Newspaper Page Text
VOL. Xv. DANI~ S.CTENESDAY, AUGUST 3O, 1S9.NO 8
BAD AS WEYLER
Gen. Otis' Nefarious Work in the
DICTATED ALL DISPATCHES.
Phrases and Adjectives Put Into
Them Magnifying Ameri
can Military Opera
The correspondent of the Assceiated
Press at Manila writes as. follows via
The-Filipino rebels appear to retain
much more of a fighting spirit than
might be expected after their recent
San Fernando experiencs and General
Lawton's drubbings in the south.
After giving up San Fernando with a
feeble struggle they entrenched them
selves at Angeles. working for several
days and impressing non-combatants
Into the work, thus saving the arnicd
men for the tighting. They engaged
Lieutenant Colonel Smith's regiment
and the artillery warmly for four hours,
mnking one-of the most stubborn resis
tances of the campaign. But, the
Araericans are indebted to the usual
poor marksmanship of the Filipinos as
well as to their o xn strategy for tecir
In the piovince of Cavite, where it
was, supposed the rebels had been seat
tered and demoralized beyond rceuper
ation, they have assembled an army of
several :thousond men distributed
among the important towns from the
lake to the bay. After the San Fernan
do engagement the rebels attempted to
detet the Americans from a further
advance northward by menacing the
railroad communications. Several hun
dred of General Pio del lPilar's men
crossed the Rio Grande between the
American outpost towns, and threaten
ed Baliuag, Quinqua and other places
with small American garrisons, while.
during Sunday and Monday nights,
smaller bands tried to tear up the rail
road tracks at several poiits between
Bigaa and Malolos. Reinforcements of
American troops, however, were sent
along the railroad from Manila to San
Fernando. while the forces at Baliuag
and Quinqua sailed out against General
Pio del Pilar's men and the insurgents
were easily driven away. In brushes
between these Filipinos and the Ameri
cans during three days the Americans
lost several men. while the Filipinos
loss was heavy.
Of these operatious the Associated
Press correspondent was permitted to
send only an inadequate dispatch, die
tated verbatim by Major General Otis
The censor writes st.-rcotyped ofieial
phrases and adjectives into the dis
patches, tending to magnify the Amer
ican operatiors and to minimize the op
position. General Otis says newspa
pers are not Iublic institutions, but
private enterpi;.,, and the correspon
dents are only h. e on suffrance.
All reports .on :he rebel territory
agree that the tcarcity of food is i
creaing and that the rebel command
ers at Aparri and other points refuse
to obey Aguinaldo's .order in regara t~o
closing the ports held by the rebels
against American ships andu say that
any ship bringing sto.res w;ill be wel
comed. Several ships frcom .Manila are
now at sucht r :. llundreds of pco
ple come into Manila daily and return
to the rebe lines with food arnd other
commodities. The guards stauelnea
along one road reported that 5 000U per
sons passed through the lines in thrcee
days and that 45 tons of rice we cr
ried out, in small parcels, o" the. same
road, in ten days. M1ueh / this un
doubtedly goes to aid the rs bels. but
the authorities permit this trafhec from~
motives of charity towards the womnen
and children, rho are undoubtedly suf
fering. . ,
General MacArthur is estabiishing
municipal governments in the villaces
north of Manila.
The mayor of Baliua;, the first town
where General Lawton established the
same rule, who was supposed to be one
of the most friendly and trust worthy of
the natives, has been placed in ail,
nharged with r.rranging with the rebels
for an attack on the town.
The American troops have been with
drawn from all that part of the ,coun
try which was half cleared of rebels in
trie expedition of the Americans in
The rebels have returned to San M~a
teo, which was abandoned for the third
time after its recent capture. It is al
leged that more than half the Ihowitzer
ammunition during the fight at Angeles
was defective and failed to explode.
"The town of Fitzgerald. G a.. wich
was built up by G. A. R. men from
Northern states and their descendants
exclusively, does not allow nenroes to
become inhabitants," said Mr; 0. B3.
Giddings, of Savannah. This may
seem to be discriminating against the
black race with a vengeance, but so far
there has been no complaint at the
operation of this municipal. exclusion
act, and there is no probability that it
will be modified or repealed in the neat
future. Fitzgerald is .rather unique
among Southern towns ;n this regard.
for I do not know of another in which
the negro is absolutely barred. What
the penalty for violating the will of the
Fitzgerald whites would be I am ,not
informed, but so far no negroes nrave
been rash enough to try to force them
selves into the town."
A Convict's Book.
A conviet in the Kansas State prison
has written a book on prison life, le
urges the granting of permission to
smoke and the abolition or the l' ek
step, and says: "Without doubt there
are men here who are where they
should be; there may be somne who
should have been born hero. On tne
other hand there are ursuestionably
some men here who will make go
citizens some day. The writer believes
that the average convict leave, the pri
son a better man than he was when he
Believes in Bryan.
The Augusta Chronicle says:,3
friend, Mr. Comner. is not n gooa juuge
of "back numibers" when hie calls Bryan
one. In 19I)0 we expect the Nebraska
'statesman to poll 7.IHJ.000 votes and
e will cln so, in our opinion."
A BIG SAVING.
