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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, January 31, 1900, Image 4

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TILE PRIVELEGE TAX
Reduced from Twenty-iive to
Fifteen Cents.
AN INTERESTING DEBATE.
Charges cf Extravacelnce Against
Ciemrn Colege see.med
to H.,ve infiuenced
the Result
a, td th.' fertilizer ax cIAme'
Houre Tuendy. Ile ued
was untust and u: K c
to suppot Cle u. C ( -
the argument vw
would not 1e to thie ,ne r
wastakel - I
the tax to ten
redtion. . e
ben~.d
frier .
wou l not ch Ti farmer e h
pay the porio t are gcrAiy oO
peor to snd. i eso' T.) -ot -
l.r. TIUis w ve rI tjIst burdn an
lhould te reC.
M1r. Bly t-he aI d M11r. A-hley L eg
ging the question. This p.rivilege tax
was imposed and collecied long before
Clembon Colkge was thoivzht of. The
tax was put on h-rtilizers because3 the
farmers thought it neetsary to protect
themselvesajnst iraud atid deception.
The tax was fo-r the protectiou of toe
farmers and no one clsc. The present
law may be amended to advantagce. Tle
tax was first imposed by a Legislature
of farmers, and siuce then there have
been farmers here in the majority and
no change has been made. The arga
ment used to bring about Clemson Col
lege was that if the State built the Col
lege the farmers would support and sus
tain it. There was a compact made be
tween the people, so to sieak, that the
farmers would for all time support
Clemson through the privilege tax. H1e
artued to show that the tax, if repealed
would do the farmers no good. Ile
I.a.V1 .rd ao compiaint from the farm
er atout the tax and thought they
wanted it retairen.
Mr. McCullough sail that heretofore
he had opposed the bili, but after goieg
thoroughly over the situation he
thought it best to favor the present
bill. -Clemson colhgc is no-w thorough
ly equipped and Las all the buildings
it needs. He was not opposed to a
privilere tax, but he thought such a
tax should on!y be suffieient to do the
actual analyzing of fertilizers. The
amount proposed by the bill ib ample
for analysis. Tae real issue is: Shal
you impose more than is necessary for
the examinatioa? Then the idea is
that money should be raised from some
one to support Clemneon college. Now
is it right to run the hands of the State
into the pockets of the farmers or the
fertilizer men to get this bonns for
Clemson college? Then the Supreme
Court has held that such an Act as is
on the statute books is unconstitutional
The committee tried to patch up a bill
that would pass muster. We are play
ing the hypocrite in trying to patch up
a bill that is wrong in principle and
Mr. Stevenson, cof CJhesterfield, said
he was opposed to reducing the tax to
ten cents, but favored a 15 cents tax.
Clemson college last year got $102.
613.08 from various sources: Privilege
tax, $60,000; 31orillfund, $12 000;
Act 1887, Federal, $15,000; landseript,'
$5,000; tuition, $2,400; Clemson be
quest, $3,51::2. Total, $102, 613.08S.
There was no account o-f the expendii
ture. He said the only institution that
*ould bend was attacked last year in
his camp:.ign was Clemson, because of
this apparent extravagance. If the
authorities of Clemson do not practice
economy there will be a whirlwind and
a revoluiorn that will tear a hole into
Clemson sand possibly destroy it.
Mr. E. D. Smith, of Sumter, said
this redu'tion of the tax has been one
of his platforms fc.:ears. The people
who pay the privi'ege tax are scarcely
ever practically represented here. The
privilege tax is extracted from the
buyer and no one else. 1'The Ias- ' .
who hand'h' th' no must pay fo~r it.
It isentirely wrung to taX t:mese poor
farmers. The t ax la.n ye - he held
brought in $90,000. If 11. doors of
Clemson are to be open to tile State at
large let her draw her support as to her
State colleges do. If Clemson is wor' hy
of support she will get the money, and
if not worthy the members will know
it.
Mr. Robinson, of Oconee, thought
the farmers had but little to say on the
measure. He maintained that it was
wrong to legislate for one class against
another. it would be just as fair to tax
every lawyer's law book as to tax every
bag of fertilizer. He asked what would
Clemson do if it should be decided by
the farmers not to buy fertilizers for a
certain year? If Clenson has to be
supported by this sort of legislation let
her go.
Mr. Wingo, of Greenville, as a farm
er, said he had heard more against
Clemson college on the floor of the
House than elsewheie. lie yet had
to hear the first farmer, not a politician
wiho was oppossed to Clenisom or the
tax. All the talk against the privilegc
tax was here in the ilouse and upon
the floor. Mr. Jeemniah Smith said he
had heard there were 3 per cent of the*
sons of farmers at Clemson. Mr. Wingo
thought 93 per cent of the students
were the sons of farmers. The liouse
had hetter go slow in making radical
changes. -The farmers want no changes;
if they do they will be heard from.
Mr. N. Geo. Evans said there was too
much money sijent at Clemson. The
farmers in his section were opposed to
the system. The farmers do not pay
all the taxes. The trustees report a
balance of $10, 000 -actually more than
is wanted. A tax of it0 cents, based
on the figures of last year, and the bal
ase unexpended, and there will be an
abundance of money on hand. Ie, fcr
one, was heartily in favor of the State*
colleges. The only institution that has
saffered has been the South Carolina
College. It has lived, and will always
do so, but do not make one college stif
fer and the other a coupon clipper.
