Newspaper Page Text
VOL-. XV. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1900. NO,20
THE 1011 STRE Il
The Race for the Goal Has Now
LAST HALF OF RUN BEGUN.
The Compliments of 1he Hustings
Orators n-) Dcubt Brought
Blushes to Lancaster's
The dividing lire meeting at Lan
caster Wednesday was quiet. The au
d ience was thoroughly unde monstrative
and attentive. There was little ebeer
ing, no noise. When the meeting was
called to order Chairman Porter stated
that if every candidate spoke according
to schedule the meeting would continue
from 10 30t until 4 30.
Mr. J. P. Drham was not present
and sent excuses. He was absent on
account of sickness and anaounced his
platform and showed the work of his
office. Mr. Brooker started out by say
ine he had already saved the State $5v,
000 and was in position to save that
much mre. Gen. F! ayd spoke tut
Rouse was absent.
Then came the candidats f-r rail
road commissioner. Mr J. [1. Whar
ton spoke first. He said there were
towns discriminated against in rates.
Then he took up the matter of over
charge and wanted agents authorized to
pay overcharges or make allowances for
lost articles. He said there was no
sense in the argument of long and
shorts hauls when the rate on lumber
is less from Augusta to Camnd:'n than
Maj. Barnard B Evans said freight
rates were higher here than in any
southern State. He said there was
something rotten in Denmark and it
was in the railroad commission. The
commissioners were liable to arrest
when riding over the State on free
passes. The commission is doing
nothing for the people.
Mr. T. M. Berry said he was running
on his own merits and not on the de
merits of anyone. le was a prohibi
tionist and always advocated temper
ance. He wanted to be measured as a
man and stand on his merits. He saw
nothing so bad in the present commis
sion. Promises can be easily made
and broken. If elected there would
be comfortable stations.
Mr. T. E Pettigrew always believed
in the value of the railroad comiis
sionership. Railroads are -combining
and the people must combine through
their commissioners. He is and always
has been a simon-Lure farmer, but
raised tobacco, cotton and truck. He
promised to be faithful to the interests
of the people, as heretofore.
W. D. Mayfield spoke of the mill
development and argued that the sur
plus cotton ought ai be bought in this
State and not from t;'orgia. The rates
are prohibitive. Furniture factories
prospered in North Carmiina because of
better rates. Then he took up the
manufacture of tobacco goods and ar
gued that the local rates wre too high
and the same applied to fiour mills.
Wholesaling must remain small he
cause of the rates. He Lelie-ved the
commissioners shculd not ic paid by
the railroads or provided with passes.
Mr. W. D. Evansq sail the commis
sion knew some of the rates were too
high, but the thing has to be etrefully
done. The Texas commission cut, aui
rates 50 per cent and has been tied up
in the courts since. Then he showed
wherein recently the rates have been
reduced on fertilizer, shingles, wood,
cotton, brick, etc. The only way to
work was to act jointly and continu
The two Evanses disputed as to the
North Carolina rate. The North Caro
olina rate as quoted is all wrong. W.
ID. Evans stated. Hie says eltet him
and have one honest man on the board.
send Mr. W. D. Evans. 'Gcd save
the mark, W. D. asked to have his
character and reputation compared if
B. B. Evans-I'd never compare my
charaater with you.
W. D. Evans-I have never tried to
pass off anything bogus on the people.
If you will look in the attorney gener
al's report you will find he insured 41
dispensaries in bogus companies and
the companies were not worth a cent.
B. B. Evans said it would be well
to look at the records in WV. D. Evan's
W. D). Evans went on to say when
he ran for the constitutional conven
tion there was intense opposition, to
him and a warrant was sworn out against
him for fast driving through the streets
and drunkenness. He insisted on be
iug tried and was acquitted.
B. B. Evans-Oh, that's not it. I
mean where you cheated a man out of
$I3,000O and a jadgment is recorded
W'. ID. Evans-Let me explain.
13. B. Evans-That is a rersonal
matter and he attacked me. Make him
The chairman then without further
ado presented Mr. Capers and.W. D).
Evans went to his chair saying: "I
paid that claim, every cent and am
Mr. Ca.pers then went on to say if
elected he would not employ Yankee
soldiers to teach in the summer schools.
MeMahan 13 honest but wrong. His
chief complaint was that McMahan ig
nored county sap~(rintendent s and other
Carolina educators. Capers objected
to white teachers being over colored
normal schools. Mc~lahan wanted to
explain, but the 1:me was up.
Then came the gorwror. .. E\ a't
Whitman insistcu that from what
others saw the variud deparmen'. are
in tad shape and he want~zd to rei-:uy
things. Disregard .of law in So-yth
Carolina was amniog and disgraceu
not only as to the dispensary law
everything else if these speakers are to
be believed. The best men at tiu ,
he feared, took just a little too mnuen
liquor. A little drunkenness docs not
affect a man as much as tellhng a lie.
God never made a midfit and there is
use for liquor. The Bible does not
condemn ansone for getting drunk.
