Newspaper Page Text
XVI. ~~MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, JULY ~10.N.1
WORK OF VANDALS,
Raid of Shqrman's Army Told q3
S One of ihem.
A HORDE OF THIEVES.
Letter Written by a L eu'enard
Just After Burning of Co
lumbia Corrcborative of
To the Editor of The State:
Below will be found a copy of the
original letter written by Fsrst Lieu
tenant Thos. Q. Meyers, of Gen. Sher
man's army which counter- marched te
reach the goal of the "Secession State,
which he orly did after bombarding the
capitol frem the heights of Lexington
county, which are in plain view fro .
the high points of this city, lying 'just
across the river." Upon these clay hills
were planted the batteries, the shells of
which scarred the capitol, then in
course of construction, and sounded the
death knell, as it were, to the fair city
on the Corgaree. This leter puts the
cause of the buring of Coumbia where
it properly' belongs, and places the
responsibility upon Gen. Sherman and
his sub officers, who were disguiEed as
privates," and did the looting."
In this connection I may say that this
communication carries out the idea, so
forceably advanced recently, by Prof.
Spahr and Col. J. G Gibbes, who have
translated and written up on the Eub
Though the letter alluded to is from
husband to wife, and sent "by flag of
truce," I trust I betray no confidence,
as the letter was picked up by an old
southern "nigger," and carried to her
"Missus," to know if it was Uf value.
It is by reason of great coartesy that
I have a copy of this letter, saved from
the ashes of Jacksenville, and per force,
is of a private nature. There are tnou
sanas who have never heard anything
upon the subject; so with gracious per
mission, I am permitted to give this
information which every true sympa
thizer of a "iost cause" will no doubt,
appreciate. The information is from
private journaE; so the printing, for
bale, of this article is strictly Djained
and all copyrights reserved. Fr ob
vious reasons some names are omitted
in the papers sent.
R:bert S. Sparkman.
June 22, 1801.
February 26, 1865.
My dear Wife: I hase no time fcr
particulars. We have had a glorious
time in this State. Universai license to
burn and Ilunder was the order of the
day. Tze chivalry have been stripped
of most of their valuables. Gold
watches, silver pitchers, cups, spoons,
forks, etc., etc., are as common in
camp as black berries? The terms of
plunder are as follows: The valuables
procured we estimate by companies.
Each company is required to exhibit
the result of its operations at any given
place. One-fifth and first choice falls
to the share of the couImmander in- chief
and staff, one fifth to field officers of
regiments, and three- fifths to the com
pany. Officers are not allowed to join
these expeditions without disguising
themselves as privates. One of our
corps commanders borrowed a suit of
rough clothes from one of my men and
was successful in this plaee; he got a
large rjuantity of silver, (among other
things, an old time silver milk piteher)
and a very fine gold watch ftom a Mr.
DeSaussure at this place. DeSaussure
is one of the F. F. V.'s of South Caro
lina, and was made to fork over lib,
erally. Officers over the ratk of cap
tain are not made to put their plunder
in the estimate for general distribution.
This is very unfair, and for tl a-~ reasor
in order to protect thembelves, sub
ordinate officers and privates keep badt
everything that they can carry abou
their person, such as rings, car-rings,
breast pias, etc., of which, if ever]
live to get home, I have about a quart
1 am not joking-I have at least a quarl
of jewelry for you and all the girls, ani
some No. 1 aiamond rings and pirn
Gjen. Sherman has silver and goli
enough to start a bank. His share ii
gold watches and chains alone, at Co
aumbia, was two hundred and seventy
five (275); but I said I could Dot go int<
particulars. All the general officers an<
many grivates had valuables of ever;
description, even to ladies' embroidered
pocket handerchief. (I have my shari
of them too.) We took gold and ive:
enough from the d--d rebels to havy
redeemed their infernal currency twict
over. This, (the currenco) wheneve:
we come across it we burn as we con
sider it utterly worthless. I wish al
the jewelry this army has could be car
ried to the old Bay 8trate, it would decl
her out in glorious style, but alas! i
will be scattered all over the north and
middle States. Tree d-d negroes a
a rule prefer to stay at home, particu
lanly after they found out that we oni'
wanted the able-bedied men, (and ti
tell you the truth, the youngest an'
best looking wor-en). Sometimes w<
take coff whole families and plantationi
of negroes by way of repayirg the se
cessioniste; but the useless part o
these we soon manage to lose-some
times in crossing rivers-sometimes ii
;ther ways. I shall write to you agaii
from Wuimington, Goldsboro, or som
other place in 'North Usrolina. Tb
order to marern has arrived and I n~us
Love to grandmfther and Aunt Char
lotte. Take care of yoursa f and th
children. Do not show this letter ou
of the family.
Your affectionate husband,
Thos. Q. M~eyerr, Lieut., eti
P. S.-i wili asend this by fltg c
truce to be mailed unle-s 1 have
chance of sending it to Hilton Hlead
Tell Sadie I am saving a pearl bracele
and earrnegs for her; but Lambert go
the neckatce and breast pin or thc sami
set. 1 am tryir-g to trade him out,
them. 1iese were taken iro~m tn
Misses Jamisen, daughte:s' of the pre
sideait of te~ South Carolica secessio:
convention. We found. them on ou
trip through Georgis.
