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MISSISSIPPI'S GREAT WALL
An Interesting Prehistoric Work the
Origin of Which Is a Mystery.
One of the scientific puzzles o: the state
of Mississippi is the "3randYriue stone
wall." It has long been a problem that
is yet unsolved. Some time ago Mr.
Thomas Watson of Ha zieurst sent Gov
ernor Lonuiuo a peucil drawing of an
immense lle of st ne in the southeast
em purtion of Citborne county. suggest
ing that the stone might be utilized in
buildiug the new capitol. In a letter
which acconpauled the drawing Ir.
Watson stated that these stones, piled
high on each other. cover an area four
miles square. Each stone is 6 feet
long. 3 feet wide and 2 feet thick,
and they are joined together with an ex
cellent quality of cement. No man knows
how they came there. '4ey may have
been there for thousands of years. The
builders, the Jackson News thinks, were
some prehistoric race-it could not be
otherwise. This structure is supposed to
be a continuation of the great Chinese
wall, which seems to begin below Ray
mond, in the southern part of Hinds
county, and which is traceable through
Copiah. It is broad enough to accommo
date two or three wagons abreast and is
one of the wonders of the world.
"Mention of this remarkable exhibit,"
says the Hazlehurst Courier. "has elicited
no little comment-in fact, has brought a
letter to Mr. Watson f:::i the warden of
the United States penitentiary at Leaven
worth, Kan., and also a letter to Dr. T.
B. Birdsong from another distinguished
source, it being known that the latter
some years ago investigated the matter.
dIr. Watson. however." says The Cou
rier. "has given the subject more patient
thought and gone over the ground more
thoroughly than any one else, and to.
him The Courier is indebted for the fol
"He calls it the 'Brandywine stone
wal' and says this wonderful and mass
ive structure or parts of structure of
masonry done in stone, which have with
gtood the ravages of time for perhaps
many thousands of years, still stand an
enduring relic of a prehistoric civiliza
tion and a knowledge of the art of build
ing not inferior in many respects to the
present day. These stone buildings lie
for the most part buried in the earth in
the sontheastern portion of Claiborne
county and lying against the Copiah
county line on the slopes overlooking the
valley of the Brandywine creek from the
"These walls run from northeast to
southwest. They are built of white ,r
grayish white stone of immense size,
weighing from two to three tons, measur
lug from 6 to S feet in length and 3
feet wide by 2 feet thick. These blocks
or slabs are laid in a very fine quality
of cement and as perfectly as brickwork.
The joints are perfect and very close.
"At one place the wall is exposed by
the earth being washed away to a width
of 0 feet and a length of 90 feet. This
exposure has the appearance of a brick
"At another ph ce the stone has been
quarried for do:mestic use to a depth of
three layers of slabs, which is G feet.
a width of 24 feet. or eight blocks, and
a length of 25 blocks, or 150 feet. The
length of this wall as indicated by the
croppings is about 1,000 feet.
"At another place about 500 yards
away from the place just mentioned is
a wall jutting from under a slope for a
distance of nearly 2,000 feet. This stone
work is exposed in a great many places
over an area of four miles.
"The sides and angles of the blocks of
stones are so perfect that they resemble
pressed brick. The tops of these walls
are perfectly horizontal and without re
gard to the unevenness of the earth's
surface. The seamis between the tiers
are perfectly straight, and each block of
stone is perfectly hor'izontal in position,
and these bloc:-s are smoothly dressed on
the edges and ends. whiie the broad sur
faces are rough, showing a broken sur
face brought down to a level plane, but
not dressed. They are held so firmly
together by the cement that it is with
great difficulty that they are broken up.
"A personal inspection of these great
structures as they lie partly buried 'n
the earth would relieve the minds of the
most skeptical of all doubt of their not
being the work of the hands of man.
"In all that is above mentioned im
connection with numerous cavings in of
the earth's crust, which represent the
existence of .underground caverns, abun
dant evidence is found to bear out the
theory of the existence of a great buried
city in that locality.
"The information above given is vouch
ed for by other parties who have visited
the scene in recent years and bears out
the theory advanced by Mr. Watson.
