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CAPITAL AND LABUK
Rev. Dr. Talmage Discusses the
SOME LESSONS DRAWN
From Strikes in Various Parts of
the Country. A Truce Be
tween Labor and Capita!.
Each Needs the Other.
In this disc urD Dr. Talunaw sug
gests how the everlasting war between
capital and lab'r may he brouz:t to a
happy end. The text is. I Corinthians
xii, 21, "The eye cannot say unto the
hand, I have n,, need of thee.
Fifty thousand workmen in Chicago
ceasing work in one day, lrooklyn
stunned by the attempt to halt its rail
road cars, Cleveland in the throes of a
labor agitation and restlessness among
toilers all over the land have caused an
epidemic of strikes, and somewhat te
better things I apply the Pauline
thought of my text.
You have seen an elaborate piece
of machinery, with a thousand wheels
and a thousand pulleys, all controlled
by one great water wheel. the mac.hin
ery so adjusted that when you jar one
part of it you jar all parts of it. Wll,
human society is a great piece of me
chanism controllcd by one great and
ever revolving force--the wheel of G od s
providence. You harm one part of the
machinery of society and you harim all
parts. All professions interdependent.
All trades interdependent. All classes
of people interdependent. Capital and
labor interdependent. No such thing
as independence. Dives cannot kick
Lazarus without hurting his own foot.
They who threw Shadrach into the fur
nace got their own bodies scorched. Or
to come back to the figure of the text.
what a strange thing it would be if the
eye should say: I oversee the entire
physical mechanism. I despise the
other members of the body. If there
is anything I am disgusted with, it is
with those miserable, low lived hands.
Or what if the hand skould say: I am
the boss workman of the whole physical
economy. I have no respect for the
other members of the body. If there
is anything I despise, it is the eye
seated under the dome of the forehead
doing nothing but look.
I come in, and I wave the flag of
truce between these two contestants.
and I say, "The eye cannot say to the
hand, 'I have no need of thee.'
That brings me to the first sugges
tion, and that is, that labor and capital
are to be brought to -a better under
standing by a complete canvass of the
whole subject. They will be brought
to peace when they find that they are
identical in their interests. When one
goes down, both go down. When one
rises, they both rise. There will be an
equilibrium after awhile. There never
has been an exception to the rule.
That which is good for one class of so
ciety and that which is bad for one
class of society will eventually and in
time be bad for all. Every speech that
labor makes against capital postpones
the day of perraanent adjustment.
Every speech that eapital makes against
labor postpones the day of permanent
adjustment. When capital maligns la
bor, itis the eye curaing the hand. When
labor maligns capital, it is the hand
cursing t.he eye. As far as I have ob
served, the vast majority of capitalists
are successful laborers. If the cap'tal
ists would draw their gh ;.;, you would
see the broken finger nail, the scar of
an old blister, the stiffened finger joint.
The great publishers of the country for
the most part were booktinders or type
setters on small pay. The gzeat car
riage manufacturers for the most part
sandpapered wagon bodies in wheel
'While, on the other hand, in all our
lge manufacturing establishments you
wi' find men on wages who once em
ployed 100 or 500 hands. The distance
between capital and labor is not a great
gulf over which is swung a Niagara suts
pension bridge. It is only a step. and
-the capitalists are crossing over to be
come laborers, and the laborers are
crossing over to become capitalists.
Would God they might shake hands
while they cross.
Again, there is to come relief to the
laboring classes of this country through
cooperative associations. 1 am not at
this moment speaking of trades unions,
but of that plan by which laborers put
their surplus together and become tlhir
own capitalists. Instead of being de
pendent upon the beck of this capital
ist or that capitalist they manage their
own affairs. In England and Wales
there are 813 co-operative associations.
They have 340,000 members. They
have a capitol of $18,000,000, or what
corresponds to our dollars, and they do
a b~usiness annually of $63,000,000.
'Thomas Brassey, one of the foremost
men in the British parliament, on the
subject says: "Co-operation is the one
and the only relief for the laboring pop
ulations. This is the path," he says.
"by which they are to come up from
the hand to the mouth style of living to
reap the rewards and the honors of our
advanced civilization." Lord Dlerby
and John Stuart Mill, who gave half'
their lives to the study of the labor
qudestion, believed in co-operative insti
tutione. The co-operative in stitut ion
formed in Troy, N. Y., stood long
enough to illustrate the fact that great
good might come of such an institution
if it were rightly carried on and might
"But," says some one, "haven't
these institution sometimes been a fail
ure?" Yes. Every great movement
has been a failure at some time. Ap
plication of the steam power a failure,
electro telegraphy a failure, railroading
a failure, but now the chief successes
of the world.
