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MAti'\I\'tY, S. C.. NY' E LD\'E S D A1', FEBRUARY 13, 1901.
TRRImL E VU RL('.
A Train Jhmped..the Track and
Pi w !d into a Hil.
FIVE K!LLED, MANY MISS:N3
F. w Passengers E'caped rj a y
Three So dyers Urder 0:
ders for Philpines A'e
Among the Dead.
Tra'n No. 5 the Now Ycrk-Chicago
limited on the Erie railroad, was
wrecked Thursday morning within the
town :imits of Greenville, Pa. Five
passengers we:e dead when tak:en from
the wreck, several are miss:.ng and
there are many badly icjured.
The dead are:
Sergeant Major Harry A. Hart, Fort
Wood. N. Y.
George W. Patterson, Philadelphia,
private Co I, U. S., infantry; carried
a card of Iron Moulders' union.
Peter J. Curry, Cobcc, New York,
private Tenth infantry, aged 21.
Unkrown man, aged 25 years.
Unknown man, only papers on per
son was a postal card that had been
sent to the Adams Produce company,
Rushville, Ind., and a ticket from New
York to that point. His face was liter
ally torn to shreds.
The injured are:
Wm D. Moore, 32 Lenox Road,
Brooklyn; compound fracture of left
leg and badly cut about the head.
B. A. Marsden, Philadelphia; terribly
crushed about the body.
Ivan Lestersmith, Canistow, Pa
Jos. Kennedy, Brookfield, Mass.;
compound fracture of left leg and
bruised about the body.
Wm F. MaeGinnity, attorney, Port
land, Ind.; hip crushed, face out.
O. H. Simons, Kentcho, brakeman;
compound facture of left leg, right
leg badly bruised.
C. J. Henry, Meadville, baggageman;
left leg broken, injured about the
S. Aiken, salesman, New York;
slightly, suffering from the shock.
Clarenee Leek, Summerville, N. J.;
Milton Stanley, Newark, N. J.; leg
fractured, cut about face.
Harry Weisburg, express messenger,
Dayton, Ohio; crushed.
HardJy a passenger escaped without
some injury. The train was comrosed
of vestibuled Pullman cars, three
sleeping cars, a day coach, combina
tion smoker and baggage car, and a
mail car, and was drawn by one of the
new Atlaatio type of engines. The
smoking car was completely telescoped
by the steel mail car ahead, which
went through it as if it were paper,
tearing, crushing, maiming and carry
The scene of the wreck is on a sharp
curve. On one side, 40 feet below,
flows the Shenando river, on the other
is a steep bluff. The engine left the
track at the curve and before it had
gone two car lengths pleowed into the
steep hill, where it fell upon its side
and was half buried. The train was
running two hours late, and the acci
dent happened at 7:10 just about the
time when the occupants of the sleep
ers had finished dressisg.
After the terrible crash the unin
jured passengers set about the rescure
of the dead and wounded, surgeons
were summoned and within a few min
utes the dead and dying were being
carried from there as fast as they could
be discovered beneath the wreckage
It was several hours, however, before
the victims had been removed and
placed in the two rear Pullmans. The
scene inside the telescoped cars was
terrible. Men begged to be released
and screamed in agony. They were all
heaped in a corner of the ta-, dumped
there by the impetus of the mail car.
T~he injured were placed in a special
train and taken to the Spencer hospi
tal, Meadville, about noon. What iit
- ie was left of the baggage cr express
matter was dumped in the river to
clear the debris for rescue. Several
hiudred sacks of mail were apparently
Th'e train was in charge of Conduc
ter Randali, with Engineer Lueie and
Fireman Eckert. Both the engineer
and fireman escaped by jumping, though
both were painfully braised. Supt.
T 'helknap and other cffcials were early
on the ground. -They were unable to
assign a cause for the accident unless
spreading rails can be blamed. A par
ry of nine soldiers on their way from
fort Porter, New York, to Port Crook,
Neb , occupied part of the snoker. Of
these, three were killed and two scri
cuiy injured. They were under orders
ior the P'eilippines.
B. A~. Marsden of Phila~elphia. pin
ned in the smoker by a besm. his foot
and ahest crushed, his face thatered
withs he brains of one of the sol.ciers,
insisted on the rescuers raeasing an
unfortunate Jew nearby. Mr. Mars
.den's wouvds arc considcred fata
A sensation was cre:s-ed in the house
of repeesentatives Monda~y weet wihen
Speaker Henderson failed to call .the
soint s,:ssion to order for thne Jon Mar.
whall day exercises. He was ;rese't in
The house. but sent Speaker Pro, 1em
Daizell to the chair. It is sula tne
speaker is indienant over the selection
of Wayne Mo~eagh as thc orator of the
day, and th:.: his failure to take part i
the txercises is the result of the selec
tion Republicans denounce the action
of tbe bar association in asking Mc
Yeagh to speak. The reason for this
was shown when Mco eagh, delivereda
ensat ional and scathing ,denneiation
of the policy of the administration y
the Pnilippines toward the close of his
sreech eulogiz:ng Chief Justice Mar
hall. The denunciation of t.he pohcy2
of imperialism was enthusiastically ap
planced by Democrats, but Republican:
present remained silent. President
McKinley was present and he was com
pelled to listen to the speech criticising
nis course. The address was couched
-in parlimentary langusge and while itE
meaning is clear, Mr. Mc eagh's utter
ances were not offensive. The agair i:
the talk of the house.
