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VOL.XIV.MANNIN(KS. C. \Vi)NEI)AY FEBUAUV22. sv.WO.,3
WENTIOlHE BOT TOM
Two Coast Steamers Wrecked
on Our Shores Last Week.
OWNED BY SAME COMPANY.
Great Suffering Am: ng the Ship
wrecked Crews, Many of
Whom Were Terribly
The steamship Wi. Lawrence. of the
Merchanta and 3iner' Tranportation
company'S liie ',etween Baltimore and
Savannah, is a total wreck on Hilton
Head Island, S. C.. near the Port Royal
bar. She went ashore there Saturday
morning while in a hlipless condition
from storm damages. The crew stood
by her for nearly twenty-four hours.
When the ship began to break up, Capt.
Willis cave oiders to take to the boats.
The sea was running very high, a gale
was blowing, and it was bitterly cold.
The captaiu was the lat man to leave.
the ship. and it is said that he chose
the poorest of the boats. Boat No. 1.
in char'ge -f Sceond Assistant Engineer
Morrissett, with seven men, made
Paris island, where the government
na 41 ztation is situated, on Sunday
morning. From that point a telephone
message was -sent to Port Royal and a
telegram to the Savannah agent. report
ing the loss of the ship.
Boat No. 2. in chargze of Second Of
ficer R. A. Beale. contained beside
Beale. Chief Engineer Roach. Steward
Frank Dingle. First Cook Harry Kelly,
Quartesmaster Oscar Bowler and Sea
men Jack Montgomery and Charles L.
Green. These underwent a most ter
rible experience. They found it im
possible to make land, and as darkness
fell 'on Sunday night the cold became
more and more intense. They were be
numbed, wet. hungry and exhausted.
The freezing spray was driven almost
through them by the piping wind. By
lueky 'accident they located the sea
buoy off the Port Royal bar, and by al
most superhuman effort managed to
catch on to it. They made fast to the
buoy where they spent the night, and
where they were found Monday morn
ing by pilot boat No. 2 of Port Royal
and taken aboard.
Boats No. 3, under First Mate Lee
Hooper, and No. 4. under Capt. Willis.
are still missing with fourteen men. In
Hooper's boat is First Engineer L. ..
Harper, and in the captain's boat is
Quartermaster's Assistant Andrew
Burgess. The names of the others can
not be ascertained. Agent Carolan, at
Savannah, under orders from President
Jenkins, of the Merchants and Miners'
company at Baltimore sent the tugs
Cynthia and McCauley to the scene of
the wreck. The Cynthia returned late
Wednesday and reported that the Law
rence is broken iu two and that nothing
could be seen or heard from the two
The passen.r steamer Clifton Wed
nesday morniu; en route to Savannah
from Beaufort, u as hailed by pilot boat
No. 2, having on board the rescued
crew of Beale's boat. They were trans
ferred to the Clifton and brought to
Savannah. The men were in a pitiable
condition. Chief Engineer Roach,
Steward Dingle and Second Offcer
Beale had their feet and legs frozen
stiff, and their hands were frostbitten.
The three were taken to a hospital in
carriages, and the report is that each
may lose one or both feet. The other
men were frostbitten on both hands
and feet, but not so badly as the three
mentioned. No connected story could
be gotten from either of them on ae
count of their suffering. It appears,
however, that Sailor Gremen was the
hero of the terrible night. Somne of' the
men, crazed with cold and iaim. wished
to commit suicide. But Green told so
many funny stories, rang so many
cheerful songs arnd could see so many
lighthouses or approaching vessels
which did not exist, that the spirits of
the men were kept up and none of them
jumped overboard to end his misery.
Green and his sailor companions, in
cluding the crew of Morissett's boat,
are now being cared for in one of the
best hotels of the city.
Agent Carolan left Savannah early
Thursday miorniug on the tug Cynthia
to renew the search for Capt. Willis ann
Mate Hooper and their boats. It is
possible that they may have escaped to
one of the sea islands. Telegraphic
and telephone wires have been down
since early Sunday morning. mnakit g
communication very slow or cutting it
o.ff entirely. The whole coast, north
and south of the scene of the wreck.
will be explored. The wreck lies
within a few miles of the spot at which
the passenger steam ship City of Savan
nah was wrecked in the West India
hurricane of 1893.
RESetUED AT LAsT.
E'very membher of the crew of the
wrecked steamship Win. Lawrence was
saved, but only after the greater num
her of them had suffered terrible hard
ips. The tugs Camubria and Cynthia
arrived at Savannah Thursday from the
sea islands of South Carolina bringing
with themi Capt. A. L. Willis and 13
men, constituting those who had been
missing since Sun day morning, when
the shin was abandoned in the breakers
off Port Royal bar. The tugs, with
Agent Carolan on board the Cambria.
lef't the city at daybreak this morning
and searched every island and inlet
northward until the castaways were
found. At 9 o'clock the party were
discovered on Hunting island and taken
o'i board the Cambria.
Capt. Willis and his men suffered
1,ut little less than the crew of Mate
lHeale's boat. wh ch had tied up at the
sa buoy, as told in last night's dis
patches. They left the ship at 9 o'clock
on Sunday morning. After 12 hours at
sea in a blinding, freezing gale,
the two boats under the captain and
the first officer made land on Cap
er's island, a desolate and bare little
sand pit. In beaching both of the boats
were smashed and the men were thrown
into the surf. Though almost exhausted
and numb they managed to scramble
beyond the reach of the waves. What
little brackish drinking water they had
was lost together with the biscuits, lonr
sinc'e salt-soaked, which had been
brought off the wreck. There was no
fresh water and extremely little fuel on
the island, nor shelter in any shape.
