Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV. MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 27, 1901.
publicans jeered. Proceeding he charg
ed that his defeat bad been compassed
by brib-ry right and left. "I was de
feated," be concluded, "ycu are wel
come to the glory and satisfaction of
Mr. Grosvenor of Ohio also paid his
respects to Mr. Len'z for teeming him
f a fullower of Jefferson and Ln
coln, and Mr. Moody, Republican of
Ma-sachusettp, almost brought his side
of the house up standing by reading an
utterance of Lincoln condemning more
the "'ily agitator who induced the vol
dier to de- ert than the s -1iier himself "
"Has Massachusetts shot Senator
Hl at?" thuted Mr. Len'z
SO. get out," ta'kd Mr D.J ell of
The excitement then subzided.
The Ttexas Cotton Crop
Tne follosing t a agraphs are taken
fr m a lettE r written by Sam J)nts to.
the Arln'a Journal: "exas' surplus
this year in the pockets of the farmers
is ju-t what Grorg-a farmers would have
but for the enormius outlay for guano
Georgia mist have commercial fer
tiltz -rs. i'exas don't need them. The
tenants on f hese rich farm lands in
Txas pay the landlords $3 m~ney
rnt ;er acre. and that's what it costs
fcr guano per acre in Georgia. If I
were a farmer i would rather rent
land in Texas than own it in Georgia.
Tfe llack cotton lands or Texas are
selling from $30 to $70 per acre; $60
per acre will buy the best lands ten
mile s from to vns. The q iestion is not
how much cotton aan Texas make, but
how much cotton can they p'ek out.
I have travel( d. through Texas from
Texarkana to El Paso, from Texline to
Galveston, and I stay within the facts
when I say that not one tenth of Texas
cotton lands ever had a plow on them.
If you will furnish Texas with half a
trillion more plow mules and Negro
plowmen, they will and can mike in
Texas this Sear eight million bales of
e-t too, weighing 500 pounds each. The
delta of the Mississipp' in Louisiana
and the good cotton lands of Texas can
make fifteen million ba'ee and not use a
pound of guano, and with the average
season make a bale to the acre one
year with another. Georgia, Alabama,
South Carolina and North Carolina
must look to their manufacturing in
terests and their farmers to diversified
crops and homemade fertilizers or go
broke in a few years. Texas can pro
duce her own wheat, corn, oats and
ship millions of dollars' worth of cattle,
hogs sheep, mules hsrses, etc , annual
ly. Geerg a is no longer the Empire
State of the South. Texas has the
blue ribbon tied on her now."
Aiding the Filipinos.
A dispatch from Manila says Capt.
Jones of the Eighth infantry has ar
rested at a town on the bay, in the pro
vince of L iguana, Florentino Ortana
and Miguel Pone de L son, agents of
the Tabacaleria company, and William
Web, Pitdro Loretz2 and Victoriaco
Sentana, employed by the Philippine
Trading company, on charges similar to
hose brought against D. X. Carman,
the American contractor, namely,
furnishing the insurgents with sup
plies. The Tabacaleria company, the
the richest corporation in the Philip
pine islands, is accused of aiding the
iasurgents often and exilensively. The
parties arrested are prominent persons
and the evidence against them is very
strong. M. B. Hc9lterman, a B3lgian,
connected with the Pnilippine Trading
company, has been arassted at Mahila,
and M.. Edourd Andre, the Belgian
consul here and manager of the Philip
pine Trading company, has left hastily
with his family on his way to Europe
on boar~l the steam r Montreado. An
dre has previoudly been suspected.
Oher arrests are expected.
The Augusta Chronicle says Augusta
friends have received from Sergeant
Major William Laubenstein, who dur
ing the days of Camp Mackenzie was
here with the 8:h Pennsylvania, but
who is now 'with the 28th infantry on
Isle of Mindanao, a spsoimen cotton
grown in the Phkilippines. The boils
are of good size, and though the
staple is short, the texture is good
despite poor cultivation. The sample
is suffieient to show that cotton csn be
raised there of good quality, -and when
American methods of cultivation are
introduced in the islands, the Philip
pine cotton crop will probably have to
be reckoned with.
*A Queer Animal.
A dispatch from Tamaqua, Pa., says:
Richard Mi:1.r of Hauto has a curiosity
in the shape of an aaimal that is half
cat and half rabbit. The front porsion
of the creature, with the exception of
its red ey es, is that of a oat, while the
rear halt is that of a rabin. One half
of the animal's body is covered with
the white hair of a cat, while the re
mainder of its body is c~vered with the
reddish brown fu- of a rabbit, ending
in a short, bushy tail. It moves about
wih half run and half hop. ani is very
tame. It hveson vegetatl es and mi'.t,
and has no use ior n.eat. It is about
one-half the size of a full growo cat
A Young Couple.
McDanold Furman writing to the
:ate from Privateer, Sum'er C~unty,
says "A youthful marriage took place
among the people of this township last
Sunday. Mr. Harmon Hodge, the groom,
is not out of his teens, and the bride,
Miss Z ada Geddings, is barely 1.4 She
is a granddaughter, on the mattrnal
side of the venerable Ccenfederate sol
dier recently mentioned in this corre
spondence as never having eaten ice
cream. A first courin of the bride,
Miss Sallie Geddings, was married
several weeks ago at the youthful age
of 17. _________
At the Lincoln birthday celebration
at Springfield, Mass., Senator Hoar
said: "In Massachusetts, I am proud
to say, the Negro takes his place as an
equal and sometimes as a superior in
our universities, colleges and public
schol-s." Now is the time, then, for
the Bay State to send a man to Congress
who will give color as well as tone to
the Massachusetts delegation.-Char
It Was Cold.
