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Watches and Jewelry.
I want'my friends and the public generally to know that when in need of a
Wedding, Birthday or Christmas Present,
That in the future, as well as the past, I am prepared to supply them. My line of
Watches Clocks Sterling Silver Diamonds Jewelry Cut Glass
Fine China Wedgewood Spectacles and Eye Glasses
Is complete, and it will afford me pleasure to show them.
Special and prompt attention given to all Repairing in my line
at prices to suit the times.
Atlantic Coast Line I AI f' I "'t SUMTER.!
Watch onspectr. L. W . FOLSO , " S.CE.
Wvm. E. Holmes Co.,
209 East Bay, - CHARLESTON, S. C.
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISH AND BRUSHES,
LANTERNS, TAR PAPER AND
Headquarters for the Celebrated Palmetto Brand of Cylinder, Planin., En
gine Oils and Greases.
Look to Your Interest.
Here we are, still in the lead, and why suffer with your eyes when you
can be suited with a pair of Spectacles with so litt e trouble? We carry the
Celebrated HAWKES Spectacles and Masses,
Whieh we are offering very cheap, from 25c to $2.50 and Gold Framies at $3
to $6. Call and be suited.
W. M. BROCKINTON.
A G3ood Prescription
similatinThhe Kind ndou Haa
zingtheStomnachs i~wesof' B ar h
Promotes Digestion.Cheerful- I
Apet Remedy for Conslipa- Us
lo, Sour Stomach,Diarrboea
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
FacS Smile Signature of
NEW YORK. Tit ~r
TO HE iSO IAE
CAPITAL TEN PEt.CENTERS.
Government Clerks Who Lend to
Their Fellow Workers.
"I reckon I'll sell my salary this
month," remarked the young census
"To whom?" asked his friend.
"Why, to one of the ten percenters,
of.course," was the reply.
Dialogues such as this are of fre
quent occurrence between government
clerks in Washington toward the end
of the month. When a clerk sells his
salary to a ten percenter, he gives the
latter an 1 0 U for the entire salary
due him on the following pay day and
receives in exchange 90 per cent of the
amount. Tlie man who makes the loan
retains the remaining 10 per cent,
whence his name of ten percenter.
The ten percenter is said to ex1st
under one name or another in all of the
great federal department buildings in
Washington. He is invariably a shrewd
government clerk who has a bit of
money of his own or has saved his sal
ary until its accumulation represents
a tidy little sum. This capital he is
ever ready to lend in sums of from $10
In a majority of the Washington of
fices the laws against usurers are so
rigorously enforced that the ten per
center is unable to transact business
in safety as an Individual; he exists
nevertheless under the protecting title
of a beneficial society. These fake so
cieties should not be confused with
the mutual beneficiary organizations
which have been established for a
number of years In many of the de
partments, notably ,the government
printing office, for-the purpose of aid
ing sick or disabled members and their
families and of burying the dead. The
ten percenters' society never Includes
more than five or six members. They
have their charter and p carefully
drawn constitution and bylaws.
Each member contributes a certain
amount of money to the funds of the
concern, and the other employees of
the office are quietly informed how
they can be accommodated with a loan
for a small bonus. On the first of every
month the pool divides its profits.
These organizations are usually short
lived, as they become unpopular when
the business begins to grow large. The
dea'th of one fake association is rapidly
followed by the birth of a successor,
differing from Its predecessor in name
only, so that the ten percenters are en
abled to ply their trade without much
interruption.-New York Sun.
SCRAPS OF SCIENCE.
A scientist who has made a study of
the planet declares that there is snow
on the moon.
There are 28 pounds of blood in the
body of an average grown up person,
and at each pulsation the heart moves
While cyclones and tornadoes are dif
ferent phenomena, the former appear
to give rise to the latter. Tornadoes
almost always break out, if at all, oA
the southeasterly outsk!rts of a cyclone.
A period of 5 seconds between a flash
of lightning and thunder means that
the flash is a mile distant from the ob
server. Thunder has never been heard
over 15 miles from the flash, though
artillery has been heard 120 miles.
Sir Robert Ball asserted that every
100 years the sun loses 5 miles of its
diameter. To allay bknxiety, however,
he mentioned that the diameter of the
sun is 860,000 miles and that 40,000
years hence the diameter 'would still
be 858,000 miles.
