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AS HE SEES IT.
Demccracy and Repub'icanism
BY HON. D. S. HENDERSON.
A Clear Cut Vie w of the O.ffer
ence 8!wsen the TwD Great
Parties in the United
Hon. D S. Henderson, of Alken.
who spoke at the mass meeting in
Union recently, has defined the diff-r
enees between the Democrats and H e
publicans in this country, as follows:
It is esteemed a high privilege to be
invited to address the people of this
favored section of South Carolina.
When your unexpected and unsolici
ted invitation came, to come hither
and address you on the grave naticnal
issues pending before the American
people it was accepted as a call to duty.
I have felt that in the diszussion of
these issues at this meeting, in an of
election year, which is only the pre
liminary of many which may follow
next year, it were best not to address
you in an off hand, extemporaneous
manner, which is best suited to per
sonal political debate, but to commi:
my reflection to manuscript in the
hope that I may be more accurate, sec
cinet and clear.
Issues are brought about by the hap
pening of events, which generate idea3
of interest and concern; and being dis
cussed and acted uon by the public
become formulated into concrete facts
as the basis of public and private a
Nations are initiated or destroyed by
the result of such issues; and it is the
duty of every liberty loving citizen, as
the best indicia to his right to citizen
ship to take an active part in such
We should bring to the consideration
of such matters not Rhetorical pyro
technics in speech and glittering gen
eralities from history, but common
sense andreason and apply the subjest
at hand to our home needs and home
As a people, as a nation, by the per
mission of Provilence we occupy the
greatest country of the earth. Born
amid the peans of liberty; liberty of
conscience; liberty of speech, and
liberty of religion, she has been baptized
in the waters of adversity and is now
marching up the slopes of apparent
prosperity and power.
It is the people who compose the
government. It is the people who
formulate the ideas that guide national
growth; and it is the people who muss
decide the issues which the formula
tion of such ideas bring about.
All nations of the nature of our
American republic must have rival
political parties. It started soon after
the breath of life was blown into the
body politic of this National republic
as the necessary concomitant of the
fact that men run the government.
They have existed ever sire under
various name;, creeds and banners and
will continue to remain as lorg as-the
republic lives, or until its enemies, i
they have their way, sink is into Imperi
The written charts which bind us
together, namely, "The Declar ation of
Independence"; "The Articles of Con
federation" and "The Constitution of
the United States of America", were
begotten in the revolt of liberty against
the Royal Imperialistic colonization
idea. The Constitution was a grant of
power from the people; what was not
therein granted to the government
thereby formed was reserved absolutely
to the people.
EIEvery line, every syllable of this
Magna Charts of the people was evolv
ed from a struggle of debate between
centralized government on the one
hand and a government of the people
on the other.
The dust of battle which vindicated
the liberty principles of the Constitu
tion had scarcely rolled away when
Hamilton. and his followers espoused
the cause of a Centrainzd government;
and 'Jdfferson and his followers the
cause of a Democracy pure and simple.
Ever since through various mutations
and changes, amid shifting scenes and
circumstances; amid battle and treason
and traitorism and tyranny and pros
peyity and adversity, the struggle has
continued; and it subsists to lay.
You called this meeting to-day be
cause it was still going on.
The Hamiltonian, Federalistic or
Republican party bending all of its
energies to centralize all power in one
Federal head with the machinery for
the promotion of its combines and &e
pendencies to perpetuate the power of
that head; and the Jeffersonian or
Democratic party bending its energies
for she preservation of popular govern
ment and a strict construction of the
constitution handed down by.- the
The same Democratic party has seen
defeat and stood it like a Spartan hero.
It has seen victory and dispensed
power; and stood that success with
equanmmity and dispensed that power
as an even handed governor of the pso
It may again see defeat, but it will
again see victory if its sons are true to
It has stood as the Great Conservator
of the business interests of the country;
demanding competition in all the
marts of trade. So that labor and in
dustry in all modes of life can be com
It has stood against the encroach
ments of the greedy money gatherei
and for the promotion of the healthy
trade and enterprise in all departments.
For the extension and protection ol
commerce to the remotest regions oi
the earth so that American progresi
and American enterprise by the making
of better goods at cheaper prices coui:
command the markets of the world
and it advocates to-day the promotios
and protection of that trade and com
merce to the fullest extent.
Is has stood for the enforcement o!
its own life bought doctrine that ther<
must be no further encroachment up az
American territory by Continenta
powers for the purposes of monarchica
colonization and. vassel rule; and i
should never surrender or violate tb:0
principle of self preservation and .i as
tice, least the worid powers shall clain
such violations as a pretext for thei3
It has gone further; and by deed and
act stood for the peaceful acquisition o:
American territory for the preservatioz
of American liberty and tne develop.
ment of American enterprise and
progress, but it never has and I pra;
God it never will lend its aid and sane
uon to th.e acqusition of foreign terri
tory for plunder and pelf.
In 1803, under the leadership of it
founder, the immortal Jdfferson, b:
peanfu means anel money freely grnt
ed in time. of peace by the people, it
erected the Stars and Stripes over the
Louisiana purchase after the tri color
of France was withdrawn; and in that
act as a part, written in the contract of
purchase, it guaranteed the fall right
of statehood to the component parts of
the territory; and protection of life and
liber:y to every inhabitant thereof. It
took in the land and procecded to gov
ern it with "the consent of the govern
ad", carrying out the bed rock doctrine
o: the Union :dr State'. it woud make
t!u. .ame apostle of Democracy scud
der i his coma, to know that in less
than a century thereafter the govern
which he had so carefully kept
co vn in, its territorial acquirements to
the principles of liberty, in the far East
away from cur ocean washed Republic
had seized territory claimed by two
dure en sets of people and were en
ccavoring to force upon it a govern
moent contrary to their wishes and de
1Iis ame old Democratic party after
it had given liberty to the Texan re
public, even by force of arms, saw no
disgrace in hauling down its glorious
flag from the ramparts of the Monte zu
mas; and there will be no diegrace in
the hauling down of that flsg irom the
battlement of Moro Castle when Cuba's
own government is complete. except it
be the stigma upon her freedom of ac
tion which the P'att amendment en
grafted in its Constitution, put there by
the Republican party.
