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VOL. xV M' NANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY., JUNE 6% 1900
Tii E )EMOCRACY.
The State Ex-cutive Committee
Meets in Columbia.
NO MUD-SLINGING ALLOWED.
Schedule of the Cdmpaign Meet
ings Adopted and Promul
gated. Changes in Ce.n
stitution. Other Matters.
The Democratic State Executive
Committee met in Columbia last Wed
nesday. The following memters of the
committee were resent:
Abbeville-A W Jones.
Aiken-W WV Williams.
Berkeley-S J lcCoy.
Charleston -J F Rafferry.
Cherokee-J D Littlejohn.
Chester-T J Cunningham.
Colleton-J W Hill.
Dorchester-J D Bivins.
Edgtfield-W 11 Timmerman.
Fairield-J G Mobley.
Florence-D H Traxler.
Greenwood- D H Nlagill.
Horry-Joo. A McDermott.
Kershaw-C L Winkler.
Lancaster-T Y Williams.
Lexington-D J Griffith.
Marlboro-T C Hamer.
Newberry-Cole L Blease.
Orangeburg-W 0 Tatum.
Spartanburg-N L Bennett.
Saluda-R B Watson.
Sumter-H D Lee.
Union-J F Peake.
Anderson, Barnwell, Bambcrg. Beau
fort, Chesterfield, Darlington, Green
ville, Georgetown, Hampton, Laurens,
Marion, Oconee, Pickens, Williams
burg and York counties were not rep
As soon as the committee had been
called to order Mr. Blease presented
the sub-comittee's report on the cam
paign schedule arranged in consulation
with railroad men. He said that a
week's break had been allowed fo- the
national convention. The committee
also recommended that the assessments
be made the same as two years ago.
The scheduls was unanimously adopt
ed without debate as followvs:
Orangeburg, June 14.
St, Georges, June 15.
Charleston, Jane 16.
Walterboro, Jue IS.
Beaufort, June 19.
Hampton, June 2q.
Barnwell, June 22.
Bamberg, June 23.
Sumter, June 26.
Manning, June 27.
Monck's Corner, June 28.
Georgetown, July 10.
Kingstree, July 11.
Florence, July 12.
Marion, July 13.
Conway, July 16.
Bennettavil!e, -July IS.
Darlington, Jul 19.
Chesterfield, Juh 21.
Camden, July 23
Lancaster, Jul:. 25.
Chester, July 26
Winnsboro, July 27.
Yorkville, July 2s.
Gafiney, July 30.
Spartanhurg, July 31
Union, August 1.
Newberry, August 3.
Laurens, August 4.
Greenville, August 6.
Pickens, August 7.
Walhalla, August 9.
Anderson, August 10.
Abbeville, August 11.
Greenwood, August 13.
Aiken, August 15.
Edgefield, August 16.
Saluda, August 18.
Lexington, August 21.
Columbia, August 22.
Col. Jones then read the assessment
of candidates as follows: United States
senator, congressman and governor $50
each; lieutenant governor, $12.50
State officers, $37 50 each except adju
tant general at $25; solicitor, $25 eaoh;
and $10 for State senator and $5 each
for representatives from each county.
This was adopted:
Senator Appelt, when the committee
was about to preceed to the considera
tion of the rules, arose and offered the
Whereas there is some contention as
to the proper construction of a certain
provision of section 6 of the constitution
of the State Democratic party, which
said provision of said sections reads as
'Provided. That no vote shall be
counted for any candidate who does not
file with the chairman of the State
executive committee, or with the re
spective chairmen of the county execu
tive committees, a pledge in writing
that he will abide the result of such pri
mary and support the nous~nees thereof,
and that he is not nor wil he become
the candidate of any facti mn. either pri
vately or publicly suggested, other than
the regular Democratic nomination."
Resolved, That the Democratic State
executive committee hereby construes
said proviso in section 6 to miean that
it is in violation of the intent and mean
ing of the constitution of the Demo
cratic party for any person or persons
to become candidates in the primary
elections to be held under the auspices
of the Democratic party of this State,
who have been or who may be nomi
nated or suggested by any organization
Mr. Appelt made a good speech in
favor of his resolution. He was fol
lowed by several others for and against
the resolutions. Finally Colonel Wat
son moved the adoption of the follow
ing as a substitute for the A ppelt resolu
tion, which was agreed to by a vote of
18 to 7:
Resolved, That we interpret the con
stitution as disapproving factional
nomination, but if the pledges .are
signed by the candidates as individu
als, the votes will be counted.
M1r. Williams of Aiken called atten
tion to the mst ter of making rules of
registration for cities of 20,000 or over.
and wished to let tLe counties settle
the matter. He said Charleston and
Richland would probably be the only
two counties affected by the legisla
Mr. Rafferty in this connection of
fered the following, the latter portion
being an amendment by Capt. W. W.
