Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV. MANNIN., .C..., WIDNESDAY, AAIRN''1 29., 189
STREETS OF A LIl.
Dr. Talmage Contrasts Their
Splendor and Woe.
SHAMS AND PRETENSIONS.
Unlike the Democratic Principle
of the Gospel ofChrist. Temp
tations for the 'Unwary.
Work for Christians.
In this discourse at Washington Sun
day Dr. Talmage. who has lived the
most of his life in cities, draws practi
cal lessons from his own observation:
text, Proverbs i, 2o:- Wisdom erieth
uithout. She uttereth her voice in the
We are all ready to listen to the
voices oi nature-the voices of the
mountain, the voices of the sea, the
voices of the storm, the voices of the
.-Ear. As in some of the cathedrals in
earope there is an organ at either end
of the building, and the one instru
incut responds musically to the other,
e in the great cathedral of nature day
responds to day. and night to uight.
and flower to flower, and star to star in
the great harmonies of the universe.
The springtime is an evangelist in blos
soms preaching of God's love. and the
wiuter is a prophet-white bearded
denouncing woe against our sins. We
are all ready to listen to the voices of
nature. But how few of us learn any
thing from the voices of the noisy and
dusty street. You go to your mechan
ism, and to your work, and to your
merchandise, and you come back again
-and often with how different a heait
you pass through the streets. Are
there no things for us to learn from
those pavements over which we pass?
Are ttiere no tufts of truth growing up
between these cobblestones, beaten
with the feet of toil and pain and pleas
ure, the slow tread of old age and the
quick step of childhood? Aye, there
are great harvests to be reaped, and
now I thrust in the sickle because the
harvest is ripe. "Wisdom crieth with
.out. She uttereth her voice in the
In the first place the street impresses
me with the fact that this life is a scene
of toil and struggle. By 10 o'clock
every day the city is jarring with wheels
and shuffling with feet and humming
with voices and covered with the breath
of smoke-stacks and a-rush with traf
ickers. Once in a while you find a
mian going along with folded arms and
with leisurely step, as though he had
!othing to do, but, for the most part,
-as you find men going down these
.-treets on the way to business, there
i- anxiety in their faces, as though
;hey had some errand which must be
executed at the first possible moment.
You are jt:stled by those who have bar
g-ains to make and notes to sell. Up
tis ladder with a bod of bricks, out Or
this bank with a roll of bills, on this
dray with a l.'ad of goods, diggaing a
cellar, or shingling a roof, or shoeing a
horse, or building a wall, or mending a
watch, or binding a book. Industry,
with her thousand arms and thousand
eyes and thousand feet. goes on singing
her song of work, work, work, while the
mills drum it and the steam whistles
fife it. All this is not because men
lve toil. Some one remarked, "Every
wan is as lazy as he can afford to be.
But is it because necessity with stern
brow and with uplifted whip stands
over you ready whenever you relax your
toil to make your shoulders stiog with
Can it be that paseing up and down
these streets ou your way to work and
business you do not learn anything of
time world's toil and anxiety and strug
;N? Oh, how maniy drooping hearts.
bow~ many eyes on the watch. how many
ii.iles travelled, how many burdens car
ried, how many losses suffered, how
nany victories gained, how many de
cats suffered, how many exasperations
S dured --What losses, what hunger,
Shat wretchedness, what pallor, what
disease, what agony. what despair!
S.,metimes I stopped at the cornir of
the street as the multitudes went hither
and you, and it has seemed to be a great
pantomime, and as I looked upon it my
h-art broke- This great tide of human
life that goes down the street is a rapid
tssed and turned aside and dashed
ahead and driven back--beauti
ful in its confusion and coufused in its
beauty. In the carpeted aisles of the
forest, in the woods from which the
eternal shadow is never lifted, on the
shore of the sea ever whose iron coast
tosses the tangled foam sprinkling the
cracked cliffs with a baptism of whirl
wind and tempest, is the best jlace to
study God, but in the rushing, swarm
ing, raving street is the best place to
Going down to your place of business
and coming home again I charge you to
look about-see these signs of poverty.
of wretchedness, of hungor, of sin, of
bereavement-and as you go through
the streets and come back throughl the
streets, gather up in the arms of your
prayer all the sorrow, all the losses. all
the sufferings. all the bereavements of
those whom you pass and present them
in prayer before an all sympathetie
God- In the great day of eternity
there will be thousands of persons with
whom you in this world never exchang
ed one word who will rise up and call
yu blessed, and there will be a thou
sand fingers pointed at you in heaven.
saying, "That is the man, that is the
woman, who helped me when I was hun
gry and sick and wandering and lost
and heartbroken. That is the man.
that is the woman-" And the blessing
will come down upon you as Christ
shall say: "I was hungry, and ye fed
me; I was naked, ana ye clothed me;
was sick and in prison, and ye visited
me. Inasmuch tn ye did it to these
poor waifs of the streets. ye did it to
Again, the street impresses me with
the fact that all classes and conditions
of society must commingle. We sonic
times cultuie a wicked exclusiveness.
Intellect despises ignorance. Refine
ment will have nothing to do with boor
ishness. Gloves hate the sunburned
hand, and the high forehead desises
the fiat head, and the trini Lfedgeo
will have nothing to do with the wil
copsewood, and ithens hates Nazareth.
