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VyOL. XVI. MANNS 2,WINS)1qFBUR 2 92 O 8
A SPICY DEBATE
In the United States Senate Over
the Philipine Question.
TILLMAN AND B:VERIDGE7 IX.
Senator ('armack, Demoemt of.en
nessee, Makes f i. Maiden Speech
in the Senate, Which i. Weil
Receired by His ('onear.ues.
Another soirited debate, with the
Philippine Ta rii' Bill as the text. was
precipitated in the Senate on last
Wednesday as the result of some state
ments made by Senator Carmack,
Democrat of Tennessee. in the course
of an extended speech on the general
Philippine question. It. was the Ten
nessee senators irst speech in the
senate and he was given notably good
attention on both sides of the cham
ber. le spoke without manuscript.
with earnestness. force and eloquence.
At the conclusion of his address,
which had been listened to by many
of his former colleagues in the house
of representatives. Senator De'.eridge.
Republican of Indiana, challenged
some of his statements. The debate
which ensued was very lively for a few
minutes. taking on a political phase.
which proved particularly interesting
to the auditors who crowded the Poor
as well as the galleries. Mr. Beve
ridge and Mr. Tillman became in
volved in a heated colloquy in which
the exchanges were as hot as both
senators could well make them.
"This. bill," Mr. Carmack declared.
"is framed on the theory that the
Philippine islands are a deadly menace
to our own trade: and that the less we
trade with these islands and the less we
have to do with them the better it will
be for us. The only trade that will
flourish under such conditions is that
of the exploiters and it is proposed to
turn the islands over to them. It is
for the benefit of the carpet baggers
and not for the benefit of the Ameri
can people that a war of criminal
aggression is being waged in the
POSITION OF DEMOCRACY.
"We of the minority cannot support
this bill or the policy of which it is a
part. We are opposed to the bill, be
cause we are opposed to the whole
policy of colonial empire." Mr. Car
mack discussed briefly the subject of
censorship of press dispatches in
Manila. He declared that it was not
a censorship for military purposes but
had been "established by, for, and in
the interest of the Republican party."
Important information had been sup
pressed by the censor, he declared.
and the people of this country had
been kept in ignorance of matters to a
knowledge of which they were enti
Referring to the Republican sup
porters of the present Philippine
policy, Mr. Carmack said:
"You lift your hands in holy horror.
at the lynching of a colored man in
the south and yet you are engaged in
lynching 10.000,000 of people who
were recently your allies and your
brothers in arms and who have com
mitted no crime except the crime upon
which this government was founded."
Mr. Beveridge, a Republican mem
ber .of the Philipnine committee,
sharply challenged a statement by the
Tennessee senator that the Philip
pine tariff had not been well or care
"Did the Philippine committee
make an investigation of the Philip
pine tariff scaley"~ inquired Mr. Car
"No," replied Mr. Beveridge, "bu
the Philippine commission has been
considering that scale for two years."
Mr. Beveridge reported that the
Philippine question had been passed
on and settled four time in congress
and twice had been before the Amern
*can people and by them twice settled.
Mr. Beveridge declared that the rea
son why ex-President Cleveland, ex
President Harrison and ex-Senator
Edmunds, all of whom had not been
in sympathy with the Philippine
policy of the admmnistration declined
to follow the Democratic party was
because that party would not accept
the decision of the supreme court and
the verdict of the American people as
* ~ THE WORNOU~T CRY.
He asserted that the reasons why
'the "moderate. thoughtful and con
structive people of the country"~ had
not fonlowed the D~emocratic party in
its opposition to the proper control of
~the Philippines and in other matters
'of national policy, was that they
seared that party would sow "the
dragons teeth from which would
:spring a harvest of anarchy."
"They will not follow you," he de
'clared, shaking his finger at the
Democratic side, "because you are
calling our soldiers 'murderers' and
'charity boys' and 'doers of dirty
As he was proceeding to discuss
some of the conditions in the Philip
pine islands. Mr. Tillman, interrupted
with the inquiry: "Will the senator
be explicit and give us the benetit of
his personal observations or any offi
cial informati'on he has in regard to
the dispatch from General Bell that
he proposed to make war so terrible
that they would want peace and want
it bad? ?s tha.t true or is it not?"
'This was not done while 1 was
there," replicd Mr. Beveridgre. "I
will ask the senator whether, when
he is making war. he woul not make
war so terrible that the enemy would
"That would depend." said Mr
Tillman, " whether 1 was honestly
engaged in a war that I thought was
deceret and honorable or of subjuga
tion and infamy."
"And does the senator charge." de
manded Mr. Theveridge. "that General
Bell does not believe he is engaged
in an honest wary"
"DUING DIRTY woitK.
"1 know that there are plent y o~f of
ficers there. who~ feel they are doing
c'rty work." shouted Mr. Tillmnan.
'Snd they have told me' t hey are
:ahamed of it ."
"1as General Bei' told you so.** in
sisted Mr. R:everidge.
" don't i-now about General Belh"
said ir. Tilhnan. "I have not ueen
**Then why do you drag in General
I-'Cl. General Wheaton and others."
sharply inquired Mr. Beveridge.
