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VTANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28, 1900.
UNITED ONCE MORE
Tne Republican State Converntion
of South Carolina.
MET IN COLUMBIA LAST WEEK
The Proceedings Were Unimor
tant and Slow. Delegates to
Nominata McKinley Elec
ted to Philadelphia.
The Republican State Convention on
Tuesday of hsst week met in the State
House at Columbia. There was a
large attendance of delegates from all
over the State, and the crowd was a
familiar one to those who have been
handling Republican conventiors for
years. Bob Smails, Webster, George
Washington Murray, Purvis, Ensor,
John R. Tolbert, John F. JoneF, Reed
Red Tolbert, Deas, Didkerson, Lat brop,
Morris, Screven and all the notable
figures were there.
It was a little after 2 'eleek when 11.
R. Tolbert called the convention to or
der and Secretary Jnr..on, of the
State committee, read the call inued
for the National Convention by Nation
al Chairman Mark Hanna. There were
about twenty white men seated in the
convention hall, all the others being
The State convention call was Lhen
zead, providing for 125 delegates and
asking all classes of Republicans to
come into the regu'ar organization.
The convention was then about to be
opened with prayer by the Rev. Dr.
Thomas, when Robert Smalls said he
thought that the roll should be read
first. But the prayer followed and
then the roll of delegates was called as
Abbeville-R. R. Rolbert, Jr , J. M
Collins, W. H. Lomax.
Aiken-E J Dickerson, S Smith,
A S Johnson.
Anderson-E F Cochran, Robert
Price, M S Smith, John R Sims, J S
Barnwell-W T Dixon. P 3 Mc
Knight, G G Butler.
Beaufort-Robert Smalls, G A Reed,
J I Washington, B H Houston.
Bamberg-D D Geter, C P Robin
Berkeley-D T Middleton, A P Prio
leau, F S Edwards. T L Jaudon.
Charleston-W D Crum, G I Cun
ningham, James Robinson, T L Grant,
H W Purvis, W W Beckett, R W Hol
loway, W H Grayson, J W Wheeler.
Chester-A Davie, J C Atkinson,
A D Walker.
Cheroke-J F Jones, E Littlejohn.
Chesterfield-M D McFarland, L F
Clarendon-R A Stewart, R A
White, E D Wells.
Colleton-E D Benr.ett, J T Brown,
Darlington-E 11 Deas, W H Wad
Dorehester-J Ii Ih md, J ) Ladd.
Edgefeld-P Simimns, J B Odom,
A W Simkins.
Fairfield-P Ricen, J1 S Bird, Ben
Florence-J E Wilson, M W Hlarrill,
W C Rush.
Georgetown-J A Baxter, G E Her
Greenville-James Brier, L~ F Gold
smith, Thomas Brier, C B Johnson,
J W Miller.
Greenwood-J W Tolbert, J R Tol
Hlampton-J C Eubank, P HI Riley.
Hlorry-B R King, T J Walker,
Kershaw-W E BRykin, WV W Car
ter, H Powell.
Lancaster-F R Massey, Win Me
;.aureDs-P S Suxber, J M Rtobertson,
L W C Blalock.
Lexington-B L Hayes, W A Smith.
Marion-W H Collier, S P Sima.ons,
M K Bolloway.
Marlboro-E J Sawyer, R A Drake,
J W Thomas, I W Brockington
Newberry-R E Williams, T T Trib
ble J P Dawkins.
6conee-A C Merrick, W J Thomas,
J G Daniels.
Orangeburg-ES A Webster, A La
throp, J H Fordham, HI A Bostick,
Piekens-J WV Hadden, A M Folger.
Riehland-E WV Sereven, L C Scott,
L Pryor, Y E Lewis
Saluda-J M Jones, J A Daniels.
Spartanburg-G WV Foster, Laban
Morgan, R P Rogers, G T Pointer, B
Sumter-W W Ramsey, W J An
drws, Z E Walker, G W Murray.
U~nion-J C Hunter, J P Sarter, J
Williamsburg-James Thorpe, L J a
cobs, S.D G Lowery.
York-G A Watts, J J Massey, R E
Foster, C P T White.
State Chairman R. R. Tolbert then
addressed the convention. It afforded
him pleasure to see these faces again.
He then told what was before the con
vention. Hie was happy to see in the
hail men who were, four years ago,
meeting in the other end of the State
House. He was glad to see that once
more South Carolina had a united Re
publican party. (Applause.).
Peas, on behalf of the executive
committee, presented the name of J.
H. Fordham for temporary chairman
and of the Rev. J. H. Johnson for tem
porary secretary. Fordham was escort
ed to the chair by Smalls and Deas.
On taking the chair Fordham did
not make a speech, merely requesting
all to observe that a carpet was on the
floor and that cuspidors were provided
for the protection thereof.
The temporary roll of the committee
was adopted as the temporary roll of
Theo appointment of a committee on
eredentials was authorized, consisting
of nine members, one from each district
and two at large; contesting delega
tions being barred after a brief discus
Thten Smalls moved that no member
of the State executive committee be
allwed to serve on this committee and
a long fight followed. Peas wanted
this tabled. The convention by a roll
call, refused to table the amendment,
te'vote being 55 to 58. Smalls did
not wish any delegates who had heard
the cause to be on this committee.
