OCR Interpretation


The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, April 26, 1899, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1899-04-26/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

OUR SCiOOL SYSTEM
+--+ssted Against by Dr. Tal
mage in a Sermon.
HIS WARNING TO PARENTS.
Finds aTimeiy Lesson In the Sac
rifice of Jephthah's Daughter.
Thousands of Children Ed
ucated Into Imbecility.
In his sermon Dr. Talmage lodges a
protest against the parental heedless
ness and worldly ambition which are
threatenina the sacrifice of many Ameri
can children; text. Judges xi, '36, ")1
father, if thou hast opened thy mouth
unto the Lord. do to me according to
that which hath proceeded out of thy
mourzth.''
Jephthah was a freebooter. Early
turned out from a home where he ought
to have been cared for, he consorted
with rough men and went forth to earn
his living as best he could. In those
times it was consideied right for a man
to go out on indepenent military ex
peditions. Jephthah was a good man
according to the light of his dark age,
but through a wandering and predator.
life he became reckless and precipitate.
The grace of God changes a man s
heart, but never reverses his natural
temperament. The Israelites wanted
the Ammonites driven out of their
country, so they sent a delegation to
Jephthah, asking him to become com
tander in chief of all the forces. He
night have said, "You drove me out
when you had no use for me and, now
you are in trouble, you want me back,"
but he did not say that. He takes
command of the army, sends messen
gers to the Ammonites to tell them to
vacate the country and, getting no fa
vorable response, marshals his troops
for battle.
Before going out to the warJephthah
makes a very solemn vow that if the
Lord will give him the victory, then,
on his return home, whatsoever first
comes out of his doorway he will offer
in sacrifice as a burnt offering. The
batt.e opens. It was no skirmishing on
the edes of danger, no unlimbering of
batteries two miles away, but the hurl
ing of men on the points of swords and
spears until the ground could no more
drink the blood, and the horses rr art d
to leap over t be pile of bodies of tht
slain. In th'.!e old times opposin4
forces wot Id fight until their sword
were broken. and the n each one woulo
throttle his man until the-y both fell.
teeth to teeth, grip to grip. death stare
to death stare, until the plain was one
tumbled -muss of corpses from which
the last trace of manhood had beet,
dashed out.
Jephthah wins the day. Twenty citits
lay captured at his feet. Sound tht
victory all through the mountains of
Gilead. Let the trumpeters call up
the survivors. Homeward to your
wives and children. Honsewurd with
your glitterinz treasures. Homeward
to have the applau-e of an admiring
nation. Build triunsphal arebes. swing
out flags all over Mlizrah, open all your
doors to receive the captured treasures.
through every ball spread the banquet
pile uip the viat ds, till high the tank
ards. The nation is redeemed, the ini
vaders are routed and the national
honor is vindicated.
'Huzza for Jephthah, the conqueror!
Jephthah, seated on a prancing steed.
advances amid the acclaiming multi
tudes, but his eye is not on the excited
populace. Remembering that he had
made a solemn vow that, returning from
victorious battle, whatsoever first came
out of the doorway of home, that
should be sacrificed as a burnt offering,
he has his anxious look upon the door.
I wonder what spotless lamb, what
brace of doves will be thrown upon the
fires of the burnt offering.
Oh, horrors! Paleness of death
blanches his cheek. Despair seizes his
heart. His daughter, his only child,
rushes out the dooway to throw herself
in her father's arms and shower upon
him more kisses than there were wounds
on his breast or dents on his shield.
All the triumphal splendor vanishes.
Holding back this child from his heav
ing breast and pushing the locks back
from the fair brow and looking into the
eyes of inextinguishable affection with
choked utterance he says: "Would
God I lay stark on the bloody plain.
My daughter, my only child, joy of mny
home, life of my life, thou art the sacri
fice!"
The whole matter was explained to her.
This was no whining, hollow hearted
girl into whose eyes the father looked.
All the glory of sword and shield
vanished in the presence of the valor of
that girl. There may have been a tre
mor of the lip, as a roseleaf trembles in
the sough of the south wind; there may
have been the starting of a tear like a
rain drop shaken from the anther of a
water lily. Bat with a self sacrifice
that man may not reach and only wo
man's heart can compass she surrenders
herself to fire and to death. She cries
out in the words of my text, "My fa
ther, if thou hast opened they mouth
unto the Lord do unto me whatsoever
hath proceeded from thy mouth."
She bows to the knife, and the blood,
which so often at the father's voice
had rushed to the crimson cheek,
smokes in the fires of the burnt offer.
ing. No one can tell us her name.
There is no need that we know her
name. The garlands that Mizpah twist
ed for Jephthah, the warrior, have gone
into the dust, but all ages are twisting
this girl's chaplet. It is well that her
name came not to us, for no one can
wear it. They may take the name of
Deborah or Abigail or Miriam, but no
one in all the ages shall have the title
of this daughter of sacrifice.
Of course this offering was not pleas
ing to the Lord. es.pecially as a provi
sion was made in the law for such a
contingency, and Je-phthah might have
redeemed his daughter by the payment
of 30 shekels of silver, but before you
hurl your denunciations at Jephthah'i
cruelty remember that in olden times
when vows were made men thought
they must execute them, perf orm them,
whether they were wicked or good.
There were two wrong things about
Jephthah's vow. First, he ought never
to have made it. Next, 1having made
it, it were better broken than kept
But do not take on pretentious airs and
say, "I could not have done as Jeph
thah did." If in former days you had
been standing on the banks of the
Ganges and you had been born in India.
you might have thrown your childret.
to the crocodiles. It is not because we
are naturally any better, but because
we have mce gospel light.
