Newspaper Page Text
A Little Golden Thread.
Onl a packet of letters.
T'hat I have hidden away.
All breathing to me the sweeteCss
O many a summer a.:
There are tender ittle plaing.
That have reached i im-st he:
And the cho of hir
In a1l my life a.s T
01 k%.v tlhesie t.. l
.Ard I ee the itu :d ther
W I a Iii le golden i read.
Onir a caecket of ietters.
W it h he p-t~S so.'d and t orn.
BUT how miiaiy ui(Oy it ancies
With each loving word are born:
Ah! where is the hand that penn'd 'eui.
In those dreamy summer hours
When we thought o"r path was
Only by Love's fairest now'rs.
Only these ehierish'dl'*
T'hat no eyes * mi'ne !!a; C'
That I keep so cloSely :v ard
With a litk g-ol. 1 ez.
Ah: bit love-wori e' S
In this wr( k ru s
And the heart I at beats most nere. ..
Is the one t 1 -1soonlest t ire.
"Lookingz back" bris tears oongfn:
In so many wearY Ueye.
That have seen t heir fond hopes van sh
Like the stars from miorning skies.
Yet 1 keep t hese faded letters.
That no'eves but mine have read.
Dearly cherishd-elosely guarded
By a slenderc golden thread:
CHILD LABOR BILL.
There Is a Long Discussion Over It in
MEMBERS LOST TEIR TEMPER.
By a Close Margin the House Voted
Down the 3otion Hostile to
the Bill One Day Last
On Tuesday of last week Mr. Webb
of Aiken called up the special order of
the day, Senator Marshails bill ''to
prohibit children under 12 years of age
from working in the textile manufac
turing establishments of this State,
under conditions herein stated, and to
provide punishment for violations of
this act and for other purposes."
Mr. R. B. A. Robinson moved to
strike out the enacting words.
The floor was secured by Mr. Webb,
who made a speech-i-n favor of his bill.
It is a protection to the health of the
children. There is a rule prohibiting
windows from being raised in the
spinning department of cotton mills.
and that is the department where
the children work. It is injurious to
grown people, too, he said in reply to
Mr. Dorroh, but more injurious to
children. The oil flying in a spray is
injurious to the health of the children.
When their health is injured their
minds are warped. There is a cry all
over the State for this bill. The
children themselves do not want em
ployment. The mills. some of them.
do not approve of children working in
their mills, yet they oppose this bill.
He took up the statement that cot
ton mill operatives do not favor the
bill. He declared that the reason why
the operatives last year signed peti
tions against this bill was because
many of them were forced to do it.
- Mr. Webb said that England. France.
Germany and even cruel Russia have
- laws of this kind. In Italy and in
Greece there are laws against child la
bor in cotton mais. Northern States
have also taken such steps. There
are 30,000 more negro children in the!
schools in this State than there are
whites. The day may come when the
negro will be the voter and the factory
people be disfranchised. The general
assembly owes it sto the State to see
that these children are protected and
that they become intelligent citizens.
Why are the mill presidents opposed
to this bill? They are placing the
dollar above humanity. The father
himself who has a child in the mill
and cares more for the dollar than for
his child, opposes this bill. If the1
bill as reported is not agreeable. then
use it as a basis, but take some action
at this session, he urged.
Mr. John McMaster. of Columbia,
* followed Mr. Webb, making a good
speech in favor of the bill. He was
followed by Mr. Banks, of Newberry,
who opposed the bill. Hie said it is no
argument that South Carolina should
have this law because other States
have it. South Carolina has always
been unique, why should she not be
unique in this as well? This looks
like paternalism. It is a blow at the
roots of the tree of liberty. It is a
blow at family government. Does not
the parent know what is better for the
child? Why should the legislature
arrogate to itself the right to tell pa
rents what to do? There may be
some parents who drink up the money
made by their children, but why put
hardships on the many just to correct'
Mr. F. H. McMaster, of Charleston.
spoke in favor of the bill. He charged
that the motives of the friends of this
bill had been properly construed. lHe
declared that it is not to comfort the
labor organizations that the bill is
favored, but for the sake of humanity.
However, as one in contact withor
ganized labor, he expressed himself as
satisfied with it. This bill is not a
blow at individual liberty. It is a!
recognition of the highest kind of lib
erty, the fact that the child does not
belong to the parent alone but to the
civil community. The law now pro
tects the child from injury or brutal
chastisement at the hands of a parent.
Mr. Ashley asked if this bill would
affect Charleston county.
Mr. McMaster made a splendid re
ply to what he said was a covert thrust
from Mr. Ashley. lie declared that
it required as much independence of
spirit for a Charleston representative
to support this bill as for any other
representative, for the people of Char
leston own the stock in the mills in
the up-country. He declared with
warmth that he was not prompted by
any self consideration but by a desire
to do right.
There was an exciting clash between
Mr. Logan and Mr. Ashley at the
close of Mr. Logan's argument. He
had been interrupted by Mr. Ashley
once or twice during his specch. but:
refused to be diverted from~ the course
of his speech, saying with irony that
Mr. Ashlev's sweet and seldom heard
voice could be heard later. Mr. Ash
ley did not like the thrust.
TIs STARtTED THlE now.
The presiding oclcers of the house
have always allowed the greatest lati
tude in debates, and Logan rather ex-'
ceeded the custom. Somewhat stung
by A chle''s attempts to tease him. for
ISfi\ s .e ou urisnu r an I oan
p.the yungest meIber of
ef taing his sea he
sd drson county's position
: i!s is iou and
th 'C r I th t c ty. '.1 Ilad gone uL) 2.
been~ ~ ~~ i adee y eh
-ah." sa 'Id see thatI 1 t
.1 tI o' ikea secured the I"lr
albgnhis, well prepared and in
ismi sp teh uon t h ssion. Cl.