A dispatch to the Cincinnati En
quirer from Dawson City in the Klon
dike, declares that one day last month
the mercury there went 85 degrees be
low zero. How they ever get a ther
mometer to register such a record is
A I 0T 'TIM.
A Sensational Debate in H us-i of
PHILIPPINE WAR DiSCUSED
Len z Begins Ac'i-n W,'h D fect
ive Ammunitlor, acct is Un
equal to the Task f R.
peling the A tck
There was a hot time in the H; u-e of
Represen atives last Wednesday. Mr.
Lentz, an Jhio Democrat, furnished
sensation of the day. He used a news
paper pragragh recounting the death of
Charles L land, territorial jdage of
New Mexico, who ha-i been a member
of the legislature which elected S:na
tor Hanna, as a text for charging cor
ruption in that electio2. This called
forth a severe remark from Mr. Cannon.
Gen. Grosvenor of Ohio attermpted to
reply and the two Ohioans were aLxious
for the fray, but Mr. Cannon would
not permit it. He ihrught if "dirty
linen' was to be washed the gentlemen
should hire a hall. Later Mr. Lenaz
made a second onslaught of a mcra sen
sational character of the troops in the
Philippines and hr ught down un of
himself the whole Republican side of
the hou-e. Mr. Lentz attacked cor
ruption in high and low places charg
ing that a judicial t lace had had been
given Mr. Lyland in return for his vote
for United States senator.
Mr. Steele of Indiana made the point
of order that Mr. Lentz was not speak
ing to the subject under consideration,
but was "jumping on a dead man."
"I a-n not jumping on a slead man."
replied Mr L.ntz, "but on a lian who.
is so alive that he will ride down Penn
sylvania aver~ue with.the president one
week from Mor day."
Mr. Grosvenor sought to reply Io Mr.
Lantz, who refused to allow.him to do
so. hML. Grosvener then angrily de
clared that the gentleman from O-io,
Mr. Lentz, bad been guilty of a mali.
cious falsehood. "And he knows it."
added Mr. Grosvenor.
A very sensational episode occurred
when the paragraph providing that not
over $50 should be paid for the appre
hension of a deserter from the army
was reached in the appropriation bill,
which was under discussion. This para
graph was seized upon by Mr. Lentz
fora base for an attack. He declared
that reports were coming hack from the
Philippines that our soldiers were kill
ing prisoners and said that he knew of
a letter received by the father of a sol
dier in the Philippines telling of how a
native had been buried alive by his cap
tors and then beheaded.
If that was the sort of -civilization
that was being carried into the Philip
pines Mr. Lantz declared that it would
take $5,000 to prevent our soldiers from
deserting. Again and again he shouted
that they were justified in leserting.
Mr. Lantz's remarks aroused the
house to fever' pitch. Mr. Graham;
Republican, of Pennsylvania, chal
lenged Mr. Lentz to produce the letter,
he had referred to, which Mr. Lents re
plied could not be. produeel without
getting the boy in to truble.
Mr. Cannon in impassive tor~es do
clared that a gentleman who would
rise in his place in the American con
gress and advise men who had enlisted
under the American flag to desert might
be safe here but if they should ray the
same things in the Philippines they
would be tried by drum-head court
martial and shot. This statement
brought forth a round of applause from
the Republican side.
But Mr. Lents returned to the as
sault He read a reaspaper account
of a letter alleged to have been re
ceived by the father of a soldier saying
that the soldiers were ordered to shoot
every man and beast they found. Mr.
Lents declared that he could net be
"brow-beaten." If such orders had
been issued, he said, this congress col
lectively should be ashbmed to face she
world. He charged that our soldiers
were guilty of murder and said that the
time had come when the country was
entitled to know the facts and not to
rely upon a "censored press."
Mr. Cannon said the gentleman was
lashing himself into a passion while the
men he.slandered wcre busy in the per
formance of their duty.
Mr. Cannon said that in his lifetime
he had heard morc ekhgnent men thin
the gentleman from Ohio encourage
desertion. '-When the life of the na
tion was at stake," raid he, "men all
over the north stood behind the fi ing
line and encouraged deertion. I leave
the gentleman to thesee.ntempt of an
indignant people," cefnoluded Mr. Can
non amid: a whirlwind of applau~c.
"Was the gen'Lhran on tne firica
line?"' cried Mr. L -nz
"It matters not where I was," re
torted Mr. Cannon. "I was not disloyal
then, nor now." ('Renewed Republican
Mr. Mahon, Republican of Pennsyl
vania, challenged Mr. L intz to bring in
a resolution to ask the secretary of war
*whether such orders as he had referred
to ever had been issued. The result,
he said, would show the report to be a
"I have heard Euch speeChes as the
gentleman delivered before," he con~
tinued. "They are but a revamp of the
copperhead speeches from 1861-65. The
copperhead cha. pd every sin in the
calander to the Uaion soldiers. The
boys in the Philippines are deserting
becauss you encourage them to desert
and the man who encourages them is
worse than the deserter. During the
rebellion I thought if 8,000 or 18.000 of
the c ypperheads had been shot we
would not have been troubled with de
sertion. Some of those men still live
thank God very few. (Applause )
There are none in my State. Neither
the people or the press of my State
culd be paid to make such charges as
the gentleman has made. I am not
surprised that the good people of Ohic
left you at home-not .because you
charged that the aministration paid
$100,000 to defeat you: you are not
worth it-but because of your everlast
ing demagogism. (Loud Republican ap
*This brought Mr. Lentz again to hii
feot. When he declared himself a Je5.
gsnianLincoln Democrat the Re
J. W. TOLBERT SHOT.
Returned to Tcwn from Which
He Had Been Expelled
MET THE FATE HE COURTED.
