Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV. - ___ WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1899. NO. ii
MANNING. S. C.. _____
FLO0DS IN TEXAS.
The Suffering Ared as Large as
OVER A HUNDRED LIVES LOST
Property Loss Estimated Any
Ewhere Between Seven and
Nineteen Millicn Dollars.
Wilderness of Water.
A dispatch from Houston, Tex.. says
a correspondent has just returned from
a voyage through the flood districts of
that StaLe. The half has not been told
of the havoc wrought. The disaster is
so appalling that description is not pos
sible. After this flood will come siekness
undoubtedly, and what a week ago was
the fairest part of Texas, is now almost
a God-forsaken wilderness. The waters
of the Brazos have for days covered its
valley a depth of from (; to 3U feet;
where a wetek ago there were on every
hand fields of cotton and corn and thou
sands of acres of watermelons and can
teloupes, today there is slimy mud all
over the vegetation and the carcasses of
cows, mules, pigs, dogs and cats, may
hap human, for many are missing.
Our party left Bryan at sunrise Wed
nesday morning, going to the Novelsote
bottoms and to a point about three
miles from Millican. Here we encoun
tered everywhere -n overflow from the
Navassoto river, w ich spread out fully
two miles on either side of the Houston
and Texas Central track. Everything
is under water, from two to 17 feet.
It looked on all sides like a great lake,
and the water was so high that for a
vast area it completely bubmerged the
telegraph and telephone poles along the
line. In truth, portions of the Nava
soto bottoms are even now a perfect sea,
extending four or five miles wide at cer
I saw hundreds of houses there total
ly submerged and as many more were
swept from their foundation and de
stroyed. The planters of the l.ottoms
are still moving their help and what
ever is left of their stock, to places
where they can be cared for. They are
all nobly helping each other and taking
refuge wherever they can, some of them
seeking safety on house tops. All the
planters stated that the outside world
has no conception of the floods or losses
incurred by the destruction of crop,
stock and buildings. Nearly - every
planter has built boats and sent them
through the flooded diotricts to render
assistance to the people, and, if posti
ble, save some of their drowning stock.
The flood district has a length of
over 500 miles, a breadth of probably
50 miles, and in all this vast space
damage incalulable has been done.
The loss of life will never be fully
known perhaps; the bottoms were thick
ly settled, mostly with negro tenant
farmers; among these has been the
greatest loss of life. To show the dam
age done the following estimates have
been made by men who are in a posi
tion to know:
Lives lost from 100 to 300.
Loss to farmers. including crops as
well as live stock, from $5,000,000 to
Damage to railroads and country
bridges, $2.000,000 to S4,000,000.
These estimates are taken in tbe
whole area. It is known that more
than 60 peoplh have met their death;
that many bodies have been recovered:
it is not believed that all of them will
ever be recovered.
BESCUING DROWNING PEOPLE.
Two Thousand Negroes on? House
Tops Floating Away.
James Collison superintendent of
machinery for the Santa Fe railroad.
arrived in Galveston on the last through
train the road has been able to run.
The Brazos river at Rosenberg is run
-ning wild, Mr. Collison says. At Sun
nyside, 12 miles from Brookshire, the
Brazos river is ordinarily 200 yards
wide. About parallel with this and
two and a half miles away. is Elm
ereek, which is seldom over 30 feet
wide, and in midsummer often dry.
The two streams are separated by low
bottom lands and are now united, mak
ing a river between five and six miles
wide and from 60 to 70 feet deep.
Along the currents 19 people were res
ued Thursday in a skiff sent from
Houston. The people were demolish
ing their sheds and out houses and mak
ing boxes that they used for boats.
Cattle were found resting their heads
in the boughs of trees, making a pitia
hle struggle for existence. At one
point two houses were seen commng
down the stream. In one of them a
man and two women, and on the other
a Woman and ave children were cling
ing for lif e and calling for help., One
of these was a fine two-story affair and
the other was a smaller dwelling. They
passed on with the foaming current and
may have struck an obstruction and
been smashed to pieces or found their
way into the gulf. Twenty-five row
boats, fully manned and provisioned,
left Galveston Thursday for the section
overflowed, to assist in saving life and
Every year the Brazos and Colorado
valleys suffer from inundations. Up
to the present flood the greatest de
struction from the annual inundations
was in 1885. This year the high water
mark of 1885 has been surpassed in
Washington, Austin. Fort Bend. \Va
ler and Brazos county in southern
Texas. The Brazos is falling rapidly
in the central part of the State. the
scene of last week's flood. The flood
reached the southern part of the State
Sunday night and Monday. The plant
ers had received ample warmung, but
many Negroes remained in the Brazos
valley, believing the water would not
each higher than in 1885. From 1,
500 to 2,000 colored people were caught
in the valley, in Austin, Waller and
Fort Bend counties and were forced to
take to the trees and house tops.
