OUR NOLE .DEA
A Monument to Be Erected to
AT CHICAMAUGA PARK.
At Least the State Senate 'So
Voted on Thursday Night
by a Good Majority.
Mr. Wilson's house bill to provide
for the erection of monuments on the
battledeld of Chiekamanga to the valor
and heroism of South Carolina soldiers
was reached on the calendar of the Sen
ate Thursday and Senator Archer
moved to indefinitely pOst pone. Sen
ator Barnwell asked for reasons for this
motion and Senator Archer proceeded
to state his position le wais opposea
to all such appropriations. It would
benefit nobody but the contraet'r. In
view of the numerous appropriations.
he opposed the spendioc of money for
stone or marble to be placed at Chicka
mauga. Stone or brass did not impress
valor or greatness. We read of these
deeds on the imperishable pages of
Senator Barnwell s:aid no better way
of showing South Carolina's apprecia
tion of her soldiers could be found than
to erect this monument on the bloody
field of Chickamauga. The noithern
States who once viewed those men as
traitors now look upon them as brothers
who fought in defense of their homes.
The State is now in better condition for
some reason and whle we miay not be
able to put up a suiable monument, in
a few years she will be able to do so.
He hoped that while other States are
putting up monuments, South Carolina
would show tha. she recollects her
Senater Henderson explained the
origin of the plan to have monuments
placed on the battlefields to mark the
spots where the soldiers from each
State fell. The bill had passed the
house without a voice in protest and it
is for the senate to say whether the
monument shall be erected. He might
prefer the monument at Manassas or
Gettysburg but the United States has
made Chickamauga a natiou:l park and
in the general spirit of amity over the
country the States are putting up monu
ments to their troops. Pointing to
Gen. Kershaw's protrait on the wall, he
paid a beautiful tribute to that general
who led the South Carolina troops at
Chickamagua and closed by saying that
the monument would be worth more
than dormitories at Winthrop.
Senator Saddath said he was on the
battlefield of Chickamauga and was led
by that gallant old general, poiating to
Gen. Kershaw's portrait. But he op.
posed the bill and begged that the old
soldiers now living be not neglected for
Senator Sarratt said if any State
erected a monument to her soldiers it
should be South Carolina, being first to
secede. South Carolina could not do
a better thing than erect this monu
ment to the men who fought for a cause
he believed was just. Ne.rer so long as
as we live will we forget the soldiers,
livirg or dead. Notwithstanding the
opposition of the two good old soldiers
on this floor, the monument should be
erected. It ought to cost three or four
times as much.
Senator Ilderton said he had been in
the legislature since 1894 and had heard
over and over that "'we are too poor"'
until he did not believe a word of it.
South Carolina is able to meet her de
mands financially or otherwise. Ten
thousand dollars is not enough. lie
would favor double that amount. It
would be a monument not only to the
soldiers who fell on that field but to all
of South Carolina's soldiers. lie hoped
the bill would pass without furtheri
Senator Connor told of an incident
regarding the proposal to erect a monu
ment to an English general who fell at
Eutaw Springs to which the British
government replied that there were not
enough stones in the world to mark the
spot where British officers fell on the
heroic field of battle. He thought this
applicable to this case. He too was a
Confederate boldier. but did not favor
erecting the monument.
Senator Ragsdale said that ordinarily
the opposition of the (Cnedorate sol
diers on the floor shiotuld netute the mat
ter, but he thought they were niistak
en. While they owe much to the livie
they owe something to their dead comu
rades. We are too apt to take a util
itarian view of all matters. The bill
did not seek to make an invidious- dis
tinction between Chickamauga and
other battlefields. Some day perhaps
Scuth Carolina can mark all of them.
Ten thousand dollars is a paltry sum
when it is remembered for what it is
asdA. Men have ever builded monu
ments Lu the courage of their com
Senator Mauldin said as an old sol
dier he had listened to the discussion
with mortification. Ten thousand dol
lars is fritted away by the general as
sembly in useless discussion and idle
talk and yet it could haggle about this
paltry appropriation. The debate
should stop and the senators express
themselves by their votes.
Senator G. W. Brown had .not
thought it would be necessary to dis
cuss this subject. H~e told of the pub
lic monument to Grant in Colorado,
and asked if we should hesitate to
erecf a monument to those who fell on
Chickamauga. He spoke of the ac
ceptance of the Darlington Guards'
flag which was to be preserved as a
memiorial of the men who fought for a
jest cause. The histories and monu
ments of today must be the inspiration
Senator Barnwell arose to call atten
tion to the fact that the State had done
all it could for the relics of the Confed.
eracy. The very first legislature after
the war, when all was diesolation and
poverty, had provided for limbs for those
maimed in ba.ttle. It gave marble left
over from the capitol to the ladies to
build the monument on the State house
grounds. After reconstruction, the
the legislature at once appropriated
money for pensions. lie spoke as a
Confederate soldier, as one who had
suffered with his blood. Chickamauga
was not the bloodiest field, but it was
the one chosen by the other States.
Senator Crosson said he was perhaps
the youngest senator on the fioor. He
had not the honor to be a Confederate
soldier, but he had the honor to be the
son of a Coafederate soldier. It is but
a duty as citizens of South Carolina and
as senators to erect the shaft in the
distinguished honor of the dead
wi o lie there buried.
Senator Dean in spite of indisposi
tien could not allow the opportunity to
pass to give endorsement to this pro
poition. What a blush of shame would
be brought to our cheeks if we lag in
our duty. Be it remembered that the
wife and mother is within tho bord
of the old Palmetto State. He was
glad of the interest the younger mem
bers displayed. IL is not an answer to
the argument to say that it would be a
discrimtination. He hoped the bill
Senator Wallace thought the Confed
erate soldier who opposed the proposi
tion misunderstood the aim of the bill.
