Newspaper Page Text
VOL XVI MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER, 2, 1901 NO.9
Cz igosz to D e Dudrg Litter
Part cf Octcbbr.
HE COULD NOT WHI SPER.
Realiztion el His Awful Pred.ca
mint Just Seems to be
Comirg to Him, The
Scene In Court
A dispatch from Buffalo, N. Y. says
Leon F. Czolgosz, the assassin of Pres
ident McKinley, was Thursdasy
afternoon sentenced to be electro
outed in kuburn State prison d aing
the week beginning Oct. 28, 1901.
Before sentence was passe, the as
sassin evidenced a desirQ to speak, but
he could not get his voice zsbove a
whisper and his words were repeated to
the court by his counsel.
"There was no one else but me," the
prisoner said in a abisper. . "No one
else told me to do it and no oDe paid me
to do it. I was not toia anything about
the crime and I never thought anything
ab.,ut that util a couple of days before I
committee the or~e."
Czolgotz tat dowc. He was q-ilt
calm, but it was ev.deut tat his nnd
was floded wi&h thoughts of h' own
distress. His eyes were diland mat
ing them appEar very bright. His
onteis wore a trifle pale ana nis out
stretoed haud tremoled. The guaras
pu; hanaculfs on his wrists. He looked
at the cflicss. There was an expres
sion of pref aundest fear and helpieas
ness in tis eyes. He glanced about at
the people who crowded together in ef
torts to get a loon at him. The prison
er's eyenas felt tremolously anu then
ne fi.xd his gaze upon the floor in front
At thiS poiLt Judge Titus came over
to the prisoner and bade him gocd bye.
Czoigoez replied very faintly, letting
his eoe rest upon the man who has
been tis cour r ai.
-'Good bye," he said weakly.
Czwigots was then hurried down
stairs ana through the "tunnel. f
sobs," to the j di where he will remain
until removeu to Auburn to pay the
penalty for his crime. Althougn the
ame announced for the convening of
court was 2 o'clock every seat and ev
-ery foot ci standiag room were occu
pied before 1 30 ana scores were oiam
inng outside itr admission. Te doors
were locked and no more were admit
tea to the room.
The prisoner was brought into the
zoom at 5 mmutes to 2. Five minutes
later Justice White took his piace up3n
As soon as Justice White assumed
the bench, Crier Jitss said:
"uruanL to a recess, this trial term
of the supreme court is now open for
the transacuon of business." -
District Attorney Penney said:
"If your honor please, 1 move son
tence in the case or the people vs. lLdson
cz algosz. S&and up, Czainoaz."
ilerk Fishler swore the prisoner and
hie record was taken by the dismrit at
norney as foliows:
Age 28 yeari; nativity, Datroit; res
.idence, Broaway, io wak, Buffato; oc -
cupation, laborer. M1arried or single,
snagle. Degree of educauion, commor'
schcol and parochial. Itehgioas in
strucuen, Catholic. Parents, father
lig, mother dead. Temperate or in
temperate, temperate. Former con
vicuaon of crime, none..
The cerx of the ourt then asked:
"Have you any tegal cause to shiow
now why th~e senteincs of the court
ahourd no; be now pronounced against
'4 cannot hear that," replied the
"Clerk Fisher repeated his question
and L~zolgosz replie:
"ICd rather have tnis gertlemen here
spear," looking towaros Demtrit A;
torney Penney, "1 can near hi be;
those in ste court room tast they mnust
be gaiet or they wculd b~e excluded
fromi the roo..
Mr. Penney then Eaid to the prison
er: - Czoigot Z, the court wanets to Zno i
.1f you have any reason. to give Wny senl
-ence snould not be pronouneed against
:you. Have you anytnlng to egy 'o the
.judge? Say yes orxno."
The prisoner did not reply and Jus
rice Waite, adaressing the prnsoner,
-In this behalf, what ycu have a
.ight to say relatts explicuily to the
suojecot in irazd at tnis uime and which
the Iaw provides, ahy sentence shovuld
not be now pronounced agamns you and
is dekneu by the statue.
"1'he fiet is that you may claim that
you are insane.
--4he next is that you hive good
cause to offer either in arrenl of the
Juagmenlt about to be pzonounced
against you, or ior a new trial, inhose
are the grounes specihed by mne stature
an whicti you have a rngtt to spe ar at
this uim.. and you are at pertect lib
rcy to do so if y ou wish."
'The prisoner replied: "I have noth
ing to say about that."',
1'ne court said: -Are y ou ready?"
Mr. Penney replied: "Yes."
"Eiave you any thing to say?" asked
Jusuice 'A bite.
-Yes," replied the prisoner.
"I think he should be peupitte-d tc
make a statement in exou4ation of has
act if the court please," sai Juege Ti
The court replied: "That will depend
upon wham his statement is."
Justice white then said: "Have you
Opeating to Judge 'titus) an.ything to
say ia benatf or the pnieoner at this
time?" . .
--. have nothing to say within the
definition of what your henor has read,"
replied the attorney, "but it seems to
me in order that the innocent should
not suffer by this defendant's crime, the
ourt shouid permit him to exculpate
at least his fatnter, brother a.d sisters."
From the court: "Certainly, it that is
the ot~ject of any statement he wishes
to make, proceed."