"But," says some one, "why talk of
surplus being put by laborers into c-o
operative associations, when the vast
multitude of toilers of this country are
struggling for their daily bread and
have no surplus?" I reply: Put into
my hand the money spent by the labor
ing classes of America for rum and to
bacco, and I will establish co-operative
associations in all parts of this land,
some of them mightier than any finan
cial institutions of the country. We
spend in this country over $100.000,
000 every year for tobacci., We spend
over $1,500,000,000 directly or indi
:ectly for rum. The laboring classes
spend their share of this money. Now.
suppose the laboring man who has been
expending his money in those directions
should just add up how much he has ex
pended during these past few years and
then suppose that that money was put
into a co-operative association and then
suppose he should have all his friends
in toil, who had made the same kind of
expenditure, do the same thing. and
that should be added up and put into
a co-operative association. And then
take all that money expended for over
dress and overstyle and overliving on
theyc may, appear as well qs wean ho
have mOre income-- gather th't all :p,
and Co could have co-operative associ
ation all over this bad.
I 1m not sayin.- anvthingz now about
trades unions. You want to know what
I think of trades unions. 1 think they
are most beneficial in some directions,
and they have a specific object and in
this day, when there are vast monopo
li-s-a thousand monopolies concentra
tin' the wealth of the people into the
')o-eSSion f a few men, unless the Ia
.orin- men (,f this country and all coun
tI s band together they vill go under.
There is a lawful use of a trade union,
but then there is an unlawful use of a
trade uion. If it means sympathy in
eof sikness. If it means finding
wor k for people when they are out of
work, if it means the improvement of
the financial. the moral or the religious
condition of the laboring classes. that
is al' right. Do not artists band togeth
C in an art union? D not singers
band together in Handel and Haydn so
Ietie-? Do not newspaper men band
to:et'er in p-ess clubs * Do not minis
ter- of relizion band together in con
ferences and associations? There is
not in all the land a city where clergy
men do not eacm together, many of
them once a week, to talk over affairs.
For these reasons you should not blame
labor iuilds. When they are doing
their lecitimate work, they are most ad
mirable. but when they come around
with drum and fife and tiag and drive
people off from their toil, from their
seaffoldings. from their factories, then
they are nihilistic, then they arc com
muoistie, then they are barbaric, then
they are a curse. If a man wants to stop
work, let him stop work. but he cannot
stop me from work.
BIut now suppose that all the laboxing
classes banded together for beneficient
purposes in co-operative association un
der whatever name they put theirmeans
together. Suppose they take the money
that they waste in rum and tobacco and
use it for the elevation of their famil
ies. for the education of their children
for their moral, intellectual and relig
ious improvement, what a different
state of things we would have in this
country and they would have in Great
Do you not realize the fact that men
work better without stimulant? You
say, Will you deny the laboring men
this help which they get from strong
drink, borne down as they are with many
anxieties and exhausting work?" I
would deny them nothing that is good
for them. I would deny them storng
drink, if I had the power, because it 's
damaging to them. My father said:
1" became a temperance man in early
life because I found that in the harvest
field, while I was naturally weaker than
the other men, I could hold out longer
than any of them. They took stimu
lant and I tooK none."
Everybody knows they cannot endure
great fatigue-men who indulge in stim
ulants. All our young men understand
that. When they are preparing for the
regatta or the ball club or the athletic
wrestling, they abstain frem strong
drink. Now, suppose all this money
that is wasted were gathered together
and put into co-operative institutions
-oh, wi- would have a very different
state of things from what we have now!
I remark again: The laboring classes
of this country are to find great relief
when they learn, all of them learn, fore
cast and Providence. Vast numbers of
them put down their income, and they
put down their expenses, and if the in
come meets the expenses that is all that
is necessary. I know laboring men wvho
are in a perfect fidget until they have
spent their last dollar. They fly around
everywhere until they get it spent. A
case came under my observation where
a young man was receiving $700 a year
and earned it by very hard work. The
marriage day came. The bride had re
ceived $300 as an inheritance from her
grandfather. She put the $500 in wed
ding equipment. Then the twain hired
two rooms on the third story. Then
this man, who had most arduous em
ployment, just as much as he could
possibly endure, got evening employ
ment so he could earn a few dollars
more, and by this extra evening em
ployment aluuout extinguished his eye
sight. Wny did he take this extra
evenirg employment? Was it to lay
by something for a rainy day? No.
Was it to get a life insurance so that if
he shou.d die his wife would not be a
pauper? No. It was for the one purpose
of getting his wife a $150 sealskin sack.
1 am~ just giving you a fact I know.
The sister of this woman, although she
wa.- a very poor girl, was not to be
eclipsed, and so she wenit to work day
and night and toiled and toiled and
toiled almost into the grave until she
got a $130 sealskin sack! Well, the
news went abroad all through the street.
