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TILE ICE KING.
Below Zero Weather Advances
Even into Florida.
THE SOUTHFROZEN UP.
The Entie Co-n C
a Mantl!e C wW
bitter vorthwrest th
in cbuds t:lroug h etr s
the bidewalks in :o:!.e piavet ar:u io
others piling up 3 . -et ,n' una i.
street eleaning dep irtimeut. after
gling for 3 hours to e-ar t Le principal
streets. ga'.e lip entirely, even smr:eu
dering Broadway to the wiud an:d snow.
In the suburbs. where tile wids have
free sweeps. drifts are 5 to 10 feet high.
Street railroads have stopd altogether
and suburban steam railroa.is are
blocked. Many neizhboring towns are
cut off from New York altwoemher. Of
the 15,000 destitute faniles in this
city, as estimated by Blair. superin
tendent of the outdoor poor. nearly all
are either freezing or starving to death.
G BELOW ZERO AT TALLAHASSEE.
Jacksonville. Flit.. Feb. 13.-Un
precedented weather visited northern
Florida today. Sleet was followed by
light snow early this morning in all of
western and middle Florida. The low
est temperature was 2 degrees below
zero at Tallahassee, 9 degrees above at
Jacksonville and a temperature of from
15 to 40 degrees in the orange belt.
Winter maturing veietables were kiild.
What damage was done to orange trees
is yet in doubt, subsequent %eather be
ing an important factor in determining.
In the orange belt the temperatures
were not so low as they have been. in
northern Florida the weather was un
precedented. The snow between mid
night and daylight was followed by sun
shine and a clear sky, but with a cold
Charleston, Feb. 13 -When the city
awoke this morning it found itself wrap
ped in a blanket of snow. It was bit
terly cold all of last night, the ther
mometer registering as low as 13 de
grees. Until after midnight rain and
sleet fell. The snow did not come till
towards morning. The fall is various
ly estimated at from 2 to 3 inches
on a level. Business has practi
cally been suspended all day
Merchants, clerks, business men and
private citizens have paraded the
streets, engaging in snowball battles.
The street cars have not been able to
run and no trains have entered or gone
out of the city today. The weather is
the coldest ever experienced here. the
thermometer registering 9 degrees at 2
p. mn., today.
"COLDEST ON RECORD.'
Augusta, Ga.', Feb. 13.-Augusta is
in the midst of the coldest spell on re
cord. With half a foot of dry snow on
the ground and the theinometer 15 to
25 degrees below the freezing point, a
stiff northerly wind intensifies the cold.
The snow ensed failing at 3:30 a. m ,
and the sun shone all day, but without
causing any diminishing effect in the
bitingecold. The lowest point reached
by the mercury f'or 24 hours ending at
8 p. mn., was 4 degrees. The maximnur
was 17 degrees, and the deficiency o!
temperature over th,, samne date la-t
year was 40 degress. At 9 o'clock to
night thermonit ter -vas at the 10
degree point, with every inication; ot
being near zero before mornsg.
NORTH CAROLtNA S DOSE.
Charlo.e. N. .. Fe b 13.-Charlot te
is havi.i I ie e..idest weathe-r kiown in~
10 -.r 15 years. Sn..w began falliie
Saturday morni Si anid cotlIinuJIe
through the day an i it. iner~-asing
in severity toward Suniday morning. 1.
continued all day Sunwiay and up to 11
o'clock Sunday night. At 10:30 to
night thermometers registered from 1
to 4 degrees below zero. One of the
worst blizzards on record is raging is
the mnountains in the western part tof
the State. At Blowing Rock the ther
mometer was 10~ below zero this umrn
ing. At Lenoir it' stood at 2 degreen
below. At Winston zero was reacehed.
In many towns a coal and wood famine
Savannah, Ga., Feb. 13.-Today has
been the coldest on record in this city.
At 10 a. mn., the mercury stood at 8
grees above zero, with the city ut. ' a
2-inch snowfall and a brisk wind blow
ing. Henry Lewis. colored died from
the cold in his house. Street cars were
for 12 hours stalled by snow-all over
the city. In several instances motor
men andeonductors who waited on their
stalled cars for orders were so badly
frostbitten that they had to be lifted off
the cars and sent home and to bed.
BIATTLE AGAINsT THE ELEMENTs.
Philadelphia, Feb. 13.-After a day
of heroic battle, all the human fo-ees
that could be brought into play agains
the elements have been force-d to eu
cumnb, and to night the city is fast lock
ed in the embrace of the wcrit blizzard
in the history of the local weather
bureau. Steami and local traffie are at
a standstill, and the snow-Leaped
streets are deserted. There were a
number of deaths and a good many cas
ualties attributable to the prevailing
Anniston, Ala., Feb. 13.-Daniel
Chatman, a Negro, was found frozen in
his bed this morning. The tempera
ture this morning was 14 below. th&
coldest ever known. The enlistedi men
at Camp Shipp are well equipped, and
suffered no inconvenience from the
cold. Many sentries. mainly Negroes,
however, fell on their beats from nunmb
ness, and had to be taken to the hos
pital to be thawed out.
TWENTY-FOUR BELOW ZER').
Lexington, Ky,, Feb. 13.-Attested
thermometers registered 24 degrees be
low zero this morning. The poor have
been fed free at -soup house all day,
and various citizens have donated coal.
Only one or two coal yards in Lexing
ton have any coal, and they will not
furnish to any one person more than a
ton. Coal has jumped from 82.2-> to
AT CANP MARION.
Charleston, Feb. 13.-A special to
The News and Courier from Campt Mar
ion says: The soldiers suffered consid
erably by the blizzard and snow storm.
Today there was an insuflietent supply
of wood, and none could be gotten in
the town for love or money.
THlE sNOW IN TIRGINIA.