The foregoirng is a copyv of a lette
found by Miss Loride Cantey, of Cam
den, at the Yankee oamp, Tnear tha
city. It is directed to Mrs. Q. Meyers
Roston, Mass. and corrobhatesn whe
was believed at the time, that offi3er3
woe (itCzns' and privates' dress, in
order to rob without comprising their
The following is a letter from Miss
F:oride Cantey, now the wife of the
Rev. Mlr. Johnson, rector of S.. Pailip's
church, Charleston, S. C., written to
her son, Mr Joe Johnson, whoerquird
ot Ler concernirng the authentici-y of
the aforessid .luter. All these are in
the posLession of, and form part of the
j :urnal, of Miss Grace Eimore, which
bhe kept daring these troublous times.
Charleston, March 29,.h, 1899
My D.ar Son: The letter yc.u wrote
of wis writen by one of Sherman's
soldiei s, ar d picked up near our old
home (Iobkiik Hill.) The letter was
slightly damp from lying on the ground
when brought to me by a negro woman
who had picked it up. This woma2 had
always bcen consitered a quiet, good
woman, not r.:markably bright, and
could not read a word. She :oand it
juit after a part of Sherman's army
had raided Camden and the surround
ing country, and brought it to me to
know if I cculd tell her whose letter it
was. She did not have an idea if it
was lost by soldier or civilian, or to
whom adiressed. Afterwards, I learned
that the suver pieher named, corres
ponded with one taken from Maj.
Jno. M. DeSausiurs home: it was the
only picCa taken, as it was left out by
mistare when the rest of the family
silver was concealed. The letter was
printed in the Camien newspaper, but
At has never been returned to my pos
session. I would be glad to have it
LOW, or at least a copy of it. This
negro women had been a slave of your
grandmother's, and acted then and af
terwards, as if she still bore allegiance
to htr, and you, I think, rcmember her
as she nursed your sister. yourse.f and
little John. Sile was nimed Cinda, and
waatt d to go with us to Charleston, but
hrr mother was old and feeble and
wantLd her to stay in Camden. In my
own mind and that of my family there
is not a doubt of the letter baing at.
I enj )yed your letter, and will write
soon. My love to my cousins in the
Y our affectionate Mether.
WRECKED IN A FOG
Ship Sank and Passengers Became
The Orient S-:am Navigation Com
pany's steamer Lasitania, Captain Ma
Nay, from L iverpool, June 13, off
Montreal, having 300 pissengers on
board, was wrecked Wsnesday night
off Cape Bollard. No loss of life on
oaired. All the passengera were res
The L ania was bound round C.1pe
Rice for a.oLrsa , with a iarge cargo
and a sr. , load of passengers. She
nistook h$ course in a dens3 fog and
went aiw-re near R.nefs, twenty
miles no.-of Cape Race, before day
break. T, ship ran over a reef and
hangs ag -t a citif. The passengers,
who are *Btly emigrants, were panic
stricken. They stampednd and fought
for the bo .s, and they were overcome
by the oft ~ers and crew, who secured
control a ,er great trouble and a pro
lonaed st iggle with the rougher ele
mcnt amo 5N the passengers, who used
knives. ~.e women and children were
first land(e and the men followed. The
crew stoo& by the ship.
The pas ngers of the Lusitania had
a terrible' perience. The first knowl
edge wh hthey had of the disaster
was who a. owing to the ship rasping
over theJsocks, they were all hurled
from thei> 'erths. Many of them were
bruised ai they all hurried on deck
in their n at eieths. A scene of groat
excitemet4ensued. Five hundred per-.
sons were clamoring to escape while
the crew ried to pacify them and
launch th') boats. The mrale passengers,
in their ~ttempt to seize the boats,
trampled ~the women uader foot and
fought th. crew with knives. Some of
tae more . >ol-headed of the passengers
assisted t., crew in their efforts to get
out the b' ts.
The y ~ en and children rescred
were alm, et naked. D~enocd with
spray, the were puled up the cliffs by
the coast eople. Some of the boats
were demolished in the surf while at
tempting tolarnd and their half drowned
occupants held on to rooks shivering
with the cold until r~ scued.
This morning the unhappy passen
gers, after shivering for hours on the
hill top, tramped over weary milks in
their endeavor to reach the house of the
fishermen, where they are now shelter
Previous to reaching the .cliff3, the
passengers passed two hours of terrible
anxiety on the wreck. The steamer
Giencoe, bringing the Lusitania's pas
sengers, was due here Wednesday night.
-The messenger who brought the news of
the wreck to St. Johns says the passen
gers on board the Lusitania drew their
cnives to cat' the boat lashings and
threatened the crew of the steamer
when they thought the latter attempted
to intesfere with them in so doing.
The ltsst message to the agents of the
Lusitania here Eays the vessel is hard
and firm agroun d on the reef and a hope
Postoffices Washed Away.
Official advices to the postffine de
Spartment show that the break on the
SV~rginia and Ohio division of the Nor
foik anid Western railroad, caused by
Sthe flood extendsafor a distanee of 50
mus from Wi!!iamson to Ennis, e xcept
mn spots the branch line runing m rim
Goodwill to Branweil is practically en
t irely washedi away. CLief Clerks
Goodle from Washington, ann Sales from
L ync bburg, ort the railroad mail service,
nave gone to the flood diirit t> m--e
a report on thc situation at.d oeed in a
Spostal way. Tfhe postmiast r at Cedar
-BI'ff. Va., wired Wvdneedsy that the
moaey otder furnds, forms, blanks and
jstamps, together wath trausi: mail from
j amt Lick, Va., were sweg away by the
fflood- Ced ar luff :s en t'.e Clinch Val
e ey division~ ot ttht Lrf:k and Westera
riiiroad, in, Tazwr-ii eounty. Thbe post
Smugter at Eas V:.. aho re~prts his
the 1ostatfiee d .r.e i2 furnishirg
rdtgre: . wa taken Wedne~day w'c
Amittatt omtster Gieneral Shallere
be:ger au.horized the estabiishment of
a s geial service to Dubring, via Bran
IN WAKE OF FLOOD.