In the time of our dire disaster when
property values by the fate of war ha i
shrneh: to nothing; when life was
scarcely worth living; when hope was
near gone forever, anu the Republican
pary big an:d bloated with blood and
power, scught to make the Southern
states dependencies and the abode of
cultures to prey on us and to eat out
our vitals, that same old Democratic
iother with the brave sturdy Demo
erats of the East and West stood by us
and helped us to assert our manhood
and regain our freedom of action.
And now in tne high tide of the Na
tion's progress, because forsooth the
Democratic party (which has stood sun
shine and shadow and will never die)
has been twice defeated because of
some differsnces of opinion as to certain
party policies and because of the use of
Republican money contributed by the
enemies of the liberties of the people,
we are invited to swallow, without
even mastification, all of the policies of
the party of centralized power to call it
PROGRESSIVE Democrac;. God save
Not simply that, but we are asked to
remain Democratic and absorb and as
similate the beniicent principles of re
puolicanism because we live in an eleo
trical age of progress; and because we
are told we should give up our trali
tions, our history, our memories and
our past forever.
in the paraphrased words of Tom
Watson or Private John Allen) I know
not which, if we did it, if we tollowed
this friendly advice where would we be
The Democratic party would be dead,
the Republican par.y would be the
masters of the situation and the scat
tered forces of the people would be
forced into Populistic party, which is
now sneered at by some of its formerly
Tiaat is what the parents who are
behind this movement to invade the
South hope for, but your goodjac g
ment, your patriotic purposee and kisn
regard for duty to the past and in the
present will stamp it out in its incipi
Nay, rather let the memorable words
of the great Ben Hil of Georgia as
they sounded througn the halls of theo
United States Senate sink into your
heart, "The South is once more in the
home of her fathers and there she pro
poses to remain," exerising her privil
eges and standing with all lovers of
htierty in the grand union of states
against monopolies and combines ani
centra'ztion, no matter in what form
Why should we take such a course?
Why shaould we as Amnericans as weiA
as Southerners and Carolinians, abro
gate our fealty to the Dem ;cratic party;
or worse still keep our name as Demo
rat and carry Republican principles
into its party councils, and thus attack
its vitals whilst avowing ourse v3s in
batont termns members of its political
The negative answer to this itrquiry
comes easy from a simple dispasion
te statement of the avowed policies
for which thre Republican party sands
inthis year of Grace.
In its FOREIGN policy it advocates in
its platforms and through its acminis
traton and its representative in Con
gress, FIRST, territorial expansion and
aggression beyond the Western hem
isphere; and governmental colonization
wnch when pushed to its finality means
rapant imperialism; and SECOND, it
advocates Congressional absoiix ism in
the management of such colonies with
out regard to the hmwaation of the
In its DoMESTIC policy it harbors and
upholds the rarnkst monopoly in the
shape of trusts and combines, in des
tructiol of competition in trade, thus
string at the vary arteries of industrial
life and hoe living among the masses
of the people.
It prides itself as the originator and
unceasing champion of the protective
tariff not being content .o ring from the
people only encugh to pay the legiti
mate expenses of the government; and
to allow to the consuming masses the
fiiats of legitimate competition even
in the necessities of life for the sake of
protection of favore d classes which sup
port it in its machinations and plans, it
establishes a rubber tariff which op
presses .snd tyramnizes those who need
protection much more than those who
are avowedly aided.
It goes further and proposes to grant
bounties and subsidies to ship lines un
der the pretension that it is to aid the
building up of our Mlerchant Marine,
when it is well known and understood
that such favoritism is only to pay off
pat party debts and if inaugurated as
the policy will tend to destroy the en
ergies of our people and their individu
ality, by causing them to look to the
paterra'ism of government, instead of
relying on their own efforts to extend
Such doctrines are atd can only be
considered republican no matter by
whom promulg..ted. N y one can or
ouht to object to the exercise personal
prefeence in opinion butlet those vwho
come out and avow such ideas announce
thmselves openly as republicans
Aptat from this paramount considera
tion, what necessity, expedienicy or
justification is there in our foreign re
latons for an American policy of foreig a
territorial expansion or kingly coloniza
N; one says a word against the ex
pansion and extension ot our trade and
Icomrce to the uttermost part of the
earth; and its full protection by ev-ery
ageny of government. IU China is to
be dismembered, as she wuil be some
day, simply insist on our tr~nde rights
by proper treaty relations and let the
territory go to other nations who wnsh
- to own it and thus ample markets can
be open even in that event for our in
creasing cotton goods from our welcom
ed cotton mills as well from all our
other resources of trade, without em
broiling ourselves in all ofthe evils
which follow in the wake of the seizing
of foreign territory.
What d*- we want with more territory?
There are waste places enough in our
own land that need building up.
