Newspaper Page Text
-- NO~ 28
VOL. \\1 ANNING, S. C, W EDNE:SDAY. SEPTEMBER2610
t N VI CTS ES(?CE
D C Mu pa"s, Ma darer of C s,
One -t T hem.
vv.H COLLNS THhO HtR
S-.wad S'eeI P iscn Do.r F rm
:s Hir'g-s ar d Sc:M z h
State F rs-r W:s.
T1, e Coluumbia S a'e, c'. Fari, says:
At least cne of the mest rced eoen
viet in the Sta:e p:is: here hs
cec&d iia makitg his escape :d ga
out he was ecoianild by aut h-r et
sou.e note. The teen wcre D C. Mur
hy. :he white wan who was cot-victed
.,r assas irs:iou of Ceu'ty Trea
un r pes o' Orar g.burg saure years
:l IT .'
CP 'l: ' I .. t.r 'v 1.,,.
T wot u.en re sulp uhu, Ve a' .d
the pri-t Gr u d d:. u I' d ',c . , of
the :ison grounds about 11 V clock
Vk d m-sdar th 1_t. T re was no ink
line ,' the acur:eroe uvtil yectercay
D 'ing and t'erIf'e, the men had a
LonA start n tr:emr.pursu; rs.
The escape ws as ingei ui as i:
was daring. It is but eidemt that ris
nrs atteu~pt to saw out of the mas
stve rock and stcel caes ir which they
are kept at the "'ate 'r bu: ce
at.d awhile tlheyt d; it PI e r aion
f p'ats e nceived for Enth. E1ry
sup, rintendent ras had to endurc t:e
u-Er;e of pri.oners sawirg their way
, of pri on, and the insarce ycsa r
day was merely Supt. Griffith's doe of
the same medicine that other super
intendents have bad to take from time
to tiu e. There was brain behind the
scheme and that it was carried out sue
cesstuily shows that the prisoners were
no odinary men.
The last instance of "sawing out" was
that of "R d," the fatrous mulatto
burglar, some years ago. His deed still
stands at the head of the list for bril
liancy of conception and t secution. He
aceomplished over an over again in the
course of his c eape what nine men out
of ten would have unbesitatingly de
clared absolutely impossible. When he
heard of the latest case yesterday he
smiled and said he had no desire to re
peat his attunpt to escape, for he had
only two ;< a's more to serve, and had
been treated so gocd that he believed
he wcuid come back again. He is now
foreman of the carpenter shops.
The latest escape is not unlike thet
of 'Red" in some particulars. The
convicts were abo;t three weeks ag
transferred from the new to the old
main building, the former being now
in course, of reconstruction. Ail the
cells (f this building open on steel pi
azzas running around the entire build-"
ing. The cells are merely holes in the
thick granite walls, the occupants be
ing kept secure by massive iron barred
doors opening oa the piazzas. These
doors are hunt on heavy iron dror
hinges, are locked with individual
locks from the outside, and besid-s
have on the top an inverted V shaped
piece of iron fastened so as to project
outward and fall under a steel slide
that of itself locks every cell when
Murphy and Collins in some way,
either from the carpeter shop or the
niill, obtained jack saw. With this
powerful little instrument they comn
plctely severed the massive iron pin of
the top hinge of the door at its base.
They evidently prized the door up
enough to give the jak saw entrance
This done they could ;ull the door in
ward sofflieatly to twist it around and
make an aperture large enough to
crawl thro~ugh. They had evidently
planned the whole tHng eut. They
had other nattrials for the Ie~t of the
escape work, as will e seen.
That they wcre perfectly coufdent of
gettirg away may be seen fremn the
inscriptions left on the walls of the
cell, written on the whitewash in large
letters with a piece of charcoal. On
the rightt of the door was this: "God
will celiver; peace and good will to all
On the opposite facing was this:
'Out for South Ameriec--W. H. CAl
lins, D. C. Murphy, Goodby, for we are
O 2 the wail inside the cell was this:
"In God we trust;Ged be with you till
we meet again.
Their cell was the third from the end
of the third tier at the southeast carner
of the building. Just to the north of t b
cell not 50 feet away is a guard post,
artd ehc eric lights burned all along the
side of the builditng. 'T'e guard stays
at this post save at in'ervais wnen he
marches around the buileing Gotting
their ceil docr open Murph3 and Collins
no doubt waitedi until the guard had
passed around the corner of the build
ing. Convicts in anjoining celle say
they beard some one on the gangway
but thought it was the guard. The
n~en had no trouble in reaching the
ground. Then by reason ot the ma
terial in tie yard they could dodge
across safe:; to the west wall nearte
engine rom and mM!'. BKtween these
two is one 0f the wall s:s.' Le ad
ing up to it is a vertical ladder from
which they couhi swing themselves to
the wall. Finger prints showed tha:
they did this. Then they went along
the outside of the "port" and walked
the wall to the e'rgine roam roof
Hent. again they displayed their fore'
WMile 1.l ther~ p:o' on the out
side they cane car t cinug caught
the yard. Hie he ar soe tin 'ti
at~d thinkin-g it strange he mounted the
ladder to the 'poeat." The escaring
men moust have been only a few feet
away. Hearitng nothing more andi soe
itrg nothing he we-it on to the mU! and
punched his time eleek.