Comparative Costs of the State Con
A recent comparative statement comn
piled by Mr. W. W. Harris, constabu
lary clerk, shows that the :84 dispens-.ry
constables now employed by the State
are accomplishing as much as the 59
who drew salaries until about the Mi.
die of June.
Tuesday he made public a compari
son of the three months just past. The
decrease in cost to the State has been
S1.s97.34 since tho constabulary was
reduced. these igures being the differ
ence between the expense accounts of
1av, *4.4!13.69. and of July. $2.;.5
In .jutne when the 59 constables served
half the month the coa:t to the State
was $:h51.19. The total saving for a
year at this rate will be $2135. 0S,
based upon the difference between May
and July. This is an average of $59 a
There appears to be no adverse com
ment on the policy of the governor in
thus reducing the cost of maintaining
the constabulary, for the resuts with
the small force are as satiafaetory as
I with three score constales. Gov. Me
Swcency is getting a heavy mail no'.
Mayors and intendents from all over the
State are writing him in response to his
circular letter asking their support in
pro--rly enifreing the la. Some of
th - . :ilcia ;are loud in their praises
t:' i t ispeasary law, and promise to
-,t-mv means to enforce it. But
ii l there may be some blarney. many
of the mayors are evidently sincere in
saving that they are anxious to enforce
this law just as any other statutc.
Those who have expressed themselves
u:pon the main point at issue do not hes
it'ate to say that the local police can ac
complish more than the constabulary.
BEART ?ENDING CONDITION.
Three Thousand Are Dead and Missing
in Porto Rico.
A dispatch to the New York Herald
from San Juan says:
The board of charity is sending out
supplies by land and water Aaily, but
petiti)ns keep coming in fr, 1 all over
the country requesting food, medicines
There are no means of raising funds
in the different localities. At Wauna
bo an effort was male to start a popular
subscription, but only ten pesos were
In consequence of the putrefaction
bodies typhus fever has developed at
Arroso. The captains of coastwise ves
sels complain that the bad odors at the
various port. have caused them more
suffering than the hurricane.
The reports of the board of health up
to last Friday gave the number killed at
1,973, missing 1.000, houses destroyed
.421. persons homeless 12.046. cities
in need of physician-, drugs and hospi.
tals Cacuas, Yabitoa. Waunbo. Utua
do, (oMo and Coresal.
Advic es from Ponce state that there
has been slitht rioting at Yauco, but
that it has been easily quelled by the
local uard. The local authorities are
runn'ng short of money with which to
py workmen. There are no reports of
fve.r as vet fromn the southside of the
island. The authorities are mak'ng
strenuouos efforts to relieve the country
ditricts, where great distres.s is report
An Unholy Alliance.
A dispatch fronm Manila says: Ge~n.
Bates has returned from Sulu, having
sae -essfuily aenamplished his mission
there. After five weeks negotiation
with much tact, an agreement was
signed which in substance was as fol
los: American sovereignty over
Moros shall be recognized and there
shall be no persecution against religion;
the I ' ited States shall occupy and
control such parts of the archipelago as
public interests may demand: any per
son can purchase land with the sultan's
consent: thec introduction of fire arms
shall be pirhibited: piracy shall I.e
suppressed: thc American courts shall
have jurisdi-tion except between the
Moros:. the Americans shall protect the
M1rios against foreign invasion and the
--han'.s subsidy fromt Spain shall be
continued. The sultatn and several
chiefs signcd the agrement.
A f'armer writi.,g to the Maeon Tele
~raph tells how any farmer can make
heat enough fer home consumption,
and w hy he should make it. ie says:
-A n ordinary farmer can sparc two
acres of land: let himn take this land,
'turn it well with a ploughi in Septem
ber, and about three or four weeks lat
er put ten tbushels of cotton seed broad
cast. also broadcast two hundred pounds
of phosphate, sow his wheat crop ou
this laud with a turning plough shallow,
all ploughing to be wcll done, insuring
the ground to be well broken. This
will'make about fifteen bushels of wheat
per acre. Two acres tried in this way
will furnish about six barrels of flour
at a cost of about five dollars. To buy
this flour in the market would cost
about thirty dollars.
Touched a Live Wire.
A special dispatch'from Riock ilill to
The State -says: "What came peril
ousy near being a fatal accident occur
red Tuesday afternoon at the residence
of Mr. 11. F. Sadler on Johnston street.
The storm of an hour before had blown
down one of the elctric light poles.
Little Rtufus Sadler, a six year old son
of Mr. RI. F. Sadler, camne along and in
some way touched a wire with his hand.
In an instant he was thrown upon his
Iback with one live wire in his hand and
another on his neck. Mr. Sadler was
rcar and2 fortunately an axe or hatchet
aho. Ile ran to the boy and with a
-troke cut olti the deadly current. The
boy waa unconscious for sonme time but
gradualy reigained his senses and will
be all riL't in a day or two.
Cotton in Texas.
A t specti from De~las. T'exas -ays:
The hot winds which have prevailed
fr the past month have detroyed all
chance of a large cotton crop in Texa.s.
Reports fromt all over the northe rn and
central sections of the State are that
the ciops will not average more than a
quarter of a bale to the acre. This in
Idicates not to exceed 2,000,000 bales
\ORK OF TIEI WIND
Eieven Wrecks About Hatteras
During the Recent Storm.
MANY LIVES WERE LOST.