T :re are idle people enough here to
be employed without putting capitsi
elsewhere to train up untamed pccpio
to trades and hud:orafts. Let us take
care of our own laboring class at home
before expending our surplus energ~e3
Far better would it be for us to ex
pend the money whieb the government
will waste in such untried ventures in
a measure of governmental relief for the
education of our ebidren by turning it
over to the States to be administered
under their school laws in proportion
to the population.
Such circumscribed countries as Great
Britain witn its over crowded popula
tion and its near by adjacent enemies
may see some advantage in acquiring
colonies whose people can be turned
into standing armies to help in her de
fense and as an outlet fcr her E r s and
Lords, but we have no such conditions
In my humble jn dgment when Dewey
landed at 31aeilia and took charge of
Archipelago of the Paillipines instead
of confning his action to the order "to
find and destroy the Spanish flei",
which with added glory to the Ameri
can flg ho did, a policy was opened up
whion portends, if carried out, grave
and terrible disaster to our people as a
The half child and half savage inhabi
tants of these islands were found in re
volt with spain and ought to have been
left alone to have helped in her needed
But we were on the crest of victory
and the Republican politicians seeing
the opportunity to extend their grasp
ing methods opened wide the.new door
in order that there should be new fields
for monopolies and trusts. The prin
ciples of the forefather Paritan; the
hope of the gallant Cavalier and the
trust of the sturdy Hugenot when they
settled this country and redeemed it
from kingly colonization that we should
shine as an example to other nations as
the republic of the people and for the
people was trampled in the duet; and
by the treaty of Paris that policy of
plunder was attempted to be molified
by an act of purchase.
Such a policy begun has no bounds
to its fruition and therein lies the dan
ger. The Phillipines will not be enough
to satisfy the cupidity of grasping after
foreign territory. Eight thousand miles
away from us in unknown seas and amid
unknown people it will re quire a stand
ing army equal to those of the Power
of Europe to maintain our authority
among the nations and our prestige
among the powers of earth; and this
drain upon our treasury kept full by
taxation, indirect thrcu3h it be from a
suffering people is to be counted as
nothing, for it gives the administration
party the opportunity to make more of
hices to be fided by more supporters.
The maintenance of such dependen
cies even if it be in the shape of
a protectorate government only will
lead to the formation of military
assistance to other powers for
mu ual interests, and this will inevit
ably lead us into the warlike embroil
ment in the inevitable warlike struggle
which is always impending and mast
sooner or later come 'jetween the armed
powers of E irope and Asia and all of
this danger to the principles and policy
of our institution is witnout the aiight
es nroessity therefore, becauce when
we hal viindicated a rig t and the abili
y to ne a WorAd Power all we hal to
do was to rcquire by treaty or purchase
if need be, coating stations for our
ships, keep up our navy and nemand
proper treaty rights in the future as in
the past for the open door of trade and
the free spread of the religion (of Chris
tianity, and it never wrmid or nuld be
A recmnt Independence Day bard has
put the whole thing in verne in a nut
"Great is our heritage of hope, an d great
The obligation of our civic fate.'
The fine audacities of honest deed,
The homely old initegrities of soul,
The Swift temerities that take the. pirt
Of outcast Rig it-the wisdom uf t.he heart;
Brave hopes that Mammon never can detain
Nor sully with his gainless clutch for
To popularize this propaganda for
greed and gain, the wily managers of
this policy endeavor to infase into it a
destiny and a fate in which they say
Religion must take a psr t!
The religion of the meek and lowly
Nazrene as given us in the Ntw D).s
pensation of God's Revalation, was
never intended to be propagazed and
extended with the Btole in one hand
and a M~auser rie in the other.
"Psace and good will" is the frontis
piece on the pure white banner of chris
taniy. That religion peop'e do not
embrace which comes to them~ at the
mouh of the cannon, nor will they buy
goods from those who batter do en their
places of trade with the guns of war
This pernicious policy of aggressive
teritoial expansion has alreaiy given
birth to a young Hercules of discord
and dangdr in the shape of 2ongres
sional ABsorLrnsaI Lurtured by the par
ty in po wer and advocate~l by its pimps,
which, if nor throttled by the Ameri
can people will destroy every vestige
of liberty left us.
The Foraker Act hatched in the in
terest of th-e Republican party was
passed placing protective du'.ies on the
products of Porto Rico. The waj rity
of the Supreme Court of the United
States, in its construction of the uni
formitv excise and duty clause of the
Constitution as between the states has
declared that the power of Congress in
its placing of tariff duties on its colonies
is unimited; andl thus the bridle is
taken off the horse and he is turned
loose from the stall free to roam where
The power of the English Parliament
is given to Congress in its management
of these kingly acquirements; and the
Constitution restrains them not.
If this doctrine be extended to the
inalienable rights of Life, Liberty and
Property, as it is likeley to ne, then it
erects a kingdom of Imperialism worse
than that of kings and emperors.
Danger signals hang out all arounm
on this phase of this burning issue of
Imperialism. And the call of duty
whispers loudly to the p:.ople of these
United States to have none to repre
sent them in Congress who would vote
to tear down the banner of the grand
old Constitution for a mess of pottage.
0r fathers never intended that the
inherent rights of the citizens of free
soil in the protection of their lives.
liberty and property should be legis
lated upon by a Congress unbridlod by
the limitations of the fundamental law,
When we turn to the DOxzsTIC policy
of this political octopus, tue same old
party of greed and guin, the Republi
by its proteges to swallow horse, foot
and dragoon and to digest as good for
the health of the Democratic party,
what do we fned as the soothing medi
cine prescribed for us by our anxious
Trusts: Protective Tariff3 to aid
these frusts, and ship subsidies to pay
off the rich concerns already bloated
with other proteotives of protection:
No right minded man objects to cor
p-rate organjiz tions in reason acd right,
because thereby capital can better meet
the o'bjects of iegitim:,te trade, but
those niommoth monopolies which en.
gulf the aggregate capital of snaller
corporations with the object and eff d
of stifling competition; and destroying
the opportunities of business and iveli
hood of thousands of men and families;
should not be fostored bat ought to
meet the outraged opprobrium of all
right thinking people.
