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IOL XA NANNIN G., S. C., AVEI).NESA I 1DECEMBER 27. 8.NO 5
TO BE 1I)S1ANL)ED.
Thirty-four Co.rpanies Ordered
Out of Service.
FORTY-FIVE COMPANIES LEFT
Asignment to R, giments to Be
Made at Once. S'-meihing
of nr : AbOI tha
G ;r rai Pian.
a ' t l. C r . r . a c rm ote
all- -he ins )-ri'm o h at ro
before di h' r hing eul. he do:w,.
are now.7 proced nu with t-he complete
recrgarniz tie e- thei nilitia tlf the
State. T!e ir.s step in thi, direction
was tak-u W dtac y evering whcn.
in accordvrt with previous and timely
warni, e. an k-rdcr was i'nued diband
ing 34 tuilitari coroanies that had not
came up to the r~r iremneuts on iuspec
tion. This lestes the militia force
consisting of 45 thorougily orgnized
and well equirpd commniand-, which
will be kept up to the regulation of the
Here is the order disbtnding the
enflpanip refred to:
General Order No. 6.
Par. 1st-The following companies,
havine fail d to comply with General
Orders No. 2 ai-d No. 3. are hereby dis
CAVALRY BRANCII OF SERVICE.
Troop A, Urunsoas-Capt. J. S.
Troop C, Bruusons-Capt. G. 3.
Troop D, Stordls--Capt. R. M.
Troop F, Peeples-Capt. H. E.
Troop A, Barnwell-Capt. J. A.
Troop C., Ailendale-Capt. A. W.
Tr..op E, Edgefield-Capt. J. R
Troop B, St. Stephen's-Capt. R. B.
Troop C, Georgetown-Capt. H. T.
Troop D, Jedburg-Capt. W. T.
Troop D, Holy Hili-Capt. W. E.
Troop B, E trly Branch-lapt. L.
Troop H, Ellenton-Capt. A. R.
Troop A, Banneau's-Capt. J. A
G. rman Hussars, Charleston-Capt.
F. W. Jessen.
R'ehrdson Guards, Montmorenci
Capt. P B Glovr.
Sally Rifles, Sally-Capt. J. R. Sal
Governor's Guards. Columbia-Capt.
Darlington G irds. Darlington
cavt. W. A. Par r.
Bibhopville Guards, Bishorvile
Capt. W5. S Jaies.
Cantey Ria. s, Canney-Capt. C. P.
Gaffney Light Iufa:itry, Gaffney
Capt. H. Fay Gaffney.
Ne~wherry Guam ds, Newberry-Cap t
W. S Largf rd.
Piekens R fics, Pickens -Cs pt. B A.
Carolina Ries, Charleste n- Lieut.
Peak Guards, Peak-Capt. lP. E.
Marietta Guards, 1arietta -Ca it. M1.
-Gary Watts Guards, L-trencrs-Capt.
P. B. Lockwood.
Dorchester Rifles, St. George's
Capt. F. W. Sirroni.
Bowman Lgeht Infantry, Bowman
Capt. A. D Fair.
South Cariia Volunuers, Charles
ton-Capt. Joseph Giover.
Garrison Light Intfantry, Charleston
-Capt. Ji. S. Martin.
Caro'. n a Gutards, Columbia--Cat.
W. B Davis.
Beirefort Light Infantry. Beaufort
Capt. Geo A R -ed.
Par. 2-Th- commanding oflicers of
thtese disbauded .omp aiies will imnme
diately u pon recei pt of r his order return
to these headquarters all St'ates proper
ay of every description, inds on hand.
etc. Whereup~on, after reetuxng saro
property, hono.rable dischare s will at
once be issued by the adjitant gen
eral, as per compliance with setion
382 of the State military la w. Py order
of J. N. Floyd,
Adjutant and Inspector General. S. C.
Asst. Adjr. and In.-pector Gecn.
it will be noted that a'iong the~ com
pacs disband Id are the Ddrlington
Guards, the Governor's Gurrds anid
.the German H u-sars ard Carolina Ri
fles, the t wo lattr of Charleston.
Gen. Ftoyd is now at work on the
orders as~iani; g the c.;mpauies in the
militia to re;:nen s. These orders will
provide for tao ful1 regimnts and one
battalion of inifantry, a full cavalry
regiment and one squadros, and a bat
talion of colored troops (national)
guard. The iafantry regimients are
to be known as the First and Second
south Caroliur, arnd conpany rnames
wAl give plee-: to letters of the alpha
bet. The samue system will prevail
with the cavalry. The new organiza
tions will sekext their own regimental
and baraiion c.mmander<.-Tue State.
Buried in Atlanta.
.A dispa'ceaI in Atlanta says the
body of Lutemant Brunrby, accompa
nied by mienbets of his faumly atnd an
escort, arrived in a special ear Wednes
day moraing. They were met at the
depot by a delegatiou of prominent At
]antiatns and a detachnment of the Fifth
Regiment, Georgia Voluteers, six of
whom acted as pallbearers. The bod~
was taken to the State capitol, w1.era i
was placed, surrounded by miany fiori.
tributes. Many peo ple visita d ti
band~ing and viewed the face of th,
dead l'eurenant during the day. O:
Thursday it was lhid away with greal
The senate Wednesday confirmed th<
nominations of Firzaugh Lee and
Joseph Wheeler to be brigadier gen
mra3 in the meular army.
THE NEW REGIKENTS.
