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VOL. X . MANNING., S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 18, 1900. NO, 18
ON TilE ROAD ACA' I.
The State Candidates Resume
Their Speech Makir.g.
THE ATTENDANCE SMALL.
The Well Trodden Grourd Gone
Over by the Vote Hunters.
Not Much Interest
The State campaign metirngs were
resumed last Tuesday week at George
town. '1he attendar~ce was very small,
and little interest was wauife'sted in
what was said and done. A number
of the candidates were abseot.
There were about two hundred people
in attendance on the meeting at Kings
tree on Wednesday. CApt. Jennicgi.
ea:didate for Saste Treasurer opened
the speaking. Dr. Timmermiaa was
Brooker and D~erham warmned up a
little. Brooker charged Derham with
ailowing treasurers to make settlements
wheaever the latter wart to. Derham,
interrupting. taid this was untrue.
Brooker said he could prove it in the
record for 187 in Richland county.
Derham said that he had a certificate
from Sheriff Cathcart contradicting
Capers made the crowd holler by as
sailing MeMahan for naming a flag on
Winthrop college for "a Yankee sol
dier- who was teaching at the summer
school. MeMahan was not here today.
Col. Fioyd said Williamsburg had
been one of his baaner counties. He
wanted to keep its support. Dr. Rouse
W. D. Mayfield. W. P. Evans, J. 11.
Wharton, B. B. Evans, J. E Petti
grew and Mr. Berry told why they
ought to be railroad commissioner. B
B. Evans prodded W. D. Evans. Bar
ney denied that rate on cotton had
been reduced. "and I defy him to deny
it " W. D. Evans replied: "I do deny
it." Barney asserted that one man's
word is as good as anothcr's. le then
read some figures that the local rate
from Kingstree to Greenville was 39
cents and to Norfolk 24 cents. Barney
continued to make his charges, "and I
defy him to deny it." Col. W. D.
Evans each time would say, "I do deny
it." Barney stated that since the sale
of the South Carolina and Georgia to
the Southern the rates had increased.
W. D. denied this. Barney said this
denial was not the truth." W. D. ad
vanced toward him and it looked squal
ly, but the Marlboro gamecock kept ad
mirable control of himself under the
terrible excoriation of his Edgefield
namesake. Barney, shaking his flnger
excitedly at W. D., said that to prove
his assertion the rates at Aiken had
gone up since the sale of the South
Carolina and Getrxia he could cite the
CANDIDATES FOR (OVERNOR.
Gary was the first speaker for the of
-fice of governor. He today for the first
time referred to the fact that he has no
papers backing him up. He reiterated
his support of the dispensary, and
jumped on prohibition, but advccated
local option between the two, lie pro
duced the record showing that he had
voted for ti e Archer bill as amended
by Winkler so as to allow each county
the right to establish or to rem.ove cis
pensaries. Col. Hoyt said he had not
referred to the Archer bill, but to the
bill prepared by Mr. Robinson of An
derson, which provided for a vote be
tween dispensary and prohibition.
Gary charged coalition between blind
igers and prohibition to squeeze the
- ife out of the dispensary. Hie accord
ed all honor to honest prohibitionists,
but warned honest men not to be per
y ~uaded to vote for prohibition. He
again stated that facticaal lines had
been drawn against him, as he was a
Gary and a Tillmanite. He wants to
be measured as an individual.
Patterson began by saying that while
--1r. Gary is discussing local option, he
would discuss the dispensary. Patter
sua attempted the role of humorist and
told several jokes today. Gary is see
ing ghosts. Nobody in the campaign
has said anything about the G ary's hold
ing ofiies until yesterday, when Walt
Wnitman sa'id soothinmg about it.
Nobody is attacking ( ary for support
ing Tillman. He said that Gary didn t
Shave the covrage to come out i' f-avor
of the dispear arv at Charlestoo.
(;ary-That is absolutely untrue.
Patterson said that at Charleston he
had asked Gary if the latter was in fay
or of high licease for Charleston, ana
the latter said that his ptsmton was un
dlerstoad by the crowd.
Gary-I asked the crowd if .they
-wanted me to explain may position
again, and. they said no.
Patterson-But the people of South
Carolina must have an explanation.
Gary-The people know how I stand.
You are the only 'one who does not, and
it you haven't got the brains to take it
in 1 can't give them to you.
Patterson then paid his respgets to
prohibition. Every body in South Car
olina knows that if Gornzalez takes up
a fellow it beats that tellow, and so
(:o1. Hoyt says he did not seek the sup
part of Gonzales.
Patterson then began on 31eSweeney,
making the same ald charges of non
enforcement of the law. -hle made a
.- new point,'' that 31. WXelch, of the
firm of Welch & Eason, runs a blind
tiger and has a Lnited States revenue
license. Yet 31eSweeney has cemmis
sioned him a member of the Charleston
county board of control.
Mc~weenley stated tha~t he had noth
ing to do with it. The appointments
were made by the legislative delegation
Patterson said that 31eSweeney could
at least kick him out.
McSweeney replied that he could not
kick out a man wnloa he had not ap
P atterson said he could at least re
port it to the grand jury.
