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CHRI S LAT HUR1.
Dr. Talmage Finds Lessons of
Comfort in a Sad Scene.
HEAVEN'S BRIGHT CROWNS
The Creat Divine Says Shall
Adorn the Brows of Thcse Who
Bear Life's Burdens With
From the pathetic sect. if Christ's
last bour of suffering Dr. Talniage in
this sermon draws lesons ot eaLt
for people in trouble: text . John xix.
,30, "When Jesns therefire hau re:ci
ed the vinegar.
The brigands ot Jeruslen ha-ta dwne
their work. It was alino-t
and Jesus was dN i ! e; in cru
cifixion ofteu lingsered vt! from t'ay to
day, crying. beig, Ug c.Aursin;, but
Christ had bect exhaiusted. b . a o
maltreatment. Pi . l r *
logged. as bt nt over and :i d tol
post his bare back wa i
the scourges interseeu c v
lead and boue. andnow
he weight of hi bdyi n
cate tendon!. and, a co
a violent stroke u der
been Liven) by t!te
nausa-xd evri .i orld Ia
is conre\Sed in the t%' %%(,j,
thirst!* Oh. se( o Juuea. , a
drop of rain strike (n hi 1urn
tongue' , y orld. with rirer
and s p:rkIng laim-es a u ( r.io i h
tains, give Jesus somethwyop, to rn
If there be any pity in earth r ha v.ien
or hell, let it now be demo,4rtteu il
behalf of this royal ufferr
The wealthy women of Jerusalcin
used to have a fund of' money with
which they provided wine for those peo
ple who died in crucifixion-a power
ful opiate to deaden the pain-but
Chrivt would not take it. He wanted
to die sober. atzd so he refuscd the wine.
But afterward they go to a ,up ol vin
egar and soak a sponge in it and put it
on a stick of hyssop and then press it
against the hot lips of Christ. You say
the wine was an anx-sthetic and intend
ed to relieve or deaden ti* pain. But
the vinegar was an insult.
In some lives to ,accharine seeMs to
predominate. Life is sunshine on a
bauk of flowers. A thousand hands to
clap approval. In Deceuber or in Jan
uary, looking across their table. they
see all their family present. Health
rubicund. skies flamboyant. days re
silient. But in a great many cases
there are not so many sugars as acids.
The annoyances, and the vexations,
and the disappointments of life over
power the successes. There is a grevel
in almost every shoe. An Arabian
legend says that there was a worm in
Solomon's staff knawing its strength
away. and there is a weak spot in every
earthly support that a man leans on
King George of England forgot all the
grandeurs of iis throne because one day
in an interview Beau Brummel called
him by his first name and addressed
him as a servant, crying. "George,
ring the bell:" Miss Laagdon, honor
ed all the world over for her poetic ge
nius, is so worried over the evil reports
set afloat regarding her that she is found
dead with an empty bottle of prussie
acid in her hand. Goldsmith said that
his life was a wretched being, and that
all that want and contempt could
bring to it had been brought. and cries
out, "What, then, is there formidable
in a jail?"~ Correggio's fine painting is
hung up for a tavern sirn. Hlogarth
cannot sell his best painting except
through a raftle. Andrez. del Sarto
makes the great fresco in the Church of
the Annunciata at Florence and gets
for pay a sack ofecorn, and there are
annoyances and vexatlons in high
places as well as in low places, show
ing that in a great many lives are the
sours greater than the sweets. "When
Jesus therefore had received the vine
It is absurd to suppose that a man
who has always been well can sym pa
thize with those who are slek. or that
one who has always been houored can
appreeiate the sorrow of those who are
despised, or that one who has been
born to a great f,.rtune can understand
the distress and the straits of those who
are destitute. T1he fact that Christ
himself took the viniegar nakes him
able to sympathize tvday and !.rever
with all those whose cup is Iti witht
the sharp acids of this life. Ile took the
In the first place, there was the sour
ness of betrayal. 'ihe treachery of
Judas hurt Christ's feelinas miore th~a
all the friendship of his~ di-ci. lea dd
him good. You have had many friend'
hut there was one friend upoi when,
you put especial stress. You fested
him. You loanded him mnoney.X Yu
befriended him in the dark p '-e' ut
life, when he esp.'eilly needed
friend. Afterward, I.e turinIed po
you, and he took advantag~ of you past
timacies. lie wrote against y-u. ile ini
talked against you, lIe t~iemiscopized
your faults. Hie flung contempitat \ilou.
when you ought to have received noth
ing but gra-titude At first .ou vould~
not sleep at night. Then you went
about with a sense of ha'ving been
stung. That diiculty will never be
healed, for though nutual friends may'
arbitrate in the uniter until yout shall
shake hands. thenld cordiality will
never come back. Now I comumu'~d to
all such the synmpathy oIf a betrayed
Christ. Why, they sold him for less
than our $20: Theu all forsook him and
fled. They cut him to the quick. lie
drank that cup to the dregs. lie took
There is also the sourness oifpan
There are some of you who have not
seen a well day for many years. By
keeping out of drafts, and by carefully
studying dietetics, you continue to this
iUme, but oh, the headaches, and the
side aches, and the backaches, and the
heartaches which have been your ae
companimtnt all the way through! You
have struggled under a heavy mortgage
of physical disabilities, and instcad of
the placidity that once characterized
you it is now only with great effort that
you keep away from irritability and
sharp retort. Difficulties of respira
tion. of digestion, of locomotion, make
up the great obstacle in your life, and
you tug and sweat along the pathway
and wonder when the exhauston will
end. My friends, the brightest crowns
in heaven will not be glen to those,
who, in stirrups. dashed to the cavalry
charge, while the gene'rai appl~auded,
and the sound of clsm bers rang
through the land, bh bichte-t
crowns in heaven. I believe. will be
given to those who trudg~ed in amid
chronic ailments which unnerveu thir
strength, yet all the time mainItaining
their faith in God. It is comparative
ly easy to fight in a regimen of a th ou
sand men, charging up :he parapiets to
he sound of martial music, but it is
not so easy to endure when no one but
that. ou never had any w wse
t h, U is'. The sharpness th't s'ung
throu'h his brain. through hi h nds,
t uh s cet. through his be.; were
as .reat as yours certainly. He was as
SIk and as weary. Not a nerve or
muscle o.r ligament escaped. All the
in f all the nations of all the ages
compresed into one sour cup. le took
T liere A- also the sourness of poverty.