Peas said such a proposition had
near been heard .
Dickerson, of Aiken discussed the
matter. He had requested Deas to
withdraw his motion to table. He
thought that the executive committee's
members should be allowed their rights
as members of the convention. When
the committee came back all would
then pass upon the question; those who
he ird the cases would come back in
here and vote on them. The conven
tion was about to establish a bad prece
deat. It was wrong and dangerous.
Grant, of Charleston, wanted a com
mittee that had never heard a word of
Stewart, of Charleston, wanted a new
Smalls then vigorously presented his
reasons wby he wished the members of
the committee who had heard the cases
barred from the cmmnittee on creden
tiais. Those who had heard the cases
had already voted aRnd dccidcd. le
wanted justice done and the defeated
men to feel that it had been done. He
wanted to keep the Repubbcau party
united as it now was It presented a
solid front to Democracy. "Though
cheated and robbed out of our ballot.
we are, thank God, a united Republi
can party." (Applause.)
Smalls and Deas had a running dis
cussion, whici caused much amuse
ment and applause. Deas intimated
that Smalls had an axe to grind This
brought Sxalis to his feet. He said
he was slated "or the NatIontl C.ven
tion and if he was defeated lie would
go home. There was a lively, frec for
all fight. One dtlegate got tired of it
and wauAi to call the previous ques
tion 1)-as asked him what his author
ity was for thib; no rtiles had been
The reply was "under de common
rule of dis country, when a gemman
talks too much." This response was
Boykin, of Camden. spoke at lcngth.
Then another roll-call was had on
Small's amendment direct.
The Smalls amendment was voted
down by 42 to 79.
The committee was then appointed
At Large-A W Sitmpkins, Edgefield;
James 0 Ladd, of Darchester. First
district, J W Wheeler; 2d, W-S Dicker
son; 3d, E F Cochran; 4th, L Morgan,
5th, E J Sawyer; 6th, E H Deas, chair
man; 7th, D T Middleton.
The committee was working far be
yond the hour for the convention to re
convene. The darkness came. The
E!ectric Light Company could not fur
nish light, and the superintendent of
the gas works could not be -found, and
it was a case of kerosenelamps or noth
ing. The committee sent out and at
7:30 o'clock a large mumber of new
lamps were brought to the Capitol.
They had tobe filled and fired and it
looked as if it would be 9 o'clock be
fore the convention could get to work
It was near 9 o'clock when the con
vention got to work again. Chairman
Deas, of the committee on credentials,
presented the committee's report.
There were five counties contested,
as follows: Colleton, Greenville, Pick
ens, Florence and Richland. The com
mittee reported in favor of seatiug the
delegations named in the roll above.
There was considerable discussion,
led by Deas and Parvis. That portion
of the report not referring to contests
was adopted. Then the contests were
taken up, Colleton coming first. Each
side was allowed ten minutes to present
its case. The ground was gone over in
About this time the gas was turned
on and the light was better.
The Benet delegation was about to
be seated, wben Grant, of Charleston,
made a vigorous plea for discarding
gagging methods. lHe said Benet was
here by himself, no other delegate be
in here with him. He was applauded
The conv'entiou, by a vote of 97 to
17, tabled the motion of Dr. Cram, of
Charleston, that the Myers delegation
Prelulean, of Berkeley, made an im
passio-u(d appeal for Feace, aid he of
fered an amendment that both the
Benet and the Myers delegation b-o
seated, and each given half a vote.
Smith, of Aiken. seconded this.
Dickerson, of Aiken, opposed the
By a vote of 97 to li-the'substitute
was voted down.- The Colleton delega
tion, headed by Benet, was seated.
Deas wanted the rest of the report
adoptd as a whole,
in the conlusion resulting Brier,
fron- Greenville, inquired if this were
a lad college or a Sunday-school. He
wanted to get down to work.
George Washington Murray made a
fiery appeal for the Republican party
n the State to go forward a solid pha
lanx to meet the Domocracy, which,
like a demon, was overriding the liber
ty of the people. Deas kept interrupt
ing the speaker. !0me member wanted'
to stop Deas. hie exclaimed: "Sit
down, you damn fool, yor On a
former occasion Deas said something
about "Snowing under the opposition
like hell." An old preacher of the
cornfield type was inexpressibly shocked
and said Deas ought to be turned out
of the church.
Murray resumed his speech, to which
The report of the committee on ^cre
dentials was then adopted as a whole
with a whoop.
It was then 11.30 o'clock. The per
manent organization had not, up to that
time, been efected, on account of the
wrangle over contested elections. The
temporary chairman and secretary were
then elected the permanent officers.
The election of delegates to the Na
tional Convention, at Philadelphia,
June 19, was then entered upon.
Grant, of Charleston, nominated S E
Smith, of Aiken.
R A Stewart, of Manning, nominated
E D Deas, of Darlington.
Dickerson, of Aiken, nominated B A
Webster, of Orangeburg.
