Newspaper Page Text
VO. I. ANI;.S C~WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 18994 O 2
LL iN A ITiA 1.
Lieutenant Gilmorc and Fifteen
Men of the Yorktown
CAPTURED BY THE FILIPINOS
The Men Were Endeavoring to
Rescue Spaniards Held by the
Rebels at Baler, Island of
Luzon. Anxiety is Felt.
The navy department has given out
the following dispatch froml Admiral
M1anila, April 1S.
Secretary of the -Navy Washington.
The Yorktown jisited Baler, Luzon.
east coast of Luzon, P. 1., April 12, for
the purpose of rescuing and bringing
away the Spanish forces consisting of
SO soldiers. three officers and two
priests, which were surrounded by 410
insurgents. Some of the insurgents
armed with Mauser rifles by na
tives. Lieut. J. G- Gilmore. while
making * ambushed. were fired
upon and captured. Fate unknown as
insurgents refused to communicate af
terward. The following are missing:
The officer priviously referred to, Chief
Quartermastp W. W. Walton. Cox
swain J. -llswoith, Gunner's Mate II.
J. Hogar'. Sailmakers' Mate Vendgit.
Seamen N. H. Rvnders and C. NV.
Woodbury, .Apprentices D. WV. A. \ en
ville, J. Peterson. Ordinary Seamen F.
Brisolese, 0. B. McDonald. Landinen
L. f. Edwards, F. Anderson, J. lillon
and C. A. Morrissey. Dewey.
The dispatch from Ada iral Dewey
caused much excitement in naval cir
cles as soon as its conten-:s became
known. It was received late in the day
and considerable -lelay was occasionea
by the blindness of some of the cipher
words. - It was impossible to complete
ly decipher it and the asterisks iudi
cate the unintelligible words.
The capture of the Yorktown's men
was discussed with much feeling in na
val circles. The misfortune was felt
with added keenness as the navy has
prided itsif thus far on immunity
from reverses. The -admiral's dispatch
was the first knowledge the department
had that the Yorktown had gone on this
special ,mission to relive the Spanish
garrison at Baler. That the capturt
should have been effected wbile the
American forces were on a mission 01
mercy toward the Spaniards, rather
than in the prosecution of a campaign
led to the belief that Spain would have
no further ground for questionizg the
good faith with which the Americanm
were seeking to relieve the condition ol
the Spanish prisoners.
Although the dis; atch gave no indi
cation that Lieut. Gilmore and his me
had lost their lives, yet great anxiety
was aroused by the mystery surround
ing their fate while in the hands of at
uncivilized enemy. This is the firs.
capture of any Americans, military oj
naval, so that it is unknown how tbt
insurgents will treat our men. If ci
ilized methods were pursued an ex
change could be quickly effected a,
Gen. Otis has a large number of Filipi
no prisoners, but the insurgents hay.
been averse thus far to exebangina
Spanish prisoners, and this raises
uestion as to what they will do witi
the Yorktown men.
The purpose of officials here is t'
spare no effort to secure the speedy re
lease of our men.
THE BALTER AIAMRUSH.
The Story of How the Yorktown Men
A dispatch from Manila under dan
of April 19 says: Admiral D~ewey has
been notified of the strange disappear
ance of Lieut. J. C. Gilmore and 34
members of the crew of the Unitev
States gunboat Yorktown. On Satur
day last the Yorktown anchored ofi
Baler, on the east coast of the island of
Luzon, and about 200 niles from here.
where there was a Spanish garrisn ol
about 50 men which had been defend
ing itself against several hundred Fili
pinos for months past.
Lieut. Gilmore, Ensign W. H. Stand
ley and a boat's crew were sent up the
river from Baler bay to communicate
with the Spaniards, the town of Baler
being situated some distance inland
Ensign Standley, who landed at the
mouth of the river, reports that he
heard three volleys, a bugle call and
cheers from up the river, but that the
automatic gun, which was part of the
quipment of the boat, was not heard
firing. Standley later paddled to the
Yorktown in a canoe. A search was
made for the Yorktown's boat and her
crew, but no trace of them was found
and the Yorktown sailed for Iloila, from
which place her commander cabled to
Admiral Dewey his theories that the
'ilippinos had captured or sunk the
boat or that the Spaniards had rescued
the Ainerican party.
DA scouting party of American troops
today found a rebel skirmish line 1sore
than a mile long eas: af Malolos. A
sharp fusilade followed, but no losses
Brig. Gen. Chas. King, who has been
taken'~suddenly ill and who is unable to
continue in command of his brigade.
has been-relieved o-f further duty and
has been ordered to return to the Unit
ed States on the first transport sailing
from here home.
As SEEN IN w.\silINvTN.
The navy department having request
ed a correction of the portions of Ad
miral Dewey's dispatch of yesterday
which were not decipherable was today
able to furnish the full text of the dis
patch which is as folows:
Manila. April iS.
Seretary of the Navy. Washington:
jThe Y'orktown visited Baler. Luzon,
east coast of Luzon, P. L,. April12
for the purpose of rescuing and bring
ing away Spanish forces consisting 4f
80 soldiers. three ofnecers and two
priests, which were surrounded by 400)
insurgents. Sonme of the insurgent.
armed with Mauser r ifies as reported by
naties. Lieut. J. C. Gilmore, after
making an exploration of the mouth of
the river in an armed boat was am
bushed. fired upon and captured. Fate
unknown, as insurgents refuscd to comn
municate afterward. De wey.