Reaching the shadow or the roof of
the traine roo.m the two men proceeded
to nmake a rope. They had tyken a
number of sto"kings from. th'. mill ae-l
out of the-e they e nstrueted the rop~e,
:ting the stoeig togetne2r a n
knen. In the fot of the last stoec
ing they droprped a six inch bolt to keep
the kuut aruund the guy wire, to ,which
they tied it, from diapirg- Then they
went down the ruje which was only
be ' e f t & distance. No clue
u% he oi*ni beyond this point
w .+ i-u " ! - evi n to fiad ant thing
n it,'t wbieh directi-.n the men
-: 'ut of marchin ha
.. - ti. di g of the j .ck
* -i y: n The, nav
i i lh them for the i-urpo e of
t:" r'. e ouse i .st WVedzes'.ay
ia:"a- d - curi-tg c'zens' lotbing
\i du viara-4 were kent out in al
dir- e :ior l', utsday in the hope of ge'
ir k of the men, but no trail
-ud bb: fo.ur~d. Suterion ndiero G-i
'npr. a:'y ert tele -awls to aimo't
e :road station in the State in
-:: e :uthoi tis to wok out for
eu. tie als prupil v tffred rc
or the cap-ure of the fellows
and placard, are already being distrib
unk irl e-ry oiree'ion
Murhy L: onoe before trei to e,
p. w a while he was under -en
tence 4'. dath atsd his effrt faild.
Since then though he ha; been e re
u Rached and has behaved so well
that he has ftr some time been an in
pve enr i the uiil.
;.tius a, o worked in the mill, The
S"i, n ii:ias s>. he is a smar: and
".. r::. .: : :,hz:h young he is a
~rw is kun a;! over the
c-r r 'y g ve him The principal
i it 'o lvw ar,d eneurirg the
pian of esca' e worked so successfully.
He is said to have come originally from
Flor-uee county. iurphy's guilt ha
ong been ooubted. The erviction was
uroi cireuuistantiai evidence. The ele
ment <.f doubt was so strong that Gov.
Elierbe unhesitatiugly commuted the
enerieC cI death to life imprisonment,
If he really did kill Treasurer Copes
he itil undoabtedly, if not caught at
onee, get funds with which to take him
sdf and Csliins out of the country,
traveling by night, for none of the
money stolen by 'reasurer Copes' as
sas-in has ever been accounted for.
REWARDS AND DESCRIPrIONS.
In ciering a reward of $200 for the
capture and delivery at the prison of
Murphy and $100 for the capture and
d'iivery of Collins, the prison author
ities in a circular give these descrip
tio'ns o'f the men:
No 14344.-D. C. Murphy (white.)
was trif.d and conv:c ed of murder in
Orangeburg county, and sentenced to
hang. Sentence commuted to life im
prisonment in the penitentiary March
26, 1S97. He iz' 36 years old; 5 feet 8 }
inches high; dark brown hair; hazi
eyes and fair complexion; small scar
left side of upper lip, long, sharp nose;
two upper and two lower teeth out.
No. 13S4S -W. H. Collins (white,)
was tried and convicted of burglary and
compound iarzeny at the July term of
ceur: in Pickens county, 1895, and sen
tenc:d to li'e imprisonment in the pen
itentiar. He is 24 years old; 5 feet 8
or 9 inches htuh; brown hair; bale eyes;
complexion fair; two scars left index
finger; eagle anchor and crown on left
arm below elbow; United States flag
anti two hands clasped and cross on
left forearm in India ink.
Circulars giving these descriptions
and offering these rewards have been
sent broadcast by the prison officials
Supt Griffith is specially anxious to re
capture the men and the rewards will
be promptly paid.
Cutlook in East Good.
Senator Jones, Chairman National
Democratic party, jast before leaving
New York for Unicago Wednesday,
said: "The situation in the east is very
favorrble for the election of Mr. Bryan
It has improved wonderfully since I
last was here. The situation in this
State is excellent so far as the election
of Mr. Bryan and the State ticket is
c~ncerne d. The situation in the St ates
of Connecticut and New Jersey exceed
the expectations I had before this, my
last visit, and I am hopeful that Mr,
Bryan will carry these States. I am
sure that he will carry West Virginia
and M1aryland and I might say that
Delaware can safely be placed in the
Democratic column." Senator Jones
does not expect to return te New York
bedore elecetion day. The sub-committee
will have lull charge of the csmpaign
in the east. According to information
given out at headiq:aratrs, ex Secretary
of State' Oiney will speak before the
lraquois club of Chicago soon for
Romantic Little Story.
Wednesday morning M1r. C. S. Bend,
ofLeach postoffice, Columbia County,
Ga., met by appointment a lady from
31ebile, Ala., and about whese visit
there hangs some out of the way inci
d&nts. Eight years ago M1r. Bond, who
is quite wealthy and childless, through
a brother-in-la w who resides in M1ont
gomery, Ala., adopted by law a beau
tiful~ 3 year-cold boy, named Edgar. The
lad has grown into a beautltul child of
11 years, very bright and intelligent,
and the lady Mr. Bond met is the
mother of thc child who, after a lapse
of so matry years, yielded to her ma
ternal ic-ve and is visiting her son. Tne
:ady, since the boy's adoption, has mar
ried a 31r. Ames, who is clerk of the
city courncil of Mlohile, Ala. Feeling
secure in his legal elaim upon the child
M1r. Bond was so well pleased at having
the mother to visit him that he drove
20 miles to meet her and convey her to
Afraid to Trust Them.
Althougi Gen. 31acArthur would
fain have a few more regiments where
with to soothe the 'N acified" Filipinos,
it is to be obscrved that Corbin no
iorger suggests the fermation of "na
tive' rgituents in our colonial pos
sessions. The natives thus far em
ployed appear to hava turned up miss
ing and unacunted for Their arms
accompanied them The "native" is a
pniverse and cantankerous p~rson,
whom it is unsafe to trust with a
Krag-Jorgernsen or any similar agent
tf civilz ition.
