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.voL~~~~~7 xl.MNI(NS . VEINESDAY, MARChl 8, 189.NO,6
To STOP THE STElAL
That Is the Object of Senator
Tillman's Amendment to
THE APPROPRIATION BiLL.
He Is Willing to Complete Every
Battleship Now on the
Stecks, but Without
The coutioversy in the United States
Senate Wednesday over the price of ar
mor plate was then precipitated by Mr
Tillman. who offered an amendment re
ducing the price 6xn by the iil frow
$445 per ton to $300. Speaking ofhat
amendment, Mr. Tillman declare d
millions of dollars were being squand
ered by the government in featheria
the nests of the armor trust and he fell
that the senate and country ought t
know "what kind of a steal was going
on. He said in the course of hi,
speech that he proposed an alternativt
proposition to establi h a government
armor plant so that the Unite
States could say to the armor trust tha,
if it did not supply armor at a proper
price the government would manufac
ture its own armor. He said it wa:
perfectly evide:-.t that the two Pennsyl
vania armor plants had a "pull, what
ever that may mean,' in the othe
house of conigress and were able to hole
up the price of armor. Mr. Tilmai
became involved in a sharp colloqu
with Mr. Gallinger over the subject of
doing government work in private or in
government factories. The latter main
tained the navy department and held
that its work could be done cheaper by
private concerns than by the govern
ment and that accounted for the fact
that private shipyards were busy and
government shipyards idle. Mr. Till
man favored the doing of the work b3
the government, even at an increased
price, for then labor and not capital
would receive the benefits. "Why,"
he demanded, "are we to yield to these
armor thieves, these robbers? Are we
to permit these people to order us to
stand ad deliver? I have deemed it
my duty to protest against these meth
ods and therefore have offered m3
amendment reducing the price to $300
a ton." Mr. Chandler of New Hamp
shire supported the amendment. Mr.
Tillman's amendment was adopted-34
to 26, as follows:
Yeas-Allen, Bacon, Bate, Ber.y,
Butler, Caffery. Chandler, Chilto",
Clay, Cockrell, Daniel, Hansbrough,
Harris, Kenney, Kyle, Lindsay, Mal
lory, Martin, Money, Pasco, Pettigrew.
Pettus, Rawlins, Roach, Ross, Stewart,
Sullivan. Thurston, Tillman, Turley,
Turner, Vest, Wellington, White-34.
Nays-Allison, Burrows, Carter,
Clark, Deboe. Fairbanks, Faulkner,
Foraker, Gray, Hale, Hanna. Hawley,
Hoar. McBride, McEnery, McMillan,
Mantle. Penrose. Perkins, Platt of
Connecticut, Proctor, Serell, Shoup,
Spooner, Teller. Warren-26.
in the course of debate Senator Till
man said he was willing to complete
every battleship on the stocks and pay
$400 a ton for the armor, but he wanted
congress to proceed to the erection of
an armor facLory and thus free the
country from the clutches of the armor
Mr. Butler of North Carolina the~n
offered an amendment providing that if
the companies refused to accept $300 a
ton the secretary of the navy should
cost of $1,500.000 and appropriating
$2,000,000 for operating the plant.
Mr. Butler's amendment 'b'as adopted3
-39 to 27. as follows:
Yeas-Allen, Bacon, Bate. Berry.
.Btler, Caffery, Chandkr. Cockrell,
Daniel, Faulkner, Foraker, Hans
brough, Harris. Jones of Nevada. Lind
say. McLaurin, Mallory, Mantle, Mar.
tin, Money. Nelson. Pasco, Perkins,
Pettigrew, Pettus, -Rawlins, Roach,
Ross, Simon, Stewart. Teller, Thurston,
Tillman, Turley. Turner. \Vest. \\ar
ren, Wellington, White-39.
*Nays-Allison, Burrows, Carter,
Chlton, Clark, Cullom, Deboe, Fair
banks, Frye. Gallinger, Gray, Hale,
Hanna, Hawley, Hoar. Kenney, Kyle.
McBride, McEnery. McMillan, Pen
rose, Platt of Connecticut, Pritchard.
Protor. Shoup, Spooner-27.
*After the -bill had been reported to
the senate from the committee of th.
whole Mr. Pettigrew oojected to the
amendment regarding the authoriza
tion of the Gothnman gun and projectile.
Mr. Bacon of Georgia also made an
~argment against the amendment,
quoting from the report on the subject
of tests of gun and projectile by Capt.
O'Neill, chief of the naval bureau oi
Mr. Hanna replied to the statement
made by Mr. Bacon declaring that boti
gun and projectile had passed beyond
the experimental stage and was a suc
-cess beyond a doubt.
The amendment was agreed to with
the amendment that the secretary of
the navy was authorizcd - in his dis
cretion" to use the gun.
The bill was passed without division.
Give Bryan His Due.
"Thanks to Senator Gorman and the
-.-faithful few in the United States sen
ate the country has been saved from the
*useless burden and danger of a great
-permanent standing army, organized on
political lines for party benefit -
Charleston News and Courier. Thanks
also and in greater mecasure to William
Jennings Bryan, who, when the Demo
cratic party was all at sea as to its pdh
e regarding the increase of the army
deised and urged the solution which
has has no'w happily prevailed. It is a
good thing to have a brainy man like
Bryan as leader of the Demo~cracy. and
The News and Courier ought to give
him his due.---The State.
More Troops for Manila.