Resolved, That the State executive
e-upw.ittee approve of the rules and
- ulations adopted by the Cbarles-on
county exe:utive committee, May 29 th,
1900, to govern a party registration for
the coming primary in Charleston
Resolved, second, That the county
executive committee of those counties
having cities containing 20,000 inhab
itants or more, be instructed to provide
proper rules for carrying out the law
on this subject.
The rules adoptea by the Charleston
county committee were read. The Raf
ferty resolution was then takea up and
The rules were then taken up. There
was some discussion over a proposition
by Mr. McDermott to have the names
of every candidate for every office
voted for prinied on one ticket, the
names thoqe not voted for being
scratched, no other tickets being
Mr Appelt opposed any change, be
cause, among other things, county com
mittees would have to furnish all
Mr. Winkler favored the idea; so did
Mr. 8lease. Mr. Magill could not see
where there had been any trouble about
the existing rule.
The committee declined to table, but
the proposition was amended so that
no ticket could be considerd legal ex
cept those furnished by the State and
county committees, and containing the
Dames of all caudidates. This amen I
ment to cection 4 was adopted.
The oath required by the constitution
wa;. or nm)tion of Senator A ppelt, made
to apply to candidates for county ef
On motion of Mr. T. Y. Williams the
rules were amended so as not to allow
the counting of votes for a candidate
who has not filed his pledge and paid
Col. Jones asked: "Now, I under
stand when Col. Hoyt files his pledge
and pays his money, I have nothing to
do but accept his pledge and declare
him a candidate." He was assured
that this was the unanimous under
standing of the committeemen in the
light of the action taken.
Capt. W. W. Williams offered the
following, which was almost unanimous
Whereas there is good feeling among
all Democrats in the State today, and
whereas it is desirable that the cam
paign, being a contest among Demo
crats, shall be conducted on a high
plane, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the State Democratic
executive committee suggest to the
county chairman of each eennty of the
State the advisability of requiring the
candidates not to indulge in personal
abuse, but to confine themselves to a
iscussion of the issues; and that any
candidate who persists in refusing
acquiescence to this suggestion be not
Olowed to speak.
Mr. Traxler asked for a collection to
be sent to the national Democratic or
anizition. Qaite a neat sum was
The committee then adjourned, sub
ject to the call of the chairman.
Hits Us Hard.
An English barrister, Richard Briras
ev Sheridan, has written what is called
"a formidable criticismn of the action of
he Uoited States government in regard
o the Philippines since the end of the
war with Spain." The title is "The
Fiipino Martyrs. A Story of the
Jrime of the Fourth of February, 1899."
eneral Otis and the rest of the patriots
who make a business of charging the
esponsibility for The war on the anti
imperialists should brace up and pre
are to meet the onslaught of this
Eocishman, who spent over a year in
1 nia after the occupation of that city
y United States troops, and made many
excursions into the interior of the
island of Luzon and to neighboring
Maryland for Bryan.
Complete returns fi om the Democrat
ie primaries, whicb have now been held
in 17 of the 23 counties in Maryland,
show that unless a change of front oc
urs before June 5. the day set for the
state convention, the delegates in favor
of a Bryan instructed delegation will
control that body. All the eastern
shore as well as the northern counties
favor an instructed delegation, but
while the free silver sentiment also
strongly pervades those sections of the
state the delegates to the state conven
tion will be satisfied with instructing
for Bryan and allow the regular organ
ization managers their way in the mat
t.r of the platform.
Twelve Men Poisoned
Twelve Italian laborers were found
dead in the woods near Montgomery, WV.
Va., on Wednesday, their deaths being
the result of eating poisoned food.
They were a part of a gang of laborers
employed by a construction company
building the Paint Creek railroad
They boarded in the contractor camp,
where a large amount of provisions was
stored. Mluch of it was stolen and the
negro cook, unknown to his employers,
put rat poison on some meat and flour,
which also disappeared. A mountain
hunter discovered the badies. The
authorities have not yet taken any
steps in the matter.
Filipinos Score One.
On Tuesday night the insurgents
rushed San Miguel, province of Btila
can, Ltzon, garrisoned by three com
panies of the 35th volunteer infantry.
They swept through the surprised town,
shooting right and left, killing five
Amer'eans and wounding seven. Capt.
Charles D. Roberts and two privates
are missing. .No Filipino dead were
British Soldiers Killed
The British colonial office Wednes
day received advices via Acera, British
Gold Coast, from Col. Wilcocks, in
command of the relief force which re
ently started for Koomassie, saying
that a small force of Hausas, from
Prahsu, commanded by Lieut. Slater,
had been attacked and that Siater and
several others had been killed.
A Total Collapse.
The concrete piles of the new cold
storage premises in course of construc
tion at the Southampton docks in Eng
land collapsed Wednesday afternoon
and the structure fell, burying fifty
workmen, several of whom were killed.