The prnsoner said: "There was no one
se but me. No one else to do it, and
. o one paid me to do it:"
Judge Titus repeated as follows:
'"Owing to the prisoner's fee ble voice,
* h sa no ne had anything to do with
the c inoimin of n, ernme but him
itf; - LL.- fathor aad mother aod no
n e d angin t o do with and
::C~v U ' .; I t."
Thei v pe ner cor;inue: "I was not
tod Ca thag about 'Lbtht criae and I
never tiLo ) r .ig abou, mui:,r
un.il a to d odys before I com
nused l crime."
J uiige Titus &asin repeated as fel
"lie rever iold any one about the
crime and never itended to commit
it uril a couple day befzre its com
'n J ustice White passed sentance
In teking the 1Ie of our beloved
preEident x ou commited a crime whic4
shocked and outra. the moral sersa
of th iviliz. ru. You have con
f2red thuAt gu't d afr learning all
C.a n at this tizo can bc learncd freom
ihe facts s:: ens'ances the case,
12 gCad jaro:s hve pruunoed you
-yad havc found .Cu g-ilty of
n urEr in t.e rst degrCe.
"You hav Sid, acec reing to the tes
dimony of credit:blo witness and
Vcurself that no other prerson a:ded cr
abetted you in tCh commissien cf this
terrible act. Gc d grant it may be so.
The p:naIlty for the crime for which you
stand convicted is fixed by this statute
and it nov becomes my duty to pro
nounce this jaigement against you:
"To ser.s:ce of toe coura i; that in
the rek beginning Oat, 28, 1901, a
the placea, in the manner and means
Ipresornbed by law, you suffer the
punishment of death."
"Remove the p:isancr."
The cro d slow!y filed out of the room
and court adjourned at 2:26.
Tre death warrant signed by Justice
White is addressed to the agent and
warden of Auburn Saste prison and di
rec:s him to execu:e the sentence of the
court within the walls of the prison on
tome day du:ing the week begianing
Oct. 28 Lext Dy causing "to Pass
through the body of the said Leon F.
zolgozz a current of electrioity of suf
ffizient intensinty to cause ceah and
that the appheation of the said currens
of elec;ricity ba continued until he, the
said Lzcon F. ( zo!gosz, be dead."
Wreck on the Southern.
A wreck occurred on the Southern
railway Wednesday nigh; near Colum
bia, ocaioned4 by a rear erd co1sion.
No Ines were lost, t; several persons
were badly itjared. Tne wreck
blockaded the track fcr a while, but
ander the direction of Superintendent
Weiles tho treek was quickly cleared
and trains .over the divisicn are run
ning on time Thursday. Tne follow
ow is a list of personal iz~juries: Paa
sengers, J. J. Mundy, Lenoir, N. C.,
rght shoulder and cnest injured; J.
D. King, 5idropville, contusion of
ChEs.; L V. Wiczer, Coiumbir, shoul
der biuiaeu. Epinu , A. S. Sans,
Charleston, flagman, right arm bruised;
N. H. Bocne, Roweaviile, baggagemas
ter, Aef; shouluez ejrained; B. F. Nice
y, eni:ineer, left shouicer bruised;
John Rkiar, mati clerk, irjurea inter
aily; C. fi. Keste:, colored, fireman,
eft ankle fractured.
As Iz Should Be.
The anncuncemant is now made that
:enator lianna, Judge Day and other
pe:onal fras oi Llhe late President
McKniey will form an asciation for
the purpose of erecting a mcnumenL
o his memory. This is as it snouin
be. Tney are the proper persons to
ndertake the work; their admiration
and affection for him a:e a guarantee
diat the plau will be successtuily car
red out when~as if the proposition be
rompted by a mecnentary and emo
onai sympathy on tiL3 par: of those
who havo no:t sie motives that actuate
hese, his frioizis. inaure is apt to
> the rat. .iera : no reason why
ontr1iuuuons to the m~onumnent lana
shulid no: be secured in ali soiions of
:~e country, inciudmng ihs south, from
he late president's samirers irrspee
ive of party.
A iFool Mayor.
Ace iading to W isatas to the New
Yrn Sun from Not:;h Plai:.field, N. J.
ne maaior of ,.:: taan hiss far bidden
ho srai of trze Newv Yorz Journal with
an tne :imi~s of the musiicipaliry. The
nyor cialmns to have acoted on tine aQ
ie of thiOe c..rporst-on counsel and
asrs bis decree, et i ore on the aile
enLn -.tai mhe J.arnai isrcsponiie
r anashoy adt a I c-.3-r crimes and
vjs. ii ia u ncesiary "' r mar that~
he said mayoz is sa unutter.c-e fool.
i-e ises the best ad.verus51.g agent
ihe Journal has ever igen soie to se
are. T.ne ircedo~m or the press is guar
auteid by the coa'etu;.in of the Unit
cc Sates c~rd a N.:v de:oey mayor cant
at amena teuoaumoe.- Ce dr:ate.
A shocking Tragedy.
A very ia~d cearn occurr:d in the
lower a~esio2 of Greenwiood county
lu:day, Sep;. Z-l alnanoon. Young
Uare~ca ausoa. thj 16; year old son
of Janies 'W. Coliisan cof t.fis city was
asce.aentaty shot anu instantly xinied
wie eangagnd in taigei thooaing with
a Miss 3.iebat, a vinr nt the home
of hier trctner-.n-law, Elagene Bowers,
with wflom young Goluison was staying.
