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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, May 02, 1900, Image 1

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VOL. XV. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 2,
G00D MEN AND TRUE
The New State Board of Educa
tion Appointed
BY GOVERNOR McSWEENEY.
Brief Sketches of the Men Chosen
by th:, Chief Executive to
Se've Upon the
Board.
The appointment of the members of
the new State Board of Education,
which will be charged with the impor
tant work of making the adoption of the
school books, was made by Gov. 31c
Sweeney on Wednesday. In speaking
of the matter the governor yesterday
said that he realized there was great in
terest taken in these appointments in
all parts of the State and he had had it
under consideration for some time, and
had given much thought and attention
to them. He had a great many names
before him and bad carefully consid
ered the letters that had been written
and the petitions presented in the in
terest of the different men, all of whom
were men of character and ability, but
there were only seven to be named, and,
of course, some good men had to be
named, and, of course, some good men
had to be left off. "The law makes it
my duty to name the board," said the
governor, "and in the selection of the
members I have endeavored to name
men of character and ability and men
who will come to the discharge
of the duties incumbent upon
them without bias or prejudice, and at
the same time men representing the
different educational interests in the
State. My purpose has been, in the
discharge of this duty, to keep an eye
single to the best interests of the
schools of the State. I have not se
lected all graded school men, nor have
I taken all college men, but I feel that
I have selected men of education and
character, of judgment and discrimina
tion, and men who have the best inter
ests of the schools and the children of
the State very dear to their hearts, and
will discharge the duties incumbent
upon them fairly and conscientiously."
Under the law the governor and the
superintendent of educatien are also
members of the board, the governor
being chairman and the superintendent
of education secretary.
The following are the appointees,
sketches, prepared by one who knows
the men, being given:
First District-Prof. Henry P. Ar
cher of Charleston. Prof. Archer is
a native of Charleston and is 60 years
old. He received his elementary edu
cation at the school of Miss Mary R.
Weyman and in 1849 was sent to the
large and flourishing academy of Mr. B.
B. Carroll and it was here that he en
joyed the classical training of the gifted
and scholarly John C. Della Torre.
In 1854 he entered the college of
Charleston and was araduated with the
second honor of his class in 1858. Af
rer graduation he determined to make
teaching his profession and was en
gaged by Mr. Carroll as assistant teach
er in the academy at which he had been
a pupil. After one year he became as
sociated with the j.ublic schools of
Charleston and from the position of
vice,-principal of the Friend Street
school to the position of superintend
ent of the city schools he has been con
tinuously connected with the city
schools of Zharleston to the present.
He has been a faithful and conscientious
school man for more than forty years
and is still held in high esteem by the
people of Charleston.
Second-Prof. Graves L~. Knight of
Graniteville. Prof. Knight is princi
pal of the Graniteville graded schools,
one of the leading educational institu
tions in the western part of the State.
He is about airty years old and was
educated at Furman university at
Greenville and also of the Baptist Thee
logical seminary at Louisville, Ky.
Mr. Knight has devoted himself to ed
ucation and by his vigor and ability
has accomplished great results in that
prosperous manufacturing district He
had the endorsement of the highest ed
ucational authorities of his section as
well as the earnest appeal of a large
number ot representative citizens for
his appointment.
Third-Prof. J. [. McCain of Due
West. Prof. McCain is about 40 years
old and has spent his entire life in the
school room. He graduated at Erskine
college, Due West; taught schoal for
a few years in Charlotte, N. C., and a
few years later he was elected to the
chair of English in his alma mater and
has filled it to the entire satisfaction
of the faculty and board of trustees for
the past ten or more years. Soon after
taking this chair he pursued a post
graduate course at Princeton and re
ceived the degree of Ph. D. for work
done. He is not only an excellent
teacher, but a hard and close strient
and one who keeps abreast with the
current literature and thought as well
as being familiar with the writings and
thoughts of those of the past. He is a
man of decided Christian character and
positive convictions and yet he is as
gentle and tender as a woman. He is
a staunch member of the Associate Re
formed Presbyterian church.
Fourth-Prof. H. T. Cook of Green
ville. One who dug at Greek roots un
der Prof. Cook's tutelage furnishes this
sketch of him: Prof. Harvey Toliver
Cook was born in old Abbeville long
enough ago to be able to tell remini
scences of the days when he used to gc
fishing on a celebrated creek in that
section. He graduated from Furman
in 1873 with the degree of master of
arts and soon afterwards began his ca
reer as a teacher in the Greenville
Military academy under Capt. John B.
Patrick. A few years later he wai
elected to fill the chair of ancient lan
guages in Furman university and be
continued in this work until the de
partment was divided, the school ol
Greek being left under Prof. Cook's care
while that of Latin was placed in charge
of another, the work having become to<
much for one professor. Since then Prol
Cook has continued to fill the Greel
chair. He is a diligent student of the
classics and is especially well informed
upon comparative etymology but Mlr
wide reading includes eurrent eventr
upon which he keeps thoroughly p n
ed, being a careful reader of the news
papers. Prof. Cook possess a peculiar
sense of humor which often manifests
itself in the classroom to the delight
and instruction of his pupils. As a
teacher he has been notably successful
and has been in the Furman faculty
longer than any other professor save
the venerable dean, Dr. Judson. Prof.