Crum, of Charleston, nominated Robt
Smalls of Beaufort.
C P T White nominated R R Tolbert.
Smith withdrew his name.
The four remaining nominees were
elected by acclamation.
The convention had taken many
hours to organmze, but when it did or
ganize it disnosed of its business in
Dickinson nominated a list of alter
Grant protested that nominations
should be made individually and not!
by manufactured lists.
The Dickinson list consisted of Abial
Latrop, S D Poiaier. R 2 Williams
. nd A R Jnhnson.
A colored preacher from lumter
thought the majority wanted too much.
He suggested S E Smith as an alter
Smith declined. The four names on
Dickinson's li;t were aeceptcd by a-c-l
The convention then adjourned after
adopting a platform.
FARMERS AND COTTON FUTURES
A Noted. Expert Gives Some Good
Advice as to Them.
There is a tendency on the part of
some cotton growers to consider favor
ably plans for selling in advance the
crop which they expect to raise this
season, and some ne wspapers have ad
vised them to try it. In regard to the
proposition that Southern farmers
bhould sell on a basis of New York fu
tures for September ,and October de
livery their crops of cotton not yet
planted, Mr. Alfred B Shepperson
writes as foilows in the Manufacturers'
"No farmer could sil his crop on
the basis of prices for Septeuiber ani
October delivery unless he agreed to
deliver it during those months. IHe
could deliver only a small proportion
of his crop by that time, as picking
usually goes on until December and
sometiwes much lat, r. lie could only
beil with sfety for delivery in Novem
ber and December, and New York fu
tures for these months are nearly half
a cent lower than for September de
livery. The present price for Novem
ber delivery would leave the farmer,
after paying freight, commissions and
other charges, about 7 cents per pound
for middling cotton. rhis should not
be regarded a very tempting price.
since it has been exceeded during every
calendar year with only one exception
"Should the farmer sell now for de
livery next fail or winter and prices be
fore then should advance from any rea
son, he would have to make a deposit
of money cqual to the advance, and
the raising of this money might prove
inconvenient and expensive. If the
farmer should sell more than his crop
turned out to be, he would then have
to buy of his neighbors to make up the
quantity. In the event of higher
prices ruling at that time than he had
sold at, he might thus suffer a consid
erable loss, besides having to part with
all of his own crop at a lower price
than his neighbors were receiving.
"If, from the condition of his crop
late in the summer, the farmer should
feel reasonably confident of making 200
bales of cotton, it would be wise, per
bap3, to sell 100 bales for November or
December delivery against his crop if
the price was satisfactory. This would
be safe and perfectly legitimate, and is
frcquently done through Southern fac
"The old adage that a 'shoemaker
should stick to his last,' through very
homely, is nevertheless true in a gener
al way, the exceptions but serving to
prove the rule. A farmer should not
try to be a speculator. His trainirg,
his environment and his facilities are
all against his success and handicap
him in the struggle with men of keener
wits, greater opportunities and less in
"Let the farmer use better and more
scientific methods, studying closely the
needs of his soil so as to get the great
et yield at the least cost of production.
Let him buy nothing which can be pro
duced at home. More careful cultiva
tion and the proper selection and more
liberal use of fertilisers would give far
better results to the cotton growers than
the large increase in aereage which is
now so generally expected."
A Glass of Water at Bedtime
The human body is constantly under
going tissue changes. Water has the
power of increasing these changes which
multiply the waste produces, but at the
same time they are renewed by its
agency, giving rise to increased appe
tite, which in turn provides fresh nutri
ment. If you do not accustom yo ir
self to drink water regularly, you are
liable to have the waste products form
faster than they are removed. Any
obstruction to the free working of
natural laws at once produets disease.
Great weakness and languor on rising in
the morning is generally due to a large
secretion of these waste prodnets, and
the remedy is to drink a tumblerful of
water, eithr hot or cold, just before
retiring. This materially assists in
the process during the night, and leaves
the tissues fresh and strong, ready for
the active work of the next day.
Stuckey Must Do Ten Years
The Supreme Court has rendered
its decision in the Stuckey case. They
affirmed the verdiet of the lower court
and ordered that John H. Stuckey be
sent to the penitentiary for ten years.
In December, 1898, he killed John
Sevier, sh~oting him with a revolver,
at Spartanburg. The shots were fired
in Stuckey's office, where there were no
eye witnesses. The jury, after thor
ougly sifting the evidence and examin
ing the scene of the shooting, pro
nounced it manslaughter. Sevier had
been Stuckey's bookeeper. Mr. Stuckey
has been out on bond since the trial
pending the appeal. He has a large
grocery store and considerable real es
tate in Spartanbuirg and the suburbs.
A Big Elevator Fell.
Thirty persons were 'ujured shortly
after 6 o'clock Wednesday morning by
the falling of a freight elevator in the
rear of the building at 126 Market
street, Chicago, where the victims of
th accident were employed by the
Blakeley Printing company. The men
had ero vded into the elevator at the
top floor. The big elevator had moved
slowly to the third floor when the en
gine broke and the lift, filled with its
mass of agonized victims, crushed into
the basement. None of the injuries
Disasters at Sea.
