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OL. ANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1900. NO, 10
AN 17XN7U AL1 E VtN.
Total Eclipse of the Sun on Next
IT OCCURS AT 8 O'CLOCK
And Lasts About Two and a Half
Hours The Beautiful
Crown of i he Fiery
On next Monday morning we shall
have an opportunity to see an uncom
mon astronomical occurrence. The sun
will be totally eclipaEd, and the event
will be visible in parts of the United
States. Occasionally, as we know, the
moon passes between us and the sun,
cutting off the latter's light completely.
This we call a solar eclipse. Lunar
eclipses, :n the other band, are caused
by the moon's reaching such a position
that the earth is directly between it
and the sun. The mon has no inber
ent brilliancy like the sun: it shines
only by rdiecting solar light; and when
that light is cut off, the moon simply
'goes out." But the sun is self lumin
ous, and is in reality shining just the
same when under eclipse as at any other
time. Thus we arrive at this funda
mental difference between lunar and
solar eclioses. In the former, the moon
having suddenly ceased t. receive or
reflect light. the eclip:e is observable
wherever the moon, if uneclipsed,
would be visible. But at any given
moment we can usually see the moon
from one-half of the carth's surface
Consequently, if a lunar eclipse takes
place, a majority of the earth's inhabi
tants have an oprortunity to observe it.
and thus a lunar eclipse is something
that almost any person can remember
to have seen. Bat it is very different
with the sun. As we have said, he
continues to give light when eclipsed,
so that it is only in places where the
sun is actually coverei by the moon
that he will setm to be celipsed. The
moon under eclipse is like a candle ex
tinguished; it is dark from whatever
side we look at it. Bat the eclipsed
sun is like a burning candle, which will
be invisible to him only whose view is
obstructed by the interposition of some
Taat opaque object is the moon, but
she is comparatively small, and cannot
render the sun totally invisible frem'
more than a tiny circular or oval spot
on the earth's surface. In the eclipse
of next.Monday that little spot will be
only about 75 miles wide; and if the I
moon were not in motion, the total
eclipse could be seen nowhere else.
But the moon is traveling all the time
through space in its orbit around the
earth. So the little spot is moving,
too, and changing its position gradual
ly upon the earth's sAface. Thus, in
stead of a spot, we shall have a long
strip or band about 73 miles wide; aLd
by waiting for the right moment, it will
be possible to see totality from any
point within this bat d. The whole
thing is much as though there were a
huge pencil, with it poinit touching
the earth, and having its other end piv
oted to the sun. If the moving moon
were also attached to this pencil some
where near the point, she would draw
the pencil along, and the toint would
trace out the eclhpse path on our earth
Anyone standing in that path could
then look along the pencil, and the
proper moment see the moon covering
the sun, and obscuring the light. In
places situated near this path of totali
ty, as it is called, we shall be able to
see the elelipse, but not as a tofal one.
For such places the moon will cover th~e
sun only in part, so that some of his
brilliant surface will remain in sight.
The amount of obscuration always de
pends upon the observer's nearness to
the totality liue. 'The nearer he is, the
more nearly total the eclipse will be.
On next Monday the path of totality
begins in the Pacific ocean just west of
Mexico. There the point of the huge
pencil we have imagined first touches
our earth. It then passes eastward
across Mexico, and entering the United
States near New Orleans, proceeds in a
northeasterly direction~.antil it leaves
the continent close to Norfolk, Va.
Then it crosses the Atlantic, touches
Portugal, and afterwards passes acrosi
northern Africa, leaving the earth fin
ally near the northern end of the Red
Sea. In this country the cities of New
Ocleans, La.; Mobile, Ala ; Raleigh,
N. 0., and Norfolk. Va.. are all on the
totality path. At New Ocleans the suan
will be completely covered at 7:30 a.
m., while at Norfolk this will not h:.
pen until S 53 a m. In the former
city totality will last 78 seconds, and
in the latter. 102 seconds. At inter
mediate places both the time and dura
tion of totality 'wili fall between these
extreme values. For places nearer to
New Orleans than Norfolk the numbers
will be nearer those given for New Or
leans, and vice versa.
Having thus explained the circum
stances of this eclhpse, we shall now
touch upon s.me of the interesting
things that will be seen, if the sky is
clear. Total solar ehipses appeal equ illy
ly the general public and to the profes
sional astronomer. On the one hand,
they piesent the most superb spectacle
within the whole range of astronomy;
and on the cther, they offer the best
opportunity to study the mysterious
structure and compositioni of our sun.
One of the things to which astronomers
attach importance is the accurate, ob
servation of the times of beginning and
ending of the eclipse. It is easy to see
that the mathematical considerations
upon which are based our theories of
lunar motion will be put to a very se
vere test in predicting the exact instant
when the sun will be covered up by the
moon. if observation agrees with pre
diction, we have the strongest corrobo
rative evidence of the correctness of
our theory and of our numerical calcu
lations. On the other hand, if it be
found that the predictions are slightly
in error, the amount of that error
can be determined by observa
tion, and mathematical theory thus
corrected for the benefit of future pre
Sdictions. Although our knowledge in
this department of astronomy has
.reached a very high state of peafection,
it is a fact that we cannot pre.!et the
times of eclipse today without a possi
bimit of eo amounting to several see
ouds l'art of his error is due no
auI to iriufficient knowledge of the
moon's ziz*,. or to the possibility that
eota1t between sun and moon may oc
cur at a very irregular or mountainous
p:rt of the lunar surface. But each
e-lipse tends to improve our informa
tion and make our mathematical theo
ries more perfect
The greatest interest, however. cen
tres abcut the physical observations
possible during a total eclipse. Our
sun is not merely the blazieg. brilliant,
luminous globe we see every day in the
heavens. The fiery central ball has
a vast outer appendage, stretching mil
lions of miles into space-the delicately
tintea, tenuous. tilmy, unexplained
corona It is this corona that makes
a total eclipse so beautiful, regarded
merely as a spectacle to be scen and
evjoyed. Its light is much fainter than
that of the sun; we can see it only
when the latter is completely obscured.