Co)k is prominent in the Baptist de
nomination and though a quiet worker
has done much for the cause of Chris
tianity, being an ordained deacon. He
served several terms as alderman of
Greenville with great satisfaction and
declined re-election.
Fifth-Prof. A. R. Banks of Rock
Hill. P-of. Banks was born in Chester
county 53:years ago of good old Rocky
Creek Presbyterian stock, and after at
tending the old Mt. Zion academy in
its palmy days attended Davidson col
lege, from which institution he was
graduated. He has been a member of
the board of t:ustees of this coillege for
thirty years and his father, who wat at
one time president of the Mt. Zion
academy at Winnsboro, was also a mem
her of the boord of trustees of Davidson
for thirty years. Prof. Banks was
superintendent of the graded school at
Fort Mill for thirteen yerrs. At the
solicit ition of his friends who realized
his ability as teacher and a school man
La roved to Rock Hill and it was
largely through his efforts that the ex
cellent system of graded schools in this
town was organized. He was superin
tendent for four years when he resigned
and moved to Yorkville where he con
ducted the schools successfully for four
years. From there he returned to
Rock Hill where he organized the
Presbyterian High Echool of which he
is now the piincipal. Ilis life has been
spent in the school and he is one of the
most thorough and best equipped
school men in the State. He has edu
cated socres -of the young men and
young women of Yorkville and adjoin
ing counties. It fact his pupils are to
be found in all parts of the State and
they all speak in the highest terms of
him as an educator and an upright
Christiar gentleman.
Sixth Hon. W. A. Brown of Marion.
Mr. Brown is a man in the prime of
middle life. He was born and reared
on the farm, about eight miles from
his county seat. He represents the
connecting link between the ante-bel
lum and post-bellum history of the
State, not being old enough to take
part in the war, but old enough to re
member many of the stirrings and
thrilling events that occurred during
those days. With the aid of his father
he worked out his education. He
entered Wofford in 1870, and grad
uated with the first distinction of his
class in 1874. After leaving college he
taught school for two years in his own
immediate community. His health fail
ing he began farming and has been so
engaged since. He served two terms
in the house and in 1S92 was elected
senator and again in 1896 was elected
by a large majority. His course as
senator has been quiet, consistent and
firm. He has taken considerable in
terest in the cause of higher education
by the State but has given special at
tention to trying to improve the condi
tion of the common schools. He is a
strong advocate of the right of every
child to an education.
Seventh-Thos. M. Rayscr of Orange
burg. Mr. Raysor was born in Orange
burg county about 40 years ago. After
attendsng the high school at Orange
burg he entered Wofford college and
graduated from that institution in 1878.
Two years later he wis admitted to the
bar, and soon rose to distinction in his
profession. Besides having a well
stored mind. Mr. Raysor is an eloquent
speaker, and has been succ4tssful as a
lawyer. He has always been very
much interested in education, and ad
vocated and worked for the establish
mient of a graded school at Orangeburg
when apparently his interest and the
in'.erest of sever al of his most promi
nent clients would have led him to op
pose the movement had he consulted
his personal interest merely. But like
a true citizen, he took a broad view of
the matter, and contributed no little to
the success of the movement to estab
lish the graded school, which is now a
great blessing to hundreds of children
in the city of Orangeburg. Mr. Raysor
was elected chairman of the board of
trustees of the scbool, and held the po
sition for several terms, and is there
fore quite familiar with the doties of
the new position to which he has been
called by the governor. Several years
ago Mr. Raysor marrned Miss Mattie
Rogers, of Darlington county. They
have no children. He is a communi
cant of the Episcopal church. In re
ligious sentiment he is broad and lib
eral towards all denominations, not
only in spirit but with his purse. Or
angeburg county has no citizen that
stands higher in the estimation of her
people than Mr. Raysor. He has on
several eccasions represented them in
the lower house of the legislature, and
could go to the senate this year if he
would accept the nomination to that
place which has been urged upon him
by prominent citizens representing
both the old reform and conservative
factions. But his private interests are
such that he had to decline to aliow
his name used in the primary. He is
modest and retiring in disposition, and
a constant steadfast friend. He stands
just as as well among his fellow towns
men as he does among the people of the
county. He was elected by the peo
ple with two other itizens as commis
sioners ef public works for this city and
the present electric light system and
waterworks were constructed under
their supervision. He will be a valua
ble member of the board to which he
has just been appointed.
A Coincidence.
The Des Moines Register says:
"Siegel, Cooper & Co., will run their
great department stores in Chicago and
New York on the co-operative principle
after May 1, and will give their clerks
pensions as well as grant them a share
of the profits. Down with the 'heart
less corporations."" Commenting on
the above the Columbia State says: "It
is something more than a coincidence
that the head man of this firm supported
Bryan and free silver in 1896."
A Girl Manager
Miss Annie Mitchener, of New Phil
adelphia, Ohio, is said to be the only
young woman superintendent of a rail
road in the world. The road which is
under her charge runs from Canal Do
ver to Unionville, a distance of thirteen
miles, and is owned by her father, Maj.
Manthener.
corn and rice were planted, as well as
potatoes, sorghum, melons and gardens.