Gov. Sayers, at the suggestion of
Congressman Hawley, appealed t-, the
war department to send government
lfe saving boats from Galveston. Per
mission was granted, and a special
train left Thursday afternoon for the
Hooded district carrying sev era1 govern
ment and a number of private b->ats. It
is beeve ta nely all the people
lod ged in trees and on house tops have
bet u d. but the boats sent from
G1alves-.i on will pairul the tlooded dis
tricts and make a thorough search for
Stra -Lers. The war departiment has
authorized Gov. Sayers to distribute I
10.o00 ratious amoug the flood suffer
Deputy Sheriff Swearings at Sealey,
telephoned at noon: "There is no im
prove-ment in this section of the flood
district. If anything. the situation is
orowing worse. No relief boats have
yet reached here from Houston or Gal
veston. Sealey and neighboring towns
have about exhausted their resources.
Another Negro family was drowned
near Sealey Thursday. Several other
lives have been lost since Wednesday
night, especially among the refugees on
the mound near old St. Phillipe. A
number of Negroes have fallen ex
hausted from tree tops. after hanging
there three days and nights, and were
drowned. "A rumor is current here
of great loss of life near Richmond.
Fort Bend county. As we are cut off
from all that section, definite inforina
tion is unobtainable, but the situation
naturally must be as bad as here.
IN SERIOUS JEOPARDY.
Eight Hundred People Without Food
A special dispatch from Dallas. Tex .
say-- At 1:45 p. m. today Deputy
Sh :if Sw aringen of Austin county,
u~a -e the iollowing statement over the
l istanee telephone at Sealy:
ief Las not reached the flood victims in
this tection. Thirteen dead bodies
have been recovered near the toxn of
Brookshire. 13 miles from here. Forty
five persons above Sealy are reported
missing and given up for dead. Seven
were drowned today in a boat seven
miles below Sealy.
"About 400 persons are isolated on a
small piece of land in the Brazos bot
toms, thiee miles from Brookshire.
Several hundred more are surrounded
at San Phillipe. three miles from Sealy.
Unless relief can soon reach these two
places the SOO lives will probably be
lost. Many will die as it is, from hun
ger. exposure and exhaustion.
-The water today is running through
the town of Brookshire, something
never known before. The 65 lives re
ported lost were in a radius of 20 miles
north and south of Sealy. We are com
pletely isolated at Sealy, but this town
is not in danger. We cannot estimate
the situation beyond the limits men
tioned. The whole face of the eoun
try here is a sea. The channel of the
Brazos river here has shifted about
three miles and the water is 15 miles
Logs, houses, lumber and railroad
material, merchandise, live stock and
other floating objects make it worth the
life of rescuers to go to the relief of the
endangered people, most of whom are
negroes. The railroads are destioyed
for miles. An immense washout oc
curred on the Santa Fe south of Al
Zealy this morning. This cuts off our
last strand of railroad communication.
The Missouri, Kansas and Texas, the
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe and the
Southern Pacific are all completel3
stopped. The weather is cloudy this
afternoon and more rain is feared."
One Thousand Persons on a Mound
A speelal to The Post-Dispatch from
Austin, Tex., says: Gov. Sayers Fri
day received a message from Sealey
over the long distance telephone saying
that 1,000 persons who had taken refuge
on a mound three miles below there are
slowly (rshing for the want of food.
To add to the horror, the unfortunates
are surrounded by poisonous reptiles
Huddied together with the human be
ings are several hundred of live stock.
A number of those on the mound have
received bites from the reptiles and are
in a dying condition
A dispatch fro:n Duke, Tex., says:
The flood situation is more grave Friday.
The river rose t wo feet during the night
and is still rising. The life savers from
Galveston started out soon after day
light and are doing splendid work. The
Galveston crews brought in 6S refugees
Thursday night from the high embank
ment at the Santa Fe brid.:e ever the
Brazos where the people had taken re
fge. Refugees are flocking in from
all sides of the river. Four deaths by
drowning are reported near Sealey in
the last 24 hours.
A dispatch from Richmond says:
Never in the history of Richmond were
such scenes witnessed as arc depicted
Friday. Business is practically sus
pended. M1any Dlantations arc under
water. All trains, save those on the
Southern Pacific west, have been aban
doned. Provisions are running low,
and unless something is done quickly
there will be great suffering in Rieh.
mond within a few days. It is believed
there will be at the very least from
3.00 to 5.000 persons to feed from this
nlace within a week. Stories of drown
ing and disasters arc coming in constant
ly, but they cannot be verified, although
a. is probable that many of them are
correct. The water has reachcd the
river bridge and is dashing between the
iron guy rods under it, and for the first
time the railroad company h-s
stopped all traffic over it. Eight
bodies fi atcd down the rivrr and
loded on the beach and wore buried
Four of theni were white, a woman and
three children, and four were Negroes.
More Soldiers Wanted.
