and enicourage manufacturers by
remitting all State and county taxes,
excepit the school tax. on their invest
ment for five years.' The followim:e is
For Exemp jtion-Aldrichi. Alexan
der, (. W. Browvn. llay. hfenderson,
Livingston. M1anning. Marshall. Maul
din. May field. Scarborough. Stanlan rd.
Against Exemnption-Appelt. Arch
er. Barnwell, Blakeney. liowen. W. A.
Birown. Connor. Dennis. D~ouglass.
Glenn,. ra ydoti. Gruiber. Ilough, Ilder
toii, Live. Mlower. I lagsdale. Sarratt.
Sheppard. Studdath. Sullivan. Wallace.
Wilier. Wiiliamis. --21 nays.
Too Much Snow.
Inflormiation has been received hecie
by Supt. lHidge~way of the D enver and
lHio (Gratnde lHail road compar~y that a
snowslide on its iline nine miles east of
Glenawoodl Springs today cameii down on ~
top if a work train. wreeking th( en
'iine and ears antd kill ing three of tile
wrecking i crew anid injutring t we i other s.
a Ii remani and a section hand. Snow is
falling~ again thiroughout the. Mtate and
there is great sufferin. At eeral
places there is dangver of a famnine *w
ing to shiortage of suppljiies and tihe itu
possibl iity ofleevn ad at~ preent.
A Remarkable Case.
\ di p1atchi from (Chiicageo says
Gaeorge Rogers. whoi was known in ihe
vriiity in whi chi lie livedl as the ". -
gie mnan.' died Wedlnesday in the conn
ty hosipi tal of a rare <iiscase, which the
physicians have cailled acromegaly.
swell ing of the hones. Hiis hands and
feet w ere greatly swinllen. and his jaw
was overi four tin~ee4 the normal
lengh. he istuee romthefrontal
hone to the chin in the( iirdin ry man
is eighit to ten inches, and in Iii ers
I t his had grwn to so inches
Burned Himself Alive.
Anithojny Burgie, a seven-vear' il
in the~ San Francisco jail, W~ednesday
secured somne coal oil froni the store
wh ichf was usid to heat tihe i'ell and
pour1ed it ov.er hiis c'ilies while the
other pirisonuers were asleep. fle then
iited the oil and in a few seconds his
by as eniveloped in fhames. The cellI
caughit tire and the sleeping cell mates
were barely saved by the guards. Hur
THE PRIVILEGE TAX.
tt Is Taken From Clemson and
Given to the State.
THE TAX REMAIN THE SAME.
The Farmers College Must Now
Depend Upon a Direct Appro
priation Like the Other
The privilege tax matter was finally
settled in the House last Wednesday by
the passage of a bill taking the tax from
Clemson College and giving it to the
State. The judiciary committee's bill
passed without a single change. and
the other bills were either killed or with
'I his matter has consumed over seven
hours of the time of the lower house.
and it is not known yet whether or not
it is finally disposed of, as the senate
may Lave some changes to make. There
were six bills on this question: Mr.
Ashley's to reduce the rate from 25 to
1) cents a ton: Mr. Jeremiah Smith.
to devote the net proceeds to academic
schools, one to be established in each
county: t he committee on public schools
oiffered a sul.stitute for the latter that
the next proceeds be devoted to the
public. schools: Mr. Efird wanted the
net proceeds divided between Withrop
and Clemson, and thejudiciary commit
tee's lill place tL tax in the State
1'he judiciary committee, in taking
the fund from Clemson. had for its ob
ject the enaction of a law which would
conform to the constitution of the
VuiIted States. At present the fund is
paid directly to Clemson college. and in
the case in North Carolina it has been
decided that the law was unconstitu
tional. -s it exacted a tax noaminally
for inspection, and then devoted the
net proceeds to educational institutions.
The law in Nortlh Carolina was changed
so that on it.' face it would be constitu
tional and still permit the funds being
devoted to the State Agricultural and
31elhanical college at Raleigh.