Mr. Tillman: "I will drag into
this discussion an Associated Press re
Mr. Reveridge: "Now it is an As
sociated Press man."
Mr. Tillnan: "Then you either
have a censorship there or you have
not. You swear you have not and
then wihen the reports come you say
'ther are not ours.'
Mr. "everidge: It is hopeless.
When they begin to discuss the con
stitution and we take theni up on
that, thney come to censorship. When
we saY that none exists they go to
war. bloo(shed. pillage anl murder."
A N EX-PARTE STrMENT.
After sonie sharp personalI colloquy
in which thei Indiana and South Car
olina senators ridiculed each other,
Mr. Beveridge proceeded to relate an
incident of the burning of a village,
and said that upon investigation it
proved that it was the act of the in
surgents, his purpose being to dis
prove some reports against the Ameri
can soldiers. Mr. Tillman was on his
feet again and asked Mr. Beveridge:
-From whom d we get the state
ments that the insurgents or rebels or
whatever they are did all this burn
"The American authorities," re
plied Mr. Beveridge.
"And is it customary," inquired Mr.
Tillman. "to determine a case from
"Why does the senator always in
sist?" retorted Mr. Beveridge, 'that
any authority which comes from an
American source is a falsehood. while
everything that comes from theenemy
is the truth?" -
"For the same reason," replied-the
South Carolina senator, "that in my
own state when its capital was burned
in 1865 there was an infamous asser
tion that we burned it when everybody
knew we did not do it."
"Now, Mr. President," said Mr.
Beveridge laughinly, "we are back
again on ancient history, which I de
cline to discuss."
After some further discussion the
senate went into executive session and
soon after adjourned.
SOME PLAIN TALK.
Senator Rderton, of Florence, Talked
Right Out in Meeting.
When Senator Ilderton's bill to "re
ulate and fix the liability of railroad
companies having a relief department
to its employes" was taken up in the
Senate on Tuesday of last week. Sen
ator Sharpe moved to strike out the
Senator Ilderton defended the bill.
Some of the railroads reserve a small
per cent. of the wages of its, employes
for the purpo;e of establishing a re
serve fund to aid employes while sick
or disabled by injury. Senator Ilder
ton claimed some roads made employes
who wanted to get benefits from this
fund to sign a contract not to sue the
road. Senator Ilderton thought this
wrong and wanted the bill passed to
correct the evil, and argued at some
length in favor of his measure. In
the course of his remarks he made
the assertion that the clerk of the su
preme court had been on tne floor of
the senate lobbying against the pas
sage of this bill. "This may be all
right." said Senator Ilderton, "but it
"The chair trusts," interrupted
Lieut. Gov. Tillan, "that the sena
tr will refrain from further personali
"I am only stating facts," replied
--The chair doesnot question that."
was the response. "but will repeat the
the request that there be no further
"Well, MIr. President." continued
Senater ilderton. "it is some times
necessary to give plain talk."
"And the senator has certainly been
giving it" replied Lieut. Gov. Till
This closed the colloquy, and Sena
tor Ilderton continued his speech along
Educative Value or a Newspaper.
There is a growing tendency to rec
ognize the educative value of a news
paper. Among the strongest advo
cates of the newspaper as a great edui
cational factor is Prof. Lynch, of Mis
souri, who has adopted the newspaper
as a part of his curriculum and is well
pleased with the results. "No text
book." he says, "is equal to the news
paper as a means of attaining k-now
ledge of the actual, practical, up-to
date world. IHistory, geography, civil
government. rlgebra and the entire
academy curriculum teach only a
theory of the world and its facts. The
real drama of life in its v'aried, politi
cal and commercial forms can be ob
tained only through the newspapers."
One hour each week is devoted to
newspaper study. The various arti
cles are read and discussed by the
pupils. As is pointed (Jut by one of
our exchanges the children in this
school have learned more about Bulga
ria. Turkey and the mountain brigades
since Miss Stone was capturedl than
most of their parents learned in all
their lives from text books alone.
Sentenced to D~eath.
Mamad Mashmud Pasha. a brother
in-law of the sultan has been sentenced
to death. lie was recently expelled
from Greece at the behest of the sul
tan and went to Rome. out tihe sultan's
demand for his expulsion was refused.
He proceeded to Paris where he re
mains in safety. As all inducemeaits
for his return to Co::stantilnop~le failed
the criminal court was instr'ucted to
issue a warrant for his arrest and try
tle fugii ive by default with the re~sult
that he was condemnNd to death.
Unc'alled Fo(r Re'tection.
Thie Atlanrta Jouirnal say-s "Gov'
ernor ( andiers rem-nark that :hc'
who classed in DkI augihers f tile C.'n
federacy wi't h Enunma Goldman wvas
hut the "brayin~g of' an~ ass" is gener
ally~ takeni as an unenal led-for reflect ion
on a v.ery patient and~ deserving ai
BOLD BAK ROBBERY.
Five Men Successfully Loot the Bank
and ifurd er the Sherif1.