Your income ndoes not meet your outgo
ines. 0nd that always gives an honest
man anxiety. There is no sign of des
titution about you-pleasant appear
ance and a cheerful home for you -but
G od only knows what a time you have
had to 'manaze your private finaices.
.J ust as the bills run up the wages seenm
to ruI do. n. You may say nothing.
but life to you is a hard push, and
when Nu (it dowL with your wife and
talk over the expenses you both rise up
discoura'ed. You abridge here. and
ou atrige there and xour get things
u o h sailing,. and. lo. sud
e e is a large doctor's bill to
av. (' Ou have lo-t your pocketbook.
Sorsou e debtor has failed, and you are
Iriwn abeatm end. Well. brother.
in ;-orious com;pany. Christ
wor the house in whi h lie Stop
t.d thL , dit on which he rode or the
a: il wciich 1 siled. lie lived in a
house; he, was buried in a bor
Exposed to all kinds of
wa r (I Se't he h . only one suit of
ct.1 le breakfasted in the morn
zi. d n.o one could possibly tell
wl:eru he could anything to eat be
f1re night. le would have been pro
a financial failure. He had to
:rIform a mirace to g-t motney to pay
- 4x Lili. N:t a dollar did he own.
i -a-tion of domesticity. privation of
urit.iou .00d. priration of a comfort
l couh o I ich to sleep. privation
I al1 woridiy resources! The kings of
,he earth had chased chalices out of
which to drink. but Christ had noth
ing 1ut a I ain cup set before him, and
it was very sharp. and it was very sour.
He t"ok the vinegar.
There were years that passed along
before sour fauily circle was invaded
bv death. but the moment the charmed
eirele was broken every thing seemed to
dissolve. Hardly have you put the
black apparel iti the wardrobe before
you have again to take it out. Great
and rapid changes in your family re
cord. You got the house and rejoiced
in it, but the charrn was gone as soon
as the crape hung on the doorbell. The
one upon whom you most depended was
taken away from you. A cold marble
stab lies on your heart today. Once,
as the childen romped through the
house. you put your hand over your
aching head and said, "Oh, if I could
only have it still"? Oh. it is too still
now' You lost your patience when the
tops and the strings and the shells were
left amid the floor, but, oh, you would
be willing to have the trinkets scattered
all over the floor again if they were
scattered by the same har ds.
With what a ruthless plowshare be
reavement rips the heart! But Jesus
knows all about that. You cannot tell
him anything new in regard to bereave
ment. He had only a few friends, and
when he lost one it brought tears to his
eyes. Lazarus had often entertained
him at his home. Now Lazarus is
dead and buried. and Christ breaks
down with emotion. the convulsion of
grief shuddering through all the ages of
bereavement. Christ knows what it is
to go through the house missing a fa
miliar inmate. Christ knows what it
is to see an unoccupied place at the
table. Were there not four of them
Mary and Martha and Christ and Laza
rus? Four of them. But where is La
zarus? Lonely and afflicted Christ,
his great loving eyes filled with tears!
Oh, yes. yes: He knows all about the
loneliness and the heartbreak. He
took the vinegar!
Then there is the sourness of the
death hour. Whatever else we may
escape. that acid sponge will be pressed
to our lips. I sotretimes have a curios
ity to know how I will behase when I
come to die. Whether I will be calm
or excited, whether I will be filled with
remmileenee or withi anticipation, I
cannot say. But come to the point I
must and you must. An officer from
the future world will knock at the door
of our hearts and serve on us the writ
of ejectmz~ent. and we will have to sur
render. And we will wake up after
these autumnal and wintry and vernal
and summery glories have vanished
fromi our vision. We will wake up into
a realm which has only one se.ason and
that t he season of everlasting love.
But you say: "I don't want to break
out from muy present associations. It
ii. so chilly mand so damp to go down the
stairs of that va-tlt. I don't want any
thing drawn so tightly over my eve-.
If there were onliy some way of break
inig thr(ough the piartition between
worldS without tearing~ this body all to
shred! I wonder if the surgeons and
the doctors cannot compound a mixture
by which this body and soul can all the
t'ie b-e kent totzether? Is there no es
ene' from this separation?" None,
a -ltel none. A great many men
tuml thro ugh the gates of the future,
as it 'ier'. and we do not know where
thev hlave gone, and they only add gloom
and myI~ste-ry to the passage, but Jesus
Christ so mightily stormed the gates
of that fature world that they have
never einee been closely shut. Christ
knows what it is to leave this world, of
the beauty of which he was more amp
preiative than we ever could be. Hie
knows the exqisiteness of the phos
phor-escence of the sea. lie trod it.
Ie knows the glories of the midnight
heavens, fir they were the spangled
canopy of his wilderness pillow. Hie
knows about the lilies. He twisted
them into his sermon. He knows about
the fowls of the air. They whirred
their way through his discourse. He
knows about the sorrows of leaving this
beautiful world. Not a taper was
kindled in the darkness. lie died phy
-icianless. He died in cold sweat and
dizziness and hemorrhage and agony,
that have put him in sympathy with all
the dying. He goes through Christen
dom, and heC gathers up the stings out
of all the death plo1ws, and he puts
them under his own neck and head.