At all other times the bright light of
the central ball illuminates the air sur
rounding our earth so as to make it
far superior in brightness to the faint
corona; and observers looking perforce
through this illumined air cannot dis
tinguish the delicate tracery of the
corona itself. But when the advanc
ing edge of the mooa slowly covers the
sun's central dies, until at last only a
narrow sickle-shapped piece is left, the
waiting astronomors have a few mo
ments of intense expectation. The
sickle narrows gradua'ly; but a mere
thread is left; yet even that is quite
suffi-iient to mask the cerona. Tnen,
suddeuly, all is covered. QO the in
stant, as though at the touch of a ma
giciau's w.id, out bursts the splendid
corona into view. "is a sight of beau
ty indeseribable, inpressive beyond
comparison. Men that have been
privilt-ged to see it, ever after tell of
its having iven one of life's most ex
citing moments, never to be forgotten.
But the quiet scientific investigator
tries to make use of thete rare oppor
tunities to obtain some knowledge of
the true constitution of our sun. Be
fare the ccrona's appearance, just as
the brilliant central disc is being total
ly obscured, there are a very few brief
important sceonds when we receive
light direct from the outer layers of
the solar globe, and these moments of
ftr the only chances to examine direct
ly the glowing gases that make up the
sun's outside envelope. Much of our
solar knowledge has been thus gather
ed painfully in the few fleeting min
utes of observation made possible by
successive total eclipses. Then it is
that we Fee great red flames flashing
hundreds of thousands of miles out into
space. Curling, interlacing, ever
changing, veritable cloudbursts of liv
ing fire, these are proofs of the power
and violence of nature's hidden forces.
The total eclipse of the sun on Mon
day will be visible as follows:
AS A PARTIAL ECLIPSE
Begins at Elds at
Atlanta. ..6 32 a. m. 8 57 a. m.
Charleston ....7 33 a. m. 10 03 a. m.
Chicago .......6.46 a. m. 9 02 a m.
Cincinnati... ..6.42 a. m. 9 04 a. m.
Denver....... 5 41 a m. 7 41 a m.
New York.. .. .7 49 a. m. 10.24 a. m.
Washington ...7 44 a. m. 10 15 a. m.
Columbia .. ...7.34 a. m. 10.02 a. m.
AS A TOTAL ECLIPSE
Begins at Ends at
MIohile .. . ...0 29 a. m. 8.53 a ma.
New Orleans...6 26 a. m. 8 43 a. m.
Norfolk .... 74a m. 10 15a. m.
Raleigh ... . 7.3S a. m. 10 09 a. m.
Virginia Be-ach.7.40 a. m. 10.15 a. m.
While the eclipse will not be quite
total at Columbia the sun's surflace will
be so nearly obscure as to render all the
phenomena of a total eclipse visible.
Columbia lies just on the southern
limit of totality. So does Winnsboro.
Newbe-rry lies just on the Northern
The commencement exercises of the
Carlisle Fitting School at Bamberg will
be held June 14th to 17th. On Thurs
day, June 14-.h, at 8:30 p. m. the an
rA c elebration of the Kilgo and Sheri
dan literary societies will take place.
Essays will be read by Misses Margaret
Roper and Matilda Kennerly. Misses
Gedelle Brabham and Margaret Kee
will deliver recitations. Then a de
bate takes place, the query being: Re
solved, that a peet's fame is greater
than a general's. Affirmative: D. L.
Shieder, R. 0 Lawton. Negative: J.
D. Eady, W. B Bolin.
Friday, June 15th, att 8:30 p. m. the
literary addreess will De delivered by
Prof. J. G. Clinkscales.
The annual closing exercises will
take place on Satu~day, June 16th, at
8.30 p. m. The following are the es
sayists and declaimers: Sallie Garris,
Mamie Gee J.ennings. Effie Rdley. Mar
tie Tarrant. D G.~ Copeland, D. L.
Shieder, E nsuandelie Price, Clarence
Hay, L. 0 Hiers, J. W. Miley, Bessie
Lee Black, Sadie Whetstone, H. B M.
Eiddy, G. Rhoad
Sunday. June 17th, at 11 a. m. the
annual stroon will be preached in the
Methodi'st church by Rev. W. W. Dan
il, D. D , president elect of the Co
lumbia Fewale College.
The marshals are: E. M. Stokes.
chief; R W. MIason, H. B. M. Eaddy,
C. S. Yongue, D G. Copeland.
Bloodiest Spot on Earth.
The bill to establish the Fredericks
brg and adjacent battlefields memorial
park in Virginia has pas-ed Congress.
The bill has for its chief purpose the
preservation and suitable marking for
historical and ;rofcssional military
study the famous hattlefields in Spott
sylvania county, Va., known as Fred
ericksburgr, Salem Church. Chancellors
vile, the Wilderness and Spottsylvania
Court House, all of them within a ra
dius of eight miles. and on which lim
ited territory the late distinguished
Union general, John C. Newton, after
careful investigation, decla-ed that
more great batties were fought, more
men were engaged and more execution
was done than on any other spot of
similar area in the world.
They Will Learn.