The Reorganization of tho State Kilitia
The r.orgauizatioi of the militia
re,-s of South Caro:ina is ;ow being
pio -ecded with by bouuds, and the
co.a'LUcs with a big iareh of uffieer,
and a haudful of men will no longer
tend to make this dparinment of the
Sta'e governmenut iueteient and un
HI.re is the order making the assivn
iU at fte commiand,: ret ained in thec
militit. It wil bet seen tat the ft ree
will v ePa very r:eenaieat-d f~lue
ne I a2O:
Head"J.t.- s A.j :erais OiX.
I b <'.D c. 21, 1
Plr. I -Froui and ater ths date
the military forcesof the Stateof South
Carolina will cou:.ist of one re"iCuent
of cav&Iry, tw(. reg1ieimts of infantry.
onie battalion of infantry, one bat!!iiiou
of naval wilitia, one battery 0 <.ril
lery, and one battaliou of iufantr3
kuown as national guards
Par 2-The foiiowiig as ignments
are heieby order, d:
FIRST REGLENT 3. C. V. C.
Troop A-Capt N G Evans, Edgc
Troop B-Capt l 31 Seabrook. Ed
Troop C-Capt R C Richardson,
Troop D-Papt D E Well<, Tinn'als
Tr-op E-Capt Thos. S Sinkler, Char
Troop F-Capt S A Marvin, White
Troop G-Capt W A Sauls, Gillison
Troop H-Capt R G Causey, Eutaw
Troop T-Capt W N Barnes. O'Katie.
Troop K-Capt B 0 Bourne, Sam
Treop L-Capt J 31 Oliver, Conway.
FIRST REGIMENT, S C V. I.
Co. A-Capt E 31 Blythe, Green
Co B--Capt J G Richards, Liberty
Co. C-Capt J T West, Pelzer.
Co. D-Capt J S Cochran, Abbe
Co. E-Capt Wm. 31Gowan, Spar
Co. F-Capt J F Langto-i, Clifton.
Co. G-Capt J S McKeown, Corn
Co. H-Capt W A Hudgens, Honea
Co. T-Capt J H Marion, Chester.
Co. K-Capt C P L -rick, KeLrshaw.
Co L-Capt W B 1oore, Yorkville.
SECOND REGIMENT, S. C. V. I.
Co. A-Capt M L Smith, Camden.
Co. B-Captai il-avelock Eaves,
Co. C-Capt J H Claffy, Oranzeburr.
Co. D -Capt V N Kirklaud, Colum
Co. E-Capt W H Keith, Timmons
Co. F-Capt D 0 Herbert, Osange
Co. G -Capt A T Darby, Fort Motte.
Co. H-Capt W L Lee, Suwter.
Co. I-Capt S 1 Ward, Georgetown.
Co. K-Capt WV J Johnson, Ridge
FIRST BATTALION, S. C. V. I.
Co. A-Capt J E Cogswell, Charles
Co. B-Capt T T Hyde, Charleston.
Co. C-Capt D F Kearney, Charles
Co. P-Capt UI B Schroeder, Charles
Co. E-Capt J HI E Stelling, Char
sOUTH CAROLINA NAVAL MILITIA.
First DIvision-Lieut J A Patjens,
Second Division-Lieut C L DuBos,
Third Division-Lieut N G Moral,
German Artillerx-Capt F XW Wag
SECOND BATTALION S C. NATIONAL
Co. A-Capt J A Williams, Charles
('o. B-Capt .J R Nowell, Columbia
Co. C-Capt B U H ouston, Beauafot
Co. D-Capt J J Frazier, Charles
i'.r. 3-Hereafter all organizations
will be known by lettet in compliance
with the precediug paragraphs of this
Ptr. 4-Dae notice of the election of
field officers will be given by special
or-ders fro~n these headiiuarters.
Bs order of Gen. J. WX. Floyd.
John D.. Froest, A. A. and L. Gen.
The Liquor Business.
The following official figures show
the extent of the growth of the whis
key busiress int So-uth Carolina: For
the month of Ortober, 1899, the grass
receipts of the State di.pensary, from
sales to coamnty dispensaeries, were
$1S2,198 55. aga'nst $128 53.3 53 for
Ociaber, 1898. For the month ot No
v'mb. r, 1S99 the sales amounted to
$169,511 86, against $158 606 for Oc
tuber of last year. Thia snows an int
crease~ of sales for Ocstober and Novem
ber of this 'year ov'r the same months
in 1893 of $15 613.45. Officals of the
dibpensary, it is said, esumwale, from
datat, available to date, that the inisti
tution will turn in a clear profit to
Sra'e, counties and towns for the year,
$300,000 in round nuwbers.
MIiss Stevens Burned to Death.
31iss Lualu Stevens, aged 32, a mem
ber < f a well known, famuily was burned
to death at M1acon, Ga., Wednesday.
She was in a room by herself at he
reoidence on Haw'ho'an street when int
somne manner unknown her clothes
caught fire. Her screams attracted
help, but when it arrivee she was in a
ma-s of fi tn, s and had been so ser
lousl. Larned that death resultee with
in a few hous She was unable to ex
plain how the accident -tured.
A Good Idea.
There is a movement on foot
amougAt boss barbers of Hbasiiton ti
have an act pas-ed by the Oirtarit
legislatture previding for the liec:sing
ot barbers. They think a Lhree yeara
apprenticeship should be compulsory.
before a barber can open a shop. Some
victims of the apprentices think theit
apprentieship should be served some
whee s1.o knairda. in the harber abn=
A GENERAL KILLED
While Walking Along the Firing
Line Btfore a Charge.