Now I make very practical use of
this question when I tell you that the
sacrifice ef Jephthah's daughter was a
type of the physical, mental and spiri
tual sacrifice of 10,000 children in1
this day. The.re are paraats all un
wittingly bringing to bear upon their
children a class of influences whieb.
torch destroyel dephtu iaugntr
While I speak the whol- nation, with
Oult emoLionl arnd without shame, looks
upou the stupendous tacrifice.
in the fir-t place. I remark that
Luh of the syztem of education in our
iay is a system of sacrifice. When
-bildren spend six or seven hours in
school and then must spend two or three
iours in preparation for school the next
lay, will you tell me how much time
they will have for sunshine and fresh
air and the obtaining of that exuber.
ince which is necessary for the duties
Of coming life? No one can feel more
thankful than I do for the advancement
of common school education. The
printing of books appropriate for
schools, the multiplication of philoso
phical apparatus, the establishment
of normal schools. which provide for
our children teachers of largest caliber.
are themes on which every philanthrop
its ought to be congratulated. But
this herding of great mutitudes of clil
dren in ill ventilated schoolrooms and
poorly cquiped halls of instruction is
making many of the places of know
ledged in this country a huge holocaust.
Politics in many of the cities gets into
educational affairs. and while the two
political parties are scrabbling for the
honors Jephthah's daughther perishes.
It is so much so that there are many
schools in the country today which are
preparing tens of thousands of invalid
men and women for the future; so that,
in many places, by the time the child's
education is finished the child is fin
ished' In many places, in many
cities of the country, there are large
appropiations for everything else, and
cheerful appropriations, but as soon as
the appropriation is to be made for the
educational or moral interests of the
city we are struck through with an eco
nomy that is well nigh the death of us.
In connection with this I mention
what I might call the cramming systern
of the common schools and many of
the academies; children of delicate
brain compelled to tasks that might
appall a mature intellect; children
going down to school with a strap of
books half as high as themselves. The
fact is in some of the cities parents do
not allow their children to graduate for
the simple reason, they say, "We can
not afford to allow our children's health
to be destroyed in order that they
may gather the honors of an institu
tion." Tens of thousands of children
educated into imbecility, so that con
nected with many such literay estab
lishments there ought to be asylum,
for the wrecked. It is push and crowd
and cram and stufE and jam until thc
child's intellect is bewildered. and th
oewory is ruined. and the health i
-uined. and the health is gone. Ther.
.re children who once were full o
kompir and laughter and had check"
,-rimson with health who are nov.
turned %ut in the afternoon pale faced.
irritated asthmatic old before their time
It is one of the saddest sights on earth.
an old mannish boy or an old womanisl
girl. Girlt 10 years of age studying al
gebra! Boys 12 years of age rackin '
their brain over trigonometry! Chi
dren unacquainted with their mothei
tongue crying oxer their Latin, Frenci
anld German lessons! All the vivacit'
-f their nature beaten out )f them b
the heavy beetle of a Greek lexicor.!
Adou docwr them for this, and yo'
gijve tem a little medicine for that
and you wonder what is the matter o
them. I will tell you what is the mar
t-r of them. They are finishing theit
education!
In my parish in Philadelphia a liti l.
child was so pushed at school that sh.
was thrown into a fever, and in her di
ing delirium all night long she was tr.
ing to recite the multiplication table. I'
my boyhood I remember that in out
class at school there was one lad wha
knew more than all of us put together
If we were fast in our arithmetic, he
extricated us. When we stood up for
the spelling class, he was almost always
tne head of the class. Visitors cam'
to his father's house, and he was al
ways brought in as a prodigy. At 18
years of age he was an idiot. He lived
ten years an idiot and died an idiot, not
knowing his right hand from his left or
day from night. The parents and the
teachers made him an idiot.
You may flatter your pride of forcing
your child to know more than any other
children, but you are making a sacrifice
of that child if by the additions to its
intelligence you are making a subtrac
tion from its future. The child will go
away from such maltreatment with no
exuberance to fight the battle of life.
Such children may get along very well
while you take care of them, but when
you are old or dead alas for them if,
through the wrong system of education
which you adopted, they have no
swarthiness er force of character to
take care of themselves. Be oareful
how you make the child's heatl ache or
its heart flutter. I hear a great deal
about black man's rights, and China'
man's rights, and Indian's rights, and
woman's rights. Would God that some
body would rise to plead for children's
rights. The Carthaginians used to
sacrifice their children by putting them
into the arms of an idol which thrust
forth its hand. The child was put into
the arms of the idol and no sooner
touched the arms than it dropped into
the fire. But it was the art of the
mothers to keep the children smiling
and laughing until the moment they
cied. There may be a fascination and
a hilarity about the styles of education
of which I am speaking, but it is only
laughter at the moment of sacrifice.
Would God there were only one Jeph
thah's daughter!
Again there are many parents who
are sacrificing their children with wrong
system of discipline-too great rigor or
too great leniency. There are children
in families who rule the household.
The high chair in which the infant sits
is the throne, and the rattle is the
scepter, and the other children make up
the parliment where father and mother
have no vote! Such children come up
to be miscreants. There is no chance
in this world for a child that has never
learrned to mind. Such people become
'he botheration of the church of God
and the pest of the world. Children
that do not learn to obey human au
rhority are unwilling to learn to obey
'Iivine authority. Children will not re
-pect parents whose anthority they do
not respect. Who are these young men
that swagger through the streets with
their thumbs in their vest talking about
their father as ""the old man," "the
governor," "the squire," "the old
cap." or their mother as' the old wo
man?" They are those who in youth.
n childhood never learned to respect
authority. Eli, having heard that his
sons had died in their wickedness. fell
over backward and broke his neck and
died. Well he might. What is life to
lfather whose sons are debauched?The
dust of the valley is pleasant to hi3 taste
and the driving rains that drip through
the roof of the sepulcher are sweeter
than the wines of Helbon..