This ought not so to be. The astronoQ
mer must come down from his starry
- hr kul ti~8~ -' i fl11t'i " ~isi
-ur~l brfc zi s e an chm seut
come :nvoy fro hilaoratory, whezre
he has b- sttudying analvsis and syn
i i l undertand the
nature of the Iis. I tlss God that
all eae of eleaecm ledto
n eet on Ohe trct. Te ilittering
ecach weel:ctla n't the staven
,er's cart. Fir rbe(s run against the
peddler's ack. l',bbut health meets
wan eT'nes. I Iotytv confront's
fraud. vry c o people melt
every other cl1s :pudeice and
modesty, p and itumility, purity and
boastlines. lrankerics andi hypocrisy,
meeting on the -;ame block. iu the saie
street, in the same city. Oh, that is
what Solonwm meant when he said:
-'The rich and the poor meet together.
The Lord is the Maker of them all.
I like ti.is democratic principle of the
Yospel of de.sus Christ which recognizes
the fact that we stand before God on
one and the aine platform. Do not
take on any airs, whatever position you
have gained in society; you are nothing
but man born of the same parent. re
generated by the Same Spirit, cleansed
in the same blood, to lie down in the
same dust. to get up in the snic resur
rection. It is high tinie that we all ac
knowledge not only the Fatherhood of
God, but the brotherhood of man.
Acain, the -.treet impresses me with
the fact that it is a very hard thing for
a man to keep his heart right and to
get to heaven. Infinite temptations
springuon us from these places of pub
lic concourse. Amid so much affluence
how much 'temptation to covetousness
and to be discontented with our hum
ble lot! Amid so many opportunities
for over reaching, what tempta
tion to extortion' Amid so much dis
play. what temptation to vanity! Amid
so many aaloons of strong drink, what
allurement to dissipation' In the
maelstroms and hell gates of the street.
how many iake quick and eternal
shipwreek! If a man of-war comes
back from a battle and is towed into the
navv vard, we go down and look at the
splintered spars and count the bullet
holes and look with patriotic admira
tion on the flag that floated in victory
from the masthc-'. But that man is
more of a curiosity who has gone
through 30 years of the sharpshooting
of buzin ss life and yet sails on, victor
over the temptations of the streets. Oh,
how many have gone down under the
pressure. leaving not so much as t' e
patch of canvas to tell where they per
ished! They never had any peace.
Their dishonesties kept tolling in their
ears. If I had an ax and could split
open the beams of that fine house, per
haps I would find in the very heart of
it a skeleton. In his very best wine
there is a smack of poor man's sweat.
Oh. is it strange that when a man has
devoured widow's houses he is disturb
ed with indigestion? All the forces of
nat-ire are against him The floods are
ready to drown him and the earthquake
to swallow himii and the fires to con
sume him and the lightning te smite
him. But the children of God are on
every street, andI in the day when the
crowns of heaven are distributed some
of the brightest cf them will be given
to those men who were faithiul to God
and faithful to the souls of others amid
the marts of business, proving them
selves the heroes of the street. Mighty
were their temptations, mighty was
their deliverance, and mighty shall be
Again, the street impresses me with
the fact that life is full of pretension
and sham. What subterfuge, what
double dealing, what Jwo facedness!
Do all people who wish you good morn
ing really hope for you a happy day?
Do all the people who shake hands love
each other? Are all those anxious about
your health who inquire concerning it?
Do all want to see you who ask you to
call? Does all the world know half as
much as it pretends to know? Is there
nott nmany a wretched stock of goods
with a brilliant show twindow? Passing
up and dmivn the streets to your busi
ness and your work, are you not im
pressed with the fact that society is
hollow and that there arc subterfuges
and pretensions? Oh,. how many there
who swagger and strut and howfew peo
ple who are natural and walk! While
fops simperand fools chuckle and sim
petons giggle, how few people are nat
ural and laugh! Th'le courtesan and the
libertine co down the street in beauti
ul apparel. while within the heart
there arc volcanoes of passion consum
ing their life away. I say these things
not to create in you inc red ality or mis
antropy. nor do I forget there are
thousands of people a grea: deal better
Ithan they seem. but I do not think any
man is trenared for the conflict of this
ife until he knows this particular peril.
Ehud comes pretending to pay his tax
to King Eglon, and while he stands in
font of the king stabs him through
with a dagger until the haft went in
after the blade. Judas Iscariot kissed
Again the street impresses me with
the 'fact that it is a great field for
Chrstian charity. There are hunger
and suifering and want and wretched
nes in the country. but these evils
conregate in our great cities. On every
street crime rowls and drunkenness
sacers and shiame winks and pauper
ism thrusts out its hand asking for
alms. Here want is most sjualid and
hunger is most lean. A Christian man
goineg along a street in New York saw a
poor lad. and he stooped and said, "My
bo, do you know hoa' to read and
write?" The boy made no answer. The
man asked the question twice and
thrie, '-Can you read and write'" and
then the boy answered with a tear
plashing on the back of his hand. He
said in defiance; "No. sir: I can't read
nor write neither. God, sir. don't
want me to read and write. D~idn't he
take away 'ny father so long ago I never
remember to have seen him, and have
not I had to go along the streets to get
something to fetch home to eat for the
folks, an'd didn'tI. as soon as Icould
carry a basket, have to go out and pick
up cinders and neverhave no schooling,
sir? God don't want me to read, sir.
