Newspaper Page Text
y, -(L -V MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER20189NO2.
TILE WAGAES OF SIN.
A Young Man Ends His Ufe Rath
er than Face Charge.
WAS ACCUSED OF STEALING.
As an Officer Was About to Ar
rest Him He Placed a Pis
tol to His Breast
J. Horace Wond, aged seventeen.
shot and almost instantly kiHed him
self Wednesday nicht at about S o'clock
in the office of R. G. Dun & Co., on
the second floorlof the..Exchange bank
building, Macon. Ga. The young man
chose death rather than the disgrace of
arrest on the charge of stealing about
$20 worth of postage stamps.
Wood was formerly employed in the
office, but was discharged early in Au
gust, having worked for about five
months as clerk. Prior to his discharge
the number of postage stamps used in
the office had increased to such an ex
tent as to cause first surprise and then
suspicion on the part of the local man
ager Mr. Logan Douglas. Suspicion
pointed to young Wood but nothing
fixed upon him until last night.
After his discharge the stamps con
tinued to disappear too rapidly to be
accounted for on the score of letters
mailed. The watchman of the bank,
Warren Mosely, was notified and last
night Mr. Douglas himself decided to
watch for the thief.
He was seated at his desk ia a corner
of the office without a light and the out
er door locked when someone came up
the elevator and walked to the door,
called to ask if anyone was in Mr. Doug
las made no reply. The visitor then
knocked and said that someone down
stairs wanted to see the chief clerk. He
received no reply and immediately af
terwards Mr. Douglas heard a key turn
ed in the lock and Horace Wood enter
ed, passing through the railing and ap
pronching the stamp drawer he saw Mr.
Douglas, who rose and said;
"Well, Horace I have you now."
"Yes, Mr. Douglas," answered the
boy, "you have me now.
Mr. Douglas, troubled because of the
discovery which he has more than half
expected to make, asked Wood what he
out to do with him.
"I don't know," he replied.
"I have no right to ask a favor of you
but if you will overlook it and say noth
ing I will leave town tonigbt never to
But Mr. Douglas told him that he
must pay for the stamps he had ab
stracted and asked him if his father
would not pay for them. but to this
proposition the boy would not listen.
He said that he had rather die than
have his father know anything about
At this ti;_ Mr. Clem Steed, the
lawyer who i: "ffices nearby, appear
ed and Mr. Dju told him the dis
covery and askeq .z. Steed to go to
the window and call a policeman.
Mosely, the watchman, who says he
saw the young man go up the stairs was,
however, in waitine and entered the
office. Mr. Douglas told him also, and
together they talk the matter over
Finally Mr. Doudis told Mosely to
take Wood to the barracks and he would
meanwhile see what could he done
As Mosely approached Wood drew a
pistol from his pocket and said:
"I'll be d-d if you ever take mec to
At the sam's time holdidg the weapon
in front of his breast and pointing to
The watchman spoke gently to him,
edging up close. and when within reach
tried to knock the pistol down. but as
he did so Wood turned the weapon on
himself and fired.
The ball entered about the region or
the heart. Morely seized him and
walked with him down the passage to
wards the elevator. After a few steps
the unfortunate youth tottered atid
sank in the officer's arms, exclaim'
"I am done for, tell all my folks good
In a few minutes afterward he died.
The body was taken to Wood's under
Young Wood was the son of Mr. J.
W. Wood, a most respected man, who
is well known by the business men as
eminently trustworthy and highly re
spectable. He has been employed by
the Central Railroad and now holds a
position of trust with the Bibb Manu
The young man has been a little wild
and since his discharge by the Daunn
company he has been out of employ
War and Tobacco.
It sounds almost ludicrouis in these
enlightened days to hear of a church
body whech denounces the use of to
bacco as wicked and sinful and propo)s
ed to enforce an ancient church blue
law against the weed. Yet there was
considerable row in the Methodist con
ference at Newport. Ky., the other day
because several of the ministers were
reported to be users of tobacco. There
isn't any question about the chewing of
tobacco being a filthy habit, and the
smoking of cigars being a costly one.
Killed by a Spider.
The Pacslet correspondent of The
State says: "Mrs. John Kirby who last
Wednesday morning while putting on
her shoes was bitten on the 'ta by a
sr.?.lI brown spider. Her sufferings
were most excruciating and despise all
medica1 skill, she died Thursday man
ing. Eier remains were laid to rest in
the Baptist cemetery Friday, her pas
tor, Ret. S. A. Nettles, conducting the
Will be Pardoned.
The Paris correspondent of the Lon
don Daily Chroniele claims to have good
authority for the statement that Drey
fus will be pardoned although President
Loubet will not exercise his prerogative
until after the meeting of' the council of
revision. He adds that Capt. Beauvais
and Maj. Breon were the only two mem
bers of the courtmartial who voted for
acquittal and it is was Capt. Parf all
who insisted'-upon.t he~ proviso regard
in exeating circumstances.
LIES. BASE LIES.
That Is What a London Concern is
Telling on the South.
A SCURRILOUS DOCUMENT.
The Howard Association Caps the
Climax of a Series of Li
bels on the South
The Hloarc-j asociation, of London,
a coneern enmzaed in circulatin.g defa
matory literature about the southern
people, has recently issued a document
whicn caps the climax in a series of
whOesale libels of the cotton states.