The Heroic Life Savers With
Breeches Buoy, Rescue Many
Sailors. Wreck of Bark
Another chapter in the history of the
horrors of the sea was added by the re
cent hurricane which dealt death and
destruction in Puerto Rico and appar
ently lost none of its fury by reason of
its visit to the Atlantic coast. No suzh
duna'inc result has attended a storm
in the past quarter of a century, and
the stretch of beach from iKinnakeet to
Hatteras, N. C., a distance of about 1
miles, bears evidence of the fury of
the gale in the shape of spars, masts
and 'eneral wrecka:ge of five schooners,
whilo now and again a body washes
ashore to lend solemnity to the scene.
Waves mountain hig-h. seas which by
reason of their pver carried everching
before them, winds which blew unceas
ingly day aad night at a 75 mile vcloe
ity. were the causes of the disasters,
and that not more lives were lost is
considered by many -urvivors nothing
less than a miracle.
Thirty-ive shipwrecked seamen who
had nothing in the world but the few
tattered and torn clothes on their backs
some iniured, all miserable, arrived at
Norfolk Wednesdajy from Hatteras. N.
C., byway of the Norfolk and Southera
railroad from Elizibeth City. It is
from them that the fearful stery was
learned. They report no less than 11
vessels ashore on the coat between
Hatteras and New River inlet, and es
timate that no less than 30 lives were
Among those who arrived at Norfolk
Wednesday are 10 of the crew of the
barkentine Priscilla, :)apt. Benj. R.
Springstein, of Baltimore, which ves
sel lies broken in three pieces on Gull
Shoals, 1S m'les north of Cape Hatter
as. There were four fatalities shortly
after the Priscilla went ashore. the
captain's wife being washed overboard
and drowned within 10 minutes from
the time the bark struck. The others
who lost their lives were the captain's
two sons, aged 24 and 12 respectively,
Goldenborough, connected in the Lee
family. and a relative of one of the
vessel's owners, C. Morton Stewart &
The older of the Springstein boys
was first inate of the Priscilla. He and
the Goldenborouch lad were both wash
ed overboard. IIis brother was drown
ed in the cabin. . Alex von lestorff.
one of the crew, was Caught in the ca
bin, and while hold og on to a window
to prevent being drowned a heavy sea
came which resulted in the dislocation
of his arm. Sceing that death was
certain if ne remained longer in the
cabin, von R-2sdorff leaped through the
cabin window and landed on deck. le
was attended at the office of the Marine
Iospital surgeon, in Norfolk custom
house. Capt. Spriegstcin escaped from
the wreck with the remainder of his
crew, but he is still at Ihatteras, suffer
inc from a wound in his breast, which
is said to be three inches in depth. The
captain is 54 years of age. The Pris
cilla left Baltimore for Rio .Janeiro,
Brazil. on Saturday, the 12th inst.,
with a general cargo. She passed out
the Capes on MIonday, the 14th. and it
was 9 p. m. Thursday when she struck.
All of the vessel's crew were injured
more or less. Andrew Larsen is suffer
ing from internal injuries, and Win. I.
Henderson, the colored steward, has a
The schooner Robert W. Dazy, Capt.
Olseu, lef't Philadelphia Aug. 14 for
Jack sonville, Fia., with coal. She was
partially washed away as soon as she
struck the beach, which was about Gp
m. Thursdry. The crew of six were
all saved by the breeches buoy.
The schooner Florence Randall, Ca Pt.
Cavalier, was bound froaa Long Island
to Charleston. S. C.. with fecrtiliz:r.
She struck at 5:15 p. mn. on Wednesi':a'
and was soon washed to pieces. 'The
crew of 10, as well as the captain's
wife, were rescued by the breeches
The schooner 3Minnie Bergen, Capt.
Bowman, sailed Wednesday from Phil
adelphia, bound for Neuvitas, Cuba.
with iron, coal and coal oil. She an
chored on Thursday and slipped her
cable Friday morning. She lost several
sails and struck at S a. m. on Friday at
Chiamicomico. Hecr crew of 10 men
were rescued by life savers with the
The schooner Percy and Lillie, Cap~t.
illor, of New York, which struck the
storm last week while bound from New
York to Charleston, S. C.. with a cargo
of fertilizer, arrived at Norfolk Wed
nesday morning leaking and otherwise
in distress. While tossing helplessly
about in the ocean the life boats of the
schooner were smashed and the vessel's
main gaff broken.
The schooner Lottie E. White, Capt.
ann. of Tappahannock, Va., bound
from Baltinmore to Newborn, N. C.,
with a carro of corn, arrived WVednes
day evening in distress, she having en
juntered the storm l'st week. The
schooner will be repaired and proceed
AW'FCITIA rI. i'.
