Newspaper Page Text
till I in,,
LIE HA E U!b1.
Aguinaldo Asks for Cessation of
GEN. OTIS SUMS UP RESULTS!
Aguinaldo's Influence Destroyed,
and He Will Find it impossible
to Obtain Terms Possib!e
The war departent has rec-ived the
following dispatches from Gen. O(tiz:
Manila, Feb. T.
Adjutant General. Washington:
The insurgent army concentrated
arouud Manila from Luzun province.
numbering over 20AW0. pos"esing Sev
eral quick firing and Krupp field guns.
Good portion of enemy armied with
Mausers latest pattern. Two Krupp
guns and great many rifles captured.
Insurgents fired great quantity ,of an
munition. Quite a numberof Spamish
soldiers in insurgent service who served
artillery. Insurgents constructed strong
intrenchments near our lines, mostly
by bamboo thickets. Thete our men
charged killing or capturing many of
the enemy. Our casualties prolabiy.
azgregate 500. Full repurts today.
4 isualties of insurgents \ cry hIvy.
Have buried some 500 ef their dead and
hold 500 prisoners. Their loss kille.
wounded and prisoners probab ly 4.w.10.
Took water works punpimg statiwn
yesterday six miles out. Considerabie
skirmish with enemnv shich umaue nI
stand. Pumps damaged; wil 1 be wI
ing in a week. Have nuo f e. cou
densers set up in the cit v whclan 1
furnish good water. Treopls in x
spirits. Quiet prevaiL. 'i'
M;ilma. FeI. i
Situation rapidly improving. Rle
.connoissance yesterday to south several
-miles to Laguande bay, to ouzheast
.eight miles. d-is lug stragglinginsurgent
troops in var,-'us directious encounter
ing no decided op position: army disinte
grated and natives returning to viisages
-displaying white flags. Near Caloaan
six miles north, enemy made a saud
behind entrenchinents, charged by
Kansas troops led by Col. Funston.
Closed encounter resulting in rout of
the enemy with heavey loss. Loss to
Kansas. Lieut. Alford kiiled, six men
On the 4th Acuinaido issucd fly.nz
proclamation cha.isig Americans with
initiative and dciated war: Suanaay
sued another calling all to re-.ist forn'
invasion: his it.fiuec e tnrouguoUt tm';
section destroyed: now applics for a
cessation of hostiliti., anI e
have declined to ansrer. I- urgnt
expectation of rii city on night1%
of 4th unrealized. Provost marshil
general, with adiirable disposition o
troops, defeated every atte m;t. Ci.
quiet; bu.-iues, resum1ea. niaaves rv
spectful and el, rial. Fig. uu
ties of Ameriean troops a revention to
all inhabitants. C)im
THEY l1AV" RETREATED,
The Americans arc in conmplete con
trol of the situation w ithin a radusu vi
nine miles from 1anila. Their liucm.
extending to Malabou o tl.: north anti.
to Paranaque on the =.uth, aire fu!!y 2>
miles long. W\hie a fe deav e
bodies of ernmy ili- -r.er desultor.,
opposition, the main b-ody of the rebels
is in full retreat and utterl routed.
Of the hordes of tro.'ps rriginaly
drawn up in battle array against tlhe
Americans fully one-third are alrea'i
incapacitated and the others are scat
tered in every direction. The terrible
loss othe rebels may be gathered from
the fact that 160 of thenm were buried
in "ne rice field on Monday, near Pasas.
and that 87 weie inerred between
Paeo and Santana.
A converted river gutnboat did terri
ble execution among the rebels, sweep
ing both banks of the river with her
Gatling guns and her heavier battery.
Hundreds of Filipinos undoubtedly
crawled into the canebrakes and died
there. The Americans are wcrking
nobly in their efforts to find the wound
ed, and arc bringing hundreds of suffr
ing rebels to the hospitals fvr treat
ment. The natives are unable to una
derstand the humane motive which
prompt the victors to succor the
wounded of the enemy.
WOMEN Fot' AMONG THE~ iEAI).
The correspondent of the Associated
Press is inforr.ed that mnembers of the
hospital corps have made the startling.
discovery that there are several women,
in male dress and with hair cro.pped.
among the dead.
The chief of tle Igorrotes, the Fili
pino natives who fought so gallantly in
the face of our artillery fire, with their
bows and arrows, is in a hospital with a
shattered thigh. Ie aditi that he
never saw modern artillery and was i'
norant of its effects util be and his
followers met the disas.trous ire of the
cannon on Sunday mnornin. The chid
is bitterly incensed against the Taalb
for placing tihe Ig-orr. tes in front of the
American battery uner il-c prte-n-e
that they were se't to ocupv a' poi
honor, and he intimates tha the igr
rotes will avenge this trea *er when
the survivors return no~rt.
It is regarded as a Anr irt e
that many of the Filipino omeic.'