Most of the people on that street were
laboring hardworking people, and they
were not to be outshone in this way,
and they all went to work in the same
direction and practically said, though
not literally. "Though the heavens fall,
we must have a sealskin sack!'
A clergyman in Iowa told me that his
church and the entire neighborhood had
been ruined by the fact that the people
mortgaged their farms in ordered to go
down'to the Philadelphia centennial in
187i;. First, one family would go, then
another family, and finally it was not
respectable no, to go to the centennial
at Philadelphia, and they mortgaged
their farms. The church and the
neighborhood ruined in that way. Now,
between such fools and pauperism there
is only a very short step. In time of
peace prepare for war. In time of pros
perity prepare for adversity. Yet how
many there are who drive on the verge
of the precipice and at the least touch of
acidet or sickness over they go. Ah,
my friends, it is not right, it is not
honest' lie that provideth not for his
own, and especially those of his own
houehold, is worse than an infidel. A
man has no right to live in luxury and
have all comforts and all brightness
around him, taking his family with him
at that rate-everything bright and
beautiful and luxurious, until he stum
bles against a tombstone and falls in
and they all go~ to the poorhouse. That
is not commnon honesty. I am no ad
vocate of skinflint saving. I abhor it.
But I pleadJ for Christian providence.
There are some people who are dis
gusted if'they see anything like econo
my. such as a man might show in turn
ine down the gas in the parlor when he
oes out. There are families actually
embarrassed if you ring their doorbell
before they have t he hall lighted.
There are people who apologize if you
surprise them at the table. Now, is it
mean or it is magnificent to save just
accoring to what you save for. If it is
fo the miiserly hoarding of it, then it is
~epcable. but if it means better educa
tion for vouir children, if it means
or house help for your wife when
heis not strong enough to do much
wok, if i: means that the day of your
death shal not be a horror beyond all
enura nce because it is to throw your
famly ito disrup'tion and annihilation
Iand poorhouse, then it is magifiicent if
t. it divid all that.
Some of the old:- persuns remaember
very well Abraham Van Nest of New
He was often called mcan because he
calculated so closely. Why did he
calculate so closely. That lie might
have the more to give. There was not
a Bible society, or a tract society, or a
reformatory institutton ia the city of
New York but he had a hand in sup
porting it. He denied himself many
luxuries that he might give to others
the necessities. le has been many
years reaping his reward in heaven, but
1 shall never forget the day when I, a
green country lad, came to his house
and spent the evening, and at the close
of the evening, as I was departing, he
accompanied me to the steps, can*
down ciT the steps and said: "Here,
lieWitt, is $40 for books. Don't say
anything about it.- It is mean or it is
niaincent to save. according as you
save for a good or for a bad object.
I know there are many people who
have much to say against savings banks
and life insurances. I have to tell you
that the vast majority of the home
steads in this country has been the re
sult of such institutions, and I have to
tell you also that the vast majority of
the homesteads of the future for the
laboring classes will be the result of
such institutions. It will be a great
day for the working classes of England
and the United S:ates when the work
ingman can buy a barrel of flour instead
of flour by the small sack, when he can
buy a barrel of sugar instead of sugar
by the pound, when he can pay cash
for costs and hats and shoes rather than
pay an additional amoant for the rea
son that he has to get it all charged.
Again I remark, great relief is to
come for the laborir.g classes of this
country by appreciation on the part of
employers that they had better take
their employees into their confidence.
I can see very easily, looking from my
standpoint, what is the matter. Em
ployes, seeing the employer in seeming
prosperity, do not know all the straits,
all the hardships. all the losses, all the
annoyances. They look at him and
they think. *-Why, be has it easy,
and we have it hard.- They do not
krow that at that very moment the em
ployer is at the last point of desperation
to meet his engagements.
I know a gentleman very well who
nas over a thousand hands in his em
ploy. I said to him some years ago
when there was grcat trouble in the la
bor -market. "How are you getting on
with your men?" "Oh!" he said, "4I
have no trouble." "Why," I said,
"have not you had any strikes?" "Ob,
no," he said, "I never had any trou
ble." "What plan do you pursuc'
He said: "I will tell you. All my i
know every year just how matters sta Ji
Every little while I call them toget! er
and say: 'Now, boys, last year I in. e
so much; this year Imade less; so 3u
see I cannot pay you as much as I did
last year. Now. I want to know what
you think I ought to have as a percent
age out of this establishment and what
wages I ought to give you. You know
I put all my energy in this business,
put all my fortune in it and risked
everything. What do you really think
I ought to have ;.nd you ought to have?
By the time we come out of that con
sultation we are unanimous. There
never has been an exception. When
we prosper, we all prosper together;
when we suffer, we all suffer together,
and my men would die for me." Now,
let all employers be frank with their
employees. Take them into your confi
denca. Let them know just how mat
ters stand. There is an immense amount
of common sense in the world. It is
always safe to appeal to it.
