Newspaper Page Text
Concerning the CountiAs in This
That Will be of Great interest
to the People of the State
It was to be expected that the census
igures would give some surprises-if a
paradox is admissible. The figures
which were published a few days ago
show that there have been increases in
certain counties where no considerable
gains ;were expected while other see
tions have not made very much larger
gains. In order to intelligently cn
aider the matter we will at this point
append the figures for 1900, 1S90 and
1880, which are as follows:
Counties. 1910 1890 1880.
Abbeville ....... 33 400 46 8.54 49.81.5
Aiken.........39:2 31.822 28 112
Anderson ....... 55,728 43,696 33,612
Barnwell...... . 35,504 44 G13 39 857
Beaufort......... 35,495 34.19 30,176
Berkeley......... 30.454 5.5.425
Charleston... 88,006 59,903 102,880
.hester.......... 28,616 26.660 24.153
3hesterne d..... 20,401 1,.468 16 345
;arendon ...... 28,184 23 233 1:+ 19'
.olleton ......... 33,452 4.5,293 36 s)
)arlington...... 32,388 29,131 34,483
)orchester.... -. 16.2 +4
dgefield....... 25,478 49.259 45.841
Fairfeld.......... 29,425 28,599 27,765
Plorence......... 28,374 25.027
loorgetown..... 22.846 20,857 19 613
reenville ...... 53,490 41.310 87,496
-reenwood.. .. 28,343
':nmpton....... 23.738 20,544 18,741
'sorry............ 23,361 19,256 15.574
iershaw........ 24.696 22.31 21.538
ancaster....... 24.311 20.761 16 103
Laurens......... 37,382 31 610 29,41I
Lexington....... 27,26I 22.181 18.564
Marion.......... 3.5.11 29.976 24 1('7
Marlboro........ 27.639 23 500 20,595
Newberry....... 30 182 26,431 26 497
Oconee ........ 23,634 18,687 16.256
Orangeburg.... 59,663 49,393 4l,39.5
Pickens.......... 19.37.3 16.359 14,389
Bishland......... 45,589 36,821 25.573
Balada......... 18 966
Spartanburg..... 65,.560 5.5 :385 40.409
Bumter ........ 51,237 43.605 37.037
Union................ 25,501 25,36 3 24 0S0
Williamsburg. 31,685 27,777 24.110
York............. 41,684 -8,881 30,713
Total.......... 1,840,316 1,151,149 995,577
As already published, the total gain
for the State during the last decade is
189,167 or 16 4 per cent., while the in
esse from 1880 to 1S90 was 155 572
or 15.6 per cent. Since there have been
ao movements of immigrants into this
State it was not to be expected that the
population would increase very largely.
There have been, of course, number3 of
people who have come to South Car
olina within the last 10 years, but the
great forward strides of our State have
not as yet been such as to attract out
siders. The development has been
largely domestie. The more noticeable
changes in population have evi-dently
been due to the advancement of cer:.ain
towns owing to the increase in m-.nu
facturing industries. From this cause
it will be shown, when the figures are
made public, that the drift of popula
tion has been from the country to the
towns. As yet the census der..rtment
has not made public statistic3 bearing
upon this point, but there can bs little
doubt that the case is as stated.
Comparing the tables above we are
anabled ,to arri-ve at the following re
sults, showing the actual irncrease by
oounties and the relative gain in popu
Counties. Increase. Cent.
Aiken..-.......... 7210 23 6
Beaufort........... 1376 4
Charleston-....--.--..28 103 47 95
Ch~ester............ 1956 7 3
Chesterfield .. ...... 1 933 10 47
Clarendon-....-.-... 951 21.3
Colleton .. .......(decrease)
Georgetown .. .. ....1 989 9 6
Greenville.. ... .... 9 180 20 73
Hampton......... 3 3194 15 5
Horry... ........4108 21.3
Kershaw..........2 335 10 4
Lancaster.. ... .... 3.550 17 57
Laurens .... . ..... 5 772 18 26
Lexington. ... ..... 5 uS3 22 9
Marion. .. .. .. .. .. 5 205 17 36
Marlboro..--.--.--.--. 4,139 17 6.3
Newberry.... 3748 1418
Oconee........... 4,947 2111
Orangeburg........10.270 20) 79
Pickens..... ..... 2986 18 24
Spartanburg....... 10,175 18 19
Sumter-........-. 7,632 175a
Union............ 138 .051
Wi111amsburg...... 3 908 14
From this last table it is seen that
on the face of the returns the largest
gain is made by the county of Charles
ton. That this conty should gain 28,
103 while the oity of Charlesto~n has
gaied only 852 in the same time would
brather remarkable, but it must be
be remembered that since the last een
sus there was a rearrangement of the
boundaries between Charleston and
Berkeley counties by which a section
originally belonging to Charleston, but
befoie 1893 annexed to Berkeley, was
retransferred to Charleston. This sec
tion embraces the town of Mt. Pleasant
with a strip along the coast ineinding
St. Andrews township and also the sea
islands. Just how many people were
added to Charleston county by this
ehange it is not possible to determine,
but it was probably in the neighbor
kood of 15,000 or 20,000. Still this
aecounts for but little more than half
of the increase, 29,000, and it is there
fore proper to infer that there has been
a very large actual increase among the
negro population, which constitutes
the bulk of the cItizenship of this coast
and island section. It will be seen
that the county of Berkeley has lost
in round numbers 25,000 since the last
eensus. Part of this loss is already
accounted for in t;he gain of Charles
ton, but it is also to be remembered
that the new county of Dorchester took
a slice from Berkeley as it did from
Colleton. Colleton county is another
which shows a decrease in population
due to the formation of Dorchester.