It was no discrimination. The monu
ment would tell that on this field
South Carolina led the southern army
and came nearest to reaching the key
to the situation.
Senator Iough had hoped the bill
would pass as silently as the gravity of
the measure demanded. As a son of
a Confederate soldier, lie felt it his
duty to endorse the bill. Should he
ever visit Chickamauga lie did not
wart it asked is there no spot where
South Carolina soidiers fought and
died. lie wished the grandest' monu
meut ever seen could be placed there.
Quoting eloquently from the inscrip
tion on the monument in front of the
capitol, he said no other inspiration
should be needed to vote for this bill.
I Senator Aldrich explained the pur
poses of the erection of this mounment
in accordance with the plan agreed upon
I by the associations of other States. It
is not a question of the most suitable
place, but this battlefield had been
selected by all the States and South
Carolina must do so or be out of touch
with h r sister States. He then paid
an eloquent and beautiful tribute to
the Confederate soldier. A snyopsis
could not reproduce the beautiful dic
tion of Senator Aldrich's remarks.
The motion to indefinitely postpone
was lost by this vote:
Yeas-Alexander, Archer, Bowen,
Connor, Dennis, Douglass, Graydon,
Nays Aldrich, Appelt, Barnwell,
Blakeney, G. W. Brown, W. A. Brown,
Crosson, Dean, Gruber, Henderson,
Hough, Ilderton, Livingston, Love,
Marshall, Mauldin, Mayfield, McDer
mont, R1agsdale, Sarratt, Stanland,
Sullivan, Talbird, Walker, Wallace,
The bill was then passed to the third
SOUTH CAROLINA PENSIONS.
A New Law Proposed, Which Will
Limit Pensions to the Needy.
The increase in the number of ap
proved applications for pensions in
South Carolina has so reduced the
amount going to each pensioner that
the Confederate veter-tns have practi
cally taken the whole matter of pen
sions into their hands. When, years
ago, it was first decided :: give pen
sions, $50,000 was voted for this pur
pose, and it seemed to be quite adequ
ate for several years, but so many more
pensioners got on the rolls that the
legislature voted $100,000 for the old
soldiers and their widows. This has
now become insufficient, pensioners
only getting from $25 to $50 a yeir.
Last summer at a convention of Con
fedtrate veterans a committee of three
was appointed to draw a pension bill to
be presented to the general assembly,
making radical changes in the system,
and taking the matter out of the hands
of county officers and politicians. This
has been done, the bill favorably re
ported in both houses and will bie passed
without change. Under this law the
pensioner, of a man, must have been a
soldier or sailor in the Confederate ser
vice and a resident of South Carolina
for two years; must (a) have lost a leg
or arm or receiving other disabling
wounds, and neither he nor his wife
have an income of $250 per annum, or
(b) that he has re ched the age of 60
and neither he nor his wife have an in
come of $1.00.
If a woman, she must be the widow,
who has never remarried, of a bonafide
soldier, and who has not an income of
$100. The sum of at least $100,000
must be annually appropriated for pen
sions. Those who have lost both legs
or both arms shall receive $8 per
month; those who have lost one leg or
one arm shall receive $6 per month.
Widows receive $6 per month. All
others entitled to pensions receive $4.
If the amount appropriated is insuffi
ient, those of the sfirst class shall be
paid in full and the remainder pro rated
among the other pensioners.
Applications for pensions, with proof
of service, etc., shall be made to coup
ty boards. These boards shall be com
p"od of ex-Confederate soldiers, one
belmg elected by the Confederate survi
vors in each township on the first Sat
urday in August of each year. The
state board of pensions shall consist of
the comptroller general and three ex
Confederate soldiers to be selected by
the United Veteran's Association at
their annual meetings. The members
of the county and state boards shall
each receiv . $2 per day for the time
actually employed and the state board
5 cents per mile traveled.
The list of pensions approved and re
fused shall be kept by the clerk of the
court, who shall eachi year certify to
the comptroller those on such lists
who have died since his last report.
On the first Monday in April the con
troller general shall issue each pensioner
a warrant to the amount due him or
her for that year, so there will be but
one payment instead of by the month.
This act is expected to disqualify many
persons n3W drawing pensions. The
veterans have loudly protested against
frauds that they allege were being per
LEVY OF PIVE MILLS.
The Supply Bill Put in by Ways and
The ways and means committee Wed
nesday presented the "supply bill'
which makes provision for the levying
of tax for the fiscal year.
The levy for the State purposes is 5
mills, no increase over last year. The
ways and means committee thinks that
the levy will meet all appropriations
and leave a balance in the treasury.
The appropriation bill provides for
an expenditure of $858,963 for general
purposes. In addition to this there is
a r rovision for $20.000 to be set aside
for the purpose of redeeming bonds
which may come due. This appropria
tion is -nade annually but is seldom
expended. In addition to the two items
mentioned above the legislative supply
bill will call for about $20.000 to meet
the expenses of the legislature. These
three items will amount to $898,693,
the estimate expenses for the year.
The estimated receipts for the 5 mill
levy aggregate $S73,000; fees from 1i
en ses, etc., $54,472; total, $927.472.
This will leave a balance of $28,000
in the treasury, in addition to the S20, -
(100 for redemption of bonds. There
are several bills pending which provide
for appropriations, and if enacted they
will take up the balance, or a part of it.
The several county levies are practi
cally unchanged. A number of coun
ties, however, have adopted the plan of
establishing a sinking fund to pay off
AS TO FERTILIZERS.
