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WHAT T H-EY W1-ANT
Some of Our 'Aanufacturets for
the "Open Dcor" Policy.
A LETTER FROM McLAURIN.
The Growing n of 1'.
Southern GraE-s in th Trad
Across the Pacific
The following corrs:nee
lished by -:equest vf eneator Mci
"Spartanbu.rg, S. C.. Septembe'
1899, lon. B. R1 Tiillman, Hon. n
L. McLaurin, ien. Wiliam E i.
Hon. Stanyarne Wilsan. 1 NV. W
Talbert. Hon. A. C. Lutimer 1.
Thomas J. Strait. Iloa. Jm s Nor
Hon. J. William St-ks -Dear
We ask your co)usideratInof c
lowing: Scuth Caroina is irt'.
foremost state in th s.uth In the
ton manufactur;ing bu-inez, rwt r 1
spindles, looms and uL -ber 4:1 1
employed. but also in amounti o et'
consumed. She is near', an,_'
the expiration of twelv- r-ords i
be next to lasssehuzett, in er -
spindles-the secjud State in i.
in the conversion of raw iaterial L
finished products, The wills of
state, on a basis of 1.000J.U0 bales pr
year, consume about one-third of th"
entire cotton crop of the state. and ifI
present ratio in the increase of spiudlcs
entinues, it will not be many years be
fore the requirements of the mills will
reach the total cotton crop.
"The business of cotton manufactur
ing is the paramount manufacturing in
terest of the state. Next to agricul
ture it is the principal employment of
our people. It returns wages directly
to a very large percentage of our popu
lation, and indirectly it is the support
of many thousands more, A large
number of the mills in this state are
making goods for the China or eastern
trade. If by any chance this demand
should be cut off, the mills would be
eompelled to shut down, or to get into
direct-competition with the other mills
whkh are -making goods for home con
sumption. You can see at once what
the importance of the China trade is to
us; it is everything. The pro'sperity of
the cotton mill business of South Caro
lina depends, in our opinion, upon the
China trade. We believe that the ex
pansion of this trade is the hope of the
ootton mall industry in the south.
"According to the best of our infor
mation, the question of the continuance
of this trade is a question of policy on
the part of our government. Statistics
show that 90 per cent of all the cotton
goods exported from the United States
to China find a distributing market at
the three northern treaty ports of New
chwang, Chefoo and Tientsin. The
first named is the treaty port of the
great province of Manchuria, already
recognized, in the railroad and mining
enterprises as an exclusive sphere of
Russian enterprise. The 3econd is the
treaty port of the province of Shan
tung, in which Germany claims exclu
sive privileges similar to those conced
ed to Russia in 3Manchuria. The third
is the treaty port of the metropolitan
province of Chili and is the maritme
gate of Peking. All three are situated
within a comparrtively narro.w area:
but through them is done most of the
foreign trade of north Chin.t. It only
requires one step forward in the exten
sion of the authority of Russia and
Germany to destroy the terms of equal
ity on which the commercial nations of
the world participate in the advantages
of Newchwang and Chefo~o, and the
movement on Peking which is general
ly assumed to be part of the policy of
Russia, would necessarily threaten the
co'mmercial interests which center at
"Up to this time we are informed
that pressure brought by the govern
ments of Great Britain and the United
States has led Russia to declare its pur
pose to admit the merchandise of other
nations into Manchuria on terms of
equality with its own, but it is impos
sible to say how soon that policy may
be changed. It is alleged that in tne
importation of railroad and other mate
rial Russia entirelv disregards the im
perial Chinese customs of Newehwva:.
regarding the pert as if it were aircie;y
in a Russian ponenioni; andi it r-s ho
that Russia, for the protection it
own trade, may see fit to carry thi-i
crimination to the point of impuaiu
her own custom duties on American
eotton goods. In such an event, our
trade with Manchuria would be serious
ly handicapped, and might, conceiva
bly, cease to exist, as did our trade un
der like cifcumstances, with Madagas
"The effect of this would be afar
reaching one to the cotton mill indus
try in the south; up to this time, the
federal government has shown a dispo
sition to insist on the maintenance of
its treaty rights with the Chinese em
pire, whenever there seemed any dan
ger of their positive infringement, b-i
as we have indicated, the process of
substituting for the authority of the
Chinese government the jurisdiction of
a foreign power, is a gradiual and insid
ious one, and its completion would
mark the disappearance of all pre-exist
ing treaties. We are, therefore, led to
believe that equality of commercial op
portunity in China can be maintained
only by a decided stand in the interest
of their trade on the part of the na
tions who have most to lose by the cre
ation of spheres of exclusive commer
eial influence, and that any effective as
sertion of treaty rights must involve the
stability of conditions now existing.