Crouft labore. Id.airainst hoarseness, buat,
was lis ened ' for over an hour by the
ho usen h unusually large number
oaf visitors, manIy ( them ladies whIo
represenit the0 Kin!_ S Daughthers
During the tirst of his speech Craft
was frequentiy nte.rup.tei. but he
showed in an effective way that- he di:1
not care to be d,'ieeted from hiskcourse
of argyuuellt. and !Ie was finally left
SOME smiGTED A 1m.\RTEE.
.Ashley vas n who wishedl 1V ( :- ask
Croft some quc-stiolns. The latter re
plied that he would Viell if Ashley
would make the qiuestions pointed and
not make an argument under cover ()f
Ashley's quest-i)n was: "They have
divorce laws in other countries. too.
is that any reason why they should
have such a law here?"
Croft declared the question not ger
main to the issue and declined to
leave his argument t,- answer it.
Shortly afterwards when Croft was
telling of the glories of this country.,
illustrating the combinat.ion oaf ed uca
tion with liberty. Mr. Galluchat want
ed to ask a question. Croft assented
if it would be germain to the issue.
Galluchat wanted to know if these
glorious conditions would not be fur
thered by commercial Deiocracy?
Croft answered: "The gentleman's
question is not relevant. it is imperti
Mr. Dorroh also interrupted Croft
at times. At the conclusion of Croft's
speech. Dorroh secured the floor to say
tLat the people in his county loved
liberty better than education. Croft
replied with ill-concealed bitterness
that when lie was a very young man
like Dorroh he too had lived near Pa
ris mountain and he knows that the
people there loved liberty. He has
since moved to another county where
the people love liberty as well and they
want education with it. Continuing
he said that Dorroh reminded him of
the fable of the fox which was caught
in a trap set by a farmer. Every time
the fox would try to get out he would
strike a rope and ring the farm bell.
The fox was alarmed at first but final
ly, looking up at the bell, declared.
"A great big mouth, a very long
tongue. a hell of a fuss-and nothing
The house was convulsed with laugh
ter. Dorroh was stung to the quick,
but Prince secured the floor first.
Conusion reigned, but Dorroli man
aged to work in a retort to Col. Croft:
"Insolence is the last resort of a lost
cause" said Dorroh, and that closed
A VICTORY wON.
Mr. Croft then proceeded to make a
powerful speech in favor of the bill.
He was followed by Mr. Prince, of
Anderson. who opposed the bill, lie
concluded by defending the people of
Anderson against Mr. Logan's charge
that a great stenchi had gone up from
Anderson county on account of the
labor conditions there. The people
of Anderson are as honorable. as law
abiding as any other people of the
State. It remained for a Charleston
ian (Judge Benet) to stir up the stench
and the people of Anderson are not to
blame for any stinking: for the whole
business was exaggerated.
Mr. Butler at this point called for a
vote, which was taken on Col. Robin
sons motion to kill the bill. The re
sult was as follows:
Yeas-Ashley. All. Austin. Banks,
Brown. Bryan, Butler. Campbell, Car
ter, Coggeshall, Cooper. Dantzler.
Dodd, ~Dominick, Dorroh, Dura nt.
Estridge, Galluchat, Hoilis. Hlumph
rey, James, Johnson, 0. L., Keels.
Kibler, Kinard, Lockwook. Lomax,
Lles, Mauldin. McCall, McGowan.
Moffett, Morgan. Moses. Nesbitt.
Nichols. Parker. W. 11.. Prince. Pyatt.
Rankin, Robinson, C. E., Robinson,
R. B. A.. Rucker. Stackhiouse. Ser
brook. Thompson. Webb. Wells. Wha
ley, Williams. Wilson, Wingo and
Nays-Hon. W. F. Stevenson,
speaker, Bacot. Beamguard. Bivens.
Blease, Bolts. Brooks, Bostick, Croft.
Crum. DeBruhl, D~unbar. Efird. Elder,
Fox. Freeman. Gaston, Gourdin, Gun
ter, Hlaile, Hlardin, Hill. Hough.
Izlar, Jarnigan, Johnson. W. J., Kin
sey, Lide, Logan. McCraw, McLaugh
lin, McLeod, McMaster, F. H.. Mc
Master. Jno., Mishoe, Morrison. Moss,
Murchison, Parker. W. L.. Patterson.
Rainsford, Richards. Richardson. San
ders, Sinkler, Smith, J. B., Spears.
Stroman, Tatum,. Thomas. J. P. JIr..
Thomas, W. J., Towill, Webb. West
The vote on a similar bill last year
was 62 io 32 against the bill. Tne
vote of 57 to 55 Wednesday showed a
larger attendance and that the senti
ment is not so rabid against the bill.
to say the least of it.
TIIE BILL KILLED.
The consideration of the child labor
bill was resumed in the house on Wed
nesday, and after some discussion Mr.
C. E. Robinson. of Pickens. moved to
indefinitely postpone the bill, which
really meant to kill it. The vote on
Mr. *Robinson's motion was as fol
Ayes-Messrs. Ashiey. All, Austin,
Banks. Brown. Bryan. Butler. Camp
bell; Carter. Coggeshall, Coleock.
Dantzler, Dean. D~ennis. D)ood. Dorroh,
Durant, Esmridge. Fox. Fraser. Gall
uchat, Holis,. Humphrey. James. 0.
L. Johnson. Keels. Kinard. Little,
Lockwood, Lomax, Lyles, Mauld in.
McCall. iMcGowan. Moilett, Morgan.
Moses. Nesbet. Nichols. W. HI. Par
ker. Prine, Pyatt, Rtankin. C. E. Rob
inson. IR. B. A. Robinson. Rucker.
'tkoI~ue . earok, Thompson.
Nys-S peaker Ste~ cvensln anel Messrs.
Bicot, Beamgaivrd. Rivens. Blease.
1tls. Braoks Bo'.tiek. Croft. Crumi
Dectr hl, Dunbair. Ekier. Gaston.
