Newspaper Page Text
He Wi;i Not Answsr the Gcver
nor-s Last Letter.
GOES FOR McLAURIN.
Says the Jurior Senator Acted
Dishonorably in Withdrawing
His Resigra'lo. as it Was
a Joint Compact
The Columbia State says when Sena
tor Tillman passed through that city
Wednesday on his way to Rock Hill,
he had not received Gov. NleSweeney's
letter but was shown a copy of it a- gven
to the press. He read this a d then
said that he saw very little in it to call
for notice from him. "He's a little
hot he feels that his dignity has been
outraged a little, etc., etc. He doesn't
say anything about the really important
point, that he had claimed the right to
decline the resignations. I acknowl
edged that he had the right to return
the resignations but he did not stop
there. He went on to assume an au
thority he did not possess."
The senator was then asked if he had
noticed that Gov. McSweeney was re
ceiving a great many letters of com
mendation in regard to his course in
this matter. He answered that he I ad
and then went on t> say: "I notice
that most of the letters he has received
are from my old, inveterate, dyed-in
the-wool - -emies. I also see that he
has recei' one from a Richmond
eapitalist. It is rather remarkable that
our governor should be taking the ad
vice of men from Richmond in regard
to local matters.
LETTING X'LAURIN OUT."
"The hue and cry that has been
raised about 'breaking the peace,' and
interrupting the prosperity of the
State' has been the main lever of those
opposed to this csmpaign and Gov.
McSweeny himself has used it as an
excuse for letting MXLaurin out of his
dilemma. Next year, judging by the
last canvas, we will have at least 25
candidates for State offices. There will
not be less than five or six aspirants
for McLaurin's seat. There will be,
then, an aggregation of 30 men going
around over the State attempting to
discuss public questions and show their
fitness for the highest offices in the gift
of the people.
"The only possible result will be that
McLaurin will claim, if he enters the
race then, that he is being double
teamed on and persecuted and ought
to have more time than his opponent?,
which, of course, will be unfair to
them, for no man can discuss these
matters in less than an hour or an
hour and a half. So that with five
candidates' for senator it will take all
day for their discussions. But this
year we would have had an opportani
ty to discuss these matters without re
ference to anything else.
"Gov. McSweeney has defeated it and
lent him~self to McL aurin as a ladder
of escape. Now if the people think he
is right of course I can do nothing
but take what comes. I have offered
myfse:f as a target to be shot at and
was ready to permit a combination be
tween -.ny candidate Gonzales might
have gotten out wi h the M.:Laurin
following. And I believe that as the
people undernrand fully the result of
Gov. Me~ereeney's action that instead
of patting himself on the back and
taking the little dozen or two doz-n or
forty or a hundred letters he has re
ceived as a consensus of public opinion
he will find that he has made an aw
ful blunder as a Damcrat.
"I think the primary next summer,
unless some scheme is arranged by the
Democratic committee to have a double
set of canvassers meeting each other
from opposite sides of the State, will
be a fares. Thirty men cannot get up
and address anybody with any satis
faction to themselves or anybody else
ione day. All of the minor candi
dates will have to be ruled out. There
ire some people in the State who would
be glad to kill the primary."
Being asked if he would resign his
seat and enter the race against Mc
Laurin next smmer, he said: "I will
not enter the primary next year. I
only resigned to get at MicLaurin. I
never yould have gone to Gaffney but
for the fact that the candidates who
wanted to get at him were not in a
position to do so, and he was taking
advantage - of the situation to go about
the country propagating Republican
dot:mnes. There will be plenty of oth
ers to attend to him next years-if he
don't get sick And by the way, that
sickness of his is rather funny. Now
-you see it and now you don't."
"Iwas invited to Newberry," he said,
"but declined on the ground that I had
already an appointment to speak at the
college commencement and did not
want te speak there twice within a fe w
A QUESTION OF HONOR.
"In regard to this question of
whether Ilam entitled to resign or not,
if Senator McLaurin did not have a
Republican senate in Washington that
would almost certainly maintain that
he has the right to withdraw his resigna
tion, I would contest the matter there;
but as he is in full accord with that
crowd they are not going to vacate his
seat and establish a precedent. He is
the first man, though, in the 125 years
that we have had a government that
ever resigned and afterwards withdrew
his resignation, so far as my investiga
tions go. This is not a parliamentary
question at all. It is a question of
honor. He made a compact with me
and ameng gentle men such compacts
are not broken unless both parties are
willing to do so. He has flunked out
of this proposition through Gov. Mc
Sweeney's instrumentalities. If I had
known he was going to try this game
and that the governor was going to al
low him to get out I could have writ
ten the resignations and sent them to
Roosevelt. But I was not looking that
far ahead. He was making out as if he
was 'spiling for a fight' and I really
thought he was ready for the fray.
"The claim that a vacancy had to be
created before any action could be
taken by the Democratic executive
committee is contrary to all precedent.
Senator McLaurin's term will not be
ended until the 4th of March, 1903; but
his successor will be chosen at the
Democratic primary in August, 1902,
and the legisature in January will
obey the orders of the people at the
primary, two months before his term
The senator was asked what plane he
would have pitched the campaign upon
this summer. He said: "I would have,
pitched it upon as high a plane as I
would have been allowc d. Mr. DeCamp
here," he said. '-was at Gaffaey and Le
knows that McLaurin b-gan his spec ch
withi persornalitIes andi that gave me an
excuse for doing as I did.
AS TO MEDDLING.
"The efiort to a ake me appear as a
meddle wn't wash when the people
it ali out. Tne people wi get I
more rd mOrC d4ssatified at the gov
einor's action when they ful!y realize
I"In regard to that special from Ben- T
nettsville that Mr. McLaurin has an
explosive in store, it is very strange
that he does not uie the ammunition.