"When you consider the vital inter
est of your constituency in this ques
tion, we feel certain that you will deal
with it in the way best fitted to bringr
about a satisfactory solution. In our
opinion, this can be most easily reached
by supporting any line of policy of the
federal government based upon the
strict observance of our treaty rights in
China; or which, in other words, insit
that no part of that empire should be
subject to the influence of any goverrn
ment without given to the United
States equal commercial rights and
privileges with the most favored na
tion. As we understand the situation.
the question of the expansion policy of
the government is in no way involved.
The maintence of our rights in China
does not include an attempt to bring
other countries under the influence of
our flag. The open and delares - ur
pose of those who are solicitious akut
these rights is that in all qu ions of
trade and commerce this country aball
be put on a parity with it s rivals inte
far east. This is not a uestion of tr
!itory; not a question of LmpreLC V
sitmply a question of trade and of the
right that our people now enjoy to~ 'o
duct a profitable commece ' the
Chinese empire in any portion f
territory. All that we dem'and. is per
feet equality with other nation
r, ..a r . a e C.*
t ru t at
IW i i
I e-To L:ur I COo 11
-rin: ~ ~ ri ni:sfs ,xrnd rAsu nix
-B nt i e. . .c. 1.1 -'.
omer an OtersSpatanurg 31 . C.
car Sir our etter a benre
eiv J.I full coIe .ncr i veythig
-ou sayi ao thLY ( ~Ie po t of th
hinTh 'openc Sdoor Olct. 12. what
Me'se s. n . an w an. Ti h hrto
sichr Sive been etpte hs by re
aiton fonly oher ent erohihgi
r:teducod to ther trade interesth whl
fostenblyrenzd the 'treaty gt.
-izat. other nations. in violation of
rhe. ha. acquire d tE.rritory and Cx
:lude: therefromi our legitimate cam
inre. Ruessia has graduaily absorbed
Mane ur.a and is building a railroad
cis' iberia . o command the trade of
c i'a Geri tney has been cative and
aiting In ex.edtancy to obtain the
hilippi'nes. Japan has given Ruissia
the frait of viet ry or 1892. France
1as ecen the willing tool of Russia,
ind E.eland has beo passive in her
fear to asan her.
"This wa the status in the east when
he battle of M1an a occurred. This
vitory thwarted all the schemes of
Russia for the dismemberment of
China, and rendered its absorption and
artition impossible. If you want the
open door.' th'e United States now
olds the key. The archipelago of the
Phili pines lies along the coast of Asia
for Su miles and commads it. Manila
s the point in the east which is the
center of ocean traffi. It is the only
oint where foreign nations could have
o-ained commercial stations without a
"Iln the vicissitudes and good fortune
f a war with Spain, and without any
itntion of doing so. the United States
has acquird the possession of the
Philippines, which give to her para
mount political auoa cammIercial advant
iMy judgment is tnat the control of
them. or at lest of some portons. is
the only safeguard for our trade inter
vats in the east. The abandonment of
them R as the dismemberment of
China, its partitin aueeng the European
powers, and the inevitable bss of' our
--I note you say in your letter. 'that
the question of our rights in China
does not include ca attempt to bring
other nations uroer the influence of our
flag: that tS is not a question of ter
ritory; rs a questionl of empire, but
simply aquestion of trade, etc.'
"It seems to me that the question of
trade is not alone involved. The com
mercial and political aspects of the great
problem of the hour in this country are
inseparable, and it is useless to close our
eyes to this fact. Would it not be fol
ly for us to sacrifice our commercial in
rests for purely political considera
tions? The maintenance of our trade in
the cast does not necessarily mean the
forcible annexation of the Philippines,
or the denial of the right of local self
government, out when the war is ended
by treaty or otherwise for congress to
.ttled all questions in a just and con
"I do not favor the adoption by this
country of a color ial policy be-:ause of
the vexed end threatening problems
growing out ed it, but I do think that,
if possible. i iited States should
mantain .stftii c i terests in the is
lands to comi:rii equal trade rights
with other tva: .cs in China. This
will p'reven t f -r ang time the dis
membe;... :: of this vast empire.