Richmond, Va., Feb 13.-The di
rector of the~ weather 5tation here re
ports tliat the present snow stormi is
the heaviest on reel rd in Virginia. It
SatuIrday and e )ton 'p tto to
en t a ti ' t t pn0
T i a t the ex p eece all
t h Vir:.:inia. Lu this vicinity the
--iw I, i 7t 1inc hes- dep ,n a Iovel.
h tinnu .es iSdriteCi to a dep:il
AS : mP. i he e iv.
z, rp. -X !-:r I I, i -' I)'pu
Iini Z.iri: T:non the o. andv
wi be non tomorrow. as the
citiz' have 1 ruied a -uiicient fund to
provide, for it'!
)t ' -h. 1 A.--With two
inches. Jes than ii three t of snow on a
eVel ani ti mercurv hovering on
sztanty near zero, th! capital today
was ill the graiy-p the most severe
blAizzard iu its history. The snow fall.
which b-gan on Saturday evening. con
tinuedQ without ee-sation until 11
o'clek tonight. the oficial measure
ment in 50 hours being '20 inches on
tot of the heavy fall of a few days pre
eeding. Driven by a high -iorth-we-t
wind it drifted in banks of fron five to
eight feet in depth. supending all
traffic, tieing up the streCt car lines.
cutting off the city fronm all outside
communication by rail and cau-ing un
told suffering among the poor. At
mtidtiight the weatner had cleared ane
the wind had moderated. The railway
mail service is paralyzed by the storm
and mails are at a standstill through
out the Atlantic region.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Text of a Bill that Passed the House
After considerable discussion on
Thursday the House passed a bill "to
prevent fire insurance companies, asso
ciations or partnerships doing business
in this State, or the agents of said coni
panies. as;ociations or partnerships
from enterinz into combina'ions to
make or control rates for fire insurance
on property in this State, and provid
ing punishment for violati';ii of this
act. Followin-is the bill:
That it shall be unlawful for any fire
insnrance company, association or part
nership doing a fire insurance business
in this State to enter into a combina
tion or compact with other fire insur
ance companies, associations or part
n-rships, or to require or allow their
agents to enter into any compact or
combination with other insurance
agents, eompanies, associations or part
nerships, for the purpose of governing
or controlling the rates charged for fire
insurance charged on any property in
this State: Provided. That nothinr
herein shall prohibit one or more of
such companies from employing a com
mon agent or agents to supervise and
advise of defective structures or sug
gest improvements to lessen fire hazard.
That all fire insurance companies, as
sociations or partneiships doing a fire
insurance business in this State shall
cause to be filed on the first day of
Mlarch. 1900, and in each year thereaf
ter, with the comptroller general of tI s
State. the aflidavit of some offieer or
agent of ai company. assoc-idiin or
tart nershi:' who res ie in this State.
setteg for th the fa. t ba: the cai an
of ub ich he is an -finleer or ap.'t ha,
ot in the 12 'comb p viVous to tt.
-iate of the -ai'i aiia-.t cntered& i':t.
any t rust, cobi::ion- or ass'ociati.-n.
tor the purose of p-reventi:a cari' II
tion in insuram,-e rat--- in this S a-,
iten: miadle in ,. affid~vt ,hail b.
meat:t~ pe'rjury. and punis~t-d by a fi.1
o not iess ti an $100 lor more than
$1. 100, and by confinemientin the peni
ientiary for one year. or. in the discre
tion of the court. by confiniementin jail
tor a period of not less than 30 day,
nor mot e than 12 tuonths: Provide'i.
furthe-r. That any attempt to erade.
thin ct, by agreeing upon any one per
son or number of persons, fir the pur
oose of making rates for all such insur
atnee companies, association or partner
-hips. ->r by buying rate books made
by any person or persons, shall be
deemed a violation of this act and shall
be ptunished as herein provided.
The comptroller general or other offi
cial to whom said companies, associa
tions or partnerships are annually re
quired to report to this State, shall
forthwith revoke and recall the license
or authority of such company or com
panies, association or associations, part
nershiip or p:rtnershps, to do or to
transact business in this State, for an.,
violation of this act. and no renewal o*
authority shall be granted to it for
three years after such oflitial re voca
tion: notice of such revocation to be
duly published for one consecutive
week ia three or more daily papers
published in this State; and fon a viola
tion of any of the provisions of tii act
by any such company or companies. as
soc'ation or associations. oartnership or
partnerships. they th111. on conviction
thereof pay a fine of not less than 850
it shall be the duty of the attorney
general or the solicitors upon his re
quest to cause the rnovisions of this
act to be- enforced.
It shall also be the duty of the comp
troller general, or other official now
charged ir to be charged with the en
forcment of the insurance laws of this
State. to require every fire insurance
company, associatx:n or partnership do
ing a fire insurance business within this
State. to file with the annual statement
made to him. a state ient duly sworn
to by the manager or president ef each
company, association or partnershlip,
legally admitted in this State, that it
has not, in the year intervening between
the issue of its last hteense and that ap
plied for, violated the conditionsof this
This act shall be in force from the
day of 1900,. and all acts or parts of act
inconsistent therewith are hereby re
Four Children Burned.
A special dispatch from Dubois, Pa.
says: A dwelling house at French Run.
35 miles east of Dubois, belonging to a
woodsman named Carlson was burned
Friday morning. Carlson was away
froim home , bt his wife and five little
children were in the house. The moth
er was awakened by the noise of crack
ling wood,. and had j':t time to grasp
he. oaby and jumi: from a second stor-y
windonw into the snow. Sh': was then
obli-ed t-. -tand and n'aneCss the burn
ing to death of her four other little ones
.ig-d twelvec. seven, five and two years
ARCHER'S LOCAL OTION BILL.
