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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, May 30, 1900, Image 1

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VOL. XV. MIA NN I NG.. S. C,. WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 190
AN AD1)ES
To The People of the State of
South Carolna
FROM THE PROHIBITIONISTS
The Dispensary Law Assailed in
Unmeasured Terms ar'd Many
Crimes Laid to Its Door.
The following is the address to the
Prohibitionists of South Carolina to
the people, which wis prepared by Col.
Hoyt:
"The prohibitionists tf South Caro
lina in appealing to the Democratic
voters to j.in them in suppressing the
liquor traffic in this Staie, ceem it
p roper and right that they should clear
ly and unequivocally state their posi
tion with refercence to the business con
ducted in the name of tie common
wealth, which thereby mAes all its
citizens responsible in a ireasure for
the continuance of this tratfio, which
we believe to be a crime against hu
manity and a means of degradation to
the people.
"in the first place we have chosen to
make this contest at t he Democratic
primary because we are members of
this political organizirion. which is in
virtual control of all the affairs of the
State.
"We have the right to raise this is
sue within the party lines because the
machinery of the State government has
been used to construct and operate a
system of liquor selling, which has for
its chief object the coastant increase
of the consumption of liquors by the
citizens of the State, maiLly with the
view of making money out of the busi
ness in which the State is engaged
We would violate conscience and prove
recreant to duty as good citizens if we
did not protest against this iniquitous
method of obtaining money through the
sensual indulgence and debauchery of
our citizenship, and we are making this
protest in a fair, manly and consistent
way, appealing to the higher instincts
of humanity, and pleading for the so
cial, domestic, moral, religious and po
litical elevation of our whole people.
By banishing the evils now fastened
upon the State in consequenee of the
system under which the sale of liquor
is conducted, we would protect- our
young manhood, bring relief to wronged
and suffering women and children, and
inaugurate an era which would even tu
ally rid our homes of the blight follow
ing the use of liquor as a beverage.
The State is now encouraging this use
of liqaor on the part of its citizens
when it should by every me ans discour
age that which waztcs the resources,
paral zes the energies and destross the
manliness of these who shouid be the
shield and protection of cur homes.
The State is engaged for protit in a bus
iness that stripb %e home ot comforts
with as irucn - ,-y as a cyclone
mows down Lhe migh LZy forest; a bust
ness that opens the g.tes of pera.tion
to lost soul; a busine, that the genius
of hell has never fac-hion'ed amore com
plete method of recruitingz its ra nks; a
business that has borne lromi time im
memorial the badge of disgrace in civil
ised and Christian comunies, and
that is now exalted in thie sovereign
and enlightened eomnmonwealth of
South Carolina to the dignity ot govern
ment service and governmient protec
tion, so that our youth are taught by
the example of the government itself
that the m~anufactnre and sale of liquor
is an honorable sad deritable occupa
tion. Whence came this usurper of
governmental authority ? Did the citi
zens of the State decree its introduc
tion as "the best solution of the liiuor
question?"
"Eight years ago the Prohibitionists
of South Carolina asked the privilege
of testing public opinion as to whether
licensed saloons should be prohibited
within its borders. This request was
made of the managers of the Demo
cratic election machinery, who consent
ed that a separate and unofficial box
might be placed at each- poll where vo
ters culd cast a ballot for or against
prohibition- The opponents of _the
license system were without efficient
organization, but the voter. voluntarily
went to the polls and rolled up a decid
ed majority against the saloons. P,
-litical exigenceies did not favor a pro
hibitory law, and although a majority
of the house of representatives passed
such a law, enough mnembers were af ter
wards found to re-ject the law which
they had aided in trazning and a sub
stitute was discovered in thre present
dispensary eystem. *Ye asked for
bread and were given a stone; ye asked
for a fish and were giaon a serpent.'
"-Prohibitionists were then placed
in an awkward position and many of
them knew not what to do. The saloon
had been abolished, and this was one
of the objects for which they had strug
gled in the past, 3 et liquor selling was
not stopped. On the contrary, the
State had been made to et-gage in the
business under the pretence of con
trolling the traffie and giving to con
sumers a commodity that ws "cheumi
cally pure," at a price that would not
admit of prolit. This was coupled with
the declaration that the system thus in
augurated without the cornent of, the
people was "a step towards prohibi
tion," and many acquiesced in the leg
iqiation with the belief that the State
would really undertake to miinim:ze
the consumption of liquor. It was a
law upon the statute books, and many
of the law-abiding and pe.ce-loving
citizens, though honestly opposed to
liquor selling in any shape, threw the
weight of their influence in favor of
the execution of the law.