The ground was, however, too cold for
quick or favorable germination.
Tobacco in beds grew slowly, and
plants remained small. The prospects
for peaches, plums and other fruits
were not impaired during the month,
and remained very promising. Wheat
and oats grew slowly, but maintained
the stands that were left after the se
vere weather of February.
SCANDALS EXPOSED.
Congressman Moody Tells of Jobbery
in Mail Tube Service
The House Wednesday put its heel
upon the pneumatic mail tube service
now in operation in New York, Boston
and Philadelphia and if its action
stands the whole service will be crashed
out. The postoffice committee had re
commended an increase of the %ppro
pration for this seivice from $225,000
to $725,000. The proposed increase
was attacked by the appropriations
committee under the leadership of Mr.
Moody of Massachusetts with such
vigor and success that in the end
the house voted 87 to 50 to strike the
entire appropriation from the bill.
Mr. Moody oppossed the extension
of the service. If it was entered upon,
he said, it would add in the near future
millions to the already swollen expendi
tures of the postoffice department. Us
ing this item as a text, Mr. Moody
made an urgent plea for retrenchment
in public expenditures. Every branch
of the public service, he said, was ask
ing for its share of the enormous reven
nec. Mr. Moody assailed the whole
history of the pneumatic tube service.
"It is so malodorous from beginning to
end," said he, "that it should die the
death of a dog."
"Smoke the rascals out," cried Mr.
Little, "and we 'on thi4 side of the
house will stay with you."
Mr. Moody said it was not a pleasant
thing for him to exploit the scandal
which had been uncovered by the pos
tal commission of which he was a mem
ber but he considered it his duty to do
so. He declared that former Second
Assistant Postmaster General Neilson,
under whom the first experiments in the
pneumatic tube service were made,
when he retired, accepted from. the
company $1,000 in cash and $10,000 in
stock for his services here during the
succeeding year. What that service
could be Mr. Moody said he could not
imagine. These facts, he said, had been
brought out by the commisssion. John
E. Milholland of New York, he said,
was the president of the tube company.
Mr. Moody's next statement startled
the house and created a sensation. The
tube service, he said, had been con
structed by contractors who took their
pay in stock and bonds. The only as
set of the company was its contract
with the government. "1 regret to
say." continuod Mr. Moody, deliberate
ly, "that one of the principal holders
of those stooks and bonds was a mem
ber of this house and a member of the
committee on appropriations."
"Give his name," shouted Mr. Liv
ingston of Georgia.
"I will not," replied Mr. Moody.
Then he added another sensational
statement to the effect that a large
block of the stock of the concern had
been sent to a near relative of a pro
minent member of the house as a New
Year's gift. "But I am proud to say,"
said Mr. Moody, "that the return mail
carried back that dishonoring and dis
honorable gift." When the applause
that greeted this statement had died
out Mr. Moody appealed to the house
not to endorse "this sort of a transac
tion." Mr. Moody disclaimed any in
tention of reflecting upon the postoffice
committee, which he highly corn
mended. He was especially glowing
in his praise of Mr. Loud, the chair
man of the committee. Mr. Moody
said he had been appealed to by com
mercial bodies to aid in the extension
of this service, but he refused to close
his eyes to his duty in this matter. He
charged that companies in all the large
cities of the country were preparing to
raid congress in behalf of further exten
sion of the tube service.
A Black Fiend.
A dispatch from Greenville says
Jim Martin, a negro, 40 years old,
who has worked at Piedmont some
time and who is well known about the
town, narrowly escaped being the vic
tim of a lynching Wednesday. It is
alleged he attempted to criminally as
sault Ethel McCall, the three-year-old
daughter of L. T. McCall, one of the
leading operatives at Piedmont. Mr.
McCall's friends we:e incensed beyond
control when they learned of the crime,
and it is said at Piedmont that they
would undoubtedly have lynched the
negro had they been given the opportu
nity. As it happened, however, the
Cannon Ball train was late and the
officers who got hold of Martin quickly
carried him around through some back
streets to the depot and were able to
get him in the Greenville jail within a
few hours after the alleged crime was
committed, and out of Piedmont be
fore Mr. McCall's friends were able to
deal out vengeance.
A Sensational Utterance
Allen 0. Myers, of Ohio. responding
to a toast at a banquet at Wichita, Kas.,
Wednesday night created a sensation
by his utterances. He drew a dark
picture. The country was fast racing
to destruction, said he, and Mark Han
na, William McKinley and Great Bri
tain were driving it. Then suddenly
turning toward Mr. Bryan, who had
just finished speaking, the speaker ex
claimed: "You may De elected, sir,
by a million ma jority, but they will not
permit you to take the presidential
chair, Look at the fate of William
Goebel. Men whose pastime is bribery
find in murder an amusement. Ohio
was bought in 1S96, the country was
bought, it will be bought again in 1900
and Mark Hanna's reward for it is a
seat in the United States Senate."
Fifty Filipinos Killed
A dispatch from Manila says officers
who have arrived there from Nueva
Caceras, province of South Camarines,
bring details of a fight April 16, in
which fifty Filipinos were killed. The
American outposts reported 300 na
tives assembled three miles from the
town and General Belh sent three de
tachments of the 45th regiment, with
two Maxims, who nearly surrounded
the Filipinos, a majority of whom were
med. with bolos.