The offieials of the navy department
- are . cofen ta ho the men of
the York-town as e":c being killed
outrig"ht in t hePhilippin ambuscade
.ill be tll triated by the insurgents.
Somectime ago the war departmrent wade
inquiry as to the number of American
pri in. rs hel v by the F1:ipiaos. In re
pl, Gen. Otis refere to two such) sol
diers, and said tthit thew were bein)g
fairly treated by the iusargents, he
,iu- i, funds to defray the cOSt of
their food. Ihe reports made W'ilcox.
Ote of Dewy's oticers, who to the navY i
department by Par master made a trip
across the island of Luzon from Manila
to the north coast, described the condi
tion of the Spanish olicials who were
the prisoners of the insurgents as very
comfortab!e. In many cases. he said,
the ohlicials w re not nominally in (-on
finement, being allowed the liberty of
the towns. The offilials are hopeful
that Gilmore and his men who sur
vived the ambuscade will some day re
gain their liberty,
THERE ARE NO REBELS NOW
Rear Admiral Philips Orders the
Word Rebel Painted Out.
"The civil war is over," said Rear
Admiral .lohn W. Philip. commandant
of the Brookiyn -Navy Yard, standing
before a huge chunk of iron in the
yard that was being repainted "There
are no rebels: there never were any
rebels. Let's forget the whole matter
and iaint it out.' Foliowing so close
ly upon President MejKiley utter
ances on the same subject in h. amous
speech while in the South recently,
when he referred to the line between
the north and south having been erased
in the gallant defense of the flag by the
sons of both. Rear Adimiral Philip's
utterance is signiticant. It was done
on his own responsibility, without any
order from Washington, but the gallant
admirals order will meet with a respon
sive ehord in every heart. His words
will undoubtedly receive the cordial ap
proval of all citizens. Here is the
For nearly thirty yzars now there has
been displayed in a prominent place be
fore the commandant's office at the
r.avy yard, where thousands of visitors
have seen and inspected and shown
great naterest in it, a trophy of the civil
war. It is a great, massive bulk of
iron, queer in shape, weighing many
tons. The inscription, painted on it in
larce letters which all might read, told
hcr it had been the ram of the "rebel"
vessel Mississippi, captured by the
union naval forces. The Mississippi
,vas one of the most dreaded of the
Confederate vessels, being similar to
the ram Tennessee and the iron-clad
Merrimac. The big chunk of iron has
to be repainted about once a year in or
der to keep it in a presentable condi
tion, and to prevent the accumulation
,)f rust. Workmen engaged in the an
.ual spring cleaning up about the navy
.ard were at work last week and in the
:ourse of their labor came upon the
am. They had started to repaint it
vhen Admiral Philip happened to pass.
The officer who ordered his men to
-emain quiet when they had just
cehieved a great victory over Cer;era's
-quadron off Santiago, and uttered
nose immortal words, ")on't cheer.
-oys, those poor devils are dying,"
,tood silent and thoughtful, watching
* e painters at work on the ram. His
nind ran back to thirty years to the
ime when, as a young midshipinan, he
ad remained loyal to his contry.
which was torn by the bitterest intei
ecine strife; to the hard fi hting he
trd others had gone through; to the foe
ho, mistaken thoughb he mig ht have
teen, yet showed by his courage anu
iivalrous acceptance of the inevttable
outconme that he was a bzo oher. "Paint
.r," the admiral called out, while traces
* f moisture were suspiciously notice
able about his eyes, "when you repaint
that inscription just leave out that
,sord 'rebel': there are no rebels now."
l'he old ram'still lies there at the door
>f the commandant's offiee. It is re
,plendent in a new coat of glistening
shite paint. No visitor to the navy
.ard can miss it. But printed in bold
etters in black, across the face, is this
,mipe inscription: 'The Rain of the
Reads Like Fiction.
A dispatch from New Orleans says:
Dr. A. Chapman of' Courtland, M1iss.,
twice reported dead, has arrived here
on the steamer Franklin from Bluefields
Nicaragua. Drb. Chapman. who was a
sugeon in the insurgest army, tells a
thriiling story of his escape from Pres
ident Zelaya's forces. Hie was eaptur
ed on February 24, near Ramna, while
in tile company of Stephen Powers, an
English subject, and also a member of
the revolutionary forces. A courtmar
tial followed the c'aptur . the men be
ing tried as 5pi.:s. They were condemn
ed to be shot. A strange feature of the
affair was that the sentence was actu-,
ally carried out. Stephea Powers fell
dead at the first fire, but Chapman was
merely wounded in the left arm. He
fell to the ground. however, and think
ing they had killed him, the soldiers
walked off. Chapman ma-de his way to.
