Newspaper Page Text
v.L. xV. MANNING S. C., WEDNESDAY. JULY NO. 13,
The Public Kept in the Dark as
to the Philippines.
THE CORRESPONDENTS KICK
They Charge that the Facts
Have Been SystematicallY
Suppressed by General
The constantly increasing strictness
of.the censorship of press dispatehes
from Manila, which has prevented the
cabling to the United States of any
thing that did not reflect official views
of important events and conditions, re
sulted in a united effort on the part .f
correspondents at Manila to secure an
abatement of the rigor of the ceuso;
ship. The initiatiye in this direction
was taken a month ago and resulted in
the framing of a statement which was
presented on July 9th to Maj. Gen.
Otis, commanding the military forces
of the United States in the Philippine
island, with a request for permission to
telegraph itto the United States. The
correspondents also asked that they be
allowed to cable to their respective pa
pers all facts and the different phases
of events as they transpired at 1anila.
The correspondents had two long in
terviews with Gen. Otis, in the course
of which th.ey cowplained that the evi
dent purpose of the censorship was not
to keep information from the enemy,
but to keep from the public a knowledge
of the real condition of affairs. It was
also asserted by the correspondents that
newspapers printed in Mauila, which
reach the enemy quickly, are permittea
to publish statements similar to those
which correspondents are forbidden to
cable. It was made clear to Gen. Otis
that the objection was to the system
and not to the censor.
Gen. Otis finally promised greater
liberality, agreeing to pass all matter
that he might consider not detrimental
to the interests of the United States.
Gen, Otis appointed Capt. Green. of
his staff, censor. The statement of the
correspondents is as follows:
"The undersigned, being all staff
correspondents of American newspa
pers stationed at Manila, unite in the
"We believe, that owing to official
dispatches from Manilo made public in
Washington, the people of the United
States have not received a correct im
pression of the situation in the Pnilip
pines, but that these dispatches have
presented an ultra-optimistic view that
is not shared by the general officers in
"We believe that these dispatches in
correctly represent the existing condi
tions among the Filipinos in respect to
dissension and demoralization result
ing from the American campaign and
to the brigand character of their army.
"We believe the dispatches err in
the declaratiom that 'the situation is
well in hand' and in the assumption
that the insurrce.ion can b., speedily
ended without a greatly increased
"We think the tenacity of the Fili
pino purpose has been underestimated
and that the statements arc unfounded
that volunteers are will~ng to engage in
-'The censorship has compelled us to
participate in this misrepresent ation by
excising or altering uncontroverred
statements of facts on the plea, as Gen
Otis stated, that 'they would alarm the
people at home,' or 'have the people of
the United States by the ears.'
"Specifications: Prohibition of hos
pital reports; suppression of full re poi ts
of field operations in the event of, fail.
ure; numbers of heat prostrations in the
field; systematic minimization- of naval
operations and suppression of complete
reports of the situation."
(Signed) John T. McCutcheon,
Oscar K. Das is,
P. G. McDonnell,
New York Sun.
Robeit M4. Collins,
John P. Dunning,
The Associated Press.
Tohn F. Bass,
New York Herald.
E. S. Keene,
CAUSES A SENsATiON.
The publication of the above doi.u
ment caused a sensation in the depart
ments at Washington. Regarding the
statement that war and other news had
been censored contrary to the usual
custom, Adjutant General Corbin to
"The censure of the so calleu cen
sored press is without just cause: and
evidently made under misapprehension
of facts. There has been no imforms
tion received from Gen. Otis that has
not been given to the press promptly
on the bulletin boards in the hall of
"The standing instructions of the
president and secretary of war are that
the public shall be given all informa
tion we receive. This has been done
and will continue to be done. Of
course plans of campaigns that would
be of help to Aguinaldo and other re
bels have not and will not be pro
mulgated, but tall facts of .events
transpired have been given in full
A dispatch from London says most
of the morning papers comment upon
the joint statement of the American
correspondents at Manila regardin~g the
The Times say s: "Gen. Otis canr~ot
conceal nor explain away the grcat
fact that he fails to bring the war to an
end. He might just as well cease play
ing the estrichi awu allow the corres
pondentsto tell the public what they
sehe Daily News says: "The moral cf
it is that the correspondent will turn
when you tread too hard upnm him and
that his determination to let the cat out
of the bag may still prove a blessing to
WILL NOT BiE REGARDIED.
The President and Cabinet has de
ided to ignore the complaint of the
correspondents, and let Gen. Otis do
ah plneases about the matter.
THE BATTLE OF hONEY HILL.
An Address to the Survivors of That
T the Survivors of the Battle of
I loney Hill.
On Nov. :'), 1S4, a battle was fought
at IHoney Hill, S. C.. and won by
southern valor. This was a particular
Iv brilliant affair. in which al out 1.
500 Confederates defeated about 6,500
northern troops, preventing them from
seizing the Charleston and Savannah
railroad, near Grahamville, and from
cutting off retreat for Gen. Hardec's
army from Savannah, G.. In this en
ga-ement nearly 1.000 of the enemy
were killed and wounded.
