Newspaper Page Text
SOME~1 NE VAS.
Which Have Passed the House of
THEY GO TO THE SENATE.
Oil Inspection, Commutation
Tax, The Sale of Tobacco
and Other Matters Leg
On 31)nday the llouse pased a bill
>rovidin4 for the inspection of oil.
'he bill provides for the election of an
'i, inspector of oils at a salary of $1.20o
per annum. to be derived from fees paid
by the oil companies for havying their
A general commutation tax bill took
up considerable time, but was finally
passed to it. third readios.
The bill provides that the county
treasurers of this State are hereby au
thopized and empowered to rceeive from
any and all persons liable to road u
ties iu the counties of Abbeville, one
dollar; Aiken. one dollar: Anderson.
one dollar: Barn% eli. one dollar: Beau
fort, two dollars; !k-rkeley. one doilar:
Chester, two dollar-: Chesterficli. one
dollar: Charleston. two dollars: Colic
ton, two dollars: Clarendon. one dollar:
Dorchester, one dollar: lParlington. one
dollar: Edgefield. two dollars: Fairfeld,
two dollars; Florence. one and a half
dollars; Georgetown. two dollars:
Greenville, one dollar: Hampton, one
dollar; Ilorry. two dollars: Kershaw.
two dollars: Lancaster. one dollar:
Laurens, one dollar: Lexington. two
dollars: Newberry. two dollars: Marl
boro, one dollar: Marion. two dollars.
Pickens, one dollar and fifty ce'nts<
Richland, one dollar: Spartanburg. one
dollar: Saluda, two dollars: Sumter. one
dollar: Union. one do lar: Orangeburg.
two dollars; Williams urg, two dollars:
York, one dollar, as commutation tax:
and all moneys so paid shall be set apart
and known as the county road fund:
Provided, that such commutation tax
be paid for the fiscal year 1699. be
tween the first day of March and the
first day of April, and hereafter said
commutation tax shall be paid by the
31st day of March of the year next af
ter the fiscal year for which the same
was due. That such persons as have
paid their commutation road tax shall
be exempted from road duty for that
fiscal year: Provided that this Act
shall not affect the commutation tax
for the year 1899.
In the House it was fully an hour
Tuesday before the body could get to
work. The bad weather caused a num
ber to be late, and others were sick with
the grip. There was some talk of send
ing the sergeant-at-arms for some of
the tardy ones, but they commenced
dropping in one by one until at last a
quorum was present.
Under the head of unfinished busi
ness, Mr. Laban Mauldin's bill in rela
tion to fixing the day of adjournment
for Feb. 11th was taken up and killed,
the motion by Mr. Blease being to post
pone discussion until the 11th day of
Mr. Mauldin demanded the aye and
nay vote, which resulted as follows.
those voting in the affirmative wishing
to table the bill until Feb. 11th:
Yeas-Speaker Gary. Black. W. 1).,
Blythe, Bolts. Browning. Colcock,
Crumm, Dargan. Davis, Dean, D~e
Bruhl, Dendy, Evans, N. G., Floyd.
Gause, Hill, Hoff meyer, Hopkins, J ack
son, Lockwood, Lofton, McCraw, Mc
Laucblin, Miley, Montgomery, Nettles,
Richards, Sanders C. P., Sawyer, Sink
ler, Smithi G. P... Smith Jeremiah,
Themas W. H., Thomas W. J1., Veil
ner, Whisonant, Wimberly, Winkler
Nays-Bacot, Bailey, Bell, Blease,
Caughman, Efird, Epps, Evans H. H.,
Gamble, Graham, Henderson, Hollis,
Mann, Manning, Marion, Mauldin, Mc
Dill, Moss, Ragsdale E. B., Richard
son George W.. Richardson Henry B.,
Robinson C. E. Robinson R. B. A.,
Sharpe, Simpkins. Smith J. L.. Yarn,
Weston, Wingo, Woodward M. B.,
It was necessary to 'poll the house to
see if a quorum were present, as te lit
tie interest was manifested and so few
voted on any question.
Mr. HI. II. Evan's bill to permit'
chaingangs to be used in the p~rom1otion
of the health of a community pas: ed its
The bill read as follows: That on and
after the approval of this act the county
board of commissioners shall have pow
er and authority, in their discretion. to
utilize the county chaingang in whole
or in part in any kind of work calcula
ted to promote or conserve public
health in the county or in any com
munity thereof, in which sentences of
the convicts on such gang were pro
Mr. Floyd's bill to regulate the scale
of tobacco passed its second reading
after the coupties of Clarendon, Hlorry,
Marion, Pickens and Chesterfield had
been exempted. It applies to the rest
of the State.
Following is the bill:
Section 1. That the charges and ex
penses of handling and selling leaf to
bacco upon the floor of tobacco ware
houses in this State shall not exceed
the following schedule of prices, to-wit:
For auction fees. fifteen (15) cents on
all piles of one hundred pounds or less
and twenty-five (25) cents on all piles
of over one hundred pounds and less
than two hundred and fifty pounds:
fifty (50) cents per pile for piles of two
hundred and fifty pounds or over. For
weighing and hauling, ten (10) ecats
perpile for all piles of less than one
hundred pounds; for all piles of over
one hundred pounds, at the rate of ten
(10) cents per hundred pounds; for comn
mission on the gross sales of leaf tobac
co in said warehouses, not to exceed
two and one-half per cent-mi.
Sec. 2. That the proprietor of each
and every warehouse shall render to
each seller of tobacco at his warehouse
a bill, plainly stating the amount
charged for weighing and hauling, the
amounts charged for anction fees, and
the commission charged on each sale,
and it shall be unlawful for any other
charges or fees exceeding those herein
named to be made or accepted.
Sec. 3. That for each and every viola
tion of the provisions of this act a pen
alty of ten dollars shall be enforced.
and the same may be recovered by any
person so offended.
Sec. 5. That this act shall go into e'
feet immediately upon its approval.