G.ourin, lie, 1Iough1. Iziar. Jar
ngan, KinsO'y. Line. Logan. Mayson,
Mc .(raw,' Netuin. Ne\bLeod, l*. !L.
Mc4aster,' MIi-shoe, M''rrison. Mo.s
Murcihison, W.- L .I'Fa rker. P at tierso(n.
Ranfod. ichards .?c 'icrs n. iSan
Stromani. Taton1'. J. P. Thomas. J1r.
WI. J. Th'omas . Tow~i!. Webb. West,
~eston. WIoodis, John McMaster.
Thtise presert and not voting. be
ing paired with absent members. were:
Domiinick. ave. with Etird. no.
Haidit. no. wit! i \luon. aYe.
3\esurs. Lt t'A of Enin andj Fox of
\.11 .."- W 1
it h I he 1(i vocates of t he hillI TuesdIay
awl chanled Wednesday.
An Important Bill Paes-ed by the
Senate Last Week.
When Mr. Kibler's bill to make do
mestic fowls subject to the provisions
of the general st ock law was reached
Senator Henderson moved to idellnite
ly postpone the bill. If the bill pass
es. he said. we will have turmoil and
trouble and family feuds would be
without end. It would bring on more
litigation than any other law ever
Senator Gravdon also wanted the
bill killed. in the intsrest of the pros
perity of the State. A great many
people are making money rarsing
chickens and eggs in this State. and if
this bill Is passed that industry will
ie paralyzed. There are many poor
women who never have any money ex
cept what they get from the sale of
chicken. and eggs. A bill like this
would be a great hardship on the peo
AXt this point a rather sensational epi
sOde occured. Senator Sheppard had
oeen presiding when the debate on the
question started. Lieut. Gov. Tillman
came back to the chair while Senator
Graydon was speaking, and after tak
ing the gavel interrupted Mr. Graydon
ad stated that he was out of order.
under rule 14. and the ground that a
motion to indefinitely postpone is not
Senator Graydon replied that his un
derstanding of the rule was very clear,
I and that he would appeal to the senate.
Lieut. Gov. Tillman began to state
the question of the appeal, when Sen
ator Barnwell asked to make a state
ment. He said that the rule used to be
that a motion to indefinitely postpone
was not debatable, but that his recol
lection was that at the last session an
amendment had been adopted allowing
such a motion to be debated. As a
matter of fact these motions have been
debated in the senate for many years,
by common consent.
Lieut. Gov. Tillman here ruled Sen
ator Barnwell out of order, on the
ground that he was debating a motion
that had been ruled out of order.
Senator Barnwell then asked and ob
tained unanimous consent to address
the senate. He then suggested that
Senator Graydon withdraw his appeal
and refer the question to the com
mittee on rules. It is always unpleas
ant to appeal from the chair, and he
hoped Senator Graydon would with
draw the appeal.
Senator Graydon accepted the sug
gestion, and asked to withdraw his ap
Lieut. Gov. Tillman stated that he
much preferred the appeal should be
voted on by the senate, and read from
Jfferson's manual and the rulesof the
senate to sustain the position he had
Senator Graydon, however, persisted
in withdrawing his appeal, and the in
cident was closed without the question
of rules being settled. The matter was
not referred to the committee. Senator
Henderson then withdrew his motion
to indefinitely postpone and the discus
sion of the bill proceeded on it-s mer
There was some further discussion.
Senators Ragsdale, Douglass. Brown
favoring the bill and Senators Gruber,
Ilderton, Caughman and Mayfield op
Then Senator Henderson renewed
his motion to indefinitely postpone.
The motion was lost and the bill then
PASSED THE SENATE.
A Bill Relating to the Relief Depart
mnent of Railroads.
The Senate Wednesday spent nearly
three hours in discussing Senator 11
deron's biil ''to regulate the liability
of railroad companies having a relici
department. to emnployes." The bill
inally passed, the lieutenant governor
casting the deciding vote. Here is the
text of the bill:
Section. 1. That from and after the
approval of this act, when any rail
road company has what is usually
called a relief department for its em
ployes, the members of which are re
quired or permitted to pay some dues,
fees, moneys or compensation to be
entitled to the benefits thereof, upon
the death or injury of the employe, a
member of such relief department.
such railroad company be, and is
hereby. required to pay to the person
entitled to same. the amount it was
agreed the employe should receive
from such relief department: the ac
ceptance of which amount shall not
operate to estop or in any way bar
the right of such employe, or his per
sonal representative, to recover dam
ages of such railroad company for
injuries or death caused by negligence
of such company, its agents or ser
vants, as now provided by law, and
any contract, or agreement to the con
tract, shall be ineffective forthat pur
Sec. 2. When any railroad company
has a relief department, of which its
employes, or any of them, are mem
bers, and are required or permitted
to pay any direct fees, moneys or com
pensation as members thereof, or by
eason of being an employe of said
railroad company, the railrood com
pany shall be considered as an in
surer. and will be liable as such to all
'of their employes who are members
of the relief department.
Own its Own Ships.
A dispatch from Washington says
that the government has been paying
as much as $1,000 a day for private
transports that were lying idle for
months. The war department has re
commended that the government own
its own ships: Horrors: Destroy all
incentive of the ship owners to bribe
army o!!!eers? These be awful times,
An Ungallatnt Man.
An interest ing stilt has been inst
tutedi at Wilkesbarre. Pa., by Miss
Nellie White who charges that Joseph
Sigler sjueezed hecr so violently
hlat he dlisplot ed rne of her ribs. Mr.
Seler htaving ref used to pay the doe
.ors bill, she instituted suit against
tee of the clerk of the court of corn- I
mon pleas. and the county auditor,
the county treasurer and the clerk of
the coulit of cmmon pleas shall give
ten da*ys notice of each of said draw- Prop
1i1-; by postiin a cOnspicuoIus placC
on the court house door. or bv adver- M
tiseient in a couity newspal)r. a n
t ice f t1e place. day and hour or such
drivin- : lrovidtd. That In case any',
t of C urt is to be held within e ibb
thain 2 daYs after the approval of Ithis
act, S1u.h jurors may. nevertlieless. he
dra w' without such notice.