MIanila disappeared from 31a-ila as
soon as hostiliti' commPence-L u
of them are suppo.,ed to be -til ..i-r I
there. Ihundreds of women are 'c-r
ing into 31anila fromn all distri.: asth
villages around 3lanila have. as a rale,
been destroyed by the troops
The further the Am.erican x~n
their lines the mocre the neof aean
of transp.rtation ine rm . The
American comumanders ha- a-ready
been compelled ti itupre.s - .s -i
Alil the pul'teos tt
writmn in hav eithr..e...-.....
have dis.a ,jared~ ii -Bem
other. Sue" rtr-e.-r.i
ning reguladly.th he::s
ainost Ue-serted. Tor am
tive stoves op(1' e a:
nature of towels. p2' 'lv ndm
:ied to bambnhs tdO'rn t. ui A
the native tesiden'ceC- it in .1-'. o
these emblems of peac. acr- r'
einos. under the eover of darknes-s
fired from these sam wiu a-e t
,a evning on the Americau fatuoi
t9 last Light there was a zen
ral fu ilhide iii the Quiapo and Biuon
The Inhabitants of the city generally
bAJelved thatt a battle was raging at
their d.otors. lights were extinguished
the dwellings, and a.amajority of
the people were in a state of terror.
Unader the circumstances, it is remark
able that no casualties were reported.
Several shots were fired across the river
duriicg the excitement.
A COLD SNAP.
Almost the Entire Country Frozen
Hard Last Week.
The weather bureau issued the fol
lowing special bulletiu today. Morning
ad vices sho w that freezing teniperature
occ rred in Florida list night as far
soutli as a line traced from a little south
of Tampa to the Atlautic coast just
north of Jupiter, Tampa showing a
initimumn temperature of 30 degrees
and Jupiter a minimum of 36 degrees.
At Jacksonville a minimum of 2S de
grees was reached.
These temperatures were very accur
ately forcasted Wednesday morning.
when the weather bureau at Washing
ton telegraphed the following forecast
and warning, which was distributed by
its Florida stations to all fruit growing,
azricultural and transportation interests
that could be reached by telegraph,
telephone and mail during Wednesday:
"emperature will fall to about 23
de-rees toright at Jacksonville and the
,ine or f'reezing weather will extend as
tar south as Tampa. Temperature will
antinue low Thursday and Thursday
uiht and vill moderate Friday."
i he tenperature continues abnormal
Slo. in al di.tricts east of the Rocky
iN.untain-. the eastern Dakotas, Min
'esota and, western Wisconsin, and the
reion to the northlward being embraced
within the area of low and temperature.
where the rcading, range between 32
aIU 36 degrees below zero in the states
named, aud reached 50 degrees below
at Minnesota. Manitoba. Zero teapera
ture exten.ds to a line traced from cen
tral Virinia over Tennessee, northern
Arkansas and southern Oklahoma, and
at Cincinnati the low temperature re
cord has been broken with a reading of
16 degrees below zero, the lowest pre
vious temperature ever recorded by the
weather bureau at that place being 12
bt~low February Sth, 1S95. and on Jan
Ihe outlook is that there will be a
uark~ed, though gradual moderation in
teiInperature east of the Rocky Moun
ta ter oday. In Florida and the
c iod will be of brief duration and
a1 returni to the normal temperature may
be expected in that section by Friday
Eng~ statious showing low tem
vcrut ares were:
N.v York. 4 below; Washington, 7
kelorw: Cincinnati. 16 below; Pittsburg,
lo be.ow: B, ffilo. 4 below; Chijago, 20
2ow; Milwaukee, 20 below; Daluth,
:32bel"w: St. Louis. 16 below: Kansas
City. 20 below; Omaha, 24 below; Bis
inarck. 2( below; Charleston, 26 above;
Atlanta, 2S above; Jacksonville, 28
above: Jupiter, 34 above; Tampa, 30
above; New Orelans, 2S above; Galves
' ou, 28 above.
Willis L. Moore,
Chief of Weather Bureau.
"Spotted Fever" Plague.
A letter from Morganton, the county
seat of But~ler county, in tb~e western
part of Kentu. ky, 15 miles from any
railroad, says an epidemic of spotted
fever, or spinal meningitis is raging
there. old and young dying rapidly. It
is imlpossible to estidate how many
have died, and there is' no one to report
the true condition. it is known that
there are no longer any coffins in the
place t.- bury the dead. The peopie
are panic stricken and fleeing in all
dlirections. It is reported that there
are now only a few left to nurse'os
who are stricken and are helpless. The
female seminary and the public school
are cloed. rile physicians have been
doing hieroe work but seem powerless
to cheek the disease. Morganton is a
plIa e of 1,100 inhlabitants, situated on
ai hill, and has been considered'very
healthy. Several large saw mills- are
locatedi~ there, and the theory advanced
il at the decaying sawdust started the
Jealous of the Soldiers.
The y oung mlen who reside in East
Athens. Ga., have declared war against
the United States soldiers stationed
th~ere.- The soldiers have been notified
to keep out of East Athens or else take
the consequences of bombardment by
the young men who hurl rocks and fire
pistols at the soldiers as a penalty for
crossing thle dead-line established. It
sems that the young men objiect to
the soldiers paying attention to the
young ladies of East Athens, and they
have beeni warned to -remnain away.
N'ome of the soldiers have found sweet
11eartsamilong the -young wom'en, and
this has easised bad feeling between
Eatl tinkyouths and the soldiers.
Several soldiers who have ventured to
~oe trocha have been fired upon,
and someW of them were struck with
ek h Cud frtom alleys and 'yards.
Death to Live Stock
'eisath from Denver, Col., sayi
.f W r rier. seeretary of the Con
tinental Land and Cattle company.
Wedneday.received word :from its
''.\du.s d iDakota ranches that the
I.2 of li stock would be very great
re l: 'f the long and genera.