Tne young ?auy had the rifle in ner
hand anu in some way it wentoff, the
buet striging Gollison in the forehead.
'.'e bullet camne out a: the case of the
skul. He cand instantly.
Oh: the Pity.
The Columbia State sas a the Spanish
duke of Alva has arrived in New York
to witnet a theinternau:enal yacht iace.
eis dci,.red to be seven iius a
duke, nine times a grandee of Spain of
the fl:st clauF, twe~ve times a ma rjaus
and jourteen Lt~is count. 'A hat a
pity that he cannot be de-married-for
e ieaves a wife in pain-and appro
priately sabuivided to ireet the wile
needs of the New Yora heureseb! Every
miilionaire wito mamrageacle ciausnte~re
must thank it an outrage upo~n rre-eneai
comion sense that all these desirable
titles and should be concentrated in
ene unavailable individual,
May Pay Uim.
Some timne ago Joaqain Millk r, "the
poet of the Sierras," tooh a lot or prai
rie land in TeXxas in payment for ser
vices as a lecturer. As be coulcn't
take the land witthhim and didn't have
any particular use for it anyway, he
left it tnere and f or got all about it. Now
they are tapping oil wells all around it
and the old lellow may get more money
out of it than he will know what to do
SHE WAS A REBEL.
Th3 Mother of President Rooso
velt Loved the Soulth
AND THE "LOST CAUSE."
Hung a Confederate Fieg From
the Window of Her New
YorK Home During
thle Civil War
From the father's side may have
come some of the blood that gave
President Roosevelt his indomitable
spirit, but certain it is that the mater
nal branch was rich in that quality
that marked the Bulloobs of Gooegia
for tneir resoluti6of, perzinacity and
strength of will. No bettcr exponent
of thosa traits could be found than
Miartha Bulloch Rosevelt, the mother
of the president, says the Savannah
N~t long after the civil war Mrs
Roosevelt was en a visit to S vannah,
where she had mny friends. She was
a Georgia woman of distinguished an
cestry, the Balloch family being one
of the best in tie state, and its distine
tion in the highest po-itione. It was
but natural, therefore, that she should
h&ve been well received upon her visit
to this city, and that there should have
been rare pleasure to her, and unrecon
struted "rebel," in her intercourse
with her own people, those who had
fought and bled upon the field of battle
or fought the greater fight of waiting
Reunion with her southern friends,
after the years of the war that she had
spent at her home in Naw York, was a
pleasure to Mrs. Roosevelt, and -it was
with the keenest relish that sho recoun
ed stories of the times and of the trials
that Ehe suffered in the city of her
adoption through her unswerving loyal
ty to the cause of the Eguth-a cause
in which one brother, Irvine I. Bulloch,
fought as an officer aboard the cruiser
Alabama, and which another b:other
represented at England's capita. city.
One of these stories clearly revealed
the character of the woman and leaves
little difficulty in determi2ing whence
the president gets some of those quali
ties that have tended to his prefer
It was at a dinner given in Mrs.
Roosevelt's honor by Mrs. Henrietta 9.
Cohen, that she told the story. Of
late years, because of Theodore Roose
velt's rapid advancement, it has been
recalled by his mother a old ftienda,
who feel pr'd, in having known the
mother of the president, and gladly
ascribe to her some of the. traits that
are seen in the son. It was just when
the spirit of peace, uncertain as to
whether it should alight, was hovering
over the land. New York was afhme
with passionate patriotism, and any
thing smacking of the Confederacy was
not tolerated. Feeling ran high, and
woe was it for any who braved the pop
ular tide and showed a leaning t.oward
the cause of the south.
Theodore Roosevelt, the older, de
ided at about that time to give some
great social function. The Roosevelt
mansion was accordingly bravely deck
ed in bunting and with American flsgs.
Fiom every window, save one, fisw the
Stars arnd Stripes. That one wpas of
Mrs. Roosevelt's boudoir. Her hus
band had not designed to omit it from
the decorative scho'me, but she would
have none of it. Instead, she hit up
on a plan that would clearly reveal her
sentiments. Scopying not to consider
the peril in which it might place her
ar~d her husband, but determined to
show that all in that house were not of
the cause of the north, she drew from
among her most chezishsd treasures the
stars and bars, the emblem of the south.
Going to ihe window, she firmly fixed
its staff and allowed its folds to fintter
from the breeze.
Oa the instant, almost, the hostile
ensign was noted. A passerby in the
street beiow described it. In hot in
dignation, he pointed is out to another.
As mobs wmli, so one began to grow,
at d soon the e tteet was chooked with
angry peoplei, who shook threatening
tists at the Confederate flag and invei
ghed most bitterly. Alarmed by the
gatheriug that was swelled every mom
ent and that directed its wrath again
his home, Theodore Roosevelt sought
the cause that had stirred the people
to anger. He was net long in finding
it. Fierce acclaim directed his gaze,
which rested upon the -fluttering embl
em of the south. Trhe Rooseveit nai
ure has isever qunailed before a crowd
Theodore, the elder, saw that imminent
danger ould probably be averted only
throngh his persuading his wife to re
move the objsectionable flag. With a
word to the crowd, he left, entering tho
house and finding his wife. He told
her what she already knew--that the
anger of the mob had been excited by
her indiscreet display of her colors, and
that it would be well for her to take in
"I shall not do so," dec'ared the
mother of the president." The flag is
ine; the boudoir is mine. I love the
flag, for it represents my native land.