Both Parties Used Pistols In
nocent Visitor Said to Have
Been Wound-d. Tol
bsrt is Badiy Hurt
A dispatch from G:eenwood to The
Sate says James W. Tolbert has met
the fate he courted. He was shot
Thursday on the streets of McCormick;,
where he had been told that he mus:
not go or else he would have to die.
Before he was shot down he fired two
shots at a young visitor to the town of
McCormick-a man who had nothing to
do with the row going on between Tol
bert and the citizens of McCormick.
Both shots took effect, one in the body
and one in the hip. This young man,
a Mr. Martin, was visiting his brother
in. law, M L B Sturkey, and was simp
ly walking by when Tolbeit, according
to the statements of those present,
pulled out a pistol and fired at him.
Immediately a fu-ilade began, with
Tolbert as the target for all the avail
able shooting irons in and around that
Tolbert owns quite a 13t of land
around Moformick and some real es
tate in the town. He has never at
tended to the renting of this prorerty
in person until this year; he will likely
never do so again. About a week ago
he went down to MoCermick deter
mined to stay. In a few days he re
ceived an anonymous letter advising
him to leave. He refused to attach
any importance to the letter and went
on about his business of looking after
his farm lands. Thursday he was ap
proached by a crowd of men and told
to leave. According to the statement
of the best men present he attempted
to argue the matter and to let it be
known that he intended to stay. Just
about this time young Martin passed
by the crowd on the other side of the
street, and seeing him, Tolbert pulled
out his pistol and fired twice at Mar
tin. As stated above, the shooting at
Tolb ri then commenord, only two
shots taking effect, both in the body.
Martin was hit in the hip and in the
bdy. There were no more shots fired
a Tolbert after he fell. He was car
ied to the home of Mr. Pick Hollings
worth, and a heavy guard had been
placed around the house. Youcg Mar
ta was carried into the store of his
brother-in-law, M. L B. Sturkey, and
his wrunds immediately attended to by
Even if Tolbert's wounds do not
prove fa'al, his life is still in danger.
The general opinion is that if Martin
should die there would be no chance
for Tolbert. Late '[hursday afternoon
a 'phone message from McCermick
stated that a good many people from
the country were coming in tc.wn, and
the universal opinion was that Tolbert
had better be moved. His physician
said that he could be moved, and ~his
brother, R. B. Tolbert, expects to hava
him moved to Augusta or some place of
Jim Tolbert, as he is known, has been
bnoxious to the people of McCormick
ever since the Pheenix riot in the fall
f 1898 He rendered hi-uself doubly
so by the celebrated "consipracy case"
against some of the very best citizens
of the place in the spring -of 1899 He
has made several attempts to go back
there, but every time he was told
uietly but none the less firmly that
he could not stay in the town of Mc
ormick. Despite these warnings he
has persisted, and it seems now that he
will give up his life for his rashness.
The people cf McCormick are very cool
and very determined. He has been
told to stay away, and all would be
well, but to try to come back there
would mean trouble. The trouble has
THE GOVERNOR CALLED ON.
Thursday night Gov. McSweeney re
eived the following dispatch dated
MCormick, S. C.:
To Gov. McSweeney, Columbia, S. C.
Please send me here on special train
tonight to protect me. I am shot to
death. James W.,Tolbert
There was evidently a word omitted
in the above dispatch.
Gov. McSweeney ordered the office
at McCormick held open, and tele
graphed in duplicate to the bheriff of
Greenwood county and to Coroner W.
B. Goings of Abbeville county, who is
acting sheriff of the lat'er county since
the killing of the sheriff, as follows:
R I?. Mocas'an, Sheriff Greenwood
co-inty, Greenwood, lS. C'
H ave tel. g-am from Jamnzs W. Tol
bert, Mco'o mick, st a iog he is shot to
death. Glive me fii:1 particuhirs. Go to
MCrm ok anid use sonr best judg
met. Wi:e t'oight what you know
about~it. 31. B. Mc8Sveeney,
The following was also sent at once:
Intendent McCormick, McCormick,
Have received tonight telegram from
James W. Tolbert, McCormick, asking
protction and stating he is shot to
death. Can you give me any paric
uhr,? Wire answer tonight if possible.
M. B. McSweeney,
Shortly before 11 o'clock Gov. Mc
8,veeney ri ceivt d the followirg:
Grer n ood,S C , Fe b. 21
Gov. M. B. McSweeney, Columbia,8S. C.
Dont know any of the particulars.
Hear that Tolbert shot twice before he
was fired on, wounding a Georgian who
was standing on the street. No tr ain
from here before 2:40 tomorro v. A wait
your wishes. R. F. McCslaan,
At 11:30 o'clock Thursday night no
further information had been obtained
from the scene of the trouble by the
Big fire in Atlanta.
