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VOL. XV. __MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL11190NO5.
PORTO RICO BILL
Passes the United States Senate
by a Maj-rity of Nine.
IT WAS A NOTABLE DAY.
Senator Mason Futnished Argu
ment and Amusement. Sena.
tor Wolcott Accused Sena
tor cf Speaking Falsely.
Tuesday of last week was a notable
day in the United States Senate. It
brought to a close the sharpest and
most prolon&ed debate upon any meas
ure since those discussed during the
memorble "war congress," two years
ago. At 4 o'clock Tues-lay afternoon
the votes were begun upon the Porto
Rican tariff and the civil government
bill and the pending amendments, and
in less than an hour later the measure,
about which there nas been so much
contention in and out of congress, was
passed by a majority of 9, the final
vote being 40 to 31. Only committee
amendments were adopted. The par
ticularly notable speeches of the day
were delivered by Mr. Mason of 11li
nois, in opposition to the measure, and
by Mr. Foraker of Ohio, who .eplied to
a brief speech by Mr. Wellington of
Maryland. It was the Ohio senator's
desire to clear up any misunderstand
ing or uiisinformation coneering the
Mr. Mason spoke in favorof the reso
lution of Mr. Wellington, which offers
independence to the Filipinos. and
against the bill poposed by Mr.
Spooner of Wisconsin, conferring au
thority upon the president to govern
the Philippines until congress should
otherwise do it. Incidentally he op
posed the tariff proposed to be placed
on Puerto Rican products. He was op
posed to holding the Philippines, "be
cause under the law of nations we have
not title and never can have complete
title except by conquest of the inhabi
tants. I do not wish the 9,000 000
Filipinos for citizens I do not wish
them for slaves. If we govern them
they must either be citizen or serf
Whether they labor ae our citizens and
equals before the law or whether they
labor as our political slaves, their labor
competes with the labor of our country,
and I am opposed to that. I am for
expansion. I voted for the annexation
of Hawaii, but would never have sent
65,M00 men there to compel them to
accept our tag. In other wordt, I am
against taking any territory by con
quest against a friendly people, and
against taking any territory that brings
a cheap labs of labor in free and open
competition with the class of men and
women who da the labor in this coun
try. He declared that if it was treason
to oppose a war of conquest, te lift un
just taxation, to confer upon a strug
gling peop:e the blessings of lib-rty, to
protect the laboring men -and women sof
this country, then he was guilty. He
said that only by amending the consti
tution could a tariff be levied agaiust
the people of part of the United States
to prevent their trading with the rest of
the Unittd States. 'I beg you," he
appealed, "to cont the cost of auch an
amendment." Speaking of the fever of
war which he said wasupon the admin
istration. Mr Mason said: "Bus as
-we approach the hour when we must
again appeal to 'the judgment of 70,000),
cou) people and the Ares under the pots
of patronage are burning low and the
dangers of disappearing postoffices ap
pear to us like a hideo..s nightmare,
the hour of convalescence approaches,
and we shout to the laboring people of
the county, 'No, no. It is a mistake.'
We have sacrificed the money and the
lives of the people; we have abanduned
the faith with the fathers for laud, but
we will abandon it all rathe~r than for
sake the political partisan doctrine; and
we are saying on both sides of this
chamber-those who have believed in
the permanent government of thePhilip
pine ialand.,-that if our permanent
sovereignty there means the taking into
this oqntry, in competition with our
labor, products of the people there, we
will abandon this kind of expansion."
Discussing the powers of congress un
der the constitution as interpreted in
the light of the provisions of the pen
ding bill, Mr. Mason said "The con
stittution says you cannot make a title
of nobility, but we apply that only to
the States you understand. The dis
tinguishe senator from New York
(Depew) can be the Duke of Ponee, and
not violate the constitution; the dis
tinguished senator from Indiana
(Beveridge) the prince of Puerto Rico;
and the distinguished lawyer who
sought to defend this bill upon an un
constitutional ground (Spooner) can
at least demand the tittle of the lord
chief high duke of the checker board
somewhere in the Philippines, that
they may sit in judgment upon the
laws and upon the people. (Laughter).
Does the constitution say you cannot
make a title of nobility? Yes. Doies it
go to the outside territory ? No. Then
you can make titles of nobility then
--God help the usan who in November
plays that game."
Mr. Culberson of Texas then spoke.
It was his first speechb in the senate.
He characterised the bill as 'indefen
sible, morally, economically and con
The order for 15 minute speeches or
les,. then went into effect. Mr. Clay
of Georgia was the first speaker.. He
pointed out alleged inconsistencies of
the suporters of the pending bill. The
origina' measure was diametrically
opposed in its provisions to the pend
ing bill, pro.viding as it did for a ter
ritorial form of government. .It was
also in keeping with the president's
message for the president had not only
declared for free trade, but he had also
taken a position for a territorial form
of government. "We have been told,"
said Mr. Clay "that the president has
changed his mind, but as for myself
the president can have but one atti
tude." He recognised no message from
the p.resident that was not ifficial, and
-therefore regarded the president fa
vorable to free trade with Puerto Rico
regardless of the assurances of sena
tors and the speaker of the house.