Our own State. along with other
states, has passed strict Anti Trust
laws, but I apprehend when the State's
Attorney General comes to apply it,
he will be met with the diac:ult qa :s
tion of inter-state complication.
If the United States statute called
the Shrrman Anti-Trust Act is not
found efficacious enough to-destroy this
evil, let the party in power frame a
Constitutional Amendment broad
enough to root up the evil and submit
it to the people under the machinery of
Bat no, that would not suit them for
th.ir campaign friends are in the
Trus:e; and more campaign funds will
be needed. Just before Congre-s ad
jaourns a great fass is made that Anti
fruat legislation is to be passed, but it
is all fuss.
And yet, this is the party we are
called upon to embrace: God Lord
This formation of Trusts to rain the
interests of trade and aggrandize the
few to the injury of the many, natural
ly arose, as its quintessence and eon
stquence from the favorite fundamen
tat doctrine of the Republican party,
a protective Tariff f ar the sake of pro
tection; as opposed to the Consttu
tional principle of equal rights to all
and special privileges to none; and as
opposed to the Damncoratio doctrine of a
tariff for revenue only
In this day and time in which we
live, by its workings we behold the
trade anomaly of American Tru:t goods
selling cheaper abroad than they de at
The Rissian can buy American pro
teoted steel for their cruisers cheaper
than this government of the United
States can for the upbuilding of her
It can only be remedied by the con
sumers of the American public demand
ing that raw material of all kinds shall
be placed on the free list along with
all Trust goods.
The Revision of this R >bber Tariff
and the Regulation of these D:agog
Trusts should be made the rallying crg
of the Damocratic battle of 1904.
Just at this juncture in our business
history the export trade of the United
State nas becme and will contiune to
be immense, because of the industry of
our people and the development of our
rsources; and not beause of Tariff
laws; and because thereof and its na
turat interference with kindred domes
tic enterprises there, the foreign con
tries such as Russia and Germany, are
threstening retaliatory meamures of
protection (vhich we cannot logically
rsist if we protect ourselves) and this
status will surely oring to the Demo
ratic fold an army of new adherents,
if systematically nurtured as natural
allies of this party of a tariff for a rev
enue only. Yet we are advised to em
brace Protection as a prper doctrine
for PROGRESSIVE Demo cracy.
It is an a'bsurdity, self evident on its
face,, to cry for "an open door" in Asia
and E~arope and elsewhere and then to
close that door of trade at home to the
outside world comning h:re to trade with
It is pharisaical and dishonest to ex
peci others to trade with us and *we nut
to traie with them. The re cigrooity
of the situavtion must ba looked na from
the STANDPOINT of allthe people of this
Repuolne, and not simply froz the
standpint of the fcW.
Mr. Mark Hauna, the king bee of the
grand oid party, promised his campaign
friends a ship subsidy dose as a silace
for their aid and comnfort.
T wo hundred and tthirty-five millions
of the peopie's honest earnings to be
dlled out at an anaiuity -of nine mil
lions per year to aid existing lines; and
it is said this was to aid in the estanlish
mnt of our Merchant Marine to carry
our trade to the new clonies and the
Our- new apostles tell us to take this
dose also into our political anatomy;
that it would do us good.
If it were right tc d> so, how much
of it would iMARK allow to be adminis
tered below Mason and Dixo2's line?
Nay, rather, he and his confreres
would j in the transcontinental Rail
oad Lines in endeavoring to throitie
our hope of an Isthrnian Canal, waich
means so much to thee South.
We needed no ship subsidy from 1850
to 1860, when the Democratic party
honestly and practically and success
fully administered the National Gov
ernent; and our Merchant Marine
representing the hanesty earnings of
Americans tramped the seas in safety;
and when no Robber Tariff was present
to increase the price of ship building
material; anid we necd none now; if we
will only insist that steel ana iron,
which are mostly used for building sea
faing vessels are pt.t on the free list.
Let not the Soutt be entrappd with
this (Greoian horse vihich is painted all
over with Hanna slime!
Like the expansion policy this wan
swallowed by some of our Demicratico
Rpubican friendE after conierence
with Hanna forsocth; and without
waiting even to see if the Filipinos were
shooting down our f ag, for this was an
appropriation for the boys who ran the
exhequer of the Gr and O'.d Party.
These are some only, but perhaps the
chief of these political National issues
no vimpending betueen the great politi
We are advised, laowever, in pathetic
terms "to reorganiz " the Democratic
It has been organznd ever eince the
dais of Jefferson. Why "re organizn"
Why declare if you don't do this W E
will stay with the Republicans or SOME
MOR1! of us will go?
Because she has been defeated in two
pitch baties, shall we desert her and
put a stain and d amoralination *an her
leadenhip, which would be comforting
to her enemies, by "re-organizing" her?
Because some of her leaders have
been dehorsed, shall we give up her
principles and espouse those of our
No, gentlemen, her escutcheon is
broad enough, her fold is ample enough,
her hope is strong enough, her mission
of liberty is ete::nal enough, come in
and j in the peoplie in their caucuses,
conventions and primaries; give and
take; confer and compromise; use tact
and j odgment; and what things are
lead and not progressive; what things
ire against the interest of the business
world; and what men ara not needed
,or victory, can all be left out, for the
grand old party is not a dead party; or
i one man party; at d let us all march
>n to victory in 1904; but for Heaven'e
ake don't expect us to "re-organize"
on the basis of Republican territorial
!xpansion; aid congressianal abso
Protection and ship subsilies; and
especially in South Carolina where that
is advocated by the aimoners of Repub
One more mord.