Fire Thursday destroyed almost an
entire block in the wholesale district of
Atlanta, entailing a loss of a half mil
lion dollars, on which there is insurance
amounting to nearly $450,000. The
burned area is bounded by Railroad
avenue and Loyd, Decatur and CJollins
STRUCK ON A ROCK
And Sunk In the Ha'b3r of-San
g STEAMER A TOTAL LOSS.
The Vessel Settled So Quickly That
Many Persons Were Drowned
d in Their Berths. A Terri
h ble Disaster.
r- A di'pateh from San Francisco sayl
the Paofic Mail steamer Rio de Janeiro
1o ran on a hidden rook wbil., entering the
e Golden Gate early Friday morning in
a dense fog. Sne sank a f :w minutes
after striking. It is thought ti at near
3, ly 150 persons were drowned. but it is
1- impossible to ascertain the exact nym
I- ber, owing to the fact that Purser John
it Rooney, who had the passenger list
- and rester of the crew, is among the
I At 5 o'clock Friday afternoon 10
n bodies had been recovered, two white
1- women, one white man and sevsn Chi
nese. The most 1 rominent passenger
on the steamer was Rounseville Wild
o man, United States consul at Hong
[ Kong who was accompanied by his wife
d and two children. It is thought all
f were drowned.
The ship was in command of Pilot
g Frederick Jordan when struck. He
was rescued. Capt. Win. Ward went
. down with his vessel. Ai nearly as can
. be learned there w, re 234 poeple on
s bond the Rio de Janeiro, as follows:
Cabin passengers, 29; second cabin, 7;
f steerage (Chinese and J apanese), 58;
n officers and crew, 140.
s The folIo wing have been accounted
i, far: Rescued, 79; bodies at the n.or
ll gue, 10; total 89 Missing. 145
[ N THEIR BERTHS.
e The Rio de Janeiro was three days
9 overdue frcm Hong Kong via Honolulu
a when she arrived off the Heads Friday
e night, and the dense fog pr.vailing at
the tim i induced Pilot Jordan to bring
a her to anchor until he could see his
I way clear through the gateway. She
d laid to until about 4:30 o'clock Friday
morning, when the atmosphere cleared
and she was started under a slow bell
toward Point Bonita. All went well
until 5:40 o'cleck, when she struck.
e Most of the passengers were below at
tl-e time, and it is believed that many
of them were drowned in their berths.
The first news of the disaster reached
here at 7.30 o'clc c Friday morning, and
soon afterward a boat load of rescued
passengers and petty officers ariived at
d the mail deek
a Tugs were immediately disra'ehed to
L, render any service that might be needed,
e but no living persons were afiat when
they reached the wreck.
A number of drowning peaple were
h rescured by Italian fishermen and the
v bodies of two white women, three Chi
, nese and a Japanese were brought in by
the tugs. The search for victims has
t continued all day.
The officers were cool and gave the
s necessary orders with the least possible
-Capt. Ward, who was on deck when
e the vessel struck, at once gav'e orders
, to the crew on watch to hurry the pas
1sengers to the forward deck. The quar
a termaster on duly sounded the signal
~; for fire drill and within five minulies all
e the men were at their stations. The*
c aptain gave o:dtra to lower the life
-boats and life rafts.
-There was not much confusion until
w15 minutes after striking, when the
fbow of the -vessel suddenly plunged
- under water. Then there was a wild
- rush for the boats. Two boats had al
n edyben lowered and others were get
dtng away as rapidly as the trained dis
'f cipline of the crew could prepare them.
I- A thick fog enveloped everything, and
Sas yet no sign had come from the life
-saving stations. Darkness was all
h about, and with this added horror the
, neople on the Rio had to cops.
iIOne boat got clear of the vess-l with
Iout damage. It contained Mrs. West,
IMrs. Ripley, Chief Engineer Herlihiley,
n Second Officer Coghi.an, Frank Cramp,
e J. R. Russell, Storekreeper Borgg, Wa
e tertender D. Lane, Qnartermaster
L. Mathieson and Cap:s. Heoth of the
Y German navy. This boat got clear of
e the sinking vessel anid then stood by to
s help in picking up those who had no
itime to- get into the boats and were
d in the water.
Another boat, containing Third Offi
c er Holland and J. K.. Carpenter, got
a away, but was drifted around close up
e under the bow of the steamer. As the
*e forward end of the vessel plunged
e downward the bow caught the small.
e boat and cut it to pieces. The two
men in the boat were uninjured and
t Carpenter was picked up, but Hol
-land is supposed to have perished. A
e number of Italian fishermen who were
'ju~st starting out Friday morning saw
e she sinking of the Rio and hastened to
irendder assistance. Meantime many
-~ of the terrified people rushed to the
s- railings and jumpe i overboard. Some
-were picked up, others drowned. The
e~ Chin ne crew, numbering over a hun
t drei was terrorized. Many jumped
g into the sea.
d Capt. Ward remained on deck until
e the vessel had settled and the water
was engulfing him. Then he went up
don the bridge to issue directions. .
- That the steamer sank almost inme
e9 diately after striking is the report of a
- majority of those rescued. T1he wreck
e5 lies about three-fourth of a mile south
of Fort Point and about a thou' and
e yards off the rock shore. The smoke
e stack and a portion of the upper works
- of the ill fated steamer are visible.