He gathers on his own tongue the burn
ing thirst of many generations. The
sponge is soaked in the sorrows of all
those who have died in their beds, as
well as soaked in the sorrows of all
those who perished in icy or fiery war
trdom. While heaven was pitying,
and earth was mocking, and hell was
deriding, he took the vinegar!
To all those to whom life has been
an acerbity-a dose they could not
swallow, a draft that set their teeth on
edge and a-rasping-I preach the omni
potent sympathy of Jesus Christ. The
sister of Herschel. the astronomer, used
to spee d much of her time polishing the
telscopes through which he brought
the distant worlds nigh, and it is my
ambition now this hour to clear the
lens of your spiritual vision, so that,
looking through the dark night of your
earthly troubles. you may behold the
glorious constellation of a Saviour's
love. Oh, my friends, do not try to
carry all your ills alone. Do not put
Jines. hzr ithe Alitlghty Christ is1
Yeady to lift up all your burdeis. W nii
yuth have a trouble of any kind, ydu
rush this r.yc and that way, and you
wonder wha: this man will say about
it and what that man will say about it.
and you try this preseriptioi and that
prescription and the other prescription.
Oh, why do you not go straight to the
heart of Christ. knowing that for our
own sinning and suffering race he took
There was a vessel that had been
tossed on the seas for a great many
weeks and been disabled, and the sup
ply of water gave out, and the crew
were dying of thirst. After many days
they saw a sail against the sky. They
signaled it. When the vessel came
nearer, the people on the suffering ship
cried to the captain of the other vessel:
"Send us seme water. We are dying
for lack of water." And the captain on
the vessel that was hailed responded:
"Dip your buckets where you are. You
are in the mouth of the Anazon. and
there are scores of miles of fresh water
all around about you and hundreds of
feet deep." And then they dropped
their buckets over the side of the vesel
and brought up the clear, bright, fresh
water and put out the fire of their
thirst. So I hail you today, after a
long and perilous voyage, hirsting as
you are for pardoL and tlir:ting foi
comfi'rt and thirsting for eternal life.
and I ask you what is the use of your
UOing in that death struck state while
all around you is the deep, clear, wide.
sparkling flood of Got's ;ympathetic
mercy. Oh, dip your buckets and drink
and live forever. "Whosoever will,
let him come and take of the water of
Yet there are people who refuse this
divine sympathy, and they try to fight
their own battles, and drink their own
vinegar, and carry their own burdens,
and their life, instead ef being a trium
ph.d march from victory to victory,
will be a hobbling on from defeat to de
feat. until they make final surrender to
retributive distaster. Oh, I wish I could
tjday gather up in my arms all the
woes of men and women, all their heart
aches, all their disappointments, all
their chagrins, and just I ake them right
to the feet of a sympathizing Jesus.
He took the vinegar. Nana Sahib, af
ter he had lost his last battle in India,
fell back into the jungles of Iheri-jun
gles so full of malaria that no mortal
can live there. le carried with
also a ruby of great luster and of
value. le died in those jungles. Ii
body was never found, and the ru. has
never yet been recovered. And tear
that today there are some who wiP fall
back from this subject into the sivken
ing, killing j-ingles of their sin carry
ing a gem of infinite value-a prictless
soul-to be lost forever. Oh, that that
ruby might flash in the eternal corona
tion! But, no! There are some, 1 fear,
who turn away from this offered mercy
and comfort and divine sympatly, not
withstanding that Christ, for all who
would accepthis grace, trudged the long
way, and suffered the lacerating thongs,
and received in his face the expectora
tions of the filthy mob, and for the guil
ty, and the discouraged and the dis
comforted of the race, took the vinegar.
May God Almight break the infatua
tion and lead you Out into the strong
hope, and the good cheer, and the glori
ous sunshine of this triumpant gospel!
THE CHICAGO PLATFORM.
Bryan Stands by Its Principals. A
A Democratic conference has been
called under the auspices of the Demo
cratic State committee was held in To
peka Thursday evening. Prominent
speakers, including Col. W. J. Bryan'
of Nebraska; Champ Clark of Missouri;
Allen ID. MIyers of Ohio and Sidney
Clark of Oklahoma were present. More
than a thousand persons were invited.
The meeting was in the nature of a con
ference of Democratic leaders, the pol
icy of the party in the campaign of
1899 being touched on.
M1r. Bryan himself was given the
most prominent place, his subject be
Mr. Bry an stood out squarely for the
Chicago platform, and said that there
had been no retreat from the positions
taken in 1S96.
"We are only holding our own," he
declared, but we are gaining back those
Democrats who left us without fulls
understanding the nature of the strug
"Sonve ine4 we hear phcar for har
mony fo"m those who opp, sed the pe r
ty in 1896," continued Mr. Bryan.
"but harmony. (instead of 'being a
thing hoped for, is at least, a thing
realized; not a pretended harmony be
tween those entertaining antagz'nistic
principles, but an actual harmoziy be
tween those who are united in a com
mon purpose against a common enemyv.
?'he Democratic party was never umore
harmonious, and its harmony can only
be disturbed Dy admitting within the
fold those who are at variance with its
principles and aspirations.
"The D)emocratic platform of 1900
will be written by those who stood upon
the platform of 1896, not by those who
tried to overthrow the Democratic par
ty in that campaign.~
Mr. Bryan declared that events have'
been vindicatfng the policies proposed
by the Democratic party in 1896.
He then passed on to the subject of
trusts and characterized them as the
products of Republican methods.