When a Man Can See 200 Miles.
About 200 miles in every direction is
the distance a man can see when stand
ing, on a clear day, on the peak of the
highest mountain-say, at a height of
26,668 feet, or a little over five miles
above the level of the sea. An observer
must be at a height of 0.607 feet above
sea level to see objects at'a distance of
100 miles. The distance in miles at
which an object upon the surface of
the earth is visible is equal to the
square root of one and a half times the
height of the observer in feet abovethe
Some allowance has to be made for -
the effect of atmospheric refraction,
but as the refraction varies at differ
ent heights and is affected by the vari
ous states of the weather no precisely
accurate figures for general purposes
can be given. Probably one-fourteenth
to one-tenth of the distance given by
the formula would have to be deducted,
owing to the' refraction of the atmos
General Lee's Answer.
After the surrender of Appomattox,
General Wise came riding down the
road furiously to where General Lee
aid his staff were grouped. He was
slashed with mud from head to heels,
and there were great splotches of mud
dried and caked upon his face. Ad
dressing General Lee, he asked in a:
theatrical voice, "Is it true, General:
Lee, that you have surrendered?"
"Yes, General Wise, it is true."
"I wish, then, to ask you one ques
tion. What is going to become of my
brigade, General Lee, and what is go
ing to become of me?"
General Lee looked at the splashed
warrior for a full minute and then
said "almly and in a [ow tone, "Gen
eral Wise.. go and wash your face." 1
A Lesson to Hlumorists. I
One cannot safely assume in these
days that there is any region in which
such and such a journal is not read.
Recently a certain humorist needed a
rest and went and stopped In a cottage
in a remote village by the sea. His I1
sitting room opened on the kitchen. I
where his landlady, a woman widely
esteemed as a person of great acumen
and a maker of phrases, was wont toi
receive the neighbors. ie listened and
put both landlady and neighbors into
some amusing sketches which were
promptly published in a London maga
zine. A month or two went by. Then
one afternoon he came back to the ct-1
tage to meet and cower before an in
dIgnant matron, who told him, among
other things, that he had one hour In
which to pack his traps and quit the
village. She was not going to have an I
eavesdropper in her house, and she1
added a significant hint to ti~e 2ffect 4
that the people of the village were of]
the same opinion and might be betray- I
ed into an attempt to give a forcible
demonstration of their views.-London
The wearing of sunbonnets by horses
in hot weather is by no means a mod
ern invention. In an old Italian print,
dated 1542. a gentleman is shown rid
ing on horseback with an umbrella fix
ed~er his own head and another over
that of his horse. In Mexico horses are
often protected by a small parasol ris
ing over the head, and a horse similar
ly accommodated has lately peen seen
in Regent street. Unfortunately this
headdress annoyed the conventional
"horse in the street," and It came very
near causing more than one disaster on
CHEERED UHE CENSOR.
How a Gallant Iish Regiment Took
an After Battle Scolding.
The leading regiment of our column
was the Fifty-third, commanded that
day by Major Payn, afterward General
Sir William Payn, K. C. B., a very fine
regiment, who, being mostly Irishmen,
%vere eager to meet their enemy. Mean
while I received orders to cross the riv
er by a ford and get round the enemy's
right flank, and I had gone for this
purpose and was crossing about a quar
ter of a mile lower down, when sud
denly I heard. loud cheering and a
heavy musketry fire, and then I saw
our troops gallantly advancing act'oss
the bridge to the assault.
It turned out to be the Fifty-third,
who, tired of the delay under fire and.
it was whispered, hearing that Sir
Colin had sent for his pet highlanders
to take the bridge, took their bits be
tween their teeth and without any
further orders determined to rush the
bridge themselves, which they accord
ingly did, and with great success. The
enemy, once forced out of their posi
tion, showed but a poor, desultory
fight and, as at Cawnpur, fell an easy
prey to the cavalry, who, having cross
ed, some by the bridge and others, in
cluding myself, by the ford, fell on
them and pursued them with such suc
cess that we captured every gun they
The Fifty-third were well pleased
with themselves and the result of the
fight they had so suddenly initiated,
but we heard that Sir Colin was great
ly annoyed w -% them and after the ac
tion rated t..em soundly for their in
subordination. But little die. these
wild Irishmen care. They had had
their fight, and a real good one., so far
as they were concerned, and as Sir
Colin concluded his speech of rebuke
they gave him three cheers, and. giving
three cheers more for General Mans
field, Sir Colin's chief of stay, who
had formerly commanded their regi
ment, they quite upset the chief's equa
nimity, but at the same time cleared
away his wrath.-"Old Memories."
