Newspaper Page Text
A Summary of the Acts of Gen
PASSED AT THE SESSION.
One Hundred and Thirty Acts the
Net Result.; of the Legis
lative Work This
For the benefit of tbose who wish to know
what was accomp-liabed by the general as
sembly in the way of making new laws to go
upon the statute books of the State we give
this week a list of the acts of general inter
eat pssed at the late session of the Legisla
To provide a means whereby any pur
chaser in this state of commercial fertilizers
or manures may have the same anual zed by
Clemson Agricultural and Mechati;c Cot
lege free of coits. and to provide a penalty
for delivering fertilizers or manures ,hort in
ingredieLts ? ppcaring on tack or vessel hold
A joint re'olu:k.n proposing an amend
- enoment to the constitution of the state of
South Carolina to be known as Article 1 of
amendment to Contitution to aLthorize and
empower the general assembly to provide by
law for the condemnsaion and equitable as
oessment of lands for drainage purpo-es.
An act to provide for the cleaning of the
stre.nts and dr,.iuing the swamps and bot
tom lands of the state.
An ac to amend Title XT. Chapter XXXVI,
Article 3. stati-tes of 1V3, by inserting an
other ection to be known as Section 1,323,
and tixing the weight of a bushel of bolted
corn n eat.
To afford protection against certain barbed
and edgd wire fences.
To require the burniog or burial of any
dead swme - henever death shall result from
any natural cause, and to provide a penalty
for any fai ure so to do.
To amend an act entitlei "An act to re
dnce the licente fee for traffic in seed cotton
to $25 in Clarendon county, approved De
cember 22. A. D 1894, so as to devolve th
dutiis of the clerk of court on the county su
An act to authorize and require the coun
ty board of commissioners of Marlboro coun
ty to build a new jail for said county and to
levy a tax therefor.
A bill to amead an act entitled "An act
to provide for the county government of
the various cc unties of this state," approved
the 6th day of March, 189 4.
An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to further attend Seation 8. of an act to pro
vide lor the appointment of magistrates and
to define tbeir jurisdiction and pewer."
An act to amend Sections 3 and 4 of en
act entitled 'An act to provide a system of
county government for the several counties
of this state ,o far as it relates to the mtin
taining and working of the roads and high
An act to amend Sections 2,236 and 2,237,
of ibe General Statutes, relating to the draw
ing and term of ser ,ice ofjurors in the cir
cuit courts of this state, and to validate the
jury lists alrt ady prepared.
To amend an act entitled "An act to re
quire all rai roads and railroad companies
operating trains and doing business in this
state to provide and operate se, arate coaches
or separate spartments in coaches for the
accommodation and transportation of white
and colored passengers in the state," ap
proved the 19th day of February, A. D.
To provide for the assessment for taxation
of railroad pr operty which has been off the
tax books for the years in which they have
been off the 'ax books, and to fix the time
when such taxes shall become due and bor
the colection thereof.
An act to repeal "an act to charter the
Greenville a-na Port Royal Bailroad Coim
painy," approved 23d Dbeembher, A. D. 1882
and a 1acts amending the same.
An act to confirm the incorpor ation in this
s'ate of the Car. liita end North western Rail
way Company and to define its powers
A-n act to amend Rection 8 of an act en
titled --an act to provide for the formation of
railroad, steamboat stre. t raiway and cdaal
companie-a, and to de 6ne the powers thereof
and to provide a mode for amietding the
charters thereof,"' so as to autrsse -and
empower street rail way companies A make,
produce generate and supply hghd p ,wer
and heat by the means of e ectricity and g-as
To require railroad corporatiotta where two
or more tines enter or. pass through the cor
porate limits ef any city or town in this state,
to build connecting tracks for the inter
change-and deivery of cars and freight.
An act to amend an act entitled an ast to
Incorporata the EFarmners' Mutual Insurance
Association, of Marlboro County, approved
Deemt er 18. 1894, so as to authorize in
suring live stock
An act to authorize, ratify and confirm
the right and power of tha Georgia and Caro
lna Manufacturing Company to construct a
dam or dants acrose the l'ugaloo River to
the Georgia Etate line in said river, near
Hatton's Ford, in Anderso- C .unty.
To ,a-idate the action of the meeting of
the stockhoiders of the Southern Shuttle and
Bobbin Conpany, hest on the 6th day of
January. A. ID 100, at. Westminster S. C.,
vi ting to Increase t s capitol stock or said com
patay to $o5.000 without pubbecation of het
notice noiv required by law, and authorize
the Secretary of State to endorse upon the
charter of said company the certificate of
said increa-e of capital stock-.
An act to ammend an act entitled "An act
to provide for the formation of certain cor
j'orations and to define thn powers thereof,''
approvet the 9th day of March. 1896.
To jr,.vide for the incorporation of relig
ions, edJucationat, social, fraternal, or char-i
table churches, lodges, societies, aassocia
tions or companies, and for amending the
charter of those already formed and to be
An act to provide a mode for the amend
ment of charters of corporations heretoforh
or hereafter granted.
Btll to regutate the expenses of examining,
lunatics at d conveying them to the state hos
pitat for the insane.
An act for the registration of births, mar
r-tages and deat hs, and provide f~r reporting
infectiousiand contagious diseases.
To ame:nd t'hapter XVIII. Thte VIII, Part
1, of ine General 81atutes of 1882, as hereto
fore amended. appearing as Chapter XXIV,
Titie VIII, Part 1, in the Revised Statutes of
1893, relatingr to the public health.
Bill to amend Sect iou 365 of the General
Sta.-utes of 1882, appearing in the Revised
Ittautes of 1893 as Section 424 (365,) of
Article 4, relating to 4th biigade.
An act to amend Section 4 of an act en
titled 'An act to regulate the admission and
discharge of patienti- in the State Lunatic
A..ylum,'- approved December 2id, 1884,
fur her regu ating the admis-ion of inebriates
and euch ersons, ad providing for the pay
ment and collection of admission fees of such
To amend Section 919, General Statutes,
being Section 970 Revised Statutes, provid
g ior a r tate board of medical examiners
as to provide also for a homeophathic
boad f of medical examiners.
To sanend the military laws of the State.