Mr. Bryan closed with a denunciation
of militarism and what he termed the
tendency of the present administration
Champ Clark of Bowling Green, Mo.,
had for his subject "Prosperity, past,
present and future.'
Governor Stone of Missouri spoke on
the future of the Democratic party.
He was followed by Allen 0. Myers
of Columbus, 0., whose toast was "The
East and the West."
The toast responded to by Sidney
Clark was "Oklahoma. the next star in
the flag of the Union.'
Three Lives Crushed Out.
The bodies of three white minrr now
lie 125 feet under groumi beneath
great volume of water and tons of dirt
and debris in a maneise mine nine
miles from Cartersville. Ga., where they
met death by being mashed and smother
de by the great mass above where they
were working caving in on them. The
dead men arc Frank McEver, a son of
one of the lessees, and the Messrs.
Chastain. McEver leaves a wife and
two children. He was 263 years of age.
The mine is on the Canton road and is
known as the Clumnber Hill nmine. It
has recently been leased by Messrs.
White & McEver and worked with a
force of from three to five hands. It
may take several days to recover the
bodies of the men, as the water in the
shaft is 80 feet deep and will have to
be pumped out before other work to
Ti Lint of Chairmien of the Varioil
Following is the list of chairmen of
the county boards of penvions. Saluda
is the only county which has not com
municated with the comptroller gen
Abbeville-J. R. Holloway, Petti
Aiken-J. R. Eidron, Vaucluse.
Anderson-J. J. Gilmer, Anders.,n.
Bamberg --W. F. Stokes, Farrell's
Barnwell-A. B. Connor, Allendale.
Beaufort-Dr. R. R. Sams, Beaufort.
Berkeley-D. M. Breaker. Moncks
Charleston-Dr. B. 31. Lebby, Char
Cherokee-J. G. Sarratt, Gaffney.
Chester-W. H. Hardin, Chester.
Chesterfield-W. J. Hanna, Chester
Clarendon-C. S. Land, Sr., Fores
Darlington-Capt. W. E. James.
Dorchester-D. M. Horn, St.
Edgefield-J. N. Fair, Edgefield.
Fairfield-G. H. Me.1aster. Winns
Florence-E. W. Lloyd, Florence.
Georgetown-J. Ilarleston Read
Greenville-Col. S. S. Crittenden,
Greenwood-W. P. McKeller, Green
IHorry-B. L. Beaty. Bucksville.
Hampton-J. 11. Steinmeyer, Early
Kershaw-W. F. Russell, Westville.
Lancaster-W. B. Bruce, Heath
Laurens-B. W. Ball, Laurens.
Lexington-S. 1. Roof, Lexington.
Marion-Dr. G. A. McIntyre, Mar
Marlboro-J. H Hudson, Bennetts
Newberry-M. A. Carlisle, Newber
Oconee-J. C. Neville, West Union.
Orangeburg-G. W. Dannelly,
Pickens-N. A. Cristopher, Pickens.
Richland-Capt. W. D. Starling, Co
Spartanburg-Capt. J. W. Hawkins,
Sumter-E. E. Gaillard, Sumter.
Union-Godfrey B. Fowler, Jones
Williamsburg-H. H. * Kinder,
York-J. F. Wallac. Yorkville.
An act to amend Section 4 of an act en
titled "An act to provide a system of
county government for the several
counties of this State, so far as it re
lates to the maintaining and working
of the roads and highways in this
State," approved March 23, 1896,
amended and approved February 23,
1897, and amended and approved Feb
ruary 21, 1898, by inserting Cherokee
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gen
eral Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, that an act entitled "An act
to amend an act entitled an act to pro
vide a system of county government for
the several counties of this State, so far
as it relates to the working and main
taining of the roads and highways in
this State," approved March 23, 1896,
amended and approved February 25,
1897, and also amended and approved
February 21, 1898, be, and the same is
hereby, further amended by inserting
the name Cherokee, on line 4 of Section
4, after the name Spartanburg, so that
said section when amended shall read
Section 4. That all male persons able
to perform, or cause to be performed,
the labor herein required, between the
ages of 18 and 50 years, except in Hor
ry, Spartanburg, Greenville, Cherokee
and Union counties, where the ages
shall be from 21 to 50, and also except
win isters of the Gospel in actual charge
ofa congregation, and persons perman
ently disabled in the military service of
this State, and persons who served iin
the late war between the States, shall
be required annually to perform, or
cause to be performed, four days' labor
on the highways, under the direction o'f
the over,-eer of the road district in
which he shall reside; except in the
counties of Spartanburg, Anderson,
Greenville, Pickens and Darlington,
wherein the number of working days
shall be three; and in Pickens county.
the commutation tax shall be one dol
lar; and in Greenville county ten hours
sh.all constitute a day's work for all
hired hands; and in Pieckens county ten
hours shall constititute a day's work
for all hands; and the counties of Or
angeburg, Saluda, Edgefield, Colleton,
Chester, Barnwell, Newberry, Green
wood, Williamsburg, Dorchester, Sum
ter and York, wherein the number of
wvorking days shall be four as to York;
and the coutnties of Berkeley, Charles
ton, G eorget own, Hampton, Beaufort,
Marion and Florence. where the number
of working days shall be eight; and in
Bamberg county, the number of work
ing days shall be six: and in Clarendon
county, where the number of work days
shall be changed to fear, and the com
mutation tax shall be one dollar: Pro
vided, that the county board of com
missioners of any county may cause to
be levied an additional tax, not to ex
ceed one mill, on all the taxable prop
erty of any township in their county,
when so required by a written petition
signed by two-thirds of the freeholders
of such township, except in Pickens
county, where it shall not be necessary
to have said written petition. Such
tax to be collected as the other taxes
and to be expended on the roads and
nighways of such township: Provided,
that the provisions of this act shall not
apply to the county of Fairfield. The
provisions of this act shall not apply to
Pickens, Cherokee and Union counties
until the year 1900: Provided, further.
that in Oconee county the number of
days' work to be per-for-med be four,
without .o.y ca'nnout tion.
