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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, August 16, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1899-08-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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OXA N . W
iL. XA ANI N G4 S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16,%89)
8EVERE iIUmRAE
Millions in Property and Hundreds
of Lives Lost.
PORTO RICO SUFFERS MOST.
Large Number of Towns Wrecked
and American Soldiers Killed.
Many Other Islands Suffer
Severely.
A dispatch from :San Juan. Porto
Rico, says a hurricance broke over the
south coast of Porto llec on Tuesday
morning and swept northeast. There
was no abatement for nine hours, the
greatest damage heing done tbetween
and 10 o'clock a. Im.
At San Juan four natives were
drowned in the harbor. eighty houscs
were demolished and hundred, were un
roofed. The damage to property is es
timated at $500.000: coimissary stores
to the value of $50.001) were destroyed.
A dispatch by cable from Ponce says
the town was almost destroyed. Al
most all the frame buildings are down.
the bridge is swept away, and there is
no communication between the port and
the city proper. The damage to the
port is estimated at $250.00o. Two na
tives are known to have been drowned.
The records and property of tile custom
house are ruined, and all the vessels
are ashore.
At Albenito very little remains
standing except the cathedral and the
barracks. Four natives perished and
three United States soldiers were badly
injured. As the town is without food.
government relief hr.s been dispatched
thither. Elcayey was levelled, to the
ground. 200 houses being demolished.
Two United States soldiers were in
jured there and many cavalry horses
killed.
At Catano the entire plant of the
Standard Oil company was ruined. The
loss on the property is $200,000. At
Bayamon a majority of the houses were
destroyed and the rest were flooded.
Two hundred cattle were killed, and the
railway seriously damaged. The village
of Carolina was literally razed. At Ca
gas four persons were killed.
A courier who has just arrived from
Humaco, capital of the province of
that name, on the eastern coast of the
island, reports awful destruction there.
The loss of property is estimated at
$00.000. but this is the least item in
the disaster. The courier brought an
official report from Capt. Eben Swift of
Fifth United States cavalry, who says:
"Humaco was totally destroyed by the
hurricane. Forty- six bodies have been
recovered, and there are many more in
he debri.. Eight privates of Troop C
injured; two fatally. Sergt. King of
the Eleventh infantry was injured.
North, a discharged private, is missing.
At the port of Humaco IS bodies have
been recovered. Eight hundred peo:plc
are starving here.
Three persons cre killed at Las Pie
dras and five at Junco. Couriers from
the other districts are anxiously expect
ed at the palace. The steamer Slocum,
Capt. Thomas, en route from Mayaguez
to San Juan, was caught in the storm.
but her passengers and crew were
saved through the heroism of MIr. Sin
gle, first officer. The coffee crop 15
ruined, and the loss will reach millions.
Very great injury has ibeen done also
to the orange crop. No definite returns
have yet been received from the south
ern section of the island apart from
Pence. It is certain, however. that the
food supplies in the stricken districts
have been destroyed and in these '1uar
ters the quantity of goxcrnment stores
on hand is small. Relief wagons will
be sent out in various directions. G en.
Geo. W. Davis. the governor general.
has cabled to the war department an
appeal for assistance.
The secretary of wvar Thursday re
ceived the following report from Glen.
Davis, commandinr at Puterto lieo, on
the cyclone of last Tuesday:
San Juan, Puerto Ri-u. Aug. P.
Hurricane of extreme violence passed
over Puerto Rico yesterday. The prin
cipal military loss at San .Juani one temn
polary company barrack wholly de
stroyed, some quartermaster prope rty
damaged. No personal imjyries vet re
ported, but all wires are down. No in
jury to snipping here save two small
local schooners aunk. two sailors
drowned. San Juan lights temporarily
disabled. Cable reports from P'oue
say all shipping is ashore. Custom
house here badly damaged and goods
stored therein. Messengers from tyo
interior posts tell of barracks nnarooled
and personal and public property dam
aged. The losses by the inhabitants is
very great and extreme suffering must
result. The last hurricane as severe as
this was in 1S7t;, owiuz to loss of
houses, fruit and provisions there was
a famine. I would suggest public no
tice in the United States to the ellect
that contributions of food. elothings and
money for the destitute will be received
with the greatest gratituce aio wiul be
applied strictly to relief of destitute.
Have appointed a board to sarcrvise
destitution. There are many thousancus
of families who are entirely homeless
and very great distress must follow.
Davis, ComtaningD.
MANY LIV& EU oS
The governor of the Leeward islanuds,
Sir Francis Fleming, confirms the dis
patch from St. Tihomas, D~anish West
Indies, to the Associated Press an
nouncing the devastation caused by the
hurricane at the island of Mcin trat,
says 74 deaths arc already kniown
adds that 21 persons were killed: a the
island of Nevis.
The hurricane was not So sevee ,
Antigua. One death is reportedtee
but mlany persons have been rendered
homeless. The other presidereso
the Leeward island- have nout reporte'i
the damage done.
As later advices come~ in fromn *ont
serrat, it is seen tha the first re 'rts
conveyed only a faiht idea of tie sutter
ings of the people -anditheir deplorablie
condition. Thke aUtLimstratonape)
for help.
In the Islanrd of St. Croi. the largest
of the Virgin islands, the c:tu";on
was appalli'ng. It was chiegy wrought
at the west end, where the amadier
houses are a tangled mass of wreckage.
Thirty persons were killed and the in
j'l . 1* it IIIF E I :-l'i l
ida tk prom pt measures for the
r lief th hurricane sufferers in IPutert 0
Rico. W n .-ress dispatches ndG .