Hoar, the E.pnhliean party was
making such rapid transormations
that he did not feel jastiled in accept
ing Mr. Depe w's egxeetion to get on
the band wagon. Indeed, it did not re
main in one place long enouth to per
mit one to get aboard if so disposed
Mr. Teller entered his protest against
the pending bill. He would vote
against it, because the United States
ought to treat the people of Puerio
Rico as it was proposed to treat those
of Cuba. He believed congresq had
ample power to legiblate for the Parto
Ricans under the Paris treaty. "If we
had.a colony," he said, "we could give
its people either a tardff or free trade."
Mr. Wellington of Maryland. opposed
the pending measure, although he said
he has stood ready to support the first
bill presented t- the senate upon the
subject. That bill he recarded as just
and constitutional. "But," he said,
"the legislative monstrosity now be
fore us trangresses every principle of
national honor, patriotism, good faith
and justice. I am compelled therefore
to part from my colleagues on the Re
publican majority and vote against
Mr. Foraker explained that the
changes made in the bill had been ex
plained again and again. The necessity
for the measure was beyond quibble.
"Did that necessity," inquired Mr.
Tillman,% change the political status of
the people of Puerto Rico from citizens
of the United States to citizens of
"No," answered Mr. Foraker. "That
was not the reason. The reason for
that change was the opposition of
Democratic senators. They maintained
that the conferring of citizenship of
the United States upon the people of
the island was a practical extension of
the constitution over the island."
The bill was then reported to the
senate, the amendments were agreed to
and on an aye and no vote it was passed
by a vote of 40 to 31, a majority of
Following is the detailed vote on the
Yeas-Allison, Baker, Bard, Carter,
Chandler, Clark, (Wyo ); Cullom, De
boe, Depew, Fairbanks, Foraker. Fos
ter, Frye, Gallinger, Gear, Htnna,
Hansbrorigh, Hawley, Jones, (Nev.);
Kean, Kyle, Lodge, McBride, Mc
Comas, McMillan, Penrose, Perkins,
Platt. (Conn.); Pltt, (N. Y ); Pritch
ard, Quarles, Ross, Scott, Sewell,
Shoup, Spooner. Stewart, Thurston,
Wetmore and Wolott-40.
Na) s--Allen, Bacon, Bate, Berry,.
(Montans). Clav. Cockrell, Culberson,
Daniel, Davis (Rep ). Harrison, Heit
feld, Jones (Arkansas), Kenney, Lind
say, Mchaurin, Martin, Mason (Rp ).
Money Morgan. Nelson (Rep ) Pe:ttus.
Proctor (Rep ). Simon (Rep ). Sullivan,
Taliaferro, Tillman, Turley, Vest, Wel
ligton (Rep )-31.
Just b. fore the senate adjourned a
sensatioLal episode occurred, in which
Mr. Wolcott of Colorado accused Mr
Lodie of Massachusetts of uttering that
whieh was "unqualifiedly false." The
difficulty arose over an effort made by
Mr. Lodge to have the Spooner bill
made the unfiihed business This
involved the displacement of the Qua)
case, and the friends of the forwer
senator from Pennsylvania made things
exceedingly lively for half an hour.
A REMARKA BLE CASE.
List of Articles Taken Out of a Man's
The surgeons of the Johns Hopkins
hospital in Baltimore had a remarkable
stomach ease on Thursday. A young
man was placed on the operating table,
and before he had left it his stomach
had been emptied, through the abdomi
nal wall, of the following articles of
One pocket knife.
Two screw eyes.
One small staple.
Twenty-five grains of ground glass.
Seventy-two nails, iron and wire,
measuring from one to one and one
half inches in length.
Nineteen wire nails four inches long,
with large heads.
Seven knife blades-one about three
quarters of an inch wide.
Nine horseshoe nails, four inches
light screws, two and one-half inches
Four brass wthcanwt
catches and stays,
Twelve and one-half feet of three
eighths inch iron chain.
The young man, Arthur Shutt by
name, who will survive the experience.
had extreme difficulty, when he entered
the hospital, in persuading the sur
geons that his stomach carried any such
load. His earnestness, however, and
growing symptoms of nausea, finally in
duced them to operate. From the
medical standpoint interest centers
entirely in the ability of the human
stomach to carry such an extraordinary
burden, but Shutt's own stor-y possesses
exceptional qaalities. He was an ama
teur "magician," and had considerabk
success owing to his cleverness in palm
In hi's performances the young man
was foolish enough to contend that he
made no use of coat sleeves or other
parts of his clothing in making objects
disappear. Some medical students, be
fore whom he exhibited, doubting his
alleged supernatural power, proposed
that he perform while stripped of his
clothing. Stiutt madly assented.
Brought to bay in the nude, the "ma
gician" found that he had but one al
ternative ..o confessing that his art was
merely alight of-hand. That was to
palm the obj.cts handed to him into
his mouth and swallow them. He
chose the alternative, and by skilful
work sueceeded in swallowing~ the en
tire mass of junk without affording the
spectators the slightest suspicion of its
whereabouts He gained their enthusi
astie applause as being a second Hiedd
mann. This was dorne a wee k ago 8at
urday, and it is extraordinary that
Shurt was not inconvenienced enough
by the stomnachacbe to be driven to the
hospital until the next Tuesday, and
then it took two days for him to coa
vince the surgeons that they were not
being imposed upon. The list of arf
tiles listed above was carried in his
stomach, therefore, fire day s. Shutt
se..ns a remarkable fellow, even if his
claims to supernatural powers be de
ALMOST A RUCUSS.