The Text of the measure as it Passed
The Archer bill. a, it passed the
a. and as it coies before the
llow rea s asf--!!ows:
T1 . Nina) b. on-- or fmolrI county
- l'ti11:eU fr each county.
1;4. t* (11ea t , f h~- .I a w "
e-n ;brd (f coitrlt, but tie
Nat of Control n1u1t Li'e con
r: ere. more than one uit.pee; can
bli-c se in any count%, except
I Ila: m Ie couintv of Spartanbure oily
o t ri-o.r shall be a, poiited and
() .. Wne Q i,5ra shall he e':ablih
Sd: ani wien the county board desiaua
t s a itt alitv for a dispensary. twenty
ua. o' publie notice of which shall be
given, it shall be cormpetent for a majo
rity o ihe qualified voters of the town
4i;pt in %%hich such di:spensary is to be
lo-ated to prevent its location in such
tmwush iip by signing a petition or peti
tions addressed to the county board,
requesting that no 6i-pensary be estab
liv'ed in that township.
Any county may secure the establish
ment of a dispensary or dispensaries, or
the removal of a dispensaries, within
its limits, in the following manner:
U pon the petition of one-fourth of the
qualified voters of said county praying
for an election upon either the question
of the estiblishment or the rt-moval of
dispensarics therein being filed with the
county supervisor of ea.h county, he
shall forthwith order the commissioners
of State z nd county elections to hold an
election within thirty days, and o. at
least twenty-one days' notice in the
newsnapers of the c'?unty, submitting
the question of -dispensary" or "no
dispensary" to the qualified voters of
such county, which election shall be
condacted as other special elections,
and if a majority of the ballots cast be
found and declared to be for a dispen
sary, then a dispensary may be estab
lished in said county, but if a majority
of the ballots east be found and de
clared to be against the dispensary,
then no dispensary shall be established
there in. and any dispensary already
established shall be closed. Elections
under this section can be held not of
tener than once in four years.
No dispensary shall be establishedin
any county. town or city whereii i
sale of alcoholic liquors was prohib
prior to July 1, 1S93. except as he
permitted: Provided, that where di
rensaries have been established in ehi
county, town or city they shall retraia
as established until removed or closed
as permitted in this Act.
That all Acts oi parts of Acts incon
sistent with this Act be, and the same
tre hereby, repealed.
COST OF PRODUCING COTTON.
Facts and Figures Gathered by Gov
Under the supervision of the Statis
tician. Hyde, of the department of ag
riculture, the cost of growing cotton
has been ir ;estigated and the results
of the invettigation are to be publish
ed within a few days in a pamphlet.
This report will show that the average
cost of producing an acre of upland cot
ton in 189S was S15.42, sub-divided in
to the following items:
IRent $2.88, plowing $2.81, seeds 21c.,
planting seed 2Sc., fer. ilizers $1.30, dis
tributing fertilizers 16c., chopping and
hoeing $1.31, picking $3,37, giuning
and pressing $1.02, repairing imple
ments 40ic.. all other expenses 41c.
It wazs ascertained that the pounds of
tint prodced per acre were 255.6 sold.
!.ir ; 7e. per pountd; bushels of seed pro
d-.tee'l 1G, ptri.'e per bu-hels 11.9c. The
,.tal return to the planter w--s $19 03.
.hich gave him a net ptrofit of $3 G1
per' aere. The Cost of picking cot itt
icr hundred pounds was 44c., while
.C eCost of protducing the lint per potund
-x on ptlanter'. contributed to thle-'
tat- ' ano ot the entire nambr re
e-uted 20 per cent, reported a loss.
are ly due to dhficient productioin.
.,wing to drought o- other causes.
The sea island cotton costs $21.95
s'er acre, or as av'erage of 11.59e. per
poiund and the total return for lint and
,,ied of sea i:.land cotton was $28 65,
shbieb gave the planter a net profit of
$6.70 per acre.
The planters that report a profit in
the raising of upland cotton produced
273.9 pounds per acre, while those that
repoxted a loss produced only 176
The effect of the use of fertilizers in
the raising of cotton is very distinctly
dlisclosed, and the general result is
that,' in proportion as the quantity of
fertilizers used increased, the profit of
raising cotton per acre also increased.
It has been discovered in this inves
tigation that cotton is produced to a
limited cxtent, but at a high rate cf
proit, by means of irrigauo su wt
erm Tenis and the southiwesterni part o
Utah. In Texas irrigation had the <f
feet of producing 512.4 pounds of lint
per acre, which is 290.3 pounds greater
than the average for the whole State.
For 1896 many special inquiries were
made by a former statistician of the
department and the estimated cost of
producing lint cotton per pound, in
gold, was S.32 cents. One of the rc
amarkable revelations is the compara
tiv'e cost of marketing cotton in 1840
and in 1897. The comprarison is item
ized and shows that in 1S40 it cost
$18.15 to market a bale of cotton from
Alabama to Li'.erpool. while in 1S97
this cost was S7.S9.
MIr. James M. Smith of Columbia. S
C. writes: Dear Sir-it &ivn me
great pleasure to say tnat tne uid
North State Ointment bought of you
has entirely cured mc of eczema when
everything I had used previously failed
to give any relief. It is a great medi
cine. and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost every
thing, where any medicine is needed,
and have gotten the best of results
every time. Respectfully,
James M. Smith.
Coldest Ever Known.
The oldest inhabitants of the South
say that the recent cold spell was the
coldest the South has ever kronx~. In
msany places in this etioni ont .Monday
morning the thermemctto- wais as los as
12 degrees below zero. It went b~elow
even in some ptarts of Florida.
The Atlanta Journal estimates the
damage to the wheat and oat crop of
Georgia by the late freeze at one mil
lioin dollars. No doubt the damage in
South Carolina has been verygreat too.
A Fitting Union.