Fearing.litigation from the present
law. the jadiciary committee prepared
a bill whieh had the same object as the
law in North Carolina, to save the rey
mue obtained froin this inspection tax
and still have a law which is not vul
nerable to the constitution. As the
judiciary. committee bill was adopted
wihout amendment. Clemson must de
pend upon a direct appropriation from
the general treasury just as other State
institutions are doing. As the net in
cone from the privilege tax may be
considerably more than the. appropria
tion recomimendle-ed-40.000-tlie. State
will-hardly suffer from the change in the
law. but niayV gain, as -it has been in
timiated there has been evtravafance at
iring the discission of the bill Mr.
Ashlev moved that the tax le reduced
from 25 to 1ll cents. This was voted
down by the following vote:
Yeas-Ashley, Bailey, J. B. Black,
W. I. Black. Cosarove. Crum. - Dar
gau. Da~wling, N. G, Evans. Floyd.
Gamble. Gantt, Gause Henderson, Hill.
Hoffmneyer, Jackson, Jenkins, Lofton,
Lyles. 3Mann, Marion, Laban MIauldin.
)Jiley. Patterson, HI. B. Richardson,
C. E.' Robinson, R. B. A. Robinson,
Sawyer Seabroek, Simkins, Sinkler, G.
P, Smith, Jeremiah Smith, J. L.
Smith. Strom, W. J. Thomas, West,
Wharton, Wilson, Wimberly. II. HI.
Nays-Speaker Gary, b'acot, Bell,
Blease. Blythe. Bolts. Caughman, Col
cock. D~avis. Dean. D)eBruhl. Dendy.
Dukes, Efird. Epps, Fairey, Graham,
ilollis, llopkins. Ilydrick, HI. E. John
son, W. .J. Johnson Lockwood, Man
ning. McCraw, 3IcCullough, McDill.
McIow, McLauchlin. Means, Mehrtens
M ontgomery, Moss, Patton. Peurifoy,
Pyatt, lE. B. Rlagsdale. Richards, G. W.
Richardson, Rogers Sharpe, Stackhouse
Steduson. Sturkie. W. 1I. Thomas,
Threatt. Timnierman. X'erner. Whison
ant. Williams. Wingo. Winkler Wolfe,
Mr. Blythie then moved that the tax
be given to Clemson College as at pr'e
sent. TIhis was voted down by the fol
Yeas- bailey. J. BI. Black, Blythe,
Bolts. Caughman. Crum, Dowling.
Dukes, E'pps, Fairy, dadsden, Gantt,
Giaham, Hill, Hlolhis, Hopkins, HI. E.
Johnoon. Lockwood. Lofton, Manning,
Mctraw, Miley, Prince, Richards, Geo.
Wi. Richardson. R. B. A. Robinson.
Stakhouse. W. 11. Thomas, Verner,
West, Weston, Wingo, Winkler. Wolfe.
Nays-Speaker Gary, Ashley, Bacot.
Bell, W. D). Black, Blease, Cosgrove.
Cross, Dargan. Davis Dean. DeBruhl,
Dendy, Efird, N. (. Evans. Floyd.
Gamble. Ga use, Henderson. Hoffmneyer.
Hlydriek. Jackson, Jenkins. W. J.
Johnson..Lyles, Mann, Marion. Laban.
Mauldin. Williami L. Mauldin, McCul
loughi, Mclill, McDow, Means, Mehrt
ens, Montgomnery, Moss. Nettles, Pat
terson. Pemurif'oy. E. B. Ragsdale. J.
Wi . esdae. Henry B. Richardson, C.
E. Robinson, Rogers, Sawyer. Seabrook,
Sharpe. Simkins. Sinkler. G. P. Smith,
deremniah Smith. .J. L. Smith. Steven
son, -trom. Sturkie, Timmerman,
Wha~ rton. Whisonant. WVilliams. Wil
son. Wiiberly. 11. H1. W'ooda'ard.
