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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, September 27, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. XV. MIANNING. S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2 89 O 2
DESPERATE FIGHT.
lt;Took Place Behind The Doors
of a Bank.
TWO MEN WILL DIE.
An 'Aged Cashier 'Attacked By
Stranger. Supposed Robber
Mortally Wounded. An
Unlikely Story.
A dispatch from Chicago, cf Sept. 20.
says: Frederick J. Filbert, the aged
cashier , of the Palatine bank in
Palatine,' Ill., 26 miles north-of Chica
go, is l ing eiose to dcath as the result
of an attack made upon him today'by a
young man vho gives the name of Wal
ter Lawton. The latter, ,who is un
parently of good education, is in the
county jail suffering from a bullet
wound in the abdomen which will prob
ably prove fatal. Henry Plagge, 70
years old, a farmer, whose intervention
at acritical moment prevented the out
right murder of the cashier. is 'at his
home west of the village cut and bruis
ed and disabled as a result of his strug
gle with Lawtoo, whose motive for the
assault, according to his repeated state
ments, was not robbery.
The attack upon Filbert was made
with a tack hammer and the aged
cashier was struck at least a dozen
times beforePlaggo interfered. The
attack occurred at 3 o'clock in the af
ternoon. At this hour many of the re
sidents'of the community were thrown
into a tumult by hearing the repcrt of a
revolver and the noise of a fierce strug
gle in the bank rooms. Wm. Garue,
a farmer, was among the first to reach
the bank rooms. As he entered he al
most stumbled over the form of Cashier
Filbert, who 'with torn clothing and
bleeding head was feebly endeavoring
to crawl through the open door.
Garme turned and ran into the street
shouting "murder," and then returned
to the bank. Sounds of a struggle still
came from the rear room and Garme
hurried to that apartment. As he push
ed open the gla-s door, he found the
old German farmer. Piaggo, bleeding
from a number of wounds, but fighting
vigorously with a stalwart young man
who lay on the floor with Plaggo on
top of him. A bloody tack hammer and
a revolver with a broken butt lay on
either side of the struggling men. The
young man's clothing was stained with
blood in the region of the abdomen.
The crowd which had gathered rap
idly after the alarm had been given sei -
arated the two men and took the sup
posed robber-to the village lock-up.
He was too severely wounded to offer
any resistance and this fact was all that
saved him from violence at the hands
of the excited crowd that followed him
to the jail. Law ton's confessed motive
for the assault was reven:e on Filbert.
who he alleges. alien.,:ed the affections
of his wife. His story is not believed
by the police, however. They have no
doubt'the looting of the bauk was his
ultimate design.
The robber sa:,s he tracke'd Friber'
for five years and that he discover, d
only recently where the object of hL,
pursuit lived. He went to the bank.
he asserts, to demand $1.500 in satis
faction for the old injury. The easn
balance of the institution was 5100.
000, all of which was in the vaults ar
the time the assault took place. Law
ton was brought to Chicago on a late
train tonight and placed in the county
jail. He denied that he had entered
the bank for the purpose of robberv.
and claimed that the alienation of his
wife's affections by Filbert took plact
five years ago at the Fifth Avenue hotel
in New York city. Filbert dclares he
has not been in New Yoik for twenty
years.,,
Late tonight it was annnnetl a inat
both Filbert and Lawton will die. The
former's skull is fracturk d in tvo
places and the latter cannot iur-ive thte
wound in his abdomien.
DiesIn His Buggy.
News reached Spartanburg WX dnes
day morning that the horse of Dr. Thos.
W. Vernon of Whitney had run away
and killed him. lie was a lover 'f fine
horses and this particular one hai ran
away several times. W\hen he wa
found dead in the lot of 31r. A. 31.
Glover, with an abrasion on his head.
it was naturally concludtd that a
shocking accident had happened. But
an examinatibn of all the circumstances
showed that it was rno accident hut 2
case of heart failure. M1r Glover found
him in his lot about 9 o'cleek Sunday
night and at once called his raeighbors
Dr. Vernon's horse and buggy were
standing near. The doctor had been
seen near night going home alone in his
buggy, and he had to pass MIr. Glover a
to reach his own house, which was a
short distance away. He had been vis
iting a patient at 3Mr. Glover's, and it
is supposed the horse turned in therc
from force of habit. lie was probably
dead before reaching this point. Ilh
had been subject to ittacks of heart
failure for some time. Ie was about
34 years old and very popular as a ph-y
siClan.
.Tapanese Steamer Sinks.
CA telegram from the governor of
Shiga, prefecture to the Japanese gov
ernment, reported by the steamship
-Empress of India, states that on the
4th inst., the steamer Koun 31aru
founded during a typhoon ctl Hana
kawl, in Biwa lake. going to the bottom
like a-stone. She had fif ty passengers
on board, a majority being women and
children. Twelve of these were drowned
and two fatally injared while eight ot
the crew also went down with the ship.
their bodies being coftined by the ves
sel. __________ _
Four Men Killed.
Four men were killed and three se
riourly injured Thursday in a rear-end
collision of freight trains on a bridge
on the Omaha road near Windotm.
Minn. An engine was pushing the first
train and the second was a doub~le
header, 'so tI at three engines were
thrown into the river in a badly wreck
ed condition. One span of the bridge
was demolished and 17 cars thrown in
to the river or along the tracks. Thes
c arsto fire a sevra were burned
HIGHWAY ROBBERY.
