Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV. MANNING. S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1901.
TIlLS IN KANSAS.
Negro Burned at ..the Stake In
PROTESTED HIS INNOCENCE
Saturated In Coal Oil and Strap
ped to an Iron Post With
Fagots Piled Aound
Only a few weeks ago a negro was
burned at the stake in a little town in
Colorado, and on Tuesday of last week
another was burned at the stake in the
very heart of the city of Leavenwortb,
Kansas In both cases the negroes
were charged with the same crime. The
last negro burned was Fred Alexander,
who atempted to assault Eva Rothes,
in Leavenworth. Kansas, on Saturday
evening, Jan. 12, and who is supposed
to have as-aulted and murdered Mies
Pearl Forbes in Leavenworth in Novem
ber last. He was taken from the
sher;ff s guard by a mob and burned at
the stake at the scene of his crime, half
a dozen blocks from the centre of the
city. Probably 8,000 people witnessed
The negro was taken from his cell at
the State penitentiary Tuesday after
noon, Jan. 15, and carried to L:aven
worth. Fifty deputy marshals surround
ed him and Depucy Sheriffs Stance
Miers, and Thomas Brown sat in the
hack on either side of him. Fdty bug
gies and wagons followed the hack. Ac
Fourth and Oave streets the police in
hack following the one in which Alex
ander was concealed, jamped out and
chased several negroes. In the excite
ment the prisoner's hack was franticaly
driven to the county jail, where he was
locked in a cell ju-t as the mob reached
the doors. The jail door were then
The crowd first attempted to gain ad
mission by peaceful means, but Shcrff
Everhardy refused to deliver the ne
gro. Then the crowd pushed its way to
the side door, and usiog one man as a
battering ram, the door was fo ced from
its hinges. Then the crowd surged
into the co-ridor by the narrow door
way. A L:oge iron bar fastened the
iron door of tne cell room. Tne door
was finally bent sufficient for the men
to climb over it. Several gained an
entrance in this manner. Meantime
the crowd had pushe down tho side
gate of the stockade, and a yelling pack
appeared in the jail yard. The hinges
of the side door made of heavy iron,
were out off with sledge hammers and
chisels and the door of the cell room
A shaveless man was crouched down
in one corner of the dai k cell. Five
minutes' work and the heavy lock on
the cell had been broken off. A yell of
terror issued fronu the cell. Strong
men filled the corridors with hysterical
laughter. Outside the crowd was yell
ing itself hoarse. Then into the cell
rushed those who were nearest the door.
The mob issued forth in a moment
dragging the negro by the leoat collar.
He had been struck over the head with
a hammer, but was still conscious. Men
fought to get at him, and, infuriated.
struck savageiy at him.
Up the hill into the court house yard
they dragged him.
Coniess before we harm you," said
"I AX IssocIN."
"I am innocent. I am dying for what
another man did. I see lots of my
friends here; they know I did not do it.
If I had been guiltyJ would have said
so at the penitentiary and would have
stayed there for lie. The warden told
me so. The policemen told me so.
Would not I have told them if I was
'You lie," they cried, and one huge
fellow struck Alexarnder in the fore
head with his fist three times.
He epoke with the resignation of a
man who sees before him only certain
A move was made for a large cotton
wood tree in a corner of the court houe
My God, men," cried the negro in
his agony, "l. have told you that I am
innocent. I can't tell you any more. 1
did not do it."
"He lies; burn him," cried the mob.
"Take him where he committed the
murder," suggested one.
1 muoediately the crowd, carrying the
negro, who was throwvn into a wagon,
pu.Led on towards Fvurth street. At
5 o'clock Alexander was brovght to the
exact spot where Pearl Forbes, the
murdered girl, was found, and a semi
circle was fox med. Alexander was
brought up in a wagon with a dozen
men. The leader called for silence
The roar ceased and Alexander was
shoved forward into full view of the
crowd. A howl went up which was
quickly hushed as the prisoner raised
his shackled hands and began to speak.
Twice tbe crowd drowned his tremtzling
"You are going to kill me whatever I
say," he said, "but you men are wrong.
I want to tell you right now, you have
got the wrong man. I did not do that
and some day you men hero will run
up against the man who did. I know
it aint any use to say so, for you are
going to kill me, but I didn't do it."
The men standing behind Alexarder
then shoved him from the wagon and
the roar from the crowd drowned every
other sound. The negro was q'.ikly
driven down the embankment to the
pile of wood, with his hands sti
shackled, and there bound to the stake.
Mar-y of the crowd ce.tried rails arnd
boards. Several seized railroad irons
and carriec them to the ravino.
A railroad iron was planted upright
in the mud. This was made fagt te
cross iron firmly bound to the upright
iron with wire. Arour~d the improvised
stake wood arnd board, were piled. To
this the maa was dragged ar-d chained
in a starding position to the upright
railroad iron. Chains and irons were
wrappe d about him and with his handi
shackled, he was made fast to the post.
Coal oil was then poured over him.
Before the a arch was applied Joht
Forbes. father of the murdered girl
stepped up to Akrxander and said:
"Are you guihty of murdering ml
"I don't know what you have me here
for," said Alexander.
"For killing my girl on this very
"Mr Forbe;, if that's your name, you
h3:e the wrong man," said the ncgro.
"Burn him; bura him," cried the
"Gentlemen, you have got lots of
time," said Alxa-ider. "You are burn
irg an innocent man. You took advan
t ag- of me. Y)u rave me no show. Can
I see my mother?"