A oproved the 2nd day of March. A.
A Brain-Twister for Robert.
A discouraged editor asks the follow
ing question: "If Bob Ingersoll insists
that there is no hell, will he state what
becomes of the man who takes the pa
per three of four years without paying
for it and then tells the postmaster that
he does not want it.
When the hour came for the Kansas
Legislature to close the other day de
tectives were stationed at every exit of
the State house to. see that no property
was carried away. ~.It has been the cus
torn for a vast pumnber of articles,
ranging from typewriters down to ink
stands, to disappear at the end of every
session. The detectives found plenty
to do, and dozens of would-be thieves
THE LAkE oCiY CASE.
The Trial Will Begin Sometime kext
Week in Charleston.
The News and Courier says ovcr
eighty witnesses have been summoned
to appear for the Government in the
case against the alleged lynchers from
Lake City, which will be tried next
week. There will be a great array of
witnesses for the defence, and it is not
believed that the trial can be finibhed
in less than two weeks.
Mr. E W. Bell, the special agent
who was sent to South Carolina by the
department of justice to gather evi
dence in the lynching case, has re
turned to Charleston from Cuba, wheie
he went to intervie, certain members
of the 2d South Carolina regiment.
Marion Clark, who enlisted in the regi
ment, aLd who was formerly editor of
a newspaper at Lake City. is named as
one of the defendants. Mr. Bell want
ed to see Clark and others connected
with the case.
At present there are fifteen defend
ants. They were all arrested at differ
ent times, and were released from jail
on bond. The fifteen alleged members
of the mob are: Ezra McKnight, W.
A. Webster. M. V. Ward, Moultrie
Epps, H1. C. Goodwin, C. J. Joyner.
Oscar Kelly, Edwin Rodgers, Alonzo
Rodgers, Henry S. Stokes, Allen Belk,
Van Somerford, Early P. Lee, John P.
Newham and Marion Clark. It is
hinted that other arrests will be made
before the case is taken up for trial.
Much interest is being taken in the
make-up of the jury which wili have
to sit on the trial. The names of the
men are of particular interest just at
this time. The grand jurors are:
A. S. Dukes, Brabchville, Orange
S. P. Reid, Spartanburg. Spartan
G. C. Singleton, Conway. Horry.
W. S. Wilkerson, Hickory Grove,
A. C. Izard, Walterboro, Colleton.
John K. Ragsdale, Jenkinsville,
D. P. Lide, Darlington, Darlington.
Fred Walker, (colored,) Chester,
H. H. Gooche, Lancaster, Lancaster.
J. A. Thompson, Lindsay, Lancaster.
J. C. Freeman, Waverly Mills,
S. E. Owens, St. Matthews, Orange
M. T. Simpson, Cross Hill, Laurens.
John R. Gossett, Easley, Pickens.
S. F. Flowers, Sumter, Sumter.
J. J. Thompson, Camden, Kershaw.
John C. Sevier, Spartanburg, Spar
Adam Cook, Winnsboro, Fairfield.
Tom Johnson, (colored,) Camden,
L. B. Carson, Union, Union.
Thomas Addison, Brunson, Hamp
S. M. Snider, Greenville, Greenville.
H. H. Cannon, Spartanburg, Spar
The petit jury are:
Alfred Sevans, (colored,) Aiken, Ai
J. J. Lawton, Hartsville, Darlington.
J. A. Gibson, Newberry, Newberry.
C. A. Bowman, Newberry, New
John XX. McCullough, Alba, Green
J. H. Clarkson, Columbia, Ri~hland.
S. A. Durham, Marion, Marion.
E. P. Ricker, Sumter, Sumter.
B. F. Davis, Marion, Marion.
Joel B. Garrison, Sterling- Grove,
R. M. Marshall, Charleston, Charles
WV. P. McGill, Camp Ridge, Wil
Arthur L. Kerne, Clinton, Laurens.
J. Adams Clarkson, Weston, Rich
J. B. Stepp, Sweitzer, Spartanburg.
William Alexander, (colored,) Ches
J. C. Elliott, Lancaster, Lancaster.
W. R. Price, Sunnydale, Pickens.
Robert P. Evans, Charleston, Char
W. R. Doty, Winnsboro, Fairfield.
U. A. Calhoun, Appleton, Barnwell.
Morgan Boylston, Wagener, Aiken.
T. P. Horger, Jamison, Orangeburg.
J. D. Humiphries, Union, Union.
Fred C Gibbs, Cordesville, Berkelev.
McCloud Rlutson, Beaufort, Beau
W. H. Tuten, Hampton, Hampton.
T. H. Reane, Graniteville, Aiken.
Samuel T. Waddell, (colored,) Doves
C. H. Carlisle, Spartanburg, Spar
R. J. Poole, Anderson, Anderson.
J. S. Cantey, Summerton, Clarendon.
A. J. Stringer, Belton. Anderson.
Turpin Earle, Greenville, Greenville.
Edward DeReef, XWaverly Mills,
C. M. Mills, (colored,) Laurens, Lau
Prosperity--How It Propers.