National controvcraies sr; partiou
!any interesesting to us as they arise
and ar solved in respect to our homes.
How do~s it stand in South Csr Aina
She has passed through the period of
factional strife. Her sons set together,
as representatives of her people. in a
Constitutional Convention in 1895 and
solved the suffrage question and eiimi
nated the friction or race by putting
,he negro where he belongs in politics;
and further they laii the foundation
for a broad education in the masses as
well as the higher schools to enable
future generations to keep dooa that
race friction by being q ialtfied for the
From Washington we hear forebod
ings and warning that the South's basis
of Representation must be cut down,
because of our action.
These threats are made as to every
Southern State who has acted like we
have or are now doing so, like Alabama
The qiestion of the validity of our
Laws. ara held up for consideration in
the questions made on the ele ion of
o ir I presentatives.
And on the heels of all this we are
told that in this state especially we
ought to have two white paries.
That more freedom of speech must be
Let it come, but let it come in the
Right way; under right colora. As
Republican and Democrat.
And when it comes, remember it
means a fight over the negro.
When sue whites divide ani one
party is backed by the patrogage of the
Powers at Washington, it mesos a new
registration will be deman-led; and the
entire reconsideration of the ula qiee
tions will be brought forward.
Are you ready for it? If co pitch in,
As far as I am concerned, the same
old party which I fought with in the
Tax Payer's Convention from 1870 to
1876, to preserve white saprem yac; the
same- old party which with tee RA"
Shirt brigade in 1876 flung afs the alien
yoke; this same old party which ever
since has fought for that end, and in
1895 after tnree long months of work
in Columbia framed a Constitution
which-metthe approval of the white peo
ple of the entire S ;ate, is good enough
No entering wedge for a division
should be allowed in the name of any
new fangled Democracy, whether it be
called ,PRO RESSIVE or COX.
These divisions, these dangers, these
contentions in the past have cost n
Tne grand old State, battle scarred,
earth qake rocked and adversity tried
as she has been, needs now more than
ever the loyal support of her sons.
In my humblc judgment the white
people of South C..arolina at tis jainc
ture are, and ought to be less interested
in what issues shall be made paramunt
in the Democratic National platform ii
1904; or who shall be our standard
bearer then, than in maintaining the
pumiy and autonomy of our party here
in the State. National issues cannot
be invented they are born by the way
from the paramount ideas of the peo
pie, and practical sense must be used
at the right time te take advantage of
National candidates had best not be
threshed out too far ahead of time les
they may not suit the ideas, but it ii
imperative, it is important, it is para
msnt that we should keep the atmos
paere around our own political hearth
stone pure and at least Democratic.
L et us see to it that no insidious R 3
publican poison is injected in'o the
body politic in the name of Democracy.
We want no scatter shots in that
fight; no me teor-like flash-lights to lead
us into the space of political oblivion,
but the old time principles with tru'
son1 behind them, and t'een the rad
and file as the REAL proyenive Lmc
racy will march for ward, along with thel
other Democratic States if the Unios
to National victory in 1904
Tne grand old S2ip of State is not
wrz eked; she only. rocks andrells in the
trough of a dangerous sea, waiting fo
her true sons to steer her safely through.
"Fear not each sudden souznd or shocir,
'hie of the wave and not the rock;
'Tii but the fispping of the sail,
And not a rent made by the gale.
In spite or rock and tempest's roar,
ln spite of false lights on the shore.
Sail on old Ship. ncr tear to breast the sea,
cUur hearts, our hopes are all with thee,
Our hearts, our hopes, our tears, our prayers,
Our Faith triumphant o'er our fears,
Are all with thee, are all with thee."
"Carolina, forever, God's blessings attend
Riding on the Tender.
In a head end collision boiween the
Chicago and ALton westbound "Hum
men" and a freight train at Prentics,
Ills., Wednesday, five men were killed
and six badly wrounded. None of the
passengers were i jared beyond sligh
Dead-Eegineer Sheelian of the pas
senger train, fireman Evans of the pas
senger train, three unknown men ci
the tender of the passenger train. Just
how the accident occurred probably
never will be known. The freight trai
had pulled into a siding from the Wes.
und to await the passenger train. It is
suppsed the train gradually worked out
over the switch uneoserved by the crew.
How It Works.
Here is a convincing argument on the
pernicious effsects-of the tariff: Amueri
can steel producers are offering wire
rods delivered at Manchester for $29.3(
a ton. The price to consumers in the
United States is about $39 a ton. Tak
ing into account the cost of freight and
other charges incident to trans-oceanic
shipment, it is clear to the iEngineering
News of New York that the. wire rod
maker "is netting at least $15 per ton
more profit from his American custo
mers than from his foreign sales."
*Power of Wealth.
Senator Clark, of Arizona, is wininli
to keep his copper mine stowed unti
the grass grows in the streets of Jerome
rather than yield to the strikers' de
mand for an eight-h u- day. He loses
$27,000 for evert- day the miners are
ide. This shows the power of wealth.
The little town is paralyzed by the cap
rice of one man, while Waiter Jennings,
a Standard Oil magnate, annoyed by
the summer visitors at Cold Spring
Harboer, has bought the two hotels and
cloed them, thus paralying that town.