What the President of the Virginia
Carolina Chemical Says.
GIVES FACTS AND FIGURES.
All the Crude Materials Have Ad
vanced, and the Selling Price
is Lower Than Gondi
From the News and Observer. l aleigh
Richmond, Va., Feb. 1, 1900.
To the Editor: Ny attention has
been called to a communication in The
Ne ;s and Observer. published under
date of Wednesday January 31st, 1900,
in reference to the advance in the
price of fertilizers, wherein it is stated
that the farmers of Pitt county, North
Carolina, propose to organize and fight
the advance in the prices of fertilizers,
and by insinuation our company is cen
sured as the cause of this advanci.
I desire to make a plain statement of
facts and conditions as now obtained
in the fertilizer t ride, and to liow to
the dealers and consumers of fertilizers
that the advance in the price of mianu
factured fertilizers is not only just and
warranted but is absolutcly necessary,
and that the n:anufacturers of fertili
zers could not afford to sell them at
the price ruling last year unless they
did so at a very heavy loss.
Now, to get down to facts and figures
we will see what has really caused the
price of fertilizers to be advanced this
year over last:
Acid Phosphate being one of the
principal ingredients in all complete
fertilizers, I desire to show here how
much this article costs to make in ex
cess of the cost price for the same thing
last year. The advance in pyrites,
from which sulphuric acid is made, is
more than $2 00 per ton over last year.
The advance in Nitrate of Soda. which
is a necessary ingredient in the manu
facture of sulphuric acid, is fully $S 00
per ton more than last year. Phos
phate Rock has advanced a minimum
of $1.75 per ton at the mines, and in
some grades of rock, the advance is
more than $3 00 per ton. These three
articles constitute what is necessary tc.
make Acid Phosphate. Put them to
gether in the proper proportion and a
ton of Acid Phosphate will cost $2.07
per ton more than it did last year.
Bags are costing us 20c. per ton
more than they did last year, so that
the erude material going into a ton of
Acid Phosphate is costinrgapproximatc
ly $2 27 more than it did a year ago.
Every piece of factory supplies and
machinery, coal and everything neces
sary to operate a factory is from 25 to
100 per cent. higher than it was a year
ago. This will add certainly an ad1
tional 10c. to the cost of a ton of fer
tilizer, making in the most conserva
tive and reasonable estimate possible a
ton of 13 per cent. Acid Phosphate,
bagged and ready for shipment, cost
the manufacturer $2 37 more than it
did twelve months ago.
Now, let us look at complete ammo
niated fertilizers: We will take what
s commonly known as standard grade
of complete fertilizers, running, say,
24 per cent. of ammonia, 8 per cent. of
available phosphoric acid, and 1 per
cent. ->f potash. As I have above dem
onstrated, acid phosphate costs $2 07
more than last yeir. This is equiva
lent to a little more than 10e. per 100
pounds. In making the 2.j, 8 and 1
fertilizers, 1,200 pounds of acid phos
phate would be necessary, so at 10c.
additional cost for acid phosphate
would be $1.20.
If cotton seed meal was used for the
ammonia, it would take approxinately
700 pounds, and cotton seed meal is
now worth 86 00 per ton more than
last year, which is equivalent to 30e.
er 100 pounds, and 700 pounds
would cost $2.10 more than it did last
year. Now, add 20c, for extra cost for
the bags and you have $3.50 per ton
for the materials than we paid for these
same materials last year.
If tankage or blood was used for the
source of ammonia instead of cotton
seed meal, the advanced cost over last
year would be $3.20 per ton. as ammo
nia from tankage or blood is now 60e.
per unit higher than last year, so for
21 per cent. of ammonia the extra cost
over last year would be $1.80.
Sulphate of ammonia is the only
other souice of ammonia commnonly
used in the manufacture of fertilizers.
Twelve months ago this article was sell
ing at about $43 00 per ton. W'e paid
for it this week $62 00 per toc..
Now, I assert that the price of ferti
lizers has not advanced nearly so much
as the price of raw materials going into
them. Let us see wvho is to blaa,e, if
anycnc, for the advance of these crude
materials. Take Pyrites: We buy
from Spain more than three-four h~ C f
all we use. Nitrate of Soda: \\ e u
entirely from South America. Potash
Salts: We buy entirely from Germany.
So it cannot be said that our company
controls or is in anywise responsible
for tne advance of these materials, as
we have no interest whatever in any of
these properties, either directly or in
Take phosphate rock: We do mine
a small proportion of our wants of
phosphate rock, but we mine norne for
sale and we buy from other mines
more than two-thirds of what we con
sume. So no one will suppose that we
were anxious to put up the price of
As for cotton seed meal, we have no
interest either directly or indirectly in
any cotton seed mill, so we are not re
sponsible for the advance in this arti
cle. Blood and tankage are made by
the large packers in the west, and we
ae no interest and no control over
these products in any way.
Why, then, should the Virginia
Carolina Chemical Company be blamed
for the advance in the c'st of crude
materials, and would it be businesslike
for us to want an advance in crude ma
terials of which we have to buy almo~st
entirely all of our nceds and of which
we produce absolutely nothing, exert
a small quantity of phosph ate reek?