I cant read nor write neither." Oh.
these por wanderers! They have no
Ichance. Born in degradation, as they
I et upfm thetair h'ands and knees to
w"lk, the, tak their first step on the
rodn to depai. Let us gro forth in
th naniue of te Lord .Jeus Christ to
recu them ' Let us niinisters not be
afid of ts'il our blick clothes while
we go down on that mission. While
we aie tylue an elaborate knot in our
ravat or while we arc in the study
we might be saving a soul fron deah
and hiding a multitude of sins. Oh.
Christian laymen, go out on this woin.
If you are not willing to go forth \ our
self, then give of your means. and if
you are too lazy to go and if you are ti
stingy to help, then get out of the way%
and hide yourself in the dens and caves
of the earth, lest when Christ's chariot
cmnes along the horses' hoofs traniple
you into the mire. Beware lest the
thousands of the destitute (if your city
in the last great day, rise up and imse
your stupidity and your negleet. Down
to work! Lift them up!
Oue cold winter's day, as a Christian
man was going along the Battery in
New York, he saw a little girl seated at
the gate. shivering in the cold. le said
to her. "My child, what do you sit
there for this cold day?" "Oh." she
replied, "I am waiting-I am waiting
for somebody to come and take care of
me." "Why," said the man, "what
makes you think anybody will come and
take enre of you?" "Oh." she said.
"my mother died last week, and I was
crying very much, and she said: ')on't
ery, dear. Though I am gone and your
father is gone, the Lord will send some
body to take care of you.' My mother
never told a lie. She said some one
would come and take care of me, and I
am waiting for them to come." Oh.
yes, they are waiting for you. Men who
have money, men who have influence,
men of churches, men of great hearts,
ather them in, gather them in. It is
ot the will of your Heavenly Father
that one of these little ones should per
Lastly, the street impresses me with
the fact that all the people are looking
forward, I see expectancy written on al
most every face I meet. Where you
find a thousand people walking straight
on, you only find one man stoppi.ng and
looking back. The fact is, God :uade
us all to look ahead, because we are i:.
mortal. In this tramp of the multitude
on the streets I hear the tramp of a
great host marching and maching for
eternity. Beyond the office, the store.
the shop, the street, there is a world,
populous and tremendous. Through
God's grace, may you reach that blessed
place. A great thro-ig fills those boule
vards, and the streets are a-rush with
the chariots of conquerors. The in
habitants go up and down, but they
never weep and they never toil. A
river flows through- that city, with
rounded and luxurious banks, and the
trees, of life, laden with everlasting
fruitage, bend their branches into the
No plumed hearse rattles, over that
pavement, for they are never sick.
With immortal health glowing in every
rein, they know how to die. Those
towers of strength, those palaces of
beauty, gleam in the light of a sun that
never sets. Oh, heaven, beautiful
heaven! Heaven, where our friends
are! They take no census in that city,
for it is inhabited by "a multitude
which no man can number." Rank
above ranks. Host above host. Gal
lery above gallery sweeping all around
the heavens. Thousands of thousands,
millions of millions. Blessed are they
who enter in through the gate into that
city. Oh, start for it today! Through
the blood of the great sacrifice of the
Son of God take up your march to heav
en. "The Spirit and the bride say.
Come and whosoever will let him come
and take the water of life freely." Join
this great throng marching heavenw.ird.
All the doors of invitation are open.
"And I saw twelve gates, and the
twelve gates were twelve pearls."
He Will Talk of the Party Policy in
the Next Campaign.
The Jefferson banquet of tihe Chica
go Platform Democrats of New York
will take place on the night of April 19.
Col. W. J. Bryan has given positive
assurances that he will be present. It
is expected that he will make a notable
speech stating the stand which he be
lieves the Democratic party should take
in the national campaign of next year.
It is planned to have the labor unions
take a vera prominent part in the din
Eugene V. Brewster, who is manag
ing the Bryan dinner, said: "Sonic
confusion has arisen over the name of
the dinner. It was decided at first not
to call it a dinner of Chicago Platform'
Democrats because of Gov. Pingree
and others who are Republicans. We
arranged that matter in committee all
right, however, and sent the invitation
in the name of the Chicago platform
"We have such financial backing
that we will be able to give a dollar
dinner such as has never been held be
fore Applications have come fri m
places in Florida, from Daluth and
from Bosson. I wired to the G rand
Central palace as soon as I heard from
Mr. Bryan Wednesday night and en
"Because of the confusion no invita
t'ions were sent to anybody but Mr.
Bryan. We have learned, however,
from Gov. Pingree, Mr. Aitgeld and
Chairman Jones that they would come
any day after April 15."
Richard Croker said: "I don't care
to say anything about Mr. Bryan's let
ter of declination. I am sorry he cnn
not understand a difference of opinion.
As to the fact that he will go to the
one dollar dinner-well, I hope he will
help the cause of Democracy. The
more big dinners there are in New York
the better for the working people.