The town of Clarksville. Johnson
county, Ark.. is greatly excited over a
bold and successful bank robbery
which occurred early Wednesday when
the vault of the Bank of Clarksvi ile
was dynamited and loo? z-d by five or
six men. Sheriff Johni 1. Nwers was
shot and kxilled by I ite rbb-ers win
attempting to frustr:.te their desigis.
The exact amount secured by th.- rob-;
bers is not known, but it is suppsed
to be between ti1.000 and 152.4 ..
Sheriff Powers who rooned in a buliM
ingr adjoining that if the bank vas
awakened shortly betore :: o'clock by
a territic explosion in the hank. Seiz
ing a pistol in each hand he rushed to
the bank. The robbers, who numbered
five or six, were evidently prepared for
him, as they opened fire the moment
he appeared. The officer was wounded
at the first volley but s tood his ground
and returned the tire, sending half a
dozen bullets at the rcbbers. The
wounded sheriff managed to get back
to his room where he died within 20
minutes. When hastily aroused cit i
zens began arriving at the scene. Pow
ers was dead and the robbers had van
The interior of the bank presented
a wrecked appearance. the men having
used dynamite to break open the vault
door, having esta)!ishe(d a guard
armed with Winchesters outside the
bank. they seemingly had anticipated
interference from the sheriff as they
must have known of his presence near
by. A train of blood leading from the
bank is construed to mean that Pow
ers injured one or more of the robbers.
lie was shot three times himself and
any one of the wounds would have
proven fatal. Gov. Davis ofrered a re
ward of $5,000 for the arrest and con
viction of the bank robbers and the
Arkansas Bankers' association offered
a similar reward of $5,00u. These of
fers will be supplemented by addition
all rewards by the people of Clarks
A vigorous search is being made for
the fugitives, but it is believed they
have escaped into the mountains.
Sheriff Powers was one of the best
known officers in Arkansas. He had
been sheriff of Johnson county for 12
years and would have been renomin
ated without opposition for another
term in the Democratic primaries
Feb. 1. He had the reputation of he
ing brave and fearless and had run
down a large number of criminals.
All towns between here and Fort
1 Smith have been wired of the robbery i
and no efforts will be spared to cap
ture the men. although a battl^ is Cx
pected should the fugitives be ov.er
taken. Clarksville is 50 miles cast, of
Fort Smith on the Little Rock and
Fort Smith railroad. It is thought
the robbers escaped north into the
mountain fastnesses of Newton county
where there are neither railroad or
One Thousand Dollars, Reward.
Gov. McSweeney offers a reward of
$1,000 for the capture and conviction
of Bartow Warren. the man who on
August 26 last killed Thomas H. Wat
son at Branchville, and has since been
at large. This new reward takes the
place of the original reward offered.
The governor has not stated his rea
sons for increasing the reward so ma
terially, but he says he has good rea
sons for doing so. Bartow Warren is
the man who was tried for the single
handed hold-up of t-he Southern rail
way train at Branchville a few years
ago, at which time $1,700 was secured
from the express car by the robber.
Ie was out on bond in this matter
when he met Watson who was one of
the principal witnesses against him
and killed him on the streets of!
Frank Player Pardoned.
Frank M. Player, who it will be re
membered was convicted in Williams
burg county last yea~r of robbing the
dispensary at Kingstree, has received
a pardon from the governor. One of
the strongest petitions ever gotten up
was presented the governor. It was
signed by everybody in the county, by
jurors, by the state board of control
and Solicitor Wilson. Judge Watts.
who at tirst opposed the pardon, later
wrote that he had withdrawn his op
position. The facts were set forth
that Player was sixty years old, and~
his wife and several children were al
most dependent upon charity for sup
port. His original sentence was three
years and six months.
The Palmetto Post says: The re
ent forest fires in the O)katie sect ion
of Beaufort County, whereby nearly
all the fencing of the poor farmers and
stockraisers have been destroyed is
truly denmoralizing. but it makes u
feel proud to see how plucky the losers
have gone to work to remedy the evil
entailed by the flames. We always~
knew our Okatie friends werc pluck.
but now the whole world (-an see wha t
a brave people are doing to preserve
the property left to them.
Crying for Vengeance.
The authorities of Waterbury
Con., are conducting a vigorou
search for the incendiary who is b
lieved to have caused lhe twvo Iire
which devastated thle business portioni
of t city and rendered many hnme
less. The belief that the contlagration
is the work of firebugs is growing
moment arily and the town is cr-ying
aloud for vengeance on the guilty.
He Got off Light.
A young woman in Iowa was en
gaged to be married. The day before
the ceremony her intended husband
died suddenly. The breaved bride-ti
beC wecnt into court and secured a ver
dit of six thousand dollars a'tainst
his5 estate on the ground of blreech of
prmise. The Atlanta Jouirnal says
th man seeme to have gotton Oil
iigtly, after all.
A Big IReward.
T he rewvard oferied for tihe arr-est
ad conv ict ion'of' thme robi -ers who held
p heC train on lie Southern ltailway
at F-ifty-eight a shoirt timie ago is one
thosand dollars. The State otters
400 and the Southern Rtailwvay and~
te Express Company otters b000.
m'-ing $1.OUO altogether.
The Lower House of the Legislatur
Has a Fiery Day.