THE HEAVY RAINS.
How They Have Effected the
Season's Crops.
DAMAGE NOT VERY GREAT.
Although the Precipitation of a
Few Days Was Equal to
That of a Normal
Month.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and the
crops of the State issued last week by
Seetion Director Bauer, of the climate
and crop service of the United States
weather bureau. It is of especial in
terest in view of the heavy rains of last
week:
The week ending Monday, April 23d,
was much warmer than usual, iae to
generally higher minimum temperatures
and moderately high maximum temper
atures, which, on the 22d and 23d,
rose to or Above 80 degrees at various
points.
The first day and the last two days
of the week were clear or partly cloudy,
but the rest of the week was cloudy
with light to heavy rains over the en
tire State. The rainfall for the week
averaged about 4 inches, and in the
southwestern and at places in the cen
tral portions, was in excess of 6 inches,
while along the immediate coast it
amounted to about 2 inches. The
week's rainfall was generally in excess
of the normal precipitation for the
entire month of April. The excessive
rainfall delayed planting operations
and they cannot be resumed on clay
lands and on bottom lands for some
time, estimated at a week or ten days.
The damage caused by the heavy
rains was confined principally to the
upper and central portions of the State.
Lands were badly washed and gullied;
bottom lands were inundated or cover
ed with sand and mud; roads and
bridges were destroyed; fertilizers
leached on sandy lands or washed off
the lands; but the rain benefitted
wheat, oats, pastures, truck and gar
dens, and, together with the more sea
sonable temperatures that prevailed,
caused rapid germination of the recent
ly planted seeds.
The preparation of lands for planting
made slow progress or came to a stand
still, thus making an already late sea
son over the western half of the State
still later. Sunshine and dry weather
are now needed.
Early planted and replanted corn is
coming up to average stands, but cut
worms are destructive at places. Late
corn is coming up quickly. Corn plant
ing is nearly finished over the eastern
half of the State, but has not made
much progress over the western half.
Cotton that was planted early in
April is coming up to good stands. The
bulk of the crop remains to be planted.
Lands are not all prepared. Seed is
scarce in places. Sea island cotton is
about all planted.
Wheat is improving and is very.
promising. In places it is heading.
Oats are beginning to ripen in the ex
treme southeastern portions. Tobacco
transplanting has generally begun and
plants are everywhere ready to set out.
Shipments nf peas, beans, radishes,
lettuce and straw'oerries are being
made; white potatoes soon will be
ready to ship. The outlook for peaches
continues promising; pear trees are
blihting; melons, sorghum, sugar cane,
pastures and gardens responded quick
ly to the weather conditions now so
favorable for themn.
THE PAST MONTH!.
The following is the monthly sum
mary for March from the same source:
Temperature, in Degrees Fahrenheit
-The mean temperature for the month
of March, 1900, was 51.6 degrees, which
is 3.1 degrees below the normal. The
higheat local mean was 57 2 degrees at
Beaufort, and the lowest local mean
was 47.0 degrees at Greenville. The
highest temperature for the month was
79 degrees at Charleston and Yemassee
on the 30th, and the lowest tempera
ture for the month was 22 degrees at
Santuc and Spartanburg on the 17th,
making the State range 57 degrees.
Tie greatest local range was 55 de
grees at Walhalla, and the least local
range was 42 degrees at Georgetown.
The mean of the daily maximum tem
peratures was 62.6 degrees, and of the
daily minimum temperature 40 6 de
grees.
Precipitation, in inches-The aver
age March, 1900, precipitation was
422 inches, which is 0.66 above the
normal. The precipitationuwas heaviest
and in excess of the usual amount, over
the western portions of the State, and
was least, with less than the usual
amounts, over the middle eastern per.
tions. The greatest local amount for
the month was 7.58 inches at Green
ville, and the least local amount was
0.98 of an inch at Pinopolis. The
greatest 24 hourly fall was 2.35 inches
at Gillisonville on the 25th. The av
erage number of days with rain was 9,
ranging from 3 at Georgetown and Pi
nopolis to 12 at Charleston.
Snow-A trace of snow was observed
at Santuc on the 16th.
Weather and Crops-The month of
March, 1900, while cooler than usual
exhibited no marked variation from the
usual or typics.1weather for this month.
There were no extremely warm or cold
periods, and frosts were not any more
~frequent than usual, and but little, if
any damage resulted from them, except
in the trucking districts, where the
growth of vegetables was retarded.
The prevailing cool weather prev.ented
too rapid budding and early blooming
of fruit trees, and was, no doubt, bene
ficial to that extent.
There were four periods of general
rains, and the precipitation was in ex
ess of the usual amount for the month,
largely owing to the heavy rainful over
the western counties. The rainfall
in the central portions of the State was
nearly normal, while in the eastern
prtions it was deficient.
The ground was generally too wet to
plow and but little land was prepared
for planting, and no planting was done
in the western half of the State.
Over the eastern half the conditions
were more favorabe for farm work,
and the usual amount of preparation of
land was acomplished, and much
BY ONLY ONE VOTE
The Pennsylvania Boss is Refused
a Seat in the Senate.