The steamer Warrimnoo reports thle
utter Espeigle went to pieces on
Ooma reef in Austrailian waters.
Capt. John Castle and 20 longtons were
drowned and a valuable cargo lost.
The French bark Emile Renouf, car
rying 3,700 tons nickel ore, for Glas
gow ran upon an unchartered rock, 80
miles south of Mare island February 6,
sinking immediately. A'. escaped.
Why Is It Sol
In the House debate over the Loud
bill it was shown that "Sapho" goes
through the miils at one cent a pound,
wheras Bibles pay 8 eents.
The Piatform Adopted by the
Democrats of that State.
TEXT OF THE DOCUMENT.
An Income Tax and the Free Coin
age of Silver Demanded.
Porto Rican Tariff
The pltform adopted by the Nebraska
Democratic . Convention, which was
read and endorsed by Bryan before its
adoption, was as follows:
We, the Democrats of Nebraska, in
convention assembled, do hereby reaf
firm and endorse, in whole, and in part,
in letter and in spirit, the platform
adoptcd by the Democratic National
convention bel. in Chicago, 196.
We favor amenrments to the Federal
constitution specially authorizing an
income tax and providing for the elec
tion of Unitel States senators by a
direct vote of the peoiie. We oppose
Eovernmernt by injunction and the
Ilacklist, and ;avor arbitration as a
means of settling disputes between cor
porations and their employees.
We observe with approval the sup
port given by Democrats throughout
the country to the movements looking
towards the municipal ownership of
We favor the principle of the initia
tive vnd referendum w:,erever it can be
We are in favor of liberal pensions to
deserving soldiers and to their depen
dant!; we belicve that names upon the
pensions rolls should not be arbitrarily
dropped, and we believe, as stated in
the last national platform, that the fact
of enlistment and service should be
deemed conclusive evidence against
disease and disability before enlistment.
We are in favor of the immediate
ons;ruction and fortification of the
Nicaraguan canal by the United States.
We condemn the Dingley Tariff law
a a trust breeding and extortion in
viting measure, skillfully devised for
the purpose of giving to a few the
favors which they do not deserve and
f placing upon the many burdens
which they should not bear.
We welcome the opportunity offered
this year to take the Federal govern
ment out of the hands of the Republi
can party, which has abandoned Amer
can ideas and American ideais and, at
he command of corporate wealth, has
plotted against the financial indepen
dence of the individual and now con
templates the nullitication of ihe decla
ration of the American independence.
We pledge ourselves to wage an un
-easing warfare against all the trust
Lhe money trust, the industrial trust
and the international land-grabbing
Instead of a system which would
chain our nation to the gold standard
and comrel it to participate in all the
disturbances which come to European
ations, we demand an American
fnancial system, made by the Ameri
an people for themselves, to be secur
d by the immediate restoration of the
free and unlimited coinage of gold and
silver at the present legal ratio of 16 to
1 without waiting f r the aid or consent
f any other nation.
The Republican administration has
dmitted the gold standard to be un
atisfactory by appointing a commis
sion to solicit foreign aid in restoring
the double standard, and a Republican
onress, even while trying to make the
gold standard permanent, ha~s confess
d judgement against the standard by
ttempting to revive the delusive hope
f international bimetallism.
instead of the system favored by the
Republican party, under which na
tionsl banks are to be permitted to is
sue and control the volume of paper
money for their own profit, we reitier
ate our demand for that financial sys
ten which recognizes the govern
ment's sovereign right, to issue all
money. We demand the retention of
the greenbacks as they now exist and
the retirement of national bank notes
a rapidly as greenbacks can be sub
stituted for them.
We believe that private monopolies
are indefensible and intolerable, and
we conde mn the national administra
tion for its failure to enforce the pres
et law against the trusts or to recom
mend a more effective law.
We favor a State constitution which
will prohibit the organization of a mo
opoly within the State and alto pre
vent aomnopoly organised elsewhere
fom doing business within the State;
but we further believe that congress
should supplement the efforts of the
State by legislation which will require
every corporation, before engaging in
interstate commerce, to show that it
has no water in its stock and that it
has neither attempted in the past nor
is attempoting to monopolize any branch
of business or the production of and
articles of merchandise.
In its plat form of-1860O the Repuolican
party declared that the maintenance of
the principles promu'gated in the dec
laration of independence and embodied
in the federal constitution (viz :That
all men arc created equal; that they
are endowed with inalienable rights;
that governments are itstituted to
secure these rights, and that govern
ments derive their just powers from
the consent of the governed), is essen
tial to the preservation of our repub
lican institutions, but the Republican
iarty, under its present leadership, is
endagering the preservation of re
publican institutions by placing the
dollar above the man in the construc
tion of government, and by violating
the principles that it once declared to
We condemn the Puerto Rican tarif
bill recently passed by a Republican
house of representatives as a bold and
open violation of the nation's organic
law and a flagrant breach af good faith.
We assert that the constitution fol
lows the flag and denounce the doc
trine that an executive or a congress,
created and limited by the constitution
can exercise lawfuil authority beyond
that constitution, or in violation of it.