Two Citizens Assaulted and Robbed'i
Lancaster County
A dispatch fraui Lancaster to Th
State says a very daring act of highwa
robberry was committed net far frot
the town liuiits on the Camden roa
Tuesday night shortly after dark. Th
victims were too you:' white farmer.
Frank Shaver and hi, brother in-lan
Robert llagirs, who live at -St. Luke,
station on the South Carolina an
Georgia railroad. four miles southeas
of tiis place. The facts * about a
follows: Shortly .fter dark Shaver an
lacins left to sns for ho-ne, boh tbe,
under the influence of "fuss-X." lit
gins was on a mne and was tulo sed b.:
hind by Shavt r. who was on foot. A
they reached -Jacib-s lollow" the
wcre both set upon by three me
who knocked them down and bea
them in a fearful mariner. lIagin
managed to get to a hous
nearby, leaving Shaver in an un
sensible condition in the road. Short
ly after Shaver was brought to town i
a buzv. Bath t n 1r ented a horri
ble a'pearane . beina fearfully bruise
and 'ut un ab)ut the fae and head
lacins has one arm broken. but Shas
er's wounds are more serious, one c
them bcir a fracture of the outer skull
Two men 'niplicated in the robber
we: - rest, Weinesday night short,
af: r ou arrance. Oae is R ber
Fu r. white, and the other Nathanic
'N '. colored. both notorious charac
t. r Lvinzg in the county. Both of th
victims positively identify these tw
men. which. with other circumatance:
make it certain that they are two of th
gang. The moon was shining ver
brightlv at the time of the robbers
Hag~ri 1eketbook containiag S3 1
was found not far from the scene of th
robbery Wednesday morning. Th
supposition is that it was thrown awa
in their flight by the robbers.
A NARROW ESCAPE.
Details of the Wreck of the Transpor
Morgan City.
A dispatch from Yokohoma say
interesting details are at hand c
wreck of the American tram
ort Morgan City. It appears tha
it came very near being an ai
palling catastrophe. Striking upo
a reef at 3 o'clock t he morning th
ship ramained fast until daylight who
by adopting the expedient of pushing
the men alternately from one side t
the other, the ship was rolled from th
rocks into deco water. where she a
once began to fill rapidly. She heade
for the shore of the Island of Inoshim
several miles distant, sinking percipt
bly with every yard of progress. Ha
she not reache d the beach she woul
have gone under in another minute
The discipline of the men was admira
ble and all were gotton ashore in safety
The seamanship shown appears not t
have been spent so admirable, as n
precautions were taken to make the boa
fast to the shore after beaching. Th
time was spent in removing stores, th
transport lying very nearly bos uader
but well afloat in the after pare. Eat
in the afternoon without warnir, sh
slid ocT the steer beach and sunki
about si:: fat hems. A more favorabl
spot for a shipwreck couli scarcely b
found. The island of Inoshima is-abou
a dczen miles from Hiroshima chic
ity of the inland state. Aimost it
stantly came aid from the Japanese au
thorities. the cruiser Yosohono bein
at once d'spatched and the Red Cros
society sending a relief expeditiot
['he troops are loud in their apprecia
tio:: of Japanese kindness. The trans
prt City of Sydney having just put int
Yokohama short of coal and water, wi.
proceed via the inland sea and unle
prvision has already been made, wi
take on boa:d a part o.f the troops.
Marital Troubles.
Many people whio have marital trot
ble wite. to the governor to help the]
out, thinn that he can do somethin
for thew. iere is a specimen lette
received Th~ursby; by the gotvernor, fro:
Dav.is Station:~ ''l write to ask you
opinion. I married a woman in 1S.
ad in 1890i she left me and 1 got a lei
tr from her in 18IM saying she woul
nlever recognize me as her hu hand an
mor:. I haven't heard from her sine
then. Now, if it won't be violating th
laws of South Carolina, I desire to mar
r another woman. Would be l'ease,
to have your views whether it n ould b
vilating the laws of this state or nloI
As already stated. I haven't heard frot
er since 1594 and don't know whethe
she's dead or alive, Thanking you i
advance of your reply." The write
asks that if the letter be niven to th
iress that his name be withheld -Ce
lumbia Record.
Stronger Than Ever.
James Creelman, the -vell knov:
correspondent. who has been aceoum
pan3 ing Bryan in his recent wester
travels, tells tihe Baltimore Iheral
that in his opinion the Ncbraskan'
name will be the only one presente
to the national Democratic conventio
ext year. "Ihis strength," said he
-is greater than three years ago. bu
as the lines of battle are not yet fainl
drawn and the issues not vet clearl
deined, the question of' Mr. Bry an':
success is still open." As Creelma
reported Bryvan 's presidetutial canvas~
in 1896i he is qualified to make thle con:
parison. Hie is a gold man, too, an
ouht not to take an exaggerated vie,
of'Bryan' increase in streugth.-T[h
State.
Hard on the Directors.