ALL ABOUT TAKING A HOLIDAY.
The House b: " Vote of Sixty-:ive
to Thirty Decides to Adjourn
There was a sensati.onlal incident 1
the proceedings of the house of repre
sentatives Th.irsday night. It was
a11 over oa very innocent matter. r.
Richard' resolut ion that ihe members
of tie general. assemiyv take no ]-:I
for the two davs speit. in Charleso:.
It was a most '>portune time fr 1hc
resolution io c.)m ei u s the gailcry of
the house wa- full of visitors and
members got a chance to vent lir
feelings of love for the "peopul," with
the accent on the pull.
The speech of Tr. Williams of Lan
caster in reply to MIr. Etird was -ne of
the mast scathing bits of irony ever
Eieard witi-i n tie hall, and the house
was thrown into a state of excitemnent
thereby. N r. Elird had denounce.d the
majoriiy of the house for wlm, he
thought was an attempt to make sport
of those who had favored the rezolu
Mr. Richardsand Mr. E1ird spoke in 1
favor of 3Mr. Richards resolution. The
latter stated that he had voted against
the appropriation for the exposition.
but he had been there and had seen
it and the legislature ought to go in I
a body. However, he thought they
ought not to take pay from the State
for those two days.
Mr. R. B. A. Robinson and 'Mr.
Moses opposed the resolution on the
ground that the general assembly
could put in night work and get rid of
the bilLs on the calendar.
Mr. Weston offered an amendment
that those whose consciences would
worry them could return their per
iem for the two days to the State.
Mr. Wells offered as a substitute
that the general assembly work two
days overtime without pay.
The previous question was ordered
and a viva voce vote was demanded.
The resolution was indefinitely post
poned by a vote of 65 to 30.
It was thought that the matter
would be ended with this. but MIr.
[zlar of Barnwell introduced a resolu
tion that the 30 members who voted
in the minority be allowed to return
their per diem to the State to be put
into the hands of the sinking fund.
The reading of the resolution set
the house into an uproar. 3r. Etird
secured the 'oor. le began to speak
aini much confusion. Several memu
>ers tried to tease with him questions.
The speaker rapped repeatedly for
order. and 'Mr. Etird finally proceeded
without an interruption. He declared
that this matter had gone beyond the
point of endurance.
Mr. Iziar-Were you of the minori
MIr. Etird- Yes, sir; I am proud to
MIr. Izlar- iell, that's the reason it
as passed the point of endut-ance.
MIr. Efired, still very much wrought
pon, declared that he did not see why
embers of the general assembly
hould be taunted because they should
ntroduce measures as they have a per
fect right to do. And they should not
e .derided for voting in accordance
ith their convictions. He again.
said that the exposition should be
visited by the legislature as a body,
nd he is willing to leave his per diem
n the State treasury. The members
f the house who voted against the
esolution would be taking that to
;hib :hey knew they had no right.
e had denmnded a roll call on the
vote as he was not ashamed of his posi
tion on the mat ter.
Mfr. Williams. his eye liashing, but
his manner cool and deliberate, then!
replied to M1r. Etird. He said:
Mir. Speaker. the gentleman who is
just about to take his seat has said
that he did not call for the "ayes aid
noes' for political purposes. I do rnot
rpose to charge any gentleman or
any member of this house with doirng
nything for political bunkum. I
[ have nothing to say against~ the
entleman who introduced the resoha- 1
tion because I think lie did so from a
sense of duty. or against those gentle
men who voted for it, hut when a
entman or a member of this house
iises upon this floor and disclaims hav
ing called for the ayes and noes for
political bunkum and at the same time
charges members of this house with
doing that which they know to be dis
honest taking that which they know1
is not right to take. taking the peo
ples money when they did not earn
.t I say that where a man. a member
of this' house. makes statements of
that kind that I will have to have
more than his simple word to assure
ne that he is not talking for the pur
poss of political bunkum. MIr. Speaker
[ would like to ask the centleman a
question. MIr. Speaker. he has been a
member of this house ever since I
have been here for six years and since
[ have been here I have known the
gentleman from Lexington t~o be at)
sent from this house for days at ai
time. So I say MIr. Speaker and gentle
en of th'is house that the gentleman
romni Lexington has been here for six
ves ta king that which accordling to'
his own statemnent does not belong to
him aord which is dishonest for him to
r. Etirdl after this sea':hing rebuke
disclatimed making the charge that
lther members would be taking that
which they knew not to be theirs: but
what hc "did say was that he had
scruoles of that kind hims:elf. Hie
stated that if he had been absent from
the house he had been excused.
What might have happened then
an only be conjectured, for members
of the house were thoroughly excited.
hut the hour of 9 o'clock' havingar
rived. the chair dieclared a recess and
the house at tended a jour.t .session in
the senalt chamber to ratify acts.
When the house resurned exercises
Mr. Iziar had the :loor. With mum
direcness he declared that he did not
know that he was to be tihe Laucoon
to d rive the spear into the vitals of
the Tirojan horse. lie thought his
reslto would merev be forward
ing tihe wishes of the minority. But he
found that the conscientious s9.uples
Of some had extended ino further than
having their names iecorded in the
ouirnal as voting thus and so. Their I
consciences didn t seem to worry them
about absences from the house. Ife
is as willing as anybody else to make
saicrifices for the people, andl he had
voted nvainst going to the Charleston
exposition at all. but he acquiesced to
the vote (;f the majority.