Others were fatally injured and many
ar stil missing.
A PAPER FOUND
That Means at Least a Half Mil.
lion to the State.
SEARCH OF A DECADE ENDS
Mr. Yeldell Comes Across the
Long Lost Records and
Vouchers. What it all
Gov. McSweeney in his message to
the Legislature at the last session re
commended the appropriation of a
sum to pay for the straightening
up of the old rubbish room at the State
House, and the search for the Black re
port which Senator Tillman deemed
necessary in order to secure a large sum
due by the United States to South Car
After about two months of most te
dious work and painstaking search a
number of paperi were found in the
famous rubbish room at the State cap
itol recently, which mean in the long
run the establishment of claims against
the federal government which will, even
if compromises are effected, place a
balance of half a million dollars in the
treasury of the State of South Carolina.
For thirty years the weary search for
the mamous "Black's Erhibit A" on
the revolutionary and other war claims
has been going- on. This exhibit was
an absolute necessity to the establish
ment of the principal claims of the
State against the United States govern
ment, and f.r the past six months has
been the most desired record in the
possession of the State. The credit of
finding the valuable document together
with Agent Black's second report
belongs to Mr. W. H. Yeldell of Edge
field, and Chief Clerk Jesse T. Gantt
of the office of the secretary of State,
who urged that Mr. Yeldell be employed
to make the search. Day after day Mr.
Yeldell has been working his way
through the pile of musty records in
the "rubbish room" of thie capital, go
ing through an endless variety of papers
from 1700 down to date and arranging
them in order with indexes as to their
locality. He had nearly completed his
work for the day when he picked up a
bundle of papers yellow with age and
glanced at it. He was about to throw
it aside when his eye caught the word
"Black." He opened the bundle and
therein were found every one of the
precious papers and vouches so long
looked for, accompanied by Agent
Black's report made in 1860 of which
the searchers have never been able to
find a copy, and which with Gov. Gist's
message to the legislature in Decem
ber, 1860, saying: "Not having re
covcred any of these claims, he of
course, will not be entitled to any com
missions-but having spent"-shows
that Black did not receive the $18,000
payment on the Mexican war claims
that the federal government claims to
On the outside of the papers in
Black's handwriting appears this sum
mary of the claims of the State due the
War of 1812 (with interest
to 1858 only). ...... .. .$202 230.00
Florida war (interest).. .. . .20,000.00
Mexican war (principal). .. 32,162 47
Interest on above (1858)... 23,000.00
Revolutionary war (no inter
Total.... ....... .$594,310.17
On this entire sum no interest after
1838 is calculated. With interest the to
tal claim would amount to about one
and a half millions of dollars.
Agent Black's report made in 1858 is
already in Senator Tillman's hands, and
upon it he is about to sceure an ad just
ment of all the claims save those relat
ing to the Reyolutionary war. His bill
covers the war of 1812 and FlIorida war
claims and interest, less $18,000 the
government claims to have paid Black.
The find yesterday shows conclusively
that Black did not receive this amount,
and presents the absolute proof to sus
tain all the Revolutionary war claims
with interest for 100 years. This even
if compromised will give the State a
surplus of about half a million dollars
after paying claims of about $300,000
that the general government is pressing
against the State. Everything is in
eluded in the documents found Tues
day. Every voucher is there in printed
form with references to legislative ac
tion thereon. There is 82 pages of
printed matter in the portion giving
These are not the records Black was
to file in the comptroller's office, but
those filed with the legislature and con
sequently are all the more complete.
In 1793 a Revolutionary war claim
settlement was made but all claims in
luded in this report were subsequently
made. Every paper desired has been
Senator Tillman's present bill pro
vides that no commissions will be paid
to anyone for collecting the claims.
This avoids many pittfalls.
The senator was notified by wire of
yesterday's invaluable fiad, and he
wired back for all the documents to be
sent by express to him on the first
train, his evident intention being to
'ut in an amendment that will not
make Uncle Sam so desirous of pushing
his claims against South Carolina.
1Svetually there is no doubt that the
treasury of South Carolina will be about
half a million dollars at least better off
as a result of yesterday's find in that
gold mine of a "rubbish room."--The
A regiment of maimed Confederates
are at Louisville in attendarnce on the
Confederate reunion. (Jaly thcse who
lost an eye, a leg or an arm in the "Lost
Cause" are eligible to this campany,
which is a jolly one for all that.
The dispersary law is better enforced
now, and with less friction than it has
been since it has been on the Statute
books. There has been no trouble
since Gov. McSweeney took charge, and
she force of constables has been con
SUMMONS TO DEMOCRATS.
