Newspaper Page Text
The South Must Erect a Lastirg
HONCR OF PRES'DENT DAVIS.
T e Daughters of ihe Confederacy
Have Asurned the Lcving
Task o' Ra:sing he
Mrs. Augustine T. Smy the. of Char
If son, has i.ued the tlnAis ige i
lar to the Dau:hters of the CtA den
tY iu South Carlcija. a-;d I as alu r*
cuested its puilica'iou in our u :
Chare 'ton, S. C., N a M tN
To the (Aters ad Yetitr- zt
C'Iaptr, Zout I a r ia
Da uhters of the Conedeey
At the late enrvention of the D.g
ters of the Cofeordey blhd in R:ch
MUond, it was determudii-u to acece to
the r. qu< st ti e Vetera s ati a-suuw
the re0pouibily of emet it the ln
dela ed tuumeuwnt io . Erreon Da'i
Prtsident of the (onf deraie S a e-.
This d. cision was rnot r ac e i .1:1 'U
careiul thouibt ad ai,en 11 al e
delgats res z-d tt;e ul i-et thus
laid upoin t e is- e:ano:. su: ttt a
realiz d that u tin the cn PClace i
this burdten of responsibmit i!sed th
hope of an early accoujiLment of th
The Hou. J Taylo- E. lson, niyor
of Richlm.o, V., a d reident ..f the
J tff, rsvn DavisM,r u.ient Asoeatn,
came before the coznvetatiu and by 1;s
*xjlanation r mouved any impressin
that izdfference or intrtuess on the
part of the men had ocea.iuned ti e
roposal to tr :zfer this work to other
D.fficulties arisne frorn earlir and
very expensive p!ats wi re such that
this chauge had become urgently Ld
The following letter from 31r. E ly
son gives a ulh report of the pretiUt
condition of the Jffcrson Ddvi. )M1UU
Ritebuond, Va., Nor. 13, 1899
Mrs. S. T. McCullough, Chairuani Jef
ferson Davis Monument Comtittee,
U. D. C -Dear Madam:
The Jeffer-on Davi- Monument Ai
sociation was organized in 1S90 and
chartered by the Genatral Asemby of
Virginia. At the Meeting tf the U4i
ted Confederate Veterazs in Charles
ton, S. C., in May, 1699, a risilution
was adopted requestiug the Uoited
Daughters of the Confederacy to assuue
the responsibility of the completiou ot
this wonument and authorizing the Jef
ferson Davis lanuuweut Associat'on to
turn over any funds in thr ir pesou
to the United )augbter, whenever the-y
should comply with the rtquest of the
Uuited Confederate Vet, raus. I had
the honor on Fiday of subtiauing the
question for the consideration of the
convention of the United Daugbt r, Li
the Confderacy, then in sessiou iII
this city, and they adopted a r so'lu
tion by which they consented to cotn
ply withi the request of the Veterans
and endeavor to raise a sum 3u:licient
to erect a suitable moument to the
President of the Confederate States
it is my pleasure to be able to report
to you that we have in our trea-ury the
sumU of twenty thousand, four hund.~rec
and sixty -five d allars and 31 100, ($20,
46531) which we will turn o'er to
your treaury whenev~er requested by
you to do so. Our asciauou has Ito
debts of any sort and you will take up
the work without any emibarrds~menitb
on aceount of any act:on previously
taken by us. The ides of the United
Confedsrate Veterans -ras that we
should turn over to y ou the funds we
have a'ed that you woull take up the
work as though it had never been be
gun. You were at liberty to seleet
such design as yan might think proper,
eboose such a site in or near the city
of IRichimond as y ou tuight prefer and
erect a monument at such time and at
such coat as the tUnited Daughters
mighit deem best.
I beg leave to renew the assurance
heretef ore extended that any assistance
that the members of the Jfferson
Davis alonument Association imay be
able to render to the ladies will be
most cheerfully given. We teiieve
that under your energetic and luving
direction the tank oft building a inonu
ment to Jefferson Davis will soou- be
completed. Lua respeec:eiy,
J. Taylor Eil. ssn, P'resiuent.
W. D. Chiesterman, Secretary.
By vote of the convention as execu
tive comtuittee was formed, called the
Jefferaon Davis monument cotatuittee
of the U. 1). C., consiang of a memi
ber irom each State. Thbis cinmiitee
organized itmmediately by the election
of Mrs. S. TI. McCulhough, president oft
the (Grand Division -f Vireinia, U. D.
C., as its chairmuan, and Mr. J. S El
lett, of Richmond, the biunded treas
urer of the Jefferson Dei Monument
Aasociation, aa treasurer.
With this committee is associated
an advisory board of tiVe eentlemene,
members of the lkferwn Dasia Monu
ment Association, the Hu. J. Tay lor
Ellyson, chairman. The Soutn. Car,
hina delesatuen selectd me to repie
sent the 6tate on the eXeeutive com
mittee, aubject to the approval o: t'.e
State Division, which was given at its
convention in Greenville.
As y our repreaentative on that comn
mittee it is my cuty to beg that y our
chapter will, as soon as possiuie, take
steps towardis the accomphi.-hiaent of
the object set before us by our ascia
tion-t~at of erecting a luonument to
J. ffarson Davi., President of the Con
fedet ate States.