The .judiciary cmmiittee bill was
then taken up and passed to its third
reading by a vote of 61 to 29'. there be
no change in lie bill. It is quite a
long' document, but one which may'
play a great part in, the political canm
pigns of the future. it. p.rovides for
the inispectiioni of aill fertilizers and
establishes a penalty for selling and
ransportinog lerti'izer s upon which
ther'e is not a tag, or' cer tiicate as to
thei r purity. Tlhese are the provisionis
of the present law. The only radical
chanuge is the following which is to take
the place of' sectioni 11:::. revised stat
utes of 14
IAll thle inspection tax on lertilize.,
heretofere rec1gired to) be paid to the
commissionier o1f agriculture, be piaid to
the treasurer of the State. anid he shall
liaY therefrom the expenses and anal
vsis as audited andl certified ti him by
thte board of trustees of Clemson Agri
eultural college oh' South Carolina.
The first~ eanmp meeting in the
Enited States was held on the banks
of the K'fd River. Kentucky. in the
The Penalty for Same Increased to
In the House on Tuesday of last week
Mr. Blease moved to strike out the
enacting words of Mr. W. D. Black's
bill to increase the penalty on fishing in
Aiken, Barnwell, Darlington, Colleton,
and Orangeburg counties, from $10 to
Mr. Cruni said that the penalty was
now but ten dollars which was no me
nace to trap fishers.
Mr. Dukes said that to make this
penalty heavier would not add to the
enforcement of the law, for an unpepu
lar measure cannot be easily enforced.
Mr. Blythe said that it seemed to be
a good bill. and while it did not affect
his section still he thought that he
should support it.
Mr. W. D. Black said that trap fish
ers could in one night make enough to
pay the fine of ten dollars. The law is
being violated openly and he thought
this bill would offer a restraint.
Mr. McLauchlin spoke in favor of the
Mr. Timmerman said that when the
present law was passed in 1892 the peo
ple of Aiken felt outraged. The law
now imposes a fine of from $10 to $100.
Mr. Crum said that there were see
tioas where the people mnade their liv
iag by fishing.
Mr. Dukes interposed, 'But not dis
Mr. Crum replied: "Not dishonestly.
but illegally." le recited an instance
where an official had been given a good
drubbing by fishermen whom he had
caught violating the laiv.
Mr. Dukes said quite feelingly that
the incident happened in Mr. Crum's
own county, Bamberg.
31. Crum submitted that illegal fish
ing was just as widespread in Orange
burg as in Bamberg.
Mr. Dukes explained the manner of
fishing on the Edisto. The seines don't
stretch across the river and don't keep.
the fish from going t;p. The seines are
never in the river longer than 10 min
utes at a time, and out 40 minutes. As
a general rule the poorer class does the
fishing, a class who could ill afford to
pay heavy fines.
Mr. Jenkins asked if the fine would
injure them if they obeyed the law.
Mr. Dukes said not, but that it would
induce unscrupulous men to bring false
charges against these people.
The house. refused to strike out the
Mr. Bell then wanted to amend by
exempting Aiken county.
Mr. Dukes wanted Orangeburg ex
Mr. Crumi said that as Bamberg was
just across the river from Orangeburg,
it would be unjust to Bamberg oounty
to exempt Orangeburg. The house re
fused to exempt both Aiken and Orange
Mr. Sawyer moved to strike out the
clause offering three-fourths of the fine
to the informant.
Mr. Crum moved to table the amend
The amendment of Mr. Sawyer was
voted down. .
Mr. Dukes moved to indefinitely post
pone the bill. This was voted down by
a vote of 49 to 15 and the bill passed its
Crushed to Death.
The news reached here Wednesday
morning of the horrible death at Char
lotte of flagman C. G. Craig, which was a
great shock to railroad men. Just how
Mr. Craig met his death is not known,
He left here with freight No. 72, Tues
day at noon, and it is presumed that he
reached Charlotte that night between
10 and 11 o'clock. The train stopped
and shifted at the junction. When
the conductor was ready to leave the
flagman was missing. One of the crew
wdnt back to look for him and found
the body on the track, between the
cars, in a horribly mangled condition.
lie lived only ten minutes. No one
saw him go between the cars and the
accident cannot be explained. When
last seen he had two coupling pins in
his hands. The remains were gathered
up and put in charge of an undertaker
and Thursday they were shipped to his
former home in Gastonia, N. C.