Mr. William R. Hearst Sounds the
William Hearst, who was recently
elected president of the National Asso
ciation of Democratic clubs, in response
to numerous inquiries as to his policy
and the program of the association,
gives out an interview in part as fol
"The National Association of Demo
cratic clubs will transfer its headquar
ters from Washington to New York,
but the branch offices will be main
tained in Washiington and Chicago, so
that the machinery of the organization
will be in close and constant touch
with the Democratic National commit
tee and with the Congressional cam
"Every Democratic club, society or
association in the United States is ex
pected to unite in the political battle
this year, and the Democratic organiza
tion in every city, town or village will
be asked to assemble on the night of
the fourth of July to celebrate the dec
laration of independence and to receive
news from the Democratic national con
vention. 'lhis ought to be made a
'miemorable display of old-fashioned
American patriotism. In some cities
and towns there will be banquets, in
others there will te mass meetings.
"1The clubs of each locality will de
termine for themselves the form of
their celebration. The national asso
ciation desires to recall to the whole
country the fact that this year the peo
ple of the United States must defend
the declaration of independence or
abandon it. No man who has a drop
of Democratic blood in his veins can
fail to assist in this great national pro
test against the establishment of sub- I
ject colonies under the American flig
The great question to be decided at the
polls this year is whether this country
is to continue to be a republic con
trolled by the people or an empire con
trolled by the trusts. All minor ques
tions disappear in the presence of this
"The National Association of Demo
cratic clubs enters on the work of as
sisting the national committee and the
regular party organizations in the va
rious states with a determined heart
and full of confidence. The next pres
ident must be a Democrat and reports
from all parts of the country indicate
that the principal work of the Demo
cratic clubs next spring will be the in
auguration of Mr. Bryan at Washing
The Public to be Buncoed.
A Washington dispatch to the Atlan
ta Journal says it has been decided by
the administration that the war in the
Philippines must be stopped before
the November elections, and the fol
lowing programme has been mapped
out: To recall the volunteer troops a
few days before the election, solely for
political effect, and to announce that
the insurrection is over. The 24,000
regulars will be left to police the is
lands, ostensibly, but really do what
ever fighting may be necessary. News
to bear out the statement that the in
surrection is over will be sent out in
every available way from Manila and
printed in every available newspaper.
After the election, should McKinley
be re-elected, the Philippine war will
begin business again.
Found Him Guilty.
The naval courtmartial which has
been trying Capt. John McGowan on
harges of scandalous conduct and
neglect of duty in connection with the
killing by him of a Filipino, while in
ommand of the Monadnock, in the
Philippines, submitted its conclusions
to the scretary of the navy for con
sideration. The court found the cap -
tain guilty of the charges and specifica
tions and sentenced him to be suspend
ed from duty on half pay for two years,
and to be reprimanded by the secretary.
There was, however, a unanimous
recommendation for clemency, which
will be taken under consideration by
Col- Tribble Declines.
The Columbia State says "Col. J. L.
Tribble. one of the ablest lawyers at
the Anderson bar, who was recently se
lected unanimously by the prohibition
ists to represent them as a candidate
for lieutenant governor, has decided
positively not to make the race and
has sent in his declination to Chair
man T. N. Berry. The friends of Col
onel Tribble here and throughout the
State urged him to accept the nomina
tion. He has received numerous let
ters from prominent men all over the
State expressing the opinion that his
election was assured regardless of the
fate of the prohibition ticket in other
A Maimed Battalion-.
Through the efbrts of the Atlanta
Journal enough money was raised by
public subscription to send a battalion
of maimed Confederate veterans from
that city to the reunion at Louisville.
The battalion numbered 121 men, or
pieces of men, for a reporter who tab'i
lated the number of missing eyes,
ands, arms, legs, etc., made the fol
lowing report: Eyes gone, 18; hands
gone, 7; feet gene, 6; legs gone, 35;
Arms gone, 41. The battalion created
great enthusiasm in Louisville.
Senator Wellington, of Maryland.
declared, on the floor of the senate:
"This country, so far as its government
is concerned, is under the sway of
British influence. There has been be
tween the two governments a secret
understanding and a surrender of Am
erican interests to great Britain."
Wants a Better Plan.
Gov. MeSweeney received a letter the
other day from a gentleman up in the
p~rohibition State of Maine, asking
about the dispensary law and its opera
tions in this State. He said he wanted
to see if he could not find some pla n
that would promote the cause of tem
perance better than prohibitory laws.
Four Men Killed.
Four men were killed, four others
fatally injured and three crippled for
life, at Whipple, Ohio, at 5 o'clock
Thursday evening by a premature ex
plosion of 50 quarts of nitro-glycerine
which was being used in shooting an
oi well on the Kelly farm.
A ST. LOUIS RIOT.
Fully a Dozen Persons Receive
Bullets in -Their Bodies.
POOR AIM OF GUARDS
Girls and Boys Among Their Vic
tims When They Fire at At
tacking Crowds. The
In a rioting sense Wednesday's de
velopments were the worst experienced
since the strike on the lines of the St.