A CONTEMPT FOR BULLETS
Showed by Laugh When Member
of Staff Warned Him of
the Danger of Ex
A dizrateh fr Manila sas J
Gen. Henry W. Lawton has be. n shot
lane killed, at San Ma'eo. 11c as
stand- ig in front of his trops, was
saot in the breast and dih d imediate
!;. Gen. Lvrstou left M1auila iXulay
ljigzht, h;iuiog returuen froi his rorth
e! i o:,erations Saturdar, to lead an ex
pedition througn Mariquina Valley,
which has beeu an insurgent !ronihoid
throuchout the war. Tne valley Las
severai times beeo invaded, but never
held by the Americans. Gen. Geroni
wo was suppo.ed to harvc there the
largest organized force north of Maunila,
and Gen. Otis wished to garrison Mari
The night was one of the worst of the
season. A ter-ific rain had begai and
was still contiuuing. A eompanied by
his staff and Troop I, F..ur;h eavalry,
Gen. L wton set out at 9 o'clock in ad
vance of the main force, consisting of
the Eleventh cavalry and one battalion
each of the Twentieth and Twenty av
euth infantry, which started from La
Lowa at midnight. With a small es
cort, he led the way through an a!mo-t
pathless country, a distance of 15 miles,
over hills ard through canebrake and
deep mud, the horses elimbing the rocks
and sliding down the hills. Before
daybreak the commaud had reached
the head of the vatley.
San Mateo was attacked at S o'clock
and a three hours' tight ensued. This
re:ulted in but few casualines on the
American side, apart Irim the death of
Gen. Liwton, but the attack was d:fi
ult because of the natural defenses of
the town. Gen Ltwtou wa, wa,kine
along the firing line within 3U0 yards of
a small bhap-hooter.' trench, couspieu
ous in the big white helmet he wore and
a light yellow raia coat. le was also
easily distinguishable because of hi.
The sharpshooters directed several
close shots, which clippea the era-s
near. His staff offisers called Gen.
Lawton's attention to the danger he
wai in, but he only lau_.hed with his
usual contempt for bullets. Suddenly
he exelaimed: ''I am shot," cleucht d
his hands in a desperate effort to stand
erect, and fe1l into the arms of a staff
flicer. Orderlies rush-d across tli
deld for surgeons, who dished up ;im
mediately, but their eff.ris were use
less. The body was taken to a clump
'f bushes and laid upon a stretcher, the
familiar white hrlmet covering the face
of the dead general.
Almost at this moment the celiers of
the American troops rushiig into San
1ateo were mirglinig with the r,fie vol.
Iys. After the fight six stalwart cay
alr3 mien t?rded the river to the town
crr3 ing the lit er on their shoulders,
the staff preceded with the colors, and
a cavalry escort following. The troops
iled bareheaded through the building
where the body was laid, and many a
tear fell from the eyes of the men wh
had long followed the intrepid Lawton.
The entire comumand was striesen with
grief, as though each muan had suffered
a persona'. loss. 0Osing to the condi
tion of tbe country which is itopassible
so far as vehicles are concerned. the re
mains could not carried to Manila Tues
day. Mrs. Lawton and the children
are living in a government residence
forerly occupied by the Spanish gen
San 31at eo lies between a high moun
tain behinmd and a broad shallow streamn
in front, with wide sand bars which
the insurgent trenches anid the build
ins command. The Americans were
e.mpelled to ford the river undier fire.
It was while they were lying in the rice
telds and volleying arross prepairatory'
to passing the stri am that Geo. La wton
was shot. All except the oflicers wi re
behind cover. A staffofficer was
ounded about the same time, and one
other officer and seven men were
wounded. A fter three hours' shooting
the Filipinos were di-persed into the
mountamns. Col. L Ickett took comi
mand when Gen. La.wton fell.
HIs MILITARY CAREER.
Gen. Lawton was known as a goori
fehrer and soldier of experience and4
ability. IHe served in the Union army)
thro ,gholut the Civil War, havrnrg cen
tered the service as scrat of Co. E,
Ninth Irdiana volu'steer infantry in
April, 1861. In March. 186. he was
brevettd colonel for gillanut and ur.ri
toriuS service durib g the war. Ho en
nered the regul r c- a blishn'nt in .Jui.,
1866, as second lieutenant of the furt'.
irt infantry (color d) and remoained
.rith that branch of the army until
January, 1871, when he was transferred
to the Fourth cavalry with which he
remained until September, 18S8, when
he was ajpointed inspector eeneral wit h
the rank of nw: .r. Litier he was pro
moed to the rank of lieutenanat col Hel
and held that rank until tihe oteninr of
the war with Spain, when l'resid nt
McKinley applinti d him br giir of
voluteers a nd as~ignied h:in tI the
command of a division oif thne Fifih
army corps, c mianded by Geu. S'rat
ter. le served wita dustion in ira lie
operationrs befre Sir ntiao O:I GJel.
Laton's anr~nriv in Lia in February
last, he rel' r. d G~ n. Anderson in
command (f the re..ul.r troops.
Sensation iu Havana.