Bluefields. Jack MIartin, the Ameri
can gunner of the San Jacinto, who was
catured by Zela~a's soldiers, has been
tried and convicted. Senteuce had not
been linally pronoun'~iced whe Chap
man left. 31artin will undoubtedly be
A dispatch froni from Wichita. Kan
sas. dated last Thursda. says: ''When
Assistant Engineer Ebby of the cruiser
Brooklyn. who is on his way to New
Haven, Kansas, from New York,
reaches that little western town. he will
and a grave instead of a bride. En
ineer Ebby was to have been married
this week to M1iss Nina [Hail, a promi
nent young lady of New Haveni. Tue
day M1iss Hall was accidentally shot
and almost instantly killed by her little
brother, from whom the unfortunate
girl was at tempting to take a revolver
with which he was playing. She was
buried todayt. Efferts to notify Ebby
of the tragedy have boeen unavailing."
A Cotton Tie Tst.
And now there is a e a tie trust
with a capital oft $3:Z 4t. It was
organized MIonday. Every kind of bu
siness is now organized into a tiust and
no man can see tile end. The trusss
must be met or the farmers and work
ing men of this country, especially of
the South, will be ground into the
A - BG 3EETI .
The Workingmen's Dollar Dinner
in New York.
BRYAN GIVEN AN OVATION
His Response to the Chief Toast
of "Thomas Jefferson" God
Bless You, Billy
The second of the "One Dollar"
Bryan dinners, that under the auspices
of the workingmen. was held in New
York Wednesday night at the Grand
Central palace. The dinner was not as
largely attended as the one given by the
Chicago platform Democrats in the
same place last Saturday night. about
1,500 men and women being present.
The striking difference between these
dinners was the seating of the guests
of honor tonight on the platform.
where they were plainly visible to
everybody in the hall. Back of the
speakers. painted on a lhrge canvas.
was the following:
-A system or politica'l ecolomlly will
yet dawn which will perform as well as
promise: which will rain the riches of
nature into the laps of the starving
Col. Win. J. Bryan entered the hall
soon after 7 o'clock. le was reeivced
with great applause. The speakers
were seated as tollows:
Presiding Offieer .iohn Bi1bUn
Walker. Mr. Bryan to his ri,,ht. with
N. 0. Nelson of St. Louis: Rev. Dr.
Edward McGlynn, Charles Frederick
Adamsza~d Thomas Crosby at Mr. Bry
n-s right. At the chairman's left were
Mayor Samuel M. Jones of Toledo. Oli
ver 11. P. Belmont and William Tem
ple Emmet, great grandson of Robert
A small orchestra discoursed music
from one of the boxes. There were 14
vacant seats at the guests of honor
table. There were few persons in eve
ning dress, and men in well worn suits
of various styles were numerous. The
women, who were about equal in num
ber to the men, sat at the tables on the
The toasts and speakers were as fol
"Municipal ownership of public
franchises," M1ayor S. M. Jones of To
'What a just economic system would
do for women," Charlotte Perkins Stet
"The foes which beset m;iovements in
the interest of the people," Fev. El
"Practical adjustment of social prob
lems." N. 0. Nelson.
"All government derives its powers
from the consent of the governed,"
William Temple Emmet.
"Thomas Jefferson," William Jen
The menu was of the simplest. It
was: Vegetable soup; haddock, egg
sauce; roast beef; roast turkey; cran
berry sauce; pickles; ice cream; cake;
Col. Bryan was accompanied by Con
gresman William Suizer when lie en
tered the hill.
A levee followed, during which hun
dreds shook M1r. Bryan's hand.
MIayor Jones was the first speaker,
ad his address aroused considerable
Dr. 31eGlynn was given an ovation.
He said in part: "There is today a
slavery worse than chattel' slavery.
That is industrial slavery. I believe
that a man should be more than a ma
hine, more than a mere brute of the
''If any one tells you that we reform
ers would destroy the -rights of prop
erty tell him that he tells not the truth.
We would give to every industriral cor
poration if you will just what it pro
duces. No government has a right to
give away a right or franchise created
by the people in perpetuity, and pos
terity has a right to spit upon such a
N. 0. Nelson of St. Louis spoke next
and was followed by William Temple
311. Emmet closed with a reference to
Col. Bryan. It created a tremendous
amount of enthusiasm, and then fol
lowed another demonstration similar to
that given to M1r. Br'yan Saturday
night. It continued for some moments.
and some one shouted: "God bless you,
Billy, boy," whereat the crowd again
got up and yelled ind cheered for mzin
M1r. Bryan had to raise his hands
many times before his admirers would
give way, and they did so only when
tired out. The women particularly
were enthusiastic in their greetings.
He also received an enthusiastic wel
come when he arose to speak.
MIr. Bryan said in part:
".Jefferson was a man of ideas. We
are applyimg his ideas today to the
questions which arise. They were not
all applied in his day. They have not
all been applied since his day. Some
times people think that only on the
battlefield can a man show his pa
tritismn. I thank God that I live in a
land where peace hath her victories as
well as war. A distinguished citizen
of the nation spoke not long ago of the
strenuous life and applied his idea to
a policy that gives this nation an op
portunity to go forth with musket and
with cannon and carry its ideas by
force to other nations. I thank God
that peace in this country gives .an
opportunity for all the strenuous life
fheole. (Long Cheers and ap
plause.) If we but began to apply to
our daily conditions the principles
which we all accept, the theories which
we will not contradict, there is room
enough for work for several genera
tions yet to come. Thomas .Jefferson
believed in the people; he was the first
&rreat believer in the people.