There must be harmony between the
father's government and the mother's
government. The father will be tempt
ed to too grerat rigor. The mother will
be tempted to too great leniency. HeIr
tnderness will overcome her. Her
bettdr fitted c pulli ut L. ort atnd
soothe a pang. Children wanting any
thing from the mother. cry for it. They
hope to dissolve her with tears. But
the mother must not interfere, must
not coax off. mjust not teg for the ehild
when the hour comes for the assertion
of parental sULreniwcy and the subjuga
tion of a chiild's temper. There comes
in the history of every child an hour
when it is tested whether the parents
shall rule or the child shall rule. That
is the crucial hour. If the child tri
uniphs in that hour. then he will some
day make you crouch. it is a horrible
scene. I have witnessc'i it. A mother
come to old age, shivering with terror
in the presence of a son who cursed her
irrav hairs and mocked her wrinkled
face and begrudged her the crust she
munched with her toothless rums'
Pow sh!per than a Ftget's tooth it is
To i.ve a thak!,s cbi.i!
There are many who are sacrificig
their children to a spirit of worldliness
Some one asked a mother whose chil
dren had turned out very well what was
the secret by which she prepared theti
for usefulness and for the Christian
life, and she said: "This was the se
cret. When in the morning I washed
my children. I prayed that they might
be washed in the fountain of a Saviours
mercy. When I put on their garments
I prayed that they might be arrayed in
the robe of a Saviour's righteousness.
When I gave them food. I prayed that
they might be fed wi.h manna from
heaven. When I started them on the
road to school, I pran ed that their path
might be as the shining light, brighter
and brighter to the perfect day. When
I put them to sleep, I prayed that they
might be infolded in the Saviour's arms.
Oh, you say, that was very oid fashion
ed. It was quite old fashioned. But
do you suppose that a child under
such nurture as that ever turned out
bad?
Further on thousands and tens of
thousands of the daughters of America
are sacrificed to worldliness. They are
taught to be in sympathy with all the
artiticialties of society. They are in
ducted into all the hollowness of what
is called fashionable life, They are
taught to believe that history is dry,
but that 50 cent stories of adventurous
love are delicious. With capacity that
might have rivaled a Florence Nightin
gale in heaveniy ministries or made the
father's house glad with fihal and si
terly demeanor their life is a waste,
their beauty a curse, their eternity a
demolition.
I lift up my voice against the
flee of children. I look out of my
low on a Sabbath, and I see a gro: .
.hildren unwashed, uncombed.
Christianiztd. Who cares for t, -?
Nho pray- for them? Who utte:s to
hem one kind word? When the .y
:uissionary, pasaing along the paik in
New lork. saw a ragged lad and 1 .ntd
'4iM swearing, he said to him: "M -on
-top swearing! You ought to go t. the
house of God today. You ought t-- be
a Chris:ian." Tie lad looked in his
face and said: "Ah, it is easy for you
0 talk, well clothed as you are anu .vell
ted. But we chaps hain't got no
ohance!' Who lifts them to the alter
or baptism? Who goes for-h to snatch
them up from crime and death and
me? Who toiday will g, forth atw
-n ing them into schools and churches?
\o; heap them up, great piles of rag,
tnd wretchedne,.s and filth. Put un
1-rneath them the fires of sacrifice, stii
up the blaze. put on more fago's, and
'hile we sit in the churebes with fold
darms and indifference crime and dis
a-e and death will go otn with the
*g* ntzing sacrifice.
During the early French revolution
at Bourges there was a company of boy s
who used to train every day as 3 oung
.toldiers. and they carried a flag and
they had on the flag this inscription,
"Tremble. Tyrants, Tremble; We Arc
Growing Up." Mightily suggestive!
This generation is passing off, and a
wightier generation is comina on. Will
they he the foes of tyranny, the foes of
,in and the foes of death, or will they
be the foes of God? They arc coming
up! I congratulate all parents who are
doing theii best to keep their children
away from the alter of sacrifice. Your
prayers are going to be answered. Your
children may wander away from God,
but they will come back again. A voice
comes from the throne today, encour
aging you, "I will be a God to thee
and to thy seed after thee." And
though when you lay your head in death
there may be some wanderer of the
family far away from God, and you may
be 20 years in heaven before salvation
shall come to his heart, he will be
brought into the kingdom. and before
the throne of God you will rejoice thar
you were faithful. Come at last though
so long postponed his coming. Come
at last!
1 congratulate all those who are toil
ing for the outcast and the wandering.
Your work will soon be over, but the in
fluence you are setting in motion will
never stop. Long after you have been
garnered for the skies your prayers,
your teachings and pour Christian in
fluence will go on and help to peop'~le
heaven with bright inhabia tas. W\hich
would you rather see. which a-e':.
would you rather mingle in in the l?et
great day, being able to say. "I added
house to house and land to land and
manufactory to manufactory: I owned
half the city; whatever my eye saw I
had, whatever I wanted I got," or on
that day to have Christ look you full in
the face and say, "I was hungry, and
ye fed me; I was sick and in prison,
and ye visited me, inasmuch as ye did
it t'i the least of these my brethren, ye
did it to me?"
An exchange gets off the following:
I want to be a farmer and till the vir
gin soil, and labor in the sunshine to
sweat and stew and boil; I want to earn
large acres whereupon the rye to sow.
and watch the cornstalk waving, and
hear the mortgare grow: I want to be a
fartmer, and grow a lfubjbard squash.
the pumpkin and potatoes. and other
tuff. by gosh: I want to be a farmer. I
:o upon my soul, h-it I haven' g ot thle
money to buy a gopher hole.
A SPECIAL dispatch to the New York
World from Manila says: "It is the uni
ersal opinion among army men here.1
hat it will require the presence of 50,
00 American troops to occupy the
erritory that has been taketn antd
o keep open cotmmunications amnon
he islands." We would infer f.
his that our forces are uaomin
much prgress towards pify'ing the
atives of the Philippines.