I remark, again, great relief will::ome
to the laboring classes ,of this country
through the religious rectification of it.
Labor is honored and rewarded in pro
portion as a community is Christianiz
ed. Why is it that our smallest . coin
in this country is a penny, while in
China it takes a half dozen pieces of
coin or a dozen to make one of our pen
nies in value, so the Chinese carry the
cash, as they call it, like a string of
beads around the neck? We never
want to pay less than a penny for any
thing in this country. They must pay
that which is worth only the sixth part
or the twelfth part of a penny. Heath
enism and iniquity and infidelity do'
press everything. The gospel of Jesus
Christ elevates everythiang. h ow do I
account for this? I account for it with
the plainest philosophy. The religion
of Jesus Christ is a democratic religion.
It tells the employer that he is a broth
er to all the operatives in the establish
ment-made by the same God, to lie in
the same dust and to be saved by the
same supreme mercy. It does not
make the slightest difference how much
money you have, you cannot buy your
,Tay into the kingdom of heaven. If
you have the grace of God in your heart
you will enter heaven. So you see it is
a democratic religion. Saturate our
population with this gospel, and labor
will be respectful, labor will be reward
ed, labor will be honored, capital will
be Christian in all its behavior, and
there will be higher tides of thrift set
Let me say a word to all capitalists:
Be your own executors. Make invest
ments for eternity. iDo not be like
some of those capitalists I know who
walk around among their employers
with a supercilious air or drive u;> to
the factory in a manner which seems
to indicate they are the autocrat of the
universe, with the sun and moon in
their vest pockets, chiefly anxious
when they go among laboring men not
to be touched by the greasy or smirch'
ed hand and have their broadcloth in
jured. Be Christian employer. Re
member th' se who are under your
charge are bone of your bone and flesh
of your flesh, that Jesus Christ died
for them and that they are immortal.
Divide up your estates, or portions of
them, for the relief of the world before
you leave it. Do not go out of the
world like that man who died in New
York leaving in his will $40,000,000,
yet giving how much for the church of
God how much for the alleviation of
human suffering? Hie gave some mon
ey a little while before he died. That
was well, but in all this will of' $40,
000,000 how much? One million?
No. Five hundred thousand? No.
One hundred dollars? No. Two
cents? No. One cent? No. These
great cities groaning in anguish.
nations crying out for the bread of
everlasting life. A man in a will
giving $40,000,000 and not 1 cent to
God! It is a disgrace to our civiliza
tion. OJr, as illustrated in a letter
which I have concerning a man wei
departed this life leaving bet veen $.>,
000000 and SS,000,I00(. Not one
dollar was left, this writer ,ays, to
comfort the aged workmen and work
women, not $1 to elevate and instruct
the hundre,1s .of pdIe children who
stifled thei:- childish are wth in the heat
and clamor of hisi factory. Is it
strange that the curse of' the children
of toil follows such ingratitude? How
well could one of his many millions
have been dispursed for the prcsent
and the future benefit of those whose
hands had woven literally the fabric of
the dead man's princely fortune. O
crpitalists of the United States. be
your own executors: Be a Geore
Peabody, if needbe, on a small scale.
God has made you a steward.rDis
charge your responsibility.
My word is to all laboring mn in
this country: i congratulate y(ou at
your brightcuirg prospects. I con
gratulate you on the fact that you are
getting your representatives at Albany,
at Hlarrisburg and at Washington. I
have only to mention such a man of
the past as Henry Wilson, the shoe
maker: as Andrew Johnson, the tailor:
as Abraham Lincoln, the boatman.
The living illustrations easily occur to
you. This will go on until you will
have representatives at al the head
quarters, and you will have full justice.
Mark that. I congratulate you also at
the opportunitics for your children.
I congratulate you that you have to
work and that when you a- dead your
children will have to work.
I congratulate you also on your op
portunities of information. Plato
paid -1.'00 for two books. Jerome
ruined himself financially by buying
one volanie of "Origen." What Tast
opportunities for intelligence for you
and your children! A workingman
goes along by the show window of some
great publishing house, and he sees a
book that costs 5. He sayr: "I
wish I could have that information. I
wish I could raise S5 for that costly
and beautiful book." A few months
pass on, and lie gets the value of that
book for 25 cents in a pamphlet.
There never was such a day for the
workingmen of America as this day
and the day that is coming.
[ also congratulate you because your
work is only prefatory and introducto
ry. You want the grace of Jesus
Christ. the Carpenter of Nazareth.