The order for the enlistment of vol
unteers for service in the Philippines
was published Thursday and seven
more colonels to command the regiments
were arpy-iuted. There are yet two
colonels to be designated. Eight ma
jors also were named. Recruiting sta
tions will b3 opened this week in every
State and territory, and as fast as the
men are enlisted they will he sent to
the regiments to be assigned to com
panies. State lines are obliterated,
and the men first enlisting will be first.
to be mustered in. The assirnmxent to
companies will be by the offieer comn
mading and hewill he at liberty to or
anize a company composed of men
from one State if he finds it convenient
ALLIANCE REVIV AL
Big Meeting and Barbecue on
Tuesday at Seneca.
SENATOR TILLMAN SPEAKS.
An Alliance of Farmers Merchants
and Others Contemplated
Talb-ert, Latimer and
A dispatch from Seneca to The State
says fully two thousand people from
Ocorce, Pickens and Anderson coun
ties assembled there on July 4 to at
tend an alliance barbecue.
The lon. J. S. Smith, chairman of
the meeting, called on the Rev. J. M.
3MeLure to invoke divine blessing upon
the meeting. Mr. Smith announced
that the lion. W. Jasper Talbert, the
congressman of the Second district.
would take the place of the Hon. Thos.
E. Watson who was absent.
The Hon. J. R. Blake of Abbeville,
was introduced as the first speaker.
After congratulating the people of
Oconee for the zeal that they had
shown in the alliance he enumerated
many of the beuefits that the alliance
had done. The mighty will between
the north and south had been broken
own and brother from the north
rasped the hand of the brother from
the south. What is the condition of
)ur country toda) ? While the manu
acturing interest is most flourishing
he agricultural interest is launuishing
tnd the cry of hard times is heard on
Neither over production nor diver
sity of crops are the causes of this de
pression for many thousands are in
aced today. What hope is held out to
he cotton grower of the south when
Lhe trusts and Lombard and Wall
streets are exercising their greed for
ain? There are sugar, dairy, soap and
.obacc trusts. Even there is a corset
:rust. Not satisfied with squeezing the
men they are squeezing where it is a
lisgrace to civilization. The alliance
:alls upon every man to whatever trade
>r profession he belongs to help to stay
hese mighty evils. in conclusion Mr.
Blake exhorted all to stand together
d prosperity would surely bless us.
The next speaker was J. C. Wilborn,
president of the National Alliance and
he State Alliance; subject: "The Ac
omplishments of the Alliance." He
said we were called today to fight the
attles for humanity as citizens just as
>ur volunteers were in the recent war
with Spain and in the Philippine vol
Inteers for the happiness and safety of
:he home. The first principal is to ]a
)or for the education of the farmers
dong the economical lines. We sent
armers to congress whose vcices have
)een heard and heeded-in things es
sential, unity, and in all things chari
The alliance joined and linked the
larming interest of the s >uth and west.
'he farmer is too impatient. He can
aot wait. Farmers can now use parli
aentary rules as well as the United
tates senate. Let us stand by the al
liance. The newspapers and merchants
deefully cry: 'It's dead! It's dead!"
then they find that a man has not
paid his dues. I beg~ p u to attend
your sub-alliances. The jute can and
may come back and demand that you
ive them 50 centa more per bale than
you paid last year. I do not want you
o get back in your sub-alliances for
politics, not to help Tom Berry or Jno.
Smith, but for the good of your own
oy and girl. 'Tis the farmer and the
armer's sons that have always defend
d and will always defend the liberties
four country'. We do not want to
ght the merchants and lawyers.
Mr. Wilborn read the Ocala demands
nd made pertinent remarks upon them
~Iany have been placed in the Demo
~ratic platform and some of them in
:he Republican. The State alliance
ill meet in July at Columbia, and the
~onstitution has been so ordered that
~very sub alliance can send a delegate.
~very sub-allhance should be represent
. It is time to awake and go to the
attle with renewed interest. Perhaps
ne have 'drawn the walls too close
)thers, perhaps, should be admitted to
The chairman introduced Congress
man A. C. Latimer as "one of our own
joys." who spoke upon "What has the
lliance accomplished in the way of
legislation." He said: I ask you to look
t South Carolina since 1890 to see what
Lhe alliance has done. Do the com
non men and women need aid? If not,
lisband. You cannot point out a single
nuan who was elected to office that in
jured the alliance. Politicians did not
ride the alliance to death. The credit
system is responsible for the allianc:e's
eath. Every merchant, lawyer and
armer is in the same boat; the great
orporations are fleeing all of the mu.
He gave somne things that he had
belpd do while in congress. "WVe
passed the income tax, one of the Ocala
iemands, and was put in the Democra.t
ic platform of 189G; the election of
United States senator by popular vote
and the anti-option bill. Should the
llialce be organized?" He quoted
Mr. Morton, ex-secretary of agricul
ture who said that there was ro in for
but one great trunk line-all other lines
should be feeders. Colleges are turn
ing out teachers wl-o favor the gold
standard, anid the metropolitan press
is floodingr the country with monopoli+
tie literature. The great toiling mass
es could not be benefitted, because they
did not have the ready ecash. lie ad
vised his people to sow and plant grass
es all over the waste places, raise cat
e and sheep. Sow Bermuda and other
grasses. It will bring temporary relief.