"Every additional revelation" of offi
ial corruption in Cuba, it is reported,
increases the amazement of Americans
on the island." They are probably
you:ng Americans, who are not familiar
with the history of Republican recon
struetion of conquered territory in their
own country. The revelations are what
every middle aged man in this part of
the country has been looking for with
confidence for more than a year. There
are plenty more to come, not only in
Cuba, but in Porto Rico and the Phil
ipinen na well.-News and Courier.
Meet in State Convention and
Elects National Delegates.
A HARMNIOUS GATHERING.
Col L. W Youman's Effort ot
Stir Up Strife Severely Re
buked by the Con
The State Democratic Convention
met in Columbia on Wednesday in the
State House, and was called to order
by Col. Wilie Tones, State Cbairman at
The convention was opened with
p:ayer by Dr. W. E. Evans, rector of
Trinity church, just as the city bell
struck 12. The convention stood dur
ing the prayer. The prayer was gen
eral in character but thoroughly appro
priate to the occasiona, concluding with
the Lord's prayer.
Mr. Breazeale. of Anderson was
elected temporary c!hairman. Mr.
Breazeale was elected unanimously,
end Col. L. E Campbell, Governor
McSweeney, A. H1. Patterson, F. B.
Gary and Col. Hoyt were appointed a
committee to conduct him to the chair
amid applause and laughter. The com
mittee did this work well.
Mr. Breazeale was then introduced
and he thanked the convention for the
honor. He explained why the conven
tion had assembled. Since the last con
vention in this State new issues and
problems had arisen and many events
had transpired in the political world.
Almost throughout the world there had
been upric'ion of the people in behalf
of libcrty. The United States had paid
no unimportant- part in this work
Cuba had been freed from Spain's yoke
and now had a Republicn form of gov
ecument. But now the United Statis
was subduing another people in the
Phillippines. This was against the prin
ciples for which our forefathers had
fought. The Republican party seemcd
to have forgotten what our forefathers
endured at Valley Forge. The Dmo
cratic party stooi against this and for
the principles for which she had ever
stood-for a government for the people,
of the people and by the people. And
under the Iadership of that great com
moner, Wm. J. Br3 an the party hoped
in November to take charge of all these
thinps. Mr. Breazeale paid his re
spects to trusts It would be a fight
this year largely between the American
people and the trusts. Bryan's name
was a platform in itself. (Cheers )
Mr. T. C. Hamer was elected tempo
rary secretary and Mr. Stancell was
elected sergeant-at-arms. Both were
elected without opposition.
THE ROLL OF DELEGATES.
The chairman of each delegation was
asked to hand in the revised lists of
delegates, and the roll was made up
Abbevil1e--Frank B Gary, Wm N Gray
don, I H McCalla, M J Ashtey, W W Brad
iey, A. WV. Jone's and M P DeBruhi.
Aiken-t) 8 Henderson. Dr J P Mealing.
J I- Cloy, J M Polatty, -G W Croft, Oscar
Moyer, B F Holman and (. W E Thorpe
Audenon-R B A Anderson, A C Latimer,
L E Campbell, J WV Ashley, S N Pearman,
I F Cely, E M Rucker, Jr., A C McGee. G
E Prince, J M Payne, J E Breazeale and F
Baimberg-HI C Folk, S G May field, D P
Smith, W T Caye, C W Garris and Rt L Bard
Barnwell-Roo't Aldrich, A Howard Pat
ter on, G Duncan Bellinger, J B Bates, L W
Younmans, J W Jenney, H F Buist and J 0
Beaufojrt-' 11 Lockwood. Thos Talbird.
C J Colcock, F T H ardee, Wm hlliott, Jr, T F
Walsh, C F Paul, WV F Sanders, Chas Cohen,
S w Vance and J W Smathers.
Berkeley-E J Dennis, J B Morrison, S J
McCoy, J u Ed wards, Rt G Cau-ey, T W Wil
liams, W L Parker, C M Wiggins, R W
Haynes, J P Clark and WV L Wigigins.
Charleston-James Coegrove, L A O'Neill,
0 D Rouse, J1 W Dunn, J P Magrath, J F
Rafferty, F H McMaster, W T Logan, P H
Gadnden, A L Brodie, J F Farnum and M P
( larendon--C M Davis, Rt S DesChamps.
I M Woods, Louis Appelt, L T Fischer, W J
Turbeviile, L W Nettles and J H 'l immons.
Cherokea-E P Macumson. E Rt Sapoch, J1
D Jtffries. Sr., N C Lipscmb, T B Butler
and Aifred Harris.
Chester-Arthur L Gaston, 5 E Wylie,
John M Wi-e, T J Cunningham. F M Hick
lin, 0 W Kirkpatrick, Jos T Love and S T
Cesternield-G J Redfearn, W P Polleek,
M F Jackson, WV F Stevenson, Edward Mo
I.-er and J M Lowery.
Colieton-W B Gruber, Dl M Varn. M Rt
Cooper, .1 W Miley, John Black, J W Hill,
D P Patterson an.t Dr C E Keoney.
D.rlington-B Rt Gattin 8 B t'adgett, W
W McK-nzie, Bright William-on J M
spears, J C Clements and T N Berry.
Dorcheter-J D) Btvins, J A Hliers, D H
Bebre and J M Whetsell.
Edg.field-B R Tiumtan, J C Sheppard.
A E' Padgtet. J G Mobley, t' V Stevens, T H
ttainsford. J Li Tillman and M P wells.
Fa rfi-ld-R HI J,-nnings, T W Woodward
J E Mc~lonald, J W Lyles, J G Mobley, WV
J Johnson and E B Rag'dale,
Florence-Gus HIflmeyer, G W Atkinson,
Jamies Evans, J H Pet:ti,.rew, D H Tr axier.
P A Wiacoci. J H Poston, E W Fioyd, R
McLendon, J M Humphrey.
