VOL. XV. MANNING, S. C., WEI)NESDAY, MAY 24, 1899. NO. 4,
A BOLD SWhINDLE.
Buncoing the Negroes Out Their
Hard Earned Dollars.
HOW THE GAME IS WOFKED.
One Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars Has So Far Been
Stolen from the Trustful
A dispatch from Washington says
thousands of ignorant cilied peoqile in
this country are being irndue(d to be
lieve that they are to be penzioned by
the United States <,vernmenit upon be
ing unable to horw that tht-y were for
merly slaves. The promoters of this
scheme, which has all the ear marks ol
a s3 stematic attempt t yextract mone
from credulous colored people, by hold
ing out to them fac hopes of a govern
iment pension, have been at work for a
number of yeari. -rA it is estimated
that over $l50,000 has becu col
lected by the self-constituted mission
aries having the project in hand.
The subject eama to the service a
few days days ago tlhrough some corres
pondence between a colored preacher.
in one of the Somtlh-i States, and a
United States senat -r. The preacher
wrote to the senator to inquire into the
matter in view of the fact that so many
of 'the colored people in his state had
been assessed to defray the expenses of
the proposed legislation. The senator,
who is one of the most influential mem
bers of that body, b7 reason of his long
service (three terms ) and his appropri
ate committee assignments, instituted
an investigation, and ibis is the sub
stance of what he reported to the col
ored divine who sought information on
It appears thtt there has been in ex
istence for about ten years or more an
enterprise under the title of the "Ex
Slave Mutual Relief Company and Pen
sion Association, of the United States
of America." This association has it
agents in every State in the union, for
the purpose of locating, if possible, all
former slaves. The latter are told that
legislation is now pendiog before con
gress to pension a'l former slaves as
All persons 70 years of age to receive
$500 and also $156 more during their
natural lives. Persons 60 years to re
ceive $300 and $126 more. Persons 50
years to ieceive $100 and i86 more.
Persons less than 50 years to receive
$46 more; etc. it is necessary for all
the supposed beneficiaries of the pro
posed legislation to pay into the associ
tion 25 cents as a registration fee. It
is claimed that over 600,000 ex-slaves
have been so registere d According to
the circular sent out by the association,
a copy of which is now in the hands of
of the senate r ferred to, the headquar
ters or main office is -.t No. 708 Gay
street, Nashville. Tenn. I. D. Dicker
son is general manager. The circular
is headed "On to Victory." It also
contains a picture f General Manager
Dickerson. It is ad dressed to "All ex
slave associations in the United States.
We come greeting as general manager
and promoter of' the nie vement, which
has been so much opposit ion and more
combats in its own ciular than an~
other organization of the pr sent day. -
Then follows special mention of the
membership fee, 25 cents. Also the
information that the national dele-gate
in Washington is located at 475 Mis
souri avenue; and has secured the str
vices of Attorney W. C. Lawson The
circular further ar peals to every ex
slave to send his 1,au~e a ich the regis
tration fee of 25 cents It also appeals
to every local associ-ation to retnd 82 50
for a charter at onfce, and every ex
slave to send in addition that amount
to be used in the movement. These
assets are to be se nt to the office of the
national delegate, givena above. The
circular also anuounces th-at the Nation
al Convention at Nashville in 1898
made the weekly publicat ion, the Na
tional Capital, 25 cents for three
months, the oficeial organ of the aseo
ciation.~ Another and a more recent
circular of similar importance bears a
picture of Se ator William E. Mason.
of Illinois. 1 H1. Dickerson. general
manager. 714 Line street, Nashville,
Ten. This circular declares "it is the
only incorporated and ebtartt red move
ment in the U'nited States, and others
are frauds. It c-alls attention to the
bill to peneion <x-slaves introduced in
the House of Representatives, .June 24
1890, by then Rc-presentative Connell
of Nebraska." In the 54th cougress
Senator ThurstoL introduced the Con
nell bill in the sente na the circular
calls special attention to the fact that
the bill "passed to two readings and
was referred to the pension comrr-it
tee." ____ ___
An Honest Confession.
A communication has be en received
by Attorney General Terrell, of Gcor
gia, from a State's attorney in linois,
containing statements which are being
read with muc-h interest there. The
writer is preparing a pa per to be read to
a convention of State prosecutors in
Illinois refers to Attorney General Ter
rell information as to capital punish
ment 'n Georgia. In the course of the
letter the Illinois oilicial says: "We
have capital punithment in our State
for murder only, and for the last few
years in this part of the State we have
had six or seven lynchilags for the crime
of rape, and I am inclined to believe
that it is almiost as good a record as is
claimed here for some of the Souther
Knights of Bythias.
The State Lodge of Knights of Py
thias met last w eek at Florence. On
Wednesday the following officers were
elected: G. C., G. A. Neuffer, Abbe
ville: G. V. C., M. B. W cod-.vard,
Aiken; G-. P., .1. ii. Thornwell, Fort
Mill; G. K. R. and 8 , D. J. Auld,
Sumter: G. M. of Ex., Wilson G. Hiar
vey, Charleston; G. M. at A , HI. H.
Husbands, Florence; GJ. L. ., J. Q
MManus, Krshaw; G. 0. G.,.J. LI.
Bryan, Sene-ca. Supreme Representa
tive H. T. Thompson, Darlington.