Sec. 7. That iall jurors shall be s Th
lecte(i by drawing ballots froin the 0
said jury box. and. subject to tie ex- the
ceutions hereinbefore contained. the othel
persons whose names are on the bal- P1an-.
lots so drawn shall be returned to at t.
serve as jurors. inter
Sec. i. .fhat. the names of those who mer
are drawn and actually serve as jurors terr
shall be placed in an envelope, and trea
shall not be put back into the said Ple
jury box until the first revision of the Unit'
jury list herein provided for after they gress
have been so drawn, to the end that meni
no person shall serve as a juror more ular
than once in a year. The same rule publ
shall he observed as to drawing jurors expo
from the said tales box: Provided, the
That nothing herein contained shall Ame
be construed to be in conflict with the
the provisions of the law as to select
ing by lot from the gr,..nd jury s Stat
members thereof to serve for the ensu- - n
ig year.- ..
Sec. 9. That nothing contained in t h
this act shall prevent the clerk of the bu r
court of common pleas from issuing bush
venires for additional 'jurors in term spea
time upon the order of the court, me -
whenever it Is necessary for the conve- nd
nient dispatch of its business, in which .
case venires shall be served and re- cupv
turned. and jurors required to attend t s
on such days as the court shall direct. er ai
Sec. 10. That in drawing jurors from dist a
the said tales hox the same rules shall crea.
be observed as in drawing from said the t
jury box, except that no notice of such of ti
drawing shall be necessary. to N
Sec. 11. That no more than 3G) per spea
sons, to serve as petit jurors, shall be own
drawn and summoned to attend at once A
and the sarae time at any court, unless dia
the court shall so order. wate
Sec. 12. That the grand and petit ju- iev.
rors drawn as herhinbefore prescribed, triie
from the said jury box, shall be sum- cessi
mond by the sheriff, as now provided tion,
by law. at least four days before the equa
timed fixed in the venire for them to at- the
tend the sitting of the court, except prox
when such term of court Is to be held to t,
within four days from the approval of comr
this act, and the grand and petit jurors man,
drawn, as hereinbefore prescribed, comr
from the said tales box, shall be sum- per c
moned by him and shall attend and ly re
serve according to the exigency of the the
summons. per i
Sec. 13. That the juries drawn and and I
summond under the provisions of this of F
act shall be organized and empanelled "U
in the circuit court as now or hereafter growV
may be provided by law. Unit<
Sec. 14. That the jurors drawn and coun
summoned under the provisions of this ginnJ
act must have the pualifications that port
are now or may hereafter be prescribed of th
by law. ward
Sec. 15. That whenever It shall be Caril
necessary to supply any deficiencies in shar<
the number of grand or petit jurors tries
duly drawn, whether caused by chal- Uniti
lenge or otherwise, it shall be the duty ceda
of the county auditor, the county treas- to e:
urer and the clerk of the court of coin- rnere
mon pleas. under the direction of the at he
court. to draw from the said tales box that
such number of fit and competent per- muel
sons to serve as jurors, as the court Even
shall deem recessary to fill such de- cond
Sec. 16. That whenever the jury list and
of any county shall be destroyed by grat
tire or other casualty, or whenever it traff
shall be held by any court of competent with
jurisdiction that the jury list of any bard
cunty has been unlawfully prepared, cifie
or is irregular or Illegal, so as to ren- all
der void the drawing of jurors there- takei
from. it shall be the duty of the coun- upon
ty auditor, the county treasurer and cent.
the clerk of the court of common pleas Ont
of each county, to prepare a special ica
jury list for the said county forthwith good
in the manner herein prescribed, from of i
which special list grand and petit ju- abou
rors shall be drawn for the courts of agua
general session and common pleas for was
such county until the annual jury list gent
shall have been prepared for such 10 .p
county as herein provided. Stait
Sec. 17. That when at any time it coals
shall be determined by the resident 0O4-0
circuit judge cf any circuit upon corn- 600.0
plaint made to him that an irregularity prop
has occurred in tae drawing of the ju- aven~
ries for any circuit court within his the~
circuit, or that any act has been done fron'
whereby the validity of any juries Pot
drawn may be questioned, it shall be 0:10
lawful for such circuit judge to issue 25 Pc
his order to the county auditor, the ing
county treasurer and the clerk of the and
court of common pleas for each county whic
for which said circuit court shall be abot
held. at least 5 days before the sitting
thereof, to proceed to draw jurors for
such term, or to take such measures A
as may be necessary to correct such of c
Sec. 18. That in case there shall be has
a vacancy in the offce of clerk of the bequi
court of common please, county audi.- of s
tor, or county treasurer. ar, the time were
herein fixed for preparing said jury kingr
list, or for drawing a jury or any one been
of said otlcers shall be disqualitied or hO**
unable to serve for any cause, the to t
county superintendent of education knov
shall act in his place and stead, and in ted)
case there shall be a vacancy in two CISC0
of said offces or any other cause, two q
of said offcers shall be unable to serve say 1
the county superintendent Qf educa- ceive
tion and the sheriff of such county purp
shall act in theIr place and stead. corp'
Sec. 19. That all acts and parts of
acts inconsistent with the provisions Has
of this act be, and the same are here- A
by, repealed. munrr
Sec. 20. That this act shall go in- . rch
to effect immediately upon its approval tract
by the governor. And It shall be the oi d
uty of the secretary of state to have,
printed at once a suffcient number of Ser
coie of ths act to supply one to each cni
clerk ofthe court, county auditor.,oni
couny teasuercircit udgeandso-postr
licitor in this State, and forthwith -
send a copy to each of said offcers. Thds'
Fatal Explosion in Chicago. noun
Ten bodies were found on Thursday Rich;
in the ruins of the explosion of the what
gas main in the Tenderloin district
Wednesday night, the cause of which M
is unknown. The street was crowded Auld
with people returning from their 'Dr. J
work. The ga~s main under Archer iti
avenue exploded ten manh'iles along fum
Archer and Armour avenues and et
Twenty-second street. A crowded car'
was blown from the track. All pa-grd
sengers and 100 passers by were in- hasnt
jured, many seriously. Thirteen were!