All other appeals seem weak when
cormpared to this, and I entreat that
all other plans for work may be temn
porarily set aside until this duty bc
la honoring the memocry of Presi
dent Davis we build a mnnament to
the principles of the government he
represented-princples, which are Low
being acknowledged as right 'een by
many who fought against them.
'The task before us is not unduly
heavy. Authorities say that a suit
able monument can be put up for S$50,
O000. '#4ith strong, conctrted activon
on the part of Southern w.oren suceas
will be aure, and the Daughtcrs of ~ih
Confederacy may well feel that their
organization has not been in vain if it
can be made the X.eans of luiingl
about a consumtion to heanuli
wished for by aU who revere the m m
ory of the -Lost Cnu-e."
The committee will be very dlad to
hear ot any efirt en the part of cour
chapter to xaise funus for this trotnu
ment and if any further inftrmiton or
suggestion in iny power is de::c'l
phase call upon :ne.
Mrs.. Augustinie T. Sm: tho.
Me mber for so.uth Cat olha 4fJfr
son Davis Monument Comrnnmtee, L.
Souih Caroulna mIust Heip.
T iMl. id;:s t> the Daugh
ters of h1- C federacy in South Caro
lina has jus.t bi-n i:,sued by the presi
sh1-Int i I.-- South ('rolina divisioa. It
a doubtless r,uIt iul accomph11:hing_
iutr the caiu-e so eatirutly 'advo
I o it. S,.uth -.:A D*iision, U litt d
D i . iht , f the- ('oifedeiae. :
.r L.dies- F a t im'.: With the
top ,.t i:, e ie true ani of
ii Oxg r- i t ie Ctf Id raev, and
m L i i s Ce fr m Ilit
d d f u I a-k
Ia Vt c , fr t, e ir,t %4rds
d tr 1t , w t e i - f 1. u ir
if . l ie 1, l f
v i ple: dor f tI l''3 e'
; : I C r ent 4 WI for !'a
t his h-lttr, i m t s''T to
ak N 0 e v 1 n:- ':s t t o. t I ba't'
r the .'.i sn i ccv by your tOou
1 a t '0.- 1 Ai aiOA a y-edf to
myX ti ; t ai. * n UO:.e remired to
. !a a ut l r iis erta-er op
p r .i f r re t orouglh b ervlio
1 t'*' I shaiill h d)ob:g ths in
e r rt 'tt e'durng ana far
TeZIC.L \l wb the uh1 ers
e, 0 C rac au eugage until it
i h J t- Iu D.ivis mmv .umne-t has
v e .e ei. d as our W' k 1. would
: i d thIt ut n:ak iI T! C "ork
I t), lU.Iu ters < f ime ''o drauy
T e ti '., wte tv t o!.!ot Up .Cn C.! . S
I; d..t-. wt beu-tiw io eto I.-- ti e
cree we. t tc ut >uer the l ii.,
rU:s are our 1a6si' e m: met. Int se
ervt ri .tx the ica!, et gige Sv'4t
at lie'. l uat. wiktr. The)
eratifi all, ad re right claims u pi
uS Eve-ry, sno'.e of thr artist a bush
It.l, in hi. picturt-iot't oLe, light or
Cavy, bu-t Iwouui iiipair pe ion if
Ion d. Our wt. (t u baritie-s, our 1 c Id
t rts. our e 0 ie otUmnti, our
'tear littie care of graves are the deli
ete .aCine-. which eitricl at d cw
p~ete our dtit'1ertul p-cture-The on
'derrey. S ii we mieiit have in it the
b!3, stronz tone which is idealiz d by
thtee tendeur touches. That is the foun
da iou of ih.:ir l e
Seatch ill all diIee:ilrts, anione the
graces of feeilin. or inlto the -dea'pest
e, p-h" of thoiigait, atid we find boo'V
the zea of geteral eudeavor. the cable,
upau which we rely to seid U. m, s
-age into the lives of fu ure meu auti
\ hat is the mCsag ?
_St to t-Hi them th t men died aid
wiin s3ff r, d. hut to tell them what
they died and %iffcred for, and that we
ps' Sates. Rights on to tniti for them
to live for.
II..w fhAl we ensure the enduran. e
of our i s-a ? How s. cure it a'amt
tne hiz.rds ot tim - and d.:fe.it of ob
iivion? You _hall nout aa a be heie
to demoate gr4\e, of heroes, but we
au heave behind u a witne-s in stonU
-reared to face the w& hole world
which would testify our rverrrnce for
ur stat-sman and our confijence in
ie J,.ffersnn Divis monument i
not the t w.;ial of wai, but it i-- le
concrt'e rec id of the politteal fai h of
the Southern people exemapliacc in
that oue may.
You see by the miinutes of the con
ventionl tf the Daughiters of' the Con
f d. ra y r.ece.tly held at Gre'enmillb-,
that tu~s woik hats beco recommended
b, e'vention to) the chapters. 1 attd
to this imy periotial recomm uencauon,
leaving it in y our cousiberationl.
Siieervi 1I a .yours,
M1s. T'homna' Taylor,
Pr-s. S C. Div . D. C.
Wish to Get Anti-Imperialist Repub
Ilicar; Into Their Camp.