No ruffian hand shall invade the pri
va:y of my boudoir to drag down that
flag, nor shall ruffian shouts force me
to remove it from the window of a room
that is wholly mine. Explain to them
that I am a southern woman; that I
love the south. Do anything you like
except touch that flag. It shall net
come down." And is did not. Theo
dore Roosevelt went again to face the
crowd. He made a speech, dwelling
with finesse upoM his wife's love for
her own land and maulding the mob to
his will an to an indulgence of Mrs.
Roosevelt in her desire to fiy the flag of
her beloved south. The crowd dis
persed, but the story remains to show
a maternal quality that has made a
For Negroes Only.
A bank exclusively for the patronage
of negroes has been opened in Phila
delphia. "Negroes who have any re
collection of the Freedmen's bank at
Washington will show good judgment
by not getting excited over this Phila
delphia negro bank, and tumbling over
each other to deposit in it," says the
An Invention' More Wonder ful Than
More wonderful than wireless teleg
raphy is the discovery of a mode of
printing without the employmen of ink
orany I iment whatever. The proceEs
was accidentally discovered by Mr.
Friese-Greene, who was working in his
laboratory endeavoring to perfect a
process for the reporduction of photo
graphs in natural cnlcrs. The process
as described in the last number of the
American PresS is interesting.
"It would seem that in the last dis
covery had been found that long sought
desideratum of the ancient alchemists,
the "great arcanum." or art of trans
muting metals, for the different colors
in this inkless printing proces are pro
duced by using different metals for
types. Thus the action of electricity
upon types of blocks of copper produces
a green impr3sion; brass, brown; zinc,
yellow; gold, oraLge; and by treating
tie paper with potash the inventor is
able to print in red from types faced
with silver. All these colors can be
produced at the same time and with
rapidity exceedirg even the rate at
which newspaperi are turned off the
press by present processes. Photographs
may be reproduced without interven
tion of a "screeen" and with all the ex
qaisite detail to be seen in the original.
It will not be long before our maga
zines and newspapers will ba brougut
out beautifully illustrated in colors and
at a cost much less than at present, ow
ing not only to the saving in inks and
in attendance, but t) the rapidity with
which the inklese machines may be op
erated. E:ectriaal printing machines
cin be run, the inventor claims, at a
much greater speed than the present
day perfecting presses, for the ac ion is
so quick that a strong, clear impression
is produced by the contect of type with
paper during even a thousandth part of
The only radical departare is in the
presses, the ink rolls being done away
with entirely. so that the necassary
amount of time and labor involvid in
their preparation and car3 may be av
avoided. The invention-may be adopted,
it is said, to any machine at present
usea, which may be converted into one
for electrical printing without any great
change or expense, it being necessary
only to remove the ink rolls and make
the electrical connections and, of
course, to use the newly invented types.
The new printing machine is simple,
compact and inexpensive as compared
with the intricate presses now in use
and can be set up and operate d wherev
er sufficient electrical power is avail
The discovery that electricity might
prove dtrectly applicable to printing
was made acidentally, in the same
manner as many other great inventions
have come about. Mr. Friese Greene
the inventor, was working one night in
his laboratory-for. he has been a long
time experimenting on a process for
color photography and has become
known through his scientific research
e-ard accidentally placed a silver
oin en a piece of white paper which
was re sting on a sheet of tin. The tin
plate happened to be connected with
the positive pole of ani electric battery,
and the coin chanced to be touched by
the negative wire. Upon removing the
oin a perfect impression was found
printed on the paper.
The experiment was repeated again
and again, always with thae same result,
n exact reprc duction in every detail of
he original priateel in black. Per
eiving the great possibilities in this
acidental discovery, the experimenter
abandoned all other work and devoted
imself unremittingly to a solution of
the problem so unexpectedly presented.
Afer many weeks of experimentation.
ating dierent papera impregnated
wih various chemicals and nseg sev
ral metals, he at last pzerfected his dis
ovry and not only obtained perfect
impresions it' black rqgeal to these pro
ued withtie best inks, but, by using
ifierent. blocks of metals, actually
printed any clor desired. B~y enating
the portion of the blocks where red is
rquirc d with eilver the requisits effect
is obtained, with copper for green,
brass for yellow, gold for crange, etc.
Practiced on .Johnson.
George Johnson, colored, aged 37, of
Brooklyn, died Wednesday from the
:ffec.s of a blow on the point of the
ja w received in a frien ily bou.t with
ommy West, the well known welter
weight pugitiht, at the latter's training
uarters, where West was getting him
s.f in csondition for a c )ntest at Fort
Erie, Canada, with Al Weinig. John
son was taken to a hospital and never
regained consciousness except for a few
minutes after arriving there. West
was placed under arrest and held with
out bail on a cha4rge of homicide.
Fired at a Train.
Near Lanes on the Central road Sun
day week, a through freight train was
ired into, and two small shot imbedded
themselves in Engineer Layton't shoul
der. The shot was fired on she fire
man's side but that individual was not
Louched. Mr. L ayton says he hasn't
any enemies and cannot aerunt for
the shot. It came from a dense wood.
A physician extracted the leadon pel
Wanted a Change.