GJreenvile-James A FH-yt, John T Bramn
lett, G f.1,arens Walter, 3 Thos Austin, J A
Mooney, A Bythe, A H Dean, W L Mauldin,
J McU Ashmn re, J A Welbirn, J WV Gray
and E J Muhinax
Georgetown-Wm 11 Dorrill, J B Sheele. E
M Lucas, Josiah Dear, S W Rouqui. Jr., and
J Waiter Doar.
Greenwood-E T Sheppard, J M Gaines
W HI Ielde 1, S IL McGhee, D) H Tompkins
and H J Kinard.
Hiampton-M B McSweeney, W H Maul
din, L R Dowliog, W A Sauls, B H Theus
and Gen Win Stoaes.
Horry-R B &carborough, J A McDer
mott, W L Mishoe, L D) Long. J A Lewis and
0 J Holliday.
Kershaw-J T Ha~y, Rt B Williams, B H
Boykio, D) M Bethune, A D Jones and J G
Lancaster-J W Hamnel, T Y Williamis, J
N Estridge. H E Coffee, W C Cautben and J
Laurens-T B Crews, J HI Wharton, 0 0
Thompson, A P Goodwin, Jones F Bolt, Johtn
B Brooks, Dr J 8 Wolff. 3 D) Adams.
Lexington-J 0 Etheridge, A Frank Lever,
Dr D II Croseon, D) F Efird, W 1H Sharpe and
Dr J L Shuler.
Marion-James H Manning, W Boyd
E rans. L H Smith, Rt H Timmierman, J E El
lerbe, J C Mooliy, Jno C Sellers and 3 D
Marlboro-G F Hamner, B E Moore, C N
Rgers, T C Hamer, H M Stackhouse, B F
Roper,'I W Bouchier and W D Evans.
Newberry-W E Lake, E H Aull. W G
Peterson, Cole L Blease, A E P Bedenbaugh,
r, T Wyche, H H Rvans and F H Dominick.
Uconee-E Ear~e, W R Barron, W M
Brown, W J Stribling. J C Alexander and F
Orangeburg-J H Dukes, B H Moss, A F
H Dukes, L S Connor, W U Tatum, A 0 Sal.
ley, J D Livingston, H C Paulling, I W Bow
man, J L Sims, W T U Bates and A Z Stro
Pickens-R F Smith, J E Beogs, H L
Clayton, 0 it Doyle, C L Cureton, H C
Richland-Jno P Thmas, Jr., J J Kamin
er, Jno MeMaster, F H Weston, J D Frot,
P B M3cCoy, W McB Sloan, E I B:rennen,
F:ed Harmon and N W Edmunds.
Spartanburg-J J Gentry, W W Harris, U
X Gunter, B B Bishop, C P Sanders, Dr J
W Bramlett, J J C Ezell, 0 L Johnscn, J D
Norman, J D Leonard, Jno Gary Evans and
E F Parker.
Saluda-J B Mitchell, E S Blease, J B
Jones, J H Watson, B W Crouch and J M
Sumter-R I Mannine, Edwin Wilson,
L L Baker, E D Smith. E L Cooper, E E Ay
cock, W A Nettles, R E Carnes, W D Scar
borough, R 0 Purdy, C C Emanusl, W H
Union-L J Browning, J M Greer, B G
Gregory, J T Gan-t. W L Linder, J W Craw
Williamsburg-A H Willia'ms. R D Rol
line, W H Kennedy, T H Blaokwell, C W
Wo;fe, J I) ( arter, W D Bryan and W F Wil
York-J S Brice, A 0 Geene, H C Strauss,
Williams Banks, 0 L Riddle, W R Bradford,
W B Wilson, J C Wilborn, W B Smith and T
Jno IV Dann was made assistant secretary.
Mr. W. F. Stevenson was then eleted
rermanent chairman by acclamation.
He was escorted to the oha'r by Messrs.
T. F. He Dow and G. Dancan Bellinger.
Mr. Stevenson on taking the chair
thanked the convention for the honor
conferred-doubly an honor coming
from such a State as South Carolina.
The convention was meeting on the
transition from one century to another,
to elect delegates to name a standard
bearer to usher in the new century, a
leader standing in the shoes of Thomas
Jefferson. He looked back and referred
to Sjuth Carolina's great growth in tax
able property, in cotton manufacturing,
second nocw only to Massachusetts; and
in tobacco growing. We Dow have a
united front and have rolled back the
dark cloud of negro domination. Rail
roads were being built here faster than
in any other state. It was a phenome
nal record for a decade. It behooved
them, then, to go shoulder to shoulder,
withut partisanship, and make the irst
deca-le of the new century the grandest
in the history of thisgrand State. (Ap
The temporary secretaries were made
permanent seer, taries.
0a motion of Mr. Tatum, the follow
ing vice presidents were elected:
First District-Josiah Doar, George
Second District-W. H. Mauldin,
Third District-J. C. Alexander,
Fourth Distrit-J. Tom Austin,
Ffth Distrit-J. T. Hay, Kershaiv.
Sixth District-R. B. Scarborough,
Seventh District-J. Etheridge, Lex
Committees were appointed on plat
form and resolutions and on constitu
tion and by-laws as follows:
On constitution and by-laws of the
party-M P DeBruhl, J B Clay, E M
ucker, Jr, H C Folk, A H Patterson,
C J Colcoek, B W Hamer, J F Raffer
ty, T B Buthen, A L Gaston, W P
Pollock, L Appelt, D P Patterson, J
M Speers, D H Behre, J C Sheppard,
J W Lyles, J E Pcttigrew, A Blythe,
B H Boykin, W C Cauthen, 0 P Good
win, D M Crosson, J E Ellerbe, J W
Bouchier, J E Bendenbaugh, W J
Stribling, James L Sims, J E Boggs,
F H Weston, E S Bleaee, U X Gunter,
Jr, W D Scarborough, J Mi Greer, C. W
Wolfe, J C Wilborn, S H McGee, B H
Theus, J A Lewis.