A paper published a long obituary
says an exchange, of a man who had
:ied in the community, closing with the
s atetment that a "long procession of
friends followed the remaitns to the last
roasting place." The family read the
no'e and discovered the supposed error
and asked the editor to ma~ke correc
tion in the word "roa,-tin." but lhe said
he could not do it until the seven years
back subscription which deceased owed
him had been paid.
The only man that doesn't mxake a
fool of himself occasionally is the one
STATE DiSPENSARY.
The Formal Report of the Legis
hative Committee.
EVERY THiNG IS ALL RIGHT.
The Profits and Losses, Receipts
and Disbursements, Assets
And Liabilities Tabu
lated.
The lCg1lativc committee, after ma
ng a formal inspection of the dispen
sary, has submitted its report. From
the figures submitted the expense was
greater than the profit the last quarter.
the timoc covered by the report. The
total rece:pts for the quarter amuounted!
to 877.694.24 and the total disburse
m.ents to $891.236.537, bringing down
the balanee in the S:ate treanurY at the
first of the year from $46,073.24 to
832.433.91. The report follows:
DLear Sir: The committee appointed
by the officers of the general assemb!.
to investiaitze and examine the l!oks
of :he State dispensary for the year
1q99 bcgs leave to submit the following
report for the quarter ending March
The stock on hand was taken on
Mareh 31st and April 1st by D. F.
Efird, representing the committee. an
Messrs. Miles and Bo3kin, represent
ing the State board of control. All
1:'quors. supplies, machinery and offiet
tixturres wicre exhibited and taken, as
per inventory submtutec.
The committee met A pril 17th and
proceeded to examine the books and
vouchers for the months of Jauuary,
February and March. We found the
collections and expenditures. with
vouchers for each and every item prop
eriy recorded.
We append hereto the follouing
statements: Assets and liabilities for
said quarter; profit and loss account,
and cash statement of receipt and dis
bursemnents.
We find that the books of the institu
tion correspond with the cash balance
of the Statc treasurer, with the excep
tion of warrants issued which have not
been presented for payment.
All of which is respectfully submit
T. .1. Stanland.
D. F. Tird,
A. C. Lyles.
Quarterly statement of State dispen
sary for quarter ending March 31:
ASSETS.
Cash in State treasury
March31.............$32,438.91
Merchandise in hands of
di-pensers March 31... .. 210,283.18
3Ierchandise at State dis
pensary ..............135,449 98
Supplies............ .... 35.421.70
['eams and wagons........ 150.00
Machinery and office fix
tures... ....... ......2,500 00
Contraband.............. 7.75 00
Real estate. ............34,899 4.
Suspended accounts....... 3,517.95
Personal accounts due State
for royalty on beer, etc.. 7.255.88
Total assets..........$462,696.43
LIABILITI ES.
%ehool fund.............$406 325.58
Personal accounts due by
Snate for aupplies, whis
kies, wines, beers, alcohol.
etc.. .......... .... .... 5G.370 85
Total liabilities... .....$402,696.43
Statement of profit and loss account
for quarter endine 31arch 31st:
- PROFITS.
Gross profts'on mnerchan
disc sold during the quar
ter ..... .... .. ...... $100,334.40
Discounts on whiskey pur
chases.... .............1.323 31
Contraband seizures... .. ...1,904.17
Permit fees................4 50
Profits from beer dispensa
ries................... 6,422.98
Total gross profits.. ..$109,989.36
LOSs ES.
Supplies, bottles, corks,
labels, wire, tin foil,
boxes, etc., used during
quarter........... ......8 31,773.32
Dep~reciated value of teams
and wagons..............30.00
Depreciated value of ma
chinery and office fixtures :388.30
Constabulary .... .... .. ..12,692.77
Breakage and leakage... 131.73
Freight and express charges 19.,242.22
Labor.... ....... 3.997. 03
Insurance .. .. ... ..... ....217.50
Expense accou-.t .. .. .. .. ..5 200.69
Litigation...:.. .... .......I 8t.00
Loss by robbery at Salke
hatchie dispensary.... 14.72
Loss by fire at Jacksonboro
dispensary...............22;6G
Worthless wines at W. J.
3Iotts dispensary..... 59.10
Enidercredit of prices of
tcoods at the Manning dis
pensary ..... ... ...1.00 00
U at i-nse by dispenser .
at Ceas. the profits of
thtdispiensary not being
sufficient to bear expensts 50.00
Total expenses ... .... . 74.854.24
Net profits on sales for e ptar
ter, passed to the eroit
of the school lunid.. .. ...35.195.12
Total .. .. .. ... .. .. ..$.'.i 2;
Cash statement for quarter cnding
March 31st, 1899:
RECEIPTS.
Balance in State treasury. .8 4t.073.24
January receipts.........1:39.740.76
February receipts.. . ..... 117,747.19
March receipts..........120,116.29
Total.... .. ......8423.G77.48
iDISDUIRSEMENTS.
.January disburse ments . . .151,59 14
F'ebruary disbursements.. 13356.
March disbursements. ...00.073.48
Total .... .... .......$39,23657
IN 1511 when the Spaniard-. no- -r
\elacquez, were dcro:-:I .. a
chicf byv the namn ' ii :-'. wI e-m-t
demned to -- alive. When
ur ,. dtombace Christian
. . - might 11ind adlmission
jo lcaven. he. inquired if the white
men would go there. On being an
swered in the affirmative, lie exclaim
ed, "Then I will not be a Christian:
for I would not gto again to a place
where I must find men so eruel!" What
impressions of Christianity are we giv
ing the heathens of the Philippines?
TrE New York World's ne.~iunt of
the burning of the Vanderbilt country
place, " Idle H-our," where WV. K. Van
derbilt. Jr.. and his bride were spend
ing their honeymoon, contains this bit
of information: "Two Pinkerton de
tectives were on the premises. One
was outside the house. the second had
accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt
to 'Idle Hour,' at the express wish of
the bride, and occupied a room on the
They Aro S1.m1 Made, Largely for :.Z
port.