LE Three survivors say thiey saw Capt.
SWard to the last, but Frederick Lind
a -s:rom, the quartermaster of the Rio,
i- emphatically declared that Capt. Ward
ir emulated Admiral 'J vron of her Brit
anic Majesty's ship Victoria, in going
6 down to his cabin,-where he met his
doom behind a locked door.
Quartermaster Officer Lindstrom was
one of the first to land, According sto
ig his story Capt. Ward, after consulting
so with Pilot Jordan, came down from the
a bridge. He was standing on the deck
'e when the vessel crashed into the rock.
I~e 'here was a cry of "man the boats,"
as but it was apparent that in the midst
i of the awful confusion a systematic ef
~fort to save the passengers wonld be of
no avail. Everybody was scrambling
for his own safety.
AOTHER ORNVILLE KILLINI
A Dying Man Accuses) Two Men
Greenville has another murder my
tery on hand: S Williams, who w
fatally shot at Mill's Monday nigh
died at 11 o'clock after etrugglii
against death for thirteen hours.
Williams sternly refused to reveal ti
namne of his slayer until the very la
Finally, when told by his physioia
Dr. R D. Smith, that he would so<
be in an unconscious condition at
would die with the secret in his hea'
Williams in the last agonies of dea!
gasped the following statement:
"Ether Van Patton or Spurge Bu
After bring asked which of the to
men he thouht fired the fatal slot I
"'I think it was Van Patton."
He was then asked to give particular
but he positively ref ased to do so. Wi
hams then bade his brothers and rel
tions who were at his bedside a la
farewell and gave up his desperate strut
gle for life.
As a result of Williams' dying stat<
ment Van Patton and Burnett have bee
placed in the c unty jail to await deve
A TRAGEDY FEARED.
Where is Henry Saxton, the man wi
it is said, was dragged from J. I
Qreen's home Monday night by a crow
of fifteen angry men for the purpose
This is the question that is puzzlin
the minds of everybody in the neighbo:
hood. Saxton has net been fount
Diligent search was made for him yet
terday. Messages were sent to hi
home at Fairmont, Spartanburg countl
but his parents lave no knowledge c
his whereabouts, not having seen hit
since he left for Greenville a few da3
ago The swamps, woods, fie.d:
itches in the neighborhood of the mi
bave bcen thoroughly diligently searcl
ed but in vain. The supposition i
:hit Saxton has been murlered and hi
body thrown in ditch a or perhaps in
pond near where the shooting took plac
3onday night. The pond at the mil
rill be dragged today in search of th
body of the missing man. The sheri
is deeply interested and is. determine
.o capture the guilty parties.
THE FXPOSITION ACT.
Text of the Measure Making tb
The following is the text of the act <
she general assembly making an aj
propriation for the Charleston expos
An act to provide for a building an
State exhibit at the South Carelin
[nterstate and West Indian exposition
and to make an appropriation fer th
Section 1 Be it enacted by the get
sral assembly of the State of Sout
Jarolina: That the sum of fifty thot
sand dollars, if so much be necessary
be and the same is hereby appropr
ated for the purpose of paying the cot
af providing materials and construo
ing in the city of Charleston, in thi
tate, on the grounds selected for tb
exposition proposed to be held in 1901
1902 by the South Carolina Interstat
ad West Indian Exposition compans
a building designed by Bradford L Qi
bert, the architect of saiid expositio
company, as the agricultural buildini
and for the purpose of making at thi
said exposition of Euitable and credii
able exhibit of the past and present ri
sources of this State, under the direc
bion of the commission hereinbelo
treated; and also for the purpose<
paying the expenses incident to the se
ection, purchase, preparation, tranm
portation, installation, enre and retur
f said exhibits, provided that sai
3ommision shall expend as much <
saia money as they may deem neeel
sary to obtain from the several ooui
ties of this State full and complete e3
ibits of their natural resources, sue
as stone, minerals, ores, woods, ooa
Boils, water power and agriculturn
Sec. 2. That the said amount hereni
before appropriated shah be paid c
the application cf the chairman of tI
commission hereinbelow created, on t
warrant of the comptroller genera
Which warrant shall not be drawn bi
Lhe comptroller general until it is mad
to appear to him that the subscriptioz
to the apital stock of the said expt
sition company amount to two hundre
thousand dollars by responsible sul
scribers, payablei iucash, anud that n<
less than 50 per cent. thereof has bee
paid in and that the city couneil of ti
city of Charleston has approjiriated ti
sum of fifty . thousand doillars for th
eretion of a building and otherwis
promoting the said exposition.
Sec.: 3. That for the purpose of oarr:
ig into effect the provision of this al
a commission consisting of .five men
bers, of whom His Excellency, tk
governor shall be one, and a director<
the above named exposition shall i
one, is hereby created, which commi
sion shall seiva without camnpensatioi
That the members of the said commi
sion shall be appointed by His Ee
lency, the governor, and he shall 1
chairman of the said commission. Thi
the construction of the said buildiz
and other woirk hereinabove providE
for, shall be performed subject to ti
approval of the said commission.
Se. 4. That at the close of the sa
exposition the said property shall r
main the property of the State and !
turned over to the sinking fnnd coz
mission to be disposed of for the Sta
at their discretion.
Se. 5. The commission hereinabos
created shall receive and hold for ti
use of the State all exhibits of a pe
manent character that may become tii
property of the State by purchase, d
nation or otherwise, and shall make
report as to such e:rhits. to the ge:
eral assembly at its first meeting aft
the close of the exposition.