Col. J. A. lioyt and Mr. Whitman
had stood .on every platform that has
ever been erected. The people of Lan
baster were already converted to prohi
itin h dipnary is ut forward
as the best solution of the liqur prob
lem. Itis a system adapted to a mon
arehy. but it is not for America. The
cornerstone of Democracy is that what
tver comes to the people should come
from them, and he explained how this
was not the case. le explained how
dispensaries have been forced on the
people. The dispensary has its good
features, if they were enforced. Bo
quets were presented Col. Hoyt by the
"Women of Lancaster."
Mr. Frank B. Gary thought the flow
ers apt for Col. Hoyt's political funeral.
He was hot here to villify or abuse
anyone. He argued that no better plan
than the dispensary was yet proposed.
He knew this to be a prohibition
c. inty but he would not change his
views. All are marching to temperance.
Prohibition will bring tigers. He was
no apologist for the dispensary as now
run. it is not a system for revenue.
He was reliably informed there are 200
tigers in Columbia.
Mr. A. Howard Patterson said the
people, and not the papers, were the
jury. If Gary s tood no better chance
than Bryan he was sorry for Gary; but
he favored Bryan. He stuck to Gary
and his family al.! along and has gone
down with the family. He announced
himself before Gary and had a right
to run. He then read from the report
of Gary's Charleston speech and em
phasized that Mr. Gary would not ans
wer his questions in Charleston. He
devoted time to Mr. Gary and said if
you have e.cal option it will be good
by to cis-ensary.
Gov. McSweeney said when they
charge that the incumbent has not been
successful se hurled it back at them
The dispensary is better enforced today
than ever before and he can prove it by
letters from mayors. Charleston is a
seaport and i is difficult to enforce the
law there. Hte had done his best to en
force the law ti ere, but he had done as
well there as anyone else le saved
the State $10,000 t: constables' salaries
He did this as a business matter. Some
of these candidates tell you what they
would do with the dispensers. He asked
all to view the attitude of the people
towards the constables. He wanted to
say reference was made that constables
were here howling for him. They were
not here by his order3. He did not
countenance their being here. They
have no business here, unless they have
work here. He was going to investi
gate the matter and if any constables
have been attending meetings for polit
ical purposes they would be removed
and they certainly would not be paid
for being here. He knew the constables
were not here in his interests. They
were free men and any constable could
vote for whoever he pleased, but they
must attend to their business.
le read a letter from the mayor of
Newberry in which he said: "There is
no violation of the dispensary law
here." Similar letters were read from
the mayors of Spartanburg, Saluda,
Chester, etc. They agreed that the sale
of liquor has decreased. All constables
had instructions to do their duty and if
they do not he would remove them.
The lieutenant governors came next.
Col. Sloan said he had to sing fast and
he sung the praises of Blair and Jack
son and Sims and Jones and then re
counted his services and qualifications.
He denied that there were 200 tigers in
Columbia, for his people were law abid
Mr. Cole L. Blease urged that the
prohibition platform demands the sale
of liqqor for mechanical and scientific
purposes. They condemn the sale and
still insist on the sale. All laws are vi
olated, so must all laws be repealed, as
is argued. He argued for good free
schools. Favored biennial sessions.
Mr. Jas. H. Tillman said he had
more kinpeople here than in any other
ounty. H e said Col. Sloan's remark
about tigers in Columbia had better be
salted down. He jumped on Col. Sloan
for fighting the separate coach law. As
to Blease and schools he voted to take
$20000 from the schools. He insisted
that when you strike down the dispen
sary you lose the best friend temper
ance has ever had. He read numerous
letters to show that prohibition did not
Mr. Knox Livinston sympathized
with the audience for its patience. He
gave his certificate of character, so to
speak, by showing that he had never
been befeated at home. H~e has always
been consistent in favoring prohibition
when the people wanted it.
Mr. Winkler spoke of his services in
the house. He was emphatically in f a
vor of the dispensary and urged that it
had worked wonders. His only regret
was that the good prohibitiohists and
others had not helped to support and
try the law. He wanted better school
houses, better teachers and better pay.
He spoke kindly of the veterans.
Mr. James H. Moore, for attorney
general, said he was charged with be
ing a former Charlotte printer. He
has had his experiences and he was glad
of this experience. Work was nothing
to be ashamed of. He was proud of his
North Carolina descent and that he
came here for his home.
He said that Gen. Bellinger was
either indifferent to coming before the
people or was afraid to face him on the
stump; that he had gotten awfully busy
of late and had gone to Washington on a
wild goose chase on an alleged suit
against the State by the United States
in ignorance of the fact that congress
had repealed the act authorizing the
United States to sue a State.
Regrets were presented from Gen.
Belinger, who was unable to be pres
Capt. Jennings for State treasurer
made a clever speech.
The meeting tomorrow will be at
Chester. August Kohn.
Immediately after the meeting Mr.
WV. D). Evans sent this teliegram:
C. S. McCall, Bennettsville, S. C.
Barney Evans accuses me of swi nd
ling Matheson $15, 000. As trustee of
fund please wire me whether this is true
or false. W. D). Evans.