It is our aim and purpose to mnrn
facture fertilizers as ece-!-y :~i
ble and and to sell then at a~ lo a
Iprice as we can afford, thereb eI:
lating a large consumption of !erani
zers and their general use for all
Let us see how the fhrmer is situated:
He is getting this year from 24 to 3c.
a pound for his cotton more than last
Iyear, and we understand that for a
great deal of the cotton seed the cotton
seed oil mills are now paying 25c. per
bushel. Arc these advances wrong,
and arc the manufacturers who arc
having to use this product condeumning
the parties who produce them simply
because the demand is such that the
price has increased so enormously over
last year? At present prices the farm
r can sell the cotnnncserd from ne
acre of land and buy as much fertilizers
as ho usually puts over two or three
acres, even though there is a small ad
vance in the price of fertilizers, caused
by the manufacturers having to pay
high prices for the materials entering
We propose to be perfectly fair and
candid in our statements and believe
that when an unprejudiced farmer looks
into the situation he will realize that
he is not charged as much for fertilizers
as the cost of materials under preseut
Yours very respectfully,
S. T. Morgan,
Prcs. Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co.
FARMERS AND FERTILIZERS
An Organization Formed in Greenville
to Resist the Advance.
The Greenville county farmers met
in the court house one day last week
and not only began a strong fight
against the fertilizer trust by condemn
ing it and resolving not to purchase its
products but started a scheme to
organize the farmers in every neighbor
hood of all of the sixteen townships
for the purpose ot keeping up the war
on the trusts and to deal as an associa
tion with other matters of interest to
farmers. These neighborhood organi
zation meetings are to be held on Satur
day, the 1ith of this month, to name
delegates to a general meeting here in
the court house every sale day. The
following resolutions were unanimously
1st. That it is the sense of this
meeting that we ought not to give more
than 10 per cent. advance on last year's
prices for fertilizers.
2nd. That it is the sense of this body
that unless the price of fertilizer is re
duced to within the 10 per cent. ad
vance of last year's price we 'will dis
courage the use of fertilizers to as large
an extent as possible.
3d. That we condemn the action of
the Virginia Chemical company in
forming a fertilizer trust, thereby ar
bitrarily advancing the price of guano,
and we would urge our representatives
in the legislature to use every effoit to
investigate said trust and thwart the
injustice done the farmers of the State.
4th. That we give as far as practi
cable preference to the fertilizers of the
independent companies and avoid pur
chasing the products of the trusts."
Col. J. A. Hoyt, at the request of a
rm ber of persons, addressed the meet
iug, urging organization in every town
hip in the county. He was "surprised,
astonished and amazed" that there is
no organization in this county. They
should have a powerful organization as
in the days of the alliance ten years
ago; "but you'll have to keep it out of
poltics." If the idea of reorganizing
the alliance did not meet with favor,
let the farmers at least organize farmers'
clubs. They need it in a social way,
in an educational way and in a business
way. The whole world is against the
farmer on this chief staple of the South.
TodAy cotton is 1 cent higher since a
few weeks ago a cotton aushority, sup
posed to be friendly to the growers of
couton, sent out telegrams to nearly
every editor in the country saying that
the price had gone as-high as it could
go and advised its patrons to sell in
view of the coming decline. These
telegrams were sent out Saturday so as
to catch the Sunday readers of news
papers and depress the market.
Tne speaker was heartily in favor of
C. C. Williams put Col. Hoyt's sug
gestions in the shape of a resolution,
asking a meeting of the farmers in each
neighborhood to meet on the third
Saturday and send delegates to the
general meeting on sale day.
By resolutions offered by Colonel
Hoyt the chairman and secretary were
dirceted to push the organization.
C. C. Williams offered a resolution,
which was adopted, asking the news
papers of the county to give publicity
to the proceedings of the meeting and
assist the far mers in fighting the trust.
John Butler was called upon for a
speech; he " resolved that it. is moved
and seconded that we do now adjourn."
His resolution was adopted, but in the
A LOST BOY.
Dr. Chas. A- Eastman. of Brisrhton,
Mass., Looking for~His Son.
'Ihe Columbia Record says Chief of
Police .Daily, of that city, has received
a letter from Dr. Chas. A. E tstman,
461 Washington street, Brighton,
M1ass., enclosing a description of
his son, who has been missing since
January 6, 1900. Hec says the boy
was last heard of between Osala anid
Gainesville, Fia., making his way north
ana the distracted parent asks the
chief to watch out for him here. le
offers a reward of $100 and asks to be
notified at once if his son is found and
he will come on at once for him. He
aks that the newspapers in the State
aid nim by giving publicity to the mat
t. r. Following is a description sent
out, a photographic cut of the boy ac
He is 143y ears of age, but would pass
for 17 or 18 years, being very large for
his age. and well matured. Light
complexion; blue eyes, light brown
hair; very poor black teeth. J'e wore
a soft brown hat, light overcoat, dark
blue coat and gray pants. He plays
the piano well for his years, "Clayton's
Grand March," "Old Kentucky
Home," and other old airs, with varia
tions by Ryder, being favorites. Should
this meet the eye of the beloved son,
may he think of the anguish and deso
lation caused by his absence to fond
father and mother, whose nights are
passed in tears and wakefulness, cry
ing, "Where is our darling boy to
night? Is he dead?" All charges and
erenses will be paid. Hold him and
telegraph at my expense. Address,
Dr. Chas. A. Eastman,
4G1 Washington St., Brighton, Mass.
While excavating for the foundation
for a house in Boone county Virginia,
.Mr. George Myers and others were sur
prised to find the skeletons of several
human beings that had apparently been
interred at the satJ many years ago.
Several y y- icians were summoned,
wo. after examining the bones, pro
nounced them the skeletons of Indians.
\ith them were four.d many sharp
pointed flints and several bows and ar
rows very much decayed. The remains
were found two feet from the surface,
and it is supposed that the place was
an old Indian graveyard.
Col. Neal Pays Up.
The Columbia Record says there are
three very happy men in Columbia.
They are Col. Wilie Jones, W. S.