Accounts in many respects contlict
imr continue to come in from Albe
umarle and Pamlico sound region and
the coast from Hatteras to Body's is
land, in which section the greater numn
er of casualties occurred as a result of
the great st~orm of August 15 to li. in
elsive. A' this section of broad wa
ters is thme artery for smiall craft from
the recion trib'utary to Chesapeake .bay
and as far northb as Pilnmadehphia to the
north Georgia coast, the numbl.er of yes
sls traversing' these inland seas is al
was ereat and it is e'ven yet almost
impossible to state how miany were
caught in the storm and anything near
the number that will fail to answer roll
call. but mnasters of erait in from that
region state that small schooners,
pnies. sloons and fishing craft wreek
ed. ashore, br-oken up. sunk or turned
over are to be seen almost hourly in a
trip throuch the sounds, and it is no.w
Ithought thiat the total drowned will run
close to 100, if it does not over reach
other islands in the vicinity at Ports
mouth. Big and Little Kinnaket,
Ovracokc and smaller points, fully Go to
70 houses. four or five churches and
numerous stores, barns and warehouses
were cither washed away or damaged
beyond repair, and as a result numbers
are homeless and destitute, and many
others have lost crops and flocks. Stock
and implements and the fishing interests
have suffered greatly. In a few days a
fairly complete report can be made, but
at present rumors )utweigh true state
ments and an accurate footing of the
damage cannot be reached.
washed ashore, crew of about 25, all
Furthcr details of the terrific storm
have been received. In addition to the
vessels already reported wrecked are the
Schooner Aaron Rephard, five lost,
Bark, unknown, crew of 14, all lost.
Diamond Shoals lightship, crew of
23. all saved.
Unknown steamship, wh-se cargo has
Three big rEchooners in the surf, now
breaking up, crews probably aggregating
30. unheard of.
The )iamond Shoals lightship which
was stationed 15 miles off Hatteras,
and which ha-1 withstood some fierce
storms. was torn from its mooring by
the 100 knot hurricanc and blown high
and dry at Ilatteras.
Tne schooner Frank McCullough. 11
men, with co il, from Norfolk to Savan
nah, is unheard of, and probably went
to the b)ttom with all on board.
KILLED HIM AT SIGHT.
Negro Had Attempted to Assault His
A sp2cial dispatch from Tuscaloosa,
Ala., to the Atlanta Journal says:
"People in the vicinity of the court
house, which is in the center of the
business part of town, were startled by
a loud report of a shotgun fired twice in
rapid succession at 6.20 o'clock Wed
nesday morning. Investigation showed
that John Thomas, would-be assailant,
had been shot to death with bird shot.
At Cuba station, about three weeks ago
while Mr. C. M. Stallworth was absent
'rom home, John Thomas, a negro em
ployed at Stallworth's saw mill, entered
the room where Mrs. Stallworth, was
asleep about 10 o'clock at night and
after choking her into insensibility, at
tempted to ravish her person, but was
frightened away before his hellish pur
pose was accomplished by the approach
of the overseer who was attracted by
the screams of Mrs. Stallworth. The
negro was shot at several times, but
succeeded in making his escape. Mr.
Stallworth had since that time done
nothing but search for the brute. Thom
as, who was a good machinist, came to
Tuscaloosa ab.it two weeks ago, and sz
cured employment with the electric
light company. le had had his bicy
cle sent from Cuba to Tuscaloose for
repairs before he attempted the out
rage, and wrote a letter to Cuba to for
ward the handleb.rs to Tuscaloosa to a
fietious name, which he gave in the let
ter. This gave his whereabouts away,
and Mr. Stallworth went to TuFealoosa
on the northbound Q. & C., at 4.10
o'clock Wednesday morning, and while
standing talking to his brother, who
lives there saw the negro coming up
Greensboro street on his way to work.
Mr. Stallworth stepped inside the mar
ket house and got his brother's gun,
which was loaded with No. S shot, and
crossing the street, called to the ne
"Is that you, -John?"
The negro turned round, and seeing
Mr. Stallworth, replied, "No, sir, this
ain't me," and started to run, when Mr.
Stallworth emptied the contents of both
barrels in his back and shoulders.
Thomas ran about a block and fell,
where he died in about fifteen minutes.
Stallworth offered to give himself uji
but n' onc seems to want him.
Suicide at Darlington.
A special dispatch from Darlington to
the Augusta Chronicle says-Dr. John
A. Boyd. a leadin.; business man of
that city. commni:ted suicide Monday
nieht. 21st insttant. The dispatch
says nio reason is known for his action.
It was probably due to a gloomy and
despondent state of mind and poor
health. The deceased was proprietor
of the oldest drug store, and one of the
most successful, in the place. He was
about 453 years of age, unmarried, and
lived with his sister, Miss Mary Boyd,
on Florence street. It is thought that
he was attempting suicide once before
when he took an overdose of morphine,
which camne very near resulting fatally.
ie was, however, brorught through this
safely. Monday afternoon his sister
went out driving, leaving him at home.
On her return late in the afternoon he
was found dead. and terribly cut by a
razor, with which he had opened veins
in his arm and leg. Dr. Boyd was a
man of somewhat retiring disposition,
but was much liked by those wh> k ne w
Wind Storm at Florence,
A severe wind storm, accomnpaisied by
somne hail and a heavy rain, passed over
Florence about 3~ o'clock Thursday.
The wind blew a terrific rate, and many
thought a cyclone was approaching. A
laree portion of the tin roof on the
round house of the Atlantic Coast Line
shops was torn off. A new frame build
ing, belonging to Evans McCall, color
ed, in East Florence, was blown five
feet from its pillars and otherwise dam
aged by being twisted up. Numbers of
large tree limbs were broken off, and
the poles and wires of the telephone
and electrie light companies also came
in for a share of the damage. The cloud
whch w~as an angry-looking one passed
from northwest to southeast. The
lihtreing flashes were very vivid, and
the loud peals of thunder werc severe
on nervous people.