It is due the men who won this vi
tory that their achievement be placed
on record in order that historians may
find material in the futur., from which
to construct a complete history of our
country and State.
It is hoped by the writer of this ro
tiec that survivors of the battle wili
forsvard him throual mail such infor
mation concerning this fight, that there
may be prepar- d an accarate narrative
of Honey lill, where Georgians and
Carolinians. regulars and militia, offi
eers and nii, ditinguished thei.selves
and added to the lustre of southern
arms by defeating a brave and deter
mir.ed foe, where the odds were four to
A . ffort it this end has been made
byv a - -r vthy S-. (f Carolin-- but
aba iined througi lack of inforwa
* .' !tia to the Ge'orgia tr.>ops; not
hoaever, util he had contributed to
history much of value and iat, rest. Of
the battle day C t Courtenay .-ould
not write, for which scanty information,
he was unwilling to lower his high ideal
of what the battle narrative should be
in order to meet the importunity of
friends urzing him on.
Surely survivors of Honey Hill can
be induced to break silence by a con
sideration of their obligations to their
posterity, and will furnish information
to place for them on record brave deeds
of valiant sircs! Also perfect histo
ries of Georgia and So-ith Carolina re
quire the -iarration of these deeds of
patrio' ic sons.
No time should be lost, for veterans
of the war answering to roll-call here
are fast crossinz over that river from
whose other side no message can re
Survivors of the fight at Honey Hill
are earnestly invited to write clear
.nd accurate information of the battle,
.supplying names of their company, bat
talion, regiment, officers and men, that
participated in the battle; time when
each command joined the fight; place
occupied with referer.c' to the road in
tersecting the breastworks; what ser
vie.: was rendered by his command and
officers: eny instauc.:s worthy special
mention of individual usefulness or va
Address such cammunications to
Charles J. Coleock, H ayville P. 0., S.
A Pitched Battle.
The report is confirmed that five men
were killed in a pitched battle in Clay
county, Ky., last week. The battle
occurred at Hacker's school house, on
Little Goose Creek Wednesday morn
ing, Deputy Sheriff Hacker had arrest
ed Robert Phillpott. While before a
magistrate, preparing to give his bond,
somebody shot at hima from tbehind.
The firing then became general. When
it ceased~Robert Phillpott, Ed. Fisher,
Aron Morriss, Hugh and Jim Griffin
were dead. Green Griffin was mortally
wounded and Granville Phillpott was
seriously injured. Nearly all the coun
ty is in the saddle, heavily armed and
uore battles arc expected.
Thue new uses which are being devel
oped for glass are manifold. Church
bells of the purest tone are now being
made of glass; it is superceding gold for
the filling of teeth: glass rails are said
to be superior to I~teel, giving a smooth
er runniing surface and being less affect
ed by the elements; New York has a
factory built of glass, slated withglass,
and with a 100) fo t glass chimney, a
part of the working machinery also
being constrne:ed of glass, and English
cities are considering its adaptability
for paving and roadway purposes, its
advatages being set forth as cleanli
ness, durability,~ non-slipperiness, and
the retention of heat iu winter and
cold in s'immer.
All Drowned. -
A special to the Bee from Tekamah,
Neb., says: Word has been received
o the drowningr in Northwestern Iowa,
near the M1innceta line, on MIonday
niht, of A. W. Blades, his wife and
eiht childreu while en route to Mlinne
sota in an emiizraut wagon. Th~e fam'i
ly was encamped for the night on a
creek, when a cloudburts raised the
creek twelve or fifteen feet, and the
family, team and wagon were swept
away. No trace of them has been found
save parts of' the wagon, which were
found in trees some distauce down the
The First Bale.
The first bale of cotton of the pres
ant season's crop has been shipped
from Sinton. Texas, to Governor Sayers
to be sold for the benefit of the Texas
flood sufferers. It is proposed that it
shall be sent to various exchanges and
auctioned, and that the money thus
raised shall be devoted to the relief of
the flood victims. It is expected that
not less than $10,000 will be raised
through these sales.
A Philadelphia murderer was so sen
sitie that he committed suicide on
July 9, because the jailer would not
let him attend his wife's funeral. She
was, says the Boston Pilot, the person
whom he had mardered-whi ;h re
minds us of the French parricide who
pleaded for mercy "because he was an
orha n. -
Long Lived Family.
There is a long lived family in Co
lumbia. Little'Pauline Green, daugh
ter of M1r. Wmn. Green and grand
daughter of Capt. .Joseph Green, is the
proud possessor of two grandmothers,
two grandfathers and two great grand
mothers, all living. What is more
M114 Pauline lives in the same house
wth two great grandmothers and one of'
atherandmothers and one of the grand
THE TRUTH TOLD
As to The Doctoring of the News
by Gen. Otis.
FACTS ARE REVERSED.