Kviadvcesmade knowni the extent
i h da:-ter stswere imn nediatelv
taken t< sen: suppllcs. and the trans
pon Me l'herson was orderedi put in
readiness to sail from New York Mon
day. She will carry rations and other
neessaries. Seeretary of War Boot
Fridav aiter'anon :.ent an appeal to the
mayors of all cities of more t .an 150.
000 nopulation aking them to call
upon the public ..piri ed and humane
ieople of their city for supplies of food.
In the absenc fi any apropriation the
deparztmeti u rel upon pri\aie enn
trIutios, and it is expecod that the
apeal of ecetar lv ot w.-i nmeet with
a prompt awllbea reone.
A dispatcho Pnceu-" says: A hiur
riane -truck here it oclock Tuisday
riv.--s vertiswed. S ie- i ste o n
I is estimated that ' ., lersons were
drow~ned. Thle town and port -are total
wrek.It s livcd th. nagdone
w ill aumnt to over ,.?O.000. No
newA hia h een receved frtm the ite
roir sin ce the atorm- brke.
Th sa l 1 tc- erat,! 11. W . .,e
was comple'Itely deva-tated by a hiurri
ean 3Iondav. I.l the churches. es
tate Ind vilaes were destroyed and
near~ 1o) t 'rsons were kile. In al
d : iwere in urd and rende-red
b o 1.E terrible cistress ex'5ts
amo re the dierers.
DEVASTATION IN GUADALOUPiE.
Villages in Ruins and Valuable Crops
Completely Destroyed.
A dispatch from Fort de France.
Iartnijue. 5ais the authorities of the
Island of Guadaloupe are still without
news from the interior owing to the in
terruption of telegraph comimunicaitonl
as a yesult of the recent hurricane. But
other advices which have reached La
P'oint-A-Pitre say the coffee and cocoa
rops have been nearly totally destroy
ed. At La Pointe A-Pitre seven per
sors were intjured and at oule the dam
ate done was considerable and several
iersonis were killed and wounded. At
letit canal and Port Louis several per
sons were killed and a number injured.
The villaesof rippen and Lamontin
have been entirely destroyed and the
lieit-houses of Ionroux and Foseilloz
hve been overturned.
The town of St. Louis de atie G a
lante has sutered conwiderably.
Gov. iorachiini arrived at Point-A
Pitre on the French cruiser Cecile and
soon afterwards left for Saintes.
News which has reached The Associ
ated Press correspondent here from
the British Antillles says the island of
onicra has not suffered much from the
hurricane: that St. Thomas andC St.
Croix Auercd ightly, that Antigua was
seriously hit and that at St. Kitts 2m
houses were destroyed.
The hurricne passed over Puseerto
lata and appears to have ravaged the
north of the Dominiean repunlic. All
comnuication between Puerto 'ata
and the interior, not including Santo
Domino. is interrupted, and itis i
possible to obtain a correct account of
the damage done, although it is thought
to be ivoortant. The railroad from
Puerto Plata to San Domingo is no long
er working.
Eventually the hurricane swept over
Cape oaitien with less violence and
correspondingly light damage.
Advices from La Pouir,t-A-I'tre. is
land of Guadaloupe, says the cyclone
did enormous damage in the irterior of
that island. a number of coce and
serea estates being devastated. Le
hourie, a suburb, was half destroyed.
There were a number of fatalities.
A t La Pointe-A-Pitre. Islan d of Gi ua
daloupe, immense damage was wrought
an according to a report not yet eon
fired. 1u2 persos were killed.
When Will it Turn Up.
A dispatch from Washington under
date of Agst 1 says the West India
hurricane. which has been racing since
early in the week. has been lost for the
tie being in the waters to thle north of
the eastern extremity of Cuba, where
the weather buireai o&iieials report it
this mornine.
If ir keeps in it resent course the
stormi will reac Na sai, in the Blaha
tans. tomtorrow murai g. Its progress
has been very 2law a veraging- about five
mles an hour, w ith a dliainet r approx
iumating probably~ $J00 iles.
Warnines hiave been sent to cities on
the South'Atlantie coast, on the north
rn e(wat of C.ub' and1 the Bahamas
ad vising that all shipping re main in
their harbors until the storm has pass
ed. _ _ _ _ _
An A wful Death.
A disp~ateh from Walhialla to The
State says: On :atturday morning last
persons cime here for the burial otit
of Waler Bynum,. who tmet with a
mot;1 violetnt death on the afternoon be
ore Y oune Bynum lives just aeross
the rv er in Gecorgia and left hi, home
to ci for a sister who was teaching a
ew~ milesI away. lle rode one mule
and id'aother, and in some way lie
was thro..n from the mrule. one of his
f~et h'an'ine in the stirrup. IIe
wa r red for a mn~le or muore in that
conirtion by the mulnte. Ili i body was
trrily nman led, is clothiine wit- tor-n
of. the rowl beitig rou-h, narrow ,ana
ro:k. Beorec his bd was foung it
was draggred aero-s Chattooga river
prhas before l ie was extimet.
Yon . 1.' ntuml was a very tempe1'rate
young~ 'in --in fact : teetotler -and
his ea.th was a severe 5hoek to his
' a frietnds a the ncehboriec coim
b.unit'C.
Fig-hting in Hot Weather.
illpatches from M1anila says details
of M n 31rthur's advarnce beyond San
Fenad now that tihe Aericans
cert., n , les in i he irst aive hours.
an. a-t.......e ha adancd si\ miles
alon therailay. tre"thin on each
sie f t ortw~mle and resting at
nichtthreemile fro Angieles, which
wil N adet nrthern. ase of oper
a arri n 'f iu na has been left.