Two Kentucky Representatives
Face Each Other in the House.
A SPICED WORDY DUEL.
Republican's Second Thought
Probably Prevented Serious
Tiouble. The Blue Grass
There was an exciting scene in the
house Wednesday as the climax of a
discussion of the Kentucky situation
when Mr. Wheeler, a Kentucky Demo
crat, and Mr. Pugh, a Kentucky Re
publican, faced each other from oppo
site sides of the main aisle and indul
ged in a wordy duel. Mr. Pugh charged
Mr. Wheeler with misrepresenting cer
tain facts. He was laboring under
great excitement. Mr. Wheeler showed
admirable temper and though quick to
resent the fancied insult awaited the
disclaimer of Mr. Pugh. There was an
air of suppressed excitement through
out the debate. It was the first time
the subject had been broached in the
house and intense interest was mani
fested. The fencing was sharp and
brilliant. The following is the inci
dent in detail:
Mr. Bkreing of Kentucky, who fol
lowed with a general political speech,
aroused general interest by discussing
the Kentucky situation. Holding the
light of civilization before the world as
the United States were doing, were we.
he asked, willing to see the torch of
liberty extincuished at the birthplace
ot Abraham Lincoln and the home of
Henry Clay. So far as the Goebel
election law of that State was concerned,
he said, the people of Kentucky would
be glad to change places with Puerto
Rico or Hawaii. They were not asking
for federal interference, they were ask
ing simply for a fair election law. He
gave notice that if necessary to get rid
of the Goebel law he wuld ask for the
passage of the federal election law.
"I will not appeal on behalf of the
colored race or of the Republican par
ty," said he, 'but for a general election
law which will enable the federal courts
to reach out and determine the validity
and constitutionality of the election
laws of the several States."
Mr. Wheeler of Kentucky replied in
a fiery speech. He admitted that the
situation was humiliating to every
Kentuckian but had hoped that it
would not be ventilated here. He eu
logised the Goebel election law. He
would not contend that the dominant
party bad not taken advantage of its
power in districting the State. It had
done so, following the tactics of the
domiant party in most of the States
rhe threat of a federal election law,
he said, was used to terrorize the Dem
Mr. Boreing disclaimed any intention
of theatening the Democrats, but said
the law must be re pealed.
"It will never be repealed," retorted
Continuing, Mr. Wheeler said that
"all the fuss was being kicked up in
Kentucky by fellows who were trying
te hold office in defiance of the courts
whose mandates they refused to obey."
Mr. Wheeler thea became involved
in the controversy with Mr. Pugh.
"The election commission did not
declare Taylor governor of Kentucky,"
said Mr. Wheeler. "They said that on
the face of the returns he had the ma
jority. but that it bore such unmistak
able evidence of fraud that if they had
the right they would go behind it and
kick him out, as the legielature did."
"I1 do know that some of them tried
to pave the way for the contest." re
plied Mr. Pugh, hotly, "that was after.
wards, waged on partisan lines in the
legislature to the disgrace of our com
monwealth and to the disgrace of you
as a citizen thereof. (Applause on the
"That is the gentleman's opinion,"
retorted Mr. Wheeler sarcastically. "I
would rather be disgraced, Mr. Chair
man, at any time by taking my lot with
the Democrats of Kentucky t..an to be
identified with the men who took the
life of Gov. Goebel of that State."
(Applause on the Democratic side )
"Are you quite certain that the men
who took the life of Goebel could not
e carried to your own ranks rather
than to the Republican Darty in Ken
tucky?" asked M1r. Pugh, livid with
excitement, amid dernsive laughter on
the Democratic side.
"Nobody believes that," shouted
some one on the Democratic side.
'Do you say nobody believes that?"
asked Mr. Pugh, facing the Democratic
side. "Was not a more bitter contest
waged against Mr. Goebel in that State
by his own party than was waged in the
Republican ranks? Was he not de
nounced more from every stump in the
State of Kentucky by Democrats than
Mr. Wheeler-That is true, Mr
Chairman. (Applause on the Repub
lican side ) It has been the fate of
every great man who was true te the
interest of the people, to incur the im
placable hostility of hirelings an~d cor
ruptionists, it matters not where he
has been. (A pplause on the Democrat
ic side ) And the worst element of
the Democratic party did assail him,
but thank God he reeeived 192 OQI)
votes, 303,000 more votes than were ever
given to a Democratic candidate for
governor in Kentucky before. That
shows whethe-r or not he was close to
the pe ople of the State of Kentucky.
Mr. Pugh-How many votes did Gov.
Tay lor receive?
Mr. Wheeler-That is a question
that nobouy but the Repubilican leader.
and God Almighty wili ever kno4, in
my opinion. I dccline to be interrupt
Mr. P'ugh-If you will only state the
Mr. Wheeler-The gentleman cer
tainly does not mean to insituate that
I tate any thing else.