Pope and P. H . Haltiwanger. As
bondsmen for Col. W. A. Neal, they
paid the state $2,800 41, the amount
of his shortage for which they were re
sponsible. Wednesday they were paid
in full by Col. Neal. so they are are not
out. a nmran of his shortage.
Considerably Reduced by a State
HOW EACH SENATOR VOTED.
The Bill Makes Mary Changes
in the Present Jim Crow
Car Law as to Division
Mr. Caughman's house bill to amend
the law requiring divided coacbes so as
to require separate coaches for the two
races was taken up as a special order
by the Senate Tuesday.
The bill as it came over from the
house piovided in section 2 that the
rate for transportation of passengers on
all railroads should not exceed 3 cents
per mile, and railroads were not to be
required to have second-class coaches
or to sell second-class tickets, but must
provide one first-class coach for each
race, giving each race equal accommo
dation. This would do away with the
divided coaches which have proved so
unsatisfactory on certain lines.
Seantor Graydon offered an amend
ment to make the rate 2 3.4 cents a
mile instead of 3 cents. He said this
rate prevailed in Georgia, Alabama and
Senator Mower thought the present
system should be continued, as it was
working smoothly so far as he could
see. He moved to strike out the en
acting words of the bill.
Senator Ragsdale wanted to vote on
Senator Graydon's amendment first
and for this purpose Senator Mower
withdrew his motion. The vote on
Senator Graydon's amendment to make
the uniform rate 2 3-4 cents was fol
lows, the amendment being lost.
Yeas-Aacher, Blakeney, Connor,
Crosson, Graydon, Hough, Ilderton,
Love, McDermott, Mower, Ragsdale,
Sarratt, Stanland, Sullivan, Wallace.
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, Appelt,
Bowen, G. W. Brown, Dean, Douglass,
Glenn, Gruber. Henderson, Livingston,
Manning, Marshall, Mauldin, Mayfield,
Sheppard, Talbird, Walker, Waller.
Senator Ragsdale offered an amend
ment making the first clrss rate 3 cents
and the second-class rate 21 and strik
ing out the section abolishing the sec
Senator Mower moved to indefinitely
postpone the bill on the ground that
the question had become merely one of
On Senater Mower's motion to indefi
nitely posspone, the vote stood as fol
lows, the senate refusing, to postpone:
Yeas-Alexander, Archer, Blakeney,
Connor, Dean, Glenn, Hough, Mower,
Sarratt, Talbird, Walker, Wallace.
Nays-Aldrich, Appelt, Bowen, G.
W. Brown, Crosson, Douglass, Gray
don, Gruber, Henderson, Ilderton, Liv
ingston, Love, Manning, Marshall,
Mauldin, Mayfield, McDermott, Riags
dale, Sheppard, Starland, Sullivan,
Senator Gruber moved to amend Sen
ator Ragsdale's amendment by making
the se,:ond-class rate 2 3-4 cents instead
of 2j cents.
Senator Gruber's motion to amend
Senator Ragsdale's amendment so as to
make the second-class rate 2 3-4 was
voted on, and agreed to. Senator Rags
dale's amendment, as amended, was
then voted on and adopted, the rate be
ing thus fixed at 3 cents for first-class
fare and 2 3-4 for second-class. This
reduces the first-class fare and leaves
the second-class as it is under the pres
ent law, and strikes out the section
abolishing the second-elass car.
Senator Graydon's amendment allow
ing the division of the second-class
coach was next in order and developed
Senator Graydon's amendment was
then adopted after more debate by sev
eral senators. It is as follows:
Add section 1, Provided that the
second-class coach may be divided into
two compartments, one for white and
one for colored people.
Senator May field moved to amend the
bill by providing that a compartment
should be cut off at each end of the
coach, one for females and one for
males. The amendment was agreed to.
Senator Gruber dioved to amend the
bill by adding imprisonment for not
more than 30 days as a punishment in
addition to the fine provided. This was
Senator Mayfield moved the commit
tee amendment exempting mixed trains
and this brought up the most puzzling
portion of the problem. Senator May
ield offered a substitute for the amend
ment, "nor to mixed trains," as fol
lows, "nor to regular freight trains
with a passenger train attached for
Senator Ragsdale's motion to inde
finitely postpone the amendment was
ut and the vote resulted, 10 ayes to 24
noes, as follows, the senate refusing to
reject the amendment:
Yeas-Archer Blakeney, Connor
Gradon, Gruber, Ilderton, Love, Rags
dale, Suddath, and Wallace.-10.
Nays-Aldrich Alexander, Appelt,
Bowen, Crosson, Dean, Douglass,
Glenn, Henderson, Rough, Livingston,
Manning, Marshall, Mauldin, Mayfield,
McDermott. Mower, Sarratt, Shsppard,
Stanland, Sullivan, Talbird, Walker,
The amendment was then agreed to
The question then came up on the
passage of the bill as amended and the
aye and no vote resulted in its passage
by a vote of 22 to 13 as follows:
Yeas-Archer, Blakeney, Bowen, G.
W. Brown, Connor, Crosson, Douglass,
Graydon, Gruber, Henderson, Hough,
lderton, Love, Marshall, Mayfield,
McDermott, Ragsdale, Sarratt, Stan
land, Saddath. Sullivan, Wallace-22.
Nays-Aldrich, Alexander, Appelt,
Dau, Glenn, Livingston, Manning,
Mauldin, Mower, Sheppard, Talbird,
The bill as it finally passed the Senate
is published in another column.
A Timely Rebuke.
That was not a very e lifying sight
last night when members of the house
who remained in their hall during the
joint session engaged in singing sacred
songs in a spirit which was evidently
not that of worship. It may have
amused members and spectators, but it
smacked strongly of sacrilege. The
practice is a custom which can well be
discontinued with credit to all legisla
tie bodies who are given to indulging
in it.-Columbia State.