The full text appears below:
The noble spirit of sympathy, with
the victims of Spanish tyranny in Cuba
and the Philippines, which has lately
been manifested by the great nation of
the United States, has successfully re
moved an incubus which had lonz
weighed terribly on those splendid is
lands. May it now be hoped that a
similaily humane feeling will as deter
minedly grapple with a still more exten
sive form of oppression in the southern
portions of the United States them
During the past year thc Howard as
sociation has on various occasions re
ceived from those southera states very
rievous accounts of cruelties inflicted
both upon prisoners and others of the
cjlored race, and, in particular, in the
convict camps and chaingangs, where
a shocking condition of affairs exists.
There are comparatively very few
prison buildings in the south. Offfen
ders are c iefly leased out for open-:ir
work to contractors or bidders, who pay
for their labor so much a head to the
state or couuty, and then become abso
lute masters of such prisoners, so that
the taxpayer is entirely relieved from
the burden of criminals, who actually
become a source of large revenue to the
state and to individuals. This may at
first sight seem to be a great advance
upon the general systems of the north
and of Europe, which are so costly to
the community. But in reality the
lease system produces the most terrible
sufferings and fatalities to many thou
It is practically a revival of slavery,
and on a very extensive scale. In Flor
ida public sale of convicts (most of
whom are Negroes) occasionally take
place. when they are sold by auction to
the hihest bidder for various periods
up to four years. Usually the sen
tences in the south (on colored perple),
even for minor offenses, such as steal
ing eggs, are for very long periods.
There are several classes of leased
convicts. Firstly, those under the im
'vediate supervision of the state, in
camps, or farms, corresponding some
what to British convict establishments.
These, though open to grave objection,
are comparatively free from the grossest
evils, and have of late years undergone
considerable i= provement in several of
the states. Secondly, there are the
ounty camps. which are worse. And,
lastly, and worst of all, theie are the
umerous gangs farmed out to private
sub contractors or bidders, who in
many cases "sweat" their victims to
:eath by excessive labor, wretched food?,
brutal violence and the grossest neg
lect of sanitary requirements. And, of
course, religious and moral obligations
are utterly ignored in most instances.
In the best prisons of the northerrn
states, as in New York state (at Elmi
ra). M~assachusetts (at Concord Junc
tion and Sherbone), Illinois (at Joliet
and Pontiac). Ohio (at Columbus), 3Min
nesota (at Stillwater) and in Pennsylva
nia, M1ichigan, Rhode Island and other
states, the reformation of the prisoner
is, at least, earnestly attempted, and
often successfully achieved. But in
the southern camps and chaingangs it is
the very reverse.
The "captains" employed by the sub
ontractors are often of the class de
picted in "Legree," in "Uncle Tom's
Cabin." Their conduct to the female
onvicts is indescribable. A large nu
ber of illegitimate births take place in
these camps. The wretched children
born in them are, in some instances,
permanently retained as slaves. An~d
the breeding of such has become an
avowed purpose, at least in one state.
Woe to the women and girls who arc
sent to such camps! Their life is and
must be an inferno. 31en and women
frequently run away and are then chis
ed with bloodhounds and guns-those
killed being sometimes registered as
The colored population furnishes
about nine-tenths ot the southern con
victs, and it is reliably stated that a
onsiderable portion of thenm are either
'uite innocent or are punished by long
sentences for the most trifiing offenses,
are frequently on merely trumped-up
charges. It is to the interest of the 1o
cal edficials and contractors that the
number of convicts should be as large
as possible and their detention as pro
longed as it can be made.
A very sad feature in the chaingangs
is the ntumber of young children sent to
them. A leading philanthropist of
Baltimore, M1r. G. S. Giritfith, president
of the Mlaryland Society for the Protec
tion of Children, was pained to find in
the angs so many children from nine
yearsof are and upward: In one of the
better elass of chaingangs in North
Carolina he found fifty-five prisoners.
including three wvomen and one boy of
eleven years of age. And he says:
" These,'men somen and boys all sleep
under a tent 7Tox24 feet." This pro
miscious and most demoralizing associ
ation of tlie various ages and sexes, by
day and nigiht, is the usual feature of
the private camps. anui sometimes even
of the state establishments.
Judge Candler, of Gecorgia, says:
"3y experience is that when a boy is
sent to the chaingang, he is ruined.
,Judge Berry. of Atlanta. says: "I have
seen too many cases whecre boys have
been ruined by being sent to the chain
gangs." Then what must it be for
Fearful brutalhties are perpetrated by
the "captainis" in the lonely remote
places where many of the gangs arc lo
cated, as in forests and mines. .tome
times convicts have been flayed alive!
On one prisoner's corpse forty injuries
were found. He had been literally
beaten to spieces.D Another had been
disgustingl dimembered by kicks, and
thcre was a great hole gaping i
his side. A young white girl of
17 years, after being repeatedly out
raged by the officers of a camp, flei
to the woods. She was overtaken by
bloodhounds, her clothes stripped of
and she was then flogged in the pres
ence of jeering men. Another pool
girl, similarly treited, gave birth to a
child, but both mother and offspring
were speedily relieed by death. Wo
men and girls are ...abitually subjected
to the grossest indecencies and exposur
es. In one camp was found a womat
who had had seven children whilst there,
and another had had six there. And
such cases are legion!