CROPS IN T HE ST ATE.
A Succint Statement of Conditions
Prepared by Mr. Bauer.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the weather and crops in South
Carolina issued last week by Director
Bauer of the South Carolina section of
the cimate and crop service of the
United States weather bureau:
The woek ending 8 a. m , Monday,
August 19th, had even, nearly normal,
temperature, with a mximum of 96
degrees at Greenwood, and a minimum
of 66 degrees at Greenville. These
temperatures were favorable for crop
growth and development. There was a
slight deficiency in sunshine over the
southeastern portion, while over the
remainder of the State general cloud
iness prevailed, generally detrimental
to crop development. High winds dam
aged corn and cottoa in the ex!rame
Excessive rains occured over the
western and northern counties, causing
freshets in all the rivers and creeks
that destroyed what bottom land crops
remained. Greenville hai 7.04 inches,
Spartanbure 7 50. Anderson 8 20, and
Liberty 6 68, while many other places
had smaller, but excebsive amounts for
the week. Over the central, southern
and eastern counties, the rainfall was
normal, or below; and generally bene
ficial. Many points had some rain on
every day. In small sections of Edge
field and Greenwood counties the
ground is still dry, but with those ex
ceptions, the need of dry weather is in
On sandy lands, cotton has taken on
rust extensively, is shedding freely, and
is losing color, but on clay lands a fur
ther improvement is indicated during
the week, especially for early cotton,
which is heavily fruited. Young cot
ton is growing too much to weed and is
not fruiting satisfactorily. Early cot
ton is beginning to open over practi
cally the whole State, alth'ough pick
ing will not De general for some time.
The first bale of the season was mar
keted at Chrrlesten on the 17sh. Sea
island cotton continues to improve and
is fruiting, but remains undersized.
Young corn looks promising where
not destroyed by freshets, but the
general condition of corn indicates an
extremly short yield. Fodder pulling i
general. To cacao cutting and curing ih
nearing completion, although some to
basso has taken on a new growth. Ric<
is heading and filling well, and sc me ii
rea y to harvest. The forage crops, in
eluaing peavines and grass, look pron
icing. Sweet potatoes are coming up
Turnip sowir g continues under favor
able soil conditions. In many sectioni
the late peach crop is rotting extensive
ly. Army worms have appeared ii
large numbers in a few eastern counties
and are destroying much grass. Pastures
Species of Salt-Water Fishes.
The number of species of ishes liv
ing habitually in the salt waters of th<
world can only be approximately esti
mated, probably about 10,000. Thos<
classed as "shore fishes" live, as a rule
close to the surface and near the land
and are well known to the salt-wate:
angler in his outings as the weakfish
striped bass, kingfish, etc. Of the
shore fishes there are about 4.000 spo
cies. The "pelagic fishes," or thos<
which inhabit the upper waters of the
seas, are relatively few in number
The "deep-sea fishes," which live 1I
depths varying from 200 to 2,500 fath
oms, cannot be even approximately es
timated, as new species are being con
stantly discovered.-Field and Farmi
Willie-Pa, what's meant by th<
"prime of life?"
Pa-Well, when a man reaches 41
or so he is said to be in the prime o.
"And is it the same with a womn
" ,son, you would insult a womn
an by telling her she was In the prime
of life. She's always younger."
Rickets from Water.
In urging the necessity of a nev
hospital a speaker at the forty-firsi
annual meeting of the dental hoe
pital said that since Glasgow hai
been using water from Loch Katrine
dental caries and rickets had in
creased greatly. The same resul
from the use of soft water has beet
noticed among the natives of Sout]
The nnest garden hedges in Eng
land are at Hall Barn, in Bucking
hamshire. They are over 30 feel
high, are immensely thick, and arn
clipped so as to present the smooth
velvety appearance peculiar to the
finest yew and box hedges.-N. Y
The Wards Are Named.
In Richmond, Va., the wards are noi
designated by numbers, as is the casi
in other American cities, but by the
names of statesmen: Clay, Monroe
Madison, Jefferson, Marshall and
Jackson. Clay ward is the largest ii
Richmond in voting population -Chi
cago Daily News.
A Kitchen Romance.
Lady-What do you think? I have
a servant who gets up in the morn
ing without being called.
Chorus of Voices-Impossible!
"But it's true; she's in love witi
the milkman!"-N. Y. World.
The Modern Version.
Teacher-People who live in glass
houses should not-. What is the
rest of the proverb, Johhny?
Kansas Child-Should not try te
run joint s.-Indianapolis Press.
Pearl-So Dick gave you a lesson in
poker. What hand did you hold?
Ruby-I really can't remember.
Dick held my hand all the time.-Chi
engo Daily News.
Married a Millionaire.
A few weeks ago Miss Sarah Carr oa
Boston was a cloak model in a depart
ment store. Now she is Mrs. Frani
Skinner, Jr., wife of a millionaire ar~i
mistresq of one of the finest homes on
the Back Bay. While accompanying
his aunt on a shopping expedition, the
y oung millionaire saw the girl who be
came his wife, andi his parents made
tno ohjgetion to the match.
R./B. Weddington, a Uinion
County, N. C. ,farmner, who died
recently, was not troubled by
the "race issue." He lived in the
kindliest relations with the
negroes and in his will he gave
three tracts of land to three of
his faithful colored servants,
leaving money to others. The
remainder of his estate, amnount
ing to 1,i000 acres, he bequeath
edi to the Methodis+ Churh.
How Qaeen Pnshed Her Daughters.
The queen's daughters were as sim
ply and strictly rearer as she herself
had been. They had regular hours of
work and play, dressed in neat, simple
clothes and ate of the plainest fare.