Mr. Puen continuing-If you will
state the facts. Yes I do state that
when you state that the Kentucky elee
tion law is identical with the Ohio
election law, that you utterly misrepre
sent that law.
Mr. Wheeler-I say it is similar in
.1 anta aneddentical inmany. Da
I understand the gentleman to say my
statemlent is false?
Mr. Pugh--If you mean that to be
true, I say .peaking advisedly, I will
use a milder term and say that you
greatly misrepresent facts. I do not
say you intentionally do it. and I must
attribute it to a lack of knowledge.
Mr. Whecer-I want the gentleman
to be a little more careful in what he
says in this matter. I do not care to
have the gentleman insulting in his re
marks. I hope it is not so intended.
Mr. Pugh-Surely you do not take
it in that way. It is not so intended.
Mr. Wheeler-I did not think so.
Having accepted Mr. Pugh's dis
claimer, Mr. Wheeler then reviewed
the history of the whole controversy,
step by step, and declared his readiness
to abide by the decision of the court of
last resort in the gubernatorial issue.
In conclusion Mr. Wheeler assured
the members who had crowded about
during the excitement and the packed
galleries that there would be no blood
shed in Kentucky.
THE JANITOR SKIPPED.
The Custom House Liquor Case 3
The Special Agent of the Treasury
Department that was sent to Charles
ton to investigate the charge that con
traband liquor was stored in the United
States custom house, has been doing
his duty faithfully.- In fact so faith
fully that James O'Brien, the janitor
of the custom house resigned and skip
ped for parts unknown. He will be
carried back to Charleston and forced
to tell what he knows about the stor
ing of liquors in the custom house.
This decision has been reached and
O'Brien will be arrested, if the depart
ment of justice can place its hands upon
him. In order to arrest him, the de
partment has sent out instructions to
postmasters, rcquiring them to report to
the department the whereabouts of
O'Brien if he can be located by the
postoffice address. The authorities
seem determined to find O'Brien and
make him cast additional light on the
violation af the custour house rules and
regulations, which 0 Brien has as
sumed, it is said, for the protection of
those high in authority. The inves
tigation is proceeding and Special
Agent Macatee, assisted by the dis
tric& attorneys, will soon reach the bot.
tom of the case, when his report will
be forwaided to Secretary Gage and
an important and interesting announce
ment can be expected.
That is a remarkable state of affairs
developed in the Charleston custom
house by the search of the building b
the State constables and the United
.'rates inspector says. the Auderson
%Ail. Plenty of evidence wai found
which pointed to the fact that the
custom bouse was being used as a
wareheuze by "blind tigers"' to store
their liquor in, and it points irresisti
bly to the concalsion that the collec
tor of the port and other officials there
were leading themselves to the "blind
tigers" to aid them in violating a law
of the State. It is a shameful piese of
business and reffcts anything but
credit on these officials. Charleston
has been notorious for her disregard of
a law of the State but it almost stag
grs belief that high oficials, sworn
officers of the United States govern
ment, should attempt to screen law
breakers. And what a "toney" official
the government has there in the per
son of that fellow who has to have fif
teen gallons .of rum every three weeks
for bathing pur:'oes. It isas much as
most men can affored to pay the water
rents for bathing purposes but this
fellow can afford to bathe in rum at
$5 or $6 a gallon. His carcass must be
a precious one. The United States
government ought to have a thorough
cleansing out of that Augean stable.
But will it do it? We shall see.
Why He Left.
A dispatch from Athens, Ga., says
the experts appointed to examine the
Athens Exchange bank have completed
their investigations of the books of the
bank and Gond Benedict, the cashier
who disappeared several months ago,
over $11.000 short. It will be remem
bered that the last seen of Benedict
was at Greenville, S. C. An hour or
so after he arrived there on Tuesday
afternoon. May 23 last, he walked out
of the Mansion house, where he had
registered, as if to go to a livery stable
to make arrangements for a team to
carry him to a neighboring cotton mill.
This was the last seen of him. His
two brothers went to Greenville and
made a two week's search for him in
that and neighboring counties. It was
not known then that the cashier was
short and his brothers rejeicted sugges
tions of the kind wit h scorn and indig
nation. All aorta of wild stories em
bracing supposed dlews were circulated
from day to day. For almost two solid
weeks the newspapers in this State and
Georgia contained leading articles con
cerning the disappearance. Then thae
brothers gave up the search and people
settled down to the theory that first
suggested itself-that Benedict had
run away because he was short.
A Bad Record
A short time ago Attorney General
Bellinger compiled a statement show
ing for the past seven years the number
of cases in wthich the charge of murder
was presented, the number tritd.
the number of defendants dis
missed and the number found guilty
of murdetr. Here is the table,
and it is interesting in view of the re
tarks of Judee Benet in the court at
Columbia on the subject of homicides
'and the detestable practice of carrying
Yar. Charged. mi-d. Tried. Guilty
1893. .'. 134 23 111 35
1894...141 44 97 45
1895......24 27 177 66
187...-..27. : 30 217 69i
1898.....24 48 216 1o61
1599.... 21 35 1b6 1031
TotaL. .1408 252 1,156 476
Why the People Like Him.