The telegram in reply.
lon. W. D). Evans, Lancaster, S. C.:
Telegrams received. Accusation as
toj defrauding Matheson false.
C. S. McCall.
Mr. Evans requests the publication.
Mr. McCall was the trustee of the fundI
oauA Col. W. D. Evans. A. K.
Two English missionary ladies, Miss
Church and Miss Searell, have been
murc ered at Usai Oi, in the province
of Shar. Si by Chinese. Massacres are
also reported from Tai Yuan and Pao
GOES FOR TILLMAb
About What He Said in His Ben.
HIS REPLY TO THE CHARGES
The Senator States Over His Owr
Signature What He Really
Did Mean in His
In his Bennettsville speech Senato
Tillman declared there is in Soutl
Carolina "an unholy alliance of preach
ers and barkeepers, led by Col. Hoyt t<
defeat the dispensary." The Senator
is being savagely criticised for hi:
speech and even the dignified Bishoi
Duncan is in arms againt the Senator.
In an interview with the Greenville
News the Bishop said:
"It was manifestly false and an out
rage," said the bishop, his small, tene
trating eyes gashing as he shook E
clenched fist. "I always make it a ruk
to nail a lie whenever it comes up,
whether it comes from the president
of the United States or a United States
senator, or from anyone else. It is all
the more shameful that the statement
comes from a United States Senator.
Suppose I were to say, for instance,
that the merchants of this town were in
league with the thieves, the chicken
thieves, to rob the citizens, don't you
suppose there would be a mighty pro
test? Well, there is just as much sense
in the one statement as in the other."
In the Greenville Methodist confer
ence held in Greenville last week the
committee on temperance, to which was
ref erred the Senator's charge, submit
ted a report to the conference, and the
following is a part of that report:
Resolved 1st. That we reaffirm it to
be the duty of the Church to enforce
among its members the rule against
drinking spirituous liquors except in
case of necessity.
Resolved 2d. We conceive it to be
the duty of a Christian citizen to pro
tect the State against the demoralizing,
home-blighting, crime-breeding, prop
erty destroying drink abuse by using
his influene to restrict its manufacture
and sale to medicinal, sacramental and
Resolved 31. We denounce any in
sinuation that the effort of Christian
ministers and other citizens to rid the
State of this gigantic evil is a sought or
voluntary conbination with the saloon
element as a base slander that is itself
an attempt to strengthen the power of
this most damnable iniquity.
R. E. Stackhouse,
P. F. Kilgo,
R. R. Dagnall.
Dr. Chas S Gardner, Pastor of the
First Baptist Church in Greenville
preached a sermon Sunday night week
on prohibition in which he denounced
a. false Senator Tillman's charge that
'thA preachers and liquor men are in
unholy alliance led by Col. Hoyt."
He said: "Senator Tillman, who made
the charge, knew it to be false when he
uttered it. The charge cannot be in
terpreted as anything else but a mean
and contemptible effort to break the
force of the almost unanimous advoca
y of prohibition by the preachers and
srved its author as a good occasion
also to throw contempt upon a class of
men for which he has in many otber
ways expressed his contempt."
SENATOR TILLMAN IN REPLY.
Dr. J. 0. Wilson of the Southern
Christian Advocate wrote to Senator
Tillman asking if he were correctly re
ported and requesting a reply. The re
ply is contained in last week's issue of
the Advocate. It reads as follows:
Trenton, S. C,, July :23, 1900.
Rev. J. 0. Wilson, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I have your letter of July
22d, asking if my speech at Bennetts
ville was correctly reported. I do not
recollect the exact words I used at
Bennettsville, but they are in effect
true as quoted; and inasmuch as the
district conference of the Methodist
church, under the leadership of Bishop
Duncan, has taken the matter up, and
the bishop is reported to have "nailed"
my utterance "as a lie," while the re
port of the committee on temperance
"denounced any insinuation that the
efforts of the Christian ministers and
other citizens to rid the State of this
gigantic evil as a sought or voluntary
combination with the saloon element
as a base slander that is itself an at
tempt to strengthen the power of this
most damnable iniquity," I will take
the occasion offered by your inquiry to
make an announcement over my own
signature of what I said and meant at
Bennettville. Of course the report
gave only the barest outlines.
I have no quarrel with the ministers
of any churchi or denomination and
have no purpose to give offense to any
of them. I have always borne testi
mony to the high character and purity
of purpose characterizing the ministry,
but I believe they are wrong in fighting
the dispensary law as they do, and I
claim the right to say so. acknowvleding
at the same time their right to freedom
of speech and freedom of political ac
tion on this and every other subject. I
mentioned the attitude of the ministers
incidentally as an illustration of the
anomalous political situation. The
minisers attack tbe dispensary because
it does not go far enough, and the high
license people and the blind tigers,
whom I designated as the "old bar
keepers," attack the dispesary because
it goes too far. They are thus found
figbting side by side in the campaign.