The Wreck of Railroads and
Bridges Were Comple-e.
GREAT LOSS TO MINES.
N: Coki Can be Hirdled fcr
Weeks Whiskiq Courage
Caused Loss of Sev
The damage in the coal fields begins
at Cole Dale, which is 15 miles
west of Bluefield. At that place great
-mbankmeats supporting the railroad
track have been washed out.
&t Mayberry, from the train can be
ieen five houses upset and partially
iemolisbed. The branch road healing
rom this point to the Norfolk and
Delta collieries has sustained heavy
lamage; tlie track is washed out in
ome places and covered over in othere,
ind those left of the long row of vaiu
tble company houses have an unsightly
Lppearance on account of material
washed in their yards.
The loss here and at Lick Branch is
R5,000. At Lick Branch the water was
rery high, and at this plaos damage to
he main line of railroad begins, and
lestruction of coal company property
At E :nis can be seen the remains of
valuable house, and on d >wn below,
umber from many builcing3 is col
cc ed high against bridge abutments
nd other unmovable structures. At
his place the east bound track begins
:o Cetirely disappear and at bome dis
ance further the roadbed is entirely
one from both tracks.
The iron bridge struciures still re
nain but the alproaches to either end
n most all cases have been entreIy
washed away, by reason of lumber from
iemolished houses and other material
>eing wedged against the abutments
ausing the water to flow around. All
ooden bridges are gone. The Turkey
ap colleries' loss is $29,000, the tip
le is slightly damaged and the coke
The delivery and cake oven tracks of
1e Crozzr and Houston operations are
nost entirely gone. Bridges and all
mars are turned over empty and partially
oaded, and ,aare demolished. The
arozer boiler house is washed out and
he damage sustained is $25,000.
The damage at Houston is $15,000.
it the Upland company the toiier
icuse and tipple is partially wash?ed
way. Along here tne camp houcs
iave been moved and destroed. Bi
ween this operation and Kyle, aI
racks are bad.y damaged, nearly ever -
hing having exchanged position wtit
he rormer creek bed. The great fil.s
which the railroad compary have beea
nakirg and riprapping ever since tae
uigh water of 1897, have bcen levelled.
ill opcrations have haa heavy lois and
eeks will have pissed before they can
work again to advantage.
Heavy damage was done at L~neh
urg operations, mostly to the tracks.
Lp north Fork branch a ruined house
,an be seen, besides a lot of building
naterial whiph was lodged against
>erh Foik bridge. The water has
,hanged its course at this bridge by
~emving the embankment at the east
pproach. The North Fork ceparations
11l sustained considerable damage.
Algoma lost houses and tracks and
2oreasonable estimate can yet be made.
bkridge lost a number cf houses, ecke
>vens and trestles. The power house
and their tracks were washed out. The
ipple is also damaged; loss $20,000.
Greenbrier lost a number of house'
and their tracks were damaged.
At Rolfe the tipple and trestle were
At .Roanoke the damage to houses,
trestles and tracks will amount to $7,
At Arlington bridges are gone above
and below the tipple and the loss is
estimated at $10,000.
At McDowell the tracks are washed
out and houses dest::oyed.
Gilliams loss is heavy in small
Indian Ridge lost a liumber of houses
and their storehouses was damagd.
Dr. Workman's house and office were
washed away, loss $12. 000.
Ashlands lost between eight arnd ten
thousand. Bottom creek lost $25,000.
Tidewater lost heavily.
At Keystone the streets are washed
irregular and debris is everywhere;
floors of the building standing are cov
ered with mud and water has been all
over the town to a considerable depth.
Had it not been for the jamming of
three or four buildings at the upper end,
near the suspension bridge, no doubt
the entire property of the town would
have been a total loss.
Just opposite Calhoun's buildings on
the other side of the creek, all houses
were entirely swept away, ioclueing
the most of Bellcher town. Property
is undermined and badly damaged at
Burke. The whole fill, on which the
two tracks pass through Keystone, is
entirely gone, tracks and all. The
wagon bridge and the coal company
houses on the company's side are also
gone, and Bank's building known as
"Khe First Change Saloon," is dcmol
ished. Many pernions had narrow es
capes with their lives and men, women,
and childre n succeeded is escspieg
through water waist deep, while otners
were ca::ried away. A ir. Abbott suc
ceded i.n rescuing a man named Lcek
wod on? Main street by fastening Lini
sit to post by means of a rore and ma
lg a dive in the swift water jast as
Lckwook was sinking from view.
Many similar rescues were made.
Eght bocies have becn found bztwee
Burke and E akman. There is no doubt
that many-lest their lives tarough mcre
prjaots and from bcicg intoxiected.
One white marn got on a section of sie
w.k and left town wi-h his arm, folded
remarking that he was goig aosvn be
low to tild out Low iver ing was.