Creelman, Correspondent of the
New York Journal, Refused
to Send Dispatches
Because Forced to
Appearing simultaneously with the
" und robin" 4 the Ainerioan news
I -.per correspondents at Manila, com
plaining that General 03s is suppress
ing the factq and keeping the people of
the United States in ignorance of the
alarming conditions as they exist in the
Philippines, James Creelnan, the fani
ous war correspondent of the New York
Journal, cables from London his obser
vations during a recent two months'
stay in Naoila and on the firing lines
in the, archipelago. 1le charges Gen
eral Otis with iUeomipetence, and with
"doctoring" press dispatehes to paint
the conditions as optiwistie, when in
reality they are and have been just tie
reverse. and with reporting "imminent
success" when in reality, caused by his
own mismanagement, "imminent fail
ure" has been the repult. Mr. Creel
u:a's letter goes into detail. E follows:
MR. CR.EmMAN s LTTr.
Afte'r having spent several :uonths
with our troop in the Philippines, I
am firmly convinced that unless ""en
eral Otis is removed and a competent
general put in command the whole cam
paign will be a failure.
I have beeL in the Cuban campaign
as well as in the Philippines, and I can
say honestly without the slightest pre
judice that General Otis is much more
responsible for the disastrous humiliat
ing condition of affairs in the cast than
General Shafter was for the calamities
in Cuba, for the war department furn
ished General Otis with a perfectly
equipped, well fed army, and he ha<
months of dry weather in which to fight
against an imperfectly organized enemy.
To be perfectly plain, General Otis is
a fussy old man, unaccustomed to any
thing but regimental command, and
saturated with the ideas and methods
of a routine clerk. He is a man who
has grown old serving in a regiment,
and his experience and abilities do not
go outside of regimental lines. Now
that he finds himself in command of a
large army intrusted with the govern
ment of a large archipelago, it is no
wonder that things are as they are.
It is because of this knowledge that
Admiral Dewey, without consulting
General Otis, privately cabled to Presi
dent McKinley asking him to send to
anila a small commission of men
skilled in statesmanship and diplomacy.
It was apparent to him. as to others,
that General Otis was not competent to
deal with the far reaching, intricate
problems involved in a war with the
Again and again Admiral Dewey ex
pressed at the beginning of the present
hostilities his dissatisfaction over the
failure to make any advance against the
When finally, in despair of any ac
tion by Otis, Dewey began to take pos
session of other islands, Otis wrote to
the admiral a bitter letter complaining
that the navy was forcing the campaign
OFFICERs DENOUNCE OTIs.
I was there then and I remember how
generals and other officers on the firing
line bitterly denounced General Otis
in private for immersing himself in
petty details of municipal affairs, army
contrats and custom house eases, while
our firing line was stretched twenty
two measured miles around 3Manila.
lying idly before an enemy .growing
stronger and more expert in infantry
fire every day, while week after week
of dry weather slipped away and the
rainy season approached.
Even before the first insurgent attack
on our troops, Aguinaldo was throwing
up strong earthworks in sight of our
lines. 3Major General Anderson, com
manding the first division. insisted that
his troops were being endangered, and
asked permission to stop the Filipinos
from buiiding fortifications.
"We will do nothing," said General
Otis, "unless the Filipinos commit
sonc act of war."
"But they are entrenching them
selves against us," replied General An
derson, "and the moment a man puts a
spade in the ground with hostile intent
he has committed an act- of war."
Anderson's arguments were useless.
The entreaties of other generals to be
permitted to put an end to the belliger
ent work of Filipinos were of no avail.
When [ reached MIanila a few days
after the bloody outbreak the whole
army was laying in trenches, being
fired at night and day, while General
Otis was absorbed in routine details
that an army clerk could have done as
well, lIe refused to allow the army to
make any advance. So insistent was
General Anderson that the only way to
destroy the enemy was to fight them
that General Otis treated him with open
hostility and finally had this splendid
soldier return to the United States.
General Otis' principal thought
seemed to be to prevent real facts being
telegraped to the United States, and his
abuse of censorship has been al mist in
While the army in the field was anx
iously awaiting orders during the ai
vance on 31alolos, lie spent a whole
hour reading my dispatches to The
Journal striking out names of officers
mentioned for gallantry, changing de
scriptve passages, erasing all mention
of the part played by the navy and even
ocaupying five minutes in selecting a
'his is the same experience which
other correspondents have had during
the war. General Otis has wasted hours
of valuable time during the most criti
cal days in revising press dispatches,
coloring them to suit his own views.
NEWs COMLETELY REVEIsED).
On the night of the charge at Tali
han river I went to General Otis' palace,
having ridden in from the battlefield.
The general insisted on changing the
dispatch I submitted to him, and ac
tu1.ally stuc ou he name of Colonel
Funston, whose regiment swam the
river under fire that day, saying:
"I propose to make all the heroes
that are made in this war."
Colonel Thompson, the press censor,
has refused to allow me to mention
regiments distinguishing themselves in
battle, saying he was ordered to do so
by General Otis.