The secretary of war has ordere~d the
reinforcement of Gecn. Otis by six regi
ments. These are the Sixth artillery
scattered along the Atlantic coast
States; the Sixth infantry at San An
tnio: the Ninth infantry at Madison
barracks: Thirteenth infantry i i New
York State: TPwenty-first infarntry at
Plattsburg, N. Y., and the sixteenti
infantry at fort Crook and neighborin
posts in the middle west. These regi
ments have been ordered to make reaa~
to proceed to San Francisco and then t<
THE UNITED STATES ARMY.
The Democrats in Congress Made a
The Democrats' gained every impor
tant point fr which thxey contCled iii
the framing of the army bill, and the
ueaL-ure as ameneud by them is far
more satisfactory than it was in iti vrig
inal form. The best of all the anjand
ments of the nieasure is that offered by
Senator Gorman, which was adopted
after a sharp debate. It I rovides for a
reduction of the army on July 1. 1901,
to the number allowed by law on March
31, 1S9F. This removes the apprehen
sion that the country would be commit
ted to a larae standing army.
The bill as it passed the senate pro
vides for a regular army of :S.000 offi
cers and men, wihieh may be increased
in the discretion of the president to not
exceeding 65,000 enlisted men, and an
additional volunteer force of 35,000 "to
meet the present exigencies of the rail
itary service." The three-battalion
ind squadron organization is provided
for in the infantry and cavalry regi
.nents. and the artillery regiments are
to consist of fourteen batteries each
two of which may be organized as field
artillery. The maximum strength in
enlisted men of a company of infantry
sill be sixty-five; of a troop of cavalry.
sixty-five, of a battery of artillery.
eighty. The number of regimental or
4anizations will remain as at present
twenty-five regiments of infantry, ten
>if cavalry and seven of artilery. With
this organization the theoretical maxi
mum of eulisted men would be 35,140,
with nearly 3.000 officers in the line
and staff departments.
There is now serving under the Fed
eral flag a regular army nearly equal in
numerical strength to the force of (;5,
009 men which the president may re
cruit under the terms of this army re
organization bill, and in addition there
are about 50,000 volunteer troops-the
tatter being 16,500 strong in the Philip
pines. In Cuba there are at the pres
ent time 33,000 volunteers; the regu
lar army on that island being represent
ed by about 12,500 troops. There are
12,700 regulars in the Philippines, and
8,000 more are now on the way to Ma
nila in five transport ships.
It is believed that 5,000 troops will
be sufficient for Porto Rico and Hawaii
as there are no signs of trouble in either
of these new possessions. The army
bill makes no material alteration in the
fighting strength or territorial disposi
tion of the forces already in the field.
[he Democrats in congress are to be
congratulated upon the successful fight
they have made against the imperialist
principle which was embodied in the
original army bill. They improved the
measure immensely.-Atlanta Journal.
Soldirse at the Grave.
A New York regiment ercamped at
Greenville, S. C., or rather a detach
ment from the regiment, did an act a
few days ago that is~ go:ng the rounds
of the newspapers and securing for
them complimentary mention. lhefu
neral of Captain John MeFall, a Confed
erate veteran, took place at Greenville.
and during the services at the grave
in the cemetery a detachment of the
Two Hundred and Second New York
regiment, now in camp at Greenville,
marched into the grounds under the
charg' of a sergeant. and, taking posi
tions by the grave, bared their heads
in respect to the memory of him who
had worn the gray. The Greenville
News says the ideident attracted much
attention and was favorably comment
ed upon throughout the city. We see
it referred to editorially in the Balti
more Sun as "a touching incident." and
no doubt it will go the rounds. There
has never been any lack of followship
between real soldiers. Pestiferous po0
liticians are the ones who have en
couraged bitterness, but even their
power to do harm in this regard is over,
and it was as natural for the New York
soldiers to do this as it would have been
for Georgia or Carolina soldiers.
Bef'ore the beginning of the trouble
with the Filipinos Admiral Dewey and
Gerr. Merritt said that "not 5,000 troops
would be needed in the Philippines,"
vet we now have 20,000 men there, and
7,000 more and the battleship Oregon
on the way. Does any inte ligent man,
not blinded by the light that streams~
roml the source of federal patronage.
doubt but that the statement of these
two well ioformed commanders woull
have been veritied except for the weak
and vacillating policy of M~r. 31eKin
lev?~ His satellites claim that there
would have been no difficulty in the
way of satisfactory adjustment of the
problem if the insurgents had not been
encourag'ed by the position of the anti
impeialists in this country. That is
a"urd. The fears of Aguinaldo and
his followers would n yver have been
aroused if the executive had promptly
disclaimed any intentien of treating
the population otherwise than as a sub'
jugated people who had no rights the
victor felt bound to respect.-Columibia
IThe Rita Prize Money
In the United States District Court
in Charleston Thursday Clerk C. J. C.
Hutson made out and Judge Brawley
signed 295 checks to the officers and
men of the cruiser Yale for their share
of the money accruing from the sale of
the Spanish Rita prize. After the Rita
had been captured by the Yale and had
been sent here the government bought
her fot $125,000. The prize money to
be divided was $59.000. Capt. Wise
of the Yale was sent a check for $S.991,
and the smallest amount received by a
seaman was $6
May Succeed Simonton.