An imense sen~aition was cauced in
Habana Wtduesday afternoon by the
arrest of ten of the eLrief appraKrs of
the customs house staiffon a chr.e of
beig in collu-ion with tnarny Habanta
merchants to sw.indic the goveriumart
out of large sums. It is ascrn ed t hat
the fraud has been practiced for two
weeks at least and trabably for a lenger
period, and it is believed tha~t thou
sands of dollars have been corruptly
diverted. Col Bliss ob:ained evidence
enough to warrant the arrests, and, as
he blieves, to insuire conviction. The
swindle was accomplished by a class of
articles under which valuable goods,
RURaL HAIL DLIV RY
The System Will be Istablihed in
South Carolina in July
On July 1 next tile rural mail deliv
ery sytem, which has beco tes ed aid
founli to work most successfuily in
many sections of the State. will ho put
ia operation all over the Sate of S uth
Carolima, aid no ether S-ate will then
have the mail advantages accorded the
rural portiori of the Palwetto State.
CorLre-ssman Stokes, who h.s sue
e'ded in gettii! the new system iro
vid- d writes us fr'm Washington urg
in'g that the co operation of ali parties
ee culi.,ted 'i ;repsring our pt ople
for the iew mail :erv.ic-e which goes
itto e fI'eet in our St Jt July I next."
lie !a' s in his letter: "Aft r that timec
any one 0ivin on or adjieet to a Y
star route in S uth (;airoboa muay hcve
Lis mail delivered free by suiuply ceet
i:. a suitable box oc the road,ide, and
then directivg the postmaster to aeed
his mail out uy the carriers. That i.
all < ne hia to do.
"I may be pardoced for feelir.g some
axieRty that general interest be dis
played by our people at the start. rhs
Leavic! has been inaugurated nowhere
save 1': S uth Carolina, and it is inaug
uratti there upon may recomm wendtion
because I was the originator of the
"Much deperds upon how our people
receive and utilize this additional fa
cility-not only as to whetht r it will
be extetded to other s-ates, but as t,)
.ie ther we shall retain it after the ex
pha ion of exlsting contracts. I hope,
therefore, that ou will Ir quently call
attention to the subject in s our paper
and urge all to have their boxes in
readiness f er the first trip of the car
riels in July.
"It is hoped that neat boxes will be
put up that will wake a er ditable ap
pearatice when the pontefliee inspector
camwtes round. 'fhre are 373 star
routes in South Carolina, and :here
ought to be 50,0U0 boxes rcady for ser
vice on the first day of the service. It
is understood. I presume, that star
routes are uail routes thirough the coun
try fron one ist- ifice to atem her."
NEW YORK DEATH TRAPS.
Seven Persons Burned to Death and
Six Totally Burned.
Seven live were lost in the two ble
tetnemnent hmuts which were d-stroyei
b% fire in New York city earl) Tuesday.
Five charred bodies were found ou the
uti er floors of a burned tenemnent at
Oce Hundred and S cond street and
Third avenue, known as the Mentor,
and fiv- women and a ~iLtle girl, all
badie burned, were cartied freon the
lazirg house to nearny hospials.
Tnere is the-ught to be but slight cbane
of any of the six surviving. S, vrl
other pejesn o:ly esesped from the
ftam.-s and dense :-moke wih eut at d
trui,us. A few hours eariier a deadi)
tire attacked the five-story teinetient on
Teth avenue, burning to dtath Mrs
Mrtia Fox and her ch id. George, 2 1-2
years old. The charred remains of
both wer- found after tie fire.
The first file is supp"sed to have
star:ed in the cellar. I he air shaft in
the building and stairs aided the fire
in gainiteg such rapid headeway that
there was no suee' ssful fishig of the
flunes, which had gained tremendou,
head way when .bt firetmen arrived.
The building was occupied by a lielar
store- on the first fie,r, and on the up
per fb ors by families. When the fire
was discovered the flames were coming
out of the hallway and must have been
burning at least 20) micutes. There
were no fire escapes on the front of the
building, but mitny of the inmates es
eaped by the rear.
The loss on the building was $40 000.
The other fire, in Tenth aveaue, near
Thrt -eighth streer, started in the
basetment or first fleor hallway, and
when it was diseovered had such a
headway that it was impiossible to en
ter. Tlhe famdties in the upper peart of
the house fled to the roof, whece they
eaily reacted the streer.. The Fuxes
lived on the second filtor, and tthe
woman and her child had succeeded in
getting up one flight oef step~s b fore
they were overcome. Triere were no
others injured The damuce to the
building by the fire was compearatively
IN PENNSYLVANIA, TOO.
A Negro Murderer Killed by a Law
Notwithsctding all the t alk indulged
itn by lie Northler i priss ill refe-rence
toe the b) nehie g of Ncsrtes in the S .uth,
more if them are I. nebed ill propr i-n
o murder- in the Nerthern and West
ere States thtan in t he Sout h A dis
ptch frotm Dunbar, Pa., aa Sutndford
White, superinte dent of construction
of the W. J. Ruiney Ceike cn: Iany,
-as shot and kiIld Wedtnesdaty by
David Pierce, a N-grot emaplo) e. Pierce
fl d tee the* mtuitains, feelo -red by arn
aln rs miob. lIe wa, dceerned it hid
i ni ru riuddbl-d w iith bulIict s. D) ath I
was insatantaneo~us. Tnere is ne ex
eiiteet. The trouble began withi a
neiatrrel between Pierce and ichuari
Cu 'i ut ha i, su pcri ittend nt oft ihe .Ml
Vermon w'orks of the N. J. Ib.iney
copiany, over a Ijpiestion ef work.
Whlt-: titerrn d in behalf of Ctunnie
amt wh en the Negcro dres c a recolver
cciii his pocket ane tir, d, the balI t--lie.
r tng~ White's abdimen, muikmne a fa
a wu d. Imm nedia clv af. er ti ricue.