Mr. Laban Mauldin's bill to aniend
the law relating to stealing from the
field passed its second reading.
Mr. Maudlin said that this was not to
extend the law. but to simplify the
law in order to clarify the statutes'so
that~magistrates will have no trouble to
construct the law.
The bill as adopted reads:
That ajy landlord renting land, te 1
ant or lalfirer Woking on shares o
crm shall take ffm the fi41d any
4i hi a In Ii ,i t z
4 - oiln dt-'vot q
kat id 1 e1ib n when(JJ a, i n emled shall
ead as followt
Secti4tiii D I. Who,ever shall tC.a1
fronit the IeIlIdy grailn. cottoln Or Ve
etables. whexther severed from the free
hoid I not. shall be deemed guilty of
a misdemeanor. and on conviction
thereof shall be punished by iniprisou
meut for not more than fivc years, or
by a fine of not more than five hIundred
dolars: Provided, That any landlord
renting land. tenant or laborer working
en shares of the crop shall take from
the field any part of the crops made by
aid tenant or laborer without the con
sent of the othor, ,hall be considered
as stealing from the field. and shall be
punished according to t lie provisions of
On Thursday .lr. W'uklers bill to
rcgulate the disbur.e- neit of money
a isin-, from the sale of liquors passed
its third reading after a long tight.
The bill as it sas up for discussion
was quite different fre m the original as
introduced bx r. WV\in\kler. which pro
vided that the schools f the State
should be kept open for five months.
the fund; i or their :upport being the
three mill tax supplemented by the dis
pensarv protits. The bill as it passed
provides that all revenue derived from
tie sale of alcoholie li:iuors in this
State un-er tile dispensary law shall be
apportioned among the various counties
of the State for the benefit of the com
mon schools in proportion to the amount
of profits derived from the sale of alco
holic liquors in the respective counties,
and all funds not derived from said dis
pensaly law not already disbursed shall
be apportioned in the same way.
A Great Year for Trusts.
The St. Paul I'ioneer Press contends
that the year Istk' was one of the most
wolderful in the history 4 this country
and tries to sustains t he statement with
the following hill of partieulars:
1.Largest wheat crop excepi that of
-l. lighiet price recorded for wheat
except in 1S84.
3. Largest cotton crop.
4. Largest export of breadstuffs.
.. Largest exports If manufactured
6. Largest aggregate exports of pro
duce and merchandise.
7. Largest productioin of iron cre.
S. Largest prodution of pigiron.
9. Largest, production of coal.
10. Largest production of copper.
11. Largest. production of silver ex
cept that of 1S92.
1. Largest production of gold.
13. Largest golc holdings.
14. Largest per capita circulation of
all forms of money.
15. Largest aggregate bank clearings.
16. Largest aggregate railroad earn
17. Largest aggregate sale of bonds.
18. Largest aggregate sales of stocks
on New York Stock Exchange since
19. Smallest number'of failures and
smallest aggregate liabilities since 1892.
The Pioneer Press should add one
more item to its list. Last year was a
great year for trusts. but our cotem pa
rary seems to have overlooked thisI
item. The number of trusts formed
last year is put down by the New York
Herald at ninety-two. The amount of
their common capital stock is $957,967,
300. and of preferred $384.791,900.
The largest of these combines are the
American Tin Plate company, $30,000,
000; Continental Plug Tobaeco Co..
$30,000:00; Consolidated Gas Co..
New York, $37,0000 Federal Steel
Co., $100,00,000; Metropolitan Street
Railway Co., $40,000,000; PacificeSt-ates
Telephone Co , $.30,000,000; Gaslight
and Coke company, of Chicago. $30,
000,000; Print Cloth Pool, $50,000,000,;
United States Biscuit company, $30.
000,000; Writing Paper company, $40,
000.000. If it was not for the forma
tion of these gigantic oppressors of the
masses and the existence of the gold
standard the array of facts set forth by
the Pioneer Press would mean great
business activity and prosperity to all
who are willing to work. But on ac
count of the existence of these things
the prosperity that we hear so much
Iabout is confined to the few who com
ose the trusts or have large capital.
One of the items put down in the enunm
eratien is the large cotton crop. We
of this section know how much pros
lperity this large cotton crop brought to
the farmers and merchants of the
South. The same is the case with
many of the other items. No doubt
the 'trusts prospered during the past
year. but the masses did not.
The Question of Salary.
There being a proposition to increase
certain salaries in the State of MIassa
chusets. the Springfield lepublican
declares it is no time for salary-raising,
-:en though the stock markets are
booming. The great industries and
businss of M1assachusetts. are not find
ing it easy to increase their rewards
above the profitless point of the past
five years ot depression. and are still
turninr out products at the low prices
which'have enabled public officers to
make their salaries go further than ever
before" Speaking of public salaries
anI particularly of the governor's
recommendation of an increase for the
higher State court justi~pes. the lhpub
lian compiles the following table.
showing what compensation is received
by the chief justice of the supreme
court in each cf the New England
States and sonic of the larger States of
assachusetts. .. .. .. .. .
Maine..... .... ... .
New Hampshire. .......:. .
Rhode island.... .... ...
('on acticut.. .. .. .. ...... .(
New York............... 1.0
New Jersey........ ... .. 100
Maryland.............. .. 80
Georgia............ ... ... 0
Louisiana . . ......
')hio.. . ............ (
IIndiana . .). .
Illinois.. ...... ..00(1
Iowa................ 4 1000
Texs................ . 4000
Nebask............ . . 000
Io an... ........ .......... . 000
Cloraska....... ........... .00
The Republican states that ireterally
the salary of the chief justice. which
is given above, is $500 more than the
salaries of other justices on the bench
and says that in New York the election
is by the people and candidates for the
bench have to contribute liberally to
A NEW York newspaper estimates
that the securities owned by twenty
seven of the richest men in this coun
ry have been increased in value in th~.