His body was recovered sir~rs
Thes less at Peera(s3 is entn at
$3,000 and a. S8.awnee at $39J00
"How to Keep Cocl" recip- are toe
order of the day, and I ke a cer tain
other long soughit r..medy, have utver
yet provee efficacious. Candidy-il a
bull be permitted-the only way to
THE CROP OU rLOOK
The Weather Conditions Last Week
Blow is given the weekly bulletin
of tne ecndition of the weather and
crops in tle State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
rectien of the climate and crop Eer
vice of the Uaited States weather bu
reau. It is of special interest in view
of the gloomy views of the farmers:
The week ending Monday, June 24th
had nearly normal temperature, and
closed with extremely hot weather,
with maximum temperatures between
95 and 100. A minimum of 61 was ob
served at Spartanburg on the 18h.
There was less than the usual amount
of sunshine over a large portion of the
State, but generally it was aboat nor
mal. There was a severe hail and
wind storm in Lsxington county on
The rains of the wec k were local in
character, but were the heaviest of the
season at a few points. The heavest
rains occurred generally in the Nor.h
Carolina border ccuaties, where bot
tom lands were flioded for the fifth
time this year. Cultivation made good
progress in the central and southeast
era counties, but even there lowlands
are still too wet to plow, while else
where plowing was practicable on only
from ore to three days, and fields con
tinue to be foul with grass and weeds,
in placis, to such an extent that both
corn and cotton have been abandoned,
and lowland oats have been cat and
cured for hay on accnnt of the grass.
Cotton improved shghty where it
cou.d be worked, but the plants con
tinue to be unseasonably small, ani
much of it is yellow. Some cotton is
scalded and lice are still in evidence,
although less numerous than last
week. Chopping is not fiaished. Many
fields are still grassy and much cotton
is being destroyea i1 cleaning it of
grass and weeds. Some fields have
been abandoned on accouat of their
foul condition and searaiy of laborers.
Sea isl.nd made- a decided improve
Uplard corn looks well where it was
worked, but much looks yellow and is
very small, while lowland corn is ir
retrievably injured by excess of mois
ture and laAk of proper cultivation.
B.ottoms3 h've not all bten planted or
replanted. Corn is tasseling low and
is unpromising generally.
Tonaoco is being cut and cured in
Florence county; it is small and poor in
all sectins, but has improved daring
tne week. Rice is excellent in the
Charleston and Williamsburg districts,
some was damaged -y overflows and
stagnant water in tile Colleton dis
triet, while in the Georgetown dis
tracts freshets injured it, and only
sbQut one-fourth te usual amount of
Ja:e rce cuid be plancd. Wheat
harvest 13- nearly finished, and late
.heat was poor owing to rust and
Ecab. OA:s about harvested. T-,th
grat.s are sprouting in the sBkzk to
Eome extent. Threshing has begun
wiL>. generally good 3ields.
Sweet p-,ato siips ar3 still being set
out. Soine peas have been planted. In
places melons are blighting but a gen
eral improvement is notea. Peaches
are roLtening extensively as they ripen.
Apples conuinue to drop.
Wild plums and berries are plentiful,.
A cantinuation of dry weather is
needed to improve crop prospects
which are still verj unfavorable.
A Little Boy Killed.
The Columbia State says a deplorable
accident occurred at the Epworth or
phanage during the storm of Wednes
day afternoon. An old cow shed was
blown to the* ground, killing one littlei
fellow outright and wounding two
others. The boys-nine in number
-were in the orchard gathering
plums. Overtaken by the rain
they went under a nearbi cowshed
together with two negro men, a half
dozen cows and two horses. The old
shed was unable to withstand the in
creasing force of the wind and soon after
fell with a crash. As soon as the ne
groes could disentangle themselves the
wreckage was removed. Charlie Stack
was found lying on his left side pinned
to the ground by a heavy sill which had
crushea his skull. There were several
bruises on his body and his leg was
broken. Lee White had a long gash
down the forehead and face to his lip,
it being cut to the bone, and John H.
Parker had his right elbow dislocated.
The ages of the injured boys were 9, 6
and 12 years respectiveiy. The little
fellow who was killed, Charlie Stack,
came to the orphanage about three and a
half years ago. His former home was in
Florence where he and his older brother
lived up to the time of their father's
Killed With an Axe.
Rev. Patrick Chambers, one of the
most prominent citizens of the Holly
Springs section, Oconee County, had
d:aei Iro c the effects of a blow re
ceived at the hanas of his son-in-law,
Dan Roach, several days ago, with an
axe.. All this trouble, it is said was
cau.sed by Roach not providing for his
own. family. He lives at the home of
Mr. Chambers who told him he ought
to get to work and make a living for
his family. Roach bc e me furious, so
c.ared his axe, and dealt a deadly blow
with the siae of it back of the left ear.
Mr. Chabers is a leader of his section,
honest and respected. Roach has been
in trouble boicre, his father-in-law al
wayis -comag to his rescue, trying to
make sne;.irag outo- himn.
Killed by Lightning.
A gre.IL many more persons seems to
be ki.'d now by 1:ghtninig than former
iy. Whilec stacking wheat on his farm,
six milei south of Ptedx ount, Ala., on
Weene::drny. Robert Coan and his Son
viet e struck by lig d'.mng and instantly
k:Lhed. WhLile working in a field in
.L.ecoln ceunmy, Nor-h Carolina, Wed
nesday alt.eruoon, ?Jilliam Huss and
one son were instantly killed, and
another son probably fatally injured by
A Long Sentence.