Mr. H. H. Crum, as a farmer said:
his hople were perfectly willing to pay
the tax for their protection. To day
the farmers are all at the mercy of a
soullest trust. To reduce the tax would
be merely to help the trust and will do
no good to the farmers. A considera
ble part of tbe Clemson fund has gone
to the support and building of the tex
tile school Clemson college is dis
tinctly the farmers' college and the
people throughout the State .want the
.ollege ,most liberally sust aint d. Ie
had confidence in the board of trustees.
The farmers are not comsplaining, so he
did mat se why the lawyers should
coUJ. L ILWLZ ABL tv Pa3
the tax they should be left alone; and
the farmers want to be left alone.
Mr. P. H. Gadsden said this bill has
come up year by year and every session
farmers here and their representatives
have killed such a bill. The farmers
knew their rights and if they d-> not
want this tax they have not said so.
Charleston has always stood by .Clem
son college, to any reasonable limit,
since its establishment. This State is
a manufacturing centre. It seems to
be forootn that the buyers in North
Carolina and G.-orgia and othner Sta s
pay a large rr ic-11 this tX.. fle
kLew, of no L-.her mzheme of 1tv.Fyi
tribute by thc SLat' frion olher States.
II- asked for a d-il of t(of 1pop
aa s3
ut b.teixrv- tw brs
"or1t -7
tro~.uble to Cile T e frie's of
CUemisn had bot:r eware oi i. will
fare far worse thau is inow threntened.
If you do n:ot dc, .,'methiing tjo the,
foodgatcs fplosition will be opene'i.
lie urged that 15 eenrs a ton woui
give emni -MS,000.
Mr. Ashh-y accepted the 15-ccnt
amendment. H-: urged that the larger
partions of the Hatch and Morrila
fuvdb we:a to th- support of the col
lege proper. The expefnditures went
dircetly to the'. spport of the collhge.
As a friend of Clumson he pleaded to
hold the appropriatious below the
$100,000 maik. To save Clemson the
best thing will be to plaee the institn
tion on an Cconomic basis.
Mr. E-uidge, ->f Lancaster, said his
people were expecting him to protect
their intere-,t:, and he wanted the tax
reduced because too mach uoncy was
being raised to dtfray the expenses of
examitation. It was unfair to tax one
class of people to support the college.
Mr. Cosrrove, of Charlestor, knew
that Charlston shipped largequantities
of fcrtilizers outside of the State. Poor
teachers, he urged, are verr much like
roor doctors, and he was opp l to
pay for teachers. While it may look
a little extravagant the results at Clew
son are well worth the money spent.
Mr. W. H. Thomas warned the House
that the moment Clemson's income is
lessened it will come here for appro
priations and when Clemson comes here
every State college will suffer. Pass
this measure and Winthrop, and Clem
son, and the South Carolina College,
and the Colored College will all suffer.
Leave the colleges alone for at lea-t a
few years. If the farmers are com
plaining let the complaint come irom
them.
Mr. Stevenson then moves to fix the
royalty at 15 cents per ton and offered
a substitute bill for the whole measure.
This was adopted. The bill was then
given it; third reading, it simply
amends the Act of 1S99 by changing
the inspec ion tax from 25 cents to 15
cents per ton. The fund continues to
go to Clemson College.
BLOODY ST&EEC T.RAGBDY
Two Men Killed and Two Wounded la
Nacon, Ga.
Two negrecs shot to death and two
white desperatcly wounded, were the
causa:ies in ani attempt to arrest a
negro murderer at N1acon, Ga., Wed
nebday. J. M. Butler, colored, is the
man who did the most of the shooting
and who wias himself shot to death.
His v .;is were Armstead Bryant,
eo'-d, shot through the heart, and
iistantly killed; B. Seltman, white,
shot through the stomach and will
probably die, and John Reed, white,
shot in the neck. in a precarnous con
dition. Butler threatened to kill a
negro woman and when Patrulman
Pearce attcempted to arrest him, began
to shoot. The negro ran up Fourth
street, one of the busiest streets in
Macon, pistol in hand, shooting at
everybody in sight. His first victim was
Seltman, then Bryant, and last Reed
fell beneath his deadly aim. In the
meantime the sound of the shooting
attracted a numrber of polcem'en and
citizens. When Butl-r feli mortally
wounded five policemen and fifteen ciii
zens were shooting at him Whan e:
amined it was found that three heavy
pitol bullets had gone completely
through his body and there were other
wounds. Au ambulance was summoned
and. the woij.ded mien were taken to
the city hospital, while the bodies of
the dead umen were taken to an unde:
-aking e-stablishment where the coroner
held :., inquest. Butler came to
Georgia form North Carelina eight
years ago, and was employed ou a
South Georgia tupentine farm. It is
said that about a year ago he killed two
negroes at Pinehurst, Ga.
~ In Delaware, where teyflopetty
criminals as the whipping psa
woman has been denied the right to
practice law in the state courts. A
well knowsi woman attorney of Phila
delphia applied for the privilege of
practicing i 1 the courts of Delawar e.
The chancellor of the supreme court
replied that while it ns~ desired to
showv every courtesy to nuenibers of the
bars of sister states, the constitution
of Delaware did not permit a woman to
exercise the funcuion-s of an attorney,
since it was provided in that instrument
that all officers of the courts must be
males.
Lynehed in Colorado.