Thnaptain had a few matchesilin a
ietallie box in hi poc Jket. Thcy were
found to be dr. Tearing the seats out
of the wrecked boats. after iuch coax
ina, a tire was made under the lee of a
sand dune. The boats were of iron or
would also hhve been burned. The
limited fuel saved the mci from freez
iog to death.
The men hovered over the little blaze
all during the sleet and snowstorm of
Sunday night and 3Mouday when the
mercury was marking S to 10 degrees
above zero. Ou 'Luesday morning one
of the boats was temporarily repaired
and both crews got into it to reach
Port Royal. They had been without
food since leaving the Lawrence early
S'ounday morning and without water
since Sunday afternoon. After painful
efforts they reached Hunting island.
Some soldiers are stationed there.
These took then in and fed and warmed
them. This morning the castaway were
about to set out for Port Royal in their
patched boat when the Cambria found
Within tie past three months the
Merchants and Miners' Transportation
company of Baltimore lost four of its
ships. The last one the State of Texas,
r< cently bought from the Mallory Line.
now lies in eighteen feet of water with
huge holes in her bottom. near Wind
mill Point. in Chesapeake by, near the
mouth of the Rappahannock river.
about forty-five miles from Norfolk.
The State of Texas left Baltimore for
Savannah, Ga., last Friday with a
general cargo of merchandise, fourteen
passengers and a crew of sixteen. She
had a rough experieuce down the bay,
and Saturday evening sprung a leak.
having been caught in an unusually
heavy drift. 1ler commander. Capt.
Foster, soon realized that his vessel
would sink, so he beached her. This
was about 6 o'clock. Many hours af
terwards the tug E. J. Cobb. of Nor
folk came along and res,ued the suffer
ers, arriving there Wednesday after
noon at 5 p. in. I he passengers were
forwared to their destinations over the
No Sunday Work.
The House last Thursday passed a
bill to further prevent Surday work.
The bill provides that on and after the
approval of this act, in addition to the
penalties prescribed against tradesmen,
artificers. workmen and laborers who
shall d3 or exercise any worldly labor,
business or work of their ordinary call
ings on the Lord's day (commonly called
the Sabbath) or Sunday or any part
thereof, any corporation, company, firm
or person who shall order, require or
direct any work to be done in any ma
chine shop or shops on Sunday. except
in case of emergency, shall, on convic
tion, be deemed guilty of a misdemean
or, and shall be fined in a sum not less
than $100 and not more than $500 for
Beer Privileges Abolished.
In the house on Thursday the bill to
do away with beer and hotel privileges
was taken up and after some discussion
pro and con was passed by a vote of 78
to 24. The bill provides that from and
after the approval of this aet it shall
be unlawful for the state board of con
trol to grant to any person or corpora
tion, except to regularly appointed dis
pensers, as now, or as may hereafter
be, provided by law, the privilege of
selling beer, or the privilege of seiling
spirituous or alcoholic liquors, wine or
beer at any hotel or tavern. or any oth
er place. The bill also revokes all beer
privileges now in force.
Frozen to Death.
The Columbia State says Jim Pugh,
a colored barber, was found a few feet
from his bed Sunday morning frozen to
doath. Pugh was a well-known barber
who worked at 31. T. Brown's shop,
and his brother. Waiter Pugh, is also a
barber, having a shop on Main street,
near Taylor. Saturday night Jim Pugh
went to the house on Washington, near
Lincoln strcet, where he lived and it is
supposed that he went to bed under the
infl'ence of whiakey, for he evidently
fell out of bed or got up drunk during
the night and fell to the floor where he
lay in the cold until he was frozen to
death. In that condition he was found
A Million Dollar Fire.
Over a million dollar's worth of Gay.
ernent property was destroyed by a
dre which started in the large machine
shop of the Brooklyn navy yard, known
as Machine shop No. 28, Wednesday
night, and the workings of the navy
yard have received a serious set-back.
Many fine models and patterns of bat
tle ships. their par s and plans, have
be-en destroyed. and some of them can
not be obtained again except by going
over the work mapped out in the begin
Wanted a Clearance.
The Columabia State says there was a
round of laughter in the Senate Wed
uesday night by the presentation oi a
petition from Jno G. Thomasson, a
white citizen of Sumnmerville, asking
'-for a ecarance from his wife." The
petition sets forth that the petitioner
-'is now asking for a final separation
from the woman who was once his wife
for 21 years, and for the last nine or
ten years has been living with another
man." The petition was referred to the
Stono River Frozen Over.
A dispatch from Charleston says the
tugboat H. H. C. Smith, Capt. Peck,
from Savannah, arrived there Tuesday
afternoon after an eventful voyage up
the coast. Captain Peck said he found
Stono river frozen from Church Flats
to Rantowle's creek, a distance of some
six miles. The ice was six inches
thick in places, and he had to break
through it .vith the Smith. It took
him two hours to do it. Hie says he
saw a number of smaller craft caught in
the ice. but these were not in distress.
The Dewey Lost.
The Boston Fruit Company s new
steamer, Admiral Decwey, Capt. Mc
Grath, bound from Pert Antonio, JTa
mnaica to Boston, i-an on the rocks at
Cuttyhunk Wednesday mrorning and is
a total wreek. The eighteen passen
gers on board were safely transferred to
the steamer John J. Hill.
A Rapid Talker.
It is said that Congcressmrani Jiohnson
of Indiana. has a rapidity of utterance
without parallel, being a third faster
than that of any other member. At
times it reaches the phenomenal num
ber of 4001 words a minute. Nor is he
What We Propose Doing With the
PASSED ON BY THE SENATE.