Pee r In for tuis htfe, wcithi more thiaa
'it) pert u in t hot iu :1uit. lie was
chlased for ia-e thait two mail s buefere
is w ou d-bne caplt rs cant.c wihio
shooting dis asce, the trk't for a
-hoe r cf builets. lle felt with s-venl
vound,. throuuh h's b-idy and i, di ini a
--,rt teime W\hiite was about 50l )ears
of ae, mairried and had several chil
dren iPi ee, the murderer. camte to
\'t. B~raddock recentlh from \lr~itiia.
Nuieis k Lit) on'f hi-, fattiiy, hut hce
cwas co'isidered a dlangerous character.
Th'le mturuder caus--d se imieht eXeiemett
th-t Pieree weal. .i l 'Il hive bcetn
hanged hal ihe beeel n brouat back alive.
An-d now we are infer tied, that the
Prt Riya! dryd..ek uught to have been
cons.treede of stone, and not havitg
been it is rotting to pieces. U sele dan
pcys high for his experiecc, but in
the pi ping times (of utational pro-perity
and gold standard currency bills what
sa half a milion enllara more or less?
After Proceeds from Captured
Property Sales Being Pushed
BY GOVERNOR McSWEENEY.
He Writes a Letter to Congress
man Wilson on the Subject.
Other Governors Will
G ,v. McSweeney is not letting the
ov-menit lonking to securing from the
Uni!'d Szates the big sum of money be
longing to the people of this State
from thel sales of property under the
captured and abandoned property acts
remaia mere talk., le is pushing the
ma.ter ini more ways than one. Wed
nesday the following letter was sent to
Hon. Stanyarne Wilson, M. C., Wash
ing-on, D. C.
Dear sir: It has been brought to
my attention that there remains in the
treasury the sum of $10.512,007.96
arising frou the proceeds of sales of
property of citizens of southern States
under the captured and abandoned
property acts, and that this money be
loues to the citizens of the several
sou hern Statts from whom such prop
erty was taken, and that oy decisions
of th-e Uuited States supreme court the
itle to this money remains in these
All the facts relative to it seem to
be carefuly collicted and stated in
s-naTe! reo-rt, committee on claims,
N'. 1631, 55Lh congress, third session,
which report, it appears, simply con
firmed the recommendations of previ.us
hs-uie f repretentativei report No.
1377, 52.1 cougress, first sessi.,n, and
was made to the senate reeommending
the passage to senate bill No 5020, 55th
co.gress, third sessin, which stotod
u1pn the calerdar of the senate, No.
1713 at the last sesiou.
Much of this money belongs to the
State of South Carolina, and the senate
oill referred to, if it had been enacted
into law, would have given these citi
zens the right which has long been
denied to tt-m without any just reason,
to inirate their claim to the fund in
Lie court of claims, and establizh their
rights to it, and as the jutice of this
mt ter is evident upmn its fase, it is
difflult to see why the needed legisla
tiun was not completed by the passage
of that bill at the last session of con
It has been suggested to me that it
.vould be well that this matter should
be called specially to the attention of
eaeh memb -r of the congressionl dele
cation flmi this State. both house ard
enae, and also that the time -is ntw
rlpe when, upon theiotroduciion of the
bol, a new tffort should be uade to se
cure to the southern States the passage
ot this reasonable law, and to this end
I have address.-d a communication to
the governors of the several southern
States, reques.ting them to j'in me in
reqiests to their several congr, ssional
del, gzations to see to it that by harumo
ious act ion this result shall be attaed
at the present. se.,sion of congress.
Senator MecLaurin has written that he
will reintroduce the bill in the senate,
and when it shall come to the house of
re presentatives you are respectfully re
quested to render such a-sisnance as
may be in your power to secure its early
passage by that body.
Re~ponaes have come from seyeral of
the governors, and from their assur
ances it is likely that you will find that
the nelegates from the other southern
States have been requested to co-oper
ate activ'ely. Very respectfully,
M. B. 31eSveeney,
Recently the governor has received
ltters from a number of the southern
governors in regardl to those claims.
How Silver Affects Mexico.
Those undeviating advocates of the
gold standard as the financial anchor of
every country, who declare that with
out the g dld basis there can be no sub
stantial prosperity, will do well to turn
their attentention to a recent report on
the propsperity of M1exico, which P.
M1errill Griffith, Uruited States Consul
at Mlatamuoras, has made to the Senate
D -partmrent. In view of the well
ktnown fact that M1exico more nearly,
perhaps approaches a silver standard
thtan any country of importance in the
world, it will be .well fur the gold bugs
to) ponder over what their o~vn coksul
give, to the wor~d through the medium
of the Sate D-partmnt. He writes:
"Asntie of the Latin- Auerican coun
tries are experieneing sea~ steady cow
mnerial anid ind ustrial piros ress as Mlexi
co. no other offers so many openings to
the miner, plauter capitalist, and tat
ufacurer. Among the many causes of
this progress aind acuivity may be mna
tinmed the tiatural resources of the
cutry, the absolute security of life
and property, the cheapnes of labor,
the absence of strikes and other labur
ditutdances, and the eon filence in the
strength and stability of the govern
metit. which was so openly exemphified
by the recent ready nee,-!i:Ltioni of the
5 per cent. loan in the Uaited States
and Eur. pe."
First Class Instuments.