In the same way Abbeville, Barn well
and Edgefield have now fewer people
than 10 years ago. From Abbeville
the county of Greenwood was larg'ly
made up, Bsmberg was subtracted frm
Barnwell wbile Eag fleid was sliced utt
for both Salada ano Gr:eenwood. T~ese
counties are the only ones which show
an actual loss, but atmong those which
have in reality lost inhabitantb by rea
son of the formation of new counties
each of wliich gave territory to C ot
ok account of the ereaion of the
rew eluntics it is in miry cases im
posible to make an accurate s'atement
of tile Fairs of certain old counties,
but liiaiinating this consideration it
will be ins-ru~tive to note j it what
chseges have taken place. I-rom the
table cf percentages it will be seen
that. disregardiog Charleston, the
largest actual and relative gain is made
by the county of Anderson, the pip
ulation of which has increased 12.032
or 27 5 per cent. Al ways a progressive
and substantial eeunty, Anderson s
growth at this time is easily traceable
to tie dvlopmenct of the cotton miil
industry. Within the towniseif there
are three cotton mii~s all built, we be
lieve, in the past ten years, while the
county contains the larch mill town of
Pelzer with perhaps 7,000 people, and
tbere is also a new mill at B:lton
Next to Anderson in relative gain
com:s R- ;n and with an increase of
S 768 or 23 85 per cent. Practically.
we might say actually, the total gain
of Richland is in the city of Colu-bia
and its suburbq: In 1S90 Columbia
township had 18,437 inhabitants, and
allowing seventh eighths of Richland's
increase to this city and suburbs the
present population will n-t be much
less than 28,000 The population of
the city itself will probably be 23 000.
The causes of Columbia's growth are
too familiar to need repetition at this
time. We believe that when the sta
tistics are seen it will be proved that
Columbia has made a larger gain act
ually and relatively than any other
town in the Stste.
Following Richland is her neighbor,
Lex'ogton, which has gained 5,053, or
22 9 per cent. The population of L-x
ington in 1890 was 22.131. Lexington
is a very large county, with its re
scurces as yet practieally undeveloped,
and while there has been an unusual
an.ount of railryad building within its
borders in the past 1S months, it is
somewha: surprising to learn that this
cauuty has made such large gains,
though it is none the less gratiiying.
Aiken is ne:-t in order with an in
crease of 7,210, or 22 6 per cent. This
is also surprising although there have
been not a few signs of advancement
in Aiken. Horry and Clarendon tie
with a gain of 21 3 per cant-another
surprise. These two counties have
made come encouraging agricultural
advances but it was not thought they
wouli show Each large gains, which
are presumably due rather to natural
increase in population. O.onee is
close to these two counties with a gain
of 2L11 per cent. Oconee- has not
been making large boasts, but there
have been several cotton mills erected
in that county which have perhaps
drawn from North Carolina a consider
ble number of people. Orangeburg
shows, next to Anderson, the largest
actual increase, ex Sept Charleston.
The percentage of O.angeburg's in
crease is 20 78. This is one of the
best agricultural counties in the State,
in which the negro population is not
inconsiderable. Greenville's increase
ranks next to O:angeburg in percentage
and follows Spartanburg in actual gain.
This county has been among the lead
ers in the cotton mill development, to
which this increase of population is no
doubt largely due. Spartanburg has
an actual increase of 10,173, or 18 per
cent., making it next to Charleston
themost populous county in the State.
Here again it is a case of cotton mills.
In actual increase, therefore, the first
nyve counties ranks: Anderson, 0:
ang-hurg, Spartanburg, Greenville and
Richiand. In relative increase they
rank: Anderson, Richland, Lexing
ton, Aiken, Horry and Clarenden..
Altogeth.er, the percentages of in
crease sp ow that the gain in the up
country hasi not been as large as was
expected in comparison with the low
e untry. In the lower section of the
S ate, where there is a larg~e negro
pojulation, the increases are such as
to justify the expectation that the
fgures wil show that the negro race is
iureasing more rapidly than the white
race, white in the up country the in
crease in population is due in a large
measure to the development of manufac
turing industries. But until the corn
plete statistics are obtainable there can
be only suppositions in respect to this
It will be teen that no county except
those which have given up territory to
the new counties has suffered a loss in
population. The smallest gain is made
by Union, from which territory was
taken in the formation of Cherokee.
Fairfield makes actually' the smallest
increase, amounting to not qaite 3 per
cents ; but the average of all is just
about the percentage of gain shown by
the figures for the whole State, that is,
16 per cent.
Through the kindness of Mr. Fred H.
Dominick of Ne wherry we have the
table below, wich will show the
changes brought about in the appor
tionmient of representatives in the lower
house of the legislatury. According to
the consititution, the house of represen
tatives consists of 124 members, appor
tioned among the different counties ac
cording to population, and "if there be
still a d filiency in the number of rep
resentatives required by section third
of this article such deficiency shall be
supplied by assigning representatives
to those counties having the largest
surplus fractions." Under the present
apportionment in a total population of
1,151 149 there is one representative
for every 9,299 citizens. According to
this year's census in a total population
of 1 340.316 there will be one member
for every 10,809 citizens. Taking the
population of each county as the divi
dend and 10,809 as the divisor, the
quotient will r.epresent the number of
members to which the county is entitl
ed, the remaisders indicating to which
couties the extra ret-resentatives are
allotted. It will be seen that Aiken,
Greenwood, Lexington and Spartan
burg will each gain one member, and
Beafort, Berkeley, Charles ton and
E igefield will lose one. Greenwood is
the only new county to increase its
representation. Charleston loses, since
under the present apportionment she
has had more representatives than ac
tually entitled to even under the
census of 1890.
In viewing the figures it.will be inter
esting to note that thA five new counties
now contain a population of 102,238.