England and .Jpan favor the integrity
of the empire, but they alone cannot
uarantee it acainst the other Europe
an powers. With the weight of the in
fluence of the United States thrown
against dismemberment. it would be
"At present, Hong Kong. under Brit
ish influence, is the great distributing
enter of the orient. Manila, under
American influence, will occupy a bet
ter strategic and geographic position,
and should become a commercial center
of that portion of the world. Coin
m~rcial supremacy is the goal of every
civilized nation-it is only attained
through commercial progress and corn
mercial expansion. In this great bat
te among the nation, without desigmn
of >ur own, whiie they were haggling
thmslves, Dewey sails into Manila
bay. and we find foothold within two
days' journey of thisland of consumaers!
where half of' the population of the
word in cougregated within an area no
larer than the United States.
--There is nmuch political rot in the
contant parading of' the term " imper
ialism."- It is a misnomer. intended to
c~nfuse and deceive. It involves the
idea of the incrporation into our body
aolitc as Ameic-an citizens, millions
f the s.'ci barbtarous inhabitants of a
troia country. I do not helieve
suna inin.:1 is reaue. i'ossuei or dc
siabe no' is such a resut necessary
o secure -uch commercial expansion
as wew t I think the dictates of
emI moa anse wil govern the Ameri
:sm.''sprun fo iiical effect, wil
not prevent themi from gathering the
ful frit ** the v er l'o eaily n i
out r an a prov~tin ee. al
it of' opruet in the eastern mar
\ . .--c -..seiia1 vise will not
reveal t- traca imponauce.
T the, southern people it is frautght
v.ith . mmientous corscittrnc.es ('ut
to. manufNcturinig in the south has
I in a few yCars with phdenomenal
at . Sillions of dolIr are now
i . tl i n ill,
pro et these found Ie
S erative maikets in Chi:.a aud other
..1Nt s If the Cast, our cotton goodsj
beinz reculiarly adapted for clothinr
:I. oIir millions of that warm cli
T', ir trade is the hope of 'is
tt miufacturing ii!dustry of the
I f it is eu! (Il by othe r nat ions.
lv tI e manufacturer but the p.ra
ot r av cotton will suffer. The
-( at *dvaree in sfpot cotton, which
1 r I-lanters ire - jAi ying. is largely
due to the nill-s OF the, soutl'. 1ley
1 are !or *. U the local narket above New
Y \rk. Wit h active conapetiTion i 10
cal ma-kets Liverpool and New York
exchann s no longer fix the price of
raw cotton. an the southern people
offird to tcriti ether cnvnercial and
itds'rid i-'er s for more rolitical
"At e time of the acquisit1ou of
h I i .s, like nes of our pco
ple. 1 krv nothirg about the re-w
e-tions uddenly rj-:cted by this
.ted cvent upon the attention
I'd co:.Sidcration of the American peo
I have honestly and carnestly
.a.t tiformation, and studied them,
0;,_t I might be able to take such a
oti a; would be right, and conduce
to the best interests of the coantry.
I am wiilina ro corcede honesty of
purpose and 5incrity of conviction to
o.thCrs en these questions. It ii diffi
cult for a representative to view this
li;estion as he should while the war is
in progress, and both parties attempt
ing to make political capital out of it:
one making frantic arpeals to 'stand by
the flag.' and the'other criticising on
numanitarian grounds everything that
is said or done. When these questions
are considered by congress, it is my
purpose to act and vote for what I con
ceive to be for the best intarests of
South Carolina. A discharge of duty
to the best of my ability will come up
to the full measure of my obligations.
"As you request, I will use my ut
most endeavors to preserve and inforce
all of our 'treaty rights' in China, but
with the lights now before me, I feel
that these are feeble safeguards. The
United States, with the control of the
Philippines, by treaty or otherwise, will
be in a position not only to insist upon.
but to assert equality of trade rights i
the cast. Without this, all she can e
is to respectifully but firmly prote;
against their violation by othernations..
but, as in the past, is not in a positio.:
to assert and maintain them. Yours
very truly, "Jno. L. McLaurin."
The New Road.
From Wilmington the Atlantic Coast
Line authorities have issued the fol
lowing circular announcing the open
ing of their new line from Denmark to
To Agents and Contractors:
We take pleasure in advising of the
opening, Nov. 1st, 1899, of our line to
Augusta, Ga. The new line is an ex
tension nf the Atlaatic Coast Line rail
road of South Car 'lina. The stations
are as follows:
Denmark, S. C.
Hilda, C......... ....7 1.2 miles
Barnwei S. C., (Junction
with Southern'Railway.15 miles
Dunbarton, S. C.........27 miles
Robbins, S. C... .. .. ...35 miles
Augusta, Ga........ .....64 miles
Freight trains will be operated via
the new route on and after Nov. 1st.
199, and it will be our aim to give
prompt and satisfactory movement to
all shipments offering.
