Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X V. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 27, 1900. NO, 15
The Prcgress the Cardidates Are
MAkirg in the Canvass.
' GETTING LESS PERSONAL.
Patterson's Charges Against Gov
McSweeney Fall Flat. What
the Other Cardidates
Have to Say.
Since our last report the candidates
have visited the e.unties of Dorchester,
Charleston, Colicton, Beaufort, Hamp
ton, Barnwell and Bamberg, in each of
which they were cordially received and
given a patient hcaring. The speeches
made at all the above places were sub
stantially the same as published last
week. At Walterboro Mr. Patterson
took a hand primary to see how many
supporters he had in the crowd of three
hundred. About thirty hands were
raised, which must have satisfied him
as he did not ask for the negative side
of the question.
At Beaufort, Capers said McMahan
was an imperialist, in that he wanted
to appoint co-2nty superintendents and
faculties of the county normals; also
that State summer school faculty are
McMahan replied that there was a
movement to take elections of county
superintendents cu of the hands of the
people in order that "jNek-leg" poli
ticians could not keep out trained and
expert teachers. 'I his would not affect
efficient superintendents now in .ffiee.
W. D. Evans rendered an account of
his stewardship. He had served six
years. A fellow in the gailery had ob
jected to a marriage because he wanted
the "gal" himself. That was the way
with his opponents.
Col. Wharton referred to Beaufort's
record in overer!lag large majorities.
"Let them move hell if they want, but
don't let the-n move the dry dock," he
said, in par.;phra-ing anothcr candi
B. B. Evans said that. Beaufort's har
bor is useless as a point of shipment,
as the town is bottled up by the Coast
Line. He renewed his charg: hat W.
D. Evans had written to Lu..se, presi
dent of the Laurens mill, that he was
not responsible to the legislature but to
the people. He had the applause.
The gubernatorial revenue cutters
then got under headway, chasing blind
tigers. McSweeney was well received.
He hadlived in the neighboring county,
had maaried in Beaufort county and
had always stuck by Beaufort in her
trials. His speech v.as about the same
as at Charleston. He made an appeal
against lynch law. He would have had
the notorious scoundrel Thomas tried
and hanged long ago, and he decried de
lays in court in such heinous crimes.
He advocated an improved arsenal for
the Beaufort artillery. (Cheers). le
defied any of his opponents to have one
single word against his official record.
Col. Hoyt told of his record since
1876, through 1890) and down to the
present day as a servant of the Demo
cratieparty, without asking for office.
He had been one of those -o petition
for the prohibition election iu 1892
whieh led up to the dispensary law.
He opposed high license as he op
posed the dispensary (Cheers.) There
is now ten times as much liqu& r drunk
in Greenville county outside of the city
as under prohibition. The blind tigers
buy liquor from the dispensarv. The
demoralization of upper Carolina is
forty times as great as under saloons.
Mr. Pattereen wshout much prehimi
naries began to discuss the issues in.
the campaign. Hie made the dispen
sary the main topic and defended it as
he did at Osangeourg. Col. H oyt had
asked him did nine tenths of the Bap
tists of the State drink liquor, and Pat
terson in the course of remarks said
,that a lot of them do and if all the Bap
tists who drink liquor be turned out
~there would not be many left in that
.church, He wanted to know if it were
worse for him, vice prcsident of the
Baptist convention, to advocate dispen
gary than for Col. Hoyt who had been
president to advocate coalition between
prohibition and high license as he did
an an editorial last fal:. lHe charged
McSweeney with evading the dispen
sary issue and covering it up with local
nmatters. When he said there were only
four constables in Charleston some fel
low said that was too many (Cheers.)
Patterson showed that 20 persons in
Beaufort use revenue licenses. This is
-evidence of violation of the dispenary
lasv. His speech was very nearly the
.original, but the sensational parts were
left out and it was better therefor.
Mr. Gary made a speech along the
asual lines. Yesterday Col. Hoyt had
.charged that he, Gary, had not voted
for the Robinson local option bill. He
<did not recall the purport of that bill
but had votta for the Archcr bill,
which is almost identical with his plat
form. Gary's applause was next that
The candidates for lieutenant gover
nor then took the stump. About 1~>
voters and the negro band were left for
them to talk to and it was nearly mid
night when Capt. Jennings pronounced
The campaigners organized in order
to allot the time for speaking at the
several points to be visted. Col. Hoyt
was selected as chairman and Ellison
Capers secretax y. The candidates are
never quite satisfied with allotment of
Hampton County had her cam
paign meeting Thursday. Governor
Me1Sweeney gave a cordial welcome to
the candidates to the homes of Hamp
ton. He mnade no speech, but simply
asked the people to take him on his rec
Col Hoyt was greeted with hand.clap
-A number of ladies in t! e audi
ene were supplied with beautiful bou
uets arnd this evidently inspired I ol
Hoyt, for he inade avery earnest speech
and, as was suspected, ne was the
favored of the fair sex.
In regard to his editorial of last win
ter, in ~which he had advocated the
coalition of all opponents of the dispen
sary, he said that he had agreed to it
on account of the Prohibition minority
of 5u to no in the Legislature. Hie had
-don so that there m:ieht be a repeal of
the dispensary, followed by prohibition.