Mr. McLaurin ought to be ashamed of
himself to have such iasiruttions made
public when he is too cowardly to with
draw and fight it out io-."
Asked if he thought the Democ-aic T
party of South Carolina esdorsed His
views, he ans xered that he was satis
fi'd that he had the pariy behind him
--The S:ate convention elected by the
People," he said, "adopted the platform
of principles which was formulsted by
Col. Hoyt. There is not a thing in the
State platform that is not in the na
tional pltaorm The K.inas City plat- e
form is u'ler and covers more ground, 8
tIat's alI. Every platk of the Stste h
platform is incorpcrated in the national N
enunciation of principles."
"Will ycu answerGov. McSweeney s
barter to resign immediately?" ti
"Why should I pay any attention to tc
it. I have been accused of actieg like h,
a school boy in this matter, but his ac- ti
tion is school-boyish from the groun -
up. There is no excuse or reason for
my resigning to go before the people C
just for fun. There are others who can E
attend to McLaurin in the regular cam- tc
paign. I don't care to discuss Gov.
MeSweeney ay further. I shall watch g
the signs of the times to see if there 4
has been a dicker or indications that 0
there was one."-The State.
NOT ENCOURAGING. U
The Weekly Crop Bulletin StatesThat tI
Cotton is Getting Grassy.
Mr. J. W. Bauer issued the followi1g 1
weekly crop bulletin, stating in general
that cotton is gstting grassy and other
crops are not making much progress.
The week ending Monday, June 3rd,
had a temperature of 66 degrees-about
10 below the normal-with a maximum 0
of 86 at Columbia on the 2nd, and a
minimum of 44 at Greenvidie on May
29.h. The cool weather, and & defi
ciency in sunshine, were detrimental to
Although the rainfall for the week
averaged but little over one and one
half inches, yet this amount is much
above the normal, and following the s
heavy rains of the week immediately
preceeding, kept the ground too wet to
work, except for a day or so on wall
drained uplands. The week's rainfall
ranged from less than an inch to near
ly four inches, and covered the entire
State. The ground is saturated, and
the excessive moisture is proving in
juricus to most field crops by prevent- t
ing cultivation. Complaints of grassy
fields come from every county and every .
Eeftion of the State. j1
Cotton chopping made slow progiess, el
and cultivation practicaily none. so
that fields are becoming foul, and in a a
few localities stands are dying. Rust g1
and lice have appeared at a few points.
The weather was too ccol for the growth
of cotton, and at many places it is
losing its previous healthy apperance.
There has been a slight improvement in
Upland corn made little growth, but
retains its healthy look while on low
azads, all of which are very wet, somne
corn is turning yelow and firiog, for
lack ef su; shine and cultiv Mion. B~t-P
torn land panting an-1 re planting has
not been anished. In placs ccrn im-0
proved, and in others it deteriorated.
Tobacco, with fe w exc eptions. is doing
pocriy, and is in urgent need of dry.,
ht weather. Rice made fair growth ~
and planting is in places finishe d Rust c
is spreading on late wheat, but toe crop b
generadly is free from rust, atnd all will
soon be riarvesied, but the we ither has P
been unfavoracle for this work.
The fruit prospects, espsecially for 0
peaches and apples, are not so brigat a-.t
tey have heretofore been, but wild P3
berries, cherries and plums are plen- U.
tiful. Gardens show marked improve- ti
ment. Pastures afford fine grazing ti
Melons need warmer weather. Large
shipm'ents of beans and other truck are tI
being made to northern markets.
The freshets of last week were more a:
destructive than first reports indicated, a~
ad the overflowed areas have since e
been kept wet by frequent rains, giving
little or no opportunity to replant the ti
fertle lands on which the crops were a
Dangerous Pre served Foods. I:
Preserved fruits and veget&bles are ai
now in such common use that it is Ui
very important to know the quality of fc
these articles, especially since so manyt.
of them contain elements which are T
unwholesome, if not positively danger- t(
ou. ?he Year Book of tha Federal et
department of agriculture, soon to be gl
published, will contain much important et
informat on for housekeepers and the Si
public generally. Professor W. D
Bigelow, one of the government's chem- si
ists, has made a long series of investi- b<
gations of the use of food preservatives p:
in this country, and has made some U
startling discoveries which the depart- be
ment will publish in its forthcoming pi
report. Professor Bigelow says that fc
this business has become so large and se
employs so many hurtful chemicals st
that a law for its stringent regulation ti
should be enacted at once. There are is
a gre .t many tasteless preserving fluids ei
on the market and Professor Bigelow tE
declares that every one of them is in- U
jurious to the digestion. He analy z~d le
67 samples of preservatives which are ni
used largely and found that 33 of them w
contained borax or boric acid; 10 so i- e<
ium potassium or calclum sulphite fr
8 saicylic acid or its sodium compound
7 benzoic acid or its sodium compound, ti
1 boric acid and salicylic acid; 1 Diri; ti
acid and ammonium flurorid; 3 formal;
dehy de; 1 ammonium fiaorid; 2 pyrolig- di
neous acii, and 1 bota naphtnoi. Pro- ti
fessor Bigelow divides these aduhter- u
ated preservatives into two classes- 0<
those which are undoubtedly injurious, re
such as formaldehyde, si licylic aid ti
and sulphites, and those whose toxic et
action is disputed, like borax and ben- fs
zoic aicd. The sale of the first class A
he says should be positively prohibited, e<
and makes the startling statement that H
in every case as much of the hurtful
diu; is used in preparing a pound of
meat or a quart of liquii as is prescrib- ti
ed as a regular doze for an adult, and hi
in many casas seven times the ordinary
dose. Professor Bigelow says that he e:
had great difficulty in obtaining samples pl
of most of the injurious preselvatives, qi
their manufacturers and agents evident- la
l knowing that they were engaged in w
an injurious and disreputable business. A
By his exposure of these frauds anid
mnse s to health Professor Bigelow
has done the country good service and G
has suggested a most appropriate sub a.
j et fur both federal and state legisia- re
Wants a Third Term.