Believig that a nation cannot long en
dure half republic and half empire, we
oppose wars of conquest and colonial
'he D'lninns cannot be citizens with
out endangering our civilization; they
cannot be subjects without endanger
ing our form of government, and, as
we -are not willing to surrender our
civilization or to convert a republic
into an empire, we favor an immediate
declaration of the nation's purpose to
give to the Filipinos, first, a stable
form of government; second, indepen
dence, and third, protection from out
side interferance, as it has for nearly a
century given protection to the re
publics of Central and South America.
We favor expansion of trade by every
legitimate and peaceful means, but we
are opposed to purchasing trade at the
cannon's mouth with human blood,
neither do we believe that trade secur
ed and held by force is worth the price
that must be paid for it. We are in
favor of extending the nation's influ
ence, but we believe that that influence
should be extended, not by force and
violence, but through the persuasive
power of a high and.honorable example.
We oppose militarism. It imposes
upon the people an unnecessary burden
and is a constant menance. A small
standing army and a well <quipped
State militia are sufficient in time of
peace; in war the citizen soldier should
be a republio's defense.
We bclieve, with Jefferson, in peace,
commerce and honest friendship with
all nations, and entangling alliances
with none, and we regard with appre
hension the doctrine, advocated in
some quarters, that this nation should
in its dealings or diplomacy show
partiality toward any of the European
nations, not because of hostility to
England, but because we believe in the
principles of a republic and reject, as
did our forefathers, the theory of mon
Wu sympathiz with the Boers in
their heroic efforts to preserve their
national integrity. The failure of Re
publican leaders, who four years ago
expressed sympathy for the Cuban
patriots, to feel an interest in the
struggle of the Dutch of South Africa,
shows the paralyzing influence of the
imperial policy to which the admin is
tration is now endeavoring to commit
The Silver Republicans.
Chairman Charles A. Towne, of the
national committee of the silver Repub
lican party has issued a called for a
national convention of the party to
meet in the Co-.tes opera house at
Kansas City, Mo., at 12 o'clock noon
on Thursday, July 4, 1900 to place in
nomination candidates for president
and vice president of the United
States and of such other business
s may properly come up. A
ordial invitation to attend is extended
"to all electors in the United States
who in 1896 lef& the Repulican party
because of the abandonment by that
party of its traditional policy of bime
allism; and also to all present members
)f that organization, which by its adop
ion of the gold standard by its retire
ment ot the greenbacks, by its surren
Ier to banks of the government fune
tion of issuing money, and by its other
numerous acts of recreancy to the prin
iples and traditions of the best days of
the Republican party, have been con
inced that the party of Lincoln no
longer exists, and who are prepared to
recognize the duties of patriotism as
superior to all party obligations."
Dewey in a Downpour.
A dispatch from Macon, Ga., says:
"In a steady downpour of rain Admiral
Dewey reviewed 3,000 school children
of Bibb County Friday morning. The
children stood patiently in the rain for
nearly an hour waiting for the distin
uished visitor. The cadet corps of the
Qordon Institute, of Barnesville, Ga.,
acted as a guard of honor. As the
Admiral passed through the lines
of children the little fellows
yelled lustily, and this was by
odds the most enthusiastic fea
tre of the reception. Onie of the fea
tures of the ride was the enthusiastic
reeting of the students of Wesleyan
Female College, the oldest institution
of the kind in the world. By reason
of the inelement weather other features
of the entertainment were cut short.
Admiral Dewey and party left for Jack
sonville over the Southern at 10.10
For the Usual Crime.
A special dispatch from Richmond,
Va., to The News and Courier says:
"Reuben Griggs, a colored youth, was
hanged Friday at Cumberland Court
House, Va., for a criminal assault on a
little girl of his own race. This is the
first instance of the kind in Virginia, if
not in the whole South, where a Negro
has been legally executed for a crime of
this kind, where the victim was a Ne
gress. Griegs's crime was revolting in
the extreme and for a titne there were
fears of lynching. Friday Griggs's
nerves gave way as Sheritif Adams placed
the rope around his nek. It took five
men to hold the boy up on his feet.
This is the nirst hangirng that has taken
place in Cumberland County in fifty
seven years. There were seventy-five
Neroes around the jail at the time of
For Another's Crime.
Governor McSwveeney Friday par
doned Charles Mills, colored, who was
convicted in Spartanburg County on
the charge of stealing a watch. Judge
Buchanan and Solicitor Sease urge the
granting of the paro 2. it appears
that Charles Mills was confused with
Eugene Mills and that the wrong man
was gotten into the meshes of the law
for the watch stealing and that it was a
case of mistaken identity, the two
brothers looking so much alike that
people could not generally tell the dif
ference between them.
A gold statue of Miss Maud Adams,
nearly six feet high and weighing TOO
pounds, has been made for the Paris
exposition. -The statue will typify
"An American Girl" and is the only
solid gol-1 statue in existence. Miss
Adams was chosen as the model last
summer. The statue is said to be worth
$150,000. The silver statue of Ada
Rehan weighs 2,000 pounds and, with
its gold base, cost $250.000.