News reached Denver. Col., on Fri
day of the capture of Reynolds and
Wagnar, the escaped convicts, and the
subsequent escape of Wagner. Rleyn
olds is charged with killing Night Cap
tain Rooney of the Colorado peniten
tiary, at Canon City, Wagner with
holding R'oney. A special train with
several &uards and a blood hound were
dispatehed to the aeene from Canon
City, while officers started ovenaand
with Reynolds. At Canon City fire
bells began to ring and the town is out
en masse. Reynolds was taken from
the officers when they resched Can-r
City and hanged to a telegraph pole
just outside the penitentiary wails.
Killed by a Bicycle.
Henry A. Hazen, one of the chief
forecasters of the weather bureau and
well known as a seentiest, died at
Washingiton Wednesday night as the
result of injuries received by a bicycle
collision with a negro pedestrian. His
skull was badly fractured and he con
tinued unconscious up to the time of
STAIL DI1S'ENSARY.
The Prof its of Cities, Towns,
Counties and Schools.
STATEMENT OF PURCHASES.
The Finanial Statement of the
State's B :g Uquor Busirss.
Large P.;yrnent to the
School Fut.d.
The a:us iitarneird sta tmen~ &' tL
ra
repr; il ,:n tnt r -
ye~ir t h(. -r--tfits-r. ot "!ge!,e i
seb ! ud, are $13 9411
thei~i tot a r . 1 . , .f . 8 T
$45,8184..-M '- '* aue
u143.210 na ueteuyo
Deembe 3.- 1. T . e o-regge pr rhwes
,ast'e r r re~1'~~
made during ih.: 'er wer- .
081.39.
At the first of the year the State t
erintcndent of educaion iqforiud the
board of control that ihe sohool fund
would need $100,000 as soon a-i pssi
bls. About two vweek ago$30.000 as
raidi over to the credit of the sebool
fund and Wednes day anmht-r payun
of $70,000 wa made. Here are t '--.
ures of the annul report:
Tht- comparative siatemerit 01 :.t s
and liabilities for the fised year endit'g
Decetber 31st, 1899, reads thur
ASSETS.
Cash in State treasury Dec.
31. 1899 .. .. ..... .. . -.140-121 00
Merlhandise in hands of dis
pensers Dec 31, 1899. .. 255,025 74
Merchandise (Inventory of
Ftock at State dispensary
Dec. 31, 1899).......... 175,927 26
Supplies (Inventory Dec.
31, 1899)........... If,
Teams and wagons. (Inven
tory Dec. -31, 1899) . 64 00
Machinery and vffi,:e fx
tures. (Inventory Dec.
31. 1899).. ... ......... .578 64
Contrzb n'I, (Inventory Dec
31, 1899) .............. 136 98
Real estate.......... .. .. i .319 64
Supendcd aceounts.. .. ... 399 26
Personal accounts due State
for tax advanced on bond
cd spirits, empty barrels
and kcs, alcoho:, et . '. 127 56
Total assets..... .....63558 13
LIABILITIES
School fund............514,379 95
Personal accounts due by
State for supplies, whis
kies, wines, beer, alcohol,
ee.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... 121208 18
Total liabilities .. .. .. . 635,588 1.3
The statement of profit and loss ae~
count for the fleeal year ending Dec. 31,
1899, is as follow's:
Gross pronts on nmerchan
dise sold during ycar.. .. $452,074 49
Discounts on purchas 11.064 93
Contraband seizures ...... 5 395 83
Permit fees................25 50
State's onee-half share of
p.rents from beer disper:
ries from Jan 1, 1899),
t o June 12. 1899. (A
ar June 12, 1899, profi't
i. t..... in grost profi'ts
o0 ni4rchanise, except
the profits on beer sold by
the Germania Brewing
Co., Charleston, S. C.. 14.177 75
State's onehalf share of pro
fits on beer sold by the
Germania Brewinr Co.,
from June 30, 1899, to
Dec. 31, 1899.. ... .. .. ..2.27 71
Shortage of ex-Dispenser G.
W. Busbee, Wagener, S.
C.,which had been pared
to profit and los~s account
collected by solicitor of
the Second Circuit withi
interest .... .... ....... 25 63
0.3 balance due 8:ate b'x
(.orgia B'rewing Asso
ciationz, whic.h hol been:
passed to profirtj d i.;
acconat, collectedi Aug
ust.31, 1899....... .... 248 95
Total gross p'rofits. .. 8485.520 79
LOSsEs.
Supplies, botties, e- rb., Ia
seais, boxes, nails, aen
ing wax. etc., etc., used
during year.. .. ...... $ A, ;:3 a
Depreciated value of teams
and wagons.......... 9d 00
Depreciated value of u'a
chinery aed office fixtures 417 85
Constabnlary .. .. .. .. ... 42,892 76
Brage andt leakage... 898 41
Freight and express chargesi 69,588 22
Labor .... ....... .. .... 16.585 03
Inurance.. ...........2,036 59
License........... ...... 125 00
Expense seount-salaries,
expenses of inspector-i,
per diem and mileage of
members of legislative
exam'fning comuimtee,
office supplies, lights.
te~ramis, postage, htocC
fr ed, ice. rirrit.g. reve
rent, etc.. etc,.. .. 237 61
Per diemu and nileas.. e
memnbers of State board
of control. ... .. .......4,12 UO
Litigation..... .... ... . 503 65
Loss by robbery at Salke
hatchie dispecsary Dee.