Senato. Dept FaI. day launened Ma w
K itlvy Ls a canii-.ate for a third term. a
H sa-,s he :m aenee consa vaive basi- h
nss iuterets naet himn, and there is te
nothng in the written or unwritun la w e:
'HE ENJPIRE COGM IN.
hi Found-ttions of the Repub
lic Are Assailed
BY THE SUPREME COURT.
he Peopio Must Repuciate its
Decision or Prepare for
the Man on Horse
HIon. Wm J. Bryan has g'ven out an
ctended statement bearing upon the
2prcme Court in the imiu'ar eases, and
e uses for his text the words, "Empcrcr
cK nley." Mr. Bryan declares the
2j rerne Court haq j aieed hands with
e Prt sident and Cjngrase in an (,f irt
change our forn o! government, and
3 calls upon the people to repudiaie
te verdc t. Mr. Bryan says in part:
"By a vote of 5 to 4 the Supr me
urt has declared President McKinley
operor of Porto Rico and, according
i the press dispatch, the Emperor has
adly and gratcfully accepted the title
mferred upon him by the highest jadi
al tribunal of the land
"Those who were encouraged to be
eve that the constitution had caught I
p with the flag were doomed to disap- i
>:ntment. In the Downes case, decided i
amediately afterwards, a mijority of 1
te court, composed of Justices Browa, I
ray, White, Siiras and McKnna, I
ld that Congress could deal with Porto .
ico, and the same logic applies to the <
,ilippines withoutregsrl to the limi
tions of the constitutions. Chief I
stico Faller and Asseciate Justices I
rlan, P.ckham and Brewer dissented i
strong and vigorous larguage, but the 1
inion of the majority, even amajority i
one, stands until it is reversed. I
his is one of the mOEt impyrtant de
ions, if not tle most important, ren
red by the Court; it not only de
ares that Congress is greater than the
matitution, which created it-the crea
tr greater than the creator-but it
mies the necessity for a written con
"The position taken by the court is
fended, or rather excused, by reason
g which, if followed out will destroy
institutional liberty in the United
tates. Every reason given by Justice i
rown could be used with even more i
rze to siuppcr6 a decision nulliyfying I
1 limitations placed by the constitu i
on on C'o;ngress when dealing with the 1
tizens of the several States. If the I
orto Ri-ans can trust the wisdom and 1
etice of a Congress which ti'y do not I
ect ajad canoct remove, why do the i
,ople of the United States need a con- i
itution tv protect them from a Con- 1
ess which they do elect and can re- I
ove? The decision, in effect declares i
tat the people are not the source of i
wtr it defends taxation without re
esentation and denies that govern
ents derive their just poser from the
anuvnt of thel governed.
"It as:-:ails the oundations of the Re
cblc and does so on the ground of ex
diency. The dissenting cpinions
*sle with ; r cedents and burn with
triotism. They ough to awaken con i
tenuous Repuicans to ai realization
the meaning of imt erialista.
"Phis decisso2, like the Dred Scott
~siin, raises a poir ical iss which
ust be bettled by the people. The
ypreme Court has joined with the
esi.2nt and Congre:,s in ain at tempt to
ange the form of cur government,
t there yet remains an appeal to the
"In order to fully understand these
intons it must be known that in ruhr g
tat the Dingley taraff rates could not
evaii against Porto R co the cot-t did
t act on the theory tnat the constitu
on followed the flag during any of
tese periods under consideration.
"This ruling was ,ade because, in
t opinion of the court, a law enacted
ir the purpose of levying tariff duties
ainst a foreigni country could not be!
>plied in levying tariff duties against a
untry that was not 'foreign.
"In other words, if immedtately after
t ratification of the peace treaty Con-1
es had enacted a laW levying the
ingley rates, especially against Porto
co, those rates would have prevaile d.
the court's opinion the legality of
y tariff rate between Perto Rico and
e United States simply waite dupon a
rmal act of Congress establishing
ee rates as applying to Porto Rico.
te logic of this opinion as it applies
the right of Congress to levy tariff
stoms would make it possible for Con
'ess to levy tariff duties on articles
ming from any Territory of the United
"With respect to our new posse3
ons the decision is an unfair one,
~cause it denies to them Equal trale (
ivileges with other portions of thea
nited States whose sovereignty hasi
ten establishet, over them, and the
rpose of the legislation in providingi
r equal trade privileges was that no
ction subject to United Statesi
vereignty shall ever become the vic
m of discrimination. The principlet
in line with the very foundation prin- I
ples of this government, which con a
mplated that all the people of thea
nited States should have equal privi
gee should be exempt from discrinmi
ition and should enjoy the immunitiesi
hich the constitution makers conceiv-t
ito be essential to the perpetuity of 1
After an extended summary of Jus
ce Brown's reasoning Mr. Bryan con
Thruhout the maj ority opinion,a
liveri by Justice Brown, runs to
teory that the American CongressC
ay doi anything not forbidden in the
mstitution. This is one of the most
ugnant features of the opinion Jas- I
c Brwn seems to have Eearched the
atiution for prohibitions rather
wr that grant of power which theC
merican people have always cnceiv- 1
i to be the true office of that instru- i
Mr. Bryan concludes as follows: t
"To what a glorioas field for inspec
on this justice of the Sapreme Court
as invited the American people.
"Under this opiaion we are about to
nbark on Great BE:itain's colonial
licy and to reassure ourselves, to
iiet our conscience, we have but to
ok at the history of Great Britan to- 1
ads its outlying possession since the t
"A.. inspirinC spectacle, indeed!