If we will not stay organize:d, if we will
not be a man, let us try to live, anyway,
Hon. WV. .Jasper Talbert was intro
duced as a visiting allianceman. The
Chicago platform contains the alliance
demads in toto. Hie told several good
jokes quite well. The war with Spain
has brought new fields and battles on
the Chicago platform with all fours.
Opposed to the policy of the Philip
pines, but honor the bravery of Ameri
can soldiers, lie would stand by the
faith of our forefathers. His address
was applauded several times.
Senator B. Ri. Tillman was introducei
.s e a-nd mogul of the ocasion. He
was the last speaker. While those who
preceeded him had had good attention.
and all of them some applause, when
the senator began to speak the crowd
showed the keenest interest, and time
and again he was cheered. The sena
tor took for his subject '1he conditions
of the country and the tendency there
of. Among his first sentences was
this: "I swear that weare no longe:
A Voice-"Who put us that way?"
He answered: "Fools who vote to
put scoundrels in office." He said that
the masses were mislead by news
papers controlled by capitalists, and so
far as he could see the courtry was go
ing to the devil as fast as it could. He
said that the great trouble at the north
was that the people vote their party
ticket regardless of the character of
their man. A representative repre
sented bosses instead of the masses.
We voted for Cleveland holding our
noses and telling them that there was
something dead up the creek. Further,
they found somethimg rotten in the
It is claimed that God, duty and des
tiny demand that we clean up the
Filipinos, who are fighting, as our fore
fathers did, for liberty. Capitalists of
the north were responsible for this in
famous, outrageous, damnable war,
The tyrant's plea has always been ne
cessity. The royalists tried that plea
He is out and out against the Philip
pine war, and Mark Hanna and his
crowd would buy up all the franchises
and reap the benefit of all the acquired
territory. He characterized the north
as a mongrel set who had lost the seed
curn of liberty-a set who had long for
gotton that there was a Declaration of
Citizen Josh Ashley, M. L. Donald
son and other prominent men were
At the banquet after the speaking, W.
D. Evans, R. R. Cain, M. L. Donald
son, Senator B. R. Tillman, Col. J. H.
Hoyt and others spoke.
The crowd was large, strictly sober,
and, of course, quiet and orderly.
THE GALLANT SPANISH
Who Defended Baler Come in Our Lines
Under Filipino Escort.
The Spanish commissioners who went
to Tarlac for a conference with Again
aldo regarding the surrender of the
Spanish prisoners in the hands of the
Filipinos returned to Manila Thursday
night. Chairman Del Rio, of the com
mission, said the release of all the pris
oners had been practically arranged for,
but it would be necessary to consult
the Spanish government before the
agreement could be ratified. He de
clined to give the terms of the arrange
ment, or to say whether these comtem
plated a ransom. He asserted, howev
er, that Aguinaldo had already issued a
decree for the release of the civilian
officials and the sick soldiers.
The commissioners, with the remnant
of the Spanish garrison of Baler, on the
east coast of Luzon, and a number ot
civilian prisoners, were escorted by
Filipino soldiers from Tarlac, to the
American outposts at San Fernando,
and came to Manila by the night train.
The heroes of the long defense of Ba
ler, where the Spaniards resisted an in
surgent siege for more than a year,
formed a picturesque band. Lieut.
Martin, the only surviving officer,
marched them through the streets.
There are only twenty--two and most of
them are mere boys, in faded blue cot
ton uniforms and red shirts. They are
A crowd of Spanish men and women
embraced them, weeping and shouting
their praises. They tell a remarkable
story. It apears that the captain sev
eral times proposed to surrender but
the soldiers refused. Finally some
months ago he tried to raise a white
flag. Thereupon Lient. Martin killed
him with his own sword. Their food
supply gave out entirely a week ago,
and they surrendered to the Filipinos
with all the honors of war. They were
allowed to keep their arms, and they
say they marched from Baler, with a
Filipino escort, and carrying guns,
through several insurgent camps, every
where being cheered and feted.
Death of Gov. Richardson.
Shortly before midnight Wednesday
night a typical South Carolina gentle
man of the old school, a man of noble
blood and loftiest sentiment, a man who
had served his beloved State with rare
devotion, a man who had been honored
time and again by his fellow ci.izens, a
member of a family of governors-John
Peter Richardson, ex-governor of the
State of South Carolina, breathed his
last, death coming quietly and almost
without warning. Without uttering a
word, Governor Richardson passed
away peacefully and to all appearances
painlessly. He died at his suite of
rooms at the Hotel Jerome where for
several years he and his devoted wife
have been spending most of their time,
so as to receive medical attention.
Tillman and McLaurin.
In a conversation at Anderson Wed
nesday Senator Tillman said it is now
the duty of the people to send delegates
to conventi'ns --county, State or na
tional-who are pure and simple repre
sentatives of those that sent them.