Thre is only one candidate in the field
for governor opposed to the dispensary,
Co Hoyt, and all of those elements
are allied in his support, and the proof
is that Charleston, in the last guberna
torial election, voted for Mr. Fecather
stone and prohibition when it is noto
rious that the whiskey element in that
city is predominant and that the dis
pensary law is not enforced, msinly by
reason of the lax morals of the grand
jurors who have failed to discharge
their duty under their oaths. Col.
Hot last winter in his paper, The
Mountaineer, u-god coalition between
the high license people and the prohi
bitionists in the general assembly it
order to repeal the dispensary law.
Col. Hoyt seeks the governor's ottce,
an of cours wants votes. I am op
posed to his election solely on the these
grounds, and called attention to the
elements supporting him. There may
be no open "alliance," and technically
I may have been in error in asserting
it, but I think it permissable to declare
all the supporters of any one candidate
"allies" and if the Methodist ministers
who have accused me of "slander" will
show that they do not intend to work
to the same end as the bar-keepers for
the overthrow of the dispensary, I will
then consider the propriety of an apol
ogy. Until such proof is given I shall
stand by my guns. If the Methodist
bishop chooses to call me a liar, and
the church temperance committee feels
constrained to denounce my opinion cf
existing conditions as "slander," the
people of South Carolina will judge be
tween us. If they can stand it Ican. I
long ago learned
"Evil is wrought from want of
As well as want of heart."
When good men find themselves in
bad company, they usually pause to
consider how they got there and
whether they are not in fault to some
There is no concealment about it and
the editor of The State, who is the
spokesman of the license element, has
announced his position clearly and
openly. The denial by the preachers
that the combination is "sought" cats
no figure. It exists, and that is all I
asserted, and to my mind it is "unholy"
and must make every good man feel
If the dispensary is overthrown every
practica' maa knows that saloons will
be re-established in less than five
years. I would deplo e such a result
as a great loss to society and know
many preachers are of the same opinion.
I shall yet hope to see all good men of
of all classes united to make the dis
pensary the success it can become I
believe prohibition is a Trojan horse
by which the saloons seek to aga'n en
ter the State. The whiskey men believe
the same thing. I am against the
saloons and all of their friends wheth
er they be good men who are blind, fa
natics, or scheming politicians.
B. R Tillman.
WEATHER AND CROPS.
Weekly Bulletin Issued by Section
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the United States weather
bureau's weather and crop service:
The week ending 8 a. m., July 23d,
was nearly three degrees warmer than
usual, and had a maximum of 102 de
grees at Batcsburg, and a minimum of
66 at Greenville.
There were light, widely scattered
showers during the entire week, heavi
est in the central counties. By far the
greater portion of the State had no rain,
and severe drought conditions prevail
in places. The need of rain is general,
and nearly all crops failed, or are be
ginning to suffer for lack of moisture,
especially old corn that is maturing.
The dry weather was favorable for
laying by, and ridding fields of grass
and weeds, so that crops are being laid
by in generally clean condition, al
though grassy fields are still oommon.
Old corn failed materially, except on
moist lands, where it shows slight im
provement. On sandy lands it is firing.
Young corn continues to look well and
retains its color, but is not growing,
and will soon fail unless moisture is
supplied. Bottom land corn has made
little recovery sinca the June freshest.
Cotton improves slowly, except on
sandy lands, where it is shedding
leaves and squares and is turning yel
low. Cotton is generally small and late,
although fields are now clean and fruit
ing normally, but the crop is spotted
and its average condition remains poor.
Sea island cotton is doing poorly owing
to drought, blight and shedding.
Tobacco is ripening fast, and curing
made rapid progress, being now over
half finished. The hot weather injutred
tobacco to some extent.
The prospect for a large forage crop
is good, especially of field peas, which
look very promising. Minor crops gen
erally, as well as pastures and gardens,
are failing rapidly,.and stand in urgent
need of rain. The apple and melon
crops continue poor, while peaches and
pears are plentiful, but the peaches
are rotting badly. Grapes are ripen
ing. A general rain would materially
improve the crop prospects.
A Determined Mob.
Seldom has there been such grave
determination on the part of the mob
or such dogged resistance on the part of
a sheriff as that displayed at Hunts
ville, Ala,, last week. A mob of one
thousand men went to the jail to take
a negro rapist and lynch him. The
Sheriff and his deputies fired upon the
lynchers, wounding some of them.
This did not deter them. The sheriff
appealed to the governor, and the mili
tary were ordered out, but too late.
The mob received tar and feathers and
oil, and having gotten into the lower
corridor of the jail, piled them on the
casement floor and fired them. The work
of smoking out the inmates was begun
The sheriff retreated with his prisoner
to a point fartherest removed from the
odoriferous pile. He swore that he
would die with his prisoner. The
chief of police forced his way to where
the sheriff was and exhorted him to
leave the building. The sheriff was
then half suffocated. The official had
securely locked his prisoner in a strong
cell. The police chief seized .the
sheriff and dragged him unconscious
fromx the building. The mob took hold
of the prisoner and carried him from
the jail and hanged and shot him to
Paid Him to Wait
A farmer in Clay county. iowa, has
a bin containing about 800) bushels of
wheat. About a month ago he pro
posed to market the grain, but on go
ing to the bin he discovered that a hen
had established her nest on the wheat,
was setting there, and that to remove
the grain would "break her up." He
decided not to disturb her, but wait
until she came forth with the chicks.