"Oh, yes. paper collars are still
made." said a haberdasher, smilingly,
in reply to an inquisitive customer
'Thirty years ago they were worn by
men who considered themselves very
good dressers. Now their use is con
ined to a few old fellows who won't
change and, of course, they have to
be manufactured to order. There are
several customers for them here, and
a wealthy planter who lives some dis
tance north of the city orders them by
thousand lots. I was In New England
last summer, and while visiting a little
town famous for its collar-makers saw
an old plant used for turning out the
paper article. It had been rusting
away in suence for years, and I was
astonished at its size. The buildings
easily covered an acre, and the mach
Inery was enormous. I was told that
in its heyday the concern shipped its
product all over the world, and sold
paper collars even in the Fij Islands.
I supposed they must have been used
as trimmings for missionary ragout.
"The celluloid collar inaustry is still
very much alive, and you may be sur
prised to know that its trade last year
was the largest on record. Who buys
them? Lots of different people. Thou
sands are sold to seafaring men, par
ticularly thos2 whose voyaging takes
them into the tropics. France, Ger
many, and Italy import an immense
number. Another big lot Is supplied
under contract to the Russian army
a fact not generally known-and I
understand there is a large sale of
them in Turkey.
"The principal market in this coun
try is in the West. The lumbermen up
in the Minnesota and Wisconsin re
gions regard them as very recherche,
and they buy them by the bale. In
the cities they are worn generally by
policemen, who would find it impossi
.e to keep a linen collar looking neat
In bad weather.The great objection to
celluloid collars used to be their in
fiamability. Their composition is very
like gun-cotton, and it was formerly a
common joke to touch a match to a
fellows neck-gear and see it vanish.
You can't do that now. A new pro
cess has rendered them fireproof."
The Best-Lighted City.
Paris is now said to be the best
lighted city in the world and a model
for all cities that are bent on introduc
ing electric lighting on a grand scale.
It is the great installation under the
vast central markets of Paris that has
enabled he municipality to command
the situation and to carry out a
scheme which has been settled, not
hastily, but after a patient, scientific
and systematic study.
This installation, however, has never
been intended for the general work of
lighting. It is for experimental pur
poses, and also for acting as a regu
lator of charges, each division of the
city, radiating from a centre, being
leased for a limited term to a responsi
ble electric company.
The old troublesome question of how
to dispose of wires never arises in
Paris, where, thanks mainly to the
subways, there are absolutely no ob
structive wires.
Tea Ctgarettes.
The ordinary much-maligned tobacco
cigarette, says a medical journal, must
yield up the finest place as a destroyer
of nerves and vitality and general ene
my of mankind. Its successful rival,
which has appeared recently in the
feld, is the tea cigarette. It is made
from unbroken leavt -of green tea mix
ed with a little tea dust. The combina
tion Is moistened, rolled and inserted
In a paper wrapper so that outwardly
it looks like an ordinary cigarette. The
effects are peculiar. The smoker first
experiences a thickening sensation of
the head and Is afflicted with a desire
to sit down. This phase is followed
by a period of intense exhilaration,
which, presumably, accounts for the
habit; the third phase Is nausea and
disgust for all food.
The beginning of recovery Is marked
by a yearning for tea in any form.
The tea cigarette habit Is said to be
peculiarly difficult to overcome.
An ingenious Device.
Formerly the ashes on steamships
were gathered into great cans, hoisted
to the decas with more or less difficulty
and thrown overboard. Among the
new devices for labor saving in this
direction is a chute Into which a very
strong air current is forced. The ashes
are placed in the chute as they ac
cumulate and are almost instantly
blown through this conductor into the
sea. The amount of labor saved by
this means can scarcely be appreciated
by those who have not watched the
wearisome dragging of the enormous
quantity of refuse from the furnaces
in steamships and large plants of this
description.
Good W1ork of the Anclents.
Eighteen hundred years ago or there
abouts, the Roman emperor T rajan
built a bridge across sne Danube, the
piers of which are found by the Rou
manian engineers solid enough to sus
tain a new structure, which will unite
the towns of Ternu Severin, In Rou
mania, and Gladova, in Servia. In the
middle of the struieture the statue of
Trajan will stand tour squares to all
the winds that blow.
School Chiudren Provided For.
At Roubaix, one of the socialist
strongholds of France, the 11,000 pub
lie school children receive free food
and clothing at the expense of the
town. Their dinner at school consists
of soup, bread, vegetables, meat and a
glass of wine. At the beginning of
s'mmer and of winter each child re
ceives a complete suit of clothes.
A Strange ret.
Perhaps the strangest pet ever kept
by a man was a wasp which Sir John
Lubbock caught in the Pyrences and
resolved te tame. Hle began by teach
ing it to take its meals on his hand, and
in a very short space of time it gre-v
to expect to be fed in that way.
Very Hard Wood.
Some of tae petrified wood found In
Arizona. It is said. Is so hard that steel
tools will not work It. the petrifications
being only threc deret' le in hard
ness than a diniionul
an exchange gets ofi tihe following:
I want to be a farmer and till the virgin
soil, and labor in the surnshine to sweat
and stew and boil; I w::nt to carn large
acrs, whereupon the rye to sow, and
wa rht:e cornstalk waving, and hear
-t.::r.e grow; I want to be a
arer, and grow a Hubbard squash,
'he pumpkin and potatoes, and other
stuff, by gosh; I want to be a farmer,
do, upon my soul, but I haven't got
the money to buy a gopher hole.
On the Trail of a Pension.
A somewhat pathetic letter comes
from an old colored citizen. It is as
follows:
"De rain has done beat down my cot
ton, an' most er my co'n is done ruint,
y son wuz a sojer in de war wid de
Spaniels. He lost two legs in it. Do
you reckon de guv-ment will give him
$2 a leg fer 'em?"
Level Sea Bottom.