Louis Transit company were inaugu
rated over three weeks ago. The riot
ing was confined entirely to three places
in the southern section of the city and
by nightfall the police records showed
that fully a dozen persons had either
received bullet wounds or been hurt by
fling missiles. Three of those hit by
bullets received what are presumably
mortal wounds, and that no one was
killed outright seems miraculous con
sidering the great number of shots ex
changed by the employes of the com.
pany, the strike sympathizers and the
The worst of the riotous disturbances
occurred near the intersection of Cali
fornia avenue and Keokuk street. In
this affray a non-union motorman and
another cmploye on the car of the
Transit company were probably fatally
shot. The battle was fierce and proba
bly 200 shots were fired. Obstructions
had been piled high on the tracks,
which Motorman R. H. Stilson. a man
imported from Cleveland, Ohio, and
Eneigency Policeman Lofton, who
were on the front platform, observed.
A big crowd began to hoot and jeer and
apply epithets to the crew of the oar,
daring any one to get off the car to re
move the obstructions. As Stilson
started to step from the car his action
was the signal for firing to begin from
the crowd. Almost at the first shot
Stilson threw up his hand and fell to
the front platform with a bullet
through his body. In the fusilade that
followed John T. Rice, a road agent,
who was on the car, was shot down as
he got from his seat inside, receiving a
ball through the chest. The police
bodyguard on the car opened fire on the
mob. The mob scattered.
Another affair took place at the in
tersection of Gravois avenue and Vic
tor street and during its progress Mar
tin Burke, a striker, was shot in the
left hip. Elmer Simmons was acting
as guard on a Cherokee line car and as
it was passing the corner Burke began
calling those upon it vile names.
Leaving the car Simmons drew his re
volver and advanced on Burke. Burke
grappled with him and in the straggle
for possession of the weapon two shots
were fired. A crowd of strike sympa
thizers beat Simmons unmercifully but
he was rescued.
When the first car out this morning
reached Broadway and Miller street
the crew had to remove obstructions
from the track and a big crowd jeered
them. Almost immediately after shoot
ing commenced from the car. First a
single shot rang out and then a perfect
fusilade. The crowd broke amid the
greatest confusion. A school girl
named Dollie Mitchell was wounded
slightly. Win. Granneman, who was
standing some distance from the scene,
was seriously wounded in the knee.
James McCalley also some distance
away received a ball in the left leg.
The injuries to both men may necessi
A second riot occurred at Broadway
and Pestalozzi street. A large crowd
pelted a car with rocks and other mis
siles. Then firing began. In all 25 or30
shots were fired. The crowd broke and
Herman Peschke, a boy employed in
the Anheuser Busch brewery close by,
was the first victim, a bullet ent-ering
his back, causing total paralysis below
where he was hit. John Decker and:
Frank Yeager were also shot in this af
fray, but neither seriously hurt. Geo.
Lacosten, a man employed at the brew
ery, and Albert Wackwiltz, a painter,
fell to the ground wounded. The doc
tors do not think either are seriously
Twenty-five policemen responded to
the riot call. Edward J. Bresner, con
ductor on the car, was arrested and
locked up charged with shooting
Peschke. Bresner stated that he hid
shot when the others in the car com
menced firing after being attacked. He
said he did not know whether he had
hit any one or not. The three wounded
n~en denied participation in the attack.
The Blue ano Grey.
Another link in the chain which
binds the once warring factions of the
north and south was forged Wednesday
by the dedication of a monument erect
ed to the memory of those who wore
the grey as well as those who wore the
blue and died in mortal combat in the
bloody field of Antietam. The event,
which is probably without a parallel in
the history of the world, was graced by
the president of the United States, ac
companied by the members of his cabi
net; a score or more of United States
Senators, thrice as many members of
congress, the governo'- of Maryland
and prominent men from all parts of
the country. There were also present
hundreds of veterans who fought for
the lost cause, and thousands who
fought for the side that achieved vic
tory. Side by side, shoulder to
shoulder, they stood with uncovered
heads throughout the ceremony which
marked the conveyance of the monu
ment from the state of Maryland to the
national government. All animosities
forgotten they listened to the simple
stories of those who told of the heroism
of the boys who were engaged in deadly
Charleston Is Jubilant
The naval appropriation bill was
called up in the House at Washington
on Tuesday of last week and the re
port was agreed to relative to the re
moval of Lhe naval station from Port
Royal to Charleston. A dispatch from
Charleston says when the news reached
there it made the people very jubilant.
They regard the passage of the bill as
a clean victory for Charleston and
makes the construction of the station
there a certainty. The next step will
be for the appointment of a committee
of naval officers to go to Charleston
a rnepot upon a site for the station.
HANNA DEuENDS THE TRUSTS.
Senators Teller, Tillman and Allen
Ask Ugly Questions.