In the meantime the price of wheat
advanced until the farmer discovered
he had gained over $100 by allowing the
hen to sit it out.
SPEAKS AT CHESTER
Tillman Makes a Red Hot Dis
CRITICISES HIS CRITICS.
He Refers to the Recent At
tacks of Bishop Duncan and
Dr. Gardner on Him.
At the campaign meeting at Chester
Thursday Senator Tillman made a red
hot speech and put new ginger in the
fight. He was held until the very last,
and when he talked, made it lively.
Tillman was received with that old
time whoop. To start at the end, Till
This was his seventh meeting and he
protested against always being put
last. There were some who thought he
ought to remain at home. It was not
his fault some one else does not want
to be senator. He never felt happy un
less he had opposition, and he pre
ferred it. He may be a fool, but he was
never accused of it, and, therefore, he
did not try to be a dictator, but felt
free to give advice. As long as he was
senator he felt free to talk. All are
agreed on national issues and there
was no use to talk on such matters un
less he wanted to sheer around or say
some sweet things. He had seriously
regarded his duty. He had thought it
over, and feeling his obligations, he
felt it carried with it some responsi
bility to assist in throwing light. Did
you not teach me to use this tongue
and to use it vigorously ? Did you
label that tongue "for national use
only?" if so, say so. If you say so I
will obey. If not otherwise advised he
was going to talk right out on the
liquor question. The people were free
to do as they pleased and he wanted
them to do so. It is charged that but
for Tillman there would now be pro
hibition. He said he worked for the
dispensary law. The prohibition vote
cast was nothing like a general vote,
and over 30,000 did not vote at all. As
to the dispensary being a great politi
cal machine. When it came in he had
just been reelected and he needed no
machine. He advised the dispensary
because he did net believe prohibition
could be enforced. He did this to save
the State from degradation and being
hypocrites under prohibition.
The people have voted on this ques
tion almost solely on State offices, and
the legislature in four elections, and
but for him it would have been put in
the constitution without any buts or
ifs. He did this because the supreme
court decision was pending. He wrote
the clause, and whenever his tongue
grew forked he wanted to be kicked out.
The minority is asking you to give
up your God-given rights and asking
you to give up without a contest. If
you are not careful you will be back
where you where eight years ago.
The State holds $400,000 worth of
liquor, and that liquor will fritter away
or be lost. If you want it that way it
is your right. Dispensary men he
hears are going to vote for the prohiki
tion candidates. Men should stand for
principles and stand by them. Stand
by your principles!
If it is going to be a matter of reli
gion and good-fellowship, then you had
better go back to the convention sys
tem. Your committees are going to ruin
the primary by gagging the speakers
and limiting the speakers. He said the
reporters were generally fair. Men
must not vote for personal preferences
but on principles, but you have such a
right and do as you please, and he
would not complain. The people have
governed South Carolina and the only
way is to allow free time and take off
There have been accusations of in
tegrity and no time for the charges or
denials. He wanted to serve notice
that he was going to speak first some
where. This gagging of speakers will
kill the primary. Better have fewer
speakers. What use is there, for in
stance, for eight candidates for com
missioner. They can show nothing in
ten minutes, absolutely nothing. You
do not want a man who can merely tell
jokes, but these men can tell nothing
in that time.
It was an outrage to limit the gover
nors to 30 minutes. They are all the
same. They should all have more time,
but some of them do not want more
time. Every man should have all the
time he wants. It was funny to see
Gonzales, an open, avowed license man,
now the organ of the prohibition party.
He said Gonzales fought openly and
bravely, although he so.netimes does
not tell the truth.
It was old and stale this thing about
the liquor men and preachers being on
the same line. He never said there was
an agreement between the preachers
and barkeepers. But much is now be.
ing made out of it, although he had
repeated it 25 times. He pictured the
ministers in white fighting the dis
pensary and then another army in
white aprons all fighting the same dis
pensary, and Col. Hoy t certainly was
accepting all these votes
Now the sole question is whether
these armies are fightingr the same dis
pensary. Now Bishop Duncan said I
lied when I said the prohibitionists
and liquor men were allied under Col.
Hoyt. That was severe language and
he once used such language, but he did
not do so now in the senate, but left
that to Bishop Duncan. (Applause.)
Bishop Duncan would feel sorry for
what he said of him.
IThen he took up the temperance com
mittee and its declaration, which "de
nounced any insinuation that the ef
fort of Christian ministers and other
citizens to rid this State of this gigan
tic evil is a sought or voluntary comn
fbination with the salooon element as a
base slander. That is itself an at
tempt to strengthen the power of this
most damnable iniquity."
IHe said if these ministers wished to
acuse him of issuing a slander it was
well and good. It would not hurt him.