The bottom of the Pacific between
Hawaii and California Is said to be so
level that a railroad could he laid for
500 miles without grading anywhere.
This fact was discovered by the United
States surveying vessel engaged in
making soundings with a view of lay
The Wretch-.s Body Mutilated Be.
fore He Was Fired.
CONFESSEDTHE MURDER.
But He Denied the S ubseautnt
Outrage. Said a Negro
Preacher Paid Him
to Do it.
In the p p nee of ;:cly 2.000 peo
:le who selt aloft elk i detiine anid
hunts of joy, 8::m Hos,. a Negro who
:omuit tcd two of the bazeat acts known
:o crime. was bui ned M ti; staa Ii :i
Oublic road one and lct ha il fro.-i
Newnar-, Ga., Sunday afternoon. Ie
tore the ior-: h was applied to the pyie.
he Ner waS d '.Vd of LIs eais
ingers anA other port ons of his ana
omy. The Negro pleaded pitifully for
ais ;le while the mutil-tion was goin
.n, but stood the orde:i of fire with sur
1-risirg' fortitude. Ifore the bod.
..as cool it was cut to pieces. the bones
x:,re crushed into small bits and even
' tree upon which the wretchi met
his fate, was torn up and disposed of as
-Ivenirs. The Negro's heart was uut
i :everal p'eces, as ias also his liver.
)e unable to obtain these ghastly
el.s direct paid their more fortunate
possessors extravagant sums for them.
.-uall pieces of bone went for 25 cents.
ind a bit of liver, crisply cooked, sold
for 10 cents. One of the men who
lifted the can of kerosene to the Negro's
head is said to be a native of the com
monwealth of Pennsylvania. His name
is known to those who were with him.
but they refuse to divulge it.. The mob
was composed of citizens of Newnan,
Griffin. Palmetto and other little towns
in the country ioand about Newnan,
and of all the farmers who had received
word that the burning was to take place.
Hion. W. Y. Atkinson. fo:nergover
nor of Georgia, met the mob as he was
returning from church and appealed to
them to let the law take its course. Ia
addressing the mob he used these words:
"Some of you are known to me and
when this affair is finally settled in the
courts, you may depend upon it that I
ill testify against you.". A member
the mob was seen to draw a revolver
;d level it at Governor Atkinson. but
is arm was seized and the pistol taken
t-'m him. The mob was franticat dc
ys and would hear to nothing but
burning at the stake.
Hose confessed to killing Cranford,
i.ut denied that he had outraged Mrs.
Cranford. Before being put to death
the Negro stated that he had been paid
$12 by "Lige" Strickland, a Negro
preacher at Palmetto, to kill Cranford.
1ouight a mob of citizens is scouring
the country for Strickland, who has
left his home and will be lynched if
caught. Sam Hose killed Alfred Cran
ford, a white farmer near Palmetto and
outraged his wife, ten days ago. Since
that time business in that part of the
state has been suspended, the entire
popu!ation tu:xing out in an effort t,
capture Hose. Governor Candler has
b- en asked to send trcops here to pre
serve order for a day or two, as it is
feared the Negroes mal wreck venge
ance, many threats to that effeet havi ng
been made.
The Great Reunion.
The great reunion of the Veteran:. of
the ever to be venerated Confedetacy
is now but a little more than a motah
off. The undying patriotism of dear
old Charleston is oozing at every pore
and such extensive preparations arc be
ing mnade for the reception and eniter
tainmnent of the thousands who wil
visit the 'ld shine of chixairy as wil
cause this to overshadow.all other rt uu
ions, e4pecially in opeu-haude.d hospi
tality and the coning together tuf the
scattered survivors of the heroic armies
that stood the shock of the world's
charges in legion for more than four
years. As the Rock Hill Herald says
it is to be a great occasion and every
old Veteran who followed the Starry
Cross ought to be there, and as the bat.
talion's move once again over Charles
ton's proud thorougatares, hear as in
days of yore the invincible "rebel vell.
It will be there and will awaken mem~ro
ries of the immortal achievements of
the grandest armies that evcr faced ::n
overpowering foe in battle. Gen. Joe
Wheeler will deliver the oration and
the ever-faithful city will be gorg..ous
in holiday attire in honor of the coming
once again of the men who stood her
firm defenders for so mary years. The
Veteran visit to Charlest'm may be
their last pilgrimage to the lieeca of
Southern chivalry and bonor. and there
will be no disappointments. Tlhe News
and Courier tells us of the great p lre
parations being made, andu from it we
learn that more money has been sub
scribed than in any of the other lieunion
cities and the end is not yet. Nearly
$15,000 have been raised and the
sources of contribution have by no
means been exhausted. In addition
to the funds secured for the entertain
ment of the Veterans the city has ex
pended over $:30.000 in the erection of
thc handsomest Auditoriuwn in the
Southern States. There is another very
sigaiticant indication of the general
interest in the Reuniorn, and that is of
all the money raised rnot $500 have
come from people or places outside of
city of Charleston, and not a cent of
the fund for the entertainment of the
Veterans is the result of municipal ap
propriation, but represents the patriotic
offerings of the people of the city to
the men who wore the Grey. The com
mittee on quarters and housing has pro
ided sleeping places for 30,000 visitors
and every day new names arc added to
the list of those who will assist in tak
ing care of the guests. A very im
portant feature of the arrainemnts for
the reception of the people is the spe
ial effort that is being made to give
the ladies every comfort that is possible
under the eireuwistances, to which re
ference is made elsewhere. The conm
nittee on restaurants has secured the
ames of places where meals can be
furnished to 25,00)0 persons daily.
Large Landholders.
OJne of the largest landedproprietors
in Europe is the prince of Schwarzen
berg, who owns 207,371 hectares of land
in Austria, Bohemia and Bavaria. As
many as 296 different industries are
carried on in them, giving employment
to 7,108 persons, of whom 1,480 are
females.
Artificial Flowers.