The Savannah Press says: "General
Weaver is endeavoring to induce Colo
nel Brian to drop the 16 to 1 idea, but
he might as well try to stop Niagara
Fails." Commenting on the above the
Augusta Chrenicle says: "That is just
what the people like about William J.
Bryan. He is honest and ho has the
coma of his aanvictions."
AN UGLY CASE.
The Awful Cruelties Practiced in
Our Phosphate Mines.
AN EARNEST APPEAL
Facts About a System That the
Legislature Will Doubtless
Be Asked to Abolish
The system of labor in the phosphate
territory in this State, which has often
in past years given rise to complaints
of vigorous character, and has brought
to light many ugly crimes, is the sub
ject of another exposure, the particular
case being that of the murder which
the governor had, the sheriff of Colle
ton couity to investigate recently. The
State says Thursday the following was
received by the governor from the
Italian consular agent at Charleston:
To His Excellency, Gov. M. B. Mc
S weeney, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: In accordance with a re
quest of the Hon. G. Branchi, consul
general of Italy in New York, I have
the honor to hand your excellency an
affidavit sworn to before him in New
York city on March 30th ult. by a la
borer recently escaped from the phos
phate mines of Pon Pon, S. C.
This laborer above stated was work
ing with the contractor Catello Pizza,
who is the same party of whom I had
occasion t.o complain to your excellen
cy in my letter of March 10th ult.
I pray your excellency that you will
take whatever steps you deem necessary
to alleviate the sufferings of these hu
man beings who are so unfortunate to
be working under such tyranous con
I am very anxious to transmit to the
consul general in New York the result
of the investigation of the liomicide
committed on Feo. 26ih ult., at this
pho.phate camp made by the sheriff of
Colleton county by your direction, and
I pray your excellency to send me a
copy of the sheriff's report. I have the
honor to be,
Your most obedient servant,
Consular Acent of Ltaly.
The affidavit referred to reads as fol
I, undersicned, Nicola di Benedetto,
a native of Ro,,easieura, (ia) actuall3
iving at New York, 73 Uiulberry street,
being duly sworn, makes oath and de
ulares as follows:
On November 8th ul. I contracted
with Catello Pizzo to go to South Car
oina and work on the phosphate
mines. I was at work at piece work
Pizzo assured me that 1 could make $2
a day We arrived at Charleston Nov
1th, and went straight to Pen Pon. It
was not long before I discovered that
the work was so hard that we could
arely make 30 cents a day, that is
jst as much as Catello charged us for
board. He used to take the checks
from the company, get them cashed
and give us an account from which it
appeared that we were always in debt
with him. So we had to work for
nothing. We were housed in a wooden
shanty. Pizso had seven or eight
guards, all armed with guns, pistols
and knives. If we complained of any
thing we were beaten with sticks and
threatened with death. At night the
guards stood before the door of the
house with arms to prevent any of us
from getting away. It was nothing
but imprisonment. In the daytime the
guards were always on the works to
prevent escapes. If any of us got sick
we were forced to work under penalty
of beina; beaten.
I do net remember on what day, one
of the men, I do not know his name.
said that he was sick; in fact he had
the fever and could not stand on his
feet. Ocie of the guards, Demenico,
came to order him to the works- A
dispute arose and without the slight
est provocation the guard, Demenico,
shot at the man and killed him in
stantly. That happened in my presence
and the presence of many others. The
guard was spirited away by Catello
Piso. who was present at the shooting.
The guard tried to excuse himself by
saying that he had orde'rs to shoot any
body who refused to work.
Unable to stand the suffering any
longer, 1 ran away during the night,
eluding the vigilance of the guards,
on the 26th 27th of February. I walked
all the way here employing 28 days in
the journey. Some times I was able to
steal a ride on freight trains.
Cross mark of Nicola di Benedetto.
Sworn at New York this day March
0th, 1900, before me,
Consul General of Italy.
President Frank Q. O'Neill of the Hi
hernia Trust an4 saving bank of
Charleston has written the following
letter to the governor:
Dear Sir: I understand the Italian
consul, Mr. Settil, is urging von to
take steps to prevent, as far as you are
able, the inhuman treatment that has
in the past characterised the methods
eployed in the phosphate digging sec
tion of the State.
Personally I know something of these
methods, which are~ a disgracze to the'
iiii tion oIf the country. I trust
yO ou ill be able to see your way, by
I. gidlation or other vise, to change the
pr esent syst em and to aid t he Italian
cnsul in his very praiseworthy object
of benelitting his coju'irywen. With
my regards, I am Yours mrily,
F. Q. O'Neill.
A Queer Murderer.
Tfhunday Fred Kettlehake drove to
the carb in front of a saloon in Vir
ginia avenue, near Washington street,
Idianapolis, Ind., lited a Winchester
rile to his shoulder and fired into a
roup of men entering the saloon. The
hots went wild except one, which
struck Lewis Kraus in the back of the
head. Kettlehake then drove to North
Liberty street -called Fred Sinion, at
groceryman, outside emptied a load
from the gun into Simon's abdomen.
he wonnd is fatal
Judge Benet Deals With It As With
Judge Benet, presiding in the court
of sessions, Wednesday made an exam
ple of a bicycle thief, and had some
thing to say about this particular crime
which is now becoming so frequent
that will doubtless tend to deter crimi
vals from stealing bicycles-the horse
that I most every business man now
uses in his daily work.