Ua' .i ctold. ''The loss" said Mr.
ntr-'will be general throughout
e. western country from Montan;
da aogh Wyomnin g, Colorado, Neu
deiad Texas. In somec places it
wi nobtedly reach 5;I ner cent..
an t 'i un Jhroughout the countr'
btwe 10 mind 25 per cent. Thle greal
eattle is bound to make higi
' a' the year.
'h fromn Chicago says no
ha C hicaogo exl'eriencee
- cold as that which pre
day. The lowest notch
n - rth esabishment of th~
....... in C.hicago was 23 be
x e ock We duesday nigh
b x l"eprts froim point;
n'in ai'nd I llinrois sho-.
s.b.lo zero. the latter at LaCrosse
Wi.There is much suffering in th<
BATTLE AT MANILA
Between the American Troops and
the Filipino Troops.
DESCRIBED IN DETAIL.
The American Troops Crnducted
Themselves Most Gallant
ly and Routed the Enemy
Oiving to the area embraced in the
scene of Sunday's engagement, a semi
eircie of fully 17 miles, details regard
ing individual fighting have been ex
tremely difficult to obtain. So far as
can be gathered. the brush coiuininced
at 8:45 on Saturday evening, by the fir
ing of a Nebraska sentry at Santa Mesa
upon Filipinos who were deliberately
crossing the line after repea ted warni-ngs,
with the evident purpose of drawing
our fire. The first shot from the Am
erican sentry was evidently accepted as
a prearranged signal, for it was followed
immediately by a territi fusilade along
the entire Filipino line on the north
side of the Pasig river. The Amnerican
outposts returned the fire with such
vigor that the Filipino file was checked
until the arrival o1 reinforcements. All
the troops in the vicinity were hurried
out and the Filipinos ceased firing for
half an hour, whiie their us rcifore
ment- camne up.
At 10 o'clock the fig!.ting was re:ua4ci
the American firing line consisting of
the Third artillery, the Kansas and
the Montana regiment, th Minnesota
regiment, the Pennsylvanians, the- Ne
braskans. the Utah battery, the Idahos.
the Washingtons, the Californians, the
Fourth cavalry, the North Dakota vol
unteers, the South Dakota and Colorado
regiments, the Sixth artillery and the
Fourteenth infantry. The Filipinos
concentrated their forces at three places
Caloacan. Santa Mesa and Galingatan,
and maintained an intermittent fu11sil
lade for some hours.
They brought artiliery into action at
Galingatan at 10:30, but only one _ari
annoyed the Americans to any apprecia
ble extent, a howitzer, on a road beyond
Senta Mesa. The Third artillery sil
enced the Galingatan battery by firing
two guns simultaneously, which was
followed immediately by volleys from
the infantry. At about midnight there
was a lull in the firing, lasting until 3:45
a. m., when the whole Filipino line re
opened fire. The Americans poured a
terrific fire into the darkness for 20
minutes and then there was another
lull until daylight, when the Americaus
generally advanced. Daring the night,
in response to Rear Admiral -.nvey's
signals flashed across from Cavie. the.
UEited States cruiser Charleston atA
the gunboat Concord, stationed at Mlala
bon, poured a deadly fire from their
secondary battery into the Filipino
trinches at Caloa-an.
After daylight the United States
monitor Nlonadnock opened fire off
Malate and kept shelling the Filipino
lft flank, while the other vessel
shelled the enemy's right flaink for sev
eral hours. By 10 o'clock the Amieri
cans had apparently completely routeu
the enemy and had taken the village of
Palapong, Santa Mesa, Paco, Santana,
San Pedro, 31aeorte, Pandocan and
Pasai, had destroyed hundreds of native
huts and had secured possession-n- the
.water main and reservoir-a distance of
over sih miles..
The Tennesseeans joined the firing
line at 10 o'clock on Sunday morning
and assisted in capturing Santa Mesa.
-SMOKED OUT AND SHOT.
One of the most notable events of
Sunday's work was driving the Filipi
nos out of their stronghold at Paeo by
the reserve, a few companies of Cali
fornians, commanded by Col. Duboce.
The main road to the v.i-llage was lined
by native huts full of Filipino sharp
shooters After they had been firing
upon Gen. King and his staff, killing a
driver, and firing on an ambulance of
the Red Cross society, Col. Duboce or
dered the huts to- be cleared -and burn
The Filipinos concentrated in Paco
church and convent, where they made a
determined stand in the upper stories.
A platoon of Californians statione d on a
neighboring bridge maintained a hot
ire on the Filipinos. but was unable to
dislodge them. In the face of a ter
rific fusillade, Col, Duboce and a few
volunteers dashed into the church.
scattered coal oil inside of it. set fire to
the oil and retired..
In the meantime Capt. Dyer's bat
tery of the Sixth artillery bcmnbarded
the churdh, dropping a dozen shells in
to the tower and roof. Company L and?
part of company G. of the California's
charged int> the church,. -but-wire un
able to ascend the single flight of steps
leading to the story above.
After the incendiaries had retired, a
comanyoi the Idahmos- nd the W~Xash
ington Guards, stationd oni eithdr'side:
of the building. picked off the F ilipi-.
nos as they were smoked out. 3any -of
the rebels, hewever. esca~ed4 .iyto the.
bush' in the rear of the chtureli. The
Americans aaptured 53 of the rebels.
and during the fighting abont the church
20 of the rebels were kied.