Miss MIamie Witless and Henry
Folelrwere married in Lincoln
county G'a.. last week. Heaven will
Isurely smile up~on such a fitting union
North Carolina tobacco growers are
Suicide in Savannah of a Stranger
in that City.
LEAVES A PATHETIC LETTER.
Could Not Stand Poverty. His
Farewell M-ssage to the
World He Found too
S. T. Bracihfeld was found dead in
his room at No. 307 Broughton street,
Savannah, Ga., oa Monday, February
He had tasen morphine and had been
dead for ,oue! time. The liou:.e is a
lodging house and is conducted by
Charles Collman. About two weeks
ago Brachtield avplied fur lodging and
was assigned to a room. Even then he
waa in a moody and despondent condi
tion, and complained frequently of his
poverty. He was a stranger in the city,
and nothing was known of his past life.
He was reticent and gave little infor
mation about himself. He said that
he had been divorced from his wife, and
had three children living.
The stranger's efforts to secure work
there were unavailing, and he became
more and more depressed. Vague hints
that he let drop seem to indicate that
even then he entertained ideas of sui
cide. The last seen of him alive was
Saturday night, when he was in Gil
dea's place on Broughton street, across
from the house in which he was living.
On Sunday he did not leave his room,
but the people in the house thought he
was too poor to buy a meal and kept his
room for that reason. He seems to have
had an unusual pride and had rupulsed
gruffly and indignantly even a hint of
Monday morning he did not respond
to the knocks on the door of his room,
and at 4 o'clock had not been soen, and
it was determined to force an entrance.
Mrs. Collman's brother, D. Schwartz,
and S. Marcus broke in the door and
found the body of Brachfield lying on
the bad. He had removed his shoes,
but was otherwise fully dressed. Cla-ped
to his breast was a picture of his child,
from which his fingers could scarcely be
-(,leased. On the mantel was the bottle
Lhat had contained the morphine with
which he had ended his life. On the
table was a letter which the dead man
had written, giving his reasons for sui
cide. The letter was written in He
brew, bat concluded with a few words
of English. The following is the let
"I pray that I may receive a Jewish
"The last request of one to whom
life is so burdensome that he takes his
"To whom do I write this? I don't
know. Who is a friend to me? I
don't know. Who in these days has
any feeling for a fellow being? I don't
know. Who can or may do me justice?
Nobody. Every one will say, what do
I care for him?-nothing at all. What
did he take his life for? He must have
been crazy and did not know how to
take the world; let him go.
"They ar-e truly in the right; they
understan~d well. I really did not
know how to take the world. I have
observed people who have no kind feel
ings. and who do no: know what hu
manity is. prosper in the world. They
are happy; they have plenty to eat, and
do as they please. When they arc hard
up they apply to societies and ask for
what they want without any feeling o'f
shamie. I think they are right, and if
I had been like themi I might have
aived to oid ace. But I canu't do it, 1
ean't do it, I can't do it; I cannot live
.1-:pending u:.. oth'ers. I do not neeo
to be excused. I always believed. ano
believe yet, that it were better to steal
tha in to be.
'Iam tired of this world. I can'm
"ear any more. I am alone to blame
fo'r all that ha, driven mec to my deatn
I v-an not even blauwe my parents, thoug;
:zad they been more wise than pious, I
migtht niot have been brought to this.
end. But I can't blame them, for the.y
did what they thought was for my best
*Farewell, my friends. Farewell
my unfortunate children. I wish that
you n:ay be more fortunate than your
unhappy father. I am unhappy. I am
oif no good to myself nor others. I
have no object in life. Then why
should [ prolong suffering? God! God!
God! I know that it is wrong to take
one's own life; I cannot help myself,
and I do not believe that you will visit
punishment on me, for what you know
too well I cannot help.
The style and contents of the letter.
though it abounds in repetitions and
wild expression natural to one in Brach
feld's condition, indicate, nevertheless,
a man of considerable feeling and edu
cation. It expresses well the condi
tion of perfect desponbency and of utter
and absolute despair, that the unfor
tua-ite man must hav-e been in, when
he :eok his ewn life.
A construction train on the South
Carolina and Georgia Railroad was
completely wrecked by the spre ading of
the tracks about fifteen miles of Char
leston on last Tuesday. Tiwo men were
killed. eight were more or les seriously
injured. The engine had gone out of'
Charleston with a crew of five :;., a
c.:r: ied five others, who were ii the
employ of the long distance Bell Telk
phone company. now constructing lines
bet ween Charleston and Augusta.
When eleven miles out the engine
fifseenng on a stroight track at about
ffenmiles speed. Without a mo
ment's notice the track spread and the
engine was thrown into a ditch. With
one exception the men who had been
on it were caught under it.
M1. B. Jackson of Atlanta. telephone
Fred B. Fobbes. of Ypsilante, M1ichi
gan, a telephone employee. He leaves
a n idow.
W\. R. Ether!Je oft .. en, in-:wnal'y
injuri h' 2 hmy die.
i: :0 in A ugusta, Ga.. cut and
bIeen dout body and face.
\z. IF. Wells of Atlanta, bruised
about the body.
Conductor Edward Coughman, frac
W. D. M1ormian, engineer, dislocated
shoulder, fractured collar-bone.
J. E. Clark. fireman, wounds on hand
and head and legs.
John D)oyle, brakemar, legs mashed.
MIr. M1ulligan was the only or.e of
the entire party who wasi not caught
under the engine. Hie assisted the
other men to escape from their perilous
pt sition. Another train that was due
at the 11 mile post was flagged before
itran into wreck, and from it assistance
was obtained from the city. During
the atfternioorn all the wounded men were
brought here and cared for. They are
all doing as well as could be expected.
ALL IN ONE YEAR.
The Changes That Have Taken Place
in that Time.
Oneyea a:. \edne:-day the
t l'itt-ii Sates batteICiip Maine. Capt.