He toiled himself, and he knows how
to sympathize with all who toil. Get
his grace in your heart, and you can
sing on the scaffolding amid the storm,
in the shop shoving the plane, in the
mine plunging the crowbar, on ship
board climbing the ratlines. He will
make the drops of sweat on your brow
glittering pearls for the eternal coronet.
Are you tired? lie will rest you.
Are you sick? He will give you help.
Are you cold? He will wrap you in
the mantle of his love. Who are
they before the throne? "Sir," you
say, -their hands were never calloused
with toil!" Yes, they were. You say,
"Their feet were never blistered with
the long jonrney." I es, they were,
but Christ raised them to that high
eminence. Who are these? "These
are they that came out of great tribula
tion and hdd their robes washed and
made white in the blood of the Lamb."
That for every. Christian workingman
Ud for every Christian working woman
will be the beginning of eternal holi
THE CROPS AND WEATHER.
What the Department of Airriculture
Says About Them.
The week ending Aug. 14, 1899, gave
acontinuation of the excessively hot
weather that has prevailed almost
without cessation since the opening of
the crop season. The weekly mean
temperature was about 5 degrees above
Thunderstorms occurred on the 8th,
10th and 11th, quite generally over the
State with, however, localities that had
no rain in insufficient amounts, while
generally there was enough, and in Col
leton and Edgefield counties excessive
rains occurred. In the latter county,
at Poverty Hill, nearly nine inches
f ell during two showers, flooding bottom
lands, and damaging crops thereon.
Hig winds and hail also did some
damage by blowing down corn, and beat
ing down other field crops.
Army worms continue to destroy
young corn and grass, and were report
ed from more counties than last week,
but their number is apparently decreas
ing. Horn worms on tobacco have
spread over three counties and are very
Early cotton is opeoing over the en
tire State, and picking has begun in lo
calities. There is somewhat less shed
ding than last week, but rust is spread
ing. The bottom crop is a heavy one,
the middle crop 'very poor having been
shed, while the new growth is putting
on a top crop in places. As a whole,
its present condition cannot be ,aid to
be promising, nor yet extremely poor,
both conditions prevailing according to
locality. Sea island cotton shedding
some, still blighting, is well fruited and
beginning to open.
There is general improvement in corn
that has not reached maturity, with a
few reports of exceeding fire crops, but
the coutrary is the rule. Fodder pull
ing is well under way and being finished
in southeastern counties. A fair yield
of fodder has been saved.
Tobacco cutting and curing is about
finished in the eastern districts. The
quality of the crop has been further
injured in places by excessive heat and
worms. In the western districts cut
ting has only begun.
Rice is heading and some is ripening
while harvesting has begun on a small
scale. Many report upland rice very
poor. Sugar cane, sorghum, peas and
pinders doing well generally. Turnips
being sown and lands prepared for fall
Plunged Among The Sharks.
A magazine writer, in describing a
rcent trip at sea, says an interesting
oc-rrence on the ocean trip was when
a Lascar sailor volunteered to show
how sharks were killed in his country.
Several were following in the wake of
the ship at the time, and the Lascar
selectedl the largest for the exhibition.
Divesting himself of his already scant
apparel he armed himself with a knife.
which he carried between his teeth and
made a deep dive. We did not see
him for fully two minutes, and just
when we thought something was wrong,
a great commotion occurred among the
sharks, and slowly one turned over on
his back, the water, meanwhile, be
coming a deep red. The Lasear had
swum unider water and used his dirk
wth deadly effect. So quiet had been
his approach that the other fishes had
failed to notice him, and when they
did they were frightened oti by the
splashing made by their wounded
A Northern Argument.
The brilliart 'Tiof the2 Tongue'
m'ar in the Newv York Press, says:
"liis can the south hold out for
ilver? The price of cotton went up
0 points in ten days. That is equiva
lent to $2 a bale. The crop last year
was 11,000,000 bales. A t $2 a bale the
value of the crop is increased $22.000,
00. Every pound of cotton is sold for
old. It is worth its weight in gold. It
is gold! What fools these farmers be"
The price of cotton, on the gambling
exchanges, goes up and down, daily
ad it is a little Joker. The bulk ofi
the crop was sold long ago by the south
ern producers at very low figures. A1
few men made money by the late da-!
ance. It is no consolation to the
southern planters that their cotton sells
for four or five cents a pound in gold.
They arc not as much fooled as you
A NOVEL WILL
How the Southern States Can Mak
Two Billion Dollars.
Mr. T. J. Eady. of Atlanta. seud:
the Journal the following unique will:
"Being of sound mind and disposinc
memory (I know my mind is sound fol
I have lately had it examined) I, T. J.
Eady, will and bequeath to the ten cot
ton States over one hundred million dol
lars each year for the next twenty year!
o0:t of the good reserve of the Englisi
government, and I appoint the ten gover
nors of said States as executors and ad
nministrators to execute and carry out as
hereinafter set forth for the benefit ol
the said States and the people thereo
for school purposes, etc.