Miss Helen Bloodgood, the 18 year
old daughter of a well-to do New York
er, whose whereabouts have been un
known, and for whom the police have
been on tbe lookout, was found in san
obscure New Jersey hotel living und.er
an assumed name. She says she "be
came despondent" and "ran away from
hme fo'r a change,'' and was unaware
of the exestement whicn her myster
ius departure had created.
He May Run.
The Columbia correspondent of the
News and Courier says: "there is some
talk that Governor McSweeney will
make the race again for governor and
there is no dobt about the fact he is be
ing strongly urged to do so and frcqu
enie letters have been received by h:,m
from political friends advising him that
his administration has been so success
ful that he ought to make the race at
Beer and Murder.
The Augusta Herald says "Emma
Goldman baptized an anarchist baby
with beer. IBeer and murder seems to
be t-he trng plan k of anarehists."
GOES FOR CAPERS.
Deas Taiks ot the Condition of
the Republican Party
IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
He Speaks Plainly About Some
Things. Claims That Ha Has
Been Warned as National
The State says Edmund H. Deas,
the Republican State chairman, was in
the city Thursday on his way to Wash
ington where he is going to lock after
a number of things that are in the air
in Republican aircles just now. The
recent death of Collector Webster, the
national committeeman from this State,
has started a great deal of talk about
the status and future cf the Republi
can organi-ation in South Carolina, and
the old line Republicans %re boginping
to take 02 new life with the advent
of President R os.velt.
Daas is not only Cte State chaairmau
of the party organizntion bat he is
now virtually Webster's successor on
the national committee also. He goes
to Washington having in him pocket
the endorsement in writing of 18 of the
24 members of the Republican State
committee for the position of national
committeemen succeeding Webster.
This amounts to his election by the
committee. He don not intend, he
says, to retain both positions. but will
do so for the piesent, until things are
mcre settled than they are Just now.
Daas was considerably wrought ip
over the column article cn the local
page of The News and Courier Thurs
day in regard to the Rep2blican situa
tion in this State. In speaking of the
matter he said:
"In the article headed, 'Mr. Blalook
Wins,' it is stated that there will be
an appointment in two or three days. I
myself am willing to put up $1,000 that
there will be no appointment in two
or three weeks. And I am willing to
wager another $1,000 that Mr. John G.
Capers will never be national commit
teeman. This article bears the ear
marks of the captain. It is a nice way
to win the favor of the negroes by
reflecting on them as he has done in
this aruole. He ought not to think
that he can run over the Ripublicans
in South Carolina roughshoa while he
himself is a registered voter in the
S:ate of Maryland. This article is only
intended to force and intimidate the
negro into endorsing him. It says: 'It
i not out of place j ast here, in pass
ng, to remind some of the negroes
who are holding ctae that they are
loosening the hold they once had on
job by dabbling in politics. It is said
thst there is an axe for every negro
hoding office in Charleston, and 1 sup
pone it is meant that there is also
one for every negro holding office in
Soth Carolina,' Their names have been i
nred, it is alleged, on the Esacrifice
onnter' and they are to be handed
own, and so quickly that they will
nt know what hit them. They will
ot listen, however, and the men who
ave the federal patronage of 8>uth
arolina at .the finger tips will put1
cross mark upon the name of every
egro who has been doing the con'er
mene stunt in Charleston. This was in
eprecation ef an alleged conference
said to have been held in Charleston,
f which your humble servant knows
othing. This will hava no effect on
the sell-respecting negroes of South
arolina. Tney wili stand by their
ranization, unawed by fear, unbribed
> gain. It is evident tnat this will in
imidate and force the negroes into en
ersing him as a member of the na
ional committee. But the vacancieg
n the national commiutee are ~Iied by
election on the recommendation of the
tate executive commitree as in this
:e, and the nationat committce- wifl
i~ot meet for about three years to come
Mr. Blaieck is a very nica man, a goed
epublican and deserves the clleetor
thip and we have no objection to him;
ut the bad company he keeps and his
fool friends that epeak for hi~n are
killing him. The Repuolicans have the
organization of the State and as be
een the patronage and the organi
ition, they Will seep the former to the
loss of the latter."
Lost One Eye.
Mr. P. 0. Hagermy of Macon, Ga.,
was paiafuily irnjured late Saturday
night by the explosian of a bottle of
p~olonaris water he was opening and
as a result of the accidsiit wil lose one
fhis eyes Mr. Hagerty was opening
the bottle of water which is very i eavr
ly charged with gas, when it burst, a
fragment of the glass ponetratieg the
ee and completely destroying the pupil.
As soon as possible he was given sur 1
cal attcntion and the pain was some
what aleviated, but the surgeon at OrLee
saw that the eyesight had been com
pletely destroyd. Mr. Hagerty was
remved to the city hospital where he
still remains under the casre of the sur
geons. His many friends deeply re
gret the accident and heartily sympa
thize with him iu his tifiomion.
And it now appears that IPresident
Roosevelt was of the house of Stewart,
South Carolinians of the olden timee,
(lecendants of Gen. Daniel Stewart or
Rlevolutionary fame. Win. P. Houseal
.f Newberry says that among the child
en of Gen. Daniel Stewart were Dan
:tel McLaughlin Stewart and Marths
Stewart. T'he family lhved at Dorches
er, in this state. Daniel McLaughlin
Stewart was the father of Capt. T1. C,.