Some 2.500 women. childreu :md non -
comba-tants were a-liowed- to enter -thte
American lines after prow using to go to
the houses of friends and rcemaini thee
Another intensely interestainci
dent occarred during the cngagemnent.
The Washingtons and1 the- Idahosad
Companies K ad NI, dthCaitor
nias charges acr-ossthe rice fiels be
tween Paea and Santana, in tiie fac-'o
a territic fusillade. .The 'ground. t
day, over wh i they' pased. is- en
edl with de'id and wouded-nautiv.
The former are being b~uriedAin groum;
of five or six abolt wheres. they lay. and
the latter are being brought'to the huos
pital. It was at this stage of the fighmt
ing at Caloocan. that the F-ilipinos suf
fered their heaviest losses.
The Fourteenth regulars were- in a
particularly tight. place near slogalo~n
and Col. D~ubuce was corupe-led t- u~
past them with the reservesmu in :-rt
prevent the regulars from bein cat 'f
In the last line teelve men were killed
before the rebels retired
-Both sides eheered frequely d1ur
ing the engagement. The. Americanu
"hurrahs" were almost invlaal :met
-with derisive " vivas. -
were~ espedaa ~ noticeab rl their
biavery, about 700 of these naked -
ag faein artillery with their bors
SCENEA AT MANi.A.
Ihc scene at Manila when the alarm
was givenu bn Saturday night was wildly
exciting. The American soldiers in
the theatres and at the- eircuses were
called out, the performances stopped.
Filipinos scurried <verywhere and the
rattle of musketry and the booming of
cannon outside of the city was plainly
heard. The residents on the outskirts
of Manila fleked into the walled city,
with their arms full of articles. All
the - carriages disappeared as if by
magic, the street cars were stopped,
the telograph lines were cut and the
soldiers hurriedly but silently n.arched
out of the- City to the stations assigned
them. The stores were closed almost
instantly, foreign flags were to be seen
flying from many windows, and a nun
ber of white rags were hutig out from
Fiiipino huts and houses.
On Sunday imuense crowds of p1co
ple visited the water front and gath red
in the highest towers to watch the bom
bardment. There were no street ears
or carriaces to be seen and the streets
were almost deserted. The Minnesota
troops, acting as police, searched-every
native and arrested many of them, with
the result that while there were several
attempts to assassinate American offi
C-. on Saturday there was none on
Sun.biy. .isilate order was main
The Aieriems are det-rmined not
to aive the Filipinos a chance to recup
erate. The official list of dead and
wutik.v ")" n b-n submitted fo:
p a '-lii . ai It is; imlpoz lible, owin.g
'0 the fact io t-r ens are S.
Lered. to bin a' ; rel iale i?.> except
f ron ed res
TF:> Ii i pino~ con0iz'-ioners f romn
Iloilo and fou ebel otbeers were ar
rested at 'anila 3day morning after
boardling the -,amer Uranus. -Many
suspects have ben arrested in various
parts of the cIt.
The ia:ect advices places the Filipino
loss at 2,000 ki!!ed. :.50' wounded and
5.000 p.risoners. Ihe American loss
was tirty-eh killed and about .the
san numbcr wounded. The enemy
has been driven ick ten miles. Col.
Win. 1. Smith. First Tennessee, died
of appoplexy at the head of his com
mand on firia line Feb. 5th.
At the neeting of the State board of
control Weinesday the long delayed re
port as to the vogue iLsurance matter was
presented. Theco mmitteestys: "We
tind the loszesby ire in the disperrsa
ries at Maring, Mix T. 1837. of $400
and at Eatawvillc. .Tanuary 12, IS98,
of $200, have not been paid; these two
dispensaries were in ured in the Brit
ish and A1 r.::n Echianx-e Associa
tion, with T. 'J. Brow 1P. Chicago; Ill.,
agg, aud 13 B. Evans. agent for
4outa Carohina. The.-e two poheces
were issued March 2) and April 15,
1897. After careful inquiry we find
this to be a.bogus company, therefore
no'hiig can b- reovered on these
policies. We find there were forty of
these policies on dispensaries in tihe
State, with lpreaiiinus anounting to
S485.053 and luses bv irc anoutin:: to
8U!I0. Thie lust p..iie. ini thi compandty
exfred eight intam ago. Imn the fu
tare we rcomamuli tia no lisurallce.
either onr State or county dispeu~aii :.
be placed without knowing they are re
liable companies licensed to do busi
ness and have fully complied with the
insurance laws of the State, also that
thc party claiming to represent them
is their regular appointed agent."
The Isla de Cuba Saved.
The Isla de Cuba, one of the Spanish
cruisers sunk by Dewey. has been
raised and sent to IHong Kong for re
pair~s. It is remarkable that in spite
of the fact that her engines were under
water for seven months they were found
in excellent order and needed only a
little cleaning before the cruiser struck
out for a700-mile voyage alone. The isla
de Cuba, sister ship to the Cuba, and the
ciuiser Don Juan de Austria, also have
been sneccessfully raised a-nd will soon
follow the Cuba to Hong Kong for re
pairs. These three ships were the
most modern of the Spanish vessels in
the East, and although not nearly sO big
as the Castilla or Reina Cristina, they
are more valuable. It will cost about
feet00 to put the three ships in per
fetshape, but when this.is done they
wiHibe worth over 52.000t.0k)0.
Last Remnant Goes.