The McKinley wave of prosperity is
still sweeping on. Around the gates of
the factories in the cities every morn
ing are found scores and hundreds of
men begging for employment, who are
turned away with the stereotyped ex
pression, "No) work." One-fourth of
the population of New York city are
subjects of charity! This last winter
women disguised themselves in men's
clothing and sought work on the streets
of New York in shoveling snow, and
when discharged by the foreman when
their sex was discovered, they cried bit
terly and begged to be allowed to re
main and work, declaring their families
were -starving. In Cincinnati over 4,
900 persons applied for aid in Decem
her and January. in Nashville, Tenn.,
children are working in cotton factories
for five cents a day of twelve or thirteen
hours. One child received fifty-five
cents for three weeks' work, and one
family one of eight workers average
scarcely 5.30 a month. Talk of McKin
ley prosperity! In Ohio-McKinley's
home-the head center of prosperity,
there are 65,950 people being fed by
charity. "No longer the man hunts
the job, but the job now hunts the
man," is a sentence coined by McKin
ley, and yet in the face of it the Wash
ington Post recently contained an ap
peal in behalf of discharged yoluntecrs
of the District regiment now out of
employment and destitute! This, un
ier the shadow of the dome of the na
tion's capital-at the portals of the
White House! Prosperity of this kind
is found all around the country, but it
s of a kind that requires a great deal
>f nursing by the followers of McKin
"Ben Hlur," Gen. Lewv XWalace's
nasterpiece, was first dedicated "~To
~he wife of my youth.' When the
ook began to make its way Gen. XXal
ace was flooded with letters of condo
ence on the supposed death of his
'ife, the writers basing their sympa
hy on the dedication. Mrs. Wallace
1erself had written the words, but for
he next edition altered them to the
ollowing, which has ever since been
ised: "To the wife of my youth who
till abides with me
Makes the food more deli
AOYAL BAK"NG POWtEi
In connection with Supecrintendent
McLO~ahian's statemniit that it is"claimed
that many children are prevented from
attending school because of the inabili
ty of their parents to provide them with
the necessary book:'' and that "some
even say that the schools are beyond
the reach of the poorer elasses unless
the State supplies text books to the
children," this article from the Nash
ville American will be found of interest:
The table following will show the
difference between the prices of school
books in Tennessee and Indiana. The
Indiana law was passed ten years ago
and any attempt to rescind it would not
find a corporals guard in the State.
The table is:
First Reader...........$ .15 $ .20
Second Reader....... .25 .35
Third Reader.. ... ......35 .45
Fourth Reader... ..... .45 .6t
Fifth Reader......... .60 .80
Third Part Arithmetic.. .45 .60
Elementary Geography.. .30 .51)
Complete Georgraphy. .. .75 1 25
Intermediate Geography. .20 .35
Spelling Books....... .10 .20
English Grammar .......40 .75
United States History.. . .60 1.25
Physiology............. GO 1.25
Copy Book No. I.. .. . . .05 .1)
Copy Book No. 2.. . . . . . .05 .10
Copy Book No. 3....... .05 .123
Copy Book No. 4 ......05 .121
Copy Book No. 5.. ......05 .124
Copy Book No. 6. ....... .05 .124
We called attention to the fact the
other day that under the Indiana law
every school book concern of import
ance in the country was competing for
the State contract. This knocks into
a cocked hat the argument that cheap
and inferior books would be furnished
the Tennessee children if we had such
a law as prevails in Indiana.
In commenting on the above the
Columbia State says it does not know
the prices paid for school books in
South Carolina but they are dobutless
higher than those paid in Indiana. The
State is right. The price of school
books in South Carelina are higher than
they are in Indiana, which should not
be the case. There is no reason why
South Carlina should not get school
books as cheap as Indiana or any other
The State reports Superintendent
McMahan as saying that the sums ex
pended for the luxury of school charts
have reached the astounding total of
$60,000 in a State where the heaviest
taxation bearable is insufficient to keep
the schools open six months in the
year. It passes understanding how
this folly could have been permitted by
those who have been charged with the
economical and effective management
of our public school system.
We agree with The State that Mr.
McMahan "did not takc charge of the
office of superintendent of education a
day too soon His statement shows
that he appreciates the obligations of
his position ani the necessity for radi
cal reforms in the system, and we hope
that he will continue unflinchingly in
the path he has entered. This State.
as a State, cannot give more money to
its public schools than it does now,
but the effectiveness of whit it does
give can be greatly increased by wise
administration. This the people now
The School Charts.
The school chart business seems to
be dividing the honors with the peni
tentiary investigation. Assistant At
torney-General Gunter has had foi
somuetime under advisement the ma:ter
of paying for these charts. The qjues
tton submitted to him is whether tru~
tees are permitted lezally to i-ay for the
charts by warrants on the comning~ year's
-chool fund. This has been doije in a
number of instances. Mr. Guater had
not written out his decision but he sai.
that he would hold that trustees couin
not do so. The que-tion whethe-r th.
had a right to expend school money fi.
such a purpose has not bee n submit
ted to him. His ruling on the fir
point will go a long way in stoppin.
the purchase of charts, for few schob
districts have any money to spare to
the purpose. It will be hard on tnt
chart men, even if they wait until ue.\t
year's money is available, as condition.
will be about the same then as the
are now-no money to spend upon suech
luxuries. Trustees will have to mak,
some arrangements about them or thef
chart company will have to take back
their goods as second hand. We hop
this chart business will make the school
authorities more careful in future abo'i
making illegal contr-acts. The char.
people sold their charts in good faith.
and it is certainly hard on them to be
knocked out in this way. If they had
been told in the beginning that their
goods were too high, instead of beius
encouraged as they were in many in
stances by the school authorities to seli
them on time~ the ease would be differ
A Big Farmer.
David Rankin. of Tarkio. Atchinson
county. Missouri, who owns and man
ages 23,000 acres of land in Atchin
son county, scattered over an area of
forty miles. is described in the Indian
apolis News as an all-round farmer who
farms all the year round. To work his
farmse, which aver-age from 4500 to 3.000
aeres. reiuires 140 employes, 700
horses, more than 10)0 wagons and many
plows, harrows, cultivators, etc. Half
of his land goes under the plowyea:
ly. About 2.I000 acres are sown to
wherat and the rest is planted in corn.