S:ewart of Newberry, but now in Flori
(Ia. Miss M~armha Stewarm married
James Stephen Bullock of Georgia, and
her daughter married Theodore Roose
velt of New York, who was the father
f the present Theodore Roosevelt,
president of the United states.
A Bich Find.
Eplorers in and about Chama,
Guatemala, have unearthed some rich
&nds of coins and jewels, valued at
i0,00, supposed to have belonged to
the Aztecs centuries ago. The digging
fever has struck the natives, and hun
dreds of them are gouging into the
arh on the hunt for treasures.
EVIDENCE OF CONRPIRACY.
A Specimen of the Testimony in the
The most remarkable testimony yet
given before the Sehley court of inquiry
is that of Lieutenant Commander L. P.
Heilner, who was navigating cffiser of
the Tsxas in the battle of Santiago.
Desfcribing to the court the ailegcd
danger in which the Texas was placed
by the Brooklyn's celebrated "loop,"
Heilner affirmed that the distance
between the two ships was only 150
yards, yet when he was given the of
ficial chart drawn up by Heilner him
self and signed by him and ihcr navAl
officials including Secretary Long it was
shown that the nearest the Brocklyn
came to the Texas Pas hailf a mile.
Heilner promptly extricated himself by
declaring the cbart inaccurate and this
refutation of the cffiial document was
anproved by j a Advoca:O Lemly.
This is very strange, for the chart in
question purports to have been piepar
ed by seven naval oacerF, thle navigat
ing officers of fe participating vessels,
endorsod by the seeretary of the navy
as correct and submitted to the senate
committee in -Lubstantiation of the
charges against Sohley. The secretary's
report the chart closed bysaying: "In
reconiling differez.cas of opinion in re
gard to d-.stances, bearings, ranges, etc.,
full liberty was given to the repre
sentative of the ship under dis
cussi*)n to bring in any argument
or data he considered necessary, and
the boaid submits this report with a
feeling that under the circumstances
it is as clearly correct as is possible so
long after the engagement." This "so
long after the engagement" was three
months-July to October-set after
more than three years CommaIdr
Hilner repudiates his recollection of
three months! Verily this incident is a
sweet morsel for those who have been
harging a conspiracy against Schley.
t is confirmative of that change and it
also discredits Heilner's testimony.
Fatal Gas Explosion.
Six men and possibly seven, were
killed and seven injrcd by the ex
plosion Thursday of an oil tank of the
Essex aid Hudson Gas company at
Newark, N. J. The tank which ex
plod'ed was one of a number of im
mense steel reservoirs which was un
ergoing its periodical cleaning, hav
ng been emptied of its oil in the morn
ing. The tank was 20 feet deep Kirch,
geyer entered the man hole first with
)ut taking the precaution of having
opes tied about them. They were
mmediately overcome by the fumes.
S'oreman Newman saw this and started
own after them, after shouting a
warning to the other workmen in the
ard. He, too, collapsed in the tank.
Nicholas Miller, a grocer - nearby, had
mce been foreman of the works. He
was in the yards and at once assumed
sharge of the rescue. Summoning oth
rs the mon began with chisels to out a
arge ring in the tank. It is supposed
e of the chisels in striking the steel
,used the emission of a spark for in
tauntly there was an exploion like that
>f -a cannon and then the sheet of
lame. Ten mon were cn top of the
ank at the time. They were swept
away in all directions. Miller, Sny
er and the unidantified man were
own many feet into the air. The
ank was rent in twain and after all
as over the bodies of the three in it
er taken out. The other tank in
he yard were surrounded by flames for
ort time but none exploded and the
remen had little to do.
Ue Wanted IHelp.
"The experiment ei taking men from
he interior states for service in the
avy has, in the main, boon a success
ul one," said the naval officer who is
m leave of duty, "although it is ex
sperating work trcaking them in.
iany of them see salt watt r for the
irst time when they enter the strvice,
rfd their greenness concerning every
hing makes them the batt of ail the
thers, and, although we try to pro.
et them all we can, the old men often
ake advantage of their ignorance to
muse themselves at the expense of the
~ew men. ' Not long ago I was station
d on a neceiving ship. One day during
ny wate.1 one of the new men c~ame
huang up, and, without going through
he rrmai2ny 0f saluting, tiured Cu::
'I can't do it alone, miste!' "-Can't
i whatT I asked,-takang in the situa
ion. " 'Why, one of the chaps order
dme to weih the anchor, an' I1 can't
i t it alne! Daen it all, I don't even
now where th~e scales are."
Wu's Wholesale Wishes.
Wu Ting Fang, who was a guest at a
~ecent wedding in Washington, was ap
>roached after the ceremony by 'the
est man and jocularly asked to go over
o the young ouple and pronounce a
3hinese parental blessing. The oblig
.ng Wu immediately complied. Piac
*ng his hands on the blushing bride and
haking groom, he said:
"May every new year bless yon with
man child offsipring until they shal i
:umber twenty five in all. May these
:wenty-five man-children offspring pres
3t you with twenty- five times twenty
ive grand children, and may these
It is said that the little bride grew
ysterical about that time, and the best
an made another request to Wu-this
~ime to desist.--New Yzork Times.