The Farmer and Mills
''e August a Chronicle says it is rather
unfortunate for 'er section that the
farmers can't reacive the highest possi
ble pric for their cotton without crip
pling the ctton mills; or that our mills
have to Close down in order tn drag
dav the price <f the farmners' cotton.
A dlai and Teddy.
AdaiE Steveson, who, by the way.
ne-er shot a man in the back or "busted"
a bronco, is drawing greater crowds to
listan to hissober words of wisdom than
all the red lights, tin horns and rough
riders are drawing for Teddy the Stren
Bryan iX!ivers a 3 dy B ow
To Trus s.
THE REIGN CF MONOPOLY.
The N: xt President Sp ka to
an Enthusi ,sr.c Audiznce
f De.cc'.i's :it St.
Dr: an's speech at St. L ui- Saturday
n cht was one of tr., fe.:tures of the
estrp,ign. It wa- an'.i-trust th~roud.
out. A nous soa " .. e things F
The lament cf DI vid over A, balni is
one of the most p:thc:i -tps e of
the O'.d Testament. T h- f :r: th>. the
son was in rebei;ion ait cvi as
we as paren t: avirh. -ity dii rot
hake the fadher' ,e- . d the
'anxious gt-rt, ' : the y ,ues n-a n,
Absalom, "erfe?" lime , i:, t.:e :neiory
of alt who study t'e 1: oC :t . treat
Hlebrew Ling At'.d. S.:th iner: st
which David ftlt i his :-.-n. A.)alorm.
has its parallei is ti tmore tia'i it) t(00 -
000 families w'hichc mk-up th; A eri
can pt opie.
No lar-uage can describe a mother's
le, or over-tate the ab'idin. interest
which the father Iecls in the welfare of
his child. Fro:n the time when the
mothers life hanr ic the 1auac:et at
the boy's birth ut::il tho iea- h of the
parents there ii scarc.ly a wdl ing hour
when the ..on is not prcseit :n their
thoughts and plans It is to this paren
tal devotion. so universally ree gnized.
that I desire to appeal on this occa
APPEAL TO PARENTAL DEVOTION.
I would call the attention ot every
father and mother to pre-ent political
and industrial conditions. I wcu'd a-k
thcm to ana!yze these conditions, in
vestigate their causes and their ten
dencies. I would prt ss upon them this
question: "Is the young man, Absa
lom. safe?" Are you s &tisaed with the
possibilities and the probabilities which
now open before your s.n?
Is he safe when foreign or domestic
financiers are allowed to determine the
monetary system under which he iive=?
Is he safe when national banks con
trol the volume of money which he does
Is he safe when the bond holding
class detcr.iines the size of the national
debt upon which he must help to pay
Is he safe when by means of taxes
laid almost entirely upon ou umption
he is compeiled to contribute according
to his wants rath(r than according to
Is he sae when corxporate interests
itflaence as they do today the selection
of those who are to represe'it him in
the senate of the U ited States?
If he is a wage-earner, and you do not
know i o v so :n he may be, even if he is
not now, is he safe when he is liable
to be deprived of trial by jury, through
the 3 stem known as government by in
Is he safe, if a laboring men, when
he is denied the protection of arbitri
ton and compelled to subnit to such
hours and terms as a c orporate employer
THE REIGN OF MONOPOLY.
But Idesire to call special attention
to the growth of the trusts, and to ask
you whether your son is safe under the
reign of private monopoly? If you can
not leave him a fortune, you can leave
him bomething more valuable than
money, viz , the freedom to employ his
own brain and his own hands for the
advancement of his own welfare. When
there is industrial irtdependence, each
citizen is stimulated to earnest ende-a
vr by the hope of bciog able to pronit
by his own genius, his own energy
his own industry and his own virtue
But when private monopoly reaches its
full development each branch of indus
try will be controlled by one, or a fe w
men, and the fruits of monopoly, like
the divine right of rule, will be kept
within the possession of a few from
generation, to generation, while
the real iroducers of wealth
will be condemned to perpetua1
clerkship or servitude. When private
monopoly reaches its full developtuent.
Sour son will buy the fioished product
at the price which monopoly fixes; he
wi1 seli raw material at the price which
monopoly fixes; and, if he works for
wages, he will work for such comnpensa
tion and upon such conditions as mo
nopoly may determine.
Charles R. Fiint, of the Rubber
Goods Manufacturing company, in a
speech delive'red in Boston on the 25th
of May, 1899, outlined the trust pro
gram with great frankness In speak
ing of ine advantages to be derived
from the trust system he said:
OUTLINE OF lTs 1 PROGRAM.
"Raw material bought in large g ian
tities is secured at lower prices.'
When, for instonce, one man buys all
the wool, the price of wool will be low
erd and all who p-reduce wool will sell
at the price fixed by thbe trust. A large
prop-rtion of our people are en.:aged in
the prod uction of various kiinds of raw
material, and they are thus placed at
the mroy of the cotu-inations.
The second advantage is thlat t hose
plants which are beat equipped and
most advantageously situated1 are run
continuously and in preferenea of those
This means that factories ecn be
closed in the smallhr towns and busi
nes concentrated in the largte e-nters.
It means also that whenever :i tre is a
surplus on hand, part of the !aet'ries
can he closed, and the hatr-o e main
taing prices throan up n the war'e
workers. There are already scattered
throughout the land idle plants, whieh
stand as silent monuments to the cv ts
of the tru-t system.
Tne next advantage mnentioned is
that "in ea-:e of local ~trikes and fires.
the work goes on elsew hee, thus pre
venting serious loss.'