The Whole Truth.
The Gallatin, Tenn., Examiner re
marks: "An idea prevails in the minds
of a great many people that unless
their representive in the Legislature
introduces a number of bills and gets
his name in the papers he is not doing
anything. But to those who under
stand the situation the best recommen
dation he can have is that he intro
duces as few as possible and kills as
many as he can. for we have too many
laws already, and it is generally the
representative who knows the least that
introduces the most bills. Let us have
as few new laws as possible. and the
people will be better off." The evil
appears to be widespread.
Suicided on the Street.
Ernest A. Maletti, said to belong to a
wealthy New Orleans family. commit
ted suicide Thursday by swallowing
carbolic acid while walking on the
street in New York. A letter was
found on his body addressed to Henry
Maletti of the commission firm of Ma
letti & Stoddard of New Orleans. whom
the suicide addressed as his brother.
Another letter was found addressed to
Mr. Edye of Funch. Edye & Co., steam
ship agents in New York. In both let
ters the man complained that financial
aid had been refused him. Mr. Edye
said that Maletti came to New York
several months ago.
Passed the Senate.
A house hill to require cotton buyers
to atcept bales of cotton weighing not
less than 800 pounds without docking
the seller $1 or any osher amonut on
a'ceount of the lighitness of the bale,
called for~i a good deal of discussion in
the State Se'nate Wednesday. Mesars.
Graydon. Surratt, Coqnor and Shep
pard favored the bill and Mr. Barnwell
opposedC1 it. The bill was passed to al
Coming Out Early.
'The informnatio n comes from Col umn
bia that Congressman Latinier will be a
candidate for Governor next year, ais
also Col. ,John G. Sheppard. It is re
ported that lon..Stanyarne Wilson will
either oppose Senator Tillman or enter
the gubernatorial arena, but of course
these are mere surmises. as no one can
tell what surparises the next campaign
will bring forth.
THE RAI4ROAD BOOM.
Railroad Projects which have Bills Be
fore the General Assembly.
The influx of bills to amend old rail
road charters or to issue new ones seems
to indicate a markel revival in the
building of railroads in this State. It
is a very uncommon thing to find half
so many applications for charters for
railroads. In addition to the charters
and extensions asked for it is to be re
membered that there are a great many
outstanding charters which are still
alive and which can be and of which
some are being used now.
The following is a list of the railroad
projects for which bills have been pass
ed this session of the Legislature or
which are pending:
Mr. Iogers: A charter for the Ben
nettsvi'le and Ashborn Railroad.
Mr. Gadsden: For the Charleston
city Railway comnpany.
Mr. Coleock: For the Savannah Ter
Senator Marshall: For the Columbia
Electric Street Railroad Company.
Senator Henderson: For the Wilson
and Sumnierton railroad.
Senator Mauldin: For the Hampton
and Branchville Railroad company.
Mr. Montgomery: For the Carolina
aud Northern Railroad company.
Mr. Rogers: For the Marlboro. Mari
on and Horry Railroad company.
Senator Aldrich: For the Barnwell
and Blackville Electric lower com
Mr. DeBruhl: For the Due Wsst and
Donald's Railroad comipany.
Mr. Stevenson: For t-he Noith and
South Carolina Railroad Company.
Senator Douglass: For the Unioa
and Augusta Railroad company.
Seriator Marshall: For the Win.ton,
Salem and Carolina Railroad company.
Senator Barnwell: For the South
Carolina and Georgia Extension Rhil
Mr. C. E. Robinson: For the Pick
ens and Coleman Railroad company.
THE CUBAN ARMY.
The Amount Needed to Pay Them
Up in Full.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press understands that the ostimate
furnished President McKinley by the
delegation from the Cuban assembly
called for payment for 5,119 commis
sioned officers. 9.762 non commissioned
officers, and 3.160 privates, divided as
follows, with totals estimated as due
Eleven major generals. $500'a month
Nineteen generals of division. *450 a
Fifty-four brigadicr generals. $400 a
One hundred and sixty-three colonels
$325 a month 1.491.750.