"We may look at Souta Afribs where j
reat Britain's unrestrained possession
pwmer hss destroyed two promising
publics and has drenched the sot!
itti the blood of patriots; we may lcok
:Indis, whose re 'ple have been dyingt
y staivaticn for years, at hebrd, r'
ere on ntral occasict s the bounty
rcd gen' rai'y o.f the American people
ave ken i.ie, S:ry an order to ease Lut
an ;wi'.os, Lving und r the sever- t
gny of Gieat Bruain, from death by .
A FATAL ACIDENT.
In Abandoned Engine Dashes Into a
A switch engire in the yards of the
3outbere railway shops near the city
imits cf Atlanta, dashed into a passen
ger train as it was passing Tucsday,
illing three passengers and i jutring
lixteen, three of tbm, it is feared fa
Mrs. A. A. Lem non of McDincugb,
Irma, 10-year old daught-r of Mrs.
H. H Vickers, Flovills, Ga.
The i; jurtd:
Mrs. Julia Kerst v, Alants, -may die.
A. F. Banu, McDonough, Ga., may
A. F. Fouche, McDonough, Ga , miy
D. A. G3 rae, Rex, Ga.
Wm. Richardson, Stockbridge, Ga.
Miss Rosa Withers, Washirgton,
Miss Alma Massenberg, Washington,
M-s F. M. Smith. McDonough, Ga
W. F. Tidwell, McDonough, GA.
Rosa Lee, Stockbridge.
Mrs. J F. Ridley. Huntsville, Ala.
Mrs. A F. Bunn, MeDonough, Ga.
Miss Bunr, McDonough, Ga.
N. H. Vickers, of Fiovilla.
Ptrrce Stewart, MeDonough, Ga.
Young son of Mrs. Lemmon.
Just beyond the Southern shops are
he coal chutes and all about these
re sidetracks. Oa one of these side
racks and only a few feet from the
main track an engine was standing
hat had only a short time before been
bandoned by its engineer and fireman.
As the train was passing the junction
:f this sidetrack, the switch engine sud
lenly daihed baakward into the moving
:rain. The first-class day coach was
brown over on its side and partly de
nolished, the Pullman car "Arcturus"
was thrown from the track and one end
mashed iLto kindling wood while the
rueks were knocked from under the
sombination smoker and passenger
saoh. Those killed were in the day
ach. Physicians and railroad offi iials
were quickly on the scene, some of the
nj ured were taken to the hospitals and
he dead brought to Atlanta.
Soon after the wreck, G. B. Danton,
in employe of the Southern road was
irrested charged with disorderly con
luot. The charge was made only that
Danton might be held. He was really
irrested on suspicion of having run the
ild engine into the swiftly moving pas
enger train. Danton denies that he
ad anything to do with the wreck and
ays he was not on the engine. The
outhern officials claim that he was seen
o get on the engine, and they say fur
:her that he had no business there, as
ie is a yard conductor. Danton had
:everal gashcs in his head which he ad
nits receiving in the vrcck, but he
naintains that he was not on the en
ine. The officials of the Southern soon
Oter the wreck occurred dispatched a
ipecial train to McDoncugh to bring up
qr. Lemmon whose wife and daugihter
were killed in the wreck. The father
icompanied the bcdies back to Mc
A Remarkable Month.
The Columbia State say s the month
>f May was remarkable, not only for
ta political sensations. but for its
eather antics. The total precipitation
or the mnonth was 8.52 inc~les.
That state'ment soua.ds very tame to
ne not a student of mn teorology but it
nacs that the rainfatl [or May, 1901,
as nearly 30 p~r cent. mcre than for
he same itonh for any previons year
The average for the month of May
or the east 13 years has been 2 83 in
shes. This amount was exceeded this
Ha, by 5 69 inches. There were six
:ear cays during the month, six cloudy
nd 19 partly cioudy.
The mests excessive precipitation for
>ne day during the month juit en ded
as 4 88 inches in 24 hour , on the
The next highest monthly pre cioita
ion for May was 6 69 inches in 1894,
nd 6.66 in 1888. The lowest was 9 65
n 1899 and 0 95 in 1889
The temperature for the month just
ided was equitable, the mean for the
nonthi being 72 degrees. The maxi
num point reached was 92 on the 33;
ud the lowest point was 50 on the 28th.
)h the 1st day cf May thethermometer
tarted to work in the morning regis
ering 50 and woued up with a gain of
10 degrees in one day.
Yesterday was like a winter day in
hat respect. TIhe thermometer kept
p a steady lick all day, varying but
even degrees all day long-from 58 to
5. The mean temperature for May
'or the past 13 years has been the same
for May this year.
Fly Wheel Burst.
A fly wheel at the power house of the
harleston Consolidated Railway, Gas
d Electric Light campany, 16 feet in
jiter and weighing 18 tons broke into.
myriad of fragments at 11 o'clcck Fri
Lay night, one of which killed a negro
roman. At the time of the accident the
rheel was making 150 revolutions a min
te and ernormous pieces went through
he wall and roof. One piece, five feet
ong and weighing about a ton struck a
hanty 350 feet from the power house
.nd killed Lydia Bonneau, a negro wo
an. In the bed by her side was her
insband 'who was untouched. Af ter kill
ng the woman the mass of iron burst
hirough thes shanty and finally half
uried itself in the ground 15 feet away.
Lovers For Sixty years.
William E Swanton, agecd 90 years,
d Mrs. Mary L angley, aged eighty.
even, were married Monday in Tipton1
ounty, Ind. The couple were lovers
ixty years ago. The day was appoint
d for the marriage, but at the eleventh1
tour an estrangement broke off theI
natch. Swanton went West and mar
ied. Mrs. Langley remained ic In
iana and also wedded. S wanton has
>een a widower for ten years arnd for3
ive years Mrs. Langley has worn
idow's weeds. Relatives of the aged
rain recently brought about a meeting I
mnd the marriage furnished the inter- I
Crazed by Dime Novels.