By unanimous vote the judiciry comi
mittee of the national house Wednes
day decided to recommend the repeal
of what is-said to be the last remnant
of disqualification against those serving
in Ithme 'tife~deracy. The proposed
amendm-eut' is as follows: ' "That the
sectiotis of:the-revised statntes which
disqualify persons otherwise q,uaified
from Serving ifs <drand, or petit jtuvrs in
the courts of' ihe Ulited States who
hae-taken imp' arms or- joined -in any
insurreetioni or rebellionu a.ainst the
Uated notes be repealed an1d that here
for any service in mny couart or in any
brnhor deptatmt :ofc the goxvern
mlent o h i ited 1,ates on account
of o articiptier. in the eivil war of
Deawy Causedl It.
I wau that 'it wasp Admiiral Dew
e'm e' itn ezi vsel loaded with
ros for the ti-t -neted the Pi'llip1'
pine minsru-ents a' attack the~ Amteri
-an iler a.u x nisht, for it is
umter:-1'ud thoiL L . the hi:ttere~st of
tei zrievances wasxwhat thmey declared
C 'ie uluarrantble. ntr'erenuce with
thir ip l .i.' t is learuedA at the
a i-o the mialu,.~ -aseji the LdzrL of
t'e -cho"ner Teneng. with I il suiply
of aa rmsfe;theinugens. That
a.::nca -s c 1r d i - u the met~ thas
C..ug'ht it LIuself.
dio ss ig de i. I. Umith'M eoiIir
sex res .a i ai 01r:ate 6.0
for the. reilm temall j'x .uiirhers
in' Sute'r. 1I - i- dt : a meu:iher from
C wrcdoi'n . opoed -the bill, saying
tt' he did not "think the disease
'ima!!pox. Dr. Woods is now aWt homein
trian d v bhe 1:mgue, whatever
hope't it is no't simaup 'OX and that he
will can o n ot an.r&---tate.
What Mr. A. Howard Patterson
Says About It.
THINKS NO CHANGE NEEDED
In The Present Law Unless It Is
To Prohibit the Granting.
of Hotel and Beer
Mr. A. Howard Pattcrron. or Darn
well, who is an ardent advocate of the
dispensary, while on a recent visit. ex
pressed binself a:s follows regarding
the dispensary situation:
No changes whatsoever should be
made in the law' at this tinc, unless it
is to prohibit the granting of hotel and
beer privileg'-. I think thait the friends
of the dispensary in the General Assemn
bly can better occupy their time in or
ganizing to fight the proposed deal be
tween the Prohibitionists and high li
cense men than in attempting to amend
the law at this session. I say 1pro
posed deal.- because I do not think
that bona fide Prohibitionists are ng
to unite with their old enemies. the
high license men. to lovin a law that
all conscientious Pohibitionists must
'admit is far superior to tie old bar iom
system. and that is what high license
will reilt iu.
Dj't s'uppoe-ti, ah atteing
to dietate to the frienIds of te diSil
sary in theGeneral Assembly, for th:
are presum.d to know their busine&
and to represent the inte-,st of the" -
constitueats; bu: they, as all men wou.
like to hear from home occasionaly
and to know that they are in elbow
touch with their cinstituents in repel
ling assauits u,,.n a law tiat the great
mass of the people of South Carolina
are heartily in favor of. and especially
so at this time, when such an onslaught
is being made airiinst the dispensAry.
and only that which i.s abusive of i, is
being dished oat every monin g for Lhe
consumption of the i mtbrs of the
General Assembly by the daily papers.
It there ever was a time in the history
of the dispensary law when its friends.
both in the General Asseaol' and in
the State. should speak out and rally to
its defence. now is the tim .
-Only in the last few d ys the Prohi
bition candidate for governor in the re
Cet:t Camlpaign, who upon every stuamp
in.South Carolina preached prohibition
and prohibition only, in language sel
dom heard upon the hustings. but.more
frequien thy in the pulpit, comes out in
an interview. folloxved by a letter, and
boldly advocates a coalition between
the Prohibitionisits and high license
me-nters of the Ge' eral A!embly to
down the dispensary;-giring as his rca
son that in that event both the Prohi
bitionists and high license men will
get what they wish. prohibition and
high license' Such a combination is
calculated to m. G. ani Neal Dow
turn over in their grm!ves in di-gimt.
Wha.t dou h.k of 3r. 3a uidi'.i
mI. Fnmt L)'s m . -
uracine sis 1i -as it i--k, iie the ii'f~
,ping t: a e m Ict m i I- li
lationm run imad .1d iiC cted, woo
requlire a sta-idia armyv~m torcre. it.
Of cour-se, the po imary objet ot the
pilist kill the. dispnsary and. e
oudly. tom give ( narleston, oitmubia,
and may~be Greenvxile ad Spartauburg
higth license. All of then other coun
ties in the State would hold on to the
dispensary, w ith the excelmtion of three~
or four, which would adopt prohibition.