An act to establish Central Township in
th couny of Orangeburg.
An att to amend an act entitled "an act to
amensd section 2, of an act entitled 'an act to
anorise all cities and towns to build, equip
and ope, ate a system of water works and
electric tights, and to issue bonds to meet
the cost c-f same,"'" approved March 2, 1896
so far as it relates to the city of L.aurens,'
abolishirag the commissioner of public wo ks
of the ciu of Chester and imposing the du
ties upon the ci y council
A j.'ini resolution proposing to amend Sec
tion 7. a rticle 8 of '-oe Constitution relating
to municipal b'-nded indebtedness.
Tro req.uire clerksr to satisfy to record cer
tain n~ort gages of real estate anid to prescribe
-1o arend an act entitled aan act to regu
late the holding of inq iests b'. coroner -and
tria ju.-tices," approved December 24. 1894.
To amnerd an act enti-led "an act to prevent
drunker ness and shooting. upon the high
way," approved 3d March. 1899, making
the same more specific.
Seoion -19O4 of rhe revision of 1893, re
Ianng to the audoptc:I of chlldrer spproved I
March 5, A. D 1896, so as to Mikb it apply
to any child or children under certain circum
To amend Section 1 of an act entitled "an
act in relation to the proof of recorded in
!struments. other than wills," approved 21Lt,
To amend an act to provide fo- the adop
tion of legitim-tte children and allowinz
them to inhterit approv.-d December21. lS192
To aniend Section 649 of .he RIevized S:a
tutes of .outh Car lint of 1893.
An act to amend an act entitled ' an act to
regulate the foreclosure of mortgages of real
ertate," approved January 5. 1. L) 1899
An act to an end the act approved 19th
February 1898. entitled "an ac to estaiib
and decare the law as to distress for ren'
An act to timit the liabiti-y of partuer. '
ter-the dissol.tion of a firm, to their own
AD act to amend an act entitled "an act
to provide for the corporation of Owns of
less than one thousand inhabitants" ap
proved March 2. A. D 1896, by additg
thereto a rew scciion, to be known as See
To amend Section 1,275 (1,180) of Volume
Revised Statutes. 1893
An act to provide for special Courts.
An act to establish (ounty Courts and to
define the jurisdiction and powers of such
courts. and to provide for the conduct of the
An act to regulate the granting of bail by
an act to amend an act entitled "An act
to fix the time for holding the courts in the
6t-i circuit," approve' tne 2nd day of Ma ch
A. D. S9
A joint resolution to instruct and require
the Attorney General to investigate the Fer
Fo fu ther amend Chapter XCIV. of the
Revised Statures of South Caroiiaa, Volume
1, 1893, relating t. jury commissioners, as
now amended by law
An act making the failure to return boats,
flats or tools entrusted to ary person for the
purpose of mining or gathering phosph kte
rock within two days after berig req.'ired by
the owner so to do, a misdemeanor.
An act to empower and author-z- the pre
siding Judge at auy regular or special tertm
of the CircAt Court to appoint a stenogra
pher, and to provide for his compensation.
An act to further amend Section 4 of an
act entitled "An act to reduce the required
height of a lawful fence and to punish per
sons failing to maintain lawful fences when
any stock cross the same," approved the 24
day of March, A D. 1896, s amended by
an act approved 17th day of February. 1697,
and by an act approved 19 h dpy of February
1898, so as to correct in said amendatory
An act to further protect waterworks,
sewers and drains of cities and towns.
An act to reg ilate the practice in suits
brought on causes of action wbich are s .ved
from the bar of the mtatute of Limitation by
part payment or written acknowledgement.
An act relating to the estates of minors.
An act to fix the times for holding the
Courts in the 3d judicial circuit.
An act to require the keeping if a record
and report of criminal statistice.
An act mating it unlawful for any muni
cipal officer to take a contract for work for
the municipal corporation of which he is an
officer. and to provide a penalty for viola
tion of this act.
An act to amend Section 334 (277) of
Volume 1, of the Revised Statutes of 1893,
so as to allow a mortgagee to pay the delin
quent taxes due upon any property owned
by a mortgagor, together with all c-sts and
penalties which may have accrued thereon.
and to include the sa.me, with interest there
on, in the debt secured by the mortgage
An act to amend an act entitled "-6 n act
to amend an act approved the 17th day of
February. A. D 1l97, entitled 'An act to
provide the pupils atten ling free publi
schools with school text books at actual cost,"
approved 21st day or February, A, D. 1898.
An act to amend Section 4 of an act en
titled "An act to provide for the establish
me-nt of a new Echool district lying in Aiken
and Bstnwell counti-s to be known as the
-Edsts River School District,'" approved
December '22, 1891, so as to provide for the
eectton of trustees.
An act to repeal Sec-ion 229h of an act
enttled -'An act to amend the General
statutes relating to the assessment and cot
leo'i- n of taxo- for school purposes, and to
add two new see-i . to be knoown as c-ec
tions 229a and .29b,"~ approved Decemiber
An act authot sing the Barn well graded
school distrtct it, is~e bonds for the pur
pose of purchasiog and pr curing grounds
and buildings for the public s-choo a and to
provide for oe payment aherof.
An act to amend me -tion 1,114 of the Re
vised Statutes of 1893. unich pres aibes the
genera powets of the board of vtsitors ot
the South Carolina Mttitary Academy, so a~s
to give the said board the powers of center
ring the degree of bachelor of actences
An act to repeat "an act to constitute th -
town of Kershaw a separate school dtstrict,
and to authorize the tevy and collection of a
special tax therein for the put pose of main
tatning one or mor e graded public schools in
A josint resolution to authorize the com
mittee on Legislative Library to dit-tribute
am ag colleges and historical societies aur
plcs copies of acts and other publications of
An act to urovide for the completion of the
Wittrop Normal and Industrial College ot
South Carolina and to appropriate money
for the same.
A jotnt resolution requiring the cottnty
superintendent of educatiou of Lanci-ter
couny to draw his warrant in favor of Enter
prten Publiseing Company tor $72.92, for
printing, and the coun:y treasurer to pay
the same from county school funds.