Christian America sends hundreds of
missionaries to Asia and Africa. But
is there not a vast mission field for ef
fort and influence?
The states -.,f Mississippi, Arkansas
and the Carolinas all need greatreforms
in this matter; but especially Florida and
Georgia. Their forest turpentine worms
and their phosphate mines are often aw
ful spots morally and physically. Lou
isiana is making some special efforts at
improvement. Alabama and Texas are
perhaps better than formerly. Yet a
prison chaplain in Texas writes to the
Howard association (189S): "Practically
there has been no advance in the least
system of our conviets. I: can only be
The Howard association has also re
ceived, in cnnection with these sad ac
counts of southern camps and chain
gangs, much information showing that
they form but one portion of a still vast
er sistem of oppression of the colored
race generally in the southern states.
The voice of Missions (Atlanta, Decem
ber, 1S98) contains a long and terrib!e
indictmentof the white race for the
treatment of thc c.>lored people since
It says: "The Cuban war and its re
sults and the Armenian massacres are
nothing when compared with the thirty
years of 'whitecapping,' chasing by
bloodhounds, murdering, burning at the
stake, lynching, flaying, swindling, rob
bing, defamation of character, injustice,
fal.c imprisonment and oppression
which the colored people of Atlanta
have passed through and are still under
going. This year 300 have been lynch
ed and murdered by our white Christian
friends, and no voice but our own weak
cry has been raised in protest." 31any
Negroes were shot by the white Demo
crats in North and South Carolina dur
ing the November elections of 1898.
Recently, also, many unofEending color
ed people have been driven away from
their homes and farms in the south by
violent and covetous white neighbors.
The same journal complains of the si
lence of the pulpit, both north and
south, respecting these evils, and re
marks that even the United States su
preme court at Washington has always
turned the scale against the colored
race. Also that several of the southern
states have disfranchised the Negrves
by wholesale, in violation of the feder
al constitution, whilst returning them
all as voters for the purposes of their
own proportionate represant ation in con
gress. It is known that some promi
nent politicians and legislators at
Washington have made large fortunes
as convict contractors.
In The Richmond Planet (July 23rd,
189S.) a bishop is quoted as saying:
"Enough colored men have been lynch
ed to death to reach a mile high, if
laid one upon another, and nearly as
many more women and children to make
a simizar pile."
These lynchings are defended by
many persons on the ground of their
necessity for protecting white women
from Negro assaults. No doubt occasi
onal crimes of this kind have been com
mitted lby them, but they have been
immensely outnumbered by similar out
rages by whites upon the females of the
The colored pe5ople have need to clear
themselves from complicity with such
crime and also to cultivate more hones
ty and truthfulness. Nor can they ex
pect to be much respected until they
manifest more self-respect and become
less characterized, as a people, by their
everlasting grin and giggle. Lord
Chesterfield said: "I never knew a
'Merry Andrew' a respected man."
Bat the colored people are too often such
fools. and until, as a race, they manage
to mnake 1hemselves both respected and
feared. they are not likely to get the
jutice which is due to them. Buffoons
will be despised.
E cn the aggregate of the lynchings
is very small in comparion with the en
ormous r~,ortality of the convicts in the
cam-.ps and chaingangs. Whereas in
English prisons the death rate is under
per 1,000 per annum, it ranges in
these camps from 75 to over 200 eper
The Voice of Missions mournfully re
marks: 'There are no advocates of hu
man rights in the United States today.
Charles Summer is dead, Abraham Lin
coln is gone, Wendel Philips, W~m.
Loyd Garrison, Frederick Douglas and
Harriet Beecher Stowe have all passed
away; and with them went the last great
advocates of human rights." This com
plaint is, however, too pessimistic.
Yet even the Society of Friends
(Quakers) in America, once the fore
most c-hampions of the negro, through
their .J. G. Whittier, Thomas Garrett,
Isaac E. Hepper, Levi Coffin, Francis
r. King and othcr good men have of
late years become strangely silent and
apparently apathetic as to the oppress
However, a people of twelve millions
ouht no longer to be mainly dependen
dent upon, or looking to others for their
own protection. They must now chiefly
turn to schemes of self-help or remain
An American correspondent of the
Ioward association writes (1899): "The
Negro trouble has become so great that
1 fear the difficulty can never be set
tled but with blood."
The problem is indeed a vast one and
of pressing import to the United States,
both north and south. Is the Chris
tianity of that great nation to remain
impotent for the solution? Are the
colored people to be driven to what now
appears to be their only means of re
li-by selfhelp, through imitating the
methods of their adversaries in the for
mation of secret societies and powerful
and compact organized unions for de
fence and offense? Is it only thus that
they can-make themselves what they
must be, somehow--respected and fear
ed as a race? But what else are they
to do unless the white race bestirs .it
self for other efforts than continuing
Th..erea narly twelve millhon col
ored people in the United States.
They are increasing in numbers, in in
telligence and in wealth. It is stated
that more than half of them can read
and that their property is worth eighty
million pounds, or four hundred million
dollars. The idea of emigrating such a
multitude is utterly visionary. They
must be dealt with in America itself.