31eSweeney wanted to know if Pat
terson accused Welch of running a
Patterson replied, "Yes; I have seen
the barrels seized in his place by the
There was scant applause when Pat
col. Hloyt said there were admirable
featurei in the dispensary law as com
parvd with the barrooms. But the
people who are appointed to enforce
the law do not do it. It is enforced in
towns and cities with the aid of muni
cipal authorities, but not in rural dis
tricts-at least not in his part of the
State. Dispeusaries sell to blind tigers.
The colonel then paid his respects to
Mr. Gary. The bill he had referred
to was introduced by Robinson from
Anderson, not Robinson from Pickens.
It was introduced in 1899 and Gary
voted against it. It was prohibition.
The Archer bil. was dispensary. Per
haps Gary had changed his mind with
in that time and thinks that a little
local option would help his candidacy.
Gary, from the crowd, asked if Col.
Hoyt had not last fall favored coalition,
and if he had not since changed his
Col. Hoyt stated that he had taken
that position for a purpose last winter,
and that purpose was to kill the dis
pensary first and to enact prohibition
The dispensary law is not a solution
of the liquor question. Every legisla
ture has changed the law. In reply to
Patterson. he said there would be no
corruption, or collusion or rascality in
a "dispensary' in which whiskey and
wine is kept for merely medicinal, sac
ramental and mechanical uses. Prohi
bition can be enforced by magistrates
and their constables supported by pub
G. Wat said he would divide his
speech into three tubjects. le would
say sen:ething of himself, then discuss
meatures. and thirdly do some skin
ning. lie would settle the educational
question two yeats hence, and the
liquor question this campaign. As be
tween prohibition and the dispensary
he favored the latter properly enforced,
but license is his latest fad. There is
not a single prohibition injunction in
the Bible, he says. He then proceed
ed to the "skinning" addressing him
self particularly to McSweeney.
The candidates for lieutenant gover
nor then fullowed.
Col. Tillman opened. le accused
Col. Livingston of dodging the liquor
question, and said he was like the
poem on the back of a Confederate bill,
Representing nothing on God's earth
now." Winkler speaks of abolishing
profit feature of the dispensary, but
voted against it.
le was followed by Col. Livingston,
who made a clear exposition of his po
sition on the liquor question and said
that he was on record as to his stand.
A prohibitionist himself, he believed
in treating the several factions fairly
and not forcing them.
Col. Winkler said that he had never
favored the dispensary to make profits,
but to promote temperance, and he
didn't care if they took away every
cent of the profits. He said that
'4competency, honesty and sobriety"
re requisites fo: the office of lieuten
ant governor. Le had the qualifica
Col. Sloan congratulated the farmers
on the rain which the candidates had
brought. If their talk did no good,
the rain might. The constitution'al
convention thought it had settled the
liquor question when it provided that
he question may be left to each coun
y. Each county manages its own
eurts and other institutions, why not
he liquor questions? L->cal option is
he gun to till blind tigers.
Ccl. Blease said that the reason he
pposed Winkler's referendum was that
t left the question of dispensary or no
ispensary to the general election.
he 12,000 negro voters, the balance
f power, would settle the question for
he white people. Does Gonzain? love
rohibition? Does he love Col. Hoyt?
No, but he hates the dispensary. The
iquor people wani, to kill the dispen
ary, make prohibition obnoxious and
hen get high license.
.Judge Moore was not here, and Gen.
Bellinger had no opposition. Gen.
Bellinger said that he had heard of
obody but a trial justice down in
harleston who had criticised his record
nd he would not tax the patience of
he people by making a speech.
McSweeney looked bright and fresh
oday, after his rest. lie stigmatized
Patterson's charges as little, absurd
ad flimsy. Did Patterson mean to
harge that the editor of the county
paper could be bought for a dollar and
a half a year? As to granting United
States licenses, how could any power
stop the granting of them. The con
stables get a liht of those holding li
enses and trail them, but it is impos
sible to absolutely enforce the law in a
seaport town like Charleston. lie (1c
Sweeney) could not go around like
Patterson leoking for blind tigers. He
could not force the grand jury in Char
leston any more than Patterson when a
prhibitionist could prevent the grand
jury d~ Barnwell from throwing out the
warrants which Patterson placed in
their hands. 31cSweeney defended his
record and said the dispensary law had
been enforced better than ever before
and without bloodshed. He had ap
pointed newspaper men on his staff.
However, he had a dozen who were not
newspaper men. He replied in like
manner to ali of Patterson's charges.
He defended the dispensary law as the
best solution of the liquor question.
He was applauded when he concluded.
THlE FLORENCE MEETING.
The campaign meeting at Florence
Thursday was attended by about 600)
people. Brooker and Derham had their
usual spat. 31e)ahan was not present.
Capers attacked his record as that of
an unpractical man. Capt. Rouse and
Gen. Floyd threw bouquets at each
other and declared an armistic~e until
the meeting at Spartanburg.
The candidates for this office made
their regular speeches.
W. ID. Evans replies to charges that
rate on eotton is driving mills away by
saying that $9,000,000 has been project
ed in cotton mills in this State this
year and Augusta mill men are estab
lishing a bleachers here.