"First, let each of the ten governors
of these States appoint three commis
sioners to represent them, and these
thirty commissioners meet and formu
late this plan which will make all the
people happy. Let each State pay the
farmer seven sents per pound for all the
middling cotton raised. Let each State
sell this coton at nine cents per pound
and by this arrangement they make
ten dollars per bale profit. Now, sup
pose they make ten million bales and
they cannot sell over nire million bales,
then there is 10 per cent to be destroy
ed. Suppose Georgia raises one mil
lion bales and she is called on to de
stroy ten per cent; she would burn up
one hundred thousand bales which
would cost her three and a half million
dollars. While on her million bales she
would have made ten dollars per bale or
ten million dolla.s, so she would still
have left over six million dollars profit
to run her schools and State govern
ment. By this arrangement the whole
business is in the hands of thirty com
missioners, and the other twenty-seven
commissioners will see that Georgia de
stroys her part. So everybody would
be benefitted, for the farmer knows he
will get seven etnts and is happy. The
merchant, banker and manufacturer
will be pleased, for it takes the specula
tion out of their business. The factory
knows years ahead what his cotton is
going to cost and can make contracts
ahead for his goods, farmer's credit will
be better for the merchant and banker
will know what be is going to get for
his cotton. This is the only way the
matter can be handled, for thirty men
can regulate tI e price while millions of
farmers cannot do so.
"Second, I will give my executors
and administrators a few pointers and
suggestions and they can furnish the
rest. Some one might ask how do we
know we could get nine cents? Eng
land has cried for our cotton at $1.00
per pound. Why not want it now for
ten cents. England can go out of the
cotton market two weeks in November,
and by doing so can take off live dollars
per bale or $50,000,000 off the cotton
crop as it is now. Now England names
the price and takes the cotton; the
other way the States name the price and
England takes the cotton. But some
one might say a trust! We do not trust
them, but England's gold would come
after this cotton, and she would have to
send more than one hundred million
dollars of it to this country than she
did last year for the same amount or
"You ask, how can we pay for this
cotton? All cotton delivered to the
State or their agents before January 1st
pay them seven cents per pound be
tween January and May, seven and
one-quarter and after May seven and
one-half cents. The States would sell
the same way, so all this cotton would
not be put on the market at once, and
factories would suit their wants in buy
ing. Each State would issue cotton
certificates to pay for this cotton in five
ten and twenty dollar certificates and
the banks, merchants and farmers
would help carry it. Certificates would
pass and be as good as gold, for the States
would have cotton behind each one of
them that call for England's gold and
at our price. By this arrangement they
say iarmers would make too much cot
ton. Put a special tax on all corn
bought by the farmer of-say, twenty
five cents per bushel, like on his mules
so if he bought three hundred bushels
of corn he paid $75-00 taxes to the State.
which would pay for burning up two
bales of his cotton. You say it would
cost money to handle this business.
Georgia would get. difference between
five cents and nine cents on one million
bales which would be $20,000,030 more
to come into the State and would re
main here, for her farmers would get
ten million of it and the State the other
ten millions. Suppo-e the States had
to destroy twenty per cent or two mil
lion bales- Georgia would still have
three million to run her government,
for the school term could be increased
to ten months in the year, which would
take one-third of the hands out of the cot
ton fields. But say it only toook ne-fifth
of them, that would decrease the crop
twenty pa.r cent or two million bales, so
there would be no surplus to burn up.
The difference between five cents and
nine cents is $20.00 yer bale, which
would be $200,000,000 a year; in live
years the South would have one bill ion
dollars, enough to build factories to spin
every bale of cotton raised in the t. in
States. To make the farmers delive -
the cotten to the States and not sell to
outsiders, have every bale tagged like
guano and have the tags sold for ten
doars each, but the States put the tags
on the cotton they buy The cotton
exported would bring into the United
States over one hundred million more
gd, so the whole country would be
benefitted and made richer.
"This is the only way the cotton can
be handled to advantage for all the
"A company of two hundred million
doilars could be raised in thirty days
to carry out this plan if it could be
controlled by private parties, but they
cannot do it, but the States can, by
working together, do this, and then
have laws enacted to meet and carry
it out. If this is done then the South
will assert its power and show to all
ntinqs the garden spot of the world.
S, 1, this day, transfer this estate into
the hands of my executors and admin
istrators and ask them in the name of
humanity to make their people rich
and happy. It is with you, will you serve?
"Witness my hand and seal, this
24th day of July, 1899. Atlanta. Ga.
"(Seal.) T. J. Eady.'
We hope our farmers will get good
prices for their cotton this year. It
will help amazingly all round.
Makesm the food morae
MUST BE ENFORCED.