C. ). Sigsbee. lay at anchor in Ifavana
harbor. o; po ite 31orro Castie from
w hie..c turret floated the Spanish flag
F;'zhuh I'e. former najor general in
ti 'thifiteat armv. un.is Consul gel
trai lor ii.- Uni; d States in Cuba, and
.\iarba-l:;l 10a:ci If SpAin was governor
general Of the i-land. Toda% ihe United
sian s ba Telship Texas. C!ajpt. C. 1).
S:be. ie-s at ancior in flavana har
hor. oppit M orro Castle. whence the
Ani-ricajn fli floats in t lie breeze; Fitz
hugh i-e, oejir general. United States
armyv. i- gve.nr of HIavana provivce,
aid Mlaj. 6in. J. I Brooke. U. S A.,
is governor gt-eral of Cuba. In the
foul waters of the harbor lies the
twi-ted fran: 4 the shattered 3aine,
aiid iu the C(ilon eemletery repowe the
boues Of near thr..e lindred of the crew
that iannedi her. In this contrast lies
the stiory of a w-nd: rf'ul year. The
Maine has been remembered and Spain
has departedi firever from the Western
Continent. From February 15th. 1898,
to the sanie date in the present year,
events moved with great rapidity,
though at times they seemed to the im -
patient to drag slothfully along. The
terrible shock which the whole country
received with the news of the Maine's
destruction. will not lie forgotten soon.
.or the tense strain of the weeks when
the court of inquiry was studying the
causes of the disaster. The American
people, wrought through half a century
by the sufferings of Cuba, were carried
to frenzy by the foul destruction of the
Maine, and they were barely held in
momentLary check from springing at the
throat of Spain. The exciting period
of debate in Congress is well reniem
bcred; the piesident's strong effort to
turn back the tide of war. or.o del.'y its
encroachments for a time: the retreat
forced upon him, the final swell, over
whelming all conservative regard, and
then war. The rest was hurry and ac
tion. less harrowing than the waiting
and preparation. A short and brilliant
war, a complete victory for the Ameri
can arms. an empire lost to Spain, and
a new leaf turned in the history of the
world. All this since that awful Feb
ruary night in Havana harbor when the
Maine was shattered and her brave crew
sent to their doom. In Havana today.
memorial services are being held over
the graves of the sleeping victims of
the Maine. Their fate has been
avenged. The red and yellow flag
which flaunted in derision at the wreck
of the proud ship, is no more in evi
dence. The Spanish warships that saw
the red flames leap from the Maine on
that fateful night or came later to view
the charred and wrecked frame of the
great ship, are now in Spanish harbors
or rusting on Cuban beachcs. The
American flag floats over Cuba, and the
conditions, which made possible the
crime of Fcbruary 15, are ended forev
CAPIURE OF ILOILO.
How the United States Troops Cap
tured the City.
Particulars of the capture of Iloilo
by the United States forces under Brig.
Gen. Miller, on Saturday last, have
been received. On the morning of Fri
day, Feb. 10, Gen. Miller sent an ulti
matumn to the commander of the rebels
oft.shore, notifying hiin that it was his
intention to take Iloilo, by force if nec
essary. Noncombatants and foreign
i'rs were warned to leave the town with
in 2. hours. The rebels were also
warned that they must make no fur
ther belligerent preparations. The
2unboat Petrel was then moved to a
puosition elo.-e in shore and near the reb
el fort, while the cruiser Boston took
up her station at the other end of th<
Friday passed quietly. During the
may many re-fuges left the town of ILo
1o. Tne majotrity of them were taket
.n board foreign stmips lying in the bar
"ur. Searchlights from the Unitee
States warships were kept all nigh.
long illuminating the town and its de
fenses. The rebcels, so far as the look
iuts on the ships could discover, re
mained quiescent throughout the day.
At 8 o'clock on the morning of Satur
day, Feb. 11, the gunboat Petrel sig
called tohthe cruiser Boston that the
rebels were working in their trenches.
In return the Petrel was ordered to fire
warning shots upon the town from het
three pounders, Thir was done, and
the rebels replied with a hanuless fu
silade. The Boston and Petrel then
bombarded the rebels' trenches, com
pletely clearing them of their occupants
in a very short time.
Soon after the bombardment begat
flames broke out simultaneously in va
rious parts of the town. Thereupon 4S
marines, acting as infantry and artillery.
were landed from the Boston, and a
company was sent ashore from the Pe
trel. These detachments marched
straight into the town of Iloilo, and
hoisting the Stars and Stripes over the
fort. took possession in the name of the
United States. The capture of the
town a:. d its defenses having been ac
comptlished. the .marines and soldiers
who had been sent ashore proceeded to
cave the American, English and Ger
man consulates froma destruction by the
tire which was raging anxong the in
flammable buildings of the town. The
Swiss consul's residence. which was in
the s:ine row as the consulates named.
was burned, but foreign mercantile
property escaped with slight damage.
There was some desultory firing by the
enemy in the outskirts of Iloilo, but
not a single Americani was injured.
Gen. Miller's fotrce had complete con
trol of the situation when the Petrel
sailed fromt Iloilo for Manila. The
Sixth U. . artillery regiment occu
pied a position commianding tioth the
bridges Leading into the town. and the
'1e nne=see volunteers and the Eigh
teenth l' .infantry were occupying
the irc es that had been constructed
Coldest on Record.
A dispuatch from Chicago says not
since 1872 has Chicago experienced
such intense cold as that which pre
vailed Wednesday. The lowest notch
reached since the establishment of the
weather bureau in Chicago was 23 be
low. At 11 o'clock Wednesday night
it was 19) below. Reports from points
in Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois show
tempecratures ra nging from 16 to 34 de
grees below zero, the latter at LaCrosse,
Wis. There is much suffering in the
interior towns among poor people.