The Vice-President Kills the Bacon
Resolution, but the McEnery
The United States Senate have de
fined our relation to the Philippine
Islands as far as that body can do so.
An amendment offered by Mr. Bacon,
of Georgia. several days ago was de
feated. The vote on the amendment
was a tie-29 to 29-and Vice-Presi
dent Hobart cast tha deciding vote
against the proposition. The voting
was preceded by three hours and a half
of debate, the senate having convened
at 11 a. m., in order to ad mit of di.,euF
siou on the resolutin.
Mr. Bacon declared that the reoldu
tiou was a vicious and unfortunate: dee
laration. le maiitained th:t the reso
lution meant nothing favorable to th.!
Filipinos. iHe regarded it as simply a
declaration that while the Filipinos
were subjects of this country they could
never become citizens of the United
Mr. Hoar, of Massachusetts, was op
posed to the McEuery resolu-ion be
cause, he maintained, it cave no hope
of freedomai or liberty or: elf-gover:uent
to the iuhabitants of the Philip'inec,
and because it provided that they dw id
never take a part in their own >vern
ment or become a part of the United
States. To the Filipinos the MeEnery
resolution would be a iessage of ty
ranny, of hate, of oppression and of
slaughter. Mr. Hoar adverted to the
references in speeches to Aguinaldo as
an "unprincipled adventurer," and
then entered upon a defense of the Fil
ipino leader. He spoke of Aguinaldo's
appeal to the people of the United
States as so remarkable as capable of
being drafted by "not ten imen on this
"I do not see," said Mr. Hoar, with
feeling, "how any American heart, not
of stone, could fail to recognize the
force of that appeal." Hr. Hloai said
he was perfectly satisfied with his en
tire course in the whole question cf the
Philippines, belitving conscientiously
that he was right. "I am satisfied,"
said he, "to stand with the fathers
who founded our liberty and framed
Mr. Hale, of Maine, said lie had not
much hope that the senate would take
any course that would stop the desolat
ing programme now being carried out in
the Philippines. Hardly had the treaty
been ratified. however, before a foreign
war was precipitated. "I am not dis
appointed," said he. "I am not in
clined to say 'I told you so,' but I told
senators when the treaty was ratified it
would be impossible to take any steps
to alleviate the condition of the Filipi
nos. Congress will adjourn and the
war will go on, and there is not a man
who will not realize in three months
that it is a war of conquest and subju
gation. He said that Admiral Dewey
and Gen. Merritt had se-id in three
months not 5,000 troops wculd be need
ed in the Philipines, yet we had 20, 000
men there and 7,000 more and the bat
tleship Oregon on the way.
"And yet," declared Mr. Hale. e
are told that we arc traitors and held
up and blacklisted in the newspapers
because we want to give these people a
chance, at least to show that they are
f:-iendly and can set up a government
of their own. Instead we kill them,
not by scores, not by hundreds, but by
thousands. More Filipinos have been
killed by the guns of our army and
navy than were patriots killed in any
six battles in the revolutionary war. It
he" become a gigantic event. The
slaughtet of people, in no way eqjual to
us, meeting us with bows and arrows
and crawling into the jungles by hun
dreds, there to die, has stupified the
American mind. No one has said that
our mission of commerce and of the
gospel was to be precede by the slaugh
ter of thousands of persons.
"I am not enarmnored of the 3L-Ener:
resolution. It contains little that i"
good and a great deal that is bad." lie
regarded the Bacon resolution as nmuch
better. "But," he said in conclusion.
"the car of juggernaut will go on. The
grinding will continue until tile people
finally make themselves becard upon it."
Mr. Mason attacked the policy pur
sued in the Philippines. He said, ho x
ever, that he was an optimist and be
lieved the people of the United States
would declare for human liberty as well
in the Philippines as in this counztry'.
As Mr. Mason conclnded, the hour for
the vote having arrived, Mr. Hawley
inquirea if' it was Mason's purpose to
insist upon his unanimous consent.
Mason replied that it was as lie had
done only that which was entirely hon
orable and fair in the matter.
Bacon's amendment to the resolution
was then laid before the senate. ht
"That the Umited States hereby di- I
claim any disposition or intention to
exercise permanent sovereignty, j uris
diction or control over said islands,
and assert their determination, when a
stable government shall have been ercet
ed therein, entitled in the judgment of
the government of the United States to
recognize as such, to transfer to said
government, upon termis which shall be
reasonable and just. all rights secured
the cession by Spain, and to thereupon
leave the government and control of
the islands to their p~eol]e.
A yea and nay vote was demanded,
resulting-29 to 29. In aunouncingz
the vote the vice-presid 'at said: ''The
vote is a tie. Trhe ciuair votes in the
negative. The anmendmentr is lost.
The detailed vote follows:
Yeas-Bacon, Bate. Berry Cafier
Chilton, Clay, Cockerell, IFaulkner
Gorman, Gray, Hale. Harris, Heitfeld.
Hoar, Jones (Ark.), Jones(Nev.), Lind
say. McLaurin, Martin. 'Ioney. Mur
phy, Perkins, Pettigrew, Pettus Quay
Rawlins, Smith. Tillman. Turner-.
Nays-Allison, Burrows, ('arter
Chandler, D~eboe, F~aiirhanks, Frier.
Gear, Hlanna, Hawley, Kyle, Ledge
McBride, McEnery, McMillan, MantIle
Morgan, Nelso-n, Penrose, liatt
(Conn.), Platt (N. Y.), Pritchard. Ross
Shoup, Sinion, Stewart, Teller. Warren.