Wharton had been here 30 years ago
as a Confederate soldier and a few years
ago voted for formation of Florence
county. Why is it flour can be shipped
to Lake City S cents cheaper than to
Fiorenc'. He wants to stop demur
Barney Evans sailed into W. D.
again today. W. ID. had chaperoned
the Jim Crow car amendments with
uniform passenger rates in the last leg
islature. W. ID. replied that he had
not been before the legislative commit
tee at all. He retorted Barney's own
brthe voted for the bill.
Barney disclaimed responsibility for
his brother's voting wrong. Barney
was generously applauded.
T. M. Berry made a prohibition talk
and said a practical prohibitionist is a
safe business man.
W. D. May geld contended that cot
ton mills in upper Carolina are sending
to Alabama for cotton on account of lo
M1r. J. E. Pettigrew was at home
and courteously declined to speak, but
welcomed the candidates to Florence.
Patterson was the first speaker in the
gubernatorial tourney. Hle discussed
briefly the failure of the kcgislature to
appropriate funds for the common
schools after taking dispensary profits
from them. He made his same dispen
sary speech. He said that the prohibi
tion proposed is but the dispensary law
without the beverage feature. The rich
will then send out of the State for
liquor and the poor will patronize blind
tigers. Maine sells more liquor unlaw
fully than South Carolina does lawfully.
Col. Hoyt charges all the crime in
South Carolina to the dispeusary. The
attorney general of Maine attributes
rascality there to prohibition. Repeat
ed his old charges of coalition. Said
that McSweeucy is not a friend of the
A SNAR' SPAT
Col. Hoyt took a hand primary, the
first one siuce Patterson's dismal fail
ure at Walterbero. Col. 1i)yt was re
ceived with cheering. Ile was forced
to omit discussion of other issues and
contioe himself to the liquor question.
as his opponents had devoted ,o much
time to him.
Patterson interrupted Col. Hoyt once
and the crowd cheered the colonel.
Patterson had claimed that nine-tenths
of the people drink liquor. COl. lloyt
Patterson -Take a hand primary.
Hryt-Why didn't you do it?
The colouel took a hand primary to
see how many in the audience drank
liquor. The number of fists poked up
was absurdly small and the crowd
howled for Hoyt. Hoyt then said that
Patterson had said that the crowd was
sober because the dispensary was
losed. The colonel pronounced this
a slander on the people of Florence and
the crowd cheered again. If prohibi
tion is a farce, why did Patteison advo
cate it in 1S92? And does he support
the dispensary now because, as he says,
"the majority of the people favor it?"
Col. Hoyt read a denunciation of the
dispensary written by the Rev. W. R.
Richardson of Columbia, and when he
came to a paragraph where it was said
that small politicians use it to ride into
office, the crowd cheered again.
Would Patterson refuse the support
of papers if they came to his rescue
for he needs rescue? Would Patterson
accuse thein of being subsidized if they
supported him? The News and Courier
is too busy booming the exposition to
notice the State campaign editorially.
Perhaps if Editor Hemphill knew that
Patterson is a candidate, he would sup
ort him, Col. Hoyt remarked sarcasti
cally. The course of Mr. N. G. Gon
zalez is as truly independent in this
campaign as it has been in everything.
Was Gonzales' support of Elletbe in
1898 a failure? Gonzales supports him
on other grounds.
"Read his editorial and you will see
something not very complimentary to
you, sir," he said to Patterson.
Patterson retorted that in the consti
utional convention he had introduced
a resolution charging N. G. Gonzales
with falsehood against John Gary
Evans and 123 delegates of all factions
ad supported it.
Col. Hoyt said he was not Mr. Gon
ales' champion. but he was quite sure
Patterson would not face him (Gon
ales) and use the language he did here
Patterson said he had said the same
hing in the constitutional convention,
pointing his finger at Gonzales at the
Col. Hoyt retorted that if Patterson
ad done so it had been under the pio
etion of his privilege as a member of
Patterson replied that Gonzales had
portunity to see him afterwards.
During the controversy there was
heering at the conclusion of every
trust made by Col. HIoyt, while Pat
erson had no applause.
As Col. Hoyt concluded. M1r. Petti
rew presented him with a bouquet
with the statement that the ladies of
Florence looked for manliness in the
rovernors office if he were elected.
WHITMAN AND GARY.
Walt Whitman exhibited a map of
South Carolina and said that three of
the candidates for governor come from
a bunch of counties down on the Sa
vannah. Walt said Gary had asked
him where he was during the war.
Walt replied that he was only 12 years
old when the war broke out, but he
plowed an old blind mule to make bread
and meat for the soldiers, and two of
his brothers shed their blood in the
ause. What had Gary and Patterson
and 31eSweeney done for the old sol
diers whom they so profess to love?
He put the laugh on Col. Hoyt The
latter had admired Walt Whitman's
ability to fashion a new platform every
day. Walt sail Col, Hoyt had only
one, anmiserable old thing. lie would
not tackle Patterson as the latter was in
such a miserable fix already. 31eSwee
ney was not here and he could not hit
him in the back as he is lame and sick
~unto death anyway. Hie helped out
Brooker in his charges against the tax
department of the State. Hie was tired
of the liquor question. lie would rath
er drink it than talk about it. (Laugh
ter.) He to~o held a hand primary in
opposition to Col. Hoyt's and the result
was that there were but three in the
audience who thus indicated that they
do not take "boeze." The laugh was
on the colonel.