From comparisons easy to make it will
be seen that the five counties which
gave up considerable territory to farm
new counties have sustained an aggre
gate loss of TS 139 The other counties
tken altogether show a gain of 165, 068,
making the total gain of the State 189,
167-as the census office announced
some time ago.
Four were killed and fifteen or twen
ty inted by an explosion of nitro
gycrine on the .river bank at Wells
burg. W. Va. Wednesday. A party of
bys gih.red to look at the high river
huita bonfire of drift wood on the bank,
O.a of th'em~ caught a tin can floating
on the~ water and thoughtlessly threw
'it on the~ fire. It contained nitro gly
cerine. A baby in a near-by house
I wa as killed.
A STRXNGE TALE.
Lost for Thirty Yers Bat Found
HAPPY FAMILY REUN:ON
A georgia Stcry That Reads
Like Fiction, But Which
Is Said To Be the
A special dispatch from Gainsville,
Ga., to the Atlanta Journal relates the
tollowing remarkable story. The dis
patch is as follows:
Mr. Jim Nunn tells a rather strange
story this week-one seemingly impos
sible in this enlightened age of rail
roads, telegraph, eplendid mail facili
ties and newspapers, but one truenever
theless. It rues this way: In the
year 1869 Mr Nunn's father, the late
Seaborn J. Nunn, moved to Atlanta
from Clarke county. His health was
poor, and after remaining there for a
few months he decided to try Gainsville
in the hope of getting well. Aecording
ly he came here and after a few weeks
wrote back to his son, Mr. Jim Nunn,
to bring the family here, as he had been
benefited and had decided to make this
place his home. The old Air Line
railroad, now trie Southern, was only
completed to Buford and the household
effects were shipped to that point and
hauled by wagon teams to Gainesville
Mr. Nunn, senior, was the father of
several children, boys and girls. His
daughter, Sallie. married a Frenchman
of the name of Thomas Per Dee, who
was located at that time at Penfield,
this state. Some time bef.re her
father's removal to Gainesvillo she
visited the family in Atlanta and spent
some time ministering to his wants, he
being very feeble at that time, and re
turned to her middle Georgia home.
He did not then entertain the idea of
moving to Gainesville and when the
decision was made to coma here she was
not notified. About the time Mr.
Nunn decided to come here Mr. Per
D.e made up his mind to make a change
also, but he went to the then thinly
populated section of south Georgia to
engage in the sawmill business. No
letters were written by either family in
some time and neither knew where the
other was, but each presumed that the
other was living at the same place.
Weeks passed and Mr. Nunn failed
to hear from his daughter's family and
vice varsa. Weeks grew into months
and still no message passed. Finally
months grew into years and there was
still no news. Many letters had been
written by Mr. Nunn's family to Mrs
Per Dee at her former postoffice, but
each was returned maried "nacalled
for." Mrs. Per Dae had also written
to her father's family at Atlanta, and
likewise her letters were returned with
the same explanation. Mr. Nann wrote
to a gentleman who lived near where
the Per Dee's formerly resided asking
for information as to where they were,
but the answer cime back that he didn-t
know; that M~r. Per D..e did not know
where he was going to locate when he
left there. Both sides gave up and
thirty years passed.
A few weeks ago Mrs. P..r Dee,
whose home is at Glenuwood, Montgom
ery cousty, where her husband moved
to from Peifi Ad, decided that she would
make one last (effort to find her rela
tives. She went to Atlanta, se cured a
city directory and looked it over for the
name of N-anna, but their initials did
not correspond with those of any of her
brothers or sisters. Sue fiaally cama
across one that she decided to look up
Sne went to his bearding house, but he
was out. Iaquairy put her on the track
of another Nunn, and af ter considera ble
delay she found him. It was her
bro.her, Dilmus Nunn. Ex lanations
were soon made and brother and sister
wre happy together. They at once
notfied otther brothers and sisters, ex
cept one, Mr. J. M. Nann, whom they
decided to surprise and they all joined
in a happy reunion. Monaay Mrs. Per
Dee arrived in the city and at once was
diven to Mr. Nann's home. Ho had
not been notified of her comit-g, and it
is safe to say it was the most joyous
surprise of his life. Mrs. Per Dee will
remuin here somne time and will visit
all her rela.,ves beforereturning hom3.
Secretary H ,ster's New Oileans Cot
ton Exchange statement today s ,ows
an increase for the month in round fig
ures of 109,000) hales. The total for No
vember was 1,767,83l. against 1,.658,425
last year. The amount of the crop
brought into sight for the three
months from Se ptember to November
incluive is299000 over last year.
The movemeut from the first of Sep
tember to N4ovember 3t, inclusive,
shows receipts at a'l United States de
livery ports of 3, 363.6 35 against 3 019.
813 last year; overiand across the Mlis
sissippi, Ohio and Potomac rivers 471,
034 against 581,032 last year. Southern
miiu takings, exzlu~ive of qiantity c~n
sumed at Somthern outports 418. 2o2
against 430,350 last year; interior s.oea
in excess ox thoss held at the com
men cement of the season 565.280 against
488, 465 last s ear. Tnese make the
total amount of the cotton crop brought
into sight during the three months
ending Nov. 30, 4.819 151 against 4,
519, 660) last year. Northern spinness
took during the month of November
394160 bates against 479,048 last year,
increasing their total for the three
months to 718,455 against S37,504 last
Foreign exports for the first three
months of the season have been 2. 361,
62 bales, showing an increase over
last season of 375 380.
Stocks at the 'seaboard and the 29
leading southern interior markets on
Nov. 30 were 1,434 719 against 1,755,
585 the same date last year.
Hacked to Pieces.
Details of the death of the Rev. D:.
F. Huberty James, one of the profes
sors of Pekin University, have been re
ceived by the American Bible Society
in a report from its agent, the lRev. Dr.
John R. Hiskes, dated Shanghai, Oato
ber 25. Early in the siege the Rev.
Huberty James was untiring in his ef
forts to get the native christians into a
pace of safety. With the assistance
of Dr. Morrison, the London Times
correpndent, lie got together about
3,0t0 of them and then appealed to
Pncee Sn, who was a personal friend,
in quarter them in his palace, opposite
the British legation. He had succeeded
to his efforts and was returnmng from
the ialace en June26 when he was fired
upon by a squad of soldiers. A Brnt
ish sentry sas him throw up his hands
as if to assure his assailants that he was
unarmed. The soldiers allowed him to
ap~amach, then stized him and carried
him away. Later it was learned that
he had been strippied by his captors
t,.t,,.ad finrally haked to pieces.
A GYPSY WEDDING CONTRACT.
A grcement of the Bride and Groom
Filed at the R corder's Office.
As ihe clock in theracorder('f dreu'n
ctflize struck 12. a band of Gip
sies entered the room L4.ading the
procession were agouth and a maiden,
fair to lot-k upon. She was dresad in
gaudy attire with hanglcs and ti y bells
jingling from her wrists. A Fo~An
scarf of bright c.!or3 was thrown across
one shoulder. The remiinder of the
swarthy company was made up cf at
least twenty men and women, all Grp
sies It was evidently the girl's parry,
for she took the reins. Ia the purest
Eoglish she said:
"We wish a marriage license-Char
lie and I."
Deputy Richard Co9tello drew th;
marriage license blanks toward him.
Sne g ive her name as Marie Arbar,
aged 17. and the youth his as Charles
S aney, aged 19 years. When the time
came for the diing of the signature,
the girl called a halt.
"I have an agreement here," she
said, "that must be signed before we
take out the license." She drew a
piece of paper from her pocket and
handed it to the deputy.
"Read it out loud," she commanded,
so all can hear."
Mr. Costello real what follows:
"The girl has three horses, one wag
on, a tent and a little money that they
need to start on, bat the boy has noth
ing but what he has on, and she agrees
to marry him on these conditions: Be has
a father, mother and two bro :hers, and
in our rule we have to buy women, and
then the boy and girl has to work for
the boy's mother and father until they
pay the amount back, whatver it may
be. Now this girl has an aged mother
and her mother doesn't want any mon
ey for her, but she wants some one to
marry her daughter and care for her
until death. And as now she has
found this boy and his parents have no
money to pay for thiz girl, for our
women run up to $500, $600 and $700,
this boy's parents and brothers agr;e
to let this boy marry this girl and tiey
say they will not have anything to do
with this b y afterwards. For the
girl says she will not marry him under
any consideration and be with his par
ents. She desires to be with hcr moth
er. He and his parents and brothers
agree to this and if not there will b3 no
marriage, and if they marry and after
this the parents and he vAry from the
agreement he shall b3 imprisioned
wherever lie may be in the United
States, for she doesn't want any fool
ishness in her marrying. She means
to marry for a lifa time j~ urcey."
"Now, can I get it copied?' she ask
ed, smiling sweetly at the deputy.
"Indeed, you can," answered Mr.
It was copied on legal paper. This
done, the girl turned to every one pres
ent and said, as she and Charles sign
ed the document:
"Everybody must sign as witnesses.
Bat first, she remarked to Mr. Costel
lo, "read it over again to Charlie. I
want him to have some sense."
After the second reading for the ben
efi- of the groom to be all signed, in
cluding several deputies, as witnesses.
When the fee of $ had been paid and
trie gypsies ready to depart, it was sug
gested that Marie tell M.artin Gossett's
"He's the boss," suggested C,.stello,
and you should do it for nothing.
"Is he?" a-ked the girl. "Well,
I'm the boss here, ain't I?" pointibg
to the bridal party; "it cost us $2 for
our license so I think he must pay 50
cents like any one else.'
They left the room chattering j.)yous
ly, the girl leading the way.-Kinsas
JUDGE AE DANU3 BURKE
Some Sayings of a South Carolina
Jarist of Long Ago.
Mr. Eliward Hook:r, a native of
Connecticut, and an educator of note,
was a professor in the South Carolina
olege at Columbia from18S05 to 1808
He kept a voluminous aairy during
tiat period, whion, through the enter
prse of Prof. Jameson of the American
Historiaal Association, has been pub
lshed. Prof. Hooker relates many in
teresting experiences with eminent
members of south Caroliha bar of that
day, a few of which we recount here,
A.2danus Burke, a flative of Ireland.
and a Carolinian by adoption, was a
membt r of Congreis fron 1789 to 1791.
He was a common law jadge from 1778
to 179~9. He once prono'unced sentence
of death on a culp:it and added at the
close of it, "but don't mind, my good
fellow, it is only what we have all got
to come to."
"1 hope." said one of the lawyers,
"your honor don't mean that we've all
got to be hanged."
"No," replied the jidge, "but we've
all got to die, and it don't make much
d~ffrence ho w.
O0a one occassion Gen. C. C. Pinck
ney, who had been minister to France,
and the Federalist candidate for the
Vice Presidency of the United States
in 1880, was arguing a dry legal point
before Judge Burke, when the latter
lost patience, tusked up his silk robe,
took his hat and left the bench. The
lawyer ceased his argument.
Go on, Gen. Pickney; go on," said
the Judge, "you love to hear yourself
talk. Meanwhile, .1 go out and take
a peep at the camel," then on exhibi
~on back of the court houise.
Hence '-peeping at the camel" is to
this day a byword among the Carolina
lawyers for going out of the court room
on any occasion.
One day, while going on horseback
to hold court in a neighboring cunty
he lost his way. He met a m.>untaineer,
whomhe requested to pilot him through
the woods to the court house. Upon
his refusal to do so, the juadge dismount
ed and vigorously attaeted him until
he cried out that he was willing to car
ry his honor anywhere if he would stop
beating him. The judge told the law
yers that he had been among desperate
peo1le that day, and that nothing Dut
their fear of his strong arm had enabl
ed him to fill his judicial appointment.
Prof. Houker devotes much space in
his diary to the legislative debates at
Columbia, and pays high complimcent
to the gifted and amiable Col. R >bert
Barwell, Gen. Wade Hampton of rev
alutionary fame Chas. Pick ney, Paul
Hamilton, William Lowndes, John
Godloe Harper and others. The years
that Mr. Hooker spenaat Columbia-are
a part of a period of transition, during
which the State was developing from
tho Federalist S uth Carolina of 1788
into the better known South Carolina of
1832 All South Carolinians will
thuk Prof. Jameson for having made
public this most interesting diary.
Gainesville, Ga., Dec. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptic invigorator has
been used in my family and I am per
feetly satisfied that it is all, and will
do all, you elaim for it. Yours truly,
A. B. C. Dorsey.
P. 5.-I am using it now myself.
It's doing me good.-Sold by The Mur
ray Drug Co., Columbia, S. C., and all
We Support the Most Doctor.
A writer in the Nedical Record is
authority for the statement that there
is in the United States on, physician
for every 6U0 people. 'his is twice as
mnanv proportionately as there are in
Great Britain. tour times as many Ps
In France, five limes as many as in
Germany end six times as many as
is Italy. Because we have live times
es many doctors as they have in Ger
many does not prove that we have need
of five times as much medical treat
ment as the Germans, but it is fair
enough to assume that there is en
couragement for the profession in this
country or i:s ranks would not be so
well filled,. So the questions arise:
Are we a sickly people? Are we, gen
erally speaking. less strong and well,
in the proportion of one to two, and
four, and five, and six than the people
of Great Britain. and France, and Ger
many, and Italy? Or is it, perhaps,
that we are more watchful of our con
dition, either through nervousness that
apprehends something wrong, or
through wisdom that appreciates the
delicacy of the human -mechanism?
Or, again, Is it, as has been suggested,
our poor cooking that keeps us in a
disturbed condition requiring constant
dosing?-New Bedford Standard.
Old-Time Food Laws in London.
Medieval London had summary
methods of dealing with dishonest
purveyors of food and drink. The
pillory was the usual fate of the
baker who sold a loaf that was not
of full weight, and sometimes we read
that he was drawn on a hurdle
through the streets on his way to the
pillory, with a fraudulent loaf sus
pended round his neck. A taverner
who adulterated his wine was con
demned to drink his own liquor until
he could drink no more. and the re
mainder was then poured upon the un
happy man's head.-London Express.
Steam and Modern Navies.
A whole fleet in the days of Nelson
could be built and fitted out at little
more than the cost of a single ironclad;
the coal expended on a single cruise
would pay for the refitting of his whole
battle line, while the immense shells re
quired to make any impression on the
modern armor plate cost more than his
whole armament. But the modern line
of-battle ship could neither be built,
armed nor fought without the use of
steam, and its evolution may be said
to have commenced with the first ap
plication of the steam engine to naviga
Cyclones in West Indies.
About 88 per cent. of the West In
dies cyclones occur In August, Sep
tember and October. Fortunately
most of them are not of a very de
structive character. The records In
the island of St. Thomas, for example.
show that in the century and a half
preceding 1S97 that Island suffered
from devastating cyclones only seven
times, though it is the northern and
eastern Islands, such as St. Thomas,
Porto Rico, Cuba and the Bahamas.
that are most frequently in the path
way of the severest cyclones.-N. Y.
A Queer Lottery Prize.
In St. Wolfgang, a charming little
place in the Austrian Alps, a charity
lottery was recently held where the
great prIze was a season ticket for
that unique little railroad which
climbs up the summit of the highesi
mountain in the vicinity, the Schaf
berg, twice a day. Curiously enough,
the prize was won 'by the last man
on earth with a desire for it. The
conductor on the little railroad was
the lucky man.-N. Y. Herald.
It is said that the word "silhouette"
originated from the niggardliness of
a French minister of finance named
M. Silhouette, tUnder his rule the
meanest tricks to economy were prac
ticed, and the courtiers had their por
traits painted entirely in black with
profile view, claiming that M. Si1
houette had left them so poor that
they could not afford anything more
costly.-Chicago Inter Ocean.
A Great Recovery.
Bobbs-Isn't the recovery of old
Bonditt a wonderful thing?
Dobbs-Didn't know he had been Ill.
"Why, he lost his memory entirely
just before the tax assessor began
work, and regained that faculty as
soon as the assessor quit."-Baltimore
The Closet's Secret.
Mrs. Dui Byous-I just know that
there Is a skeleton in the closet of the
Mr. Du Blyous--No, there isn't, but
Cooley keeps in there a demijohn with
the most ghostly case of coffin nails
that I ever tasted.-Denver News.
Germany Protecting Birds.
The feeling in Germany against the
wholesale slaughter of birds in Italy
is getting very bitter. This year very
few swallows have come from the
south, and it is feared that in a few
years they will be practically exter
minated.-N. Y. Sun.
Auctions in Japan.
Auctions in Japan are quietly con
ducted. The bidding is secret and si
lent, each person writing his bid on
a silp of paper and dropping It into a
box. When it appears that all the
bids are in the box is opened and the
highest bidder Is named.
HlnM Way of Puttingt It.
Carruthers-lHeo, Jack; what on
earth Is that bundle?
Jack-This is my dress suit, old fel
low. I have got to go to three balls
this evening.-Harlem Life.
Could Tnke a Joke.
Barber (absently)--Shampoo, sir.
Customer (with shining bald pate)
--No; - shine!-Puck.
Egyptiati mummies are dry sub
Policeman Henry ?eley and Chandler
Brooks, colored, were shot dead at the
corner of Davis and Forsyth streets
Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday afternoon
by John Baxter, a young negro. The
negroes were in a fight when the officer
arrested one of them, the other escap
ing. While waiting for the patrol wagon
Baxter and a number of others negroes
demanded the officer to release the
prisoner. Words ensued, and before
taley could draw his pistol Baxter shot
him dead. Brooks, an inoffeinsive negro,
rushed to Raley's assistance and was
shot down by Baxter. Ex- policeman
Tucker also received a se-vere wound
from the murderer. Baxter escaped but
was captured at 10 o'clock tonight.
THE good roads movement in
volves one of the most compre
hansive and far-reaching re
forms now contemplated. It di
rectly affects the interests of
thousands of men, women and
children in every State, and di
retly it is of importance to the
Reptiles in Captivity.
The miost striking jingle eaiurc of
the reptile house interior, iin the New
York "Zoo." is he .liga: pool,
which is anortnt nIew a parture in the
keeping of ihe iu,.ans. The pool is
33 by 9 feet. and contains four feet
of water. heated to 91) degrees F. On
the farther side of the pool are spa
cious gravel banks, beyond which
rises a dense maze of palms. Spanish
bayonets and other tropical plants,
representifng a living jungle. Leaning
over the pool is a tree resembling a
live-oak overgrown with tillandsias, or
chids and Spanish moss from Florida.
A flood of light streams down upon
the pool and its banks. the water is
warmed by concealed pipes,. and the six
alligators are so contented that they
have long since ceased to be vicious.
Being properly warmed, they feed free
ly, grow rapidly. and are always ready
for a meal. The largest specimen,
called Jumbo, now 12 feet 6 inches
in length, has added six inches to him
self since he was placed in the pool
last November.-Dr. W. T. Hornaday.
A Life for a Tree.
It is well that the United States gov
ernment should look into the matter
of forest preservation in due time be
fore it comes to the point reached by
Russia, when in 1836, on December 23,
the record of Russian legislation was
enriched by the addition of a law which
provided that anyone caught cutting
down a tree without proper authority
should be sent to Siberia for life. This
was forestry preservation with a venge
ance, but it was too radical even for
the Russians, and a few years later the
law was repealed. The same year that
this law was enacted the government
lost about $2,000,000 American money
on account of forest fires, the forest
revenues at that time amounting to
only $300,000 annually. These forest
fires did such damage that in one prov
ince in an area of about 200,000 acres
there was not a tree left it for the pro
duction of building timber.-Philadel
America's First Bees.
There were no hive bees in America
when first settled by the whites. The
common brown bee was brought from
Europe in the seventeenth century, and
within the last few years superior va
rieties, such as the Cyprians and Carni
olans, have been introduced here.
There are small stingless bees of an
other genus in Central and South
America which make delicious honey,
with a peculiar armomatic flavor. It
has been proposed to bring them to
the United States, but they would not
stand the climate. Though they have
no stings, they can bite quite painfully.
The work horse and the carriage
horse stood side by side on the street.
"I see you take your meals a la
cart," sniffed the latter, looking dis
dainfully at the other's canvas feed
"Yes," replied the equine toiler.
"Neigh, neigh, Pauline," and the
proud aristocratic mare rattled the
silver chains upon her harness. "I
prefer tnine stable d'oat."-Philadel
Sounded 32nch Better.
Snarley-Say, that boston town is a
Yow-What's the matter now?
"Why. I was there last week. Some
friends took me out to Back Bay to
hear an echo. I howvled "holy smoke"
at it. and what do you suppose it an
"Give it up."
"It hollered back 'Incense!' "-Syra.
An Objectionable Custom.
The people of the United States use
rnore meat than the people of any other
nation. England ranks second, and the
other countries come far below. A per
son may eat meat perhaps to advantage
once a day. It is not necessary, how
ever, that meat should be on the table
three times a day; in fact, it is quite
an object ionable custom. - Ladies'
Modest Man. /
Braggs-What? Miss Romanz? No,
she's not for me. She told me the oth
em day that the man she marries must
be handsome rather than wealthy.
Briggs-Well, you're certairnly not
"Of course. That's just it. I hate
to have a girl throw hertelf at my
head that way."-Philadelphia ,Press.
His Polite IRetnaal.
Widow (benevolently)-Here is a
pair of boots that belotiged to my dead
husband. Maybe they'll fit you.
Beggar (gazing at the wrecks with
eonicern)-Ah, madam, better keep
them yourself. Maybe you will marry
again.-Fli egende Blaetter.
-She Told the Truth.
Miss Singleton-I was surprised to
hear of your marriage. You often said
vou wvouldnt marry the best man on
Mrs. WVederly-Well, I kept my word.
I married about the worst.-Chicago
A Danger to Shun.
"Did that girl give any reason for
-l es; she said I lookeri 10oo much
like a man who was bent on having
his own way about eurything."-Indi
FREER BLOOD CURE.
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eatir g Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm,) which is made especially to cur,
all terrible Blood Diseases. Pcrsisten,
Sores, Blood and Skin Blemishes,
Srofula, that resist other treatments,
arc quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botanit
Blood Balm). Skih Eruptions, Pim
pes, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils. Carbancles, Blotches,
Catarrh, Rheumatism, etc., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blood Poison producing
Eting Sores, Eruptions, Swvollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B.
B B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B. B. B. does not con
tain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. For
sale by druggists everywhere. Large
bottles $1, six for five $5. Write for
free sample bottle, which will be sent
prepaid to Times readers, describe
siptoms and personal free medical
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm CJo., Atlanta, Ga.
Death of a Senator.
United States Serator Dafis, of Min
esoia. died at his home in 8t. Pauil on
lat Wednesday after an illness of two
mnths. HeI had tuffered greatly dur
ing his aickness and gradually sank
away, being unconscious for several
hours before death, and so far as known
anffring no n.n
There They Were.
This story was told by a Philadelphia
man who dislikes nothing so much as
to be asked questions: "My little girl
is very fond of seashells." he said, "and,
having been called to Atlantic City on
business the other day, I took advan
tage of the opportunity to run down
to the beach to see if I could pick up a
few. I was strolling along the sand,
gathering a few shells and pebbles,
which I placed in my handkerchief.
when along came one of those old
idiots who ask questions with their
mouths which their eyes could an
swer. He smiled upon me and said:
'Fine day, isn't it. Are you gathering
shells?' 'No,' I snapped back, saying
the first thing that popped into my
mind, 'I'm looking for a set of false
teeth I lost while in bathing.' He
expressed his sympathy, and then his
face lit up as he caught sight of a pink
and white object on the sand. 'Well,
I declare! Here they are now!' he ex
claimed, and, sure enough, he picked up
a set of false teeth lying right at his
feet. I was too surprised to do any
thing but grab them and put them in
my pocket. The funny part of it is
that I never had a tooth pulled in my
life. I wonder whom that false set be
longs tc."-Philadelphia Record.
The following conversation was over
heard on a railway train:
"Why, the time was," said the pas
senger with a gorgeous watch-chain,
"when we had our county so well in
hand that we could elect a brindle pup
to any office we chose to nominate him
"And you can't do it now?" queried
the other passenger, a man with a con
"I should say not. The other fellows
have beat us three to one in the last
"To what do you attribute the
"Well, I am inclined to think the rea
son is that when we had the power we
elected too many brindle pups."
Identifying the Class.
"I don't recall seeing you at college.
I guess you must be before my time."
"Possibly, possibly. Who was at the
head of the faculty when you were
"Um-let me see-I don't just recall
his name, but I was there the year
Jenks played half back on the football
team and kicked a goal twice from the
feld in the last half of-"
"Oh, sure; of course. That was the
year our center rush carried most of
the opposing team on his back for a
gain of 30 yards. Yes, Indeed. I won
der who was president then. I don't
seem to be able to remember minor de
tails of college life myself."-Chicago
A Strange Compact.
An interesting and puzzling sight
greets the visitor to Mount Moriah
cemetery, Philadelphia. Some 20
years ago three eccentric men of
wealth put up in the most secluded
corner three tall shafts of rough hewn
granite. They had been friends a long
time and they agreed that as each
died his shaft was to be broken and
the fragments left where they fell.
The second of this trio has just passed
away and his column has been shat
tered, as was that of his former friend
years ago. No fence incloses the
strange monuments, and no names are
carved on the granite.-Chicago
Terrapin for Slave, and Hogs.
Judge Page, of Maryland, comment
ing on a paragraph in the New York
Press to the effect that in colonial times
lessees of slaves were obliged by law to
Ifeed the negroes on terrapin at least
twice a week, states that this was no
studied compliment to the black men,
for in those days the finest diamond
backs were regarded as food fit only
for slaves and hogs. In feeding them
to the latter the terrapins were
chopped up with a spade and served
The School for Him.
Dotor (to patient)-What ails
Patient-Indeed, I don t know. I
only know that I suffer.
"What kind of life do you lead?"
"I work like an ox, I eat like a
wolf, I am as tired as a dog, and I
sleep like a horse."
"In that case I should advise you to
consult a veterinary surgeon."-Har
A .small parish in Zurich canton has
recently been endeavoring to procure
a loan of $7,500, but is unable to offer
any security other than the village
cemetery and a suicides' morgue. Both
of these being in use, the negotiations
have hung fire, the bank declining to
take in pawn such grewsome pledges.
N. Y. Sun.
hamrocks for Soldiers' Grave.
A thousand packets of shamrock
seed, the gift of a resident of Cork to
the duke of York were lately sent to
South Africa. Their contents will be
sown upon the graves of Irish soldiers.
-N. Y. Sun.
Cruelty to Animals.
- Husband-Dcn't you think those
young kittens should be drowned?
Wife-I don't think it will be neces
sary, dear. I have given them to the
children to play with.-Harper's Bazar.
Dead Ancestors in China.
Dead ancestors are said to occupy
too much of the arable iand in China.
Famines would be less frequent if the
ountry was not one vast cemetery.
N. Y. Sun.
Never judge a man by the silk um
brella he carries; he may have left a
otton one somewhere in its place.
Chicago Daily News.
She-Did you tell Mr. Luggs my hair
He-I did not.
"He says you did-"
"I did nothing of the kind. He asked
me, and I told him it was the color of
a popular novel."-Detroit Free Press.
It Conciliates the Neighbors.
An Atchison woman calls the spank
ing she gives her children a massage.
The neighbors complain less when
tey hear the children scream, not
knowing that the treatment is all
given on one spot.-Atchison Globe.
Boarder-You made me pay in ad
vance at first because I was a stran
ger. That was all right. But I am
not a stranger now.
Landlady-No; I know you now.
Her Hoaband's Letters.
When a woman is away from home~,
she does not care particularly for
long letters from her husband, but
likes to receive them as an evidence
af gooA faih-Atchison Glahe.
Took All the Cash.
Fvur masked men wrecked the Farm
ers bank of Emben Ill., early Wednes
lay. 1 is stated they secured all the
funds of the bank, between $3,000 and
$4.000. When the robbers discharged
ti eir first blasts of dynamite in an effort
to open the vault the explosion aroused
a citizen, John Alberts, four blocks
away. Alberts hurried to the bank.