THE SHIP 'ZU3SIDY STEAL
Se a'or Meiaurin Advccates Mark
Hanna's Pet Scheme
WX hen the Snip subsidy bill came up
in tie i t :ax stes Senate Thursday
esnat:>r 31cLau:in, of this State, an
t. ut eni his itcOtion of voting for it
and 'et ator 31organ, of Alabama, op.
d it in vigortus language. Mr.
E spoke in support of the bill,
bases his his advocacy of the measure
upon the theory teat the pa-sage o it
wt.d bcn<it tne cotton growing in:er
es of the CU e-n S atcs. lie cited
ie ; :ion of the S u i erc Cot'on Spin
ners ass -caion at Charlotte, N. C., in
urging legislation of the character pur
posed in the pending bill. He contend
ed also that anything that wouli stim
ulate American shipping would benfit
not only the cotton interests but all
other agricultural interests. The re
solutions adopted at Charlotte, he said,
typify the sentiment of the entire south
and presage a return of the old prestige
and presperity of that section. Mr. Mc
Laurin referred to the effect of the
Civil war upon the south and said the
time had come to put aside the animos
ities aroused by that struggle and take
up the interests that were characteris
tic of the old south.
Mr. Mallory said in reply to Mr. Mo
Laurin that his opposition to the bill
was based upon the opinion that it
would not do what it professed to do
in aiding the American shipping.
MORGAN AT THE BAT.
Mr. M>rgan then spoke for five
Mr. Morgan urged that the shipping
bill be committed to the committee, to
be recast in order that its constitution
al and other imperfections might be
corrected. He said it was now being
consliered not on its merits but as a
"A measure cannot become a party
measure," suggested Mr. Allison of
Iowa, "until we know what it is. As it
stands before us now it is merely the
measure of the committee and is sub
ject to such amendment and change
as the senate may determine."
Mr. Morgan expressed the opinion
that the A-nerican ship yards now,
wiheut any assistance, were the best
in the world.
"Do you not think," asked Mr. Hale,
"that if the naval ships tluilt in our
yards were put to the test of actual
conflict they would prove themselves
to be the best ever constructed? '
"They have proved that," replied Mr.
Rererring to the o. mpetition likely to
arise between the United States and
foreign nations, when this government
should vote a subsidy to American
shipe, Mir. Morgan declared it would
re:uit in a cormercial conflict between
the United Stat s and great Britain
in which the financial batteries of the
two countries would be arrayed
against each other. He was inclined to
think the United States might be
worsted in such a conflict because of
the immensely superior sea power of
Mr. Morgan pleaded for the adoption
of the Clay amendment to the suosidy
bill authorizing negotiations for a
right of way for the Nicaragun canal.
Much as he opposed the shipping bill,
he indicated a purpose not to oppose
it if the Nicaragua amendment was
added and provision made that con
gress shoud have power to repeal the
shipping act at any time.
Murderers to be Taken.
Governor Eeckham is prepring to
clear the Kentucky mountains or mur
derers, or at least of those persons in
dicted for murder by the grand juries
and who arc defying arrest by the county
offiers. The plan is to send Col. Roger
D. Willams ~with the first battalion of
state mihttia to 31archester or some
other convenient point to rouno. up
these outlaws and deliver them into the
hads of the courts. Incidentally the
soldiers will attempt the eapture of
John L. Powers and Berry Howard,
convicted of the assassina ->n of Gover
norGoebel and who are uw derying
arrest. Thero are in ClXay county alone
fourteen men under indictm~ent for
murder who have not been even arrest
Marriage of a Queen.
Wilhelmir-a, the first ruling queen
of Holland, Thursday married Duke
Henry of Aleellenburg Schwerin, who
becomes prince of the Netherlands by
proclamation in the Court Gazett Thurs
day evening. The marriage was a seriee
of brilliant colored pictures. But the
sever - simplicty of the Du:ch form of
marriage, which was followed to the
letter in the civil co'ntrpet before the
ministsr of justice, Dr. P. WV. A. Cort
van Der Lintien, and in the old fashion
e2 reiigious service in Groote Kcrk,
gvoit a democrratic spirtt.
Lorenzo Priori. wha murdered Vincen
zi G tuz', in New Yrk CGty. Decen
ber 11, 1838, and a few weeks ago se
cared a sig~ of execution by ths repre
setation tur.: ' critse a a committed
by his wifeb brother. Jermes Saearrdo,
wai pu to death in the <letric chair
in the state prison at Sing Sing Wee
n-e day, it requiired two sa' ks to kill
rim He left wxth the pra~sts wh~o at
t.n"ded hin a stgcemout declari~g his
Republican Anti-Tr-ust Plank.
This~ tedecy of trusts to increase
in number~ au to raise rices is calcu
late to si 'j the agris uhturists an z
other e.s~es of casamearM now hollow
was the anti trust plank in the Phila
dephia itlat form, and ought to cou
vince those am'ong them who voted the
Republican ticket that they deserve to
be disoiplinei by an automatic kicking
Paying the Piper.
Earl Roberts says he will need every
soldier in South Africa for the next
twelve months and will ask the house
of comon ecr $350,000,000) during the
ermuing insaceial year, in addition to
what has d'~eady been voted for the
war. And yet England has 1,00)3,005
pprtosupport by pnblic taxation.
kietythe British statesman has
somethics t inevrjust now.
- China is Still "It."
-Chinese officials are talking about re
imbursement for the looting suffered
by Pekin. It seems difficult for China
to understand that it is the football,
4 nt one of the players.