S"An. armed constabulary was fur
nished with guns to shoot down citi
zens who violated the liquor law, if in
the jadgment of the cjznstable it was
necessary to enforce their authority,
and thus began a long reign of violence
and turbulence in the land, for the
law-breakers were as ready and anxious
to shoot as the man "clothed with a lit
tle brief authority," who acted upon
the theory that their own lives were in
constant peril, and their surest defence
was to take quiick and deadly aim. The
bloody eataluaue need not be dwelt
upon, for it is the most shameful re
cord in the history of the State, with
the .single exception of the reign of the
carpet-bagger and the scalawag. Mean
stea ad tie courts were invoked to
cow pa.s its destruction, with the result
dhat the main features of the system
were sustained by the courts, and the
statute was unimpeded in its progress
towards prohibiuen. Dispeusera neg
leeted tocbserve some of the most salu
tary features of the law and themselves
became violators where they were ex
pected to become guardians; minors
and drunkards have found it easy
enough to procure liqar with or with
out the connivance of the dispenser;
'chemically pure' hasbecome a by-word
and to mean the vilest of the vile; the
agents of the State have defrauded and
defaleatcd in large numbers, and few
have been made to feel the penalties
for their misdemeanors; the State board
of control has more than once become
an exhibition of exceeding offence in
the nostrils of the good people of the
commonwealth, so that time and again
it was necessary to make changes and
bring about reformations; scandals al
most without number have tracked its
pathway; charges of dishonesty have
been constant, and the public was
made familiar with rebates and the
sample room; in a word, the entire
system has been permeated with sus
picison, distrust and causes of offence
in strikibg contrast with the honorable
record of South Carolina's glorious
past.
-Has the system proven 'a step to
wards prohibition?' Not in the sense
that originated this phrase, but in an
other and truer sense the demand for
actual atd honest prohibition of the
liquor iratfi has been largely increased
by the fa'iures and shorteamings of the
dispenrvry system, which has been
weighed in the balances and found
wanting." That is the indictment we
bring against it today, and to the Dem
ocratie voters we turn for a verdict. In
its stead we would offer them still fur
ther restriction of the liquor traffio, de
strosing the profit and beverage fea
tures of the present system, and limit
ing the sale of alcoholic liquors to strict
ly necessary purposes, such as medici
nal, mechanical and sacramental uses.
This substitution would take away the
odium of the State's being engaged in
a business that is prostituting the youth
of the country, wasting the resources
of the poorer classes, bringing disgrace
and degradation upon families, impov
erishing the homes of our citizens, and
withholding bread from the women and
children who are cursed with the
blight of the drink demon. Prohibi
tion offers an opportunity to work for
the elevation of the entire people, the
better instruction and training of the
young, the creation of incentives to in
dstry, and the moral advancement of
the State to keep pace with its material
prosperity.
"The benefits of a prohibitory law
will not be fully realized in a year or
even in five years, for the longer such
a law is in existence with reasonable
chanzes of enforcement the greater will
be the benefits derived from its pres
ence as a permanent policy of the
State. A generation that bhall grow up
without any knowledge of liquor sa
Icons, whether operated by individuals
or the State, will be a population noted
for its sobriety, which will be the rule
and not the exception among the young
men. Once armly rooted and grounded
in the ininds of the people, a prohibi
tory measure will come to be regarded
as a necessity. More than a generation
has passed since this law was enacted
in Maine, and for a long time there
was a vigorous fight against its continu
ance, but at this -time both political
parties are pledged to its maintenance
as the settled policy of the State. The
ry of repeal has bcen frequently raised
and not many years ago one of the po
litical parties made repeal a plank in
its platform, with the result that not
nore than a half dozen members were
elected to the house of representatives
which has over one hundred in its
membership, and the fight for repeal
was an ignominious failure.
"Gen. Neal Dow, who was the apostle
of prohibition, a man of upright char
acter and irreproachable versacity, in
his testimony before a Canadian com
mission on the liquor tarifi, declared
that there was no State in the Union
where more liquor was consumed in
proportion to population than in Maine,
prior to the passage of the prohibitory
law. It was then one of the poorest
S:ates, andt under prohibition it has be
come one of the most prosperous,
largely the result of savings by the peo
ple froma the discontinuance of the
liquor traffe. He said it was quite
within the mark to say that not one
twentieth as much liquor is sold clan
destinely in that State as was sold by
the sal-uens bef ore this law was passea.
Portland, its ebir~f city, where Gen.
Dow lived and died, had seven distil
leries and two breweries, while many
cargoes of rum were brought every year
from the West Indies, and now liquor
is sold there on a very small scale, the
quantity not a hundredth part of what
it was in the olden time. His estimate
was that there is a saving of $24,000,
u00 annually, which goes to increase the
rsperity of the masses, and he de
clared that it is far within the truth to
say that $1,000,000 would pay for all
liquor smuggled into Maine and sold in
violation of the law. This is the tes
timony of a man who apent the best
ears of his life, even down to extreme
old age, in advocating a cause that he
knew was beneticial in a moral, relig
ious, indus:rial and tinanciai Eense. A
whole generation has grown up there
without being witnesses to the effects of
liquor, and there are grown men and wo
men who have never seen a cranken
man. Is not such a state of affairs
worth striving for, even though the at
tainment of such a result involves sacri
fce, toil and endurance on the p-art of
it s advocuae,? CI ristian men and wo
men aan well afford to make the sacri
ie and bear the toil, because it is in
te direct line of obedience to their
Mlaster.. .
"The contest we are entering upon is
not child's play. The prohibition Dem
ocrats of South Carolina are not re
sponsible that the issue has to be made
on the political hustings. There is nc
eboice left to us except to abandon the
fid, wherein we would prove recreant
to the most solemn obligations that rest
upon a christian people, charged with
te moral and religious elevation of
those around us. To relinquish the
ield means the continuation of the
liquor traffic under the aegis of our be
loved South Carolina, and perpetuate!
a system that is undermining the pub.
lio weal and destroying the probity e:
our public men, a system that sane
Itions with the broad seal of the State
n annnulment of the divina njinction.