Nor is foreign interposition for a mo
ment to be thought of. Such a multi
tude are not likely to put up with their
oppression indefinitely. Nor ought
Must it be left again to the compul
sion of national disaster to solve this
great problem and so to bring about re
sults which may far better and far more
effectually be secured by volunteer hu
manity and peaceful wisdom?
SWEPT BY A CYCLONE.
Much Damage Done to Private and
A cyclone swept over Bermuda is
land Wednesday night. Houses were
blown down and others were unroofed.
ihe storm raged the whole night. No
lives were lost but heavy damage was
done to public and private property,
fruit and cedar trees. The causeway
was badly injured and the governmant
house was damaged. The storm was
the worst known there since the hurri
cane of 18SO. In fact many of the in
habitants say it exceeded the gale of
1880 in violence. Information from
the dock yard says the damage done
there is very seriou3. The breakwater
is badly damaged. On Ireland and
Boaz islands everything is moie or less
injured. The damage is roughly esti
mated at .100,000. At Somerset all
the boats aad small crafts were destroy
ed, the trees demolished and houses un
s'ated, or otherwise damaged. At
Prospect Camp the damage is estimated
at ?3,000. More than half a mile of
the causeway connecting the mainland
with St. George's is totally destroyed.
It will cost ?12,000 to ?15,000 to re
pair it. News from St. Georges receiv
ed by a whale boat says serious damage
has been done there to trees, houses,
etc. All the boats have been destroy
ed or are badly injured. Reports from
outlying parishes are slowly coming in.
They all show there has been great de
struction of trees and serious injury to
houses and other property. But, so far
as can be learned here, there has been
no loss of life. It is a curious coinci
dence that the greatgale of 1839 occur
red September 11 and 12 and this was
on September 12 and 13. No correct
estimate of the amount of damage to
private property can at present be ob
tained, but it will be fully ?100,000.
DON CAMERON'S ANGER.
It Caused Him to Pay $850 for Whip
ping a Jewish Merchant.
While Attorney General Bellinger
was in Baufort this week he made an
argument in a case of unusual interest.
Some time ago Don Cameron severely
horse-whipped a Jewish merchant
named David Schein, whom he charged
with selling liquor to Negroes upon
his preserves near Beaufort. Schein
brought suit against his prominent
chastiser for $10,000 damages. The
jury after hearing the ease in detail
rendered a verdict fr $S50 in Schein's
favor. The jury was-composed entirely
of white men. Mr. Thomas Talbird and
Attorney General Bellinger represented
Schein and the latter drew a vivid
word picture of the introduction of
French methods a la Dreyfus in South
Carolina. Messrs. Elliott & Elliott rep
resented the distinguished defendant.
The story of the affair was to the ef
fect that Mr. Cameron while driving
along the shell road headed for the de
pot came across a crowd of Negroes
who seemed to be drunk and they yell
ed at him. He then came across a Ne
gro who had rented some of his prop
erty to Schein; he gave the Negro a
whipping and then drove up to Scheins
place. He got Schein in a fence cor
ner, driving his buggy and horse so
that a pen was made. Then he charged
Schein with selling the Negroes liquor,
and proceeded to whip hiin with his
buggy whip. Schein was finally forced
to tear away isome palings before he
could escape the lashes of his assail
ant's whip. This is the story as heard.
Schein brougnt suit as stated above
and got $S50 damages. At the time of
the whipping it is said Mr. Cameron
told Schein to leave the neighborhood
and he did as ordered.-The State.
Col. Jas. H. Tillms ' South Car
olina, a nephew of .> t Tillman,
was at the white houe ,eduesday and
asked the president tuthiorize the
organization of an indc. .lent company
of Indian secuts for service in the
Philippines. It is proposed to make
Mr. Tillman, who was colonel of the
First South Carolina during the Span
ish war, captain of the company, and
Joseph H. Wood burry, "Hole-in-the
day," the chief of the Chippewa Indians
of Minnesota, first lieutenant, and some
member of the regiment of "Rough
Riders" second lieutenant, It is said
that many more than a company of
Chippewas are ready to enlist in case
they are allowed to go to the Philip
pines as an independent organization.
It is understood that the president re
ferred his callers to the secretary of
war. A later disp..tch says that the
President has promised Col. Tillman
the position he see'ks
Sentenced to Death.
A dispatch from Manila says the lo
cal papers assert that Corporal D)am
hoer and Private Conine, of Co. B,
Sixteenth infantry, have been sentenc
ed to death by courtmartial, and that
Private Mc Bonnet has been condemned
to 20 years imprisonment for having
criminally assaulted native women in
Manila a month ago. The crimes, it
is said, greatly aroused the natives.
The papers assert also that .Gen. Otis
has recommended- that President Me
Kiley approve the sentence and that
he desires a public execution of the men
sentenced to death as a warning against
a repetition of the crime.
Built His Coffin.
In Maryland there is a man who has
built a coffin for himself, and he lies
down in it for a short time each day and
smokes. He says he is "getting used"
to the coffin. Maybe he smokes in it
because he expects to smoke hereafter
also, and is getting used to that at the
TROUBLE IN THE CAMP.