A'exatder sgain asked to see his
mother. She was called for but she
was not in the crowd.
Alexander then said: "Will you 14t
me -hake hands with all my friend-?"
"Y.u have no friends in this crowd.
you damned beas-.," said one o! the
nn in charge of the negro. "If you
have any hi'-g to say, say it in a hurry.'
Coal o I w -s then app'iel for the sic
and time wh L Al xindt r ea'led to ac
quaintances in the crowd and said good
bye to them. He ta'ked rationzl'y
until John Farbe-, the father of the
murdered ;ri, hghted the marehl
A.a n Al, xa- d r was a.kel to make a
conf.ssion but he replied that he has
nothine, t., say.
As i ha n t l-?ape s abuat him Aler
ander turned a ghastly hue and, clasp
i~g his hands together began to sway
to ard fro while the cro vd ye ll d.
In 've m nutes the ce.ro was hang
ing limp and lifeless by the chains that
b.und him As soon as the crows saw
that life was extinet, it begin to slowly
disptr e. Hundreds, however, stayed to
Men kept piling on wood all the time
until ab ,ut 7 o'cleck when the flames
were allowed to die down. From 6 to
S o'&c'ok there was a continuour stream
of people going to and from the scene
o! the burning.
Later there was a wild scramble to
After Alxender's arrest he was ta
ken bMfori Miss Rota, who identrfiei
him. Since then a mob has surround
ed the penitentiary day and night. To
day Gov. S anley ordered two compa
nies of in lttia to be at reaiine-s t'
start fo: Leavenworth at a moment's
Gov. Stanly order 1 Warde'i Tom
linson to re'use to tur2 Alexander over
to th sher.ff unless he agree. in writ
ing to protect him.
HARD ON MCKINLEY.
He Is AccusE d of Trying to Bribe Two
It is unfortunate for President Mc
Kinley that he should feel called upon
to take such a tender interest in the
sons of two supreme court j istices just
at the time when the adminstration is
a defendant in a most important case,
involving the constautionality of the
Porto Rican legislation and the policy
of imperialism. One o er .ustices who,
although a strong Republican, is suspect
ed of an inclination to decide against
the administrati.'n's contentions, is
Justice Harlan. Mr. McKinley has
gone out of his way to mate a son of
this justice, who :ives in Chioago,
Unitea States district attorney in that
city-a highly important place. Con
cerning the appointment, the Spring
held Republican says that a leading
hicago lawyer writes:
" Une appointment just at this time
of James S. H arlan, of this city to be
attorney gener al of Poroto Rico, is a
scauidi-ous perf rmance. It illustrates
weil Mr. McKinley's methods. Mr
Harlan is an attorney of a few years
experience and good personal standirg.
It does him no it jastice to say that
there are fifty men at this bar of his
age and experience who are e qually well
quahified for the position ana there are
nunc reds of such men throughout, the
country. There can be no possible ex
planation of his appointment, '-unre
qaeated," just now, txcept that the vote
of his father, as a j ustice of the supreme
court, is desired by the administra
nion in the pending eases affecting its
Anothe; jistice of the supreme court,
whose inclination to side with the a
ministration in regard the new possers
ons is lets doubtiul, is Mr. Medenna,
of California. Tnie Ne w York Limes
says that Senator Pctagrew had objcet
ed to the cot~firmauion o: young Harian
on the score of propriety, and, further
"At the same time it is asserted that
he will also ask the senate to consider
the propriety of thie seiection of a son
of Asciate Justice MlcK:-nna, to be
made a capita and inspector general
ini rorto Rico. Hie had been a firat lieu
tenant, havinzg teen graduated frim the
military academy. Juist bef.>re his pro
motion Lit utenant Colonel Rt B. Harri
son was discharged from the post of
int-pector general of Porto R es because
there was no longier any need for his
services. Yet, immnediately after his
dismissai by telegraph from a post that
aru'y officers unite in saying he had
filed admira-iy, two officers were as
.gned to the same service, Cap: ai Mc
Kenna being one of them. Those who
cumtnent upon the changes do net ques
tion the competney of the war depart
ment to judge of the necessity or desir
ability of making changes, but it is
considered unfortunate that in making
the changes i: was consid red inportan
to put a son of a ju~stice of the supreme
court in a competent officer's place.
Of course, it jastice Hiarian is dispos
ed to decide against Mr. McKinley on
constitutional grounds but takes refuge
in toe fact of the appointment of his son
to take part in the decision the ad-nini
stration wiil succed in readlucing oy one
the number of j-itices who will stand
for the republic against the empire.
We regard the manner in which the
ireident is plainly attempting to in
fluence the suj reme caurt in this ease
as probably the most scandlous and
shocking incident in our political his
tory. We believe that absolutely no such
incident has ever come to the public
knowledge in the whele history of the
supreme court-Hartford Daily Times.
T wo Ladies Killed.
A terrible accident occurred near the
phosphate mills in Columbia on Tues
day mornitg of last week. Two young
lacies named Daniels, were on their
way just before day light to work in one
of the mills. At this point the Sea'
board trestle crosses the Southern rail
way tracks. The girls, walking arm in
arm, stocd on the Southern s track to
aatch the Seaboard's train frt m Savan
nati come into the trestle above them.
They did not ice a Southern shifting
engine backing down upon them. One
of the girls was killed and the other
was so badly injulred that she died later
ini the day.
THE ARMLY BILL PASSFD.