SENATOR QUAY IS OUSTED.
His Personal Friend Renigs. The
Vote is So Close that Quay's
Friends Express Surprise
and Astonishment.
On Tuesday of last week Matthew
S. Quay was not allowed to take a seat
in the United States senate on the ap
pointment of the governor of Pennsyl
vania by a vote of 32 to 33. The gal
leries were thronged with multitudes,
while other multitudes were unable to
gain admision.
On the floor of the senate was every
member of the body now in the city
with scores of members of the house of
representatives. The great throng
listened with deep attention to the
brilliant argument of Mr. Spooner in
favor of the seating of the former Penn
sylvania senator and to the Democratic
and fiery eloquence of Mr. Daniel of
Virginia, who appealed to his col
leagues to do what, on his oath as a
senator, he deemed right, and vote to
do justice to him who was knocking at
the senate doors. Mr. Daniel concluded
10 minutes before the hour fixed for
the voting to begin. The excitementin
the senate by this time was intense.
There was a hush in the chamber as
Mr. Frye, in the chair, announced at
4 o'clock that the hour for the final vote
had arrived and that the question was
the pending motion of Mr. Chandler to
strike out of the resolution declaring
Mr. Quay not to be entitled to a seat
the word "not." Amid suppressed ex
citement Mr. Chandler demanded the
yeas and nays and the secretary of the
senate began to call the roll. All knew
the vote would be close. The first sen
sation was caused by the failure of Mr.
Pettigrew of South Dakota to answer to
his name although he was in his seat.
When Mr. Vest's name was called he
voted "no" in a clear, distinct voice,
thus dashing the last hope of the friends
of Mr. Quay, who had expected confi
dently that the distinguished Missou
rian would vote for his long time per
sonal friend.
Mr. Spooner contended for liberal
statesmanship in the case, saying that
the senate should not take the narrow
est conceivable view of its determina
tion of the question. As for himself
neither personal tie nor popular criti
cism would influence his vote, which
should be cast for Mr. Quay.
Messrs. Stewart of Nevada and Tar
ner of Washington followed.
"This is a judicial question,"said Mr.
Daniel of Virginia, "and ought to be
decided upon judicial principles. Upon
my oath as a senator of the United
States, delivering true judgment accord
ing to uqy legal convictions, I declare
I do believe that Mr. Quay is entitled
to a seat in this body and so believing,
I will so vote.
Mr. Danielthen presented a constitu
tional argument in reply to that made
by Mr Quarles of Wisconsin.
In conclusion, Mr. Daniel declared
that Mr. Quay, as the appointee of the
governor of Pennsylvania, has as good
a right to a seat in the senate as had
any senator.
At 4 o'clock the chair announced the
hour for voting had arrived and th'
pending question was Chandler's mo
tion to strike out of the commnitte',
resolution declaring that Mr. Quay we.
not entitled to a seat in the senate, the
word "not."
Mr. Chandler asked for yeas and
nays.
The motion was defeated as follows:
- Yeas-Allison, Baker, Carter, Chand
ler, Clark of Wyoming, (Jullom, Daniel,
Davis, Deboe, Foraker, Frye, Gear,
Hansbrough, Jones of Nevada, Me
Comas, MeLaurin, Mason, Morgan, Nel
sen, Penrose, Perkins, Platt of New
York, Scott, Sewell, Shoup, Spooner,
Stewart, Sullivan, Taliaferro, Warren,
Wetmore, Wolcott.-32.
Nays-Allen, Bacon, Bard, Bate,
Berry, Burrows, Butler, Clay, Cockrell,
Culberson, Hale, Harnis, Heitfeld, Haw
ley, Jones of Arkansas, Linsay, Mc
Bride, McCumber, McEnery, McMillan,
Martin, Money, Platt of Connecticut,
Proctor, Quarles, Ross, Simon, Teller,
Tillman, Turley, Turner, Vest, Wel
lington.-33.
Pairs were announced as follows, the
first named in each instance being fa
vorable to Mr. Quay and the second op
posed to him; Pritchard with Gallinger;
Depew with Hanna; Foster with Kean;
Lodge with Thurston; Kenney with
(Caffery; Elkins with Chilton; Fair
banks with Mallory; Hoar with Pettus;
Kyle with Rawlins.
The following senators were unpaired;
Aldrich, Beveridge, Clark of Montana
and Pettigrew.
The question then recurred to the
original resolution and it was adopted
by a vote of 33 to 32, the former vote
being exactly reversed on this question.
Thus Mr. Quay was denied a seat in
the senate on the appointment of Gov.
Stone.
Will Wake Them Up-.
The Columbia State says "some per
sons appeared surprised that -he use of
large fire crackers on the Fourth of
July has been forbidden in the District
of Columbia, but it is natural that -the
celebration of that anniversary should
be annoying to those who are trampling
under foot the Declaration of Indepen
dence. However, there will be a report
from Kansas City to wake folks up on
that date this year."~
Goes to Prison.
Thomas J. Hunter, a late swell socie
ty man of Atlanta, who found that his
salary ae auditor of the West Point
road was not enough to properly sup
port his heavy swell in society,
has been sentenced to five years in the
penitentiary for embezzlement.