The people saw and knew what was
going on and what the conditions act
ually were, and he reiterated that the
liquor men and prohibitionists were al
lied, and whether this was accident or
conceit he eared not, as he only spoke
of conditions. He quoted the definition
Then he took Dr. Gardner's sermon
and aid he would reply to the arges
there made when he got to Greenville
and said he left to the audience if he
had wilfully misrepresented anyone.
He meant no reflection on the minis
ters. He believed they were mistaken.
He believed they were wrong and per
haps fanatical. These men have left
their pulpits and gone into politics and
made themselves liable to criticism.
These ministers have come down to
discuss polities and those who come
down put themselves on a plane with
other politicians and he was going to
talk out and if they do not like it they
could lump it. The Ten Command
ments have nothing against selling
liquor and the Bible makes liquor sell
ing permissible. No man can go fur
ther than he as to the evils of liquor
selling, but he as much as any minis
ter wanted to curtail the sale. When
you go home think well whether you
want to spew out all the good thing of
reform. He would have no complaint
as to what is done. He asked all to
watch the legislators.
Senator Tillman received a great
deal of applause and whooped up the
dispensary. He will at attend the
meetings at Winnsboro, Yorkville,
Gaffney, Spartanburg, Union, Green
ville, Pickens, Walhalla, Anderson,
Edgefield, Saluda, Lexington, and Co
To the Chinese Appeal for Restoration
of Peace and Order.
The following correspondence be
tween the president of the United
States and the emperor of China has
been made public by the state depart
ment. Translation of a cablegram re
ceived by Minister Wu on July 20,
1900, from the Tao Tai of Shanghai
dated July 19, 1900.
Having received a telegram from
Gov. Yuan (of Shan Tung) dated 231
day of this moon (July 19th), who,
having received from the privy council
at Pekin, a dispatch embodying an im
perial letter to the president of the
United States has instructed me to
transmit it to your excellency. The
imperial message is respecttully trans
mitted as follows:
The Emperor of China to His Excel
lency the President of the United
China has long maintained friendly
relations with the United States and is
deeply conscious that the object of the
United States is international com
merce. Neither country entertains the
least suspicion or distrust toward the
other. Recent outbreaks of mutual an
tipathy between the people and Chris
tian missions caused the foreign pow
ers to view with suspicion the position
of the imperial government as favora
ble to the people and prejudicial to the
missions, with the result that the Taku
forts were attacked and captured. Con
sequently there has been clashing of
forces with calamitous consequences.
The situation here become more and
more serious and critical. We have
just received a telegraphic memorial
from our envoy Wu Ting Fang, and it
is highly gratifying to us to learn that
the United States government, having
in view the friendly relations between
the two countries, has taken a deep in
terest in the present situation. Now
China, driven by the irresistible course
of events, has unfortunately incurred
well nigh universal indignation, For
settling the present difficulty, China
places special reliance in the United
States. We address this message to
your excellency in all sincerity and
candidness with the hope that your ex
cellenoy will devise measures and take
the initiative in bringing about a con
cert of the powers for the restoratien
of order and peace. The favor of a
kind reply is earnestly requested and
awaited with the greatest anxiety.
Twenty-sixth moon, 23d day.
(-July 19, 1900.)
It is therefore my duty to transmit
the above with the request that your
excellency, in respectful obedience of
imperial wishes, will deliver the same
to its high destination and favor me
with a reply. Yu Lien Yuen,
Taotai of Shanghai.
Twenty-sixth year, 6th moon, 23d day.
(July 19, 1900 )
This cablegram was at once commu
nicated to the president at Canton,
and the following is his reply:
The President of the United States to
the Emperor of China. Greeting:
I have received your majesty's mes
sage of the 19th of July and am glad
to know that your majesty recognizes
the fact that the government and peo
ple of the United States desire of
China nothing but what is just and
equitable. The purpose for which we
landed troops in China was the rescue
of our legation from grave danger and
the protection of the lives and property
of Americans who were sojourning in
China in the enjoyment of rights guar
anteed them by treaty and international
law. The same purposes are publicly
declared by all the powers which have
landed military forces in your majesty's
1 am to infer from your majesty's
letter that the malefactors who have
disturbed the peace of China who have
murdered the minister of Germany,
and a member of the Japanese legation,
and who now hold beseiged in Pekin
those foreign diplomatists who still sur
vive, have not only not received any
favor or encouragement from your
majesty but are actually in rebellion
against the imperial authority. If this
be the ease, I most solemnly urge upon
your majesty's government to give pub
lic assurance whether the foreign min
isters are alive. and, if so, in what con
To put the diplomatic representatives
of the powers in immediate and free
communication with their respective
governments and to remove all danger
to their lives ar~d liberty.
To place the imperial authorities of
China in co'mmunicatica with the re
lief expedition so that cooperation may
be secured between them for the liber
ation of the legations, the protection
of foreigners and the res toration of order.
If these objects are accomplished it
is the belief of this government that
no obstacles will be found to exist on
the part of the powers to an amicable
settlement of all the quecstions arising
out of the recent troubles and the
friendly good oflices of this government
will, with the assent of the other pow
ers, be cheerfully placed at your
majesty's disposition for that purpose.