How Old Abe Learned to Tell When
a Thing Is Proved.
A man who heard Abraham LihcolL
speak in Norwich, Conn., some time
before he was nominated for president.
was greatly impressed by the closely
knit logie of the speech. Meeting him
next day on a train he asked him how
he acquired his wonderful logical pow
ers and such acuteness in analysis. .
Lincoln replied: "It was my terrible
discouragement which did that for me.
When I was a young man, I went into
an office to study law. I saw that a
lawyer's business it largely to prove
things. I said to myself, 'Lincoln,
when is a thing proved?' That was a
poser. What constitutes proof? -Not
evidence: that was not the point.
There may be evidence enough, but
wherein consists the proof? I groaned
over the question, and finally said to
myself, 'Ah, Lincoln, you can't tell.'
Then I thonght what use is it for me
to be in a law office if I can't tell when
a thing is 'proved?
"So I gave it up and went back
home. Soon after I returned to the
old log cabin I fell in with a copy of
Euclid. I had not the slightest notion
of what Euclid was, and I thought I
would find out. I therefore began at
the beginning, and before spring I had
gone through the old Euclid's geometry
and could demonstrate every proposi
tion in the book. Then in the spring,
when I had got through with it, I said
to myself one day, 'Ah, do you know
when a thing is proved?' and I an
swered, 'Yes, sir, I do. Then you may
go back to the law shop;' and I went"
What to Read.
Read the good old, books that have
lived and held their own by the vital
ity of matter and style that makes
them standards. Don't read a lot of
new books about the Bible. .Read the
Bible, and then you will understand
what you may afterward read about
the Bible. Read Shakespeare, not con
troversies on Shakespeare; read Scott
a~nd Thackeray and Dickens and George
Eliot. Do not be content with a short
history of literature that tells you their
best works and makes a few discon
nected extracts and tells you their
standing and what you should think
Read intelligently and with interest,
and every book you read will guide
you to the next, that is good for you
personally far better than a strange
mentor can do, who is often full of
theories ar~d prejudices or perhaps has
got up a course of study as a "pot boil
er" and has no real love of his subject.
I do not allude to what are obviously
nere misprints, such as when The
fiorning Post announced at the bead of
ts fashionable intelligence that Lord
Palmerston had gone down into Hamp
shire with a party of tiends to shoot
>easats, but I refer to biunder-s due to
rass ignorance of a pr-etentious order.
Perhaps the best instance was when
>e of the "young lions" of The Daily
L'elegraph in a hending article enumer
ted the great masters of Greek seuip
ure as Phidias, Praxiteles and Milo,
gnorant of the fact that Milo is not a
;culptor, but an Island.
The Times was even worse when,
nistaking Prussia for Austria, it de
roted a whole leader to discussing why
Prussia had joined the zollverein. The
laturday Review once explained at
rent length that the population might
ye nourished graituitously on young
ambs if killed unweaned before they
md begun to crop grass, having there
'ore cost nothing to feed. Many other
nstances will doubtless occur to yo'ur
-eaders.-Notes a ud Queries.
A Mixed Wedding Party.
"The college roommate of a friend of
nine was eagage'd to a lady in New
Eork," writes the Rev. D. M. Steele in
us article on "Some People I II~ve
darried" in The Ladies' Home Joar
al. "His people are Congregatiortal
sts, but while at Yale be became a
Jnitarian. Her- parents are Roman
atholcs, but she was a member of the
thical Culture society at Carnegie
zall In cor4'liance with her mothetr's
vish he asLed live different piests to
narry them, but all refused. in despair
ie came for me. I married them. an
piscopaian, with the ritual service in
Presbyterian chapeL. The Roman
atholic brother of the bride and the
jongrega~ional sister of the groom
vere present This sister acted as one
vitness; the other witness was a Jew
As She Saw It.