Leroy Grtove, the 16 yea~r old son of I
prosperous farmer living near Napo
en, staboed his sister, aged 24, to
he heart, killing her instantly. He
hen strangled his 13 year old brother
o death, and, firing the bare., ran in
,nd shot himself through the temple.
.c is thought he became insane by read
ng dime novels.
Bourke Coohran happily characterize3
he decisions of the Supreme Court in
egard to insular matters by saying that]
'L held tha: tae conatii-u follows 1
he- fi.g, but at such a convenient dis I
ance tha: the F.,aker act can stand t
ietween them and the administration r
e allowed to escape fromn a very ser
BILL ARP ON ?RUAELERS.
Ee Does Not Like the Modern Sensa
There ceems to be an unusual com
Motion in the fiAd of rligious thought.
Dat of two or three hundred difftrent
Dhristian creeds ard forms of worship,
)me would suppose there were already
.nough to choose from, but some new
Ond startling ones keep c rming in and
the tager, craving miLds of the un
iettled people are failing out with the
)1d and falling in with the new theories
tod doctrines. There is no cause for
very great alarm in this, for it proves
0Ze natural instinctive desire of weak
and unscttld minds for Eome religion
that will Esatisfy ard comfort the lorg
itg heart It provcs the univeraal
belief in God the creator and the univer
al des ,e to secur RIs favor. There
is nothing new cr trange in this. It ib
history rcpeatid. One hurdred and
eighty years age Alexard r Pope, the
grest poet and philosopher, wrote:
-For modes of faith let graceless zealots
He can t be wrong whose life is in the right.
n faith and hope the world will disagree,
But all mankind s cuncern is charity-'
Pope was a great znd good man and
ied a Christiin His devotion to hii
mother was intense and beautiful He
took the tenderest care of her and she
lived with him until she died, in her
inety third year. This is tribute
enough for any man.
There are many men of many minds.
There are some in our (lay just like
those of Athens of whom St. Paul
wrote, "Who spent their time in telling
r hearing some new thing." Even
some preachers have a morbid- craving
for stnsation, and thet, crea-e a com
motion wherever they go, They be
long to the church militant and believe
in thunder and lightning ard cyclones
and even war as agencie for the prop
agation of Christianty. The news
papers are crowded with abstruse
essays on the new religion both for
and againet. These distract the skepti
al and unsettled minds of many, but
only for a time. Spiritualism did the
same thing for half a century, but
happily it has run its course as the last
census shows a large dccrease in the
number of its followsrs. But true
hristianity moves on serenely amidst
all these commotions. Meteors and
comets may come and go-even the
sun itself may for a brief interval be
eclipsed; but, like Christianity, it
shines on year after year, century after
century, bringing light and life to the
Maybe this seistoInal preaching is
needed in these degenerate times,
when the spirit of war aid the love of
money scems to h .ve demoraliizrd the
young men of the land; when murder
and suicides are of dadiy occurrence,
and getting money by gambling in
stooks and other short outs to fcrkune
has become a national sin. But to my
mind, the old, conservative modes are
till the best. I don't like the preach
er who ascends the pulpit with a whip
in his hand and cracks its lash at every
malediction. Tbat would be all right
if every man had a pulpit ard a whip,
.o that he could fight back. If I were
good encugh to be a preachsr I would
take a text .sad stick to it reverently
and plead with the people in the name
of the Lord. Old Dr. Axson, of
Savan..ah, was my ideal of a preacher;
a man of God who'se very presence in
he pulpit increased ont reverence for
it. His texts stili linger in the memo
ries of those who li-teneg arnd carry
with them more endtaring solemrnity.
When David pleaded wih the Lord
for forgiveness and said, "Remember
not agairst me the iniqu-ties or my
youth," every one recarded with grief
and sorrow the many, many errors of
his young life. Wthat a grief to cvery
man are the sins of his youth and how
earnetly he wishes they courd be
colotted out from his own memory. I
recall another text, when David ex
taimed in the agony of his heart,
"Mly sin is ever before me." Wrrat a
subhct for an earnea4, eloquent divine
the impossibility of escaping from the
memory of sin.
But the love of God was his favorite
theme, and the helplessness of man in
contrast. We know not whence we
came nor whither we are going- We
cannot add a day nor an hour to our
existence. We cannot foresee af.ic
tions nor calamities nor fortify against
them. We are utterly ha~pless and
are dependenat on the iGestor. Then
be gava a poetic picture of the won
drous love of the Creator for His crea
tures and prcved it by the adaptation
f our snenses to the beauties and
luxuries of nature-the moon and stars,
the mountains, rivers, trees, fruits and
awers; the birds to sing, the flawars
to bloom, the earth to bear us food,
and how carefully He holds the rolling
earth in His mighty hand while we sleep
unconscious of any danger, and too
of en forgetful that our Maker is at the
helm, watching over us and counting
every pulse that beats. "Young man,
young man, stop and think!" he ex
aimed, in tender, tearful pleading.
That is the kind of preachirg I like.
[t is well to have creeds and a faith 'n
them; but creeds are at last the work
of men and are controverted arnd hawk.
3 at by those who differ; but when
the Lrd says, "Do justly, love mercy
md walk humbly with thy God,"
"Humble yourselves under thbe mighty
hand of God," "Love the Lord with
ll thy strength and thy neighbor as
hyself," and "Love is the fulfilling of
:he law," there is no need of any better
oreeds. Humility is one of the chief est
:ardinal virtues. A man who is vain
r conceited is close akin to an idiot.
rhe poet says, "Oh, why should the
pirit of mcrtal be proud," and the]
salmist says, "Lord, what is man that
Fhou art imindful of him?"