'I appreciate the fears expressed by
our toastmakers: no one will denty the
ev1 tendencies of the times: no one
will deny that there are abuses so in
trenched in government that it is dif
ficult to dislodge them.
--But as Jetterson believed ini the
people, so we can believe in the people.
'"Iv attention was called Tuesday
to the language used by A braham Lin
cola in oulugy of the Declaration of In
Idependence, and I want to contribute
to the si of thetoccasion by n'aoting
what a great Republican said of the
work of the greatest Denocrat.
The audience listened intently as Mr.
B'rvan read from a volume of Lincoln's
spccches. When the speaker said that
both Lincolu and Jefferson were reou
diated when the Declaration of Inde
perdence was departed from. he was
greeted with great applause.
I somefinmes hear people complain
because business is disturbed by the
agitation of public questions. There is
a way to escape it; let us have a mon
archy, and then there will be no distur
bance of any kind of business. We
can simply serve and be happy. But
history has shown that where one or a
few think for all the people, and act
for all the people. they also enjoy the
right to life and liberty and the pursuit
of happiness, our life must be a con
stant warfare against wrong.
"if you elect a public servant and
ao to sleep, the danger is that he may
become -more watchful of his own in
terests than of yours, and when I hear
people complain that our government is
a failure, I generally find them propos
ing the wrong remedy. They say our
government is a failure because the
people cannot be trusted. I reply that
insofar as our government has been
disappointina. it is because the people
have not had a sufficient share in their
own government. (Applause; that the
faults of our government are not in the
people, but in those who misrepresent
the virtue, ;the intelligence and the
wishes of the people. (Applaase).
When Mr. Bryan clnscd th;.re was a
mihty demonstration. Men and wo
ien iade frantic efforts to shake him
by the hand. and it required the ser
vizcs of several policempn to rescue
the .peaker and coc rt him to one of
the reception rooms. Ile remained ua
til the crowd had largely dispersed, and
then was driven to the Hotel Bartholdi.
As he emerged into the street and got
into his carriage he was greeted again
by cheers. several hundred people wait
inig to get a farewell glimpse of him.
Knights of Honor.
The grand lodge of Knights of Honor
for the jurisdiction of Soutn Carolina
was in session in Columbia two days
last week considering the work of the
past year and devising ways and means
for the propagation and extension of
its great benefits.
The following are the standing com
mittee and officers elected and installed
to serve for the ensuing year:
Past Grand Dictator- -W. A. Temple
Grand Dictator-J. W. Todd, Sene
Grand Vice Dictator-M. F. Kenne
Grand Assistant Dictator-J. W.
Grand Reporter--L. ?-N. Zealy, Co
Grand Treasurer--J. T. Robertson,
Grand Chaplain-A. Buist, Black
Grand Guide-J. B. Lewis, Ander
Grand Guardian-John B. Bonner,
Grand Sentinel-Jno. Kennedy,
Grand Trustees-J. G. Tompkins,
Edgefieid; H1. C. Moses, Sumter; D. A.
Representative to supreme lodge for
twoyvears-J. W. Todd.
Alternate .to supreme lodge for two
yars-L. N. Zealy.
Finance committee-N. W. Trump,
W. P. Anderson, J. 0. Ladd.
Laws and Supervision committee
C. A. C. Wailer, P. B. Waters, C. P.
Bryan on Imperialism.
Wmn. J. Bryan has writtin a letter
to the Fresno, Cal., Democrat giving
his views on imperialism. He says in
part; "I think it can be shown from a
pecuniary standpoint that it will cost
us more to conquer the Filipinos and
keep them in subjection than we shall
be able to make out of the enterprise,
and that money which does return from
the Philippines will not find its
way to the pockets of those whio supply
sons for the army and whose taxation
furnishes the sinews of war. But there
is a higher view to take of it than the
money view. The principle of con
quest is wrong. Our nation has steadi
ly contended agiast it, and it is im
possible to calculate the far-reaching
effect upon our people of a doctrine
that wvould substitute force for reason
in the declaration of the nation's policy
Those who oppose Imperialism plead
not ~for the Filipinos, but for the Amer
can people. Our nation is strong
enough to do harm. but it ought to be
too great to do wrong. I feel confident
that the sober second thought of the
American people will sustain those who
believe that the Filipinos should - be
treated like the Cubans, namely, given
their independence and protected from
Honored Our Noble Dead.
The Columbia Record rightly consid
ers that a loving pa'riotic task of Col.
W. II. Knauss. who has just completed
the planting of southern trees above
the t220 Confederate dead who sleep
at Camp Chase. Ohio. He is a Union
vetra.n of the civil war to whose mind
came the tender thought that these
boys, whio.e bones are buried so far
from their kindred, should lie with the
soft sight of their Southland's pines
and willows above them, perpetually
mourning their fate. Confederate vet
eraus responded promptly to his sugges
tion by furnishing the trees, but '
must ever be a pleasing recollection
that Northern hinds set them above the
"No more shall the war cry sever.
Or the winding river be red,
They banish our hatred forever,
Wihen they laurel tb-e graves of oui
Want to Come Home. .