TheGrand L'odge selected Charleston
as the place of meeting next year
The ~ number of members in the
Knights of Pythias Lodges in South
Carolina is 4,770, 12 less than last re
port. Forty thousand paid to e'ndow
metraki So t arlna during the
CONDITION OF THE CROPS
The Weekly Summary of the United
States Wkather Bureau.
The followinz is the weekly crop
bulletin of the South Carolina section
of the climate and crop service of the
United States Weather bureau issued
W dnesday by Director Bauer:
The week ending May 15th averaged
7 degrees per day warmer than usual,
with the maximum temperatures rang
ing from slightly below to consideribly
above 90 degrees each day. and with
the minima correspondingly high.
The raitfall for the week was gen
erally very light; with moderately
heavy rains in the vicinity of Charles
ton and over the Pee Dee region. The
Deed of rain is general, and the lack
of it has materially injured oats, and to
a lesser exteit wheat and gardens.
Rain is also nvcded to permit cotton
and corn planting to be complettd, and
to germinate recently planted seed4.
Oats are failing rapidly, and spring
cats are already a failure. This graiu
is about all headed, and over the more
easterly counties ii ripening. Wheat
has aho deteriorated, but not to the
same extent as oats, and in places con
tinues very promising.
Corn continues to maintain a healthy
color, and, with limited exceptions, has
a good stand; its general condition, for
the whole State, is very satisfactory.
In places it has received its second
Cotton has come u p to from very
good to fair stands, except on red lands
shere the giound is baked and hard
and seeds did not germinate well. Ce!
tivation and chopping to stands is gen
eral. The young plants are small but
healthy and vigorous.
Tobacco is in urgenu need of rain,
both to finish transplanting and to
maintain stands which, although gen
erally good, are in places very poor.
Melons have improved. Rice is ex
cellent. Truck is making rapid
growth. Gardens are variable, accord
ing to meisture conditions. Berries
need rain. Apples and cherries are
dropping. Minor crops generally are
Over-the greater portion of the Stste
the weather was favorable for cultivat
ing crops and for general farm work and
the staple c.ops, with the exception of
oats, continue in a very promising con
A Fatal Lasso Throw
The skill of eleven year old Frank
Beaumont of Chester, Pa., throwing a
lasso resulted in his death Thursday
evening. Since a Wild West shows ex
hibited in the city recently the boys of
Chester have been practicing with las
soes. Young Beaumont, tired of lasso
ing boys of his own age, looked for big
ger game. He stationed himself along
the Reading railroad, near his house,
No. 412 Front street, and prepared to
lasso the engineer of freight train No.
56. . The end of the lasso was tied
about his waist. As the engine came
swiftly up the grade, with a whoop he
sent the loop whistling through the air.
The engineer was leaning out of the
cab window, unconscious of the boy at
the side of the track, and was startled
to suddenly find his arms pinioned to
his sides. The loop of the lasso had
f allen with great precision. and as the
train moved forward the rope was jerked
taut, rendering the engineer helpless.
The fireman was on the other side of
cab and knew nothing of the tragedy
being enacted. Young Beaumont
thrcwn off his feet when the jerk came,
and unable'to untie the rope around his
wast, was dragged for a square, the
roar of the train drowning his shrieks.
He was finally drawn under the car
wheels. The engineer succeeded in
freeing his arms and stopped the train,
but when the boy was picked up it was
found that he was dead. The wheels
had torn the scalp from his head and
mangled him terribly.
Close to a Thousand.
The regular monthly meeting of the
board of regents of the State hospital
for the insane was held Wednesday, all
the me ibers being present The board
found that the population is very close
to a daily average of 1.000, the largest
in the history of the institution.
Wednesdav 23 patients were discharged
on trial by the board. The board dis
eu- sed the probability of securing the
convits allowed Dy the legislature for
the purpose of manufacturing brick for
future building purposes, but tbe word
ing of the act and the fact that the
prison authorities are so pressed for
men in filling contracts existing make
it extremely doubtful if the institution
will get any of the convicts.-State.
Decree Against Corsets.
The minister of education in Saxony
has just issut-d an order that all girls
and young women attending the public
schols and colleges shall discard cor
sets and stays. Saxony favors the de
reee, but the girls affected and their
mothers are protesting vigorously.
Recent and vigorous agitation of the
subject in the press and in the lectures
iven by professors in the medical
schools is responsible for the minister's
order. Tight lacing has been denounc
ed unanimously by the physicians of
Dresden and other large towns because
of its effect on the health and of its in
creasing prevalence, even little girls in
dulging in the practice.
The Truth Hurts
The Philadelphia Press complains of
the following reference to Sherman's
barbaric raid in one of the Southern
school histories: "Those who sing of
Marching Through Georgia' forget that
the pillage and burning of private
houses and the wanton outrages and
insults heaped upon old men, women
and children along the track of that
army were -a blot upon the American
name and upon the civilization of the
nineteenth century, and such a blot as
all lovers of our country should wish to
commit to oblivion." As the Press
cannot deny the facts stated, it must
object to the bare statement of them.
Perhaps it is one of the lovers of our
contry who would like to commit the
uly reccrd to oblivion.- -News and
Got Two Thousand Gallons.
It is stated that the constables who
were operating in Charleston duringz
the reunion have reported to headiquar
ters a total seizure of 2,000 gallons of
beer during the week. Some other li
quors were seized. The work from all
Iaccounts was not very extensive.
INSL RA NE IGUE
interesting Statistics of the Bus.
iness Done in this State.
IT GOES UP INTO MILLIONS.