To au'horix.:Clemson Agricultural College.
of South Carolina, to construct. maintain and
operate railroad between the Clemson Agtri
cultural Cotiege, of south arolia, and Cal
houn station, on the tine of the Atlanta and
Charlotte Air Line Raizway, and other roads
To provide for the pnrcbase of fifty copies
of *acti of the two volumes of the history of
the State, to wit: The History of South
Caroli .a under the Proprietary Govnrnment.
1670 1719, and the History of South Carotina
under the Royal Government, 1719-17763 by
Edward McCrady, pwrlished by the Alc'lil
Ian Company, of New York, and fifty copies
of the Colonial and Revolutionary History of
Upper South Carolina. by J. B. 0. Lan drum
and authorize and direct the Comptroller
General to draw his warrant on the State
Tresurer to ay for the same.
An act to amend Section b4 of an Act en
titled '-an act to declare the free school law
of this s ate,'' approved AlIarch 9. 1896l
To amend an act entitled ' an act no estab
lish a new school district in Georgetown
county, and to authoriz-the levy and collect
ing of a local tax therein " approved Decen -
ber 21 A. 1). 1885, as amended by an act ap
proved December 24 A. D 1887, so as to
povide that the trustees app inted by the
state superintendent of Education shall be
o mmis,ioned by him and to repeal con
icting acts as to this district.
To amend Section 53 of an act entitled
"an act to declare the free school law of thbe
state," approved the 9th day of March A. D).
Relating to state colleges.
An act to prescribe the form of dispensers'
bonds and to pro ride for the enforcement
An act to amend an act entitled "an act to
declare the free school law of the state," ap
proved 9th day of Miarch. 1896, se as to pro
vide for the formation af additional school
A bill to amend Section 36 of on act en
titled "an act to declare th- free school law
of the State." approved the 9th day of
March, A. D. 1896.
An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to provide for the election of a state board of
control, and to further regulate the sale, use,
consumption, transp ortation and disposition
of intoxicating and alcoholic liquotas or
liquids in the state and prea'crioe penalties
for violation of dispensary laws, and to po
lice the same," approved M1arch 6, 18965. as
amended by the act approved 5th Mlarch.
1897, so as to abolish the sta e a' d county
bards of control and the commi-sioners. as
now provtded by said act. and to devolve
themr duties upon the officers named in this
An act to provide for pensions for certain
sod ers and sailors now residents of South
C.rolina, who were in tne service of the
stat es in the 'ate war bet ween tne states.
To reduce salary of phosphate inspector.
twled ' An act to crea. e tie thf e 7f Atw
brarian, to ti- the -,aiary atid prerihe the
duti.s thereof, to con-tiitTC a noard of tru
tees for the !t te !ibrary and !o demignate the
pweis and duties th.-reof: to :wpropri te
money for the t..e of ie state libtiary, and
to mik.- cert,in otietnices nerini spec tied as
a ui.de:n tutor -1-%r..ed t diy of Fb
ru-ir%, A D L t ,-, t , rAi-e the salary
)f Ih- bate it- ri u to i (0
An ,ct to aitetii an :1e etitled " \in act
to t :re-rife itit .,ovitle f .r s si .rie of cer
d , ti ' ..- li ce nty and to tur
,her r- i'atc the dhttie- th:reof," approved
Dcruiher -.4. A D W1.4.
Ait ret regu ating to the dutics of the
An re to ame-id sub-divi,ion ontitled
"Counit) Treasurer." of 7e:.iOn I t.t' an, act
cntitled -An act to regulae tit:e b:tit-y a~d
fres of The clerk of ibe ft oi cmlon
pleas and ge..eral serstoas regi.,ter , f t:u
couveyauces Judg of pro , itv, -iher if c un
ty su-Ihtor, ctouu'y trvas ir,-r c.,roi:er alted
trial jutice %wien tacti'g ,s c -rouer. in Ir
auge-urg c uuty." approved .ntu % y >,. .
U. 1M45 so tas ta increase inuit ot couliy
A i act to p, ovide for a i a:It ot.d clerk
in otfice of the Comptroll r G.-nean
To amcnd S, tion I of atet titcu d -An
tct prohibiting the car:-- 11 (t u->nce .,
weapous. provtii a p -aiy ther.fir ant.1
inc.>rporsting a count fr he v.oiton of
the sawe iu indicnjews. f:r a-utd-r, man
siaugnter, as.-auit and a.-att and Oattry
If hin and agirtvated z-i r. iu a;.d
tater. wi h intent to k.1, ind m < very
case woeu the crime is c e - to IvI .-en
Co:n1tit.ed with a dte ...y i ;. . I p'prov d
the li7th day of Fenrary.
I) except. peice t tliecrs [u
charge of tneir iu fes a< oflixers frutu
the proviteions theret.f,
Au act reiint to f.1 u.d sahrits (if
the county < flicera of t:.e several jci'
of this otate.
Au act to fiK the salaries .: cinty audi
tors or this tate.
To detiue the duties of eri in. c Lse-i of
It la-ing to t -e duties of rhf-rilT4.
An act to amend an :wt en-ie-" act
to prescribe the officia- c tu, e: sat iu for ihe
clerk of the - ourt of I-u.i-ort County fo
services in the Court o t.:iieril Seins,
approved the 21,t dav 'f Fchruary, A. 1)
1b98, so as to deduct the co:upienatiot t'ere
One of the Coatliest F:ghts of th- War
One of the cos-:'- -: : e
war in S.uth Afric . ..tri a- I: r
deberg Dril t 6uud.t.. . b). ISt h. G-n.