"Quite poor living," an old servant of
the queen's called it. If they were
naughty they received the time-hon- 1
ored punishment of being sent to
bed. This was not always a deterrent
to the princess royal, as the following
story will show: She had several
times been scolded for calling Dr.
Brown, of Windsor, "Brown," and was
threatened with "bed" if she trans
gressed again. Next day, when the
doctor entered the room, the young
princess said, in her most daring man
ner: "Good morning, Brown," and,
catching the queen's threatening eye.
she composedly added: "And good
night, Brown, for I am going to bed,'"
and she walked resolutely away to her
punishment.-St. James Gazette.
A Colored Philosopher.
"Ain't no use a worryin' about
nuthin'," said the colored philosopher.
dangling his feet over the edge of the
barrel on which he sat. "Ain't no use
t' get blue ner t' feel down in the
mout', 'cause it ain't goin' to do any
good 'tall. I say to myself, says I:
'Mose, what's the use of you scratchin'?
Wife's been dead 'bout four yeahs.
Last of ma child'en shuffled off las'
week. I don' care if I eats cawn pones
o' lasses bread. Live just as long,
nohow. Ain' goin' t' trouble ma min'
bout nothin'. W'ite man, he have
wife an' child'en an' a good coat an'
a 'ouse. Bar'l good nuf fur me. Ain't
got nuthin' t' work fur an' ain't goin'
to work." He shuffled off the barrel
and moseyed easily down Hickory al
"Where's your daughter Mary living
now, Mrs. Herlihy?" inquired one of
"Her hoosband's got a line job," said
Mrs. Herlihy, proudly, "and the two
av thim and little Moike is living in a
suit up town."
"What's a suit?" inquired the neigh
"A snit," said Mrs. Herlihy, slowly,
"is one o' them places where the par
:or is the bedroom, and the bedroom
is the kitchen, and the closetsis down
in the cellar, and the beds is piannies
-or organs, and - well, it's one o'
,him places where iverything is some
thing else," concluded Mrs. Herlihy.
Mother Always Won.
They are not exactly bad boys,
these two in a certain East Memphis
family, but they are invariably quar
reling and fighting with one anoth
er. Probably it was the fact of fre
quent parental intervention that
caused the few pauses in hostilities.
At any rate, they are rather famous
in their neighborhood.
One day not long since one of the
neighbors, who was fond of contests
of any Ind, asked:
. "Edwin, when you and your broth
er fight so much, who generally
Edwin gave a little wriggle as if in
- sympathy with memories of recent
occurrences, and said, resignedly:
Animals for Taxes.
The natives of Uganda lately paid
their taxes for the current year,
amounting approximately to 2 60,000.
This includes payments in kind, con
sisting of five elephants, one zebra, 20
chimpanzees, several warthogs, wate:
antelopes, porcupine., snakes and
cranes and numerous monkeys. All
these creatures have been received at
the government headquarters at Port
Casks at Sea.
There are now afloat in the Arctic
ocean some 50 spindle-shaped casks,
whose finding is awaited with inter
est by pole-seekers as conveying
much-desired information in regard
to the set of the polar currents. The
casks were set adrift north of Behr
ing strait in 1899 by whalers, at the
instance of Admiral Melville and
Henry G. Bryant, of the Philadelphia
Geographical association.-N. Y. Sun.
His Physicians Are Numerous.
No other sovereign In the world has
so many physicians as the czar. They
number 77, and are all selected from
among the medical celebrities of Rus'
e ia. There is first a physician in chief;
then come ten honorary surgeons;
two oculists, a chiropodist and honor
ary chiropodist; two court physicians
and three specialists for the czarina.
-N. Y. Sun.
An Essential Mensber.
Ritem-There goes Blitherby. , He
belongs to our Authors' club.
Readem-Why,he never wrote a line
pof anything in his life.
"I know it. But we had to have
some one for an audience at our au
thors' readings."--Baltimore Ameri
A Sliding Scale.
IErastus-Pawson, what yo' charge
toe marry me an' Mary Jane ?
Parson -Twenty dollars.
"Dat's high. What yo' charge to
marry me to Iliza Smif?"
"One dollar. Yo' see, I admiahs Mary
Jane mahself."-Boston JournaL.
A Swiss Law.
There is still in existence a law in
Switzerland which forbids the wear
ing of hats more than 18 inches In
diameter, artificial flowers, and f or
eign feathers, under a heavy pen
alty.,'N. Y. Sun.
Only a Notion.
Nearly every man has a sneaking
notion that he is a shrewd dealer.
Washington (Ia.) DVemocrat.
True love will find an unsmooth
way, if there be any such.-D~etroit
Price of Cotton Ties.
A matter of keen interest to home
folks if the increasing scarcity in the
supply of cotton ties throughout the
cotton growing States. Unless early
relief be forthcoming they can be had
only at a premium. The price in Savan
nah, which is the distributing station
for all ties east of the Mississippi, has
gone from $1 05 to $1 25. This short
age is one of the fruits of the steel
strike, and can only end when that is
declared off. It appears that the Steel
Hoop company's mill, now closed by
the Amalgamated association, is the
largest manufacturer of cotton ties.
There are other tie mills-one in'O~hio,
two in Georgia and one at Pittsburg,
but the combined output situation, and
the factor to be reckoned with is the
probability which points to the early1
shutting down of the mills at Young
town, Ohio, and Pittsburg. Inquiry
into the local market's condition shows
Columbia to be in a rather more hopeful
way. The whole salers have .to buy
their ties "second hand." They are,
therefore, anticipating no difficulty in
eing able to supply the local demand.
