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the credit of the bank, but by a O2posit in the State Treasury of S. C.
4 1-2 per cent. bonds whose marker value was more than the amount
of the loan.
The effect of the Act was to cause banks to pay up these secured
4 1-2 per cent. loans, and to oiain Sinking Fund money, not by pay
ing 5 per cent. on secured loans, but by receiving it Un deposit at
only 4 per cent. interest, and unsecured except by the credit of the
bank wherever deposited-thus lowering the security and at the
same time also the rate of interest on bank deposits. This is illus
trated by the f:act that on Dec. 31, 1897, there was loaned to banks, at
5 per cent., secured by collateral deposit of bonds, S58.484.22;
loaned to Counties, at 5 per cent.. S37,532.oo: on deposit in banks at
only 4 per cent. interest, and unsecured, except by credit of bank,
Sl31,262.78. And on Dec. 31, 188, bank loans, secured, at 3 per
cent.. $28,484.22; loaned to Counties ,it 5 per cent., St05,070-15: (e
posited in banks at 4 per cent. interest, and unsecured, except by
credit of bank. S127.322.5 t.
Since 1898 the secured 5 per cent. loans to banks have continued
to decrease and the 4 per cent. deposits have continued to increase
until at this time there are no ; per cent. loans to banks, secured by
collateral deposits, while there is on deposit in banks, unsecured, ex
cept by the credit of the bank, $241,030.84. As the amount of the
4 per cent. deposits in banks is the balance not needed by the bor
rowing Counties or State House Commission, whose needs do not
keep pace with the increase of the Sinking Fund, in order to raise
the security without lowering the interest on this "balance on de
posit," it might be well for the law to be so changed as to allow
loans at 4 per cent. on collateral deposits of 4 1-2 per cent. Brown
and Blue S. C. Bonds of such of the Sinking Funds as is not needed
to supply the requirements of the State House Commission and of
the borrowing Counties.
As it is, under the law a bank is required to deposit collateral
and pay 5 per cent. interest, and obtains the same money without
collateral at 4 per cent. interest, payable ionthly. The only pos
sible objection to this proposed change in the law is that it will
give a monopoly of loans of this balance knot needed by State
House Commission nor borrowing Counties) to banks and individ
uals who own State bonds; but it makes the loan absolutely secure.
Application was made by the City of Charleston, through Mayor
J. Adger Smyth, to grant said city certain marsh lands on the
Cooper River, on condition that the same may be ceded to the
National Government for the purpose of a dry dock and navy
yard. The Commission decided to refer this matter to the General
Assembly, and I respectfully ask your favorable consideration of
The Commission for the completion of the State House provided
by the last General Assembly, which also includes the Commis
sioners of the Sinking Fund, adopted plans and specifications for
the completion of the State House and let the contract at S165,oo6.
They also agreed to pay the architect for drawing plans and super
vising the work the usual fee of 5 per cent. on the cost, or S8,250.30,
making the total cost for completion of the building S173.256.-30.
Work is now in progress, and the building is to be completed by
the end of the present year.
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.
The report of the State Board of Health which will be sub
mitted to you should receive your thoughtful attention. It con
tains suggestions which should receive action on your part.
S>m:>ipiox has been more or less prevalent in the Statc for the past
ma yrs. and while it has been, as a rule, of a mild type, there is no
teling how soun it may assume a malignant form if authority is
nut given for more vigorous and positive action on the part of the
tate Board, so that it may be suppressed and stamped out. In re
gard to this disease the Secretary of the State Board in his report
to Ime says:
"There is more or less of the disease in the Counties of Fairfield,
Laurens. Union. Spartanburg, Barnwell, Beaufort, and Orange
burg. For a short period during the summer it was confined to
Union County. where it has been present for the past year. This
County has been the focus from which the adjoining Counties have
been from time to time infected during the present year, with the
exception of one case from North Carolina, in Cherokee County.