Atlanta in Luck.
Andrew 'arnegie has offered the city
of Atlanta S100,000 for a free public
library. Mr. Carnegie makes his offer
conditional to the extent that Atlanta
shall furnish the site and appropriatc
85.000 Thursday for the maintenance
of the library. Mr. Carnegie recently
gave $100,000 to the city of Washing
ton for a public library.
Makes the food more deli
ROYAL DAVJNG POwE1
S TRANGE STORIES.
Derelicts in Australia Who Pre
ceded Louis de Rougement.
AN ESCAPED CONVICT.
White Men Who Had Lived So
Long Among the Savages that
they Had Forgotten Their
The meteoric appearance or Louis ce
Rougemont, with a marvelous story of
hitherto unheard-of adventures during
an alleged residence of some thirty
years with the blacks of Northern Aus
tralia, revives recollections of the "wild
white men" that from time to time
have fallen into the hands of the un
civilized Australian aborigines and
been restored to white humanity after
long years of separation and degrada
The first recorded wild white man
was William Buckley, a native of Mac
clesfield. and at the close of the last
century a soldier in the 4th, or King's
Own, Regiment. On December 24, 1802,
in company with six other soldieri, he
was involved in an attempt on the life
of the Duke of Kent. He was sen
tenced to transportation for life and
taken out in a convict-ship to the An
tipodes. During a brief stay at the
head of what is now the harbor of 'Mel
bourne he contrived to escape in com
pany with two other convicts. The
latter perished-how was never ascer
tained-and when Buckley was subse
quently questioned as to their fate he
was exceedingly reticent and discon
certed. That it was a case of cannibal
ism was the general belief of the early
settlers around Mel bourne. Anyhow, in
the last stages of hunger and privation,
Buckley lay down upon what proved to
be the grave of a recently buried chief.
Luckily for him the widow came along,
and superstitiously concluded that her
dear departed had returned to life in
the shape of a white man. She prompt
ly annexed him as her own, led him to
the camp of the blacks, exclaimed the
circumstances under which she had
found him, and secured his admission
as a chief of the tribe, a position for
which he was physically well qualified,
as he was a man of great stature (6 feet
7 inches), strength and endurance.
For the next thirty-two years Buck
ley led the life of a savage, hunting,
fishing, and fighting with the tribe that
adopted him. It was on July 12, 1835,
that he saw a'white face for the first
time after the lapse of more than thirty
years. On that day the pioneers of the
city of Melbourne landed from their
little schooner, and Buckley advanced
to meet them. He had by this time be
come but little superior to the savages
around him, but the newcomers noticed
the comparatively light color of his
skin. He tried to summon up some
English words from the depths of his
memory, and at last succeeded in'ar
ticulating the word "bread." He made
himself very useful as an interpreter
between the new white settlers and the
blacks, and when his story reached
London, the imperial authorities mag
nanimously drew the sponge over his
offence and sent him a free pardon. He
enjoyed a small pension in his later
years, and lived until February 2, 1856,
when he was thrown out of a cart and
killed in his seventy-sixth year. The
site of the present town of Geelong,
about forty miles from Melbourne, was
the headquarters of the tribe to which
Buckley was attached during his three
decades of savage life. Three miles
from Geelong there is still shown a
cave in a river gorge where he is said
to have resided, and the adjacent rap
ids continue to perpetuate his name as
James Morrill, a native of Maldon,
Essex, was the sole survivor of the
shipwreck of the bark Peruvian, that
struck on a reef off theQ northeastern
coast of Queensland on March S, 1846.
He lived with the Queensland blacks
until his rescue in February, 1863. An
other shipwreck sailor, John Renton by
name, was with the Queensland blacks
for an even longer period, twenty years.
The story of a little cabin-boy named
Narcisse Pierre Pellatier ought to have
attracted the attention of the boys'
novelists long before now. He en
gaged as cabin boy on the St. Paul,
bound from China to Australia with
350 Chinese emigrants. She also struck
on a reef off the northeastern coast of
Queensland. Officers and crew got
away in the boats, not troubling them
selves about the Chinese passengers,
and in their hurry forgetting the little
cabin boy, who was subsequently found
by the blacks in a dying condition in
a cranny among the rocks. They
nursed him back to life, fed him, treat
ed him well, and, in fact, made him the
pet of the tribe. Nearly all the Chinese
passengers were captured by the blacks
and eaten up two at a time. The flesh
of a Chinaman is esteemed a great deli
acy by the cannibal blacks of Queens
land. From the point of view of a can
ibal, a vegetarian is vastly superior to
a meat-eater. Little Pellatier lived
with the blacks for seventeen years,
and was rescued by a British ship, the
John Bell, on April 11, 1875.
Aluminum Instead of Linen.
Collars, Cuffs, shirt-fronts and like
rticles usually made of linen are be
ng made of aluminum, coated with
hite Japanese varnish, *en which de
signs in imitation of weaving and sew
ng are marked.
4c Cotton Makes 4::. ?cices.
Not o-ly on Provisions. Clo'thing.
Furniture and all the a:-tual necssaries
f living, but as well oin things apper
aining tz our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianos and
Organs. Wise 3Manufacturers realize
that in these close times prices must
be exceedingly low, and they are meet
ing the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Baites
Southern M1usic [House. Savannah. Ga:..
in this issue, and write themi for their
Four Cents Prices. This is a wide
awake never-get- left ana thoroughly
reliable house. whose offers always
mean just what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden & Bates for
atalogues, Prices and Easy Install
ment Terms, which they send with
cious and wholesome
I CO., NEW vORK.
GIP'S LIVELY EXPERIENCES.
A Renarkabl b Dog and Some Incidents of:
Ili% !Itsy Life.