Truly there is work for the scientist
here."-New Orleans Picayune.
'Odd Cent Prices.
Analysts of human nature vainly seek
an adequate explanation of the species of
mesmerism that odd cent prices exercise
on buyers. Department stores have long
used them to whet the proverbial femi
nine appetite for bargains, but the cus
tom is now so widespread among
clothiers. haberdashers and hatters as to
merit consideration. What are the cari
caturists at "nny a liners, who have
poked no c: fun at the gentle sex fot
yielding to subtle fascination of S
cents and $1 .-.. to do when men's suits
are offered fr: 89).99, hats for $1.GT and
ties for 23 cents? Alas for the manu
facturers or humor, cruelly deprived of
one of their chief sources of revenue!
Seriously, however, the spread of the odd
cent idea is to be deprecated. It has a
catchpenny savor that is antagonistic to
dignified trading and suggests the street
hawker. Fixed p:-ices in round numbers
accord best with straightforward meth
ods of sealing goods.-Clothier and Haber
Tihe Sovereigns of Europe.
Physically manny or the sovereigns of
Europe would comi "der t'e general
classification of "squ:a.." Tis new king
of Italy is 5 feet 3 inenes tail, but still he
is not the shortest mvero~gn. The czar
of all the Rtussias ir r~ttly 5 feet 2 inches.
The Prince of Wales is 5 feet 4 inches.
Pictures of him give the impression that
he is a much taller mian. but that is be
cause his royal highness knows how to
pose before a camera. in at group he se
lects a position in the rear line, where he
can stand on a box, or else he steps to
one end of the front line and a little in
advance of the othe'rs. Perspective does
the rest. He weighs 2.37 pounds in spita
of all precautions awil ":ures" he can
take. He wear's tn IS': collar. has a
chest measuremaent of -. i"ches. a 34
inch length of nru. a as lo 3 or 44
inches and a trousns 'e:of inches.
The fat kinig's orKtn' i lan.,'- the agn
of Portugal. who iso!e-3 ;c inches
tall and weighs 3i.s phouad-- rgouau:.
London, Jan. 6.-The Br itis~h bark
Beechbank, Capt. Buchanan. from San
Francisco Aug. 16. bound to Queens
town, was spoken on Jan. 3 in latitude
Sti north, longitude 38 west, with loss
of foretop mast and main top gallant
BOOKS TO BE THROWN AWAY
The British Museum Likely to Set a
The British museum, which possesses
the largest ",oleetions of books in the
world, usually estitu red at ,0JOUU0 vol
umes, and owns lerid's 5.L0U volumes
of manuscripts. fi:is itsel cramped for
room or threateurd v:ith such a condi
tion. and a bill h:as pa;issed a second read
ing in the house of iordis authorizing the
trustees of the mnuseit to distribute the
bound vo lurie- of u- spapers and to de
stroy such books and pamphlets as they
shall doem useless.
I: is needless to say that the proposi
tion to sequestrate or destroy any por
tion of the British museum meets with
strong and immediate opposition. It is
urged that the example and precedent set
would be very bad ones, since every
great and growing museum, including
a library, may reach the present condi
tion of the British museunt. The library
of congress, for instance, which receives
copyrighted books, as does the library of
the British museum, may some time
reach what somebody may believe the
necessity of an enlargement of its
premises or the reduction of its stores.
For this reason the British museum cannot
afford to set the precedent of destruction.
While it is not proposed to destroy the
bound files of newspapers in the British
museum, but to distribute them to vari
ous localities, it is claimed that to take
anything out of London is, in the British
islands, equivalent to hiding it, and a
thing hidden is a thing lost. If it is de
sirable to preserve these newspapers for
the public use forever, London. which is
the center and capital of the British em
pire in a greater and wider sense than
Washington is the capital of the United
States, should be the place of their pres
ervation and keeping.
It is urged that there exists no suffi
cient reason for the destruction or dis
tribution of any portion of its collections;
that the museum has not yet occupied all
of the 13 acres on which it stands; that
a separate building or buildings might be
erected for the reception of the art col
lections, for instance, but in any event
the library should be kept intact forever.