Mr. E-ird wanted to know what Is
the diifference between one man or ten
men being absent for a day or two and
the house adjourning for two whole
Mr. Izlar-I admit that there is a
:listinction, but what is the difference
between the house adjourning and a
member being absent for-&rve days in
itt en(lance on a farmers alliance con
venlion. draving mileage and per
liei fro:n the alliance and per diem
f.oml( the State as well? (Laughter.)
Mr. imird--The journal will not
liow that I was absent five days.
Mr. Iziar continued that he himself
;vas not here last year, but he had
been told that Mr. Eflrd had been gone
ve days. Iowever. Mr. Etrd had
ecepted pay for the day spent in
Charleston (Wednesday) without in
vitation. while his conscience wouldn't
let him accept the per diem when he
:oes upon invitation. I1aving ex
poseiohe hidden enemy in the Tro
an horse, 'Mr. lzlar thereupon con
:led to withdraw his resolution.
The ho use on motion of Mr. Butler
en adjourned until 12 o'clock after
r. Richards and Mr. Prince had risen
to questions of privilege. Mr. Rich
irds declared that as the author of
he resolution which caused the racket
e wanted to say that he had done
what he conceived t) be his duty.
Mr. Prince poured oil on the troubled
vaters by saying that he had voted
ith the minority, but he would point
)lank refuse to give up his per diem
is he feels that his services are as
raluable as those of any member on
he other side,
FULL OF INTEREST.
Ehe State Senate Passes on a Num
ber of questions.
At the night session Senator Ilderton
njected some spice into the proceed
ngs bycharging in a speech that the
:lerk of the supreme court had been
)n the floor of the senate lobbying
,gainst a bill which the senator was
:rying to have passed.
Senator Sheppard, for the commit
:ee on privileges and elections, pre
;ented an unfavorable report on Sen
itor Aldrich's bill to allow women who
?ay taxes to vote for presidential elec
:os. On immediate consideration
:he report was adopted and the bill
Senator Brice moved to recommit
ienator Herndon's bill to require the
public printing in each county to be
et to the lowest bidder. He said York
ounty once bad a special bill of this
ind-and it proved to be an endless
oure of annoyance and confusion.
he object of having county matters
>ublished is for the information of the
eopleand no good end wovld be serv
d by having the printing given to
he lowest bidder. After some dis
~ussion the bill was killed.
Mr. Lomax's bill to provide free
chool books for certain school districts
va then taken up for its third
-eading. Senator Brice moved to
trike out the enactings words. If
ye undertake to provide all the poor
~hildren with school books it means
~hat we will have to supply all the ne
ro children with books. That is just
hat it will amount to. The bill was
Roosevelt for Schley.
Information, it is said, has been
'on veyed to officials of the Navy De
artment direct from the White
Iouse that the President. after a
~onference with four naval officers,
Lnounced to a prominent caller that
te had practically made up his mind
>n two important points involved in
:he appeal of Admiral W. S. Schley.
t is stated that the President has
een convinced that Admiral Schley
yas actually and technically in comn
nand of the American fleet during the
attle of Santiago. and that, while he
na not have exercised his authority
.o the fullest extent, he was in supreme
omand so long as the dlagship'
\ew ork was beyond signal distance.
Lt is further alleged that the Presi
lent will hold that the criticised acts
f Admiral Sc'hley, prior to July 1,
898, seem to have been condoned by
he Navy Department until after
~redit was given him by the public
'or the victory of July 3. Secretary
[ong and Capt. Lcmly arc understood
o have received the information with
onsi derable surprise.
One of the strange traits of little
bhildren is their utter misunderstand
ng, of many simple things, and the
~ndurance of this misunderstanding
vith them through years and years.
Chus. there is a lawyer of this city
vho thought. until he was 20 or 21
rears old. that there was such a word
s pard-narsens" in the language.
us father, a religious man, had said
trace always at the tabl~e, and the boy
ad heard incuriously, three times a
lay, pard-narsens" in the grace,
ithout compreheorling In the least
.hut "Pardon our sins'" were the words
us father actually had spoken. This
joy was always misapprehending re
igious things. The phase, "For
.hat we may receive." entered his
rain each Sunday as: "What Mary
eeve" and he would wonder idly who
Iary Seeve might be. Even ;he first
ie'of his nightly prayer mneant noth
ng to him. "Nowalaymy" he pro
uounced it, in one swift word. and he
'ither knew nor cared to know what
Three Million Dollar Fire.
The city of Waterbury. Conn., has'
'ecently suffered from a big fire. The
>usiness center was destroyed, entail
ng a loss of over three million dollars.
'he best portion of the city forming
triangle bounded on the north by
[xchange Place. on the west by Bank
;treet. on the south by Grand street,
md on the east by South Main street.
INVITED TO ST. LOUIS.
South Carolina Invited to Make al
Exhibit at the Big Show.