O.1c of the longest and direct sen
teness cver pronuoncd uoon a crimi
nvu~s rUo-'azy coauted in the decis
o? 01aJude in Naples, who inflicted
neemy Uon .n Ihahan adventurer,
ws picaeduilt to adwscnit
jadg fiure upthe penalties and offi
oful solietced the' prisoner to 1,088
yeas o slitryconfinement.
STARVING IN CHINA.
The Sad Condition of That Un.
MILLIONS DYING FOR BREAD.
fears of Orought the Cause.
Death by the Thousands.
Children Sold for
Bread to Eat.
Twenty millions of men, women and
ihildren starving; a universal hunger
hat causes thousands of deaths daily;
arched fields and a drought of three
pears' duration; whole villages abandon
-d to the dead, and the population sub
isting on roots and herbs; mothers
illing their children for bread, and
he horrors of cannibalism.
Such is the awful picture that has
ecently been brought to the attention I
f the world fram beyond the moun
sins which enclose the provinces of
;hansi and 9hensi, in China.
The first break in the silence of de
pair, the first signal of distress from
he millions of starving in their iso
ation came in the form of a cablegram
o America from Li Hung Chang,
)hina's "Grand Old Man,"-the Bis
narck of Asia.
The ca legram in itself was a strange
hing For the firt time in that long
listory which began in the dawn of
ime, China- was appealing for aid to
he newer world bey ond the Great Wall
nd the great sea Never before had the
ike occurred. Calamities and wars
nd pestilencee there have been in
hina during the long, monotonous
ynasties, but none that she c.nsider<d
mpossible of relief from resources
ithin her own borders. Al the tradi
ions of her past, all precedent and re
igion, were opposed to a pca for aid
rom a foreign power. Sad, indeed,
nuet be the plight of the 20,000,000,
hen Li Hun: Chang says to Christian
Imeriea: "Help, or we perish!"
"Very serious famine," Earl Li cs
led; "spreads over whole province of
3hansi. Over 11,000,000 population
ffeted. Urgent relief necessary. Con
ition warrant immediate appeal."
Wu Ting Fang, Chinese minister to
,he Unitea States, supplemented the
riceroy's words with an urgent mes
age of his own, and forwarded a
.ranslation of the following touching
bppeal from the governor and native
'elief committee # Shansi:
'To Our Own People and Foreigners:
"This time the famine is more seri
>us than ever, becuse in the north are
he allied troops, and in the south we
iave several places in rebellion. China
a very poor now, and the people are in
ch a straightened position that no very
ig assistance can be expected from
hem. Since more than several months
iow, the famine has been beginning in
>Iaces in this province. In some vii
ages they are eating human flash.
"All our brothers in the world should
>e very sorry for us, and should know
iow unfortunate we are. We wish all
yr people to share some of your money
which you spend amusing yourselves,
md for traveling, and for dressing and
or all kinds of comforts, to rescue
:hse poor people. It is much better
: save the starving and dying men,
omen and children here, than to build
Spagoda or temple, or even a church
yecause from ten to twelve million peo
le are suffering to death."
The two provinces of Shansi and
hensi are side by side in the northern
part of the Chinese empire, 600 miles
rom the sea coast, their combined
mrea of 15.7,000 square miles, about that
af the 1'New England States with New
York end Pennsylvania; yet, crowded
into this small territory are 20,000,000
uman beings, more than one-quarter
the entire population of the UJnited
Shansi and Shensi were once beauti
ul and fruitful. They are mountain
aus and~furrowed by picturesque val
eys. In facet, a literal translation of
hansi would mean "Mountains of the
East." For centuries before western
history began, the dense population
aultivated rice on the terraces on the
hillsides. S3iansi is old ever for China.
ts principal city, Tai-ynen, was the
cpital of the empire when Pekin was
new. Its people were simple, contented
During the last decade European and
American civilization has driven an en
tering wedge into the prejudices and
supersititions of the mountain pro
vinces. Especially was this true of
hansi, the nearer of the two to the sea
coast. Until recently it was the scone
of the labors tf more than 180 mission
ries. Agents of foreign firms in Hong
Kong and Shanghai have crossed the
mountain passes, and have made a be
ginning in what will some day be un
doubtedly a large import trade with the
farmers of the terraced valleys.
There are comparatively few streams
in the two provinces, and water for the
rice fields i3 supplied by irrigating
ditches and wells. These dry up when
rain fails, and the result is a faulure of
crops and famine. Surch is the condi
ton now. For two years scarcely any
rain has fallen in Shansi and Shensi.
Before the last of the missionaries
left Stiansi, the black shadow of hun
er hung so low over the land as to
make even the famine horrors of India
small by ot mparison. And the shadow
has continued t o deepen. No one will
probably ever know the exact number
of victims, but recent accounts give
some idea of the death harvest that is
being gleaned in the parched fields.
Rice, the one imiportant staple of food,
is worth its weignt in gold. As a sub
stitute the peeple, in sheer despair, eat
grass and the leaves ot' treas.
DLhaths are too numerous to make
funerals any longer possible. Outside
of every village a dleep pit is dug, and
every morning are laid the bodies of
those who have died during the night,
covered only by a thin layer of earth.
Later in the day another ghastly layer
is placed upon them and the proccs
coninued until the pity is filed, which
seldom takes loger than a few days.