The 'i :.ide t : ite'd ii tihe n a
T h.e ..'e was then take(n ol tihe ),
Il' e r ; %.t n wh ii
'-hi by t rttification of' t he treaty
%t *e - hpin it is not i ntendeI
to incor.a 'r. tihe Irzhabitaut. of the
Phlipo 1 ilaid into citizership of
the T n it Sti tates. nir is it intended to
permanently annex said islands as an
integral part of the United States; but
it i the intention of the United States
to establish on said islands a govern
ment suitable to the wants and condi
tions of the inhabitats of said islands
to prepare them for local self-govern
clent. aid in due time to make such
diposition of said islands as will best
pro-nte the interests of the citizens of
the United States and the inhabitants
of said islands."
The resolution was adopted, yeas 26,
nais 22. several Democrats who were
present ard not paired withholding
their votes. The detailed vote fol
Yeas-Alison. arrows, Chandler,
Deboc. Fairbanks, Faulkner, Frye.
Gear, Gray. Hale. Harris., Kyle, Lodge,
MelEnery. MeLiurin, MeMillan. Man
tIe, Ma'on. Nel0n. Perkins. Pettus
Platt of New Yurk. Qiav. Sullivan,
N:ty. --!Pen. Bate, Caffery. Carter,
Ulay. Cockr 1 axle. Ilor, Lindsay,
dI id .t irtin, Money. Morgan.
Murphiy. Pttitre t <-f Connecti
eut. Rawl'n- I os i:non, Smith,
REORGANIZING THE MILITIA.
Gen. Floyd will Decrease Companies
and Put All on Firmer Basis.
Adjt. Gen. Flod intends to start
next week upon the work of reorganiz
iuii the State militia and for that pur
pose he and his assistant, Col. Johu D.
Frost. will visit all the companies in
the State to ascertain which of them
shall be retained and to find out the
status of affairs in regard to the arms
and uniforms of the companies.
There are now 70 companier, or al
leged companies, on the roll. but many
of these are known to be in a thor
oughly disorganized state and not to be
relied upon in case of need. It is pro
posed to cut down the number to 30
companies and require every company
to have not less than 45 or 50 bona fide
members, which would give the militia
a total strength of 1.500 men. With
the organization on that basis, and the
appropriation being $S.000, the compa
nies would draw about 86 for eachmem
ber, which is double the amount they
now receive. The plans in view for the
militia will call for a more compact and
easily handled body of troops, and the
companies to be retained will be those
which have preserved the best organi
zations and those in places where the
militia is must needed. Gen. Floyd
thinks the force of cavalry can very
well be decreased considerably, if not
aboliIied altogether, as the need for
cavalry in tile militia is not very evi
dent. It is possible that an artillery
company may be organized in the cen
tral part of the State and one in the
upper part. as there are now nione out
side of Charleston.
Gen. Floyd and Col. Frost will visit
all the companies within the next four
weeks in order that the plans for re
organization may be perfected before
the regular inspections are begun. It
is probable that the inspection of the
Charleston companies, which are al
wa the firstto be inspected, will be
held during the veterans' reunion in the
early part of 3May.-The State.
Burned to 'Death.
There seems to be no doubt but that
three persons were burned to death in
the fire Wednesday night. which de
stroyed thre Arlington fiats at the cor
ner ..'f Forty-first and Grand Bottle
yard, Chicago. Those supposed to
have perished are: Fred A. Marte. a
mail carrier. Mrs. Fred A. Marte, his
wife, and their infant son. Marte,who,
was a mall carrier, did not report for
duty Thursday at the postifice, and as
every source ot information in regard
to the possible whererbouts of the fam
ily have been looked into without sue
ces, all hope for his escape has been
All ahould .Alp.
The Netvs and Courier estimates that
there will be 40.000 visitors to Charles
toiu on the ocsnion of the Confederate
Reunion in Ctvrlestorj next May. The
people of Chasrlston are making an
rangemrents to enrtertainr that mrany if
necessary, but the r'eople ot ihe Stare
must not allow thre Chrariestonians to
bear the whole expenrse alone. As we
have remarked befor.', it is all South
Carolina-not ji-t Charleston-that is
to be the host of the Co~nfederate Ye
Prices for Dispensary Bottles.
Fromi thre procedings of tihe State
board of control published in the Co
lumbia State the following is taken:
'-A letter was read from John A. WVil
loughby. a 7-year-old boy at Florence,
asking to be allowed to sell a lot of bot
tIes he had collected and stating that
thre dispenser there gave only 5 cents a
dozen for all sizes of bottles. It wras
ordered that thre prices fixed be sent
him as follows: Eignt cents a dozen
f ir half-pints. 12 eents for pints and
The New Maine.
The annriversary of' the blowing up of
the battleshipi Matine in Havana harbor
was marked at P hilaidlhia with the
beginning oft work on thre powerful
main-of-war whiach will bear tire name
of thre hristorie batttlehilp, tile destruc
tion of whielb did so mruchr to precipi
tate theC war withr Sain. Thre battle
ship will be built by the Cramp Ship
Building Company. and at the comrpa
roy t's rd. at I! o'clck Wednesdnay.
tire first piece of the keel of thre vessel
Stands at the H~ead.
Dr. McCracken, chrancellor of the
New York University, in speaking at
the recent military convention in Tam
mpa of tire value of a military education.
ranked South Carolina ad Massachu
setts hirest amnong tire states in giving
miilitary inmstructioni :o thei:- nns. Thre
Citadel Acardemyv is thre West Point of
tie Soulth. and the mrilitary feature of
tihe Qlemssim colleg~re ourse is especial
ly good. In addition, various private
a-ademies pay mruch attention to mihi
1ID NOT PA SS.
The House Votes Down Prohibi
tion and Local Option,
HOW EACH MEMBER VOTED.