The Leaders of the Grand Old Party
Senators Iloar. Wellington and Mla
son, all Republicans, are openly op
posed to the Ianna-IeKinley expan
sion business. And now comes Sena
tor Foraker and annoucces agai::st im
perialism. Ile has written a letter to
llev. Herbert S. Bigelow. of Connecti
cut and the minister makes it a basis
for a sermon. We are informed that
this letter contains a conidential inti
mation that he will head the anti-im
petialist wing of the sonate in the next
coneress and being intended for publi
cation is a semi-c-nicial announcement
of the senator's position on this maLIn
issue of the next national campaign.
With the opening of the session he will
find the first gun. The letter eloses
with a hearty note of comtuendation f orI
the work which has been dune in the
cause of anti-imperi dlism by the Econo
mic Club, and declares in undersclred
type that the senator "is with the
":A si eeial ii made -*a Senator
Foraker's letter of lbe appeal whiuh
Isabel Artacho. fermer artner of
Aguinaldo. has addressed to. the Ameri
can Republic, Artaeho, who is spoken
of as a man cf wealth and influence,
ha . jint tak.-a an oath of allegiarce to
the ited States governmeut. He
Ir r s th 1! h3 has always been a loyal
citiz -. lie rails at what he character
'the mean and spurious affecta
tion' of the leaders of the present re
bellion. He declares that the United
States alone can restore peace and pros
perity to the islands.
"ehold, what an honorable ally
the president has taken to himself,'
argues the senator. 'Isabel Artacho,
the meanest man the islands have ever
produced. as little as Arnold without
Arnold's tire. Since the American oc
cupation of the city he has passed in
and out as freely as before. Doubtless,
he had his useful sides. But that he
should be brought forward as a-clincher,
that his simple statement should be
thought sufficient to blacken the charac
ter of the man, who, whatever may be
said of him, is still making a pretty
stiff fight for his country-this is laugh
able. There were to be had at any time
during our own war for independence
50 Tories who would swear before the
British parliament that Washington
was a mere self elected usurper, lead
ing a handful of atrociously merciless
banditti. Artacho's evidence is worse
This government welcoming a trai
tor was more than Foraker could stand.
In old days, the senator was very fierce
against southern -Rebils." He is now
on the warpath against his own party.
embers who are bringing reproach
upon the constitution, the laion and
A Brutal Parent.
Beckville, Panola County, Texas, is
excited over a triple trageay. James
Forsythe, a highly respected young
nian, and Olie Simpon, a belle of the
neigi:borhood, clored and were married
Saturday night. When Andrew Simnp
son, the girl's father. learned of the
wedding last evening he started after
h ecouple crn horseback. As he rode
upto Forth's home lhe saw his son-in -
la~v fleeir~g throuigh the orchard. ice
brought him down with seven backshot
in the groin, leaving him for dead.
King H1. Forsythe, father of James,
came out of the house unarmed to see
what the trouble was, and was instant
ly killed with a load of buckshot in
abdomen. Simpson then dismounted
and ran into the house with his pistol,
s:ni'e he would kill his daughter, but
v~urg Forsythe's mother seized and
held his pistol until the girl escaped
Simpson then walk out and put the pis.
tol to his forehead. killing himself in
stnl.Yo-ung Forsythe may recover.
Bsnsin Beckville is suspended on
account of the tragedy.
Great Demand for Yarns.
A Boston dispatch to the Ntw York
Commercial asserts that cotton yarn
manufacturers are hatving in their way
the same kind of boom as the pro
ducers of pig iron-" That is, they are
getting more orders than they can pos
sibly fill, even by working overtime,
and in many instances double time.
'They are overwhelmed with contracts,'
the dispatch goes on, 'and are quoting
prices which equal those at which simi
lar goods can be imported, and are re
fusing orders in many instances." One
maae fmany years'experience says
he never awthe mills'pushed as they
are at present. Nevertheless the price
of raw cotton remains very, very low,
because spinnems do not have to pay an
advanced price to get what rney want,
being able to get it at their own price.
Most Bloody Murder.
M1rs. Jane Barber and her two sons,
Wiley and Levi, were murdered by un
knoA'n robbers in a cross roads station.
six miles from Pleasanton, Texas. They
were killed with a hatchet, their heads
having been smashed to a pulp. A sack
containing 9100O in silver was secured by
the robbers. Foot tracks in the sand
indicated that there were three men
implieated in the crime and that they
left in the direction of San Antonio.
Runners have been sent to all parts of
the county and a close search has begun
for the murderers.
Texans Won't Visit Paris.
Judging from the preliminary move
ment being made in different places inI
Texas. the State will b-ycott the Paris
exposition as a result of the D~reyfus
verdit. A movement has already been
set on foot in Galveston and San Anto
nio to secure pledges from the people to
stay away from the exposition and a
similar movement has been started in
Austin. Reports from north Texas are
that simiar movements are working
The Leading Names.