Smof SI).000,00)0 by the recent up:
4'I ~ ~ ,' X T I A I).
rhe Retiring Congressman Issues
an Address to the People.
ASSAILS SENTOR McLAURIN.
Says He Has Been Treacherous'to
His Colleagues and Uncru
pulous. Very Warm
l'o the People of South Carolina:
Sinee manifestos, addresses and ex
Poses are in order in South Carolina, I
have decided to have a word to say.
The star player in the rccent perforni
aue has been writing his own plays.
ritising and danning all others while
painting his own part in glowing colors
without regard to truth or the interests
(I any save himself. I have decided it
to be my duty to keep quiet no longer
while lie is allowed weekly to exploit
himself and his actions through the
leading newspapers of our State. I shall
confine myself to a statement of facts
that can be fully substantiated by the
entire delegation in congress, and, in
fact. all who had an pportunity from
the inside to observe closely the trend
of matters during the last six years.
The people of South Carolina have a
right to know what is now and what has
been going on behind the curtain. And
when they have learned all the facts
they will not be slow to make up their
The address recently issued by Mr.
W. A. Neal. it is well known was not
written by hin. Ie was sick at the
time and could not judge for hiiself
what the effects would be. nor how des
picable it made hiin appear in the eyes
of both friends and foes. It was well
known that it was written by John L.
MeLauriu. who hitened down to Col
umbia from Washington and as hur
riedly came away after he had penned
this infamous slander. an instrument of
apostacy. and induced Neil. poor, sick
ftlow to sign it.
Along with other members of
South Carolina delegation in eon -
I have been subjected to the trea 2-ry
and undermining tactics of the j;ier
senator fron our State so long tii I
had almost become used to it ani did
not expeet to ha% e anything more to say
during the short period in which I will
renain in public life. But there is such
an outrageously false accusation against
the entire delegation in the Neal-3Me
Laurin address that I cannot longer re
MeLaurin has his commmision as
senator until 1903, and he may feel
that he can slander us with impunity,
but L at least, will not submit in si
lence. M-Laurin makes Neal charge:
"In 1894 I was invited to go to Wash
ington to attend a conference. I was
present in Irby's committee room when
it was agreedto make John Gary Evans
governor of SouthCarolina. There was
only one man who raised his voice
against it in protest. I was a witness
to the scene when he withdrew in anger
from the conference." There was no
need for him to go back four years to
make an accusation of there being a
ring in Washington at the time which
was running South Carolina-s polities.
lie made poor Neal sign a falsehood,
knowing at the time himself that it was
a falsehood, and his only purpose could
be to injure the delegation here in the
eyes of the people. Now, the facts are
these and I will be sustained in my
statement by every member who par
ticipated, as well as by Senator Tillman
who was at the meeting mentioned-he
being soverner then: Irby called a
meeting of the delegation without let.
ting us know what he wanted with us.
Tillman, Neal and Evans~ were pr-sent.
As soon as the meeting opened 31cLaur
in mentioned that Koester, then edit
ing The Register. and Bowden, two
prominent South Carolinians, then in
Washington. ought to be admitted to
our council. Irby and 31ebaurin were
then not on good terms on account of a
scandal involving 3IeLaurin, of which
I will not speak here, because it is too
nauseating, and they began to (;uarrel,
Irby declaring that he would not havo
anything to do with a Populist, and
before anything was done, or the pur
pose for which we had been brought to
gether mentioned. 3IeLaurin angrily
left the roomsaying lie would -stand
by his .friends."
M1atters having assumed this shape,
Latimer. Talbert and myself, members
of the house, also left. and there was
not one word said about running John
Gairy Evans for governor. MLe Laurin
has become so notorious himself for
jiolding conferences and lplann inrg politi
cal deals, and is by nature such a tr-icks
ter and conspirator, that I piresum lhe
feels called upon to charge such things
to others. He wvas in the "F'orty-a ove
ment" which had for its object the de
struction of the Rleformi party. lHe
beggedl Latimer, Talbert and myself to
join him in a Populibt manifesto to the
people of the State in 12!4, saying that
the State was ripe and that the people
would rally behind that banner if we
would ioin him. He denied this when
he was running for the seeine, but I can
prove it by both the gentlemen referred
to. ie cursed and damned the dispen
sary law here during the Darlington
rist and wrote the ADear. Appelt let
ter" giving Senator Tillmnan the - -Joab
stab.' vet when Tillman came on here
afterwards he went to him and begged
him not to light him in his congres
sional district for congress, and dis
laimed intending anvth ing but friend
ship for him. H1e promised Bowden
that he would run for governor in 1896
and encouraged Bowden to run for con
gresss. lie made Toni Reed believe lhe
was itn sympathy with the Republican
party and thus obtained his position on
the ways and eans committee above
older and abler members of the house.
Ie has been, in a way. trying to deliver
the goods, and his tariff speech was a
part delivery. His fawningaround the
president last summer and declaration
that McKinley was the "mnost po;Mnbrt
president since Lincoln anid oughlt to be
renominated by acclanmat ion~~is another
part. All these things go to prove his
absolute unreliability and his unscrupu
lous ambition. Hie is a Demtocrat only
because he believes that is the way to
gratify his anibition.
I would go on and give instance after
instance of his treachery to his col
leagues, and of his trickery, but this is
enough for one installment. Let him
dispute what I have said thus far and I
will give hint sonic more, and what is
more to the parpose, let the people
know more fully what manner of man
it is they have sent to the I-nited
States senate in the place of the noble
Joseph II. Earle.
\Xasingon.17) (1 Fe. 1. :Srai.
rhe House Passes a Senzible Bill on
In the u i onic -m Tuesday of la-t
seek 31r. Moss' printing bill was the
ir-t t" collie up. It was the occasion
>f -uite 1a discussion between Messis.