The Amount Each County Has
ITS Cl TiZENS T HIS YEAR.
Figures that Will be Read With
interest by Tex Pay.
ers All Over the
In the House on Friday the supply
bill was called up. This bill makes the
evy in the several counties for the pur
poses of conducting State and county
ffairs. The first stetion of the bill re
tires that a tax of 5 mills, in accord
Lnce with the appropriation bill, be
evied for the purpose of conducting
she State government, and 3 mills for
he public schools. In the respective
sounties the following is provided:
Abbeville, for ordinary county pur
oses, 2 1 2 mills; $10,000 may be bor
.owed at 7 per cent. to pay salaries of
eahers; 20 cents per day is filed as
ee for dieting prisoners.
Aiken ordinary purposes, 3 m'lls.
Atderson, for ordinary purposes, 3
nilis; past indebtedness, 1 mill.
Beaufort, for ordinary purposes, 4 3 4
ills; past indebtedness, 1-2 mill; sink
ng fund, 1 mill.
Berkeley, ordinary purposes, 5 mifls.
Bamberg, for ordinary purposes, 3
nills; for the special road district of
Denmark, 2 mills.
Barnwell, ordinary county purposes,
1 2 mills.
Cheerokee, for ordinary county tax,
1 2 mills; for new jail, 1 mil!; for
county road tax, 1 mill; for sinking
und for Draytonville, Gowdeysville,
White Plain, Morgan and Limestone
ownships, 2 mills; for sinking find for
herokee township, 11 2 mills; for in
erest on railroad bonds, Cherokee
:ownship, 1 1-2 mills; in Draytonville,
owdevsville, White Plain, Morgan
bnd L mestone townships, 1 1-2 mill.
Chester for ordinary county tax, 3
l-2 mills; for interest on railroad bonds,
mill; in Court House township school
listrict No. 1, 1 mill, to pay past in
Clarendon for ordinary purposes, 3
Colleton, ordinary, 5 mills; past in
lebtedness, 1 mill; interest on railroad
)onds, 1 1-2 mills.
Darlington, ordinary, 4 mills; past
ndebtedness, 1 mill.
Dorchester, ordinary, 4 5-8 mills; in
erest on county bonds, 5 8 of a mill;
reen Pond and Walterboro railroad
)ods, 3 8 of one mill.
Eigefield, ordinary, 3 7 8 mills; past
ndebtedness, 1 8 of a mill.
Fairfield, ordinary, 4 mills.
Florence, ordinary, 3 1-4 mills.
Greenville, ordinary 4 mills; past in
lebtedners, 1 4 mill; for reindexing
ecords, 1-12 of one mill; forinterest on
&ir Line railroad bonds, 1 2 of one
nill; for interest on Greenville and
aurens railroad bonds, 12 of one
nill; for maintaining convicts and
>ridgs, 2-3 of a mill.
Greenwood, ordinary 3 mills; past
ndebtedness, 1 mill.
Georgetown, all purposes, 5 mills.
Hampton, ordinary purposes, 4 mills;
for home for poor, 1-2 mill.
Horry, ordinrry, 5 3 4 mills; interest
n railroad bonds in fnur townships, 4
Eershaw, ordinary, 4 mills; interest
n railroad bonds, 2 1.2 mills.
Lancaster, ordinary 4 1-2 mills; in
terest on Cheraw and Cheater railroad
bonds, 3 mills; for retiring said bonds,
mill; for Three C's bonds, 3 mills; 3
mills in Pleasant Hill township; 5 1-4
in Gill's Creek, and 4 1 2 in Cane Creek
Laureus, ordinary, 2 1 4 mills; past
indebtedness, 1-4 mill; road purposes,
1 mill; interest on railroad bonds, 3
mills; all the county's part of dispen
sary profits go to the public schools.
Lexington, ordinary, 3 1 2 mills; past
indebtedness, 1-2 mili; interest on rail
road bonds in Fork, Broad River and
Saluda townships, 1 1 2 mills; retiring
bonds in Saluda and Broad River
townships, 5 mills; in Fork township,
4 mills; attorney's iees in Broad River
and Saluda township. 1 4 of a mill.
Marion, ordinary 3 mills; past in
debtedness, 1 mill.
Marlboro, ordinary, 3 mills, past in
debtedness, 1 mill; New jil, 1 mill;
roads 1 mill.
Newbrry, 2 1 4 mills for ordinary
(conee, for ordinary purposes, 4 1 2
Orangeburg, for ordinary purposes,
2 1 2 mills; past indebtedness, 1 4 of
Pickens. ordinary, including roads and
bridges, 5 mills; past indebtedness, 2
Rihland, f..r ordinary county tax,
3 1-4 mills; in Columb'ia towvnsphip, for
interests on railroad bonds, 1 2 of one
will; fur retiuing r:.ilroad bjznds, 1 4
of one mill; and in addition thereto
there shall be levied a tax of 2 mills in
the school district of the city of Co
Spartanburg, ordinary, 3 milih; in
terest on rail read bonds, 1 mili; sink
ing fund, 1-2 mill; roads, 1 mil per
manent improvemecets on roads, 1 1 2
mills; one half of dispensary profits to
o to schools.
Saluda, ordinary, 2 3 4 mils; pastin
debtedness, 1 8 miia; jurors and wit
nies e , 1 1-4 mills; permanent improve
meets on rc ads, 1 mill.