Governor Lind, of Minnesota, has re
eeived a telegram from officers of the
Thirteenth Minnesota, dated at Manila
T hrsday, saying that the regiment
must be ordered -home and mustered
IT is said that Ciias. T. Lerkes, the
m ulti-milionaire street car magnate,
having failed to elect his man mayor of
Chicago in the recent election, will
soon remove from that city to New~
York. Chicago is to be congratulated
-on getting rid of such a citizen as
Yerks. No doubt he will find Gothami
AS TO LYNCING.
The Supreme Courts Construc
tion of the State Constitution.
AVERY IMPORTANT DECISION
The Estate of a Party Lynched
May Obtain Two Thousand
The State supreme court Thursday
rendered a decision which virtually
means that the estate of a party who
comes to his death at the hands of a
mob may obtain damages from the coun
ty of which he was a resident.
The constitution of 1895 contains a
clause which makes an officer guilty of
a misdemeanor who permits a prisoner
to be taken from him and lynched:
Provided, in all cases of lynching where
death ensues the county where lynching
takes place shall, without regard to th,
conduct of the officers, be liable inl ex
emplary damages of not less than $2,
000 to the legai representatives of the
The general assembly in 1hK6 paised
an act in compliance with this section
of the constitution. There has since
been no demand for damages which has
obtained a judgment through the
courts until the decision filed Thurs
In January, 1S07. Lawrence Brown.
colored. was by a mob hanged to a tele
graph pole in Orangeburg county. His
estate, through Isaac Brown, as admin
istrator, brought action against the
co-inty to recover damages.
.J 1dze Aldiich instructed the iury to
bring in a verdict in favor of Orange
burg county. as the State conferred
upon the estate of the deceased no
right to recover damages, as the party
lynched was not in the custody of an
The case was appealed to the su
preme-court, which reversed the judg
ment of the circuit court and remanded
the case for a new trial in Orangeburg
The opinion was written by Justice
Gary and concurred in by Chief Justice
Mclver and Associate Justices Pope
After reviewing the section of the
constitution in connection with the
facts the opinion says:
"The intention of the constitution
was to prevent the crime of lynching in
two ways: First, by visiting upon the
officers of the -law the penalties therein
mention'ed when a prisoner, lawfully in
their euody, was lynched by a mob
througl' their negligence, permission,
or contrivance, and second, to induce
the coo:aeration of the taxpeyers in
preventing the lynching, in order that
their bounty might not become liable
to the penalty by way of exemplary
damages of not less than $2,000 to the
legal representatives of the person
"The lynching of a prisoner and of
one not in the custody of the law is
such, is murder in both cases. It would
therefore, at least seem strange if the
framers of the constitution were car,.
ful to provide in the organic law of the
State a remedy for preventing the
lynching of a prisoner and remained
silent as to the remedy in all other
cases of lynching.
"The constitut'Tonal provision, how
ever, is not confin. .Ito the lynching of
prisoners. The words: "without regzard
to the conduet of the offieers." when
considered in connection with the evil
which the constitution intended to
remedy, must be construed to mean;
without reference to what has been
.aid in regard to the conduct of the
officers, or in other words without ref
erence to other provisions of the sec
tion. They were inserted for the pur
pose of showing that the proviso was to
be construed independently and with
out regard to what preceded it. T he
word "provided" is omitted in the act,
and this fact shows that the legislature
gave to the words "'Without regard to
the' conduct of the offieers" the con
struction which this court has placed
"It must be remembered that many
of those who were members of the con
stitutional convention were likewise
members of the general assembly when
said act was passed. While, of course
a construction placed upon the consti
tution by the legislative branch of the
government would not be binding upon
the courts, still in this case it is well
worthy of consideration.
"The act intende~d to make the coun
ty liable for damages in those cases only
which fall within the provision of the
constitution and it has correctly con
strued the constitution to. make a coun
ty liaile for damages when the pcrson
lynched was not in the custody of the
law as a prisoner.
"This renders unneccessary the con
sideration of the interesting question
whether the legislature did net have
the power independently of' the epnsti
tutional provision to pass the acts here
"It has been held that stntutes ma
ing a community liable for damnages in
cases of lynching, and giving a right
of recovery to the legal representativs
of the person lynched, arc valid on the
ground that the main purpose is to im
pose a penalty on the commuuity,
which is giv.vn to the legal ret resenta
tives, not because they have been dam
aged, but because the legislature sees
fit thus to dispose of the penalty.
"Such statutes are salutary, as their
effect is to render protection to human
life and make communities law abiding.
"But, as we have said, our concelus
ion renders unnecessary a consideration
of this question..
"It is not necessary to consider the
exceptions in detal as our views dis
pose of the main question in the case.
"It is the judgment of this court that
the judgment of the circuit court be
reversed and the ease remanded for a
Round tne World in Thirty Days.
The Riussion minister of railroads. it
is announced in a special London dis
patch from St. Petersburg, says that
when the trans-Siberian railroad is coim
pleted it will be possible to go around
the world in 33 days. as follows: 13re
men to St. Petersburg 13 days, St.
Petersburg to Vladivostock 10) days.