Daring General Wheatson's advance
to Pasig and beyond with the Flying
brigade Otis ordered all press dispatches
stopped unless they described the
enemy fighting furiously and said enor
mous losses were inflicted by our
As a matter of fact on this occasion
the insurgents were contemptible in
umbers and ran away except in cases
of one or two small bands, and their
losses were very slight.
General Otis' conditions for press
dispatches were so outrageously dis
honest that I refused to send any dis
patches, preferring to let The Journal
be beaten rather than to telegraph of
The most extraordinary thing is that
up to the time I left Manila, which was
after the capture of Manolos by Mc
Arthur and Santa Cruz by Lawton,
General Otis had nevcr been at the
Imagine this jealous clerk, who never
went oUntside the city, directing with
absolutely tyrannical exactitude the
operations of divisions commanded by
soldiers like Lawton and McArthur!
I know from my own association with
both division in the field that General
Otis treated the generals as though they
were school boys.
When it was announced that Lawton
was on his way to the Philippines to
command all the troops in the field as
corps commander, every member of the
litt.e clique surrounding Otis was busy
When Lawton arrived Otis refased
to assign him to any command for five
days, although there was heavy fight
ing. Lawton begged permission to take
part in it, offering even to carry a mus
ket if necessary.
I asked Otis what Lawton's status
was and why he was not assigned.
"General Lawton is merely an officer
reporting to me for orders," he replied,
'and when I get ready to give him or
ders he'll know what his status is."
Otis' jealousy of Lawton was so plain
as to be childish. For several weeks
Otis never consulted him, nor gave him
the slightest information regarding the
plans of the campaign.
The truth of the situation is that
General Otis is regarded by practically
the whole army, officers and privates
alike, as an incompetent officer who
sacrifices everything to serve his own
vanity and jealousy.
I do not speak with the slightest feel
ing against Goneral Otis, whom I be
lieve to be painstaking, industrious,
and, "acording to his own light, patrio
oTIS SIMPLY A CLERK.
IHe has accomplished a great deal in
regulating the municipal affairs of Ma
nila, but his conduct, or rather non
conduct of the military campaign has
been a series of blunders, due partly to
timidity and lack of experience, partly
to jealousy of other officers and partly
to his incurable habit of wasting his
time correcting press dispstches and
doing a clerk's work, while generals in
the field, powerless to move without
his orders, are waiting for him to make
up his mind in his office how to fight
When I complained to General Otis
that he was striking out of my dis
patches things I had witnessed with my
own ey as and which the Amierican peo
ple had a right to know, he said:
"I don't propose to allow the Ameri
can public to know anything about this
campaign that will agitate or excite it.
So long as I am in command here the
people of the United States will know
only such facts as I deem advisable to
"Any man who writes anything
aboue this campaign contrary to my
wishes will be expelled from the Philip
pines. We are not going to have any
public agitations about this campaign
if I can prevent it."
The London Times editorially says:
"Algrer has run the war office as a po
litical machine. Military posts have
been bestowed upon political frzends
without regard to fitness or the inter
ests of the country. Dishonesty and
corruption have been rampant where
ever there was public money to be
handled. American soldiers were -kill
ed by thousands on Americ-an soil by
such agencies as embalmed beef and
scandalous neglect of elementary sani
tation. As the head is, so we expect
subordinates to be. They were chosen
without regard to fitness with every
regard to political service. Naturally
they act as the politicians they are
rather than as soldiers and administra
tors, wvhich they are not, The new im
perial policy of the United States is
thus discredited by association with a
system of more than common corrup
tions. McKinley, for some reason or
other, is incapable of ridding himself
of the incubus of his secretary, who,
evidently regarding himself as having
the president in his pocket, serenely
defies the public indignation that has
been aroused by his mismanagement."
Causes Many Deaths.
The returns from the Fourth of July
celebrations all over the country de
monstrate that it is time our people
were instituting some more rational
manner of observing the day. The
Chicago Tribune s casualty list include
returns from 250 cities and towns. The
leading figures are: Dead 33, injured
730, fire losses $233,070. injured by
cannon crackers 731, in jured by powder
explosions 237, injured by toy cannon
259, hit by stray bullets 630.
A dispatch from Savannah, Ga., says
Mrs. Annie McGuire, white, and Anna
Cook, colored, are dead as a conse
luence of two stove explosions. In
each case the woman started to light
the fire in the store with kerosene oil.
Both were horribly burned.
Pretty Good Pay.
Admiral Dewey's salary amoun ts to
$37.50 per day; President McKinley's
is equal to $131 a day; cabinet officers,
the vice president and the speaker of
the house get $22.22 a day; senators
and congressmen, $13.90, and the chief
js of thesureme court $29 a day.
Chartered in the First Six Months
of the Year.
INCREASE OVER LAST YEAR.