3tieh interest is manifested in the
news that Senator 31eLaurin, of South
Carolina, may succeed Judge Simonton.
when the latter retires. Several mem
bers of the South Carolina delegation
have been seen, but no one could be
found who would confirm the publish
ed reports. The senator is known to
be very friendly to the administration,
and the president is said to regard Sen
Iator 31eLaurin very highly.-Columbia
Fifty walnut trees in Cass county,
ihigan. were recently sold for $10
000. These trees have now been fell
ed and will be shipped to English buy
ers. The largest tree was seven feet
in diameter, at its base, and will yield
A Dispensary Constable Shot and
Killed in Columbia.
HAD SERVED BUT ONE DAY.
The Fatal Shot Was Fired by
W. B. Meetz Jr., Who
Surrenders to the
Another tragedy was enacted in the
streets of Columbia on Tuesday night
of last week. Alex Cartledge had had
his commission as State constable but
24 hours when he was shot by W. B1.
Meetze. Jr. The youth of the parties
concerned makes the affair a very sad
one. Cartledge cannot be more than.24
years old and Meetze is even younger.
Both have becn raised in Columbia and
are quite well known here. The affair
occurred on Gervais street. near, Gates.
in that quarter where there are a num.
ber of tumble down wooden stores in
which restaurants are conducted. It
was just in front of the store of Tom
.Lane, colored, tbout four doors from
the southeast corner of Gates and
Gervais streets, that young Cartledge
The State says from all that can
be gathered, Cartledge was iroing down
Gervis street toward the union - depot.
In front of the Negro re-taurant kept
by Tom Lane he met Willie Meetzt.
Charlie Stone and another whose name
cannot be learned.
Meetze twitted Cartledge with being
a dispensary spy. Cartledge replied
that he was not a spy. The lie was
passed and they clinched. When they
first grappled, so it is stated by one of
the witnesses, they were on the side
nearest the store. Several shots were
then fired in rapid succession. Cart
ledge fell back and told Meetz that he
had shot him. In the scufflie they had
crossed the sidewalk. Stone pulled
Meetze away and started with him
through the Negro's store. They went
out into the back yard. Meetze then
disappeared and Stone walked on back
through the store.
Officers Dowie and Strickland were
on adjoining beats. They hastened to
the scene of the shooting. They found
Cartledge sitting down on the steps of
the store just above Lane's toward Gates
street. The officers called for a carri
age, and when it came endeavored to
assist Cartlege into it. But the boy
was so weak that he fell on the bridge
which crosses the drain. Seeing that
he was desperately hurt and that life
might be extinct in a few moments,
officer Strickland had Cartledge to dic
tate an antemort m statement to Mr.
Joe Daly, who came up at this time.
Cartledge was very weak and his voice
scarcely audible, but he managed to
gasp, Bill Meetze, Charlie Stone and
Joe came up and cursed me and
then fired on me. Bill Meetze did all
the shooting. His voice was so weak
that the name of the third party could
not be learned.
It was fully ten minutes befcore Drs.
Knowlton and Gibbes could be gotten
to the scene of the shooting, and it was
several minutes later befcre the patrol
wagon arrived. The wounded man was
placed in the wagon and was taken to
the Columbia hospital. He called fee
bly for his father, who came up before
they left, and asked his son who shot
him. It is said that his father endea
vored to comfort young Cartledge by
saying that he would be avenged.
This, however, was stated by but one
When young Cartledge was placed in
the patrol wagon, a pair of knocks fell
out of his pocket. and in another pocket
wasa flask of whiskey, according to the
statement of Officer Dowie. Not a sin
gle witness has been found who saw a
pistol on Cartledge's person, and several
sytahehad none during the whole
Chief Daly and Sergt. JIones. accom
panied by Officers Dowie and Strick
land, instituted a search for MIeetze,
but he could not be found. At 10.20
o'clock young Meetze's father walked
into the police station to inform the
chief to discontinue the search as his
son had surrendered to Sheriff Cath
cart. He says that young Meetze wtnt
home after the shooting to allay the
fears of his mother. He th -a started
to the county jail to deliver himiselt,
and met hi., father, who accompanied
him. Mr. Meetze cautioned his son
not to open his mnoutn on the subject
to anyone. He says thit there ar'e
four eye witnesses who are not known
to the poli,:e authorities ahnd who can
give valuable testimony in behalf of
Win. Parker and Tom Lane, both
colored, are the only witnesses frotm
whom anything could be obtained last
night. Another Negro, Sitm Lorick. is
said to have been an eye witness, but
he could not be found. La.ne was not
an eye witness. He was in his store
when the shooting occurred. Parker
saw part of the affair, and his story is.
substantially that told above. There
is consideralde difference of opinion as
to the number of shots fired.. Some
say three, others four, and offieer Dowie
counted five shots. four in rapid *. suc
cession, and one a few seconds later.
Meetze. Stone arnd Cartledge were all
members of company K, First South
Carolina regiment. Both are said to be
impetuous and dangerous. Mcetze has
the reputation of being true to his
friends but easily excited and danger
ous to those whom he dislikes. There
is not known to have been any hard
feeling between thenm at the time.
Meetze is a son of Mr. W. B. Meetze
who conducted an original packege
store in Columbia before the supreme
ourt decided against these agencies.
Cartledge is a son of ex-ispenser J.