Why is it that Mr Patterson's services
to South Carolina and his pre-eminent
ability have not commended him to the
peopl( Patterson has written a screed
on prohibition and dispensary, which he
is :cattering broadcast over the State.
Ile then denied Patterson's written
statement that the Bible preaches tem
perance, not prohibition. He conclud
ed by appealing for the settlement of
the iquor question this year.
Mr Gary said that ,hen he saw Col
Hoyt getting so uany flowers he was
farced to say: "That's right, bring on
the flowers, for we have buried him."
le had buried Col Ho3t politically.
If elected he would show the same im
partiality v hich he had done in the
Speaker's chair. His friends knew that
he had never been a usurer. They knew
too, that he was a true friend of the
dispensary law. He then explained his
local option position-to let the several
counties vote between dispensary and
prohibition. A Governor hostile to the
dispensary law could paral3 ze it by see
ing that it is not enforced, and if Col
Hoyt be elected, which is irr ossible,
ffairs would be mixed up unles. he had
a prohibition Legislature behind him.
Ae warned the dispensary people that
Col Hoyt was a coalition candidate.
Col Patterson closed the meeting.
He refused to be confined to thirty
minutes, and exchanged places with
Gary, speaking last and consuming un
limited time. This county adjoins his
own, but he was received silebtly. His
opening was identical with his other
speeches and he developed few new
matters. He continued his charges
against Governor McSweeney for dila
tory policy in conne.tion with the
Charkston Custom House.
TIlE BARNWELL MEETING
The campaigners were at Barnwell on
Friday. This was the largest attended
and most representative gathering of
the campaign. The opera house was
packed. The day was cloudy and farm
ers came into town. There were quite
a number of ladies present. The cor
respondent of The State says: "Mr.
Patterson spoke with more spirit than
at Hampton and other recent meetings,
but it is evident he will not have a
walkover here. Oae of his friends
stated today that this county will be
evenly divided between himself, Hoyt
and 3McSweeney. The County F o
cratic executive committee met this
morning and decided that the offices of
magistrate and master must go into the
primary. Patterson is master, his com
mission expires July 12, and it appears
that this action today is a thrust at
Senator Aldrich and Patterson. The
former was instrumental in Patterson's
appointment, and now the latter cannot
get the job back when he is defeated
for governor. Aldrich have strong op
position for the senate."
The candidates for railroad commis
sioner had their inning, then come
tbse who wanted to be lieutenant-gov
erner. These were followed by the
ezadidates fnr Tieasurer. Next came
those who waLted to be comptroller
gene:al. The last to speak before the
Su'ernatoral andidates was Mr. Elli
son Capers, Jr., who wants to be Super
intendent (,f Education. Mr. MeMa
han was absent, but sent a letter.
Then came the candidates for gover
nor. Walt Whitman's appearance was
received as a joke. He jumped on
McSweeney and Hoyt for their liquor
views. He did not outlive his policy
except he favors dispensary. Daring
his speech there were cries of "Patter
son." Walt shouted, "You had better
holler for him, that's all the votes he'll
get." Somebody asked who sent him
down here. He replied: '-The people of
the Picdmont belt, who have the brains
and the votes, which can't be said of
VGkee dher/'s your wheel?
Walt-There isn't room enough in
your head to ho'd a wheel.
Continuing, he said that he was in
the race to help Col. Hoyt along.
"Gary ain't in it." (Laughter.) He
then camne to his old issue, the State
colleges. Nobody had ever aceced him
of being a crank but a friend of State
colleges. Senator Tillman had stood
on the same platform, and nobody
called him a erank.
Patterson was greeted with some
cheering. At the conclusion of his
speech he was presented with six bou
quet4. He began by saying he was
proud of the support of his neighbors.
He made the O.rangeburg speech with a
few little changes. He stated that
Hoyt had not denied his charge that
prohibition Maine sold more whi:-key
illicitly than does South Carolina
through the dispensary. He didn't
know whether Cal. Hoyt favored local
option or prohibition. He had a Writ
ten statement regarding the dispute
about Christ's sanctioning the use of
wine. The statement is too long to tel
egraph. lie asked MeSweeney if he
favored the dispensary law.
MeSweeney-Read my last message
to the legislature.
Patterson-Answer my question.
McSweeney-Yes, 1 amin favor of it
and I have enforced it better than any
other governor. (Cheers and counter
Patterson-Ib Charleston in favor of
McSweeney- Go ask Charleston.
The question was repeated with the
Patterson-Will Charleston support
McSwecney declined to notice this
Some one in the crowd yelled "Yes,
because they favor blind tigers.''
He again referred to the custom
house affair in which $1,00J0 worth of
liquor was dumped into the harbor and
all the fish made drunk. In Beaufort
McSweeney laid not mention the dis
pensary for Beaufort is against the dis
pensary. In regard to the Pons case
Patterson said that he commended Me~
Sweeney for that, but the issue is the
liquor law. He read his check paying
The News and Courier $4 for announc
ing his (candidaoy. lie saw that the
comptroller general had written a letter
saying thatGovernor Johnson Hlagood
had bought but four papers out of his
contingent fund. Patterson denied that
Col. Aldrich wrote his speech, a charge
which, by the way, was never made.