To explain, the senator said to the re
porter that this was the best thing for
the people to do in order to keep out
"evangel of hope" delegates-as they,
in his opinion. did represent the people
on the expansion issue. On the way
to the train a remark was made as to
the McLaurin vote for the annexation
of the Philippines. The senior South
Carolina senator thereupon made a com
parison of a certain some one-not
named-to a woman who-at the mar
riage alter-suddenly decides not to
A Marrying Man.
Tuan Syed Mahomed bin Abdulla al
Hadad, of Singapore, has arrived in
East India on a visit to his co-religion
ists. The man has seen some seventy
eight summers, and is accompanied by
his harem, which consists of four wives
and two slaves. We are told that he
never allows the number of wives to fall
short of the figure given above, and that
he has altogether contracted no less
than 117 marriagea.
The Program of the Twenty-Eighth
The State Teachers' Association of
South Carolina will meet this year at
Harris Springs on next Friday. The
following is the program:
FRIDAY, JULY 14.
9.00 p. m.-President's address. Or
SATURDAY, JULY 15.
9.30 a. m.-"Place of Classical Stu
dies in Secondary Schools." Prof
Charles W. Bain, South Carolina Col
Discussion.-Prof. H. N. Snyder,
10 30 a. m.-"The Aims and Results
of the Schools of To-day compared with
the Aims and Results of the Schools
prior to 1860." Dr. W. M. Grier,
President Erskine College.
12.30 p. m.-"The Country School
Problem." Hon. John J. McMahan,
State Superintendent Education.
9.30 p. m.-Address. Hon. John P.
Thomas, Jr., Columbia.
SUNDAY, JULY 16.
11.00 a. m.-Sermon. Rev. C. S.
9.00 p. m.-Sermon. Rev. John
MONDAY, JULY 17.
9.30 a. m.-"Importance of the Pre
servation of Forests." Dr. A. P. An
derson, Clemson College.
10.30 a. m.-"rroneous Notions
Concerning School Discipline." Supt.
E. L. Hughes, Greenville.
Discussion.-Supt. E. S. Dreher,
12.00 m.-"What is Pegagogy now
Doing to Help the Teacher?" Mr. W.
K. Tate, Memminger High School,
Discussion.-Mr. C. E. Johnson,
High School, Columbia.
9.00 p. m.-Address. "The Effects
of School Life on the Eyesight of
School Children." Dr. Edward F.
TUESDAY, JULY 17.
9.30 a. m.-"The Best Age for Ad
mission into the Public Schools of the
State." Supt. J. L. Mann, Florence.
Discussion.-Miss Mary F. Wick
life, WiLthrop College.
10.30 a. m.-"The Best Age for Ad
mission to College (Male)." Rev. R. P.
Pell, Presbyterian College for Women.
"The Best Age for Admission to
College (Female)." (To be supplied.)
12.00 m.-"What shall the County
Institute Be?" County Supt. W. H.
Discussion.-Former County Supt.
T. W. Keitt, Newberry.
9.00 p. m.-Address. President
Geo. B. Cromer, Newberry College.
The afternoons are reserved for the
meetings of the different departments
of the Association.
All white Teachers, County Superin
tendents, Trustees, and friends of edu
tion are cordially invited to attend the
sessions. and to become members of the
Association. The membership fees
are one dollar for men and fifty cents
for women, payable to the Treasurer at
the annual meeting.
Representatives of the press will be
heartily welcomed, and furnished with
very facility for reporting the proceed
Mr. Harris, the proprietor of the
Springs, has offered board to the mem
bers of the Association for $1.00 per
ay, and those who care to remain at
his health resort after the Association
djourns can stay at the same rate.
ransportation from depot to Springs
ad return 25 ets. This offer is made
nly to members and guests of the As
ociation and the husband and wives of
he members; so, all attending this
eeting should enroll promptly
nd obtain certificates of member
hip from the Secretary, else they will
e expected to pay regular rates of
Those who expect to attend should
otify Mr. R. L. Fox, Harris Springs,
S. C., several days in advance, so that
dl arrangements for transportation,
t., can b-i made before hand.
The following special rates for the
ound trip have been granted by the
Waterloo. Cross Hill.
Abbeville ... ......$1 05 $ 95
Anderson ..... ...1 195
Augusta, Ga......2 90 25
Blacksburg .......2 75
arlisle.. . . . .1 40
harleston.......6 85 6 95
heraw .... ...... 6 15 5 80
hester...... 1 95
linton .... .......80 45
olumbia..-.-..-.-..3 05 2 70
Darlington. .. .. .. 5 0 5 45
Denmark .......... 4 25 4 35
Fairfax..... . ...4 95 4 90
aurens.......... 45 80
Newberry......... 155 120
rangeburg....... 4 470 4 35
Prosperity......... 180 1 45
Sumter........... 445 410
It would be well for those who con
template buying these special tickets to
see that the local agent has his instruc
tions and tickets in time, as mistakes
have frequently occurred in the past,
wing to failure of station agents to get
requisite order., concerning sale of these
Officers in the Army.