The Comptroller General Pub
lishes the Figures of t e
Amount of 'nsurance Un
derwritten in the State
Comptroller Gener. !-rh:ani Las
had somc ivtAing statiie co!npil
ed relative to the insurance butions
done in this State. 'iTh. tables thow
how many hundrcu cf thous:ods of
dollars are sent out of the Sate for i
surance premiums ad. ou the oth r
hand, how much rnuony is rt ceived here
in los-cs. The inmur.:uee business i.
growitig in this State. anuj: is a gred
pity th::t therc are not m kre onserva
tive companies di:2 hasinen in thi
State, and that some repomi~ble inca
do not Eo into i h le inr me
ness on a sou.d hnancial b:asis.
The reports gotten up by the Coup
troller General's office shov the prenii
ums collected and lout ineurred in
this State only by the emnpanies of
which ieturns are publiIied.
Aetna Fire Insuranuc. C,;,qyi.
wiitten in 1S08 $2.;22 159. prmiluvis
836.297. los-es incurred S27,13.
American Fire Insuraace Company,
Philadelphia, written in 1SA8 1.360,
922, premiums 820,911, lo ses ieur:ed
American Fire Insurance Company.
New York, written in 1898 $9544.
premiums 1,278, lo::ses incur.
Agricultural Fire Insurance Compa
ny, written in 189S $44,100, premiums
$654, losses incurred none.
British America:% Assurance Compa
ny, written in 1i98$347.908. premiums
$6,251, losses incurred $3.061.
Baloise Fire Insurance coimpany,
written in 1S93 $7,400, premiums $149,
losses incurred none.
Boston Fire Insurance C )mpany,
written in 189S $16,000, premiums -,330
losses incurred none.
Caledonia Fire Insurance Company,
written in 19 $222,759, premiums
$4,206, losses incurred -6.495.
Connecticut Fire Insurance company
written in 1898 8379,500. premiums
$5,842, losses incurred 85,916.
Continental Insurance company writ
ten in 1S9S $1,908,002. premiums $31,
004, losses.incurred $27,840.
Commeial Union Assurance com
pany, written in 1898 $1,023.973.
premiums -11,S14, losses incurred $12,
The Delaware In-urance company,
written heS 8188, premiums
$9,121, losses incurrea $13,625.
Fireman's Fund Insurance company,
written in 1S98 $516,030, premiums
$10,694, losses incurred $5,316,
Fort Wayne Insurance company,
written in 1898 $57,751, premiums
$1,250, losses incul red none.
Fire Association of Pennsylvania,
written in 1898 $685 745, premiums
$9,841, losses incurred 810.8:36.
German-American Insurance com
pany, written in 1898 8786.253, pre
miums $11,254, losses incurred t813,
Glenn Falls Fire Insurance company
written in 1898 nothing reported.
Greenwich Insurance company,
written in 1898 8586.825, premiums
$9,829, losses incurred $14,037.
Georgia Home Insurance company,
written in 1898 8564,393, premiums
8.634, losses incurred $12,990.
G ermania Fire Insurance cornpany,
written in 1898 $632,222, premiums
$9,203, losses incurred $3 804.
Hartford Fire Insurance company,
written in 1898 $3,297,052, premiums
$61,640, losses incurred $33,278.
Hanover Fire Insurance company.
written in 189S $163,255, premiumas
$,745, losses incurred 81,0)37.
Hamberg-B~remen Insurance compa
ny, written in 1893 $503 S22. preimi
um 89.346, losses incurred $17.724.
Helvetia Swiss Fire, written in 1S9S
$35,405, premiums 866S, los.ses incur
Home Insurance compan)y, New
Yrk, written in 1898 82.703,122 pre
miums 837.198. losses intcurred 838. -
Insurance Company of Nort;h Amer
ica written in 1898 $1.077,220, pre
miums $15.432, losses incurred $9.
Imperial Fire Insurance company,
written in 1898 8335.343. premiiuam
$14.868, losses incurred 814.7-7
L-ancashire Insu ranc '-company
written in 1S98 $1.923.7 10,~ piis
$28,432. losses incurred -15.51'.
Lion Fire Insurance comipa: y. wnrt
ten in 1898 8124,861, premi'ums~ (',26.
losses incurred $309.
London arnd Lancashie written in
1898 $702,737, premiums~ 6.56. losses
London Assurance Corporation,
written in 1898 $265,681, premiums
$3,484, losses incurred 83,359.
Liverpool. Lonadon an:d Globe. urit
ten in 1898 $3.9S8,073. premiums 8'5,
655, losses incurred $;3.0N;
Mianchester Fire, written in 189 8
$501967, premiums $6,604, losses in -
31acleberry Fire. writ~en in 1298
$21,641i. premiums 82.279'. I':sses in
National Fire Insuranee company
written in 1898 $447. 532. premiums
$2,932. losses incurred 87,46S.
Northern Assurance company. wrmr
ten in 1898 8987.312, premiums s.5.ai.
losses incurred 810.9401.
North British and Mcercantile writ ten
in 189S $1,197.138, premuiuums 817.743.
losses ineu'red $21.3
Niagara ire~ Insu'rance comp rany,
written in 1898 $219.221j. premiums
S'3,74S. losses, in curred 81.875.
Ntherland Ire, written ia 189'8
27.300. premiums -t )U, loss~s incur
Norwich Unimon 1Fire, written in 189S
$909,660. premiums~ $12 . losses in
Orient Fire, written in 1998 $271.