There is a smll m: nanied Gyp liv
Ing at llaseys. N. J.. and belonging
to Jacob Storms. that has had at one
time and nuother a lot of lively ex
periences; perhaps not as any dog in
(yp's irst experience was with a
passing freight train, which threw him
for a considerable aistance. He was
picked up for dead, but found to be
alive after all. No bones had been
broken. and, carefully treated. it wasn't
very long before he was around again.
With another dog much bigger than
himself Gyp was playing one day in
a shop that took fire. Not much dam
age was done by fire, but the shop was
filled for a time withsuffocatingsmoke.
The big dog was found later lying on
a bench dead; Gyp, down on the floor,
off in one corner by a knothole, with
his nose to the opening. living.
Later Gyp fell out of a second-story
window of a barn and sprained one of
his hind legs. Lying in the road one
day. and of about the same color as
the dust, he was run over by a team,
and one of his forelegs was broken.
It was set and done up in sprints, and
In due time It healed all right and Gyp
went about with sound legs again.
Gyp's most recent lively experience
was with muskrats. He is a great
ratter, and he has the pluck and grit
of a bulldog, but muskrats were just
a little bit too much for him. They
bit him and tore him and scratched
him and used him up very badly, and
poor Gyp had to be carried home In a
wheelbarrow. It was thought at first
that the right thing to do would be to
chloroform him to put him out of his
misery, that he couldn't live: but when
it was considered what he had lived
through before it was thought that he
might come out all right even from
this: and Gyp has justified this expec
tation. ITe is around to-day as lively
as ever. and as sound. barring his teeth
and his tail. He has lost nearly all
his teeth, and the few he has left are
loose; and for a tail he has but a stump
of a few inches, the rest was gone
when he came to Ramsey's. It Is be
lieved that Gyp lost his tail by some
lively experience, and that he has had
other vicissitudes besides those record
ed; but this is only an account of what
has happened to him since he has be
longed to his present owner.
FOR THE FESTIVE PARISIAN.
Uumanageable Charges to Ile Comfortably
Conveyed to Their Destination.
A brilliant idea has struck the police
authorities in Paris. From this day
forward vehicles specially constructed
for the conveyance of festive persons
whom an excess of Iced but strong
drinks, added to the effects of a trop
Ical sun, has brought to the verge of
physical collapse will be provided for
use dt all the police stations In this
city. Some of these new carriages
are already In view. The vehicles are
built on two wheels, and very much
after the pattern of the coster's cart,
save that they are lower, narrower
and longer. The passenger to be con
veyed will be placed on the barrow,
and securely kept on by a belt which
is attached to the sides of the vehicle.
It is confidently believed that the new
cart will prove comfortambly for those
who travel in it, and will make it an
easier matter for the police officials to
conrey unmanageable charges to their
"One more person drunk in a wheel
barrow," will In future be a familiar
phrase here, and the Parisian street
urchin may be expected thus uncon
sciously to take a leaf from the books
of Captian Marryat.
Some smells are dangerous. A single
sniff of highly concentrated prussic
acid will kill a man as quickly as a
shot through the heart.
The odor of a bad egg is due to the
presence of sulphuretted hydrogen, and
the objectionable perfumes of sewer
and bone factories are attributed chief
ly to the same gas.
Chemical labatories are famous for
bad smells. Berzelius, who discovered
the element called "selenium," once
tried the experiment of permitting a
bubble of purehydrogen selenide gas
to enter his nostril. For days after
ward he was not able to smell strong
ammonia. the olfactory nerves being
Selenium gas has the odor of putrid
horse-radish. Tellurium is even worse.
T here is a story of a physician whose
patient, a lady, refused to take an ab
solutely necessary rest because she
was so fond of being always on the
go in society. He gave her a pill con
taining a small quantity of tellium, and
her breath was affected by it to such
an extent that she was not able to
appear In public for a month. She
never guessed wlit the trouble was.
The volatized essential oil of roses Is
supposed to cause "rose cold." This
peculiar complaint is so far nervous In
its character that paper roses Impreg
nated with this oil sometImes excite
Newspapers in the World.
A statistician has learned that the
annual aggregate circulation of the
napers of tile world is calculated to be
12.000.000,000 copies. To grasp an idea
of this magnitude we may state that it
would cover no fewer than 10.450
square miles of surface; that it is print
ed on TS1.:250 tons of paper, and, fur
ther, that if the number, 12.000,000.000,,
represented. instead of copies, seconds.
it would take over 333 years for them
In lieu of this arrangement we might
press and pile them vertically upward
till gradually reaching our highest
mountains. Topping all these, and
even the highest Alps, the pile would
reach the magnificent altitude of 4930
miles, or, in round numbers, 500 mIles.
Calcula.ing that the average man
spends five minutes reading his paper
in the day (this is a very low estimate).
we find that the people of the world
altogether occupy time equivalent to
100,000 years reading the papers.
The moment that a yourng crco
dle breaks its shell It is to all intents
and purposes as active as it Is at any
ime during its life. It will make
straight for the water, even if it be
out of sight and a good distance off,
and It will pursue its prey with eager
ness and agility during the first hour
-f its free existence.
Cattle and Sheep Killed.
The estimate of losses to the cattle
and sheep interests caused b~y the re
cent storms in ('olorado made by State
Veternarian Charles Gresswell. reports
a total of 8200 0)00. covering 4,200 head
of! cattle and 47.500 head of sheep A
large number of sheep and cattle were
killed in Wyoming and northern New
Mlexico at the samne time. but MIr. G ress
well has no data from which to base an
The whole country from M1aine to
Florida and from the Atlantic to the
Pacific is frozen hard. So we have
plenty of company in our struggl-s to
THE RETIRED BURGLAR.
HiL Dflficulties on Once More Taking Up
The Ordinary Ways of Lfe.