'woe unto him that gives his neighbor
drink, * * * and makes him drunken
also.' Every day, and every hour
through the day. the State of South
Carolina i. VeDding that which de
stroys the suuls of men. and the svr
vants of God cannot remain indifferent
or unconcerned while this law is con
tained in the statute books 'Right
eousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a
reproach to and people' any the hid
cous enormity of this sin of drunken
ness fostered by the State must not
longer stain the proud escutiheon of
our common mother. We must pro
test against this anomalous perversion
of governmental power by which every
citizen of the State is madet reeponsible
for a traffic that is abominable in the
eyes of God. The means of our protest
is through the political agency with
which we are in part entrusted as cit
izens of South Carolina, and we come
now to make an appeal to our fellow
citizens that they will join us in re
storing the old commonwc:-!th to a right
relation whereby the liquor traffic will
be put under ban. so that our rulers
and lawmakers will be spared the neces
sity of legislating to increase the sin
of drunkenness within our borders. To
do this effectually we are compelled to
make this issue at the Democratic
primary, and hence to have representa
tives of our principles who will contend
for them before the peop!e, and seek
to obtain controalof the -executive and
legislative dtpartments of the State
government.' This is no unworthy aim
or object and we p-oclaim the purposes.
whieh are not hid in a corner, to our
poliLical associates, demanding the
right to make the issue at the primary
polls, and insisting that fairness and
justice requires the recognition of our
represcntatives inside the party lines,
where everry other issue is settled for
the maintenance of good government in
this State. We deny th tt any class of
Democrats h ive pcculiar and special
privileges accurded to them under the
constitution and laws of the party, and
we will maintain our right to be heard
on the hustings and to cast a free, un
trammeled ballot at the poll."
The reading of the address was at
tentively listened to, and greeted with
applause.
Reads Like Fiction
Ten thousand people, men, women
and children, witnessed the :unveiling
of the monument erected to the memory
of Francs Slocum, the Indian captive,
and more generally known as "'The
White Rose of-the Miami's" at the-Mi
ami Indian burSing grounds, ten miles
from Chiacgo recently, The event is a
notable one in commemorating the his
tory of this woman whose story reads
like ficion and has become one of
national interests ar.d history. She
was tolen when a child of five years
from her home ot Wilkesbarre, Pa , in
the fail of 1777 Brought west by hcr
abductors to Fort Wayne, she was
adopted by one of the MiaNmi Indian
chiefs and Lrought to the Osage vil
lage, ix miles from Chicazo. She
grew up to womanhood to all intents au
Indian. She was married to one of the
principal chiefs of the nation. Tlirough
Col. G. W. Exiog, an Indian trader,
her identity became kno-xn, leading to
a visit of two brothers and one sister
from Wilkesbarre. She recognized the
relationship but refused to return with
them, dying here March 9, 1847 at the
age of 75, and was buried where the
monument now stands.
A Brute Lynched
A dispath from Puieblo, Colorado,
says a mob of five thousand people
lynched Calvin-Kimblem, a Negro who
assaulted and murdered two little white
girls, inmates of the Pueblo Orphans
home. The lynching took place at half
past one Thursday morning. Women
cheered as the Negro was swung to a
telegraph pole. The officials of the
Rio Grande had ordered all trains to
be rushed past the stations for fear the
mob would board the train and seize
Negro. But the mob placed ties on the
track and stopped t wo trains before it
found the one the Negro was on. He
was dragged with a rope around his
neck to a telegraph pole and thrice
strung up before the rope held.
A Terrific Explosion
A terrible explosion occurred iu the
Cumnock mines, located some forty
miles from Greensboro Wednesday af
ternoon. Twenty-three miners were
killed and thirty injured. Of the dead
eleven were whites, including several
foreigners, and the remainder colored.
The cause of the explosion is unknown.
At 6 p. m. all the bodies had been re
covered, and surgeons were working
over the injured, many of whonm were
fearfully mangled.
Democrats Will Win
Mr. Arthur Sewell has been inter
viewed. He said, "I am positively out
of it'' and then to make his words go
straight to the heart and bring convic
tion, he repeats, "I am positively out
f it." Mr. Sewell means by -this that
he would under no circumstances listen
to a suggestionthat he again become the
candidate of his party for the vice
presidency. He believes that the
Democratic party can win in New York
if a campaign withbout mistrkes is made.
Turned.Table On Him
AM Chattanooga, Tenn., Thursday
night Will Adams,' a desperado, at
tempted to rob the Tracy City hank,
which has a vault enclosed in plate
armor a quarter of an inch thiek. Hie
entered the bank building and con
cealed himself, awaiting the arrival of
the oashier, with the intention of hold
ing him up when the safe was opened.
He was surprised and captured by the
cashier and constah!e.
Street Car Officials Indicted.
A dispatch from Augusta says D B.
Dyer, pre-ident of the Augusta Rail
way and Electric company, and E C.
Jfferon, a conductor on a car on which
Whitney was shot by a Negcro. have
been indicted by the grand jury for al
leged violation of the State law in re
quiring a separation of the races on the
cars. Since the death of Whitney the
company has been carrying Negro pas
sengers in trailers.