Mrs. Kleener-What is the matter
with you this evening, John, that you
Mr. Kleener-The doctor says I
mustn't He says I must stop smoking
Mrs. Kleener--Oh, i'm so glad! You
won't be scenting up my curtains any
r, wil you ?-Boston Transcript
SOME LOST SECRETS.
FAMOUS PROCESSES THAT WERE
KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS.
Things That Oar Forefathers Were
Able to Do That We Now Find We'
Nigh -Impossib!e -- Cement of the
Greeks and Romans.
Taking into consideration the marvel
ous strides we have made in almost
every branch of knowledge during the
last 200 or 300 years, it seems exceed
ingly strange that our forefathers
should have been able to do things
which we find impossible and that we
cannot discover secrets which were al
most common knowledge hundreds of
years ago. But despite the fact that
the average modern man knows more
than did the learned men of long ago,
there are mysteries of knowledge and
science which our most advanced sci
entists cannot solve.
Thousands of years ago, for instance.
the Egyptians used to embalm the
bodies of their dead kings and nobility
so perfectly that the bodies are in won
derful preservation today, as may be
seen at the British museum. Clever as
we are in this age. we cannot do the
same. The valuable secret Ia lost and
modern science cannot recover the lost
knowledge. We can, of course, and we
do embalm bodies, but only for tem
porary preservation and, comparatively
speaking, in a most unsatisfactory man
ner. Bodies which are embalmed now
adays will not be preserved for more
than a few days- at most. Very many
of the bodies the Egyptians embalmed
before the birth of Christ are still so
perfect that the lines of their faces are
still as cleary marked as when they
were first embalmed.
Sheffield turns out the finest, hardest
and most perfect steel the world pro
duces, but even Sheffield cannot pro
dbce a sword blade to compare with
those the Saracens made and used hun
dreds of years ago, and the Saracens
never possessed the machinery we
have or had the advantage of knowing
so much about metals as we ar.e sup
posed to know. A huge fortune awaits
the man who discovers the secret
which enabled -the Saracens to make
sword blades so keen and hard that
they could cut in two most of the
swords used today.
There are a dozen different methods
of making artificial diamonds, but none
of the stones produced by these meth
ods can compare with those made of
old French paste, the secret of which
is lost. So perfect were paste dia
monds that it was difficult for even a
person with expert knowledge of dia
monds to tell that they were artificial
ly produced, whereas most of the mod
em artificial diamonds can easily be
detected, and their durability is noth
ing like so great as the old paste dia
Probably not one out of every ten
thousand buildings standing in all
parts of the world, and built by mod
ern masons, will still be standing 500
years.hence. We do not know how to
put stones and bricks together as the
ancients did, and consequently the
buildings we raise nowadays are really
mere temporary structures and will be
n ruins when the ancient buildings of
Greece and Italy, which were built
thousands of years ago, are In as good
ondition as they are now. The secret
Is not In the bricks or the stone, but
n the cement and mortar, neither of
which essentials can we make as the
ncients made them.
In modern buildings the cement and
ortar are the weakest points; In
buildings which the Romans and
reeks raised thousands of years ago
the cement and mortar are the stron
gest points and hold good while the
very stones they. bind together crumble
away with age. We cannot, with all
our science, make such cement and
nortar, and therefore we cannot build
such buildings as the ancients raised.
Chemistry, one might Imagine, is the
science which has, perhaps, made the
greatest strides. Yet modern chem
ists cannot compound such dyes as
.ere commonly used when the great
ations of today were still unborn.
Now and again It happens that search
ers after antiquities come across frag
mets of fabrics whien were dyed
housands of years ago, and they are
astonished by the wonderful richness
f the colors of the cloths, which, de
spite their age, are bright~er and purer
than anything we can produce.
Modern artists buy their colors ready
ade and spend large sums on pig
ents with which to color their can
vases. The pictures of modern artists
will be colorless when many of the
works of a nc-lent masters are as bright
s they are~ today. Just as the secret of
(lyeing has been lost, so has the cecret
f preserving the colors of artists'
paints. Yet the secret was known to
every ancient artist, for they all mixed
their own colors.