M1r. Gary was received with some de
monstration. lie was gliad that Pee
Dee and Piedmont are alike-progres
sive and steadfast to the landmarks .of
Democracy. He declared that it was
false that he had tried to inject parti
san politics into the campaign. He
had too many friends in all former fac
tions. A few days ago an editorial ap
peared in a leading daily paper calling
on the people to vote against him be
cause he was a prominent Tillmanite.
He deprecated this departure from the
understanding among Democrats to ob
literate party lines. He himself had
kept the faith. In public life he had
known no Tillmanite, no anti-Tillman
ite. He argued against the practica
bilit of enforcing prohibition and de
clared in favor of the dispensary, with
allowances to the counties wanting pro
hibition. Col. Hoyt had said that the
dispensary bad brought the State into
degradation and dirt. Gary asked what
is the state of degradation. God forbid
the day when free liquor will come into
South Carolina. Col. Hoyt might not
be in the coalition, but the result of
his election would mean a riot of blind
tigers. Gary was applauded when he
said that be was an original advocate
of the dispensary, and although it has
broken from its original moorings it is
yet the best solution of the liquor ques
tion. lie lavored the common schools
and especially institutions for indus
trial training. He was liberally ap
p SWEENEY S MESSAGE.
Gov. McSweeney was not present at
the meeting. The following message
from him will explain why he was ab
"A bouncing baby boy arrived at the
mansion early this morning. Request
county chairman to present my best
wishes to the Democracy of Fiorence
and my refrets at not being able to at
The reading of the message was ap
The candidates for lieutenant gover
nor then spoke. Each improves daily
in hii exhortation for votes. Col. Liv
ingstou declared for prohibition: Col.
Blease for dispensary; ditto Col. Till
man and CA Sloan for local option be
tween prohibition, high license and dis
pens ry. and Col. Winkler for dispen
sary with a prohibition local option
rider. Col. Livingston had the largest
share of applause. Dr. Timmerman,
Capt. Jennings and Gen. Bellinger fol
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
What the Young Crops Are Doing in
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the United States weather
bureau's weather and crop service:
The week ending S a. m., July 9th,
was extremely hot, with the average
temperature between five and six de
rees higher than usual, and for the
first time this season the maximum
rose to 100 or above, while the lowest
minimum was 67 degrees.
The rainfall was largely local in char
acter, with many localities that had no
rain, while others had from a trace to
nearly two inches. The hot sun dried
uplands rapidly, and nearly all corres
pondents report red lands and clayey
lands baked and hard to cultivate, and
that showers would prove beneficial on
such lands, while bottom land gener
ally are still wet, and more rain at this
time would cause further injury.
Farm work made rapid progreEs and
was in the main devoted to cleaning
staple crops of grass and weeds, some
what to the neglect of the less imprt
ant crops. Much grass was killed, but
another full week of dry, hot weather
is required to thoroughly rid the fields
of weeds and to put crops into good
The general condition of corn is im
proved, but it is scalding on wet bot
tom lands and firing on sandy lands to
a considerable extent. Old corn is be
ing rapidly laid by, while young corn
is very grassy. Some overflowed bot
oms being replanted to corn. The ma
turing portion of the crop needs rain.
Cotton fields that have been cleaned
f grass are doing wecll, but many re
main grassy on which cotton is turn
ing yellow. The hot, dry weather svas
favorable to cotton, and in general this
rop is decidedly better than it was last
week. There is some complaint of
ust and blight, the latter most se rere
n sea island variety. The plants are
growing too much to weeds in places,
and in many instances are not fruit
ing well. A few localities report cotton
Wheat thrashing is now being hur
ried with continued heavy yields, but
some grain is slightly damaged by rain
--usually only the top bundle of the
Early rice is doing well in all regions
except in the upper Combahee where
rice is about ten days late and is not
Tobacco improved in most sections
and is a fine crop, with cutting and cur
ing under way, but the bulk of it will
be cured during the coming week.
Sweet potatoes, pastures, cane and
gardens are promising. Melons are a
partial failure. Many peaches, grapes
and other fruits rot as the ripen. F igs
and LeConte pears are ripening. Vege
tables for local use are plentiful. Field
laborers are scarce in many counties.
Why He Succeeded
'The Abbeville Press and Banner says:
"Governor McSwveeney, if measured by
his early struggles, and his subsequent
successes, is the equal of any man in
the race, and there is no reason for
maligning him, except because of his
past saccesses, and his future good
prospects. He was a poor orphan boy,
with neither money nor education nor
infuential friends to boost him. But
he had character and an invincible de
termination, and the people will neither
allow an envious spirit to cast him
down nor permit the friends of license
to deprive him of the office to which he
shuld be elected, simply because he
enforces the liquor law."
A Tribute to Tillman
One of the delegates from Virginia to
the late National Democratic Conven
tion says "Senator Tillman in reading
the plank on imperialism sent a thrill
through the great convention hall
which is seldom equalled in such an as
semblage. The spectacle which greeted
the South Carolina Senator's masterly
reading of the plank, was one which
may not be witnessed again for many
years to come.