The house and the senate met ii
joint session Wednesday night to hea
addresses from the visitors who ar
bere representing the St. Louis ex
position which, it is said. will be thi
most magnificent thing of the kin(
aver held. The visitors were escorte<
by a legislative committee headed b
Senator Henderson. They spoke fol
in hour and interested the legislatur
in their great prospective show.
Mr. S. W. Ravenel, a former Soutl
Darolinian now living In St. Louis, wa!
Ahe first speaker. He was applaude(
igorously when he said that he ha
iever seen the day when he was noi
proud to say that he was a South Car
Mr. C. M. 1e1s of St, Louis said h(
bad never before been told that hi
noney was counterfelt and his check!
,orthless. Since coming to this Statt
-hey had not been allowed to pay fo'
inything. But some day they wourk
epay the compliment.
Ie said he came from the westerr
)ank of the Father of Waters to bring
i greeting to South Carolina, Thi!
vill be the greatest exposition in th
istory of the world. He gave statis
bics showing how this exposition I!
projected to be the greatest of then
ill. He spoke of the history of thi
;ection from the time LaSalle navi
ated the Mississippi to the time wher
homas Jefferson made it possible foi
ihis to beconae a part of the Unite
South Carolina has played such C
part in the settling of that countr3
hat there is a chair for South Caro
Ina in every Missouri home. He urg
d South Carolina to take a prominen1
lace in the exposition.
Hon. E. S. Garner, the next speaker
;aid that he had once had the mis
ortune to be a legislator. He had beei
, newspaper man unti he had becm
o lazy that he was fit for nothing elst
Lnd they sent him to the legislature.
The people of Missouri are spending
25,000 to be represented at th(
'harleston exposition. Will it pay"
Jhicago has been taking wonderfu
trides since her exposition. St Joseph
Io.. had nearly doubled its popula
ion since Its exposition. It paid
hem. It will pay Charleston.
This is an ideal climate for cattle
alsing, he said, and it is possible t(
aise as fine cattle In this State as ir
my other. South Carolina has man3
esources which need development
md there is no way to better advertist
:hem than at an exposition. Man3
>ther southern States will be there
md South Carolina cannot afford t(
ag behind. From Missouri's exhibil
it Buffalo, the people of that Stat<
ire receiving many inquiries trou
iomeseekers and from people seeking
St. Louis cannot do without Soutl
Darolina. Can't have a State buildine
hen send a magnificent exhibit ani
vay. He had been much pleased witl
he State exhibit at the Charleston ex
osition. Such an exhit could b4
nade at St. Louis. He referred to the
istory of the south and declared thai
outh Carolina is rich in history, an:
'or that reason he wants them to hav<n
mn exhibit there. Whenever he passet
~he statue of Calhoun in Marion square
n Charleston he feels like taking ofi
1s hat. He referred to other great
nen in this State's history and was en
husiastically applauded when he re
~erred to the "noblest Roman of thenm
He had been born in the north wher(
he feeling towards the south had no1
~een so congenial once, but he wantec
o say that his first boy was named fo:
Wade Hampton. Applause. He con
inued thus to eulogize the patriot
md statesmen of South Carolina and
arged that for the sake of the past a:
well as the future this State should bt
vell represented at St. Louis.
Col. Averill, director general of thi
harleston exposition, was next pre
ented. He thanked the general assem
>ly of South Carolina for putting th
harleston exposition firmly on too1
his State has the finest building oi
he grounds today and the most hand
some exhibit. The Charleston exposi
Aon is driving the nail home, and I
South Carolina would send a suitabl<n
axhibit to tnle St. Louis exposition I
vould clinch the nail. The people o
he northwest are tired of the bleak
inters there and many of them wouk
ike to know of the possibilities of thi:
State. He spoke of instances of pros
ective settlers spending hours in thi
south Carolina building at the Char
A New Apportionment.
Following is the way Mr. Mosi
noved to have the representation ii
:he lower house changed, after Orange
urg takes a member from Lexington
Abbeville, 3; Aiken, 4; Anderson, 5
Bamberg, 2; Barnwell, 3; Beaufort
1; Berkeley, 3; Charleston, 8; Chero
ee, 2; Chester, 3; Chesterfield, 2
larendon, 3; Colleton, 3; Darlington
); Dorchester, 1; Edgefield, 2; Fair
eld, 3; Florence, 3; Georgetown, 2
3reenville, 5; Greenwood, 3; Hlamp
:on, 2; Laurens, 3; Lexington, 2: Ma
ion. 3; Marlboro, 3; Newberry, 3
conee. 2; Orangeburg, 6; Pickens, 2
Eorry, 2; Kershaw, 2; Lancaster, 2
partanburg, 6; Sumter, 5: Union, 2
Richland, 4; Saluda, 2; Williamsburg
; York, 4: Provided, That in thi
~vent other counties are hereafter es
ablished then the general assembl
ball reapportion the representative
etween the counties.
THlE BILL KILLED.
In the House on Thursday Mr. Mos
~alled up his bill to amend the law ap
portioning the representation in th
ower house. The eff'ect of the bil
would mean that Lexington woul
ose one member and Orangeburg
oud profit accordingly. After somn
liscussion the bill was killed by a vot<
>f 45 to 53.