C Cartledge, and was himnself a clerk in
Sott's dispensary at the time when it
w~as involved in trouble
In the darkness of the street the phy
icans were unable to make but a cur
or examination of young Caitledge's
wounds. When he was taken to the
hoptal he was too weak to stand an
operation. At 12.30 o'clock last night
Dr R. W\. Gibbes stated that lie was
very low' and his condition extremely
critical. There are three wounds. One
in the chest about midway of his body:
a second five inches below in a straight
line, and in the abdomen, and the third
in his right wrist. Either of the first
txo wiol be !:ingerou. bmt th1e wound
t abd'-,.'n-n will in :ll probability
At If iniutcs ti o'clock Wednes
:. norining the State recive intelli
1n*. frn he opia that young)
Cirled"e was dead.
WA - 'NOT .% (O NST A 13 1E.
As to the cotnstabulary part of it,
Car:!edge was not one. thoughli he for
somie rea.ou claimed to be. le told
several people so. getliemen whose ye
racity is unquestioned. What induced
him to make such statements arc un-1
known. for Mr. W. V. Harris. clerk of'
t lie governor for the constabulary de
partment, says that he has never been
commissi.Iwd and was in no way con
ne('ted with the for.-e. Ile says that
only yesterday (iri ledge met him and
showed him a petitin for apio:ntinent
and he wanted to take it up to the man
sion. Mr. Harris to'd hini not to, that
there was little chance of hii receiving
the appointment any wav and that the
governor was too ill to see him. Mr.
Harris says that is the only convorsa
tion ever passed between him and Cait
ledge on the subject. Bat there is no
doubt that young Cartledge led people
to believe he was a cnstible. Yester
d!ay he h.id somuc words with a citizen
about searhing premises and the citi
zen welt to have him put under a peace
bond but notiiing came of it. While
the fact of Cartledgesz being a consta
ble or not has no legal bearing on the
homicide. still it appears th.t the fact
that 1-e said he was uhimately led to
RESULTS OF THE BLIZZARD.
What Damage has been Done to Crops
in Various States.
The Chicago Tribune last Friday
published dispatches from States in
which the crops have been injured by
the severe weather of February. The
statistics show the following condi
Illinois -Wheat not damaged in cen
tral section, but injured in southern
Iowa-Peach crop destroyed; pears
and apples damaged.
Wisconsin-Winter wheat injured;
potatoes in pits frozen.
Michigan-Potatoes in pits 40 pei
cent. crop; peaches 60 per cent. crop.
Nebraska-Peaches, pears and apples
Missouri-Meagre fruit prospects.
Kansas-Small apple crop; strawber
Georgia-Peaches, prunes and pears
all killed; early vegetables ruined.
Florida-Citron fruit and trees dam
aged 15 per cent.; general fruit crop 30
per cent. better than last year; 00 per
cent. of vegetable crop destroyed.
Vi.ginia-Full yield in apples; early
vegetables and berries damaged. .
Louiiana-Loss to oraue crop $8M0
000 to $1,000,000; truck farmers' loss
$500,000; sugar cane damaged.
West Virginia-Wheat crop all right;
potatoes 60 per cent. crop; apples 10
per cent. crop; live -stock suffered se
Alabama-Market gardens complete
loss; wheat prospects fine.
North Carolina-Growing vegetables
safe; peach buds injured; snow saves
South Carolina-Wheat, oats and
fruit trees safe; damage to vegetables
and fruit blossoms in State $100,000.
- Kentucky--Peach crop killed; wheat
5 per cent. crop: apples all right.
California-Lemon and orange crop
short; apricots damaged: rain needed
Delaware-Peach crop) almost a tot al
loss; pear crop short;,plums, raspberries
and blackberries killed.
Maryland Honors Schley.
Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Sehley
received Tuesday from the people of
Marland, his native State, a superb
testimonial of the esteem in which he
is held by the people of Maryland and
of their appreciation of his services to.
the country during the late 'war with
Spain. Incidentally, he was cheered
by thousands as he rode through the
streets of Baltimore. a.nd at night 400
of the representuve men of the c'ty
and State gathered to witness the pre
sentation of the testimonial and join
in banquet given in his honor. The
testimonial proper took the form of a
uaificent medal of gold and dia
mond-. the gift of Mars land, presented
in the name of the State. by Gov. Lloyd
Loxa 'es. The medal, in the shape of
the Mar' land coat-of-.arms, is made' of
gola in base relief and enamel, sur
rounded by a circle of dianouds..arond
.dhich is anu oak wr.-ath *ent siued with
diamouds, held by a ribbon .of blue
enamel. thte edge of which is set with
iiamonds an~d on which is the inscrip
tion: -'M.ryland honors 'htr. son
Winlield Seatt Schley.'
Beware tihe Celluloid Comb.
At Chillicothe, C) . Miss Sallie Yan
meter, daughter of Jyudge J. M. Van
meter. and :v of the leaders of society
there.' was leaning over an open fire
when a celluloid comb in her hair ex
plodcd, and an instant later her hair
was in a blaze. Persons near by smoth
ered the flames before they had inflict
Ied serious injury, but not before a great
dal of her hair had been burned off.
At Wheeling, W. Va.. while Miss
Mary Connor was raking the coals ini a
grte a celluloid comb which the young
lady wore in her hair exploded from the
heat. burning her seriously about the
head and face. This was tihe second
accident of the same kind o~curring
there within a week. At Zanesville,
., Miss Lulu Moorehead, while try
inz to deep warm. got too near a grate
fire. c.1d a celluloid comb in her hair
inited. A splendid head of hair is
gone and her scalp is badly burned.
Hanna and His Man.
Senator Hlanna has invited Presi
dent Mc Kiniley to go with him this
wek to is place at Thonuasville, Ga..