Ktird and E. B. Iagsdale on one side,
nd Moss and Wolfe. in favor of the
jill. Mr. 31oss said that the object of
he bill was to equalize the rates of ad
;ertising. Under the present law, as
de had learned upon inquiry, there was
i chance for abuse of the public funds.
The printer's system of measurements~
is by the inch. and not by the word.
Mr. Wolfe, chairman of the commit
tee on public printing, said that the
bill proposed was an improvement on
the present law. le pointed out de
liciencies in the present law. There
is no limit to the caption and an un
scrupulous printer can make that cap
tion as long as possible. There are
certain facts in the body of the notice
which must necessarily be in the cap
tion. A printer may call each initial a
word and each figure a word. A inason
does not count the number of bricks in
a wall. but measures it b, length. lie
can be forced to count the bricks, but this
is unnatural. Brevier tyI e is as lmall as
can be conveniently read. ThN too.
the bill provides for it to be "solid.
not giving an opportunity for padding.
The printer is compelled to certify by
oath to the correctness of his bill. The
newspaper men are an honorable body.
They would not stoop to have an unjust
bill passed. They merely want a ini
form rate of charges.
Messrs. Efird and lRagsdale fourht
the bill very hard, but it passed in
spite of their opposition, because the
House saw that the measure proposed
was a great improvement on the prcs
cut law. The following is the bill as it
Section 1. That State and county of
ficials authorized by law to publish ad.
vertisements in the newspapers of the
State, including sales of real and per
sonal property by Masters, clerks of
Courts. Judges .f Probate and Sheriffs:
citations. notices to creditors and no
tices of final settlement by execution:
vIministratois and guardians. and all
other persons acting in a fiduciary ca
pacity, together with all otliei advertis
ing done by order of any Court, includ
ing service of summons by publication;
notices of election ordered by commis
sioners; reports of county treasurers,
supervisors, superintendents of educa
tion; notices of county auditors, procla
mations of the executive department;
proposals for works and supplies by the
heads of department or other officials
authorized to advertise for competitive
bids and all other advertising whatever
by State and county officials shall be
charged at the rate of one dollar per
inch for the first insertion, and fifty
cents per inch for each, subsequent in
sertion; the said advertisements to be
set in solid brovier type, including the
eaption and all other parts of the said
advertisements: Provided, that news
papers using other than brevier type
shall ieceive compensation based on
brevier measure: Provided, further,
that all accounts rendered for printing
shall be under oath that such accounts
are in accordance with the requirements
of this Act: Provided, further, when
the value of the estate as to which such
advertisement is made is less than $200
only one-have rates hereinafter allowed
shall be charged or allowed, and when
the value of such estate is less than $100
only one-fourth of the rates hereinaf
ter allowed shall be charged or allowed:
Provided, further, that if the propri.
tors or managers of the newspapers in
any county shall refure to insert such
advertisements in their newspapers at
the rates hereinafter allowed, the same
shall be posted in at least three public
'places in the county, one of which shall
be at the Court House door.
Section 2. That all Acts and parts of
Acts inconsistent with this Act be. and
the same are hereby. repealed.
The following data for the month of
February, covering a peiod of twenty
eight years, have been compiled from
the weather bureau r-ecor-ds in Charles
Temperature-Mean or normal tem
perature, 53 degrees. The warmest
month was that of 1884, with an aver
ae of 65..degrees. The coldest month
was thait of 1S95, w~ith an average of 41
degrees. The highest temperature was
80 degrees on February IS. 1891. The
lowest temperature was 12 degrees. on
Febuary 8, 1895. Average date on
which first "killing" frost occurred in
autumn. November 27. Average date
on which last "killing" frost occuirred
in spring. 3March 2.
Precipitation (rain and mel1ted sn -:
Average for the month . .41) inches.
Average number of days with 1-100 of
ad inch or more, 10I. Thle greatest
monthly precipitation wva 10.45 inches
in k74 The least monthiy precipuita
ion was '3 .1 inchtes. in 1898. The
greatest amnounit of precipitation record
ed in any twenty-four consecutive
hours was 2.79 inches. on February 16
and 17. 1S84. fhe greatest amount of
snowfall recorded in any twenty-four
consecutive hour-s (record extending to
winter of 18S4-85 only) was traced on
February 20. 1889.
Clouds and Weather-Average nmu
ber of clear days, 10: partly cloudy
days. 10; cloudy days, $.
Wind-The prevailing winds have
been from the southwest. 21 pei-centum.
The highest velocity of the wind was 44
miles. from the northeast, on February
4c Cattoa Makes 43. Prices.
Not on'ly on Provisions, Clothing,
Furniture and all the aetual necessaries
of living, but as well on things apper
taning t: our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianos and
Organs. Wise ~inufacturers realize
that in these close tinmes prices must
be exceedingly low, and they are met t
ing the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Bat-es
Southern MIn ie hlouse, Savannah. Ga..
in this issue. amnd wrIte them for -their
iuir Cents Prices. This is a wide
awake- never-get-left and thoroughly
reliable hotuse. whose offers always
mean just what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden & Bates for
Catalogues. Prices and Easy Install
ment Terms, which they send with
MIr. James 31. Smith of Coluiabia. S.
C. writes: Dear Sir-It give me
great pleasure to say that taeUl
North State Ointment bought of you
has entirely cured me of eczema when
everything I had used previously failed
to giye any relief. It is a great medi
cine. and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost every
thing, where any medicine is needed,*
agd have gotten the best of results
'very time. Respectfully,
P~EACE l' LIXSTI.
Gen. Cimez Accept the Overtures
f Presiint McKinley.
HE IS NOW OUR ACTIVE ALLY.
The Provisions of the Compact
Made for the Payment of the
Cuban Soldiers Under
A dispatch from Pkemedios. Cuba.
under date of Feb. 2. says:
As a result of the conference which
Robert P'. Porter. the special conimis
sioner of President McKinley. has hald
with Gen. Gomez. the latter cabled to
President M1Kinley this afternoon as
suriug him of his cooperation in dis
banding the Cuban armyand in distrib
uting among the Cuban soldiers the S3.
oo.6000 appropriated for the purpose of
ennabling them to return to their homes.