Be Very careful.
The Carolina Spartan says ''whal
ver you do these Spring days be ver)
:areful how you burn brush and gras:
n the tields. It is a calamity to ge1
ire in the forests. Land and timbel
e ga t dr amaged thereby.''
SENATORS HIT HARD LICMS.
The Philippine Question Causes a
I Red Hot-Debate in the Senate.
The Philippine question in the sen
ate gave rise to still further heated
discussion on Friday in which some
very hard words were used. As usual
Senator Ti!!man was in the forefront
and talked out his views of the mat
ter in strong language. Senator For
aker was the chief speaker in defense
of the government's policy.
Senator Tillman of South Carolina,
interrupted Senator Foraker to de
nounce the sedition laws enacted by
the Philippine commission as "damn
"It might be in order," said Sena
tor Foraker, "to inquire of the sena
itor from South Carolina on which
side of the struggle in the Philippines
are his sympathies!"
"Iy sympathies are with the Fili
pinos, shouted Senator Tillman,
pounding this desk emphatically.
"Undoubtedly they are," retorted
Senator Foraker"and such a flat-footed
and unqualified declaration as the
senator has made would render the
revised statutes applicable to himself
if he were not protected by his posi
tion as senator."
Senator Rawlins, of Utah, inter
rupted Senator Fornker with a -ques
tion as to the sedition laws enacted by
the Philippine commission and in the
course of his remarks said that Sena
tor Foraker had denounced the sena
tor from South Carolina.
Senator Foraker declined to yield
further to Senator Rawlins and de
clared hotly that he had not denounced
Senator Tillman, but had merely an
nounced the fact that the senator's
utterances on the Philippine question
would make him liable to the statutes
of the United States if he were not
protected by his position.
"We are in a fair way," said he,
"to subdue the insurrection in the
Philippine islands, and we will accom
plish that end if the .Filipinos do not
get too much encourageinent from
men in and out of congress."
Senator Tillman said that he had
seen a statemeat from Gen. Chaffee
that practically the entire Philip
pine population was imbued with a
hatred of Americans.
"In view of this statement," said
he, "must we continue this infamous,
tyranical, British, South African-"
then hesitating a few seconds, he con
tinued: "I'll stop right here, be
cause I can't find-a word hot enough
to apply to the situation."
"I want to say to the senator and
to the senate," retorted Foraker, with
great vehemence, "that our army will
never come back from the Philippines
until it comes back victorious. That
may as well be understood now as at
any future time. Gentlemen may rail
about it in congress and out, but it is
a fact that all by this time ought
thoroughly to understand."
. No Salary Grab.
The United States Senate sat down
on the salary grab last Wednesday
when Senator Stewart's amendment
increasing the salaries of members of
the house of representatives to $7,500
annually beginning on March 4, 1904,
was rejected, 15 to 44, the detailed
vote being as follows:
Yeas-Burton, Clark, (Wyoming),
Dubois, Gallinger, Gamble, Hans
brough, Hawley, Heitfeld, Kittredge,
Quarles, Quay, Stewart, Turner, War
ren. Wetmore 15.
Nays-Bacon, Bard, Berry, Black
burn, Burnham, Burrows, Carmack,
Clapp, Clay, Culberson, Cullom,De
boe, Dlietrich, Dillingham, Dolliver,
Fairbanks, Frye, Gibson, Harris Hale,
Hoar, Jones, (Arkansas;) Kearn,
Kearns, Lodge, Mclaurin, (S. C.);
McMillan, Mallory, Martin, Mitchell,
Money, Morgan, Nelson, Patterson,
Pettus, Platt (N. Y.): Pritchard,
Proctor, Simmons, Spooner, Talia
fdrro. Teller, Tillman, Wellington
A Simple Truth.
IThe Palmetto Post says: "If every
~subscriber on our list who owes us
would resolve to pay us and do it at
once, it would make more people hap
py than the editor. It would do in
numerable things that would better
our condition. It is strange that so
many people put this matter oif from
time to time. If you read a paper you
should pay for it promptly. How
would you like to work and then wait
one year, two years or three years for
your money?" This is the simple
truth, and one that all subscribers to
all papers should learn and live up to.
The individual subscriber may only
owe one or two dollars and the amount
Is not large in his eyes, but when a
thousand or two- people owe a dollar
or two apiece it makes several thous
and dollars, and its payment would
help the editor a great deal. So pay
for your paper promptly and give the
editor the means to make a better pa
per. Editors know and love the sub
scribers who pays for their -paper
Went to Charleston.
The Columbia Record says a great
majority of the members of the legis
lature left Friday morning to spend
two days at the Exposition. About
sIx senators and as many more mem
bers of the house, most of whom have
al-ready visited the exposition, took
advantage of the holiday to go home
and attend to private business. The
fmnilies of many of the members ac
conpanied them. The train was
scheduled to arrive In Charleston at
11:30, and will go directly to the ex
position grounds. All members and
their families and attaches of the
legislature were furnished with passes
to the exposition grounds. They will
return Saturday night and will resume
legislative business at 12 o'clock Mon
He smoked Cigarettes.