A kingdom for a cure !
You need not pay so much.
A twenty-five ceni bottle of L. L. & K.
Will drive all ills away.
THE SMALLPOX SITUATION.
What:the Chairman of the.State Board
of Health Says.
The following'is -from.the' Florence
Times of Tuesday:
Dr. Evans received last night a big
package of vaccine points, enough, it
appeared, to vaccinate the whole of
this section of the country, but he said
't was only enough for the most press
ing needs of the health department.
There have been several new centres
of infection, the doctor said, but on
the whole, the situation was encourag
ing. The disease had been stamped
out below Orangeburg, and there- were
few cases only at points in Bamberg,
and in Beaufort counties, in fact there
are now not over 75 cases in the State.
There are some new points of infec
tion in the mill districts of Spartan
burg and in Pickens counties. These
cases came from mill hands in Green
ville, who took flight when the order
for compulsory vaccination was pass
ed. They carried-the infection with
them and have caused new centres to
spring up. The mills in Greenville
were infected by hands that came from
the infected districts inLGeorgia, and
spi cad the disease here.
DL. Evans says that, as yet, only
about one-fourth of the people in the
State have been vaccinated, and that
he..finds it very hard to enforce the
vaccination. Unless this is done the
spread of the disease cannot be pre
vented. The compulsory vaccination
of all laborers on railroads, in .mills,
and in the public schools, would soon
stop the plague.
Several days ago he went to Gib
bons, where he found several cases. le
vaccinated about a hundred Negroes in
the- community and-gave the teacher
of the colored school a lot of points.
She was instructed in the, use of them,
and promised to vaccinate the children
of the school thoroughly.
The doctor is very-much disappoint
ed that the bill he had before the gen
eral assembly have been sidetracked.
He was getting the work of the health
board in such a good shape, and the
changes asked for would have rounded
up the matter so completely, that South
Carolina would have had the very best
health organization in the nation.
These reforms were opposed for several
reasons, all more or less trivial, but suf
ficient to prevent the passage of the
bill. In the senate it seems that the
matter of the expense of the registration
was the consideration, though it is a
fact that if the bill had passed as was
proposed, the general government would
have borne the expense of the registra
tion, as they do in all the States that are
strictly "registration States." This is
borne as part, and the most important
part of the census department, that of
vital statistics. It is urged by the
triends of the measure, that there are
no vital statistics now that can serve
as a guide tol the health -authorities,
and that nothing can be done to im
prove the health of the community
until you know what is the matter
with the community in question. When
one takes into consideration the great
loss of the services of the wealth pro
ducers of the world from sickness,
either to themselves or as nurses, one
can see how heavy the balance would
incinee to the side of the health au
thorities in the matter of the reforms
As it has taken some time to educate
the statesmen of this State up to the
reforms already accomplished, the
friends of the doctor who has labored
so faithfully in this cause, encourage
him to hope that time will soon bring
about the desired result, and that he
may rest easy soon, in the happy con
templation of the completed system
that has been his dream for the good
of humanity, and the extension of the
brief span of the years allotted to man,
and the full enjoyment of them.
FRBE BLOOD CURE
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eatj4g Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all enrable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm,) which is made especially to cure
all terrible Blood Diseases. Persistent
Sores, Blood and Skin Blemishes,
Scrofula, that resist other treatmnents,
are quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botanic
Blood Balm). Skihi Eruptions, Pim
ples, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils, Carbuncles, Blotches,
Catarrn, Rheumatism, ete., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blood Poison producing
Eating Sores, Eruptions, Swollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B.
B. B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B. B. B. does not con
tain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. For
sale .by druggists everywhere. Large
bottles $1, six for five $5. Write for
free samiplebottle, which will be sent,
prepaid to Times readers, describe
simptoms and personal free medicaf
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga.
The State's Schools
The report of State Superintendent
of Public schools McMahan has just
been published and is full of interest
and of food for thought. It shows
that last year the counties had and
spent for public schools $827 000. The
total number of pupils was 269,000, of
whom 123.000 were whites and 146 000
colored. There were 62, 129 white boys
and 61,260 white girls and 68,786 col
ored boos and 77,691 colored girls. The
total number of buildings are 2,310 for
whites, 1,736 for Negroes. There are
5,003 teachers, 3,000 white and 2.003
colored, who teach an average of 36
each for whites, 64 for colored. The
average length of the session was 4. 1
for the white schools, 2.63 for the col
ored. The white teachers were paid an
an averagefof $154 90 each for the year,
the Negroes $73 42.
More College Electioas.
The senate immediately after as
sembling Thursday proceeded to the
house, where a joint session was held
for the purpose of electing trustees for
the Citadel, Clemson and the Colored
college. Following was the result:
Citadel Visitors-C. D. Gadsden,
Charleston; Bishop- Capers, Columbia;
J. J. Lucas, Darlington; E M. Blythe,
Greenville; W. W. Lewis, York.
Clemson trustees-A. T. Smy the,
Charleston, to succeed the late Gov
ernor Ellerbe, ID. T. Redfern, of Ches
terfield, Jesse Hardin, of Chester and
J. E. Tindall, of Clarendon.
Colored college at Orangeburg-D.
J. Brabham. of Clarendon, and 0. R.
Lowman, of Orangeburg.
The Cotton Seea. Meal Tax.
In the senate Wednesday the bill to
prevent adulteration in cotton seed
meal, which provide that all dealers in
this State shall pay the inspection tax
as provided for fertilizers and shall be
subject to the laws regulating the sale
and inspection of fertilizers, whether
the same is sold as stock feed or as
fertilizers; each bag to be marked
"Highgrade," "Standard," or "Low
Grade," according to the analysis was
kleda by a vote of 18 to 15.