The Dispensary Seems to Have
a Large Majority of the
Representatives in its
The House of Representatives de
voted a good portion of last week to the
consideration of the whiskey problem.
On Tuesday 3r. McCullough's prohi
bition bill was taken up Prince then
offered his absolute prohibition bill. as
a substitute. 31eCullough accepted
the subtitutc. Prince said he wanted
the bill pased. Simkins said that
this was a bad time to consider prohibi
tion hills. Sturkie moved t> aliourn
the debate on the bill anc' print it.
Patton said there was no trouble about
understanding the Priuce bill:. there
may be some trouble about voting.
Stevenson said it was time to stop ad
journing debate ou these bills. De
Bruhl moved to indeinitely postpone
the Prince substitute. Thu vo:e result
Yeas-Speaker Gary, Bacot. Bailey.
J. B. Black, W. ). Black, Blease.
Blythe, Browning. Caughman. Col
cock. Cos:;rove. Dean. DeBruhl,
Dowling, Dukes. Efird Epps, 11. It.
Evans, N. G. Evans, Fairey, Floyd,
G(antt, Graham, Hill, Hoffinever, Rol
1is, Hydrick, Jenkins. H. E. Johnson,
N. J. Johnson, Jones. Lyles, ,lagill,
Manning, Marion, Laban Mauldin,
William L. Mauldin, MeCraw, MeDill,
McDow. McLauchlin, MeLaurin,
Mchrtens. 3iley, Mobley, MIoss, Moses,
Nettles. Patton, Pyatt, E. B. Ragsdale.
J. W. Ragsdale, Richards, George W.
Richardson, Henry B. Richardson, C.
E. Robinson, Rogers, E. L. Sanders.
Sawyer, Simkins, Sinkler, G. P. Smith,
Stevenson, Strom, Sturkie, Suber,
Theus, W. II. Thomas. W. J. Thomas,
Threatt, Timmerman, Varn, Verdier,
West, Weston. Wharton, Winkler, H.
H. Woodward, M. B. Woodward,
Nays-Ashley, Davis. Henderson,
Jackson, Lockwood. Lofton, Mann,
McCoy, McCullough, Prince, George
V. Richardson, R. B. A. Robinson, C.
P. Sanders, Seabrook, Jeremiah Smith,
Stackhouse, Whisonant, Williams.
Wimberly, Wingo. Young-20.
The Prince prohibition bill was
snowed under. Then the dual local
option 1il. between dispensary and
prohibition. was called up.
Mr. Robinscn said his bill covered
the whole liquor question. He said he
wanted prohibition, and was satisfied
it could be enforced. Greenwood
county had no dispensary and did not
have prohibition, yet there seemi to be
plenty of liquor there. Eis bill, he
said submits the entire question to the
people. His bill allowed two options
-prohibition and dispensary. His
bill only providd for the option be
tween dispensary and prohibition. lie
had no option as to license. He want
ed the people to decide on what they
wanted, and if the bill were not passed
now the time would come when the
people would be heard from. Ie was
not going to discuss the matter at
length. He came here as a Prohibi
tionist and voted for it in good fait'-..
He was opposed to cramming anything
down the throats of the people. He
wanted to know if members were afraid
of the people. Hie said he did not ob
ject to a license option. He was not a
high license man himself.
After this statement by: Robinson.
who introduced a long, rambling d is
cussion took place, participated in by a
great many memnber2. Finally De
Bruhl -moved to indefinitely postpone
the Robinson bill-option between dis
pensary and prohibition and county
control. ,On this the yea and nay vote
Yeas-Speaker Gary, Bailey, Bell, .J
B Black, W D Black, Blease. Blythe,
Browvniug, Caughman,' Cross, Crum,
DeBruhl, Dowling, Dukee, E ird, E'pp
[- H Evans, N G Evan. Fairey, Gam
ble, Gantt, dGahaum, idi, H'timeyer,
Hollis, H E Johnson, WX J Johns i,
Jones, Lyles, MIagill, M1anning. 3ariou
Laban, M1auldi. M1eCoy, 3IeCraw. 31
Dall, 3MeDow, 31eLauchlin. 1eLaur in.
M1eans, 3Miley, MIobley, Nettle, Pat
terso., E B Ragsdale. .J WXHo- Rasdle.
Rickads. Henry B Richardson, C E
Robin,.on. Rogers. E L Sanders. Saw.
yer. Sharpe. G P Smith. E D) Smith.
Stackhouse, Strom. Sturkie. Thieus. WV
J Thomas, Threat t, Timnmerman, Varn,
Verdier, We,-t. Weston, Whisonant.
Williams. Wilson, Winklecr, 3M B Wood
ward, Wyche, Young-71.
Nays-Ashley, Bacot. Bolts. Cdl
c sk, Cosgrove, Dargan. Davis. Dean.
Dendy, Estridge, Floyd. Henderson.
Hlydriek, Jackson, Jenkins. Leverett,
Lockwood. Lofton. MIann, William L.
31auldin, 31ehrtens. MIoses, Patton.
Prince, Pyatt. George XW. Richardson,
RI B A Robinson. C P Sanders, Sea
brook, Sinkler. .Jeremiah Smith. -J L
Smith Stevenson, Suber. WV H Thom
as. Wimberly, Wingo. HI H XWoodward
Pairs: 31eCullough and MIoss: Whar
ton and MIontgomery.
So the bill was killed.
M1auldin then called for his local op
tion bill. wvhich provides for a vote ny
counties on dispensary, prohibition and
license and does away with State dis
pensary. The m~otion to indefinitely
postpone was carried by Si) to 31, as
Yeas -Sp'aker G ary. Bailey, Bell.J.