Ifor a rest, and the president has prom
ied to dto so if the piublie business is
in suenl conaiin as to permit his
absene. If the trip is made it will be
solly or hepurpose of securing rec
retowich~ the president is in need
of after hisi long strain in connection
with the Spanish war.
The p'resident Thursday niominiated
Assistant Naval Constructor Richmond
P. Hlobson to be advanced 10 numbers,
from No. 1 of the iist of assistant naval
constructors to he No. S on the list of
navals constructors for extraordinary
South Carolina the Second Cot
ton Manufacturing State.
MASSACHUSETTS IS FIRST.
Some Interesting Statistics About'
the Spinning of Yarns and
Making Cloth in the
The C.lhunbia State, after thorough
ly investigating the figures, announces
the fact that South Carolina will rank
second among the States of the Union
in the production of cotton cloth. The
State says "this statement may startle
those who have iot kept in touch with
the manufacturing progress of the State,
but if the number of looms be an index
to the turnout of cloth-as, on the aver
age, it must be-we have high New
England authority for the claim. C.
A. Dockham & Co., of Boston, publish
annually a textile directory of the
United States which is recognized as an
authority. Advance sheets of their di
rectory for 1896 show the number of
spindles and looms employed in the
manufacture of cotton, wool and
silk in 1896 and 1898 in each of the
States of the Union. From them we
make up the following ta'bles showing
the changes in the number of cotton
looms which have occurred in two years I
in the ten leading textile manufactur
Massachusetts. 1S5.S06 I
Rhode Island. .. 41406
Njew Hampshire... 35,09 3
South Carolina......31,092 4
Maine ............24,189 5
Pennsylvania... 21,802 6
Connecticut ...... 20,752 7
North Carolina.. .. 20,720 8
Georgia.. ..17,789 9
New York..........15,420 10
Massachusetts ..... 1S2193 1
Rhode Island.. .. .40,065 2
South Carolina...... 38,293 3
N.w Hampshire . . 35230 4
Maine. . ...24,139 5
North Carolina. . . 23,704 6
Connecticut".... 21 , 926 7
Pennsylvania. .. . .. 1,990 8
Georgia.....*. .... 18,504 9
New York.......... 15,474 10
"It will b.seen that in two years
South Carolina has risen from fourth to
third place and North Carolina from
eighth to sixth place; while New Hamp
shire has fallen from third to fourth
and Pennsylvania from sixth t,) eighth.
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine
and Pennsylvania have suffered an
actual falling off in the number of their
looms. The net loss of the seven north
ern States in two years was 6.434 looms:
South Carolina's gain was 7.201 looms;
the combined gains of North Carolina.
and Georgia were 3,699 looms, or half
of South Carolina's gain. Sa much for
the changes up to last year.
"As for 1899, a ccnsideration of the
figures and known facts will pro.e that
South Carolina must take second place
before the year is out. The fi.aures
show that in 1898 this State lacked only
1792 looms of equalling Rhode Island's
total. But in Rhode Island the num
ker is decreasing or stationary. while
in South Carolina many more than the
number required to make up the differ
'ence are now being installed or' have
been ordered. By the close of the year
this State will be in second place, never
to lose it except to take first place. Ap
plying the same facts and figures, we
can forsee that befr-e next January
North Carolina will have dislodged
Maine from fifth place andl Georgia
taken Pcnnsylvania's place, now eighth.
"In spindles South Carolina is mnak
ing as great an increase as in looms, al
though, because of the number of sepa
rate yarn mills in New England, she
does not rank as high. The following
figures for the same years show the
changes in the spinning business:
Masahusetts. .....79,642 1
Rhods sland...2.104.060 2
New Ham pshire .... 1.308 802 3
Connee icut...- ..:. -..1.045 937 4
Souih Carolina. . 997.185 . 5
Maine ..... .... .. .. 96 304 6
North Carolina.... 910.474 7'
Gergia-..-.-..-.-.... 731.238 S
New York..........-717 423.9
Pennsylvania ... .. .. 464.17 10
Masachusetts.- ....90 7.388 1
Rhode Island....2,132 350 2.
New idampshire..1,323.378 3
South Carolina..1...l.0. 536 4.
North Carolina.....1.029.924 6
Mairie.............908. 208 7
New York.:.. .... ...735.971 9
Pennsylvania... .. . .43.435 10
"It will be seen that South Carolina
has taken fourth place. Connecticut
dropping to fifth, and that North Caro
lina has advanced to sixth place,
dislodging Maine. The prediction
may be made with confidence that by
the end of this year South Carolina
will have passed New Ihampshire. tak
ing third place. North Carolina will
have displaced Connecticut at fifth and
Georgia will have risen to seventh
place, sending Maine to eighth. The*
differences arc all small and easily over
come at the present rate of southern
progress, the industry in the east re
maining, as at present, nearly stat ion
ary. Thle following table shows the
gans in spindles made in the two years,
16-98 and will illustrate the pro
grss of the Southern States, especially
1896. 1898. Gains.
S.~ C..... 997.000 1,260.000) 263.000
NC. .. 910.000 1,029.000 119,00
Aa.....231.000 314,0"'0 83.000
Georc'ia ..731.1000 7990P 68.000IP
I hode Island gained only 25.200
spiidles, New Ilaumpshire 14,576 and
Conncticut 13.307. while. Maine lost.