Samter, ordinary purpos-es and past
inde bte dness, 3 mills; out of dispensary
praats $2,000 is to be set aside as a
Union, ordinary, 2 1 2 mills; interest
on railroad bonds, 2 mills; sinking
fund, 2 milln; road tax, 1 mill.
Williamsburg, ordinary purposes, 4
York, for ordinary county tax, 4 1-2
mills; in Catawba township. 2 mills;
in Ebenezer township, 1 1-2 mills; in
York township, 3 1-2 mills to pay inter
est on the bonds issued in aid of
Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago
Mr. Lide offered an amendment to
reduce the penalty for non-payment
of taxes, from 15 to 10 per cent. This
he sid would in a measure obviate the
demand upon the general assembly tc
continually extend ime for payment.
The amendment was adopted and the
bil the pasd second reading.
WHERE THE MONEY OES.
Approprirtions Made by the House of
The appropriation bill adopted by
the House of Representatives is as fol
STATE HOUSE EXPENSES.
Salary of givernor, $3,000; private
secreta-y, $1,350; mesieeger $400; con
tingent tuon, $5 000; stationery, $300;
Salary of secretary of state, $1.900;
clerk. $1,350; contingent fund, $150;
stationery. $500; cxt-a clerk hire $1U0;
for books, bla:.ks, eta.. $300.
Comptroller general's salary, $1,900;
three clerks, $1,400 each, contingent
fund, $200; printing; $500; stationery,
$300; traveling expenses, $5)0
State treasurer, $1,900; chief clerk,
$1,500; two bookke'uers, $1,350 each;
contingent fund, $200; printing of
bonds and stocks, $2,000; stationery,
Superintendent of education, $1 900;
clerk, $900; contingent fund, $200;
printing, books, etc., $1,319. State
board expenses, $300; stationery, $300;
stenograper; $400; traveling expenses,
Adjutant general, $1,500, assistant
adjutant general $1,200; State armorer,
$350; traveling expenses, $550; contin
gent fund, $500; stationery, $150; re
pairing arsenal at Beaufort, $300; for
the militia, $8;000.
Attorney general, $1,900; assistant,
$1,350; contingent fund, $150, station
ery, $100; litigation expenses, $1,500;
for emergency $500, if necessary.
Railroad commissioners' salaries, $5,.
700; secretary, $1,200; contingent fund,
State librarian, $S00; contingent
fund, $175; stationery, $300; other ex
Two watchmen State house, $900;
janitor, $160; engineer $75 for seven
months and $25 for five month; two
firemen at $35 per months; for five
months; keeper's contingent fund, $200
Supreme court, Chief Justice Mclver,
$2,850, Justice Gary, $2,850; Justice
Jones, $2,850; Justice Pope, $2,850;
clerk, $300; librarian, $300; reparrer,
$900; attendant, $200; messenger, $200;
)ntingent fund, $500; bocki for
library, $500; 100 copies of 59tn and
60tb, reports, $1,200.
For each of the eight circuit judges,
$3,000; solicitors $11,05u, stenogra
Board of Health-For quarantine
purposes, $15,000; fot State board, $2.
200; Charleston quarantine station,
$2.650; St. Helena's, $950; Port Rioyal,
$1.275; Georgetown, 5675; Lazaretti.
$300; clerk hire for State board, $300
Salaries of county auditors, $25,500;
printing for county aulitors, $2,500.
South Carolina college, $28,107, and
$11,000 for steward's hail.
Winthrop college, $43,600; for schol
arship, $5,456; for new dormi.ory, $20,
The Citadel, $25,000; repairs, $750;
laundry, $1,500; laboratory, $758; libra
State colored college, $3.000.
For the public schools, $100,000.
PENAL AND CHARITABLE.
Cedar Springs deaf, dumb and blind
asylum, $20,000, and $20,000 for the
erection of a new buildiog.
Salaries of State renitentiary offi
Catawba Indians, $800 and $200 for
The State hospital for the insane is
to get: For running expenses, $100,
000; bailaing purposes, $10,000; Wal
lace property debt, $4,120; salary of su
perintndent, $3,000, board of regents,
DEBTS, INTEREST, ETC.
For the completion of the State cap
Charleston exposition, $50,000.
The largest single item is $285,045.
45 to meet the interest on the public
debt. In the sama connection is $20,
000 for the payment of past due interet
liable to accrue on old bonds and steeks
liable to be founded under the laws of
For the pensions $100,000; $600 for
clerk and $120 for postage, etc.
Public printing, $12,000; claims, $8,
000; governors's mansion repairs, $250;
water, $2,900; lights, $6,000; fuel $1,
200; phosphate inspector, $1,500.
A number of improvements on the
Sate house are contemplated, among
tem $2,000 for rewiring. The amount
fr repairs to roof is $250.
Phosphate inspetor's salary, $1,200.
For legislative examining committees
on penal and charitable institutions
Salary of code commissioner, $400.
Expenses of committee to examine
books of State officials, $500.50.
Expenses of militia in Georgetown
and Florence treublcs, $2,536.10.
Unpaid accounts, stationery of house,
Expenses J. B. Watson, witness,
,hdnt of office for State superintend
ent of education, $400.
Salary L. M. Ragan, clerk, State
board of canvassers, $80.
Gas used in session of 1899, $169.21.
Unpaid salary of adjutant general
for 19u0, $300.
Insurance on South Carolina college
F'or attorney general's office to aid in
prosecuting fertilizer companies said to
be in the trust, $2,500.