NIr ". Scott Pope, one of' the bonae
me"- for Col. Neil, has gi;'en notit
tha he w'ill not pay any part of Co
Neal' bon without suit. ad a jury fi:
i the amlount of his liability. if an
l tae thle position that tile board<
directors allowed the bad managener
and trouble to run along so long ast
either havte known of it and aciuiesce'
or by their co overative- bad mar .ap
meact ant reter', w.ic wcr.:.mile~ at
i to him, to have relee him <
the liability. ie will make the istu
on the liability' and dum '' of theb~
of directors affordine prteuna to' t 'ji
bonds:nen anid the State, and k nwi
omething about renorts to whin'th
afix their names and author"it". Whe
the damaces for which the bonid-me
are responaible are fixed, Mr. Poj
says, he will pay his share, but not uw
til then.
NEGRO CONFERENCE
Called by Rev. Junius Mobley, a
Colored Preacher
n TO BE HELD lN'COLUMBIA.
Text of the Call Setting
a I Forth the Reasons Why
it is Issued. Tired of
Whites.
'W\hen neizhb')r 1iuit visiting they
will fail out. Sach is the homely
s aihorism of 1Rev." Junius Mobley
anent' the 'condition of the lRepubli
t ,
can par-y in this State. The definition
is that when -neiglbors quit visiting.
e ntimacy gives way to suspicion, dis
trust is b-ed. and, with the aid of the
gossip. open enmity is the consequence.
The application is that the white and
the colored Republicans "have quit
vi-iting. A:e rding to his statemeut,
they are n )t only n"t on friendly terms
f but the Negro is bezinning to distrust
I the white leadlers. June claims that he
kept quiet while the -Lily White" and
"Black and Tan" controversy was
being waged. le wauted "the pot to
boil down so that he could see what
would come cut of it all." Ie has is
sued a call to the colored Republicans
o to meet in Columbia fair week to de
vise so:e plan of pilicy for their bet
terment. Mobley hails from Union
e county and to his tite of "reverend
may be added that of "honorable" for
he represented his county in the legis
-ature in Radical (.vs, and was a law
e er.
e Ile is opposed to the deportation of
the Negro, for he realizes that his
race is treated properly in the south,
As such a solution of the Negro prob
lem is not near at hand, .he claims to
want to established a plane upon which
the Negroes and whites may meet and
"freeze out" the white Republicans.
He wants to be the leader of the Ne
s groes, of course. Following is his
f manifesto issued Thursday:
To the Colored Republicans of South
t Carolina.
There is a great' necessity for union
n among us as a race variety in a coun
e try where the interest of all the people
a are co'mmor for we as a race have been
so long misrepresented by our so-called
o Republican white leaders in the politics
e of this and other States of this Union
t ar.d thereby have rendered us as a race
d almost worthless to ourselves and to
any other race politmoally. This is
- shown in the fact that they have kept
I silent in everything which embodied
the interest of the Negro along political
lines.
The Negro has simply been used as a
. tool by his so-called white Republicans
D and that to his detriment. This fact
c is charged by the Democrats in their
t speeches and alo by the Demociatie
e newspapers-a fact which cannot be
denied.
The fact is, that these so called whits
e Republican leade:s stand as a barrier
e between us and the southern whites
a with whom we must live, move and
e have our continued being, for we never
e will leave this country. Now, there
t fore, since we are to live together in
f this southland, I think it wise to call
- a conference among ourselves to devise
- some plans by which we ein meet the
e other rat e upon amicable terms as ne
s gro represcntatives.
.This is fair since the color line has
-been drawn even by our white liepubli
ans. WVe believe that the Negro can
o best represent himself with his white
I brethren, sinee lie has this to do in all
s of his business walks of life. Why
should he need some one to represent
him in the politial walks any more
than in business or in any other walks
of life? Let the Negro leaders come to.
eether and act for themselves in all of
n the vocations in which he is cilled to
act as citizen. This will teach him
r the true meaning of citizenship. I ver
" ily believe that this is the sentiment of
r te southern white people. Believing
0as I do, I therefore issue the following
call:
Let all lovers of the race meet in e)m
Y ference in the city of' Columbia on the
e 6Jth day in November. 1S23. Come to
e ether, my fellow citizens, and let us
-showv to the world that we feel keenly
our condition and that we are willing to
e do any honorable thing to better the
-same Ior the time of' talk is past.
Junius S. MIobley.
2 Reed, The Traitor.
r "We are bound to say that of all
methods of attacking the great and
- cod 31eKinley which have been de
vised, that pursued by ex-Speaker Reed
is the mont -dastardly.' It is especial
ly so bceause of the impossibility of an
2 swering it. All that M1r. Reed does is
- to say that lie belierce in .tile declara
1 tioni of indeper'ience and in the pria~
C'i cipe of liberty, self-government, and
s the rights of man. How cau an imper
1 lahst. thouch a \Mekinley editor, con
2 viet M\r. Reed of 'treason' for saying
-such thin as? Yet it is -treason' of the
blackest kind known to this epoch. MIr.
SReed is perfectly well aware of the
' iendish signiticanecce of his words. IIe
knows the pain they will cause in the
alwhite house, and that the pain must be
s borne iu silernee, yet lie utters tnem.
-We should like very much to have a
Sfrank expression of opnin on2 Mr.
SReeds conduet from M1r. libnna. or
C ov. Roosevelt, or Senator Pla~t, or
any other strenuous upholder of the
Pr~ident's l'hilippine policy. They
must recard it with deep loathing as a
more cowardly form of assault than
Ceven the un-American mua vumps have
devised. Tfhese c-au be -answered anu
denon:-d. b-it how can you ausw~er or
-denounce a aa-n when your ea'me ia gon
i you qute his wvord ' New i uk
-ving lost.