Britsh eensus reports of family
names cive for England and Wales
25.;(0;Smiths. 242,100 Joneses and
Williams. Taylor Davies and Brown
following in order. For Scotland,
Smith lead3, fllowed by Mce~onald,
Brown, Thompson. Robertson. Stewart
and Campbell MIuirphy is ahead in
Ireland, there being t2.000J of the-u;:
then come Kelley, 5~>,00; Sullivan,
43600: Walsh, 41.700; Smith, :37.000;
O'Brien, 33,400: Byrne, '3,000; Ryan,
:2,000; Connor, :31200; O'Neil, 29,
0,aned Reilly "I.000.
A BAD GANG.
A Regular Band of Robbers!Near
COMPOSED OF CONVICTS.
A -Dozen Outrageous Cases Cited
to Show the State.of Affairs
Where the Robbers
A serious state of affairs is repnrted
from St. Andrew's Parish. From all
accounts lawlessness is running rampant
across the Ashley River and every day
that the maurauders enjoy enjoy im
munity from the law the bolder grow
their depredations and the more auda
cious become the actors in the play that
is going on. A radius of two miles
from New Bridge seems to be regularly
terrorized by a gang of outlaw Negroes,
who are doing the Jesse James- act on
the highways, robbing stores and mal
treating all who are so rash as to oppose
any objection for the sake of order or
self-defence. For several months this
disorder and lawlessness has been going
on in a most high-har ded manner, and
anless the officials responsible for the
preservation of order do something
themselves to stem the tide of crime or
call on some one who will there is no
telling wl ere the matter will stop. It
is now unsafe to travel the roadways at
night and residence in that section may
soon becorae dangerous if more strin
gent metho.s are not adopted to re
store good order.
As said before this lawlessness is
causcd by a band of Negroes-the exact
number not being known-all cf whom
arc fugitives from justice. These Ne
groes are organizei under the leader
shii of a Negro naned Henry, b:ut who
.refers to travel under the intimidat
ing cognomen of "Wild Bill."
'Wild William" and his gang are a
sweet set of jail birds that would be
perfectly at home in the State Peniten
tiary, and some of them have been sen
tenced there, but escaped before sent
ences passed on them could lbe execut
ed. As a sample of the character of
"Wik Bill" it is only necessary to
state that he is wanted for criminal as
sault on Edisto Island, and a bunch of
constables from that place went to St.
Andrew's after him last week, but after
loafing around the woods for a few days
returned without him Another man
supposed to be connected with the
gang is Henry Haynes. Haynes killed
Constable Oliver at Ten Mile Hill, was
convicted of manslaughter and sent
enced to the penitentiary. While con
fined in the Berkely county jail he es
To show the hardihood of these Ne
gro outlaws it is only necessary to re
cite a few of the crimes they have com
mitted. It was impossible to secure
the names, but the facts were given to
a reporter for The News and Courier
by one of the most prominent lawyers
in Charleston, who has property in St.
Andrew's, and who has studied the sit
Lewis's store. about a mile from New
Bridge, was robbed by the gang in broad
daylight. They just walked in and
held up the proprietor. Mr. Lewis very
naturally objected and sought to oopose
them and in the scuffle that ensued had
his arm broken by the Negroes. After
helping themselves to all that, they
needed the gang left for the woods.
A few nights after Mr. Dunpont's
store was entered and the clerk, who
sleeps upstairs hearing the noise started
down to see what was the matter. A
Negro with a gun made him come to a
standstill, and the clerk was informei
that he had better not interfere. The
clerk was pwerless and the Negroes
after helping themselves made off.
The store of Mr. Wigger, in Mary
ville, was the next placeeof attack. The
gang tore off a strip of weather board
ing from this place, but found they
could not enter, so went around to an
other si Ie and endeavored to force a
window. Mr. Wigger was waiting for
themx on the inside with a well loaded
shotgun, hut unfortunately, in working
about for position, made a noise which
frightened the gang off.
The clerk in Gadsden's store wa -held
up one rainy afternoon by a single
Negro, sup~posed to be Wild Bill. For
tunately, while the clerk was looking
down the barrel of the pistol, a party of
ladies drove up to the store to take shel
ter from the rain. The Negro, not
knowing the invading party was of
feminine gender, jumped out of the
back door and took to the woods.
Another dastardly case of violence of
which Wild Bill and hi3 gang are guilty
is the serious whip;ping administered to
the town marshal of Maryville, a Negro
named Robertson. A few weeks ago
Robertson had occasion to arrest a re
lative of one of' the gang, and at the
time was threatened with violence.
Roberts~n paid no attention to the
threat, because he always went well
armed. but as is usually the case, he
nally threw aside precaution. One
day he was driving along the shell road
in a wagon and had left his pistol in
the bottom of the wagon body, where it
was unnandy to get at. Before lie
knew what he was about a Negro rose
up out of the bushes on each side of' the
road and ordered hinm to throw up his
hands. As the working ends of' two
pistols pointed right at him. there was
nothinxr to d> but obey orders. and up
went lhis "feedeis." Robertson was
then jerked from the wagon seat by a
bunch og Negroes. some of whom came
out of the bushes after the hold-up.
and was unmercifully beaten. The
cies of leb.-rtson reached the cars of
Mr. Kracke and another white oman
who were driving alone the r-oad in a
bugy, returning to thle city fromt Mr.
Kracke's farw. As the buggy ap
proached the scene of the diffieulty
Robertson was released and his as
sailants made good their escape.