Larga towns are depopulated. The in
habitans wander lte wild beasts
through the fields searching vainly for
Leathern straps and sacks are boiled
Lnd eaten to satisfy the cravings of
iunger. Some idea of the horror of
.t all can be gathered from the follow
.ng letter received in this city from a
Jhinaman in Shansi:
"A man just came from a village
)utside of this city, and described the
sondition of the starving people, which
nade me feel as though I was among
hem. Thirty dollars was the price of
bag of rica. The poor have no rice;
hey killed everything in sigh,, if eat
ible, and cooked even leather boxes or
ags, and stewed tree-bark and grass.
3ome of them were so famished that
hey were even eating earth.
"On the first day, he saw a number
>f poor people selling their children
or rice. On the second he saw the
ame party lying starving on the road,
and on the third day about half of
hem were dead, and their miserable
>odies were lying at the mercy of
iungry dogs and wolves.
"Nearly every city, town or village
ie passed through was deserted or the
iouses occupied by the dead. It is
aid that in one town the people have
pened a human flesh market.
"Another friend told me of a family
if nine. The mother could not bear to
iear the cry of the famished children
Id finally committed suicide."
The Christian Herald caught up Li
lung Chang's appeal and spread it
roadcast throughout the United
tates. The response has been more
Luick and generou than to any previ
us calls on the genercsity of Ameri
ans. One of the first contributions
vas from President MaKinley, who,
rom his special car on his journey
oross the continent, telegraphed his
iontribution along with that of Mr.
Fohn Hay, secretary of state.
Al:ead $20,000 have been cabled to
he Relief committee of five mission
ries in Tientsin. The obstacles which
ed some persons in this country to
ear that the distribution of famine re
ief in China would be a difficalt taek
ave melted away.
Shansi's new governor is a very pro
;ressive Uhinaman. He is a friend of
he foreginers, and he recently sent an
ificial escort to Pe;kin to conduct the
issionaries back to Tai-Yen-Fu.
;hensi, too, has been found to be quite
a accessible for relief operations as
,ny other part of the empire.
These are the days when electricity
,nd steam are knitting the world to
ether. $20,000 can now be sent from
few York to China almost as easily as
While you are reading this a floiilla
f small janks and river boats is prob
bly well on its way up the Yang-tse
iver. The flotilla is laden wlth tons
f rice. It will follow its windings to
ward the southern borders of the two
rovinces, and then continue up the
iver Han to a point where its cargo
ill be loaded on wagon trains and
arried far into the interior. Thou
ands of lives will be saved, and, as
Vu Ting Fang recently put it, "1he
elief w:li go a long way toward help
cg the Chinese to realize the foreign
re are not their enemies."
Yes, $20,000 will go a long way in
hansi and Shensi, but after all, it is
ly a beginning. A great deal more
s needed before the shadow can be
ifted from over the desert vallevs.
k fund is now being raised which it is
oped may rival the hundreds of thous
nds contributed for India.
Crushed, heartbroken China today
ooks to America as her best friend.
~here is something pathetic in Li
lung Chang's selection of this coun
ry for his appeal.
Li Hung Chang was the friend of
len. Grant. By his instructions, the
hinese minister every memorial day
ays a wreath on the tomb on River.
ide Drive..- Li Hung Chang made to
as the first admission of his country's
Shall lisi apperi be in vain? Will
he countrymen of U. 3. Grant give
o heed? No, as Dr. Louis Kiopaeh
ays, in a little pamphlet jast issned by.
he relief fand:
" 'Let the dead past bury its dea'd.'
hese peaple, though their skin be yel
ow, though their customs be strange,
hough they live in a different clime,
hough they have erred, and griev
>usly erred, yet are they our brethren,
nd we wili not desert them in this
iour of terrible afLhetion and dis
"They shall not die if we can prevent
,t. Their children shall not be sold
or food, for to them they are as dear
is our own prattling babes are to us;
hey shall not starve, seeing that God
as given us enough and to spare. Out
>our abundance will we assist them,
nd, God helping us, we will do to
hem as we would, under similar con
litions, have them do to us, and thus
~educing the Golden Rule to practice,
e will give them bread to the full ex
ent of our individual ability."
Saving lives in North China is not an
Ten American cents will pay the ex
penses of a small family for a day
ad twenty cents will save a life for a
week. A dollar is all that is needed
o maintain a family of five for a week
nd $100 will keep alive a good sized
illage. All contributions towiards this
eserving cause should be a.ddressed
o the China Famine Relief fund, care
[he Christian Herald, Bible House,
A Fatal Collision.
A collision occurred on one of the
itreets of Montgomery, Ala., Wednes
lay afternoon between a trolley car and
ose cart caused the death of one man
mad four were injured. 'Lhe firemen
were responding to an alarm of fire and
were crossing the railroad track when
;he hose carriage was struck by the car.
[he street had recently been graded at
hat point and the cut was of such a na
ure that neither party could see the
>ther until too late to stop. The hose
arriage was totally demolished and the
ront end of the car badly broken. Tne
ondutor and motormen were arrested.
A Careless Engineer.
A freight of the Seaboard Air Line
*an into a freight of the P'iant system
t the crossing at]3laden, Gia., Wednes
lay morning. It is the law in Georgia
hat all trains shall stop at crossings.
rom the evidence it seems that H. .E.