The promoters of the Bryan dinner take
it for granted that Gov. Pingree will be
one of the guests. Ex-Senator Gor
man, it is understood, will attend tile
A Remarkable Incident.
A remarkable incident in connection
with the Seventh Day Adventist con
ference now in session at Battle Creek.
Mich.. is being related. Among those
in attendance is Elder F. H. Westphal.
who has charge of their mission in Bue
nos Ayres, South Americ a. He came
from -Southhampton on the Hamburg
Line because it was the cheapest, and
met on board ship a Capt. Norman, re
ported to be a several times millionaire
The captain became interested in the
Adventist faith and ca.ne to the meet
ings here. As a climax he has given
the munificent sum of S400,000(J. The
Adventists believe that the coming of
Elder Westphal when he could not
really afford the expense and meetinig
Captain Norman was an act of' Provi
How Big Profits Are Made at
SOME BALANCE SHEETS
Shoving the Receipts and Ex
penses of Immense Wheat
and Corn Farms in Iowa
The following special article was pre
pared by Mr. Frank Spearman for the
Review of lleviews:
We know what the railroads did last
ycar: we know what the manufacturers
did: we know what-the merchants did.
In a year. then, like 18i8, when re
cords in so many branches of American
industry were smashed. what iid the
American farmer do?
Balance sheets are unhappily scarce
among farmers: the fe% which are taken
are hard to get at: for these reasons the
one here ireenttd is of especial inter
eSt. It is not from a paper farm: it is
not a paper balance: wr i. it a paper
faruier who umkes this showing. It is
what no American review has ever be
fore presented to its readers--an actual
limpse at the books and workinis of a
iodel American farm. This farm, lo
cated in the State of Iowa, co'ntains
6.000 acres and its busine-ss is to pro
Look first at the investment and note
that the land w-s not huight in an
early day for a song, but within three
years and -it the market price.
Ix~sr~uxr--IoW. s-oRNt FARM
Land-6.000 acres at $3) an
acre .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. 1SO.000.00
Stock.. ....... 17,701.21
The operation of this farm for 1S98
shows a net prfit of over 450.000.
Putting out of the comparison patents
and good-will, neither of which contrib
uted to this result, what other line of
business on an equal capitalization can
make a better showing?
EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF TIE IOWA FARM
FOR THE YEAR 1898.
House supplies .. 436S S
Beef.... . .. .
Taxes ......... 3
Sundries . .7.0.00
Freight ... . ..0..
Twine ......... 37.25
[Iay........ ...... 3 3 10
Oil... .. -. .. .169.62
Legal expense.. -1.05
Total*------.. 4.3- -2, 7914.04
Less credlit by discouat$100
Les road tax........543.26
-Net expense of the Iowa
farm for the twelve mnonths
200 bushels of 0 we .00 a
50 cnts- .--.--4--.0 00)
uel.... bushel of .atsre
Total............... ., 0.00
esuroa teaxpense... ...2 ,64
oftet expense differene bewee rn
eqarm forie awored bynthesatta
the00 bwher of eIw corn fa mals
owns0a0 opselaot as e-thuadar
weate fari heRed --- leyo
Netbrof.. ............... 2.0,64.78
Aos ptiulary-va-able-ompai son3
ahiner of-the-Iowa-corn-farm als
wnet-armin- he- ed-- ivr- vlle-o
Sunri......... .. 4.1
NeOeil...... .. 2.9)S6
Less pens---- ..--- ,20.906
Net pofitsin l ..-$1.054.7
Forthewhet frm ..9 wat 7.7.ver
Tetw expense accounts . .s.ow0-ui
Credts atbyS n boatrdimens.400r 0oth
Netpris in 18 . .. 1.5.3
Fo h hat fr 189O wao pen ay.r
Iage ye, tle vildo.o beine1b es per
e andl.b the rice uavera arce.unt
hasi produce farm itnirepairse
The~ tnoiexpente paccnt under uren
owui ierens InW owhimen te iems
for thnire m aiero saon the weat
Inr rDakot thae hiredrhe atualc
editgin e s -praing and theeparnet
accunt 'ise:~ aotwesatine aturallh
isde ith emve o1 the cornt farm.Th
Onthe o farm coal itemuirepar
was, o notel, the tn presn
onerhi beine. whiletose the etefams
ofrequirsadcies on~t)O~I th wheat ot
undtrea- ofr epatsn barnd keedsn the
theafachnry.Twie intlly whe5
ariier itesne whfleatcfar. Tothe
Iwit farm sedpplieree ownd te- twin
iferencto. not that the corn5l the i
inu f1t a whil t os the wheat farm ,
retui : r .o0 shels w iwhe ,wot
in lo8 W .00 ASai itnEDkta. v
1 Aout Arl1mnu n ulesn ove25
eily.h fiese daaifernces t-orhrer
withcde see four-hree andws and tine
h1r!e ag - maw- n : uovrc for six
weeks like an arni. sow ing zinall grain.
l and planting corn. The min
ute the inall grain is sown 31 corn
ilanters e thrown behind the plows.
andt in this work lies largcly the suc
cess or failure of the crop. Note, fur
for instance, the pains taken in scleet
in-, the U corn.