He characterized it as a falsehood. The
rumor around in several p'laces was that
Aldrich helped him write it. That
was not denied. He 3umped on dis.
crepanees in The News and Courier's
report of the first and second days when
these reports -were made by different
rnepotes He was not a howlin suc
cess today although he was g rceted with
cheers by his supporters.
MaSweeney began by saying that at
Hampton he had made no speech ex
cept to welcome the candidates. He
had assailed nobody there. At St.
Georee's he hadread a statement from
W. W. Harris that the dispensary law
is being enforced. lie read i letter
from a magistrate in Greenville show
ing violations of the dispensary law
had decreased 51) per cent. le is being
attacked for little things. Governor
Evans had paid $572 :r pictures. El
lerbe had paid for pictures out uf the
contingent fund. In regard to the Pns
case he said he meant no reflection on
the attorney but he was proud of Ward.
Every effort had been made to get him
to pardon Pons, the notorious scoundrel
but he would never pardon a biga
mist. (Cheers.) He is the owner of
the Hampton Guardian but is not in
charge of the editorial department. He
quoted from a letter to Howie, chief
constable in Charleston, to renew his
efforts to break up blind tigers, seize
liquors, fixtures, etc. If he needed more
men call on the governor. Howie wrote
that the little tigers were not trouble
some and the big ones were being
bioken up. He had proceeded carefully
in the custom house business in order
not to antagonize the United States
and the State.
Mr. Gary said he would make but a
ten minutes' speech. While Col. Hoyt
and Patterson were wasting time dis
cussing fermented and unfermented
wine, he would discuss the method of
managing the Eale of wine today. He
devoted himself to the coalition be
tween prohibition and high license.
The reduction of the constabulary one
half made the force inefficient. le had
been told that in Chester the tigers
were so thick they had staived each
other out. The credit of turning Tol
bert out of the custom house is due to
Tillman, not to NlcSweeney. The word
had gone out from Columbia that
- Something must be done to kill off
Gary for he is gaining to much." If
they are seared now by the time we
reach the upper tier of counrties they
will take a chill.
Col. Hoyt said that Gary was making
a mistake running for office this year.
He had been an attache of the legisla
ture 16 years and is the logical candi
date for lieutenant governor. Gary
might be in somebody else's way, but
not in his. He was maintaining this
fight alone. le denied with spirit that
he was a coalition candidate. Not a
man in the race would decline the sup
port of a respectable newspaper. It
was a voluntary support. Col. Hoyt,
Gary and McSweeney each received a
modicum of applause.
Senator Tillman's presence had
helped hold the crowd. His speech
lacked the old-time fire, for dynamite
needs a jar to fireit off. Hespoke of na
tional affairs about in the same manner
as he did at Orangeburg, He kept
hands off in the political circus and said
he would assign the ringmaster's whip
to Walt Whitman. However he did
touch upon the main issue-the dispen
sary. He did not claim paternity, but
said it was the result of conaitions.
The fight against it had been settled in
1891, in 189., 18%1 and 189S, and "yet
they tell us they want to settle the
liquor question. Is it to keep coming
up until we give up to the minority?
I wish you would settle the thing this
time, put up headstones and if you
have any flower3 put them on the grave,
too." He was glad to see that the
crowd was not drunk as it had been in
some of the monkey and parrot times
of yore. 'Talk about prohibition, you
know you love liquor and you are going
to have it. You love liquor just like
you do the girls, and you will have it."
(Laughter.) lHe then spoke on nation
al polities. At the conclusion he re
ceived flowers, three bunches. There
were cries for "Bellinger," but the at
torney general declined to speak at
home in the absence of his opponent.
A Snake Story.
Scorpions, centipedes, tarantulas and
other poisonous insects and reptiles
are on board the German steamship
Arnold- Luyken, which is now at
New York. They have burrowed
in the logwood with which the hold is
filled. Seeking warmth the brownish
scorpions crawl along the steampi pes
of the winches and across the decks.
A number have been captured and
killel, while the chief officer of the
Arnold-Luyken has preserved a large
specimen in a beer bottle. The mate's
scorpion is four inches long. Within
the hold the gleaming, many eyed in
insects and brilliant lizards people a
den of fascinating tints and repulsive
suggestiveness dangerous to the steve
dore and the sailor. Some longshore
men in the Erie basin have lost their
fingers through the sting of the tropical
The Charleston Vote.
A despatch to the Greenville News
concerning the campaign meeting in
Charleston Saturday says: "Colonel
Hoyt especially had the solid support
of the prohibitionists, whose avowed
candidate he is. lie made a strong
speech and delivered it well, and while
the county may be placed in the
doubtfnl column Hoyt will probably
get a larger vote here than either of the
other men who are in the gubernatorial
roce." Our recollection is that in 1892
less than two hundred votes were cast
for prohibition in Charleston county.
There has been nothing to indicate any
wonderful change since then. Charles
ton may give Colonel Hoyt a plurality,
but they will not be prohibition votes
by a jugful.-Columbia tecord.