8,09 anG d Peunsylvania 25. 2 In
two or thiree vears South Urolina will
take from Rhode Island second place
in spinning. as she takes from her this.
year second place in weaving. After
that Massachusetts only will be ahead
of her. The Bay State has a very long
1l1ad, ut-lnho ad doen't count
for much with a mauufacturing sprinter
lik e South Carilina. At her present
rate of progress shc will catch up be
fore ten years are over. Anyway, that
8,.00.000 spindle total makes a shining
and oleasant mark to aim at."
DON'T LIKE THE CUBANS.
Chaplain Murray Writes to Governor
Ellerbe About Cuban Officers.
Goi vcrnor Ellerbe reventiy received
the following letter from the Rev. P.
A. Murray. chaplain of the Second
South Carolina regimen:. now at Camp
Columbhia, near Habana:
Dear Sir and Brother: I see from
papers you are 3ouuined to your room.
Let me assure you that I deeply regret
to hear of your illne-s, and sincerely
hope you will soon. be yourself again.
Our regiment is away now on a marea.
They were to be gone 10 days, but for
some reason they have begun the re
turn march and will reach camp here
tomorrow night or Sunday morning. I
did not go, but remained to look after
the sick men in the hospital. We have
quite a ru'.b:r in ti.e hospital, three
or four of whom are ,riou1ly sick. We
lost two men this week. both typhoid
cases. We have about 10 other cases
of typhoid fever. Most of the talk now
is of getting home. The boys, and
most of the officers as well, are suffici
ently amused with camp life. It is
the same thing every day, nothing to
break the monotony. I think most of
regiu-e it would really prefer a little
fighting to the present inactivity. A
large part of the Cuban army consists
of black Negroes and I'm sure they will
not be prepared for anything like a
civilized (I mean self-government) gov
ernment for at least 100 years. The
editor of The State gives a very differ
ent idea I know, but with his views,
seeing for myself, I'm not prepared to
agree. There are some nice people
here, but they are decidedly in the
minority. The majority will object
to any kind of law and any form of gov
ernment. A large number of men now
composing the Cuban army will in fu
ture constitute a lawless element and to
the extent we give them good laws, ju'st
to that extent will they hate us. They
are a lazy, ignorant crowd and will al
ways give trouble. To ride a Cuban
pony, carry a machete and play soldier
is the height of ,heir ambition. They
are not fitted for times of peace. I'm.
Lere getting along pleasantly in some
respects with my work. Army life
is demoralizing on the boys, and in
some instances, I fear, on the officers, I
hope I have done some good. r think
at least I have helped to cheer sone of
sick. I sincerely hope you will be able
to keep up a spirit of cheerfulness and
of hope, and that the good Lord will
restore you to health. I could tell you
'much about the customs and peculiari
ties of these peopole. They are very
amusing at times.
Asking for the blessing of our Heav
enly Father, I remanin yours sincerely,
P. A. "Murray,
Chaplain Second S. C. V. I.
Blue and Jenkins.
The attention of the ladies who are
securing funds for the Victor Blue tes
timonial is invited to the letter of Theo
dore Roosevelt on John 31ieah Jenkins
of South Carolina. 'who at Las Guasi
inns so-distinguished himself that "a
the request ot all the other captains"
he was promoted from junior captain to
acting major. and beeause of his gal
lantry at San Juan promoted to major;
who, in the Kettle hill charge followed
the Spaniards into their lines "practi
cally by hinmseli" -and "had to bere
called,' "his hat shot from his head
and his coat almost in tatters." South
Caroi.:a women are going to honor a
brave representative of this State in the
navy: let thorm also honor a hero it con
tributed to tihe army. M1ake it a Blue
and Jenkins testimonial !-The State.
A Fatal Fight
The Rev. John Rexroad, a Baptist
ministar of Lewis county, WV. Va., and
a wealthy landowner, will lose his life,
and his neirhbors, Clark, Simmons auid
Jas. Bonnett, also farmers, will be tried
for murder as the result of a quarrel
over rails from a line fence. The wind
blew the rails on the Rexroad land.
Simmons and Bo.nhett went to recover
themi . Rexcoad met them and a fist
fight ensued in whijh Simmons was
vorsted. All parties ar ned themselves
arid returned1 to the rails, when they all
fired simuh anieously. Re.groad was
mortally wounded. The ot hers escaped
ijury. but were arrosted. Simmons
is expresident of'the contr court.
WVant Eggs Badly.
A dealkr ia Savannah, Gzi., has just
shipped l.000 dozen ecns to Tibana.
for which lhe will receive- 1. 60 per
dozen. The order came before the bliz
ard and the egg famine. At the time
esirs in Iiabana were worth five cents
~ea-h. The freeze cut off the 'supply
and the dealer cabled that he could not
fill the order lower than $1.00 a dozen.
Tfhe reply came back to ship them any
way, It is said he paid around 30 and
40 cents per dozen.
A Fast Train.
The great rcord of the Burlington
route, between Chicago and Burlington,
made on ed of January. was eclipsed
on the 18th. when the actual running
time was 502 miles in 48 . minutes.
Including stops, it was 554 minutes, at
several places. for many miles, the
speed was over a hundred miles an
hour, and this, too, with a very heavy
train. It is hardly possible to 'conceive
of such speed, but the offieial records
admit of no mistake.
A Hard World.