The Silver Repablicains in e )nference
at Chicago TundaLy and We';nesday
planned, it is announced, to ally thetm
seves with and to make use of the
n castern S-ates where the silver issue
does not af'e~t. Cooperation with
Edward Atrainson's Lfllowing will be
sought, Th' e purr e:e of the silver Re
publicans is to gain, if poSSible with
this new issue, a foothold in eastern
States so that their party can more
truy claim to be a national ornaniza
tion and thus become a mn re effective
whip for holding the Democrats to
t1e Bry an and 16$ to 1 line. TIhis is
one rea-on why the Silver Republicans
want to hold a big natial convention
o 2 000) or tuore delegates next ye-ar
Courtatiotn of this plan was rceived
Tursdvy from Fred J. Dub'ois, former
sinaor fr' m Idaho aid chairman of
the Silmer Republican ext.eutive comi
"rhere is no place for the R.>publi
cat anti-imperialtas of New Eagland
id the coast to go except itnto our
piry," said 31r. Duibois. "T'ne as
aiuced 'omiposiione of the Utnited States
senate fur severai years couvinces them
that 'iler It gislatiou cannot be p'.s'. d
for may s' 'ars yet On anti imperial
i'. and kindred questi .ts they are as
on wtith us. I am sotied they wtill
coe t o u<. I ex pcet to see former
Gov.r Bout.'eti of .\assacbu-etts, Ei
wad kirison aid men lie them ait
tu s a, delegat, in outr c -nvntioa.
IW h' ' e planted for a bia conyv n
tio of 2 000l or more. Our coinvention,
if eld at the same timne and place as
the Demeeeratic coivetion wil be a
p).wertul stiwulus against any conces
itn by that part' to the forces of un
riiton~ess. \\e have not niuch to
tear on this score l-osever. We are
ptetty iv-:lI att'fid that the D-mto
rat-' will reaffiem the platf,rm of 1896
and Lomiunate Mlr. Bryan. That will
b eough If, Iowever, they should
sek to evade or sibordinate the sily r
isue, we Il tot ba their allies I,
such ea-e we willh do wrat many silver
Republieans watited to do in 16963 -es
tauith a separate orgaititou and
tomiuate a separate ticket."
Will Run Into Savannah.
It is antiouniced that, ctomm'enctng
Deceber 10, 18Y9. the Southern Rail
way Company will opperate through
tain service over its own line via Co
lubia, IPerry, B ackviile and' Allen
d'le . ., into and out of Savannah,
C rmmencing that date its through
car service will be opp1erated iu cinnec
ii n with theC Plant System souith of
Santah, Ga., aid the Florida Eist
Coa'. t RiiiseaV, toanfo-pi-sn
the eaat cost of Firida, with direct
connecttt.s to a'.d from K-y Wec-t,
Fia.. ltina . tuba aid Naissau, N. P,
ia \lian . Fla. ini't tcnet ion wAith
atid in ciloetz i th the Pin Sys
tm suthiI' of catnaih to and fromt
other tot-,t 10 Fierida, iticluding
nitn, i the west coast. with direct
Citectitns to atnd f. ''m Key Wesat anid
la.'ana, via Tampa. l a , iin connection
w :th tlhe Planot St'amip; Litne.
\\masigtn P.a Nov. 10., 1S99.
WILL FRE EZ3 THE OUT.
The Black Delegates Too Expensive a
Mr. Henry Payne, of Wisconsin a
men.ber of the Republican National
Coma,ittee, it is announced will offer
to the committee at its next meeting,
two weeks distant, a resolution recom
mntding a change in the basis of repre
se'ntat ion in future Republican Nali-nal
Cortventions, on the ground that the
prs-rt basis is unjust and un(qual,
and that this itjustice should be reme
The resr-lution proposec, as stated
that the new basis of re-re.entption
Olal be 'our d, lezites at large for each
S'c. at.d or.e additional delegate fr
..!ch ten thousand votes, or majority
irction thereof cast at. the prec-ding
Presidential election for R.-publican
elecOtOrs. and four delegates from each
orgainid Territory and the District of
Co-lumi ia. If the plan is adopted by
the t'odvention, it. is explained, the
toal numher (f delegates would remair
S94. as at present, but the nrumter from
Atkn-as, Alabaia, Florida. Georgia,
L-luisiata, 31is-issippi ard Sou'h Caro
h..a would be reduxtd from 129 under
the pe',vt appirtiioncnt to 49-a
. f O to thE States naned. while
other Sjuthera States would lose
What is the "injustice" and "ine
qu-.lir" in the pre-ent arrangement.
- hih :t io pr-post-d to correct, is not
i.diat d or sugeested in tht dispatch.
and must. therefor,, be inf.-rred. We
are not in the confidence of Hr Payne
and other Repu'Alican leaderi and pro
tuoto rs of the proposed change, and
cannot, ther, f..e, speak with authority
for them, but it will be noted that the
ehang nainly affects the representa
tion of the Southeru Stat, s in the R,
tpublican Convention, which it reduces
by over a hundred delelates, and that
he re duction is ml st sweeping in the
ranks of those from the Cotton States,
and the Blaek Belt of those S ates, and
of tios-fro.m the State of A katnsa-,
which has the largest olack population
of any State outside the South.