30, 1898........ .... - 1 72
Loss by lire at Jacksonbr,
dispensary .Jn. 6, 1899,
$426 86, les s inrsurance
on samie, $200.00... 22,5 86
Worthless wines at W .A
Mott's dispense' . r
county board el -M 5 10
Under credit in r.54
Manning dij'. *5ary
Aug 15, 1899 . .... 0o (t
IUnpaid licence by Dispens
Ier at Ulmers, the profits
f that dispensary uot
being sufficient to bear
expenses ................50 00
Amount of liquors taken
from the Blacksburg dis
pensary on April 4, 1S99,
by soldiers .............30 50
Amount of whiskey taken
from the Varnville dis
pensary on April 11.
1899, by soldiers..... 8 3'
Wotheslae la nd prer at
Von Santen's dispensary,
Charleston. destroyed by
county board of control 23 65
Loss by robbery at the
Bishopville dispensary
April 28, 1899.. ....... 143 84
Loss by robbery at the
Winnsboro di-pcnsary
Lay 15. 1899.. ..1...9... S 98
Amount of cmpty bo:ties
shipped to ) E1 Traxler.
cOml1issioner, in 1894
ard 1895, by T 13 Earie,
d;.ers r at Andersor.
ar'd LOt cred !d Ln is
setat until . jai ,'99 10i: 72
shippedQ tri Cormid-sioner
lixon ir &F'bruary, 1896.
e V2.:al .y 11'.. o o0
Lo I r o I-rI, t t s
Sep It. Y. 1 9 .
Balance <iiie s-4re b,:PS
r er, beer di.,r--n !A(
br y -r r:- .
2!1e. 1ar)"?a e -
L.,a roW-r--- at M W
Chaleson D Ie 11-199 211 12
Toa zpne. .. .. ..$29 A831! 30
Net rofits for year, pass,
to the credit of the, school
furd.......... . 193.689 49
T..t.!... .. .. ....$485.52) 79
!terc i; the csh statment for Oie
fca a encdiug Decembe r 3st, 18t"99:
RECEIPTS
l!iace ir Slate treasury
P . 31. 189S.. .... 46 073 24
January rec-ipti ........ 1'9 740 76
February receipts....... 117 747 19
.Mreh receip:..... ... .120,116 29
April receipts.... ... ...98 945 52
May receipts........... 108.114 71
June receipts... ......87 311 54
July receipts .. ..11....9 ),100 72
August reccipts... 124.492 08
September receipts....... 31 360 60
October rece-ip!s....... .382 198 55
November receipts.. .. . . 169,511 86
Decembtr receipts.. . . 215,226 23
Total receipts for year. . .S1,592.66 02
Tta....... .....$1,638,939 26
DISBURSE1ENTS.
January ... .. .. . . .. . . .$ 151.596 14
February... ..........133 568 95
March ..... .......... 106.073 48
April...... .......... 958G8 72
May....... ...........112 4t12 43
June................. 55489 36
July .................. 1 3,981 7
August.... ......... 78 426 74
S.-ptember............. 147927 13
October .... ......... 326,221 74
Noveu~ber .. .. ....... ..214 973 US
Decemb-er... .... ...... 169.287 85
Total disbursements for
Sear........ ........$1495,818 26
Balance in State treasury
D~ec. 31, 1899.. .. .. . .143,121 00l
Tota........ .......$1.638,9:39 26
PURCUASES FOR YEAR.
'January.... . ...$ 71,784 (14
February . 1,509 13
Mlarchm.... ......... ...75,141 66
April .. .. .. .. .. ... . . . 9 79
Mey .. .. ..... .......52,044 24
June.............. ...72:305 60
July .... .... .... ....62,685 58
August.. .... . ... . . ....9,550 29
September.... .... .....85.253 56
Oto~rber ............ ..84273 15
November ....... ......1373;5 43
.Decmber .... .. ... ....34,118 92
Trotal.. . . .... .. ...$1158,081 33
Killed and Eaten.
Details lhave been received of the
killing of the crew of the schooner
Nikamuarra on one of the islands of the
Admiralty group by the natives. It is
said all the victims were eatec. The
Nikamarra was owned by E E. Per
sythe and had left New Britain early in
Octoktr on her trading cruis: to the
Admiralties. On arrival there she was
boarded by numbter of the natives, with
~whom Capt Bahthe was unsuspectingly
doing business. when he was set upon
by his treacherous customt ra and
ki!!edi, his fate being shared by the
meiae and six New ikitain natives, all
ojf whoxt were cut aned hacked vith
thctu plunde the u. Nothicng
was known of the kfl.e ;. ,ii s'ome
time afterward, when N r. Fe'r the ar
rived on the scene with hai ether
schooner, thec Nagara. Hie wa accm
panied by Messrs. Bcilock and4 Douo
roey, anjd they, too, were set ui on by
the nasires trout ambush asc the wbire
men rowed shorewards, usirg the rifles
taken from the Nikamaarrn. Unlleek
was badly wounded with i 4bot .ir.:gh
In t high, but the boat partly regi:dd
*. N<:-a, which, with1 her *e enl
gite, reat.<--.! cpen waters.
Garden Work for February.
S.w in Lo b 2.c oir e'.!d frames early
plaut, toamlato and p.-:. T::e last cof
he month sow in eyen yromid early
pei rincg kale, beets, 8. h. e r
- , id bets, horse radish row ad
of potaines can be made. lliudy flower
seeds can be forwarded eith~er bysw
ir i ht-es or in pots and bo~x s in
he hou:e-for later tra'zsplanting. Sow
Wood's Evergrcen Lawa Gir:- the
earier in thev spiig this is sown the
Fo rthe farm.--Prepare plant beds
and put in Tobacco seed. Sow Canada
Feld. Pe.s an-i Ojate, and towards the
end of the month, Grass and Clover
Seds can eafeiy be put in. Saw dwarf~
Esex R::ype for sheep grazing.