A pariah priest going his rounds one
uly day in a little Irish village, met
Sfarmer whom he knew well, but who
was a Protestant, and not a member, of
se flock. Says Pat: "Af ye plase,
ier riverince, would ye be so koind as
:o pray for a we drop o' rain come Sun
lay next, for sorra a thing'il grow in
no little garden wid the present hate
f the weather," "I'm sorry to hear
.t," said the priest kir.dly, "but why
lo you not ask your own clergyman,
Pat?" "Ah, share, yer riverine," re
plied Pat, "and what for would I be
xin' him to pray for rain wid thim
ocks o' hay a standing on his lawn?"
A Novel Idea.
The prohibibition people of the town
af Dickson, Tenn., have struak on an
riginal way to get rid cf the saloon.
rher is only one in that town, and they
ave opened an opposition beverage dis
pensary where drinks of all sorts are
3old at cost. When they drive the
)ther fllow out they will shut up shop.
WEATHER AND CROPS.
Open Cotton Beaten Out of the BoU
The following is the weekly Iulletin
of the condition of the weather and
cropi in thre State issued last week by
DiTctor Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the climate and crop service
cf the United States Weather bureau:
The first of the week ending 8 a. m.,
Monday, Sept. 23, was warmer, the lat
ter portion decided cooler than usual,
with a msximum temperature of 93 de
grees at Blsckville, and a minimum of
47 degrees at Greenville. The winds
were generaily northeasterly, and were
higi during a part of the week. The
sunshine waugenerally deficient during
the first of the week, while the last
three dais were almost cloudless.
The rainfail ranged from 0.21 at
Charleston to 8.10 at Anderson, with
excessive amounts over all but the
southeastern portion of the State. The
rains were damaging to open cotton,
and caused floods in all the "up coun
try" streams, submerging lowlands to a
greater depth than any previous freshet
this season. The rains were beneficial
to growing and immature crops. A
drought of considerable severity pre
vails in the southeastern counties,
along the immediate coast, to the in
jury o'fall truck crops; there also the
sroutd lacks suffcienc moisture to
quickly germinate recentlj planted
Cotton picking was delayed, and open
cotton beaten out of the bolls, by the
heavy rains and winds. The recent
cool weather checked the rapid and pre
mature opening and decreased rust and
shedding. In some sections a large
partion of the crop is open, in other
places but little has as yet opened. The
crop is further advanced, and poorest
over the eastern half of the State, while
over the western half it is uDusually
late, with many young bolls that will
require at least a month longer to ma
ture. Sea island continues to bloom
freely and has improved.
Cora is being gathered, and the poor
yields confirm previous estimates. Wios
is not so good as it appared to be be
fore harvest; in the Georgetown district
the crop is short; harvest is nearing
completion. The hay crop is the largest
in years, ard much of it has already
been seeured in fine condition. Sweet
potatoes are very good. Peas are good.
Oats are being sown, and some have
came up to good stands. Minor crops
as a rule promise excellent yields.
Death Was Inevitable.
The only important testimony given
at the trial of Czolgosz was that of the
urgeons, who were thus afforded an op
portunity to explain the character of
the pr6sident's wound and the exact
caase of death. Their testimony as
tenographicaLly reported for the New
York newspapers is somewhat techni
cal but highly interesting. The sur
geons who performed the operation a
short while after the shot was fired and
the surgeon who conducted the post
mortem examination, as well as the
other attending physicians and sur
geons, agree that death could not have
been prevented nor could that rasult
ave been foretold; that all possible
nesures known to edical and surgi
al Feience were taken to preserve Mr.
McKinley's life, but that from the
irst the injuries were fatal and noth
ng could have saved him. These men
rc of the highesl~ repute in their pro
fession, and this fr-es together with
he circumstances that no difference of
>pinion at any time existed among
hem should be conclusive that death
was inevitable. The surgeon, who pre
formed the autopsy testified that the
fforts to flnd the bullet were unavail
ng since the family of ected to the
mtilation of the corpse which would
ave been necessary to locste the fatal
issile. This mares is evident also
hat any further attempt to locate and
xtract the bullet while the president
was alive would only have hastened his
eath and justifies the procedure of the
sureons at that time in desisting from
heir search for it. The causes set in
notion by the assassin's bullet were
slo in operation but their effect was
ertain and inevitable. Robbed of its
ehnical verbiage that is what the sur
eons' testimony means.-The State.
Repairing the Damage.'
The Galveston News makes the
statement thae; the city, which was
verwhelmed by d.saster about a year
ago, has du~ieg the past twelve months
pent morse than $5,5G0,000 in repair
ng the damages of wind and flbod.
mmense business blocks, big grain ele
rators, huge storehouses, fine church
s, palaniai residences and costly thea
ers and public buildings have been er
eted, and today Galveston stands as a
mech flner and more imposing city
han it was before the dreadful havoc
was wrought by the tidal waves that
wept over it. In addition to the re
biding it is stated that Galveston's
xport trade during the past year has
xceeded $100,000,000 and has been
$16,000,000O greater than for any year
preceeding the disaster.
Will be Vindicated..
The State says the witnesses who
ave thus far appeared in the Schley
iquiry have manitestad a strong ani
nus against Rear Admiral Schiey, all
f them seeming to "have it in for
im," as the saying is, yet their evi
ence has not been nearly so damaging
s the anti-Schleyites would like it.
ndeed Admiral Sacly's attorneys have
et .with unexpected success in draw
ng from hostile witnesses admissions
favorable to their client. Unless the
overnment is holding its most efife
ive ammunition for later use the re
mut, it now seems, will be Schley's vin
ication. The one thing already un
nitakably shown is that a strong
rejudice against Rear Admiral Schley
ervades the servica. The causa of
his is not yet clear. The progress of
he inquiry may bring it out.