An Experiment.
A train of seven cars with fruit is on
the way from Los Angeles, Cal., to
New York. Instead of ice liquified air
will be used as the refrigerating agent,
one bottle to each ear. If this proves a
success Trippler will have a scoop on the
RAVAGED BY FIRE.
Two Thousand Five Hundred Build
ings Destroyed.
A fire raged in Ottawa and Hull,
Canada, on Thursday from about noon
until late in the night, destroying more
than 2,500 dwelling, factories, mills,
stores and other buildings, entailing a
loss estimated at $30,000,000, and ren
dering 15,000 people homeless.
Half a dozen churches and schools, a
number of mills, the Hull waterworks,
the Hull :ourt house and jail, the post
office, the convent-almost every bus
iness place and about 1,000 dwellings
and shops in Hull have been destroyed.
Indeed practically nothing of Hall is
left but a church and a few houses be
yond it.
The spot where the fire originated is
about a quarter of a mile from the
main street of Hull and as a gale was
blowing from the northwest right in
the direction of the lumber piles and
mills on both the Hull and Ottawa
shores of the Ottawa river and Chadui
ere falls, it was soon seen that the fire
was almost certain to be a large one.
By half past 11 o'clock the fire had got
a good hold of Main street and the en
tire street, with dozens of cross streets,
was burned. Practically there is not a
house left in the street. About this
time the fire made a jump of nearly
half a mile and ignited Eldy's wood
yard, near the match factory. It was
soon in flames and a 50 mile an hour
gale was blowing a high column of
flame across Bridge street and set fire
to the Eddy paper mill and the other
buildings of the company. The fire at
this time also sprang across the Ottawa
river and caught the sheds in the rear
of the Mackay Milling company on Vie
toria island and in a few minutes the
lumber piles on Victoria, Chaudierie is
lands, one of the power houses of the
Ottawa Electric company and half the
buildings on the two islands were in
flames.
Hull has a population of about 12,
000 people and more than half of them
are homeless tonight. The entire busi
ness part of the city, including the
court house. postoffice, public build
ings.and newspaper offices is one mass
of ruins. The population is almost en
tirely composed of people who work in
the mills or who derive their business
from those works. The fire crossed the
Ottawa river in the afternoon, took
hold among the lumber piles on the
brink of the river and extended to the
lumber yards and mills. The result is
that the whole of that par of Ottawa
known as the Chaduiere flats, sur
rounding the Canadian Pacific railway
station where the lumber mills are all
located, is fire'swept. The only build
ing standing in the whole area is that
of the Ottawa Carbide factory, which
is newly erected and fireproof.
From the flats the fire extended
across the Richmond road on the Roch
estervillo and as far as the experimen
tal farm. Westerly the fire took in
Huntonburg and Mechanicsville, so
that on the Ottaway side of the river
there is a larger area covered by fire than
on the Hull side. it is estimated that
at the present time the number of peo
ple homeless in the two cities and sub
urban towns is not less than 12,000
and it may reach 15,000. The fire
burnt itself out.
Slaughter Goes On
A dispatch from Manila says: About
300 of the enemy have been killed re
cently in the North Ilocos, including
Dodd's fight and the attack on Batoc (?)
April 16, when from 600 to 700 rebels,
a quarter of whom were armed with
rifles, determinedly attacked the Am
ericans, charging their positions and
fighting at close quarters. The engage
ment lasted all the afternoon, the ene
my burning the town, but they were
repulsed after the arrival of American
reenforcements. The insurgents gen
erally were aggressive in that province.
They captured an Amerizw provision
wagon near Lapo. The Americas. '-av
ing obtained evidence that the alcades
(mayor) of Lapo, Magsingal, Cabugas
and Sinait were holding treacherous
communication with the insurgents,
imprisoned them and burned Lapos'
town hall. There have been several
minor fights in the province including
an attack by 200 insurgents on Lavag,
April 17, 40 of whom were killed and
80 captured. Officers report that the
men of the Thirty-third regiment and
Third cavalry behaved splendidly under
very trying circumstances. There
were no American casualties at Batoc(?)
where 180 insurgents were killed and
70 captured.
The Leading Issues.
A special from Wichita, Kas., to the
Chicago Times-Herald says: "Neither
Editor Mores nor any one else can suc
eed in getting me to abandon free Si!.
ver. I favor it as much as I did in
1896. While free silver will not be the
leading issue in this campaign, it will
be one of the issues." Win. J. Bryan
made this flatfooted statement during
an interview here Wednesday afternoon.
Asked what would be the leading is
sues, Mr. Bryan said: "Trusts and
imperialism will be paramount."
Eggs Killed Him.
Tom Jackson, an old negro 60 years
of age, died last week on the place of
Mr. Lute Ginn, near Cartersville, Ga.,
from over-feeding himself on Easter
eggs. He had been hearing of Easter
eggs and thinking they were better at
that time than any other, bought two
dozen, cooked them and ate them on
Easter Sunday. The next Wednesday
he died. ________
Big Money.
New Orleans is to spend $14,000,000
for water, sewerage and drainage im
provements. The Crescent City con
tractors and politicians will- no doubt
wax fat and prosper during the next
several years. However, should the
improvements result in making the city
comparatively immune to yellow fever,
the money will have been well invested.