In view of these facts, the most
natural, a. it isindabitably the co-rrect.
inferen'ce, is that the change is designed
to have the i, E.c it will have, and that
the condition it is meant to reform ;
,hat. of the presence of so large a nut'
her of no gro. s and color d ien in the
National Conventions of theit party
Why they are urnwelcome. it i, not f.
uts to gay. of cour-e, but possibly the
white le-rs of the part regird it a
an "itjt-istice" to ad:nit so many to tit:
part% c,.nventions io he-lp.to choose Re
publicati Presidents when so few of
t hem are allosed to share in the spoils
which the Pre-idents disp'-nse, and
d i that the best Aay to correct the
-in qiality" in the rat-ks of nevro
delegates and of negro officeholders iu
high pliees is to cut doa the number
of the f.,rtner.
Aid then, again, it may be consid
ered i at it is an "ijistice" to the
Republican candidates for national
hoors to be compt-lkd to bid agair-s'
each other in buying up. say, 150
Sout herun deleates, white and coIore,
in every Co.uve-ntion, when they umisht
easily be rid o'f two-tnirds of C' at num
br by the proposed plan, and so be
spared a pr..porriontare wear ar~d tear o.f
toid and the expeniditure of uruch
ash. There is something in that.
Te comte-mplated change will not only
reliiver the h'aders of embarras-ing
ori any in the conventione-, but will
be tof an economical charaiter buides.
It wiII doubtles, be adopted with .sin
ere if secret enthusiam. News and
R AKED IN T HOUSANDS.
Another New York "Get Rich Quick"
Concern Goes Up the Flue.
The New York Herald says White's
Ibureau, sometimes known as "Charles
H. White's bureau" and a "'get rich
quick" concern, located in the cotton
exchange building, vanished with its
managers on Sunday, and it is estimat
ed that eredulous depositors are out of
pocket more than $200.000. White's
bureau was in many respects similar to
the Franklyn eyndicate, operated by
William F. Miller. Like the Franklin
syndicate, it offcred tremendous divi
dends to depositors, professed to be
legiimae arid to be an old established
concern, profrssed to have the strotng
e-t kind ol recommendatiotn from banks'
and baukers. Liae the Franklin sy0
dicae, it managed its business without
ay inquiries being made by the police.
It had accounts in several dowvn town
banks, and drafts from its customers
taed through the banks without any
questions being asked, except in the
istance of one bank.
Like the Franklin syndicate, it paid
out *dividends," to depositors presum
ably from the money placed on depio-it
in order to lure largter gudgeins. Fin
ally. like the Fr anklin syndicate, its
bakrrs teok alarm and disappeared
with a large quantity of other peoples
Imoney. White's bureau Was operated
by t wo young men who went under the
ae of H, man. 0.. of them gave
the name ot C. H. H3 man, and he i,.
uidertood to have been the "C. H.
W hite" whose bureau the concern pur
ported to be. 'The "bureau" be-gan
buiiess in the latter part of Sep;tember.
it ub-le-t two roams fcom another ten
ant on he fir-t floor. The offices are
:ery hand-,omely turnishe'd, and are
Ipartitioned off into smaller rooms.
.lany typewrirrrs were employed, and
when the business was first established
an enormou.s quaatity of letters and
eir'u'ars at re sent forth. The firm in
sertd advertisements in newspap'-rs
all ovr t he country, promising that
White's bureau would make m 'ney for
ai bmdv w ho would sernd his cash on to
New Y'.rk. Tse advertisements were
as a uring as green goods circulars.
The circulars and advertisewenta
soon began to have the usual effect.
Letters'began to come in from all ovr
the country. The mail to the bureau
grew to such proportions that the sus
picions of tihe superintendent of the
ottn ex.hange building became
aroused, and he made an investigation.
He could not find out any thing about
tie busy young metn, except that thry
~rofeed to be doing a general invest
ment businers, so they were permitted
to remain. It is imposs'ib'e to make
any estimate, based on reliahle figures,
as to the~ am'ount of business that
Whi's bureau did. It was unques
ttonaby very large. Takingr inro con
sderation all the banks in the city, the
bu-iness represented oy drafts alone
wou:d be somew here between $S0 0t00
ad $1011,000. The bulk of the busi
ness done by White's bureau, ho wever,
as done through registered letters,
sci..e orders and express packages.
The buiness by mail reached all over
he oantry from Maine to Florida,
nd rom ihe A tlantic to the great west.
A GAMBLER'S RUSE.
Efforts Made in New York to
Break the Market.
WORK OF BUCKET SHOPS.
Anonymous Advertisements Ap
pear in the Nswspapers Pre
dicting Slump in Cotton
On Account Big Crop.
Wednesday the New York papers
publi.hcd an advertisement readiLg as
"Cotton-1aimmeiiate and. sensationa'
brenk certain: exports sure of crop (f
11.000,000 b le!; tremendous slump in
evitable. Crisis las been reachec
!o.nh, carrying enormious qu ntities or
a;in margins. braing py raan ded from 6
Ce.ts up; shirt inte e-t entirely clinii
nat.d. To whom are bulls to stli?
Market in i dly and unafe. Sell cot
uon for 100 !1Ti rts pur profit. Fartht r
particutlars, addr s ruth-cker."