Relic room in Confederate museum
at Richmond, $100.
The consumption of coal by the big
Atlantic steamers is an interesting sub
ject cf study. The fastest passenger
steamer in the world is the Dcutsch
land, which hai made 584 miles a day,
with a consumiption of 570 tons of coal,
almost a ton a mile, while the Kaiser
Wilhelm has made 5SC miles on 500
tons of coal. The Deutschland is 38 feet
longer than the Kaiser Wilhelm, or 680
feet, and one foot wider. It has a dis
placement of 23,000 tons and engines
of 35,000 horse power, while the Kaiser
Wilhlm is of 20,0J0 tons and 23,000
horse power. The~ Lu'~ania, the queen
of the Cunardera, mnakee 50G2 miles on
475 tons of cal. The St. Paul, the
fastest American ship, made 540 miles
on 300 torns of coal, which shows how
expensive fast steamers are. For every
additional mile of speed the consump
tion of coal must be greatly increased.
WANT THEIR HEADS
The Formal Indictment of Quilty
NAMES AND OFFENSES GIVEN
The First Matterto be Determined
in Sett ement of the Case
Against Poor Old
Dispatch from Pekin, China, says at
the meeting of the foreign ministers and
Chinese plenipotentiaris, Wednesday,
the entire proceedings being presented
to the Chinece. A formal indictment
against the 12 cicials whose punish
ment had been demanded by the powers
was read, however, though Keng Yi
and Li Ping Heng are dead. The offi
cials whose punishment has been de
Duke Lan, vice president of the p)
lice, who was accessory to the giving of
orders for the capture of foreigners and
was the first to open the gates of the
city to the Boxers.
Ying Nien criminal accomplice of
Prince Chuang and Doke Lan in their
Kang Yi, one of the instigators and
consllors of the Box:rs who always
Chaos Sn Kiam, a nember of the
grand council and also minister of jus
tice who was one of the leadeas against
Yu Hsien, who reorganized the Box
ers, was the cruel author of the mas
saceres in ihg Shan Si province and as
sassinated with his own hand foreign
era and missionaries.
Gen. Tung Fuh Siang, who with
Proine Tuan carried out in Pekin the
plans against the foreigners and who
commanded the at'acks on the lega
tions and the soldiers who assassinated
the Japanese chancellory.
Li Ping Hene, who influenced recog
nition of the loxers and tutor to the
HEsu Cheng Yu, vho has the same re
Kih S'u, minister at the rites of ser
vice of the Boxers.
The ministers then announced that
these personages all deserved death
When this question was settled the
foreign plenipotentiaries will have to
indicate who, to their knowledge, com
mitted crimes in the provinces, punish
mont for which will have to be in
They will also present to the Chinese
in order to prevent misunderstanding,
the text of the edict referred to in ar
ticle 10 of the collective note, before
The ministers definitely decided to
demand the imposition of the death
penalty upon 12 of the Chinese officials
named in the list submitted, including
those who are dead, on ac:ount of the
moral effect upon the Chinese.
The sentence of the living must be
inflicted except in the cases of Prince
Tuan and Duke Lan, which the em
peror may commute to banishment to
A PLEA FROM THE THRONE.
The foreign ministers gave out for
publication a secret imperial edict to
them by the Chinese plenipotentiarle9,
which pleads especially for the life of
Tung Fu Biang, commander-in-chief of
the army. It says the only reason is on
ccount of the the turpulent population
of the provinces of Shen Si and Kan
u, who are devoted to him and might
rise and commit acts of violence against
the missionaries and Christians, which
the court would greatly deplore.
Consequently his punishment re
quires caution, deliberation and careful
The emperor it is pointed -out, even
in the punishment of princes of the
blood, had not been moved by motiv-:s
for tbeir protection. Why then should
he do so in the case of Tung Fu Siang?
What had already been done should be
taken into consideration. Eis army
had been reduced to 5,000 men, wi:.h
the object of lessening his- power and
with the ultimate object ef his future
punishment, which wiil ho p-romulga
ted in an edict, the language of which
will not be too patent. After the de
privation of his official rank, the em
peror will, hereafter, decide on a heavy
TilE PLEA REFUSED.
At their meeting the foreign envoys
prepared a note, to be delivered to the
Chinese plenipotentiaries, containing
the substance of the decisions arrived
at last night, including the sentences
of executuon. This will be translated
and delivered to Prince Ching and Li
Hung Chang, who will immediately
communicate with the court, before re
ply. The ministers refuse tbspare the
life of Tang Fu Hsiang, on the ground
that they did not consider the claim of
the plenipotentiaries reason. They al
lowed the lives of Pr-ince Tuan and
Duke Lan, because of their relation
ship to the imperial family and the e f
fet their death might have on the
May Come This Way.
The current number of the New York
Medical Journal gives an account of a
new disease attacking the eyes, and in
many respects resembles "pink eve,"
wich is epidemic in Chicago. It is
infectious and is not confined to any
particular part of the city or class of
neople. The explanation offered for
t~he origin of the malady is that it is due
to the clouds of dust driven about since
the windy season set in. These dust
particles are with reason supposed to
have caused inflammnation, which has
developed the infectious epidemic af
fliction, concludes this authority.
The Wilson Daily News wants to
know, very impertinently too in our
contemporary, how it helps this coun
try for our manufacturers to sell their
stuff to 4nropeans at half the price they
sell them to us. Why, that is the Re
publican idea of prosperity, and we
"protect" them so that they can do it.