B. Black. W. 1) Black, Bleae. By
tihe. Browning Cauhnman. Cross
Crummn. IDeBruhl, Dowlin. Du~ke
Efird, Eps Estridlge, 1. II. Evans.
Fairey. Gaiunble. Gantt,( Grham, Hill.
Hloffieyer. Hli. Hydriek. H. E.
Johnson, WX.J J.Johnson, Jone-. Ly
les. M1acill. MIannin, Mlaren, Laban
M1auldin.X le. 3IcCraw. 3ICul
lru'h. 31elll .eDow, 3 Lauchlin
Nettle. Patter-on.I Pinee, J. W. Ra
dale. Richards. Geore W. ~ idson
He~nry U. Richardson, C. E. Rohinsn.
. B., A. blison. Rogers. C..Sn
ders. E. L. "anders. Sawyer. Sharpe.
G3. P. Smith. E."D. Smith. Stackhouse,
Stevenson. Strom. Sturkie. Suber.1
Theus, XW. .J. Thomas. Threatt, Tim
meman erdier, XWest. Whisonant,
Williants. Wilson. Winao. Winkler.
M. B. Wo)od'ward. WVyche. Young. N
Nays, -Ashley, lyacot. Bolts, Col
v4ne!k. Coser-novo. Ihrgnan, Da;vi!s. DMan.
Dieniv. Flyd. Hendeson, Jackson,
Jenkin-. Leve-tt. Lokwod, Lofton.
Mana. William I. Muldin. Mourtens.
Moses. Patton. P:;att. Seabrook. Sink
ler, Jeremiah Smith. .1. l.. Smith, W.
H. Thomas. Varn. Weston. Wimberly.
11. 11. Woodward-31.
Pairs: Same as on other vote.
Then the effort was imade to aet up
the Archer bill, which had just come
over from the Senate. but the House
took a recess before anything could be
ABOUT HOLDING TWO OFFICES.
Postmaster Cannot b! Magistrate Un
der the State Constitution.
Sonator Robert B. Scarborough, of
Horry, ieferred to Attorney General
Bellinger some days ago the qaestion
whether one holding the office of post
master under thE Uuited States govern
ment can at the same time hold the of
fice of na2istrate under appointment
by the gvvernor, and to this inquiry
Mr. Bellinger replied that prior to the
constitution of 1895 the correct answer
would have depeuded upon the mixed
question of law and fact whether the
two otiees were incompatible, forat the
time there was neither statutory nor
constitutional provisions to guide
in forming an opinion. 1his question
is discussed very fully in State vs Butts
IX S. C., 156, and McCrary Am. Law
of Elections, section 239.
In article II, section 2, of the con
stitution of 1S93 .,re these words; "No
person shall hold two offices of honor
or profit at the same time, proviaed
that any person holding another office
can at the same time be an officer in
the militia or'notary public."
Attorney General Bellinger concludes
"The question naturally suggests it
self does this section of the constitu
tion contemplate national officesaswell
as those within the gift of the people
of this State, either directly or indi
rectly? And the answer we find in the
dissenting opinion of Chief Justice
McIver in ex- parte Furniture company,
49, S. C., page 40, holding that a post
master is an officer within the contem
plation of our constitution.
"Therefore we conclude that under
the constitution above referred to the
same person cannot at the same time
hold the office of postmaster and the
office of magistrate within this State."
Down With Him.
Representative Fairchild, of the
Kansas legislature, has introduced a
bill to abolish the "grafter," which,
according to a definition embodied in
the bileis "any person who loafs
around legislative halls seeking employ
ment by persons or corporations inter
ested in measures pending before the
legislature, and any member of the
legislature who introduces bills of a
prohibitory character for the purpose
of extorting money and who assists
outside 'grat.ters' in securing employ
ment for intended victims." Any per
son convicted of being a 'grater' shall
be fined $10 to $500 and be disqualified
from holding any office.
Up, Up, Up it Goes.
The monthly statement of the Treas
ury D)epartment shows that in January
the public debt increased $23,448,463.
The cash in the Treasury decreased
during de same time $20,180,019. It
would appear, therefore that the Gov
ernment "ran behind" over $43,000.000
in January. The official statement
further shows that for the seven months
of the fiscal year ending January 31st
the expenditures were $380,604.802.
being 8'92,867,982 more than the re
ceip'ts. At this rate the increase of the
public debt f'or'the year will be nearly
GJen. 0. 0. Howard who was in posi
tion to know the facts, confesses ait this
late day that his side missed being
thrashed at Gettysburg by a very nan
roy squeak. Writing of Gen. G. S.
Greene, lately deceased, at Morristown,
N. J. he says: "But for him, or some
such intelligent and gallant, ofiicer in
his place. we should have lost that
famous field.- And Meade's superior
force, it will be remenbered, fougcht on
thle defen:,i'e and behind breantworks.
-News and ' r
Spred iJi ., 4Las.
The Record ays the river nine miles
below Columbia is spread over the
country for six miles. Many head of
cattde have been drowned and frozen to
death. Many Negroes were suffering
from the lack of weood. but they are
now obtaining it from drift wood float
ing down the river. Reports Friday
say that the river wvill rise twelve feet
hiiher still in the next few days.
A Good Bill.
TVhe house has done well to give the
State board of health power to enforce
vaccination. Without such power it
will not be possible for the board to
check the spread of smallpox in the
country. All experience shows that the
class of people most subject to this
loathsome disease is the class most
blindly and ignorantly prejudiced
against the only known defense against
Their Last Sleep.
A Times-Star special from Bellfon
taine, Ohio, says Judge Mittenberger
was found dead in bed Thursday morn
ing and his. wife in an uneonscious con
dition from which she can not recover.