The debate in the United States Sen
ate last Friday was caustic. The
debate was over the armor plate ques
Senator Hanna, of Ohio, a member
of the committee on naval affairs, said
that since his advent into the Senate he
had devoted considerable time to a
study of the armor plate question. He
was in favor of the construction of a
formidable navy as rapidly as possible,
and was satisfied that the delay in the
navy's building now was due to a great
extent to the opposition of the Sena
tors from South Carolina, (Tillman,)
and New Hampshire, (Chandler,) to the
payment of a reasonable price for armor.
"The responsibility for this delay,"
said be, "rests upon these two Senators
for placing the price of armor below that
which it could be manufactured for by
any concern in the country, and the
Senator from South Carolina has given
you the animus of his opposition when
he said that he would rather see the bill
fail than to see any concessions made to
the armor companies. On his respon
sibility as a Senator he was satisfied to
say that $445 per ton was not only a
reasonable but a low price for armor."
Further along Senator Hanna argued
that it would be the part of wisdom to
place the matter within thb discretion
of the Secretary of the Navy, and said
no armor plant could be constructed
under five years that could supply the
Government with suitable armor and
then it would cost perhaps 50 per cent
more than it eould be procured for from
a private concern. To get the neces
sary presses would require two yiars.
TILLMAN S PERTINENT QUERY.
"How does it happen," inquired
Senator Tillman. "that several steel
mills have recently been shut down if
that be true?"
"The same man who said he could
manufacture steel armor plate at $260
per ton," retorted Senator Hanna,
"closed down the steel mills to in
fluence the stock market."
"That is the way with men when
they become millionaires through the
medium of trusts," returned Senator
Tillman, caustically. "They all be
come liars and thieves."
ALLEN MAKES THINGS CLEAR.
Senator Allen said this discussion
bad brought out the fact that the
friends of the trust were in the saddle.
No previous discussion has been suf
ficient to bring Senator Hanna or Sena
tor Elkins to the front, "but the
moment that we attack one of these
trusts that are preparing to rob the
country of millions of dollars." he said,
"they appear here as advocates of this
great cctopus and undertake to pur
suade the Senate that the Government
should not manufacture armor plate,
but that it should stand up and allow
itself to be rifled."
TELLER ATTACKS HANNA.
Senator Teller said that when the
chief representative of the Republican
party, as he regarded Senator Hanna,
came here as the champion of the com
mittee cembinations he felt that he
was justified in saying that the Republi
ans expect to repeat this year the tac
tics of 1896, which consisted of levying
assessments upon every manufaetur
ing institution in the country.
This assertion brought Senator
Hanna to his feet. "I deny the state
ment," he said, "it is not true."
"I expected the denial," responded
Senator Teller. "Technically the
charge may not be true, but substan
tially it is. It is notorious that the
national banks were all assessed. Even
the banks of Colorado were notified that
they were expected to make contribu
tions for the election of the Republi
Senator Hanna: 'The First National
Bank of Denver was the recipient of
all the contributions for the Demccratic
campaig'n fund, and its president was
the solicitor general for them."
Continuing, Senator Teller said that,
in view of the fact, that the policy of
1898 was to be repeated in 1900, it was
not difficult to account for the interest
of the friends of the armor plate makers
in the Senate. He did not suppose
that the disposition of the armor plate
question had anythying to do with Mr.
Carnegie's declaration for Mr. McKin
ley, but he did know that the class of
men for whom he stands seemed to feel
that it was essential that he should be
reelected. ?his was a mistake if they
meant to pursue fair methods. He con
luded with the assertion that the
methods of the friends of the Adminis
tration would not bear investigation for
Senator Pettigrew charged thec Re
publican managers with defence of the
armor plate combination for political
INSIST UPON THE SENATE AM!ENDMENTs.
Senat<.r Hale's motion further to in
sist upon the Senate amendments to
disagree to the proposed amendment of
the House as to armor plate, and that
the Senate agree to a further confer
ence, was agreed to unanimously.
Senators Hale, Perkins and Tillman
were appointed as conferees.
A Farmer Assassinated.
John W. Beasley, a tenant on the
plantation of Ex Senator J. WV. Beas
cy, was killed one night last week in
Darlington county, fifteen miles north
of Timmonsville. Particulars are mea
gre, put it is ascertained that Mr. Byrd
was shot while sitting in his house.
The bullet went through a broken win
dow pane. The person who shot him
is not known, but it is supposed that a
negro with whom he recently had
troubl~e did the work. Mr. Byrd had
trouble with him a few days ago and is
said to have whipped him. Blood
hounds are on the track of the man
and hec will doubtless be captured.
He Ran Away.
Tudge Cantrill, at Frankfort, Ky.,
Thursay directed Circuit Clerk Ford
to issue a bench warrant for the arrest
of Former Governor Taylor. The war
rant is based on an indictment secured
several weeks ago charging Taylor with
being an accessory to the assassination
of Win. Goebel. A warrant was i3sued
and placed in the hands of Deputy
Sheriff John Sater. Taylor has run
away from Kentucky and is now some
where in Indiana, whose Governor re
fuses to honor a requisition for him by
OUR COLOMAL RECORDS.