Over a Million Dollars of Increase
in Stock. A Number of
Cotton Mills Pro
Since the first of the year charters
have been issued concerns in this State
representing an aggregate capitalization
of nearly five million dollars. Of this
amount $2,226,700 represents new con
cerns, and $2,613,000 the capital of or
ganizations increasing their capital
stock; a total of $4,839,700. These fig
ures were obtained from the semi-annu
al statement of Mr. J. T. Gantt, chief
clerk in the office of the secretary of
State. There was great progress in the
State last year, but Mr. Gantt's com
parative statement shows that, between
Jan. 1, 1898, and July 1 of the same
year, charters were issued to concerns
capitalized at $1,889,700 aganst $2,
226.700 this year-a gain of :337,000.
But while the aggregate capitalization
of new concerns is very encouraging,
there is even greater reason for con
gratulation on account of the wonderful
amount of capital stock increased. The
first six months of this year South Car
lina enterprises increased their capital
stock from $1,347,000 to $2,613,000; a
total increase of $1,226,000.
In order to obtain a charter, the orig
inators or "corporators" must first ob
tain a "commission." This instrument
authorizes them co solicit capital stock,
etc. After a certain per cent. of the
capital stock has been subscr'bed, a
charter may be obtained. It is under a
charter that a joint stock concern can
do business. A commission is rarely
obtained, however, unless the company
means business and does afterwards ob
tain a charter. So much in explana
tion of the fact that the figures above
quoted represent joint stock companies
which have actually raised the capital
stock. There were 117 proposed com
panies which filed "declarations" for
commissions and have not yet sent in
their "returns" for charters. Last year
in the same time there were 66, repre
senting a proposed capital stock of
$3,049,560, against $5,338,400 this
year. This does not include the socie
ties, etc.. which are chartered but have
no capital stock.
The enterprises projected and not
yet chartered are listed as follows:
Warehouses ............3 10
Lumber companies .......1 4
Land and improvement com
panies ................. 4 1
Building and loan associa
- tions...... ........ 5 4
Telephone companies ..... 4 5
Oil mills...... ........0 11
Compress companies ...... 1 2
Water, light and power com
panies .. . .... 4
Hosiery and carpet mills... 1 1
Mining companies........3 2
Construction companies.. .. 0 2
Banking and investment
companies............. 9 6
Cotton mills............4 7
Other manufacturing plants 10 20
etc ... .. .... .. .. ..--.19 18
Charters were in the first six months
of last year issued 52 concerns capital
ized at $1,889,700; against 71 compa
nies with an aggregate capital of $2,
226,700 this year.
Following are the enterprises put on
foot since Jan. 1:
Warehouses...... .. ....2 9
Lumber companies.......1 5
Land and improvement com
panies .... ........ ... 4 4
Building and loan associa
tions..... ............ 2 4
Telephone companies.. 0 3
Oil mills................ 0 5
Cotton compress companies. 0 1
Water, light and power comn
Mining companies.. .. ... ..o -
Banking and investment
Cotton Mills............. 2 5
Other manufacturing plants S 6
etec................. 23 22
The following gives the names of the
concerns which have increased their
capital stock; the figures given first rep
resenting the amount of stock at pres
ent and those given second showing the
increase over the former capitalization:
Georgetown Grocery Co. $75,000; in
crease of $25,000.
Daggett Printing Co. $10,000; in
crease of $2,000.
Clover Manufacturing Co. $200,000;
increase of $50,000.
Whitney Manufacturing Co. $350,
000; increase of $84,000.
Abbeville Cotton Mills $400,0)00; in
crease of $100,000.
Farmers' Loan and Trust $73,000; in
crease of $25,000.
Palmetto Ice Co. $75,000; increase
I. J. Phillips Co. $23,000; ic ase
Anderson Light and Power Co. $175,
000; increase of $75,000.
Mills Manufacturing Co. $530,000;
increase of $430,000.
Warren Manufacturing Co. $500,000;
increase of $300,000.
Excelsior Knitting Millo $50,000; in
rease of $40,000.
Carolina Manufacturing Co. $30,000;
increaso of $20,000.
Marie Mills $100,000; increase of
Total, $2,(;13,000; increase of $1,226,
NEW COTTON MILLS.
The following are the cotton mills
chartered and those projected since
Vesta Mills, Spartanburg. .. $ 250,000
Vallev Falls Mfg. Co., Lolo,
Springsteine Mills, Chester. 100,000
Olympia Cotton Mills, Co
Orr Cotton Mills, Anderson. 400,000
Belton Mills, Belton....... 350,000
The Florence Cotton Mill,
Florence........... ... 200.000
SEVERAL OIL MILLS.
There has been an unusually large
number of oil mills chartered and com
missioned. They are located as fol
Fair Forest Oil -Mill Co., Fair
Forest .. .... .... ...$ 25,000
Victor Cotton Oil Mill Co.,
Fountain Inn Oil Mill Co.,
Fountain Inn........... 15,000
Lowndesville Cotton Oil Co.,
McCormick Cotton Oil Co.,
Cross Anchor Oil Co., Cross
Anchor ............... 12,000
Bishopville Cotton Oil Co.,
Honea Path Oil Mill, Ilonea
Campobello Oil Mill, Campo
bello ...... .............. 15,000
Atlantic Cotton Oil Co., Sam
Clinton Oil and Manufactur
ing Co., Clinton.......... 20,000
Total capital stock.........$274,000
The whole State seems to be swing
ing forward and upward to resume its
accustomed place at the front. The
development is not conifned to one sc
tion, but every county seems to be
FROZED OUT AT LAST.