This means tha: a monopoly can ab
soutely control its workingmen, for if
a strike occurs in a factory in one state,
the factory can be close down indefi
nitely while the enmployes are starved
into submission, and, as the trust can
do the work in some other factory with
out serious loss, it is qjuite indepen
e of the empioy and cin absolu
tely prcelb:he the tcr:1, . endii 9n
Upon wlich they s".all 1.-e '
complete the moto : ')-. te w:ro op
posed the nn'nagers wil to arbitra
tion,. because. : r a ." :A 7y e.,c :. r . :r" ~ c"'":a
,he trust wi. Lye v a vanta&e
and the elo;io5 es wily be ;.Criecly
Anoth' r sdvantaree eited by Mr Flint
is that "there is n. niultiplic itio: of
the means of distributi)n and a beter
force of salesmen will take the plae: of
a l:Irzp number."
TRUSTS FORMED CND'ER 31 KINLEY.
Th A"l merican Ag:ri. uatural C:":tmtia l
Com'pany incorporase: under 'h,: i.-we
of Cneicu i Ev. 1899 has ar.
authorized esptial of $.) 4 0 o0 10,
common stock, and half prefer(d. 1:
a:quired twenty two of th, iar>ces fer
tilizing cone r' s in t;e countr-.
The Amenica:; Bicyle 1: ', mianyc in
corporat(ed in y 3,, in \c *
.j;'rs:.y, with $ .u10 00i? of common
stock and $1 ,00.Ut preferred, c n
solidsted fr!rty ?our of the la;rz"st ti
c AI corc-r:- l 1h U nited S:atej
The American Hide and Leather
So:mpar.,neorpira'ei io New .ergey
in Av. 1S:)1. wth auho:rzcd eapi
tal cf r5jq>', 00. , h Cl Coml.:n stock
and half pruferred. covtru.; about
sevey-fivC ter cent of the!uirleath
cr o(utpu' t f the c tn:r.
T:,e Amriersnr Lie-seed 0il Com^pan,
incorr'.-ated in N:w Jer ey in c
ber. 1S18. with a e a4i:al tcek cf $33.
5u0 0tO. half c-mmne _t 'ek sed er
prcfcrreda, cono;dLated elee l.arge le
.eed oil companics, and cear is ver
eighty five per cent cf te iitsted old
lr.operties in th U Staes.
The American Scel eH oopn Company,
incorporated in New Jersey in April.
1S99 co-selidated nine large el and
iron companies i1 0ho o iPe l
vania, capital stock $19 0)0,"'0 com
mon, and $14 000,000 pr ierc.
The Auerican S.ip Buildiro Cen:
pany. ine'rrorated iu Nev Jersey in
March. 1599, with an autLorized capi
tal of $30 00 000 haif c-)mmonf sroe .
and hait preferred, consolidatcd "all
ship building, atd kindred interes:s on
the great lakt s.'
American Steel and Wire Company.
incorporated in N-w Jersey in January.
1899, with $5') 000,000 common stock,
and $40 000,000 preferred, control
about eighty per cent of the nail and
wire product of the United States.
The American Thread Company, in
cornorated in New Jersey in March,
1598, with a capital stock of $12,000,
000, half common and half preferred,
consolidated fourteen large thread com
panies in New York and New England.
American Tin Plate Company, in
co-rorated in New Jersey in Deember,
1895, with $30,000,000 common stock,
and $20,000,000 preferred, consolidated
about ninety-five per cent of the tin
plate mills in the United States.
The Anieriaan Window G!a-s Com
pany, incorporated in Pennsylvania,
S-ptember. 1599, with $13 000,000 com
mon stock and Sf0 000 preferred,
consolida.ted window glass plants in
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey
ar.d Indianna, controlling about e;ghty
five ptr cent of the output of the United
American Woolen Company, incor
porated in New .Jersey in March, 1899,
with nearly $30,000,000 common stock
and $20 000.000 preferred, consolidated
a number of mills in Rhode Island,
Masachnsetts at~d other phces.
The American Writing Paper Com
pany, incorporated in New Jersey
Jane, 1899, with $25 000.000 capital,
half ecinmon stock and half preferred,
consolaiated numiereus mills, produaing
over revet~ty-six per cent of the output
of the Uuited States.
The Continental Tobacca Company,
ineor. ora-ed in New Jersey in Novem
ber, 189S, wi~ : a capital ,f $100,000.0i M,
half commzotn stock and 1 alf preferrd.
"Acquired ali the leading plug tobac o
companies iu the Uriittd States, and
also purchased the plug tobacco busi
ns, of the American Tobacco Company
in whowt tTe~rcet it was form-d"
GIANT FEDERAL sIEEL TnU-STS.
The Federei Steel Ceimpaty, incor
praed ia New Jersey in S:ptenaber,
1898. with an anthorized e.spital of
$200 000 000(, half common stock and
iail preferred, consolidated the Lilinoi'
Steel Company, the Minnesota Iron
Company, the Duluth & Iron Range
Ry , the Eigin, Jaliet & Eastern Ry.,
and several other companies. It owns
five docks on the great laes~ and a wa
jority of the stea'?ers and bargres us. d
for trans-oa icc ores.
The lrmernatioral P.aper Company,
incorporated in January, 1S9S, (-tate
not giver2) with an authorized capital of
$20,000,000 ecnimon aod $25 000.000
preierred stock, consolidated twenty
fivt pulp and paper mills, nmanufactur
in accut cighty per cent. ot the news
The Na ional Biscuit Comrany, in
corrorated in New Jersey liu February,
19S. wit h $30 000) 000 eemmon stock
a~d $25 000,000 preferrt d, consolidated
the leading cracker emit'-nies and nl
trols in all one hundred and sixteen
The National Salt Company, ino'r
porated in New Jersey in Mhtch, 1599,
with $7.000.00'0 of commnon stc
author~zea, ans $7,UU).000 prefered,
prduces about moce:S tice per cent. ot
the total output of the e. uctry.