Fatal Famiily Row
Randall Meets was snot and killed on
he street of Willacoochee, Ga., Friday
y 1Eish Lott, his father-in law. Both
amilies are prominent. Lott is well
o do. The men had some family
rouble a few days ago. When they
et in the street today each drew his
evolver and the shooting began with
ut preliminary. Lott's bullet pierced
the heart of Nleets and he fell dead.
Lott was not hurt, and at once surren
derd to the sheriff
IT IS COMING.
Wireless Telegraphy to Flash
Messages Through the Ar.
IN GEORGIA AND CAROLINA.
The New Company .That is Oet
ting Ready to Operate In
This Section. How
A specisl dispatch from Atlanta to
the Augusta Chronicle says the West
em Union and Postal telegraph com
panies, from the latest reports, may
have formidable and far reaching op
postion in the south-a kind of "com
petition that competes," contra-distin
guished from the brand being dispens
ed here in Atlanta by the quondam
rival street railway companies.
This new entry into the eld is to
be the Federal Wireless Telephone and
Telegraph company, who propose to
flash messages through the air at one
cent a word.
This new wireless telegraphy bids
fair to revolutionize things in the com
mercial world if it can be made a go,
and the experiments seem to demon
strate that it can.
The above company will have the
exclusive right to manufacture and
operate wireless telegraphing instru
ments in the state of New York Now
Jersey Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland,
District of Columbia, Virgiia, West
Virginia, North Carolina and South
The comjany wants to obtain a foot
hold in Georgia and if it succeeds, con
tral offices will be established in At
lanta, with branches in Augusta .and
the principal cities and larger towns in
Offices will also be established be
tween San Francisco and the Klon
dike region where the elements pre
vent the erection of telegraph wires
The installation of a New York
Philadelphia line is the first step in.
the undertaig. Others are to follow
as rapidly as possible, and in a short
time the company will boready to open
up here in Georgia.
The cost of installation is a very
small fraction of that of the other com
panies. Not only is the.savingin wire,
poles and other equipment, as well as
the right of way, but the necessity of
municipal permits, votes of municipal
bodies, and such things is absolutely
All that is neneessay is to rent a
a room for the instruments at each end
of the line and the requiuile ofices
where the messages may be handed in
by the public.
No conduits, no patching of lines, no
fights with municipal authorit *i no
obstreperous land owners to be pacdee
-nothing but the instruments, the fee
of ten cents and the flashing of the
message through the air, which is as
free as it is to the birds.
Can it be done at the rate of ten cents
for ten words?
It is said itocan be done at the rate
of one cent a messa'ge, if necessary.
The amount of capital engaged in
manufasture and trade in the states
above mentioned is more than six times
that of all the remaining states and
The shipping which annually leaves
from its ocean and lake pdria is more
than thirty times that of the other
The articles concerning the wonder
ful achievements of wireless tele
graphy, to which the leading newspa
pers of this country and Europe are
devoting columns of their valuable
space read like fairy tales. -.
Such marvelous feats have been as
compiished as the sending and receiv
ing of messages from oean steamers
many miles from land; the sending of
telegram through brick walls and iron
safes without wires.
On the Dake of York's yacht recent
ly a wireless message was sent for a
distance of 185 miles. The United
States government is now working
wireless telegraphy 127 miles, under the
supervision and direction-of Professor
Moore, chief of the weather and bu
reau, and Professor Fessenden, govern
"No Such Premium."
Strange as it may seem some mags
trates in different portions of the State
have had the idea that because a man
loses his citizenship upon being con
victed and sent to the State prissa he
is not required to pay taxes after he
is set free. One magistrate wrote the
attorney general about the matter and
Mr. Bellinger replied as follows:
Daar Sir: In your letter of the 21st
inst., you ask to tie informed "if a man
who has been convicted and served his
time out at the penitentiary at Colum
bis, is amenable to poll tax?" In reply
I beg to say that no one is relieved of
the burden of paying taxes, either upOA.
property or r ill, by reason of indict
ment or conviction for crime. The law
does not place such a premium upon .
violation of la w.
A dispatch from Buffalo, N. Y., says
Leon F. Czelgoaz alias Fred Nieman
was found guity Tuesday Sept 24, of
murder in the first degrae by a jury in
part 3 of the supreme court, in having
on the 6;h day of September shot
President William McKinley, the
wounds inflicted afterwards resulting
in the death of the president. The
wheels of justice moved swiftly. The
trial of the assassin consumed eight
hours and 26 minutes and covered a
period of only two days. Practically
all of this time was osecupied by tha
prosecution presenting a case so clear,
so conclusive .that even had the pris
oner entered a plea fi insanity it is
doubtful if the j ary would have retura
ed a verdict different from the one
Schley Court Adjourns.
The Sohley court of inquiry was
brought to a sudden termination for
the day in eighteen minutes after con
vening Tuesday morning by the an
nonncement of the sudden death of
Judge Jere Wilson senior ceunsel for
Admiral Schley. The announement
was made to the court by Hon. Iuidor
Raynor. the assistant counsel.