It Gives President Authority to In
Just before 6 o'clock Friday evening
the senate finally disposed of the army
reorganization bill. The measure hav
ing originated in the senate, the final
question was not upon its passage, but
upon agreeing to the senate amend
ments. They were agreed to by a vote
of 43 to 23.
The debate upon the bill closed under
the special order and the voting be
gan upon the amendments to the bill.
Mr. Mallory of Florida offered an
amendment striking out section 26, em
powering the president to amaintain the
enlisted force of the army at the max
imum strength during the present es
igencies of trie service or until such
tine as congress may hereafter direct.
['he amendment was re jeoted-26 to 42
Mr. Money proposed an amendment
providing that the provisions of the
pending bill should remain in force
only untii July 1, 1903 after which
time the army shoulo be recueed to tre
numrr proviced by law prior to April
1, 1898 B jected-25 to 39
Mr. Berry proposed an amendment
directing the president to issue a proc
lamdton within 10 days after the pas
sage of the bill disolaiwing any inten
tion on the part of the Uuited States to
txe:c'se sovereignty over the Philip
pin- islands except for the purpose of
pac fi-ation and thereafter to leave the
overnment of the islan-is to their peo
ple. B jtcted-22 to 43. Senator Mca
Liurin voted with the R.:publicans.
Mr. Gallinger then offered a new sec
tion to the bill, providing that all
licenses for the sale of liquor in the
Pnilip,>ines heretofore granted, be re
voked, and that none hereafter be
granted; and that the importation of
beer, wine and distilled spirits into the
islsands be prohinitea. The amendment
was rej cted-23 te 43.
The detailed vote follows:
Yeas.-Allen, Bacon, Bard, Berry,
Clay, Daniel, Debre,Dillingham, Frye,
Galiinger, Hale, Hansorough, Harris,
Jones of Arkansas; Ledge, McCumber,
Mallory, Suilivan, Taliaferro, Teller,
Tilltman, Towne, Turley.-23.
Barrows, Caffery, Carter, Chilton,
Clark, Culb rzon, Dolliver, E kins,
Foraker, Foster, Hanna, Hawley,
Kean, Kenny, Kyle, Lindsay, McLau
rin, Moilian, MaM.son, Morgan, Pen
rose, Perkins, Pettus Platt of Connecti
cut; Prichard, Proctor, Q iarles, Raw
lins, Scott, Sewell, Snoup, Simon,
Spooner, S:ewart, Thurston, Turner,
Warren, Wellington, Wetmore.-43.
Lie amendment of Mr. Lodge pro
hibiting the importation into the
nilippines of distilled liquors, except
for medicinal purposes, was rejected
23 ro 41.
Mr. Gallinger then offered his amend
ment in moaified form providing that
the liquor licenses heretofore granted
in the Philippines be revoked and that
none hereafter b3 granted. Rejected
20 to 41.
Mr. Bacon proposed an amendment
striking out of the bill the paragraphs
author.zin& the president to increase
the numter of men in any eompany of
inantry, any troop of cavalry or any
lattery of artillery to the maximum.
Rj~ctd-22 to 43.
'The measure having or'ginated in
the senate, the question then was upon
agreeing to the bill as ame..ded. 'Tie
motion to agree was adopted -43 to 23
Yeas -Aldirch, Allison, Bard. Bur
rows, Carter, Clark, Deboe, Diling
ham, Dousver, Alains, Forak -r, f'oster,
Frye, Galainger, Hale, Hanna. Hans
brugh Hawiey, Kt an, Kyle, Lindsay,
Lodge, McComas, McCunwber, McLau
rin, MloMillian, Mason, Morgan, Pen
rose, Perkins, Piatt of Connecticut;
Pritchard, Proctor, Qiaarles, Scotu,
Seweil, Shoup, Simon, te wart, Suli
van, Tnurston, Warren, Wetmore. -43.
Nes.-Allen, Bacon, Bate, Berry,
Cahry, Chuton, Ciay, Cookrell, Cut
berson, Daniel, Harris, Jones of Ar
kanas; Kenny, Mallory, Prztus, Ra w
ins, la iaferro, Telier, Titlman,
iowne, Tuiriey, Turner, Wellington.
He Wrecked a Train.
Norman Mclinney, colortd, has
been lynchied for wrecking the Plant
sybttm fast train near iluiinell Fla., on
banuay, nigtan~d the victim implica
ted two otners wno may share the same
late if tuey are cauicht. Ln less than
two hours after the wreck, in whieti
the engineer was killed, t e Citrus coun
ty i.flisers were on the trail of the
wreters and a de zen arrests were made
before Moncay at noon. All of the ar
rests were made on suspicion a.id seve
ra of them were liberated, proving con
ciasively that they were not the guilty
partes. Monday afternoon MceKinney
was taking a deep interests in the affair
and was promptly arrested by the offi
cern also on suspicion. That night he
asqestionled so closely and to d so
many cot.flicting stories that it was de
cided to carry him to Inverness to the
county jail. Os the way a mob of 50
or more overpowered the officers and
took the prisoner. He was taken back
to the scene of the wreck and there
confessed to the crime, implicating and
describing the two others who escaped
but are now being hunted. After the
confession, in which he stated that the
train was wrecked for the purpose of
robry, he was hung to a tree. The
coroner's returned the verdict that he
met death at the hands of parties un
No More Child Labor.