Tobe Foster, an ex convict, a strap
ping young negro with a forbidding
countenance, a short time ago carried
away two bicycles from the lobby of an
office building, stealing one late at
night. He took the machines into the
country and sold them. Two indict
ments were handed out against him, the
wheels having been recovered. The
grand jury returned a true bill in each
Wednesday afternoon he was placed in
the dock and entered a plea of guilty
in the first case. He was ordered to
stand and receive his sentence.
"Tobe, you say you took the bi
cycle?" asked Judge Benet.
"Can you ride a bicycle?"
"Did you ride this bicycle away?"
Tobe said he had done so.
"Where did you carry it?"
"About four miles into the country."
"Did you sell it?"
"For how much?"
"I almost gave it away."
Judge Benet paused and then he ad
dressed some remarks to the prisoner
that are applicable to all such cases.
He told him that the stealing of a bi
cycle in this age was a more heinous
offense than the stealing of flour or
some other commodity of like value;
it was the theft of that upon whieh the
thief could ride away. It was close
akin to the stealing of a horse-the
same principle was involved, and this
offense was regarded not so long ago as
heinous enough to warrant hanging.
Bicycles had to be left here and there
in the run of business. No man could
.fford to have a guard stand by every
time he left his bicycle; bicycles were
not to be nursed like babies. The
crime was such therefore as to merit
,evere pucishment, not only for the
wffence itself, but in order to deter
others from committing like offenses.
Ile then sentenced Foster to term of
three years on the chaingang or in the
pentitentiary. LEter Foster entered a
plea of guilty in the second case against
him, and was given an additienal sen
tence of two years, thus sending him up
for a period of five years.
There was a murmur of approval
throughout the court room.-Columbia
DEWEY A DEXOCRAT.
At Least That It What He Said
Admiral and Mrs. Dewey arrived at
Philadelphia Thusday afternoon and
attended the second concert in aid of
the families of the soldiers and sailors
who have lost their lives in the Philip
pines. This is Admiral Dewey's fihst
visit to Philadelphia since his return
from the Philippines. The box c
cupied by the admiral and his wife at
the concert was decorated with the
national colors. In various parts of
the accademny were stationed details
from the League island navy yard, sail
ors from the receiving ship Richmond
and veteran jackies from the naval
home, all in dress uniform, in honor of
the head of the navy. A number of
young society women attired as Red
Cross nurses sold programmes.
On returning to the hotel the admiral
gave an interview to a dozen newspaper
men. He said he was glad to receive
the reporters, but adied that he had
nothing to say. At this moment Mrs.
De wey joined her husband in the recep
tion room, and after introducing her, he
said: ''Mrs. Dewey will talk," to which
she replied, with a smile, that "The
admiral has a mind of his own; he
thinks for himself."
"Are you correctly reported to be a
Democrat?" the admiral was asked, and
after a moment's hesitation he replied:
"Yes, I think I can answer that; yes,
I am a Democrat."
"If the Republicans nominate Mc
Kinley and the Democrats name Bryan
for the presidency, would you run in
"I wont answer that."
"The Democratic convention of
Pennsylvania has just endorsed Bryan
for the presidency1" was suggested by
one reporter, to which the admiral re
"Pennsylvania usually goes Republi
can, doesn't it?"
Several questions in quick succession
as to any conference between him and
Grover Cleveland, Wtu. C. Whitney, or
any other political men of prominence
were ans *ered with the same phrase,
"I came here to attend the concert."
One reporter asked the admiral who
would manage his campaign if he en
tered one, and he laughingly replied:
"I don't know. How would you like
the job? I would probably need a
bright young man."
Changed It to Suit.
Senator B. veridge sent out his
speech on the Porto Rican tariff prior
to the date upon which it was to be de
livered, and when the time came did
not make the speech. He subsequent
ly mads another, in which there were
important changes from the original
speech sent out The Democrats in
indiana have the original speech, how
ever, and propose to use it in the camt
paign to show what were the senator's
real sentiments and how he was oblige:i
to abridge them a: the dictation of
Bryan the Man.
The New York Journal Thursday
telegraphed Gov. MoSweener as fol
"Will you kindly wire The Journal
today at its expense your opinion of
Dewey's announcement and what effect
it will have on De~mocratic convention."
The gover nor's ans~ver was: "Doa't
think Dewey's candidacy anmounts to
anything serious. Bryan will undoub t
ly receiv~es the unanimous support of
aln onther States."
ATTZMPT AT ASSASSINATION.