Artificial flowers were unknown to
the ancient civilized nations of Europe.
They are first mentioned in Italy in the
fourteenth century, but in China they
were known at an earlier date.
Memory's Foes.
A German scientist claims that the
memory is stronger in Summer than in
Winter. He says that among the
worst foes of the memory are too much
food, too much physical exercise, and
A Spanish Midshipman's Thril
ling Account of What
He Saw.
A RAIN OF PROJECTILES
The Havoc Wrought by American
Shells at the Time Cervera's
Fleet Was Destroyed.
Behavior of Officers-Trying Adventures in
Cuba After Swimming Ashore-Dodging
the Cubans and Keeping Away From
Hungry Sharks-Will Never Forget ii4
Adventures.
The following account is given of the
action in which Admiral Cervera's
squadron was destroyed by Midship
man Navia, of the Oquendo, and of the
subsequent adventure he and a few
survivors encountered in their success
ful endeavors to make their way back
to Santiago. His story reads more
like a chapter out of James Grant's
novels than a page of real life, and
when relating his adventures Midship
man Navia doubted whether they
would be believed. though he vouched
for the truth of every word he said.
The narrative of his story has been
somewhat condensed below:
The flagship opened fire while we,
being the last, were still some way
from the harbor mouth, yet before ~we
cleared the entrance we got struck by
a few shells. I was in the forward
central torpedo room, and as, accord
ing to orders, the portholes were shut,
I could see but little of what was tak
ing place outside. We did not at once
use our torpedoes, for shortly after the
action began a heavy projectile crash
ed through the upper deck and destroy
ed the shield. near which I was stand
ing. I was knocked down by the
force of the explosion, receiving a
slight leg wound from a fragment of
the shell, while a splinter of the star
board gangway was driven into my
chest near to the heart. On recover
ing my feet I found that the starboard
torpedo tube was smashed and that
the deck was strewn with dead and
wounded, a few of whom were seeking
to go up the gangway, which was also
destroyed. Very shortly we all had
to clear out of the room, as it became
impossible to breathe there, owing to
a lot of material taking fire. I sunk
half choked in the upper deck near the
starboard hatchway, but was revived
by some one turning a hose on my
head.
On rising again I found myself close
to the second commander, Don Victor
Sola, who was encouraging the crew,
and Senor Nunoz, who put his arm
round me, exclaiming, "They are mak
ing a man of you to-day." At that
moment a heavy shell burst behind me,
small particles lodging in my neck and
behind nay ear. This shell killed Don
Victor Sola, whom I saw fall on his
face without uttering a word. Right
across his body fell that of First Gun
ner Don Cristobal. When Capt. Laz
aga heard that the forward magazines
were ablaze he followed the lead of
the Teresa, heading for land and run
ning the vessel ashore. When this
was being done I was in the forward
cabin whence two torpedoes were
launched at an enemy who sought to
cut us off. We left the battery and
went on deck, where several were
stripping preparatory to swimming
ashore. I went back to the torpedo
room and stripped. When I got back
on deck my companions were gone, so
I got through the port-cannon embra
sure and slipped down a chain to the
water. Before going I noticed Capt.
Lazaga standing on the bridge with
folded arms, looking quite calm; near
him were several wounded officers. I
never saw him again. A quartermas
ter whom I met later told me he saw
Lazaga lie down near the forward gut
and shoot himself, being deaf to the
entreaties of the officers that he should
save himself. Many of the Oquendo's
crew were swimming around me, and
It took me twenty minutes to reach
land, as I had to help some who could
not swim.
When I was landed I was in my shirt
and drawers. Twenty sailors gather
ed round me, and we went inland along
a narrow path that led toward a hill.
Observing a tree on which the fruit
had been recently bitten, I concluded
it was by the mambises (Spanish name
for the natives). and suggested we
should alter our route. Some, through
not hearing me, went on, and I soon
saw the first man squat down, crying
to those behind: "Look out; I am
covered by a gun, and we are told to
halt." The man who held the gun or
dered us to stop till .ie warned his
party, and soon reappeare'd with a cou
ple of negroes, armed with Mfausers.
We were then ordered to go forward,
one by onc; while the advance party
did so, we behind sided off into the
jungle, fleeing from the insurgents.
Those who went forward were brained
by the insurgents, a great number of
whom were close at hand. At midday
I found myself accompanied only by
an engineer and a marine of the Oquen
do. We heard some terrific explo
sions, and on gaining a hilltop we saw
American boats saving the ship~wreck
ed crews. We were now overcome by
thirst, and sought a rivulet, where we
might slake it. Fortunately we found
one, and, while drinking, were joined
by a stoker from the Vizcaya.
We followed the stream seaward and
came on a mango tree, the fruit of
which we ate. though it was still un
ripe. While so) engaged we heard
talking, and saw- a couple of afmed
mambises approaching. Tb.ey had not
coticed us, so we bur'riedly slipped ii
to the bush and began to climb a hill,
from the top of which we could see the
ships still burning. One was taken to
be an American, and my companiois
burst out cheering, but I quickly put
a stop to that lest the enemy should
ear us. Night fell, and we lay down
to try to sleep, but the cold was terri
le, and the noise of the bush, with the
attacks of mosquitoes and land crabs,
ombined to drive away slumber. I
was dozing off when a large crab bit
one of my naked toes. I jumped up
and crushed it with a stone. Next
ay, the sun giving us our direction,
we continued our painful journey, all
he morning having nothing to eat or
rink. In the afternoon we came on
a stagnant pool, and though the water
stank, we drank it eagerly. The
stoker, who had a boina and blouse
on, went through the bush, thus open
ng a way for us, who were next to
aked. A native carrying a basket of
food once crossed our path, though for
unately he did not see us. Had we
oly had a pistol among us we should
ave dined that day. Once we sat
own to rest, and so weary were we
hat wve fell asleep. Strokes of an
xe against a tree awoke us, and we
where - e wore we saw ar. arm of the
sea ahead whech we tock to be Cabanas
bay, and we made for it with the in
tention of crossing it in its narrowest
part.