A perfecrt :.tand of corn is the first re
quiite of a large vield. From a choice
Piece of land pre'viously planted with
selected seed about 2.00o bushels of
the finest car, are taken. From these
an expert selects G01) bushels. 'I hese
ears are placed on racks in a building
arranged especially for a seed house.
Whatever the therniometer registers in
Iowa. the temperature in that seed
house never falls below freezing. All
this - insures the highest germinating
power in the seed, and that alone
might, in case of cold. wet spring, save
the entire profit of the season by pro
ducine a iood stand.
The planting must of necessity be
done by machinery. and to secure the
maximum yield three seed kernels
must be dropped in each bill. [f five
drop in, that bill is lost to the profit ac
count. If only one. it is partially lost.
-But perfect as American farming ma
cheinry is. it does not leave the factory
perfect enough to insure against irreg
ular planting. Patiently and by a se
ries of exhaustive tests the planter
plates are so adjusted to the aize of the
seed kernels for each year that they de
posit an average of sixty-five kernelh to
every twenty hills, and not more than
four nor less than two in any one. So
great are the precautions that before
the seed is shelled the tips and butts
of the seed ears are cut off to secure
kernels of an even size.
Even after this delicate adjustment
of the best machinery in the world,
forenen follow the 31 planters and at
intervals open hills to count the seed
deposits and make sure that each -ma
chine is doing its work. In addition, a
purse of $100 is split in eight prizes be
tween the eight inen who do the best
work and whose teams mark the straigh
test rows. With such method is it any
wonder that the crop on this farm aver
aged 60 bushels per acre, against the
average of $2 bushels as given Iowa
by the gevernment report for 1898?
After the seeding, the harrowing and
it is done with extraordinary energy
and concentration. One hundred and
forty sections of four-foot harrows
sweep the fields like a charge of caval
ry. Every time they move a mile to
gether 62 acres are covered.
When the 3,800 acres of corn are up
and ready 76 two-horse cultivators are
put into it. The point in the first cul
tivation one way and in tne second
the other way, is to get as close as pos
sible to the corn; but after the pains to
place it there no plant must be left
covered by a clod of earth. The field
hand must un ,over it, and a foreman
on horseback behind each twenty men
is held responsible for his crew's work.
In the third and final enltivation the
earth is thrown up against the plant,
the small weeds in - the hill being
smothered and the large ones being
pulled by hand. It will be of interest
to merchants and to theological profes
sors to learn that -it is not the weed in
in the row, but the one in the hill,
that mars the beauty of the balance
The corn being now three feet high,
the stalks prevent further cultivation.
Into this field, ap)proximuating one mile
in width and six miles in length, arc
sent in October 75 wagons and men for
the husking. This takes 60) days, and
a row of cribs 10 feet wide and 16 feet
high, half a mile long, ate required to
hold the crop.
In harvesting the small grain it is
threshed directly from the shoek, sav
ing the cost of stacking and rehand
ing. Elevators provide against heating
A further saving of 5 to 8 per cent over
the operations of the small farmer is
eifected in shipping to terminal points
instead of selling to local grain-buyers.
Future options may also be sold against
the growing crop on market bulges at
a season when the small farmer could
not ordinarily deliver his crop.
The soil is kept in a high state of
fertility by a rotation of crops so ar
ranged that each piei- of landl bears
three crops of corn, next of wheat, in
which e-over is sown. next one of' clo
ver plowed under, then follow again the
three crops of corn.
The clover is simply a fertilizer, a
portion only of' the first crop being cut
for nay, and the remainder plowed un
der to maintain the vitality of the soil.
The large roots act as a subsoiler and
the decomposing vegetable matter
restores the nitrogen taken by the
In order that the maximum amount
field work may be obtained, no 'chores'
are required of the men other than the
cleaning of their teams. These are fed
bedded, and the barns cleaned by barn
men. The results on this fhrm are
therefore secured by paiustaking care
and thorough methods.
The auetion is often asked, what
does it cost to produce a bushel of corn?
On this farm. the size of 35 ordinary
farms, with a 60-bushel crop the cost
was 9 cents p'er bushel to the crib. For
shelling, shipping and commissions add
another cent, making i1) cents in all.
It is evident. however, that had this
farm been divided into 35 farms. with
35 cooks and 85 families. 85 douryards
and waste lands, the expense of raisia.g
a bushel of corn would have been ne-tr
er' 16 to 1> cents.
Ie xnyi eventt. the cost varies from
yetiyear with the yield. Thme only
ixdestimate which the farmer can
give is the cost per acre for producing
the crop. This remains alwvays practi
e tifly the same and is, roughly speaking
.4. 50 for small grairn and five dollars for
The 189S aereage of the corn farm
was approxinmatelv as shown in the fol
lowing brief table:
Wheat. ............ ........200
Oats................ ...... 700
Roads and trees........ .. ..40
Some interest naturally attaches to
the man behind the gun--the tman who
in this instance. has demonstrated that
nothing lays better than farming.