A Queer Mixture.
J. F. Pickelheimer was arrested at
Middleboro, Tenn , on the charge of
bigany. ItL is alleged he has seven
wives, two of whom are in Mid dlesboro,
and others will arrive shortly. In
his grip were found a license to preach,
a teacher's certificate from Franklin
county, Ky., four marriage certificates,
a deck of cards, bottle of whiskey and
NEWS FROM CHINA.
The Situation Said to Bear a
Most Ominous Aspect.
ALLIED TROOPS DEFEATED.
Stories of Wholesale Murder
Continue to Come. Conflict
ing Accounts of the State
Affairs in China do not improve
much. No authentic news has been
received from Pekin, and the impres
sion is that all foreigners in that city
have been massacred. Over twenty
days ago Sir Robert Hart dispatched
his last message declaring that the sit
uation was desperate and since then no
word has come from the Europeans in
The London Daily Mail Tien Tsin
correspondent says: "The situation is
about as bad as it can well be. I only
trust that we shall not soon want re
lieving ourselves. A forward move
ment is impossible. From 30,000 to
40,000 troops are wanted, and there
are only 10,000 here. The foreign troops
are working well together, but it is in
convenient that there is no supreme
commander. In some quarters the feel
ing is, 'Let us rescue Pekin and then
clear out in favor of Russia."
All kinds of stories come from Shang
hai, which it is impossible to verify.
It is stated that the Boxers have mur
dered the chancellor of the Pekin uni
versity and 60 of the members of his
family and retainers. A confidential
officer of Gen. Yung Tu, disguised as a
Boxer, is reported to have crept into
Prince Tuan's tent while the Prince
was sleeping with the intention of stab
bing him. He was caught by the sen
tries, so the story goes, decapitated on
the spot. His head was sent, with
Prince Tuan's compliments, to Yung
Lu as a warning to him to beware. The
French consul at Shanghai has news
that the Chinese prefect at Moukden
himself murdered the Catholic bishop,
Guillon, in his yamen. Beside Bishop
Guillon, Fathers Crunoet, Corbet, Bor
guois and Veuillenot and two sisters of
the French mission and numerous na
tive Christians were massacred.
A dispatch from Tien Tsin says:
"Gen. Ma has defeated the allied
troops and reoccupied the Chinese east
ern arsenal, after inflicting great loss
upon its defenders. The engagements
lasted six hours, and was fought with
great determination by both sides.
The Chinese were eventually able to
use the effective guns of the fort abat
ting on the city walls near the Taotal's
yamen,- the allied troops suffering se
verely from lack of guns and cavalry.
The Japanese commander sent an ur
gent appeal to hurry reinforcements, as
the allies were in imminent danger of
a general defeat."
The Shanghai correspondent of The
Express gives the text of a long edict
of Prince Tuan, dated June 29th, and
addressed to the Chinese embassadors,
which The Express declares is identical
with the message from Emperor Kwang
Su, mentioned by the Shanghai corres
pondent of The Daily Mail, and what
the Chinese edict public had done in
Washington. The Express considers
that the edict proves that Prince Than's
army is making no attempt to disguise
the fact that the worst that could be
anticipated has happened. The edict
contains the following paragraphs:
"The anger of our people knew no
bounds. They could not be restrained.
The task of guarding the legations,
which before was difficult, was made
Elsewhere, referring to the desire to
protect the legations still unharmed, it
says: "If it is impossible for us to
continue this protection, let it be rep
resented to the powers that we must be
held blameless, for the anger of the
people grows with the rising of each
sun that sees more and yet more for
eigners and soldiers coming to overrun
and lay waste our country and slay our
people." The correspondent says the
edict is intended to pave the way for
a final lifting of the veil over the re
cent history of Pekin.
The German consul at Tien Tsin ca
bles that the foreign settlements were
continually bombarded by the Chinese
from July 5 to July 8. G2 July 6th
two thousand Boxers astacked the
French settlement and were routed by
the Russians. The British and Japanese
forces July 7th bombarded the Chinese
batteries. Toward even'ing Chinese
shells penetrated the roof' of the Ger
man consulate and caused an outbreak
of fire, which was extinguished after
slight damage had been done. On
July 6th the Peiping sailed for Taku
with the German wounded. River
communication between Tien Tsin and
Taku has been safe since the Chinese
fort midway between the two towns
FEARS TilE WORST.
A terrible veil of silence enshrouds
Pekin and there is nobody but believes
the worst has happened. It is taken
for granted that all the powers have ex
hausted every means to get direct news
from their legations, and the fact that
their efforts have been vain leaves but
Statements are in circulation in
in Shanghai accusing the Rus
sians of indiscriminate slaughter of
friendly Chinese non-combatants, with
out regard to age or sex. The mana
ger of a chinese steamship company
who has arrived in Shanghai, asserts
that he only escaped from Tien Tsin by
cutting off his queue and donning Eu
ropean clothes. It is said that the Tao
tai of Shanghai protested to the powers
against these Russian slaughters.