Killed For His Mo ey.
A 5peial frotu Jacks-onvie, Fl-a..
tells of tihe arrest at Tavares Fla., of
I' rs Leoniard N eumi'.er and a man
e named Ny'e. who bordel with her.
dT'he are suspecte of the muuider et
e the woman's hiusb-and. T he latter's
bdy was found in a lakc noar the
v hou-. A m'st mortem e'xannnation
n revealed that lhe was dead when placed
n i n te water. Neumeister. recently by
>e the death of a brother, a Southern
i- steamboat captain, came into property
aoning to nea $0 000.
DREYFUS PARDONED.
His Departure from the Prison Was
Unnoticed.
A dispatch from Rennes, France,
says, Cap:. Alfred Dreyfas at 3 o'clock
this morning left the prison here in
which he had been confined since his
return from Devil's Island, and proceed
ed to Vern, where he took a train
bound for Nantes. His departure was
completely unnoticed. M. Viguie, the
chief of the secret service, and the pre
feet, M. Dareault, arrived at the prison
af ter midnight, bringing the minister of
war's order for the release of Dreyfus.
The latter walked from the prison to
the boulevard Laenne, where he enter
ed a waiting carriage and was driven to
the Vern station, outside the town:
Mathieu Dreyfus met him at the train
and accompanied him to Nantes. While
this dramatic turn in the Dreyfus drama
was taking place all Rennes slept and
the departure of the famous prisoner
of Devil's Island was no more noticed
than that of an ordinary traveler. The
carriage which was in waiting was the
same vehicle which took Dreyfus to his
prison when he returned from Devil's
Island. Dreyfus got in opposite the
house where Maitre Labori had stayed
previous to the attempt upon his life,
and alighted about 500 yards from the
station and walked in, regardless of the
drizzling rain. The Nantes train came
in just as he arrived. Alfred and Ma
thieu Dreyfue quickly took their seats
and ihe train went out of Rennes bear
ing Dre.fus away a free man. A small
erowd of people had walked round the
prison until midnight, expecting the
release of Dreyfus, but it then dispers
ed, thinking it too late for Dreyfus to
letave. Madame Dreyfus left Rennes at
noon, accompanied by her father and
friends.
A SWINDLER ABROAD.
He Represents Himself as a Lawyer
from Birmingham, Ala.
A dispatch to The State from Spar
tanburg says a slick rascal giving his
home as Birmingham, Ala., worked a
confidence game on one of the oldest
and most proninent members of the
Spartanburg bar on the 2d of this
month. He went into the office and
talked about things in general in a
most entertaining manner, representing
that he had been summering in Ashe
ville and was on his way home to Bir
m ingham; that he had run short of
funds and desired the aid of a brother
attorney to get $10. He produced a
license to practice law in Birmingham
and said he was a practicing attorney at
that place. Everything seemed so
plausible and he was such a nice fellow
the Spartan went down to the bank
with him and endorsed his check for$10
on the Alabama National bank of Bir
mingham. In due course of time the
check came back protested. A letter
to a leading law firm in Birmingham
reveals the fact that there is no such
place: that he has been drawing such
cheeks on this bank all through Ten
nessee, Georgia and the Carolinas;
that he was in Birmingham some time
ago and desired this bank to cash some
cheeks for him on other banks, but they
refust d to take them except rer collec
tion; that he became offended and went
away in a huff. The man is evidently
a fraud and ought to be widely pub.
lished.
Sank Into the Sea.
The steamship City of Topeka arrived
from Lynn Canal Wednesday with news
of an earthquake which began Sept. 3
and continued until Sept. 10. The
steamer Dora carried the news to
Juueau. The earthquake extended
fro'u Litueya bay, 150 miles below
Yakutat, 300 miles nothwest into the
Co~k inlet country. It was the great
est phenomena witnessed in Alaska
snce a similer occurrence in the Rus
sian days. -Three distinct shocks .vere
felt at Juneau. Baiidings were badly
shaken. The earthquake was most
severe at Yakutat, Kanan island at the
entraies to Yakutfit bay sank 20 feet
into the sea. At high tide only the
tops of trees are visible. Huge fissures
opened in the earth. The Dora pas
sengers say that in two minutes the
ocean rose 20 feet above high tide and
almost as quickly subsided. In
dians have deserted their homes and
arc living in tents on the beach. Many
have gone to Juneau.
Murder, Robbery, Arson.
The residence of Absolomn Kester, a
miserly farmner, aged S0, near Pawpaw,
WV. Va., was discovered on fire at 1
ocock Fridlay mornin. Neighbors
hurried ~o the scene and were horrified
to find Ke ster and Albert Gross, his
hired man, lifeless in the yard. The
housekeeper, Anna Doman, was also
miurdered, but her body was consumed
in the flames. The object of the crime
evidently was robbery. Kester was
k nown to keep a large sum of money
about the house, but a few weeks ago
was persuaded to put most of his money
in the bank. The robbers secured
about $200, it is thought. After beat
ing the two with a blunt instrument, as
they supposed, to death, the robbers
set the building on fire to cover up their
crime, but the men had life enough left
to crawl out into the yard.
A Curious Case.