Sixty North Carolina mill owners,
said to represent over 100 cotton mills,
met in Greensboro, N. C., Wednesday
and cnsidered the questions of redue
tions of hours anid child labor. An
"agreement and petition" was signed
by 40 of those in attendance and it was
decided to circulate it among all the
mill owners of North Carolina for their
approval, It provides that, taking
effect March 1, 1901, one week's work
shall not exceed 66 hours; no child less
than 12 years old shall work in the cot
ton mill during a school term; provided
this sh3ll not apply to children of wid
os or physically disabled parents; that
10 years shall be the lowest limit at
which children may be worked; all wil]
promoe the education of the working
people, on the basis of these agree
ments, the cotton mill owners petition
the legislature nos to pass any labox
law. at this Ssion.
IN THE HOUSE,
There Will be No More Special
TILLMAN ELECTED SENATOR.
A Recent Decision of the State
Suprems Court Causes Gen
era! Assembly to Proceed
The session of the House on Mon
day of last week was devoted almost
entirely to the introduction of new
bills. The record in the engrossing de
partment shows that 150 bills have
There was only one second reading
bill which the house discussed--that
relating to county government in M'rl
boro. Mr. Richards moved to strike
out the enacting words, on the gr. und
that this is special legislation.
Mr. Freeman explained that the ex
ibting law as to Marlboro is special
legi-lation, and there has been some
difculty in collecting taxes in that
county for that reason. The bill merely
seeks to restore Marlboro under the
provision of the general act.
After some discussion, it was decided
to refer the bill to the special commit
tee to consider all matters relating to
ecunty government. Under previous
action of the house, the comnmittee is to
consist of one member from each coun
ty. Speaker Stevenson called the roll
of counties and the following were
named by their respective delegations:
Abb-ville. Jno. C Lomax; Aiken, R
L Gun:er; Anderson, R B A Robin
son; B.mherg, A Me. Bostick; Barn
well, J 0 Patterson; Beaufort, C J
Coleock; Berkeley, E J Dennis, Jr.;
Charleston, R M Lofton; Cherokee, T
B Bu.ler; Chester, P L Hardin; Ches
terfield, G J Redfern; C arendon, M
C Qallncbat; Colleton, J W Hill; Dar
liogton, W E James; Dorches-r, J D
Bivins; Edgelield, W A Strom; Fairfield
J G Wolling; Fiorence, J M Hum
phrey; Georgetown, M W Psatt;
Greenville, B A Morgan; Green
wood, J H Brooks, Hampton, B H
Theus; Horry Jeremiah Mishoe; Ker
shaw, M L Smith; Lancaster, J N Est
ridge; Laurens, R W Nichols; Lexing
ton, A F Lever; Marion, J E Jarnigan;
Marlboro, R L Freeman; Newberry,
Joo. F Banks; Oconee, W M Brown;
Orangeburg, A H Moss; Pickens, J
M Mauldin; Richland, J C Robertson;
Spartanburg, F C West; Saluda, J M
Sigler; Samter, Tho'. C McLeod;
Union, A C Ly es; Williamsburg, J D
Carter; York, W N Elder.
This is a very important commission.
There are many s3 stems of county gov
ernment in operation in the State, and
it is hoped that a more uniform system
can be adopted. For t"at reason this
sreial committee was appointed to con
sider the general subsented.
Mr. Tatum introduced a resolution
that one member from each county be
appointed a committee to look into the
abuse of the fish indistry. After some
dicusion the resolation was adopted.
The house concurred in the senate
resolution to create a special committee
of two senators and three representa
tives to frame a general bi:1 relating to
salaries of county ofiiers. The fol
lowing were appointed on the commit
tee by the speaker; Jno. P. Tbomas,
Jr., J R Ooggeshall and F H MoMas
The committee to notify the governor
ad lieutenant governor of their elec
tion consists cf Senators Appelt and
Brice and representatives rarker of
Abbeville, Raineeford of Edge field,
ampbell of Marlooro, Wells of Flor
enee and Cruin of Bamberg.
A host of new bills were introduced
and the House ad j murned to Tuesday.
When the house assembled at soon
Tuesday and when the preliminary busi
ness had been disposed of, the speaker
called attention to the fact that this
was the day and the hour set for the
election of U ,ited State senator to suc
eed Bon. is R Tillmnan.
Reresentatives Gaston, Seabrook
and Stroman were appotnted tellers.
The speaker then sta'ed that nomina
tions were in order. There was no re
.ponse, Aftei a pause the speaker
si'ed that the balloting would e3:n
mence without nominations.
Mr. Rtchards of Kershaw suggested
that it would be in better taste to
have nominations, and he placed the
name of Hon. B. R. Tillman before the
houe. At this there was a ripple of
laughter A number seconded the
The first to vote for Senator Till man
was the representative from "Anner
son," Mr. Ashley. There were 120
votes cast, of which number Mr. Till
man received 120.
The house agreed to Mr. Cosgrove s
resolution providing for the appoint
ment of a standing committee on bank
ing and insurance. The speaker subse
quently announced the appointment of
te following committee: Jamest Cos
rve, Arthur Kibler, W H Parker,
W H Lockwood, A H. Moss, B A Mor
gan, George H Moffatt, Jno. W Crm
and W B deLoach.
The speaker announced that, as the
senate had agreed to the resolution of
Mr. Sinkler providing that the validity
of certain lost bonds be inquired into,
the folloaing members of the house
would form a part of that committee;
Mr. Jno. P Thomas, Jr., Mr. W H
Parker, Mr. W S Smith and Mr. Thos.
The last matter under discussion was
a concurrent resolution fixing February
1st as the day of final adjournmneus of
Mr. Tatumn, authe~r of the resolution,
spoke in its favor.