Geri. Gomez also telegraphed to 31aj.
Gen. Brooke saying lie would accept
the latter's invitation to go to Habana.
The success of Mr. Porter's mission
greatly simplifies the returning of mili
tary Cubans to the pursuits of peace.
In view of Gen. Gomez's supposed
prior attitude of hostility toward the
United States. Mr. Porter came here
clothed with absolute authority and the
tender of $3,000.000 was practically a
verbal ultimatum. Ilad it not been ac
eepted no more ultimatums would have
M1r. Porter made plain the purpose of
the government and was gratified at the
ready response of Gen. Gomez. The
cInference took place at the house here
occupied by the Cuban general as his
headquarters since coming to town.
When Mr. Porter arrived here last
week lie was acompanied by Senor
Gonzalo de Quesada, the special comn
missioner of the Cuban junta at Wash
ington; Capt. Campbell, of General
Br6oke's staff; Lieut. Ilanna, of Gen.
Wood's staff, and a corre-pondent of
the Associated Press.
The Cuban commander was cordial in
greeting -Mr. Porter. and opened the in
terview by referring to the change for
the better which had taken place in
Cuba since lie was last here in Septein
ber. lie also laid stress on the fact that
some people were asking where was
Cuba's promised liberty.
"The answer to this," said Mr. Por
ter, is that Cuba now has commer
cial and industrial liberty and that
President McKinley has directed me in
framing the Cuban tariff to make no
discrimination in favor of the United
States in the mannerthat Spain favored
,herself. Cuba is free today to bny in
the cheapest market. People are re
turningto the pursuits of peace and our
military government will give way to
the civil government as fast as possi
Mr. Porter also said that-the purpose
of the American government is to lay a
firm foundation of stable government
for Cuba, to give the Cubans all the lib
erties they had fought for, and that
Gen. Gomez must remember that and
more still. For instance, there are 25,
000 or 30,000 Spanish soldiers at Cien
fuegos who have not left Cuba, that we
had only been a month on the island
and that President McKinley needed
and was entitled to the cooperation of
all interested in the welfare and future
of Cuba and that he needed the coopera
tion of Gomez above all others.
The first problem, Mr. Porter then
pointed out, was the disbandment of the
Cuban army and the return of the Cu
ban soldiers to work. This was the spe
cific mission which had brought Mr.
.Porter to Remedios and in which Presi
dent McKinley expected Gen. Gonmez's
The Cuba. commander replied that
he was willing to give the aid required,
but asked how he could do so.
To this Mr. Porter replied that Presi
dent McKinley would be glad to have
him go to Habana and cooperate with
Gen. Brooke in disbanding the Cubans
and in paying over the 23,)000.000) ap
Ipropriated for that purpose.
Gen. G3omez said the amount was too
small, but that was not his fault. and
he would make it go as far as possible,
while likening it to the miracle of the
loaves and fishes.
'No man in history." said MIr. Por
ter. "has done so much with so small
resources as you have done. Uenee
your cooperation with Gen. Brooke
will bring good results."
Glen. G omez especially reqiuested that
the money. for which Mr. Porter had
orders in his pocket, should be paid
over to Gecn. Brooke and not to himself.
as he did not want the personal respon
sibility of keeping it.
The Cuban general then assured Capt.
Campbell iif his good feeling toward
Gien. Brooke and the formal compiaet
was piresented to Gomez. by 3Mr. Porter
and was assented to by Gen. Gomez.
In brief the compact is its follows:
First. The Cuban oticers in each
province shall assist the American offi
cers in distributing the funds.
Second. That these officers shall at
once meet at some convenient point and
devise how. when anid where the pay
nments are to lbe made and arrange any
Third. That the sum paid to each
mian shall not be regarded as part paty
mzent of salary or wag~es due for service
rendler'fl. but tio f'ailitate the disband
mec t ofthe army. as arlif ft suffecr
ng andt as ant aiid in getting thle peopitle
Fourth. The Cubans shall surrender
their arms to the Cubain assembly cr to
Fifth. 'lhei comm ittee on distribution
shall use its best en !eavors to distribute
it among the population, so that all
may secure work.
Sixth. T[hat the $2,00 0(11 i shnall he
placed subject to the order of (Gen.
Brooke and that action in the miat -
ter shai li bi immed iate.
Gen. I omez was tenderedl a iubl ic
reception this evening and .h ir. IPorter
was among those presenlt.
Gen. G;onmez male the point in his
discussions with 3Mr. Porter that the
estimate of' the amount wanted f'or the
army was not his, but that of the Cu
ban assembly. it w~as then that lhe
brought in his reference to usinz the
grant like the loaves and fishes.
The meeting last night at the Cuban
club house took the form of a reception
to Mr. Porter and his party. It was ar
ranged by Gen. Gomecz. the invitations
being sent out after the close of The
conference. The priv'ata theatre of the
lub was crowded, many handsc.mnc and
gaily dressed women in the audience
giving beauty and color to the scene.
American and Cuban nlags were the
principal feature in the decorations.
Senor de Quesada made a stirring ad
dress, counseling faith in the gooid in
tentions of the United States and lire
dieting a glorious future for the Cubani
'republic. He was literally showered
iwith roses lyy the women at the end of
SABSO UTELY P
Makes the food more del
ROYAL GAKINO POWD
President GKinley, Gen. Goimez. lr.
Porter Lnd the I 'ited StatCs. TIe
followed other speeches, but (;en.
Gomez did not speak.
MONKEYS AS COTTON PICKERS.
An Interesting Experiment Being
Tried in Mississippi Cotton Fields.
Mr. T ni G. Lane contributes the fol
lowing to thie Southern Cotton Planters'
Journal: Two years ago. at the Vicks
Iurg, fair. in the fall oif 189G. as I1rof.