Platform and resolutions-W N Gray
don, D S Henderson, George E Prince,
0 W Garris, Robert Aldrich, WV H
Lockwood, C W Williams. K M Sea
brook, J B Butler, S G McKeown, El
ward Melver, L W Nettles, D L Smith,
B Williamson, J D Bivinas, B B Till
man, J E McDonald, D H Traxler, WV
L Mauldin, J M Gaines, WV H Maul
din. G J Hlolliday, J G Richards. Jr,
J N Estridge, T B Crews, D F Efird,
John C Sellers, W D Evans, E H Aull,
E C Doyle, I W Bowman, T C Robin
son, J P rhomas, Jr, B W Crouch, J
G Evans, E D Smith, L J Browning,
A H Williams, W B Wilson.
Georgetown has no committeemen, as
no one was present from that county,
and Mr T B Butler was the only dele
gate from Cherokee county, ani was,
on motion, put on both committees
Mr. D. S. Henderson moved that the
delegates-at-large to the national con
vention now be eleted.
Mr. Gentry of Spartanhurg nominated
Col. Willie Jones of Bichiand and there
were many seconds.
Mr. D. S. Henderson of Aiken nomi
nated Gov. M. B. McSweeney and from
many parts of the house came seconds
Senator Jno. C. Shepoard then arose
and, "in behalf of the EBigefield delega
tion," presented the name of United
States Senator B. Rt. Tillman. Mr.
Cogrove of Charleston and others sec
onded this nominatjon.
Mr. Geo. E. Prince of Anderson
named Congressman A. C. Latimr. On
motion of M]r. Croft of Aiken, the
nominations were closed and the four
were declared elected unanimously.
Mr. Tatum moved that during the
recess the district delegations meet and
select the district delegates to the na
The two important committees were
thenecalled to meet at 4 p. in., and the
convention took a recess until 8 p. m.
When the convention reassembled the
chairman called fc-r the nominations of
delegates to the national covention
from the congressional districts. The
election of the delegates resulted as fol
First District-W. B. Wilson,
Charleston; Thos. Talbird, Beaufort.
Second District-James HI. Tillman
of Edgefield and C. W. Garris of Bamn
Third District-J. H. McCalla, Abbe
ville, and W. J. Stribbling, Oconee.
Fourth District-J A. Mooney,
Greenville; John Gary Evans, Spartan
Fif th District-T. Y. Williams, Lan
caster; J. C. Wilborn, Rock Hill.
Sixth Distrit-D. H. Trailer of Tim
monsille and T. W. Bouchier of Ben
Seventh District-J. Win. Stokes,
Orangeburg; W. B. Graber, Colleton.
Mr. Blease then nominated Senator
Tillman for member of the national
Democratic executive committee. . He
was unanimously elected.
Senator Tillman then presented the
report of the committee on platform
and resolutions. The following was
Rcsolved, That the delegation from
this State to the Democratic national
convention be, and are hereby, in
structed to vote as a unit on all matters
pertaining to the interests of the Demo
cratic party. All questions coming be
fore the convention shall first be voted
upon and decided by a majority of the
delegates, the chairman of the delega
tion casting the vote of the entire dele
Resolved, further, That the delega.
tion from this State is hereby instructed
to vote for William Jennings Bryan as
nominee of the Democratic party for
The following resolution denouncing
the jute trust was also adopted:
Resolved, That we, the Democrats of
South Carolina in convention assem
bled, do condemn this great iniquity
against the agricultural interests and
pledge our sympathy, aid and coopera
tion in every legitimate way in aiding
the farmers in their fight against this
evil., and we call upon the farmers of
other States to unite and cooperite
against this trust.
ENDORSING A SENATOR.
The following resolution was thenof
Resolved, That we endorse the course
of Hon. B. R. Tillman in the United
S-a-es senate, and especially the able
manner in which he has expcsed and
condemned the hypocritical imperialis
tic policy of the Republican adminis
trution. That his efforts to incu!cate
honest methods in public expenditures,
and his expose of frauds and steals in
armor plate eintracts entitle him to the
thanks of his State and of the repabiic.
The resolution was about to be adopt
ed to all appearances without a dis
senting vote, when Col. L. W. You
mans of Barnwell county took the floor
and moved that so much of the resolu
tion as endorsed the course of the senior
senator be striken out. The motion was
seconded and there was abuzz and sev
eral motions to lay Youmans motion on
Senator Tillman was sitting near the
head of the main aisle. Col. Youmans
stood only a few feet away in the aisle.
When order was restored he pulled out
some manuscript and began to speak
in support of his motion in a most ear
nest manner, walking up and down the
aisle near the press stand. All listened
closely to hear what he was going to
He stated at the outset that he eculd
not approve of some of the senator's ac
tions. He did not think such endorse
ment should be desired unless it was
fully and freely given When a voice
against it was raised the reasons must
of necessity be stated. Sometimes a
senator's views were not so much in
accord with those of his constitutents
as to make it wise to ask endorsement.
Again there was the question of con
duct. The senator was in accord with
the policy of free silver. He was not
in accord on other important issues.
Continuing he said that while Senator
Tillman may have deported himself
with becoming integrity and dignity,
still his views and sentiments preclud
ed the propriety of an endorsement by
the people. He-is on record as being op
posed to free trade and free banking two
of the three cardinal principles of De
mocracy, he is on record as favoring only
a national currency, a currency having
a tendency to congest at trade centres
and leave rural districts subject to most
usurions rates of interest.