Jacob Lorillard has filed a petition
in bankruptcy, placing his liabilities at
$69.327 and his assets at nothing at
all. He declares that he has only $100
in cash, and clothing and personal or
naments worth $200. Mr. Lorillard
admits that he has an income of $40,
000 a year, but says it is barely suffi
int for his needs.
Three Well Defined Cold Waves
Come This Way.
THE RAINFALL VERY HEAVY.
Conditions Were Unfavorable for
Farming Operations, So
Farmer Bauer Asserts.
Below is the monthly bulletin of the
South Carolina section of the United
States weather and crop service for the
month of February, which will be of
special interest to the farmers of the
WEATHER AND CROPS.
The month of February, 1900, was
much colder than usual, with three
well defined cold waves, one on the 1st
of the month, the second on the 18th,
and another on the 26 26th. The cold
est weather of the month generally
occurred daring the second period, al
though at a few places it was coldest
on the 1st. The temperature extremes
were within previously recorded limits.
There were comparatively few days on
which the temperature rose above the
normal, and the average mean was
below. the active crowing point, over
the greater portion of the State.
The rainfall was heavy, and in ex
cess of the normal ameunts, over the
extreme western portions of the State,
where, in places, it amounted to over
10 inches, with gradually decreasing
amounts toward the coast, where there
was less than the usual amount, al
though the deficiency was not large
enough to be harmful.
The weather conditions were unfa
vorable throughout the month for
farming operations, and the severe cold
of the 18th killed much track of all
kinds in the coastal regions. The
ground was generally too wet to plow,
and few, if any, spring oats were sown,
while reports from all sections of the
State indicate that fall sown oats were
badly damaged, espacially on light,
sandy soils. Many such fields will be
plowed up and devoted to other crops.
Wheat withstood the severe weather,
and, although small, remains promis
Over the greater portion of the State
the buds of fruit showed no signs of
swelling, and are probably uninjured.
In the extreme southeastern portion of
the State plum trees began to blossom
on the 10th of the month, but other
fruits, especially peaches, had not be
gun to bloom at the close of the month.
It is believed that the fruit prospects
are as yet unimpaired.
General farm work is later than usu
al. No corn was planted during the
month, and gardening was impracti
cable owing to the coldness and wet
ness of the soil.
In recent years, and the same was
probably true before weather records
were so generally kept, the month of
February has become- noted as the
most variable month of the year. In
some years the entire month is spring
like, mild and balmy. Again the entire
month is cold, wet, cloudy, and windy,
while ether years exhibit in rapid suc
cession the various weather phases pe
culiar to this State in the winter sea
The mean temperature for February,
deduced from varying periods of from
S to 12 years' observations, is 46 3 de
gree-s, or nearly 2 degrees higher than
the mean for January. State means
have been deduced from observations
covering so short a period of tim~e that
it is probable that the extreme varia
tion has not been definitely determined,
only approximately so, by the existing
record, which datesback to 1893. Since
that time February, 1897, was the
warmecst, with a State mean of 50 0 de
grees, and Febiuary, 1S95, the coldest,
with a mean temperature of 37,4 de
The highest maximum temperature
recorded in the past 8 years was 83 de
grees at Gillionsville in February,
1897, and the lowest minimum in 1899
at Santuc and Shaw's Fork, where 11
degrees below zero was noted on the
morning of the 14th.
It is not alone in the matter of tem
perature that the month shows great
variability but also in precipitation,
which for the past 8 years ranged from
a State average of 0.8G of an inch in
1898 to 7. 89 inches in 18)7, while the av
erage amount, or normal, is 4 40 inahes.
Snow is quite common, and there has
been no year since 1893 without some
snow iu the State. The least was re
corded in 1898 when a trace fell at So
ciety Hill, while the year with the
heaviest snowfall was 1895, when 18.5
inches were recorded at Holhnd. Snow
seldom accumulates to any consider
able depth, and rarely remains on the
ground longer than three days, except
in 1891, when~ it lasted about seven
Farm work usually is actively carried
on in this month, especially in the
eastern portions, where lands for cirn
and cotton receive their first prepara
tion, and in some years corn and oats
are planted during the latter part of
February. In the same sections fruit
trees usually begin to bloom and gar
dens are prepared and planted, while
the hardier vegetables are cultivated
on the truck farms. In the central and
western portions of the State little
farm work except plowing is practi
cable, and usually it is too wet to do
much of that.
A Business Womnan.
Mrs. Evelyn Tome, of Port Deposit,
Md., is the only woman in this country
who is the president of two banks. She
is president of the Cecil National Bank,
of Port Deposit, and of the National
Bank of Elkton, the county seat of
Cecil County. She is still a young
woman and has the sole direction of an
estate worth several millions, which
was left to her by her husband, the late
President Hyde of Bowden College,
states the truth pithily in saying:
"Gladstone changed his mind; McKin
ley has allowed his mind to be change d
for him. No man who so acts can
command the respect and confidence of
t he A meriaan penpla."
A HORRIBLE CRIME.