T~e Filitina c were sxrprised. exp*etting
the American fore:s r. movec against
Tieo. They followed their usual tac
tis of hiolding their trenches until they
became too warm and then retreating
in disorder. They are now falling back
T E E N1 T E NAR Y.
Report of the Investigating Com
mittee in Full.
FINANCES BADLY MANAGED.
The Treatment of Convicts Al
most Beyond Reproach, the
Condition and Manage
ment of the State
Farms Comnended.
The Penitentiry invvigating coml
n.ittee has ilci its report with Gover
nor I-Sweency. : iS a mlost inter
II!tinllubli douwent and, aamrzes
the % -o.('k Of th1 con. itte as much as
poibe. Thle report brings out in a
colneize man-r the nisnagement in
a business. sa that has beeni found at
this Sate instiit(in and the farce of
'ritou examinat i ris. with limited
Scope of inuiry. perhaps, but which,
like the director. iaie no en eful re
sereCes. hat tirk thines on faith or
inquired only into the chares :uale.
Tihe committee merely sulnunuarizes the
v idence as taken and pulhhed, which
Vas a! it wa- expectcd to do under
the reolutin of the G- eneral A.ssembly.
The report ,f the committee to Gov
ernor McSweeney reads as follows:
To the lion. M. B. NeMSweeney.
Governor: Ti General .\senbly ofl
this state at its last session passed a
concurrent resolution to appoint a com
mittee of two Senators and three Elep
resentatives "for the purpose of inves
tizatinc thc affairs of the l'cnitentiary,"
with in ,rations to report to you. The
unders gneo d were appointed as said
committee, and organized by eiecting
W. F. Stevenson chairman. It selected
John Taylor as expert bookkeeper and
Miss )1. F. Gibbes as stenographer.
Mcetings were held from time to time,
as it was expedient to do so, as is shown
by the record herewith submitted.
3iuch testimony was taken bearing on
the condition and nanagement of the
Penitentiary.
The matters ex:atined were embraced
under three heads: 1. The trcatment
of the convicts. 2. The condition
and management of the farms and the
disposition of farm products. 3. The
eneral financial affairs of the Peniten
tiary proper and the use and disposition
made of the assets of the Penitentiary
proper including accounts due to the
same.
1. As to the treatment of the con
viets, we find that Mr. Neal has always
been an advocate of humanity and that
wherever the treatment of convicts
came under his personal supervision
there is no doubt of thcir kind and hu
mane treatment. One instance of very
severe whipping is reported as being
given by one subordinate, M. .1. J.
Cooley, which 31r. Neal is not responsi
ble. We wish to comniend the methods
used by Mr. Mileci, manager of the
Lexington farm, in this particular: His
management has reduced the necessity
for whipping to a minimum. and yet
he gets excellent results. While we
know that the convict must be con
trolled, we feel that the dictates of
humanity rcquire that the unfortunate
who is without character of legal stand
ing, and without friends or hope of re
dress should be treated with all the
consideration which strict discipline
will allow. We are glad to be able to
report that MIr. Neal has always shown
his desire to do his full duty by the
convicts from a humnanitarian stand
point.
2. We find the faraming property in
ine condition, well stocked and culti
vated: large crops are made, and valua
ble improvements in the way of build
incs and dykes and ditching and clear
ing have been made during his admin
istration. The superintendent deserves
commendation for the energetic and
skiful management of the affairs and
improvements made on the property.
both on the farms arnd at the Peniten
tiary itself. The DleSaussure and lleid
farms have been laid for under the ad
minstration of M1r. Neal. We are not
prepared to say that the farming busi
ness, hiovever, is profitable. There has
been, for instance, for the year of la9
an average of 1:S hands used on the
Reid and D~eSaussure farms. The e'i
detce is that they will pay $50 per year
per head when hired out, making uiel950
net from their hire. The total products
from these farms for 1% as reported
by the board was 811.013.95. The e*uh
returned from the farm produce. 14e
Saussure and ileid farms. pages 21 and
11, is S12.7:5.55. and 99bales of cot
ton on hand .January 1, 1%;:t there was
possibly on hand at that time under a
liberal estima~te, I700 w ) orth of ot her
produce. making a total of 820-)'. 55
accounted for. and leaving a halan-ce of
l.>i:.4I. whih musti have been con
sumd. No, tit.er op z t tefre,
the ire of~ co-es hO.50 accounts
pai for the tvo farms s-N),069~::i rent
of land, estimating it at one-fourth of
the crop, 31t,25:2.48. and produce con
samed in the making . 1.:1 440. The
ros cost, therefore, 85;.o7t.27; the
value of tie erop, 811,01::.95. leaving
a delici t ofI 15.00i:i i 2.-rm this
sould be deducted~ the. value of permal
uent impjrovemtents. claimed as beingm
mae durnng tihe yer, (ee Exhibi: A.)