Two hundred and ninety lieutenant
colonels. $275 a month. -*32..3G.800.
Five hundred and seventy-eight ma
jors, $220 a month, $3.870,240.
Nine hundred and sixty-five captains
$130 a month. $4.5G1.S00.
One-thousand two liundred and forty
five lieutenants. $100 a month. $3.763,
One thousand. seven hundred and
ninety-four sub-lieutenants. $90 a
Two thousand. one hundred and
thirty first sergeants. Si;0 a month. $3,
Three thousaud. one hundred and
twenty-three second sergeants. $50 a
Four- thousand, five hundred and nine
corporals, $40. a month, $5.23S.240.
Thirty thousand, one hundred and
sixty privates. $30. a month, $21,502,
'I otal. 44.041 men. 873430
It is doubtful whether as many men
still under arms can be found as was
estimated by the assembly's delegation.
Large numbers. however, are scattered
throughout tihe'island, though there is
no great force at any one place. Gen.
Gomiez, has only 400 with him here.
Lawless Negro Troops.
The Negro~ troops have been giving
great trouble in Arkansas and Georgia
by their lawless acts and general rowd
ism. As the regiment from Arkansas
passed through Inka. Miss., some un
known persons set fire to the ammuni
tion car, which was almost filled with
cartridges and powder. It was entirely
destroyed and the rest of the train was
barely saved. Three Negro wonien,
who were following thie troopers, are re
ported to have been ki'lled in the burn
ing car. A dozen of the men were in
jured. .At Walker switch the burning
car was discovered by trainmen and
side-tracked. The lives of the crew
were in danger. as the cartridges were
exploding in every direction. By the
time the switch was reached the car was
a mass of flames. The loss will be
Predicted His Own Death.
Rev. Geo. II Simons, of Brooklyn.
predicted his own death, which occurred
Wednesday of pneumonia. Last De
cember during heavy snow storms, he
visited a sick child and caught a chill.
Since thenfte has been ailing and Wed
nesdhy was quite feeble, but was not
apparently in any immediate danger.
To his wife. however. who was sitting
in the room, he said, for no apparent
reason: '"My dear. I(do not believe that
I will live after midnighit.
A Fatal Snow Slidle.
I).tails were received Thursday of a
fatal snow slide on the mair line of the
Canadian Pacific at Rir Pass~ on
the summnit of Selkirks. The catas
trohe occurred laK evenug Ihe
Round llouse and station were com
pletly .swept away, and -"ven lives
were lwt. anud two persons injured.
Th'e dead are Ageot Canto. wdie and
two children. O pcrator C ar-o. I'ngine
Wiper Repldy and one unknown.
Leprosy in America.
A special from Battle Creek says
hat I r. Iitt. a physicien from India.
at presenit visiting in this city stated
that there are 5:2 cases of leprosy in
the United :-4ates. 10 of which. are in
Chicago. The doctor has made a life
study of leprosy and recommends that
our quarantine laws be more rigidly en
forgd, and believes in the establish
me~of a-geoeral asylumu in this coun
SMOOTH BUNCO GAME
How a Farmer Put the Laugh on
a Shrewd Hotel Clerk.
THE CONFIDENCE MAN CAME
Cashed a Draft for a Bunco Man
and Bet the Clerk that He
Would Come and
"I was standing in the rotundaef one
of the uptown hotels in New York last
Saturday night," said Mr. 0. D. Stev
ens, a leather drummer from the -met
ropolis, "when an old gentlemen with
hayseed in his whiskers came in. He
looked about for a moment; and then
walked up to the clerk's desk, -fished a
card from his pocket, and thrusting
it into the hands of that official, asked:
"'Mister, do you know that man?"
"The clerk glanced at it, and smiled.