Approved the 8th day of Februar:
A. D., 1901.
As It Shouild Be.
The Atlanta Journal says aceordii
to the decision of the joint comnmitt
Senator Hanna will be the President
escort in the coming inaugural parad
It will be generally agreed that t)
selection is ain appropriate one. It h
always been the custom to have, the i
uinbent escort the incoming Presider
-an in this incident the rule works bo
It was at this time that Lindstrom
says he saw Capt. Ward standing on
the forward deck. Suddenly the cap
tain turned and, walking hurriedly to
his cabin, disappeared nehind the door,
which he closed. A second latcr the
vessel was plunging to the bottom of
A dispatch from Goshen, N. Y., says
William J. Brown of Elmira, an ex
pert in the use of explosives, a day or
two ago fired a driven well at the
Howell cemetery, at Pine Island, with
two e'targes of a high explosive, weigh
ing respectively seventy and ninety
pounds, which were set off, the neavier
120 feet from the top and the 1 ghter
at a depth of 200 feet. The later is
supposed to have torn a huge pocket
far down in the well, and a colum of
water was spouted up to a height k f
over 300 feet. With it came the earth
add rocks and three very curious fish.
One struck near the well and fiippcd
back into it, and the other two were
captured. The larger measured eight
inches in length and weighed almost
half a pound The fish were eyeless,
a dull gray color and were similar in
shape to a frankfurter sausage. A by
stander caught the big one, but says
that he received a heavy electric shcck
when he toucied it. He stiuck at it
with a hatchet and the blade glanced
off its body. It soon died. The survi
vor is covered with sma'l scales, so ar
ranged as to render it impossible to tell
which end is head and which tail.
Heading either way it swims equally
well, but prefers to burrow under a
heap of sand.
A Hundred Years ago.
The London Times is observing the
new century by republishing selected
articles from its files of a hundred
years ago. Among the items is this in
the issue of January 21, 1801: We
have the m 'rti&cation to learn the con
firmation of the choice of Mr. J-fferson
and Mr. Barr as President and Vice
President of the United States of
America Letters were .yes:erday re
ceived from Philadelphia, dated the
16.h of December, which mentioned
"that it is now determined that Mr.
Jefferson and Mr. Barr are to be Presi
dent and Vice President of th3 United
States." The Times' advices stated
further that the sucaess of the two gea
tlemen was due entirely to accident,
the nature of which is thus set forth:
The northern part of Carolina was in
favor of Jefferson;,the south part unani
mous for Mr. Adams. It so happened
that from the frost not having set in,
the electors of South Carolina were
fearful of catching the fever common to
that country if they left their homes to
travel 140 miles to the Presidency to
give their votes during the open and
damp season; the consequence of this
was that twelve votes were lost to Mr.
Adams, which had been reckoned upon
as certain, and the want of them has.
lost him and Mr. Pickney their elec
Gen Felix Agnus of Baltimore re
cently told thia story: "I was wounded
at the battle of Gaines' Mills. The bul
let entered my chest and shattered my
holder. When my senses returned, I
found that a Confedera'e, also wound
ed, had fallen across me, for the battle
had been ahand to hand affair. The
man was faintly whispering for water.
I lifted up my canteen-it was filled
with cold coffee-and handed it to him.
He took a long drink and handed the
canteen back to me. 'Yank,' he said,
"thank you ' And then added, with
equal sincerity: 'Damn you.'
"Not long ago I was in the Carrollton
Hotel, in Baltimore, when a party.- of
ex-Confederates, who were giving a
dner, captured me and took me into
the banquet room. They called on me
for a speech, and I told them the story
of the man with whom I had-shared my
cateen, expressing my admiration fcr
the .apirit which thanked me and
damned me in the same breath. The
next day a fine looking gentleman call
ed upon me at my office. He had heard
my story, he said, and had come to tell
me that he was the wounded soldier.
From that day to this we have been the
best of friends.
Drowned in a Mine.
As a result of the givinE way of a wall
the asylum mines were fioodei at Tus
caloosa, Ala , and 13 Negro miners are
now entombed in 10 feet of water it is
thought, with little prospect of being
rescued. The surrouuding waters runr
into the mine as rapidly as it is pump
ed out. When the first rush of water
entered the mime 11 miners were able
to get out. The accident is attributed
to a miner who was digging coal close
to the wall of the abandoned shaft
which has been filled with water for
some time. Suddenly the wall was
pierced and th> stagnant water rushed
in upon the men, hemming in 13 of
them, who were at work below the
break. The other 11 managed to
esape and reached the surface, There
is a large force of hands at work pump
ing the water out of the mines but lit
tle progress is being made as it fills up
almost as rapidly as it is pumped out.
fhe fate of the entombed miners is
problematical. It is thought it .will
take frcm 24 to 48 hours to clear the
mines. At present there appears prac
ticaly no hope for them unless air
reaches them in a short time. '
Saloon Keepers's Wife Shot.
Mrs. Rosa Hudson, wife of John
Hudson, a saloon keeper at Milwood,
Kansas, was shot and killed Tuesday
night during a raid on her husband's
saloon. Hudson had been warned to
close his saloon but refused. About 10
o lock three men entered the place
ad called for drinks. When served
they rapped on the counter and gave
the signal. Hudson jumped from be
hind the bar and grabbed one of the
men. In the scrimmage the shotgun,
which one man carried, was discharged,
its contents entering the wall. Mrs.