81.041), leaving aui apparent dell-it of
814.0Il:2 T' o th~ishuld be ad~ded
he interest onl the C cWimet, whih is
vaI: by the direc-tors i atl.l0 on
i-ce cenit would' be 81.0 making a
total detit of~ 81.5 :0 Fro th
of course shold e ded ucted: the corn
an oat and baeon furnishedi to tote
Pentetarv itself w'hicdt a liberal
esi ier' the tetimn beor us.
could notC excee -500 from I tie crop
a ns on thI' two arms
: sto the cencral -in-'cial atfairs
o the P eittiary proper -ad theC use
and di-p .--ition made of thet a5sts ec.,
we are eon-trained to report that theO int
vestigation has t bou'ht forth ao stat of
aairs wic iu not 'reitale I the
firt phlace it w~ill be found by a ~cle ex
amation of the testimon:. taken that
the directors knew too little of the af
fairs of the institution. and were too
subservint to the will of the superin
tendent. The fact that there were
about 8j,600 of Rlagsdale notes in the
an th t he enitentiary's endorse
ment representag convict hire for two
years on Mr. Neal's place, while the di
rectors thought the hire had been paid,
shows that their knowledge of the af
fairs of the institution was entirely su
perficial. The fact that they paid him
.D1 a month stable rent for six years
and two months fur allowing Peniten
tiary horses to stand in his stables,
where they were kept purely for his
convenience. and now profess not to
know they were paying it, is another ev
idence of the somnolence of their facul
ties when approving accounts.
They either knew that such was the
case, or they did not know it. If they
knew they were paying it, they were
deliberately yielding to Mr. Neal's de
sire for money, to which he was not
entitled, and were therefore culpable,
or, if they didn't knor: it, they were
approving and paying an item monthly
for several years which was wrong and
rever found out. Either supposition
is su"1iciently humiliating. We would
note here that we know of no law au
thorizing the directors to keep a lot of
horses and carriages for the use of the
superintendent's family, and we regard
it asan unwarranted extravagance. The
evidence here is that the bookkeeper
had to use his horse on penitentiary
business., for which the State fed him
in part, while the horses for whose
stable rent we were paying handsomely
were being used by the superinten
dent's family. The evidence is that
there was stable room for these horses
at the penitentiary. The custom of
entertaining largely at the penitentiary
grew up also under Mr. Neal. Crowds
ate thcre free .t the bounty of the
S:ate, making the taxpayers their .otel
keepers, and exarcising a thrifty in
vtinct to get all they could at the pub
lie credit." Uufortunately the board of
directors set the example by boarding
themselves there thus aiding to the
pay allowed by-law the further provis
ion of hotel bills. In justice to the
nard, however we will say that after
this investigation was begun and that
matter was I rought out they decided to
discontinue that practice and pay their
own board. This is as it should be.
The lavish entertainment there, though,
was such as should not be tolerated
again. Politicians, contractors, State
constables. and personal friends all
found a welcome and good cheer there. t
The result has been that the institution
came to be considered as a place where I
any acconiodation desired could be had,
and as a result we find many things to
report as wrong. We find that he has
given away many articles produced by
the penitentiary to prominent men,
such as a bookcase to Congressmen
Latimer, furniture to D. H. Tompkins,
secretary of State, and T. J. Cunning
ham and S. P. J. Garris, directors, and
Senator Tillman, who also got a carload
of brick, which he says Neal gave him.
but which Neal says he sold him. t
ot of these articles Neal now pro
fesses to be ready to pay for, although t
lie had never charged himself with f
them up to the institution of this in- r
vestigtion. Mr. Garris also got a
carload of brickbats and some pigs arrl
turnips, for which Mr. Neal does not
think he should pay. Mr. Garris had
been anxious to settle the pig bill, but
could not ge. it made out, and the
other items were presents and they
contend were worthless. We do
not think it wise, though, for directors
to be accepting even valueless pres
ents from the ;'enitentiary. If M1r. Neal
had paid for these things when he gaveI
them away it is a questionable prac
tie for an officer to be making pres
ents to public men, but when he fails
to pay for them and takes the State's
property and gives it to public men he
does two wrongs, he misappropriates
public property and attempts. appar
ently, to control the influence of public
men by the use of it. Further than
that, lie has allowed the goyernors of
the State during his administration all
to get such things as they desired from
the penitentiary, and has neither pre
sented the bills' for them nor placed
them in the assets and on the regular
books. A list of their accounts which
he should have presented and collected
or ujli,hed in the list of accounts due 1
is hereto attached. He has himself,
also, taken supplies to a large amountI
at a very low price and has never paid
for thecm. an account of them being
also sot or :h in this report. We find
also that there has been a rule that the
superintendent shall he furnished with
wood anld e al free. This is not war
ranted by law. and is merely another
device to increase the salary of the su
perintendent contrary to law. Again,
the rovernors have been allowed the
ume of enmviets, touls and stock to cul
tivae hmi near the city, and this has
not been charged to them. This is cx
used by 31r. Neal on the plea that the
governor is ex officio chairman of the
board of dir-eetors and has in conse
juence always gotten what lhe asked
ir. If that is correct, it is time that
the znvernor should be taken off the
bard. We do not refer in speaking of
thec altivating of land to the patch
around the grovernor's mansion, which
is ulie property and properly culti-1
vated by conviets, but to independent
farms outside. Again, the board had a
steam laundry established in the peni
tentiery and operated by the convicts.
Mr. Neal and Governor Ellerbe have
both had their family washing done
there ever since free. until the termin
ation of M1r. Neal's term of offie.