Kelly Kenny, in .; iursui of Gn.
t'rotje, caught his reia guard at Kip
Drift and fuliowed the b1ur-hcrs to the
Biers laiger at Koi or raud. The
drift action begai. .brek. th.
mounttd infantry tl . te Boer
rear guard up the . owardi. the
main body, while .:-tir body o
mounted infan:ry an: , ivrtl tot the
rieht front and fla k < t- Boers. The
British main body : Il. 0 toqoutfb k
the Boer laaaer o. t: . t.,rth bank if
the river. Gen. i n . 1K1 ivavitig
seized two dtifts fontid the Boers
strongly enciosed and ordered an attack
with the Hehiland brignade on the left
and Gen. Knox's brtgade on the centre
and right, while Gen. Smith-Dorrien's
brigade crossed the river and advanced
along the norti bank. On both the
north and south banks the ground is
level and the advance across this was
deadly, and the British losses were
heavy. The battle was an exact replica
of the Modder river. The soldiers
were uader fire all day long, and al the
fighting had no defintte result, as the
Boers' laacer was well barricaded and
they remaincd therein. The British
uns shelled the laagter vigorously and
the Boers confesed to a loss of over
The terrifie shelling was resumed
Monday, when Gen. Cronje asked for
an armistice. The shellhng was eon
tinued Tuesday, over 50J guns pouring
lead into thte Beer camp
Gen. Crotj./s miagnificent night
march from 31aeer-fontein now appears
likely to end in disaster. The main
body of the Beers is enelosed in a ter
rible death trap. The enemy are hid
ing in the bed of the Moduder, comi
manded by the British artillery and
enclosed on thte east and west by the
Biitish infantry. Sunday witnessed a
gallant stand on the part of the retreat
ing foe. Tired, harassed, they still
maintained a bold frotut. It is some
what diffieult to explain the Sunday ac
tion, in which all the British force was
engaged, in which Gen. Cronje, under
difficult conditions, managed to hold
his own. On Saturday night the Brit
ih mounted infantry came into touch
with Cronje's rear guard, driving them
back upon the main body. On Sunday
morning the action was renewed; but
the Bojers, who had entrenched the
river during the night, prevented fur.
ther advance of the mounted infantry
in this direction.
Meanwhile the Highland brigade,
consisting ofC the Seaforths,- the Black
Watch and the Argyles, advanced
from the south bank atnd the Es'ex,
Welch and Yorkshires formed a long
line on the left, w hic rested on the
river, the extremne richt being the
Welch. TIhe ~ whole line was ordered to
envelop the Botr who lined both
banks of the river.
The firing~ s 'on beetme heavy. The
Boers, holdtios a t!--r.d position, cov
red the left of (the ilihland brigade,
which advanced partly up. te riv-er bed
and partly in the o;pen. wthile the rest
of the brigade with the other ree ii~t:0
swung round the front of the iltgghianu
brigade on the level, coverless ground
exposed tu a terrible fire, which obliged
the men to lie upon the ground, as they
aid for the remnainder of the day. This
bean at 7:30) in the mtoriingz.
Throuch the dreadful heat and a ter
rible thunderstorm, our mn hung to
the position, an~woring the Boer fire
and shooting steadily.
In the meantimle the rest of the in
fantry comipleted the enveloping move
ment, the Weleh regimtent having suc
ceeded in seizing the drift, thus closing
in the Boers. who~ had fought through
out with splendid coutage. Gen.
Cronje's laager, full of earts, ammuni
tion and stores, could be plainly seen
near the north bank.
Gen. Smith-D.:ien collected a large
body of tuen, toeluding the Canadians,
and crossed the river by P'aardeberg
drift, advancing toward the laager,
which was being vigorotusly shelled.
This force mnade a gallant attempt to
charge into the-laager, but failed. Bec
fore seizing the western drift the Boers
occupied a~ kopje oni the south bank,
running down the river. Therefore
their force is cut in two. The Boers
hold the kopje and have one Vickers
axim, and ptrobadly o;.e or two other
Towvard evenir; the battery on the
south sidie opened, co-operating with
the battery on the north side. A won
derful sieht followed. The shells fell
with amarzing precision along the river
bed, opposite the laager, which was
shelled thorouthly, damaging every
thing it contaitied. Ote shell set fire
to a small amunition wagon which
burned nearly all day. 31any other
wagonis were set on fire and the glare
va visihi!e at a considerable distance
far into the nicht The infantry also
maintained a terrible tire, which was
answered vigo.rousily. The scene to
ward nightfaI wats terribly picturesque,
with the blading wacons, the roaring
POOR PORTO RICO.
The Republicans Would Make It
Worse Than Under Spain.
DOUBLE PRICES FOR FOOD.
Her Condition Was Changed for
the Worse Under the Ameri
can Flag and Our
Fhe debate on the Puerto Rican
tariff bill brought out several notable
speeches. in the house Thursday, Mr.
\1eClellan 'f New I ork opencd the
debate. Mr. McClellan argued at some
l-ngth that the inhabitants of Puerto
Rico are eitizens of the United States
with all rights of citizens and that the
consti:ntion extends proprin vigero
ov(er the island (if Puprto Rico, the
IU:ite States or1ly holdin it in trust
for the Stale eventually to be erected
out of the iv:ritory. Thc m-)ral as
pect of the case, he said, is q1ite as
Simi-rttnt as the lgal. It involves the
go.d faith, the eredit and the honor of
the Uuited States.
3r. BIrantley of Georgia Fpoke
against the bill and pirticuilarly on the
future of the Pnilippines. lie pointed
out that a year had elapsed since the
treaty of peace and yet congress had
failed thus far to lay down a policy for
the Phil:ppines. It was this inaction
by congress, he said, which spread un
certainty amoung the Filipinos and
ncrved them to further opposition. le
declared that the new Philippine com
mi!son co-uld accomplibh Lothing and
that if it went to the Philippines at all
it should za with the auttiority and
power which e:gress alone could grant.
Mr. McCall, M.ssachusetts, followed.
"If congrees has the power to levy du
ties over an area comprising territories
i hen the rule of u:aiformity applies to
t hat same area. This is in accordance
with the primary rules of construction.
But the deci:-ions of the supreme court
put the matter above question. Citing
a long line of decisions, he said if con
greas is not bound by these limitations
against taxing unequally, it is not
bound by any linitation upon its power
in the constitution. The case is con
autve so far as judicial authority is
concerned, and when we regard the cir
eunitances out of which our govern
nctt and the constitution sprang, the
words of the taxing power, the direct
ad judication of their meaning, the long
line of authorities which deny the ex
istence of absolute power in congress,
it is clear that the theory or despotic
power is absolutely repugnant to our in
Calling attention to the fact that in
in Puerto Rico's case it was a bloodless
victory for us, a case of a territory a
part of this continent and admitted to
be within the natural radius of our po
liti -al action and of great importance to
our defense, he asied if they should
become victims of our extortion.