News is circulating throughout the
Yang Tse valley that Gen. Ma has in
flicted a crushing defeat upon the al
lies at Tien Tsin and that the foreign
army has been cut to pieces east of Pe
kin. The actual impoteace for the
moment of the allied forces naturally
give color to these stories with the
worst results. The Shanghai corres
pondent of The Express gives Tien
Tsin advices to July 8th, when the
superior range of the Japanese artillery
enabled them to relieve the Russians,
who were hard pressed at the railway
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Daily Mail says the following story re
garding the situation in Pekin emanates
from Chinese official sources: "The
two remaining legations, the British
and Russian, were attacked in force on
the evening of July 6th, Prince Tuan
being in command. The attackers were
divided. Prince Tuan commanded the
centre, the right wing was led by Prince
Tsai Yin and the left by Prince Yin
Lin. The reserves were under Prince
Tsin Yu. The attack commenced with
artillery fighting which was severe and
lasted until 7 o'clock in the morning
by which time the legations were de
stroyed and all the foreigners were
dead, while the streets around the le
gations were full of the dead bodies of
both foreigners and Chinese. Upon
hearing of the attack, Prince Ching
and Gen. Wang Wen Shae went with
troops to the assistance of the foreign
ers, but they were outnumbered and
defeated. Both Prince Ching and
Gen. Wang Wen Shao were killed.
Two foreigners are said to ha7e escaped
through the gates, one with a heavy
sword wound in his head. Prince
Tnan, in celebration of the victory,
distributed 100,000 taels and huge
quantities of rice to the Boxers."
A dispatch to the New York Journal
and Advertiser from Che Foo says: A
courier from Sir Robert Hart, in Pekin,
has just arrived bringing this message,
dated June 28:
"Close to good bye. Near the end."
A private letter from Pekin, dated
June 24, and received at Tien Tain
June 30, says:
"We are in danger of death. Thirty
thousand troops are attacking. Only
three days' food is left. No news
comes of troops. If no relief comes all
A dispatch from London says a news
agency reports that an official message
received in London states that all the
foreigners in Pekin were murdered
All the foreigners and missionaries
have evacuated When Chau and have
arrived at Ning Po. Large bodies of
Boxers appeared at Wen Chau and
threatened to exterminate the for
eizners and Christians. They also dis
tributed banners, badges and inflam
matory anti- foreign appeals.
The Tien Tsin correspondent of The
Express, telegraphing under date of
July 9, asserts that the Chinese are
daily driving in the allies. They have
mounted, says the correspondent, 12
fresh guns in advantageous positions,
with which they are sweeping the
streets of the foreign settlement, the
incessant fire rendering position after
position quite untenable.
The Daily Mail's St. Petersburg cor
respondent says that in the last six
hours' battle outside of Tien Tsin, the
Cossacks captured six Krupp guns and
killed numbers of fleeing Boxers. The
Chinese lost 3,000 killed, including
A Train Robbed.
The Illinois Central fast train from
New Oileans to Chicago was held up
and robbed Wednesday morning two
miles sonth of Wickliffe, Ky. The
train was flagged, and when it stopped
the bandits entered the cab. The fire
an was knocked in the head with the
utt of a revolver and badly hurt. The
obbers, six in number, cut off the
egine and express car and ran a mile
and a half to Fort Jefferson, near the
hio river, and within sight of the
Missouri shore. Here they blew open
he express safe and secured all the
aluables it contained. The robbers
verpowered the express men and made
them get off the train, but did not at
er'pt to molest others on the train,
which carried a 12rge load of passengers.
his morning a special train with blood
ounds and an armed posse left Jack
son, Tenn., for the scene. It is under
stood that Missouri officers are hot on
he robbers' trail. About $10,000 were
A Big Job.
Some of our rampant imperialists are
reminded, by the Salt Lake Tribune,
hat no foreign army can advance into
entral China except perhaps by her
great river. No army could exist in
hat country. It would have to be in
aily connection with its base, or starve
ad then if a million Chinamen were to
be killed, that would be nothing. It
would be as when a ship goes down at
sea and the waters close over it, giving
up no sign that any ship ever sailed
there. Every well-wisher of his race
hopes that, notwithstanding the provo
ation, some satisfactory adjustment
can be made without a general war.
A Cotton Pest.
Mr. L. D. Landrum of Batesburg
writes the governor as follows: Dear
Sir: There is some kind of a pest that
has attacked the cotton in this section
and in a few days will destroy a large
section of the cotton. In fact, it is
spreading all over the country. The
botanist at Clemson has seen such
specimens of the infected cotton and he
suggested the use of sulphur, but this
does not kill or stop the progress of the
scourge. So at the request of a number
of prominent farmers, I request you to
have the botanist of Clemson to visit
this section and see if he cannot devise
a means to help us.
After Negro Labor.
A dispatch from Honolulu says it is
to the colored people of the southera
States that the planters of Hawaiian
[slands will turn for ielief in the mat
ter of the vexed labor question. John
Hind and J. B. Collins of Yohala
plantation, leave today for the south
ern States in quest of negro laborers.
They have assurances that 300 or 400
can be recruited at New Orleans. The
plantera will pay their expenses to the
ountry and give them $30 a month. If
enough negro labor can be secured the
services of the Japenese will be dis
pensed with altogether.
Had to Pay for It.