Now. while it is disagreeable to refer
to these matters, we deem it our duty
to call them to the attention of the gen
eral assembly. If the gover-nor's salary
is too small it should be increased by the
general assembly, not supplemented by I
the penitentiary. If not too small the I
eovrnor should oc satisfied therewith.t
'he same remarks apply to the other
lers mentioned. It should be a
leasuec to those gcntlemen who have 1
received these things from the State toC
muake reparation, and the lesson should
be learned once for all that a public of- I
tier, because he is a public officer, has!
no more right to tne property of the I
State than the humblest citizen, and
when he atten~pts to give it away to ,
oroinent nwen the inference properly -
deducible is that he is bartering it forI
their influence, and they should be!
bove suspicion and keep themselves I
o by declining such presents. Any
oler course breeds distrust in the peo
pie in their rulers, and when that thor
oughly permeates the masses respect
-for law and orler perishes and it be
ome a question of who can get the
most out of the government, and high
office is sought not from motives of
patriotism, but of plunder. We think
)>oceed at >nee to ascertain the value
>f the a sets thu's given away and pre
ents bills for them to the parties who
-eceived them, many of whom have
)rcfessed willingness and desire to pay
or them, and if possible save all such
tens. This should by no means pre
rent their holding the bond of the su
merintendent liable for such things as
Lre not settled for. He has misappro
)riated the assets and should account
or them. There is another matter
vhich deserves attention in our general
'emarks. The managements. it seems,
Aas been receiving favors and granting
hem in return. It should pay for all
ssistance it gets and then charge for
11 matters rendered. The case of Ion
I. W. Ashley is in point. He furnished
ransportation for the officials, making
io charge; in return his horse was
>oarded at the penitentiary during the
ession of 1898 of the legislature.
Yhile this may be very convenient, it
s not business. If Mr. Ashley's favors
vere worth receiving they should be
vorth paying for, and likewise the board
>f the horse is worth paying for. This
ren and easy method of balancing one
Lgainst the other will render it impos
ible to ascertain at any given time the
iabilities of the penitentiary. No one
vill be able to ascertain what the unre
urned favors received at the hands
f the friends of the superin
endent are worth, nor w acn the insti
ution will be called upon to board man
r horse in return. It amounts to a re
iprocity treaty between the superin
endent and his friends, which may in
olve the institution in endless liabili
y and expense. It should be stopped.
nother unbusinesslike feature of the
nanagement is the contract of the in
titution with the knitting mill compa
y in the penitentiary. They give the
ill a 25 horse power motor and pay the
lectrical company for 25 horse power
nd are to charge the mill only what
ower it uses. They have not settled
n five years and haven't even put in
meter to be able to tell how much
ower has been used. Now, the mill
ompany wants to settle at 10 horse
ower. The directors don't know what
vas used and have paid for 23 horse
>ower. This is unbusinesslike and
tegligent, in our opinion. Now, as to
dr. Neal's financial transactions and
Lis moral obhquity in the matter. In
he first place, in the face of the plain
pirit of the law he arranged as soon as
ie became superintendent to have his
:insman and creditor, J. Belton Wat
on, take charge of his plantation in
Lnderson county and procured for him
onvicts to work it and agreed that the
Let proceeds, after paying for the con
ict labor and the farm expenses, should
e applied to his debt to Watson, and
Le was thus to get advantage of all
rofits made by the convict labor, indi
ectly hiring them to himself. The law
njoit:s upon him the duty of- watching
hose who hire convicts preventing op
ression and enforcing the rule that
hey shall be humanely treated, care
ully attended by physicians and not
equired to labor more than ten hours a
ay, nor on Sundays and holidays.
ections 566 and 5W;, Vol. 2, Rev.
tats. of 1893.
The plain intent of the law is that
Le shall hire them to himself, directly
r indirectly, or be personally interest
d in the amount of work done. The
et proceeds being his, the tendency
rould be to give Watson the best labor,
rork it over time and report as much
ost time as possible. Having run un
er this contract for the years 1893,
894, 1893, he had his debt reduced as
,result from $17,000 to $14,000 (See
xhibit H). Then he took a contract
rom Watson (Ex. II) whereby cxclu
ive control was returned to him, but
he convicts were hired to Mr. Watson
See Ex. G), and no bond was taken
rom Watson. This was plainly done
o mislead the board of diretors as he
rankly admits that they would not
ave hired them to him. Thus he be
ame the master, the contractor in fact,
rith Watson as a stalking horse. All
he profits inured to his benefit. In
tead of paying the State for the con
ict hire for 1896 he took a worthless
ote of his foreman, one Rlagsdale, and
ndorsed it as superintendent of the
enitentiary, borrowed money on it
nd returned it as cash received. The
ote has never been paid and the bank
hreatens the penitentiary -rith suit for
t. T':.e same thing occurred in 1897
rith another Ragsdale note and in
98 no pretence of payment has been
asde. The net proceeds of the farmiing
perations for 1S96 and 1897 were paid
o Mr. Watson on Mr. Neal's debt to
im, except $1,41;5.S5, for which Mr.
eal gave Watson & receipt as super
ntendent, and which was not turned
nto the treasury, but which is covered
y one of the Ragsdale notes. The
tate has been left out for the entire
hree years and in 1S98 neither Watson
or the State has been paid anything.
n November, 1895, Mr. Neal collected
f W. Q. Hamumond $500 on convict
ire, which he kej: and used. In De
ember, W5,3 lie ::ollected from Cooley
' Fowler $500 convict hire, which he
iso used. in February, 1897, he col
eeted from these two firms over $l13.
00 and deposited to his own credit and
sed $539.95 of' the same. He collect
d from J. J. F'retwell $387.17 for oats
Ex. M) and failed to pay it in. H~e
ave a check to the bc'kkeeper for $172
o balance his account for ca:,h in c .
d there was nothing in bank to pay it
*nd it has not been paid. Hec took a
ote of W. *W. Riussel for $600 for his
'wn accommodation and endorsed it as
uperintendent of the peritentiary and
laced it in bank. and it has never been
>aid the bank is after the penitentiary
or the money, and Mr. Neal admits
hat he is liable therefor. He collected
740 stable rent, which was unauthor
zed, but which he claims was allowed
>y the board of directors, which they
Leny, and which appears to have been
.pproved in the prison pay roll. H~e
las gotten supplies from the penitent ia
y for which he has not paid, amount
g to sb:%.29. His family washing
ias not been paid for and he got a car
oad of cotton seed to plant. which he
hould pay for. All these matters, ta
en with his presents of State property
,o his friends and his having his super
ntendent. Rlagsdale, to furnish the
ows to the penitentiary at a big profit.
hich profit Mr. Neal got, his keeping
>pea house for his friends at the peni
entiary at the State's expense. stamp
um as being utterly deficient in the
'acuty of distinguishing between what
s his and what is the: State's, acom
~anied with a remarkable faculty of
f Continued on Fourth Page.1
TIE COTTON CROP.
in Poorer Condition Aug. I Than
at Same Date in Years.