This was shown in Senator Tillman's
efforts to incorporate in the Chicago
platform a prohibitory clause against
private banking. On the cardinal
principe of "tariff for revenue only"
where does Senator Tilian stand?
Comparing Senator Tillman's record
with that of Win. McKinley, whom
Tillman calls "a lovable man," the two
stand together, on protection, the class
legislation of the favored few. He
qnoted from a letter to Thos. F. Byron
from Tiliman in 1895, and from The
Congressional Record, in which he had
favored protection, or McKinley's doe
trin q. Strange that Senator Tillmnan,
prof ssing to be a farmer, should bold
ly declare his willingness to close the
foreign markets to our consumers and
to open them to our manufacturers.
Senator Tillman is included by Gros
venor of Ohio among those who have
left Democracy on these cardinal prin
ciples of feee trade and protection.
Oa the race question we see him sid
ing with the north rat her than the
south. At Topeka, Kttsas, in 1896,
Senator Tillmnan said that he concur
red with Abraham Lincoln in his "dec
laration of independence" making the
negro the equal of the white man. He
eulogised Lincoln in the United States
As to Tillman's loyalty to party, Col.
Youmans charged that in 1890 he was
a simon pure Edgefield Democrat; in
1892 a half populist; in 1894 a green
backer; in 1895 in a letter to Thos. F.
Byron-"I see no here of relief unless
the southern farmers quit voting the
Democratic tic-ket and the western
farmers the .tepublican ticket."
in his eulogy on Senator Earle, he
said that the aristocracy before the
war, gave this country as pure a gov
einent as had ever been given. He
stated at another time that South Car
olinas credit prior to 1868 was unim
peachable. The contention by the sen
ator now is that if there is to be any
stealing done, let South Carolina get
her share. The speaker then disclaimed
the desire of the people of South Caro
lina to put money considerations above
truth and honor. This unfortunate ut
terance of Tiliman's classing South
Carolina with rogues offended the sen
sibilities of more than one southern
He accused Tillman of political per
jury- not personal but political per
jury. Tillman in the constitutional
convention had quoted Jno. P. Patter
son as saying that there was "five years
of good stealing in South Carolina."
He later said several times that there
was good stealing going on in Wash
ington, and he wanted some of it him
self; he had earned it and was not
ashamed of it.
He arraigned Senator Tillman for his
reONTIrUEn Os PiaG2 4.1
Adopted by the Democratic State
Convention Last Week.
A CLEAR CUT DOCUMENT.
Chicago Platform Endorsed and
its Reaffirmatien Demanded.
Trusts and Imperialism
The following is the platform adopted
by the Democratic State Convention in
Columbia last week. The platform was
presented to the convention by Senator
Tillman, Chairman of the committee
on platform and resolutions:
Resolved, by the Democracy of South
Carolina in convention assembled:
First-That we reaffirm our allegi
ance to the Democratic party of the
United States and declare again our
belief in the princirles upon which the
party was founded by Thomas Jeffer
Second-That we endorse in full and
in particular the platform adopted by
the Democratic convention at Chicago
in 1896 and that we adhere to the prin
ciples therein enunciated without qual
ification or amendment and demand
their reaffirmation by the convention
which will meet in Kansas city on
July the 4th next.
Third -That we condemn as injurious
to the best interests of this country the
financial legislation of the Republican
majority in congress. Its policy proves
the subserviency of that party to the
trusts and national bank interests.
Fourth-That we view with alarm
the power which the trusts, through
the Republican party, are exercising
over legislation and national policies
and their ability to control the prices
of the necessities of life without re
gard to the law of supply and demand.
We condemn the hypocritical attitude
of the Republican leaders who abuse
trusts and combines, while they use the
money obtained from them and stolen
from the people to debauch the ig
norant voters of the country.
Fifth-That we denounce the imperi
alistic policy of the present administra
tion under President William McKin
ley, as contrary to the letter and spirit
of the Declaration of Independence and
the constitution of the United States,
and as dangerous to the liberty and
freedom not only of the people of the
Spanish islands but of the citizens of
this country as well. "The benevolent
assimilation" of the Fillipinos has
proven to be the benevolence of murder
and the assimilation of robbery. We
denounce it as an outrage to the con
sciences of liberty-loving Americans.
Our free institutions cannot long sur
vive the destruction of those principles
upon which they rest, and the spectacle
of subject peoples held down by the
bayonet and robbed by carpetbaggers
but foreshadows the fate for our coun
try unless the people are aroused to
our danger. The unjust war of sub
jugation now being carried on in the
Philippines by President McKinley
should be ended at once with definite
and pacific declarations to the natives
as to the intention of this country to
aid them in the establishment of a free
grovenment of their own choice, under
a protectorate by the United States.
Sixth-That, we demand a strict ad
herence on the part of the United
States government to the solemn pledg
es by which congress promised inde
pendence to the Cuban patriots, and
for which this country waged a suc
cessful and glorious war with Spain.
Seventh-That we denounce and con
demn the unjust and unconstitutional
treatment of Puerto Rico by the Re
ublican party, whose policy in that
island is not only illegal but unworthy
of a republic, and we demand a recog
nition of Puerto Rico under the con
stitution of the United States and on
the same basis with the other terri
Eighth-That we endorse the course
of those Democratic senators and rep
reentatives who opposed the imperial
istic legislation enacted by the Repub
lican congress for the government of
Ninth-That we heartily commend
and approve the wise and conservative
party leadership of William Jennings
Bryan, the ablest statesman of the day
and promise him our unqualified sup
port for the presidency of the United
States, believing that he will restore
the lost prestige of that high office and
execute its duties with a view to the
good of the people ar~d not in the inter
est of plutocracy or according to the
dictates of any foreign power.