Buy your seeds fronm T. W. '''' .
Son, Richmond, Va., whl.,- ad-;W 1
A A L EAPs --To fill a burn.og
wkuf idi'.ea. inost as
mue sc isa it to L.ave a burnuing 1lamp
with. the ilaie low diowu. Explosions
have often followed suceh carelessness.
Beide-s that, if left that way in a sleep
ing roomf, the burns of the lamp are
most ir ritating and unbesithy. Night
tapers have been introduced for this
purpose. The wick, after it once burns
evenly, should not be trimmed with the
sissors. Turn it up even with the top
of the tube, and rub it lightly with soft
cloth or paper or an old tooth brush.
Then see that no bits of charred wick
or matches have fallen into the cavities
of a Roohester lamp, as they muay flame
up and dtangerously heat the oil. When
the lamp' is first lighted, the wick, par
tiuaryi cold weather, maust be turned
up slowly, ot it will smoke or break the
tiN AR Y W .
H! Would Wed the Mature
Lady Rndolph Churchill.
SHE IS TWICE HIS AGE.
Prefers Not to Marry Him in the Face
of the Opposition of His Irate Son
and Young West's Family-Now All
Are Interested in the Boer War.
The infatuation of young CornwalUS
West for Lady Randolph Churchill, as
one of the most extraordinary of recent
episodes in English society. Although
she is almost old enough to be his
mother. her youthfulness and physica
atractions are universally acknowl
edged.
Lie:'utenant Cornwallis West is twen
ty-five years old and an officer in the
Scots Guards. He is a good looking.
well built young fellow, and has alwa% s
been credited with an ordinary amour..t
of intelligence. in spite of all the pro
tests of his family, he has persisted ir.
his devotion to the mature Lady Ran
dolrh.
His social position is high. He is the
odest son of Colonel Cornwallis West,
a great land owner, whose wealth h
Is destined to inherit, unless his fathc'
follows the example of the late Corm;
(Cornwallis West.)
lius Vanderbilt. Lieutenant West's
mother was the most famous beauty of
her day in England and is still a hand
some woman, of about the same age a.;
Lady Randolph. His sister is the Prin
cess Henry of Pless, who is as famous
for her beauty now as her mother was
in her youth.
For the past six months young
West's attachment to Lady Randolrb
has been known in society. On several
occasions their engagement was re
ported, but it was averted by the ef
forts of the young man's family.
Lady Randolph herself is said to be
in love with young West, but does n-t
wish to enter into a hasty marriage
with him. She wor.ld prefer not to mar
ry him in face of the violent opposition
of his and her own family. He has
urged her to elope with him, but she
has steadily refused to do this. In con
sequence, the youth has had fits of
melancholy and grief.
These gave rise a few weeks ago to
the report that the two had quarreled
and that Lady Randolph had cast off
her young adorer. The report was soon
afterward clearly proved to be untrue,
for they were seen everywhere enjoyin:
one another's society. Lady Randolph
accepted an invitation to a great party
at Iwerne Minster, the house of Lord
Wolverton, where the Prince of Walec
was to be present. At the last moment
he sent a telegram of excuse, and on
the cday she should have been at the
party she was observed shopping in
comanv vwith Lieutenant *West. One
night they witnessed a comedy called
"The Elixir of Youth." They dined to
gether at the Hotel Cecil and were
seen at all sorts of public places of
amusement.
The proposed marriage was opposed
with especial violence, by Mrs. Corn
wallis West. the young man's mother.
She and L~ady Randolph were at one
time rival court beauties, and she was
horrified at the Idea that her old rival
should captivate her son.
Hardly less opposed to the marriage
was Lady Rlando!ph's older son, Lieu
tenant Winston Churchill. She is ex
tremely proud of him, and her ambi
tion is to see him hold as great a. po
sition in English politics as his father,
whose success was largely due to his
efforts.-Youn-. Churchill began his ca
reer as a soldier, but she was anxious
to see him out of that dangerous pro
fession. and as a great inducement to
tht end she founded the sumptuous
Anglo-Saxon Review, of which she
made him editor.
When Lieutenant Churchill observed
the growing attachment of his mother
and young West he protested warmly
and insisted that she should promise
not to make a ridiculous marriage. Sh'e
said that she did not contemplate such
a thing. Her friendship with West re
mained as warm as ever. Then her son
demanded that she should drop her ad
mirer altogether. This she refused to
Winston Churchill was irritated and
disgusted. The war in South Africai
broke out and he hastened to drop the
Anglo-Saxon Review and go out with
th army.
While her son left, her lover, Lieuten
ant Cornwallis West. was preparing to
go. His regiment, the Scots Guards.
was part of the army corps forwarded
after the outbreak of war and was one
of the first to sail.
The departure of the Scots Guards
was a great event In society. Every
body of importance, from the Prince
of Wales downward, was interested.
Lady lThndoiph ossiste-l Lieutenam'
West to pu.rchase his kit and supplied
him with no end of luauries, so that
as long as he is not shot by the Boers
he will haive a pleasant time. Baron
Alfred de Rothschild sent an unlimitedl
supply of champagne and cigars to the
officers.
Lady Randoiph Churchill. nee Jer
ome, is the most brilliant American
woman in English society.
A rumter of Welsh tinworkers who
were inducerd to immigrate to this
coutry a few years ago and who nowv
find themselves out of employment by
reason of the tin rrills being closed by
the trust are returning to Wales. Re
ports state tl'.at the tin industry is
booming in Wates, and that skilled
workmen are in detrnand.