Mr. De Bruhl showed the impracti
cability of adjournieg on that day.
Tne prelions question was called and
Mr. Tatum demanded a yea and nay
vote, to put the individual members on
Before the motion could be put, Mr.
Williams moved to adjourn until
Wednesday at 11 o'clock. This motion
prevailed, arnd Mr. Tatum's resolution
was lef t in stau gqio. The House then
adjourned to Wednesday.
The House was in session but one
hour Wednesday. Very little business
a disnosed of, although the calendar
was cleared. Under the rule of t
house to that effect, a number of bi
could not be considered as printi
copies had not been plheed upon t]
desks of the members 24 hours.
The first second reading matter take
up was Mr. Tatum's motion to fir Fe
ruary 1st as the day for adj rnmer
The pending motion was to inde finite
postpone. The motion prevailed by
vote of 86 to 27, and the resolution w
thus killed. &veral other unimporta
bills were killed.
At noon the senate attended in t'
house for the purpose of declaring
j. int assembly the result of the electi
for United States senator. This w
merely formal. The clerk of the sena
announced that in the senate B. R. Ti
man had received 34 votes. The elc
of the hem-e announced that in t
house B. R Ptllman had received 1
votc.s. B R Tillman was declar
elected. Senator Joo C. Sheppared
E-1efield presided at the j tint asset
by at.d made the announcement.
was a singular turn of events that ti
result should be declared by the mi
who was l'illman's opponent in t!
heated campaign for governor in 189
When the senate had returned to i
chamber, the house ac j urned at 12:1
The first of the s. c -nd reading bil
taken upin the House Thursday w
that of Mr. Jno. P. Thoma., Jr., to r
gulite the botds of public officer
There was na debate on the bill.
It provides that bonds of all coun
office:s must be recorded by the ele:
or with the register of mesne conve
ance and by him transnti ted immed
ately to the secretary of statg, wl
shall fire then with the sate treasure
The bonds of ounty disp niers mu
alts be recorded w.tt the cierk of ca
and must be filed with directors of t]
State disptn ary.
The bonds of State, district and ci
uit officers must be reco:dLd by t.
secretary of ptate and filed with sta
treasurer-and the bond of the latt
must be filed with the g-:vernor.
A certified espy shall be good at
sufficient evidence in suits instituted <
The last section reads:
"That it shall be unlawful for al
person to assume or attempt to a-sur
the duties of any office in which a boi
is required, without in good faith ha
irg given the bond required; and ai
person asssumiog or attempting to a
same the duties of any office as afor
said, shall be guilty of a misdemeant
and shall be subjeat to a fine of $50
or imprisonment for not less than thr
months, in the descretion of the court
There was a spirited debate over N
Tatum's bill to prevent reckless drivi;
on the highways. The bill passed s
cord reading. When the bill came i
Mr. Tatum said there is now no late <
the statute books to reach this offens
He declared that the bill had been r
ported unfavorably because membe
of the committee own race horses at
want to speed them on the highway
He recalled the fact that one of tI
best citizens of Orangeburg had recent
been killed by a negro driving reckles
Mr. Gaston of Chester spoke in fav
of the bill. He had bad occasion to r
present a man whose property had be<
danaged by a negro driving reckless,
and the law gave no redress.
Mr. Dunbar of Marlboro and M
Rainsford spoke in favor of the hi.
Mr Morgan opposed it.
The house by a vote of 60 to 41 r'
fused to strike out the enacting word
Mr. McGowan offered an amendmel
to include bicycles un;1er the provisio:
of the bill. This was adopted.
Mr. Gaston offered an amendment
declare more specifiailly what hig1
ways were meant. The bill was impe
feet in this particular. The amendme>
was r< j aoted.
Mr. Sanders off red an amendme:
to make the provisi' ns apply to tl
towns and cities. This was agreed
The House did not do much wor
but soon after assembling ad j greed
Monday in honor of Gen. R .E. Ls
birthday which was Saturday.
Mr. Weston's Plari.
Mr. Weston Wednebday presented
the house a bill to rearrange the co
gressional districts. The toll owing
the grouping he suggests:
Pee Jee Distrit-The counties
Marlooro, Chesterfield, DLarlington, Ml
ron, Fiorence, Harry and Clarendan.
Santee District-l'he counties
Georgetown, Williamsburg, Charle
town, Berkelev and Dorchester.
Wateree Dirtrict-The counties
Richlanid, Fairhield, Kershaw, Samte
Lan taster and Lexington.
Eis~o Detict-The counties
Orangeburg, Barnwell, ianiber
Hampton, Beaufort and Colleton.
Saluda Dirict-The counties
Edgefild, Aiken, Sa ula, Ne wberr
Greenwood and Laurens..
Keowee Distrit-The counties
Abbeville, Anderson, Goonee, Picke
Catawba Distrit-The counties
Spartanurg, Union, Cherokee, Yo
Verdict of Guilty.
Walter Mc.listr, Andrew J. Cam
bell and Win. A Death, three of ti
four persons indicted for the death
Jenne Bssebie:er, a mill girl of Pate
son, N J., who was murdhred on 1
night of Oct. 18 last, were adjudg
guilty of murder in the second degre
According to the New Jersey law t
maxinum panalty for the prisoners
30 years imprisonment. The jury to
14 allots and after summ*oning Jud
Dixon and the prisoners, filed into t
court room. The pritoners appear
very nervous. Mo Alis ter seemed mo
exoted than any of the others. He
bitting his lips while waitieg. Cam
b'll thrust his haid into his trous
pockets and clinched his fists in thbe:
De ith loaked anxioudly about the cot
rom for a mcm'nt and then assumi
the same attitule as Campb' 11.