For the present our through passen
ger trains will be continued via Den
mark and Southern railway (formerly
South Carolina arnd Georgia railroad).
Will advise y ou later as to exact date
through passenger trains will be opera
ted via the ::e-v route.
Issued by H. M. Emerson,
Gen. Freight & Pas. Agt.
T. M. Emerson,
Dishonest Naval Officers.
A gigantie system of official fraud
and corruption has been unearthed at
Sebastopol. Forty-three government
officials have been arrested and will be
tried by courtmartial December 2d.
Among the accused are many high naval
officers, including the former senior
port officer, Commander Relitsky, sev
eral wellknown constructors, nearly
every emief engineer of the ships in
Russia's B'ack sea fleet, the commissary
officers and others. It is reported that
several of the accused have committed
suicide rather than stand trial for, if
found guilty, they would be banished to
Siberia. Vice Admiral Tyrtoff, the
Russian naval commander in the Black
sea, is responsible for the arrests. lie
alleges that the officials of the various
government departments from Sebasto
pol, to Nikolaeev have for a long time
been engaged in a huge con-pi::y to
misappaopriate funds and sell govern
ment supplies, covering their defalca
tions by forgery and suppressing infor
mation by widely distributed bribes.
The affair has created the greatest sen
A Small Riot.
A news letter from Searight, Ala., a
lumber town, says that place was a
scene of terror early yesterday morning.
The Negro employes of the turpentine
stills were paid off Saturday night and
hundreds of them, both men and womena,
came here to get irunk and take poss
ession of the town. Finally a row start
ed in Falk's bar and dozens of pistols
were fired. Then bedlam reigned for
an hour or two. The white men got
together, armed twemselves and scat
tered the Negroes, who subsequently
rallied and started back. They were
met near Dunston's stable and a partial
engagement ensued, the whites fi::ally
succeeding in forcing the Negroes back
to the camp. Three Negroes are re
ported shot. The blacks arc still in
the swamp and the white men are
awaiting their return.
Frank A. Vanderlip, chairman of
the Dewey home committee, has re
cived the following letter from the ad
Washington, Oct. 2;
Dear Sir: I acknowledge i he ci't
this day of the title deeds to tihe ha
tiful home presented to me1b 1 :
countrymen. My heart i., full of grat
itude to them for this overwhelming
expression of their regard for me, and
I request that you will al~co accept and
convey to the committee my heartfelt
thanks for your and their efforts.
Very sincerely yours.
(Signed) George Dewey.
Foul Play Suspected.
Nelson Slappey, agent of the Southern
railway and postmaster at Westdake,
Ga., was found dead in a swamp near
that place Friday. Some game and his
gu with one barrel empty were found
beside him. The entire top of his head
was blown off and there is suspicion of
President McKinley Calls on the
PeoplI to Give 'i hanks.
TO GOD FOR HIS BLESSINGS.
The Last Day of November Fixed
as the Time for Especial
PR ayer, Thanks and
PY lide at 3eKley Wdnetday is
sued the follov.ing dhanksgiving procia
Byt President of the United States.
A national custom dear to the hearts
of the reoplc calls for the setting apart
r oe d y in each year as an occasion
of sp.cial thanksgiving to Almighty
God for the blessings of the preceding
ycar. This honored observance ac
quires with time a tenderer significance
It euriehes domestic life. It summons
under the fa ily roof the absent chil
dren to glad reunion with thoe they
Seldom has this nation had greater
cau-e fer profound thanksgiviag. No
great pestilecce has invaded our
shores. Liberal employment waits
upon labor. Abundant ernps have re
warded the <tforts of the busbandman.
Increased comforts have come to the
home. The national finances have
been ustaincd and made firmer. In all
bra; ches of industry and trade there
has been an unequaled degree of pros
perity. while there has been a steady
gain in the moral and educational
growth of our national character.
Churches and schools have flourished.
American patriotism has been exalted.
Those engaged in maintaining the hon
or of the flag with such signal success
have been in a large degree spared from
disaster and disease. An honorable
peace has been ratified with a foreign
nation with which we were at war, and
are now on friendly relations with ev
ery power of earth.
The trust which we have assumed
for the benefit of the people of Cuba
has been faithfully advanced. There
is marked progress towards the restora
!in of healthy industrial conditions,
a . under wise sanitary regulations
tile island has enjoyed unusual ex
emption from the scourge of fever.