That's the way this country gets rich,
or the manufacturers, which means the
same thing in the Republican diction
ary and when we disagree we are told
that we are drea ners, running after
A NEGRO'S GIFT.
One Thousand Dollars to Entertain
Robert R. Church, of Memphis, is a
type of that class of Negroes wl o
realize that there is a community of in
terest between the whites ard the Ne
groes of the south and that the Negroes
shculd cultivate cordial relations with
their white neighbors.
Church is one of the wealthiest No
grats in the country and is noted for
his publi spirit. He contributes liber
ally to charities and takes a lively in
terest in whatever Mempbis undertakes.
Unsolicited he has contributed $1.000
to the fund for entertainment of the
Confederate veterans at their reuninn
to be held in Memphis next May. He
was born a slave and during the war
was steward of a Mississippi river steam
boat which did the Confederacy Lo lit
tle service. After the war he became
a popular caterer in Memphis and
amaesd a fortune. In reference to his
contribution to the reunion fund
Church says that he made his money in
Memphis and feels that he should do
what he can for the city whose people
have been so good to him, and he adds:
"No persons on earth are more dis
posed to help the former slaves than
are the veterans of the Confe deracy,
those old men who yet remember the
Negro in slavery."
The chairman of the local committee
of arrangements in acknowledging
Church's gift writes:
"I have never seen a more striking
act to show what should be the real
getuine feeling between the races here
and to prove beyond the question of a
doubt what should be done in cement
ing and building up the real interests
of this great growing city regardless of
Such Negroes as Robert R. Church
are an honor to their race and credit
able citizens of the communities in
which they live.--Atlanta Journal.
Justice Harlan Unseduced.
A recent incident which is receiving
considerable comment in the press may
b^ related in the words of William E
Curtis, writing to the Chicago Record:
Justice Harlan created a little sensa
tion by a speech Friday night in re
sponse to a toast at the regular month
ly meeting of the Loyal Legion. Sev
eral members of Congress were p-eeent
and Representative Moody of Massa
chusetts took down his words. Among
othe things he said.
"Tie fathers never intended that this
government should ever exert any
power or authority over any part of
the earth's surface free from the letter
and spirit of the constitution."
This is construed to mean that Judge
Harlan believes that the constitution
follows the flag and to indicate the
probable decision of the supreme court
on that question. Another sentence in
Judge Harlan's speech was:
"Oar government was founded upon
the rights of man; founded upon the
theory that man had rights as a man.
If we enter into this world power hus
iness upon any other theory, we enter
it for evil and nor. for good."
This is construed to mean that at
least one justice of the supreme court
will insist that the Filipinos and the
inhabitants of the niewly acquired pos
sessions should have the rights of citi
Gov. McSweeney Wednesday receiv
ed from County Supervisor J. R. Cuip
of Chester county the following report
as to the apperance of smallpox in that
Dear Sir: I regret to have to announce
to you that smallpox has made its way
into our c~untry from the infected
county of Union. There are some 10 or
12 csses reported which are to all ap
pe arances genuine. We are doing oii
best to segregate them with the means
at our command, but would be glad to
have such aid prom you as you can ex
tend to us in our effo.rts to prevent the
spread of this loathsome scourge. The
caes alluded to are near Lt eds on the
8. A. L. railroad, near Oarlisle.
The report of the superivisor was
promptly forwarded to Dr. James Ev
ans, eeretary of the State board ol
A dispatch from San Luis Po'.eei,
Mexico, says: "-The first train robber3
in American style ever committed cx
Mexican soil occured on the Maxicax
Central railway near there. News oi
the affair ha3 ja~st reacd the city. A
passenger train was held up by ngashec
men, who entered the Pullman sieepeJ
and robbed the passengers of money,
valuables and baggage. Theo train cress
were held up with pistols. The banditi
were five in number. The leader an<
it is believed all the other robbers weri
Americans. The bandit~s are being pur
sued by a force of troops and their cap
ture is almost certain. The robbers, ii
caught, will be speedily put to death
as Mexican law is very severe on suck
A Senator Arrested.
A dispatch from Washington says
warrant was issued Thursday afternoox
for the arrest of Senator William V
Sullivan, of Mississippi, charginig hin
with assaulting Miss Mae Lucy Leeton
the young woman who is suing him fo:
$50,000 for alleged breach of promise.
The assault is said to have been com
mitted shortly after S o'clock Saturday
night. Miss Leeton alleges that while
talking to Senator Sullivan he slappei
her in the face. Senator Sullivan's at
torney attempted to have his client for
feit twenty dollars collateral, but th4
lawyers for Miss Leeton objieted. Thi
warrant was then placed in the handi
of a detective. The Senator was cited
to appear in court Friday morning.
Van Wyck Right.
In The Commoner issued Thursda3
Bryan upholds the action of Mayo1
Van Wyck, of New York, in failing to
lower the flag when Quesn Victomi
died. He says it is not a serious ques
tion, but simply on account of courtesy.
e adds: "Mayor Van Wyck pro
seted a complete defense when hc
cited the failure to pay this trihute t<
Joubert as a precedent. If a flag on a
public building is not made to paj
tribute to the memory of a hero ,wn~
died in freedom's holy cause then it ui
nt extremely important that that fiai
be regired to pay tributeto Kings an
THE FARCE OF LIFE.