Hudson, attracted by the noise, ran
screaming into the room, while a mob
of forty men most of whom wore masks,
entered at the signal. In the melee
Mrs. Hudson was shot, the top of her
head being blown eff. William Webb,
one of the raiders, was shot in the
shoulder by a revolver. Nearly a hun
dred shots were fired. They retired
without wrecking the joint. Milwood
is in furors of excitement and more
troule is threatened.
STRUCK BY A TRAIN.
A Carriage With Six People -in it
Demolished Near Spartanburg
A dispatch from Spartanburg to the
Columbia State says Wednesday after
noon about 3 o'clock the passenger train
No. 13, on the S. W. & C. railroad,
while speeding along about two and a
quarter miles from the union depot,
near the car barn of the street railway,
and as the engine was emerging from a
cut and acess a railroad crossing the
pilot of the locomotive struck a six
seated vehicle, crowded with persons
who were returning from a funeral al
Gleniale. As a result all the oeupant
were scattered helter skelter near the
track, and s-me in a ditch near by.
Providentially no one was killed out.
right and even the horses hitched t<
the carriage escaped unhurt.
The conductor of the train was Capt.
Chase and the engineer Mr. Bird. The
engineer is positive that he gave the
signal for the railway crossing. The
party was riding in a closed carriage
and a high wind was blowing in direct
ly an opposite direction to the ap
The occupants of the vehicle were:
Mr. and Mrs. Mills Ross, John Ross,
Mis-eq Hattie and Lizzie Ross, Mrs.
Nina Ross, Mrs. Julia Sherbert and
Pearl Ross, a girl about 12 years of
These people were returning from the
funeral of Mr. Ben Sherbirs, husband
of Mrs. Julia Sherbet, a lady of 70
years of age.
The locomotive struck the vehicle, to
tally demolishing it and the party wa
damped in every direction. The train
was stopped a short distance above the
crossing and backed and the injured
people placed thereon and carried to
the city, where Drs. Dean and Blake
treated the suff-:rcrs.
The following are the injired:
Mrs. Herbert. an aged lady, left leg
broken above ankle and left arm oroken.
She is in a serious condition.
Mrs. Nina Ross, considerably bruised
on body and perhaps internally injured.
Mr. and Mrs. Mil's Ross were alsc
badly bruised and shaken up.
John Ross, head was badly gashed.
Pearl Ross, the little girl, was pain:
A baby belonging to Mrs Nina RCs,
wrapped in a blanket, was thrown pos
ribly a distance of 30 yards and when
found in a ditch it was discovered that
the infant was unhurt.
Devoured by Animals.
A current report of the governmeni
of India shows that during the yeas
1899 the number of deaths among hu
man beings attributed to wild animals
was 2,966. Tigers caused the death o1
899, wolves of 338 and leopards of
327 human beings, while bears, ele
phants, hyenas, jackals and crocodiles
were accountable for a large propor
tion of the remainder. The loss of hu
man life from snakes reached the high
total of 24 621, a greater mortality than
in any of the four preceding years.
Nearly half the deaths occurred in
Bengal, while the northwestern prov
inces and Oadh came next, with near
ly one-fourth of the total. In Bengal
the relatively high mortality is attrib
uted to fb~ods, which drove the snakes
to the high lands on which villha
homesteads are built. As will be ob
served, snakes are more destructive ol
human life than are the wild animals
but the reverse is true of the destruc
tion of cattle. In 1899 no less thai
89,238 cattle were destroyed by animal1
and 9,449 by snakes.
The asrociated Press dispatches fron
Manila teem with accounts full of cheel
for the imperialists, bus private letteri
do not tell the same stori. A westeri
senator has received a letter from at
army officer in theVissyas,stating that it
would require 50,000 men to subdue the
insurrection in that group of islands.
"We have administered," he says, "the
oath of allegiance to about 39,000 na
tives, but the trouble is that itrequires
a soldier to protect each native whc
takes the oath, as many of those whc
do so are promptly killed by their peo
ple." A congressman has received a
letter from another army officer declar
ing the Filipinos "do not know what
fear is" but "take killing well" Whal
an inveterate prejudice in favor of thal
something called independence, which
we once cherished in this country bal
now consider a childish aspiration o:
Five to Die.
A dispatch from Sylvania, Ga., say:
Arnold Augustus, Andr'ew Davis, Rich
ard Sanders, Win. Hudson and San
Baldwin, five of the niegroes who kille<
Fillmore Herring and Milton Mears
two white men, in this county last An
gust, were found guilty of murder Wed
nesday night and sentenced to be hang
ed March 29. The men were members
of an organization known as the Knighti
of the Archer. The charter of this or
der, which was found by the posse ar
resting the negroes, is said to contait
an oath of vengeance aggainst the whitel
and the members were obligated to tie
fend themselves against the whites un
Swung up Five Tirnes.
A mob toor Baebe Montgomery fron
the j ii at Dyersburg, Tenn., Thursda2
night ard swung him up five times
letting him down each time, to makt
him confess his complicity in the as
sault with Fred King upon Miss Alice
Arnold. Tne negro denied his guilt.