Violationls of the Dispensary Not
to be Tolerated.
Go,. McSweeney has written the fol
lowir letter to each sheriff and magis
trate in the State, asking for coopera
tion in the proper enforceeut of the
Dear Sir: It should not be necessary
to call the attention of officers to the
importance of enforcing any law. It
should be the purpose of every law of
ficer to do his duty. It is the plain
and sworn duty of every officer com
missioned by the State to uphold the
constitution and the laws of the State.
It is no more the duty of the governor
than it is of every other officer of the
State to see that the law is properly
enforced and administered. In the per
formance of this duty the law officers
should have the support, encourage
ment, endorsement, and aid of every
good and law abiding citizen.
Those oflicers, whose duty it is to en
force and administer the law, have no
business to q-estion the wisdom of the
law making power in placing any law
upon the statute books. Their business
is to see that the law is enforced, so
long as it remains on the statute books.
As governor it shall be my constant
purpose to see that the law is admi.Lis
tered and enforced wisely and judi
ciously and in this purpose I seek the
aid of every officer and of every citi
zen of the State. So far as I am able
there shall be no discrimination in fa
vor of any law.
There seems. however, to have pre
vailed in this State since the adoption
of the dispensary law a sentiment that
it was an exception. and inasmuch as
certain State constables have been pro
vided for with a view to its better en
forcement, therefore, other law officers
were not charged with the apprehen
sion and prosecution of violations of
this law. This is a mistaken view, as
I understand it, and I shall expect ev
ery magistrate and constable and sher
iff and every other officer to aid in the
enforcement of the dispensary law just
as he would the statute against bur
glary or murder. And not only so but
I call i:pon every good citizen to frown
down the violation of the dispensary
law just as he would the violation of
the law against stealing or murder and
to aid the officers in bringing to jus
tice those who violate it The consta
bles are simply to aid ia its enforce
ment. We may differ as to the wis
dom of the law, but that should make
no difference when it comes to the pros
ecution of violators of it. I feel that if
properly enforced it is the best solution
of the liquor question that has yet been
devised, and I desire to have the aid
of all officers and citizens in an honest
and earne effort to enforce it wisely
I have reduced the constabulary force
and hope to be able to reduce it still
further, but this reduction can only be
made and remain permanent by the
cooperation and aid of the law officers
of the State in enforcing the dispen
sary law as other laws are enforced.
This communication is addressed es
peciaily to magistrates and constables
and sheriffs upon whom I call to aid
me in the ecforcement of the law. If
I have evidence that any magistrate
or constable is winking at the viola
tion of the dispensary law and is not
making proper efforts to bring to jus
tice those who violate it I shall at once
ask for his resignation. I hope this
will not be necessary.
I firmly believe that if the law is
wisely and judiciously administered and
violators of it are promptly apprehend
ed and punished through the proper le
gal channels provided for the trial of
criminals that a healthy public senti
ment will prevail in its favor, and vio
lators of the law will be looked upon
as other criminals, and there will be
no more reason to have special officers
to enforce it than it is to have special
officers to enforce the law against steal
ing. However, let it be remembered
that this law must be enforced, and
those who violate it must be brought to
tzial and punished. If this cannot be
done threugh the established and ordi
nary legal channels, then extraordinary
means must be used. As far as my pow
er and ability go it shall be my pur
pose to see that all laws are wisely,
judiciously, and rigidly enforced. To
this end let every officer and every
good citizen of South Carolina lend his
encouragement and aid.
M. B. McSweeney,
NOT BEDS OF ROSES.
American Prisoners of Filipinos Suffer
ing Cruel Hardships.
The San Francisco Bnlletin publish
es a startling story from the Philippines
regarding Lieut. (ilmore and the
party from Yorktown who vwere cap
tured by the Filipinos and who have
been reported from official sources as
being well eared for and well treated.
It appears that when the Americans
reached San Isidro, where the York
town members and some soldiers any
civilians had been imprisoned, then
found the names of the prisoners
scratched on the walls of the jail.
Somec letters from the men were found
secreted under stones, and a Spaniard.
who had been instructed with several,
presented them to Gen. Lawton. The
letters told of the hardships the men
were compelled to suffer, and begged
that aid be sent them. The men com:
plained that they had been starved,
beaten and bound, and, moreover
were in rags. One of the letters signed
by lbert Lowcnsohn, said the Span,
iards had been treated very badly
worse than the Americans, and that
hundreds were dying of dysentery and
other diseases and that the govern
ment took no notice of sickness pre
vailing. In his lett~r, Lowensohn,
who was formerly of the steamship
Zealandia, gave the list of prisoners
held by the Filipinos as follows:
Prisoners from Yorktown-J. G.
Gilmore. U. S. N.; W. Wilson, C. 0.