But I didn't start to preach a ser-<
non, although I could preach one if I<
oad a puipit and a congregation of
oung people. I was ruminating about
:hese blessings of a kind providence]
cause I had strawberry short cake
o dinner and felt grateful. I have a
housand plants that I planted--I, me,<
nyself, no nigger in the woodpil3.t
Last ear they did not fruit well and I
vrote to Mr. Berckman about it, and
e said I must use ashes instead of
itable manure.~- So 1 seeped cut a
taucer like space around every plant
d filled it with ashes, and this year
hey are literally loaded and are of large
iz and fine quality. As the fellow
aid of the mosquitoes: they are so large
hat many of them wheigh a pound By
he scale, twenty of them do weigh a
ound. I am proud of my success, but
t does look like a pity that it should
ake a man seventy-five years to learn
iow to grow strawberries. Our fi )werS
lever were so beautiful, and we have
mogh for a wedding every week- 1
mud I wish they were wanted. My
vife actually praises me almost every
lay, and it takes a good deal to do me
nd she knows it. I want some when
have worked so hard to please her
md the children. I don't want to wait
or epispa1s on my tomabstone and obi
usries in the new.ot.apers. I had I
'ather hav t some praihe right now in
rrds that I cso undergtand. I want
orme of the floers-aed upon my 1
PROTECTED A XMDERER
A Georgia Sheriff Upholds the Law
Even to the Death.
The nerve of an obscure Georgia
Sheriff whose name is Joseph Merrill at
Carrollton, G a., Friday upheld the law
of the State and saved the life of a regro
from a mob. In protecting the negro,
who was saved from the gallows only a
few hours before through the efforts of
his lawyers, one life was k st an i two
men were wounded The arrival of the
State militia prevented threatened
trouble Friday night, and at 9 o clock a
speaial traia, bearing the negro whee
crime was the murder of a li t'e white
bo -whom he found fishing alone, and his
guaid, was speed.ng towards A-lant4.
The man killed in a tacking the j .l
was George Bennett of Carrillton, G* ,
and the wounded are Thomas S. Word,
father of the murdered boy, and an un
known man, presumably a farmer.
Williams, the negro, was tried and
found guilty of murdering 0.i Word,
Jan. 1st, this year and sentenced to be
hanged Friday, being refus, d a rew trial
by Judge Harris Friday maruing. His
attorneys, Reese, Smith & Boykin,
filed a bill of <xceptions ad carried
the case to the sap'eme court. A large
crowd of people had coe o town to
witness the hanging, and when it was
learned that an appea' had been taken
to the supreme court, delayirg execu
tion, there was much ta k, which crys
taiized soon after ia the formation of a
At noon the mob made an assault on
the jail. They battered down the out
side iron door, despite the warning of
the sherif, and entered the building
They made a demand on the sherif
for the key to the negroes cell, but
were refuied. With the refusal, they
began their advance upon the sheriff
an i the few dep-ities which he had
been ab!e to summon to his aid. They
were told to stop or they would be fired
on, but the order was not obeyed. As
they advanced down the corridor to
wards the sheriff, the order was given
to fire. Bennett fell, dying almost in
stantly. Thomas Word, the father of
Williams' victim, who was in the front
of the mob, was badly shot, as was alse
an unknown countryman.
The unexpeated fight of the sheriff
and his posse frightened the mob and
they retreated outside the jail. Here
they broke and ran and were soon divid
ed into little groups diicssing the
event. Sheriff Merrill at once consulted
Judge Harris, of the county court, and
it was decided to call upon Gov. Cand
ler for aid. The gcvernor was com
manicated with by telephone and said
he would send two companies from
Atlanta as soon as thsy could be as
Daring the afternoon the mob tele
phoned the situation to friends in the
sojoining towns of Villa Risa and
Temple and made an appe al for more
men to effect the capture of the nearo
This was communicat d also t3 Gov.
Candler and the governor soon wir.:d a
proclamation to the people of the
county. it was read from the steps oi
the court house at 4 o'clock ly the
mayor. The governor commanded the
people to disperse and said the entire
military and civil forces of the State
would be used to enforce order if neces
eary. The r,;ading of the proclamatiox
apparently had a good eff6 et, as many
prople were seen to mount their horses
and leave town.
Much apprehension was felt for the
night and the sheriff and, city and
county effioials, after a consultation
decided io take the prisoner out of the
county for safekeeping. The Atlante
militia, under command of Major Bar
ker, arrived about 6 o'clock, and one
hoar later escorted the negro and
sheriff to the train which was soot
speeding southward for Atlanta.
Massacred and Eaten.
News has reached Berlin that the
members of the First German South
Sea expedition on the Cannibal island
of St. Matthias has been massacred and
eaten by cannibals. Oaly one, Dr.
Heinroth, escaped. It seems that the
vessel which carried the expedition te
the island of St. Matthias left, after a
few days for Serbertshop, New Bri
tain, to get coal and fresh supplies.
Daring its absence the savages who had
hitherto appeared friendly, although
known to be rabid cannibals, plannt d
to kill and rob the diminished party.
The plot was carried cut one morn
ing while the members of the expedi
tion who had a body guard of 40 Pa
puans, were cleaning their rifies, which
they had taken apart. Suddenly 80
of the islanders broke from the brushes,
raising war cries and brandishing spears,
with which they stabbed to death the
leader of the party, Dr Meneken, his
secretary, Herr Caro, and a white sailor
who was asleep under a tent. Dr.
Heinroth empted his revolver into his
assailants wile the bodyguard in the
meantime retired to the boats with the
wounded, and Dr. Heinreth, leaving 12
dead. The boats put off to an is and
not far distant, where the expeditionary
vessel rescued them. Subsequently the
Eurvvors returned to the isiand of St.