In the early part of the sunimer it was on Fenwyck and Edisto
Islands, but it was suppressed in these locations by the vaccination
of nearly the whole population. There are a number of cases now
on Paris and St. Helena Islands, the origin of which I have not
been able to trace.
"The difficulty experienced by the State Board of Health in the
control and suppression of the disease has been chiefly due to two
causes: not being invested with authority to direct and supervise
the action of the local Boards of Health in incorporated towns and
cities, and the power to enforce general vaccination through the
State, especially in localities in which the infection prevails. To
cure these evils I would suggest that the State Board of Health be
given the power to enforce general vaccination in localities where
the infection exists; and it is absolutely necessary, in the opinion of
the State Board of Health, for the preservation of the health and
lives of the people, that this measure should be enforced without
delay. It would be a preventative measure of the highest value for
the State to require vaccination as a prerequisite in every child be
fore it is allowed to enter the public schools, or a pupil before en
tering any institution of learning in the State; and that no railway,
manufactory or industrial establishment shall employ any operative
unless they can show successful vaccination. The disease is assum
ing in this, as in other States in the Union, a more virulent type re
cently, and appeals to every interest for more stringent measures
for its suppression. Dr. J. R. Little informed me that the cases
near the mills in the vicinity of Spartanburg were of a more serious
form than any he had hitherto seen since the close of the war. An
other physician who resides at Pacolet had a case of the malignant
hemorrhagic form, which destroyed the patient on the fourth day,
even before the appearance of the eruption on the body. Compul
sory vaccination is enforced in Germany before the expiration of
the first year of life of the child, then again before it enters school,
at the sixth year, again when it leaves school, and, if a male, *n
entering the army, and the discharge from the service. In 1899 in
an Empire of 54,000.000 there were but i cases of smallpox, and 8
of them were on the frontier of Russia and Belgium, where the law
in regard to vaccination is very lax."
I recommend to your favorable consideration the suggestions con
tained above, and quoted thus fully from the report because con
ditions are such that this becomes a very important matter to the
health and lives of the people of the State, and stringent measures
seem necessary to suppress the disease, and should be resorted to.
I would suggest to your favorable consideration an amendment
to the health laws of the State which will enable the State Board
of Health to collect statistics from every county, town, township
and city in the State. Even the meager statistics which are now
made by some of the incorporated towns of the State are considered
by outsiders as very valuable, and are much sought after. They are
sent to Europe, South American Republics, British America, and
Mexico. The Secretary of the State Board of Health says that not
long ago the Director of the Imperial Library in Berlin wrote to
him for statistics, stating that he had frequent requests for infor
mation regarding climate, mean temperature, mean rairifall; the
prevalent diseases, the birth and dearh rate-information much de
sired by persons contenpiating emigration to this State. Besides
this could be given the population, area in square miles of the town,
area of parks and lakes, cable and city railway, river front, inhabited
houses in the city, miles of paved wood and asphalt pavement, -
length of sewerage, water pipes, the amount of water supply, length
of city railway and electric railways. Many towns are neglecting to
make these reports, and it is important to' amend the law so as to
compel them to do it. The secretary of the State Board also says
that he has frequent requests from the universities, colleges and
public libraries in all of the North and Northwestern cities to be put
upon his exchange list for such information.
If statistics as indicated were collected and available they would
bring emigrants to the State and contribute to its wealth and pros
I would also suggest and recommend that. the Board of Health
of each county, town, or city be subordinate to the State Board of
Health; and it should be made the duty of the health officers of
these local Boards to report such facts and statistics as may be re
quired under instruction from, and in accordance with, blanks fur
nished by the State Board ; and it should be the duty of such Boards
to enforce all rules and regulations issued by the State Board for
the preservation of the public health, and for the prevention of en
demic, epidemic and contagious diseases. The State Board of
-Health should have power to remove health officers of any of these
local Boards for failure to keep a record of these statistics, make re
ports, answer letters of inquiry concerning the health of the people,
and likewise a fine should be imposed for neglect of duty. If such
powers were granted to the State Board of Health it would be a
comparatively easy matter to suppress smallpox in any of the towns
of the State.