018. premiums 83.752, josses incurred
Palatine Fire, written in 1898 $5:34.
818. premiums $9.803, losses ineurred
Pacific F ire. written in ]:'8 $2-0.
.preuiun.s 816. losses incurred
Pennsv.iania Fire. written in 189
SS1.25 pemum .1. 93.!se in
curred . .232.
Phenix Fire insurance coni rany,
Brootk yn, written in jS!N 5733.010.
rmnos I.45 loses incurred $9,
Phenrix A uranee company, New
Y written in 1898 ss70,60, $re.
miu-ni E12.731. losses incurred :,1,
Pho-nix Fire insurance company.
IHart ford, written in 1998 81.216.439,
premiums $20,157, bosscs incurred $22.
( .)uecn Fire Insurance cmupany.
writton in 18 -1.291.944. premiums
13.833. los:-cs incurred 518.300.
Ioyal mexhaie Assuracc, wrigttn
in 1s8 511 .2'B peiums 8!!% lo)es
i I -z . 2 ,,i.
h:d1 IKurance conpany, written in
189 ' 82.06 ~1.409 preiumsii $22, 6,
Io S incu;rred..: , 13.1 1.
Soutnrn Insurane Ciopany. writ
tni in 188 $244.9 11, premium in-4.500.
los-cs ineurred 83.781.
Stcotti-h Union and National. writ
W n io 1, l 1.'- , ,;9)A 1i ;4s
ten n 198809.061. preium~ls8.324
Il- -s incarred -33:69S
ii 7!ucme1 comnipany. New 0:
le ns. writr-n 'i 1'88 -251.451, pre
,'an 1nwurauce company. (United
States branch.) written in 1898 Z5:35.
782. pre mins 54.9; . !wes incurred
Svea -ire and Litf Insurance coi
p.:Ny. (United StatCes branch.) written
in !8:1s nothing.
in 1s8S $04.913. preiums 52 4I
lOs-ei incurred -,901.
Western A-suranca conmpaiy, writ
ten in 1898 S;3:3. 1'4. premiums 9.2119,
loss s ineurred $13.3:1)0.
Westchester Fire Insurance compa
nv. writ ten in 1898 5292.635, preni
uwus $4.239, losses incurred SI.521.
Williamsburc City, written in 1393
$252.545. premiums $3,369, losses in
Total. written in 1$9S $43,911,221,
premiuns $447.3)5. losses incurred
The accident insurance business also
is on the steady increase. The records
of companies reporting busioess i: this
Aetna Life, accident department.
risk written $6S9.500. premiums re
ceived 11.444. losses paid $141.
American Surety company, risk writ
ten 385.400, premiuns received 1,540,
lesses paid none.
American Bonding and Trust - com
pany, risk written 638.501, _premi
ums received 2,S72, losses paid $14.
British and Foreign Marine, risk
written 390.902. premiums received
69.490, losses paid none.
City Trust, Suie Deposit and Surety
company. risk written 24,000. premi
ums received1 -
Employers' Liability Assurance
Corporation, risk written 354.501,
premiumi received 1,575, losses paid
Fidelity and Deposit company, risk
written 897.100, premiums received
6.83:3, losses paid 2:33.
Fidelity and Casualty company, risk
written 6,107.653, premiums rcecived
1.107, losses paid 4,7G7.
G uarantee company of North Ameri
ca. risk written 67S.050, premiums re
eeied 1,717. losses paid 3,1S2.
Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection
company, risk written 570.500 pre
miumns received 5.433, losses paid
London Guarantee and Accident
company. 167.500. risk written 1.046,
losses paid 201.
Metropolitan Plaite Glass. risk wrIt
ten 26.S4S. premiums received 676
losses paid 161.
Lloyd's Plate Glass, risk written 28,
549. premiums ieccived 649, losses paid
National Surcty c'mpany, risk writ
ten 22.032. premiums received 79 losses
Springiield Fire and 3Marine, risk
written 71:3 1:33. premiums received 10,
417. losses paid 17.217.
Standard Life and Accident Insur
ance, risk written 274.350. piemiums
received :3 390). losses paid 2 275
Thamies, Mersey and M rine. risk
written 792.:396. premiums received
2,716, losses paid 2.275.
Union Casualty and Surety Company,
risk written 509.833, premiums received
.709, losses paid 219.
United States Fidelity and Guaranty
copany, risk written 642,120, premi
innms received 1,769. losses paid f;5.
1troal risk written 13.812.918, total
premiums received1 129.5S7. total losses
paid SB. 58.
u2 F: Issr lANm:.
The life insurance business. however.
shows the most marked growth and vol
ume. Thec following is the showing, as
tulished for the life insurance coim
Am-:rican Union Life, premnilms re
eived 1.789. insurance in force Dece -
br :31. 1898. 82.070.
Atua Life Insurance company. pre
minimisreceived 23,728. losses paid 517,
985. insurance in force December 31,
Bankers' Life Insurance -ompany. pre
mius received 12.96:3, insurance in
fore December 31. 1S98. 514.f00.
Bankers' Guarantee Fund. insurance
in force lDecemiber 31. 198 213.000.
(onnoetirut Mutual Life, premiumis
received 13.468. losses paid :.500. in
suranee ii for~e December 31, 1898.
1E;uitable Life Assurance comipany,
preiums received 1G6.351;. losses paid
128.596. insurance in force D)ecembcr
:31. 1898. l,408.0155.