killed. The firemen are searching for
Mail Clerk Killedl. ought
Through the misreading of orders navy
two trains collided on the Seaboard mierce
Airline Railway near Savannah on. to sp
Wednesday. killing . mail clerk J. A. ties
Rice. of Jacksonville, Fla. It was a as to
lear case of criminal carelessness on somel
th art of somebody. surphi
1E TRADE FACTS.
artion of South American Com
-rce Held by United States.
e Trade with Countries on Car
an Sea Is Fairly Satisfactory
Lat with Countries Farther
South Is Very Poor Indeed.
recent departure from Wash
in of the special train carrying
niited States and numerous
delegates to the approaching
kieric.anl conference to be held
P Cityv of Mexico lends especial
st to somie figures on the con
e of the United States with the
ory at the south. which the
ury bureau of statistics has com
for the convenience of the
d States members of that con
. The importance of develop
of our commerce in this partic
direction is pointed out'by this
cation, which shows that our
rts have shown less growth to
:ountries of Central and South
-ica than to any other parts of
ie commerce of tihe United
s with the American countries
south of her borders," says
>pening page of this discussion,
long been an object of solicitude
r statesmen, economists and
less men. With the English
<ing people of American terri
lying upon the north her com
ial relations have rapidly grown
proven mutually satisfactory.
those of another language, oc
ig the contiguous territory at
outh, the growth has been slow
id less satisfactory, and as the
nce increases the growth de
es. To British North America
.ited States supplies 52 per cent.
e total imports for consumption;
lexico, equally adjacent, but
<ing another language than our
40 per cent.; to the Central
rican states, next removed by
nce, though readily reached by
r and now being tapped by rail
, 35 per cent.; to Colombia, a
father removed, but equally ac
ble by direct water communica
33 per cent.; to Venezuela,
fly accessible, 27 per sent.; to
West Indies, which lie in close
imity, but whic-h have been up
ie present time controlled by
nercial nations whose policy in
, cases has been to retain their
nerce for the-ir own people, 30
:ent.; to the Guianas, also-readi
ached by water, 25 per cent. of
imports of British Guiana, 17
:ent. of those of Dutch Guiana
t less than 6 per cent. of those
rench Guiat.a. -
p to this point the study of the
th of commerce between the
d States and other American
tries is fairly satisfactory. Be
ng with 52 per cent. of the im
trade of Canada. 40 per cent.
at of Mexico, and ranging down
along the Gulf of Mexico and
bean sea. a fairly satisfactory
of the commerce of those coun
is enjoyed by the people of the
d States: though it will be con
that her people have a right
pect a larger share of the comn
e of the countries lying so near
rd. especially in view of the fact
our 1-urchases from them are
largeri ;han our sales to them.
this sonpewhat unsatisfactory
ticon of trade with the countries
einig upon the Gulf of M1exico
the Caribb~ean sea is, however,
fying when compared with the
c relations of the United States
the countries of South America
aring upon the Atlantic and Pa
oceans. Of the total imports of
iouth Amecrica, Si per cent. is
a by tihe countries bordering
the two oceans, and but 13 per
by those upon the Caribbean.
be eastern coast of South Amer
ve find Tiraz'il importing in 1599
s to the value of over $105,000,000,
hich the United States supplied
i10 per cent.; Uruguay and Par
v, 26.000,.000, of which our share
less than 7 per cent.; and Ar
ne, $112.000,000f, of w-hich about
r cent. was from the United
s; while a tour of the Pacific
shows imports into Chili of $3s2
0, Peru $9.50.000. Bolivia $11,
) and Ecuradcr $7,000,000; the
rtion from the United States
ng'fl about 10 pe eg. Thus
orthern coast of South America,
ing on the Caribbean sea, im
goods to the value of $26,O000,
>f which we supply an average of
r cent.; the eastern coast, front
upon the .\tlantic, S275,000,000,
the Pacifir coast, S60,000,000; of
. our proportion is in each case
t 10 per cent.
Corporations in England.
turious illustration of the power
>rporations is reported from
and. From time immemorial it
een established law there that
ests made for the propagation
sular or freethinking doctrines
subject to coutiscation by the
and thour-ais of pounds have
thus coniscated. Recently,
ver, it occurred to some person
-y a new plan. A company
-n as the Set'nlar society (lim
was incorpoira ted for the spe
ptnuri of receiving such be
s and thte best Englishx lawyers
hat under its charter it can re
and use bequests for the very
se so long held unlawful. A
>rationi is- a strange entity.
Fortune of Her Own Probably.
titledl Englishman is going to
y an American girl who has no
father. Sihe mt'st he really at
ive, remarks the Chicago Rec
May Defeat Him.
ator Tillman is opposing the
-mation of Mr. Jeff Richardson as
aster in Greenville a.nd has the
ntment tied up in the senate.
ireenvilfe News. of which Rich
n is part owner and manager, de
:ed Tillman. This may lead to
rdsons ultimate defeat under
is kinown as Senatorial courtesy.
ion Auld, a son of Rev. Mr.
has been appointed assistant to
.Thos. Pate, whose illness makes
>ossible for him to attend to his
uties as pastor of the Florence
dist Church. Mr. Auld is a
ate of Wofford College. He is a
man of unusual intelligence and
I promise of a brilliant future.
Will Get Rild of' It.