Sueing Uncle Sam.
A stait for $10. 00"' against the United
States government-'was begun in the
United States circuit court at Charles
ton Thursday by Arthur Lynah, and
mer. Itis alleged by the plaintiffs
uat the improvements made in the
banah river in deep'-ning its chan
nel and otherwise, resulted in flooding
a rice plantation belonging to them
Mr. Lynah is president of the Mer
chants and Miners bank of Charleston.
Local Option Bill
The Appelt local option bill was
eported unfavorably in the senate
last night, The unfavorable report
looked as if it would be adopted at
once. Senator Appelt was otherwise
engaged when the report was made and
didn't hear it, but just as the vote was
about to be taken the senator asked
that the bill go on the calendar, and
this was done.
Do you subsoribe to this paper, or
are you reading some one else? If
you are beating your reading out 'of
some one else turn over a new leaf, andi
ALEXANDER JESTER'S CAREER.
Facts That Would Delight a Poe or a
Gaboriau.
The trial of Alexander Jestor in
Paris, Mo., for the murder of Gilbert W.
Gates has brought some remarkable
vidence. The great age of Jester-he
s eighty: the time that has elapsed
;inee the disappearance of Gates.
Lwenty-eight years ago; the fact that
Tester was denount ed and arie.-ted on
rhe information of his own sistt-r: the
reinarkable story of this womau's
mearch for her brother. in order to ob
tain revenge for his having years be
fore. thwarted her in a love affair: the
osition of Jester when arrested. a
well-to-do resident of Shawnee. Okia
hona. where he bore an assumed
namie and enjoyed the confidence and
respect (if the entire community; the
great work of the prosecution In ob
taining and preparing evidence; all
these make the case one of unparal
leled interest and importance.
Gilbert W. Gates left his home in
Do Kilb county. Il1., in August, 170.
for Kansas. lie was then eighteen
years old. He drove a pair of ba:;
horses to a wagon, was accompanied
by a shepherd dog, had several suits of
clothes and underelothes, a breechloa'l
ing rifle, an open faced silver watch
and a peculiar gold chain. He reached
Kansas safely, and remained there un
til about the holiday time, when he
started for home with the outfit. At
Fort Scott, Kan., he fell in with Al
exander Jester, who was bound for
Indiana, and who drove a team of
--ray horses, and had a buffalo calf in
his wagon. The night of January 24.
(Firing the fiatal shot.)
1S71, the two outfits camped near Mid
dIe Grove, twelve miles from Paris,
Mo. The next day Jester was seen
driving one team and leading the oth
Pr. The body of a man, who was at
the time supposed to be intoxicated.
was lying in one of the wagons, and,
later in the day witnesses who were
over the route of the wagons saw a
trail of blood back to the camping
zround. where the dead shepherd dog
was found, lie having been shot.
The parents of young Gntes at last
became alarmed at not hearing froim
him, and began on Investigation. His
morements were traced accurately
nutil January 25, and then the cir
cunstance of JTesteir having possession
of his outtit, led Mir. Gates, Sr.. to
trail the latter. MIr. Gates got a wair
rant for the arrest of Alexander Jes
ter for the murder of Gilbert Gates.
With the warrant atnd a deputy sheriff
he visited the ranch of Alexander Jles
ter .atnd found only his wife at hcome.
His wife said she expected ,her hus:
and home in a (lay or two, as lie htad
been off to Inidianai. Mir. Gates talked
about buying the farm and said he
would call again. Next day he rode up
with Sheriff Walker, of Sedgwick
county and the deputy sheriff, and as
he got In sight of the house he saw
his son's two horses just being turned
out. Arriving at the house, the Sher
iff arrested Alexander Jester, andJ as
soon as he put the handenffs on him
the first remark Jester made was, "-Oh,
yes. I bought Gilber-t all out."
MJr. Gates found either on the per
son of Alexander JTester or in his pos
session his son's silver open faced
wtc-h and gold chain and the ride
above described, two shirts and otne
pair of trousers made by the boy's
mother. and a hat, which latter he
recognized on the head of one of Jes
ter's nephews, who had returned with
him fronm Indiana.
Jester was Irtdicted in the October
or November (1871) term of the Mon
roe County Court. at Paris, for mur
der in the first degree. Jester asked
for a change of venue, which was
granted, and he was removed to Mfex
eo, where he broke jail January is,
1872. with several othier prisoners. Hie
had not been heard of since until his
sister, Mrrs. Corneliau Street, last June,
wrote a letter to the Sheriff of Wichi
ta, K~an., telling of his- wvhereabouts,
andl his ari-est followed.
And Jester, the little dried up o'.d
man, does not ask pity. He has a wor
ried look, but it Is .not the worry of
yielding. Ils face Is unyielding, un
relenting. His jaw is screened by his
beard, but it is a bull-dog's jaw, and
without a tremor. His nerve is somec
thing phenomenal, especially so in
view of his age. He has even been
ale to extract soune enjoyment from
Ihis trial, antd once, when one of the
witnesses against him told the erurt
of a series of exhihitions Jester- had
given of his ventr:oqtuial power-s in
1871, the entire ecurt room was cm
v-ulsed with laughter. the gray haired
prisoner laughing as vielently - and
~loudly as any one there.
Jester is a man of deep religious
convictions, his beilief, however, h' in:.
somewhat like that of the fanatical
Roundheatds who I otught withi Cr-om
well. The ter-rors of~ religion seemn to
have more attracti-m for him than its
beauties.