However the question may be decided
in the case of the British museum, the
resent is the time to say that no collec
tion of newspapers, once made for the
public use, ought to be destroyed or made
The State Historical society of Kan
sas has made a great collection of the
newspapers of the state. The news
papers mailed to the society by the pub
lishers are carefully preserved and bound
in volumes and kept in what are hoped
to be fireproof receptacles, where they
are open to the inspection and reference
of all. The point is sought to be made
that the newspaper volumes constitute to
the state a well nigh priceless possession,
which should on no account be lost, frit
tered away, scattered or destroyed.
Singular as it may seem, the preserva
tion of a file of new papers is a work re
quiring such care, patience and attention
that it is seldom attempted except by
those whose special business it is. Of
many leading newspapers no files exist
except those kept in the ofice of publica
tion. Of the hundreds of thousands of
people who subscribe, pay for and regu
larly read newspapers not one in many
thousands attempts their preservation.
When, therefore, any public library un
dertakes the daily and weekly preserva
tion and arrangement of any newspaper
and the binding of the same at suitable
intervals into volumes, it has undertaken
a most useful work, the result of which
should be kept forever.
Such a bound volume is a book; in fact,
it is a book of books. It is such a history
and picture of its own time and locality,
of manners and men, in its own place and
corner of this world, as is not and cannot
be found elsewhere, it embodies not the
labors of one historian, but of hundreds
of chroniclers, story tellers and artists
who work every day to note down what
they see and hear and discover and ap
prehend. It is a perpetuaily proceeding
narrative which enlarges, explains, ampli
fies and corrects itself as it goes along.
The difference between a newspaper and
the historical or other narrative in the
shape of a b. k is the difference between
an oil painting, made perchance from the
scene by the imagination or the broken
memory of the artist, and a kodak snap
shot or other picture drawn in an instant
by the sun and on the spot.
What would be given now for daily
newspaper pictures of the building of .the
pyramids, drawn as the progress of Con
vention hall is recorded now? A con
sideration of the value of the bound news
paper volume shows that all the rest of
the museum could be more easily spared.
--Kansas City Star.
' Galusha A. Grow.
It has been suggested that some appro
priate honor be paid to Congressman Ga
lusha A. Grow of Pennsylvania at the
coming celebration at St. Louis of the
Louisiana purchase. He is the author of
the homestead law, enacted in 1854,
which did so much to develop the west
by making home getting easy.
"It is difficult," says the Washington
Times, "for the present generation of
Americans, surrounded by the modern
conditions, with a fierce competition in
the struggle for existence, to realize that
there is in congress today a man who is a
link between the infancy of the nation
and its present giant proportions-be
tween the crude industrial conditions of
the dawn of the century, now in its
twilight, and the highly organized ma
chinery of the country's commercial
forces. In his personality and record the
Hon. Galusha A. Grow is that link, If
he lives until 1903-and his remarkable
vitality and enthusiasm indicate that he
will-he will occupy a unique and con
spicuous position in the celebration of the
great event at St. Louis in that year."
Won by the 3Ionkeyu.
Monkeys are very amusing creatures,
but one hardly thinks of them as useful
in educationali work. Ihowever, their aid
has lately been sought by the London
school officers, with admirable results. It
seems that in one of the school districts
there were not as many children reported
by the parents as being of school age as
the officers knew there ought to be, so to
ascertain the real number they called in
the monkeys to help them in this way:
Two monkeys were gayly dressed, put
in a wagon and, accompanied by a brass
band, were carried through the streets of
the district. At once crowds of children
made their appearance. The procession
was stopp~ed in a park, and the school
officers began their work. Distributing
sweets to youngsters, they took their
names and addresses. They found out
that 60 parents kept their children from
school. This ingenious method brought
to school about 200 boys and giris.-In
THE IOQUA ABANDONED.
San Francisco, Jan. 6.-The steamer
oqua. which went ashore on Duxbury
reef Friday night and which was
bandoned by her crew yesterday, was
ulled off the rocks by tugs today. She
Leads all Other Companies
in North and South
Carolina in Old
and New Bus
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