Secretary of War Alger Has Resigned
from the Cabinet.
Secretary of War Russell A. Alger
resigned Wednesday from the cabinet,
the resignation to be effective at
pleasure of the president. The resig
nation of Secretary Alger is believed to
have been sought by the president, as
public opinion had almost crystallized
in a desire for the secretary's retire
ment. Alger called upon President
McKinley at the White House Thurs
day morning shortly before noon and
was with him for a few minutes. When
he left he was in excellent spirits. His
face was wreathed with smiles as he ex
pressed to several newspaper men who
gathered about him his appreciation of
their good wishes.
"You feel relieved of a great bur
den?" one of them suggested.
"Yes, I do," replied the secretary.
"Hereafter I will only have my own
burden to carry."
The secretary said that he would re
linquish his portfolio as soon as the
pending routine matters of the depart
ment were closed up, and Assistant
Secretary Meikeljohn, to whom the war
office is to be turned over pending the
appointment of Gen. Alger's successor,
is ready to assume charge.
"I shall retire before August 1st,'
said the secretary. Gen. Alger said he
would go back to Michigan and for the
present at least devote his attention to
his health. The secretary said he
knew nothing about his successor.
Asked as to whether he would press his
senatorial candidacy, the secretary re
plied: "I cannot tell now."
A Good Way to Die.
A ddvout colored preacher, whose
hart was aglow with missionary zeal,
gave notice to his congregation that is:
the evening an offertory would be taken
for missions, and askeai for l'beral gifts.
A selfish, well to-do man in his congre
gation said to him before the service:
"Yer gwine to kill dis Church if yer
goes on say, 'Give! Give!' No Church
can stan' it. Yer gwine to kill it." Af
ter the sermon the colored minister
said to the people, "Brother Jones told
me I was gwine to kill dis here Church
ef I keep a-asking yer to give; but my
brethren, Churches doesn't die dat way.
Ef anybody knows of a church dat died
'cause of its given too much to the
Lord, I'll be very much obliged ef my
brother will tell me whar dat Church is,
for l'se gwine to visit it, and I'll climb
up on de walls of dat chura ., under de
light of de moon, and cry, 'Blessed am
de dead dat die in de Lord'."
Victims of a Poisoner.
A special from Dallas, Texas, says:
Two girls, one eight years old and the
other ten, daughters of the widow of
John Moore, lost their lives by drink
ing poison, which, it is claimed by the
police authorities, was prepared for
their mother, who is an important State
witness in the case against the men ac
used of lynching the Humphreys. The
poison was placed in a water pitcher
in the house of Mrs. Moore. Hear lit
tle girls became thirsty and their
mother gave each a drink from the
p~itcher. Death followed almost in
Walks from Pole to Pole. -
A force of telephone linemen is at
p~resent busy stretching a heavy lead
cable along the line of tall poles run
ning down Main street. With the force
is a man who was regarded by many
with wonder. He moved along the ca
ble between the poles at will, fixing
first this place and then that. When
he had any distance to go he would
stand erect and walk the swaying cable.
His daring and recklessness caused
many to stop and wonder what manner
of man he was.-State.
Nine Men Killed
A dispatch from London says an ex
plosion on board the torpedo boat de
stroyer Bullfinch, on the Solent, during
her trial Friday killed nine and injured
fur of those on board. It was the
worst naval accident of this nature that
has occurred in the British navy in 20
years. The victims ware terribly in
jured, steam and ooiling water filling
the engine room. The Bullfinch is
one of the latest designed 30-knot tor
pedo boat destroyers.
He Knows Now.
Col. Robert G. Ingersoll died at his
home, Walston-Hudson, near Dobbs
Ferry, N. Y., Friday. His death was
sudden and unexpected, acd resulted
from heart disease, from which he had
suffered since 1896. In that year, dur
ing the Republican national convention,
he was taken ill, and had to return
home. He never fully recovered from
the attack of heart disease, and was
under the careo phyicans constantly.
A FIENDISH CRIME.
There is Likely .to be Another Burn
ing Over in Georgia.
A dispatch from Brainbridge, Ga.,
says Decatur county has been stirred
from its northern limits to the Florida
line by the enormity of crimes heaped
upon J. E. Ogletree and his.wife Thurs
day night at their home in the little sta
tion of Saffold, on the Plant line, a few
miles from Bainbridge by two Negroes.
About 8 o'clock two Negroes entered
the store of Mr. Ogletree which adjoins
the depot and made a few trivial pur
chases. When the sales were com
pleted Mr. Ogletree asked for his mon
ey. At his demand one of the Negroes
presented a pistol at the agent's head
and said: -I owe you nothing. We
are robbers and want your money."