Killed by a.Falling Tree
A dispatch from Culloden, Ga., to
the Atlanta Journal, says: "Charle's
King, a well known ycg man of this
county, was instantly killed and horri
bly mangled last night by being caught
under a falling tree. While a party of
-his friends were cutting down a bee
tree, King went to sleep. His body
was broken and mangled in a frightful
mannr Dath was instantaneous."
NA)lES A TICKET.
Twenty-two Counties Out of For
ty Send Delegates to
PROHIBITION CONVENTION.
Col. Jas. A Hoyt Nominated for
Governor and Col. Trib
ble for Lieutenant
Governor.
The Prohibitionists held a State Con
vention in Columbia last Wednesday.
The Conference was called to order by
State Chair-nan A C. Jones, of New
berry. He read the call under which
the Convention assembled and empha
sized that only three delegates were
asked from each county. Chairman
Jones aDounced that the first business
was the election of a temporary chair
man. Mr. C. D. Stanley named Mr.
T. N. Berry, who ran for railroad com
missioner two 5ears ago. Mr. Berry
was unanimously elected. He was es
corted to the chair by Messrs. E. D.
Swith, of Sumter; L. B. H1ayne;, of
Lexington, and Joieph Spratt, of Man
ning. Chairman Berry called upon Dr.
Gwaltney to open the formal exercises
with prayer. le prayed that the sins
and blunders of the past be forgiven.
Mr. Berry thanked the convention for
his election and said be was ready for
work. Prof. A. B Stallworth, of
Greenville, was elected temporary sec
retary, and on motion of Mr. C. C.
Featherstone Mr. B. E. Nicholson, of
Eigefiel., was elected assistant secre
retary.
Mr. Joel E Brunson suggested that
each county be called and that the en
rolment be named from the floor. This
plan was approved and the roll was
handed in as foilows:
Abbeville-M. L. B. Sturkie.
Aiken-C. L. Jones and J. F.
Philip.
Anderson-J. L. Hall, R. P. Clink
scales and J. W. Q iattlebium.
Barnwell, Beaufort and Berkeley
No representation.
Bamberg-W. E. Johnson.
Charleston-J. E. Kirby, E. 0.
Watson.
Chester--No representation.
Chcsterfield-J. T. Hurst, F. M.
Cannon and J. G. River;.
Clarendon-Joseph Spratt, C. M.
Mason and D. J. Bradhatn.
Cherokee and Co.leton-No rcpre
D~rhucton-T. N. Berr7, B. 0. Bris
tow. J. F. Hosal and R N. flowle.
Dovrchster-S Utsey Walker and G.
M. Davis.
Edaefield-L. R. Gwaltney and B. E
Nicholson.
Fairfield, Fioren.e and Georgetown
-No representation.
Greenvill.-J:Mes A. Hoyt, A. B.
Stallworth and \V. W. Kfys
Greenwood-J. G. Jeukins.
I llamptoo-N.> reprcsentation.
I Hurry and Kershaw-No representa
tion.
Laurens-Robert Abereromibie, C. C.
Featherstone and J. M. Friday.
Lexington- -L. B. Haynes and J. S.
Abercrombie.
Laneaster-W. T. Gregory and Wad
dy C. Thompson.
Marion and Marlboro-No represen
tation.
Newberry-A. C. Jones and the Rev
J. W. Speake.
Oconee-No representation.
Orangeburg-J. R. Fulliner.
Pickens-J. E.. Boggs.
Richland-T. J. Lamotte, C. B.
Stanley, M. Speigner, Frank Roberts,
G. J, H-uffman and J. L. Berg.
Satuda-No representation.
Spartanburg-C. T. Scaife, J. B.
Stepp.
Suimter-E. C. Hainesworth and E.
D. Smith.
Union-S. M. Rice, of flst Union.
Williamsburg-Joel E Brunson, T.
0. Epps and E B Rhodus.
York-S. M1. Grist, F. M1. Whison
ant, H. C. Strauss.
The number (of counties represented
in the convention is twenty-four. The
number of counties not represented is
sixteen.
When Aiken was reached it was
stated that the two delegates present
were volunteers, nut having neen elect
ed. They were elected to member
ship. When Basmberg was reached a
delegate announced the name of the
Rev. WV. E. Johnson as a delegate and
aked that he be enrolled.
The temporary oficeers were made
permanent, and Mr. Waddy C. Tho'np
son was elected vice-president. Mr.
Ftlwer, of Orangeburg, then moved
that the convention hear the address
prepared by the campaign, or exceutive
committee, which was in the hands of
Col. James A. Hoyt, of Greenviile, and
prepared by him for the committee.
This motion prevailed and Col. Hoyt
read the address, which is published
elsewhere. The address was received
with applause.
Mr. Abererombie moved that a comn
mittee of five be appointed to seleet
such portions of the address as were
demed advisable and use the same as
an audress to the pecople.
Mr. R~ce, of Udon, wanted the ad
dress amended so as to address it to the
Prhibition Diemocrats and all other
De:ucrats.
Mr. Featherstone thought some of the
expressions used were too rough. He
thought it unwise to say that the dispen
sary reign was the worst in South Caro
lona except reconstruction. lie opposed
such severe expressions, because there
were honest and sincere muen who advo
cate thedisensay.ie fought and
workd fr pohisiton.but thoughit the
address should be toned do.su in a few
particulars.
Mr. hloyt thought Mr. F'ea-herstone
was mi:,taken in his interpretation as to
the com parison.