While time element of foreign birth and
of' foreign descent which has done so
mu-h to develop the northwest is al
mirable it w'ill still be a gratificationl to
learn that this suecessful farmer is not
of thmat element. but that he is p)urely
and distinctly Anmerican. lHe comes
fromm the straightest New Englanid stock
and bears the tnme of one or' its most
fmous families Iis ancestral kin
dred were among the molders of the re
public and represented their country at
the courts of England, Russia, and
France: sat in presidential cabinets, in
conzerss. and more than once in the
white house. The record almost spells
Less than 40 years of age. he never
saw a dav's work on a farm until he
bought one after he was 21. His suc
cess rather indicates that there still are
farmers born, and that the capital and
energy put into manufacturing and
merchandising, if applied today to
farming. will yield equally good returns.
ABDUCTED CHILD FOUND.
An Interesting Sequel to a Crime Com
mitted Last May.
A startling sequel to the abduction
of Gerald Lapiner, the three-year-old
son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Lapiner,
which occurred in Chicago May 30,
1898, developed at Panesville, 0., on
Tuesday of last week, in the recovery
and restoration of the child to his moth
er, and the arrest of Mrs. Ann Inger
soll and John C. Collins, who live
about a mile west of Painesville, at
whose place the child was found and
where he had been kept since last June.
On May 30 Gerald Lapiner was abduct
ed by a mysterious woman from in front
of his parent's home, 4835 Prairie ave
nue, Chicago. The woman and child
were traced for a short time and then all
track of them was lost. A large reward
was offered for the recovery of the child
and although the Chicago police made
every effort to bring the kidnappers to
justice, nothing further could be learn
ed. Two months ago a newspaper ac
count of the abduction and the reward
offered came under the notice of Mr. F.
E. Ferris, and his sister, Miss 0. C.
Ferris, neighbors of the Ingersolls. Mr.
and Miss Ferris suspected that the lit
tle boy who had been at the residence
of Mrs. Ingersoll since last June might
be the missing child, and they entered
into correspondence with the Chicago
police. Af ter about two months inves
tigation and correspondence, it was de
termined that the child was the miss
ing Gerald Lapiner. Mrs. Lapinerwas
not satisfied and arrived at Panesville
Wednesday morning. She was met at
the station by Deputy Sheriff A. T.
May, who has been in charge of the
case and was taken to the Ingersoll
place, while Sheriff St. John went on
ahead to prevent the escape of the ab
ductors. Access to the house was
gained through the rear door, and
there, tied in a high chair, half dress
ed, the boy was found. Both Mrs. In
gersoll and Collins were placed under
a-rest. Mrs. Ingersoll denies the
charge of abduction and could not be in
duced to say nothing about the case.
Fatal College Haing.
James T. Mount, the victim of the
hazing at the ChicagoCollege of Dental
Surgery. is dead. Friends and rela
tives of Mount at Petersburg, Ind., his
home, will begin at once to prosecute
the students who are said to be responsi
ble for his death. Mount was a rela
tive of Governor Mount, of Indiana.
When it was discovered that Mount
had been injured seriouly by hazing
last Wednesday, he was taken to the
Presbyterian hospital for treatment.
He had apparently recovered sufficient
ly Thursday morning to justify the
hospital authorities in allo.ring him to
go to his home. On the way home ho
become suddenly ill on the train and
died before he reached his destination.
Mounts death was due to internal in
juries cansed by being "passed up" in
the dental college amphitheatre and
then "passed down" by his fellow stu
dents. "'Passing" consists in pulling a
student over the backs of the seats to
the top tier and then down again.
Mount. it is said, was thrown heavily to
the floor when "passed down."
Three in Mississippi.
Three Negroes were lynched by a
mob near Silver City in Yazo county,
Miss.. last Saturday morning. After
being shot to death, the bodies of the
victims were weighted with bundles of
cotton bale ties and thrown into the
Yazo> river. The Negroes were Minor
Wilson, C. C. Reed and Willis Boyd.
They were the ringleaders of the Ne
groes in a race encounter on the Mid
night plantation early last week. They
were arrested and taken to Yazoo City
jail. The offence with which they
were charged having been committed in
Sarkey county, the Sharkey authori
ties were notified. Last Friday even
ing Deputy Constable Sylvester ar
rived, and the prisoners were turned
over to him. The constable boarded
the steamer Rescue with the Negroes
Saiurday morning and reached Silver
City with them. The Negroes fell into
thr hands of the mob near Silver City,
were shot to death and thrown into the
river. The feeling against these Ne
groes had been vero bitte, on account of
a disturbance at the Midnight planta
tion last week, in which thep, with two
other comrades, had fired sn two whites
on the public roads, A horse belong
ing to ooe of the white men was wound
ed, but the men were not harmed.
Starvation in Russia.
The newspapers of St. Petersburg,
Russia, published pitiable accounts of
the so-called famine districts of Russia,
especially Samara, in the eastern part
of European Russia. The efforts of the
Red Cross society have staved off the
horrors of actual starvation, but the so
ciety's funds are almost exhausted, and
the dire distress, compelling the con
sumption of all kinds of garbage, has
produced an epidemic of terrible mor
tality. with typhus, scurvy and other
pestilential diseases. The peasants are
compelled to sell everything, and are
living in cold, damp and filthy cabins.
Weakened by hunger, they fall ready
victims of typhus and acute scurvy.