Che hurricane which swept over our
new possession of Puerto Rico destroy
ed the homes and property of the in
habitants, called forth the instant sym
pathy of the people of the United
States, who were swift to respoad with
generous aid to the sufferers. While
the insurrection still continues in the
island of Luzon, business is resuming
its activity and confidence in the good
purposes of the United States is being
rapidly established throughout the ar
For these reasons and countless oth
ers, I, William McKinley, president of
the United States, do hereby name
Thursday, the 30th day of November
next, as a day of general thanksgiving
and prayer, to be observed as such by
all our people on this continent and in
our newly acquired islands, as well as
by those who may be at sea or sojourn
ing in foreign lands; and I advise that on
this day religious exercises be conduct
ed in the churches or meeting places
of all denominations, in order that in
the social features of the day its read
significance may not be lost sight of,
but fervent prayers may be offered to
the Most High for a continuance of the
divine guidance without which man's
efforts arc vain and for divine consola
tion to those whose kindred and friends
have sacrificed their lives for country.
I recommend also that on this day,
so far as may be found practical. labor
shall cease from its accustomed toil,
and charity abound toward the sick,
the needy and the poor.
In witness whereof I have set my
hand and caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this
26 day of October, in the year of our
Lord 1899) and cf the independence of
the United States the one hundredth
By the president
John Hlay, Secretary of State.
They Must Pay.
The United States court of appeals
at St. Louis having decided that suicide
cannot be urged by an insurance com
pany as its reason for refusing to pay
a policy, unless it can be sho'r' that
the individual at the time of taking out
the policy contemplated suicide, some
inquiries with regard to the matter
were made amoung the insurance com
panies in New York. It is stated as a
result that the decision is not a prece
dent, as it simply follows the laws of
the state of Missouri. In fact, the
1rnited States supreme court decided in
a me from Pennsylvania that an in
surance e~npany may refuse to pay a
plcv 6, e irs of a suicide on the
ground that it i., against public policy
to pay insurance on the life of a sui
cide. flowever, most of the companies
now stipulate that their policies shall
be incontestible after one or two years,
while some of them have done away
with the suicide clause altogether.
Has Forty-two Wives.
Forty-two wiv'es scattered throusghout
the world, four of whom are in Chicago
was the confession made Wednesday by
Walter L. Farnsworth, a Chicago candy
commission man, who was arrested
charged with bigamy. Farnsworth also
admitted that he was a man of many
aliases. Some of these are Charles
Bradford. A. J. Hlittig. S. L. Thomas,
A. L. Kiefer and Bradshaw. "I can
not tell exactly how many women I
have married," said he. "I k-now of
eleven in Europe, four in China, three
in England and oxer twenty others in
different parts of the world, but to save
my soul 1 could net tell how many. I
married them for different reasons.I
did not live long with them. The-y v~l
all tell you I was gil t them.
A e. o S t he Charlotte Observer
.a:~tal. ,. C., Friday night
asys that Ed. Ulount, a Negro who at
tempted to assault Miss Maloy Moore
ad her younger sistev, as they were
eturning from church Thursday night,
was captured and tried before Judge
Dosey Battle, who was holding a
special term of court at Lumberton,
the judge postponing a murder case, in
which he was engaged, in order to try
Blount, who was convicted and sen
teaced to 15 years at hard labor. He
will reach the penitentiary 28 hours
:fter the committal of the crime.
"I have used your -Life for the Liver
and Kidneys' with great benefit, and
for Uyspepsia or any derangement of
the Liver or Kidneys I regard it as be
ing without an equal." James J. Os
borne, Attorney at Law, Boliston,
Ndwm the fo0d more dI
LIEUT. VICTOR BLUE.
He is Presented With a Beautiful Cup
by His Marion Friends,
Lieut. Victor Blue who arrived with
his wife last Wednesday at 31arion S.
C., on a brief visit to his mother and
other relatives, was the subject of an
interesting "function" Thursday even
ir-g. when, before a brilliant and appre
ciative assembly, the ceremony of pre
senting him with the bautiful loving
cup, contributed by citizens of the cow
munity in which he was reared, was
conducted in the spacious rooms of the
Marion library. The principal apart
ment was draped with the national
colors and tastefully decorated with
flowers; and the artistic surroundings
formed an attractive setting for the
animated picture of beauty and chivalry
gathered to do honor to the gallant
lieutenant and his lovely bride. The
appearance of the lieutenant and his
party at a late hour of the evening was
the signal for the prompt execution of
the programme that had been arranged
in anticipation of the event.
lion. W. J. Montgomery in appro
priate remarks introduced Hon. J. E.
Ellerbe who had happily been chosen to
make the speech of presentation Mr.
Ellerbe performed his agreeable duty
with the grace and skill of the practic
ed orator, and was warmly applauded.