Mr. Hlaynes wanted to avoid conten
tion with the dispensary. It would be
best, he thought, to leave the diepen
sary alone and plead for prohibiaion
alone.
Col. Hoyt said his comparison was
simply as to the shooting of citizens,
and that reign of terror and turbulence
and killing was wnat was said to be
second only to the reign of the carpet
baggers in South Carolina. Mr. Hoyt
read the paragraph and insisted it was
warrnted by history.
Mr. A. C. Jones thought it best to
refer the address and all other papers to
a committee of one from each county
represented.
Mr. Boeas and the Rev. E 0. Wat
son urged that this would simply mean
a doubling of the discussion and delay
work. MIr. Watson wanted to adopt the
paper as a whole, word for word. The
strong statements appeared to him as
being exactly correct. He did not want
to wake up more snakes than could be
killed, but he was an open fighter. He
wanted no emasculation. Let the paper
go forth just as it reads.
Mr. Abercrombie said he did not
want to arouse any scare. He ojected
to the paragraph comparing "that gang
to the carpet baggers." He thought it
would be just as well to leave that out.
Mr. Scaife, of Spartanburg, wanted
an aggressive fight from now on. The
very point criticised in that address and
and he was all. He thought voting down
the address was taking away their
strongest weapon.
The addresss was then adopted, word
for word, with the exception of insert
ing the word Democrat after the word
Prohibition throughout the address, so
as Io read Prohibition Democrat.
Mr. Joel E. Brunson, to test the sense
of the Convention, moved that the Con
vention suggest candidates for Governor
and Lieutenant Governor. There were
some opposition to making nominations
but the convention finally resolved to
do s).
After the adoption of a resolution
endor!ing the Charleston Exposition,
the platform was presented by Mr. E.
D. Smith, and it was adopted. It reads
as follows:
We, the Prohibition Democrats, of
the State of South Carolina, in confer
ence assembled, hereby declare the fol
lowing platform:
1. That competency, honesty and so
briety are indispensable qualifications
for holding office.
2. That taxes should be made as low
as possible, consistent with efficiency
of government.
3 That the sale of intoxicating liqu
ors for beverage purposes is not a func
tion of government, but a disgrace to
Christian civilizntion; a dishonor to
manhood, and a political wrong of un
paralleled enormity; that it is an awful
crime against the women and children,
against the home, against the Church
and azainst God.
4. That prohibition of the sale of in
toxicating liquors, for beverage pur
poses, is the true, consistent remedy,
and to this end we demand that the dis
pensary system be shorn of its evils,
such as selling intoxicants as a bever
age; and that authority be given by the
General Assembly for the State to sell
alcoholic liquors for only medicinal,
miechanical and sacramental purposes.
Nominations for Governor and Lieu
tenaut Governor was now gone into.
C-I. Jas. A. Hoyt and Mr. Joel E.
lirunson were plaoed in nomination for
Governor. A ballot was taken which
resulted: Jas. A. Hoyt 30, Joel E
B.runson 11. The Rev. Mr. Davis
wo.ved that r-omination be made unani
mous by a riing vote. Adopted and
all rose.
C-1. .1 L. Tribble was then nomi
sate d for Licutenant-Governor without
orp11sitnen.
At 12 o'clock the Convention was
ready to adj 'urn, when Col. Hoyt was
called for. He said it was too late to
make a speeh. He would appear in
each county. He would do his utmost
to gain a victory and believed it would
be had. The conference then adjourned.
A Large Lake Vanishes.
A special from Guadlajaira, Mexico,
says: Many buildings in the town of
Autian, situated in the southern part
of the state of Jalisco, were demolished
by the recent earthquake. When the
first trembles were felt the inhabitants
fled to the mountains. Had they re
mained in the houses there would have
been heavy loss of life. Much damage
was also done in Tuscacuesco and
Tonitapa. The water of a large lake
near the town of Zapotalan disappeared
in a great fissure in the earth, which
seemed to be produced by a second
shock that lasted about one minute.
The bed of the former lake is now dry,
and fissure can be plainly seen. It is
over three miles long and from one to
three feet wile. The tidal wave which
swept in from the ocean after the shock
did little damage.
Wreck Iear Laurena.
The wreck of a freight train on the
Chaleston and W~estern Railroad near
Laurens Wednesday morning caused
the iastant death of Engineer William
Mecklin and the colored brakeman,
Charley Hlaynes. The train with
twelve loaded cars was moving on at a
twenty miles rate, when the engine
suddenly jumped the track, turned
over and plowed into the de-ep embank
ment. a distance o-f abott fifty yards.
As the engine turned over, McKinnev
and Hlavnes. who was on the seat with
him, were violently hurled against the
furnace and covered with coal. They
were literally roasted to death. The
fireman who was on the opposite side of
the engine from the engineer escaped
with slight ijaries.
A Big Failure.
Price, McCortmack & Co., one of the
largest brokerage houses in New York,
failed Thursday with liabilities esti
mated at thirteen milli-a: dollars. The
firm is a member of th.: stock. cotton
and produce exchanges .and of the Chi
etro stock exchange, aa?d has branch
'ifices in about 30 eitie- throughout the
United States. The fadure is ascribed
to the fact that the firmi was long of
eatton in the face cf a fast falling mar
ket.
Shell Did Explode.