The Probability is That the Stokes'
Bill Will Pass.
A dispatch from Washington says it
looks now as if Congressman Stokes is
going to secure the passage of his bill
to preserve and publish the colonial
records and historical archives of the
states and territories of the United
States. He has been devoting his en
ergies in behalf of this bill for quite
awhile. It provides for the creation of
a discreet commission to decide what
records are worthy of being put in per
manent form, and provides for a suffi
cient approbation. Senator Tillman co
operating, managed to get the bill
through the senate, and Dr. Stokes has
secured a favorable report from the
house library committee. A large num
ber of members have indicated their
approval of the bill, and the speaker
Tuesday intimated to Dr. Stokes than
he is inclined to recognize him in order
that he might move the substitution of
the senate for the house bill. This is
a very important matter and is far
reaching in its prospective benefit to
the historical students z.11 over the
country. It is also of far reaching im
port to lawyers interested in titles and
Its value to legislators is very great.
Under present conditions investigators
have to travel round from state capitol
to state -capitol and to the national
capitol. At the national capitol it
involves a search from bureau to bu
reau, fiom department to department,
and from all these to the congressional
library. When one goes to a state
capitol, there are no facilities for ex
aminations-no indexes, no helps. In
most cases it involves a search through
dusty manuscripts without in many
oases even consecutive arrangement of
pages. Even where the documents
have been printed, in most esses there
is only one copy extant, which is acces
sible only in the state capitol, and if
one volume should be lost by theft or
fire or otherwise, the loss would be ir
There are large masses of material
of the utmost value that has not even
been translated from the original French
and Spanish. This bill looks to the
collection and publication of these
records without duplication, in a sepa
rate alcove at the congressional library
to which students of history or of legal
or legislative causes, may repair with
full assurances that here will be found
everything that is in existence on the
given subject, with uniform editing,
indexing and all the helps that have
been.approved by the best skilled in
THE OLD CONFEDS
Have a Jolly Time at the Reunion
Shortly af ter noon on Wednesday the
tenth annual reunion of the Confederate
veterans began at Louisville, Ky. Dar
ing the morning the weather had been
disagreeable, the rain coming down in
torrents at times and fears were enter
tained that the first session of the re
union would be marred. However, two
hours before the time set for calling the
meeting to order the clouds began to
break and by noon, although the
weather was not exactly what might
have been desired, the sun shone bright
ly and there was a definite promise of
The hall an hour before the time set
for the commencement of the exercises
was crowded to the doors, many hun
dreds of ladies being present in all
parts of the hail. As the distinguished
leaders of the Confederacy came into
the hall they were greeted with tumul
tons cheers by the crowd. Gordan in
particular was the recipient of a most
enthusiastic greeting. The decorations
of the hall were gorgeous in their spen
dor and highly emblematic of the Con
The exercises began with the doxol
ogy and prayer. Mayor Weaver, of
Louisville, then came forward and in
an address welcomed the veterans to
the city. Then came a series of short
welcoming speeches. After the rendi
tion of several selections by the Glee
club, General John B. Gordon rose to
respond to the speech of presentation of
the auditorium. The Rev. B. M~. Pal
mer, of New Orleans, then delivered
the annual address.
A Terrible Explosion.
St Louis is having a rough time with
her street car strikers. A terrific ex
plosion, supposed to have been caused
by dynamite, placed on the tracks of
the Union line at Fifteenth and Cham
bers streets, shook the buildings and
brokethe glass in all the windows in the
neighborhood at 12:40 this morning.
Many persons were thrown from their
beds by the violent concussion and all
were awakened and more or less terri
fied. As near as they could determine,
it had resulted from dynamite which
was exploded on the street car tracks.
The damage to the rails was not mark
ed, the explosive apparently having
spent its force in the air. The shock
was felt within a radius of a mile of
Fifteenth and Chambers streets. Glass
was shattered in windows many blocks
away. So far the police have been un
able to find out who was responsible for
the explosion. The explosion created
a panic in the neighborhood and many
people slept no more the rest of the
night through nervousness or fear of
Killed by a Lamp Of Coal.
William Washington, a farmer, met
death in a peculiar manner near War
rior, Ga., Wednesady. He was walk
ing'along the side of the Louisville and
Nashville railroad track when a coal
train appro)ached. As the train sped by
a lump of coal weighing about forty
paands was hurled from the car by the
momentum and hit Mr. Washington in
the head. He was felled to the ground
and a few hours afterward died from
the injury received.
Attacked at Midnighte
A dispatch from Manila says the
town of Catermian, Island of Samar,
was attacked at midnight, April 30, by
a thousanJ. rebels, who entrenched
themselves near the town over night.