A homeless wanderer found the front
door of the Seond Presbyterian church
in Charlotte. open a f'ew days ago. It
was w:.rm within and entering lhe ate
his frugal w eal. le was detected, re
rorted to the police, and when taken
iefore the mayor was fined 57.50. hut
failing to pay up lie was sent to the
chaingaag. What a hard world this
They All Dodged.
A Joplin ~.'.. paper says a wi:uan
preacher at that place recntly Stoppe~d
in the mniddle of a disecurse, and, ic:k'
ing up a Bible, said she was going to
thrw it at a man wvho was aunaitlhful
to his wife. As she swung her arm for
ward cevery man in the church but one
ducked under the seat. Hie was a deaf
HE WAS A SWINDLER.
A Negro Buncoes a Great Many of
His Own Color.
A special dispatch from Washington,
Ga., to the Augusta Chronicle says:
The disappearance of a tall black Ne
gro with about $300 belonging to the
Negiocs of this town and county has
caused much indignation and excite
ment among them.
About two months ago a tall, black
Negro came to this place representing
himself to be a minister of the gospel,
a doctor of medicine and a lawyer. By
his pleasing manners he soon won the
confidence of a great many of his color,
and was dined and pampered to a con
He brought with him a catalogue of
Sears, Roebue & Co., the great de
partment store of Chicago, Ill. He
said he had the interest of the oppress
ed Negroes at heart, and the above
mentioned firm had sent him here to
sell them all classes of goods at whole
sale prices. He agreed to take in pay
ment their notes payable next fall with
out interest, provided /they would pay
the freight charges in advance. He
collected 50c. from one as freight on a
buggy, 75c. from another for freight on
10r pounds of meat, $1 from a poor
country Negro as freight on ten sacks
He was also representative of abuild
ing and loan association, and collected
$10 fr.om an intelligent Negro preacher
as lawyer's fees for drawing up papers
ani application for a loan of $1,000,
with whichthe preacher was going to
build a church. In addition to the
loan he was to furnish him with a car
riage to go to the church in.
He sold every conceivable article of
merchandise, and was special agent for
everything and everybody. He was to
have a solid train load of provisions,
guano, buggies, wagons, dry goods,
etc., to arrive here March 1, and just
before the tinie he skipped for parts
unknown. The Negroes are trying to
raise $50 to offer as a reward for the
erstwhile Dr. Murray.
AN AWFUL TRAGEDY.
A Woman With Her Two Children
An appalling tragedy occurred the
other day on the steamer Orion, as the
vessel was making her way from Santos
in Brazil to-.Geroa. Among the pas
Eengers was a family named Fdrrarini,
the members of which were natives of
Modena. The family comprised the
father, mother and four children, who
were returning to Italy with a snug lit
tle fortune which the father had accu
mulated in Brazil. During the voyage
Mr. and Mrs. Forrarinifrequently quar
reled, the husband aceusing the wife
of improper conduct, and she retorting
that he was insane through unfounded
jealousy. Finally in presence of all
the passengers the husband made an
awful charge in regard to the two
youngest children, winding up his in
vective by saying that he would not ac
knowledge them. At thisthe wife be
came beside herself with indignation,
and, catching the two little ones in her
arms, she sprang to the side of the ves
sel and flung herself overboard. The
witneseses of this horrible act were for
the moment petrified with amazement.
Then the captain was notified. the ves
sel was stopped and boats were hastily
launched in the hope of saving the
three unfortunates. This hope, how
ever, was soon seen tobe baseless. The
sturdy seamen did their best, but the
sea had engulfed its prey, and the bod
ies could not be recovered. When
Forrarini saw that the search'was use
less, he abandoned himself to despair,
and it soon became evident that he
was losing entire, command of himself.
Consequently a close watch was kept
over his movements, but he eluded his
watchers, and on the third day after
bis wife had drowned herself and the
two youngest children, lie too. flung
himself overboard and met with the
same death. There were now only twe
children left. and when the vessel ar
rived at -Genoa they were handcd over
to the care of the anthorities.
A ilrilung sry.
The race of the courier of United
States Judge Clayton's court for the
ife of Walla Tonka, the condemned
C.octaw Indian was won by a hairs
breadth by -the courier, who inade the
wild ride .from South McAlester to
Alikehi. Waila .Tonda was to have
been shot Monday morning for the
murder of his un le and had, come to
the execution grounds, as he had p:L'm
ised to do, having been at liberty pend
ing final action by the court. Last
week a reprieve for a rehearing of the
case was ordered by Judge Clayton,
the courier dispatched on tha eighty
mile journey. Rain was falling in tor
rents and there was every cause for fear
that he could not make Alikchi, as he
had but one broncho to carry him the
distance. It was after midnight 'Sun
day moroing when the rider reached
the flooded Kianuchi river. Here he
stopped till daylight and then with his
hand on the pommel of his saddle swam
the-stream with his pony. The pony
was almost exhausted when Big creek
was reached and a long detour was
necessaary, which caused hours of de
lay. Night came and more rain when
the Seven Devil's hill was reached the
broncho fell to the ground with the
rider, and both slept, though but ten
miles from Alikehi. Before dawn they
were up again and finally the bron
cho bearing the courie1, staggered
to the execution grounds where the wit
ness, executioners and stolid Walla
Tonka were waiting the tnc fatal mom
ent. The Indian heard his reprieve
without comment and will appear be
fore Judge Clayton forthwith.
' Took Them In.