Fidelity Mutual Life Association.
tremiumiiis received 27.870. losses pa: d
'.00O. insurance in forc ~e ecemnber 31.
liome Friondy Society, preiums re
eelvd 2:.Gsi;. lo~ ses paid 8,79:1. insur
a.e in force Decemiber 31. 1898. 4:37.
Iartford Lifte Insurance comipany,
priumilis received 15.832, losses paid
21100. insuiranc-e in force December :31.
..om Life Insurance company. pre
iuu received 17.093. losses paid
.1000 insuirance in force December :31,
L ife Insurance company of Virginia.
preiuinms received 78,91S, losses paid
3J.71, insurance in force December 81.
.31anhattan Life Insurance company,
premniums received -13,455, losses paid
.415. insurance in force December .11,
18S8. -48. 423.
Mutual Benefit Life, premiums re
ceived 1.3-9, losses paid 529.024, in
siranen in force December "1, 1898.
3. 110. 6'32.
Mutual lleserve Fund Life Associa
i tion. premiums received $52. 276. losses
paid '70 200, insurance in force Decem
ber 81. 1893, $2,932.000.
Mutual Life lnuurance company, pre
ninuis received $244.012, losses paid
s15s.3:3sinsurance in force December
31. 1898, $9.if;; 68S.
New York Life, premiums received
5184.015 losses paid -144,393. insur
ance in force December 31, iS9, 5",
New England Mutual Life. premiums
ree-ived ( 18.221, lioses paid $3.791,
inizrane- i I ree Diecmber 31, 1S98
Northwestern Life Assurance, pre
niuis received 52,688, loses paid
51.Oi00. inzuranee in force December 31
Phoenix Mutual Life, premiums re
ceived '1)67, losses paid $7.000. in
surance force Deceinber -1 1-98
Provident Savings Lire Assurance
Society. premiums received S 18.239.
luses paid $5,000, insurance in force
December 31, 1898. $745,182.
Penn Mutual Life, premiums received
$42.950, losses paid $12:291. insurance
in force December 31 1898. $1.294,
Prudential Insurance company, pre
miams received .~>.775. insurance in
force December 3l, 1898, 199,802.
Roval Benefit Society, insurance in
force December 31, 1898, 41,400.
Security 'rust and Life, premiums
recieve- 5.923 losses paid :'.000. insur
ariee in force Deccmber 31, 1898, 154,
State Mutual Life Assurance, pre
miumus received 2,293, insurance in
force December 31. 1S98; SS649.
Travellers' Life Insurance company,
premiums received 39,980. losss paid
22.009. insurance in force December 31,
Union Central Life, premiums re
ceived 33.905, losses paid 11,000, in
surance in force December 31, 1898,
Washington Life. premiums received
8,044, losses paid 7,161, insurance in
force December 31, 1898, 204,618.
Total premiums received $1,172,472.
Total losses paid $700,976. Total in
surance in force December 31, 1898,
Hampton Thanks His Friends
To the People of the State: My du
ties during the past week at the Reunion
in Charleston left me no opportunity of
expressing to my friends my grateful
sense of the spontaneous and almost
universal sympathy shown by them for
the loss I have recently sustained by
fire. Let me now assure them that I
am.profoundly touched by their mani
festation of kindness and by the propo
saI to rebuild my, house. But they
must pardon me fraIGI i them to
abandon this intended act of kindness,
though the motives which prompt it
are fully and gratefully appreciated. I
cannot accept from my friends a testi
monial of regard such as they propose,
but the affection shown by them in
wishing to reimburse me for my loss can
never be forgotten, for it is prized by
me far more than any gift from them
could ever be. It is the duty of every
citizen to serve his State whenever
called on to do so, and his sole reward
should be the consciousness of having
fulfilled that obligation. If my fellow
citizens think that I have ever been
able to serve my State in any manner I
only discharged my duty in doing so,
and I am amply compensated for any
service rendered by their verdict of
"Weil done, good and faithful ser
vant."' I am, wvith heartfelt thanks for
the great kindness shown me, your fel
low citizen, Wade Hampton.
Oppositien to Rural Free Delivery
There seems to be a good deal of
feeling among the fourth class post
offcs all over thc country against the
rural free delivery which has been estab
lished by the p)ostoffice department, and
the hostility to the system has taken
various fcrmas. The reason for this is
that the rural free delivery cuts down
the patronage of tihe fourth class post
offices, not only in regard to the mail,
and consequently the postmaster s sal
ary, but as thousands of these postof
fees are in small country stores it wars
against these establishments. Now
that a wagon goes over the country
roads and delivers the mail direct to
the houses of the country people, many
who used to go to the store to get their
mail need not do so now. The hostili
t has grown so intense in sonme places
-for instance, in Maryland-that ac
tual interference has taken place to
break up the s:-stem. The department
has sent out a circular letter as a gen
eral warning. to the forty odd thousand
p~ostmasters to quit their hostile atti
tude. In this circular warning agaitist
molesting mail boxes placed in- coun
try roads is given. Attention is called
to the penalty i'or disturbing these
boxes, showing that tile fine is not less
than 5100 nor' more th a 1,000, and
that imiprisonmnent of not less than one
year or mnore thian three is imposed.
The N~egro Eust Settle It.
"The only way," says the New Or
leans Pieayane. sin which the \egroes
can be fitted for the exercise of any real
fredomi th: t would make them worthy
of citizeaslhip is to distribute them
amon'g the wnite3, largely in the North
ern :aw. The distribution of seven
miion Negroes among seventy millhon
whi es would do everything to improve
and elevate in character, morals ano.
worth the Negroes who are now crowded
in a few States of the Union. outnum
beringr the whites in not a few comn
miunites to th extent o.f ten to one.