Hearing voices behind, we hid to let
the speakers pass, and found they were
some of ours. a quartermaster of the
Teresa and two sailors of the Furor.
They were in better conditions than
we, for they had had the good luck to
find some food; but one of the sailors
had a piece of a shell in his leg and a
severe head wound. As we neared the
water we could occasionally see a
shark rise to the surface. This made
my companions hesitate about enter
ing, but at last I persuaded them, two
of us assisting one of the marines who
could not swim. When we were half
way across a big fish rose behind us
ind gave us a great fright, but we were
all so desperate that we scarce cared
if we lived or died. We got safely to
the opposite shore, though how we es
caped I know not, for I was afterward
assured the bay swarmed with sharks
and cainians. A sailor now guided
us, as he said he knew the way to Fort
Socapa, but when night fell we were
again lost in the bush. We lay down
ard slept in our wet clothes, but were
awakened by the firing of heavy guns.
This gave us our direction, for we took
them to be the guns of Socapa. After
a sleep we resumed our journey in the
direction whence we had heard the fir
Ing during the night, and were again
all the morning without solid food,
though we did get some - water. A
sailor climbed a tree and made out dis
tinctly Fort Morro. This news restor
?d our sinking courage and we pushed
on till we came to a small beach; but
there our strength failed and we sank
axhausted to the ground. * Yet, just
when we had finally given ourselves up
'or lost, help came in the shape of some
Spanish guerrillas who discovered us
ind relieved our wants, afterward tak
!ng us off in a boat to the Mexico,
where ended a journey I shall never
orget.
How It Feel% to Be S10'.
Lieutenant Hains, commanding an
rtillery platoZon under Captain Potts
in Porto Rico. was wounded on August
12, the day the war ended. Talking
vith his brother, Captain T. Rankin
qains, he said:
"On the morning of the 12th Captain
Potts was ordered to proceed up the
San Juan road with five guns for the
purpose of sLielling the Spanish
trenches at Asomanta.
"Soon after we slackened our fire the
memy took heart and began to re
turn. General James H. Wilsor-sent
me with a gun up the road in advance
of the rest to try and enfilade the
mnemy. I went up the road on horse
>ack about 200 yards and found a com
pany of Wisconsin infantry on a bend
of the road which formed a cover from
ihe Spanish fire. I passed beyond
them, and the gun was unlimbered in
the next turn of the road in a some
what sheltered position. My men lay
down by the roadside to escape the
Spanish volleys, the Mausers coming in
a storm with each volley.
"I told' the sergeant we would have
a try at them for luck, anyhow. As I
could see no Spaniards nearer than
500 or 600 yards, I had him run the
gun out of the road a little. We had
no sooner done this than the fire sud
denly increased fiercely, so the gun
could not be served. We hauled the
gun back to the next turn in the road,
where we were joined by the second
gun, still unable to do any great execu
ion owing to the sheltered pdaition of
the enemy. The fire continued with
fierceness, but from our new position
we brought a house into view. I had
the gun instantly trained upon it,. as I
saw several Spaniards outside of' it,
and felt certain It was not empty. The
very first shot landed fairly upon the
side of the house and, penetrating,
burst inside, sending things flying. The
enemy broke cover and I turned to the
sergeant, saying: "That was a good
one; now give them --.
"As I turned something struck me
through the body. I knew I was badly
hit, but felt no pain after the first
shock. It was like being-struck over
the shoulders with a club. I passed
my hand to my side and brought it
away full of blood.
"The sergeant saw me and ran to
my side. 'They've got me this time,'
I said. He put his arm around me
and led me away and let me lie down."
Fortune's Wheel Turned.
The Hottentots, now one of the low
est species of mankind, were ages ago
oe of the most highly civilized.
Burglar 0na urang-tiutanlg.
Some two years ago a retired officer
o the merchant service, living in the
Rue D'Alesia, Paris, M. Duchesne,
brought home an orang-outang from
Borneo. Since growing to its full size
the brute is a terror to the neighbors.
Its master wvon't hear of its being
chained up, contenting himself with
shutting the animal in his bedroom be
fore going out. Nicholas Bargeve, alias
"the Devourer." had determined to
make ai -rofessional call at M. Duch
esn's apartment with intent to burgle.
Now this illustrious character was un
aware that such a pet as the orang
outang was tolerated in these particts
lar rooms. Coneoquently when the
burglar we s :denly pounced upon by
two ha:ny paws he was somewhat sur
prised. and his screams soon brought
help, with the result that M. Bargeve
was drawn out of the room by his feet,
hi a very ignominious fashion. He 'was
taken to the infirmary, and it Is re
ported that he has gone mad and new
imagines himself to have been changed
into an ape.
nRver of Death.
The Yellow river. which has been
named the "Sorrow of China," is prob
ably the most destructive stream on.
the face of the earth. In less than 100
yars it has changed its channel four
ti-mes. and the -point where it empties
into the sea has from time-to time been
moved up and down the coast a dis
tance of 300 miles. It runs through'a
vast alluvial plain, and is fed by
streams from a great system of moan
tains in the north. When the snow
melting on this range comes at a time
of heavy rains, the result is sure to be
a terrific flood. It has been estimated
that in the past three centuries over
10,000,000 human beings have perished
in the floods of the Yellow river. For
destructiveness. both of lIfe and prop
erty, this stream is unparalleled, and
the sobriquet bestowed upon it is am
ply justified by its history.
The Greatest Scorcher.
You may talk about the scorcher
And the century he has made,
But the sun's the greatest scorcher
When a century in the shade.
Not Worried.
A newly discovered story about Hen
ry Clay is to the effect that when his
wife was asked if she was not worried
by his gambling she replied: "Oh, not
at all. Mr. lay alwaye wins."

xml | txt