Another case of highway robbery was
inflicted on a collector from Charleston.
The Reporter's informant did not re
member the gentleman's name, but said
the collector was held up on the public
highway by three Negroes, supposed to
be Wild Bill and two of his pals, and
relieved of $25 in cash.
Near Daniel's Church an old Negro
man was held up and relieved of a new
pair of shoes and a few cents in cash.
A colored man named Williams, well
knwna mabtce in Marrville, tells
of a strange experience he had while
driving along the road. He said a Ne
gro, armed with two pistols and a
rifle, stopped him and began to talk
about the robberies that had been re
cently perpetrated. Williams said the
Negro asked hirn, if the white folks were
making any efforts to catch the robbers,
etc. It is thought that the unknown
Negro was Wild Bill himself, endeav
oring to find out if the climate of St.
Andrew's was getting too hot for him.
Trial Juttice Rivers is in charge of
this side of St Andrew's dist-ict, and on
him and his constables it devolyes to
rid the settlement of tae marauders.
The thing has been going on for some
time now, and the people affected are
beginning to wonder wheie the trouble
will end. It is believed by some white
men that if the gang is ever rounee I up
some of the many fugitive murderers of
Charleston will be found.-News and
THE SCATTERED NATION.
The Jews Are Discriminated Against
AU Over the World.
The Dreyfus case has served to call
attention to the status of the Jews in
the various countries of the world.
Anti-Semitic feeling in France is
strogger than it has been for many
years past, but there are many other
lands in which the Jews are subjec-t to
severe discriminations and rsibid preju
dices. In fact the United States and
England are about the only countties
in which the Jews may be said to enjoy
an absolutely open field and fair chance.
Both here and in England Jews have
filled many positions of high distinction
and prejudice against them exists in a
far lighter degree than it does else
The Jew has shown a wonderful abil
ity to take care of himself even under
the most adverse conditions. His busi
ness success is undoubtedly one of the
main reasons of the discriminations
against him and the attempts to beat
But he has prospered even under per
section and will continue to do so.
Tnere is no prospect that the Zionist
movement, the plan of collecting all the
Jews in Palestine and the restoration
to them of distinct national power, will
ever amount to much.
They are scattered over the face of
the earth, and scattered they gill re
main until the end of time.
The Jews are so prominent in affairs,
especially in commerce, for which they
have shown a genius unsurpassed by
any other people that ever existed, that
most persons believe they are more
numerous than they really are.
According to the best information
there are not more than 6,200,000 Jews
in all the world-not a great many
more than the population of the state
of New York. Of the total Jewish
population 5,000,000 are in Europe,
chiefly in Russia. There are 200,000
in Asia, 700,000 in Africa, 300,000 in
America and 20,000 in Australia. In
European Russia there are 2,600,000.
The next greatest numbers are in Aus
tro-Hunbary, the figures being put at
1,400,000, leaving 1,000,000 to be di
vided among the other European coun
There are 130,000 Jews in the Brit
ish islands and not more than 200,000
in France. In the whole of Palestine
there are about 40,000 and in Jernsalem
The fact that there are only 300,000
Jews in America will surprise the aver
age reader. These 300,000 Jews seem
to be so many more than they are be
cause they make themselves felt in
every community where they live, be
cause they are active, enterprising and
thoroughly live factors in our complex
Three hundred thous.and such peo
ple easily become a power even among
Will Not Go.
Indignation over the outcome of the
Dreyfus trial has caused a party of over
700 Chicagoans who were going. t'o the
fair in a body to abandon their trip.
Louis Halle, who is the treasurer of the
party, and who, since the Echeme was
inaugurated, a year ago, has been re
ceiving weekly remittances from-those
who proposed going, Tuesday issued
notices to the members to call at his
office and get their money. Immediate
ly after the verdict in the Dreyfus trial
Mr. Halle commenced receiving letters
from members of the party saying that
under no circumstances would they visit
France. So many of these letters were
received that a meeting executive com
mittee was called and it was deemed
advisable to call the entire trip off.
A Deadly Weapon.
The Mauser pistol is a new arm that
has just been put to practi al test for
the government. Human cadavers
were used to test the effects of the bul
lets upon human tissue?. The pistol
has ani effectual range of 500 yards, and
is said to be the most deadly weapon of
its kind ever invented. At 500 yards
the bllets went entirely through the
cadavers. It is probable that the arm
will be adopted by the army. It is now
in use in Germany. It is the costliest
pistol made for army use, the price each
in large contracts lots being $32.84.
The cartridges cost four cents. Smoke
less powder'is used. The calibre is 30.
The bullets have a lead core and a nick
el-plated copper jacket, the weight of
each l~rojectile being S.> grains.
Want the Convention
Buffalo, Milwaukee, St. Louis and
two or three other cities are each anxi
ous to have the Democratic national
convention next year, and several of
them are taking subscriptions of funds
to be used in securing the convention.
Meanwhile Chicago remains serene,
feiing sure that there isn't any other
city than hers-lf in which the Chicago
platform could be readopted with so
An Unusual Case.
The jury or condemnation appointed
at the instance of the Seaboard Air
Line for the purpose of fixing a valua
tion on some 45 acres of the lands otf
Mr. .J. B. Dent, some distance from the
ity. has allowed him a total or $s,;75,
which is~ said to be a higher price than
Mr. Dent himself asked for the land.