The Netonal TPube Com;.iany. incor
ertcin New d r-ev, ini dune. 1S::'
i as a capit.a sockt o ::;0- 00))h0
put .f th 1 U ii a 3 0
Phe Raicer im.. obufacturity~
Compiany, ineopora' in New Jersey
in Jinuiry, 12iX, owis practcally. all
the cu;ital s Oek of the \lenajical
Rubber Company, the P erle s- Ru:2ber
Comanly and the 1ud ia Bubler Cun
pay a.- ws~L a-.o eers i&e prcrut of
ac, ire the..:r...a...at..s' of the
cn"cern ki. a a- Ie .Aerleac ilj
ev e. C im1a . :uh zed capital
I ck ,0.00 J00I. half common and
fie Staidard Rop: & Twine Coma
p'ny, in 'orpormd i New Jertey
N .r-r"b'r's 1-', wh a espital stock
o $;' Ott.000, couil-dated t.senty
Tra lmoi B.a atd Paper Com,'any,
incorporared in New dJersey ia Febru
ary. ]S999, with $16.)"T0.000 comtnon
stck a 11 lI.)'oO 0 prferred, con
solidia, d v -r u-, pal: s. doing ninety
per cent, f ' he p.p bagt b.iness ot
the Un ted N.m:5.
Urnis'd Suates Cast Tren Pipe and
Foundry Compjany. incorporated in New
Jersey in 31arch:, 1S9Y, with an author
ized c.aia o 0,00 half com
mou stoak and half preferred, consoli
riated the principal cast iron pipe com
par"'s of the Uuited S ates.
U aited Staten E3v lope Company,
iecorporated in Maine in 1598, with an
autuheriz-'d capital of $1,000.000 and
I 004000 prfrr d. cor solidated ten
comparnie, ard c"n:rols ninety per
cent. of the output of commercial en
ve'opes in the United States.
The bock mentioned also gives eta
tisties in regard to several trusts organ
z d pri r to 1396 among which are the
Amierican Cotton Oa Co., the Ameri
can S"'. r Refining Company, the
.imnri - Tobacco Company, the Dia
m d Mateh to;pacy, the National
Li ( 'may. arnd the S.andard Oil
A BLJ00'Y FIGH r
' eve. Americans Killed and
A drveih from Manila says there
.:;s beer a distinct increase of insurgent
aggreEsion, particularly near Manila,
" alono the railroad and in the provinces
of Lagura, Mo.ong, Balucan and
i'ampanga, culminating Monday in an
eragerent near Siniloau. at the east
enz of Lagnna de Bay, in which de
taebment of the Fifteentai and Thirty
seventh United States infantry regi
men:.a 90 sien ali told, met a thousand
aurints armetd with rifl s and en
The A ri an loss was 12 killed, in.
ludio: Cart. David D Mitchell and
decond Lieut. George A. Cooper, both
of the Ftftccnth infantry, 26 wounded
! and 5 missiog, who are probably dead
The enemy had been pursued for several
Ther are rumcrs of attacks on the
ra' -'ad and of trouble in Manila
Re-Jf ugce are arrivitg from Laguna,
M.r,ng and Pamanga provinces Thr
niauves Of Manila are restless, and
mny are leaiieg the city. The hostile
demonstrations are particularly marked
alorng the railroad and along the shores
of Laguna de Bay. The insurgents
have attacked garrisons and outposts!
In some cases they have charged towns,
fleeing when pursued.
The Manila mail escort of 30 men was
attacke.d at Cabugao Lake, a two
hours' fight ensuing. Cabugao was also
attacked, the telegraph office there be
ing destroyed. The insurgents have
burned the village of Rosario. They
have been catting the telegraph wires
and railroad at certain points.
Armed insurgents have developed in
the districts of San Jose, San Meteo
and Mariquina. In the province of
Nueva Eeija ration wagons with an es.
cort of 12 men were attacked and the
wagons burned. Five members of the
escort are still missing. A dispatch
from Caba describes several attacks
upon American garrison near the capi
BRYAN HITS HARD.
Mark Hanna is Tied up in a Very
Bryan made a tour c-f Kansas last
week. The first stop was at Leaven
worth. Bryan spoke for a half hour
from the rear plat- form of the car.
31r. Bry an's a:tention was call'ed to
a speech made as Delphi, Ind., by Sen
ator Hianna, chairman of the Republi
can national committee, in which the
senator was quoted as saying that he
was ready to debate 'imperialism"
with 31r. Bryan or any other demo
In reply to the question whether he
would accept a challenge from Mr.
Hlanna. 31r. Bryan said: "I know noth
oug of the mauter except what appears
itt the paper. No challenge has been
received, and I would not accept it if it
were. Wnile I would be glad to de
bate publbe qiestions with the Repub
ican candiuate for the presidency, I
wo-uAd not be willing to debate with
one whose responsibility is less than
aty own. If 1 am teeced I shall be
pre:.ilent. If the Recpublican commit
tee wilt certify that Mr. Hanna is to be
p-esioent in case of Republican sue
ees, I shall wiiiingty meet him in joint
Mr. Bryan was also asked if he had
anything to say in reply to M1r. Han
nAa ch-argo that he was influenced by
siister jLjtives in securing the ratidi
eationl of the treaty with Spain. To
this he reuhled:
"I have given my resns for be
lieving it better to ratify the treaty and
ueelare the nation's policy by reso
intion, and the voters have an oppor
tuaity to pa-s j-igdment upon my rea
sons. I must confess, however, that
.r. Hlanna is an expert when he dis
cused sinister motives, but I can stand
his criticism if Senator Hoar can endure
Iu Lis address 31r. Bryan referred to
a re port mide by Senator Hlanna, and
said: "I read in the morning paper a
Speeh made by Mr Hanna yesterday in
wriih he said there are no trusts.