"For a long time after I had given
:business." said the retired burglar,
-lh:'Al great difdicuity in accommodat
iig mnyself to the ordinary conditions
"Thre were soine curious things
about this that mi;;ht never occur to
rou at all. For inst-ince, in those days,
if I conie home latf at night, that is,
at the hour at which formerly I had
zne into other peop%1es houses, I never
went in at my own front door; I used
to go in at a cellar window. And then
I ma le it easy for myself. too,. When
I lwked up the cellar nights I used to
lave aa cellar window unfastened so
tiat it was perfectly easy for me to
*'But one night. or one morning
ra'ther. about 2 o'clock, when I got
ar'o'l to that window. I found it
as.tened. and I know well enough what
iiad happened. My wife had a per
Ceet horror of btirglars. and I knew she
must have been around the celiar after
me and soon the window unfastened
Id turnod the buttons. But that was
no iipedimeint to me; it made me
laugh to myself to think how easy
it was, and I opened the window and
id in as usual.
"Besides having a horror of burglars
Py wife was great on pickles and pre
erves and jellies and that sort of
thing. which she used to put up her
elf aind keep down cellar on a hang
ing shelf, consisting of a nice broad
plank suspended by side pieces nailed
o the floor beams overhead. I don't
know how I did it-as a general thing
we never do know how we come to do
things-but when I slid In that night
got turned in some way so that I
was in danger of faling, and I threw
>ut my arm instinctively to save my
elf and my hand touched the end of
that shelf-and 'naturally enough it
2losed over the board. And the sport
>f it was that I yanked that end of
the shelf free from its support and
pulled it down, and the bottles and
lars went slam-scattering down on the
:ellar bottom-and I went down among
The upshot of that experience was
that I stayed in the house six weeks
to repair damages, and as a matter of
fact that aid- more to bring me back
o the ways of other people than any
:hing else. I was half helpless at first,
Ind I gradually became accustomed to
the habits of the house. By the time
I was able to go out again, indeed, I
and quite fallen Into the ordinary ways
and hours of living. I got up when
ather people did and came in early
nights, and came in with a night key
instead of a jimmy, just as natural
as could be."
Snal,; Are in Favor in France.
The stories about the Frenchmen
eating snails are believed by ma'y
people to have no foundation in fact,
but snails are eaten and to a very con
siderable extent in France. Nearly
100.000 pounds weight of snails are
sold daily In Paris markets to be eaten
by dwellers in that city. They are
carefully reared for the purpose in ex
tensive snail gardens in the provinces
and fed on aromatic herbs to give them
3 fine flavor. One such garden in Di
jon is said to bring in to its proprietor
several thousand francs a year.
Many Swiss cantons also contain
large snail gardens, where they are
reared with great pains. They are not,
nly regarded as a great delicacy, but
are considered very nutritous. Hy
ienists state that they contain 17 per
:ent. nitrogenous matter and that they
are equal to oysters in nutritive prop
Snails are also extensively used as an
article of food in Australia, SpaiAl
Italy Efnd Egypt and tne countries on
lie African side of the Mediterranean.
Indeed, the habit of snains as food has
existed in various parts of Europe for
D~sease1 of the Memory.
Writing of diseases of the memory,
a ussian doctor gives an interesting
account of some of the eccentricities f
his patients. In the case of a literary
man. some time previous to his seeking
advice he had been troubled with an
absolute failure of memory.
He could remember exactly every
thing he had done more than a year
ago, but occurrences of later date he
had entirely forgotten. When attack
ed by the disease he was engaged in
writing a novel, ivhich he had half
inished. He remembered the first
half but could not tell how he had
intended to finish it. He was at last
unable to remember whether he had
In another case the patient tells of
his travels, but reports the tales a
dozen times an hour, with the same
phrases. He would play a game of
cards carefully and well; five minutes
afterward he would mention that he
ad not played for weeks. He wouild
say "Good morniny," when the doctor
made his iirst visit of the day, but did
not remembe~)r the visit three minutes
later, if the doctor again looked in.
The research into popular beliefs is
an absorbing and not a pronitlessstudy.
Scarcely a day passes that we do not
run across some piece of superstition
that dates, inl one form or another,
from a far antiquity. Salt Is spilled
at table. and we jest with our neighbor
over the prospect of a quarrel, half
believing in the? sign, though we may
nt know tant the Itomans did the
sae.A dog howls at night, and we -
reall the widespread belief that the
hwling of the dog foretells death, but
forget that our early Aryan ancestors
assigned to the dog the officer of mes
senger from the world of spirits.
The every-day custom is as old as
humanity; the rursery jingle may be
traced back to an origin in the world's
babyhood; the familiar tairy tale
whi'ch delights nineteenth century chil
dren is found in varying forms In all
countries, pointing to a common origin
in a remote age, embodying old Aryan
myths, and giving us interesting in
formation of the conceptions of our
ancestors regarding nature and human
Eu;" For Albumen Paper.
More than 3.000.000 eggs are used
every year in this country for making
the albumen paper that is used in
Water Dearer Than Champagne.
Speaking at a meeting of the London
orporation, Mr. Miller said that owIng
to the system of the water companies
of charging for water upon the ratable
value of premises instead of for the
quantity used, water in Newgate street,
where he had premises, was dearer
The Dromedary's Hump.
The hump on the back of the drome
dary is an accumulation of a peculiar
speies of fat, which Is a store of nour
ishment beneficently provided against
the day of want, to which the animal
is often exposed.
We A11 Know Him.
The man who has a most exasperat
ing laugh is the man who laughs the
longest arnd the loudest. It must be
a great joke to him to think of the
misery be is inflicting upon humanity.
Book of Marble.
At the Srozzi palace, in Rome, there
is a book made of marble, the leaves
bing o 2arvelous8 thinness.
A gir can't be in love and have a