South Carolina Tobacco.
it is estimated that the tobacco zrop
in South Carolina this year will reach
20,OLI0,000I pounds, worth from 4 to 26
cents a pound. It is only within the
last few years that tobacco has been
cultivated in South Carolina as a
money crop, but the .farmers find it
more p-rofitable than raising ;> cent cot
ton. Moreover, the cultivation of
wheat in the Palmetto State has been
so .successful that the acreage will like
ly be doubled this year.-Baltimore
The Governor Makes His Selec
Several of Them Have Been Con
nected With the State Mili
tia or Were in the
Governor McSiveeney Thursdiy an
noune-d the appointment-of his staff.
The selections were made without re
gard to poltics, and the members of
the staff are as a rule personal friends
of the governor. Several of them have
served in the State militia or in the
Cuban war. All are young men, some
having barely attained their majority.
The following order was promulgated
through the office of the adujtant gen
eral, who is chief of staff:
Headquarters Adjutant General's
Columbia, S. C., Aug. 23, 1899.
General Order No. 5.
By direction of his excellency N. B.
McSweeney, governor and commander
in-chief of the military forces of the
State of South Carolina, the following
officers are hereby appointed members
of his staff, and will be obeyed and re
Adjutant and inspector general, Gen.
J. W. Floyd of Kershaw county.
Assistant adjutant and inspector
general, Col. Jno. D. Frost of Richland
Quartermaster general, Col. W. C.
Mauldin of Hampton county. ,
Commissary general, Col. W: B. Wil
son of Charleston county.
Engineer-in-chief, Col. J. F. Folk of
Surgeon general, Col. E. J. Wanna
maker of Richland county.
Paymaster general, Coi. Geo. D. Till
man, Jr., of Edgefield county.
Judge advocate general,,Col. U. X.
Gunter Jr., of Spartanburg county.
Chief of ordnance, Col. L. J. Bris
tow of Darlington county.
Aides-de-canip-Lieut. Col. II. F.
Gaffney of Cherokee county, Lieut.
Col. Jas. A. Hoyt, Jr., of Grecnville
county; Lieut. Col, Jas. S. McCarley,
of Newberry county, Lieut. Col. A. H.
Moss of Orangeburg county; Lieut.
Col. W. C. Hough of Lancaster county;
Lieut. Col. G. C. Sullivan of Anderson
connty; Lieut. Col. Willis J. Duncan of
Barnwell county; Lieut. Col. Julias
Redding of Chaleston- county.
By order of the commander-in.chief.
J. W. Floyd,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
Gen. J. W Floyd was a gallant Con
federate soldier, having lost an arm in
service. This together with his natural
oratorical powers and his work in the
constitutional convention and in the
legislature brought him, prominently
before the people and made him adju
tant general in the last primary.
Col. Jno. D. Frost is a citadel gradTu
ate; was captain of the Richiand Vol
unteers, adjutant and afterwards major
of the First regiment in the Cuban war.
Col. WV. C. 31auldin is a son of Sen
ator Mauldin of Hampton and a bright
young man who is engaged in the rail
road business. Col. W. B. Wilson is
president of the Carolina Grocery com
pany of Charleston. Col. J. F. Folk is
a prominent merchant and insurance
man of Bamberg. Col. E. J1. Wauna
maker, M. D., was surgeon of the sec
ond South Carolina in the Cuban war.
Col. Geo. ID. Tillman, .Jr.. is a son of
the cx-congressman and is a court sten
ographer. Col. U. X. Gunter, Jr.,
formerly private secretary to Governor
Fivans, is the assistant attorney gen
eral of the State. Col. Louis J. Bris
tow is editor of the Darlingtonian. lie
was first sergeant of the Darlington
Guards and afterwards second licuten.
ant of Co. "L," Second South (Caroli
The aides are also rising young men.
Liut. Col. H. Fay Gaff ney is secretary
of the carpet factory at Gaff ney and
holds other important positions. Licut.
Cl. James A. Hoyt, Jr., is on the edi
torial staff of The State. Lieut. Col.
James S. McCarley is a progressive
young farmer in Newberry county.
Lievt. Col. A. HI. Moss was captain
in the Second South Carolina. Lieut.
Col. WV. C. Houghi for several months
acted as solicitor in the Seventh cir
cuit, and is now senator from Lancas
ter. Lieut. Col. G. C. Sullivan was
quartermaster of the Second South Car
olina. Lieut. Col. Willis S. Duncan
was first lieutenant Co. "L," First
South Carolina regiment. Lieut. Col.
Julius Redding is a son ofMr. James
F. Redding, a well known Charles
He'Was Not Dead.
A month ago a letter fromi Mani'a
contained the news that Ellis Rhine
hart of Maysville, JIndiana, a soldier in
the regular army, had been captured
and tortured to death by Filipinos.
Thursday Rhinehart appeared in that
city alive and well. He was just return
ing home from the West, and had not
heard the story of his alleged death.
ie had not .been - inthe Philippines at
all, having been discharged for disabili
ty before his regiment sailed. His par
ents, who had not heard from him for
months, were mourning him as dead.
Wrecked in a Hurricane.
The steamer Germ arrived at Pennsa
cola Thursday afternoon with the crew
of three Norweigian vessels who were
wrecked in the Carrabelle hurricane.