Bradford, engineer of the Seaboard train
ailad to stop his train. A crash was the
euit. Bradford was seriously injured
mnd his tiroman, Rabert Simme, was
nstantly killed. Nobody on the Piant
,ystem train was hurt. Several cars
were smashed and the Seaboard engine
THE CROP OUMOOK.
On the Whole the General Condition
is Better. 4
The growing cotton crop made fair
progress the last week and is doing
well except in the Atlantic States,
where excessive moisture and lack of
cultivation have kept its condition low,
but in those sections, the crop looks
well. In the central and western dis
tricts squares are forming and blooms
have been noted as far north as Mis
souri, while in southwestern Texas
picking has begun.
West of the Mississippi droughty
conditions prevail that will soon injure
the prospects unless relieved by rain.
Lice are causing some apprehension in
the Atlantic Statei, and the boll weevil
in Texas has caused damage locally.
On the whole, the crop is in a fairly
In North Carolina frequent showers
with cloudy, cool weataer prevailed
during the week just passel. Raias
occurred at some place or other in the
State on every day of the week, and
were quite heavy on the 21st and night t
of the 24th, causing freshets in the
smaller streams; but generally the
rains were local in character, and over
many counties there were favorable
opportunities for farm work. Cotton
is making very slow growtjh, but looks
well in cultivated fielde; grass contin
ues to be troublesome; in some coun
ties lice have appeared on cotton.
Some early planted cotton is beginning
to form squares.
In Sousa Carolina cotton improved
slightly where it could be worked, but
the plants continue to be unreasonably
small, and much of it is yellow. Some
cotton is scalded, and lie are still in
evidence, although less numerous than
last week. Chopping is not finished.
Many fialds are still grassy, and much
cotton is being destroyed in cleaning
it of grass and weeds. Some fields
have been abindoned on asoeunt of
their foal condition and scarcity of la
borers. Sia islsad made a decided:im
In Georgia heavy rains fell in the
eastern counties early in the week;
otherwise generally fair weather has
prevailed with high temperature. All
crops have been given much needed
cultivation, but the supply of labor is
not equal to demands. A -slight im
provement in the crop situation is 1
noted in many counties, while in oth
ers the detrimental effects of the past
heavy rains are still apparent. Cotton
is still in poor condiuon in many lo- ,
calities, but corn is recovering rapidly. i
In Alaama hot, dry weather pre- r
vailed, the day temperatures averaging 0
well up in the nineties, and, on a few
days during the latter part of the week, a
reachir.g 10] degrees at some stations in
Middle and eastern counties; practically a
no rain occurred, except seattered show
era in extreme eastern counties Sanday j
afternoon, and a general rain would now t
be beneficial to all crops. The dry f
weather was favorable for work, and e
cotton has been mostly worked out, and i
is now clean, and, while it is small, it is
generauly healthy and is improving a
steadily; squares are forming very gener- s
ally, and some is ready to bloom. a
In Miskiisippi over the central and t
northern portions of the State the work t
was very favorable for the cultivation
and growth of crops; which are gen- a
erally in good condtion, but needing
rain. In the southern counties the e
continued dry weather commenced to j
show its ill effects on crops, especially c
corn and gardens. Over the most of a
the State cotton is clean and is mak- e
ing a satisfactory growth, although ,
generally from two or three weeks late.
It is beninning to bloom in some of the
southern and central counties.
In Louisiana'the week has been prac
tically rainiess, and for the second
time during the present growing season
drouth of damaging intensivelv pre
vails in all parts of the State
Cotton is reported in fine condition in
a few localities, roughi and kinky or
turning red and in other ways show
ing the - bad effects of the dry, hot
weather in other places, but generally,
although from one to three week late
and growing slowly, it is looking heal
thy and the first planted is blooming.
In Tennessee cotton is still small, but I
the high temperature of the week was
favorable to it, and the outlook is more
encouraging now than at almost anyj
previous time this seasson.
In Texas very light rain was report
ed from a few localities in the north
eastern and over the extreme north
western portion of the State, and show
ers occurred here and there along the
Brazos and Trinity rivers on the 17th
and 18th, but in no case was the rain
fall sufficient to relieve the needs of1
crops. All portions of the State need
rain and in a great many sections, not
ably in the central, southern and east
ern, a serious drouth is prevailing.
Cotton, considering the dry weather,
has done well; the crop is generally in
bloom. The crop needs rain, but there
are only a few instances noted where
the plant is actually suffering for mois
ture. Tne boll weevil continues to1
damage catton, but their depredations
are confined to limited areas in the
southern portion of the State; reports
indicate that they are being rapidly
thinned out by the various methods
used to exterminate them. Early cot
ton in the extreme south is opening and
is being picked.
in Arkansas the weather continues
hot and dry. No rain of consequence
occurred during the week, except in the
northwest section, where scattered
showere occurred on the 18:h inst. All
crops are begianing to need rain badly.
Corn and cotton have made rapid
In Oklahoma and Indian Territory3
clear, hot weather, with high southerly
winds prevailed during the week; local
showers occurred on the 17th, 18k, 19th
and 2 1st. Cotton choppping is about
completed, and the plant is squaring I
and commencing to bloom; it made a
good growth and is in good condition.
In Missouri cotton, in the southeast- I
ern counties, is making excellent pro- I
grees and is beginning to bloom.
In Virginia there was too much rain
His Family Lost.