A special dispatch from Culluden,
G;a., to the Atlanta Journal says two
little cblhdren o.f Mr. and Mrs. Fitz
patrick were playiog with an "un
loaded~ hotgun shell yesterday after
noon, when the shell exploded. A por
tion of the flyitg missile passed through
the window. stiking the infant child,
which was in his mother's arms. The
children were b idly powder-marked.
Severe Coast Storm.
From rerorts received at Astoria,
Oregan. from points along the coast it
is thought that more than four lives
were last in Thursday afternoon's storm.
The gale which suddenly sprang from
the southeast was the worst that ever
prevailed on this part of the coast at
this time of the year. The wind
reached a velocity of over 60 miles an
hour. Fishermen were everywhere on
th rh ive with their nets out.
SENATOR TILLMAN
Gets a Bauquet from Rev. Sam
P. Jones.
HIGHEST SORT OF PRAISE.
Greatest Senator South Carolina
Has Had Since the Days
of John C. Calhoun.
Rev. Sam P. Jones, the great evange
list, writes as follows from Baltimore
to the Atlanta Journal:
There are no dull days now. The
record of any day's happenings would
make a book. Political conventions,
Methodist general conferences, Baptist
conventions, soldiers' reunions, race
courses, etc., besides a thousand other
things to fill the columns of newspapers
and satisfy desire for the sensational.
The two wiogs of the "Pops" have
held their conventions and nominated
their candidates and adopted their plat
form, and adjourned.
A. few days later the old regulars,
the Democrats and R-publicans, will
gather, one in Pailadelphia, the other
in Kansas City, announec their plat
forms and nominate their candidates.
It is a foregone conclusion, that the
Republicans will nominate M3Kinley
and the Democrats will announce Bry
an as their candiaates. Then will come
the tug of war.
The present outlook makes things
look brighter for the Democrats. There
is a growing feeling among the masses
that Mr. McKinley is the tool of cor
rupt political bosses, and that the Ra
publican party is in league with the
trusts and combinations, and that it
moves to the tap of the drum of the
moneymongers. If the Demoerats
won't act the fool and will put a live,
strong man as chairman of their na
tional committee, they stand a good
chance this time to put in their candi
dates. If they will put the silver ques
tion in the background, favor expan
Sion, denounce imperialism, champion
pure Democracy, and fight paternalism,
stand for principles and tight protec
tion, and leave out a few of the nones
ential planks of the Chicago platform,
then they have a chance.
Strikes and dissentions are already
multiplying among the laboring masses.
The Republican party is -constantly
making the most egregious blunders.
Bossism growing more uapopular daily.
Boss-ridden and money-ridden and
trust ridden as the Repulican party is,
still it's a power. A party with more
brains than conscience, more prejudice
than principle, a party perpetuated by
pensions and mastered by millions, may
till be more than a match for the
Democrats.
Senator Ben Tilman, of South Car
olina, spoke in Baltimore two nights
ago at a Democratic rally o! the several
wards of the city. le said some true
and strong things. I give you a few
setences of his speech:
"I am fresh from the senate cham
ber at Washington, where I have worked
hard all day today to prevent the treas
ry of the United States from being
looted of eight million dollars by two
armor plate factories. When the treas
ry is looted, it is you debased, igno
rant Democrats and Republicans who
possess heads but no brains, you men
who have votes and put men in office
who steal and you haven't honest sense
eough te catch them or manliness
enough to expose them. If the individ
ual is corrupt and ignorant he will send
men to the halls of legislation who are
thieves and who will reimburse them
selves out of the public treasury for the
expense of their election. Democracy
means government by the people. It
doesn't mean that the people get orders
from some boss or instructions from a
few leaders. Are you going to stick
your flog- rs in your mouths and be
bossed toy the same? Boss ridden,
newspaper-rid den, corporation-ridden
leaders? Get on your knees cveiy
time you pick up a newspaper; it is f ull
of lies. You must thick for yourselves.
They are subsidized by the wealthy
classes, and the purpose is to have the
editors fool you."
These are plain words and no doubt
true words as they apply in many in
stances.
I have watched with some interest
the career of Ben Tillmnan and I be
lieve in him because he is a man who
has the courage of his cony~ctiOns. We
need him in the Uoited S-ates senate
with his pitchfork and all. Ben Tfill
man is a bi&ner man today than any
day in his litr. Hie is more highly es
teemed by his friends and more fearel
and hated by his enemies. He and olt
Senator Hoar say the strongest and the
truest things that have been said on
the floor of the senate since the days of
Ben Hill and R oscoe Conknog. JBen
Tfilman doesn't contribute much dig
nity to the senate, but he is a mixture
of mule and billy geat. He kicks with
one end and butts with the other. Ben
Tiillan has as much brains and more
backbone than any man in public lile
Itoday. Go it, Ben, you are a joy to
your friends and a dose of calomnel to
your cnemies. You made South Cairo
lina a good governor and since the days
of John Calhoun she has not had your
equal in the senate.
Old Senator Morgan of Alabama, and
Hoar, of Massachusetts, have well nigh
run their race, but they are loved and
honored by a grateful constituency and
may die in the hnarnets if they choose.
They seem to he puzzled for running
mates for McKinley and Bryan; each
party wants a tail to the kite heavy
enough to steady the kite as they ling
it to the political bret zes.
Teddy won't play taid to McKinley's
kite, and Towne may be tied on to the
Democratic kite. The Republicans
may have a Long tail to their kite.