It is a go:.d s esin, but the practi
cal objection to it is that there is no
way to enforce it. Wh ite men in the
South chase off later State emigration
agents with shotguns, and white men in
the North -well, there is Governor
Tanner and the white men Pana, Illi
nois, for instane. The fact is that the
Nero must settle the "Negro question~
forhimself, and lie wi .1 never settle it
so long as he remains a. this country.
Bv order of the Emiperor of Korea
the muembers of the Korean legation in
Washington must hereafter wear cloth
ing required by the custom of this coun
try. Hitherto they have appeared in
MANY NEW DOCTORS.
Result of the Recent Examina
tion at Columbia.
SEVENTEEN FAILED TO PASS,
But Forty-eight Did and were
Licensed. One Lady and
Five Negroes in the
The following is the list of candidates
who passed the examination before the
State board of Med:cal Examiners last
iRowland Alston, Charleston.
J. D. Andrews, Charleston.
Mary R. Baker, Marion county.
J. R. Bell, Charleston city hospital.
H. C. Beckman, McClellanville.
J. J. Bickley, Irmo.
C. W. Birnie, colored, Sumter.
W. G. Blackwell, Parksville.
S. T. Cade, Bordeaux.
G. W. Cardwell, colored, Reidsville,
S. M. Cameron, Shelton,
J. B Chisholm, Charleston.
Hamilton Witherspoon Cooper, Wis
J. C. Drafts, Lorena,
A. B. Drafts, Lexington.
B. 11. Earle, Greenville.
11. A. Edwards, Sellers.
W. G. Fike, Enoree.
R. M. Faller, Longmire's Store.
W. M. Gaillard, Eutawville.
J. W. Gaston, Harmony.
C. T. J. Giles, Anderson.
J. H. Goodwin, colored, Weston.
S. E. Harmon, Columbia.
H. F. Hoover, Ridgeway.
C. Henslee, Dillon.
J. G. Johnson, Lowryville.
C. C. Leech, Hickory Grove.
J. D. Lewellen, Friendfield.
J. A. Lightner, colored, Chester.
L. H. Lindon, colored, Charleston.
W. S. Lynch, Florence county.
J. E. Massey, Jr., Rock Hill.
C. H. Prince, Florence.
T. A. Quattlebaum. Winnsboro.
R. E. Riggs, Holly Hill.
J. M. Rushton. Johnston.
R. D. Smith, Chick's Springs,
S. J. Taylor, Young's Island.
J. T. 'laylor, Adam's Run.
Crown Torrence, Unioz.
R. H. Tutt, Beech Island.
J. E. Watson, Iva.
J. E. Warnock, Millettsville.
S. A. Wideman, Leslie.
E. R. Wilson, Cades.
C. F- Williams, Yorkville.
J. R. Wright, Honea Path.
There were 65 applicants before the
board of whom 48 passed and 17 were
rejected. Of this number nine were
colored, of whom five passed and four
were rejected. There was only one la
dy, Miss Mary R. Baker, of Marion,
who passed the bear&,Th-ighet-av
erage was made by Dr. C. F. Williams,
Second place, Dr. J. G. Johnston,
of Lowryville, Chester.
Two Cannons From Dewey.
Admiral D)awey has sent and the Na
tional Museum has received two c.an
nons which he captured from the Span
iards at Cavite, near Manila. In one
of them two shells and a grape shot
were found, and the museum officials
are wondering whether or not it had
been loaded by the Spaniards daring
the fight with Dewey and the gallant
admiral incautiously sent it homeward
an engine of dlestruction under certain
conditions. At any rate, there was a
small-sized panic at the museum when
the discovery was made. A gunner
from the navy yard was sent for and fi
nally came. He brought the shells and
grape shot to light in ship-shape fash
ion. Both shells were of the percus
sionl cap variety, but the caps were mis
sing The powder, however, was in
them, although a little moldy. The
museum people incline to the belie~
that; in spite of the mold, the powde~
would explode if subjected to fire. The
fact that pieces of coal also were found
in the cannons led to the conclusion
that they were brought here in a trans
port's coal bunker.
Formosa Head Hunters.
Formosa advices give details of a ter
rible massacre in the vicinity of Taikow;
Cina, a town in the central district.
Thirty unarmed villagers were ambush
ed by about 60 savages, who killed 29
of them. Only one escaped. The
cause of the massacre is said to have
been a dispute between savage tribes
over the paternity of an -illegitimate
child and the death of its mother. The
reputed father of the child denied the
charge and refused to make compensa
tion to the tribe to which the girl be
longed. An appeal to head hunting
was the only way by which the injured
tribe could prove its righteousness to its
ancestors. After the massacre the sav
ages indulged in a feast at which the
heads of the murdered villagers were
The Ravisher Shot.
Theresa Thompson, who was dipping
turpentine with a younger brother near
St. Stephens, Ala., Thursday, was as
saulted by a negro named Tom Murphy.
The negro had a pistol and threatened
the girl with death. A struggle ensued
and Murphy laid the pistol down in or
der to overpower her. The girl seized
the pistol and shot the negro twice.