Vladivostock to San Francisco by
steamer 10 days. San Francisco to New
York 41 days, New York to Bremen 7
PRESENTED WITH A SWORD.
Col. Jones Honored by th Men of
Onla-t Wednesday afternoon exer
cises which were quite interesting oc
curred in the camp of the Second South
Carolina Regiment in Augusta in front
of Col. Jones' tent. The occasion was
the presentation .f a beautiful gold
mounted, embossed sword to Colonel
Wilie Jones by the enlisted men of the
On the handsome scabbord were the
"COL. WILIE JONES,
"Second South Carolina. U. S. V. I..
"Enlisted Men of His Regiment.
"April 17, 1399."
The beautiful steel blade alsi bore
the colonel's name. Sergeant Major
Frank Frederick. of Orcngeburg. made
the presentation speech in the follow
ing appropriate words:
- Colonel Jones, in behalf of the en
listed men of your regiment it gives me
the greatest pleasure to extend their
heartfelt thanks to you for your kind
ness to thei. We know that the hard
ships of the soldiers fell heavily on
your shoulders. You have ever treated
us as soldiers and gentlemen, and more
than this you. have been a friend to
every man in your regiment. We pre
sent you this sword as a token to ever
showq that a thousand h'earts beat in
gratitude for your kindness."
Colonel Jones thanked the men for
their token, saying it was the hand
somest blade and scabbard he had ever
seen and that never before bad he ap
preciated anything as he did this gift.
That since the enlistment of the men
he had done all in his po-ter for them
and the reaiment. and to know that his
efforts had ever been appreciated was
well worth any trouble he had under
When the regiment left for Cuba he
had made a promise to himself to try
and bring it safely back to Columbia
to be mustered out, and' although he
had failed in this he had brought it to
the next best place, Augusta. Several
days ago he saw Governor Eilerbe and
the governor congratulated the regi
cient on the record it had made. 1his
was natural that the men of the regi
ment, who were nearly all sons of veter
ans, should make a record not excelled
by any in the Seventh army corps. He
then read letters from General Keifer
and General Douglass complimenting
the regiment. He said that he was glad
that not once had he been compelled to
use harsh words to a man in the - regi
ment, and not 'nce had a man hesitated
to obey one of his commands. He con
cluded by saying; "When I return to
my home, and you all know where it is,
I intend to ask my wife to fix up a
room and put over the door a sign, For
the boys of the Second South Carolina '
This will be meant for you, every man
in the regiment, and whenever you come
to stay with us 'we will be g!ad to see
you. If a few come they can use the
room and if the whole regiment comes
we can go out in my old field and camp
again like we have for the last ten
months. Remember, boys, I want you
to come and see in.--Augusta Her
A Heavy Reward.
A dispatch from Atlanta says re
wards aggregating $1,000 are offered for
the arrest and delivery to the sheriff of
Campbell county of Sam Hose, the
murderer and rapist. Gov. Chandler
Thursday doubled the State's reward of
$250 and issued a special proclamation
urging sheriffs and outhorized officers
in the State to make every effort posi
ble to capture the Negro, who is no w
being pursucd by hundreds of men and
the best bloodhounds that can be secur
ed. The following description of Ihose
has been scattered broadcast: Sam Hose
weighs 140 pounds, is 5 feet 8 inches
tall and a mulatto of a coppery tint,
has a small black moustache and holds
his head to one side while talking- Ile
wears his hat well down over his fore
head, and has an affectioa which causes
him to jerk his head at intervals.
When last seen he had on a pair of al
most new shoes, No. 7, a pair of gray
jeans pants, brown sack coat and a mot
ied hat. _________
Four Bales to the Acre.
A correspondent writing from Lau
rens recalls the fact that in 3839 a Co
lumbian made, without fertilizers, faur
bales of cotton to the acre on a lot
within the limits of Columbia. This
surely was a " ree'ord" yield. ft is also
to be remembei-ed that in 18~>7 Dr. Par
ker made there 20 bushels and 12
quarts of corn on one aere. a yield nev
er excelled in the U'nited States until
MIr. DIrake made his famous crop in
MIarlboro county a few years ago.
A Wise Decision.
Glen. Brooke, it is announced. will
treat the Cuban troops like "soldiers
and gentlemen.' That is a very proper
way to treat them, pending the diecov
ry of a reason for treating them other
wise. They will appreciate confidence
and courtesy. we may be sure-no peo
re are more susceptib~le to kindness
and a great miany of them do happen to
A Bad Outlook.
Gen. Lawton authorizes the state
ment that it will take 100.000 troops to
" pacify" the Philippines. Ie can
march throuah Luzon with a moderate
army. he says. but it will take an im
moderate one to hold the points captur
ed- It is the story over again of Spain
Desperation of Poverty.
Pennibess, behind on her rent ani
hopeless of the future. Georgiana
lheerschak, a widow, aged 26. shot
herself and two children Wednesday
nieht at Da:luthi, Mliun. The three
bodies were foend this afternoon. The
children were -i and 4; years of age, re
M1r. John 31. Canningham of MIolden
3ass..- hias write the secretary of
state for i nfornmatiou concerning one
Edward Canmningham., a wealthy plnter
and sn Irishmnan who) once lived in this
Won Them Over
Bigamist Woodrur, of New York,
who has marricd ever fifty wives and
has five living in New York, has rewoii
the two who were prosecuting him and
The Weather and Crops.