There were about 45 men. Those who
do nzot ship on other vessels from this
port will be sent home by their respec
tie consuls. The Germ will later
bring to Pensacola the crews of the
Italian barks wrecked in the storm.
One Italian vessel had been loaded for
five months, but her crew deserted and
another one could not be procured.
The Penalty Just.
Julius Alexander, colored, was
hanged at Charlotte, N. C., Thursday
f-assaulting a white woman last
oruary. He showed. no signs of ner
vousness, confessed the crime and said
the penalty was just. A colored
preacher in talk on the scaffold said
Alexander's crime was "'one in which
we ar gla to see the law carried out."
The Suffering was Great and Many
Died from Starvation.
Capt. Shoemaker of the revenue cut
ter service Thursday received a report
from Lieut. D. H1. Jarvis, commander
of the revenue cutter Bear, containing
an account of the rescue of the
gold seekers who rushed into the K->t
zebue gold country, Alaska, in the sum
mer of 1893. Lieut. Jarvis was taking
the Bear north to Cape Barrow on her
regular trip. At Cape Prince of Wales
he learned of the awful destitution
which had overtaken the gold seekers
seekers at Kotzebue sound. On arri
val there he found a terrible condition
of affairs. M1en had died of starvation,
scurvy and by drowning, and he obtain
ed a list of 4S deaths, but the list is by
no means complete. This list has been
published in the Associated Press dis
patches. Over one thousand of the
gold seekers had wintered there. T he
Bear, after relieving as much of the
distress as possible and leaving stores.
lime juice, etc : for the survivors, took
S2 of the survivors to St. MIichael, where
they were turned over to the military
authorities. Lieut. Jarvis reported
that he left between 225 and 250 sur
vivors at Kotzabue sound. Ie inform
ed the department that he would pro
bably proceed to Cape Birrow and upon
his return would touch at Kotzebue
sound and pick up any who desired to
return with him.
The rush into the Klondike country
was caused by false rumors of rich
strikes and wisleading advertisements.
Two women and a young baby were
among those rescued. Another woman
too ill to move, was left in care of a
Qaaker missionary and his wife.
Among the list of destitute persons
found there by Lieut. Jarvis is men
tioned G. W. Berry of Virginia.
Lieut. Jarvis, who accomplished the
rescue of the gold seekers at Kotzebue
sound, is the revenue officer who dis
tinguished himself in the winter of
1897-93 by leading a relief expedition
from Tanaauk, 300 miles below St. Mi
chaels to Point Barrow. Over 1.500
miles of snow and ice in the dead of
winter he pushed an expedition for the
relief of the ice-imprisoned whalers at
Point Barrow. He arrived there with
almost 500 reindeer after four months
of almost indescribable hardships. It
was the only Arctic relief expedition
ever attempted in mid winter. For his
heroism on that occasion the Presi
dent recommended that congress give
him a vote of thanks and award him
a gold medal.
A PHOTOGRAPH SWINDLER.
Has Fooled Many People in Warthen
and Other Places.
Many people of Warthen. Ga., were
recently taken in by a photographer,
who proved to be John Rt. Kay. le
gained the confidence of the people and
took a number of pictures. which were
paid for before delivery. This was
'hree weeks ago and no pictures have
been heard from. The probability is
that they will continue to wait.
This man is known i: Augusta and
bears no savory reputation here. For
a time he was in co-partnership with
M1r. W. Shaw Howard, Jr., of this
city. Their rehations lasted about six
months and were severed on account of
some underhand work of Keay. These
men had an office at Lulaville, at which
place M1r. Howard would develope the
pit-res while Kay was on the road..
Mr. Howard happened to find out that
Kay was having some of the work done
in Augusta and severed relations with
him at once.
lie bought an outfit fromi Howard,
which he never raid for, and started
out on his own hook. The results of
his labors are just coming to light,
much to the sorrow of those he swindled.
It is not known positively what other
places he visited, hut he left saying he
was going to Camak. People in that
neighborhood wi,1 de well to look after
This man is described as being rather
tall, medium build and slightly bald.
He came originally from H onca Path. S.
C., and off and on has lived in Augusta
for many years. MIr. Hloward is pro
minently known in Augusta and re
grets, the occurrence very much, not
that he has anything to do with the
man now, but that he is using an outfit
bearing the name of Kay & Howard.
This of course, is done without the
santion of MIr. Howard, and is used
to advatage by the ot'aer man.-Au
Gen. Otis Scored.
"The censor writes stereotyped ofli
cial phrases and adjectives into the
dispatches, tending to magnify the
American operations and to minmnze
the opposition. Gen. Otis says tLews
papers are a menace to public institu
tions, are but private enterprises and
the correspondents are only here on
sufferance.' This is what we get from
the Associated Press man at MIarila.
It is hardly necessary to add that it
cmes via Ihong Kong and is uncen
sored. Gent. Otis's views as to newspa
papers have been held by a long sueces
sion of tyrants and inc-ompletenlts, and
by a good many rascals besides. Rie
garding himself as a "public institu
tion,"- it is natural that he should feel
that way; but he is not wise in saying
so. In about one month the newspa
pers of th United States, if they chose,
could have him recalled. ie is in 3Ma
nila now only by "sutferance" of the
pres., and it may be that the press,
believing in the right of the people to
know what is really going on im tne
Philippines. will make Precsident M1c
Kiney understand where his interest
lies. A successful general might af
ford to talk like Ozis. but not a izzling
failure. --Co>lumbia State.