Sami P. Jones.
Converts With the sword.
The situation of Christians in Ar
menia is rapidly becoming intolerable.
The Turks are forcius Armenians by
the hundreds to embrace Islam, and
outrageous vexations to Christian resi
dents are of daily occurrence.
Crushed to Death.
A dispatch from Rome says in the
reat crush in the canonizing cere
monies at St. Peter's Friday morning,
to which over a hundred thousand pil
grins flocked, two persons were killed
an man .thers fainted.:
LIGHT AT EVENTIDE
A Beautifal Prose Poem That is Worth
Reading.
Below we publish one of the beauti
f al prose poems that has made A. B.
Williams, Editor of The Greenville
News, famous. Read it, and then cut
it out and put it in your scrap book.
Here it is:
When we grow beyond the freshness
of youth and have not yet begun to know
the decay of old age we are in the land
and time of prose. No poet sings of us,
no p-ainter paint3 us-except portraits
for which we are required to pay-no
novelist puts us in his stories except as
filling and background. They do not
make heroes or heroines of us, and our
trials and sorrows and triumphs and
adventures seem to be of inteiest to no
body. It is just at that time when we
are old to the very young and young to
the very old that is called middle life.
where we begin to know and be part of
real life that all those whose business is
with fancy and poetry neglect us.
Youth and aee have each their special
graces and beauties, but we between
them are allowed neither. 0e is loved
and the other venerated, but we are
merely useful. It is the privilege of
youth to dream deautiful dreams and
look forward longing t> rainbows broad
as the firmament and distant, stately
alabaster temples, towering amid purple
hill tops and tinged with the hues of
the sunrise clouds, glowing in the
glory of the dew risen sun. It is the
happiness of age to dream yet more
beautiful dreams of a past softened and
glorified by the silver mist of the gather
ing years, the far receding temples
shining with the light of tender memo
ries, the fragrance of old. joys stealing
across the shadowed hill tops in the
deepening silence and the subdued
radiance of the sunset time. I. is the
part of middle age to be, to do and to
suffer-to be the verbs of life, giving it
meaning, to bear the burden and the
strain.
It is the time of strength and ripe
ness and production and value, for mid
dle age must be the help for the young
and the prop for the old. It is the
time, too, of struggle and weariness and
discouragement when the first impulse
and eager, sanguine hope of youth have
gone and the restfulness and resigna
tion of age have not yet come. It is
the time when men and women are said
to be in their prime, and they need to
be, for all their power and strength are
demanded by the ever gathering weight
of responsibilities. Yet it is the time
when the least help and sympathy is
given. Everybody is kindly and toler
ant to youth, its follies and faults are
readily forgiven and sympathetic hards
and hearts are ready to raise iL from its
falls and aid it in its progress. Old
age appeals to every instinct of benevo
lence and its foibles and exactions and
sins are condoned with prompt com
paisance. For the middle aged there
I is no allowance. The man who goes
down at that time of life is in evil case
and must recover by his own strength
and courage for the world is busy help
ing ana pitying the old and the young.
It is all right. It is just that in the
time when our strength is greatest the
burdens should be heaviest and that we
should be the helpers of those who are
coming after us and the props of those
who have gone before us, and some of
whom bore burdens for us in their day.
But somebody ought to write some
poetry or paint some pictures about us
or make us heroes and heroines of some
novels. We are not yet ready to be
venerated nor do we want anybody to
pat us on the head and feed us sugar
plums or make love to us, but we tire
now and then-all of us-of being .so
entirely prosaie. We want to be con
sidered somehow as something more
than the world's . working people and
draught animals and general bixrd:n
bearers-things to be made use of with
out being admired. Yet brethren and
sisters-we who are living in the late
spring and the full summer and ripe
autumn-let us not repine because we
must be the prose part of the story
of life and looked on as the general
bearers and carriers and helpers. Sure
ly there is no place mora honorable.
Let us do our work staunchly and
sturdily and with cheerful and hopeful
and clean and wholesomn hearts.
For the symmer will begin to wane
presently and glide gently but swiftly
into autumn and from autumn to win
ter. Little by little the light of the
sun and the moon and the stars shall
be darkened and the clouds g ither af ter
the rain and those that look out of the
windows shall see dimly and the strong
men bow themselves and the keepers os
the house shall tremble and fail more
and more and the grasshopper be a bur
den intolerable on the backs now broad
and strong. Let those of us who must
bear and can, rejoice that we can, look
ing to that sure time, it we be spared
to it, when we can not-that timne when
the golden bowl of life shall be wearing
thin to its inevitable breaking and the
siver cord shall vibrate but feebly to
the faint and failing melodies of the
daughters of music because it is about
to be loosened.
It will be good in that time to know
that the knees bending beneath our
own weight have been strong and will
ing to bear the burdens of many and
swift to answer where there was nee~d.
It will be comforting to know that the
hands trembling impotently have in
their time done much work and builded
well and been powerful to lift and raise
and hold and prop. When the eyes see
but dimly what is about them it will
be peace and glory to look back through
the veil of silver mist of the gathering
years to the far off white temples of our
unrise dreams and know that while
dreams were beautiful and have van
ished work well done shall endure. So
in the deepening sdlence and darkening
shadows and fading glories o-f the sun
st time and the winter the memories of
the noon and summer days shall live in
the soul and illuminate and gladden it.