"How was Spain treating them; sel
fish, heartless, Spain? At the
time of their deliverance they had 12
representatives and four senators in the
Spanishi cortes and helped to make the
laws for the whole Sp:anish empire.
They had a 10) per cent. duty upon goods
passing between the two countries, and
at the end of the y ear 1898 that duty
was to disappear. They had almiost
complete authiority for their own local
affairs and a million and a half in the
treasury. L ik at the practical appli
cation of our proposed tariff Upon a
territory but hutle larger than Rhode
Island there are crowded a tuillion peo
ple. The great question with them is
the food question. Upon many articles
of food &ur duties are high, but as we
are large exp rters the price is not in
creased to our people, but for ever)
bag of flour and every barrel of pork
that goes to Puerto Rico 25 per cent of
these high duties nmust be paid. Upon
the importation of rice-alone, I am told,
the duties will amount to nearly $400,
000 a year. is this the feast of liberty
to whichi we have invited those trnsting
people? There is no safety in depart
ing frotn the constitutional rule.
1I don't care to see our flag emblazon
the principle of liberty at home and
tyranny abroad. I brand with all niy
energy this hateful notion, bred some
where in the heathenish recesses of
Asia, that one man may exercise abso
lute dominion over another man, or one
nation over another nation. That no
tion was resisted to the last extremity
by the heroes who fought at Bunker
II1ill and starved at Valley Forge. It
felIl before the gleaming sabres of our
troopers at Wii~cheater and Aldee. It
was shot to death by our guns at
Gettysburg and Appomator. A half
million men gave up their lives that
their country might stand clothed in
the resplendant robes of constitutional
liberty a ad that iwe might have a gov
ernent of laws and not of men, for
every mao beneath the shiuing folds of
Milwaukee Will Win.
ft looks very much as if the Demo
cratic n ttional convention would go to
M1ilwaukee, provided it is true, as re
ported, that $l00i,00) in cash is repos
ing in the safe at the Raleigh hotel as
purchase money. Kansas City cannot
put up more than $501,000t and will not
attempt to bid acainat Wilwaukee on a
umoney basis. The advocates of that
city claim that the inficenee of holding
the convention there upon K~ansas.
Nebraska and Mlissouri will be rquiva
lent to the electoral votes of these
states. On the other hand, the Mil
waukee boomers argue that if the con
vention is held in their city the Demo
crats will surely capture the German
vote tot only in Wisconsin but every
where else in the union. These argu
ments, however, have no influen se with
the commnittee. Money talks, and the
commnittee will not be satisfied with
promises, subscription papers or uncer
tified checks. The experience of the
Riepublicans makes it important to call
for the cold -eash.
Truly a krnefactor.
Toe telegraph on Thursday last
spread bioadcast cver the country the
new- of the sudden death of Dr. Leslie
E. Keeley, the discoverer of the Gold
Cure for alcoholism and for the exces
sive use of narcotics.
Dr. Keele','s discovery-the result of
great scientific research and painstak
ing work-has wrought wonderful re
sults. The number of cures has been
suchl as to contirm the public estimate
of Dr. Kee ley as a great physician and
great scientist, Many a life has been
r:ecued, many a home has been made
b ight, many a f amily lifted from mis
ery to hat'pinsss through the blessed
agency of the Keeley Cure.
D~r. Keeley's name will be enrolled
on a lie list of great scientists, great
benefactors. Hiis formulas preserved,
Ihis reatment will be continued at auth
orized institutions. Among these is
BRlIEF BUT IEORTART,
Some Short Acts of General Interest
Below will be found some of the
shorter acts of general interest passed
at the recent session of the General As
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gen
eral As.,embly of the State of South
Carolina girls, That to provide secow
utodations for the great oveiflow of
South Carolina applying annually
from every county in the Staote for ad
mission to the Winthrop Normal and
Industrial College, of Rock lill, the
only institution niaintained by the
State fur the higher education and
training of her girls, and failing to gain
admission for lac k of dormitory rogn,
the sum of $35 O ) be, and the same is
hereby, approipriated, to be expended
under the direction of the board of
trustees in carrying out the purposes of
MUNICIPAL OFFICERS AND CONTRACTS.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
General Assemubiv of the State of
South Carolina, That from and after
the passage of this Act no municipal
ufficer shall take a contract to perform
work or furnish material for the muni
cipal corporation of which he is an offi
cer no such efficer shall rcceive any
compensation on any contract f.,r
said purpose; ['rovided, that in the
cities of over 30,000 inhabitants
buch contra:ts way be allowed by
the unanimous vote of city council
upoa each specific contract, such vote
to be taken by yeas and nays, and en
tered upon council's journal.
Section 2. That any person violating
the provisions of this Act shail be
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon con
viction thereof shall be punished by
fine or imprisonment, in the discretion
of the Court before whom such convic
tion is had.
MAGISTRATES AND RAIL.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
General Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, That from and after the ap
proval of this Act, when any magistrate
committs a party to jail for a bailable
offense, such magistrate shall state on
commitment the amount of recogni
zance required, upon entering into
which the party shall be released from
custody, and upon entering into such
-recognizance before any magistrate, or
the clerk of the Court of the county,
such party shall be released from cus
Sec. 2. Any migistate, or the clerk
of the Court of the county in which
the varty is imprisoned, when demand
ed by such party, shall take the recog
sance without extra compenbation.
Section 1. Be it enacted by zhe Gen
eral Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, That in case of forest fires
occurring in any county it shall be the
duty of every member of the township
boards of assessors, in whose township
the fire occurs, to immediately call out,
through a warner appointed by him, as
they may deem necessary, subj et to
road duty, for the purpose of extin
guishing such fires.
Sec. 2 That any person refusing to
obey such call immediately upon notice
shall be subjeet to the same penalties
as now provided in cases of refusale to
work upon the public roads.
Sec. 3. Persons so warned and work
ing as provided in Section 2 of this Act
shall bave the time he has so labored
deductd from the time he is required
by law to labor on public roads.