I say this because the third section of
the bill provides that in those counties
adopting high lieense only the C'ourt
House towns shall be allowed to se-ll
liquors. andl you know as well as I do
that in those counties where the court
house toWns do) not contain a majority
of' the voters of the county- that the
other towns in the county are not going
to allow thenm to have a monopoly of
the liquor business. Therefore. as
these towns now have dispensaries they
will vote to retain them. The friends
of tihe dispensary are not afraid to sub
mit the qjuestion to the whole people of
the State to dieide between prohibition
high license and dispensary at aspeeial
election, for they are confident that a
large majority are in favor of its reten
tion; but they arc most assuredly. .op
posed to special legislation to3 exeinpt
certain cities from the dispensary law
that have flarantly violated it anid hiave
thrown every obstacle in thme way of its
enforcement, and which arc now re
sponsible for all of this wrangling about
a law th:.t has given general satisfac
tion to the people at large.
If~ high license is adopted with the
cositittdirestri-tions what effect
will it have?
As I said upon a frmer oceaion. it
will miean a '-ietor for '1te .:
and be a cuirse to the Smate. We woculd
be retro -rad~ ina all of thec work
that ha ben done again' thd- lo
be 10.,! In a a ears ta co iut
affetct his i o epit We, hadI laWr
arainst sceling tm mimrs. druhmmnus.
selimng hipan electin diay-an-id-o N
uays tbifire the c i-ensary law a'
adopcted. ye t- the we vin c- 'ig
c'bocei I fohr e~iv bd'Uiasi
obd uin. ' Ifit i abut m
po bl1o'iunder i the e a l
'to get al reputale cit- o tnt
-hln' igM m en m.i;re ieult
woi -iti i bIt ::h s t.t n i
boie i re-ibl t i...-te o b
ifucnei.- mncn to hvc I ii I Hei
under a heavy &ond for the tatlil per
frmnance of his duties. and is ever
vatched by the State and county boards
oI u control and by the public I say the
public. bueause there are any number
of men every rewiy to report any mis
conduct on his part, so as to step into
his official shoes, and the enemies or
the dispensary are vigilant watch dogs
upon imm. so as to bring the law into
Another serious objection to high li
cense, which concerns the health of our
bibulous citizens. is that they wouid be
at the mercy of the barkeepers as to
the quality of the liquors that they
would drink. for it stands to reason
that the higher license the higher the
price. The poor man would get meaner
liquor and the rich man would have to
pay more for the finer brands. It. is a
well-known fact that under the saloon
system the vilest stuff was palmed off
on the poor white man and tile Negro.
Upon the other hand, under the dis
pensary law no distinction is made but
all are served alike, and the law requires
that pure liquors be furnished.
It is amusing to see those who were
a while back fihting the dispensary
upon the ground that it was a monopoly
now advocating high license. One is a
monopoly by the State for the benefit
of its ci izens; the other a monopoly by
a few individuals, whose sole object is
to make all the money out of it they
can. Morally there is no difference
between the State engaging in the sale
of liga->r and receivinz the profits there
from than for it to receive the license
fees from saloons. It is a choice be
tween tw) ovils. and [ ebo se th, le.,
As long as the State en in the
isale oF liquor thc good felatures of the
dispen .ary law can be enforced-such
as the openin! and closinz at certain
hours. w1)t reiling to minors or drank
ards, o: upon electiou jays or Sundays.
not ellin less than a half pint, not al
lowitig liquor to be drank upon the
premises and thc selling for cash. The
last requirmcnt prevents many a man
from buying liquor, while the saloon or
high license system does not and would
not. Adopt high license and in a few
years all of these good features of the
dispensary law will be a dead letter.
Prohibition is impracticable and can
not be enforced, and if the Prohibition
is's succeed in having a prohibitory law
passed they will regret it. for pandemo
nium will reign in this State until the
Legislaiure can repeal the law. At
one time I was in favor of prohibition,
and votcd for the Childs bill while in
the Legislature. Since then observa
tion and experience have taught me
that it cannot be enforced, andthat the
dispensary is the best solution of the
liquor problem. Daring the two years
'that we had prohibition in Barnwell
County I was county chairman of the
Prohibition party, and I must admit
tiat the law was a perfect farce. It
was violated upon everp side. and the
grand juries would throw oat the bills
as fast as they were presented. - All I
have to say to the Prohibitionists is not
to forget our condition under the old
bar room system, and what change- the
dispensary law has brom.zt ab/it in
somiie of re worst towt, i' South irO
i:ia. .D nt kih "the ro e the l.t:
Bior. tao dispnsarv law w4
Waile I an in Lav r ivr (I d ra
.s. ysL L am. andt nav aiinga roee
''eer privilege>, fr they are ni moure
than bar rooms. and I dao not be-lieve
that they are ib keepinz wi.th the spirit
and objer of the disoansary sytueem.
[f any one, tourist or beer drinker.
desires to quenec: his thirat he shouli
oc req'ired to go to the regular die
pensary and purchase theire. Thle law
was not passed for the purpose to make
money. but to regulate and control the
sale of liquor, and to fuarnishi it only to
those who will have it, at a reasonable
protit. and it should be adrministered
with- this object in view. Therefore.
as I have said. a rigid enforcement of
the dispensary law is the solution of
the liqjuor problem for South Carolina.
A Tribute to Gen. Lee.
An incident of the celebration of
Lee'sbirthiday in Atlanta was the ap
pearance on the blockboards of all the
schools of the-late B3. HI. Hill's famous
eulogy of tihe great Confederate chief
tain. The object in placing the eulogy
on the blackboards was that the chil
dren might memorize it. It is as fol
lows: "[Ic was a foe without hate, a
friend without treachery, a soldier with
out cruelty, a vietor without oppression.
and a victitu without murmuring. H~e
wals a public offieer without vices: a
private citizen without wrong; a ne ih
bor without reproach: a Christian with
out hypocrisy, alnd a man without guile.