As to the possibility of raining ,the c
A feature of interest connected with
electric fans is that they are purely
kmerican. both by right of invention
nd of use. It is a somewhat singular
act that their use in other countries
Lnd in hot climates has been so limit
d, but it is believed that at least the
eginning of a considerable export
rade in this class of merchandise has
een made, and that from now on
ncreasing and satisfactory numbers
f these instruments will be shipped
broad from our American ports. A
nodern development of the fan, which
vas primarily designed for ventila-'
ion and for moving air or the creation
f small breezes, is the application to
he fan mechanism of cooling and
eating devices, so that an actual
hange in the temperature of the air
nay be made. In this way certain
electric fan installations have been
nade lately which serve the triple pur
>ose of cooling in summer, heating in
inter and ventilating the rooms.
Caste in India.
With the Mahrattahs caste preju
lices are, as is well known, not so
trong as among some races in India,
>ut in Baroda all strongly approved
>f Maharajah Partab Singh's helping
o carry the coffin of a deceased Eu
-opean. Where no caste fellows of
he deceased are available for this
ast service, I think all Hindus would
old a man disgraced if he did not
kelp. Still it is usual only for per
ons of the same caste to carry a
orpse. Among the Mahrattahs, gen
rally speaking, water must only be
aken from a member of our own
aste, but with modern ideas these
>bllgations are getting relaxed. The
lrinking water in my palace is drawn
nd served by a caste man.-The Ma- -
iarajah of Baroda, in Nineteenth Cen
He Won Out.
The fly collector asked the modest
hotel clerk to change a twenty for
"Got nothing but two five-dollar
2ills,' said the clerk, looking over his -
"By the way," asked the fy col
ector, going down into- his pocket
aook, "did you ever see an eight-dolar
"No; nor you either," responded the
1erk with confidence.
"Bet you the drinks," ventured the
ay collector, holding something in his
"Done," said the clerk. "I'm willing
to pay for the drinks to see that kin&l
of a bill, but I guess I won't have to."
"No?" grinned the fly collector
"Iow's that?" and he handed to the
lerk an eight-dollar bill for a pair
of trousers.-Detroit Free Press.
Huguenot Oath of Alegiance.
The French Huguenot refugees, who
save met in the crypt of Canterbury
cathedral ever since 1550, when a
royal charter of liberty to worship
was granted to them, have sworn al
legiance to King Edward VII. Their
pastor, Rev. Jean I. Barnabas,
preached a memorial service for her
late majesty, Queen Victoria, and
then, according to ancient custom, the
oath of allegiance was taken, th~e pes
tor with uplifted hands making'the
solemn declaration, to which the yeo
pe responded "Amen"-N. Y.-Sun.
Successful Scieptine Egg Sellees.
Danish eggs are taking the lead toi
their good qualities, thank to the sys
tem of cooperation and selection
adopted by the producers. Every egg
shell supplied carries the name of its
raiser', and as the eggs are all tested
a bad egg is traced home. Eachraiser
must supply eggs thrice a week. The
central authority can reject an egg
several days old. The eggs are tested
and sorted according to their size by
an automatic machine.-LondonGlobe.
Men Pretty Decent After AIfl.
M1en are pretty decent, after all A
man walked into this office to-day and
said he wanted to pay a bill 12 years
ld. The bookkeeper could not-find the
account. "Never mind," the man said;
"I remember the amount; it is $16, and -
here is the money. I would have paidit
long ago, but have Dot been able." Ih
you ever have a thing like that hapisen
to you?-Atchison Globe.
Just a Wish. I
Mr. Plodder-I see there's a man i
!ew York who has just paid $51,00C
for a seat in the stock exchange. i
wish I had enough money to buy one.
Mrs. Plodder-For goodness' sake!
What do you want with a seat in the
"I don't. I merely want to have that
much money."-Philadelphia Press.
A Royal Chair.
An interesting chair in the newly
estored church called the Garrison
hurch, at Berlin, has been ordered
>y the kaiser to be placed in his pew
here. It is a simple wooden affair,
nd bears the following inscription:
'King Frederick William I. once sat
m this chair during divine service."
hicago Inter Ocean.
A General Idea.
"But," said the cruel editor, "this
s not good dialect poetry."
"Not good dialect?" answered the
reamy poet. "Sir, I defy you to
nd a single word that is spelled
orrectly in that poem. I guess I
knowv what dialect is."-Baltimore
Easy to "String."
Nell-I never knew a girl so sus
:eptible to flattery as Maude.
Belle-That's right. Jack told her
she was an angel, and she went right
>ff and began taking lessons on the
Some men think nearly everybody is
ying awake nights trying to invent
svays to swindle them.-Washington
Uses of Spanish Mouss.
Besides the thousands of pounds
f Spanish moss sent annually from
Elorida and other southern states to
-orthern upholsterers, the plant has
arious other uses. One of these, a
.se that has recently been discov
red, is that of a strainer and puri
ir of cane sirup. It has been found
hat a finer sirup can be made by
straining the cane juice through
noss than through any other mate
ial .-Chicago Chronicle.
Juryman-Yes, we brought in a ver-.
lit of death from natural causes.
Reporter-But an iron beam fell on
iim from the fourth floor?
"Of course. Wasn't that natural?
iou wouldn't expect it to fall uip to
he eighth floor, would you? That's
here he ought to have been at work
nstead of down in the basement."
"I am awfully disappointed inmy
on," said the fond father.
"Why, I've used, I suppose, 50 bottles
different hair producers, in my ef*
rts to make him a professional