And there shall be light at everntide.
They Will Vacate.
A dispatch from Frankfort, Ky.,
says Republican Auditor sweeney sent
for DI mjcratie Auditor Coulter Friday
morning and notified him he was ready
to turn over the state records and pos
sessions of the office in the statehouse
without waiting for action by the court
of appeals. It is understood the other
Rlepublican officials will do likewise in
the next day or two and that by next
week the statehouse will be officered ex
lusily by the Democrats.
THE SMALL POX.
Gov. McSweeney Reviews the
Situation in the State.
HE OFFERS SUGGESTIONS.
IThey Are Based-on a Letter Re
ceived From One Who Has
Watched Course of Things
Closely. ,
In talking of the smallpox situation
in the State which has required so
much attention for some time, Gov.
McSweeney Wednesday said:
"I have been very much interested
in the effort to stamp out smallpox in
ihis State and all cases reported to me
have been promptly referred to Dr.
James Evans. secretary of the State
board of healh, and by him given im
mediate attention. In rpite of these ef
forts the disease still lingers in the
State and if not checkel or stamped
out may cause much trouble during the
coming fall and winter. I an afraid
our people do not realize the import
ance and necessity of vaccination. The
State board of health has endeavored
to impress the importance of vaccina
tion as a preventive and has empha
s:zed the fact that through vaccination
was the only way to prevent a spread
I of the disease and to stamp it out ef
I feutually. And yet we have been un
able to secure complete vaccination. If
the managers of our cotton mills and
the operators could be made to realize
the importance to their own communi
tics and to themselves and their prop
erty of vaccination I am sure they
would not neglect it any longer. Com
pulsory vaccination is not only not
popular but the use of force is not al
ways the best way to accomplish re
suits.
"In fact I doubt the wisdom of a re
sort to force except it may be in ex
treme cases where persons persistently
and stubbornly refuse to submit to
vaccination. My purpose now is to call
the attention of the people to the im
portance of this matter and to urge
upon them the good jadgmsnt in as
sisting the suppression of the disease
by submitting to vaccination. I wculd
be glad to have the managers of the
cotton mills to call the attention of the
mill communities to the importance of
vaccination and I am sure if it is done
in the proper spirit there will be no re
sistance or objection to vaccination.
School trustees and teachers and su
perintendents could also aid in this
work by requiring evidence of the vao
cination as a requisite for the entrance
of pupils to the schools. I hope all the
people of the State will unite in an ef
fort to stamp out the disease.
"Some days ago I received a letter
from Col. J. B. Cleveland of Spartan
brg on this subject which states the
case very plainly and which I recom
mend."
The following is Mr. Cleveland's let
ter referred to by the governor:
Hon. M. B. McSwveeney, Governor of
South Carolina, Columbia, S. C.:
Dear Sir: I am afraid that the State
will have much trouble during the fall
and winter with smallpox. There are
so many more centres of effection now
than there were a year ago, and from
what I can learn, they are increasing
daily.
I do not think our people are edu
eated as yet up to the idea of compul
sory vaccination. There is a woeful
lack of knowledge of the benefits of
vaccination. In the town of Whitney
it has been shown conclusively that
vaccination gives perfect immunmty
from the disease. In one house which
was a boarding house, there were some
twenty people all of whom were ex
pose d, seventeen caught the smallpox,
and the three that did not take it were
the only ones that were vaccinated.
In the German empire where they
have compulsory vaccination, there are
only eight deaths in ten thousand from
saallpox. In Eo.gland where they have
not compulsory vaccination, there are
one huadred and thirty deaths irom
smnallpoX out of ten thousand. Statis
tics taken from offiial docaments in
Germany show as against eight deaths
from smallpox, there are four hundred
and fifty deaths from typhoid fever out
of ten thousand.
in fact, out of sixteen different dis
eases which are enumerated. the de4h
rte from smnallpnx is much lower than
that of any other disease.
This to my mind is cncl.usive that
the only way to stamp out the disease
is by vaccination. As I have said, I
do not think compulsory vaccination
would be popular, but there is one way
that I think it can be done and that is
fr the trustees of every public school
in the State to lay down the law that no
child shall be enrolled in the sahool
uness va:einated, and the proof of the
vacinatioL shall be a well defined scar.
I think this rule could be enforced and
the resalt will be that in a few years
our entire population would be vacci
nated.
Tne making of such a rule is not a
hriship; it is simply making the pa
rents do what they should do.
The schools for the fall session will
be open in a few months, and if it is
possible for you, the State board of
health or the State commissioner to
take up this matter with the different
school trustees, and see that such a
regulation is made, it would do more
to stamp out smnallpox in this State
than any other plan.
If this matter cannot be handled in
this way, I am going to see what can
be done in the mill towns about it.
Yours very reepectfully,
John 13. Cleveland.
Political Suicide.
The Spartanburg Herald says: "Law
rence W. Yoemans is getting cold com
fort from the weekly press for his ill
timed effort to stir up strife in the
state convention. If he had only had
the good sense to see it, ther6 might
have been a future for Yoemans."
Cut Her Throat.
Mrs. Anna Chisolm Gilmore, wife of
Major J. C. Gilmore, assistant adjutant
general of the National guard of P'enn
syvania, committed suicide by cutting
her throat with a razor at Philadelphia
Thursday. She died in her husband's

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