Whe a l usedl to want humorous read
ing 1. wou:d go to those books which
eastained a cuilection of the writings
.f htumo~rists. Bat now when I wait to
r al so.aething funny I road Mr.
ianua's seriot~s campaign speeches.
Taere art no trast; can yon expect the
R ubsop;.r~y todetotetr e
::tr e sys uhnre arc no trusts?'
Ano:htr syndieate~ leen chartered to
exrp'oit the Phnilippine islands. The
charter issues from West Virginia, the
home Lf Elkins and bears the Elkins
earm.uks. It is called the Pnilippine
LrA~ lmprayv,.mnt company and is
expet'ed to grab everything above or
biosi. high wattr mark. The mills of
the trust godis are grinding.
Want the Boxers.
L e rding to Assistant Secretary of
the TCreasury Taylor, the Republican
eargas will rt peal the Chinese exlu
ion act and permit the Boxers to fbod
te c:uotry which cheap labor. This
w hile 150,0i.0 miners arc starving in
the Unitcd States. Workingmen of
A merican, what do you think of the
propcsition? Is it not time to stop and
Twelve Thousand Perished.
Gotv. Sayers, of Texas, says reliable
estimates now place the number of
pOle drowned at Galveston at twelve
C= nverntion to Meet in C:-um
bia October 31
PRESIDENT WILBORN'S CALL.
Outline et the Plan Set Forth
in th, Call to the Farm
ers nt South C.ar
Below will be found the call for the
Cotton Growers' convention. which wil
be held- in Colu'ii dirinz fair week:
Th. Cotton Growert' a-sociation is
hereby called to meet in Columbia on
October 31st at 8.301 p. in.
A State convention of cotton growers
met at Greenwood, Sept 12th. 1900. It
was then decided after due deliberation
to perfect a State organization and of
ficers were duly elected fcr one year
until Sept. 1Sth, lic1.
It was decided to compactly organize
each county in this State with a view
of getting the more accurate report of
the ginning and rarkt ting of the cot
ton and to iaterchaoge v.evs and iri
formation from a" I he cotton States,
for the purpose of obtaining fair and
just prices for onr cotton and cttot
seed products. Upon my sugg-stion an
adjournment of the Cotton Growers'
convention at Greenwood was had to
meet in Columbia during fair week at
my cll; therefore, I name October 31st,
at 8:30 p. m., as the time for the con
vention to meet in city the of Colu-n
bia at the county court bouse.
Let each county be furl; represented
by delegations. The number of dele
gates is not to be restricted. All coun
ties are urged to organizi at once by
electng a president, one vice president.
secretary and treasurer aLd advising
board or executive committee.
The constitution and by-laws of the
State of Georgia have been adopted as
far as they apply to South Carolina.
Bonded warehouses to be established
at all local markets wherever required
by the banks and members of the as
Warehouse receipts to be issued and
negotiated at nearest bank-as collat
eral security for money borrowers.
Each producer shall control the in
dividual sale; if he desires to dispose
of his cotton before minimum price
fixed by the association is offered by
the buyer he shall be at perfect liberty
to do so.
A fair and jast price for cotton and
cotton seed can be fixed and main
tained in open markets in the south by
united concert of action, by holding
back the surplus crop, if any there be,
and marketing- the crop during the
twelve months of the year to meet the
demands of the mills in all parts of the
Ginners throughout the cotton belts
will be supplied with postal cards ad:
dressed to headquarters of the State
bureau, with request that each Satur
day night the number of bales ginned
that week will be forwarded.
The secretaries of the county organi
zations will be in close touch with the
producers and careful estimates made
on existing crop condisions will be sent
weekly to the board.
The cotton grower has the crop bet
ter in hand today than he has had for
30 years, and he is warned that he has
no reason to become unduly alarmed
over the report that the mills are clos
ing down to depress a fair price of cot
ton. You are reminded that when cot
ton sold as high as 30 cents a pound it
Let us org i~nize, let us work, watch
and con tinuei to labor.
All parties interested in growing,
marketing, ginning and handling of the
crop are invited to send delegates [The
bankers, merchants and we.rehousemnen
are irvited to participate in the con
vention. J. C. Wilborn.
The Columbia State says. Presiden
Wilborn of the South Carolina Cotton
Growers' association has been in the
upper portion of the State organizing
the several counties has returned to
the city.. Mr. Wilborn finds that much
interest isbeing taken in the org.n
ization of the growers. He says the
meeting in Anderson county was an
enthusiastic one. Mr. Wilborn has de
termined, in view of the interest being
manifested in the nmovement, to call
a convention of the cottan growers of
the State to be held in this city during
fair week. It is to be held on Wed
nesday night of fair week and it is
thought that there will be a fine atten
dance frotn all quarters of the State.
The call will be issued in a fe w days.
What will be accomplished remains to
A Great Gathering.
One hundred thousand Democratic
uo members from every state in the
union will gather at Indianapolis Oct.
, compaie notts and retura home to
light the fires of Jeffersnian princi
ples upon every hill top in the land.
Democracy has no money wherewith to
corrupt voters and debauch the ballet
box, but it has what is mozre potent
thac niney --an army of twvo maiiion
workers who can neither be stifled nor
The London Spectator coma~enting
upon the cotton prices. says: "WXith
all the talk of ecruers, there seems no
doubt whatever that the cause is quite
real-a deficiency in the supplIy of raw
matrial." The Spectator expressaa
the opinion that the Lancashire trade
has been "rather eisily deceived" and
urges it to "take effectual steps in the
future to ascertain early and accurately
the true character of the cotton crop in
the Uoited States."