Matthias, where they found that the
bodies had been devoured and the camp
Our Philippine Revenues.
The figures of the war department
giving the amount of revenue collec
tions from our Philippine trade between
April 11, 189~9, and February 28, 1901,
show that durirg that pericd, nearly
two years, the total government col
lections on goods sent from the United
States to the Philippines was $1,012,
925. Daring the same period the total
collections at our ports on goods import
ed from the Philippines was $196.149.
These are pitifully petty amounts com
pared with the hundreds of millions of
dollars we have spent on the Pnilip
A terrific cyclone passed across the
extreme nozthwes'ern corr er of Ope
lousas, Ls., Friday afternoon and al
most completely demolished the ex
tensive buildings of the San Landry
cotton oil mill, killed a white boy aged
14, named Albert Gautreaux, and ser
iously injur-ied John Zoder, a young
white man, both of whom were employ
ed there completely demolished the resi
dences of W. B Lewis ard Ben Melan
con and damaged a portion of the office
building of the Opelousas Ice Battling
works The path of the cyclone was
only about 400 feet.
To Get Rid of Flies.
People in the country who are an
noyed by flies sli'ould rcm~mbtr that
clusters of fragrant c'over, which grows
abundantly by nearly every roadside,
if hung in the room and left to dry and
shed its faint fragrant pe rfum ' through
the air will drive away xrorefiisa than
the stiekey saucers of molasses and
obter fly traps and fly paper can ever
gavo and a rose bush planted near,
md they might write on my tomb
He was a man of words and deeds,
Ple kept hii garden clean of weeds;
And when the weeds began to grow
le slayed them with his garden hoe.
Shot at by a Burglar
The State says: Mr. A. F. H. Dukes,
member of the board of direc'ors of the
State di;pensary, had a thrilling ex
perience with burglars at his home at
Branenville afew nights ago. He told
the fa:ts to an intcrssed crowd of
lrummers in Columbia one night last
week. Oa the night in question, Mr.
Dukes was informed that somebody was
in his store. Investigation showed that
there was a robber in the building, and
that he had lighted a lamp and was
eliberately looking through same
shoes. Mr. Dukes stationtcd his son
in law at one door while ne himself
went to the other. When he had
opened the dcor cautiously, Mr. Dak- s
sprang into the store and levelled his
gun on the burgiar. The latter raised
up and this motion saved his life, for
he missecd a load of No. 2 shot which
would have struck him bus for a side
wise motion in arising.
The burglar 6 red. Five times a pis
tol ball whistled past Mr. Dakes' bead,
and the latter stepped out o: the door.
As I e did so he saw that the burglar
had an accomplice. Mr Dakes'son-in
law had rushed toward the front door
when he heard the racket. The bur
glars blew out the lamp and bolted out
the back door. Mr. Dukcs' son-in-law
fired five times with a revolver at the
retreating form-that of a negro. A
white man ha? fired at Mr. Dakes.
Bloodhounds were ordered from sev
eral places, but could not be gotten.
The conductor on a train from Char
leston statcd that he had seen a man
bout a mile down the road who an
swered the description given by Mr.
Two young men went down the road
in a buggy and found the stranger de
sortbed by the ctnductor. They got
him into the buggy, he having accept
ed their offer of a "lift" on the way
toward 0:angeburg. When thev ar
rived at Branchville, Mr. A. F. H.
Dukes recogn.zed the party as the man
who had exchanged courtesies with
him. The strsnger protcsted his in
nocence, gave his name and said he
was from Iredell county, N. C. "Let
me see 3 our pistol," commanded- Mr.
Dukes. The stranger got out his gun.
Thera were five emptied catridges, had
jast been fired. The man's feet fitted
the burglar's track around the store.
Farthermore, the burglar had left a
satohel cntaining a No. 40 coat, the
stranger's size, and a pair of trousers
38x36, again fitting the stranger. The
Iredeil county man was looked up. In
the fusilade of 11 shots nobody was
love Among Savages
Among the Arabs of upper Egypt
the 3outh who prosposes to a girl must
eubmit to a whipping at the hands of
all her male relatives, and, says a dry
arrator, "if he wishes to be considered
xorth having he must receiva the chas
tisement, wnich is sometimes exceed
ingly severe, with an expression of en
Not infrequently it is the maiden
herself who imposes the test. The
Sakatava giirls of 31adagascar make their
lovers stand at a shcrt distance from a
elhver spear-thrower and catch between
the arms and s-de every weapon flung
at them. If the youth "displays fear
or fails to catch the spear he is igno
minioudly rejected, but if there be
no flischirng and the spears are caught
he is at once proclaimed an accepted
Worse than this is the trial enforced
upon their buitors by the Dangolowee
girls. When in doubt as to she respe
e~v merits of two rivais the young
lad v fast ans a bharply pointed knife to
eccti ebow; then, setg herself bi
tween her lovers, she drives the blade
slooiy into their thighs, and the hsro
who sakes the greatest length of steel
without a mumur wins the bride.
Mjor Mitcheil, in his "Expeditions
Into the 1Interior of Eastern Australia,"
says of the natives on the River Darl
ing, that all their ideas of fighting are
asociated with the possession of guns
and wives, and that after the battle the
wives "do not always follow their
fugitive husbands from the field, but
frequently go over, as a matter of
courso, to the victors " "None but
the brave deserve the fair" is a maxim
of most barbaric races.
Served Him Right.
A newspaper man was asked, says an
exchange, to publish an article roasting
a citizen. "Certainly," he said to a
caller, "what shall I say?' He was
furnished with an outline of what was
wanted, and wrote an article that was
a scorcher. "That's silendid" ex
laimed the friend delightedly when
the article was read to him. "That's
right; that'll make his old hair chinkle"!