Ogletree emptied his pockets, the
other Negro standing guard at the front
door. Then the two Negroes ordered
Ogletree to march up stairs, where Mrs.
Ogletree was and they ordered her to
give up what money she had. She
gave them - and while one of the
brutes held a pistol to Ogletree's head,
the other assaulted her. Then the other
committed the same deed. About this
time a train was heard coming to the
station and the Negroes fled in the di
rection of the Chattahooche river.
When Ogletree managed to bring
himself to a realization of what had
happened, he took his wife and boarded
a train for this city. Sheriff Patterson
was informed of the crime at once and
took action at daylight. Several posses
were immediately sworn in and with
dozs in the lead started in various di
rections to find some clue to the Ne
groes. Everybody -in the vicinity has
quit work and is assisting the posses
in their search. If the blacks are
caught their quick death is a certainty.
Mrs. Ogletree is a sister of Wm. Bu
chanan, county treasurer, and cornes of
a well known family.
ST? ANGE TALE OF A DYING MAN.
He had Concealed his Identity for For
ty Long Years.
The -death of Leonard B. Bleeker
aged 72 years which recently occurred
at Yates Centre, Kas., has revealed a
case of self-sacrifice seldom heard of
outside the domain of fiction. Three
years ago Bleeker went to that country
peddling a few cheap articles and, too
old and weary to proceed farther, a kind
hearted farmer took him in and cared
for him until he died. To the family
which befriended him he told the story
of his life, reserving for the grave the
specific names of persons and localities.
He stated that in 1S61 he left a wife
and five children in Michigan and an
swered the first call for volunteers. The
fortunes of war were against him and
for monthp he lay a prisoner in Ander
sonville prison. For some reason he
was led to believe that a certain other
batch of prisoners would soon be ex
changed. Among them was a dying
man and the two comrades exchanged
names and military designations. The
soldier died and the death was reported
as that of Leonard B. Bleeker, and is
so recorded in the war department. The
real Bleeker was released after a time,
rejoined his regiment and served until
the close of the war without communi
cating with his family. Then he went
back and found his wife married to an
other man. He ascertaineri that his
children we well cared for and then left
the community without revealing his
identity. Throughout his life he care
fully guarded his secret and since going
to Yates Centre, was of ten urged to ap
ply for a pension, but stoutly refused.
Even when near death he would not
reveal the location of his former home
or permit anyone to communicate with
old associate. He was a man of more
than ordinary education and the truth
of his story or the possession of a noble
purpose in his long sacrifice cannot be
Wheat Growers Convention.
The following call has been issued
for the Wheat GrovTers' convention to
be held at Greenwood, S. C.
To the Farmer3 and Wheat Growers of
The undersigned committee appoint
ed at a meeting of the citizens of
Greenwood to fix a de te and make the
necessary arrangements for a conven
tion of 'vheat growers, do earnestly in
vite the farmers and all persons inter
ested in the prosperity of the State to
meet at the court houses of their re
spectiva counties and select a delega
tio to meet at Greenwood on the 15th
of August next for the purpose of f orm
ing a perianent Wheat Growers' asso
ciation, and taking such action ae will,
in their judgment, better secure the in
dependence and prosperity of the agri
culturalist, and there rith every other
interest of the State.
We hope to have with us onl that oc
casion prominent farmers of this and
other States to address the convention.
Let each county send a good delegation.
D. C. DuPre,
N. A. Craig,
J. K. Durst,
J. T. Simmons,
S. H. McGhee,
A Good Law.
Georgia has a law regulating the
standard of illuminating oils. Recent
ly complaints have been made and the
inspectors have been ordered to make
thorough tests and confiscate all oils
that fall below the regulation standard.
It is not known whether there are argy
inerior oils on the market, but rigia
tests are to be applied and all oil that
does not rea.ah the 120 point will beI
confiscated. The South Carolina Leg
islature has an idea that any kind of oil
is good enough for our people. They
declare that they desire no inspection
law. More than 200,000 gallons were
Five Italians were lynched at Tallu
lah. La., Thursday night for the fatal
wounding of Dr. J. Ford Hodge. The
dead men are of a class which has been
troublesome for some time, and it is be
lieved that they had planned to kill
the doctor. Some of them, it is said,
have families in Europe, but they have
WHAT IT -CO'1'
In Valuable Lives to Subjugate the
VOLUNTEERS' HEAVY LOSS.
Comparative Statement that
Show the Deaths and Wounds
Suffered by Our Gallant
The return of the Oregon volunteers
and the prospective home-coming of all
the other State troops who have been
helping te down the Philippine iebel
lion gives additional interest to a re
sume of the casualties in the insular
campaigns. Full records of the losses
by death, wounds, sickness and other
wise since the beginning of operations
there early in the summer of 1898 show
that the Minnesota regiment was most
susceptible to the baneful influences of
the tropical climate, 34 of those volun
teers having expired in the hospitals UP
to the last Fourth of July. Oregon
was next, with 24, and Nebraska third,
losing 21 men from sickness. The Ne
braska regiment lost more men in action
than any other organization engaged,
except the 14th infantry; 26 members
losing their lives at the front from that
State, against 28 of the regulars.