Owen .1. Riley was sentenced in
Boston recently to from eight to ten
years In prison for robbery.
FREE BLOOD CURE.
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eating Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm,) which is made especially to cure
all terrible Blood Diseases. Persistent
Sores, Biood and Skin Blemishes,
Srof ala, that resist other trea nients,
are quickly cared by B. B. B. (Botanic
Blood Balm). Skihi Eruptions, Pim
ples, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils, Carbaneles, Blotches,
Catarrn, Rheumatism, ete., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blo Poison producing
Etig Sores, Eruptions, Swvollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B
~. B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B. B. B. does not con
tain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. For
sale by druggists everywhere. Large
bottles S1, six for five S$>. Write for
free sauinplebottle, which will be sent,
prepaid to Times readers, describe
simptoms and personal free medicaf
advice will be given. Address Blood
alm Co. A tlanta, Ga.
Makes the food more deli
ROVDL flA'CT POWOF
Despotina n Idaho
The New York World has been
printing a series of letters from
the Coeur d'Alene mining dis
trict in Idaho, which, although
obviously retained and con
,ervative in tone, tell a story
of offieial despotisin worthy of
Franco in the midle of the
Dreyfus agitation. This is the
story told without color and
without enthusiasm-L: The Coeur
d'Alene is one of the richest
mniing regions in the world.
Its mines, discovered by strug
gling prospectors, have, after
the usual course. passed into
the hands of millionaire cor
porations, of which the Stand
ard Oil crowd form a do
ininant part. Profits are huge,
and out of the rugged hills men
who never go into the gloomy
confines of the canyons at Burke
or Wardner draw enormous
profits. The miners have for
years been organized into the
Western Federation of Miners.
The men who work above
ground-in concentrators, mills
and the like-affiliate with the
Knights of Labor. Union rates
of wages were for underground
men, $3.50 and for surface men,
$3 a day. Perhaps the rate
seems high to workers in other
sections, but conditions of work
in the Coeur d'Alene are diffi
cult and dangerous, and the
cost of living high. One mine
only in the district has long re
sisted the union influence and
refused to pay the union scale.
The Bunker Hill and Sullivan
mine, owned by the Standard
Oil Company, stood for years as
a nienace to all other corpora
tions that paid union wages.
The story of the difficulties
which grew out of this situation
is a long one and need not be
retold here. They culminated
in an outbreak of miners, who
blew up with dynamite the con
centrator of the Bunker Hill
mine. In the turmoil two men
were shot and-killed. The cor
respondent whom the World
sent to the scene reports that in
this opinion the outrage on the
company's property was per
petrated by union mines princi
pally, but not by the union as
an organization. Be that as it
may--and the facts are much
disputed-there can be nothing
but reprobation for the .act,
which was lawless and mur
derous. But the state of
idaho aided and abetted by
the federal authorities and
the war department, has
since that outbreak adopted
measures of representation se
much more lawless, so much
subversive of the principles of
American constitutional liberty,
than anything the miners ii
their most lawless moments did,
that the crime of eight monthm
ago is forgotten in contermpla
tion of the crime which is in
progress today. On appeal of
the owners of the mine, the
state- declared martial law.
Federal troops-negro soldiers,
as it happened-were rushed
into the district, and arrested
men by the wholesale. In the
little town of Burke two com
panies of dismounted cavalry
swept up and down the single
street that ran between the
beetling hills either side and
caught all the inhabitants as in
a drag-net. Scrne three hun
dred men were thus caught,
among them the commercial
travelers who had just arrived
in town, and all were put ii
box cars and thus imprisoned
for periods ranging from twc
to three weeks. In time, as the
number of prisoners increased,
a stockade like that at Ander
sonville was built for their in
carceration. Mark you, noi
one of these men was indicted
not one arrested by the regularly
constituted county authorities.
All were taken in charge by
federal soldiers, and some o:
them staved in the stockade, o:
bull pen, as it was called, fo:
seven months, without trial, anc
were discharged without vindi
cation. Today in Soshonm
county, Idaho, no man can seel
for employment without a per
mit issued by a state deputy
whose authority is backed by
federal bayonets. If his late:
actions offend the deputy wic
gave him permission to look fo:
a job, he will be turned cut
however satisfactory his work
be to his employers. Thc
authorities say that martial law~
will be maintained for a year ai
lest. This is the situation in
sovereign] ?ate of this Amnerican
union-not in Russia. It is th(
outcome of the militarism whici
has seized upon the ruling
classes in the country. It is as
the Mlassachusetts Democratic
platform well said, a fitting
corollary to the effort to shool
freedom into the Filipinos.
A Horrible Place.
Thomas J. Hunter, the former audi
to a the Atianta aod West Point rail
ru:6 rought Laek here fromu Morocco,
:ee he had fled, passed througi
Wisingtun .with his guards Friday et
rue to Atlanta. Hunter says the
rrion where he was cintied in Moroeet
is ti:c m .st horrile place imaginable,
:i he was glad to get away from it
a~ive at any cost.
Lewis PBuehanan, aged 20 years,
wihite, working in a mic~a niine near
E>k lhrk, Md., Thursday afternoon,
afar loading a hole and waiting the
time~ usually allowed for it to fire, went
bak and waeleaning over the charge,
cening it out, when it exploded and
lew him to piecs, half of his head
I beingbon from his bhoniders.
cious and wholesome
R CO.. NEW YOM'C.