An elder brother who was working at
some distance heard the shots and the
girl's screams. The negro took the
~istol from the girl and a fight ensued
between the white man and the negro,
the former armed with a hacker used in
cutting turpentine. He slashed the
nemro and the pegro shot him. Both
Ifell and the negro crawled away a short
distance and died. Thompson is re
ported in a critical condition.
Used to be a Newsboy.
Jerome H. Raymond, the youthful
president of the University of West
Virginia, was a Chicago newsboy 20
years ago. He Decame an expert steno
grapher and as one of George M. Pull
man's secretaries, and afterwarj. as
Miss Willard's private secretary, he
found means to acquire a college educa
tion. He was professor of sociology in
a small Western college before he was
VETERANS AND SPONSORS.
Some Timely and Pertinent Sugges
I tions About the Matter.
The Columbia State, in speaking of
veterans who stopped over in that city
on their return from Charleston, has
the following paragraph:
"None of them have fault to find
with anything connected with their re
ception and entertainment in Charles
ton. But to a man almost they ex
press dissatisfaction with the growing
tendency manifested more and more
each year to devote the time of the
veterans to the sponsors. They feel
that the social functions arranged at
the auditoriums in honor of the spon
sors are getting to monopolize the time
so much that the veterans themselves
are driven into the background and
have practically no time left for the
transaction of the business that should
receive attention. They believe in the
young people having a good time, but
they have many years before them for
that, while in a very few years more
the ranks of the ex-Confederates will
be so thinned that there will be but a
few to gather on these occasions."
A veteran from Greenville, who is far
from being prejudiced against young
women, says that the solution of this
matter lies in a change of the sponsors,
who should be elected by the veterans'
camps from anmng the widows of Con
fedrate soldiers. He contends that
the widows of their comrades would
more fitly represent the old soldiers,
and that they would give dignity to the
position, while in full and appreciative
sympathy with the occasion itself,
without being anxiously concerned as
to social functions and escorts and the
like. He thinks the Sons of Veterans
should apjpoint the young ladies as
their sponsors and maids of honor, and
that the Sons should have exelusive
charge of balls and receptions during
the reanions as being more compatible
with their youth and position in socie
ty. A sponsor is one who undertakes
to answer for another, and he believes
that the widows of Confederate soldiers
can better speak for the survivors than
the younger generation who did not ex
periencethe hardships and privations
of the war-times.
Run Down by Bloodhounds.
A dispatch from Chattanooga, Tenn.,
says Jessie Haffley, a Negro, eighteen
yiars of age, has been arrested at Day
ton &s the assailant of Miss Bessie
Sparks, whose room at the home of Mr.
Dean he entered Sunday morning. The
negro was apprehended after an excit
ing bloodhound chase. The dogs of
D.etective Phipps, of Chattanooga, were
placed on the trail soon after the crime
and traced the negro several miles into
the country, followed by a mob of ex
cited and infuriated men. The blood
hounds were first introduced to. a pair
of old shoes the negro had left in the
young lady's room. "King Henry," a
now famous dog, took up the trail from
the Dean residence, following it until
he reached a barnyard out of town.
When the dog saw the negro at work in
the yard he gave a sharp bark and
grabbed the man, who begged the crowd
to protect him from the animal. Many
wanted to let the dog tear him to pieces,
but Officer Phipps would not allow this.
The man said the shoes were his, but
that they had been stolen from his
room. Later he made a full confession,
in which he related the story of the
struggle in Miss Spark's room. He said
his motive was robbery, but later ac
knowledged that his intention was to
assault the young woman.
Cannibals in Formosa.
The steamship Enpress of India
brings news of the ascent for the first
time of Mount Morrison, the highest
mountain in Formosa, by Stoepel, the
explorer of the Pie of Ocizaba in Mexi
co. Many previous attempts had fail
ed. Stoepel says the heat was terrnfic
and he narrowly escaped death from
wild animals and men. He found on
the mountains a strange tribe of man
eaters, hitherto unknown. The people
are evidently of Malayan origin. They
have never communicated with the
Chinese. They are skull hunters, and
cannibalism was actually witnessed by
Stoepel, who saw the progress of a
feast while hiding in the underbrush.
Dr. Hepworth's Views.
The New York Herald has sent the
Rev. George H. Hepworth, of Georgia,
to investigate the causes of the lyn~h
ing of Sam Hose. In his first letter he
tells of the hideousness and brutality of
the crime of Hose and its retribution.
He says that the retribution, terrible as
it was, was natural, and that he cannot
tell what he might have done if'ie had
been there. Then he follows this up
in a judicial tone, showing that for the
good of the South and the whole land
some remedy for lynching should be
A press dispatch from Passaic, N. J.,
says: Tight lacing caused the death of
Charles T. Stewart, banker, amateur
actor and one of the leading men so
cially of this place. He was found
dead in bed early Thursday morning
and the use of corsets, made necessary
by his part in a burlesque in which he
participated, it is supposed brought on
an attack of appoplexy.
Hard to Get At.
The census of colored people is said
to be imperfect, because they are sus
picious of the enumerators and either
refuse to answer questions or answer
falsely. It is one of their own race, C.
H. J. Taylor. formerly registrar of
deeds for the District of Columbia, who
says that if one of them happens to
have been stealing a day before the
enumerator comes around he suspects
that a search in being made for him and
keeps out of sight.
A Chance for Old Ladies.
An Alabama newspaper prints this
ad.ertisement: "To the ladies: I am
a widower, ninety-seven years old, and
I am looking around for a smart wife
about eighty years-one who knows
how to work and would be willing to
help manage the farm. No young girls
need apply. I want a woman who has
had at least sixty years' experiencP,
and I promise to make such a one hap.
py for the rest of her life."