Throws Them Out.
The Columbia Record says: Chief
of Police Boyle, of Charleston, has sent
to Governor 31eSweeney a list of the
ases made out in Charleston for the
June term of eeurt. There are thirty
nine individuals charged with violating
the law, there being in several instances
two or three eases against each. Chief'
Boyle seems to be quite active in hav
ing arrests of this kind made, but they
usually amount to nothing, as the grand
jury continuously throws them out."
This is why blind tigers flourish in
Because five students in the haw de
partment of the University of''enes
see saw fit to play baseball with the
"Original Bloomer Girl' Baseball
Ciub of Chicago, who are touring the
South, Dr. Thomas W. Jordan the dean
of the institution has expelled them
An Ingenious and Delusive Ap
peal to the People
ISSUED BY BOSS HANNA.
He Attributes all Prosperity to
the Repub!ican Party and All
Disasters to the Demo
The fellowing is the platform adopted
Wednesday by the Iepublican National
The Republicans of the United
States, through their chosen representa
tives, met in National Convention,
looking back upon an unsurpassed re
cord of achievement, and looking for
ward into a great field of duty and op
portunity, and appealing to the judg
ment of their countrymen, make these
The expectation in which the Ameri
can people, turning from the Democratic
party, entrusted power four years ago
to a Republican Chief Magistrate and
a Republican Congress. has been met
and satisfied. When the people then
assembled at the polls, after a term of
Democratic legislation and administra
ion, business was dead, industry para
lyzed and the national credit disastrous
ly impaired. The country's capital was
hidden away and its labor distressed
and unemployed. The Democrats held
no other plan with which to improve
the ruinous conditions which they had
themselves produced than to coin sil
ver at the ratio of 16 to 1. The Re
publican party, denouncing this plan as
sure to produce conditions even worse
than those from which relief was sought,
promised to restore prosperity by means
of two leeislative measures-a protec
tive tariff and a law making gold the
standard of value. The people by
great majorities issued to the Republi
can party a commission to enact these
laws. This commission has been exe
cuted and the Republican promise is
redeemed. Prosperity more general
and more abundant than we have ever
known has followed these enactments.
There is no longer controversy as to the
value of any Government obligations.
Every American dollar is a gold dollar
r its assured equivalent, and Ameri
can credit stands higher than that of
any nation. Capital is fully employed
and labor everywhere is profitably oc
And while the American people, sus
tained by this Republican legislation,
have been achieving these splendid
triumphs in their business and com
meice, they have conducted and in vic
tory concluded a war for liberty and
human rights. No thought of national
aggrandizement tarnished the high pur
pose with which Americiu standards
were unfurled. It was a war unsought
ad patiently resisted, but when it
came the American Government was
To ten millions of the human race
here was given "a new birth of free
om," and to the American people a
ew and double responsibility.
We endorse the administration of
illiam McKinley. Its acts have been
stablished in wisdom and in patriotism,
and at home and abroad it has distinct
y elevated and extended the influence
f the American nation. Walking un
tried paths and facing unforeseen re
ponsibilities, President McKinley has
been in every situation~ the true Amieri
can patriot and the upright stateman,
lear in vision, strong in judgment,
firm in action, always inspiring and
eserving the confidence of his country
In asking the American people to en
dorse this Republican record and to re
new their commission to the Republi
can party, we remind them of the fact
that the menace to their prosperity has
always resided in Democratic pinciples
n no less in the general incapacity of
the Democratic party to conduct public
affairs. The prime essential of busi
ness prosperity is public confidence in
the good sense of the Government and
its ability to deal intelligently with
each new problem of administration
nd legislation. That confidence the
Democratic party has never earned. It
is hopelessly inadequate and the coun
try's prosperity when Democratic suc
ess at the polls is announced halts and
eases in mere anticipation of Demo
cratic biur'ders and failures. We re
new our allegiance to the principle of
the gold standard and declare our con
fidence in the wisdom of the legisla
tion of the 56th Congress, by which
the party of all our money and the
stability of our currency upon a gold
basis has been secured.
We recognize that interest rates are
potent factors in production and busi
ness activity, and for the purpose of
further equalizing, and of further lower
ing, the rates of interest, we favor such
monetary legislation as will enable the
varying needs of the season and of all
sections to be promptly made, in order
that trade may be evenly sustained,
labor steadily employed and commerce
enlarged. The voaee of money in cir
culation was never so great per capita
as it is today. We declare our stead
fast opposition to the f ree and unlimit
ed coinage of silver. No measure to
that end could be considered which was
without the support of the leading
commercial countries of the world.
lowever firmly Republican legislation
may seem to have secured the country
against the peril of base and discredi
ted currency, the election of a Demo
cratic President could not fail to impair
the country's credit and to bring once
more into 1uestion the intention of the
Am~erican people to maintain upon the
gold standard the parity of their money
circulation. The Demoeratic party
must be convined thst the American
people will never tolerate the Chicago
We recognize the necessity and pro
priety of the honest co-operation of
capital to meet new business conditions
and especially to extend our rapidly in
creasing foreign trade, but we condemn
all conspiracies and combinations in
tended to restrict business, to create
monopolies, to limit production, or to
control prices, and favor such legisla
Ition as will effectively restrain and pre
vent allc abuse nr~et and pro
mote campetition and secure the rights
of producers, laborers and all who are
engaged in industry and commerce.