Tenth-That we express our hearty
sympathy with the two South African
republics now fighting so valiantly for
liberty against the immense armies of
Great Britain. Her unrighteous course
deserves the condemination of all lovers
of self-government, and we denounce
the coward iae of the present adminis
tration for not extending an offer of its
good offices to terminate the unholy
war of subjugation.
The utterances of the platform on the
Philippine war were applauded as San
ator T1illman read them.
A Negro Riot.
Eighteen drunken negro railroad
hands and timber cutters went to the
little village of Four Oaks, N. U.,
Thursday, threatening to kill evey
white man. They were armed. The
crowd commenced to curse and raise a
disturbance. The town policeman at
tempted to arrest a negro for disorder
ly conduct, whereupon the negroes
mobbed the policeman, who was named
Sanderlin, and beat him insensible.
His face was badly disfigured and he
was bloody from head to foot. Some
white men attempted to aid the police
man, but were- knocked down or shot
at. Much mischief would have been
done by the negroes, who were all
drunk, but for the action of the white
merchants and railroad employees of
the town. Several negroes were wound
ed, but not fatally, and several white
Atrocities in China
The Pekin correspondent of the Lon
don Time3 says: "There has been a
serious anti Christian outbreak near
Pao-Ting-Fui, province of Pe Chi Li;
73 native Christians were murdered,
including women and children. Many
w-r buned alive.
Weekly Bulletin Issued by Sec
tion Oirector Bauer.
HOW THE CROPS ARE DOING.
Review of the Situation and
Summary of the Outlook
for the Year. Warm
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued Wednesday by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the United States weather
bureau's climate and crop service:
The week ending Monday, May 14th,
had a range of temperature from a max
imum of 92 degrees on the SLh to a
minimum of 40 degrees on the 11th.
On the 10th and 11th there were light
frosts in Cherokee, Colleton, Greenville
and Spartanburg counties.
There were numerous, and in places
boneficial,.showers on the 9th, over the
central portions of the State. Along
the immediate coast *the rainfall was
very light, and the extreme western
portions had no rain. Following the
showers came cooler weather and high,
drying winds; both conditions proved
harmful to crops. Clayey lands are
baked and hard, and break up cloddy.
Rains are needed over the entire State
and for all crops except rice; it is es
pecially needed to germinate recently
planted corn and cotton. Damaging
hail occurred in portions of Orangebarg
county, where in places stands of corn
and cotton were destroyed. The weather
conditions during the week were very
favorable for farm work.
Early corn has generally good stands,
and in the eastern sections is knee
high and receiving its second plowing.
Cut and heart worms are damaging
stands. In the western sections bot
toms are being prepared and planted,
where the ground is fit to work, but
considerable areas are yet to plant.
The cool weather yellowed corn and
checked its growth.
Cotton suffered from the recent cool
nights which caused it to turn red, and
on sandy lands the plants are dying in
places. Early planted cotton has good
stands and is being plowed and chop
ped. Recently planted cotton needs
rain to bring it up. Planting is not
finished over the western portions.
Some complaints of grassy fields con
tinue, but to a less extent than last
week. Some fields have been plowed
up and replanted on account of the
grass. Sea island cotton has excellent
stands, but needs rain and warmer
Tobacco is practically all planted,
and very good stands have been se
Rice was severely iDjured by the
freshet in the Combahee river, but re
ceived less injury from high waters in
the Georgetown district than had been
anticipated. The cool nights were in.
jurious. Planting continues.
Wheat has not been seriously injured
which is decreasing. It is heading
well, but the crop as a whole is not as
promising as it was a month ago. Oats
are ripening in Hampton county. This
rop needs rain badly.
While potatoes have poor stands in
places, but generally are doing well,
except that bugs are very numerous.
Large shipments are being made from
the Charleston districts, where, how
ever, the yield is below the average.
Sweet potato draws are plentiful and
some have been set out. Gardens need
rain. Melons and Eugar cane look well.
Fruit prospects continue promising, ex
ept that apples and pears continue to
blight. Berries of asl kinds promise to
be very plentiful.
A dispatch from Milwaukee says the
wedding of Henry Monson, Jr., and
Minna Olson, which was to take place
Thursday, was stopped by an injaunc
tion issued Wednesday afternoon by
Judge Pereles, of the probate court.
Tne injunction was issued at the re
quest of the father of the prospective
bridegroom, who also asks for the ap
pointment of a guardian foe the son,
who is forty years of age. The father
charges that his son is iacoop3:ent to
manage his affairs and says he is about
to marry a widow with four small chil
dren. A marriage certificate has been
secured and the marriage has been set
fr May 16. Judge Pereles granted a
temporary injunction, and ordered that
the ceremony be deferred until after
the argument on June 5. The judge
said that before he would grant a per
manent injunction he would have to
be fully convinced of the necesity of
Three persons were killed and fifteen
were injured in a fire which early
Thursday destroyed the Hotel Helena,
at 110 to 114 531 street, Chicago. Five
of the injured will probably die. The
dead are: Charlotte Peterson, dining
roon girl, found in her room burned to
a crisp; Lena Pearson, found bnrned
almost beyond recognition in room with
Miss Peterson; S. G. Mc Haddin, flesh
partly burned, died the same evening.
Wants His Share.
If Mr. Ro~kfeller is really holding
his millions in trnst for his fellowmen
we assure him we are quite readIy to re
lieve him of any further trouble about
our share. Just express it along, Mr.