It is understood that the Seaboard will
appeal ronm the valuation of the jury.
The road takes a right of way through
the land 100 feet wide for a distance of
mile- The State
A White Man of Augusta Held Up
BRICKS THROWN AT POLICE.
Lost His E Pocket Book and All
the Money He Had Together
With His Vaiise.
A bold highway robbery was com
mitted on last Thursday near Augusta,
Ga. The Chronicle of Friday says:
Mr. W. H. Foster, a white man liv
ing at 1336 El1is street, was held up
and robbed on the highway Thursday
afternoon by a negro. Mr. Foster had
been over in Carolina, about five miles
beyond the line to visit his father and
was returning to Augusta. He stopped
in a house near the South Carolina rail
road track to get a drink of wa:er and
while there asked what the time of day
When he started'out a negro man
who was there said he guessed it was
time for him to be going, and started
on ahead. A short distance down the
track from the house the negro had
stopped and waited until Foster caught
no with him, when he asked Foster if
he had anything to driak. Foster told
him he had not, and the man said he
ought to have. He then pulled out a
pistol and, putting it right up to Fos
ter's face-close enough to touch-ask
ed him if he had a pistol, to which Fos
ter replied in the negative. Foster
was then made to open a valise .which
h3 had with him. The negro then told
him to pass over his money, which Mr.
Foster did. After this the negro made
him pull off his coat, saying he had a
good mind to take that, too, and pawn
it. He shook it to see if there was any
money in it and then handed it back,
but kept the pocket book, which con
tained $2.40 and the valise.
Mr. Foster then took a back course
for three miles until he reached the
Horse creek road and came by that way
to Augusta, going he says five miles or
more out of his way to keep from pass
ing the negro again. Mr. Foster was
very much frightened when he reached
the city, but went at once to police
headquarters and reported the matter.
He described the man as being a large
black negro, 35 or 40 years old, and
wearing blue overalls. He said he
thought the negro weigned about 140 or
Whether he was in this crowd or not
is not known, but just before the time
for the relief to go out last night Officer
Damish went over to the city bridge to
see if everything was all right there
and found Feveral negroes shooting
raps. When they saw the officer they
opened a broadside on him on him with
a shower of brickbats that came down
around him like the falling of hail The
officer brought his pistol into view and
the negroes, after hearing the tone of
its voice twice, scattered in the direc
tion of Hamburg at a lively pace.
The following challenge to mortal
combat was cabled Thursday morning
to Count Ferdinand Walsin-Esterhazy,
at hiP address in London:
"Sir:-Believing you to be answer
ble for the misery and humiliation of
Captain Dreyfus of the French army,
and he, Captain Dreyfus, not being
able to call on you personally for satis
faction, 1 as an American, freeborn,
loving liberty, de volunteer in miy own
right to meet you on the field of honor
in behalf of Captain Dreyfus at any
time and place agreeable to you.
(ind) "PAUL E. AYER,
"Anderson, S. C."
Ayer is a son of the late General Ayer
of the Coufederate army, and was a
sergeant of the First South Carolina
volunteers in the Spanish war.
Slain on the Highway.
A special from Batesburg to The
State says: "Larkin McCarthy was kill
ed at Langley Saturday night by Wil
liam Goodwin. They were brother-in
lpw, and some domestic trouble pre
eeded the shooting. McCarthy's body
was brought here and taken to his fath
er's for burial. All parties live near
here, in Saluda county. Reports say
Goodwin borrowed a shotgun, loaded it
with large shot and awaited his victim
by the roadside and emptied bosh bar
rels, riddling the body and killing Mc
Carthy instantly. Goodwin was cap
tured and is now in the Aiken county
Killed Father and Mother.
A double murder occurred late Wed
nesday night near the manufacturing
village of Fiskdale, Mass. John King
and his wife, an aged couple, were kill
ed by their son Peter, who was crazed
from-the excessive use of liquor. The
skulls,of both were crushed by a heavy
latnet The murderer also at
tempted to kill his brother Thomas,
but only succeeded in inflicting severe
wounds. Peter is now confined in the
lockup. He is in an unconscious con
dition and may die.
The Porto Rican Sufferers.
The governor has received a letter
from the secretary of war stating that
there were yet thousands of persons to
be fed and clothed in porto Rico. He
stated that a committee had been ap
pointed to see that all contributions are
properly distributed and expressed the
hope that there would be no relaxation
n the part of citizens to aid taem.
Death of a Vanderbilt.
Cornelius Vanderbilt, eldest son of
the late William H. Vanderbilt and
grandson of the old commodore, founder
f the family, died suddenly in New
York Wednesday morning in his magni
i-ent residence at Fifty-seventh street
and Fifth avenue.
Gen. Wheeler Disgusted.
Special from Manila, via Hong Kong'
sas: Gen. Wheeler only obtained as
ignment to active duty after a serious
dispute with Gen. Otis, who wanted to
sidetrack the veteran fighter by sending
him to some obscure post in the south
ern islands. Gen. Wheeler now de
clars he will apply for permission to
return to the United States soon, un
less there is some change in the man