A spccial from Raleigh, N. C., says:
The Atlantic and North Carolina rail
road, in which the State owns two
thirds of the stock, has applied to the
United States court to escape the 1899
assessment for taxation imposed by the
corporation commission. The defend
ants must answer the complaint at the
Uited States court room in this eity
the first Monday in Noivember. The
annoucment that a railroad in which
the State owns such a large interest
has filed a complaint with the Federal
authorities against the State caused
something of a flutter.
Knock nig Down.
C{iials of t se Brooklyn Rapid
Trasit comnpany say they have been
rbbed of nearly $50.000 in the last six
weeks by the new conductors who have
taken the place of the strikers last
.July. The new men are said to have
been "knocking down" fares industri
ously, but the leakage has at last been
topped.
OUR HOME MILLS.
They Have Made Themselves
Feit This Year.
SOME ADVICE TO FARMERS
Some Excellent Reasons Why it
Will Pay Them To Market
Their Cotton Crop
Slowly.
There is spread before the people of
the South at this time a great object
lesson of the value of home cotton mills
to cotton planters. Everybody realiz:s
that these mills do good to the commu
nities in which they operate; that they
build them up in population, in wealth
and in importance, raising the villages
to towns and the towns to cities. In
telligent farmers realize that they do
good to the country also, increasing the
home market for produce of all kinds
and increasing the value of lands in
their neighborhoods. It is also under
stood, although for the most part loose
ly, that they help the cotton planters
near them by giving them better prices
for their staple than they could gct
from exporters. But only now is there 2
so great and broad an example of this
last benefit as to impress not only the
whole South but the cotton trade in two 1
hemispheres. i
The situation is mst interesting,
even to those who have no hazard in the 1
outcome. The cotton crop, which six
weeks ago promised a great yield not- t
withstanding its partial failure in this
part of the South, has since declined
rapidly in condition, owing to the
drought in the southwest. Before the
effects of this drought were fully re
vealed Henry M. Neil, the New Orleans
representative of British exporters, gave
out an estimate of over 12,000,000 bales, 1
and the Liverpool market, responding
to it, at once and sharply lowered the i
price. This drop synchronously af
fected the New York market and, to
a lesser extent, all the American mar
kets.
Soon afterward the government crop
report for September revealed the full
extent of the drought injuries in the
trans-Mississippi region and the South
ern markets began to rise. The news
since then has confirmed and heighten
ed the government's estimate of losses,
and throughout the manufactuing South
prices have advanced materially. To
this advance there has been a partial
response in New York, but Liverpool,
pinning its faith to Neill's estimates,
has maintained practically the prices of
a month ago.
So we have this condition: The
price of cotton in the cotton manufact
raring States of the South is as high as
in New York. and in some places high
er, while in New York it is relatively
higher than in Liverpool. Liverpool,
has been paying 7 cents for middling
cotton, and mill towns in South Caro
lina t
lina havebeen giving as much as 6I and
6 cents for it. The result is that it
does not pay to buy cotton for export,
and unless Liverpool materially raises
its bids it will be able to buy very lit
tle in the near future.
This Southern buying which keeps
the price up, and even raises it, in the
absence of foreign competition, is being
done by the Southern mills. Their
managers see for themselves the hollow
ness of Neill's estimate; they know the
crop is going to fall largely below last
year's, they believe that the price is
certain to go higher, and as provident
men they are laying in their stocks
now. In thus reasoning and acting
they are indubitably right. At the
present and prospective prices of cotton
goods they can afford to pay what they
are now paying, and even much higher
prices. The demand for cotton both at
home and abroad is greater than it has
ever been, the crop is the shortest in
senral years, and-the margin between
the prices of raw and manufactured cot
ton is very large. This is the time for
Southern planters to hold all they can .
and for Southern mills to get all they
can. We hope that but little will be
marketed for the present and that every
bale of that little will go into the ware- 1
houses of our own mills.
The significant point of the whole
matter is that Southern mills, by com
petition among themselves. unaide~d by
foreign buyers, have for weeks kept up
the priee of cotton over a large area.
This is in defiance of English specula
ors and spinners, and it is a great step
toward Southern independence. We
can make it the rule and fix our own
price for our great staple if we will only
build mills enough. Oine we spin all
o:r cotton what will we care for Liver
pool, or for New York ani Boston mar
kets! n cotton prices wec will be a law
unto yourselves, and no false estimates
f yields need compel us to sacrifice
our crop.. For all that we raise we will
have purchasers at home. The mill
stockholder will plant cotton and the
otton planter will buy mill stocks. I
here will be proit in both planting
and manufacturing, and an adjustment
of prices between them will not be dif
Ecult.r
South Carolina last year manufactur
ed 44 per cent. of the largest crop of I
otton she ever raised. This year she
is likely to consume five-sevenths of a
short rop-half a million bales of a
erop of 700,000 bales. If we keep up
the pace we have taken now five years
more will raise consumption above lo- I
al production. Every cotton planter
with as much as a hundred dollars to
invest should put it if he can into a
new cotton mill convenient to his plaa- e
ation. It will buy permanent insur- e
anceaganst foreign and speculative
cpacity.t
Since the foregoing was written we C
have seen Wednesdaysreportsfrom the b
Liverpool and New York markets. t
They show that the former has taken ~
alarm at the freeness of Southern buy- ~
ing and the holding back of cotton and
has advanced its price. New York ~
followed suit. The rise will continue.
Let planters hold t':.eir crops. A month
of short receipts and Neills reduction
of his estimate-which must come
will send cotton to seven cents or more
in every local market.-The State.