If you want a first ch ss piano or
oraui, he sire to visit my store or writ
nc tor i nf.,rumtion I handle only
i st chets instrumecnts-Steiniway,
\lason: & IIImillin, M1sthushek, Ster
lire, Ilutingt n and Ludden & Bates
Pian; Mason & Hiamlii and Sterling
raus Liberal terms and fair deal
ixg. No midddleman's comtissons
s des direct from factory. D. A.
Pre'sley, )lanaser Ludden & B ites
u~thern 31usie House, Columbia,
S. C. 1imo.
To Refund Ill Gotten Money.
A hill was introduced in the senate
Wed iiesday by Senator Sullivan of Mlis
~inipj'i dlirecting the secretary of the
trea ury to refund money reaiiz-d on
e .tton captured in the southern States
urmig the civil war and from tae tax
lvid upoin cotton in those States at
that time. This money was covered
into the United Statt s.
Blizzards are not as frequent this
year as they are some years, but they
eem to be much severer than usual.
FLORENCE IN RUINS.
City Hall, Hotel and Opera House, in
A special dispatch from Florence to
The State, under date of December 19,
says bare walls and masses of debris
mark the business portion of Florence.
The dimastrous fire, concerning which a
few words were hastened to The State
yestesday morning, was checked at 6
o'clock this morning, but not until
about $150,000 worth of property had
melted away before the fury of the
flames. There are various estimates as
to the loss, but many business men
place it at $150,000 and more. It was
the greateot fire that ever visited Fior
ence, and one from which it will be
difficult to recover very soon, for many
of the losses fall heavily on t.e vic
The fire started in the City hotel, a
handsome three-story building, and
this was burned t- the ground before
the flames began to spread. The water
supply was inadequate, and just when
it was thought tue fire could be con
trolled, the engines ceased pumping
and pandemioniune reigued. Bucket
brigades were formed and heroic work
was done, but all of no avail. The city
hall, brick, and Allen's block, frame,
caught and burned rapidly. The en
gines changed positions and recom
menced work. The fl ames had gained
such headway, however, that nothing
could be done to check them, and the
Bank of Fiorence, acrobs Evans street,
was next licked up, with the Western
Union Telegraph office. The fire con
tioued to spread and all of the build
ings from U. D. Bristox's fruit store
on Evans to Stockley's on Dorgan
street were destroyed in rapid suces
tion The flames crossed Dorgan street
and four other large stores were des
The principal buildings burned were
the city hall, a $10,000 building, the
Bank of Florence, valued at $7,000, the
City hotel, value, $12,000, and the
Florence opera houe, placed by the
owners at $12,000. The stores of V. 31.
Hianner, George 31. McCown, James
H Penny, Dr. W. H. Larly, Theo.
Kiker, Wiikios & Bruiisou, N. J..
Xepopas, R 1 Nett;es & C >., H. L.
iLdrr. 31 8 Rubenstei, Parker Bros.,
F. J. Fuller, J W Caution, E 6 Buch
bert, and W. P. Rog.rs were entirely
destroyed, beside6 a number of others
which were badly damaged. The Bell
and Home Telephone companies and
the Florence liprovement and mahu
facturing company suffered serious
losses. A number of shops and Iruit
stands were destro) ed, and the hand
soLe 3tores of John L" Baninger and
H. 8 Rose were oadly damaged. The
handsome law Vfice of W1llCUx & Will
cox in the bank building were de
The Fiorence fire department did ex
celleut work but were hiudered by the
lack of water. The ciuzzns lined out
in force and did what they could to
save the effects from the burning
buildings. Darlicgton responded
promptly to the call for aid and arrived
within one hour after the special train
had boen sent oy Capt. G. G. L) nch.
The Darlingtou firemen did good work,
and for their assistarice the people of
Florcuce are grateful. Trhe purpose of
the men who have buffered by the fire
is to rebuild at once, anid with Flor
ence's spent is uadioubtably. She will
not long auffer this awful gap in her
main streets to gi unfitted. Another
reult of the fire will certainly be a
modern system of water-woiks for
A KENTUCKY HORROR.
A ;Whole Family Whiped Out by a
At Alliance postoffice, Floyd County,
Kentucky, Nelson Hamilton was pour
ing out 'ome powder from a keg when
his four-year-old son picked up a small
amount aad tossed it into the fire.
The explosion threw some embers into
the pile of powder and a terrific explo
sion followed. The father and little
son and two older children who were in
the room were knocked insensible.
The ceiling was lifted from its place,
the walls spread and the upper part of
the house came down and stopped about
half way on the walls, thus fastening
all the doors securely. When the old
est datughter regtined conscioueness
suffic:eiotly to realize that the house
was in flames, she tried to oden a door.
but at onoe saw the hopelessness of
such an attempt, and b2yan to scream
for hep. A neighbor arrived n time
to burst in a doir anid get the tortured
persons out, but they were so badl)
burned that all died withbin a fe w hours
Taxes Nust be Paid.
All State, county and poll taxes must
be paid before the 31st imat , or the pre
serbed penalties will be as~essed
There will be no extensiou of time for
the pay merit of taxes t hiis year. Au
annoucmenzt to this eff~ct has been
made by the Governor, anid the owners
of pruop-rty are exoceed to meet their
oblgation in the required time. There
are no mitig.ating circu m~tances, such
as storms, poor crops, etc , to req tire
an extension of time and the taxes will
have to be paid in the prescribed time.