Senator MeLaurin, of South Caroli
aa, was at the White House Wednes
day in the interest of some applicants
for commissions in the new military or
ganizations. He was given to under
stand that the president would appor
tion the officers among the several
States in the proportion of a captain
and a first lieutenant for each State ir
respective of politics. The higher offi
ers, as has already been intimated, are
to be taken largely from the regular es
tablishment. It is understood that a
strong effort will be made to reserve
the second lieutenant for the non-com
missioned officers who have made good
records in active service, both with the
regulars and volunteers.
Disaster Near Odessa
A dispatch from Odessa announces
that a dynamite cartridge exploded near
there Wednesday while the excavation
of a coal mine was in progress and that
49opersns wer killed and 20 wounded.
He is Greeted by Thousands at
DISCUSSES PARTY ISSUES,
He Declares in Favor of an In
come Tax, and Refers to
the Money and Trust
A dispatch from Barnesville. Ga., to
the Atlanta Journal, says three thous
and people greeted William J. Bryan
when he spoke in that city on July 4
The scene was a beautiful and patri
otic one, the handsome chautauqua au
ditorium in which Bryan spoke, being
appropriately decorated in the national
colors, and the ladies bedeckod
in their brightest costumes, all
enthusiastic and happy. The
handsome and popular Nebraskan was
given a reception, the cordiality of
which was unmistakable and hearty. He
was loudly cheered. and the auditorium
rang with the patriotic shouts of the
men while the ladies waved their hand
kerchiefs and fans and smiled as they
watched the famous Bryan, the band,
the ever popular Fifth regiment band
of Atlanta, playing a lively and patriot
ic Fourth of July tune.
.THE CENTER OF ATTRACTION.
Colonel Bryan was escorted to the
platform by President Smith, of the
chautauqua association, and he was the
center of attraction from the time he
appeared before the magnificent audi
ence until the close of exercises. Barnes
ville turned out with full force to com
pliment Mr. Bryan, and great crowds
from Atlanta, Griffin and Macon, and
other towns, helped to swell the enthu
siasm of the hime people. It was a
patriotic scene on a patriotic day and
the Fourth was marked as the Barnes
ville chautauqua's greatest.
Mr. Clark Howell introduced M r
Bryan in a short speech, ,n which he
said that the great Democratic leader
needed no introduction in Georgia. He
referred to the part the Georgia delega
tion-took in securing Bryan's nomina
tion at Chicago three years ago. This
was greeted with applause. Mr. Howell
declared the rank and file of the Demo
cratic party had already nominated Mr.
Bryan for president next year and that
the Chicago platform would be reaffirm
ed, with the trust and expansion and
other new questions vigorously handl
MR. BRYAN SPEAKS.
Mr. Bryan began by thanking Mr.
Howell for the kindly manner in which
he had been presented. His voice was
good and he spoke slowly and deliber
ately, and had no sooner began than he
had the undivided attention of every
person in the hall.
He said he desired to know what is
best for this country, and he claimed
only one virtue, and that is a purpose
to find out what is best for America and
then to do that thing. He said when
the war broke out the sons of those who
wore the gray and the sons of those
who wore the blue marched together to
the front in a common cause, proving
that the country is united.
"We have met to celebrate the
Fourth of July. You know how great
our nation is; you know the valor of
its sons and the socrifices of its daugh
He referred to Lincoln's speech at
ettysburg and said, "We can do noth
ing better than preserve the declaration
of independence and the priucipies of
the government as declared by the fore
QUESTIONS OF PUBLIC INTEREST.
He said in discussing public questions
it was impossible to do so as a non
partisan. He wanted the people to
onsider and weigh the issues of the
" 'All men are created equal,' says
the declaration of independence. That
is the fundamental principle of our
government. The declaration of inde
pendence is the alpha and omega of
Democracy. I am willing to place every
uestion before the country to those
p~rinci ples set down by Jefferson in the
:eclaration. We had a campaign in
1896. We were disappointed, but I
have a profound belief that right will
yet triumph. I was not sorely distress
ed over my defeat. I hadl rather my
pponent bring good to this country
han to bring evil myself, as they charg
ed my election would do. If we prove
to have been right in 1896, the victory
will be more pleasant when it comes.
"These great questions will be set
ted, and they will be settled right."
He then took up the question of tax
ation, which he said, like Tennyson's
book, goes on forever, discussing it at
"We admire the courage of the man
who goes ud a hill in the face of bul
lets, but in our country of peace there
are other opportunities of men showing
their courage. Unjust taxation is only
lareny by law. Money is stolen by
some and given to others by law. He
said he dare not say as harsh things as
some men because he is conservative
but he could always find things said by
the Republican leaders to illustrate his
He declared the day will come when
an income tax law will be constitu
He said the party was warned by the
rich New York Democrats that they
would leave the party if the income tax
law was passed, but he doubten it. The
income tax decision had paralyzed the
arm of the government. War came on
and the government had to tax tele
grams and little things, whereas if the
income tax han been effective this would
not have been necessary. The war
taxes hear heavest upon the poor peo
THlE MONEY QUESTION.