Section 1 Be it enacted hy the Gen
eral Assemibly of the State of South
Carolina, That the county boards of
commuissioners for the several counties
in this State be. anid they arc hereby,
authoriz d and emzpowered to fix the
compIensation, charges anid expenses to
be pasid and incurred in the cxamina
tion of lutnatics, and in convey ing them
to the State llospital for the lasane,
and t, audit and pay claims therefor;
Provided, that the same shall not be
greater than now allowed by law, and
that no claim for conveying lunatics to
Lhe State llospital for the Insane, in
excess of the actual and necssary ex
penses incurred io doing so, shall be
audited and paid.
FEEE BLOOD CUEE.
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eating Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are.
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm,) which is made especially to cure
all terribie Blood Diseases. Persistent
Sores, Blood and Skin Blemishes,
Serofnia, that resis.t other treatmnents,
are quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botanic
Blood Balm). Skihi Eruptions, Pim
pes, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils, Carbaneles, Blotches,
Catarrn, Rheumatism, ete., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blool Poison producing
E sting Sores, Eruptions, Swollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B
B B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B B. B. does not con
rain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an ease. For
sale by draggists everywhere. Large
bottles $1. six for five S5. Write for
free samplebottle, which will be sent,
prepaid to Times readers, describe
sinmptoms and personal free medicaf
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga.
Ten Cents Cott on.
The Augusta Chronicle says: "With
9 cents offered for middling cotton in
Augusta, and owners of the staple
demanding 9 1 8 cents, it looks as if 10
kents cotton may be realiz-:d at no dis
tant day. There are speoulators who
are confidently anticipating this tigure.
[here is no longer any room for doubt
about the shortness of the crop. The
only question now is how short is it,
and to whatprice will it go? A note of
danger has been sounded, though, in
the possibility that it may go too high,
and that the English spinners who had
been holding off with the idea that a
big crop had been made and was -bei-ng
htd out by the farmers, and have been
caught with depleted stocks and the
necssity of bu) ng in a high market,
may decide that it is better to shut
down their mills until a tew crop is
made than to pay the price. This is a
very serious phase of the situation to
consider, and not one that we think is
in the range of probabilities, but it is
nevertheless a possibility that carries
in its train sore disappointosnts for
the near future and paralysis8 for the
ear to come in the event of a big cot
ton crop. We will not borrow trouble
in this way, however, but will rather
sejoice while we may at the high prices
of the present." This is altogether a
new danger confronting the cotton
planters of the South. Their only
afety this rear-is in a small crop.
8 0. EXPOSITION.
Interest'in Industries and R esource
to Be Shown Up in Charleston.
To the People of South Carolina:
It is proposed to hold an errosition
in the city of Charleston in 1901 which
will be thoroughly representative of the
industrial and material resources of the
State. The governor and the general
assembly, the senators and representa
tives from this State in Congress, the
mayor and the city council of Charles
ton and all the local commercial and
business organizations of this city have
given their unqualified endorsement to
lu the performance of their duty as a
commtttee charged wih the organiza
tion of the preliminary work of the ex
position, the undersigned invite the
earnest co-operation of the maanuifao
turers, merebants and farmers, and all
whoare interested in the material de
velopment of South Carolina.
The exposition will not, however, be
limited to material things only. The
fine arts and everything pertaining to
the advance of Ecience and education
will be prominent features of it; and
the committee beg all who are directly
working for and contributing to the
progress of the State on these lines, to
lend to the enterprise their invaluable
It is proposed that the South Catolina
Exposition shall illustrate in all its de
partments the wonderful variety and
wealth of the resources of the State. A
full display of the State's crude and
manufactured products will advertise to
the business and investing public the
opportunities which it offers for the
employment of capital, and the support
of an ever increasing population. With
the cordial co-operation of the people of
the State, the exposition will be of in
calculable benefit to every section of
South Carolina and the whole South.
The -plans of the exposition cannot be
fully determined at present, but ith
scope and pur pose are outlined and con
veyed in the following list of exhibits
of which it would be constituted:
Astriculture-Cotton, tobacco, food
and its accessories.
Horticulture and floriculture.
Forebtry and forest products.
Phosphate rock and its products.
Fish, fisheries, fish products and ap
paratus for fishing.
Machinery of all kinds including ag
shi;s, vehicles, automobiles, bicycles
and electrical appliances.
Graphic Arts-Typography, Lithog
raphy, steel and copper-plate printing,
Drawing, book-binding, etc.
Fine Arts-Painting, sculpture and
Liberal Arts-Engineering, public
works, constructive arebitecture.
Education-Special exhibits from
Clemson College. Winthrop Normal and
industrial college and other State insti
Govd Roads-Sections of roads, road
machinery. broad tired vehicle..
Uuit- d States Government exhibits.
Exhibits from Cuba, Porto Rico and
Trhe c mmittee are prepared to work
with all who will aid in making the
proposed exposition complete in all its
departments and creditable to the State.
Suggestions from all who are inter
eated in the development of the material
resources of the State and in the pro
motion of its progress in all directions
will be gratefully received. The com
mittee would be particularly obligea
for the information in regard to any ex
hibits that might be made.
Yoaur earnest co-operation is solicited.
With the zealous aid of the people
throughout the .State, the committe
confidently believe that an e'xposition
can be projected and carried through
which will be or credit to the State, and
one that will accomplish the great good
for the different interests of the State
that is hoped for and expected.
Very respectfully yours,
Nicholas S. Hall,
-E. L. Tessier,
Jno. A. Smith,
Jno. H. Averill,
DBAD IN TEE WOODS
The Body of a White Nan Found Near
In the early part of the afternoon
Wednesday the inhabitants of North
Augusta were startled by the announce
mont that a negro had found the body
of a white man in the woods in the vi
cinity of the swimming pond. The ne
gro's name is Henry Childs, and while
passing through the woods at the point
named he was attracted by the flutter
ing of a piece of paper en the ground
and looking in the direction of the pa
per he saw the figure of a min stretched
at full length on the ground. Hie
knew it was too Gamp for any one to be
lying out in the woods for pleasure and
went over to the spot to see what the
cause of the man's prerence was when
he found that it was a dead body of a
white man. He did not recognise him
and went to notify some people who
lived at a short distanee. The news of
what had been found spread rapidly
and soon there was quite a large crowd
on the scene. but still no one recog
nised the body.