An Exciting Scene.
There was another effrt in Wedn<
day's executive session to t
senate to secure the confirmatic
of Mr. James S. Harlan to the attorn
general of Puerto Rico and as on Tu
day, the effort failed because oft
absence of an argument. The attempt
Ireach a vote resulted in an animal
scene in which Senators Foraker a
IPettigrew were the principal acto
There was a lively exchange of perst
ie N THE SENATE,
Ueutenant Governor Tiliman in
a HONORING LEES MEMORY.
A Number of Bill Passed, Some
in Killed and New Ones
as Brought In
te The Senate was in session j-st half
1_ an hour Monday night of lase week On
r Tutsday was in session three hour:.
After the roll call and prayer Preai
d dent Scarborough announced the ap
o pointment of Senators Gruber and
Gravdon and Representatives J P.
T omas. Jr, J. R Ceggeshall and F.
,f Me Ma'ter as the committee to pre
M pare a bill fixing the compensation for
e At 12 o'clock, on motion of Mr.
7s Sheppard, the senate proceeded to bal
lot for United States Senator, as re
q tired by the constitution. This was
gone through with without any fireworks
is or blowing of horns or clashing of cym
as bals. '1 nominate Hon. B R. Till
e- man of Elgefield, who was nominated
s. at the recent primary," said Mr. Hend
erson. "I second the nomination,"
ty said Mr. Brice. The clerk then called
rk the roll and each senator present voted
v "Tillman I" when his name was called.
i There were 34 senators present and
1o Senator Tillmin received every vote.
r. Not more than three minutes was con
st sumed from the time of Mr. Sheppard's
rt motion until the result of the vote was
ie announced, and the senate quietly pro
ceeded to other business.
,r The house resolution to extend the
le time for the payment of taxes was then
to taken up. Mr. Blakeney moved to
er strike out the resolving wdrds, and the
motion was seconded by Mr. Brice,
id Mr. Ilderton spoke for several minutes
in in favor of the extension, and there
were a number of other expressions pro
and con. Finally the senate refused to
ty strike out the resolving words by a vote
le of 19 to 13. as follows:
t. Yeas-Appelt. Blakeney, Bowen,
v- Bries. Douglas, Gains, Glenn, Hern
>y don, Henderson, Hough, McDermott,
y- Stackhouse, Sullivan.-13.
e- Nays-Aldrich, Barnwall, Brown,
r, Deao, Dennis, Goodwin, Gruber, Gray
0, Ion, Ray. Hydriok, Ilderton, Marshll,
ce Mower, Ragsdale, Sarratt, Sheppard,
." Stanland, Talbird.-19.
r. The house resolution was then adopt
2g ed by the same vote.
IP The senate was in session not quite
D two hours Wednesday, but notwith
e. standing that a great deal of time was
e- spent in discussing Mr. Graber's "con
rs struetion bill," the calendar was
id cleared and a number of new bills and
s. resolutions were introduced. The sen
1e ate wastes very little time over unim
I; portant matters. The two houses met
a- in assembly at 12 o'clock to ratify the
election of Senator 'illman, but this
Dr did not take more than 15 minutes.
e- The senate met at 11o'clock and aoj )urn
at 1:50, to meet at 11 o'clock this morn
Senator Graydon introduced a con
r- current resolution, which was adopted,
Scalling on attorney general to report
at once what action, if any, he has
Staken in regard to the fertilizer trust,
sas instructed by a bill passed at the
1s The special order for the day, Sena
tor Gruber's bill to declare the construc
ttion to be placed on certain acts amend
ing former acts, was then taken up and
r Mr. Gruber spoke in favor of its adop
a tion. Senator Mower thought such a
law would be harmful and gave illus
at trations by which the interest oE the
1e general assembly would be defeated
0- and the result then would be remedid.
Mr. Gray don favored is, saying he want
k, ed to make the laws so plain that any
to layman might read them and tell what
es they meant. Mr. Ragsdale favored the
bill, as he thought it would prevent
many laws being repealed by implica
tion without the intention of the legis
in lature. Barnweli opposed it. He thought
a. the bill unnecessary and calculated
is to make confusion worse confounded.
Mr. Henderson favored the bill, saying
,f that at present the preamble of an a ct
a- re fers to one thing and the body of the
aft refers to something entirely diffr*
yr ent. A motion w-s made to indefioate
a- ly postpone the bill but this was lost by a
vote of 21 to 6, and the bill was read
of and ordered to its third reading...
r, Mr. Marshall's bill as to requiring
peace officers in mill towns to give
of Dond, passed its third reading and was
gsent to the house.
The house resolution as to the exten
of sion of the time for the payment of tax
Ses was read the third time in the sen
ate. The senate then adjourned to
On Thursday on motion of Mr. Gray
Ddon, the senate adopted a resolution
: calling on the attorney general for in
formation as to the enforcement of the
law in regard to the fertilizer trust. Mr.
Sheppard announced that he had been
P requested to state that the information
ie desired will be found in the forthcam
o ing report of the attorney general, which
r- will be placed on the desas of the mem
ie hers in a few days.
id The following bills pa~aed their third
e. reading and were sent to the house:
1e Mr. Gruber's bill declaring the con
la struttion to be placed upon certain acts
k amending former aets.
e Mr. Sheppard's apportionment bill.
e Mir Gruber's bill to ratify the smend
d ments to the constitution providing for
Sthe etndemnation and assessment of
at landi ft.r drainage purposes.