Makes the food more del
OYAM SMAN POMI
A NEW RAILROAD LAW.
Which Regulates the Fares and
Charpcter of Trains.
Be it enacted by the general assem
bly of the State of South Carolina:
Section 1. That all railroads and
railroad companies engaged in this State
as common carrriers of passengers for
hire shall furrish separate coaches for
the accommodation of white and co
ored passengers: Provided, Equal ac
commodations shall be supplied to all
persons, without distinction of race,
color or previous condition, in such
coaches: Provided, That the seaond
class coach may be divided into two
compartments, one for white and one
for colored people. Provided, that
each first-class coach shall be provided
with a compartment at each end, with
three seats or more, one compartment
to be marked for males and one for
Section 2. That the provisions of
this act shall not apply to rnurses on
trains, nor to narrow gauge roads or
branch lines under forty miles in length
or to relief trains in case of accident,
or to through vestibule trains not in
tended or used for local travel, nor to
regular freight trains carrying a pas
senger coach, nor to officers or guards
transporting prjsoners or lunatics being
.Section 3. That 60 days after the ap
proval of this act the rate for trans
portation of passengers on all railroads
to which the provisions of this act shall
apply shall not exceed three cents per
mile for first-class and 2 34 cents for
second class fare.
Section 4. That it shall be unlawful
for the officers or the employes having
charge of such railroad cars as are
provided for by this act to allow or
permit white and colored passengers to
occupied the same car, except as nerein
permitted and allowed, and for a viola
tion of this section any such officer or
employe shall be guilty of a misde
meanor and, on conviction thereof,
shall be panished by a fine of not less
than twenty-five nor more than one
Section 5. That any passenger
remaining in said car other than that
provided for him, after request by the
officer or employe in charge of said car
to remove into the car provided for
him, shall be guilty of a misdemcanor,
and, onconviction thereof, shall be fined
not less than twenty five dollars, nor
more than one hundred dollars or im
prisonment not exceeding 30 days in
discretion of the court. Jurisdiction
of such offenses shall be in the county
in which the same occurs. The con
ductor and any and all employes on
such cars are hereby clothed with
power to eject from the train or car any
passenger who refuses to remain in such
car as may be assigned or provided for
him, or to remove from a car not so
assigned and provided.
Section 6. That in case the coach for
either white or colored passengers
should be full of passengers and
another coach cannot be procured at
the time, then the conductor in charge
of the train shall be, and he is hereby,
authorized to set apart so much of the
other coach as may be neccessary to
accommodate the passengers on said
Section 7. Should any railroad or
railroad comipany, its agents or em
ployes, violate the provisions of this
act, such railroads or railroad company
shall be liable to a penalty of not more
than five hundred dollars nor less than
three hundred dollars, for each viola
tion, to be collected by suit of any citi
zen of this State, and the penalty re
covered shall, after paying all proper
fees and costs, go into general fund of
the State treasury.
A WOMAN'S DEED. T1"!
Says She Impersonated Her Brother
Save Himr From the L-aw.
There is in the county jail at Hills
boro, Iii., a convict, until recently con
fined In the men's penitentiary at
Chester, whom the authorities Eiscov
ered by accident to be a woman. The
name she is known by is Ellis Glenn,
but in a statement the-other day, she
insisted that this is really the name
of her brother, whom she impersonated
in order to save him from the clutches
of the law. The warden of the peniten
tiary does not believe this part of her
story, but thinks that she herself, while
masquer-ading as a man, committed the
crime of which she was convicted. If
this is true, then in the character of
a dashing young man she wou a wo
man's love, only to desert her when a-c
cused of forgery and when the dIscov
ery of her sex seemed imminent.
To the warden she said, with great
coolness: "I have fooled the law and
fooled you. They were looking for my
brother, who greatly resembles me.
We exchanged clothes and he escaped,
while I was arrested. The fact that I
am a woman proves that I am not El
lis Glynn, and conseQuently that I did
not commit forgery. You can't find my
brother, and you will have to let me
Three years ago there came to the lit
tle town of Butler, about forty miles
from Springfield, a young man of re
fined manners and charming address.
His name was Ellis Glenn, and he was
always remarkably reticent about his
past. He engaged in business and was
apparently prosperous. Miss Ella Duke
was considered fortunate when her en
gagement was announced. She Is one
of the prettiest girls in Southern Illi
nois, and her father. John Duke, one of
the richest men in his county. Glenn
seemed to be a most devoted lover. The
day of the wedding was set as October
18. Glenn took great interest in the pur
chase of Miss Duke's wedding trous
seau. He told Mr. Duke that out of
the profits cf his business he had ac
cumulated quite a fortune.
As a home for himself and wife he
purchased a house in Litchfield. The
price was $4,000. In exchange for a deed
to the property Glenn gave a draft en
dorsed by two citizens of Butler. They
afterward pronounced the endorse
ments to be forgeries and Glenn was
arrested. He was bailed. Two days be
fore the time fixed for the wedding he
disappeared. A telegram soon after
ward reached Miss Duke from St.
Louis saying that he had been drowned
in the Mississippi River. The Sheriff of
the county received word a few weeks
ago that Glenn had been arrested In
He was brought back and lodged in
Miss Duke visited him in his cell, and
told him that she had always lov-ed
him and always would. She wanted
him to marry her then and there be
fore his departure for State's Prison.
H-e obstinately refused her entreaties.
No one then had the least suspicion of
icious and wholesome
M Co., NEW YORK.