SRepublicans argue that we
to spend $100,0J0.000 on our
in order to fit it to guard our
iant marine and that we ought
nd some other millions in boun
for the merchant marine so
build it up and give the navy
hing to do. How to get rid of a
is nevr worries the TRennhlicns.
THE NEW JURY LAW.
The Full Text of a Measure of Inter
est to Each Ccuntv.
HOW JURORS MIUST BE DRIAWN.
Details orli Scheme Prepat-ed to
Avoid the Not.tion ol tw Con
stitution of the State. An
Below is given the text of the new
jury bill. which has passed the Senate
and House. It was amended by the
House. and as soon as the Senate
agrees to these, the bill will become a
law. It, is a measure that is of special
interest to every county in the State.
Section 1. That the county audi
tor, the county treasurer and the clerk
of the court of common pleas of cach
county in this State shall perform the
duties hereinafter set forth.
Sec. 2. That the said county audi
tor, county treasurer and clerk of the
court of common pleas of each county
shall immediately after the passage
of this act, and thereafter in the
month of December of this and each
succeeding year, prepare a list of such
qualified electors. under the provisions
of the constitution, between the ages
of 21 and 65 years and of good mo)ral
character, of their respective count les,
as they may deem otherwise well qual
ified to serve as jurors, being persons
of sound J.udgment and free from all
legal exceptions, which list shall in
clude not less than one from every
three of such qualified electors under
the provisions of the constitution. be
tween the ages of 21 and 65 years.
and of good moral character, to be se
lected without regard to whether such
persons live within five miles or more
than five.miles from the court house.
Sec. 3. That of the list so prepared
the county auditor, county treasurer
and clerk of the court of common
pleas, shall cause the names to be
written, each one on a separate paper
or ballot so as to resemble each other
as much as possible and so folded that
the name written thereon shall not be
visible on the outside, and shall place
them, with the said list, in a strong
and substantial box, without apper
tures or openings when closed (to be
known as the"jury box")to be furnished
to them by the county supervisor of
their county for that purpose, and of
such size and shape as that, when such
separate papers or ballots shall have
been folded and placed therein as above
required, they may be easily shaken
up and about and well mixed therein,
and it shall be the duty of the clerk of
the court to keep said jury box in his
custody. The said jury box shall be
kept securely locked with three sepa
rate and strong locks, each lock being
different and distinct from the other
two and requiring one key peculiar to
itself In order to be unlocked, and the
key to one of said three locks shall be
kept by the county auditor himself,
the key to another of said three locks
by the county treasurer himself, and
the key to the third of said locks by
-the clerk of the court of common pleas
himself, so that no two of them shall
keep a similar key or keys to the same
lock, and so that all three of them
must be present together at the same
time and place in order to lock or un
lock and open the said jury box. At
the same time they shall place in a
special apartment in the said jury box
(which special apartment shall be
known as "the tales box") the names
of not less than 100 nor more than 400
of such of the persons whose names
appear on said list as reside within
five miles of the court house, from
which tales box shall be drawn jurors
to supply deficiencies arising from any
cause or emergency during the sitting
of the court. The names of persons
placed in said tales box shall be also
placed in the said jury box.
Sec. 4. That not less than ten nor
more than twenty days before any reg
ular or special term of the court of
general sessions for the present year
the county auditor, the county treas
urer and the clerk of the court of com
mon pleas of each of the counties in
this State shall draw from said jury
box 18 ballots containing the names of
18 persons, who shall constitute the
grand jury for the present year. If
there shall be drawn from said jury
boix a ballot containing the name of
any person not between the ages of 21
and 65 years, or not of good moral
Icharacter, or who has died, or who has
removed from the county or is other
wise disqualified to serve as a juror.
such ballot shall be destroyed and
such name struck from the said list
and another ballot drawn; and so on
until the eighteen are secured. Not
less than ten nor more than twenty
days before the first term of the court
of general sessions for each year after
the present year, the county auditor,
the county treasurer and the clerk of
the court of common pleas of each of
said counties shall in like manner draw
from the said jury box twelve ballots
centaining the names of twelve per
sons, who with the six persons drawn
by lot (as provided by law) from the
grand jury of the next preceding year,
shall constitute the grand jury for that
year. When said grand jurors are
drawn as foresaid, the clerk of the court
of common pleas shall issue his writ
of venire facias for them, requiring
their attendance on the lirst day of the
ensuing term of the court of general
sessions, said writ venire facias shall
be forthwith delivered to the sheriff
of the county: Provided, That in
casc any term of the court of general
sessions is to be held within less than
20 diays after the approval of this act
such list may, nevertheless, be pre
pared and the grand jurors drawn.
Sec. 5. That not less than 10 nor
more than 20 days before the first day
of each week of any regular or special
term of the circuit courts the said
county auditor, the county treasurer
and the clerk of the court of common
pleas shall proceed in like manner' to
draw 36 petit jurors, to serve for such
week only: Provided. That whenever
a jury shall be charged with a case,.
such jury shall not be discharged by
reason of anything in this section con
Itained until a verdict shall be found!
or a mistrial ordered in such case. Im
mediately after such petit jurorsar
drawn the clerk of the court of com
mon pleas shall issue his writ of yen ire
facias for such petit jurors, requiring
their attendance on the first day of
the week for which they have been
drawn; and the said writ of venire fa
cias shall be forthwith delivered to
the sherifr of the county: Provided.
That in case any term of court is to
held within less than 20 days after the
approval of this act, such petit jurors
may, nevertheless, be drawn for such
term of court.
Sec. 6. That the said drawing shall
SEEKS LONG msf1 U Uit:.
Rich Manufacturer of Leadv il.. CeI.,
Starts Search at tise O!la
at Kenosha, Wa.