Tie week ending Monday, April 17th
averaged about two degrees per day
warmer than usual, although the first
two days were cool, with light to kill
ing frosts over the entire State, that in
jured young corn and truck. The latter
portion of the week was very warm.
Bright sunshine was the prevailing
condition of the-sky, with increasing
cloudiness and very light rain or, Satur
day afternoon and night in portions of
the western and central counties. Oth
erwise the week was without rain, and
gave uninterrupted opportunity for
farm work. Clay bottom lands and
heavy soils generally became somewhat
baked and crusted, making a light rain
fall very desirable.
Preparation of lands and planting
progressed rapidly, with a result that
corn planting was. at the close of the
week, nearing completion over the east
ern portions of the State, and some has
been planted in all except the extreme
portions of the State. Corn that was
up was hurt to some extent by the
frost. Some complaint of corn rotting
in the ground, and in places replanting
has already been done.
Much land for cotton was prepared,
fertilizer listed, and some upland as
well as sea island -otton was planted,
and this work WIll become general dur
ing the current week.
Tobacco plants are becoming available
for setting out, and transplanting has
bezun in Horry, Marion, Florence, Or
angeburg and Darlington counties. A
scarcity of plants is feared in sections
of the latter county.
With few exceptions, wheat and oats
are looking well and growing nicely.
Some rice, cane and track was planted.
Pasturage very scant for the season.
Unfavorable reports concerning peaches
continue, with a few localities where
half a crop is indicated. . Pears, apples
and cherries are as yet but little in
jured. J. W. Bauer.
Can't Compete Witn Texas.
Something The State has been trying
to rub into the farmers of South Caro
lina's for years now comes from Liver
pool, via Washington. The Post of
that city quotes a visitor, Mr. A. J. El
good, "connected with one of the big
gest cotton firms of Liverpool," as say
ing: "The State of Texas is getting to
be more and more the dominant factor
in the cotton situation. In a very few
years from now she will be producing
5,000,000 bales per annum, or nearly
half of the world's supply. The Texas
cotton, too, brings a higher price in our
markets than that grown in the uplands
of the Carolina's or in Georgia and Al
abama; it is of longer and stronger fiber.
There seem to be hardly any limit to
the supply this big State can furnish,
but it i always to be borne in mind
-hat Texas is in the semi-arid region,
and there is no predicting when a bad
drouth may come along and cut the
crop down to nothing. Sooner or later
it is probable that the older cotton
States, realizing their inability to com
pete with the southwest, where the
planters have nothing to expend for
fertilizing their lands, will be forced to
seek some other crop, for it costs at
least 1 cent a pound more to raise cot
ton, we will say, in South Carolina than
in Texas. The difference seems small
but it is enough to impoverish one and
enrich the other." Paste that on your
grocery bills, farmers of South Caroli
Just before being mustered out the
men of the Second South Carolina Regi
ment organized a survivors' association.
MIajor Havelock Eavres was called to the
chair and Lieutenant J. W. Culler of
Co. E appointed secretary. A commit
tee conaisting of MIajor Havelock Eaves,
chairman, and Captain WV. WV. Wanna
maker, of Co. E. Captain S. J. Mc
Caughrin, of Co. 0', was appointed to
draft a Constitution and by-la~vs, and to
report at the next meeting, which w'll
be held at the next State fair at Colum
bia. S. C. The following officers were
elected for the first term:
President-Col. Wilie Jones.
First Vice President-Lieut. Col.
Henry T. Thompson.
Second Vice President-M1ajor Have
Third Vice President-Major J. J.
jFourth Vice President-Corporal
Win. C. Owen, of Co. C.
Secretary-Se~rgeant 3Major Frank
Treasarer-Cap t. J. L. Perrin.
Executive Committee-Co. A, Lieut.
E. R. Cox: Co. B, Lieut. R. Lawton
Daraan; Co. C, Lieut. H. L. Spahr; Co.
D. Lieut. J. Kelley; Co. E. Lieut. J.
WV. Culler; Co. F, Lieut. Houze; Co. 0-,
Lieutenant Dakes; Co. H, Lieutenant
Cheatham; Co. I, Lieutenant C. J.
Epps; Co. K, Sergeant J. A. Berry;
Co. L, Lieut. TP. S. MIoormnan; Co. 31,
Lieut. W. T. }llerbe: Staff. Capt. L.
M. JHaseiden: [lospital Corps. Dr. J. E.
P'oore; Band. Sergeant Eskew.
31r D. A . Pressley, of Columbia.
who reuresents the Ludden & Bates
Sothern Music House. has just fitted
un Is exhnibition p~arl-ors. Here may
be fou~nd specimens of the standard in
struimeas which he handles-Mathu
'-lek pianos, Mason & Hamlin and
Sterling Organs. These are first-class
instruments of established reputation.
Mr. Presley invites lovers of music
and admirers of high grade instruments
to give him a call. lie stands ready,
also. to give prompt attention to all
inquiries addressed to hi'.n by mail.
See advertisement in another column.
Eleven Lives Lost;.