Bad1 News from Chile
A great railway accident occurred at
Saniago, Chile, Thursday. A-a entire
passenger train fell into the river
apocha, which runs through the city,
and -nany lives lost. Although the
tremendous storms that have been
raging for afortnight throughout Chile.
continue, there has been some abate
ment. Advices from various points
indicate widespread distress and misery.
Vaparaiso and other cities have suffer
what Tobacco Culture Did for a Flag
In ISS9 'Iullins in Marion County
was a small flag station, little known to
or thought of by the railroad or travel
ing world. The Enterprise, a bright,
newsy paper published there, says "for
a depot there was a few boards nailed
up, which se-arcely afforded shelter
from the rain and winds. In 1899, we
find a modern passenger depot, an ex
press office and a large and spacious
freight depot, daily shipping thousands
of pounds of farm products to distant
markets, and receiving car after car
of merchandise for consumption in this
business-like hamlet." What brought
about the change? The Eaterprise
tells what. The Enterprise says: "In
1893, Dr. C. T. Ford conceived the idea
that this soil was adapted to the culture
of tobacco, and accordingly planted
four acres in this weed as an experi
ment. This was the first tobacco
raised in the county. The result was
so great, that from those four acres
planted in the western suburbs Mullins,
the cultivation has become so general
that in 1899 the estimated crop is over
5,000,000 pounds for 3Iullins market
alone. Ten years ago there were only
three stores here, today there are twenty
eight; 1,000 population; three large to
bacco warehouses, with a floor space of
40,640 square feet; a stemmery, with
a capacity of 15,000 pounds per day;
four prize houses, equalled by ione in
the State; a bank, in a most flourishing
condition; a stw mill, and several minor
industries, too numerous to mention.
Few people outside of Mullins realize
the extent of our tobacco market. In
fact, Iullins will compare favorably
with our larger cities in the amount of
capital weekly put out. In addition to
the large sums of money paid to the
farmers for their crops, one must not
think for a moment that the benefits to
be derived stop there-that is only the
commencement. There are the grad
ing rooms, the prize houses of which
there are four, the stemmery, team
sters, trucksters and other laborers in
and around the warehouses, white and
black, male and female-each receiving
his hard cash at the end of the week.
While we were strolling down street
Saturday afternoon, we met Mr. J. T.
Pope, one of our popular buyers. Mr.
Pope said that he had just finished a
acavy week's work, in fact, the largest
of the season. lie estimated that at
least a quarter of a million pounds had
been sold here during the week-mak
ing, in all, a little over a million
pounds- sold here since the opening,
July 18th. We put the 'question to
Mr. Pope as to what would be a safe
estimate of the amount of money spent
in common labor per week, exclusive of
regular salaried officials? We were
surprised to hear his estimate-SOO!
When one considers the class of labor
receiving this handsome sum are those
generally speaking, who turn it loose
as fast as it comes into their possession,
it is no wonder that business is so brisk,
and, as noted in last week's Enterprise,
that Mullins will soon have three more
new stores. It is a bright field, and
invites live and hustling business men.
This shows how the cultivation of
tobacco has spread over in Marion
eunty. and the fact that it has spread
so rapidly shows that it must pay the
farmers to plant it as a money crop.
What it has done for 31ullins it will do
for Orangeburg and all other towns in
Enormous Increase During Last Ten
Years. Enemy of the Farmer,
The amount of oleomargarine sold in
the United States for the year ending
June 1, 1899, has just been computed
by the pure food department in a re
port which shows that during the year
there were $7,800JO,000 pounds of this
product manufactured in the respective
States of the Union.
A comparisor of the amount of oleo
margarine sold since 183S is also given,
and is as follows: 1888, 21,513.537
pounds; 1880, 34.:325527; 1890, 35,664,
026; 1891, 44,329,406; 1S92, 48,364,155;
189:3, 67.24,287; 1894, 69,632,246;
197, 5.5S,234; 19, 50,8353,234;
1897 45531.07;180S. 57,516,136;
In speaking of these statistics chief
lerk George Ilutchinson, of the pure
food department, said: "Few people
ae. aware of the great profit the oleo
margarine manufacturers reap or the
competition the farm ars have to con
tend with. We take as a basis that
there were 87,800.000 pounds of oleo
margarine manufactured in the United
States last year. The average amount
of butter prloduced by each cow in the
Inited States each year is about 200.
Thus the amount of oleomargarine sold
last year displaced 430,000) cows, worth
at $3) -a cow, 812.927,000. This will
give some idea of the .ireat loss to the
farmer of the United States. But let
us look at the comparison between the
cost of butter and oleomargarine and
see the protit which the dealers and
manufacturers of imitated butter make.
The averae wholesale price of oleomar
earine is 10) cents a pound. The aver
ge price of butter during the year is
about 20 cents a pound. This shows
the difference bet ween the average price
f these products to be 10 cents a
pound. lUat we will add 2 eents for
ile cost of selling the oleomargarine.