S. N1. Traces and 31r. W. W. 31angran
were watching some trained uninkeys
pErform their various tricks l'rtofesior
Tracey said to 31r. 31auprun: 'As sur
as you are alive. 31angram, those moo
keys can be taught to pick cotton bette.
and more cheaply than our Negroes do.
and perpetual fame will be the part of
the man who first tried the exp-criment.
At first Mr. Iangun was inclined to
laugh at the idea but the more he
tholul ht over the mjatter. and the more
lie wanlied the monkey at their vari
ous tricks. the more he became con
vinel that there was something in it.
and the next day as he left the profes
sor at the Carroll hotel, he said:
"Well professor, I have been think
ing, over your suggzestion of teaching
monkeys to pick cotton. atnd I am de
termined to try the thing and see if it
will work. They have been taught to
do much more diflicult things than that,
and I am almost sure they can be taught
to pick cotton. We can't rely on the
Niggers much longer, and next fall I am
going to buy me a dozen monkeys and
see what can be done." The next fall,
that is in September of 1897, 31r. Man
grum hunted up the owner and trainer
of ten trained monkeys in New York
City. and make arrangements both to
buy the monkeys. and to get the ser
vices of their trainer who understood
the business.and assured Mr. Mangruni
that it would the simplest thing imagi
nable to teach monkeys to pick cotton.
These were placed upon one of Ir.
31angum's )Iississippi plantations about
the middle of September of that year,
and the training began. The monkeys
belonged to the race known to scien
tists as Splagtalis Vulgaris. and the
males weigh about 110 pounds and the
females about 90 pounds each. Bags
were made for each monkey, which
would hold about 25 lbs of seed cotton,
and a bag placed over the shoulder of
each. It is surprising how rapidly the
trainer taught the monkeys to pick cot
ton. Baskets to hold the cotton were
placed at the end of the rows. and one
man, over and above the trainer, was
nec ssary to take the cotton out of the
sacks and put it in the baskets. The
females proved much better pickers
than the males, for they not only pick
cleaner cotton. but they would also
pick more of it in a day. In less than
a month after the monkeys started at
the work they could pick an average of
150 pounds a day. They picked in
weather in which Negroes would not
pick, and picked cleaner cotton. The
cost of picking was much less, and in
every way they miade much better
pickers than the average Negro.
The first experiment, although on a
small scale. proved to MIr. MIangrum
that monkeys could be used with great
success as cotton pickers, so in June of'
189S he made an order for 300 monkeys
of the samc breed, on an exporter of
monkeys from Africa, with the under
standing that most of themi were to be
females. About the first of-September
of this year the new batch of monkeys
arrived. and the service of the old
trainers was engaged to train this new
lot. Butt this was not such an easy
matter as was at first thought, for
many of the new monkey's were still
wild. But the trainer thoroughly un
derstands his business, having served
for a long time under Barnum as train -
er of monkeys. Finally with the aid
of the ten old monkeys, who were of
great assistance, and a great deal of
punishment anid rewarding. the gang
were pretty well trained by the middle
I have watched this experiment with
greater interest than I have watched
any new things in years. I have kept
in constant correspondence with MIr.
MIangrum about this matter and about
the middle of Novemiber I visited his
plantation near Smedes to see the mon
keys at their work I must admit that
it was a glorious sight to) see, and one
that did my hcart good. The rows were
filled with mionkeys,. each one with her
little cotton sr ei around her neck.
picking juietly and orderly, and with
out any rush or confusion. WXhen they
ot their sacks tull they would run to
the end of the row. where a man was
stationed to-empty them into the cot
ton baskets, when they would hurry
back to their work. and the monkeys
seemed actually to enjoy pticking.
Killed Each Other.
lIhb M1arks, a noted sporting charac
ter and typical deadshot TIexan, was
killed in a duel Thursday with John
W. Bennett. pr'oprietor of a saloon and
gambling house at San Antanio. TIex.
M1arks had been drinking and annuounti
ed as lie left his own saloon thait he
was going to die with his boots on. Ile
entered the .Silver King saheon and
tratened to shtoot out the lights.
W\ords wer'e passedi andU revoler c5wereC
drawn. 3I1arks em ptied tie fiv' cham-'
be's of' his revolve'. sh ouinhg Ie~n nctt
throuah the abdomen. Stretchled on
the floor, mortally wountded. Bennlett
fired three slots at MIarks. killing him~
nstantly. Bennett died Thursday.
No Additional Judges
Ila the IIlouse 'I h~ursdlay. Mir. M10s~
bill providing for' two additional cir
euits brought furth much debate. Thie
author' contended that he was not act
uated by personal intere-t atnd tha t the
arrangement would not diaplace any of
the present judges. Be.fore the. v~ai
there were ten judges andi they (crtaii
lv are needed now. The '-"heme" would
cost 810.000t but it would save 84O0000.
M1any members engaged in the de'bate.
dicussing the cost and necessity
the bill. On a vote being take~nte
bill was killed.
Wiaeree with the 31ain Star that
"Ulnitedl States senators should be
elected by tie 10opular' vote instead of
leaving it to the legislatures of the scv
eral States. A mtan elected to the sen
ate in this way would be directly respon
sile to the people foir his conduet while.
in Washington. and wou'.d be made to
feel that he was sent there by the people.
It is wrong for a legislature to have j.aw
es that could properly be iven to tihe
Tmn: Richmond Times thinks that
-before Eagan gets through eating the
dish of crow in front of him. he will
think that embalmed beef is angel's
icious and wholesome
.R CO.. N4EW YORU.
Battle at Manila Between Our
Troops and Filipinos.
TWENTY AMERIGANS KILLED.
The Battle Began Saturday Night
and Was Resumed Sunday
Morning by a General Ad
vance of the Americans.
A dispatch from Manila says the long
(xspected rupture between the Ameri
cans and the Filipinos has come at last.