It was that of a young man, about 25
or 30 years, clean dhaven and a blond,
and was about 5j feet tall. Behind
the body was the hat the man had worn
when he went into the woods while in
front of him was a bottle ,ith a little
liquid substance in it. (On examina
tion it was found that this was whia.key
aud laudanum mixed. Under the man's
head were several newspapers, fixed as
though he had prepared them to sleep.
It is supposed that he went out where
he would not be seen, drank his bottle
of liquor, laid down, went to sleep and
The man not being reeognised by any
one present his pockets were searched
to asoertain hi. name and in one of
them was found a Richmond county
tax receipt with the name "A. J. Her
ring," written on it showing that he
had paid tax-s in Richmond county.
Besides this $2,80 in money, a small
piece of tobacco, a pocket knife, two
small boxes of cheap silver ware and a
igar were found in his pockets. From
the condition of the body when found
it is thought that the man had been
dead about about two days. The body
was taken to one of the houses near by
and an inquest will be held over it to
It Will be Hot.
The Pittsburg Post says: "McKinley
is weak today where he was strong in
1896: Bryan is strong where he was
weak. We venture the prediction that
it will be the most exciting and hotly
contested presidential election in our
Makes the food more de
noVf eAMo POW
NEW WAY TO FELL, TREES.
Saws Fast Taking the Place of Axes
in Maine Woods.
The lumbermen are making a decid
ed departure this season in the method
of cutting down trees, using saws in
stead of axes in felling them.
Up to last year the axe alone was
used by the lumbermen in the Maine
woods. Only the most expert men did
this part of the work, and men spent
years in the Maine woods before they
were considered skillful enough to be
come part of the crew employed in
felling trees. By the time a man be
came a chopper he felt like a second
lieutenant. On account of the num
ber of years spent in learning this
-part of the business the choppers in
trusted with felling trees made un
usual good wages, the best receiving
nearly double the amount paid those
who were a part of the crew who took
care of the timber after it had fallen.
That method of felling trees has
been found by the lumbering compan
ies to be very expensive, both. on ac
count of tle time required to fell each
tree and the wages paid. Last year
-the experiment of cutting down the
trees with saws was tried and found
so successful that this year only a
small share of the men sent into the
woods are expert choppers, or if they
ate expert choppers they are not sent
in with the understanding that they
are to use their axes in cutting down
trees, but rather in trimming the
limbs after the trees have fallen, or
in cutting up the trees into lengths for
handling in the log drives.
There is another gain, that of time
and wages. It is in the amount of tim
ber saved on the stump. Formerly it
was a common thing to see all over
a lot stripped of tree stumps from
one to three feet above the ground.
This part of the tree was the very
best, both because it was free from
knots and because it was the largest
part of the tree in girth. By using
the saw the trees may be cut off near
er the ground and a big saving made.
The saw used is slightly different
from the old cross-cut saw, the teeth
being of a pattern fitted to that work.
-Maine Special in Boston Herald.
Not a Heart Stimulant.
The idea that alcohol is a heart stim
ulant has been thoroughly shown to be
a fallacy. Alcohol is an anesthetic, a
narcotic and a depressing agent. It at
first seems to increase the heart vigor
by its paralyzing effect upon the vaso
motor centers, resulting in dilatation of
the small arteries, so lessening the
work of the heart, but its real effect is
to lessen sensibility and paralyze, no
matter what the dose or the condition
in which it is glven. We do A-ct want
substitutes for alcohol, but we want
something which will accomplish the
effect of heat over the heart, as a
flannel 'cloth wrung out of hot water
has a wonderful stimulating effect up
on the heart. Slapping the chest, appli
cations of heat to the spine, hot and
cold sponging to the spine, hot tomen
tations to the head, rubbing the surface
from the extremities toward the heart
these are the most effective of all
measures for stimulating a flagging
heart. The writer speaks thur. confi
dently, after -having employed the
measures named for the last 25 years,
and with a degree of success which
has left no desire to return to alcohol
and other so-called stmuilants.-Dr. .
You Taste With Your Eyes,
The sense of taste is divided into
three sections, each of which has
under its charge the distinguishing 0:
a special class of tastes. The- fore
part is chiefly sensible to )ungent and
acid tastes, the middle portion to
sweets and bitters, and the back 9art
to the flavor of roast meat, butter and
rich and fatty substances. Recent ex
periments, however go to show that
the tongue has less to do with what
we call taste than is generally sup
posed. Our notions as to flavor are
greatly helped by the sense of sighit,
smell and touch. Blindfold your eyes
and hold your nose, and you will find
it very difficult to tell whether you are
'drinking tea or coffee. Of cours3
your tongue is absolutely helpiess in
distinguishing between one substance
and another if your nose does not do
its part, which is about four-fifths of
the work. Thus you really taste with
your eyes and nose.-Answers.
New Champion Globe Trotter.
It is, of course, only to be expected
that the new championship for globe
trotting should belong to an Ohio man.
John W. Bookwalter, a rich manufac
turer of Springfield, Ohio, has traf
eled all over America, Europe, Africa.
and most of Asia. He is now on hisj
way to Thibet. the unknown land to
the capital of which a white man has
never been permitted to penetrate. In'
the last two years he has traveled 25,
000 miles in Central Asia. Mr. Book
walter will go to Thibet with an explor
ing party sent out by the Russian
government He not only expects to
reach the Thibetian capital, but he is
planning for an interview with the
Grand Llama, the head of the Buddl
hist religion. Mr. Bookwalter belie:n-s
that Russia is about to take posses
sion of Persia and all the other coni~
tries bordering on India. He also pre
dicts that Russia, China and Engh".d
will form an alliance and divide Asia
They Got Around the Will.
John Wagonmaker and Miss Alice
Crookston were mairried at Palmyra,
Pa., recently. By consent of the
courts the groom iastead of the wife
changed his name, and he is now MXr.
Crookston. This was effected De
cause the bride w;as beqjueathed a
fortune by a rel ative who pro
vided that no person not bearing
the name of Crookaston should inherit
the money. _____
Prefer the Old Way.
The suggestion made by the Denver
Humane Society tbiait women gave up
the use of side saddle and sit astride
when riding hors!.back, is meeting
with marked opposition. The most
powerful, if not th~e principal objec
tion, is that no dress could be devised
for the innovation that would be as
becoming as that now in use.