A North Carolina Negro Nearly Wipes
Out a Family.
A dispatch from Raleigh, N. C., says
the most horrible crime in the history
of North Carolina was perpetrated ear
ly Thursday morning near that city,
when a Negro, Tom Jones, commonly
known in the county as "Preacher"
Jones, murdered Ela Jones and her
oldest daughter, Ida Tones, and then
set fire to the beds in which lay the
bodies of the murdered victims and
four others, all children, ranging in
years from a baby one month old to the
largest boy who was not more than five
years of age. The work was done with
an axe, the murderer, according to the
story of little seven-year-old Laura
Jones, who escaped with her younger
sister, deliber'tely and coolly striking
the mother four times and then making
two heavy strokes into the body of the
The house was completely destroyed
by fire and the bodies of the four
youngest children were so frail that
they are now distributed among the
ashes, which alone remain to tell the
story of the conflagration. The dead
are: Ella Jones, the mother, aged 33;
Ida Jones, 13 years of age; Jessie
Jones, 5 years old; Nancy Jones, 3
years old; Clever Jones, two years old;
an unnamed baby, one month old. The
two girls escaped from the fire with
their lives were: Laura Jones, 7 years
old; Sid Jones, 4 years old.
Jones was arrested on the evidence
of the seven-year-old girl, Laura, who
escaped from the burning house after
he was gone. She took with her, in
her arms, her little sister, Sid, who was
sleeping in bed with her and an elder
sister, Ida, who was murdered. They
went to the house of a neighbor, half a
mile away and told what had happened.
Those who went to the fire could see
distinctly the bodies on the bed inside
the burning building, but it was too
late to rescue them. The charred re
mains of the two murdered women were
taken out and buried. The four small
children, except the baby clasped in its
mother's arms had been entirely con
The child Laura is very bright for
her age, and though she told the story
of the murder many times she never
varied from her account of it given
while her home was burning. She
said: " 'Preacher' Jones came to our
house last night about 9 o'clock. I
went to sleep. Then I woke up-moth
er woke me up screaming. I saw
'Preacher' Jones strike her four times
with an axe. Then he came to my bed
and struck sister twice. The blood
flew in my face. After that he struck
a match and set both beds afire and
went out. After he had gone I took
Sid up in my arms and ran out. I car
ried her in my arms all the way to Mrs.
Winter's and told them what 'Preach
er' Jones had done."
Tom Jones denies the murder, but
he does not undertake to explain his
whereabouts at the time. He admits
that he was intimate with Ella Jones,
who is not related to him though she
ears the same name. He says that
hey had quarreled about her charging
im with the paternity of her month
ld child, and this, it is understood,
was the cause of the crime.
Porto Ricans Starving.
A dispatch from Ponce, Porto Rico,
says: "The situation here is now more
serious than at any time before or since
the terrible hurricane. In many
places the poor are starving. The
price of rice, beans and codfish has in
reased from 50 to 100 per cent.
Demonstrations against the delay of
the United States Government in set
ling open questions have recently been
held at Mayaguez, Tacuco. Areeibo,
Aguidallo, Aajardo, Juan D'iaz, Guam
and many other towns. The people are
nabe to understand the delay and
tey condemn all Americans indiscrimi
ately. Bad feeling is arising, which
t will take years to overcome. Even
iots are threatened. Trouble is
most inevitable unless the tension is
elieved. Even wealthly land owners
annot command ready cash and many
mericans are penniless, being glad to
ork for their board."
How to Grow Earthworms.
At the meeting Thursday of the Zoo
ogical club Mrs. W. H. Pinney read
n interesting paper on earthworms:
Isaw seated in a natural history
olume that if a worm should be divided
he anterior part would grow a tail and
he posterior part would grow a head.
took twelve worms and divided them,
lacing the divided parts of each worm
in a separate glass. In less than a
onth I had t wenty-two worms, losing
nly two tail parts. The head parts
ad grown tails and the tail parts had
rown heads. Two weeks ago I divided
he worms into halves and put the four
arts into a glass, into which I placed
arth, but no food, and the head parts
te the tail parts."-Springfield Union.
With Vs all the Way.
With the formation of the coffin
akers' and grave diggers' unions in
hicago, the trusts and the trades
nions will go hand in hand holding up
ankind from the cradle to the grave.
Lhere is a trnst in about everything
eeded in this life, from the rubber
ipple of the nursing bottle to the
asket in which the "late lamented" is
laid to final rest.
A Good Fee.
When a doctor gets a good chance
t a really rich man, he usually "soaks
t to him." In Nice recently a doctor,
or Bergman, performed a compara
ively simple operation upon a Russian
illionair, removing two nerves from
heek. The operation was successful,
and the doctor's bill was $50,000. The
Russian was able to pay, so that was an
ed of the matter
The Appletons in Trouble.
A dispatch from New York says
Justice Bischoff, of the Supreme Court,
lhursday appointed J. Hampden
Dougherty receiver for D. Appleton &
Co, publishers. on the application of
Daiel Pritchard, a stockholder. The
liabilities are $1,100,000. The assets
onsists of stock and outstanding ac
IN HONOR OF DEWEY
Fifty Thousand Peeple Engage in
Demonstration at Savannah.