Thiis was foo.ied Thursay b
"Cotoun-.ly pr ie co-1 of a slum;
was immediat.I ftoio xed bya 16 p :i.
break, shoving pre.arious cmditio-i oJ
pret-ent nharket. LUerpool aul Iem
phis were hehavy eelrs. Nill, th.
ablest cottIn exptirt in the world, is
wire ositive I han evir that 3 ield will
not exceed Iltt.0.00 bale. M arket i
hone3comebed wit stop orders. It i
but a question (if hours when they wil
be reauhed. Itf.rnuation soon to b.
wade public as to citton h-ld by in
t.-'ior will ser.d Jacu-ry below 6 50
Fall ifi-meiou and faLts giveb
Addre-s 'fr ohseeker.'"
We do t.,t kuow who the athor of
these adver.i-eliocrsi<, but it is ru
m-ied thar thry have b,-en inserted ii
the iaersts if a 4o ipo' bucket ship
whoee cu.torers ate hteav, long of ti e
,i.arket, arid -hose only pes:-ihie salv
tion i6 to brii g about a break that wi'
Wipe out margcie.,. We think the pub
lie oelit to be brouglt to an unded
sta.-diag of the siu-tio, P.iear.
cables to us from Liverp..olThursday ad
vise an adva ce thre ol' 2 61 as a re:-u'
4if the goid trade, de-nad and th.
htalty cotediti in in Mareehester. whie,
it is stated. promiaes to continu
r-,r is, teref. ro, no reason wh%
->. nt rs of co te should expect at-%
lw.r trites ihan ge-nune trade C01
i jitition, j estit , or be terroriz-d irt
seliig by anny mo4n adverii:- merits
Pr-ee, NlcCormiek & Co.
A Railroad Massacre.
The eetb und But do express on
ihe Delaware, L icka-aona and Westert
Iilitay, while standing outside the
station at the Van WinAle street cross
irng. at Pa:<rson, N. J., at 7 54 Wed
nesday tight, was run int.) by a swiftl3
wovine acommoda'ion tram, bound
triui Po.idip~ou g. N J.. to Jerse)
City. At least six Ieople were killeo
anrd th-re are noiw r weatry ij ire iat the
hospital in Pateismn. of whom some
will probably die. while somte of thos
not Seriousl3 i .jured were able to go to
their d. stinatiori,. The de-ad arc: M1rs
Mary Roe, wife of David Rle, of Ithaca.
N. Y , arid t oe edaughte-rs; Walter We
hro ck. Cornell Coll.-ge, lihaca, N. Y;
Mliller Crsis. New York city; unknowe
woman. Trhe body that was thousht to
be that of a hoy proved to be the y oung~
daughrer of Mirs. Roe. All the bodi's
have been reoved to the morgue. The
Buffalo eXpress was waiting for a local
traiu to miive thatt had been delayed at
the sta-ion, and the P'hillipsburg ac
comrmodation wam fullosing the ex
press, but a shert distance behind
The two rear cars of the express were
broken to pieces. me-st of the passengers
on them being either kied or irnjured.
The engine of the Plillipsburg train
was ciompletely wrecked, the engtneer
and firemran escaping by juamping
Those killed were:
Alexander Craig of Scranton, Pa.,
btsineas manager of the Scranton Tri
Ester Crait. his wife.
E -ther S. Craig, their 15 year old
Jessie Craig, their 11 year old daugh
Mrs. Mary Bart Roe, wife of David
Roe of Ithaca. N. Y.
Walter Jacb Walbrook, 19 years
old, of New York city.
M1r. Walbrook was a student at Cornell.
The a-sident wiped out the Craig
fanmily. They were on their way to
spend Thankagiving with relatives im
The f ualliwirng da:a. covering a period
of twenty-eight 3 ears; have been com
piled from the weather bureau records
at Charleston for the nwonth of Dey.
Mean or normal temperatulr3, 52 de
grees The warmest month was that
of 1889, with an average of 60) degr-es.
The coldest mrorith was that of 18763,
with an a- erage of 41 degrees. The
higest temj r-rn-e was 78 degrees on
Decemober 1, la~J Thle lowest te mper
ature was 13 degrees on Dee. 30, 1880).
Av'eraze precipiitation for month,
3 26 inches. A ver a.e numiber of d tvs
wtu.01 of an inch ur mere, 9. The
greate-st tmonthly precei1 i zion was
7.91 inches in 18S7. The last mont hey
preciitationl was e.(3 inches in 1889.
TI'he greatest amount of precipitation
recorded in any twent3-foutr consecu
tive hours was 3.46 inches on Decemeber
9 and 10, 1885.
The greatest amount of snowfall re
corded in any twenty-four consecutive
hours (record extending to winter of
1884 85 only) was 0.01 iuch on Decem
ber 6, 18S6.
Average number of clear days, 13;
partly cloudy days, 10; eloudy days. S.
The prevailing winds have been from
the northeast, 15 per centum. The
highest velcity of the wind was 50
miles from the southeast on December
Sampson Praises Hobson.
In a speech at Brockton, Mlass ,re
cently Admiral Sanmpson said: "When
the North Atiele equadron was or
dered fr. me K-'y West, Hobson was
seer :board the New York to inspect
the ships and find their weak places.
He found a number that would have
been fatal had they remained and had
the Spaniards been good shots. When
we had been off Santiago some time I
de-ided that we should blockade the
harbor by sinking a large ship in it.
He worked three days and three nights
before it was d >ne. Hobaon always
had my unbounded trust. He w as al
ways brave and did his duty, as he is
doing it today. I do not believe a
word of the stories circulated about
him. If I had another such taak to
perform, such as closing up the harbor
of Santiago, I wouAd detail Hobson to
CUTS LIKE CHEESE.