Those who know that elocution is not
in the lieutenant's line did not expect
him to essay a stiff and formal recita
tion of his thanks, and were pleased
when he simply arose and smilingly
thanked his friends for their remem
brances. There was a spontaneous
movement of the onlookers to grasp his
hands and shower upon him hearty
congratulations for the exploits which
had given him a lofty niche in the tem
ple of fame.
Mrs. Blue received her husband's en
thusiastio friends with a graciousness
and suavity that charmed all who had
an opportunity of paying their respects;
and the gratified recipients of her
graceful acknowledgements withdrew
from her presence, with fixed impres
sions of the fact that the winning of his
amiable bride-one of the fairest pro
ducts of the Land of Flowers-is the
worthiest, as it is the latest, of the gal
lant lieutenant's illustrious achieve
His leave of absence did not permit
Lieut. Blue to prolong his vigit to M.r
ion, much to the regret of his friends
there. He and his bride took the cars
Friday evening for Washington.
THE MIITIA PRIZE DRILL.
Capt. Kirkland Issues a Circular Let
ter to the State Militia.
The following was sent out from
the headquarters of the Richland Vol
unteers Thursday to the captain of every
military company in the State:
Dear Sir: I have secured contribu
tions to the rsuont of $125 to be of
fered and conmested for during fair week
as first and second prizes for the best
and second best drilled company in the
South Carelina militia.
The Atlantic Coast Line and South
ern railway will offer a rate of one cent
per mile to companies in uniform, in
parties of 25 or more, and the tickets
will be sold without the coupon attach
The armory of the Richland Volun
teers will be open and all visiting com
panies are invited to use our armory for
their headquarters while here.
I have undertaken to get up the drill,
and it is my earnest desire to have all
companies of the Snuth Carolina mili
tia contest for the prizes.
I will gladly make the best possible
arrangements for quarters and board
for any company that will inform me
that it is its desire for me to do so.
Owing to the fact that I will not have
time to communicate with the captains
of all the companies that will attend in
regard to the judges, I have asked Adjt.
and Inspctor Gen. Floyd to select
three men who will judge the contest,
and it was my request of him that he
appoint men from town that will not be
represented in-the contest.
I will add that in my opinion the
prizes widl be larger than named, and
will say further that all that is contri
buted will be added to the above
W. N. Kirkland,
Captain IR V. R, C.
"Josiah Allen's Wife," in giving the
world at large a piece of her mind on
the subject of license, asks the follow
ing questions in her homely but point
ed fashion: "If a deadly serpent had
broken loose from some circus, and was
writhin' and twistin' his way through
Jonesville, swallerin' down a man or a
woman every few days, would men
st and with their hands in their pockets,
or leanin' up against barn doors a whit
tlirn', arguin' feebly from year to year,
whether it was best, after all, to let
him go free? After they had seen
some of their best friends swallowed
down by it, wouldnt they chase it into
any hole they .could get it into?
Wouldn't they turn the first key on it
they could get a hold of? And if it
broke loose from that, wouldn't they
try another key, and another, till they
got one that would hold him? Do you
suppose they would rent out that ser
pnt at so much a year to crunch and
swaller folks accordin' to law? And
wnlW it bk any easier for..the folks
ut was crushed and swallowed, and
for the survivin' friends of the same, if
they was killed by act of Congress?"
Let the ,,dvocates of high or low li
cense read and reflet on the abovs.
TnE president -.f the Southern
railway system testified before
the industrial commission that
the company employed 21,000
men, a good per cent of whom
was colored. The white men
get 10 per cent more wages be
cause they are worth more to
the company. No extra pay is
given on Sunday and the rule is
to handle as little freight as pos
sible on that day "without de
triment to the service." The
president considers passes and
ticket brokerage as hampering
the railroad in its improvements
and he would be glad to see a
statute f'orbidding anyone to use
khus and whol..m
He Wished t.o Marry His First
Love Who Was Rich
SO GAVE WIFE'STRYCHNINE.
Woman He Courted While Con
templating'Murder Was Chief
Witness Against Him-Died
Rev. G. E. Morrison was hanged a
12-o'clock Friday at Vernon, Tex., for
wife murder. He met his death re-t
sig nedly. On the scaffold be said to the
seleet'party of 20,witnesses permitted
at the execution: "I am innocent.
Circumstances over which I had no
control have placed me in this position.
I have taken my trouble in private to
my God. I admit that I have acted in
discretely. I have done no worse,
however, than hundreds of men who
st an i high in the religious, social, busi
neEs and official circles of your State.