The former are now engaged in solving
the Philippine problem with the ut
most expedition possible. The clash
came at 8:40 Saturday evening. wlen
three daring Filipinos darted past the
Nebraska reginent's pickets at Santa
Mesa, but retired when challenged.
They repeated the experiment without
drawing the sentries' fire. But the
last time Corporal Greely chalenged
the Filipinos and then fired, killing
oneof then and wounding another. Al
most immediately afterward the Filipi
no line, from Caloocan to Santa MesL
commenced a fusilade which was inef
The Nebraska, Montana and North
Dakota outposts replied vigorousty and
held their ground until reinforcements
arrived. The Filipinos in the mean
time concentrated at three points, Cal
oocan, Gagalangin and Santa Mesa.
At about I o'clock the Filipinos opened
a hot fire from all three places simulta
neously. This was supplemented by
the fire of two siege guns at Balik-Ba
lik, and by advancing their skirmishers
at Panco and Pandacan. The Ameri
icans responded with a terrific fire, but
owing to the darkness they were unable
to determine the effect. The Third ar
tillery also did good work on the ex
treme left. The engagement lasted
over an hour. The United States cru
iser Charleston and the gunboat Con
cord. stationed off Malabona, opened
fire from their secondary batteries on
the Filipinos' position at Caloocan, and
kept it up vigorously.
At 2:45 there was another fusilade
along the entire line, and the United
States sea-going monitor Monadnock
opened fire on the enemy from off
Malate. With daylight the Americans
advanced. The California and Wash
ington regiments made a splendid charge
and drove the Filipinos from the vil
lages of Paco and Santa Mesa. The
Nebraska regiment also distinguished
itself, capturing several prisoners and
one howitzer and a very strong position
at the reservoir, which is connected
with the waterworks. The Kansas and
Dakota regiments compelled the ene
my's right flank to retire to Caloocan.
There was intermittent firing at vari
ouis points all day long. The losses of
of the Filipinos cannot be estimated at
present, but they are known to be con
siderable. The American losses are
estimated at 20) men killed and 125
The Ygorrotes. armed with bnws and
arrows, made a very determined stand
in the face of a hot artillery fire and left
ttany dead oni the field. Several at
tempits wer< made in this city Sunday
eveuing t o assassina te American otficers.
SAVAGE AND FEROCIOUS.
The DevD Dancers at Ceylon and - Their
The veal Singhalese devil dancers
in Ceylon are ferocious and savage
fellows. Their dances are revolting
and horrible. Butt their profession is
popular and affords a royal living for
the men who go into it. There is a
superstition among the Singhalese that
when a man falls sick lhe is supposed
to be afflicted by the devil. In order
to rid him of the disease the devai
dancers are called in to propitiate the
demon. Two or more of them go by
night to the sick~ man's house. iN front
of which a smati, square inclosure,
about six feet high, has beent mad?
of grasses and palnm leaves. Trhis an
swers the purpose of the green room
at a theatre. Trhe men appeamr at first
without masks ,andl withi lon;: yellow
grass streamers hanzintg from their
heads and waists. 'Thle only light cast
on the scene is by torches made of
sticks. round which pieces of cloth are
wrapped. dipped in oil. To the music
of at tam-tam, kept u~p on oneC note, the
danticrs sinig a peen.iamr, wild funeral
dirge, in wvhh-ht the sptectators often
The da~ncers beg'in by slowly moving
aboti. stret ch ing the -right foot and
bigin tiimte left uip to it, and appear
as if they were searching .for some
iinig. dluring which the singing sounds
like cryin~g. Theiy are then asking the
devil to applea:r. There are twenty-four
differenit sorts of devils, and. after the
first part, the dancers are constantly
ebtiaging ithei r clothles to represent the
emt1ire spectits: some wear masks, some
deni jaws -ml terrile teeth reaching
tioi th :r-s. 'Itne jaws open and close
ini a very reatlistic mtanner.
A dance .i*~ .: si 5over two nights. as the
whole twemij1V-itouri devils have al. il t'o
be' pe-rsonit-d b(efotire tic partic-ular dle
moin who is a ih!iliniig tne sick man is
pitehed oni. When he gives signs of
his presenic the (lancers go into a sort
of frenzy, which increases as lie takcs
possession of them: tue tami-taim beats
faster a no faster. thle ehainting growvs
into yells. the nme-~n whirl amnd stamp
andi the bells on their anikies jingle and
At this stage the dancers appear to
be looking for sonie object to give the
devil in sacrifice, and into which 1:e
may pass. A chiekent is usually offered
by the friend of the sick man, and this
unforttunate bird is seized uphoni. twist
ed anud tormented anti htitten between
he false teeth, until the dancters. wvorin
ont, move slower aind slower, and the
chiciken sinks inito a sort of r:u-.
whichul is the sign tt theii dehvil hai
neceted the sacrifice. and is willintg
to patss from the titan into the birdI.
A Niw Y ork tmin who hatd the gi
for011 'our yers in sueC~sion C:-ehed it
ibis yea r heerause he kept his feet dh-y
andtt now feels sure that thec di5sse is
contracted thirou~gh the feet. And
iett oni topj tot this another fellow
etnies along anid says that lie hadl grip
five year- in succession, and wears two
woden legs. This senms to knock the
arnl :Pom tinder the foot theory. but as
tf ce it is a good ting to keep the
- l egarmu.
Work on the Atlantic Coast I ini tx
tension front Denmark tolohm
progressting rapidly. Crossties arer ht
ing lput donw and steel rails laid. It
is the object of lie ollicials tolht the
One of the Cleverest Tricks
Known to the Professional
IT REQUIRES PATIENCE.
The Victim May Have Been Watched
for Months Before He Is
The Case of Doctor Darlington, Who Was
uobbed of a Satchel Contatning 830,
ooo in Cash-Some Other Instances
Where Large Sums Have Been Secured
by Thal'. Process.