Lowell D. Hosmer, the former dis
burser of the public works department
of Porto R oo, died June 17. His wife
and family have been unsuccessfully
sought for. At one time they were be-I
lieved to be at Jacksonville, FIL, or
Memphis, Tenn. Americans at San
Juan took charge of the funeral. 1
RECK.0F A TRAIN.
mars Piled One on the. Other in
an inex'rlcable Mass.
IIX TEEN PERSONS KILLED.
rhe Accident Occurred in a Lone
ly County at Midnight.
Hours Before Wounded
Sixteen persons were killed' and
bout 50 were seriously injured in a
reck of train No. 3, the west bound
Vabash limited, nine miles west of
orea, Ind., at 12:30 a. m., Wednes
ay. The dead ire all Italian-anigrants
n route to Colorado, whose names are
nknown. Two seations of train No.
, one coming ;from Detroit and the
ther from Toledo were consolidated in
his city into a train of eleven oars,
aking up the flyer for its journey to
It. Louis. It consisted of a combina
ion baggage and express, combination
aggage and smoker, day coach, emi
;ant coach, three -chair cars, three
leepers and the private ear of General
uperintendent Jotter of the Iron
lountain railway. Having left this
ity one hour late the train was speed
ng westward at a high rate when at a
oint nine miles west the enging
lunged through a trestle which hAd
een undermined by the recent heavy
ains. The embankment on both -sides
f the little stream dropped at a sharp
egree a distance of forty feet. Oing.
o the momentum of the train the en
ine appeared to leap nearly across the
mbankment, plunged into the soft
arth on the opposite side and fell back
o the bottom. Engineer Butler and
'iremsn Adams were thrown from the
ab but not seriously hurt. The ex
ress =ar and the first chair oar were
elescoped. The emigrantoar followed
>q two chair oars went down on the
eft side - of the track and the firi
leeper pitched forward upon the mass
I debris. Its windows and trucks
rere broken, but none of the oca
ants were ivjure: The aining
are also left their trucks, but were not
adly damaged. It was in the emi
rant and day coaches that most of the
,eaths and injuries ooored.
There was absolutetly no means by
rhich the engine crew could see the
rpending danger; in fact, the engine
n out upon the trestle before the.
tructure gave way.
The nigat was intensely dark. For
few minutes after the fatal plunge
ad dreadful roar of crashing timbers,
deathly stillness prevailed, which
ras only broken by the cries of the in
ared. Trainmen caught up their Ian
erns and rushed to the neighboring
rm houses for assistance. The farm
rs, with their wives and children,
earing torches, hastened to the scene.
Lll efforts were bent to giving first
id to the injured. Telephone mes
ages were dispatched to this city and
very physician was hurriedly taken
3 a special train which carried them
) the eene. The injured were placed
bout on cots and everything possible
one to ameliorate their condition.
For a time after the rescurers reaoha
d the scene of the wreck zittleocould
e done in the way of moving the
ead. Hundred of tons of twisted iron
nd broken timbers rested upon the
ar where the unfortunate emigrants
By means of wrecking derricks the
tess was gradually opened and by
Lylight nearly all the dead had been
emoved to the city.
The Deadly Lightning.
The storm which struck Pitsburg and
icinity Wednesday afternoon was
hort in duration, but terrific in power
1nd disastrous in effeot. TLhe lightning
nd thunder was practically continuous
or about thirty mnniutes, the wind at
aining a -velocity of thirty miles an
tour end 46 inches of rain fell. The
emperature fell 24 degrees within an
tour. One woman was killed instantly
>y lightning and saveral other persons
nay die from the same cause, number
ess houses and churches were struck by
ightning and several picnic parties
ere paniostricken. At South Avenue
>ark, a pienic party, composed of 1,200
ersons, 700 of wiom were children,
athered in the dancing pavilion for
helter from the storm. Lightning
truck a tree within eight feet of the
>avilion and set fire to the structure.
Che picnickers were panic-stricken,
romen feinted, childrens oreameda
md eventhe men in the party
ave way to thiur fright. Fortuately
he heavy rain extinguished the flames
md although a large number of the
>arty were more or less hurt, in the
>anic, none were sedously igured. A
imilar panic ensued at St. Qph's
arochial school, on Mount O1Y,7
there commencement exercises were
eing held. The hell was filled with chil
ren and their parents when lightning
truck the building, tearing a portion
f the roof away. No fatalities result
Jumps from Steamship.
The captain of the Anchor Line
teamer Furnessia, from New. _lork,
rune 15, which arrived at Glasgow,
Vednesday, reports that Richard
Walke, a lawyer of Virginia, jumped
iverboard from the steamer June 20
nd was drowned. A dipatch says
ichard Walke was a resident of Norfolk
nd one of the most distinguished law
ers of the State of Virginia. He leaves
Swife and four daughters. The widow
i Commodore Truexton is his sister.
le was aecompanied on the trip to
urope by his wife And e gentleman
riend. His death is the result of his
hird attempt to end his life in recent
rears, and he is the third of his family
o die by their own hands within the
>ast three years. In 1899 Henry Walke,
de brother, shot himself in Brooklyn
rhile on a visit to that city. Lattleton
2. Walke, son of Richard Walke,
tabbed himself to death in his room
t the University of Virginia recently.
A Georgia editor says if any farmer
ets the weeds grow while it rains, and
oes not work fast and continuously
vhile the sun shines he is going to find
arming a failure next autumn.
This is a good time of the year to use
vhiterah on fences.