Hle was Ccesar without his ambition:
Frederick without his tyranny: Napo
leon: without his seltishneses, and Wash
in-:ton without his reward. lie was
ob'llent to authority as a servant. and
royal in authorityas a true king. lie
was cntie as a womn::f in life, and mo
e-alv d pure asav virgin in thought:
watc hhul as a lio:uan vestal in duty:
tbisirt law as Socrates. and~
arad in battle as Achilles? Every
- h'ol biy and giri i:: this coun!:ty
iud ' ~a nii:t th!i- bet:uiful tribute
to the- ::::r:ortal Lee to meory~i. All
the vaiehers in the county are hercby
reg-te-1 to.readi it to t heir schels and
reau st the children to learnm it. The
*eb at the s~Ime time mig~ht tell
the ci l nat manniier of m:an (;en
Rivers on a Boom -
The' rr and streams~ in the uper
art ofth State continue to borm at a
awav --airoad culverts ' and *retles
I (' or'syti. The Wa teree at Ca.
.5-.,:aoveA the' dangerc lne:
e e atne. 8 f Ctao.e
Ilia b fet a Itedangrlie. The
-iCamde'. Churao and ColumbIa. re
. Elii hm. Fair Bui. IKinmr.
alcan or wi l rec the ". ' -
.Iur poi wihi the Vnl:. w i
CHAN&ED IS "TIND
Senator Appelt Wants a Vote ca the
At the session of the State Se'nate
Wednesday night Senator Apelt oil-:red
a bill for "the submi--ion to the votero
of certain counties the question of high
license, prohibition or dispensary and
to provide for carrying out the said
When asged about this change from
what was supposed to be his position
Mr. Appelt said:
-No doubt you think the introdue
tion of this bill is a reversal of my po
sition and to some extent it is. but I
have given the subject considerable
thought and I have come to the con
elusion that the people are tired of this
everlasting ding-donging about the dis
pensary and they want the liquor ques
tion eliminated from politics.
"The fact is. in most of the counties
in the State, questions that thould
have been discussed in the primary
were entirely sidetracked by the ques
tion whether or not liquor should be
sold under State control.
"I have been an ardent supporter of
the dispensary system because I be
lieved it the practical way of liandling
the trailic. In my county it works
like a charm and has lessenei the drink
-I am now satisfied the only -say to
gut the liquor question out of polities is
to let the pcoplein the counties say
what they want and when they have
spoken the matter will be settled. This
is good deioeratic doctrine and it will
take away from the1 politicians a hobby
they now ride in political races. At
one time I was doahtful of the advisa
bility of putting the liquor question to
the peo; le because I fearcd that it
could only result in permitting licenses
to the large cities to the detriment of
the smaller towns, but when I consider
the complete failure of tle authorities
to enforce the dispensary law in the
large cities I feel it would be better to
permit some modidcations and provis
ions which will have a tendency to put
a stop to this defiance of law. I sin
cerely believe if we contirue in this
failure to enforce the dispensaty in the
large cities the evil will grow and reach
the smaller towns sooner or later, and
eventually make the law a farce.
"I am convinced it is against the
wishes and interests of the people for
the dispensary to remain in politics and
I believe the matiagemient of the dispen
sary has become a huge political ma
chine. What leads me to this belie'
is the scene I witnessed upon the floor
of the house during the joint cession
for election of a m;wber of the State
board. It is a notorious fact that dis
pensary officials and their fricuds work
ed and lobbied for the defeat of a can
did-ate for the position; personal ap
[eais were-sie~To~ memnbers to vote
against the candidate they 'vre oppos
iI:!. W hy this .a - donri, not kno x
bout I do know it has the: a'-i'Acw of
Loo muhi: P di-,s in a bti j s C
tin and Lii: gr-p 1 the ! >..c Ii au~d
be i. -ti. l fo i.
hic.-r ' i d rnd I e 2
ii secd ije quaia n o t': - .u - e for
The presi-dent %-.dies i1 ease t
be promnulgated the s..t-ce in th-:
e...e e f Jen. Uharles P Exnu T u
from the armly and the preside-nt com
muted this to six ye-ars susplenlsion from1
duty which covers the remnainder of the
time prior te Gen. Eagan's retiremeut
in January, 1905. It vwas state-i by
the adjutan. general that Gen. Ewau's
suspension carries him to within acr
days of his retirement u ider the age
limit. He will be reinstated ill time to
retire with the regular rank and pay
provided in such eases.- The sentence
of suspension, according to the legal
officers of the tiepartment, does not de
prive Gen. Eagan of any part of his
p::y. but as the seztcee reads "with
out'rank and duty" he loses his allow
ances, which include commutation of
quarters. rations and fuel and his horse
allowance- This is quite a large finani
The Anderson latelligencer says Mr.
Thios. E. Watkins, a prominent farmer
who lives in Hlopewvell 'l ownship, has
mysteriously disappeared. ie went to
Anderson on the 27th of Janua-y and
left his horse at a livery stable. It is
reported that he was at Calhoun Falls
the next day. and that he boarded the
west bound train on the Seaboard Air
Line. Nothing has been heard fromi
him. and his family and frienads are
very uneasy about hin. N~o cause has
We Ar-e M~eat1 Eters.