Meldrim, the 15-year-old son of John
W. Owens, marshal of Rome, Ga.,
shot himself through the head Thurs
day evening at 6:30 o'clock, and died a
very short time after. Young Owens
was in the store of A. Rawlins when
he suddenly jumped and said: "I am
going to kill mnyself." He walked out
side. and in a few seconds the report
of a pistol was heard. Mr. Rawlins
Iran out'and found a bullet hole in his
temple. It is said that Meldrim
smoked cigarettes excessively, and
tha his mind heCame unhinged.
DEAD UNDER A WALL.
Nine Brave Firemen Meet a Tragic
Fate in Discharge of Duty
WHIE FIGHTING FIRE FI!ED.
A Frightful Fire Disaster in St. Louis
at the Burning of the Ameri
can Tent and Awning
At least nine men were killed and
as many more injured in a .re which
broke out Wednesday In the five story
stone and brick building located at
No. 314 Chestnut Street, St. Louis,
Mo., occupied by the American Tent
and Awning company. The building
suddenly collapsed and although the
nine men who were caught in the
crash had not been reached by their
hard working companions, two hours
later, it is almost absolutely certain
that they have succumbed.
August Thierry, - first assistant
chief, caught in the ruins.
Michael Kehoe, assistant foreman,
caught in ruins.
Patrick Bergen, assistant foreman,
caught in ruins.
Daniel Steele, foreman, caught in
Charles Kroning, pipeman, caught
William Dundon, pipeman, caught
Frank Lingo, driver of aerial truck,
thrown from- truck while working
forty feet above the ground, seriously
Monroe Moore, Inspector for the
Imperialistic Electric Light company,
badly injured by falling through a
Patrick McCarthy, engineer, caught
by falling walls; seriously hurt.
William Julieb, driver for Marshal.
Thierry, caught by falling walls; seri
William Wand, foreman, seriously
Injured by falling walls.
The building in which the fire orig
inated was located in the old- business
section of the city and was about fifty
years old. The blaze, which proved a
hard one for-the fire department to
master, had been brought practically
under control when suddeily, with ab
solutely no warniig, the buildingcol
lapsed and came down in a heap with
a noise that could be heard for blocks
Three pipemen at work on the second
floor had had a difficulty in managing
a line of hose and Asisnstanf Chief
Thierry was on his way with three of
his men to lend them aid, when, the
building collapsed. The men went
down with tons of twisted Iron,
bricks, stone and wooden columns en
veloping them. Chief Swingley, who
was in front of the building, directing
his men, had a miraculous escape from
death. As the front wall fell out
ward he hurried across the street and
fell under the aerial truck. The truck
was covered with debris and' partially
wrecked, and It 'was to its sheltering
protection that the chief owes his life.
Frank Lingo, driver of the truck, was
directing a stream on the fire from
the aerial ladder about forty feet from
the ground when the wall fell. A
portion of the debris struck him and
he was hurled through the air to the
ground, receiving probably fatal In
Chief Swingley put his entire force
to work at once and made an effort to
rescue the firemen,-but although the
men work heroically, they had not
been able to reach the victims at mid
night. It is certain that all are dead
as tons of debris cover them.
Following is a list of the losses:
American Tent and Awning company,
$25,000; McLean & Tate, loss on
building, $35,000; Herman Ruppelt,
job printers, $10,000; scattering, $5,
A Mine Explosion.
The latest information from the
Hondo, Mexico, mine explasion, shows
it to have been fully as serious as at
first reported. There was a total of
105 miners at work In the mine when
the eqplosion occurred and all of them
are dead. The majority of the
victims are Mexicans and Chinamen,
very few Americans being at work In
the mine. Every mule In, the mine
was killed, three dead ones being
taken from the debris. The work of
clearing away the wreck in order to
get to the bodies is being rushed as
rapidly as possible. but there is no
hope that any of the 105 men will be
Remembered Her Cat.
Mile. Selet. an old unmarried lady
who died a few days ago in the Batig
nolles quarter of Paris by the terms of
her will left ? 12 per annum for the -
maintenance of her cat as long as it
lives and ? 4 per annum for a veteri
nary surgeon to attend the animal. To
a female servant who had taken care
of her for six years the deceased left
halt-penny a day for life, or less than
a twenty-third part of the sum to be
spent on the cat. The remainder of
the lady's fortune, which was consid
erable, is left to the parish church.
A Salary Grab.
After a brief discussion the Senate
passed by a vote of 39 to 21 the bill
providing for a 25 per cent increase In
the salaries of United States Judges.
All amendments were voted down,
Including one to increase the salaries
of Cabinet officers from eight thousand
dollars to twelve thousand, five hun
dred dollars a year. Senator Bailey,
of Texas, delivered his speech In the
Senate in opposition to to this bill.
He believed that the present salaries
of Senators and Representatives were
What They Got.
It is now authoritatively stated
that the robbers who recently held up
the train on the Southern Railway at
Fifty-eight only got $12.50 for their
trouble. When they got away from
the scene of their exploit, and counted
their-cash they must have been very
much chagined at the smallness of