"Alnight," said the editor, 'let me see,
what are your initials?" "Good
heavens," said the citizen, "you are
not going to sign my name to thatF'
"Why not?' asked the editor. "I
would nft have any one know that for
the wori.i I cannot afford to get into
~crap with my neighbor." The editor
imiled benevilently and said: "Why
should I mix up in a scrap that does
ot concern me? Why should you ex
pect me to assume the blame for the
publication of an artice to which you
fraid to sign your name?' The inter
iew above told is by no meanus unique,
ays the Pitusville Courier, nearly
~very newspaper~ sanctum has heard
any such conversations, although
appily they are less frequent than in
~ormer years. Political warfare is not
o bitter, neither so personal as a score
>f years ago, and newspapers are not so
ften asked to become catspaws. As a
general proposition, no one should offer
Scommunica':ion to a newspaper un
ss he is willing to sign his name
:hereto; the reader gives little weight
.o statements or arguments, the authors
>f which let their names be known to
he editor only.
Cuba a Colony.
The Gaffaey L-tdger says the Platt
eendment, which virtually makes
aba a colony of the United States, has
een rammed down 2he throat of the
Juban Convention. The vote steod 15
o 14 for its adoption. It was that or
nilitary domination and subjiugation,
nd a bare majority of the Convention
wallowed the bitter pill. Conventions
~enerally register the decrees of their
nasters. And yet Cuba "is and of
ight ought to be free and independ
nt;" yet we have no designs whatever
pon her freedom; yet we helped her
arow eff the yoke of Spain for pure
iumanitys ake! Just so. Bah!
An Excited Editor.
The New York Evening Telegram
svs we no:ice that General S. B. M.
s ung has jast been ordered to San
?arcisco to relieve Maj r General
kaf ter. Good ness! is that Falstaffian
era still getting his head rubbed at
be expnsea of the tax pavers?
"You ask for my daughter's hand,
eh? You'll find it a pretty heavy on%
young man. She's just broken a plate
over her mother's head!" - Ally
Said he: "Wife, you're crowned with your
No one can dispute me in that."
Said she: "If you'd but do your duty
I'd be crowned besides with a new hat."
And that night when they both slept upon
What visions their light slumbers fl
She had a sweet "dream of a bonnet"
And he a bad dream of the bill.
Best for All Concerned.
Comedy-I noticed you in the an.
dience last night. What did you think
of my part?
Criteek-It suited you.
Comedy-What did you think the
best thing I got off?
Criteek-The , stage.-Philadelphia
Marjorie-She is one of the hardest
worked girls in the city.
Madge-Why, what does she do?
Marjorie-Follows the directions in
the Sunday papers showing how to
make her face beautifuL-Town Top.
An Expert Opinion.
"Our new cook Is way up in his
torical novels. Yesterday she had a
warm discussion with my wife over
the fate of Joan of Are."
"Knew all about it, did she?"
"Yes. She's something of a steak
burner herself."-Cleveland Plain
One Way to Get Rid of It.
"You say my wife has swallowed
some foreign substance, and you can't
seem to reach It, doctor?"
"That's it, exactly."
"Well, what can we do, doctor?"
"I would recommend six days on an
ocean liner."-Yonkers Statesman
mrs. rmianthropist-Why do Y01
cry, little boy?
Little Boy-Me mudder is sick, an
me fader is out uv work, an' we ain't
had nuttin' ter eat fer t'ree days.
Mrs. PhlaMnthropist. - Poor dear
child, how my heart aches for you.
Here's a tract on the evils of drink
among the masses that you may take
home and read.-Judge.
Circumstances Alter Cases.
Suitor-I have come to ask you for
your daughter's hand.
Father-Well, the fact is, we are
pretty crowded here as it is, and I
Suitor-Oh. I intend to take her
away from home if I marry her.
Father-Oh, well; in that case-but
you did give me an awful start, my
No Room for Doubt.
"You speak with great positiveness
about the sincerity of our friend's re
"There can be ao doubt whatever
of his sincerity," was the answer.
"Why, sir, that man would-rather go to
church on Sunday than play golf."
Better Fun Than Dancing.
"Enjoy your party, Bobby?"
"Yes, m a."
"Well, what little girls did you dance
"Oh, I didn't dance. I had threea
fights downstairs with Willie Richard
son, and I licked him every time."
"She's not bad looking," observed
the unemotional young man. "But
she hasn't any money."
"What does a girl with hair like that
need of money?" exclaimed the other
youth, gazing after her with his soul
in his eyes.-Chicago Tribune.
"I am awfully disappointed in my
son," said the fond father.
"Why, I've used, I suppose, 50 bottles
of different hair producers, in my ef
forts to make him a professional
Striking a Balance,
If the great recording angel
Has a half-way lenient trend
He will give us all fair credit
For the good that we intend.
Yet. 'twere serious, I take it.
If, with equal honest view,
lHe should jot down in his volumes
Every evil impulse, too.
HEARD ON A PLUG ROAD.
"Rather a large boy for half fare,
isn't he, sir?"
"Yes, he is now, but he was a small
boy when we started."-Moonshine.
A Plea for the Erring.
If people never made mistakes,
Which bid the cynics chaff,
This world would be a lonely place,
With ne'er a chance to laugh.
Bliffers--Buncom is a self-made
man, isn't he?
Wiffers-Yes. What made you
think so t
Bliffers-He seems to be so well sat.
isfied with the job.-N. Y. Weekly.
Rather Wild at Figures.
"Statistics showv that Chicago people
lose 6,500 umbrelLats a ya.
"Six thousand five hundred? Pooh
I've lost half that many every year my
He-How innocent Miss Priscilla is!
She blushes at everything I say to her
She-That isn't innocence; that's re