Rockfeller. The Czar will attend the
Paris Exposition in September, and as
he is France's best friend now in Eaz
rope, Paris and its Exposition will do
their best at that time.-Newport News
He Was Lynched,
Sam Hinson was lynched last Thurs
day in Nesoba County, Miss., by a mob
of white men. Hinson was employed
on the farm of Mrs. Eliza Adams, near
Cuhtusha, and attempted to murder
her. He was prevented by the arrival
of neighbors who heari Mrs. Adams
screams. The negro fled but was -
captrd and Jynched.
One Nan Starts Out to Kill!Every One
On a Steamer.
A dispatch from Koping, Sweden,
reports that as the steamer Kaping last
night was passing the Prinz Carl a
man sprung upon the deck of the latter
vessel And shouted: "If any one comes
near I will shoot," at the same moment
a woman was seen hanging over the
ship's side shrieking for help. The man
escaped in a boat. When the Prinz
Carl was boarded it was found that 12
men on board had been shot, six uf
whom, including the captain, were
dead. The rest were found locked in
their quarters. One of the wounded
has since died. The murderer is being
pursued. The wounded say they were
playing cards in the smoking room
about half past 11 with other men when
somebody put his head in the room and
exclaimed: "Look out, there's a mas
sacre on boArd."
At the same moment shots were heard
and all sprang to their feet in order to
leave the cabin; but they found the
door fastened on the outside. While
they were trying to force the door a
shot was fired through the window and
hit one of them, a man named Karlson,
who fell to the floor. The other three,
Schneider, Konditor and Lindquist bust
the door. Lindquist, who was the first
to step through, received a bullet in his
head, Disregarding the wound, he ran
after the assassin to the steering room.
The fugitive shouted down the speaking
tube: "Full speed ahead." Then en
gines were already at full speed, ani
the engineer replied: "Is that the cap
tain?" receiving the answer, "Certain
ly. Drive her to the devil."
The engineer put the engines at fall
speed estern. The assassin then ran
down to the engine room and threaten
ed to shoot the engineer if he did obey.
The engineer barricaded himself in the
room. At that moment the Koping
came along and the murderer fled in a
boat. Farther details from Koping
show that the man suddenly started
shutting all the doors of the cabins and
saloons and the man with a revolver in
either hand and with a dagger and a
knife in his belt, he began firing at
every one he encountered. He stabbed
the captain in the back and a lady pas
senger in the breast with the dagger
and hacked a boy with the knife.
He also shot the mate through the
shoulder,rand of four gentlemen who
were playing cards in the smoaking
room, one was shot in the temple be
cause he moved when the murderer
warned him not to stir. The Prinz
Carl was stopped at Koping and the mur
derer seized the opportunity to jump
into a life boat and row away as fast as
possible. Search of the steamer dis
covered seven dead and five wounded.
The Prins Carl proceeded to Stockholm
where the police officials took chaige
of the victims. The tradesmen of
Arboga, Sweden, report that a man giv
ing the name of Gronkirst, of Stock
holm, yesterday secured two revolvers
which he fired several times to test
MURDZRED A PILIPINO.
Captain of a Monitor Shot Him From
A court of inquiry has been ordered
to meet in Washington May 21, com
posed of Admirals Rogers, Cotton and
Terry to investigate the circumstances
attending the shooting by .Capt. Mc
Gowan of a Filipino on the United
States monitor Monadnock in the har
bor of Cebu on Nov. 21st, 1899, and
also the alleged failure of the captain
to report the matter to the commander
in-chief of the Asiatic squadron.
The facts in the case as they are re
ported to the navy department that the
officer was on the deck of his sh'n at
the noon hour when the regular officer
of the deck was at dinner below. Ho
vering about was a native boat which
had been warned away before only to
return. It was not conceived that the
Monadnock was endangered by the
presence of such a little craft, but the
commanding officer had been havmng
much trouble in preventing the natives
from smuggling.rum aboard to the sail
ors and had given orders that no un
authorized native boats should be per
mitted to approach the Monadnoek.
So when this particular craft failed to
make off as required, the captain him
self taking revolver sought to frighten
the crew by firing a shot across the
bow. Unfortunately the shot, striking
the water was deflected so as to pass
through the body of one of the Filipi
nos. The wounded man was hauled
aboard the Monadnock, and after being
given first-class aid was shipped off te a
shore hospital where he died in the
course of a day or so.
This incident was referred to in the
press reports from Manila and after
waiting a reasonable period of time to
be informed the navy department made
inquiry of Admiral Watson to learn the
facts. Ihe admiral responded that the
matter had not been reported to him
and this omission on the part of Capt
McGowan is one of the matters into
which the court is to inquire, the other
being the propriety of the action of the
commanding dfcer of the Monadnock
in taking into his own hands the exe
ction of an ordsr to fire instead of call
ing upon a marine or sailor to do so.
A Sharp Trick.
Senator Clark seems to have outwit
ted his persecutors. The committee
on elections reported that inasmuch as
it was apparent that he had bought his
seat, he was not entitled to hold it.
The Governor of Montana, who is anti
Clark, being absent for a fortnight,
and the Lieutenant-Governor, acting
as governor, being a strong friend of
Clark, the Senator resigned, while sena
torial proceedings against him were
pending. This left Montana without
a senator and necessarily the proceed
ings against Mr. Clark are at an end.
Under the constitution, it is the duty
of the governor to appoint senators to
fill out unexpired terms. Acting Gov
ernor Spriggs appointed Mr. Clark and
he accepted. This brings on a compli
cated situation Clearly the proceed
ings instituted against Clark in the be
ginning must be dropped. The ques
tion of his holding his seat turns on
the point whether the acting governor
had authority to appoint a successor to
fill a vacancy caused by resignation.
That is the problem the Senate will