Earl C. Brown, a p*.ro:it u aI . -
facturer of Lead!%e, ' l,
Kenosha, Wis., on a srran%.e m:s.(,
and one which has ,ropL- t 1 ) light
a peculiar story of c! d:a. in
Kenosha. Brown is at Keno>ha for
the purpose of naling na cF;rt to
find som-.e trace of his mrebr. Mrs.
.Tames -I'rown who d'ared from
Kenosha under mysterious circum
stances more than -1 y;-.rs ago.
All the facts in ceufnneeicn with the
story ennnot be discovered. "The
widow Brown." as the mother of the
Leadville man was known in Keno
sha, had resided on Ashland avenue
for many vears. One day it was no
ticed that the blinds in the little cot
tage were closed, and as the days
went by people be*-an to wonder as
to the cause. Finolly. on going to
the house. they discovered it was
empty. The widow Brown was not
to be found anywhere. Her best
dresses were folded neatly on the
bed, and everything was neat and
eloan, but nothing had been left to
show where or in what manner the
widow had left her home.
There seems to be -reason to believe
that Mrs. Brown met with foul play
somewhere. -.nd it is possible that
she was mirdered in her home and
'ier bodv roc-etcd; but the little
h-nse remained closed for so many
weeks before strange hands took
control that a criminal would have
hnd plenty of time to cover his
rime. Many of the earlier inhab
itnnts of the city recall the disap
penrance of Mrs. Brown, but no-.e of
them are able to throw any light on
MOORISH PRISON SYSTEM.
Sultan of Moroeco to Begin sLReform
to Correct a Pitiable and Brutal
State of Affairs.
A dispatch to the London Times from
Tangier, de-alirg with the a:nounce
mn: that the sehenn inte: n!s to re
:orm the Moorish prison System, says
aryIng w:ore pi*able than :he pres
eaL stata 0 the pris. : 'a im os
ibe to i.magine. Any Mre-esan sub
ipet is 1:ah!e to be seized acd incarcer
a; ary moment. ofLen v. thout the
urptense of a tr.al. The.rmr that he
has saved a few ullars is suflcient
exrnse for hi imprisonment.
The state of affairs in the prisonsin
the citic.s is bad, says the T:me.s'cor
respondent. That of the prisons in
the country haf~es descrip:.*on. Many
of th-em consist of -mali. hich-walled
yards. with no shade, no shelter, no
water su.pp:y. and 2;o sanitation.
To add to the horror. the Prisonera
are chained by their necks to a long.
hearty iron chain. somntime. as many
as 50 to one chain, witheut a yard be
tween each. HenrTy shack:es are also
riveted to their legs. The conedtions
in the subterranean dungeons are even
The sult an intendisto change all this.
He will overhaul the prisons, sending
inspectors to report upon their condi.
tion. The prisoners are to have suf
Scient rations, supplied to them by
the local oficials.
TO STUDY FRENCH ORDNANCE.
Mexican Artillery Offieers to Spend
Two Years in That Country by
Order of President Dias.
Fifteen 3fexican artil!ery officers
hnve sailed for Antwerp en rout-e to
France.-where they will study the man
ufarte sad manipuastion of the
Frerch ordharre. Ths ceers. with
a s i;~ e exc ption.-Co.. Gilbe rto L::na
--a- r--inains or lieutinn"' in the
*r- r ranceh of the Me~ r' 'rry.
The F-v been crrrissired~r by Pres
ident liiaz to spenid two years at Le
Cr;;reot and study the fam'ous artil
lerv mnad- there. which has be. ni adopt
ed by the Mfexican government in place
of the Ge-rmnan guns formnerly used.
Col. l.una, in an interview. said that
the Mexican army was in splendid
shape. The country was free from
briands, he said, and in every way
was in a peaceful as well as prosper
os condition. On the day previous
to his departure fromt the City of Mex
ico, Cal. Luna had' a long talk with
President Diaz, who, he said, is in
Gold Bar for Field Museum.
Rev. Dr. William Copley Winslow,
vice president for the- United States
of the Fzyptian exploration fund, an
nounces tha.t the London committee
has voted to present to the Field Co
h:mbian museum the curious bar of
-id found at the royal tcmbhs of Aby
'os. An exact facsimile has been re
:ved by Dr. Winslow and placed in
he Boston museum of fine arts. It
has been mounted on black marble,
nd is about five inches lcng. The
,nmne of A~Ia is incised on the car
munhe, such as it then was, and prob
bly dates about 4750 II. C. Near the
top of the bar is a hole, which catues
Dr. Vinslow to suggest that it was
used for ornamental purposes, but
Prof. Petrie thinks its purpose was
Deep-Sea Mine Found.
Capt. Strand, of the Santa Ana,
which has just arrived at Port Town
;end, Wash., reports having found a
rp sc mir7e of ut"vai richness.
When he weig hed anchor at Nome a
considerable quantity of mud was
brought out, and some of the rairs
aboard prospected it with the res::t
that several small nne'ets of go:d
were fennta. th:2 lar:st ef which was
worth one diolir. The San:ta A ra was
anchored one and a quarter miles from
shore in six fathoms of water, and the
captain expressed the opinion that
with a det p sea dlredge a large amount
of gold could be secured.
What Will They Do.
What are the young people going
to do? A St. Louis preacher wants
women to make proposals of marriage.
Our Aunt Susan B. Anthony thinks
that intelligent women should quit
the marrying business. We expect
soon to get Lady Cook's Ideas on the
subject. Meantime we advise young
people to proceed in the same old
methods of love making and marrying.
It is not good for either sex to be
alone after the age of thirty has been
UR civil government In the Philip
pines is getting to be large and expen
sive: Governor Taft gets $20,000 and
each of his four assistants $15,000,
while there are twenty-six othere offi
cials who draw from $4,000 to $7,500 a
year. In all there are 4,606 civil em
ployes, not quite hal~f of whom are
Americans. The salary roll runs to over
3,00000, of which over two-thirds
goes to the Americans.