Other land is laid do.;in in clover, tim
othy and bluegrall pastures. Every
year Mr. Rankin buys and fattens from
8,000 to 10,000 head of cattle, He
keeps 12,000 head of hogs at all times,
and sells about $80,000 worth yearly.
He began to buy his land ia 1876. In
addition to his duties as a farmer he
the president of the First Nation!l
Bank, of the Electric Light and P'ower
company of the Water conapany aad of
a brick and tile company, lHe'has been
liberal in his support of thcechu.h and
ELEVE persons, including 'ix A:
sessor Lewis Coffee and nine member
of his family, were killed by a cyclone
at Edwardsville, Ala.. Saturdav nigrht.
The storm spread throughout 'the
South, but was especially severe ni
Tennessee and Alabama.
Cayenne pepper ishighlyrecommend-.
ed for driving away ants. It should.a
cious and wholesome
CO., NEW YORK.
WIT ME ND CR
An Orderly's Tale of Fighting
Indians With the Two
IS THE ONLY SURVIVOR
Was With Custer the Day He Was
Killed and Narrowly Missed
His Command's Fate.
General Miles' Remarkable Bravery-Rode
Across an Open Field Under the Fire of
Eight Bundred Indians-A Sight Never
to Be Forgotten-Resulted In His I'rono
tion to a Brigadiership.
To a group of friends the other even
ing, William H. McGee, recalled some
interesting reminiscences of the Cus
ter massacre and of the fight in the
Bear Paw, when General Miles captur
ed the Nez Perces Indians under Chief
Mr. McGee was General Custer's or
derly on the day of the massacre and
is the last man now living who saw
that officer and is also the only sur
vivor of the command with which Cus
ter went forward, when he left Major
Reno on that fateful morning of June
"Yes," said he, "I was with Custer
the day he was killed. I was his order
ly that day and narrowly missed the
tragic fate he and his command met
at the hands of Sitting Bull and his
horde of Indians. I am the only sur
vivor of the command with which Cus
ter started out that morning, and owe
my life to the fact that just a few
moments before the Sioux fell on him,
he sent me back to Major Reno with
orders to the latter.
About 9 o'clock one morning the
command halted and Custer and Reno
held a consultation. I was only a few
feet away as they were talking, being
Custer's orderly that day.
"They compared their watches, and
a moment later Custer's command was
on its way to the point where it met
with annihilation. When we were, I
should judge, about a mile from Reno,
Custer turned to me and said:
"Orderly, do you think you can find
the way back to Major Reno?"
"I replied: 'Yes, sir.'
"'Go as quickly as yo'u can,' he said,
'to Major Reno; give him my compli
ments and tell him to wait 20 minutes
more. He will understand that. I
guess you will have to remain with
"It was that order that saved me
from a grave out in Montana.
"As I wheeled my horse to go back
he recalled me, and calling up the reg
imental trumpeter, gave him practical
ly the same instructions and further
remarked to us, pointing in the direc
tion of Reno's command, 'If you cut
across there you may find it smoother
going. If you prefer the trail, however,
you may go that way, and use your
"We started, the trumpeter and my
self. We had only gone 300 or 400
yards when he said to me: 'Mack,
which way are you going?'
"'Back over the trail, of course,' I
"He had gotten it into his head that
Custer had told us to cut across, and
I argued with him in vain that the
route was left to our discretion. He~
wouldn't have it that way, and starting
off alone, remarked: 'Good-by, Mack;
we'll see who gets to Reno first.' The
move cost him his life. He had gone
only about 600 yards when I heard sev
eral shots in his direction. He had
evidendy run right into the Indians,
and, as I afterwards learned, they had
riddled him with bullets.
"By this time I could hear constant
firing, both in the direction of Custer
and Reno. I was getting over the
ground as fast as my horse could car
ry me, and I had a fine horse, too. Just
as I got in sight of Reno's command
I ran right into a bunch of red devils.
They were not more than 30 yards
away, and instantly I could hear the
'ping' and whistling of bullets all
around me. I was n'obably within 120
yards of Reno's command. One ball
struck my horse in the withers, and he
want down. I fell over his head, but
fortunately my arm slipped through
the reins and left me holding the
"He got up at once, and as I threw
my right leg over the saddle another
ball hit him, first passing through the
calf o~f my right leg. It pierced my
horse's lungs. He jtumped forward and
carried me within 60 yards of Mlajor
Reno, where he dropped dead. I jump
ed as he was falling and ran the rest
of the way. There was a frightful din
at this time, and as I saluted 3Iafor
Reno he bent his head to hear' my
message. I repeated the orders of Cus
ter, and he said:
"'Orderly, too late now. Take care
"Reno was then whipped and was be
ing pressed back on the hill, where f~r
three days the command was sur
rounded and endured suffering which is
"The firing was hot and continuous.
We did not know what had become
of Custer, an~d were expecting he would
come to ontr relief. Shortly after we
got up on the hill we heard three vol
leys in his direction, a signal for aid,
but we were powerless to respond, and
could noz go to him, although he was
but little over a mile away.
''On the morning of the third day we
saw a body of men in ildilers' uni
forms in th~e distance. XV mistook
them for relief coming -o us. Such a
cheer and yell as wem r , fronm the im
prisoned soldiers cn thlat hill you never
heard In your life. We soon learned
that the uniforms were worn by In
dians, and were those undoubtedly of
-This was our ltrst knowledge of the
fate which had overtaken him and his
command. Our hearts again sank and
hope alnmost deserted us. Soon, how
ever, the Indians were seen to be leav
ing. and a few hours later General
Tlerry came up with relief and re-en
forcements. As Sitting Bull split UP
his followers into small bands. we
could not follow them successfully.