How to make durable Ink is another
great secret we have lost. Look at any
letter five or ten years old and you will
robably notice that the writing has
faded to a brown color apd is very in
distinct. Go to any big museum sad
you will find ancient MSS., the writing
of which is as black and distinct as if
the MSS. were written the day before
The secret of glass blo'wing and tint
ing Is not yet entirely lost There are
sti a few men who can produce glass
work equal to the things of this kind
which the ancients turned out hun
dreds of years ago. But the average
glass manufactarer cannot produce
anything that could at all compare
with some of the commoner articles
the Egyptians, and later, the founders
f Venice. manufactured. and those
who still hold the ancient seeret guard
it so closely that it will probably die
with them and be added to the long list
f th!ngs in which our ancestors beat
s ollow.-Drehange. -,
-He Didn't Comylain.
Young Wife-This talk about men
being so impatient when a woman is
getting ready to go anywheso is all
Friend-Doesn't your husband com
plain at all?
Young Wife-No, Indeed! Why, last
veing I couldn't find my gloves and
had a long hunt for half a dozen other
things, and yet when I was finally
dressed and wvent down stairs to my
husband there he was by the fire read
ing and smoking as calmly as if I
wasn't half an hour late.
Friend-Well, I declarel Where were:
Young Wife-To prayer meeting.
New York Weekly.
According to the London Vanity Fair,
celebrated surgeon met a young ofl
cr in Piccadilly one day and greeted'
him with surprise. "Well, I am pleased
to see you! I am surprisedi Do you~
now I have a portion of your brain
In a jar at home?'
"A, well" laughed the other, "I can
oaally spare that. I have got a berth
i n tewar office."
FMNG E N E R,
BRICKS WITHOUT STRAW.
More than a thousand years ago
Shadows of time, bow the days go by
There was a man I %sed to know
ay seem strange, but you'll see it's so
After I tell you the reason why
Worked In a brickyard, same as you
And all of us have to do;
Med in the trouble and worry and stri!:-.
The mirth and the other thins if
Stirred in the hopes and the pais :'! f-ars,
enade-1 the mud with his ,'. nnd his tcars,
uancst mass that ever yo-u w.
"Poor brick'!" caid the mian. "but I have no i
Up to his knecs in the miry pit,
A pygmy's way, but a giant's grit;
His back was a chain of throbbing aches,
Lifting the mold with its earthen cakes;
Elbows rusty as hinges of steel,
Kns so lame he could hardly kneel;
Mud so stiff it would clog a plow
nd couldn't be stirred with a wheel nohow;
ghts as short as the days were lonsr:
>thing seemed right, but everything wrong.
"est I can do," said the man; "but, pshaw,
ou can't make brick when you have no straw!"
Tasumsters pitiless lashed the man.
"an't!" sobbed Weakness, but Courage cried,
)on't!" said Despair, but Duty cried, "Do!"
inl right," said the man, "I'll worry her
an't do much, and I reckon you'll see
ick won't be just what they ought to be;
n't nigh so good as I know I could make
fI just had straw; but you'll have to take
he best I can do for the work's own sake."
e finished his tale of brick and then
ent home to rest, and m.e sons of men
Loked on his perfect work and saw
e'd have spoiled the brick had he put in straw.
-Rlobert J. Burdette.
hey Are the Fleetest of All Four
Comparatively few people realize of
hat remarkable speed dogs are capa
be. Some remarkable statistics in re
ard to this have been gathered by M.
usolier, a French scientist.
After pointing out the marvelous en
urance shown by little foxs terriers
who follow their masters patientiy for
>urs while the latter are riding on bi
ycles or in carriages, he says that even
reater endurance Is shown by certain
wild animals that are akin to dogs.
Thus the wolf can run between 50
nd 60 mIles in one night, and an arctic
x can do quite as well, if not better'.
Nansen met one of these foxes on the
e at a point more than 70 miles north
west of the Sannikow territory, which
s480 miles from the Asiatic coast. Es
mo and Siberian dogs can travel 45
miles on the ice in five hours, and there
sone case on record in which a team
ofEskimo dogs traveled 6% miles In
According to M. Dusolier, the speed
fthe shepher'd dogs and those used in
hting ranges from 10 to 15 yards a
cond. English setters and pointers
ut at the rate of 18 to 19 miles an
our, and they can maintain this speed
or at least two hours.