Escaping ;:as rom a broken fixture was
Durins the past week earthquake
sheshave been felt in V'irginia,
North (' 'Ahna. Ten nesee. Alabama
and in .seeral places in this State. It
is to he hoped that this will be thc last
To Be Courtmartialed.
A diispateh from Madrid says all the
surviving cartains of Spanish warships
destroyed int the naval battles off Santi
ago de Cubat and in Manila Baiy by
the Au:"ri'anifleet will be <-ourt mar
Gen. Butler Free
T'he war department has humorably
diand Maj. Gens. Butler. Sumner
adBrig. Gens. Kline. McKee. Wiley,.
Lincoln andl Comba, all of the velunteer
SOME MORE FIGHTING
Between the American Troops and the
Late dispatches fronm Manila says
ou Sunday afternoon Gen. Miller or
dered a reconnoisance in force to ascer
tain the enemy's position. Major
Chaatham's battalion of the Tennessee
vlun+eer regiment marched beyond
Molo. without finding the enemy, and
returneid to Iloilo. Keller's battallion
of the 18th United States infantry, with
two Hotchkiss guns and one Gatling
gun. marched toward Jaro. Midway
between Iloilo and Jaro this battallion
encountered a large body of the enemy
occupying both sides of the road, who
met the advance of the American troops
with a severe and well directed fire.
The Americans deployed and returned
the fire with a number of volleys.
The troops advanced steadily, support
ed by the Hotchkiss and Gatling guns
aud drove the enemy through Jaro to
the open country beyond.
The town of Jaro was found to be de
serted and all portable property had
been removed. When the Americans
entered the place there were only a few
Chinese there. At 4:10 p. m. Capt.
Griffiths raised the American flag over
the presidencia. During the fighting
outside the town Lieut. Frank Bowles, of
the 18th infantry, while working the
light battery, was shot in the leg. In
addition one private was seriously
wounded and two were slightly injured.
The rebel loss was heavy. Ali was
quiet on Monday when Col. Potter left
Four companies or volunteers, which
had been clearing the country in the
vicinity of Peteros, ten miles south
east of Manila, and which had been re
callPd, were followed by the enemy as
they retired. On reaching San Pedro
Macati tl Americans made a stand
near the ~ churchyard and the rebels
were driven back. The Californians
again advanced, and are now occupy
ing the same ridge, commanding the
valley of the river, which they held
Tuesday. A gunboat near Pasig is
clearing the jungle.
Wednesday afternoon several rebels
in houses bearing white flags, having
fired on the American outposts, Col.
Smith, with Companies L, D and M, of
the California volumteers, proceeded to
clean out the enemy zlong his front.
The rebels opposed him from the brush
and several skirmishes occurred, dur
ing which nine of the Californians
were slightly wounded before the rebels
were driven out. The work proceeded
in a systematic manner, a gunboat
shelling the villages and working her
rapid-fire guns very effectively on the
An Effort Made in the Senate to Abol
ish the Offie.
On Thursday when the bill to abol
ish the office of Phosphate Inspector,
came up Ilderton moved to strike out
the enacting words. Graydon said the
bill had for its object the abolition of
one of these useless officers. The
phosphate companies were under heavy
bond for a faithful accounting with the
State, and the office was simply to pro
vide a place. The phosphate commis
sion could look after the affairs of this
industry. He did not see the use of
paying 10 per cent. of the royalty to a
man to collect it when the commission
could collect the royalty just as well.
Ilderton thought it a bad plan to turn
over to the phosphate - companies the
management of the State's business.
His duties were to check up the ac
counts of these companies and see that
they pay the State's royalty. Dean
thought the office of phosphate inspec
tor was as near a sineeure as anything
he knew of. He then proceeded to
show that the inspector's duties are en
tirely perunctory and that lie seldom,
if ever, visited the mines. Stanland
believed the real grievance was against
the incumbent and not against the'of
fe. If he did not have enough to do
it was the fault of the general assembly.
Elis duties ought to be extended so he
should inspect the manufactured fer
tilizers and prevent the shipping out of
'three, three, plus two, X one, and a
bag of dirt."' Talbird said that only in
the last two months the inspector had
saved to the State $2,800 in royalties.
Archer thought if the State was going
to continue to attend to this busi iese
she ouu ht to have some one to look af ter
it. Barnwell did not believe the offies
,hould be abolished, but suggested that
the salary be reduced to $300 By the
following aye and nay vote the senate
rofused to kill the bill:
Yeas-Aldrich, Connor, Dennis Gru
bei, Hay, Hough, Ilderton. Love, May
ield, Ragsdale, Stanland, Talbird,
Nays-Appelt, Ar,-her, Barnwell,
Blakeney, Bowen, G WV Brown, W A
Brown, Dean, Douglass, Glenn, Gray
on, Henderson, Livingston, Manning,
Marshall, Mauldin, Mower, Sarratt,
Scarborough, Sheppard, Suddath, Sul
ivan, Walker, Waller-24.
Barnwell then offered an amendment
to reduce the salary of phosphate in
spector from $1,500 to $S00. By a vote
f 28 to 9 th's was agreed to. The bill
then passed to a third reading.
A New Fuel.
A newly discovered mineral, which
is of a lustrous black color, and which
s a fuel surpasses coal and all other
substances heretofore known, is found
n the island of Barbados, in the Les
ser Antilles, where the natives call it
'manjak." It is thought that man
jak is petrified petroleum, great quan
tities of petroleum being found on the
same island. It contains only two per
cent of water and fully twenty-seven
per cent of solid organic matter, thus
surpassing in utility the best asphalt of
lrinidad, in which thirty per ccnt of
water is eon tained, and which has been
lassed so far as the very finest fuel.
Mixed with turf, it gives heat far sup
rior to any known.