The Columbia State says: "Friday
morning a white man giving his name
s C. C. T. Enlow was before the mayor
n the charge of attempting suicide.
He claims to be a Baltimorean, and was
arrested by Officer Bughson. His in
fatuation for a woman of bad character
here is said to have caused him to put
a pistol to his breast and pull the trig
ger. Only a flesh wound resulted.
cting Mayor Stanley fined the man
$20, whieh he paid. He was then re
leased and nothing more has been heard
OUTLOOK IN THE COTTON BELT.
The Cotton Crops Have Suffered from
the June Rains.
Latterly the weather conditions have
been more favorable to cotton, permit
ting cultivation, and cleaning them of
grass ani weeds, but the resulte have
not been entirely satisfactory and have
disclosed the serious injury that the
crop suffered from the June rair, es
pecially in Alabama, Mississippi and
the lowlands of Tennessee where
many fields are so hopelessly foul that
they have been abandoned. Abandoned
fields are also common in portions of
South Carolina, Georgia and Arkansas.
Throughout a large portion of the belt
cotton is not fruiting satisfactorily,
and there is considerable shedding in
places. The conditions in Texas are
not uniform, but on the whole are as
promising as they usually are at this
season, and the fact that the crop is
late in the southern portions does not
necessarily indicate a short yield, as
the plants have still a long season be
fore them in that region.
The following are the summaries by
In Alabama-Cotton has improved
slightly. but has run too much to stalk,
is fruiting very slowly and poorly, and
continues to shed, though not so freely
as at the close of last week; there are
fewer complaints of lice; it is still very
grassy, and the concensus of reports
indicates that the prospective yield of
this staple has been materially low
In Mississippi-As the grass and
weeds are cleared away the extent of
injury caused by the wet weather is
made manifest, and the reports are not
encouraging. It is apparent, however,
that conditions are decidedly better
and while many fields have been ruined
by lack of cultivation, opportunity has
been given to either clean them, or
plow up and replant in corn, which is
being done extensively in all but the
southwhestern counties. Many low fields
have been entirely abandoned; more
have been plowed up and will be re
seededin other crops. Cotton is small
and stalky, and gives little indication
of fruiting satisfactorily.
In North Carolina-Cotton has been
greatly benefited by warm days and
nights, which have caused rapid
growth, good color, and increasing
abundance of bloom; fruiting is taking
place. There was very little complaint
of lice on cotton this week; some fields
in the southwest are still very grassy.
In South Carolina-Cotton fields that
have been cleaned of grass are doing
well, but many remain grassy on which
cotton is turning yellow. The hot, dry
weather was favorable to cotton, and
in general this crop is decidedly better
than it was last week. There is some
complaint of rust and blight, the latter
most severe on the sea-island variety.
The plants are growing toe much to
weed in places, and in many instances
are not fruiting well. A few localities
report cotton very promising.
In Georgia-Cotton shows a slight
improvement, and has received much
needed working. It is, however, fruit
ing slowly, and the forms are small.
In Florida-Cotton has improved
over a large section by reason of its
freedom from grass. There are still
complaints, however, that the frequent
rains of June did very serious damage
to cotton over limited sections.
In Louisiana-The condition of cot
ton has improved, but the outlook for a
largh crop is not as favorable as is that
for sugar and rice. On hill and up
lands where the continued rains did not
prevent cultivation the plant has grown
too rapidly and fruited comparatively
little, In the aggregate, a considerable
areage of late planted cotton on low
lands has been either drowned out or
abandoned to the grass; the late planted
upland cotton and that in the bottoms
where the stand is good is now, being
worked and cleaned, is improving in
color and looks promising.
In Texas-Cotton was improved some
by the showers, but more rain would be
beneficial in localities, especially in
western Texas. Early cotton is bloom
ing and fruiting well and is being laid
by in some sections. The crop has all
been chopped except some late plant
ing. Some fields are grassy in east
Texas. Cotton is not looking well in
some localities, while in other sections
where the weather has been more fa
vorable the *rop is promising. The
crop is very late and irregular, ranging
from light to excellent. The Mexican
weevil is doing damage in some locali
ties over southern Texas.
In Arkansas-Local showers occurred
during the week and interfered with
farm work in some lorilities, but as a
rule great headway was made cleaning
the crops. Corn and cotton, which have
been properly oultivated, are growing
nicely; many fields in the lewlands
have been abandoned. The boll worm
is doing some damage to cotton in a
In Tennessee-Upland corn and cot
ton where fairly worked are in fair con
dition, and with favorable conditions,
following, will make nearly average
rops; but in lowlands many fields are
absolutely lost; this is largely the case
in the western division, where, in many
sections, the prospect is indeed gloomy.
In the middle and eastern divisions, on
uplands, crops, as a rule, are rather
In Oklahoma- Cotton generally is
doing well, and is blooming and frui
ing, and being laid by.
In Mississippi-Cotton in the south
eastern counties has improved some
what during the week, but is .generally
in poor condition. Some is in bloom.
The British Loses.