I have done nothing to confess. I am
in the hands of my Maker. He knows
that I am innocent." Morrison's neck
was broken and death appeared to be
The crime for which Rev. G. E. Mor
rison paid the death penalty was the
poisoning of his wife in October, 1897.
The motive for the crime was to rid
himself of a pretty, amiable, loving
wife, in order to marry a lady possessed
of means, $10,000 of which was in
Morrison married his deceased wife
about 17 years ago. At one time they
lived in California, then in Oklahoma
Territory, from which place they
moved to Panhandle, Tex., where the
crime was committed. He was born
and raised in Illinois and went to
school at Carbondale. There he be
came acauainted with Miss Anna
Whittlesey, who subsequently moved
with her parents to Topeka, Kan. In
August previous to the poisoning of
his wife in Oct., 1897, Morrison met
Miss Whittlesey, his school day's
sweetheart, ascertained her financial
condition and made offer of marriage.
He pretended that his wife had been
dead 11 years, that he had quit preach
ing, had been successfully engaged in
the cattle business for eight years and
owned a ranch near.Higgins, Tex. On
his return to Texas-.he began a corres
pondence with Miss Whittelesey, urg
ing his proposition of marriage, stating
that he had for a number of years in
tended to come to her when he could
do so honorably, and he believed he
could now see the time. This state
ment was made one month bef.>re the
death of his wife.
He procured strychnine for the os
tensible purpose of poisoning animals
which he said were catching his chick
ens. On the day previous he had pro
cured ~a box of quinine with empty
capsules. On Friday night before her
death Mrs. Mo:rison went to the Swiss
Bell ringers, leaving Morrison at home,
who said he had to prepare his Sunday
serman. The next morning he took
the strychnine back to the druggist,
telling him that he was afraid to use
it for fear he would poison his neigh
bor's chickens. The package had been
opened. Sunday night he preached and
alluded in a pathetic manner to, the
parting with loved ones at death.
About 10 o'clock that night he called
upon his neighbors for assistance, an
nouncing the serious illness of his wife.
She was found in paroxysms and
spasms. He delayed sending for a
doctor, who arrived after the wife's
death. '-n the meantime he had kept
up his correspondence with Miss Whit
telesey, writing her a letter two days
before the death of his wife and the
day after her burial, asserting his love
in the most lavish terms. In the lat
ter letter he announced the death of
his brother's wife and notified her of his
early visit to Topeka.
On his return from Topeka he was
arrested, held a few days, was released
on bond and fled. About three months
thereafter he was arrested in San Fran
cisco, returned to Texas, tried with
Miss Whittelsey as the main prosecut
ing witness, and given the death penal
Leon Jackson, a miser and eceere'
character of Newport, Tenn., was mur
dered at his home early Friday morn
ing. Three men called at the house
ostensibly to get something to eat and
provoked a (quarrel. Mrs. Jackson was
run from the house by their conduct
and in her absence the husband was
murdered. He was found with four
shots in his body. The strangers se
cured $600 which was hidden in the
house and fled into the mountains. A
posse is in pursuit.
Knocked in the Head.
C. L Bond, who is depot and ex.
press agentl and postmaster at Nichel
son. Ga., was knciked in the head with
a club by unknown parties as he left
his office Thursday night late, and
while unconscious his pockets were
rifled of $26 in money and other valua
bles. It was some time before he re
gained consciousness and made his way
to help. Mr. Bond's condition is seri
ous. There is no clue to the robbers.
Leaders of Men.
Lord Wolselcy, Commander in-Chief
of the English army. whose rating of
Lee as the greatest commander of the
civil war made some admirers of Grant
unhappy. has continued his studies of
the war with an essay on Stonewal'
Jackson, of whom he speaks with al
most equal enthusiasm. Few men, he
concludes, have been more fitted by
natural instincts, by study and by self
discipline to become leaders of men.
Died for a Dog.
A special from Leesburg, Fla,, says
that S. 0. Jones, section boss, was kill
ed there Wednesday afternoon. To
rescue a pet dog he ran in front of a
train moving at the rate of 35 miles an
hour, when the sowcatchier beam struck
him in the small of the back, killing
him almost instantly. His wife and
chidrn witnessed the accident.
-1e' annini,; znastry' in .npan.
In a recent report on the leather in
dustry in Japan, United States Consul
Samuel S. Lyons of Osaka says there
are but two tanneries of any import
ance in operation throughout Japan
one located in Osaka and the other in
Tokio-and they are chiefiy occupied
in supplying the leather wants of the
army and navy.