A Good Law.
Norway recently enacted a law for
idding the~ sale of tobacco to youths
uder 1f without signed orders from
idls Torit who offer eigarettes
:'i vouths render themselves liable to
r ecution, while the police are emi
owered to confiscate the pipes, eigars
nd cigarettes of youths who smoke in
public streets, a fine for the offense be
ing likkwise imposed. which may be
Is Fully Debated and Decided by
the State Senate.
THE ARCHER BILLPASSED.
The Different Counties in the
State May Decide by Vote as
to Dispensary or No
When the senate met Wednesday
night and took up the liquor question
for consideration these three general
propositions were before it.
The Archer bill, under whose terms
a county now having a dispensary may.
on presenting a petition signed by one
fourth of the elector.- of that county,
have an election ordered to determine
whether or not the dispensary shall be
removed and thus secure prohibition.
To the Archer bill Mayfield had of
fered an amendment by which the peo
ple of a county should vote for high li
cense, dispensary or prohibition. The
ordering of the election was to be in
same manner as proposed by the Ar
The Henderson substitute bill, in
tended to take the place of the two
above propositions, simply provided for
a reference of the whole matter to the
people of the State at large to be voted
upon in a general election to be held
next July on the three questions of li
cense, dispensary or prohibition.
The Mayfield amendment was reject
ed by a vote of 9 to 26, the Henderson
substitute by a vote of 8 to 27, while
the Archer bill passed its second read
ing by a vote of 20 to 14.
After a long debate participated in
by a number of senators the matter was
decided by the votes as recorded be
The first proposition was to strike
out the enacting words of the .Archer
bill. By the following aye and nay
vote senate refused to do so:
Yeas-Aldrich, Alexander, Appelt,
Dennis, Graydon, Gruber Hay Hen
derson, Ilderton, Mauldin, Mower,
Ragsdale, Wallace, Williams-14.
Nays-Archer. Barnwell, Blakeney,
Bowen G. W. Brown, W. A. Brown,
Dean, bouglass, Glenn, Hough, Love,
Manning, Marshall, Mayfield, Sarratt,
Scarborough, Sheppard, Stanland, Sud
dath, Sullivan, Waller-21.
Senator Livingston announced that
he was paired with Mr. Griffith. He
would vote "no" and Mr. Griffith would
vote "aye" were he here.
The next vote was on the adoption
of Mr. Henderson's substitute bill. The
senate rejected the bill by the follow
Yeas-Blakeney, Graydon. Gruber,
Henderson, Mauldin, Scarborough,
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, Appelt,
Archer, Barnwell, Bowen, G. W.
Brown, W. A. Brown, Dean, Dennis,
Douglass, Glenn, Hay, Hough, Ilder
ton, Love, Manning, Marshall Mayfield
Mower, Ragsdale, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Stanland. Suddath, Sullivan, Williams
The next vote was on the adoption of
Senator Maf'field's amendment, which
resulted as follows:
Yeas-Appelt, Barnwell, Brown G.
W., Dean, Mdrshall, Mayfield, Shep
pard. Stanland, Sullivan-9.
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, Archer,
Blakeney,-Bowen, Brown W. A,, Den
nis, Douglass, Gleen, Graydon, Graber
Hay, Henderson, Hough, Ilderton,
Love, Manning, Mauldin, Mower,
Ragsdale, Sarratt, Scarborough, Sud
datb, Wallace, Waller. Williams-26.
The Archer bill was'then ordered to
a third reading by the following vote;
Yeas--Archer, Blakeney, .Bowen,
Brown G. W., Brown W. A., Dean,
Douglass, Glenn, Hough, Love, Man
ning, Marshall, Mayfield, Sarratt, Sear
borough, Sheppard, 8tanland, Saddath,
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, A'ppelt,
Barnwell, Dennis, Graydon, Gruber,
Hay, Henderson, Ilderton, Mauldin,
Mower, Wallace, Willians-14.
Senator Appelt's bill similar to Sena
tor Ma3 field's amendmnent was also
Presented to the Commodore.
Wednesday afternoon at Galveston a
beauctiful sword and Bible, purchased
by the Sunday School children of Tex
as, were presented to Commodore John
W. Philip, who commanded the battle
ship Texas duri::g the war with Spamn.
The sword was made by the same firm
who designed the Dewey sword and
cost $3,500. The presentation was in
approval of Commodore Philip's public
utterances after the Santiago fight, ac
knowledging the sovereignty of Al
mighty God. The battleship Texas is
at Galveston commanded by Capt. Sigs
bee, and all officers and men attended
Going to Mexico.
President Diaz of Mexico has per
mitted some Indians of Indian Territo
ry to buy about 200,000 acres of land in
his country, on which they will settle
to the number of about 10,000, and be
allowed to govern themsplves. The
movement is due to a desire on the part
of the Indians to escape the interfer
ence of the white man. The number
of civilized Indians in the Indian Ter
ritory will be reduced about one-fifth by
the exodus, those going out being the
most intelligent and progressive.
A Scrap of History.
In reference to the Eagan-Miles af
fair it is recalled that ninety years ago
Geueral Winfield Scott, then a captain
in the army, was courtmartialed for
having said at a public table that he
never saw but two traitors-Generals
Wilkinson and Burr-and that Gener
al Wilkinson was a liar and a scoun
drel. He was found guilty and was
suspended for a year.
A Rich State
West Virginia is an ideal state. On
the first of February she did not owe a
dollar and had in her treasury $1,284.
488. He~~rr she did not 'assume
~tatehood !ln:il late years and had no
eostruction period to pass through.
[Iappy people; blessed are they, indeed
There are now two women in the
Legislature of Utah. two in Colorado