Berr-zda Stone Which Can Be Quarried
With a Hand Saw.
Nature has made It easy to build
houses in Bermuda. The entire group
of islands is made up of coral rock,
so that every man can have a quarry
in his back yard if he cares to dig deep
enough. This stone, when first cut, is
soft and white, so that it "cuts like
cheese;" like the wood of the famous
"one-Ioss shay." and can be got out
In square blocks with an ordinary
handsaw. On exposure to the air,
however, it soon becomes dark and
hard enough to break the teeth out of
the saw that cut it so easily from its
As there is no lumber in Bermuda
except that which is brought from
Canada at considerable expense, stone
is used for nearly the entire house.
The walls are laid of blocks about
eight inches by six. and two feet in
length. Window sills and door jams
are also sawed out of stone in the pro
per shape. and even the roof is covered
with stone shingles, which are made
by simply setting a block of soft. fresh
stone on edge and sawing It into thin
slabs. Both roof and wajls have to be
kept whitewashed, or the stone would
crunile away. hard as it finally be
conis: hut with this precaution It
lasts a long time. There is an old coral
stone-bouse on Ilarrington Sound
which is considerably over 200 years
Coral islands are formed by the cornl
polyps, or insects, which build up reefs
to about the level of the sea and then
die. On the rough surface of these
retr senweed clings. The wind and
the waves work together to grind up
their substance and pile it in heaps of
sand, which finally solidifies into the
rock which can be cut so easily.
The freshly broken stone makes ad
mirahle road material. Even the rub
ber tire of a bicyle will crush a piece
of it fint, and the rain soon solidifies
it in that shape. so that the whole
roadbed, new stone and old together,
becomes like a smooth track cut in
Lnckv Dredguet for a mammn1.
Dredging has been successfully re
sorted to in recovering a valuable dia
mond ring that was lost in Petaluma
creek. Itecently the owner of th" ring
was standing on a bridge just below
Petaluma. across an arm of the creek,
when his diamond --ing slipped from
his finger and fell through a crack in
the bridge and into about eight feet of
water. The stone in the ring cost,
without the mounting, $800. 'he
owner tated to give It up. yet be did
not knov how to go to work to get it
out. In his perplexity he applied to
Capt. John Hackett, a man of experi
ence in dredging though on a some
what hirger scale than hunting for so
small a thing as a ring. The loser of
the ring had been thoughtful enough
to mark the place in the bridge where
the ring fell through. Hackett rigged
a small clamshell bucket, to be oper
ated by hand. with a rope this was
dropped through the bridge at the
plae marked, and a bucket of iumd
was brought from the bottom of :he
creek. It was taken to the bank nd
washed out. A second and then a t'ird
was tried, and in the third was found
the ring. -Stockton Independent.
Making Cninred Soldiers.
In the early days of colored troops
in the regular army It was essential,
to get the best results. that they should
serve with white troops, so that disci
pline could be enforced when neces
sary. It was a decidedly risky experi
ment to attempt making soldiers of
such people. They needed the object
lesson of contact with white troops.
Naturally of an imitative disposition,
the colored man took the white soldier
as his pattern. enrefully watching
every gesture and movement with In
quisitive concern. Riecruited from the
most dangerous and shiftless of the
freed negroes. they were naturally
lazy, and disinclined to do. the work
required of them. They spent all their
leisure time in gambling, drinking and
quarrelling. Every possible punish
ment employed In the discipline of
frontier posts was inficted upon them.
They were stood on barrels, they were
"bucked" and gagged, they were
marched about the garrison with
heavy planks tied to their backs, bear
ing the word "gambler" In chalk.
Everything was done to discipline
them, every means taken to make
soldiers of them.
The first smokeless powder that I
made in England was made in exactly
the same manner as the French. I
had obtained a quantity of true gun
eotton, that is, trI-nitro-cellulose,
(known sometimes as insoluble gun
gtten. because it cannot be dissolved
in alcohol and ether like collodion cot
ton di-nltro-cellulose.) Some of this
powder, when freshly made produced
fairly good results, quite as good as
those produced by the French powder,
but upon keeping it a few months the
grins lost their transpare acy, became
quite opaque and fibrous. and it then
burned with great violence. Investi
gation showed that about 1 to 2 per
cent. of the solvent was still in the
powder when the first tests were made,
whereas the drying out of this last
trace of solvent bad completely chan
ged the character of the powder. I
then added to this powder about 2 per
cent. of castor oil, with the result that
the castor oil remained after the solv
ent had been completely removed, so
that the powder would keep any length
of time: indeed, powder made at time
(1880) is good to-day.-Hlram Maxim.
Tn ecclesiastical law a terrier Is a
book which is supposed to be kept In
every parish and in which there Is a
record of the sources of its revenue,
and particularly of its lands (terrae In
Latin. terres In French. whence the
word terrier). Of course It is the duty
as well as the interest of every per
son to see that the terrier of his par
ish is well kept. but the duty Is often
eglected During the ear-ly days of
he incumnbency of a parson who was
*ther fond of sport he received from
s bishop a formal letter of inquiry
Sseveral matters. to which he was
-quested to give answer. When he
ame to the question: "Do you keep a
terrier?' the good-natured parson re
plied: No; but I have tw well-bred
poInters, and your iordnip is welcome
to one of them if y ou ear. t& have it."