Unless the government gives prompt
aid, the provinces appear doomed to a
repetition of the horrors of 1891 and
Fatal Ride to a Funeral.
Five persons were injured, two prob
ably fatally in a runaway during a fu
neral at Evansville, Ind. Wednesday.
The injured are: Mrs. daroline Frey
ser. 60. right shoulder dislocated and
internally injured. Mrs. Suan Smock.
internally injured. Three others, un
known. badly injured. The five persons
were in a hack and the team became
frightened at a street car. The hack
was completely demolished and the fu
neral --ocsin wa stoped an hour.
OUR BOYS COMING HOME.
Senator Tillman's Party Visits the
Second Regiment in Cuba.
A letter from Cuba to The State un
der date of March 1) says the Second
Regiment had received orders to return
to the United States and be mustered
out of service. The correspondent
says: The place the Carolina boys will
be mustered out depends on whether
they leave here on a transport or a
Ward Liner: if on the former Savannah
will be the place. the Ward Liners on
ly running to Charleston. The sol
diers would be taken by rail from
Charleston to Augusta. This latter is
a circuitous route, but it may be to pay
Charleston a little toll. The Louisia
na regiment is expected to get away to
morrow, while the First Texas is next
on the list. South and North Carolina
and Virginia soldiers are to follow in
the order named.
It is the wish of the men that they
strike a transport. They do not know
anything about Augusta, but the mem
ory of Savannah is sufficiently pleasant
to make them wish to go there without
taking chances elsewhere. Col. Jones
has tried to get his command taken to
Columbia to be mustered out, getting
Senator Tillman to cable to the war de
partment from here, but the senator
had little expectation of having his re
quest complied with. The news of the
order to move was received in camp
without a ripple of excitement. There
was no demonstration and the usual
routine of the morning was carried out.
Later in the day, they had an opportu
nity to cheer and used their lungs free
Senator Tillman's congressional
party, with the ladies, reached Habana
yesterday morning. The South Caro
linians were the senator and Congress
men Norton and Latimer with their
families. They were met by ex-Gov
ernor John Gary Evans, who is officiat
ing in Habana as something on the or
der of a police recorder, and taken to
a hotel. Later in the day Col. Jones,
who, in the absence of the ranking
colonel and brigadier general, is acting
brigadier gegeral, drove to the city and
brought the members of congress to
camp. Here a stand had been erected
and there was speechmaking, the con
gressman from Illinois receiving the
most liberal applause of the day when
he referred to the closer -relations
brought about between the north and
south by this war. We are brigaded
with two Illinois regiments, and the
westerners think there are none like
An event of the day was the presen
tation by Senator Tillman of a sword-to
Maj. Julius J..Wagener. This sword
was said to have been the property of a
Spanish colonel. The previous even
ing one of the handsomest swords in
the brigade was, at evening parade,
presented by Col. Thompson-to Capt.
John L. Perrin, Co. M. The sword was
purchased by Capt. Perrin's company,
who are devoted to an officer who has
in many ways endeared himself to them,
at the same time commanding the re
spect and friendship of his brother offi
Friday night a meeting of the offi
cers of the army corps was held in the
Y. M. C. A. tent of the Fourth Illinois
to organize an association of the Sev
enth army corps. Capts. Sirrine and
Gonzales and Lieut. Cox were sent to
represent the South Carolina regiment.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee was elected per
panent chairman by acclamation and a
dozen colonels sent to notify him. Gecn.
Douglas of Virginia was first called to
the chair. A formidable committee
was appointed to draft a constitution
and -is to report to an adjourned meet
ing to be held Tuesday night. The
chief question to decide will be as to
whether the association is to be open to
enlisted men or to officers only. It is
probable the privates will come in.
The health of the men has improved
very much in the past week. For a
few days there was an epidemic of fe
vers and the morning reports began to
look as they did last fall at Jackson
ville. But th2 attacks were light and
many men are now returning to duty.
There are no serious eases in the hos
pitals. The -wives of officers in this
regiment will leave hero this week and
many of the other "army ladies" are
ONCE MOREINTUE sTATEs.
The latest news from the Second
Regiment is to the effect that the whole
regiment has sailed from Cuba and by
this time are safely landed once more
on American soil. In a few weeks the
boys will come marching home.
About Those Brick.
In speaking of Senator Tillman's ar
rival in Columbia from his trip to Cuba
the Columbia State says the Senator
was looking rather tired and not comn
municative. He was waiting for the
train to come so that he could ask the
secretary of war to send the Second
regiment to Columbia. However the
newspaper man could not refrain from
"Senator, have you been keeping in
touch with the penitentiary investiga
"No, I havent seen the papers much
lately," he replied.
"Well, I suppose you have heard
about that carload of brick they say
"Yes, I have heard something about
it, but I will have to wait until I get
home before I can tell you whether or
not I have paid for them. I must look
through my papers. This thing hap
pened four or five years ago. I never
could get Neal to sead me bills for any
thing. As for hams, I didn't get any.
I didn't need them. I had hams of my
Left them Destitute.