He said he supposed he ought to
apologize for referring to the money
question, as it had been deciared dead
so often. It is a question of right and
"It taxes my patience to talk to a
goldbug. It requires all my Christian
fortitude and patience to do it. I do
not mean to say a harsh thing when I
speak of.a man-as a goldbog, no harsher
than they mean when they call me an
idiot, lunatic or anarchist. A goldbug
jus lnoors down upon me with con
tempt. That is his argument, the only
one he has. Men held up their hands
in horror at the Chicago platform.
There was nothing new in that declara
tion. We had had coinage at 16 to 1
and there was a time when this nation
did not ask the consent of any other
nation about it. We had free coinage
and the double standard eighty-one
years. The gold standard was adopted
without being asked for by any party.
We gotit without the American peo
ple knowing it. It v-is done in the
REPUBLICANS ENCOURAGE 3IONOPOLY.
"The Republican party encourages
every form of monopoly. I have been
called a demagogue, a crank and other
names, but no name is hard enough to
prevent me from doing what I can to
wrest the control of American affairs
from the hands of the London banters.
"They said in 1896 that confidence
would be restored if I was defeated.
More banks and business houses failed
in six months after the election +han in
the six months previous to the election.
By the Republican logic I was elected
president. Confidence was restored
but there have been hard times.
"The trust question is growing in
importance. This is due to the great
increase in the number of trusts. The
trusts of this country have a capitaliza
tin equal to .11 the gold and silver
money in the world.
"The principle of monopoly is vici
ous and dangerous without the princi
ple of extortion. Some things have
been increased in price 100 per cent by
the trusts. Monopoly is intolerable in
this country. The trusts strike down
every form of competition. The great
bulk of our people become clerks in
stead of proprietors under the trust re
gime. The trust must go. We must
have independence in the industrial
world. We must have poitical inde
pendence. We should think of these
questions that have grown up since the
"Imperialism is the policy of estab
ishing an empire. Expansion is to ac
quire territory to be occupied by our
own people. The question is, do we
went a people not homeogenous? What
shall we do with the Philippine? Mr.
McKinley said forcible annexation
would be criminal aggression. The
holding of the Filipinos against their
will involves a new departure in our
government. I do not want as a part
of our nation a people who cannot read
the declaration of independence. The
doctrine of force lies behind us, not in
front of us. The expansion argument
is the argument of George the Third.
QUESTION OF IMPERIALISM.
"On this anniversary of the ringing
of old Liberty bell I ask you did it ring
in vain. That bell is a sacred relic of
reyolutionary days. Shall we say we
have lived more than one hundred years
under the wrong principle. No, we
shall not depart from a republican form
of government. We are not ready to
accept the doctrine of conquest and
force. Some say carry the Bible in one
hand and the gun in the other and con
quer the Filipinos. Fire the Bible out
of the gun and the man hit doesn't need
"The one who escapes is too busy
burying the dead to hear your doctrine.
I than!-, God that my religion is of a
different sort from that. It is not the
Republicans' desires to do good but the
desire to get money that lies behind
the colonial policy."
B-yan continued along this line,
speaking two hours. At the conclu
sion he was warmly congratulated, and
the applause wasioud and long. He
was then escorted to the Matthews ho
tel and dined by the Chautauqua asso
BRYAN IN ATLANTA.
Entertained at Banquet by Young
Men's Democratic League.
The Young Men's Democratic league
of Atlanta had for its guest at the Kim
ball house on July 4, the Hon. W. J.
Bryan. About 100 people partook of
Among the speakers of the evening
were Clark Hoaell, who responded to
the sentiment "The National Demo
crat," and congressman L. F. Livings
ton, who responided to "The Fifth Dis
The speaking did not begin until 10
o'clock, and Mr. Bryan's address was
the last of the evening. He spoke
principally on patriotic sentiments of
As he neared the end of his speech,
Mr. Bryan emphasized the fact that the
money question would not be lost sight
of in the coming campaign. He said
further that anti imperialism and anti
trust would be subjects allotted promi
nent places in the struggle, and that
the importance of these topics was gain
ing ground daily.
-'Whether I am nominated or not in
1900 is immaterial to me," said Mr.
Brian. "Whether I shall ever again
be a candidate for any office depends on
circumstances. I dont want to be a
candidate for president unless those
who think as I do believe, that I can
do more for the principles of the party
already adopted than any one else. I
would rather help somebody else win
than be the cause of the party's de
"If the Democratic party wants
somebody to lead a retreat they must
find some one accustomed to walking
backwards. The Democratic party will
not weaken on the money question and
the question of imperialism will bring
more votes out of the Republican party
in the coming campaign than in any of
the campaigns since the last canvass of
At the close of the banquet Mr. Bry
an stated to the representative of the
Associated Press that he had no prefer
ence for the place of holding the next
convention. He will be entirely satis
fied with whatever action the Democra
tic executive committee may take in
Ranged in Tennessee.