As Brought out Vividly at the
How the Angel of Death must have
smilcd last Saturday at that array of
power as represented by those emperors,
kings and princes who followed 4ieen
Victoria's remains to the last restirg
pixee There they were, two enp ror:,
five kings, more than half a hun-lred
traDces, innumcrabie dukes, earh.
lords, etc , marching behind that one
little coffin. And there was the Annd
of Death also. There the combi,..
representatives of all earthly power ard
zlory. There the unseen mooa--h of
them all, to whose mandate that pries.
ly array are as much subj ct e .ho
t umblest vaseal is to their own; to
whose beck and call they must lay aeide
all ear thly trappings, throw off th~e taw
dry crown and r)be of offie and so
hence, as humble as the lowliest of
their own subjects. For as some one
has said, at the grave all men are equal.
How flimsy a thing seems kingt:.n
all earthly power and display when
brought face to face with the Angel
Death. It is as some groat maj:stic
ship whose great proportions and won
derful construction excite admiratirn,
and even amnzement, yet whMich, in he
fury of the eie is picked up, tossed
about ltke a ship in a mill race, its
masts stripped off as if they were straw3
and the whole final!y broken in two
and thrown to the bottom of the ocean,
as a child might chunk a pebble into a
tub of water.
All things seem great or small by
contrast, nut the great ships that go
down to the sea are not more at the
mercy of the storm nor more insignifi
cant in its fury than the greatert of
king and queens and princes aad loirs
at one look or nod or ca!! from the
Angel of Death. Even the chip that
floats on the bosom of a turbulent river
is not more subject to its currents and
eddies than they are tubject to the
slightest whim of the Infinite. For of
all ephemeral things, this thing of
kingly power and display and glory and
even existence is the most ephemeral.
Yet they all play it out to the end
even beyond the end. They strut even
in the face of death-even af-er death.
One paar little coffin, a couple of em
perors, four or five kings, a few score of
princes and dukes and lords. The
Angel of Death. How the latter must
smile. I say, at their pretensions. How
he must chuckle over their theory of
Tiliman on Child Labor.
The following letter from Senator
Tillman explains itself:
United States Senate,
Washington, D. C., Dec. 5, 1900.
Mrs. Elizabeth L Baldwin, One of the
King's Daughters, 1915 N. GatesSt.,
Columbia, 8. 0.
Dear Madam: I have your letter of
Dee. 2d. I sympathise heartily in the
effort to prevent children being put to
work in factories at such an early age,
and would gladly see an act passed by
the general assembly such as the
King's Daughters had introduced last
Child labor such as you describe must
result in rapid deterioration of those
subjected to it, and I bid you God
speed in your effort to secure legisla
tion that will prevent it. The develop
ment of the cotton mill industry in
South Carolina has been phenomeur.l
and there is a disposition on the part
of the legislature to let well anough
alone, at least for the present, but if
the good women of the State will take
the matter in hand and systematically
organize and go to work they will be
successful in the long run.
I do not know what active support
I can give you, as my duties here will
not allow me to be in the State when
the legislature is in session, but what
ever influence my name may give is
yours to use as you see fit.
There are to agencies you have to
combat-the mill owners who ewploy
the children because they get them
for small wages, and the pared? who
are earless of their thild's welftare, .o
that it is earning something, very of
ten to support the adult in idleness.
T'he working of children, of tender
years, in mills injures them both phy
sically and mentally, the good sense of
the State will so declare whenever ti~o
question is properly presented.
(Signed) 3B.R. Tillman.
Americanb as Looters.
There has been maa~h published in
the newsp~pere .hout the looting <-f
Chinese homes, store5, *.na pubbie
buildings by tiie soldiers of the powers
in China, and in most .-f the accounts
our own soldiers have been declared 'to
be exceptions to the ruic. In this een
nection the following extreet from the
letter of a soldier in the Ninth~ Uoitid
States infantry in China, piiasthea in
the Worester SPY. will be interesting:
"If I could have taken caro of and
safety handled a'1 the loot u~ plu:or
which I had and could hav6 got, I
would return +o the United Stateu a
rich man eaielo wo'dh $25,000 to p30,
000, but I couldn't do is, and had to
get rid of what did fall into my hands as
quickly as possible. I sold nearly $1,000
worth of loot. I had silver bullhon gal
ore, beautiful and costly furs of all
kinds, silk in abundance and a great
variety of precio-us stcnes and jewels,
but I could not carry it, so I had to dis
pose of it as quickly as I esuld. I
sold $1,500 worth of pure silver bar for
$200, Mexican money, equal e, $1 in
old. I have often stated in my pamy
ays that I would like te have all the
wealth I could earry, aid here Is a ease
of where I have it. But it avails me
nothing, as the poor enlisted mau gets
nothing out of the affair but hardbsek,
and with but ene-fourthratious at that.
Many of the effievru have seenred
enough cut of the affair to be wealthy
for life, and the higher the rank the
more loot they got. When yen read in
the paper of the Amerisan not lootieg,
you can just wiak the other eye and be
wise. The Americans and the 1&glish
were dead in the game, and the Engisih
got a trifie more thanr the Yanks, be
cotuze they were a trifie' smarter.
Six Men Drowned.
Six men were drowned in the Ala
bama river Wednesday at Reese's ferry,
a few miles south of Montgomery. The
menwith team2 swere in a ferry boat when
the latter struck a snag in the middle
.t the river and upset.
Mrs. Nation Smashes Another
Saloon in Topeka.