Galveston a Wreck.
A. J. Youens, inspector for the Gal
veston board of underwriters, is foot
ing up the losses. He has finished the
district east of Twent-fifth street and
finds that in the territory of total de
ruction east of that street 1 649 houses
were destroyed. His diagram shows
that from five to seven blocks of the
district ly ing along the Gulf of Mexico
and west of Forty-second street was
WITH FIRE AD SWORD.
Chinese Drowned or Hunted and Shot
Concerning the massacre of 5 000
Chinese at Biagovestchensk by Rus
sians, The Evening Post contains an ac
count from G Frederick Wright, one
of the faculty of Oerlin, O , college,
who was erroneously repcrted killed at
Pekin. The letter is written from
Stretensk, Siberia, under date of Aug.
As soon as the Russian troops we :t
down the river on transports. July 14.
the fort at Argun begun without wain
ing to fire noon rassing steamboat9,
and on th. 15h fire way opened upon
lagoccstehensk and some Russian
villagers were burned opo;-ite the fort
The actual injury infiitd by the
Chinese w-is slighit, but the terror
ceused by it was indeleribable, and it
drove the cossacks into a frenzy of
rage. The peaceable Chinese to the
number of 3.000 or 4 000 in the city
were expelled in great haste,, and be
ing forced upon rafts entirely inade
quate, were most of them dr.wned iu
attempting to cress the riv:r. The
stream was fairly black with their bo
dies. Three days after hundreds of the
corpses were e ;untc in the wa'er.
Mr. Wright says: "In our ride
through the coun're to mach the city
ou 'oursty. the 19.h, we Qaw as many
as 30 viiages and hamlkts of the
Chinese in fi.mes One of iemn was a
city of S,000 r 10.00 inhabitan:s We
estimated that we saw the dwellings
of 20.000 peceable Chinese in flimes
thst awful day, while parties of Cas
sacks were scouring the fields to find
Chinese and shooting them down at
sight. What became of the women and
children no one knew; there was ap
parently no way for them to escape to
a place of fafety. Oa our way up the
river for 50:) wiles above the city (vcry
Chinese hamlet was a chirred mass of
ruins. The large village .f Matcha was
still smoking and we were told that
4 000 Chinese had been killed. The
wholesale destruction, both of property
and of life, was thought to be a mili
tary necessity. Peace between the
Russians and Chinese has come to an
end. Years cannot wipe out the enmi
Our Dead Soldiers.
Col. Wm. S. Patten of the quarter
master's department, has completed
arrangements for the free transportation
to the United States of the remains of
soldiers and civilians who lost their
lives and were buried in the island pos
sessions of the Unittd States and China.
According to the present plans of the
department a burial corps will take
passage on the transport Hancock,
scheduled to leave San Francisco,
October 1 for the Philippines. Col.
Patten says that the trevailing con
ditions in China will scarcely render
practicable any disintorments in that
country earlier than next spring. All
the remains recovered are to be given
honorable burial in the United States,
at places selected by the next of kin. In
all cases where not otherwise ordered
the interment will be made in the
national cemeteries with preferences
for the cemetery at the Presidio at San
Francisco and the Arlington cemetery
near Washington. The approximate
number of rtmains to be exhumed is
1,331, distributed in the following
Honolulu-36 enlisted men of the ar
my; 1 marine.
Guam-.Eight men of the Davy.
China--Two offies of the army,
58 enlisted men of the army and 37 of
Philippines-Seventeen officers of
the arms; 1,150 enlisted men of the
army and 28 men of the navy.
The State Fair.
The time for the holding of the last
State fair of the century, which all
hands resolved last year should be the
greatest in the history of the society, is
rapidly approaching, says The State.
This will be the :32.i annual fair and it
is to be held Osiober 29 to November 2,
inclusive. This means that the fair is
less than two months distant, and
there is no titne to be wasted. This
year premiums have been greatly ia
creased, anhounting to over $7,000, and
the race purses have been doublcd.
$2000 being offiered. Premium lists
and entry blanks will be furnished on
application t> the secretary, Col
Thomas WV. Holloway, at Pomaria, S.
C. Entries must be made in person or
by letter to Colonel Holloway at Poma
ra on or before Oatober 10; after that
date at his cffice in Colum~bia, until
Sturday, Oatober 27, at which time
the entry books close. Colonel Holl
way writes that he is daily in receipt
of entries. The largest number so far
reeived from ene exhibitor is from a
man in ('hester, wbo wants 20 stalls for
cattle aod 10 for horses. and from a
man in Faidfield, who wants 41 cattle
stalls an d 4 horse stalls.
Lost His Fortune.
The vicissitudes of fortune particu
larly in American lif e are again strik
ingly illustrated in the caae uf D). J.
Mackey, who i'ed a petition in bank
ruptcy in the federal court at Evans
ville, ltd , last week, the liabAiiics
being placed at $577,765. with no ass te
to speak of apjareutly. Mackey not
~any years ago w as a r.ored king, an'i
owed or controlled three or four ri!
roads in that part cof t:e cMuntry, in
cludir g P'eoria. lDeca-.ur and Ehar:svale.
He is now a workman in a pinpr mill
at And rson, Ied . and penriiess. Is
it better to have had and lost, or never
to have bad at all?