AnAnckist Shoots at the Prias of
A sensational attempt to assassinate
the Prince of Wales was made at a rail
road station at Brussels, Belgium Wed
nesday by Sipido, a young anarchist,
who fired two shots, but the prince
escaped unharmed. The wouldbe assas
sin was immediately arrested. The train
bearing the prince was just pulling'out
of the northern railway station at 3:35
when Sipido jumped upon the foot of
the prince's saloon car, aimed his re
volver at his royal highness and fired
twice. Hearing the shots the station
master rushed to the scene and knocked
down Sipido's arm as the latter pre
pared to fire a third shot, while by
standers rushed up and threw them
selves on the prince's assaliant. In the
confusion, another man, who was inno
cent, was seized, roughly handled and
beaten. Intense excitement prevailed
for the moment as it was feared that the
prince had been hit, the shots having
been fired almost point-blank. The
railway carriage door was hastily
thrown open, and great relief was felt
when the prince himself appeared at
the window unhurt. Both the prince
and princess, however, had a very nar
row escape. The policeman on duty
took Sipido in charge. The latter ap
peared proud of his exploit and seemed
quite calm. Sipido told the authori
ties that he lived on the Rae de la
Forge, at Saint Gilles, two miles south
of Brussels. After the Prince of Wales
had ascertained that the man who fired
the shots had bean arrested he declared
himself and the princess uninjured and
the train immediately started. An
eye witness days that the train was
already in motion, and when the en
gineer heard the pistol he shut off
steam, applied the brakes and stopped
the train. As the train restarted after
Sipido's arrest, the public loudly
cheered the prince, who acknowledged
the demonstration from the.car window.
The prince appeared qaite unaffected
by the incident. He asked whether the
revolver was loaded, and on being in
formed in the affirmative, smiled and
begged that the culprit might not be
treated too severely. When examined
by the station officials Sipido declared
he intended to kill the Prince of Wales
that he did not regret his action and
that he was ready to do it again if given
a chance to do so. Subsequently he
declared he wanted to kill the prince
"because he caused thousands of men
to be slaughtered in South Africa."
The would-be assassin is a tinsmith, a
resident of Brussels, 16 years of age.
His pockets were found to be fall of
anarchist literature. He has a round,
boyish face, black eyes and dark hair.
At the examination before the magis
trate it was ascertained that he had
purchased a penny ticket in order to
reach the departure platform, where he
walked up and down quite a while,
while the prince was promenading. An
examination of Sipiod's revolver showed
that four chambers had been discharged
but that two of the cartridges had
missed fire. The weapon is of the
cheapest six- chambered description.
Doctors and Pharmacists.
The commencement exercises of the
South Carolina Medical college were
held Tuesday night at the Academy of
Music, Charleston, in the presence of
a crowded. house. Forty-three young
men graduated in medicine and seven
in pharmacy. The gradgates are a
parnicularly bright set of physicians
and druggists. Five of the graduating
class in medicine were thrown on the
examination and were not allowed to
graduate. The following were the
graduates in medicine:
W. B. R. Ackerman, R. L. Anderson,
J. A. Ball, W. H. Breland, A. H.
Brown, A. W. Burnet, J. F. Carroway,
A. Coward, J. 8. DesPortes, E. M.
Dibble, J. D. Dolan, C. H. Do Rant, B.
A. Elzas, S. B. Fishburne, J. W. Floyd,
J. P Galvin, L. L Gregory, J. T. H sy,
Jr., W. C. Hemmingway, D. J. Hy
drick, L. H. Jennings, A. K. Johnson,
P. B. Kell, L. Keiley, F. M. Lander,
W. L. Linder, John Lyons, H. L. Ly
nab, J. S. Matthews, Willham Masyck,
P. V. Mikell, J. W. Nance, Mr. L
Parler, G. M. Pate, Phil Priolean, T.
M. Rivers, J. T. H. Turen. A. C. Wild
hagen, W. C. Twitty, M. Smathers, B.
F. Sloan, J. J. Dominick, J. W. Doug
The first six honor men were: J. A.
Ball, first; A. Coward, second; E. M.
Dibble, third; John Lyons, fourth; M1.
L. Parler, fifth; J. J. Domninick, sixth.
The graduates in pharmacy were: J.
E. Arant, G. A. Devineau, R. T. Good
ale, J. B. Hyde, Jr., L Little, S B.
Mitchell, F. Sawyer, J. Van Landing
ham, J. M1. Green, M. D., W. S. Lynch,
M1. D., 8. F. McGregor.
Mr. Mitchell and Mr. McGregor
came out first and second respectively.
The Stokes Free Delivery Bill.
The Nashville Amierican says: The
bill providing for.the free delivery of
mail along star routes introduced into
the House by Congressman J. W.
Stokes, of South Carolina, deserves
favorable consideration. The bill makes
it the duty of mail carrires on star
routes to aeliver free of charge to the
persons addressed any mail entrusted
c> the care of the carriers by postmas
ters. It also requires that carriers
must take up and place in the post
office mail given thenm by persons along
te route. The only requirement of
the persons who wish to take advantage
of the act is to put up boxes in a con
venient place and to give the postmas
ter instsuetions as to the proper mail
box at which they desire their mail de
posited. The Second Assistant Post
master General. Mr. Shallen berger,
warmly indorses the bill, and in Mr.