M.: P. Vandovil, S. M. M.: E. Ells
worth, coxswain; S. Edwards, S. D. S.;
S. Brisoloz. 0. G.; A. Pearson, appren
tice; F, Anderson, landsman. captured
at Baler April 11th; A. 1). Brice, E.
I Ionneman; Nevada cavalry, captured
Jan uary 3i th: A. Bishop, Thirn artill
ery, April 12th; H. HI. Haber, iaospital
:orps. and J. O'Brien, civilian, January
The weather continues very warm
llicious and wholesome
ting the tomachsand.Bowelsof
Opum,Morphine nor Imineral.
ness andLosS OF SLEEP.
ZXACT COPY OF WRAPFB,
THE CAROLIN GI
195 East Bay -
A WV Vol14 Bo Li to Ravi
Wm. E. Ho
Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnis
Ta Paper anid
Headquarters for thre Celebrated
Mill and Engine Oils and Greases.
He Was Not Dead
A u.onith azo a letter from Mani'a
canaiue d e es that Ejiji Rhine-.
hart of Majsville, Indiana, a soiir in
the re~ul-tr army, had baea1 captured
anid Vrte~'d to deat~h by Filipinos.
T1l-i in Rhbinehart appeared in that
city aflve and well. He was just return
iog home from the West, and had not
heard the story of his a!!eged death.
He bad not beca in the Pnilippines at
all, having becn discharged for disabili
ty before his regime nt sailed. H is par
ents, who badl not heard from him for
months, were mourning him as dead.
How It Is Done.
A live grasshoppar will cat a deal.
grasshopper." says the New York Tri
bune "A Mis~ouri farmer mixed
Paris Green and bran together and let
a grasshopper eat it. Hie died. T wen
ty ate him up They died. Four hun
dred ate those twenty and they died.
Eight thousand ate those 400 and they
died. A hundred and sixty thousaud
ate those eight thousand, and they died.
and th a ftrmar was troub!ed n> , r.
An Unknown Dead.
Thie decomposed body .>f an unknown
mran was found near Tucker, Ga , Thurs
day, partly eaten by dogs and buzz irds.
The identity can not be discovered but
a pisto!. lyintr by the side, had1 the
nam or f John D iekerna~ elgravedl upon
it. The cause of dea-.h is thought to
Spanging Fleet Wrecked.
Thre ree~nt West Indian hurricane
visited the island of Andros. of the
laaa gronp, inflicting great damage
ro property andU completely wr-tekina
the sponging fleet. It is saidl that 150)
bedies we-re wajshed asbore.
Ceo.S.HacKe & Soo
MW .FAtCTtUR F.tS OF
DorS s, Bln s
CH ALESON, . C
Sas Wegt-n od and
Buider' H rdwre
Poors, Sashmde, Blins,orpoo
ouledeaingto and advildin
MOKO ateTSi * I
For Infants and Chidren.,
rhe Kind You Have
THE CEN4TAuX COMAPANY. NEW YR IY
- -Charleston, S. C.
7011 Wlitis I ftl. O
Imes & Co.\
Tocr, S. c.,
RS IN --
h and Brutes, Lanterns.
Pamuetto Brand of Cylinder, Planing
Bank( of Manning,
MANNINC, S. C.
Trausats a general bnaiieg b~usi
Prompt and specil attenion give ni
to) depositors residing out of town i.
All collections have prompt atten
Business bours from 9 a. mO. to 2
JOSEPH SPItO P1',
A. LEVI, (Cashier.
BOAtRD OF DIRECTolN3'.
.M LEVI. .T. W.~ SleLEoD,
\\ E. Bitows, S. M. N:XSEN,
foSEPH S~iho'r, A. Lxx
To Oonsumnss of L.ger Beer:
with the Sont bi Iarli.-j:t ,:.1,- :,nthohrine
hv 'whi the :.re eh--i --. i :rder
F'.nir dozenS pirts in crate, $2 su per1 ez,,te.
Tiht h-kt . $1.2~>.
Quart.-r-kee. $2 25.
Exports, p:it, tei l'zon ini barr--I, $9.
It will be nees-ary for consnuweis or
parLItie. order:ing. to st..te t ha:t the lieer is for
pri vate c'nIn eption. W.- o'ffer sit~i,ela
rtes for the-s sinyme~ts. The.s beer is.
OlnaIrantre1.1 t. nSade f the choics hors:
: i un .d a re tiu n .-rb h
OE MA NIA
Ch-arlestonl. S. C.
W HEN YOU COME
TO TOWN CALL AT
Whib is~ fitted up wvith anB
eye to the comftort of hisi
customers. .. ...
IN ALL STYLES,
S HAVING AXI)
SLIA M POOI NG
I ispatch.. .. .. ...
J. L W ErTS.