SHE ADDRESSES CHILDREN
And Appea's to Thm t' 3mash
Saloon Wind: ws With
Rocks in All the
Mrs. Carrie Nation and three follow.
ers Wednesda- wrought dalaage to th
Extent cf ti.500 in thc "Sena?," the
finest (quipped "joint" in Tepeka Kan.
She &ko gai:,d the rot plioc pretee
tion The poliee followed up her raid
of Wedtesday and arrested the proprie
ter of the Seste and two men who were
guarding the p'aee, and the stock of
li aor the saloD secured i, sell to the
crowd, flocked to view the wreehage.
Mrs. Nation was arrested, but pronpt
Mrs. Natio' --ad her wreckers, each
armed with a hiatchet, sallied forth at
daybresk. They forced t'ir way past
a Neg::. o was guardin the tioor of
the "Senate" and in loss than can mi;t
utes had strewn the fiocr with broken
mirrors, bottles, slot machine: and
splintered bar fixtures. The Negro fired
a shot of warning into the ceiling. but
it had no effect. Presently a potema
walked leisurely i:.to the rwoan and
said: "Well, Sister Nation, I guess
we'll have tc arrest yon again."
Mrs. Nation had just smashed the
last bottle and was ready to go.
The police Judge was glad tc r-lease
her when she appeared for trial and ad
ministered a rebuke to that official
Mrs. Nation soon went down Kansas
avenue, free again.
Later Cbief of Police Stahl, in an in
terview with a reporter, said:
"I do not eare if Mrs. Nation smashes
every joint in Topeka. I sympathize
with her, I hope she will close up the
saloons of the city. As an officer of the
law, thought it is my duty to arrest her
every tire she creates a disturbance
or destroys property. If we had the
right kind of state officers it would not
be necessary for Mrs. Nation to do what
she is doing."
There are reports of plots to hurt Mrs.
Nation. It was said that several sa
loon mon have charged thick glass bot
tles with tremendous pressure, so that
an explosion will follow their being
broken. She is not at all disturbed by
Wednesday Mrs. Nation dictated an
appeal "to the children o2 the higr
schools of the United States," in whi:h
she urged ebildren everywhere to sm-sh
saloon windows with rocks.
When Mrs. Nation appeared in oourt,
to answer the charges of "disturbing
the peace" and "smashing a joint" the
first charge was dismissed, notwith
standing the crusader demanded a trial;
a hearing on the second charge was set
for Thursday, the prisoner being re
leased without bond.
"The charge of distur~ug the perace
is dismissed,'':sid Judge Magraw, as
the crusader stood at the railing. The
charge followed her arrest Tuesday,
after her fruitless attempt to wreck
the Unique restaurant.
"I object to the dismissal," exclaimed
Mrs, Nation. "I was arrested wrong
fully and deprived of my liberty."
To the charge of smashing a joint,
Mrs. Nation replied:
"I ea uit to that, I rathier think
The prisoner demnand;.d :t~ the 'lty
attorney be brought int and ha comn
pelled to give cause for arrestir.g her
Tuesday. Tne polio. judge tried to
ignore her and the chief of police re
fused to listen to her demsad.
Then Judge Magraw began to read
the law' touching offenders wzho crostos
a public distuxhaee es cuse riot. Mrs.
INation interrupted evaral timnos and
told the ourt it "might s well rcadI a
novel to me as that sul. It &jes'i
cover my caso."
The judge was indignant and Clef
Stahl threatened to have the marsnal
p-it h'rr ont.
Jaage Macaw had no desire to held
the prisonar and permitted her to go on
'aer o';a recogeizance to a.pa Det
Thursday for trial.
Mrs. Nation thanked him and shook
hands and departed.
Mrs. Nsden was eain arrested on a
asrrant sworn cnt by tas~ owners of the
"Senrie" sm'o'. She is c'harged with
maiieior, ietreotion ei property. She
was relkased on $100 boial for tril
A. Hailey, physical director of the
Y. M. C. A., fought Tuesday afternoon
over 'he merits of M.rs. Natioa'asade
with a Nogro named Jsckso:. who sid
he wished M~ra. Nda had L ~a kiIl'.
Johr 0. Nicholsxa, a lawy"r from
Newton, ic here with a bill hie has pre
pared to lasiise joint. amashing.
A Shooting Scrape.
At Spartanburg on .ruesday of last
week E. B. Dean was shot and painful
ly wounded by Cheif of Police A. B.
Desan, The principles of what ws
nearly a trae y are first ceusins. The
exsct esause which led to the difficulty
aanet be ascertained, bat political re
lations between the two are the suppos
ed eaxses. Lest August Capt. Geo. B.
Dean, father of E. 3. Dean, the wound
ed man was defeated by Jac. 3. Ver
non for sheriff of the eennty. I .is
elarged that A. 3. Dean used his in
Lence for the suosi alecandidate,$-hen
khief of pollee. Mr. A. B. Dean was
elated as succe.sor of J. 3. Vernon, as
skief ef pelies, whiek position he now
holds. The In jured man is being at
tended 3y Dr. Geo. R. D)ean, a soustn
of both parties.
A Serious Charge.
The Newport News Herald says H. L.
MAler, who was arrested at Bc-k
Hill, 8. C., en the charge of havios
sent through the mails an obscone !'e
ter to a young woman2 arrived at Nor
folk Thursday night in charge of I)ep
uty United States Marshal Dodeon of
Rock Hill. McAler was livingen New
port News when the alleged crime
aanttePostal laws was committed.
He was placed in jail in Norfeik and
will be tried in that city. He has a wife
and family in Roick Hill.