Capt. John Cooke of the Forty-third
regimeut fought the Filipinos for six
hours and afterwards buried 150 of the
enemy. One American was killed and
Weekly Bulletin Issued by Sec
tion Oirector Bauer.
HOW THE CROPS ARE DOING
Review of the Situation and
the Outlook Throughout
the State of Cotton
Below is given the weekly weather
and crop bulletin issued last week by
Section Director J. W. Bauer of the
United States climate and crop service:
The week ending 8 a. m. Monday,
May 28, was slightly cooler than usual,
with unusually low night temperatures
and coAl winds during the latter part
of the week.
Rain fell on the 23d and 24th, which
was general over the State, and was
heaviest over the northwestern counties,
where it was most needed. At a few
points slight damage was done by lands
being washed, but the showers were
generally beneficial- The soil is now
well supplied with moisture.
The weather was favorable for culti
vation and crops are well worked, with
little complaint of grassy fields; but
the nights have been too cool for rapid
growth, especially of cotton, which re
mains small, with, however, quite full
stands, although irregular in size.
Planting is finished. Lice have made
their appearance over large areas.
Chopping is well under way of nearing
completion. Sea island cot-on looks
well, but owing to cool nights is small.
Corn is doing fairly well, and has
good color and good stands on uplands,
but on bottom land worms are doing
serious injury, and have already made
much replanting necessary; planting is
not finished in the western portions.
Tobacco is not uniform in condition,
and in places is quite poor, while in
other localities both stands and growth
Oats harvest has began and yields
are good, although the straw is short
in many places. General improvement
is noted in this crop. Wheat is ripen
ing, and with few exceptions the crop
is above the average in condition.
There has been some deterioration
caused by rust.
Rice is backward and growing slowly,
although otherwise doing well. Bugs
have done much damage to white pota
toes. Truck, gardenr melons, cave
and pastures growing nicely. Berries
plentiful; peaches and grapes unusually
promising, but other fruits scarcely up
to the average.
The Chinese continue to murder
Christians. From all parts of the sur
rounding country near Pekin news is
constantly arriving of fresh atrocities
committed by the boxers. Three
Christian families were massacred at
Shan Lai Ying, 60 miles from Pekin,
Friday, May 25. Only two escaped. A
representative of the Assoeiated Press
visited Fang Tai and found the place
occupied by a battalion of troops. The
whole railroad station, workshops ad
locomotive shed were gutted and much
rolling stock was destroyed, including
imprial palace car. Large warehouses
flof valuable merchandise, were
burned after having been looted by
the rioters. The damage done is esti
mated at half a million taels. The
neighboring villagers seem to have
joined in the attack, showing that the
movement is not confined to the
"boxers." Eight rioters who were cap
tured will be decapitated. Biding
through the south gate of Pekin, the
correspondent found the road inside the
walls lined with troops who greeted the
traveler and his party with a fusillade
The Situation Changed.
From present ipdications the coming
campaign will be a hot one. Within
the last six months the situation has
undergone a complete change. The
administration has made about all the
mistakes that could be crowded into
the brief time allowed, and the Demo
rats have taken advantage of them.
A typical comment was made a couple
of days ago by Lyman E. Cooley, who
has been fluctuating between here and
Chicago on business connected with the
drainage canal and the deep waterway
enterprise. He said: "Six months
ago it was almost impossible to find a
Democrat who really, down in his heart
had any serious hopes of winnig. On
the other hand it was equally hard to
find a Republican who would consider
the possibility of defeat. Now I meet
many Democrats who are exceedingly
hopeful, and I meet many Republicasfl
who admit that the outcome is begin
ning to look very uncertain.
A Big Coton Swindle.
Clement Nicolmi, Italian Consul at
Galveston, Texas, has complained to
the Cotton Exchange thata concern do
ing business at Mount Pleasant, Tex.,
as J. Cohn & Co., swindled Gaetano
Ferrario, of Mil~an, $14,000 byshipping
600 bales of trash made up of sweepings
of compress yards and gins in place of
600 bales of Liverpool good middling
cotton, which he had contracted to
furnish. Cohn's draft was paid a
month before the cotton arrived. The
Consul states that in response to a tele
gram to Mount Pleasant asking as to
Cohn's financial standing he got a
reply reading simply "N. G." Cohn, is
asserted, shipped 1,000 bales of the
same stuff to Japan. From the num
ber of complaints coming it is apparant
that swindles of this sort have been
common this season.
Some Mc~inley Prosperity.
A dispatch from Pittsburg, Pa., says
all branch houses of the National Tube
company, except in New York,
Chicago, Pittsburg and San Francisco,
will be closed on June 1st, and the
managers and employees discharged.
In the future all shipments of products
of the company will be made from the
various works in different parts of the
country. There is a long list. of these
branh house, nearly every city in the
colntry having one. The new ordre
will do away with 800 employees and
result in a saving for the combine of
no ls than $1,000.000 a year.