The twenty-seven colored families
numbering 104 persons in all, who are
stranded in Jersey City after having
come from the west to go to Liberia, as
is alleged, under a contract with the
International MIigration society, were
notified Wednesday by the Central
Railroad of New Jersey that they would
have to leave the railroad ears in which
they have remained since their arriva!
in Jersey City. It is claimed that
the International M1igration society
promised to send these people to Libe
ra, and that they have failed to carry
out their promise. MIost of them are
dentte -and their condition is pitiable.
A RACE WAR NIPPED
Seven Arkansas Negroes Victims
cf the Wrath of the Whites.
AGITATORS WERE LYNCHHED
The Whole Thing Started With
the Lynching-of an Assassin,
Who Was the Ring.
A dispath from Texarkana. Arkan
sas, says a race war is is on in Little
River county, and during the last 48
hours an indefinite number of Negroes
have met their death at the hands of
an infuriated white population. Seven
are known to have been lynched, and
the work is not yet done.
The bodies of the victims of the mob's
vengeance are hanging to the limbs of
trees in various parts of the county,
strung up wherever overtaken. The
country is in a state of intense exsite
ment. White men are collecting in
mobs, heavily armed and determined.
Negroes are fleeing for their lives, and
the community is in an uproar. The
exact number of Negroes who have been
summarily dealt with or those who may
yet fall into the hands of the mob be
fore order is restored may never be
Seven hiles have been found, and
other victims are being hunted and will
meet a similar fate when run to earth.
The known dead to date are: Gen.
Duckett, Edwin Goodwin, Adam King,
Joseph Jones, Benjamin Jones, Moses
Jones, unknown man.
Joe King and John Johnson were
also taken in hand by mobs and whipped.
They were afterwards turned loose and
Little River county is in the extreme
southwest corner of the State, bordered
on the west by the Indian Territory
and on the south by Texas. The Ne
gro population is large, and has for a
long time proved very troublesome to
the whites. Frequent murders have
occurred, and thefts and fights have
become common affairsi
One or two negroes have previously
been severely dealt with when the peo
ple found it necessary to take the law
into their own hands, but -it was not
until today that the trouble took on a
serious aspect. It then developed that
carefully laid plans had been made by
a number of negroes to, precipitate a
race war, and that many white men had
been marked for victims.~ Itis learned
that 23 negroes were implicated in this
plot, and the whites are now bent on
meting out summary punishment to the
entire coterie of conspirators. Seven
have been killed, and the work of wip
ing out the entire list continues with
out relaxation. All implicated in the
plot are known, and parties of white
men, varying in numbers from 25 to50,
are scouring the country for them.
Wherever one is found he is quickly
strung up and his body perforated with
bullets. The work of dispatching the
first two or three was an easy matter.
But the news soon spread among the
negroes, who instead of making the re
sistance and offering the battle that
they had threatened, became panie
stricked and began getting out of the
community as quickly as possible.
Two whose names were on the list of
conspirators got a good start and suc
ceeded in reaching the Texas State line
before being captured. They' were
swung up without ceremony.
The trouble arose over the killing of
James Stockton by Duekett. Just prior
to the lynching of Daekett, the negroes
had planned the inauguration of a race
war. Duckett was the leader, and at
his death the negroes let the matter
out. The citizens became greatly en
raged. Joe King and John Johnson
were taken to the woods and whipped.
Other ncgroes made threats, but noth
ing occurred until yesterday, when the
wholesale lynching began.
In the gang that was'plotting for a
race war there were 23 Negroes, and it
is likely the entire number have been
strung up in the thickets. It is known
to a certainty that the seven ringleaders
are doad. The negroes are fleeing from
the district. Today three wagons full
arrived at Texarkana, having crossed
Red river at Index last midnight.
Three Lives Crushed Oat.
The bodies of three white miners now
lie 125 feet under ground beneath
great volume of water and tons of dirt
and debris in a manganese mine nine
miles from Cartersville, Ga., where they
met death by being mashed and smother
de by the great mass above where they
were working caving in on them. The
dead men are Frank McEver, a son of
one of the lessees, and the Messrs.
Chastain. McEver leaves a wife and '
two children. lie was '26 years of age.
The mine is on the Canton road and is
known as the Clumber Hill mine. It
has recently been leased by Messrs.
White & McEver and worked with a
force of from three to five hands. It
may take several days to recover the
bodies of the men, as the water in the
shaft is S0 feet deep and will have to
be pumped out before other work to
ward rescuing them can proceed.
Four Lives Lost.
In a fire Friday morning at Mrs. E.
RI. Nolen's boarding house, 104 Court
street, 31emphis, Ten., four lives were
lost and six people were more or less
seriously in~jured. At the time of the
fire there were 21 people in the house.
A fire from the gratd ignited the cum
tains in the early part of the night, and
the fire department succeeded in extin
guishing the flames without damage.
The guests retired at the usual hour.
At an early hour Friday morning flames
were seen issuing from the house, and
the inmates rushed out in an effort to
Lost on the River.
A special to The Commercial-Appeal
from Chattanooga says: Two raftsmen
one named De';oney and the other un
Iknown. lost their lives in the river 80
iles above MIemphis, Tuesday. They
wr.with a flat of a million feet of
logs, coming down the river, and their
raft went to pieces on one of the swift
shoals with which the upper rive: