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The century opened with the great
Napoleonic wars. As a leader of armies
the great Corsican never found his
match. Wellington won renown in that
era by reason of his victories over the
French in the peninsular war and the
defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo.
On the continent of Europe Von
IMoltke, the German leader In the
Franco-Prussian war, stands out as a
master in the latter half of the century.
General Grant placed his name be
side that of the great leaders of mod
ern times. Scott and Zachary Taylor
were the heroes of the Mexican war.
Sherman. Sheridan. Thomas. Ilobert E.
Lee and Stonewall Jackson are names
forever to be associated with the bril
liant campaigns of the civil war.
Nelson opened the century as a naval
commander, and at its close Farragut's
record stands unrivaled.
In the last half of the century meth
ods of warfare were revolutionized.
Steam succeeded sails, and Iron armor
replaced modern bulls. Revolving tur
rets and rapid fire guns were severely
tested at the close of the century. For
land troops the percussion rifles and
the breechloading magazine rifle, the
machine gun and smokeless powder
gradually changed methods of fight
ing. The great cavalry charges of Na
poleon's time were never repeated, but
the importance of mounted troops has
been established by the experience of
the later wars of the century.
WARS AND GREAT BATTLES.
Famous Treaties, Martial Leaders.
Tripoli declared war against the
Treaty of Luneville between France
The United States at war with
England declared war on France.
Peace concluded between the United
States and Tripoli.
Battle of Trafalgar and death of
Battle of Austerlitz.
Napoleon invaded Prussia.
Treaty of Tilsit between Prussia and
Napoleon seized Portugal; prelude to
the peninsular war.
Napoleon's second Austrian cam
paign. Battle of Wagram and treaty
of peace at Schoenbrunn.
Encounter between the United States
frigate President and the BrItish sloop
Little Belt. Beginning of hostilities in
the second war with Great Britain.
Battle of Tippecanoe.
War declared against Great Britain
over the "right of search." Canada in
vaded. Victory of the frigate Consti
tution over the British warshIps Guer
riere and Java.
Napoleon's disastrors Russian cam
paign; burning of Moscow.
Perry's naval victory on Lake Erie.
Napoleon defeated at Leipsie and
forced to retreat to France.
The French armies driven from
Spain by Wellington.
Battles of Lundy's Lane, Plattsburg
and Bladensburg; capture of the city of
Washington by the British. Baltimore
attacked. British moved on New Or
leans; Jack-son's first battie.
Treaty of Ghent, concluding peace be
tween the United States and Great
Battle of New Orleans. Naval con
filets between the United States frigate
Constitution and the British sloops
Cyane and Levant
War with Algiers.
Napoleon escaped from Elba to France
and re-established his empire. Battle
of Waterloo. Napoleon imnrisoned at
Naval battle of Navarino and defeat
of the Turks by the allies, resulting in
the Independence of Greece.
Black Hawk war.
Massacre of the Alamo. battle of
San Jacinto and independence of Tex
End of the Seminole war.
Dorr's rebellIon In Rhode Island.
End of England's opium war in Chi
na, cession of Hongkong and opening
of five treaty ports.
War with Mexico.
Battles of Buena Vista and Chapul
tepec, Mexico. and capture of the Mex
ican capItal. General Zachary Taylor
led the American forces at Buena Vis
ta. General Winflid Scott the armies
which captured the City of Mexico.
Treaty of .Guadalupe Hlidalgo; end
of the Mexican war.
BegInning of the Crimean war. F'irst
use of plated warships; famous charge
The story of a Iioodoo Ilat.
Mr. John Cooper. one of Dooly coun
tys m'ost promninent citizens, is in the
city on his way to Augusta to attend
the old veterans' reunion. When he
got off the train. he looked up Captain
Warren Moseley, one of the bravest of
the boys who went out in the sixties.
and they im:nediat.'ly began swapping
remiiseenees~ about their army life in
Virginia. Finally Mr. Cooper asked
Captain M,.seley if he re'membe~red the
Yankee hat. A repo rtr whoc was stand
ing there heard the followin-g story.
which both men vouch for as being ab
On the first Tay of the battle of Win
chester a Yankee was killed so near
the line of b'atle that a soldier of the
namIe of Mc.Lendon. Compa:ny I. Fourth
Geria, picked up the int and put It
on and weret it. 11' had not had it onl
hi haid for more thon t'.:o hours wvhen
he was slot thire:1 te head. the bual
let pierein the hat in alnost the same
hole that the bullet had entered that
killd the YnnXkee.
A ::other' stidier of the nnme of Woo
ten of ( ompnIL Four".th Georgia.
picke ,m the hat ndn put it on. nnd in
Hitory In the
Hundred Years a
of the Light brigade at Balaklava and
siege of Savastopol.
Treaty of Paris; end of the Crimean
Sepoy rebellion in India; famous for
siege of Lucknow.
England at war with China; bom
bardment of Canton.
Austro-Sardinian war; battles of Ma
genta and Solferino.
Fort Sumter; Bull Run.
Invasion of Mexico by England,
France and Spain.
Capture of Fort Donelson; first mili
tary achievement of Grant.
Peninsular campaign: disaster at
Bautle of Antietam and emancipation
Battle between the Monitor and Mer
rimac; first tight between ironclads and
first use of the revolving gun turret in
Decisive battles of Vicksburg and
Gettysburg. Death of Stonewall Jack
son, the Confederate leader.
Siege of Petersburg; capture of At
lanta and Shermau's march to the sea.
Battle of Cedar Creek.
Surrender of Lee; end of the civil
War between Prussia and Austria.
Battle of Sadowa: first use of the nee
Franco-Prussian war. Battles of
Mars-la-Tour, Gravelotte. Metz and
Russo-Turkish war; decisive battle of
Important treaty of Berlin; signatory
powers. Great Britain, Russia, Gerna
ny, Austro-Hungary, France, Italy and
British disaster at Khartum, in the
Sudan; death of General Gordon.
War between China and Japan; bat
tle of the Yalu.
End of the war between China and
Japan; treaty of peace at Simonoseki.
Insurrection in Cuba.
United States battleship Maine blown
up In Havana harbor Feb. 15. War de
laed by the United States on Spain
and volunteers called out in ApriL
Naval battle of Manila May 1. Battle
at Santiago July 1. Cervera's fleet de
stroyed July 3. Santiago surrendered
July 17. Spain sued for peace July 20.
Peace protocol signed Aug. 12. Manila
captured Aug. 13.
Treaty of Paris between the United
States and Spain. Spain evacuated
War In South Africa between Great
Britain and the South African Repub
lic and Orange Free State.
British victories in South Africa.
Boer republics annexed as British col
Antiforeign uprising in China; siege
of the legations. Battle fought at Tien
tsin between allies and Chinese impe
rial troops. Peking abandoned by the
Chinse court and occupied by the al
RULERS AND STATESMEN.
The Centucry's Men of Destiny and
Among the statesmen and orators
whose indluence during the century
was only second to that of the great
rulers were Daniel O'ConnelL, called
the "liberator," who died in 1847; John
. Calhoun. American statesman and
orator, and Robert Peel, his English
contemporary, both of whom died in
1850; Henry Clay and Daniel Webster,
most renowned among American ora
tors, who died in the same year, 1852;
Stephen A. Douglas and Count Cavour,
the ItalIan statesman, who died in
1861; William H. Seward, Lincoln's
secretary of state; Mazzini, Italian
revolutionist; Thiers of France, Dis
raeli of England and Garibaldi. the
fighting patriot of Italy; Gladstone,
tle great English Liberal, and Bis
mnarck, the Iron Chancellor of Germany,
both died In 1898, having been in pub
li life almost half a century.
Paul I of Russia assassInated; suc
ceeded by Alexander L
Thomas Jefferson. president of the
France a republic under a directorate.
George ill. king ot England.
France constituted an empire with
Napolean hereditary emperor.
Abdication of Napoleon and exile to
Accession of George IV to the throne
Iturbide, ex-emperor of Mexico. put
less than an hour he.'too, was killed,
the bullet striking him in the head near
the place where the other two bullets
The next day another soldier of the
name of Kilpatrick of Company H,
Fourth Georgia. was wearing the hat
when he, too, was struck in the head
Although the hat was a fine one, it
was left lying on the field, as there
was no one who would wear it. as four.
men who had worn it were then cold
and stiff, and each one had been shot
through the hat in almost the same
A traveler in the west, the Rev. C. T.
Brady. says that of all the manifesta
tions of power he ever witnessed, from
an earthquake down, a cyclone is thle
most appalling. The midnight black
ness of the funnel, the lightning dart
ing from it in inconceivable fierceness,
the strange crackling sound from its
bosom, the suddenness of its irresisti
ble attack, its incredibly- swift motion,
its wild leaping and bounding, like a'
.kai .L.ast of prey- the..awful roar
to death for attempting to overthrow
the Mexican republic.
Andrew Jackson inaugurated presI
dent. Jackson served two terms, and
his period in office was a most exciting
one. As an executive he was noted for
firmness and decision of character,
strong common sense and patriotism.
Revolution in France and accession
of Louis Philippe.
Duke of Reichstadt, only son and
heir of Napoleon I, died. In 18G4 four
monarchs seated on imperial thrones
were cousins-german of the Duke of
Relchstadt. These were Pedro II of
Brazil, Francis Joseph of Austria, Na
poleon III of France and Maximilian
Isabella II ascended the throne
of Spain; beginning of the Carlist rev
Victoria ascended the throne of Eng
land at the age of 10.
Death of Talleyrand, French states
man, active In Napoleon's councils.
Revolution in France and overthrow
of the monarchy; Louis Napoleon elect
Francis Joseph ascended the throne
Second French empire, established by
Alexander II ascended the throne of
William I of Prussia crowned.
Maximilian crowned emperor of Mex
Assassination of Lincoln.
Defeat and death of Maximilian, em
peror of Mexico.
Grant Inaugurated president. In ac
knowledgment of his service in the
war Grant was commissioned lieuten
ant general in 1S64 and general in 1806.
Napoleon III dethroned; republic es
tablished In France.
Amadeus ascended the throne of
William I of Prussia crowned em
peror of Germany.
Amadeus abdicated the throne of
Spain; Castelar president of the repub
lic which followed.
Alfonso ascended the throne of Spain.
Queen Victoria proclaimed empress
Humbert crowned king of Italy on
the death of his father, Victor Emman
Garfield inaugurated president and
Alexander II of Russia assassinated
and Alexander III elevated to the
Death of Emperor William I of Ger
:any; succeeded by Frederick III, who
died after a reign of three months; ac
ession of William II.
President Carnot of France assas
King Humbert of Italy assassinated
y an anarchist.
MASTERS iN LITERATURE, ART AND
The history of the literature and art
f a period may be read in the names
Inscribed on the roll of fame. Below
is a list of authors, poets, actors and
artists of the nineteenth century, ar
ranged according to the date of death.
John Philip Kemble, English actor.
Talma, noted French actor.
Sir Walter Scott and Goethe, two of
the foremost authors of the early cen
Edmund Kean, English actor.
Charles Mathews, English actor.
Noah Webster, the American lexicog
rapher; Washington Aliston, American
Robert Southey, poet laureate of Eng
land from 1813 to 1843. Southey, Cole
ridge and Wordsworth were called
"poets of the Lake school" because
they resided in the lake district and
sought Inspiration from nature.
Chopin, musical composer.
William Wordsworth, poet laureate
Balsac, French novelist.
Cooper. American novelist.
Audubon. author of a famoas work
Junins Brutus Booth, actor.
Charlotte Bronte (Currer Bell).
Hiram Powers, American sculptor.
Agassiz, American naturalist.
Rachel, French actress; performed
Washington Irving. WV. HI. Prescott,
the historian; Humboldt, German nat
uralist and explorer; Lord Macaulay,
English essayist and historian.
Walter Savage Landor.
which follows, all this but feebly char
acterizes that strange ravager of the
plains. He continues:
The cyclone plays odd pranks. I
have seen two horses lifted In air and
carefully deposited, unharmed, in a
field about an eighth of a mile away.
I have seen chickens and geese picked
clean of feathers and yet feebly alive.
One house, I remember, had a hole
ten feet in diameter cut out of its roof,
as if by a circular saw. I have seen
the black, whirling cloud lift a build
ing and shake it to pieces, as one
shakes a pepper box. One of the
worst cyclones I ever knew threw a
eavy iron safe about as a child might
oss a wooden alphabet block In play.
It is an irresponsible as well as an
almost omnipotent monster, and it
seems to love the hideous jokes of its
Bostonl's "Little Italy."
The Boston Transcript says that Bos
ton's "Little Italy"' is established In the
very quarter where Paul Revere lived
and whence he bore the message of
the belfry. The Old North square rip
ples with the color and music of for
- en n'P and inole. The Old North
Lamartine, French historian.
Saint-Beuve, French author.
Dumas (pere). ]
Edwin Forrest, actor.
D'Aubigne, historian of the reforma
.John Stuart Mill. English philoso
Bulwer Lytton, English novelist.
Landscer, English animal painter.
Macready, English actor.
Guizot, French historian.
Michelet, French writer.
Kaulbach, German painter.
Hans Christian Andersen.
John Lotbrop Motley, American his
George Eliot. ]
Dore, the illustrator.
George Bancroft, American historian.
James Russell Lowell.
Frances Anne Kemble, famous ac
tress, who retired from the stage in the
Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Harriet Beecher Stowe.
The Century In History.
The story of that century which is
now drawing to a close will, I venture
to think, prove to be one of the most
important volumes In the whole his
tory of civilization. I do not say that
it will be one of the most brilliant,
for there may have been centuries
which flashed a broader and a brighter
light over the world's fields of intel
lectual and moral darkness; centuries
of more startling conquest, of more
sudden change; centuries even of
greater triumphs in literature and in 1
art. But the nineteenth century has
been a time of growth and of develop
ment in all the paths of civilization
such as the world's history has hardly
ever seen rivaled and, in the applica- 1
tion of science to the everyday needs
of humanity, has never been equaled.
When the century opened, there seem
ed to be a vast, impassable, impene
trable region of darkness, a cloud cov
ered "No Man's Land," dividing the
old civilization from the new. Asia
and Africa appeared to have nothing
to do with modern civilization except
as a subject for the reader of history
or as an exploring ground for the trav
eler. Egypt was the land whither Eu- i
ropeans with a taste for antiquities
went to study the pyramids and the
sphinx. India was even still looked
upon as the country to which enter-<
prising Englishmen went to make for
tunes. China was thought of as a
mysterious, old fashioned region, peo
pled by countless millions of persons
who wore pigtails and were shutoff bya
great wall from the visits of intrusive
foreigners. The retal lving world was
commonly regarded by Europeans as
only to be found in Europe Itself, for
the newv world, as it was called, had
not yet begun to count for much as an
influence of civilization, and the still
newer world of Australasia counted
for nothing at all. It would hardly be
too much to say that the whole work
of modern science which has to do
with the practical affaIrs of everyday
life has, so far as it has got, been ac
complished in the nineteenth century.
Of course, there were great scientific 1
discoveries made In the definition and 1
the application of natural laws to hu
man life at various periods, early and
late, in the history of the world, which
each succeeding generation has only<
confirmed and extended, but what I
wish to point out is that the practical
science of the nineteenth century has I
made more change in the ordinary con
ditions of human life than was made
by any century or all the centuries
which went before It-Justin McCar
thy in St. Louis Globe-Democrat. <
The union of Great Britain and Ire
land took effect
Insurrection in Ireland; death of Rob
Alexander Hamilton killed in a duel I
by Aaron Burr.1
Dissolution of the German empire
and founding of the empire of Austria.
Beginning of the revolutions of the
Chile revolted from Spain and set up i
First steam passage across the At-1
lantic made by the Savannah, which1
sailed from New York to Liverpool in
New Grenada and Venezuela formed
a republic under Bolivar.
Mexico declared her independence of
Greece threw off the yoke of Turkey.
Napoleon died at St. Helena.
The United States acknowledged the
church itself cannot have far to go
to neighbor with Franciscan chapels
and Roman Catholic cathedrals, the
whole medley of a foreign world usurp -
lg that place where once Puritanism
They say that the Boston Italians are
very thrifty, that from being good rent
payers they are becoming notable prop
erty buyers. They are a music loving]
and art loving people. "Go to the1
Museum of Fine Arts on the free days)
and se these same Italians, in their
rags and hobnail shoes. men, women
and children, standing before the finest
things in the gallery and appreciating
And that sight reminds a writer in
The Transcript of a shabby cabman
in Florence who always carried his
Gerusalemma Liberata in his coat
pcket and whose passion was for the
preservation of the Italian tongue in
Its purity, "as only the Slennese now
preserve it, signorina."
In every home there is some one who
wlks off with things that belong to
Ihmme o _er.Atchiann Globe. -
adependence of the South Amnericn
President Monroe established the
fonroe doctrine by declaring in his
unual message that "the American
ontinents are not to be considered
ubjects for future colonization by any
Peru became a republic as a result of
he battle of Ayacucho.
Rebellion in Canada. Proclamation
f strict neutrality by President Van
Financial panic in the United States.
Difficulties in China on account of
be Introduction of opium by the Eng
Napoleon's remains removed from St.
lelena to Paris.
Sir John Franklin's arctic expedition
ailed on its disastrous voyage.
Year of republican uprisings in Eu
ope; successful in France, temporarily
o in Hungary under the leadership of
.ouis Kossuth, but a failure in Ger
Invasion of Cuba by filibusters from
he United States led by Lopez.
Clayton-Bulwer ship canal treaty.
First great international exhibition
pened in London.
World's fair at the Crystal palace,
The United States offered Spain
120,000,000 for Cuba.
Panama railway completed from sea
Walker's filibustering expedition in
Financial panic in the United States.
John Brown raid.
The Great Eastern, the largest ship
a the world, arrived in New York from
Prince of Wales visited the United
Election of Lincoln; beginning of the
Suspension of specie payments; first
Serfdom abolished in Russia by Alex
Second international exposition in
Emancipation went into effect.
Second international exhibition in
First Chinese embassy to the west
.rrived in Washington; treaty con
Revolution in Cuba; beginning of the
Ten Years' war.
Pacific railway completed.
Suez canal opened.
Weather signal service established
a the United States.
Disputes between the United States
.nd Great Britain over the Alabama
laims and the northwestern boundary
ettled by arbitration.
Financial panic in the United States.
International esposition at Vienna.
Virginlus massacre; officers and crew
f the filibustering steamer Virginlus
ut to death by Spanish officials in
Massacre of General George A. Cus
er and his whole command by the
Hayes-Tilden electorai contest set
led by a commission.
Centennial exposition in Philadel
The United States life saving service,
rst exclusively governmental estab
ishment of the kind In the world,
ounded by congress.
Resident Chinese embassy establish
d in Washington.
Third French international exposition
spened 1i Paris.
Resumption of specie payments in
he United States.
United States and Chilean crisis.
World's Coiumbian exhibition at Chii-.
Arbitration treaty between the United
Itates and England.
Growth of the i'rited States.
The twelfth census of the UnIted
tates shows the population of the
tates and territories to be 76,295,220.
n 100, when the second census was
aken, the country had 5,308,483 inhab
tants. The growth in each decade of
he century is shown by the following
esults of census computations from
.810 to 1800, InclusIve: 1810, 7,239,881;
.820, 9,633,SS2; 1830, 12,866,020; 1840,
.7,09,453; 1850, 23,191,876; 1800, 31,
43,321; 1870, 38,549,534; 1870, 50,155,
'83; 1890, 03,000,750.
The history of the United States in
he nineteenth century is one of active
rowth and development unparalleled
a the record of any other country in1
he world. From a line of states along
he Atlantic coast the area has been
tended across the continent and tis
'ast domain peopled as if by magic.
The country has triumphed in three
oregn wars and survived a stupen
ous civil conflict Commerce and.
anufactures have flourished, art, scl
ne and literature have been fostered,:
.nd valuable Inventions have succeed
d one another.
To the original domain have been'
dded during the century: Louisiana
In the Interest of Accuracy.
At a meeting of the Mansfield House
ettlement Mr. Percy Alden, the ward
m, told a story of the mother of
itobert Louis Stevenson. The wIdow
f the novelist was telling how, in the
sland of Samoa, the old lady had
:aken walks with a native chieftain
'who had killed thousands and eaten
iundreds." "Oh, Fanny!" exclaimed
:he novelist's mother in horror, "you
now it was only 11"-London Chron
The Point of View.
The squire (sympathetically)-I'm
rery sorry to hear that your husband
s at the point of death, Mrs. Hodge,
u1t you must try and be cheerful, as
ou know it will be all for the best.
Mrs. Hodge-Ah, yes, indeed, sir;
it'll be a blessing when 'e's gone.
['ll be able to live in comfort then, as
'ave 'Im In four dift'erent club.
Until the middle of the century Great
Britain imported two-thirds of the Iron
she used. The use of coal for smelting
vs te +n n1y beginning.
(purchase), 1S03, 1,171,031 square miles;
Florida (purchase), 1S45. 59,2G8 miles;
Texas (purchase), 1845. 375,250 square
miles; from Mexico (cession), 1848, 545,
783 square miles; Alaska (purchase),
1807. 570,000 square miles; Hawaii,
18S8, G,740 square miles; Porto Rico,
1898, 3,000; Guam. 1898, 54 square
miles; the Philippines, 1899, 143,000
INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES.
Successful voyage of Robert Fulton's
steamboat Clermont from New York to
First ocean steamship, the Savannah,
left Savannah for Liverpool; trip com
pleted in 26 days.
The Delaware and Hudson Canal
company operated a railroad at their
coal mines at Honesdale, Pa., with a
locomotive made in England.
First passenger train in America
drawn by a locomotive run at Balti
Chloroform discovered by Dr. Guth
rie, an American.
Invention of the mower and reaper.
Charles Goodyear invented vulcan
Daguerre invented the photograph.
Gold discovered In Australia.
First telegraphic dispatch sent from
Baltimore to Washington.
Sewing machine Invented.
Discovery of gold in California.
Discovery of the northwest passage
by Captain McClure of the British
II. Bessemer invented process of
making steel by passing cold air
through liquid iron; known as the
Atlantic cable completed.
Invention of the telephone.
Exploration of the Kongo river by
Edison exhib!ted his electric light.
First electric ralroad.
X rays discovered.
Gold discovered In the Klondike.
DISASTERS ON SEA AND LAND.
St. George and Defence wrecked oft
Jutland; 2,000 drowned.
Great fire in New York; 529 houses
burned, involving a loss of $18,000,000.
Earthquake in Santo Domingo; 5,000
Earthquake in Italy; 14,000 deaths
Chicago devastated by the greatesi
fire ever known on the American con
tinent; $96,000,000 in property destroy
ed and 100.000 people made homeless.
The richest business quarter of Bos
ton devastated by fire; loss $60,000,000
The Atlantic wrecked on Meaghel
rock; 560 lives lost.
Viule de Havre wrecked; deaths, 226
Cimbria wrecked off Holland; 45(
Tornadoes and floods in the Unitei
States; volcanic eruptions in Italy and
the island of Java; destructive fresh
ets in central Europe; cholera epidemic
Series of destructive earthquakes al
Charleston; property loss In the city.
Great bizzard In the United States.
Warship disaster at Samoa.
Johnstown flood; over 2,000 deaths.
Victoria sank, carrying down 400
Elbe wrecked; 350 deaths.
La Bourgogne wrecked in collision off
Halifax; 560 deaths.
West Indian hurricane and tidal
wave nearly destroyed Galveston;
about 7,000 deaths and a loss of $25,
000,000 In property.
Docks of the North German Lloyd
and the ocean steamers Saale, Bremen
and Main burned In New York; 302
deaths; property loss, $10,000,000.
A Century of Great Progress.
The century now ending has been
full of sad events, but It has also pro.
duced more than all preceding centtu
ries to make human life easier and hap
pier. Discovery, invention, education
and culture have at the same time mul
tiplied the food supply and the com
forts of life for the masses of the peo
pl and have developed philanthropic
sentiment to such an extent that the
hard conditions of former times are
largely obsolete. Ignorance, poverty,
suffering and imprisonment are now
mitigated greatly by the increased ma
terial prosperity of most civilized races
and by the increased disposition of in
dividuals and states to share with the
unfortunate the proceeds 'et the in
creased productiveness of labor helped
The luxuries of the rich in 1800 are
the necessities of life for the poor in
100. There has been in this regard a
large amount of progress in the cen
tury now ending. So far as the happi
ness of life depends upon material con
ditions, It has been greatly promoted.
A Bold Defense.
"An enlisted man once put the presi
dent of a court martial in a difficult po
sition," says a writer in Cassell's Mag
azine. "The court martial was trying
the soldier for some fault or other.
When the evidence-and It took an un
usually long time--had been given, the
president asked the prisoner If he had
anything to say in his defense.
"'Well, sir.' said the man, 'I can't
see howv this 'ere court can sentence
me. for Mtajor Jones 'as been reading a
paper under the table the 'ole blooming
time, and Captain Smith 'as been mak
ag me into a karicatoor on the blot
ting pad, and as for Lieutenant Brown,
'e 'asn't 'ad his commission a year, and
don't count anywaysl'"
Powers of Enadurnce.
"When my grandfather was a young
man," said the boy with a snub nose
"he could run ten miles without stop
"I heard my grandfather make
prayer 25 minutes long once at a pray
er meetin," responded the boy with the
di.~rty facean It dMdn't fezehim."
ATLANTIC COAST LINE.
CHARLESTON, S. C., Jan. 14, 1900.
On and after this date the following
passenger schedule will be in effect:
'35. *23. '53.
Lv Florence, 3.25 A. 7.55 P.
Lv Kingstree, 8.57
Ar Lanes, 4.38 9.15
Lv Lanes, 4 38 9.15 7.40P.
Ar Charleston, 6.03 10.50 9.15
'78. *32. '52.
Lv Charleston, 6.33 A. 5.17 P. 7.00 A.
Ar Lanes. 8.18 6.45 8.32
Lv Lanes, 8 18 6.45
Lv Kingstree, 8.34
Ar Florence, 9.28 7.55
'Daily. f Daily except Sunday.
No. 52 runs through to Columbia via
Central B. R. of S. C.
Trains Nos. 78 and 32 run via Wilson
and Fayetteville-Short Line-and make
close connection for all points North.
Trains on C. & D. B. H. leave Florence.
daily except Sunday 9.55 a m, arrive Dar.
lington 10.28 a m, Cheraw, 11.40 a in,
Wadesboro 12.35 p in. Leave Florence
daily except Sunday, 8.00 p in, arrive Dar
lington, 8.25 p in, Hartsville 9.20 p in,
Bennetsville 9.21 p in, Gibson 9.45 p in.
Leave Florence Sunday only 9.55 a in, ar
rive Darlington 10.27. Hartsville 11.10
Leave Gibson daily except Sunday 6.35
a i, Bennettsville 6.59 a m, arrive Darling.
ton 7.50 a in. Leave Hartsville daily ex
cept Sundav 7.00 a in, arrive Darlington
7.45 a in, leave Darlington 8.55 a to, arrive
Florence 9.20 a in. Leave Wadesboro daily
except Sunday 4 25 p in, Cheraw 5.15 p m,
Darlington 6.29 p in, arrive Florence 7 p
in. Leave Hartsville Sunday only 8.15 a m
Darlington 9.00 a in, arrive Florence 9.2u
.J. R. KENLEY, JNO. F. DIVINE,
Gen'l Manager. Gen'l Sup't.
T. M. EMERSON, Traffic Manager.
H. M. EMERSON, Gen'l Pass. Agent.
55. 35. 52.
Lv Wilmington,'3.45 P.
Lv Marion, 6.34
Ar Florence, 7.15
Lv Florence, '7.45 *2.34 A.
Ar Sumter, 8.57 3.56
Lv Sumter, 8.57 '9.40 A.
Ar Columbia, 10.20 11.00
No. 52 runs through from Charleston via
Central B. B., leaving Charleston 7 a in,
Lanes 8.34 a in, Manning 9.09 a in.
54. 53. 32.
Lv Columbia, '6.40 A. '4.15 P.
Ar Sumter, 8.05 5.35
Lv Sumter, 8.05 '6.06 P.
Ar Florence, 9.20 7.20
Lv Florence, 9.50
Lv Marion, 10.34
Ar Wilmington, 1.15
No. 53 runs through to Charleston, S. C.,
via Central R. R., arriving Manning 6.04
p in, Lanes, 6.43 p in, Charleston 8.30 p in.
Trains on Conway Branch leave Chad
bourn 5.35 p in, arrive Conway 7.40 p in.
returning leave Conway 8.30 a in, arrive
Chadbourn 11.50 a in, leave Chadbourn
11.50 a m,arrive at Hub 12.25 pm,returning
leave Hub 3.00 p in, arrive at Chadbourn
3.35 p m. Daily except Sunday.
J. B. KENLY, Gen'l Manager.
T. M. EMERSON, Traffic Manager.
H. M. EMERSON, Gen'l Pass. Agent.
CENTRAL R. R. OF SO. CAROLINA.
Lv Charleston, 7.00 A. M.
Lv Lanes, 8.34
Lv Greeleyville, 8.46
Lv Foreston, 8.55
Lv Wilson's Mill, 9.01
Lv Manning, 9.09
Lv Alcoln, 9.16 "
Lv Brogdon, 9.25 "
Lv W. & S. Junct., 9.38"
Lv Sumter, 9.40 "
Ar Columbia, 11.00"
- ~ No. 53
Lv Columbia, 4.00 P. M.
Lv Sumter, 5.13 "
Lv WV. & S. Junct. 5.15"
Lv Brogdon, 5.27 "
Lv Alcolu, 5.35 "
Lv Manning, 6.04 "
Lv Wilson's Mill, 5.50"
Lv Foreston, 5.57 "
Lv Greeleyville, 6.05"
Ar Lanes, 6.17 "
Ar Charleston, 8.00"
M NCHESTER & AUGUSTA R. B.
Lv Sumter, 3.47 A. M.
Ar Creston, 4.43 ",
Ar Orangeburg, 5.10"
Ar Denmnark, 5.48
Lv Denmark, 4.28 P. L.
Lv Orangeburg, 5.02 "
Lv Creston, 5.27 "
Ar Sumter, 6.18 "
Trains 32 and 35 carry through Pullmnw
palace bnffet sleeping cars between New
York and Macon via Augusta.
W ison and S"mmerton R. R.
ThiE TAB.Ez No.3,
In effect Wednesday, Oct. 17th, 1900.
Between Sumter and Camden.
- Mixed-Daily except Sunday.
No. 68. No. 70. No. 71. No. 69.
PM AM AM PM
6 15 10 00 Le.. Sumter .. Ar 9 00 5 00
6 17 10 02 N. W. Junctn 8 58 4 58
6 45 10 30 . ..Dalzell... 8 00 4 15
7 00 10 45 ... Borden... 7 30 3 45
7 30 11 15 ..Remberts.. 7 15 3 30
7 50 11 50 SoRy Junctn 6 55 3 10
8 00 12 01 Ar..Uamden..Le 6 45 3 00
(8 C & G Ex Depot)
PM PM AM PM
Between Wilson's Mill and Sumter.
No. 73. Daily except Sunday No. 72.
P M Stations. P ML
2 00 Le...Sumter...Ar 12 30
2 03 ...N W Junction... 1227
220 .........Tindal........ 1155
3 20 .........Silver......... 1110
40 ........Millard ........111
4 30- ......-unmerton .... 10 10
5 10 ......... Davis......... 940
5 30 ........Jordan ....... 925
6 00 Ar....ilson's Mills..Le 9 05
P M A M
Between Millard and St. Paul.
No 73. No. 75. No. 72. No. 74.
P M A M Stations A M P M
3 30 10 15Le Millard Ar 10 45 4 35
3 40 10 25 Ar St. Paul Le 10 35 4 25
PM AM AM PM
THOS. WILSON, President.
Nellgg to hell8, # 121i[t1Io8,
OFFICE OF JUDGE OF PRORATE,
Manning, S. C., August 1, 1900.
To Executors. Administrators, Guardians and
I respectfully call your attention to annexed
statute. You will please- give this matter early
Judge of Probate.
Sec. 2064-(1942). Executors, Administrators,
Guardians and Committees, shall annually
while any estate remains in their care or cus
tody. at any time before the first day of July of
each year. 'render to the Judge of Probate of the
county from whom they obtain Letters Testa
mentary or Letters of Administrators or Let
ters of Guardianship. etc., a just and true ac
count, upon oath, of the receipts and expendi
tures of such estate the preeeding Calendar
year. which, when examined and approved.
shall be deposited with the Inventory and ap
praisement or other papers belonging to such
estate. in the office of said Judge of Probate,
there to be kept for the inspection of such per
sons as may be interested in the estate-(unider
Approved the 2d day of March. 1897.
DR. J. FRANK GEIGER,
M ANNING, S. C.