The mob then carried him back to th(
jail more dead than alive, deciding t<
wait until the third guilty negro il
found whom King implicated. King
confessed that they had slated five- o:
the best known'young women of Dyers
burg for assault. A number of negre
were whipped out of Dyersburg lasi
nght. ______ __
Killed in a Runaway.
A horse attached to a small wagoz
containing two ladies and two childrer
ran away while going down a stee]
grade on Red mountain iour miles fron
Birmingham, Ala., Friday morning
The wagon struck a telephone pole anC
was upturned. Those in it were throwi
down a fifty foot embankment. Mrs
Alexander and Arthur Aiexander, 3
year-old son of Mrs. Alexander, wer
killed, Mrs. E. J. Simms, mother o
Mrs. Alexander, was seniously injure
and will die. The other child was no
Ten People:Killed and Twety five
SCENES OF HORROR
It Is Believed that Some t f
'the Wounded Were Bu'ned
to Death in Subse
One of the worst collisions in the
history of the Amboy division of the
Pennsylvania railroad oscured about
5:30 o'c'ook Thursday evening at Rusie's
siding near Boidenton and about- ten
miles south of Trenton, N. J. The
"Nelly Bly" express from New York
for Atlantic City collided with passen
ger sin No. 330 running from Camdei
to lIernton. The number of dead so
far as known is ten and the number of
injured upward of twenty-five.
A special train about 9 o'clock from
the scene brought four dead bodies and
eighteen wounded persons to Trenton.
The wounded were distributed among
the three Trenton hospitals. Other
wounded passengers were taken to
Cooper hospital at Camden.
Among the killed was Walter Earl,
engineer of the express, and James
Birmingham, baggage master of the
local train. Most of the killed were
Frank Boland, a passenger on train
No- 330. an employee of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad company, had both legs
out off. The doctors say he will die.
Michael McGraw, fireman on the
"Nellie Bly," is badly injured but is ex
pected to recover.
Frank Thompson, engineer of No.
330, had a 1 g broken and is badly
bruised. He is in a precarious condi
Edward Garwood, fireman on N,. 330,
was badly bruised by j amping, but will
Eiward Sapp, conductor of No. 330,
was also injured by being thrown for
ward on the floor of the rear car of
his train. His wounds are not believed
to be serious.
Most of the remaining dead and in
jured are Italians. The Italianswere
riding in the smoking car of the express
They were being taken to Atlantic
City to do canstruction work for the
The two trains collided at full speed
and both engines were completely de
molished. The forward car of the ex
press train, iL both instances,. a - com
bination baggage and smoker, were en-,,
tirely demolished, and to add to the
horror the wreckage took fire. The see
ond car of the "Nellie Bly"~ turned
over on its side and the passengers- had
to climb out through the windows. In
this they were assisted by passengers
from the cars that did not leave the
track. The track at this point is so
closse to the Delaware and Raritan
canal that the passengers in getting out
of the over turned coach got into the
canal and many bodies of the dead and
injured had to be taken fromthe water.
Thomas Lawredce of Trenton saidhb
-saw one man buried beneath the ruins
and erring for assistance.- He tried to
-pry him dut, bhut found he could do
nothing to help-him. ..JH.believes the
man perished in the fiames. The scene
of the wreck Vas far outside assistanc .
and when the wrecking train arrivi .
from Trenton it was after dark and the
work of clearing up the debris and re- *
moving the bodies was necessarily
The "Nellie iBly" was running in
three sections, and it was the third
section with which No. 330 collided.
The local train had taken the siding to
permit the express to pass, and it is
believed that through some misunder
standing or mistake .the local came out
on the main line track after the second
section had passed, mistaking it for the
The latest information shows nine
persons killed outright besides Frank
Boland, who is expected will die from
his injuries. .E'ght bodies have been
brought to Tronton an'd at least on 3 is
known to be under the -debris.
The dead identified are:
Walter Earl, engineer ef the express
James Birmingham, baggage mister
of the local train
Frank Hill of White Hill, a railroad
employ. who was a passerger on the
John Gates of Trenton, a passenger
on the local train.
Four Italians whose names have not
Birmingham's charred body was taken
from the wreck late tonight and
brought to the Trenton morgue, where
-all the bodies were at. Thirteen of the
18 injured brought here are Italians.
The other five were passengers on the
-local train and are not thought to be
Murder will Out.
Murder will out-sometimes. In
Moscow the superstitious are telling of
what seems to them to be pretty nearly
a miracle. Not long ago a carriage,
which was conveying the imagine of
the Holy Virgin of Iberia collided with.
a cart that was full of snow. The
wheels were interlocked, and after sev
eral minutes c f vain work, it was pao
posed to tip the cart. over as the .only.
method by which the carriage could be
pfreed. The driver of the cart protested,'
pand feeling ran so high that the police
phad to be called in to quell a miniature
riot. They dumped the cart and turned
it over, and in doing so found the body
-of a murdered man that had been con
Sealed in the scow. The carter was
arrested, the murierer found, convicted
The private banking institution of F.
B. Vennum at Vosher, a small hamlet
situated in the northwest part of Chain
pa'gn county. Ill., was robbed Wednes
day of $1620 by Arthur Hyer, a reck
less farmer boy aged 22 years. The
cashier handed out the money at the
pistol's paint and the robber boarded a
-freight train, took charge of the engine
and pulled through town at a high
speed. Several citizens caught the
Icaboose and the desperado was cap
tured in the cab of the engine. The
money was recovered.