A Senatorial Sc (:L
The case of m' Ciark, of
Montana, wli i ela r with
buying his.t ia ihe United
States Senate. is no L g con
sidered by the Sewe commit
tee on elections. I se-ems that
a lawyer of Bat'. Iontana,
named Velleoimewa the man
ager of Clark's e::poign in the
Montana Legislturi. State
Senator Whiteside, of Montana,
convinced that Wellnome was a
Clark lobbyist, and present for
the purpose of improperly ob
taining votes, set about ingrati
ating himself in his confidence.
He succeeded, and ere long had
promised his vote to Clark and
agreed for $10,0)0 to aid Well
come in securing. certain other
votes. Whiteside thereupon
took into his confidence two
other members of the Senate,
informing them of the game he
was playing against Wellcome.
He got these two Senators to
agree also to give their votes to
Clark for $10,000 each. Well
come to deposit the $20,000 for
the two votes in the hands of
Whiteside as stakeholder, the
money not to be paid over until
the voies were delivered. A
member of the house was also
found who gareed to vote for
Clark for $5,000, and this sum
was also placed in Whiteside's
hands as stakeholder. When
Whiteside had first agreed to
co-operate with Wellcome for
$10,000 he had received $5,000
on account. This, with the
other sums which he held as
stakeholder, aggregated $30,000.
It was at this stage of the game
that Whiteside thought every
thing was ready for his coup
before the Legislature, and so
he arose in his place, recited the
facts which have already been
given, denounced Wellcome as
the financial agent of Clark, and
as evidence of the truth of his
story, sent up z30,000 in cash to
the president of the Senate. A
tremendous sensation followed.
But if Whiteside's story is true
Clark's agent had already fixed
a majority of the body and they
were obliged to stand together.
As soon as the first -shock of
Whiteside's disclosure was ral
lied from, the Clark contingent
in the Senate turned the attack
upon Whiteside, declaring that
this $30,000 had not been re
ceived from the agent of Clark,
but it hmd been furnished by
Marcus Daly, the copper king
who was a bitter opponent of
Clark-for the purpose of mak- -
ing this grandstand play before
the Senate in the hope of eli
minating Clark fromi the sena
torial race.. They then proceeded
to convict Whiteside of false
hood and expelled him from the
body, leaving Clark master of
the situation and proceed ing
with his election to the United
States Senate. The Augusta
Chronicle in commentiing 'n the
case says "it is one of the most
remarkable cases which have
ever come before the public, and
if the facts charged by White
side and sustained by the
supreme court of Montana are
satisfactorily proven before the
United States Senate, they
should not hesitate to expel
Senator Clark from that body.,
South Carolina Weather.
The following data, covering a period
of4 29 years, have been comptlkd from
the weather bureau recor ds at Charles
ton covering the month of Febru~ary:
Temiperature-.Mcan or n'rmzal temn
perar r, 53 degrees. 'The warmiest- -
motwas that of 1884, vi ha n aver
age of 61 deares. The celaat month
as that of 1895, with an average of
41 degrees. The hic best t emierature
ws 80 degrees, on February 18, 189L
The lowest temnperature wa, 7 devgr ees,
on February 14. 1899. A ver.ge datO On
vhich first "hillit.g" front occuJrred in
autumrn, Novembter 30. A'verage date
on which les "killing' frojst occurred
in syna~g, March 20.
i':eeipitation (rain ori sched~ arow)
As age for the n:ointh, 3 4i5 inches.
Avrage number of es ith .0in ofn
inch or more, 10. The greatest iontli
lpree~lpn~ eon was 10) do iicheu, inl
.,051 inehcm: I 1)9. Th~e greatest
at.t Vu rcii1t :tie ree de in any
24 e. 'neeutive hours w:?, :: 79 in;ches,
on~ h-bruary 16 and 17, 1884. The
: eat amount tfsro-.v-ibn crded in
G~ 24 consecutive hours (r:cord ex
t--niung to winter of 1hS8185 enb) was
32 inches. on February 13, IS839.
C *uds and Weathr-Axcrae num
er 'eear d kys. 10; partly e:oudy days,
10, ' oudy days 8.
Wi nd-The prevailiit- winds have
bee" fromn the sout-.re, 21 per cen
tur The higthest veneu o: the wind
va 56 niles.~ from the s utheast, on
February 65, 1897.
P'ROFITABLE E.MPLO~M T FOfl EoG3.
Select any grape vi:a or mi)t tree tL; t
w-e cz ultivatica. LLC.e-. ap:oe
nJuI.-e of holes besC a fl \ eL or
tre with a sharp* stieK, .l it dwn
a suitable deyih an tho witheraw.
il the holes wi h grai1 *i any kind
and turn in the hogs. T v a ojf
course pulver.ze the y.1 u r.rugl
to the depth the graini h cu dps
complete the job by ien wa~kh a
hoe. The pAn~ cau be exp"'d to
grat advantage wi ilev nd
trees are so eituated as to be iaconvenl
iet to plow themi.
People Panic Stricken.
--The steamer Yiiowera as just ar
rived with new~s of 38 d. ~~ at .lon"
lul from the plaue, o:se a v;~tte wo
man of good class. The ei~y is panic
stricken. Au armed um' p:-events the
landiig of steamers at Ilio. Cooper,
of the board of health &: fl~olulu, had
10 blocks burned. 1)c. Carmiiegael has
been ordered to MKnila. ihirty-lour
hundred Japanese at Lioiuiu are in
quanne.

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