July 23, 1900.
By the president.
John Hay, Secretary of State.
THE STATE ALLIANCE.
Decides to Continue the Exchange
After Long Discussion.
The State Alliance met in Columbia
on Wednesday evening, the following
delegates being present:
Abbeville-J. R. Blake.
Anderson-J. B. Douthit.
Edgefield-W. H. Timmerman.
Florence-A. C. Stewart.
Horry-Jas. A. Lewis.
Kershaw-J. A. Mahaffey.
Lancaster-J. F. Nesbit.
Lexington-James B. Addy.
Newberry-W. B. Counts.
O onee-J. B. Pickett.
Orangeburg-S. C. Kennedy.
Richland-B. C. DuPre.
Union-J. C. Liles.
York-J. F. Ashe.
Greenwood-J. L. Hughley.
After the presidents address a recess
was taken to allow the board of trustees
of the State exchange to continue its
discussion over the $18,000 and try to
determine what was best to be done
At about 12:30 o'clock Thursday
morning the fight over the exchange
and its funds ended. It had waged
warmly all the evening. Col. Dancan
and Mr. Keitt both made vigorous
speeches. A three-fourths vote was re
quired in order to withdraw the capital
stock from the exchange. When the
proposition to withdraw the money and
return it to its original subscribers was
finally brought to a vote, about $8,000
worth of the stock voted for it, and the
other $10,000 voted against. Thus it
was determined to continue the ex
change, which has been suspended for
about one year. As to the details of
the management, they will be decided
upon later by the board of directors.
At 1 o'clock Thursday morning the
board of directors of the State Alliance
exchange was elected as follows:
From the State-at-Large-J. R.
Ashe, York, and Mr. Blake, Abbeville.
First District-T. S. Browning.
Second District-W. H. Timmer
Third District-Jos. L. Keitt.
Fourth District-A. C. Lyles.
Fifth District-S. T. McKeown.
Sixth District-Charles Crossland.
Seventh District-D. F. Efird.
The alliance then resumed its ses
sions, reelecting its present officers
Senator Alexander, president, and Mr.
J. W. Reid, secretary and treasurer.
Mr. Keitt's term as executive com
mitteeman having expired and he hav
ing opposition, an election was necessi
tated. Mr. Nesbit of Lancaster was
chosen to succeed him.
The officers of the board of directors
of the State Alliance exchange were
then elected as follows:
President-A. C. Lyles.
Vice President-J. L. Keitt.
Secretary-Dr. W. H. Timmerman.
The alliance elected 0. P. Goodwin
of Laurens delegate to the national al
liance, which jmeets in Washington,
D. C., in February, 1901, instal!ed the
officers and then adjourned sine die at
about 1:40 o'clock Friday morning.
PROHIBITION IN MAINE.
The Democrats Call for Enforcement
and Resubmission of the Law.
The platform adopted by the Maine
Democratic State Convention at its ses
sion in Lewiston on Wednesday, July
11. contains the following respecting
the State prohibitory liquor law and its
"For nearly half a century we have
had a statutory law, prohibiting the
manufacture, sale and use of intoxicat
ing liquors. For nearly half that time
it has been embodied in the State Con
stitution. Since it was first enacted
scores of amendments, each more
stringent and the penalties more severe
than those preceding it, have been
"For nearly twenty years the alleged
nforcement of the prohibitory law has
been growing more and more lax, until
today in nearly every city in the State
nd many of the larger towns, there are
egularly established bars and saloons
where liquors are sold in open, lagrant
violation of the Constitution and statu
tory law. Nearly every hotel, many
restaurants, hundreds of so-called drug
stores and unnumbered and secret sa
loons and bar rooms in the cities sell
without restriction, save an oacasional
seiure and fine for political purposes.
"For the present shameful, disgust
ing condition of affairs in relation to
the prohibitory law, the Republican
leaders and their supporters arc solely
responsible. Today in many parts of
the State we are having all the evils of
'free rum,' and none of the redeeming
features of a license law.
"For years the prohibitory law has
been a political foot ball. Its hypocriti
cal enforcement has been used to con
trol the liquor vote, to increase the in
ome of perjared officials and to swell
the corruption fund for campaign pour
poses. Through its instrumentality,
the party in power has intuenced juries,
corrupted official sworn to enforce the
law; debauched voters, deceived the ad
vocates of temperance, betrayed the
cause which it professed to support,
reating a contempt and aglisregard for
all laws, and has made the good name
of the State a byword and reproach
wherever it is known.
"We maintain that the Republican
party in Maine is under the practical
ontrol of a ring which has finally be
ome the rum syndicate of the State,
promoting the illegal sale of liquor,
protecting the dcalcr in the sale, pocket
ing a large revenue from these transac
tions, assessing rum sellers for money
with which to control caucuses, conven
tions and elections, and saddling a
heavy debt upon and loading the tax
ayers with bills, charges and alleged
liburseents too grievous to be borne,
and by such duplicity they are demor
alizing the youth of our State and edu
cating them to disregard law and order.