Foxhounds are extraordinarily swift.
as i' proved by the fact that a dog of
this breed once beat a thoroughbred
horse, covering four miles in 6% min
utes, which was at the rate of nearly
8yards a second.
Greyhounds are the swiftest of all
fur footed creatures, and their speed
may be regarded as equal to that of
crrier pigeons. English greyhounds,
which are carefully selected and which
re used for coursing, are able to cov
r at full gallop a space between 18
nd 23 yards every second.
How great an achievement this is
may be judged from the fact that a
oroughbred horse rarely if ever ex
eds 19 yards. Moreover, it is said
tat a hare at its greatest speed never
ges faster than at the rate of 18 yards.
These interesting statistics are ex
cting much comment among sports
men and other lovers of dogs, and the
opinion is unanimous that M. Dusolier
has fully proved the right of the grey
hound to rank as the swiftest of the
udrupeds. Express engines only sur
pass them.-London Mail.
The Strength of a Shark.
Given special advantages, such as
tat of holding the end of a stout rope
atthe other extremity of which is a
book fixed in a shark's mouth, man
may, with the assistance of a number
ofhis fellows, have the best of the
hark. But alone and in the water the'
dvantage is wholly and absolutely the
ther way, and the strongest swimmer
nd the bravest heart fail when thc
yrant of the sea seeks to make his ac
The shark is a creature gifted with
reat strength, a savage temper, dog'
ed perseverance and exceptional pow
~rof jaw. The lion and tiger may
magle, the crocodile may lacerate, the
ulldog may hold fast-the shark alone
)fliving creatures possesses the power
)PENJNG DEC. lE 9
CQSrING JWi W IloM
The Manning Times
90 Both for $1.50. '
We have arranged to give our readers additional reading mat
ter in the shape of a first class Agricultural Journal, a paper with
a world renowned reputation as a farm helper and a family- com
panmon. Prominent among the many departments may be men
Farm and Garden, Market Reports, Fruit Culture,
Plans and Inventions, Live Stock and Dairy, Talks
with a Lawyer, Fashions and Fancy Work, The Poul
try Yard, Plants and Flowers, Household Features,
The Treatment of Horses and Cattle, and Subjects of
a Literary and Religious character.
The Farm and Home is-published semi-monthly, thus giving you
24 numbers a year, making a volume of over 500 pages. *No bts
ter proof of its popularity can be offered than its immense circulat
By special arrangement we are enabled to send THE FARM
AND HOME to all of our subscribers who pay iifp their arreargge;
and to all new subscribers who pay one year in advance, without
any additional charge.
Every new yearly subscriber will be entitled to THE F ARM
AND HOME and THE MANNING TIMES for $1.50; also every
ld subscriber who pays up his arrears. This is a grand offer and
we hope the people will appreciate it.
IBring Your Tobacco While
I Prices Are High.
SE HAVE- SECURED A FINE LOT OF BUYERS
and our floors can be relied upon to turn out the
highest possible prices.
Fair Treatment Gliaranteed
_and every customer treated alike.
Bring your product to the Best Warehouse in this
section of the State.
1O. M. MASON,'
outh Carolina Co-EducationallInstitute
(S. C. C. I.)
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
~LDEST AND LARGEST Co-EDUCATIONAL COLLEGE IN THE STATE.
:OveO0 Students enrolled iast session, representing 1 0 States.
Young men under strict military discipline.
Faculty composed of m4 College and University graduates-O men.
Thorough Literary Courses leading to the degree of B. E.. B. S. and A. B.
Superior A dvantages otfered in the Departments of Music. Art and Business.
Four Magnificent. well equipped buildings.
Thousands of dollars recently spent in improvements.
From $100 to $140 covers expenses in Literary Department for the entire
Durn the past session 167~ Boarders were enrolled. A large number
f applications were rejected for want of room. Additional room will be pro
ided for the coming session.
If you contemplate attending our College. write for eatalogue and applica
on blank to
F. N. K. BAILEY, President,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Next Session Begins Thursday, Sept. 26, 1901.