"The art of 'substituting' is perhaps
one of t he cleverest tricks of the pro
fession." said a veteran thief-taker,
when approached concerning the loss
of Samuel Greenwood, president of the
Coatsville 'Pa.) National Bank, who
was robbed of a satchel containing
IoIlds to thet4 value of $10,000. while
anot her grip was substituted in its
-Speiaking of similar cases that have
comle. 10 iy notiev." the detective con
tini-dl. as he leaned back in his chair
.114l took on a reg iniscent air. "it Is re
mrik:iil b what elever devices the -pro
fs-ssional swindler will resort to in
ordI-r to fasten on his intended prey.
Amid yt. wvhile. the ob)stracting of one's
gri p :ml the substlltiing of another.
mji: V s.-emlii .1 ditticult mat-er at first
glanli-.. neve-rtheless when you remem
ber that the thief may have watched
Mr. Greenwood for months, the thing
b(-omes quite clear. He may have
followed him from place to place, week
out :lI week in. Ile became acquaint
ed with the habits. of his intended
victim. ant. when the opportdne mo
ient arrived in the restaurant all he
had to do was to place his empty grip
where the sehel containing the valua
bles had bten before.
"So much for that case. Let me tell
you about another, much cleverer with
the exception that the swindlers were
apprehended afterward. About thirty
years ago a great sensation was creat
ed when Doctor Darlington, president
of the West Chester (Pa.) bank, was
robbed of a satchel containing $50,000
in cash. Ile was on his way home
from Philadelphia. Seated in the rail-.
road coach, with his feet on an old
grip on the floor, the old gentleman
thought himself and his treasure abso
lutely safe. But he did not know what
was in store for him. In the seat in
front of him sat a woman in black:
Bk the way, it is nearly always a.wom
an in black who is concerned in these
swindling affairs. But to continue.
"The lady, for she had all the ap
pearances of a gentlewoman, was evi
dently distressed from a -cough -and
vainly attempted to raise the window
next to her. She kept lifting away,
and still the window would not'budge.
This was too much for Doctor Darling
ton. (allantly he got up from his. seat,
or rather released his foothold on his
grip. while placing his knees -on his
seat. The scheme was not mature as
yet however. The woman- bore down
on the window while apparently
assisting in Its raising, and thus
matters stood for a minute or
two. The moment for th work of
the confederates had- ipw arriv
ed. Seated across the aisle one of
the thieves swiftly pushed his own
satchel under Doctor Darlington's seat,
abstracted the full one, and the trick
was done. The man was attired in a
long cloak, which facilitated the oper
ation, and when the old man sat down
he felt secure in the fact that his feet
once more touched a satcheL. At the
next station the thief got off, and the
woman was not suspected until long
afterward. for Doctor Darlington never
dicovered his loss until he reached
home. The men implicated were 'To
bacco .Tack' and 'Slappy Williams,since
convicted to long terms In the peniten
tiary. The woman, whose name I have
forgotten. was also sent up..
"Yo can easily see how the trick
was done," and here the superintend
ent showed. by the aid of some chairs
and other paraphermialia, how Doctor
Darlington was made the loser of a
satchel wvith $50,000.
"One of the foremost detectives In
the service, who for obvious reasons
desires his name witheld, told of an
other satchel robbery that differed in
somec respects from the one above.
The spotted vidtim was despoiled of
his grip as the train neared a station a
disance away from the point of de
parture. A confederate was in wait
ing outside, and cunningly the stolen
valise was passed to him, while the
unsspecting traveler did not discover
his loss until some time afterward.
Condition of Working People.
A striekinig illustration of the differ
ene in the condition of the working
people of Europe and those of Ameri
a is furnished by contrasting the
steerage passengers who ga West with
those that go East on the big Atlantic
steamers. Steamship doctors say that
eni the westward voyage they are al
ways compelled to use many gallons of
disinfectants in the steerage. On the
eastward voyage they use none. Em
igrants from Europe to the United
States are peaded together like so
many cattle, and live in a way that
would disgrace noble animals. After
two or three years in America, when
they go back to their homes, they de
mad cldean quarters and comfortable
unks and the use of a bathroom.
When they go West they carry theirbe
longings tied up In a handkerchief or
jammed into a bag. When they go
East they have a good trunk, and some
times several on them.
The smallest locomotive ever made
was seen at the Omaha exposition.
Its height from the top of the stack to
the rail is 25 inches, and the gauge Is
121: inches. The cylinders are 2x4
Iinches: the boiler is 1% horse power,
imade of steel, and tested to 300 pounds
restrr and will hold 24 gallons of
wat.rl. The .diameter of the driving
wheel is 10 inches. The weight of the
little engine is about 600 ponnds and it
will run on a rail three-quarters of an
inch square. It will drawv 10 car-s, each
cltaininlg two persons.
Every engineer knows what Manila
h'ip is. butt few are aware that it is
ti, product of a species ef banana
whidh is cultivated li certain localities
in the Philippine Islands. The plant,
called by'the natives "abaca," throws
up a cluster of sheating leaf stalks to
a height of twenty or thirty feet, which
spradtt out at the top into a crown of
hue. undivided leaves. When It 1s
three years old it Is cut down, and the
stalks are torn into strips. These
strips, while still fresh ,are drawn be
ween a knife and a wooden block, and]
the soft celluious matter is removed.
The tibre is then hung upl to dry in the
open air until it is lit for use. Each
stalk giv-es about a pound of fibre. and
It wo natives5 will turn~X out abouit twenty
iv'' p)oundhs a day. 'The insidle tibre,
which is thin and weak. is used by tha
natives for ma~king articles of dress.
T familiar Manilai rope is made from
the fibre of the outer layer, which as
h~rd and strong. The whole supply of
axila hemip practically comes from
the li'hippines. and the United States
consumexi 41 leer centt of it. Last year
this contry took 417.473 bales out of
the &!.'J20 bales exported. Great Brit
il oin next with .iS3.182 bales.
Tie' ...imtn of Eurone- took 22,373