We renew our faith in the policy of
protection to American labor. In that
policy our industries have been estab
lished, diversified and maintained. By
protecting the home market competition
has been stimulated and production
We favor the associated policy of
recipiocity so directed as to open our
markets on favorable terms for what we
do not ourselves produce in return for
free foreign markets.
In the further interest of American
workingmen we favor a more effective
restriction of the immigration of cheap
labor from foreign lands, the extension
of opportunities of education for work
ing children, .the raising of the age
limit for child labor, the protection of
free labor as against contract convict
labor, and an effective sytem of labor
Our present dependence upon foreign
shipping for nine tenths of our foreign
carrying is a great loss to the industry
of this country. It is also a serious
dangcr to our trade, for its sudden
withdrawal in the event of a European
war would seriously cripple our expand
ing foreign commerce. The national
defence and naval efficiency of
this country, moreover, supply a
compelling r ason-for legislation which
will enable us to recover our former
place among the trade-carrying fleets of
The pension laws should be liberal
and should be liberally administered,
and preferences should be given wher
ever practicable with respect to employ
ment in the public service to soldiers
and sailors and to their widows and or
We commend the policy of the Re
publican party in maintaining the effi
ciency of the civil service law. The
Administration has acted wisely in its
effort to secure for public service in
Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and the
Pnilippine Islands only those who3e fit
ness has been determined by training
and experience. We believe that em
ployment in the public service in these
territories should be confined as far as
practicable to their inhabitants.
It was the plain purpose of the fif
teenth amendment to the Constitution
to prevent discrimination on account of
race or color in regulating the elective
franchinse. Devices of State Govern
ments; whether by statutory or consti
tutional enactment, to avoid the pur
pose of this amendment are revolution
ary and shoul I be condemned.
Public movements looking to a per
manent improvement of the roads and
highways of the country meet with our
cordial approval, and we recommend
this subject to the earnest considera
tion of the people and of the Legisla
tures of the several States.
We favor the extension of the rural
free delivery service wherever its ex
tension may be justified.
In further pursuance of the constant
policy of the Republican party to pro
vide free homes on the public domain,
we recommend adequate natioaal legis
lation to reclaim the arid lands of the
United States, reserving control of the
distribution of water for irrigation to
the respective States and Territories.
We favor home rule for, and the ear
ly admission to Statehood of, the Ter
ritories of New Mexico, Arizona and
The Dingley Act. amended to pro
vide suffiieent revenue for the conduct
of the war, has so well performed its
work that it has been possible to reduce
the war debt in the sum of $40,000.
The country is now justified in expect
ing, and it will be the policy of the
Republican party to bring about, a re
duction of war taxes.
We favor the construction, owner
ship, control and protection of an
Isthmian canal by the Government of
the United States.
New markets are necessary for the
increasing surplus of our farm products.
Every effort should be made to open
and obtain new markets, especially in
the Orient, and the Administration is
warmly to be commended for its suc
cessful effort to commit trading and
colonizing nations to the policy of the
open door in China- In the interest of
our expanding commerce we recommed
that Congress create a department of
commerce and industf es, in the charge
of a secretary, with a seat in the cabi
The American government must pro
tect the person and property of every
citizen wherever they are wrongfully
violated or placed in peril.
President McKinley has conducted
the foreign affairs of the United States
with distinguished credit to the Ameri
can people. In releasing us from vex
atious conditions of a European alliance
for the government of Samoa his course
is especially to be commended. By se
curing to our undivided control the
most important island of Samoan group
and the best labor in the Southern Pa
cific, every American interest has been
We commend the part taken by our
government in the peace conference at
The Hague. We assert our steadfast
adherence to the policy announced in
the Monroe doctrine. The provisions
of The Hague Convention were wisely
regarded when President McKinley
tendered his friendly offices ine'the in
terest of peace between Great Britain
and the South African Republic.
While the American government must
continue the policy prescribed by Wash
ington, affirmed by every succeeding
President and imposed upon us by The
Hague treaty, of non-intervention in
European controversies, the American
people earnestly hope that a way may
soon be found honorably alike to both
contending parties to terminate the
strife between them.
We approve the annexation of the
Hawaiian Islands to the United States.
In accepting by the treaty of Paris
the just respontibility of our victories
in the Spanish war the President and
the Senate won the undoubted approval
of the American people. No other
course was possible than to destroy
Spain's sovereignty throughout the
Western Indies and in the Philippine
Islands. That course created our re
sponsibility before the world and with
the unorganized population whom our
intervention had freed from Spain, to
provide for the maintenance of law and
order and for the establishment of good
government, and for the performance
of international obligations. Our au
thority could not be less than our re
sponsibility and wherever sovereign
right were extended it becme the
high duty of the government to main
tain its authority, to put down armed
insurrection and to confer the blessings
of liberty and civilization upon all the
rescued peoples. The largest measure
of self-government consistent with
their welfare and ou: duties shall be se
cured to them by law. To Cuba inde
pendence and self-government were as
sured in the sanme voice by which war
was declared, and to the letter this
pledge shall be performed.