"I have used your 'Life for the Liver
and Kidneys' with great benefit, anda
for Dyspepsia or any derangement ofs
the Liver or Kidneys I regard it as be-t
ing without an equal." James J. Os-e
borne, Attorney at Law, Boliston,(
Hdeson. ., . a. * c
LOOTING CHURCHES.
Resolutions Adopted by Catholic
Young Men's Societies.
The National Union of Catholic
Y'oung Men's sccieties, in session in
Newark, Wednesday adopted the fol
owing resolutions:
"Whereas, for some time past many
-umors have appeared in the public
iress, and have been affirmed by private
Ldvices, that Cath->lic churches in the
P)hilippines have been desecrated and
spoiled of sacred vessels and vestments
>y soldiers of the United States.
"Resolved, That we, the Catholic
oung Men's National Union, embrac
og 50,00U men in the United States,
lo call upon the president of the United
tates, living every confidence in his
air mindedness, justice and respect
or *.li religions, and through
iim upci the other proper authorities,
or a thorough investigaion and report
ipon such rumors as t> their truth or
alsity, and,
"Resolved, That if upon proper in
Testigation these rumors should be
ound true in whole or in part, we de
nnd,
'First, The punishment of those
;uilty or responsible for such outrages
ipon our religion, and,
"Second, The necessary measures be
doted to prevent the recurrence of
uch desecrations.
Resolved, That a copy of these reso
utions, duly authenticated, by the pres
dent and secretary of this convention
>e forwarded to the president of the
Jnited States."
The following officers were elected by
he association:
President-Dr. S. H. Wall, of New
k'ork.
First Vice President-Rev. D. M.
3ogan, of Rahway, N. J.
Second Vice President-J. M. Hig
;ins, Richmond, Va.
Secretary and Treasrer-E. P. Gal
agher, of Philadelphia.
The convention next year will be held
n Brooklyn.
A FOOL KILLER NEEDED,
nother Light Headed Frenchman
Seeking Notoriety.
Max Regis, former mayor of Algiers,
,ad a notorious Jew baiter, who re
urned to Algiers recently, haunted by ,
he idea that the government intended
o arrest him, and emulous of the noto
iety of Jules Guerin, shut himself up
or fou: days with a party of adherents
n a villa labelled "Anti-Juif" just out
ide the town. He laid in a stock of
)revisions for a seige. Wednesday,
.pparently annoyed at the absence of
ny move on the part of the police, he
ssued forth and entered the town, stir
ing up Anti-Jewish demonstrations,
iring which the windows of several
hops owned by Jews were smashed.
[he Jews responded by firing revolvers,
.nd the mob raised the cry, "Death to
he Jews!" The riots continued
hroughout the evening and finally the
roops charged with drawn swords and
lispersed the rioters. Regis regained
he villa and barricaded himself and
us companions.
During the affray nine persons were
tabbed or shot, among them three po
ice agents and two inoffensive citizens.
t is reported that some Jews were
mong the wounded. Order was finally
estored about midnight.
The rioting was renewed after mid
Right in the Jewish quarter, where
here were collisions between the Anti
~emites and the police. Several per
ons were injured and the police. made
ix arrests.
An Honest Confession.
The Charleston Post doesn't make
nuch of a defense of its slur at Bryan's
~rgumentative powers. We offer it
his editorial expression from the Chi
ago Times Herald, McKinley organ,
n the speech whose weakness our
harleston contemporary forecasted:
'No one who heard Mr. Bryan's ad
ress will undertake to deny that it
vas a skillfully constructed appeal to
he popular prejudice against combina
ion of capital. Regarded from a
urely political standpoint it was a
nasterly effort, and iu no way detracts
'rom the reputation of the silver leader
.s a captivating orator. This much is
'eadily conceded by those who sharply
issent from Mr. Bryan's views of in
ustrial combinations, and while they
,re quick to perceive the flaws in his
,rgument they cannot honestly main
ai that it will be without effect upon
he minds of the masses." Frm sach
,source such a tribute to the Demo
ratic leader means much.-The State.
By His Own Hand.
A special from Covington, Ga., says:
Vm. A. Franz, professor of English
.nd literature in Oxford college killed
imself Tuesday night at his home here.
ihe deed was done with a pocket knife,
)r. Franz inflicting 15 wounds on his
Leek, arms and in the lungs. He was
ound yesterday mornir.g by his wife,
rho thought he had died of a hemor
age. A physician who was called in
ummoned a coroner, and the result of
us inquest was announced tonight.
)r. Franz only Monday assumied the
uties of his position, coming here 1
rom Fayettsville, 0. He was a native
f Virginia, and the remains were taken
o Dadeville in that State for inter
No Use to Apply.
Governor McSweeney is still in re- I
eipt of a number of letters asking fort
ndorsemeats for positions in the vol
.nteer army. Secretary Root has writ
en once that South Carolina's quota of
ificers was filled. and another letterr
as ben rcceived from him stating
hat all official positions in the regular
rmy have been filled and that further
pplications esannot be considered at
his time. Governor McSweeney has
.ade it a rule to endorse nearly allr
pplications sent to him.-Columbia
record.
Murdered by Moonshiners.