A large tanning establishment is lo
cated near Kobe. It was formerly un
der European management, but, after
several unsuccessful attempts to op
erate it, It has been closed. There are,
however, many small "home tanneries"
in this country, and they are operated
exclusively by the "Etas," a class of
persons whose occupation Is looked up
on as unclean. The beggars "Kojiki"
constitute the lowest class In Japant.
and next above them are the "Eta,"
who monopolize the occupation of kil
ling animals for food, the tanning anri
dressing of leather, grave digging and
similar work. The "Etas" are popu
larly supposed to be in possession of
a secret method of tanning.
Tanning being looked upon in Ja
pan as a degrading calling, it Is not
probable that the industry will ma
terIally improve here in the near fu
ture; and it Is for that reason, to
gether with the additional ones that
cattle are scarce in th!s country, and
that there is a growing demand in
Japan for leather of all kinds, that the
United States has a feld in which it
may largely increase its exportation of
this article year by year.-The Manu
Hair for Manufacturing Purposes.
The hair of the wild animals of South
America is In great demand in Ameri
ca and Britain for manufacturing pur
poses. The reason is obvious. It is
longer than the hair of animals in al
most any other section of the world.
First quality horse hair is chiefly sup
plied by South American wild horses
for haircloth and upholstery. The tails
and manes are generally used, and
owners of horses bind the hair up In
coils. Hair which is over sixteen In
ches long is utilized for the manufac
ture of haircloth; second quality Is a
mixture of the short hairs of horses
and cattle, and third rate is Siberian
goat hair. All these varieties of the
hair of horses, cattle and goats fetch
a good price in upholstery circles in the
United Kingdom and the United States.
Smoked snow water is a favorite tip
ple in Lapland.
The Empress of China travels with
8.000 costumes In 300 trunks in charge
of 1,200 servants.
The blood completes its circulation
through the body in twenty-two sec
onds. Every three minutes all of the
blood of the body is vitalized.
Sash eighs an Cors an
Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Window and Fancy Glass a Specialtv
The Kind You Have Always ]
in use for over 30 years,
All Counterfeits, Imitations
periments that trifle with
Tnfants and Children-Expe
What is C
Castoria is a substitute for C
and Soothing Syrups. It is
contains neither Opium, M<
substance. Its age is its gu
and allays Feverishness. It
Colic. It relieves Teething
and Flatulency. It assimila
Stomach and Bowels, giving
The Children's Panacea-Th
4 Bears the
Tile Kinid You Hlai
In Use For O3
TH CAROINA GI
159 East Bay -
Wm. E. H o
Paints, Oils, Glass,2Varnis
Tar Paper and:
Headquarters for the Celebrated
Bank of Manning,
MANNING, S. C.
Transaets a general banking busi
Prompt and special attention given
to depositors residing out of town.
All collections have prompt atten
Business hours from 9 a. i. to 3
A. LEVI, Cashier.
BOARD OF DIRECTOBS.
Y LEVI, J. W. NCLZOD
I E. BROwN, S. M. NExsEN,
JOSEPH SPROTT, A. LEVI.
To Consumers of Lager Beer
The Germania Brewing Company, of
Charleston, S. C., have made arrangements
with the South Carolina State authorities
by which they are enabled to fill orders
from consumers for shipments of beer m
any quantity at the following prices:
Pints, patent stopper, 60c. per dozen.
Four dozen pints in crate, $2.80 per crate.
Quarter-keg, $2 25.
Exports, pints, ten dozen in barrel, $9.
It will be necessary for consumers or
parties ordering,to state that the beer is for
private consumption. We offer special
rates for these shipments. This beer is
guaranteed pure, made of the choicest hops
and malt, and is recommended by the
medical fraternity. Send to us for a trial
GE R MANKIA
Charleston. S. C.
NH.E N YOU COME
TO TOWN CALL AT
Which is fitted up with an
eye to the comfort of his
IN ALL STYLES,
S HAM MPOOIN~G
Done with neatness and
dispatch. .. .. ...
A cordiai invitation
J. L. WELLb.
~ought, and which has been
as borne the signature of
~been made under his'per-.
upervision -since its Infancy.
10 one to) (.ceive you In this.
Ind Substitutes are but Ex
md endanger the health of
rence against Experiment.
stor 011, Paregoric, Drops
armless and Pleasant. It
-phine nor other Narcotic
~rantee. It destroys Worms
iures Diarrhcea and Wind
roubles, cures Constipation
es the Food, regulates the
healthy and natural sleep.
M ~other's Friend.
OR IA AL'WAYS
ro Always B118l1t
~er 30 Years.
- Charleston, S. C
lmes & Co.,
amino n,..anto.,vlinder. Pla~ning