A comparative showing of the regi
ments which lost most heavily, as com
piled from the press reports, is as fol
Killed-14th infantry, 29; Nebraska,
26; Kansas, 25; South Dakota, 25;
Washington, 19; 3d artillery, 19; Ore
gon, 14; Pennsylvania, 13; 18th infan
try, 13; Montana, 11; 22d infantry, 9.
Wounded-Nebraska, 182; Montana,
132; Kansas, 124; Washington, 109; 3d
artillery, 93; South Dakota, 87; Minne
sota, 80; Oregon, 76; Pennsylvania, 69;
22d infantry, 67; Califlornia, 56.
Exclusive of the deaths on the trans
ports, the total number of men to lose
their lives in the Philippine war was
693. Of this number 650 were killed
or succumbed to wounds or disease.
The number wounded in action was
1,591. Five committed suicide; one,
the colonel of the Tennessee regiment,
died of appoplexy in an engagement
and 19 were accidentally drowned. In
detail the report, as given in the Asso
ciated Press dispatches from June 30,
1898, when the first military expedition
landed at Cavite, to July 4, 1899, shows
the following items:
Killed in action, 283; drowned, 19;
accidental deaths, 14; suicides, 5; apo
plexy, 1; sickness, 275; wounds, 92.
Total deaths, 689.
Wounded, 1,591; missing, 4. Total
Nearly twice as many volunteers as
regulars were killed, although the vol
unteer regiments were only one-third
more numerous than the regulars. The
volunteers were, however, engaged for
a longer period than the regulars, num
erous regiments of the latter not hav
ing arrived in the Philippines until af
ter some of the most serious engage
ments had occurred. The number of
regulars wounded was 513, against1,078
volunteers. Sickness carrned off more
than twice as many volunteers as regu
lars, the respective totals being 180 and
95. Tabulated as to branches of the
service, the showing of killed and
wounded is as follows:
B eg. Vol.
Killed ........... ..--....114 169
Died of wounds............ 24 68
Died of sickness..........95 180
Total dead............233 417
Among the regulars, the 23d infan
try lost fifteen by disease and the 14th
twelve. A tabulated statement of the
losses bty organization by disease fol
Regulars-23d infantry,15;14 infan
try, 12; 18th infantry, 10; 3d infantry,
8; 4th infantry, 8; '22d infantry, 8;
hospital corps, 7; 20th infantry, 5; 3d
artillery, 4; 6th artillery, 4; 12th infan
try, 4; signal corps, 2; 9th infantry, 2;
1t artillery, 1; 8th artillery, 1; 4th cav
alry, 1; 17th infantry, 1; 19th infantry,
1; 21st infantry, 1. Total, 95.
Volunteers-Minnesota, 34; Oregon,
24; Nebraska, 21; South Dakota, 16;
Colorado, 15; California, 13; Montana,
10; Idaho, 8; Washington, 8; Kansas;
6; Pennsylvania, 5; Tennessee, 5;
North Dakota, 4; Iowa, 3; Utahl, 2;
Wyoming, 2; Astor Battery, 1; Nevada,
1; unknown, 2. Total; 180.
It is noticeable that the only casual.
ty in the Nevada troops was the single
death from sickness. None from that
State were eitheir killed or wounded.
The proportion of volunteers to suc
cumb to their wounds was nearly three
to one regular. As in other casualties
Nebraska leads in this feature, having
lost twelve men from their wounds.
Montana lost ten from injuries, and
Kansas and Washington eight each.
The greater loss among the regular army
men was in the 3d artillery, five mem
bers of which .died from the effects of
The war department today received
the following cablegram:
Manila, July 20.
Adjutant General, Washington.
Storms still prevailing; barometic
rising indicating improving weather
conditions. Average rainfall July sev
cra years, 14 1-2 inches; for 20 days
fully now closed, 41 inches. Country
flooded. Troops on outposts have suf
fered and former lines of communica
tion cut in some instances; not serious.
No material increase in sickness report
ed. Telegraphic communication main
tained between San Fernando, Bacoor,
and nearly all other points. Unable
yet to coal returning transports,
Shot as a Spy.
A special from San Francisco says:
Eforts to discover the whereabouts of
Grant ulium of this city, who was
with the Tenth Pennsylvania in Manila,
have resulted in word being received
here from a comrade of his that Cullum
was sht as a spy in sight of the Am
erican ontposts near Caloocan. He was
sent by Gen. Otis with a message. It
is said that a rain storm destroyed his
lisguise. and he was captured by the
natives and put to death. He was a
member of Charity lodge of the Odd
E'ellows of this city, and it was through
the eorts of the lodge to find him that
hi fa beame knon.