BIG STATES SHOW LOSSES.
Georgia. Alabama and Texas
Crops Decline 6 Points Dur
ing Month. Corn, Wheat
and Other Crops.
The monthly report of the statistician
of the department of agriculture shows
the average condition of cotton on
August 1 to have been S, as compared
with S7.8 on July 1, 91.2 on August 1,
1899, 86.9 at the corresponding date in
1897 and 85.8 the mean of the August
averages for the last ten years.
There was a decline during July
amounting to 5 points in North Caro
lina. 1 in South Carolina, G in Georgia.
Alabama and Texas. 4 in Tennessee and
2 in Missouri. On the other hand,
there was an improvement of 1 point in
Louisiana, 2 points in Virginia, Okla
homa and Indian Territory. points in
l'lorida.and Nlississippi and 4 points in
Arkansas.
The average of the different States
on August 1 were as follows:
Virginia588: North Carolina 80: outh
Carolina 7S: Georgia 79; Florida 93;
Alabama 82; 31ississippi. Missouri, Ar
kansas, Louisiana 8; Texas S7; Ten
nessee 84; Oklahoma S0; Indian Terri
tory 93.
The Texas report includes the con
dition in the recently submerged re
gion. a special rep rt on which is al
most ready for publication.
Corn 89.9: spring wheat o{.: oats
90.8; barley 93.1; spring rye 89.0; buck
wheat 93.2; potatoes 93.0; timothy hay
S6.7.
The average condition of corn im
proved 3.4 points during July, and on
August 1 it was 2.9 points higher than
at the corresponding date last year, 5.7
points higher than or, August 1, 1899,
and 3.2 points above the mean of Au.
gust 1, 1897, and 3.2 points above the
mean of the August averages for th3
last ten vears. The averages in the
principal States :.rc as follows: Ohio
90; Indiana 94: Illinois 91; Iowa S2;
Missouri S8; Kansas 106; Nebraska 99.
The average condition of spring wheat
declined S.1 points during July, and on
August 1 it was 12.9 points lower than
on the corresponding date last year,
3.1 lower than on August 1, 1S97, and 3
points lower than the mean of the Au
gust averages for the last ten years.
The condition in the principal States is
as follows: Minnesota 90; Iowa S9;
Nebraska GG: South Dakota S4; North
Dakota S6; Washington S5; Oregon 81.
The average condition of oats im
proved 0.S points during July, and on
August 1 it was 6.6 points higher than
at the corresponding date last year, 4 8
points higher than on August 1, 1897,
and 8.3 points above the mean of the
August averages for the last ten years.
The averages in the principal States
are as follows: New York 90; Penn
sylvania 9S: Ohio and 31innesota 95:
owa 94; Kansas S5, and Nebraska 92.
The proportion of the oat crop of last
year still in the hands of farmers is es
timated at 6.9 per cent. as compared
with 6.4 per cent. of the crop of 1897
in farmers' hands one year ago, and 10.1
per cent. of the crop of 189t; in farmers'
hands two years ago.
The average condition of barley im
proved 1 66 points during July, and on
Agst 1 it was 14.:3 points higher than
t the corresponding date last year, 6.1
points higher than on August 1, 1997,
and 8.6 points above the meaL of the
August averages for the last ten years.
The condition in the principal States is
s follows: New Yord and M1innesota
90; \\ isconsin 96: Iowa and North Da
kota 94: South Dakota 89: California
The average condition of spring rye
elined .7 point during July and on
August 1 was 4.7 lower than at the
:orresponding date last year and .8
point lower than on August 1. 1897.
but still 1.5 above the mean of the
August averages for the last ten years.
n Wisconsin. which State produces
more than one'-half of the entire spring
rye crop, the condition on -\ugust 1
was 93.
Preliminary returns indicate an in
rease of seven eights of 1 per cent. in
the acreage in buckwheat as comiparcd
with last year. There is an apparent
increase of 5 per cent. in New York and
f 2 per cent. in Pennsylvania. The
verare condition of buckwheat is 6
points higher than at the corresp;onding
date last year, and 1.7 points lower
than on August 1, 1897, and 2 2 points
above the mecar of the .\ugust averages
for the last ten years.
The average condition of potatoes de
clined .8 point during .July, but is st'll
.1 points higher than don August 1. 18%'
15.1 points highcr than on the corres
ponding date in 1897 and 6.9 points
above th~e mecan of the August averages
for the last ten yec~rs.
0f the 13~ principal sweet p )tato
States. S report a decliric during Jiuly
and 4 an improvement. while in one.
North Carolina. the condition remains
about the same.
Preliminary returns indicate a redue
tion of :-.4 per cent. in the hay aereage.
Of the States mowing one million acres
r upward last year. only 3Missouri.
Kansas, Nebraska. Sonth Dakota arid
California showed an icreased acreare.
The condition of timothy hay is 12.;
points below that of last year.