"'My next light was under General
M1iles, then Colonel. This was in th~e
fall of 1877, when we fought the Nez
Perces under Chief Joseph in the Bear
that Gen,:ra; miles is only a dress pa
rade and parlor soldier. The people
who say this never made a greater
mistake. General Miles is as brave
and fearless a commander as ever lived.
I don', believe he knpws what fear is.
Certainly if the people who make that
charge against him could have seen
him in that fight as I saw him their
opinions would undergo a radical
"It was September 29, 1877, that the
fight began. For five days we had
been marching at night, going into
camp about 4 o'clock each morning.
We had camped but six or seven miles
from the Nez Perces, although I am
satisfied General Miles did not know
"After we had gone about four miles
on the march we came in sight of the
Nez Perces' camp. They must have
known that we were coming, because
they were fully prepared for us. We
could not see them, but as we saw the
camp we formed in line of battle.
"As I said. we could not see the In
dians and did not, until we rode right
into them, within 30 feet of them.
They loomed up to view in an instant.
"Just think of it' There were fully
800 naked, painted savages, and, all
told, our three companies did not num
ber over 120 men.
"I will never forget the scene. Ser
reant Wilde ran out a few feet in
front of his horse. Corporal Delaney
was next to him and I was next to De
laney. We were in the extreme front.
"In a moment Wilde was shot
through the breast. Delaney wounded
in the head and I shot in the right
knee and side.
"For a time I was in a desperate sit
uation, between the two fires. I
thought my time had come, but our
boys soon reached us. One fellow,
named Stapleton, who was an ex-En
glish soldier and a brave one, too,
dragged me back beyond a little hill.
Here I had a good view of the fight.
"General Miles came up to my com
pany and pointing to a spot where sev
eral shots were coming from said:
" 'Boys, I don't believe there are over
a dozen of them over there. Charge
"We were so close that the Indians
heard the order, and answered back
jeeringly. 'Charge 'em.' - It was a dis
astrous charge, and of the 14 men who
leaped forward five dropped in an in
stant, and the remainder were com
pelled to fall back in a hurry.
"General Miles, telling the boys to
remain where they were, said he would
go back and send us re-enforcements.
It was at this point that I saw him
exhibit bravery and daring which have
been seldom witnessed.
"He could have gone around the hills
with perfect safety, but it would have
required a little more time. Disdain
ing the secure route, he put hs horse
into a canter and rode across the open,
the only real exposed place on the
"There were fully, as I said, 800 Nez
Perces within a short distance, and
they opened fire on him at once. There
must have been 2,000 shots fired at
him as he rode across.
"It seemed certain death, actually
courting it, but he dashed along utter
ly regardless of the rain of lead around
him. It was a spectacle I shall never
forget. When I hear General Miles
called a parlor or a dress parade sol
dier I think of that ride and the
scene it presented. and I feel like fight
"This was the hottest fighting for a
time that I ever heard of,. but we forc
ed the Indians back, and although the
fight lasted five days, the rest of it
was tame compared with that first
"After several parleys, Chief Joseph
surrendered, and a few hours later
General Howard, who was following
the Nez Perces from Washington Ter
"That fight was a great thing for
General Miles. His success there and
the opportunities it gave him resulted .
in his promotion to a Brigadiership
and a big jump toward the position he
now holds as commanding General of
New Electric Lamp.
An inventor has produced an electric
cane lamp, The handle of the cane
contains an incandescent lamp, the two
poles of which are connected with the
plates of a battery. Below this is a
small chamber to carry the battery
fuid. When it is desired to use the
lamp the cap is taken off and the cane
inclined, so that the liquid it contains
comes in contact with the electrodes.
A current is thus produced that will,
it is asserted, keep the light going for
A pastime indulged in by the farm
ers of Korea is known as "packing off
widows."~ It consists of a raid by
some disconsolate widower and his
friends on som~e village known to con
tain a young widow, the forcible ab
duction of the lady in question and her'
marriage to the widower.
A seca -.e is autnority for
the statement that children and old
people especially suffer from a lack of
lime in the system. Persons who
habitually drink soft water, while they
may enjoy immunity from certain of
the ills of life, expose -themselves to
other perhaps quite as much to be
avoided. Ihard water helps the teeth
and the bones by furnishing lime,
which is necessary to health, growth
and development. Old persons who
drink but little lose their teeth more
quickly than those who take a reason
able amount of drinking water. Lime
or food products ini which it abounds
should be a part of the regular supply
furnished to the system. One of 'the
most valuable vegetables for this pur
nose is the yellow turnip or rutabaga.
A Gorgeous Sight.
The throne room of the Sultan, at
Constantinople, is a gorgeous sight.
The gilding is unequalled by that of
any or her building in Europe, and from
the ceiling hangs a superb Venetian
chandelier, the two hundred lights of
which make a gleam like that of a ver
itable sun. At each of the four corners
of the room tall candelabra in baccarat
glass are placed, and the throne is a
htuge seat covered with red velvet,
nd having arms and back of pure
Smallest Inhabited Island.
The smallest inhabited island in the
world is that cn which the Eddystone
ighthouse stands. At low water it is
ZS fect in diameter; at high water the
ighthouse, whose diameter at the base
is 2j feet, completely covers it. It is
inhabited by three persons.
When the Prime Minister of the
Chinese Emperor has a -grudge against
ne of the nobles he advises his royal
master to pay him a prolonged visit.
'his visit generally means ruin, for
the Emperor tray-ls with a retinue of
te thsa1 nironnn