FEARFUL LOSS OF LIFE
Thirty-Five Persons Hurled to Death
in a Railroad Accident.
A passenger train on the Macon
branch of the Southern railway ran into
a washout one and a half miles north of
McDonough, Ga., Saturday night and
was completely wrecked. The wreck
caught fire and the entire train with the
exception of the sleepers was destroyed.
Every person on the train, except the
occupants of the Pullman car, perished.
Not a member of the train crew es
oaped. Thirty-five people in all were
killed. Following is a list of the dead:
William A. Barclay, conductor, At
J. E. Wood, conductor, Atlanta.
J. H. Hunnicutt, conductor, Atlanta.
J. T. Sullitan, engineer, Atlanta.
W. W. Bennett, baggagemaster, At
T. D. Maddox, cotton buyer, Atlanta.
W. J. Pate, Atlanta.
Twelve year old son of W. J. Pate,
H. R. Cressman, Pullman conductor.
George W. Flournoy, Atlanta.
D. C. Hightower, Stockbridge, Ga.
W. W. Ipark, Mac',n, Ga.
Eider Henron, traveling man, sup
posed to have been from Florda.
J. R. Florida, Nashville, Tenn.
;V. 0. Ellis, bridgeman, Stockbridge.
D. Y. Griffith, supervisor.
J. H. Rhodes, flagman.
John Brantley, white, fireman.
Will Green, extra fireman.
W. L. Morrisett, pump repairer.
W. R. Lawrence, forman extra
Ed Byrd, colored, fireman, Atlanta.
Robert Spencer, train porter.
Four bodies yet unidentified.
Eight Negro section hands.
The following passengers were res
cued without serious injury:
Jesse L. Rohr, Baltimore.
Walter Pope, Atlanta.
Miss Mary B. Merritt, Boston, Mass.
Miss Clara Alden, Boston, Mass.
J. C. Flynn, Atlanta.
E. Schreiner, Chattanooga.
E T. Mack, Chattanooga.
J. J. Quinlan, flagman.
T. C. Carter, Pullman porter.
Tremendous rains of daily occurrence
for the past two weeks have swollen all
streams in this part of the south and
several washouts have been reported
on the different roads. Camp's creek,
which runs into the Ocmulgee, was over
its banks and its waters had spread to
all the lowlands through which it runs.
About a mile and a half north of Mc
Donougb, the creek is somewhat near
the Southern's tracks and, running
alongside it for some distance, finally
passes away under the road by a heavy
stone culvert. A cloud burst broke
over that section of the country about
6 o'clock Saturday night and presum
ably, shortly after dark, washed out a
section of the track, nearly 100 feet
in length, Into this the swiftly mov
ing train plunged. There was not a
note of warning. The storm was still
raging and all the car windows were
closed. The passengers, secure as
they thought, and sheltered com
fortably from the inclement weather
went to death without an instant's
warning. The train, consisting of
a baggage car, second coach, first
class coach and a Pullman sleeper, was
knocked into kindling wood by the fall.
The wreck caught fire a few minutes
after the fall and all the coaches were
burned except the Pullman car.
Eleven Deaths from Fire.
The death list of the disastrous blaze
in the tenement at 31 Jackson street
Ne w York last week now numbers 11.
Patrick Byrnes, 23 years old, a 'long
shoreman, who lived in the house, died
in Gouverneur Hospital. He lived on
the second floor of the tenement and he
was the first to discover the blaze. He
helped all the occupants of the floor
to escape, but went back into the blazing
rooms, it is said, to get some money
which he had saved toward paying his
sister's passage to this country from
Ireland. He may have found escape
by the windows cut off, for he tried to
go down by the stairs, which were all
aflame. A policeman dragged him out
of the building, but he was so badly
burned that his death was expected.
An Elevator Accident.
The elevator in the hotel Walton at
Philadaiphia fell seven stories Wednes
day and injnred five of the passengers
and the elavator boy. The two passen
gers most seriously hurt are J. C.
Pringey, a delegate from Oklahoma, and
Brenton F. Hall, a delegate from Michi
gan. Dr. Burton and Walter Hunter
of Delaware, Marcellas West of Wash
ington and Dr. Camden of Texas were
also among the injured. Pringey and
Hall have broken legs; Dr. Camden of
Texas had an arm and leg broken, hav
ing been thrown out of .the elevator as
it fell. All of the injured are being
cared for, two having bean taken to
hospitals. The accident caused intense
Newberry College closed one its most
successful years last week. The grad
uating class numbers eighteen as fol
lows, J. E. Barre, Lexington; .J. E.
Boland, Little Mountain; J. E. Brim,
Dawson, Ga,; B. T. Blozhardt, Newber
ry; t. P. Copeland, Earhardt; D. J. S.
Derrick, Leesville: H. W. Fulmer, Hil
ton; D. F. Goggins, Newberry: 8. P.