A dispatch from London says the war
office has issued another casualty list
from South Africa, showing that dur
ing the week ending July 7, there were
killed, wounded or captured 13 officers
and 80 men; accidental deaths, 2 men;
ied of disease, 4 officers and 194 men;
invalided home, 72 officers and 1,306
nen. The total casualties as a result
f the war are 48.188 officers and men.
Made Him Sick.
The Chinese residents of Berlin have
ept carefully under cover since the
iews of Baron von Ketteler's murder
was confirmed. They have adopted Eu
~opean attitre, even sacrificing their
pigtails, and are procuring wigs. The
hinese minister is said to be frightened
worst of all. He is reported to be sick
HOW IT WAS DONE.
Inside History of Our Delegation's
Choice for Vice- President.
HOW EACH MAN VOTEO,
Senator Tillman Tried Hard to
Get Them to Vote for Towns,
but Failed and Grace
At the Kansas City convention the
South Carolina delegation was of course
unanimous in its choice for the presi
dential candidate, but when it came to
the vice-presidency the members were
pretty badly split, and from all ac
counts the members had quite a lively
little verbal spat before the majority
decided that South Carolina should
Senator Tillman was heartily and en
thusiastically in favor of the delegation
supporting Towne. When the delega
tion met, the senator made a vigorous
and characteristic speech in favor of
his oandidate, but all his art of persua
sion and his blunt and unconventional
though strong and emphatic language
was in vain.
Governor McSweeney and John Gary
Evans stoutly opposed Senator Till
man's choice, holding that Towne was
a Republican, even though he favored
16 to 1, and they declared that they
would not support him when there were
life long Democrats who were available.
When the ballot was taken, Towne
was snowed under and a majority of the
delegation, eleven members, decided to
support Stevenson. As the unit rule
prevailed this gave Stevenson the whole
eighteen votes from the state.
It will be interesting under these cir
cumstances to know how the delega
tion did vote:
For Towne-Tillman, Stokes, Garris,
Traxler and Wilborn, 5.
For Hill-Latimer and Williams, 2.
For Stevenson-Governor McSwee
ney, Wilson, Bouchier, Stribling, Mc
Ghee, John Gary Evans, Polaty, Tal
bert, Mooney, Gruber, 10.
For Carr of North .Carolina-Wilie
Senator Tillman read the platform in
the convention and he is said to have
done so eloquently and was frequently
interrupted by cheers. He took a very
prominent part in the convention and
in shaping the platform. The New
York Sun correspondent, referring to
the part he played at Kansas City, has
"From start to finish Senator Ben
Tillman of South Carolina has been
about the most conspicuous man in the
convention and in the conferences out
side of it. He dominated the commit
tee on resolutions and dominated every
body on the presiding offier's stand
during the convention sessions without
regard to their official standing. Every
body seemed to be afraid of him, and
no matter how much he interfered in
business that did not in any way con
cern a delegate from South Carolina,
nobody saw fit to object. Mr. Tillma
ran amuck in the hotel lobbies and in
the street crowds just as he did in the
convention hall, and at all times wore
a huge cork helmet, lined with green,
and a black alpaca jacket. Those who
did not know him thought he was a
crank, and these who did know him
were apparently not very proud of him.
"It was Tillman who led the commit
tee on resolutions to adopt the sugges
tion that was in the minds of several
delegates, but finally put into language
by Barkworth, of Michigan, to attempt
to nullify the free silver declaration in
the platform by the insertion of the
sentence about imperialism being the
paramount issue of the campaign.
Then when the campaign document
was finally licked into shape it was Tili
man who, without anybody's motion,
grasped the first copy and read it to the
committee with the same dramatic ef
fect that he showed later when he read
it to the convention at the request of
Senator Jones, the chairman of the
committee, who had been much im
pressed with Tillman's powers of elo
Preparations are now being made by
the camps of Confederate veterans all
over the State for the coming annual
State reunion to be held in Greenwood.
Last year the State reunion was held at
Chester and the veterans who attended
had a delightful time. Greenwood does
not propose to let Chester outdo her in
the entertainment provided for the vis
The time for the reunion is rapidly
drawing near and the arrangements are
being rushed as much as possible. The
programme has not yet been issued,
The following important notice pre
liminary to the gathering has just been
issued by the committee in charge at
The executive committee of the Vet
erans and Sons of Veterans of Green
wood requests that the names of all
delegates and sponsors appointed to at
tend the State Confederate reunion at
Greenwood and the names of all veter
ans who will attend on Aug. 1 be for
warded as soon as practicable to the
undersigned, so that quarters may be
assigned to such delegates, sponsors
and veterans before the meeting.
All newspapers in the State will fa
vor us by copying this notice.
. B. Clark, Secretary.
(Greenwood, S. C.
A Fatal Plague.
A dispatch from New Orleans says
President Souchan, of the Louisiana
State board of health, last Wednesday
received a telegram from the president
of the parish board of health for Cald
well parish, of which Columbia is the
seat urging that an &xpert, a quantity
of tents, disinfectants and sanitary in
spectors be sent to that place at once
as a mysterious plague had broken out
there which was fatal in every instance.
The telegram stated that fully forty
people, mostly negroes, had,.already
succumbed to the disease. President
Souchon sent Dr. Beard, the state ex
pert, to the scene. It is believed that
the epidemic is a very malignant
form of sall11nn.