John L. Hanna, chief of police of
)alton, Ga., was shot and killed Wed
esday by three moonshiners whom he
ras trying to arrest. A posse of 12;5
in was organized and started in pur
uit of the moonshiners. A spe':ial
rain carrying a party of detectives, ac
ompanied by bloodhounds, have left
hattaooga for Dalton to aid in the
--aptr ofhe murderers.I
_. P.?.ISOERS HALF STARVED.
It is Said They Are Living Only on
Hope and Courage.
A naval offiecr on one of the ships at
Cavite says in a private letter to rela
tives at B:ston, under date of August
19:
"I today made a trip to Manila pur
posely to see and interview a Spaniard
who claims to have seen Lieutenant
Gilmore and his men. The Spaniard
arrived in Manila on the 13th, coming
through the outposts at San Fernando
de La Pampanga. His name is Felipe
Galza. and he is a planter by occupa
tion. On the first of February last he
was on his plantation, when he was sur
rounded by a d-putation of natives,
who made him a prisoner. He was
forced to follow the movements made by
the so-called Filipino republic, and
tramp through mud and water and over
mountains in their wanderings.
"T,vo weeks before his arrival at Ma
nila he saw at Bigan Lieutenant Com
mander Gilmore and his fourteen fel
low prisoners. From his report it is
judged that they had fared badly at the
bands of their captors, and although
their courage was undaunted, they were
in bad shape physically, in reality be
ing half starved. Gilmore himself said
he was in better health than some of the
thers, being a man of strong physique
and of strong determination. The whole
party was entirely destitute of clothes,
and all the necessaries of life. The
Failure of tae Ur.it.d States to ransom
them as expected had so enraged the
insurgents that their treatment, which
For some time had been kind, had since
become reversed. The members of the
;arty, however, were not discouraged
and fully expected to return to their
Friends.
"Galza thought that with proper
measures employed by the United
States government, there would be no
trouble in effecting the speedy release
of Gilmore and the Yorktown's men."
A Manager Murdered.
Julia Morrison. leading lady of the
"Mrs. Plaster of Paris" farce comedy
:ompany, shot and killed Frank Lei
len, stage manager and leading man of
the company Friday night on the stage
f the City Opera House at Chattanooga
Ienn., just before the curtain rose for
the performanc:. Three shots were
red at close range, all taking effect in
Leiden's head. He sank to the floor
and was dead in a few minutes. The
woman was arrested and taken to the
:ity jail. A coroner's inquest was
held at which is was developed that
:rouble had existed between Leiden and
Hiss Morrison and today she slapped
him. It appears that they quarreled
ver the woman's alleged had acting,
Leiden accusing her of being an ama
teur. The woman claims Leiden re
peatedly insulted her and that she shot
him in self-defense. The verdict of
the coroner's jury was to the effect that
the murder was premeditated and
wholly uojustifiable. The woman
:aims to be from New Orleans and the
ma-i with the company named James,
she says, is her husband. Tames has
been arrested as the instigator of the
rime. The company has been on the
road three weeks and. was unusually
sucessful.
Preachers Live Long.
The life insurance companies go to
reat expense in endeavoring to ascer
tain as definitely as possible the average
leth of life for men engaged in differ
ent professions and the various lines of
business. An expert for one of the
large companies has prepared diagrams
which illustrate the comparative longe
vity of elergymen,. farmers, teachers,
lawyers and doctors. Wvhich of these
lasses do you suppose makes the best
showing of longevity?* Most persons
would siy the farmers, but the clergy
men excel them in the art of reaching
old age and beat even worse the other
lasses mentioned. According to the
expert referred to 42 out of every 170
miisters of the gospel reach the age of
70. The farmers come next, their
proportion for seventy years of age be
ing 40 oat of 17'0, Next come the
teachers with 34: the lawyers show 25.
and the doctors are last, with only 24
>ut of 170. The reasons given for the
greater longevity of preachers are vari
Us. In the first place, they are like
ly to lead temperate live's and to have
3 careful system in the management of
:heir work. They also get more or less
utdoor exercise, and are not subject to
:he strains which constantly beset the
itive business man. -Atlanta Journal.
The Universal Language.
A century ago Grimm and Candolle,
he former a German and the latter a
Frenhman, declared that the language
> Shakespeare would ultimately be
~ome the universal tongue. A similar
udgmnt has just been passed at the
erlin academy of sciences by Profes
or Diels. a well known German lin
~uist. lie declared that independently
f the political iafiuence which the
Jnitcd States. Great Britain and the
ritish colonies were having on the
orld, the simplicity of strueture of the
:nglish language gave it the promise of
iniversal use.
Death of an BUsign.
}:asirn Noah T. Coleman of the bat
leship'Iowa died Thurs~day in a private
ospital at Sai Francisco as a result
f a complieation of troubles and a bul
et wound infieted by himself somne
ie ago in an attempt at suicide.
~oune CAian was to stand trial by
:ourtartial for various offenses, and
*ttempted suicide. The wound would
lot have caused death under ordinary
ircumstances. but his vitality was so
reakeecd by wo'rry that he could not
urvive. Ensiih Colem:.n came from
ino of th e ldest and mos: respected
amilics of New York. lie entered the
aval academy with the brightest pros
>ets.
The Killing Season.
Cornelius Triplet, colored, was kill
d at Singlcon. Winsten county. 315.
7hurday nighlt. n:aking four vietim1s --
wo white ami tswo colord-of the feud
acine in that county. The friends of
SI. . Johnson. the man killed with
-i. Triplet Monday. were at Macon on
'hursday, laying in a supply of arms
.nd amnmunition. More trouble is
iroale.