To prevent dodging and cheating in
regard 10 the cancellation of revenue
samps the g >vernent has orde:ed that
on arid after last Friday, all document
ar revenue stamps of ten cent denomi
nation and ->ver ahall not only be can
celled ini the usual way but shall be mu
tilated besides, with a knife or pt(-rfora
tor. It seems that the dodgers by tak
ing out the required ink marks with
chemicals have been using the stamps
over and over again.
The Republican national convention
will be held at Philadelphia June 19
next. The place and date were
decided upon by the nat'onal commint
tbe Friday after a fri.:ndly contest for
the honor of entertainiing the conven
tion between the city selected, Chicago,
St. Louis and New York. The meet
ing of the committee was held at the
Arlington hotel Washington and was
presided over by Senator Hanna, the
chairman of the committee. Forty
three of the 45 States and each of the
aj .terrir 0'were represented.
Obey the Laws.
The Anderson Daily Mail says there
is no doubt. but that the violent reek
less and misleading statements made by
many papers which are opposed to the
dispensary law have beer the means of
encouraging resistance to the law and
has caused bloodshed and the loss of
life. Some of the utterances have been
almost incendiary, and what more
natural than that when men who are
disposed to engage in the illicit traffic
in whiskey read these fierce denuncia
tions and misleading statements they
are excited to the pointof violating the
law. We have been moved to say this
from reading an editorial in the Oconee
News of the 14th inst. which is very
much on the order. Here are some ex
tracts from it. In referring to the de
plorable tragedy in Greenville it says:
The two men killed only add to the
long list of men who have been taken
from their families by means of this
most unholy and unfair law. It is a
fact that more men have been killed in
trying to enforce this law since its en
actment than have been killed in the
enforcement of all the other laws of the
State in a quarter of a century.
Here is a positive statement that the
law is 'unholy and unfair'. The people
are educated by the newspapers they
read and they will reason if the law ib
"unholy and unfair" they have a right
to violate it. And The News statet
that to be a fact which we doubt very
much whether it knows to be a fact or
not when it says that more men have
been killed in enforcing the dispensary
than "in the enforcement of all other
laws of the state in a quarter of a cen
tury." Does the News know how
many men have been killed in enforcing
the dispensary law? We doubt it.
Does it know how many-men have been
killed in the last 25 years in enforcing
all other laws in this State? We doubt
it. It is a very broad and reekless
statement and calculated to do harm.
And then in answering the question
"Why do men resist the enforcement
of this law?" it says:
The answer is easy: Because every
man, whether he be a good man or baa
man, whether he be a wise min or a
fool, wheLher he be a law abiding citi
zen or an outlaw, knows the law to b
unfair, uujust and absolutely wrong;
therefore tie resists it to the death, and
will ressist it as long as it is the law.
Tnat's another very reckless and
sweeping statement. It puts the brana
of hy pocracy on many good men in all
the churches in this state who say they
believe the law is a good law by voting
to retaiu it. The above paragraph is as
plain, outspoken a detenseof the riola
tor of law as we have ever read. It up
holds him and encourages him in h.
resistauce to the law, and when they
read such as that in the public priutw
it is not to be woudered at that they
violate it. It brea- he3 the very spiri
of rebellion. Bu3 for c;ear and uradui
terat, d nonsense anu absuruity the fol
lowing takes the cake:
The State says to its citizens: You
can get drunk as often as you wisli il
you will only get drunk on the liquor
hold by me, but I punish you if you
buy a single drink from any one else
Tae State makes it a grave offense for
a citizen to do the very thing it does
isselt daily. Tue very instia.et of thet
brute creation knows that this is wrong
i'ue State has the same right to say
that the citiz-n shall only buy flour.
Corn, shoes and clothing from a state
When and where in the statutes has
the state said she will punish the man
who 'buys a drink from any oneelT
She has said nothing. of the kind.
There is not a line of statute law di
rected against the buyer of liquor but
it is against the unlawful seller. And
then follows the remarkable statement
that 'the state makes it a grave offense
for a citizen to do the very thing it
does itself.' In other words the citi
zen must not get drunk but the state
gets drunk every day. It is the first
time we ever heard that the instincts of
the brute creation told them the dif
ference between right and wrong. But
the most remarkable statement of all is
that 'the state has the same right to
say that the citizen shall only buy flour,
corn, shoes and clothing from the state
institution.' And this too in the face
of the fact that all the decisions of the
courts, btate and federal, recognize the
doctrine and uphold it, that the liquor
trac is a subject of the police powers
of tne state and differentiates between
the traffic in liquor and the necessaries
of life. And the Oconee News ought
to know that there is a difference be
tween them, and prohibitonist though
its editor is, he has made a plea in be
haif of liquor when he argues that it
stands on the samne plane as 'flour
corn, shoes and clothing.' If it does
then every man who chooses, has the
right to sell it. This aboard and non
sensical editorial only shows where
prejudice will :ead to.
He Found Religion.
"J. N. Burton, the Alibene aue
tioneer, had a surprise yesterday," says
the Salina Journal, "that came near
causing an attack of heart failure. A
f oraer emiplo.ye sent him a dollar to pay
for some corn stolen by him from M1r
Burton's farm many years ago. The
remitter has recently found religion,
anid sent the dollar to relieve his con
science, belie-vinig that amount would
cover the value of the corn and interest
and secure forgiveness for the sin." It
is a pity some others could not find the
same brand of religion.
A New Railroad.