Stokes' own State, South Carolina, the
Psoffiee Department has tried the ex
periment of advertiseing for contracts,
rith and without providone that een
trators should deliver the main free
along their routes wherever farmers
should erect boxes, and the difference
in the cost for the improved service for
he entire Saste was j ound to be only
6,600O. The passage of the bill would
e a boon to every farmer in the couo-1
cry. It would bring them in closer
ouch with the outer world and its
adfairs, and would be a benefit all
ound- The only objection raised to
its passage, that it would inaerfere with
the pleasure farmers tak~e in going
ftr the mal, 18 tnn puerile to warat
liE IS A CANDIDATE
Dewey Has Rescinded His Adio
He Says Nothing About His Po1
tics But Announces Him
self In the New York
A special to the New York World
from Washington says: Admiral Dewey
authorizes The World to announce to
the American people that after natuze
reflection and in response to the esra
est entreaties from all parts of the
country, his former decision not under
any circumstances to ran for the preui
dency is rescinded.
A World correspondent saw the .
miral at his home at 6 o'clock last eva.
Admiral Dewey said: "I realise
that time has arrived when I mast de
fnitely define my position.
"When I arrived in this country la's
September I said then that nothing.
would indce me to be a eandidate fer
"Since then, however, I have had
the leisure and inclination to study the
matter and have reached a diferent
conclusion, inasmuch as so many ass=x
ances have come to me from my cosa
trymen that I would be acceptable as a
candidate for this great offie. If the
American people want me for this high
office I shall be only two willing .te
"It is the highest honor in she gif9
of this nation; what citisen would re
"Since studying this subject I an
convinced that the o5ce of president
is not such a very difficult one to All,
his daties being mainly to execute the
laws of congress.
"Should I be chosen for this exalted
position I would execute laws of ou.
gress as faithfully as I bave alwavs e*
coated the orders of my saperiors.
Admiral Dewey did not state what
party's nomination he would acoept
The reporter asked:
"On what platform will you stand".
And the admiral replied:
"I think I have said enough at tis
time, and possibly too mach."
China Head the List With ight Ea.
dred Thousanda Year.
Though the aspects of suicide vary
from year to year, says the Chisg
Tribune, there can be little doubt thah
self-murder is gradually increasing in
the United States. From 1890 to 1895,
the number recorded each year was be.
tween 5,000 and 6.000; from 1895 to
1900 the figares were between 6 00
and 6,500 Dr. Jastin Herold, of New
York, states the Tribune, has writtens
book in which he gives the details of,
3,431 suiaides in that city in a givet
period. The Germans head he list.
Those born in the'United States come
next. The other nationalities in the
list come in the following order: Re
sians, French, Austrians, Itaiins,
Swedes, Norwegians, English, Scotek
and Irish. It is somewhat ramiarkable
that Dr. Herold in his book nowhere
discusses the proneness of his own pro-.
fession to self-murder. The number
of physicians who commit suicide evary
yearis larger than that of all other pres
fessional persons combined. "The
total number of persons sommttingsui
cide every year.in the United Sses
seemts large, but in proportion to paps
lation it is smaller than the number in
Eagland, France, Germany, Scas
dinavia, Russia or any of the northera.
European countries. The. southera
countries, for some mysterious reasel,
cling to life more tenaciously, perhapt
because with them life is not is aet se
strenuous and difficult. The couatry,
however where the value of life is least
considered is China. Tnue R1ev. Job.a
Graham, of the Cnina Inland Mission,
states in the Missionary Review of the
World that in the provinceof !a-Naa,
where he is located, having a papiala
tion of 5,000,000, the average number
of suicides is 1,000 a month.- Dr..
William Park, an expert on this sub
jeot, says that in the whole of Jhina
there are over 800,000 deaths by sauieide
each year, of which one foarth are ea
mitted by the use of opia as a pa
A Family Tragedy.
A sensational family drama wa re
cently enacted in Vienna, Austria. A
man, formerly a factory owner, named
Dominic Lang, poisoned himself and
four daughters. The eldest was 26
years old and the youngest 16. The
eldest died at once and the three others
suffered severe internal injuries, from
which they are not likely to recover.
The daughters drank prussi aid alto
gether after the father had raised his
glass to his lips. In the house a note
was found entitled "Oar last wish."
In this was written, "We recommend
our last earthly possessions our two dogs
to the care of a friend of the family.
The course of the tragedy is believed
to lie in the fact that Lang reestly
lost his fortune.
The big auditorium in.Kansas City,
Mo., where the Demiocratie conventuom
was to meet on July deb, was totally
destroyed by fire Wednesday afternoos.
Osly the foundations are lefs. Tea
dwellings were gutted. The Central
Presbyterian church was ruined. The
loss on the hall is $ 150,000 and on the
other buildings $200,00D. Ten mia
utes after the fire started wealthy ciii
sens began raising funds to rebusid the
auditorium and $25,000 was guickly
raised. L ia believed the fall anosat
will be raised shortly.
The Atlanta Journal says it has never
been an admirer of Ben Tillman, but it
ianot refu~se him its compliment upon
the superb manner in which he squashed
the strutting litle Spooner, of Wiseen
siu last Monday. TIhe little boy the
:alf run over was the perf'iction of corn
aosure and self-assurance as compared
ith Spooner after T?ilnaaa had daged
1im faur or five times.