One of the robbers was on guard in the
.treet. He seized Alberts, who was
bound hand and foot and dragged into
the bank, where he witnessed the gang
drilling into the vault door, making
ready a second blast. When the fuse
was lighted the robbers stepped out
side, and Alberts lay in the corner
when it went off. He was not serious
ly it jared, however. The second blast
unhinged the vault doors and the rob
bers made cff with all the cash. Secur
ing a hand car they pulled in the dizee
tion of Delavan. There they were met
by Night Patrolman Sanford, who at
tempted to arrest them. One of the
robbers fired and Sanford fell, mortally
wcunded through the body. Outside of
town the men boarded a passenger
train on the Chicago and Alton. All
traces of them were lost. The engineer
of the passenger train claims that he
saw a man jnup from the first car near
Mlinier, while the train was moving at a
high rate, but a search of the locality
failed to show any traces of the man.
The bank building was almost a com
plete wreck and the vault was entireig
Densif y of Rcpulaticn.
The density of the population of
South Carolina, according to recent
census, is 43 8 10 persons per square
mile, against 37 6 10 in 1890 and 32 5
10 in 1880. Our population is more
than five times as dense as it was in
1790, wlen there were 8 2 10 inhabit
ants to the c gaare mile. In 1800 the
density per square mile was 11 5-10; in
1810, 13 8 10; in 1820, 167 10; in- 1830,
19 3 10; in 1840. 19 7 10; in 1850, 22 1
0; in 1860, 23 3 10; in 1870, according
to a detective enumeration, ; 25 8-10.
We now have nearly twice as many in
habitants per square mile as in 1850
and 1860 The percentage of increase
between 1790 and 18UC was 387 10; be
tween 1800 and 1810. 20 1-10; between
1810 and 1820 2110-0;1820 betwen and
1830. 15 6 19; between 1830 and 1840,
2 2-10; betwee n 1840 and 1850, 12 4 X0;
between 1850 and 1860, 5 7 10; between
1860 and 1870, 2 10ths of 1.per cent.;
between 1870 and 1880, 41; between
1880 and 1890, 15 6-10 and between
1890 and 1900, 16 4 10. The recog
nized inaccuracy of the census of 1870
ifets the percentage of increase in
iicated for that S ear as well as-for 18
80, making the first much smaller than
it really was. The very small increases
shown between 1830 and 1840 and 1850
and 1860 were unquestionably due to
the nullification and seccession agita
tions and the emigration of many thous
ands of South Carolinians to the south
The Highest Art.
The word "artistic" has been so mis.
applied that the majority of people sup
pose it means something rather disor.
dery and haphazard. How often liter
ature gives us the prim, precise maideH
aunt, with her narrow, intense love of
exact outline, and the art-loving niece,
all on fire with raptures over "colon
harmonies," and contempt for every-'
thing which is not picturesque! Let
us give our sympathy, however, to the
derided aunt. Craze for coloris alowen
degree of the sense of beauty than ap
preciation of symmetrical arrange
ment. Sculpture is a finer achievement
of the intellect than painting. Sav
ages and Ignorant children can take
pleasure in color display, but only an
educated mind is moved through ef
fects of form.-Florence Hull Winter.
burn, in Woman's Home Companion.
In a busy quarter of a bustling
town a boot and shoe emporium was
doing a fairly good business, until a
rival establishment was started, bear
ing In its window a faming placard
with the legend: "Mens conscia recti."
-"A mind conscious of rectitude."
The proprietor of 1No. 1, seeing that
his neighbor was getting more than a
fair share of patronage, concluded
that the heathenish-looking device
had something to do with it, so he
determined to checkmate him.
Accordingly one morning the public
was informed by gorgeously colored
letters that: "Men's and women's
conscia recti may be had here of the
best quality at lowest possible prices."
That man deserved success, but,
alas! it came not.-London Answers.
What She Wanted.
"Miss Mary," said the sable maiden,
"we 'spect to have an en'tainment at
our chu'ch nex' week, an' I got to speak
a piece. I was jest goin' to ast you if
you had a book with some o' them
"Why, yes, IDora, I have a book di
recitations. What kind of a piece do
"Well, I was thinkin' ob somep'n in'
de nature of a catalogue."
"A catalogue. Y' know; a piece with
one person a-talkin' an' 'nother ons
aswerin 'em back. Has you got a
piece like dat? I'd like It fust rate."
He Understood His Business.
First Beggar-Why didn't you tackle
that lady? She might have given you
Second Beggar-I let her go because
I understand my business better than
you. I never ask a woman for any
thing when she is alone; but when two
women are together you can get money
from both, because each one is afraid
the other will think her stingy if she
refuses. This profession has to be
studied, just like any other, if you er
pect to make a success of it, see!-Har-.
Failed to Turn It Down.
Tess-I never saw abny man 5o slow
as Mr. Timrus.
Jess-He is slow isn't he?
"Awfully. We were sitting in the
parlor last night, and he suddenly
said: 'If you could only see how much
I love you I'm sure you'd let me kiss
ou.' I told him 'I couldn't see it in
that light,' and he just sat there like
a stick."-Troy Times.
Queerest Street in the World.
Canton, China, possesses the queer
est street in the world. It is roofed in
with glazed paper fastened on bamboo,
and contains more signboards to the
square foot than any street in any
other country. It contains no other
shops but Those of agothecaries and
Not a promising Pupil.
Uncle (giving his nephew a few hint.
on polite~nes)-N ow, why, for instance,
do I make it a point to turn my back
as lit tle as possible to the ladies?
Johnny (promptly)-So they won't
see your bald spot.-Meggendorfer