Pleas Wynn and Catlett Tipton, the
white-cappers, were hanged at Sevier
ville. Tenn.. Wednesday, for the mur
der of old man Whaley and his wife
over a year ago. They both confessed
and stated they were hired to do the
deed by Bob Catlett. Mrs. Tipton,
wife of the murderer, and his five chil
EVEN IN NEW YORK.
The Leaders of Tammany Greatly
EX-GOV. HOGG, OF TEXAS,
Paralyzes Van Wyck's Plans for
a Boom by Springing Bryan
and Free Silver to Cheer
On Tuesday of last week Tammany
hall celebrated Independence Day
as customary at the Fourteenth street
wigwam. The gathering was remark
able for its unexpected features. There
was a dearth of prominentment,
men, ex-President Cleveland, ex
Senator David B. Hill, W. J. Bryai
and ex Senator Murphy failing to makt
acknowledgment of the invitation t.
Ex-Gev. Hogg of Texas created a
sensation by the manner in which he
introduced the name of W. J. Bryan
and the Chicago platform to the meet
ing. The mention of Mr. Bryan's name
and reference to the Chicago platform
being received with tremendous ap
plause, which was long continued.
The boom that was launched for Au
gustus Van Wyck had a very indiffer
It had been arranged that ex Con
gressman James B. Richardson, of
Tennessee, should speak, but he was
unable to attend and Gov. Hogg was
asked to speak in his place.
When Gov. Hogg arose he received
a hearty welcome and he indulged in a
few remarks that seemed to please the
Tammany men immensely. After' a
few minutes, which he used in out
lining the well established principles of
Democracy, Gov. Hogg began a speech
phillic which set the house in an up
roar. The applause began when he as
serted that next year the Democratic
party would declare for the free and
unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio
of sixteen to one.
Men who had appeared 'to be half
asleep, jumped up with a start and
joined in the applause.
When the speaker promised a plank
in the platform of next year in which
imperialism would be denounced the
applause broke forth anew.
It was very evident that these utter
ances were not only astounding to the
Tammany leaders, but displeasing and
the displeasure became more apparent
when the speaker in his speech ex
claimed: "In this great contest we
want the aid of united Tammany-the
greatest pnlitical organization on earth.
We want you to close up ranks, to set
tle your local differences, if they exist,
and to go arm in arm with the stalwart
bread-winners of the south and west to
victory next year, under the leadership
of the chivalrous, the dauntless, the
matchless great American, Win. J.
As the last words fell from the lips
of the speaker, the audience was car
ried away in an outburst of enthusi
Cheer after cheer arose, and what
had started out as a Tammany love
feast, became a howling silver demon
The other speeches of the day were
in the keeping.with Tammany princi
ples, Joseph J. Willet, of Alabama,
and State Senator Thomas F. Graay,
Tammany's star orator, made two of
the best speeches, the latter making an
attaek upon the civil service system
which aroused his hearers to great en
The following cable dispatch from
Richard Croker who is in London was
"Congratulations on the glorious
Fourth, the day we celebrate. My
heart is with you always. Let us re
.joice over the coming triumph of Demo
cracy and the people's rights.
(Signed) Richard Croker."
Mr. Joseph J. Willett, president of
the Alabama Bar association, delivered
one of the principal speeches.
Mr. Willett's reference to Judge Au
gustus Van Wyck and his remarks
about trusts were the occasion of out
bursts of cheering by his audience.
Mention of the name of W. J. Bryan
also brought out a burst'of applause.
Just before the close of his speech
Mr. Willett diverged and said: "I
see that man Alger is running for sena
tor from Michigan on an anti-trust
plank. Isn't that rich? Alger, the
friend of Mark Hanna, of Armour, of
Eagan, runn'ng on an anti-trust plat
Willett then told of a story of a
southern Negro who was fooled into
selling his master's farm for $4.60, and
added: "Won't the people of Michigan
be lifted out of everything they own if
they let Alger play the game on them."
He was followed by ex-Congressman
Asher G. Caruth, of Kentucky, who
spoke at length.
Society and Divorce Reform.
It is reported that Newport society,
representing the highest metropolitan
tircles, is beginning to consider the ad
visabiity of taking up the cudgels for
livorce- reform, in behalf of a higher
standard of private morals. This is a
gratifying suggestion. Ministers may
preach and reformers agitate to their
hearts' content, but without actual leg
islation they will not accomplish as
much for good in years as will an arous
d "smart set"~ in a single season to
ward the discouragement of this form
Going to Kansas.
T wo hundred negroes left Birmingr
ham, Ala., Thursday evening for Wie
L'ity, Kans. They go to take the place
af strikers in the coal mines at that
place. A regular movement of these
negroes has been going on for some
time -and five hundred of them have
already been sent thither. The negroes
arc got from the mines snd quarries in
and about Birmingham.
Killed by a Train.
A shifting engine of Pittsburg Junc
tion railroad, ran down a pleasure party
of Negro people in Shenly park about
midnight Thursday. One man was
killed and two women probably fatally