P Mr. Livingston effered the following
n- "iResolved, that the comprtoller gen
,rt eral be and is hereby requested to re
dpo rtto the senate at the earliest prac
able day whether or not the provisions
of an act to provide for the taxation of
telegraph, telephone. palace ear, sleep
- ing car, drawing room oar, express and
he fast freight, j uint stock associations,
na companies, partnerships and corpora
ey sions, transacting business in the State
i of South Carolina," approved February
he 18, 1898, have been compiled with by
to persons affected thereby; what com
ed panie'l, assocations and corporations
ud have made the returns required by said
r. acts and whether or not such returns
'm- are in ompliance with the termls of the
saidi law: the aggegateO valueo assessed
Igainst each of said companies, sso
:iations and corporations, and the
amount assessed against each in this
3:ate, and any other information he
many be able to give the senate in refer
ence to the execution of said act."
The resolution was adopted.
At 12 o'clock the senate went over to
the hou-e to bit in joint assembly to
witness the inauguration of the gover
nor and lieutenant governor. The ex
ercises occupit d about 40 minutes. The
full account is given elsewhere.
After Col. Tillman had taken the
oath of office Mr. Sarborough, the re
tiring lieutenant gaverner, removed his
robe of (ffi:e and helped to adjust it
about the shoulders of his Eneessor.
There was har.dc!apping in all parts of
the hall as the new lieutenant governor
faced the assembly aad took the gavel.
Cal. Tillman formally anseun. d that
the business for which the jo:ns assem
bly had convened having been trans
acted the joint assembly was dissolved,
and the senate returned to its chamber
LIXUr. GOV TILLMAN'S ADDESS.
W nen Lieutenant lovernor Tulman
called the senate to order the aises on
ttie floor as well as the galleries were
filled with spectators. His inaugural
address was brief, but his words and
his sentiments were well chosen and
he was greeted with applouse as he
concluded His address was as follows:
'Senators: In assu ing the dudes of
the office to which I have been elected
I am not unmindful of the responsibili
ties thrown about it, nor am I ungrate
fal to the people who put me here, nor
can I forget that I preside over a body
wh:ch has written some of the highest
pages in South Carolina's history.
Wnat standard of merit will mark my
career in this cffioe, I do not know, but
impartiality shall be my guide star.
'It is hardly necessary for me to ex
press the wish or even refer to the fact
that I trust the accustomed harmony
will preval in this body.
"In the vast domain of the old een
tury, I am gratified to know that there
may be found the eemetery of factional
differences in South Carolina; and that
standing here in the dawn of the new
century, we find this is not only a re
united State but a reunited nation.
Centuries have faded into shadows; in
that great period of the past Napoleon
had his greatness and his grave; the
Southern Confederacy blossomed like
the rose, faded and fell; "we stand here
t the end of the mighty years' with
all the responsibilities of an advanced
citizenship; grave conditions confront
our country, perhaps a decade may find
this the greatest republic that the
world has ever known; an empire, ruled
by an emperor in royal robes, or a pres
ident with imperial powers. It there
fore behooves the party, to which we
ill belong, to unite and join in the des
perate struggle that will decide the
destiny of our country.
'Invoking the blessings of the Deity
upon your deliberations and asking the
gidance of His divine hand for myself
L now declare the senate ready for any
business that may properly be before
Mr. Henderson offered the following
res )lution, which was seconded by Sen
tor Mower and others and adopted by
a rising vote:
-'Resolved, That the thanks of the
senate are due and are hereby tendered
:o the Hon. R. B Scarborough, our re
iring presiding offieer, for his uniform
kindness, firmness and urbanity in the
ischarge of his arduous duties.''
On motion of Mr. Sheppard the sen
ae then adj jurned to met at U1o'clock
The Senate attended only to routine
business on Friday and ad journed over
to Monday in honor of Gen R. E. Lees
birthday which was Saturday.
The Salt Cure.
A remarkable mall cure is reported
from Chicsgo. A seven months-old
ihdd was so desperately il of a fever
that the family physician gave the ease
up, saying the ehi.d had only a few
hours to live. Another physicisa was
caled. and as a desperate resort it was
agreed to use salt. A solution of com
mon table salt and water was injected
into -the stomach and a smaller
quantity into the region of the heart.
T welve hours later the injections were
repeated, and almosL at once a change
for the better was noted. Wihixn
twenty-four hours the fever had gone
down, consciouscess had returned and
the pulse was normal. After the lapse
of about three days the child was
pronounced well on the road to eom
A head-on collision between freight
trains on the Grand Trunk railroad
near Lock's Mill Maine early Friday
morning resulted in the death of five
men serious injury of several others,
and four locomotives and 12 cars were
demolished. Each train was drawn by
two engines. The cars took fire
and explosions occurred. It is
laimed that the conductor of each
believed he had the right of way with
a clear traok and each train was taking
advantage of down grade to make a fast
run. Tne trains met with a terrific
rash on the curve at a point where the
two grades met. In an instant the four
sngines mere nothing but a shapeless
pile of iron and steel.
Less Than Ten Million Bales.
The New Orleans Times Demoerat
publiahed a letter from 8tatistician
Sil in which he shows that his esti
mate at the beginning of the cot'on
season, that the ectton crop gould not
exceed nine and three quarter million
bales, is substantiated by the season's
receipts, the present visible and future
Served Thern Right.