The Difference
Some days ago three negroes were
lynhed in the state of Pennsylvania.
he northern papers are having very
little to say about this Pennsylvania
utrage. If the same thing had occur
red in the south the Republican papers
of the north would have howled over it
for months.
Killed in a Runaway.
Dr. James Reeves, a physician resid
ing at Calhoun, Ga., was thrown from
his buggy while the horse was running
-awa an tal killd Thurday. |
HARD ON THE FARMERS.
Cotton Eaggine and Ties Goes Up in
Price.
The Charleston Post says the Char
leston cotton factors and shippers are
interested in the steps that the farmers
will take for their protection against
the bagging and ties trusts, and are
speculating as to whether the planters
will resort to cotton sheeting as a cov
ering for their cotton and seek some
substitute for ties to hold the bales in
shape. These needful supplies are now
entirely controlled by the trusts. Last
year there were half a dozen competit
ors in each line. This year there are
none. One concern has absolute con
trol of all the cotton bagging in the
country and rnother has absolute con
trol of the cotton ties.
The American Manufacturing Com
pany of New York controls the cotton
bagging of the country and the Ameri
can Steel Hoop Company, which is in
cluded in the great Federal Steel trust,
controls the tie output. The latter is
a comparatively recent amalgamation
of beveral concerns. The Ludlows, of
Boston, Mass., are still in the cotton
bagging business, but they are in close
alliance with the American Manufac
turing Company and make exactly the
same terms and prices.
The result is seen in changed quo
tations. For several months the quo
tations on ties and bagging have re
mained practically nnchanged. An in
crease of about 2j cents has been made
in the price for bagging and it is not
unlikely that there will be further in
creases. The trusts have in fact given
notice that a further increase may be
expected in June. -While nominally
the bagging business is being conduct
ed both by the Ludlows and the Ameri
can Manufacturing Company, both send
out the same price list and make ex
actly the same terms. Both declined
to sell any bagging for this year's crop
until this week, and both opened at the
same prices. Their terms are spot cash
and no credit.
All the cotton ties used in the United
States are now made by the Federal
Steel Hoop Company. The latter is
an amalgamation of the several differ
ent concerns which were engaged in the
hoop and ties business last year. The
result of the amalgamation was'felt im
mediately. From 60 cents, the price
at which most of the ties were sold last
year, the price immediately jumped to
75 cents, from which it was run up to
$1.25, at which price ties have -been
quoted for the last several weeki. The
latest dictum makes the price $1.31
spot cash and $1.30 spot cash and $1.36
for August delivery. This is to mer
chants in large lots. To farmers the
cost will be eight to ten cents a bundle
more.
With the complete control of the
business now enjoyed by the bagging
and tie trusts it can very easily be seen
that these concerns are in position to
squeeze the farmers of the South at
their pleasure. For several years the
cotton planters have secured these sup
plies at reasonable prices, but this will
evidently not be the case this year.
Being protected by a heavy tariff
against foreign competition and having
knowledge of the fact that the farmers
of .the South are in more prosperous
condition than for several years past,
and with the assurance of a large de
mand for the present year, the two
trusts realize that they have the plant
ers at their mercy, and that the time is
ripe to multiply their profits.
It wil be alleged, of course, that
higher prices for the material entering
into these products account largely for
the increased prices. There will be
just enough truth in this to lend color
to the assertion but it is easy to predict
that the cotton growers of Egypt, India
and the rest of the world will pay no
such prices for their baling materials
this year as will the Southern cotton
planter. _________
THE PROHIBITIONiISTS.
The Executive Comnmittie Issues a
Call, for a Conference.
A few days ago 'The..tate announced
that the prohibitionistsha
to hold a State conference, and gave a
forecast of a call then in course of prep
aration. Wednesday the call was is
sued. It reads as follows:
A State prohibition conference will
be held in the city of Columbia, S. C.,
on Wednesday, 23.1 day of May, 1900,
for the purpose of considering the pro
priety ofauggesting candidates for gover
nor and lieutenant governor to represent
the prohibitionists of South Carolina in
the Democratic primary, and also to an
nounce the principles and purposes of
the prohibitionists in seeking to obtain
control through theDemocratic organiza
tion of the executive and legislative
departments of the State government,
for the enactment and enforcement of
measures which are in best accord with
the highest interests of the people, and
which will take the State out of the
liquor business.
For the purpose of obtaining a full
and free expression of the prohibition
ists in regard to these matters, a call is
hereby issued for them to assemble in
their respective counties at the court
house on Staturday, 12th day of May,
1900, to elect three representatives,
with alternates, to attend the State con
ference on the 23d of May, with or
without instructions and to choose a
county chairman for the ensuing cam
paign. Joel E. Brunson,
Chairman,
Waddy C. T'homson,
J. S. Moffatt,
James A. Hoyt,
Jeremiah 8-nith,
C. D. Stanley,
E. D. Smith,
Committee.
As chairman of the Prohibition State
executive committee, I approre of the
foregoing. A. C. Jones.
The Winning Girl.
"The girl that carries off the young
man the easiest," says the Indianapolis
Journal, "is the one that knows enough
not to know too much."