"We believe the respectable, law
abiding citizens of the State, irrespee
tive of party, favor a change. They
demand that the law shall be either en
forced or repealed. To that enc we
For the Usu.ai Crime.
A negro was lynched near Knox
ville, Ga., Wednesday night and his
body riddled with bullets by a mob. He
had attempted to assault a fourteen year
old girl, and had been arrested. He
was taken from the officers of the law
by the ynchers.
WAR OR PEACE?
That Is the Question Being Dis
LATEST CHINESE NEWS.
The Pigtails Supposed to be Get
ting Ready for a Gigantic
War on all the
News from Washington says Admiral
Kempff's letter, given publicity by the
navy department Thursday, made the
direct statement that the imperial au
thorities were in sympathy with the
Boxers, though he added that the gov
ernment was afterward paralyzed and
incapable of controlling the situation.
This was the first official declaration
to reach our government contradictory
of the Chinese representations that the
imperial government had steadfastly
and from the first opposed the Boxer
movement, and our government is bound
to accept the word of its own officer
until that is overcome by irrefragable
proof. The exchanges that are in
constant progress between the powers
are tending more and more to cast sus
picion upon the genuineness of the
many communications that have come
from Pekin through Chinese govern
mental sources. The imperial edict
promulgated by Viceroy Tak, at Can
ton, has left a disagreeable impression.
Despite the Chinese minister's view to
the contrary, this edict is looked upon
as suspiciously like a preliminary to a
formal declaration of war, and as only
one step toward securing time to move
Chinese forces into better position for
defense against the internationalists.
In the Yang Tse region active prep
arations for war are in progress, not for
war against the foreign powers. Junk
loads of Chinese soldiers and Boxers
disguised as Coolies are arriving there
daily. The arsenal is full of arms and
supplies are constantly coming in. The
Nan King and Wu Chang garrisons are
being constantly reenforced and the
viceroys admit that they cannot much
longer withstand the pressure brought
to bear by Sheng and Li Hung Chang
upon them to join the forces of Prince
FIGHTING AROUND TIRE TSIN.
Japanese Aided by Britsh and Rus
sians Capture an Arsenal.
A dispatch from Tien Tsin dated July
13, which has just been received at
Washington, says after fighting all day
a force of 2,000 Japanese, supported by
British and Russians, captured the
Chinese fortified arsenal two miles east
of the city, making a night attack. The
foreigners charged under a very heavy
fire from the arsenal, following the
Chinamen and killing 400 of them.
The foreign loss was heavy, but it is
The Chinese bombarded the foreign
city of Tientsin heavily for three days
and killed some British sailors on a
tug today, besides several Frenchman.
The foreigners are mounting heavy
guns from the fleet, among them be
ing four 12-pounders and four 4-inch
guns and will attempt to locate and
silence the Chinese guns.
An explosion of dynamite killed 20
Russians. Two, battalions of the
Ninth United States infantry and 304)
marines from the cruiser Brooklyn dis
embarked and started for Tientsin t,
day on lighters. As they went up the
foreign ships cheered them heartily.
Refugees of all nationalities will be
taken to Japan by the transport Logan.
The Japanese were the heores of the
battle. Their fighting was remarkably
brave and was praised by all their cel
leagues. When some of the foreign of
ficers counseled retreat last night, the
Japanese general said:
"When my men move it will be for
This morning they charged the
breaches in the wall made by the artil
lery and fought hand to hand in the
streets. Their conduct after the fight
was equally good as they refrained from
looting while some of the European sol
diers were having an orgie. Dead
Chinamen cover the walls and streets
of Tientsin. Fifty guns were captured.
The place was full of munitions of war.
Many fires have been started and most
of the city will probably be burned.
The Chinese are retreating toward Pe
Six Handred Massacred.
The Hongkong correspondent of the
London Daily Express wires as follows
under Fridays date: "An Italian priest
has just arrnved here from Hen Sien Fa,
in southern Haan, where the Italian
bishop and three priests have been mas
sacred after revolting torture. This
took place on July 4. Six hundred
converts were massacred after the
women had been subjected to hideous
brutalities. Six other priests fled to
the hills, where they were probably
killed. The priest who escaped had a
perilious journey to Honkong. He
hid in a coffin on board a river boat for
Having a Run'
One of the most conspicuous adver
tisements in a.negro paper published in
Washington is Hartonia, decoction that
is guiaranteed not only to straighten out
the most stubborn kinky hair, but to
bleach the dark skin white, not in spots
but all over, and make the user smell
jike a basket of fresh cut roses in May.
timc. It is having a run. The scent
killer is put up in powder form.i
Five Were Drowned
News comes from the eastern part of.
California of the drowning of five per
sons in Wiley's Lake Wednesday. It
was an exceedingly hot day and Mrs.
Bryon H. Wiley's little party of five
were in bathing. They went out to a
raft, which suddenly began to wobble
and some of the bathers fell into
the water. The others made a des
perate attempt to rescue their compan'
ions and in so doing perished.