Natu-a'ly enough, Mr. Olney's an
nounced detcrmination to support the
Dmnratie tickel has made him a
target for the abuse of Republican
sheets which three wceks ago wer: Pe
lavering him with adulation. The
circumstance merely shoss5 that the
Democrat who would retain the aippro
bation of Republican newspar ers must
keep his D mocracy to himself. The
moment he lines up with h~s party ne
become utterly lost and damned be
The Re.publicans v'rtuously accuse
Mr. Bryan of beirg an imperialist.
Ihey chargz that he dominates his party.
This is a crime which at least cann0o
b laid at the door of McKinley, Hie
uivm but to obey-the trusts.
Deputy Sheriffs Fire into Men,
Women and Children.
A LITTLE GIRL IS KILLED.
The Sheriffs, Who Did the Killing,
Chased Into a Hcuse and
A strike of the coal miners in the
mines Pennsylvania and other States !
lAve been in progress for several days.
Nearly two hundred thousand miners
are out, and they are becoming turbe
A sheriffs posse fired into a crowd of
them near Shenandoah, Pa., Friday
afternoon, killing two and wounding
seven other persons. One of the via
tims was a litte girl, who wasshotdown
by an oicer.
Sherif Thoe and Deputies O'Donnell
and B-enneman were called to Shenan
doah Fiday to suppress the mobs that
+hreatened mine workers and colliery
roperry. At quitting time three
heriffs and a small posse whom the .
:hhcr~ff had summoned on the ground
went to the Indian Ridge colliery of
the Reading company to escort the
-corkion min to their homes. The col
iery is located a short distance east of
The workmen left for home shortly
after 4 o'clock. They walked up the
middle of East Centre street and
reached the Lehigh Valley railroad sta
tion. Here had gathered a large crowd
of Poles, Slave and Hans, men, women
and children, who lined both sides of
he street. A shot rang out from a
'saloon. This was followed by a shower
of stones. Many of the crowd had
picked up stones and sticks and were
acting in a threatening manner.
Seeing this the sheriff, who had pre
viously cautioned his men to keep cool
and not use their fire arms, commanded
them to fire. The order was obeyed
with terrible results. The crowd pur
sued the sheriff and his posse to the
Ferguson house,where they took refuge.
Sheriff Toole shortly afteaward tele
phoned to Harrisburg and asked that a
detachment of troops be sent to Shen
andoah, whsch was promptly done by
the State authorities.
Supt. Boyd, inside Foreman Foley
and Breaker Bosses James and Wm.
Mitchell of Indian Ridge colliery at 3:30
o'clock this afternoon were returning
home from work when they were met at
the Lehigh station by the mob with
stick and stones. The mine dficials
drew revolvers and fired. The mob be
came furious after one of -itsinumber
was shot, and attempted to close in on
the officials. They ran up Lloyd street
to O'Harn's stable, where they were
imprisoned for two hours. The~mob
threatened to burn the stable, but
Sheriff Toole with 20 deputies, arrived
and dispersed them and the mine offi
cials returned to their homes.
The New Game Law.
The real sportsmen are anxious
ly awaiting the opening of the hunting
season, but the pot hunters is badly in
the soup this year. As the season was
favorable for them no doubt there will
be plenty of portridges this year.
The hunting season opens on Novein
be , and there will be arush for the
fields on that day. 'The new game law,
which prohibits the sale of partridges,
etc., will play havoc with the "pot
hunters." Any person offering par
tridges for sale will be liable -to a fine
and imprisonment. The now law will
be in force for fire years, and it is in
tended to put a stop to the wholesale
slaughter of birds by people who slay
them for the market. The pot hunters
have weeded out the coveys to a great
extent, and the law will have the effect
of checking-the indiscriminate slaughter
and sale of birds. The genuine sports
m~en are well pleased with the new law,
and they say if the law is enforced birds
will be plentiful for years to come. It
will be a risky proceeding for any per
son to sell birds, as the sporting men of
the state are more determined than
iver that the game laws shall be en
lorced. A state association was formed
ast year for the purpose of protecting
the game, and the organization will
prosecute any person caught violating
the game laws of the state.
The Scuth 2Carolina Press Association
met at Harris Springs last week and
had a most enjoyable time. After
transacting routine business and accept
ing an invitation to meet at Glenn
Springs. The Association elected the
tollowing offiners for the next year:
President, E. H,. Aull, Newberry,
First vice president, Jos L. Stoppel
bein, Spartanburg, S. C.
Second vice president, Jas. L. Sims,
Oangcarg, S. C.
Seretary, C has. C. Langston, Ander
son, S. C.
Treaarer, August Kohn, Columbia,.
Cbplain, W. P. Jacobs, Clinton,
Exeutive Committeemen-M. - B.
)1oSweney, of Hampton; Hartwell M.
Ayer, of Fiorence; Jame~s A. Hoyt, of
Delegates to the National Editorial
Association-President Eibert H. Aull,
of Newb.rry; August Kohn, of The
News and Cjourier; Col. James- T.
Bacon, of Egefield.
Not the First.
This is not Galveston's first inunda
tion. according to the New York World.
Ia 1S97. when it was a village, the
Gulf and the bay joined and buried it
udr water ten feet deep for
~ev cal hours. Ic 1867 it was almosten
tirely sub uscrged, the water being six
Lect dectin M1ecbanic street, the busi
ue-s higaway. In 1571 it was visited
twico and was completely flooded each
timne. In 1873, again in 1875and aai
in 1S86 Gulf and bay met over it. The
storn of 1S75 tore off and bore away
one end of the island.
Forty Were Drowned.
A dispatch from Athens to Lloyds,
giving fuirt her details of the disaster to
the Egyptiaa ma~il steamer Charkieh,
now a shore on the island of Andros,
one off the Syelades, says that forty of
. a ssengrs and were were drowned.