The average condition of tobaceo has
eclined 11 points in Kentucky. 6 in
Tennessee and MIissouri. 3 in Virginia
ad Pennsylvania, 2 in M1assachusetts.
I in Ohio and Wisconsin and in In
diana. ( ) the other hand it has im
jrovd 5 p)oints in North Carolina and
M~aryland. 5 points in New York. anl
has about held its own in Connecticut.
There are but few States from which
the repor s as to the apple crop arc not
even more unfavorable than they were
last month.
There his bzen a i-rked improve
met in the condition of pastures
throughout the New England States and
also in New York and PennLsylvania.
with some improvement also in Ohio,
Kansas, MIichigan and Texas. On the
other hand, there has been a falling off
in condition in Kentucky, Illinois, Iowa
THE SOUTHERN EXPOSITIONS.
A Chance for South Carolina to Dis
play Her Resources.
The Southern Exposition will be
held in New York at the Grand Cen
tral Palace from the 31st of October
to the 25th of November. The object
of the exposition is to advertise the
South and show to the country at large
what wonderful progress has been
made during the past quarter of a cen
tury in agriculture, mining and manu
facturing and in educational science.
The advisory committee consists of
meu prominent in all the walks of life
from Texas to New York. The mem
bers of the committee from South Car
olina are: Gov. McSweeney, Mayor
Smyth. of Charleston, lion. A. C. Lati
mer. of Belton, i1on. James Norton, of
Mulhlns, and Capt. W. A. Courtenay,
Newry, S. C.
Col. John J. Garnett is the director
of the exhibition. Among others on
the aavisory committee are: Gen.
Wheeler, Gov. Candler, of Georgia,
Gov. Bradley, of Kentucky, Mayor
Watkins. of Chattanooga, Roger A.
Pryor, Assistant District Attorney
-James L. Gordon and Collis P. Hunt
ington.
The exposition will have depart
ments of fine arts, history, commerce
and manufactures, agriculture, horti
culture and farm implements, machin
ery. geology, minerals and mining, for
estry r-nd forest products, women s,
educational and Negro departments.
For the forestry exhibit it is inten
ded that each species of tree shall be
renresented by several specimens of all
the commercials forms into which it is
maufactured, and every shipping
grade of each species and variety will
be represented by two or three speci
mens. Every effort will be made to
arrange a complete line of samples, so
as to present an intelligent idea at a
glance to the expert as well as to the
casual observer.
It will be the purpose of the Negro
department to show the progress of
the Negro race in America from the
old plantation day to the present. Ex
hibits of work done by Negroes in all
walks of life will be found in this de
partment, while in the educational ex
hibit the advancement of the Negro
race in cducatioa will be shown.
The promoters of the exposition ex
pect to have every industry in all the
Southern States represented.
The enterprise has the'support of the
Mayors in the leading Southern cities
and is endorsed by the Governors of all
the Southern States.
PERISHED IN ALASKa.
hirty Half Dead Survivors of Edmon
ton Expedition Reach Wrangle.
A dispatch from Wrangle, Alaska,
says: The Stickeen river steamer
Stratheona arrived here Thursday with
30 survivors of the Edmonton trail.
They are weston men, except about 10.
All these came in with thepack train
ent out from Telegraph Creek and
Laketon by the various trading com
panies last spring.
The unfortunates tell heartrending
stories of hardships endured and com
rades lost and abandoned, and strongly
denounce the trading and transporta
tion companies as well as the Canadian
officials and newspapers that so pro
fusely advertised this route as a feas
ible one to the Klondike gold fields.
To outward appearances these men
certainly give evidence of the awful
suffering undergone since leaving Ed
mnton 1S months ago. 3Most of them
are sickly looking, with unkept beards
and greasy cloths-pictures of physical
and financial wrecks. Several have
grown gray and bear marks of scurvy.
A few have just enough money to
reach Seattle or Victoria, but the ma
jority arc without funds.
The citizens of Wrangle have ap
plied to the United States government
a~t Washington, but up to this time no
aid had been received. It is admitted
that there are more than 100) men scat
tered along the trail between Laird
Post and the Pelly banks and relief
parties have been sent out by the Ilud
son Bay company. The last reports
brought to Laird Post are that many
were dying of seurvy and hunger. It
is estimated there are :30 of 40 sufferers
it Telegraph creak awaiting the next
:rip of the boat. Tlhe sick that had to
be carried on strztchecrs had not yet
eahed Glenora when the Stratheona
sailed.
Several starvation ca-es are reported.
bout 20) miles ahove Devil's Portage,
wo unknown men were found frozen
:o death last winter. A man named
Johnson from Newv York was found
lead in a tent near the source of the
uda river lat fall. ____
A Wet Place.
thrapueji. in Assam. northeast of
'alcutta, has the reputation of being
he wettest place on the earth, the
averaae annual rainfall being 493.15
nies, while it has the record of one
nonth in which 147.17 inches fell.
This year it seems bound to beat all
rrevious records, 217. S4 inches of rain
avina fallen between January 1 and
re n iddle of June. live months and a
ral', while 7:;. 7: inches. over six feet
A water. fell in a week.
Number of Lives Lost.
The MIontreal fast express to Ottawa,
whilch left Ottawa over the Canadian
tlanth- at ::0 Wednesday morning,
jumped the traa near St. Policarpe.
S rseven persons lost their lives.
So far as known the dead arc: Jos.
Rochelau and daughter of MIontreal.
Wils'on O' Connor of Ottawa. Ned Stairs
afOttawa,Gorrc MIejuaig. fireman.
> Ottawva. T he~ fat-ally injured are:
ellie Ryan, Bridget Ryan and Ella
M Dounl ii' r aniwarke, nebec, and
Mr . Joser'h RI acheleau ot M1ontreal.