The Georgetown and M1arion compa
ny has applied for a charter in South
Carolina to build a railroad from
(Georgetown to M1arion. The incorpor
arors are: Lewis A Hall, Wallace B
Flint, Waterman Taft, Robert L Mon
tague, L B Timmerman, F Rbem and
F J 5aie. This is the road to be built
or now being built, by the Atlantic
Coast Lumuber company of Georgetown.
Mississippi Planter Murdered.
T H MleLemore and extensive planter
and merchant, and his manager, A. H
Dumas, of Rosedale, M1iss., were shot
and fatally wounded Wednesday by
two negroes, Bob and Wash 0Cide.
The trouble grew out of a business dis
put, the negroes emptying the con
tents of a shotgun into the bodi's of
the white men. A large posse is in
PETTIGREW IS MAD.
He Declares That This Country
Recognized the Filipinos.
HE DEMANDS WAR FACTS.
He wants to Know if there is a
Studied Effort to Suppress the
Philippine war Record.
In the United States senate Wednes
day Mr. Hawley, of Connecticut, chair
man of the military affairs committee,
drew a shirp speech from Mr. Petti
grew by a motion to reconsider a reso
lation previously introduced by Mr.
Pettigrew and passed directing the see
retary of war to forward to the senate
the fall report of the commission ap
pointed by the president to investigate
the conduct of the Spanish war.
Mr. Pettigrew declared that this was
a most unusual proceeding, and de
manded to know whether "it is a part
of a studied policy to suppress infor
"Is it," he demanded, "along the
lines of suppression of news from Ma
nila, not because it is proper news, but
because of its possible effect on the
people of the country? A day or two
ago I asked the acoption of a resolu
tion of inquiry that I deemed perfectly
proper. It was laid on the table. Was
the action taken because the resolution
indicated that officers of this govera
ment had recognized the Pnillivpiae
republic? D, you think if such a re
cognition had not been made that reso
lution would have been laid on the
able? The fact is, we did recognize
the Philippine republic, and it was
through the assistance of the Pailip
pine vessels that a Spanish garrison
was forced to surrender.
"It no, seems that there are many
things to be brought to the attention of
the people. My belief is that we ought
to have another committee to investi
gate the entire conduct of tho Spanish
war. We might investigeate the pur
chase of army transports, for which
we paid two or three times what they
were offered fur to otners. Is thi poli
cy of the suppr s-ion of news and, facts
to be follo*ed for the purpose of re
electing the present administration?"
In reply Mr. Hawley disclaimed any
intention of an endeavor to- suppress
any facts. He had made the motion
-imp;y that the matter uight be con
sidered by a committee with a view to
ascertaining the availability of the mat
ter asked for.
Mr. Cockrell, of Missouri, believed
that the report of the investigating
committee should be communicated to
ihe senate and at his sugg'suon the
resolution was reconsidere requesting
(he president, if nout incmpa'ible with
public interests, to communicate the
testimony and report of the comwiutee
to the house.
Mr. Alisdon, of Iowa. thought, too,
that the senate ought to have the testi
mony and report.
The resolution as amended by Mr.
Cockreli was pa!.sed without iSenL
The senate then, at 1:15 p. in., went
into executive session.
Dewey Praises Bramby.
The Atlanta Journal correspondent
w:ites as .follows from Washington:
[ was with the admiral and Mrs.
Dewey for half an hour this afternoon,
talking of poor Brumby, and the part
that he played in the great battle at
"I want to say to the people of
Atlanta today,'' and the admiral,
"when they must be peculiarly sad in
burying their noble son, that in the
death of Lieutenant Bcumby the
country has lost a brave and gallant
defender, and I have lost a dear and
loyal friend. We were closer than
brotbers, and I have loved him as
dearly as if he bad been the ncarest
rela:ive. His death has broken me up.
[ have cancelled every social engage
ment for the winter, and I am deeply
grieved, for he was so near and dear to
At this the admiral nervously
walked across the floor to suppress his
"He was a gallant defender and the
admiral loved him so," interposed Mrs.
"Why, Mildred, dear," said the
admiral, "didn't I see him when he
hoisted the American fihg at Manila,
at the very face of an apparent certain
death? He raised the Stars and
Stripes under a shower of shell from
the enemy. Fe w people realize what
a b'ero B3rumby was."
"I want to commend The Journal's
movement for a monument," continued
thle admiral, turnining to me, "and I
shalsend a check to add to the fund.
It shold be :a pleasure to every person
to contribute to perpetuate th'e memory
of that gallant young G3eorgian, and to
we it is an opportunity that I am
proud to accept. Put me down; I will
and in amount later.
Griuding Stone Burst.
A serious accident happened at the
State farm near Hagood last Saturday
afternoon. While the week's ration
was being ground on the grist mid one
of the rocks burst. The mill was com
plelely wrecked and piec.es of the rock
were hurled in every direction, d 'ing
great dam ige to the building. Two
convicts were present at the time, one
of wbom was seriously if not fatally
wounded. One of his arms was broken
sad his shoulder badly crushed. The
other fared a little better, though he
was badly wounded by a piece of tim
ber rock striking him in the stomach.
It was a miracle that both of them were
not instantly killed.-The State.
A Sorry Spectacle.
The spectacle of the United States
coddling Wall street like a sick baby
and feeding it gold out of a bottle is a
very edifying one. Nor does it tend to
heighten respect for our financial sys
tem that the great banks and trust com
panies have to go into the market and
pour their legal reserves out at 2 per
cent. to enable brokers to buy stocks
and keep everything fr~m going to
smash. Co~nmon sense is at a discount
in our money pohec.-The State.