A HOME Uli1AUQUA
A Charter Applied for By Promi
nent Educators of the Siate.
THE ISLE OF PALMS
Selected for Its Location. The
Object to Prom-te Literary,
Scientific, Moral and
A Chautauqua association, the pur
pose of which is to be to the South
what the Northern Chatauqua is to the
North and East, is in process of ferma
tion and promises to be a great success.
For some time Mr. St. Julien Grimke
has been in the field explaining its ob
jects and purposes to the people of this
and other States. As a result he has
secured as corporators of the association,
which is to be founded under the act of
this State controlling social and charit
able organizations, many men than
whom none in the South stand higher
in educational and literary circles.
The association is to haves capital
stock of $25,000, with the privilege of
increasing to $100,000, divided into
shares at $5 each.
It is to be located at "Chautauqua
By-The-Sea," on the Isle of Palms, off
the coast near Charleston. This is one
of the most delightful spots in the
whole Southern country and is easy of
The declaration filed vith the secre
tary of State Wednesday sets forth the
purposes of the association as follows:
"That it's general object will be the
advancement of literary, scientific,
moral and aesthetic culture, and the
promotion of the cause ,of popular edu
cation by the establishmnent and main
tenance of colleges, schools and lecture
entertainment and recreation appropri
ate to outdoor life, to which end it will
acquire, hold and sell land, lay out the
same in lots, streets and other divisions,
erect buildings and other necessary
structures thereon, and in general eon
duet all business requisite and incident
al to the purposes of its organization."
All the State and denominational ool
lege presidents in South Carolina are
included among the corporators. Here
is a partial list of the corporators, how
ever, to speak for itself: F. C. Wood
ward, president of South Carolina col
lege; Jno. J. McMahan, State superin
tendent of education; Dr. E. S. Joynes,
Bishop Ellison Capers, Jos. Daniel
Pope, Ambrose E. Gonzales, Rev. Geo.
A. Blackburn, Dr. R. P. Pell, president
College for Women; President Jno. A.
Rice, Columbia Female college; Dr. W.
E. Evans, Dr. J. W. Flinn, E. S.
Drehr, superintendent Columbia city
school; Clarence E. Johnson, Rev. A.
R. Mitchell, Jno. S. Verner, James S.
Verner and Francis H. Weston, all-of
Then there are Dr. James H. Car
lisle, president of Wofford college;
President B. F. Wilson of Converse
and eight other prominent citizens of
Spartanburg; President Montague of
Frman university, S. R. Preston, Rev.
Byron Holly and Superintendent E L.
Hughes of Greenville; President Hart
zg of Clemson college; PresidentfD. B.
Johnson of Winthrop college; President
W. M. Grier of Erskine college, Due
West?4gresident George B. Cronmer of
Newberry college; Dr. S. Lander, presi
dent of Williamston Female college;
Asbury Coward, superintendent South
Carolina Military academy; F: N. K.
Bailey, Co educational institute, Edge
field; J. Thomas Pate. Camden; C. C.
Brown, Samter; W. M. Lewis, Clinton;
W. T. Capers, Anderson; Carleton B.
Gibson, Colambus, Ga.; HEugh C. Mid
dleton and Lyon Martin, Angasta, Ga.;
Julian Mitchell, Harrison Rindolph,
Rev. John Kershaw, Bishop Henry P.
Northrop, Dr. - C. L. Vedder, J P.
Kennedy Bryan, G. Walter Mclver,
Yates Snowden and St. Julien Grinike
of Charleston.-The State.
Fired by a Cigar Stump.
Mrs. J. L. Miller of Charleston, who
is in Augusta visiting friends, came
near meeting with a serious accident in
a most peculiar manner recently. Her
dress was ignited by a cigar stump ly
ing on the sidewalk, and had it not been
for her great presence of mind she
would probably have been seriously
burned. According to the Augusta
Herald, she was walking up Broad
street, when her dress came in contact
with a burning cigar stump. She did
not notice that her dress was afire until
she reached the Planters Hotel, where
she is stopping, when she dete'ed the
odor of burning cloth and discovered
that her dress was ablaze. She quick
ly smother the fire.
Fool Negroes at the north are still
busy making trouble for their race in
the south. A Negro mass meeting in
East Orange, N. J., called to protest
against separate schools for the races,
proposed in that town, was liberal of
threats, and a letter from Jas. D. Carr,
a New York lawyer, was read dealaring
that if the Negroes did not receive their
rights "we should begin a systematic
effort to overthrow the government and
establish in its place a monarchy, where
our rights will be respected." Deporta
tion to Edgefield county would have a
pacifying influence upon these long
range mischief makers.
Launched Three Men of War.
Mrs. John O'Keefe, wife of a well
known and popular sign artist of Nor
folk. Va., Wednesday night presented
her husband with three sons. Today
the proud father named them Dewey,
Sampscn and Schley, in honor of the
three naval heroes of the late war. The
mother and the three young rear admi
rals are doing well.
Killed His Wife.
John Harrison, a well-to-do farmer
living near Pelham, Ga., was arrested
Wednesday night for the murder
of his wife. It appears that on
Monday he was in his field chopping
cotton. For some trivial cause Harri
son became vexed with his wife and
strck her on the head with his hoe.
With the aid of two Negroes he carried
her to the house, where she died. Har
rison is now in jail, and will be tried at
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