Johnson, Renno; Miss M. L Johnstone,
Newberry; J. B. Kilgore, Newberry;
J. D. Luther, Prosperity; C. (I. Olney,
Charleston; A. P. Sites, Spring Hill,
T. I. Swygert, Peak; J. R. Unger, Mt.
WIlling; D. L. Wedaman, Newberry;
C. F. Werts, Newberry. The graduat
ing exercises were attended by a large
CHARLESTON BLIND TIGERS.
What is Being Done by the Police to
Governor McSweeney received last
week a report from Mayor Smyth, of
Charleste, as to the work of the city
police against the "tigers" alleged to
exist in Charleston. The report is ac
companied by the following letter from
Mayor Smyth, of Charleston
City of Charleston.
Executive Dapartment, June 16, 1900.
To his Excellency, the Hon. M. B.
McSweeney, Governor of South Caro
lina, Columbia, S. C.-Dear Sir: I
herewith forward for your perusal
copies of statement of cases submitted
to the Court of General Sessions for
Charleston county, which convenes on
June 18, 1900, for violations of the dis
pensary law for three months, and also
a letter to me from Chief of Police W.
A. Boyle, explaining this statement.
Please note that these cases are in ad
dition to those submitted at the Febru
ary term of court, and cover cases made
out from February 20, 1900, to June
18, 1900. Very respectfully, your
J. Adger Smyth, Mayor.
The other letter is that of Chief .f
Police Boyle, of Charleston. The list
of cases that are to go before the June
term of court, Charleston is gotten up
in very neat shape. The index shows
that thirty-nine alleged "tigers" have
been dealt with and raided, or cases
made out against them. The index
shows that forty cases h&7e been made
and sent by the magistrates to the
higher court. The witnesses in all of
these cases are J. E. Dair and E. B.
Hendrix. There are a great number of
reports made of raids by -the police
force. Chief Boyle's letter, which
states the exact status of the cases,
Central Station, Office Chief of Police,
Charleston, S. C., June 16, 1900.
Hon. J. Adger Smyth, Mayor, City.
Dear Sir: Accompanying this letter is
a full report of the cases bound over
for the Court of General Sessions which
convenes Monday June 18, 1900, for
the violations of the dispensary law, to
gether with the additional evidence of
raids and seizures made against the
parties indicated. After an examina
tion of the report and it meets with
your approval I would ask that you
have the same forwarded to his Excel
lency, Governor M. B. McSweeney, in
order that he may see the work of this
department on the dispensary iii.
Piease call his attention to the fact
that these cases have been made only
for the June term of court, like cases
being made for every term of court, and
if the raids given to strengthen such
cases date further back than three
months, it doesn't follow that this is
all the work the department has done
for the time embraced during these
raids. In other words, this is only a
report for the J une term of court. My
annual report shows always what work
is done by the department en this line
for the preceding year.
W. A. Boyle, Chief of Police.
AN INTERESTING CASE
A Divorce Granted in Another State
During the session of the court last
week at Lexington a novel case came up
before Judge Klugh which was as fol
John B. Sharpe and Mrs. Maggie
O'Brien were indicted for adultery.
The indictment charged "that John B.
Sharpe and Cynthia L. Sharpe were
married in this State in 1876; that
some five or six years ago the said
Cynthia L. Sharpe lef t the said John
B. Sharpe and removed to the State of
Utah; that some time after she left
this State John B. Sharpe removed to
the State of Georgia and became a cit
izen of that State; that after Cynthia
IL. Sharpe had become a citizen of the
State of Utab. and had her domicile
there, she instituted an action for di
vorce in the fourth judicial court of
the county of Utah, State of Utah,
against John B. Sharpe; that said
Sharpe was daly served with the pro
cess of said court and filed an anwser
in said ease; that said judicial court
of the said State of Utah, after a full
hearing of said case, pronounced a de
cree, absolutely dissolving the mar
riage of said parties and released them
from all the obligations thereof. That
since that time the said John B. Sharpe
and Maggie O'Brien had married in the
State of Georgia and about one year
ago returned to Lexington county, S.
C., where they are now living as man
and wife," etc.
When the case was called Mr. G. T.
Graham, attorney for the defendants,
moved to quash the indictment, con
tending that the indictment having
shown that the domicile of the wife
being in the State of Utah and that
the court of Utah had full jurisdiction
because in such a case the wife could
have a separate domicile under the
principles announced by the supreme
court of the United States in the case
of Cheever vs. Wilson, 9 Wall; and the
defendant having filed an answer to
the procecdings in that case, that the
decision of the court of Utah was bind
ing on the courts of every State, and
the defendants could not be convicted
of adultery under section 4, article 1,
constitution United States, and section
905 R. S. U. S., and the decisions of the
United States supreme court and many
other decisions. After hearing the ar
gument of Mr. Graham and examining
the authorities, the solicitor announced
that he believed the court was bound
by the decision of the court of Utah
and he would nol pross the case. Judge
Klugh said that he was satisfied that
the decision of the court of the State
of Utah, which had jurisdiction of the
case, would be binding, and the def end
ants'were entitled to have the indict
ment quashed.-Thie State.
A Big Fire.