WExEDS.-lIere is a hint fro-u Vick's
Magazine that is worth remembering:
Doi't pull up weeds and then leave
them on the flower bed or throw them
down in the path, for the next rain will
make many of them grow again. Al
ways take a basket with you and go
"marketing" in the garden every day
for weeds, ie:d when you have found
one (you may possibly fled two or three
more). accunt that you have found a
trasure and consign it to the compost
heap. You will soon have no need ot
investing a fortane in "Bue'
Chemical Fertilizer," because you will
carry on lire and enterprising chemical
works of your owa. Ny l:azy neighbhors
marvel at the fineness of my potting
soil, after I have sifted it, but it is
mostly weeds, I make the raising of
weeds a business. I like weeds. They
make grand flowers. Go-d weeds, like
good Indians, arc the d. ad ones.
Itis ordered that the examination of
applicants for adminion to practice
law in the several courts of this State
be held in the supremec court room at
Columbia, S. C.. Wednesday, the 13th
day of Dec. 1899, commencing at 5
'clock n. m.
A CURIOUS CUSTOM
PUNISHMENT OF ANIMALS THAT WAS
FORMERLY IN VOGUE IN EUROPE.
They Were Sometimes Put to the Eack in
Order to Extort Confe4sion--In Other In
stances They Were Burled AUve-Figs
Banged or 1Burned for Murder.
Beasts were often condemned to be
burned alive, and, strangely enough, It
was in the latter half of the seven
teenth century, an age of 'omparative
enlightenment, that this cruel penalty
was most frequently inflicted. Occasi
onally a merciful judge adhered to the
letter of the law by sentencing the cul
prit to be slightly singed, and then to
be strangled before being burned.
Sometimes they were condemned to be
buried alive. Such was the fate suf
fered by two pigs In 1456, "on the vigil
of the holy virgin," at Oppenheim-on
the-Rhine, for killing a child. Animals
were even put to the rack In order to
extort confession. It is not to be sup
posed that the judge had the
slightest expectation that any con
fession would be made; he wished
simply to observe all forms pre
scribed by the law, and to set in
motion the whole machinery of justice
before pronouncing judgment. "The
question," which in such cses would
seem to be only a wanton and grper
fluous act of cruelty, was nevertbeless
an important element in determiiiing
the final decision, since the death sen
tence could be commuted into banish
ment provided the criminal had not
confessed under torture. The use of
the rack was therefore a means of es
caping the gallows. Appeals were
sometimes made to higher tribunals,
and the judinents of the lower courts
annulled or modified. In one instance
a sow and a she-ass were condemned
to be hanged; on appeal and after a
new trial they were sentenced to be
simply knocked on the head. In an
other instance an appeal led to the ac
quittal of the accused.
In 1206, at Fontenay-aux-Roses,near
Paris. a pig, convicted of having eaten
a child, was publicly burned by order
of the monks of Sainte-Genevieve. In
1386 the tribunal of Falaise sentenced
a sow to be mangled and maimed in
the head and leg, and then to be hang
ea, for having torn the face and arm
of a child and caused its death. Here
we have a strict application of the lex
tallonis. The sow was dressed In man's
clothes and executed in the public
square, near the city hall, at the ex
pense to the state of ten sous and ten
deniers, besides a pair of gloves to the
The executioner was provided with
new gloves in order that he might
come from the discharge of his duty
with clean hands, thus Indicating that
as a minister of justice he incurred no
guilt in shedding blood. He was not
a common butcher of swine, but a pub
lic functionary, a "master of high
works" (maitre des hautes oeuvres)'
as he was officially styled. In 1394 a
pig was found guilty of "having killed
and murdered a child In the parish of
Roumaygne. In the county of Mortaing,
for which deed said pig was condem
ned to be drawn and hanged by Jehan
Pettit, lieutenant of the bailiff."
There Is also extant an order Issued
by the magistracy of Gisors in 1405,
commanding payment to be made to
the carpenter who had erected the
scaffold on which an ox had been exe
cuted "for Its demerits."
On the 9th of June, 157G, at Schwein
furt, In Franconia, a sow which had
bitten off the ear and torn the hand of
a child was given In custody to the
hangman. who, without furtherauthor
ity, took It to the gallows green and
there "hanged It publicly, to the dis
grace and detriment of the cIty."
On the 10th of January, 1457, a sow
was convicted of murder, committed
on the person of an infant name Jehan
Martin of Savigny, and sentenced to be
hanged. Her six sucklings were also
Included in the indictment as accompli
ees, "but in default of positive j'mrof
that they had assisted in manglIng the
deceased, th-ey were restored to their
owner, on condition that he should
give ball for their appearance should
further evidence be forthcoming to
prove their complicity in their mother's
The Knowina shark.
A painful moment on board ship at
ea is that when some poor mortal,
who has died on the voyage, has to be
laid away in the bosom of the deep
with the simple ceremonies of an ocean
A vessel carrying a dead body and
passing through waters freqiuented by
sharks is almost sure to be followed by
one or more of those fishes if it does
not out-speed them.
Rather than bury a corpse while
sharks are following the vessel the
captain will sometimes have a body
placed In the Ice chamber and full
steam put on the engines until the
hungry fishes have dropped astern
In one case at least a body was actu
ally cremated on board by the cap
tan's orders because of the sharks.