In the eatin -f mea the* I0-i'ed
here c-ery yer. r I M iiound to cac
erson. 1-i-:e touandl m in pouW
Kin inhitnt:1~u\ ' itwa luse no,0l
pon ds:~ 1 n e" N o " : --- u y
I 5:~ wit~rand 62; 1 *lnum d1: \
tro- Ilunizarv Ci: Russi. P'ortutand
Netheriaut'B. 50) iuu-ds eal: l.ai;
Caught in a Jungle.
i-'d compn - . T'-nd - a
iinnry. ar'd a pivat of that -"
ny. were killed and it' oter'-:-r
The Matter Taken Up in the
House of Representatives.
HOW THE MEMBERS VOTED.
On Account of a Very Slim At
tendance of Members the
Matter Was Post
In the louse of Representatives on
Tuesday of last week. Mr. Sturkie
moved to take up the resolution provid
ing for biennial sessions and four-year
terms for members. His people want
ed such legislation.
Mr. Blease said the Conttitution pro
vided that a two thirds vote of the
members elected was necessary to pass
the resolution. There were barely
two thirds of the members present, and
he hoped the matter would be taken up
with a larger attendance. The house
agreed to take up the resolution.
Dr. W'Ie(he said if the General As
scrbly did not fritter away its time it
need not meet every year; in fact, cbe
session every four years would do as
well. There was no earthly reason, he
could see. for sessioas every year. There
was too much work done there whioh
ought tobe transact by the county com
missioners. lie said members present
a bill one year. and next year legislate
to chang.e iL around. If the Legislature
confiaCs itself to general legislation
there will be more than enough time.
Local matters should be left to the
county commssioners. He thought
all c';tv olieers should be elected for.
four years, as it would save a great deal
of money now 6pent in holding-elec-..
tions. Annual sessions may be bette
for the politicians who want to keep
themselves before the public. Laws
ar*e re-enacted. Laws which have been
forgotten are revived simply to do
something. General laws should be
passed to give the ,people time to get
acquainted with the laws.
'Mr. Ashley favored four year terms
and bienunial sessions.
3r. Winkler wanted to indefinitely
postpone the bili.
3r. Eard appealed to the members
to relieve the taxpayers of the $50,000
expenses for a session. The lawyers
and solicitors do not have the time to
kuow the law, the changes are so fre
quent and confusing. Let the people
vote on the matter.
Mr. Dendy said the resolution would
do no good. It is a matter of experi-.
ence that wherever biennial sessions
are the lIr extra sessions have beeni
called. There was no necessity to,
change the Constitution. The _ htQ.
of _he State has been that &f annui
. sssions l- strict attention and-eftd
t.!.: out locAl m,:iures the sessions
ou-:ht . o to last ove-r thirty days.
iTle ''iU to indeilaitely nostpone
the re- n-.i was tha renewed, the
se -~ea. Baiay B~yhs.Col
ek i.D . D-li, Deidy,
N. G a m I.iL I nJtm Jones,
:d -h II3 - P'mui. 3 B1Rss
N ee xs .Wey B'ell,
B 13se BIt - Ca 'a Co'serove,
Cretan. D)te . E-rid Epps . H.
;n. iijl. [lIff:2y er. Hopkins. H. E.
JohaI~soT. WA. J-. Jtihn-on, Man. La
M1edra . 31.-Duw, McLLauohlin, 3Miley,
M1outgom.-ry. 1u-.s, Prince, Pyatt,
George W. R.ichardson, C. E. Robin
son. RI. B. A. Rtibieson, 0. P. Sanders,
E. L. Sa.;ders. Sawyer, Sha:pe, Sim
kins. Sial.er. G. P. Smnith, Jeremiah
Smuih sme&khouse. S:evenson. Stro m,
Sturki. Threatt. Yarn. Verdier. Wes
ton. Whamn. Wilson. Wimberly,
WVineo. Wolfe. HI. H. Woodward, M1.
B. Woodward. Wycbe. Young -61.
Eighty-nine members voted, and
eighty-three is the two-thirds' require
ment. so ouly six over the entire two
thirds' vote were presen:.
The house then agreed to- adjourn
the debate until there was a fuller at
dr. Sturkie on Friday again called up
the special order the joint resolution to
submzit to the voters of South Carolina
the q-iesti'on of biennial sessions.
Ir. MIoses said as elections under this
bill could not Le eld until the fall of next
yea-r he thoughit that the bill ought to
be eoutinued until next session. He
made a motion to continue the bill.
31. Starie said that this was a ques
tionu w hih the people were very much
inter-tedi i:, and action should be
Si .3 o e x l i e that he thought
tha IL matter oughz t to be debated,
bI ac ttis session; it would take too
mu---me and it was not necessary to
ii he :Otnt coine~ was, upon an
The bill ~the pasda second read
V- 'ley Be'll J. B. Black,
Cosmee Cr.o. - rume. Davis, Dow
de ra E-ps HI. Hi. Evans,
N iry Floyd. Gantt,
I en ill, Hlofmeyer,
11 V e-kins. H. E.
I .j Jun on, Leverett,
o ay.: 3eraw,
~ ,er-on PrLiJce. Pratt,
J. W. R d e Richards, G. W. Rich
------ *- e . L. 'ders. '-awy'er,
J Lh. N~th 'ethiouse,
ITe't Gu. Verdier,
oire H. H.
'6 i2 1101s
- t 1,i.2 o