Five blocks of the best business build
ings located in the heart of Bloominging
11l., were destroyed by fire which started
at 12:30 o'clock Wednesday morning.
The McLean county court house, valued
at $400,000, was completely gutted.
The records were saved. .Nearly 30
firms were burned out. It is estimated
that the losses will foot up between
$1,500, i0u and $2,00.000. Two lead
ing hotels, the Winsor and Phoernix
were burned, but all the guests escaped.
The fire started in a laundry. Its cause
Weekly Bulletin Issued by Sec'
tion Director Bauer.
HOW THE CROPS ARE DOINO
Review of the Situation and
the Outlook Throughout
the State of Cotton
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carelina
section of the United States weather
bureau's weather and crop service:
During the week ending 8 a. m.
Monday June 18, the temperature
averaged slightly warmer than usual,
but was free from extremes, -and was
highly favorable to crop development.
There were widely scattered showers
every day in the week, generally light,
but heavy in the wastern portions, on
Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday,
where the ground was still wet from the
previous week's heavy rainfall On
Saturday and Sunday the showers were
more general, covering the entire State.
Except in-the western portions, where
the rains hindered cultivation, and in
portiens, of Bamberg, Barnwell and
Orangzurg counties, where the ground
was still wet from previous rains the
week's rainfall was very beneficial, es
pecially so from Sumter northward and
northeastward, where gardens and to
baceo stodd in need of moisture. LInds
were badly washed in the Piedmont
Crops of all kinds made favorable
progress under the above weather con
ditions except in those sections where
there has been an excess of rain, mak
ing the soil too wet for cultivation, and
fields are becoming grassy.
Corn is small for the season, but has
good color, and is now very premising.
Earliest has been laid by. Bottom
lands, in the western counties, are too
wet to cultivate, and grass and weeds
threaten the crop.
There is general complaint of grassy
cotton fields from the western countier,
where chopping is unfinished and cul
tivation was hindered, and in portions
of the south central counties. Else
"1i'ee cotton, although small for the
season, is growing rapidly, but lice
continue to infest many fields. They
are, however, gradually disappearing.
Sea island cotton needs hot weather
and moisture. With the exceptions
noted, the crop is clean and well culti
Tobacco has improved and is doing
well. It is buttoning low in place.
Cutting and curing has began in south
ern Marion county.
The wheat and oat harvest is nearly
finished. Thrashing has begun, and
the reports continue to indicate good
yields. Some grain was damaged in
the shock by the rains.
A Mob's Vengeance.
Wm. Woodward, of Searcy County,
Ark., who shot and killed his step
daughter, Mrs. Laurena Thomas, was
killed by a mob. After killing his step
daughter by shooting her with a Win
chester rifle, Woodward shot himself in
the breast. The wound would probably
have proved fatal but Woodward was
still living when a mob of fifteen men
entered his house and with clubs beat
his head almost to a jelly. Life was
extinct before the mob ceased beating
him. The origin of the trouble was the
arrest of Woodward on a warrant sworn
out by Mrs. Thomas charging her step
father with forcing her into improper
relations with him. Woodward was
tried and bound over to await the grand
jury's action. When an officer started
with him to the county jail at Marshall,
Woodward made a break and escaped.
He went quickly to his farm, secured a
Winchester rifle, and going into the
field where his step daughter was at
work, fired two shots at her, both tak
ing effect. He then shot himself, after
he had commanded his wife to kill him
and declared he loved his step daughter
and regretted that he had killed her.
Carpet-Baggers in Cuba.
A dispatch from Havana says it is
probable that Estes G. Rathbone, the
suspended director of posts, will be ar
rested within the next few days. The
postal inspectors assert that they have
evidence implicating him beyond any
question. Mr. Rathbone's replies in
the course of the examination Thurs
day before Fourth Assistant Postmas
ter General Bristow, and the inspec
tors, were regarded as very unsatistac
tory, more than establishing the sus
picions that have been forced upon the
investigators during the past few
weeks, until proof has accumulated to
such an extent as to compel them to
look upon Mr. Rathbone as gailty. It
is also understood that the authorities
will ask for the extradition of the head
of the printing firm at Muncie, which
sent bills on bill heads other than those
of the firm, bill heads of purely fic
ticious derm. Tae defendants will be
Neely, R athbone, Reeves, Rich and the
Muncie printer. Rich will be accepted
as State's evidence.
A Bad Showing.
A traveling man with a gingery
tongue thus delivered himself at the
"Some time ago a gentleman friend
of mine was walking along the streets
of Manila with an educated Filipino
when several drunken American's stag
gered out of a saloon, lie turned and
pointed at them saying:,
"'There is the civilization that you
are giving us. Before the war there
was not a saloon in Manila. Now there
"Perhaps that's the reason McoKin
ley's soldiers are so slow in getting
from Manila to China to keep the Box
ers from killing our missionaries,''
quietly observed a curbstone patriot.
Hard to Down.
The Filipinos must be a remarkable
people. We are told by the adminis
tration that they are as dangerous in
peace as in war. That is to say the
administration assures us that the war
is over in the Philippines, but we can
not spare any of our 65,000 soldiers in
that nnartr.--Atlanta Jounanlt