Like a Chapter From the Ara
WEALTH OF CAPE NOME
New Facts About the Golden Sands
-Dawson Will Be About Deserted
The Country All Staked for Mites
Cost of Food and Fuel.
Who solves the riddle of the Cape
Nome beach sands, gold laden beyond
the dreams of tl most avaricious, says
a correspondent of the St. Louis Globe
Democrat, will earn enduring fame and
the gratitude of the hundreds of pros
pectors who will search during the
coming year the low mountains border
Ing the Arctic Ocean and Behring Sea
for the "mother lode." The offspring
of this "mother lode" are the placers of
Snake River, Nome River, Anvil Creek
and a score of other streams bordering
Behring Sea and the Arctic Oceai. 135
miles north of St. Michael, 200 miles
northwest of the Yukon's mouth.
It is easy to tell the truth about Cape
Nome, but a .very hard thing to make
people believe you are not indulging in,
the wildest flights of fancy, of the
Arabian Nights order. However, it
happened that such very well-known
army officers as Major Philip Ray and
Captain Walker, who were stationed in
Alaska last summer, made a thorough
investigation of the diggings, and their
reports at Washington substantiate
everything that is said in this article.
But probably the best proof of all of
the wonderful Cape Nome sands, where
gold was as free as the air to over l000
stranded miners last summer, lies in
the sacks of the yellow stuff which
have been brought down during the
past three months and sold to Uncle
Sam through the government assay of
fice at Seattle.
Assayer Wing estimates that at least
$400,000 in Cape Nome gold has been de
posited with him this fall, while the
records of the transportation com
panies show that as much more has
been disposed of through other sources,
or sent to San Francisco.
The discoverers of the Cape Nome
district were Peter Linderberg, John
Lindbloom and Johan Brandson. The
first two- were sailors on the whaler
Alaska. Becoming dissatisfied with
their lot, in August, 1898, they deserted.
landing on the beach near Cape Nome;,
on Norton Sound. They hid for a few
days and then were taken into camp,
hungry and worn, by the tribe of Es
kimos. A few days later they canoed
up the Snake River on a little pros
pecting trip. The result was that
Linderberg and Lindbloom found gold
bearing gravel on a shallow bedrock
on the bed of a creek entering Snake
River. -They rocked out over $5,000 on
the second day, when they had laid out
their claims. They kept their secret
for a few days, brought in some of
their countrymen from Port Clarence,
and then organized the district. Since
that day they hav'e located clam all
over the district, which is thirty miles
square. It As estimated that each one
of the three discoverers of Cape Nome
has taken out upwards of $100,000 since
their lucky find was made.
The romance about Cape Nome,
however, lies in the discovery of gold
in the beach sands. In June, this year,
the camp numbered not over 300 peo
ple. Late in the month steamers from
Dawson brought hundreds of miners
down the Yukon bound "outside," hav
ing found mining in the interior un
profitable. They camped in tents on
the beach at Nome, waiting for the
steamers to take them to Seattle. Half
of them had barely enough money to
pay their passage. The rest were pre
paring to work their way to Seattle.
One day, one of the miners in a tent
accidentally found gold colors in sand
beneath his tent. He seized a pan, and
with the sea water panned a dozen
pans full of the dirt. The deeper he
went Into the moist beach the higher
grew the number of colors. In an
hour's work he found a pay streak,
with pans averaging 10c to 15c. That
settled It. The next day sluice boxes,
men with pans and shovels were thick
on the beach as fles around a molas
ses barrel In a country store.
For weeks the beach fairly swarmed
with men. All made wages of $5 up to
$80 per day. All who were working at
wages In the little City of Anvil, now
called Nome, threw up their positions
and went to paning gold on the beach.
The deposits lay in a 60-foot strip be
tween low and high tide, reserved by
the government. It was free to all who
came. There was no staking of claims,
as no title could pass from the govern
At one time there were over 3,000
men at work, on the beach. The steam
ers that came from Seattle with miners
bound for Dawson, for the Koyukuk,
Tanana and Forty-Mile districts, land
ed their passengers at Nome. Soon the
country was staked for miles. The
steamers two months later began.
bringing the beach miners to Seattle.
Instead of coming down from the norths
with empty pockets, all had money.
The individual amounts ran from a few
hundred to $10,000. Great excitement
reigned among north-bound miners,
and returning steamers went away
with every foot of space occupied by
passengers and men.
Out of a space of ground 20 feet
square on Anvil Creek two miners took
$10,000 in a day. Back to the hills went
the prospectors, over the tundra, in
which they found colors. In the spring
an effort will be made to find the moth
er lode, from which, it is supposed by
the miners, glaciers ground down the
gold-bearing rocks into the sea ages
ago, depositing their precious contents
on the sands for American miners to
find at the dawn of the twentieth cen
tury. Nome is a typical mining camp in
Alaska. Half of the people will live this
winter In tents. Every article of food
is dear. Wages are $10 per day and up.
Hundreds have already gone to Daw
son to winter, expecting to take the
first boats for the new mining fields In
the spring, beating the all-water route
The Milkman-I am going to buy a.
horseless milk wagon.
The Housekeeper-Yes, It will be so
appropriate-goes so well with the
cowless milk you sell.-Cleveland
Back to Confucious.
The dowager empress of China, it is
asserted, appears to be determined to
relapse into the ancient conser'vatisml.
Wednesday she issued an edict con
manding a return to the old manner of
study, according to teachings of Confu
cius, for examinations for official rank,
and ordering the abolition of the study
of the "now deprayed and erroneous
subjects of the western schools," and
threatening with punishment the teach
ers of such subjects. The closing of
the new university at Pekin is expected
to speediy follow.
xml | txt