It has been disccrered that the pro
fession of promptea is more suited toa
women than to man, as their voices
carry better acrosu the stage and are
lees audible in the .uditorium.
A Queer Man.
Mr. Daniel H. Mofat, banker arnd
mine owner of Denver, attracted atten
tion a year aan by taking the he~ ad
waiter of the Fifth Avenue hotel on a
trip to Europe. He has just s.urpassed
this ecentricity by presenting the
cashier and assistant cashier of the
First National bank of Denver with
$100,000 and $75.000 respectively.
A kingdom for a cure !
You need not pay so much.
A twenty-five cent bottle of La. L & K
Will drive all ills away.
licious and wholesome
DER CO.. DEW YOM B.
Infatuation of An English Girl
For An African
SHE DID A-WOOING GO
Followed Him To London and Ad
mired Him At the Eth
The Wealthy Girl's Fancy Alarms
Her Friends Who Are Determined
To Break Off the Match-The Wed.
ding Postponed-An Extraodinary
Romance Not Yet Ended.
Verily Africa is fast becoming civil
ized. An English girl has actually fal
len in love with a dusky African. And
no ordinary girl is she, but bne with
an abundance of money and no small
share of good looks. Her name is
Florence F. Jewell, and she is the
daughter of Jos. Jewell, a mining en
gineer, who niade a fortune in-MAiev.cio.
Miss Jewell happened to ne at Bloem
fonstein, the capital of the Orange
Free State. some time ago. and there
one sultry afternoon her attention was
attracted toward a young Matabele
warrior. He vas ead in his pictur
esque, if decidcd'y barbaric, native cos
tume, and the ordinary traveler would
have seen in him nothing more than a
stalwart African savage. Miss Jewell,
however, saw a great deal more in him
-so much so in fact that she lost no
time In finding out who he was.
She was told that he was a pure
blooded Matabele, that he was known
as "Prince" Loben, or Lobengula, and
that he professed to be a relative of
the famous Matabele king of that
name. She learned further that he
was going to England, where ne was
to be the leading figure in an Ethlo
pian show to he held in London.
Miss Jewell iheierp:n concluded that
London would be a pleasanter place
for her than the Orange Free State,
and so she bade farewell to Bloemfon
stein, and followed Lobenguela. In
due time the dusky potentate appeared
at the Ethiopian show, and all Lcndon
went to see him. Miss Jewell went
with the others. and her admiration for
the Matabele youth increased. There
were otl:er Africans in the show, equal
ly picturesque and almost as stalwart
and hich-toin, but for them she had no
eyes, all her attention being concen
trated on Lobengula.
Day after day she went to see him
and admire him. and, being a man. he
naturally soon saw what an impression
he had made on her. They talked to
each other, and the young lady was
surprised to discover that her dusky
A donis could talk fluently both in Eng
lish and Dutch. What they talked
about only they two know, but every
one can guess. Anyhow they soon
came to an u'iderstanding and the re
sult was that all arrangements were
made for a speedy wedding.
Meanwhile, however, Miss Jewell's
friends had not been asleep. They saw
how the African had fascinated the
wealthy girl, and they werte deter- -
mined thgat he should not protit by it.
They hoped that it was merely a girl's
wayward fancy, but they were ude
ceived when the news of the proposed
wedding reached them. Then they
rose up in arms. Theynvowed that a
cultured and wealthy English girl
should not become the wife of an Un
couth savage. But how ccu'd they pre
vent the wedding? Miss JIewell is 22
and can do as she pleases. And so,
instead of remonstrating, they pleaded
with her not to ruin her young life in
this mad fashion. She listened patient
ly to these pleas, and finally so much
pressure was brought to bear on her
that she consented to postpone the
No more extraordinary romance than
this has occurred in our day, and thou
sands who never saw Miss Jewell and
Loengula will be anxious to know
how it will end. That Lobengula.
should have spent so much of his time
in lovemaking while in London Is cer
tainly surprising, for the reason that
nther Matab'eles who have gone to the
Enlish capital l'ave apparently liad no
time to do anything except to wonder
at the extraordinary sights around
them. King Lobeagr'la sent emissaries
to Queen Victoria a few years ago, and -
London was to them the most wonder
ful place on earth.
Some strange marriages are made
nowadays. but this is apparently the
frst time that a wealthy and cultured
white girl has set her affections on a
native African. That there should be
a strong opposition to the marriage Is
not surprising. Lobengula may be,
and vexy probably is. a first-class fel
Lw- in his own country, but there are
very few persons in Engeland. if indeed
there are any, who think that he is fit
to become Miss JTewell's husband.
A New Swindle.
A good-looking young woman who
said she was the daurhter of a West-,
ern broker who had fariled In business
sold tickets In Allegheny City. Pa., re
cently at 10 cents each. entitling the
bearer to have their shoes shined by
this bright and fashionably-dressed
young woman. She appealed for pa
tronage on the ground that s was
thus working her way to New York.
where she would finish her musical
education. It was promised that she
would fulfil her obligations as a boot
black at a certain barber shop. The -.
maiden fair is estimated to have sold
about $30 worth of bogus pasteboards
in Allegheny. as some of the victims
confessed to buying twenty and thirty
of the promises. For several days an
interested crowd of Alleahenians went
to the barber shop but the "Iady boot
black" failed to appear.
"Yes, his business reputation is blast
"How did it happen?"
"ie dropped a can of his new pro
cess dyna mie."
"Blasted him. oh! Blew him up?'
"No. it didn't go oE:"- -Cleveland
Belgium exports 2.200.000 dressed
rihits ys'arly to EncTind. weighing
si to eieht ponnu' 7 1p*"(. and the rab
bit crop aeils for 51.1.0 0.0 cn the aver
Given Back to Spain.
Upon represerht-ians of the Spanish
overment to the i i*-t that some of
islands south of thl Philbppine archi
pelago which had been taken posses
sion of by Utite-i 5:a:as guraboats were
really the property oJf Spain the authori
ties of the sta'c d-part moot have ex
amined the c'harts and concluded to
direct the withdraral of our claims to
the islands of Caygatven, Salu and
C:buu, both of which lie withont the
bnundary lie laid do~vn by the treaty