Ths would leave a profit of 8 eents a
pound on the 8S,80.000 pounds, or a
net piofit to the dealer of 87.02k,000O a
Thu~ next dictionary published will
cntal inHv new words, among them
the word 1-elau - When a man
ncks around town until: o'clodk in
the morninit. and then gets up with a
adache like a molasses barrel and a
reath like a <!aughter house, he al
avs had a helava time. Thle word is a
od one and should have a place in
ILetinary..--rkansas Thomas Cat.
The luota Chrouicee ays: --Maj
r General )tis has b)een instructed
from WVashigton tocap~ture Aguinaldo.
t is not stated whether Aguimnaldo is
o wai f or Otis to) come get him, or
the American leader is to run him
HliJ MLN ALL3U)
In a Battle Between Soldiers and
TROUBLE ABOUT :THE PAY.
Faulty Records Make Payment
Very Slow and Many Cuban
Soldiers Angered and
Hence the Fight.
A dispatch from Santiago, Cuba, says
five men are dead and ten wounded as a
result of a fight Wednesday night be
tween gendarmes and disappointed
Cuban soldiers at Cuevitas, three miles
from Santiago, where the. payment of
the Cuban troop3 is progressing. Five
thousand Cubans had gathered there to
receive pay and after three days only
530 had been paid. Thousands who
had been disappointed at other points
had come to Cuevitas, as the last place
of payment in the province.
The imperfect list caused great dis
satisfaction, and :. rumor circulated
that the paymasters would leave Thurs
day, alarmed the men who had not been
paid. . They began to collect in groups
and to show their annoyance. Finally
their threats became serious.
Capt. Beliat with twenty gendarmes
was present to preserve order among the
applicants and the United States troops
protected Col. Moale, the officer having
charge of the payments. Suddenly
Capt. Beliat, who was mounted, was
surrounded by a mob, struck by stones
and bottles and shot in the arm. His
men promptly fired a volley into the
mob, three persons being instautly
killed and thirteen wounded,
two of whom died Thursday morning.
Col. Moale's guard promptly sur
rounded the money office, but took no
part in the fighting. For a few min
utes there was a lively conflict, carbines
and machetes being used freely. Capt.
Delit was the only gendarme w6unded.
All the dead were colored Cuban sol
diers. Thursday morning payment was
resumed under a heavy guard. There
are rumors that a force is being organ
ized to attack the pay office, but these
are probably unfounded.
Gen. Castillo, civil governor of San
tiago de Cuba, was at Cuevitas at the
time and soon restored order. There is
no doubt that the inaccurate list will
cause a great deal of hardship. Many
veterans have vainly followed the
United Staes commissioners for six
weeks, only to find that their names are
not :.;ted. Gen- Leonard Wood, mili
tary governor, does not, however, anti
cipate serious trouble.
THINKS IT IS A SCHEM.
The Governor of Washington Talks of
The governor of the State of Wash
ington smells a mouse in the conven
tion of governors to discuss the ques
tion of trusts. He writes to Gpvernor
MSweeney, from Olympia, Aug.il8th,
My Dear Sir: I regard the presentist
tempt, by the calling of the~governor's
conference, to concentrate public
thought upon State legislation as~a
remedy for the trust evil, as a very
adroit attempt upon the part of the
Republican managers to temporarily
evade a great issue. In this scheme,
t anr'.ars to mc. Governor Sayers of
Texas is being used as a catspaw to
remove Republican chestnuts f:om the
fire. Clearly and plainly trusts, or
great corporations, will continue as
long as the cause which produce them
remains in full force and effect. These
are: First, private control of public
money or what is known as "the
money question." Secondly, railroad
rebates and special privileges granted,
or the railroad question. Thirdly, the
protective tadif, or the tariff question,
and fourthly, in some instances, our
patent laws. No trust can exist un
ess based upon one of these, and each
and all are absolutely and solely de
pendent upon national legislation.
Now, to conclude that these primary
and fundamental causes can be reached
by State legislation is a reduction to an
absurdity which I certainly hope our
people will not be guilty of. It is self
evidently a very shrewd attempt to take
the questions I have enumerated out of
the next national campaign. Will our
people be caught ia this trap?
J. R. Rogers.
Fighting the Railroad
The truck growers of Charleston
county have boycotted the railroads
and in future will ship by steamer in
stead of rail. Some time ago the Char
leston Truck Growers association asked
for a cheaper rate to eastern markets
by rail. The roads refused the request
and as a result the railroads will loose
all the vegetable shipments out of this
territory. Arrangements have been
made with the Clyde steamship line to
handle all the truck business out of
Charleston. Additional steamers will
be put on arid the shipments will be
made quick. The rates are consider
able lower than the rates-by rail.
A Snake Story.
There is a Pennnsylvania man who
isnt bothering himself much about
akes. Some way he discovered that
they were fond of nitro-glycerine. He
nuts this in their haunts and follows it
p with an innocent-looking bait into
which he inserts a lot of red pepper.
When the coating melts and the pepper
rets hot, the snakes get mad and go to
lashing the ground, and then comes the
explosion which disposes of the snakes
He Must Hang.
Charles Mason, colored, has been
ecntnced to hang in Laurens on the
Sth of next month. Riecently his at
torney asked the governor to grant a
respite and stated that he wished to
alked the case over with him. The
rovernor announced Friday that he
had looked in the case and had de
rided to let the law take its course.
e has so written to Mason's attor
ney. at the same time telling him he
would gladly listen to anything he