A trio of smart young men took in
the unsophistieated in Pennsylvania by
sending out circulars stating that they
would, to introduce their goods, give
ten yards of silk for one dollar. The
unsopisticated that bit got in return
fr the~ one dollar ten yards of silk
the. As a rule, people don't give
s mrethig f.>r nothina.
Gen.. Toral Arrested.
A dispatch from Madrid says Gener
:l Toral. who commanded the Spanislh
trops at Santiago de Cuba, has been
arreted and imprisorted, previous to
being tried by courtmartial on the
charge of capitulation to General Shaf
ter at tht n1.cem TnJly 14, last
SOME PLAIN TALK
Indulged In by Senator Tillman to
the Outlook Club.
SYNOPSIS OF HIS REMARKS.
He Tells the New Jersey People
That the Negro Will Never
Have Equal Rights in
United States Senator Benjamin R.
Tillman, of South Carolina, and the
Rev. Dr. A. H. Bradford, of the First
Congregational church of Montclair, N.
J., talked before the Outlook club
there recently on "The Race Question
in the South." Senator Tillman, after
drawing a picture of the ruin and deso
lation caused in !,is land by the civil
"The white man is superior to the
colored man, and, God helping us, we
will maintain that superiority. Your
great soldier, Grant, sent to my coun
try in 1876 a regiment of ten companies
to maintain carpet bag government.
Those troops had orders to compel a
free vote and a fair count. They did
their duty as they saw it. They main
tained law and order, although there
were 5.200 blacks - to 3,500 whites.
What do you reckon our majority was?
Three thousand nine hundred. Can
Tammany beat that? Can Philadelphia
beat it? We beat these people by out
voting ands outeounting them, and we
admit it. We can't repeal the- four..:
teenth and fifteenth amendments ex-.
cept by force and fraud. 'I told the
senators this in Washingtonuand then I.
said: 'What are you going to do about
it? In the North it is a question of
white rascals against white rascals. In
the South it is a contest between An
glo-Saxon superiority and civilization
and degraded, corrupt and corruptible
"We called a constitutional conven
tion and created a constitution under
which every man must be able to read
or write or pay taxes on $300. Under
that constitution 90 per cent. of the
whites and 10 per cent. of the blacks
vote. The colored people are a happy
go-lucky, immoral, untruthful, unrelia
ble race. There are exceptions 'and
bright ones, but I speak of the great
mass. They were unfit for the ba6ot'
and are now, because they are lacking
in that moral fibre which gives them
sound judgment, and~they can be led
away by any shrewd and sharp rascal.
I simply recognize my superiority to
the blaek man and. -am.,willingsto- con
sent to his life, liberty and happinesw
so long as he does not step on my feet.
(Laughter.) Take a pilgrimmage to
the South. Settle in any part you may
please, and if you don't come North
convinced that my view is the right
one-why, then, I'll stand treat. I
have a Negro. on my plantation 27 years
old. I would trust him with my wife
and child and he would die 'protecting
them, but he ain't fit to vote. You
can't alter what God has made and
though this or that Negro may be a de
cent man or an honest man, yet the
tiger is loosened in a white man's bosom
without regard to consequences when
the two races come in contact."
Speaking of the Negro from the in
dustrial standpoint, Senator Tillman
said: "He is by nature and by every
instinct of his soul a loafer. His one
purose i-n life is to get somethihg to
eat for today, with no thought for the
future. In consequehce, the Southern
States lag behind the North because of
the lack of thrift in its laboring class.
But don't think that the Negro does all
the work. The South produces 11,000,
000 bales of cotton last year and one
half of it was raised by white men. If
any- commonwealth will give us one
good industrious white man for three
niggers, we'll swap as long they'll keep
up the exchange. We've got the wiw
man's burdeh down there."
"In closing, the speak-er said: "We.
are edacating them, but even if they
ec-n learn, we don't propose to have
them govern us. We'll use the shot
Dr. Brdod in reply, Aenied that
wve "can't alter what God has made."
He said: "1rhat s what we are doing
all the time.' He read statistics and
letters from various institutions of
leirning in the Norta, showing that the
Negro was capable of taking a high in
A Terrible Crime.
A dispatch from Clay Centre, Kan.,
says a murder was discovered this even
ing in Theistone township, this coun
ty. A neighbor, going to the home of
John Gilb-erts, found Mrs. Gilberts and
her four children murdered. The boy
was nine years old and the three girls
three, five and seven years .respective
ly. The family had not been seen
since Tuesday night. The door was
found locked and the husband missing.
Came In Troops.
Misfortunes follow some men in rap
id succession. The Maryland papers
tell of a farmcr in that state who three
weeks ago lost three children from dip
theria. the next week his barns and sta
bles were burned, and with them his
stock, farming implements and grain,
and the third week his house burned in
the night and he and his wife and re
miaining child were almost frozen be
fore they reached a ncighbors house.
A Remarkable Case.
Since May, 1897, a native of Wau
kesha, Wis., has lived and even at times
performed light work with two bullets
in his brain. By the aid of X-rays one
was located at the base of the 'rain,
right over the spinal column, and the
other in the roof of the orbit. The
case has baffled the skill of physicians
who say that according to all rules of
IinedicalI science he should be dead.
For the Veterans
Senator Tilbran secured the adop
tion by the United States Senate on
Wednesday of a resointion~ authorizing
the secretary of war to loan the execu
tive committee of the United Confeder
ate veterans for their reunion to be
Iheld in Charleston. S. C., on May 10,
1899, 10.000 cots. 10,00~0 mattresses
and 2.000 tents.