THE DAY'S CROWNINO EVENT
Was Banquet at DeSoto at Which
Admiral Was Presented With
Silver Vase. Judge
A dispatch from Savannah says "if
ty thousand persons on the street here
Wednesday afternoon gave Admiral
George Dewey as enthusiastic a wel
come as was ever accorded to any pub
lic man anywhere. The admiral had
recovered from his indisposition of
Tuesday sufficiently for him to take part
in the military parade and review ar
ranged in his honor, and as he rode
through the streets with Mrs. Dewey at
his side, ringing cheers rent the air and
waving colors made the scene one to be
There were present and in the par
ade fire military companies from Char
lestoir under command of Maj. H.
Schachet, one or more companies of
naval reserves each from Charleston,
Mount Pleasant and Beaufort, S. C.,
and Brunswick, Ga.; and military or
ganizations from Columbia, Pelser and
Timmonsville, S. C., and Augusta,
Brunswick and Thomasville, Ga.
There were in all 17 out of town or
ganizations. Adding the local militia
there were nearly 4,000 men in line.
The review took place in the park ex
tension where an admiral's salute was
fired by the Chatham artillery, from
brass pieces presented to the organiza
tion by President George Washington.
Business. public and private, was
suspended from noon in honor of Ad
The climax of the occasion oecurred
at the banquet at the DeSote hotel
Wednesday nigh$, where the admiral
was presented with a beautiful silver
vase on behalf of the city of Savannah
by Hon. F. G. DaBignon. The vase
is elegantly engraved and stands nearly
three feet high on a marble base. At
the banquet table Gen. Nelson A.Miles,
who arrived in Savannah Wednesday
evening, too late for the military par
ade, sat next to Admiral Dewey.
While the main function was in pro
gress a committee of 60 ladies enter
tained Mrs. Dewey at a banquet in an
annex adjoining the banquet hail.
Upon the conclusion of the dinner the
ladies were accommodated with- ehairs
in the main room that they might hear
the speeches. Among the speakers
were Judge Emory Speer, of the United
States court, Surgeon General Wyman,
Congressman Brantley, of Georgia, ex
Attorney General W. 0. Smith of Ha.
waii and others.
In speaking to the toast "The Presi
dent of the United States," Judge 3m
ory Speer said in part:
"While the administration of Presi
dent McKinley more than any other
save that of Lincoln, will afford the
historian material at one to attraet, to
instruct and to thrill the students and
readers of the future, it is nevertheless
true that his -Americanism, while
prompt and purposeful in o~nvietion
and decisive iD action, has been cau
tosand conciliatory at home and
abroad. * * * The war was inevit
able. Its results have followed in in
ev'itable sequence. * * * By the
supreme law of the land the Philippine
islands became the territory of the
United States with a title as clear as
that which we have to Florida or to
any foot of that marvelous empire to
the westward of the Mississippi ac
quired by the Louisiana purchase or by
treaty with Mtexico. Who will say
that the president had the power or
right to ignore this duty to the Ameri
can people and to mankind in a terri
tory thus? * * The administra
tion of William McKinley and its greet
achievements will receive proud recom
pense. He will live in history as the
first president who directed the ener
gies of this nation in a great and sue
eassful war beyond the seas. Greater
civic renown may yet be his, but to my
mind the crownmng glory of his life will
be found in those simple words of prof
fered kindly national recognition of
the honor due the sacred ashes of his
once incomparable foes."
This peroration refers to President
McKinley's recommendation that the
graves of the Confederate dead should
be cared for by the nation.
The First Train.
The Seaboard Air Idne Thursday
brought its first train from Portsmouth
to Columbia over the new line from
Cheraw via Camden to that city. The
new line is a direct route and will give
the Seaboard a splendid Florida con
nection as soon as the bridge over the
Congaree river, just south of Columbia,
is finished. The new line is built of
the finest material and heaviest raiL
All the rock ballast has not yet been
put in. Freshets delayed completion
of the Wateree river bridge near Cam
den and the Congaree river bridge near
Columbia, but within a month the Sea
board's trains will be running through
and over the F. C. & P.
Eaten by Cannibals.
The steamer Warrimoo brings from
Dutch New Guineai the shoeking~ ac
count of the devouring of three ofileers
of the steamer General Pell by canni
bals, who caught them while on ,shore
taking photographs. Ernest Wiegan,
one of the party, was wonuded by ar
rows, and while hiding saw the bar
barians tie his his three companions to
trees, cut of portions of their living
flesh and finally roast and devour
them. The Dutch man-of-war Sumatra
is reportad as prepared to avenge the
The Body Pound.
An Atlanta Dispatch says the body
of Kelly Brinsfield, who disappeared
several months ago, was found this
moring under a-house formerly occupied
by him. Brin field, who was a minister's
son, was short several thousand dollars
in his accounts with an insurance com
pany at the time of his disappearance.
The house has been occupied by new
tenants ever since. Brinsfield's young
wife leased it and returned to her