For he read thereon a name worn by
one of the smoothest of the many con
fidence men who have sprung up since
the beginning of the 'anti-reform' ad
ministration. Then he said:
"'Yes, I know him, sir-I dare say
he had you cash a certified check for
him, or something of that sort?"
"Yes he did,' said the old gentle
man. wonderingly. 'How did you
"The clerk smiled.
"ile said he would meet me here
tonight and take it up,' continued the
"I don't think he will, though, said
*But I do," said the old gentleman,
"for he looked to me like an honest
man, and I am a good judge of human
"All right, sir," said the clerk, "just
have a seat and wait, if you will."
"The old man came over and sat be
side me. I entered - into conversation
with him, and discovered that he was a
well-to do Long Island farmer. The
'con' man in question had met him a
few days before, and ingratiated him
self in the old man's confidence, and
induced him to cash a check-the old
man showed me the paper.
"After about an hour the old man
went back to the desk and asked:
".Have you seen anything of him
"No. said the clerk, and it isn't Rke
ly thatI will."
"The old genialeman came back. He
waited about fifteen minutes, then went.
to the clerk again, and made another
inquiry. 'The clerk answered as he did
before, and the old fellow went to his
seat lookiangt1tisappoiateA :
"c grew fidgEy after another short
wait, and again addressed the clerk.
B3y this time the attention of a number
of people had been attracted. Someof
them laughed, and others looked sym
"See here, said the clerk, that man
isn't going to meet you. You have
"No, sir, youare wrong, said the old
"Well, he won't meet you, insisted
"I'll bet lie does, replied the old man
Y~ou bet he does, repeated the clerk.
Well, how much will you bet?"
'Come-put up or shut up, he add
"Oh! I don't want to bet, said the
"No, of course you don't laughed the
"Well, now, Mr. Smarty, said the
old man, in a nettled tone, I will bet,
and he reached down in his pocket and
fished out a roll of bills. There was a
hundred and sixteen dollars in all told,
and he laid the money on the counter
with a dogged air.
"The clerk went back to the safe,
brought out a similar sum, and said:
"I give you one more hour."
"No." said the old fellow, I'm bet
ting he will either be here, or send me
a mr'ssage explaining why he couldn't
"All right, said the clerk, and upon
this agreement the money was put into.
an envelope and placed in the safe.
"The old gentleman eame over and
sat down by me. He started to say.
something but arose suddenly and went
towards the cigar stand, that was near
the front door, and bought a cigar. As
he turned to come back, the door
swung open, and in stepped a flsM
ly dressed gentlemen-the confidence
"Mr. Wilson, he said.
The old man wheeled around.
SIi have come, continued the bunkoer
to take up that-little check."
" I looked at the clerk. Risface was
" The bunko-steerer pulled a roll of
billa from his pocket, stripped off a
number of them, and handed them to
the farmer. The farmer in return gave
himi the check, and then walked up to
the clerk and said:
-I'll take that money."
It was handed to him.
lie went back to where the bunko
steerer was standing, and the two, join
ine arms. walked toward the door Just
befo:-e they stepped into the street the
farmer looked back over his shoulder,
and winded at the crowd.
* Well, I'll be d-d if that ain't the
smoothest con game that was ever work
ed. said the clerk, simply."
Musteinxg Them Out.
Tilc war department Thursday issued
:s o: ier to muster out about 15,000
volunteer troops. The reginients are
"First Maryland, now at Augusta,
IThirdi Mississippi and Second Missouri
at lbany. Eighth and Thirteenth
Pens~ylvania at Augusta, Fourteenth
Pemylvania. Summerville, S. C.
Foiith Texas at San Antonio, Fourth
Wisconsin ait Anniston. Seventeenth
vola teer infantry at Macon. Eighth
olunteer infantry at Chickamauga
T'eut i voluntear infantry at Macon.
Why Don't They?
The Rome. Ga., Tribune very perti
neit iy remarks: "Biennial sessions of
the Legislature would cut down the
great tiood of useless laws enacted at
every session. We have too many laws
now. The people of Georgia should
rise up) and diand biennial sessions.''
Thersio n is why don't they?