There is no more important subject to command your thoughtful
attention and to demand wise legislation than the preservation of the
health and lives of the people. If a State Board of Health is to be
maintained and an appropriation made for its operations, authority
should be given it to use this fund to the best interests of the people.
I have thus endeavored to review briefly the different departments
of the State government, and to make such suggestions as have
seemed to me to be proper and demanding your attention. In
expediting the business that shall come before you I am ready to
give you such assistance and co-operation as may be in my power.
I trust that your session may be a pleasant and harmonious one, and
that in your deliberations you may be guided by an earnest and sin
cere desire to do those things which shall redound to the advance
ment and happiness of the people whom you have the horor to rep
resent. M. B. McSWEENEY,
WE ASK THAT LETTERS BE ADDRESSED TO THE -KEELEY INSTITUTE OR P. 0. BOX 75.
THE TREATMENT IDENTICAL WITH THAT ADMINISTERED AT THE DIRECTORS.
CO ADDICTIONS THOROUGHLY AND SAFELY CURED. W. A. CLD,
WHISKEY, ~ ..PHIN.E, OPILM. COCAINE. CIGARETTE AND TOBAC- .W. G. CLRK, ViPres.
MAKE DRAFTS, CHECKS AND MONEY ORDERS PAYABLE TO THE D E
KEELEY INSTITUTE OF S. C. OR ! SADLERYLEPE ScadTes
SADLER GILLESPIE, General Manager.
't * Institutt of $outb Caro1ina.
Under flew management. in a nlew tome at Eolumbia, S. E.
. no. 1329 Corner Cady and marion Streets. . e
It is not necessary to discuss the merits of this treatment, for the many thousands who have been treated and cured
in every State in the United States, in England, Canada and Australia, are living witnesses to its true worth and
thoroughness. So wonderful have been the cases where utter wrecks, from drink and drug, have been restored to
lives of the greatest usefulness through the KEELEY CURE, that Railroads, Banks, the managers of corpora
tions and large business enterprises have been attracted by the efficacy of Dr. Leslie E. Keeley's Double Chloride
of Gold remedies, and are now sending employees who have been useful to them, except when under mfluence
of drink or drug, to Keeley Institutes for treatment and Cure. It makes no difference why people drink or use
drug, the result is inevitably the same, a condition wherein the nerve cells have become so accustomed to perform
ing their duties and functions under the influence of alcohol or drug, that they are dependent on it and will no
ell longer perform those duties and functions properly and painlessly except when under their inuence.E
cell cries out for whiskey.
The desire for the accustomed "dose" of drug dominates all other desires, and even death itself is scarcely more to
be dreaded than the cutting off of the usual supply. These DISEASES have been considered "incurable," but Dr.
Keeley has demonstrated otherwise. When our patients leave the Institute the head is clear, mind active, and
thought consecutive, appetite good, eves bright and complexion clear; morally changed because of their heauthy
the former life. These remedies arereconstructive nerve tonics, which restore the nerve cells to a normau, for
condition, the same as before being poisoned by alcohol or toxic drugs. Hundreds of soldiers in our Regular
Army have been cured, and we have letters from officers of all ranks, from Major-Generals to Lieutenants, com
mending the Keeley Cure. We also have Institute treatment for neurasthenia or nerve exhaustion Inclute,
nervousness, sleeplessness and nervous prostration. We invite correspondence and visitors to our n Ing
corner Lady and Marion Sts., Columbia, S. C., one of the finest residences in the city, with all modern improve
ments and conveniences. Our physician, J. P. Ott, M. D., a practioner of 25 years in general practice, is sec
ond to no Keley Physician administering Dr. Keeley's Double Chloride of Gold remedies, and our Institute
shall be second to none in the United States.