At a joint caucus of the Pennsylvania
sente and house Democrats Wednes
dy. resointions were adopted expelling
frm the party and denouncing in very
igorous language those Democtats who
aided the Qiay Republicans in the or
ganation of the house and Win. J.
Calvin who also voted for Mr. Quay
for United States senator.
It Jarred Him.
A Georgia jadge who tried to imitate
King Soloman in deciding the owner
ship of a six months old baby was non
plsed when, as he put the infant on
the table arnd announced his intention
of cutting it in halves with a big butch
er knife, the women oried, "Don't do
that; keep it yourself," ad left the
SOUNDS THE ALARM
Orover Cleveland Speaks of
OLD POLICIES ABANDONED
And the Republic is in Orave
Danger A Strong-Appeal for
Return to Our First
Ex-President Clev'land was one of the
speakers at the Holland society dinner
in Now York on Thursday night. He
spoke as follows:
"The question is suggested whether
in preseat condition this conservatism
characterises the conduct or guides the
sentiment of -our people? There can be
but one answer to this question. Con
servatism has in a great degree been
j auntily cast aside, or condemned as
opposed to our country's welfare and
glory. ! strange voyage bas been en
tered upon without count of cost and
without chart or compass. The tried
and uMre foundations of our liberty and
national happiness have been discredit
ed. Reverence for our naional tradi
tions has been relaxed and satisfastion
with our country's mission has been
undermined. The restraints and limi
tations of our canstitution have become
galling and irksome under the tempta
tions of national greed and aggrandis3
ment. Oar old love of pesoe, honor
and justice has been weakened and
fragauty and contentment are not now
traits insaperable from American
"War, even with the -world's ad
vanced civilisation, may still be some
times necessary and justifiable, but
whether necesaryani jast.fiable or not,
ti e demoralisation that follows in its
train can never be evaded. It. teaches
bloody instructions, which in a- country
whose citizens do the fighting, cans not
fail to leave their impress for a time at
least upon public and private life in
time of pese.
"Thirty years after the close of the
war for the preservation of the union,
a treaty of arbitration was formulated
between the United States and Great
Britian which, if completed, would
have gone for towards removing every -
pretext of war between the -two coun
tries This treaty failed of confirms.
tion in the senate of the Uaited States.
Less than five years passed and tnese
English-speaking champions of peace
and arbitration are -still operating on
paralled lines-one in the Philippines
and the other in South Africa-but no
longer for peace and arbitration. Both
are killing natives in an effort to poe
seas their lands.
"This indicates asad relapse, and in
our case it is a most serious one. If
Eagland succeeds in her attempt in
South Africa, she will but add another
to her list of similar acquisitions; a
brave people will be subjugated, and
because of our engagement in a simi
lar venture in another quarter they
will miss the expressions of American
sympathy which we are accastomed to
extend to those who struggle for na
tional life and.-independence. On the
other hand, with success in our sub
jugating effort a new, untried and ex
eeedingly perilous situation will be
forced upon us. We can conquer the
Philippines, and after conquering them,
can probably govern them. It is in the
strain upon our institutions, the de
moraliation upon our people, the eva
siona of our constitutionat limitations
and the preservation of our national
mission that our danger lies. As a dis
tinguished bishop has said: 'The ques
tion is not what we shall do with the
Philippines, but what the Philippines
will do with us.'
''Oar country will never be the same
again. For weal or woe we have al
ready irrevocably passed beycad the
old line. The republic will an some
sort be saved. Shailit be only in name
and semblance, with fair external ap
pearance but with the germs of decay
fastened upon its vitals; or shall it,
though changed, still survive in such
vigor and strenath as to remain the
hopeand pride of Americans?
'-the problem is a momentous one.
In the midst of reckless tumnult and in
the confused rage of national greed
and bloodiness, let it be proclaimed
that American; freedom..and popular
rule cannot perish except through the
madness of those who have them in
their keeping, and by the blood and
sacfices of our-fathers, by the lofty
achievements of the free institutions
they established, by cur glorious viz
tories of peace and by our reliance on
the promise of God, the Dateh con
servatism enjoins upon our people a
faithful discharge of their sacred trust."
A Mysterious Murder.
The body of a man, with his throat
out from ear to ear and showing other
marks of violence, was found in a trunk
on a pile of skids at the bulkhead of
pier 11, East river, New York just be
fore noon Wednesday. It was identi
fled two hours later by a woman as the
body of Miichael Weiseberger, or Weiss
berg, an East Side Hebrew, who was
employed by a jewehy dirm to sell jew
elry on the instalment plan. Police
Capt. Titus declared that the motive
for theocrime was robbery, and intimuted
that at least two men were concerned in
in the murder. Attention was called
to the trunk by some longshoremen
working on the pier. It lay within 50
feet of the rear end of the old Slip sta
tion house and on a busy thoroughfare.
There~ was a spatter of blood on the
trnk. Patrolman Riley opened the
trunk, Lying on its left side, and with
knees doubled up, was the body of a
man, the upper part completely
drenched in blood. Examinstion of
the body showed, in addition to
the terrible gash in the throat,
a number of bruises on the
abdoen, forehead, chin, nose and lips,
and three of the victim's front teeth
had been knocked out. The body had
been partially undressed.
Father and Son.
Alexander Chester was ground to
pieces Thursday in a shift of the Penn
sylvania Coal company at :Pittsburg
Pa. His father was was killed in the
sam. shaft a short whil. ago.