TRIED ONCE 31UWM.
Mrs. Mattie Hughes"Faces a"Jury
a Third Time.
DYING HUSBAND'S:STORY.
In Ante-Mortem Statement Mrs.
Hughes is Named asthe Mur- J
deress. The:Accused on
Witness' Stand.
Mrs. Mattie Hughes, who-is accused
of murdering her husband at Greer's in
Greenville county, and who has already
been tried twice, which resulted in a
mistrial each time, is now on trial for
the thrid time for the same offence.
Interest in the case is not near so in
tense as on former occasions. The-oase
commenced in Greenville on Wednes
day.
There were only two instances where
there was any material deviation from
the proceedings heretofore. One was a
statement of a witness, J. L. Carman,
as to what Hughes said on the night of
the shooting with reference to the cause
of the trouble between himself and wife
which declaration was made while she
was absent from the room a short time
after the fatal shot. Some one said to
Hughes that those around his bedside
were friends and brethren, to which he
made an emphatic dissent, saying-that
one who was present had been the cause
of all the trouble with his wife and
charging him with unfaithful conduct.
Judges Townsend and Gage did not al
low witnesses to testify in regard to
Hughes' talk about his wife during her
absence, but Wednesday the latitude
was a little greater and Mr. Carman told
the story that was quite well known in
the community but was not brought out
under the former ruling. When the
witness had divulged the matter, Judge
Gary ruled the evidence out as incom
petent, and it will not be considered by
the jury in making up their verdict.
The other point of deviation was the
admission of the dying statement of
Hughes, which was written by the
Rev. D. B. Simpson, and which was
ruled out at the first trial, partly intro.
duced at the second, and with the ex
ception of a single sentence was admit
ted as evidence this morning. The
dying deposition of Hughes is'as fol
lows, the words, "Leo pleaded for my
life" being omitted:
"Personally appearedbefore'me'Geo.
W. Hughes. who being Auly sworn de
poses and says: That after supper I
said: 'Mattie, there is no way to settle
our trouble unless you tell me every
thing you know and all'that they have
said to you.' She said, with an oath
she was going to kill me and twould
give me two minutes to get ready. I
said: 'Mattie, I would not hurt you for
anything on earth.' I got up, aiming
to get ahold of the pistol, and she shot
me when I got'up. I made no effort
to hurt her at all. There is not a wo
man on earth I cared.forbut..her and
I've told her that a hundred times. I
had a pistol in my pocket, but not for
her. I make this statement realizing
I cannot possibly live. She has pulled
a pistol-on me at least a dozen times.
I never pulled one on her' 'once. I
would not have killed her even in self
defense."
(Signed.) G. W.rHughos.
Subscribed and sworn to .before -me
this 18th day of November, A. D. 1898.
R. L. Tapp.
Notary Public, S. C.
Chesterfield Girl's Adventure.
Miss Virginia-Massey, 21 years old,
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. R.
Messey of the-Dudley section'of Ches-.
terfield county, left her home the morn
ing of the 5th inst. to-go to her married
sister's home, about two miles away, to
assist in putting up some kraut. Fail
ing to come back on the day she was to
return, her father went after her, and
was more than astonished to learn that
she had not been there. Search. was
instituted at once, but no trace of her
was found until lasts Tuesday, when
friends of the family living in Wades
boro, N. C., -notified the parents.Pthat
she was there. It seems that on leav
ing home-her mind .. became affected,
and she wandered to Wadesboro, a dis
tance of about twenty miles from her
home, and was seeking employment
when she was 'recognized by friends of
the family, who notified the parents,
as stated._________
A Fatal Wreck.
Train No. 3 on the Baltimore and
Ohio due m'.Cncinnati at 5:15 p. in.,
was wrecked near Petroleum, W. Va.,
Wednesday. Engincer Win. Meyers
was killed. Three postal clerks and
three trainmen were injured. The
engine, mail and baggage cars left the
trck. The passengers were not hurt.
Starving in Porto Rico.
A dispatch from San Juan, Porto
Rico, says-the board of charities' tabu
lated statistics' show that out of a
population of 916,184 there are 291,098
indigent and 11,838 sick. The num
ber of deaths as result of the recent
hurricane was:. *2,619. One week's
rations were issued to 283,147 persons,
and the number of those working for
rations was 11.713.
Soldiers~Occupy.Churches.
The war department has received the
following cablegram from Gen. Otis re
arding the military use of church prop
erty in the Philippines: "Referring to
-our cablegram of Sept. 10th, 16
hurches, different localities, occupied
by United Sate's troops. Four only
)artially occupied and religious ser
-ices not interfered with. Also three
3onvents occupied. These three ap
it of the 165 churches formerly occupied
by insurgents. Church property en
spaced and protected by our troops."
Disastrous Earthquake.
There was a disastrous earthquake
Wednesday morning at Aidin, a town
an the Met der, eighty-one miles south
est of Smyrna, Asia. Hundreds of
prsons were killed in the valley of
Mrmnderrez.
Big Fire in Alabama.
l'~nt Rock, Ala., was devastated by
ire Thursday afternoon. Every store,
meX~pt that of W. J. Keel, on the south
kialf of the busmness portion, was
2rned. Nearly all the merchandise
as lost and there was nj insurance

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