Seven Drowned.
Seven negroes were drowned near
Jackson, Miss., in the high water ret
.,si from the recent heavy rains.
MANY CLOUDBURSTS
People Were Drowned in the
Streets of a Texas Town.
THE CITY WAS FLOODED.
The People in the Portion of the
City Suffering Most Fled
From Their Houses
An electric storm accompanied by
rain in torrents, visited Waco, Texas,
Friday. The city was flooded, doing
great damage to property. The bodies
of two known and one unknown dead
have been recovered and three others
are known to have perished. The bus
iness streets were converted into rivers.
Such a flood was never before seen
there. The rain resembled a succession
of cloudbursts. Basements were flooded
on Franklin and Washington streets
and on Austin avenue. Waco creek,
on the south side of the city, and Bar
ron's branch, on the north side, poured
their surplus water toward the centre of
the city and formed a sea in the busi
ness district.
At present th'e exact number of per
sons drowned cannot be ascertained.
Mrs. Nancy Gaudle and her daughter,
who resided with Mrs. Norton at the
cornor of Jackson and Seventeenth
streets, are among the dead iecovered
from the flood. The house was in the
Waco creek overflow and the two ladies,
in spite of efforts at rescue, -were swept
away. Mr. and Mrs. Norton were
saved. Their house was destroyed.
Wi. Walker, a negro was drowned in
the Barron branch overflow and his
body was recovered. At the corner of
North Second and Barron streets. an
arched bridge which had withstood for
30 years gave way and three negroes
disappeared with the bridge. Their
bodies have not becn recovered.
The storm commenced at 4 o'clock
Friday afternoon and the water fell in
vast sheets, one cloudburst following
the other, the water courses rising
above the divides and uniting into a
foaming and raging sea. The people.
in the portion of the city suffering
most fled from their houses. The fire
men and police and hundreds of citizens
rushed to the rescue, but the water was
too swift for them and at least six per
sons lost their lives by drowning in
less than five minutes. The main
Bosque and its tributaries are overflow
ing a large district and ruining valua
ble crops. The Brazos river is ten feet
above the danger mark and is still risI
ing. The property loss at Waco will
be fully $50,000. As the city is divid
ed into sections by the high water all
communication is cut off between the
various divisions, a complete list of the
dead at this hour cannot be given.
Killed Bis First Cousin,
Friday morning Mr. Dave Haith
ock, from the lower part of the county,
came to the city, walked into the office
of Sheriff Catheart and announced that
he had come to deliver himself to the
sheriff-that he had killed his first
cousin, Mr. Mack Haithcoek, Thurs
day night. .The sheriff took charge of
him and he was committed to jail. The
coroner was notified of the homicide
and left as soon as possible to hold an
inquest. The tragedy seems to have
been the result of a family feud of
long standing, it being particularly
bitter between the two men. -The facts
of the affair as related Friday were
about as f'illows: It appears that a
member of the family of Mr. Bowens
was sick and the neighbors kindiy took
it upon themselves to attend the sick
person and do what they could to re
lieve his sufferings. Mack Haithcek
seems to have been at the house in ad
vance of Dave and he was evidently ex
pecting' trouble when Dave came up.
According to the story as told there,
Mak was in the yard when Dave came
up. Dave had a double-barrel shotgun.
He and Mack had some disput
is alleged that Mack strue ~.tave a
heavy blow with a stick which he car
of isgu in~ c s b y klling him
almost instantly.-Columbia State.
A Close Call.
Miss Anna Brown, a 14-year-old girl
living two miles from English, Indiana,
attended Sunday school at that place
Sunday afternoon, and started home
about 5 o'clock, taking the railroad
[track as the shortest way. She start
ed across a trestle that spans a ravine
about 300 feet wide, and had just
reached the center uhen a fast freight
turned the curve near the trestle. She
saw it would be impossible to reach
the further side before the train would
be upon her, and she stepped to the
edge of the trestle, and, as the train
came up, swung hereself down by her
hands, holding on to the cross-ties.
The engineer saw her, and as soon as
the train cleared t'he trestle he jumped
from his cab and hastened back to
ward the girl. She was struggling to
raise herself and was almost exhaust
ed when the engineer caught her by
the hands and pulled her up on the
trestle. The ravine over which she
was suspended was fully.'75 feet deep.
A Remarkable Case.
Harry Little was recently arrested at
Marietta, Ohio, on the charge of enter
ing the store of R E. Race. He was
arranged before Mayor Sykes and en
tered a pea of guilty to the charge of
housebreaking. Within the last few
months his father was found guilty of
perjury and sentenced to, the Ohio
penitentiay. Since that time the boy
has been without a home. Hie said
that he realized jast what he was doing
anddid it so that he might go to the
penitentiary where bis father was
Being unable to furnish a bail bond he
ws sent to jail.
Will be Cut Short.
It is predicted that the floods at this
ime will cut short the cotton crop in
diissisippi, Louisia~na and Texas, as it
is too late to get the land in shape for
planting in time.
Believes in Bryan.
The Knoxville Sentinel says all this
aalk of Bryan's election being impossi
>le is mere poppycock,- and proceeds to
show ow he can be elected. The Sen
tir. ' figre ar plausible

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