But sharks are not often obstacles to
prompt burial, and, generally speaking,
when death occurs at sea the body Is
slipped into the water at night with
none to witness the proceedling but a
couple of the crew and the captain,
who reads an abridgment of the serv
ice from the Prayer Book.
The Oldest C10cks.
The oldest clocks of American man
ufacture were made by Gideon Rob
erts, of Bristol. Conn. According to
the best authorities, no clocks were
manufactured In what are now the
United States prior to 1800. at which
time Mr. Roberts first placed his time
pieces on the market. His clocks were
made with the greatest care, and
much time was spent in perfecting
them. They were all of the style com
monly known as "hall" clocks, about
ix feet in height, handsomely fin
ished and a recognized separate piece
of furniture in which the owner al
ways took great pride.
A Real Bleasing.
A novel sort of window glass has
been invented. Persons on the lnside
of the house can see through it. but it
is opaque to those on the outside..
But a Rafluay W111l.
The Kurds and Cossacks believe that
Mount Ararat is guarded by an un
earthly being, and that no man can
ascend the peak and live.
FREE BLOOD CURE
AaOfr ?:#.1;~ h'i;1 1 ti in-as
E~ting Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm) which is made especially to cure
all terrible Blood Diaeases. Persistent
Sores, Blood and Skin B!emnishes,
Scrofia, that rcsisit other trcatmlents.
ar quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botanic
Bood Balm). Skih Eruptions,Pim
m.itarrn, Uthjaxuai:,m, etc . are, all due
to bad blood, and henee easily cured
bv B. B. 13. Bloo1 Pois -u produicin?
Eting Sores, Eruptions, Swvollen
sands, S ire Tfhroat ete.. cured by B
-. B. (Botanic Blo~od Balm), in one to
ive mouths. B. 13. B. does not con
rain vczetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. FYr
ai by drregists everywhere. Large
bhttles $1. six for five 85. Write for
fee samuple bottle, wich will be seat
prepaid to Times readers. describe
sinptoms5 and personal free medical
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm Co. Atlanta Ga.
Makes the food more delicious and wioilesome
ROQYAL 8AKINO POWDER CO., 14CW YOMK
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
and has been made under his per
sonal supervisior since its infancy.
, 4' ev" Allow no one to Oceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and Substitutes are but Ex
periments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Drops
and Soothing Syrups. It is Harmless and Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipatior.
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
CENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Eind You Have Mlways Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THe CENTIUR COMPANY. "T MURRAY STIRET. NEWYOK IT M.
The elevated altitude and pure air
of Arizona and New-Mexico seem to
affect the minds and imaginations of H
some men. Down in Arizona there is MANUYACWBERS OF
a little stream known. as the Hassa
yampa River, and it is said that if any
one drinks of the water he is forever =
.fter incapable of telling the truth. The
victims of this mysterious stream are
known as "Hassayamps," and there Z
are a good many of them in this part
of the country. Some have mines to
sell.-Flagstaff (Ariz.) correspondence
of The Chicago Record.
Life Worti Living,
In Carlsruhe, the c.?pital of Baden, a - -
lawv is In force fining. any person. who --
plays the p'anc with: open wiedows. -_____
70 00nsumrs, Sash, e
Ima G'mi~ U rE'wir.g Com par~y, of
Carleston. S. C., have mnae arrangm-ra nSish eitsadC dsai
wih ~eS~ih arlnl ~~t ntori o uldn ' adwBuidin
hv which they are enabled to till orer
frorn c"::snme-rs for shipmennnts of bee~r in Window Sad FaliCy Glass a S$9i0IvR
an' qnmtty ait the fIdlowin:g prices:
Ftur 1.zaer p.in't, in er;ate, $2 80 percrate.
E tdit-ke.:. Sl 2~>.THE
Export's, pilts, ta ni d'/zen in banre. 53J.
It wil b' recesaary for cons'1ners c
p~ri.o: .Jerir gto st. te that the beeri r
rat" Lartl-~ ~iapieit~ Tinhser~MANNINO, 8. 0.
.:ar. i . e, made of the choicest hiops
oroaT ansaes a general baizug busi
m~a~ id~i~~Prompt aua special attention giveni
Brewing Comnlany, to depositorb residing out ofto
Charleston. S. C. Deposits sibeited.
~~ ~ Al collections imve' prmpt attenf
TO TOWN CALL AT Business 'ourb friem 9 a. at?. to $
WIE L LS'
eye to the comfort ot his
emstomners. . . . .n
IN ALL STYLES,
S'AAVINGf AND MLVJ..M~o
SH A PoolING EBRw, ...
Doe it nates~ Ad.sI LE~Oi, CA si.
A cLovi, J..W.iMctzon
is extended. . .EL mo S. eyn d
J. LWE b-A ttorney at Law,
Cows.mBA, S. C.
TH CAROLINA GROCERY COMPANY
TIZOMAS WILSON, President.
COMMISSION MERC HANTS.
159 East Bay - - Charleston, S
Wm. E. Holmes & Co.,
--) DE.LE "IN -
Paints, Oils, Glass, Varnish ani Bmushss, Lantbrns,
Tar PaperL andI( Building Paper.
Held'lu rters for the Celebrated Palmnetto Brand of Cylinder, Planing
i and Engine Oils andl Greases.