Seeking a New Home.
Thle British North Borneo Company
as rece~ived a re.;uest fr the Philip
pines asingi the company to lease or
Iel to I li~irrs Bangucy Islhud, just
-.ut f l'alawan Island. It is only
arel ibited by natives. The
1 lripin'. who are engineering the deal
say th l. case of their defeat Aguin
aldo and other leaders, with a large
se~ctionl of the l'ilipinos, may settle at
Banguey, und.er British protection and
company's rule. The board is now con
idering the question, but it is under
stood the company is not averse to leas
ing the island on very favorable terms
QUARANTINE RAISED
Yellow Fever Epidemic Practically
Stamped Out.
NORFOLK DENOUNCED.
Her Merchants Will Transfer
Their Business to Rich
mond. Fever Record
to Date.
A dispatch from Newport News says:
The, yellow fever epidemic is practical
ly at an end. The quarantine - estab
lished by this city against Hampton
and vicinity was raised Thursday, fol-.
lowing a conference between the health
boards of Newpurt News, Richmond,
Norfolk and Hampton, with the State
board of health and representatives of
the Marine Hospital service. The lo
cal quarantine against Norfolk remains
in force, but will be raised Saturday
evening.
The record of the scoarge to this date
shows a total of 43 cases, of which 11
resulted fatally. Twelve cases were
discharged as cured and 20 convales
cents remain in hospital at the Soldi
ers' Home. An interesting episode of
the dread malady was the uprising of
of the business men of the city
against Norfolk, because of the
quarantine of that city against Newport
News, which was regarded as premature
and unnecessary. The action of the
Norfolk health authorities was de
nounced at a public meeting, and the
majority of the business men pledged
themselves to transfer their patronage
to Richmond, providing the Chesapeake
and Ohio Railway would grant satisfac
tory rates.
Killed by a Live Wire.
Four firemen lost their lives Wednes
day night in a blaze on an upper floor
of the Mercer Chemical company's
building at Eleventh and Harney
a.reets, Omaha, Neb. The fire in itself
was insignificant, the fatalities result
ing from contact with a live wire.
The dead firemen are: Jos. Adams,
lieutenant; Otto Geiseke, tillerman;
Gco. Benson, pipeman, Charles Hop
per. relief driver.
Fireman Geo. Farmer and Albert
Livingston of the Chemical company
also suffered severely from the shock.
When the fire had been brought under
control, the firemen set to work to lower
the big extension truck upon which
they had been working. Suddenly
there was a sputtering and succession
of flashes. The men who were working
at the crank lowering the ladder,
writhed in agony a moment and then
fell to the pavement limp and apparent
ly lifeless. In lowering the ladder it
had come in contact with a live wire
carrying a current of 2,000 volts. The
injured men were at once carried into
an adjoining building and doctors who
were present used every means known
to revive them. Hopper revived in a
few minutes, and saying he was all
right started to walk away. He had
only gone about 50 feet when he
dropped dead. Geiseke showed signs
of reviving, but when only partially
rallied sank back and expired. The
other two never at any time showed
any signs of animation, and were
doubtless dead when picked up. -
Unfit For Commnand.
A special dispatch from Victoria, B.
C., says: Capt. St. John, of the British
cruiser Peacock, who arrived here from
Manila declares that Gen. Otis is utter
ly ignorant of the necessities or respon
sibilities of a campaign in the tropics.
He has 5,000 dead to his account, the
British officer declares, and his hesita
tion has already shown his forces that
he has no grasp on the situation. Otis'
field transport service is declared to be
wretchedly insufficient and his hospital
corps a farce; and his plan of campaign
calculated to advance the enemy's inter
est as no other could. A serious
breach is declared to exist between the
United States army and navy at the
front, and Commander St. John says
the "first thing the United States gov
ernment should do is to recall this
man. It is really pitiful to see the
sacrifice of the splendid men of his ar
my." incidentally Commander St.
John says that the press censorship is
carried to the extreme in Manila to save
Otis from being swept down in a flood
of popular indignation.
Our Terrible Army.
The report of Commissioner of Pen
sions Evans for the fiscal year ending
June 30, last, shows a total disburse
mcnt of $138,253, 923, leaving a bal
ance of $1,857,188 in the treasury out
of the $140,000,000 appropriated. The
total number of pensioners on the roll
June 30 was 991,519, a decrease of
2,195. There were 40,991 names added
to tia roll and 43,186 dropped. The
report shows the pension roll is decrea
ing. Of those dropped 34,345 were be
cause of death and 8,841 because of re
marriage, minors attaining their ma
jority, failure to claim pension and
other causes. The war with Spain
brought a total of 16,986 claims, of
which number but 295 have been al
lowed. ______
Famine in Russia.
The state department has received a
report from Consul Hleenan, at Odessa,
llussia, stating that the failure of the
crops in many of the provinces of En
ropine Russia is a much more serious
affair than is generally admitted. The
famine districts are divided up, and
government aid is being given accord
ing to the extent of the failure in the
several districts. Employment is being
given to a large number of peasants on
special lines of work, such as road
making. __________
Our Tobacco All Right.
The news that the Japanese govern
ment will continue to buy its tobacco
in this country will be especially grati
fying to South Carolina growers, for
much of the American tobacco consum
ed in Japan is the product of this State.
The report was recently current that
the tobacco trust, in order to prevent
Japanese competition, had secured con
trol of the firms in that country which
had been its competitors in our market;
but not even the American Tobacco
company can buy up the government of
Japan, and with that in the field for
South Carolina leaf the desired compe

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