The fishing schooner Elisa of Bever
ly, Capt.. Hopkins, which sailed from
Hyannis last week for fishing grounds,
struck on Rose arid Crown shoals and
11 of the crew of 14 men were lost. 'Ihe
three survivors reached Siasconset
Mass., in the schooner's dory Tuesday.
They report that the schooner is a total
A Hint to Farmers.
More rice has been planted in the
Lexin ton --Fork' than ever before and
rice lls) ha'.e been put up at Ch-apin
al rtno. This is an examplie worthy
of scde em~nltion. Upland rice is one
of the best erop~s our people can plant.
E'very farmer should have at least a
patch of it.-S-mte
The cruiser Raleigh, one of Dewey's
victorious ships, will be in Charleston
mHabo during reunion week.
The Boys Mustered Out in Augus
ta Last Wednesday.
MADE A GOOD RECORD.
Men Behaved Well After Getting
Their Citizen's Papers and
Pay. Summary-of The
A special dispatch to The State from
Augusta says the Second South Caroli
na volunteer infantry was mustered out
of service there Wednesday, according
to the schedule made three weeks ago..
Three paymasters began work at 10
o'clock and the work was -all completed
in five hours, and the majority of
the men on their way to their
homes. The Atlantic Coast Line, via.
Orangeburg and Sumter, ran a special
train besides its regular paesenger
train, and took awayprobably half the
regiment. The men received in the
neighborhood of $10.000.
A majority of the lieutenants and -
the field and staff officers.were paid, but
captains and other officers who had re
ceipted to Uncle Sam will get nothing
till accounts are audited and found
Tuesday night 40 or 50 soldiers pa
raded around camp, beating tin pans
and exhibiting enthusiasm. This was
kept up till very late. Nothing but
good temper was shown. Two big
camp fires were burned all night.
Up to the time of leaving Wednesday
evening the South Carolina ex-soldiers
behaved themselves in a very credita
ble manner. No complaint had been
rendered by the provost guard, the
only arrest being a man who had his
coat unbuttoned. The special train on
the South Carolina and Georgia took
the Orangeburg contingent and the
colonel and staff, who were invited to
attend a banquet in that town Wednes
Four companies of the Second South
Carolina regiment marched from the
fair grounds to Shandon, in Columbia,
May 21st last. The dates of enhstment
for most of the men being May 5th, in
15 days these men, would have been in.
the service one year, the organization,
the ind.pendent or first battalion, being
the first from the State for the .war
with Spain. One company was taken
from it to fill the first regiment, the
battallion being filled a second time
June 15th. It was commanded till
August 23d, when the Second regiment
was crganized, by Maj. Henry T.
Thompson who then became lieutenant
colonel, second in command to Col.
Jones. On September 15th, we went to
Jacksonville, October 22d. to Savan
nah, and January 3d to Cuba, return
ing here three weeks ago. In that
time nearly thirty men have died of
In Jacksonville as many as 300 men
were -on the sick boks at the same
time. While the service for some
months has been a drag on officers and
men, it was with feelings of regret that
the members of the regiment parsed.
Friendships have been formed between
officers and men that will be life last
ing. They have not had the opporti
nity of standing together under a cano
py of smoke, but they volunteered to
meet the fortunes of war, and would
have dune their dluty as Carolinians
have done before, had opportunity pre
The soldiers were of the kind who
can stand fighting better than the mo
notony of camp life. The men of at
least' one captain came to him this
morning and said that if he "got to go"
to the Philippines to call on them. It
is proposed to have a reunion of the
rgiment in Columbia during each State
fair, and the event must be a very
Guarding Against Disease.
The State board of health of North
Carolina has ordered that all second
band clothiing shipped from New York
must be accompanied by a certificate o
the health authorities of the city from
which the..shipment is made, that the
clothing has been disinfected. A cer
tificate should also be required as to
whether the clothing was made in sweat
shops or not. Much of the cheap cloth
ing of New York is made in the dirty
homes of people, many of them diseas
ed, and the new clothing carries germs
and causes contagious diseases to
Death In a Hurricane.
Advices by the Australian steamer
give dctails of a hurricane in March,
previously reported, which cost 404
lives. One colored pearl diver has
.eachcd dry land with two women after
swimming four days. Many porpoises
were found fifty feet on the beach
thrown up by the waves. Stones were
imbedded in trees to a depth of six
inches. iRocks weighing tons were
thrown up. Two colored women swam
ten hours with children loaded on their
backs, but the children were eead when
they landed. The beaches of Queens
land arc strewn with dead fishes and
A woman cannot be a notary public,
Such was the reply of the attorney gen.
eral l'hursday to a query from Hon. J
W. Ragsdale of Timmonsville. The
constitution provides that no one shall
hold office except a qualified elector,
and women cannot vote in this State.
The only offices exempted by the con
stitution ara those of librarian and de
A Fearful Record.
According to statistics gathered re
garding the bubonic plague it isestima
ted that there have been 250,000 deaths
recorded in India since its beginninig.
These figures, however, are far' below
he actual total, as the natives are
known to have concealed quite a num
ber of deaths.
A KENTcKY paper says the election
law in that state is sure to result in a
Democratic victory "as long as the re
turning boards consist of two reliable
Democrats and one unreliable Republi