A KANsAs paper advises Gen. Fun
ston to go "way back to the Philip
pines" if he doesn't want to get into
trouble here. If he stays In this coun
try he will be investigated, says the
paper; some one will charge that he
tortured Aguinaldo and congress wvill
tae It nn.
LHE MOST HEALTHFUL Cftyi
darion, Ia., Given This Distiactioa
by the United States Marin*
The moat heal:hful place in the
nited S!: o !:ve s Marion. Ia.,
1cucrdlng to rqj. ..z rete.ved by the
narine hospital service from 1,190 cit
es and towns having a population of
,000 or over. There may have been
t more healthful place than Marion,
:ut if so no official returns were re
::eived from it. Marion has a pc-pula
tion of 4.102. and there were only sIX
leaths in 1900, making a death rate of
th-e phenominally low figure of 1.46 per
The average of the death rate in all
the cities and towns was 17.47.
It appears from the compilation of
the marine hospital service that the
sZate having the best record for health
last year was North Dakota, with a
death rate of only 6.95 per 1,000 of pop
ulation. By far the most healthful of
the populous states, however, was
Iowa. the death rate being 11.17.
Ohio, which made reports fromn
towns aggregating a population of
more than ',500,000 shows a death rate
of only 34.S4.
'I'he rotable reports of healthfulness
come from the north'west and central
western states, Minnesota, the Da
kcia r. Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Idaho
and, Montana all have exceedingly low
death rates. On the other hand, the
states wvh*ch are widely known as
health resorts, such as Arizona, Colo
rado and California, have a compara
tively high mortality, probably because
many persons suffering from incur
able pulmonary troubles go there and
California last year had an average
death rate-of 17.63; Colorado, 25.29. and
Arizona, 32.28. The last named state
h-d the highest rate of mortality cf.
any state or territory .in the union.
Nt w York state's mortality was 19.35.
The town in the United. States hav
in. the highest rate of mortality last
year was Carlyle, I. The population
w-:s 1,74, and the rumber of deaths,.
100, making a death rate of s3.11. The
mos! t'nl enithful of the- large cities
was W:Mintion. with a death rate of
" 71. lEn!t:more's death rate was 21.02;
hiladtl phia. 19.38; Boston, 20.82, and
WILD MAN IN THE WOODS
A Most Starting Disovery Is ]ade
by Two Hunters In the WlLda
Adolph Meiser and John Slattery,
two young men from Cryatal Falls,
Mich., who were hunting partridges
on the headwaters of the Deer 'river,
about 14 miles from that city, met
what they assert was a wild man. His
hair -as long and shaggy and long
whi -s nearlyicovered his face, show
ing t.at they had been growing for
some time. The hunters got within 30
feet of the man before they saw him
or he them, and all were surprised
when the stranger snarled at theni
Meiser attempted to talk to him, but
all the response he could get was:
"Public,public, public." WhenSlattery
and Meiser moved forward thestranger
gave a terrible yell and darted into the
bushes. Hie ran like a deer, bounding
over the windfalls and stumps.
The s'tra nge man was large, but-had
become emaciated frorn exposure and
hunger. .The clothes he had on were
in shreds exposing his bod'y to view.- He
carried part of a gun barrel and a tent
pole in his hands and when found was
eating the carcass of a dead skunk.
The Crystal Falls men hurried to
town and reported the discovery, and a
posse wasa organized to hunt. for the
man. It is thought that the man is
some un fortunate hunter who has been
lost in the woods and become insane
from fright. The territory where the
man was seen is a large stretch of
woods, and a person might roam there
for months without meeting anyone.
The posse will stay out until they find
Minister Referees Boxing Match.
Members of the congregation of
St. John's Episcopal church in Ho
boken, N. J., are in a state of tur
moil over the, fact that their rector,
Rev. IDavid B. Matthews, acted as a
referee at a boxing match the other
night. Under the auspices of the St.
John's cadets, an organization con
nected with the church, a minstrel
show was given that evening. and
the last number on the programme.
was a boxing bout between Charles
Rogers . and August Tierney, two
members of the cadets. The rector
was referee, and the "$," was an
exceedingly warm one. 't was of
three rounds' duration, ajid both
youngsters were pretty well pun
ished. The minister showed a fa
miliarity with the tactics of the ring
that amazed some of the staid :nem
bers of the congregation.
The Ottawa (Ont.) correspondent of
the New York Tribune says: Canada's.
forests are found to be equal to sup
plying the world with pulp wood alone
for 840 years, on the basis of 1,500,000'
tons of manufactured pulp a year..
his is the estimate of J. C. Langelier,
superintendent of the forest rangers
of Quebec. It is given in a paper to the
Canadian Forestry association, re
produced in the second annual report.
:f the association just issued. Mr.
Langelier takes 1,500,000 tons of pulp
yearly as his basis, that being about
the total production of the United
Plain Murder Either Way.
If a crowd is justified in lynching
man one man is justified in putting
mother man to death, says the In
lianapolis News. In the latter -in
tance it is perfectly plain that the
iet is murder, but it is just as plain
an act of murder when the victim
iuffers death at the hands of a mob.
"Around the Pan."
The New York Sun, of Jan. 11th,
ays: '"The reader may make up his
ind to be pleasantly overwhelmed by
he opulence and vivacity of "Around
:he Pan", published by the Nutshell
Publishing Company, 1059 Third Ave
7iue, New York. The wonders begin
with the frontispiece picture of.Presl
lent McKinley, drawn in a single line
eginning at a.point on the cheek bone
md going round and round in a con
~tantly widening circle, with waver
ngs and downbearings of the pen Ir
:he proper places to secure detach
ent and shading. We are told that
:his portrait "is considered the most
.ique work of its kind in the world",
md if there are degrees of uniqueness
we are willing to believe that this is
nost the thing of which there are no:
luplicates. Of course there is text in:
ddition to the pictures, and we~
hould te surprised - indeed to hear
from any purchaser the opinion that .
2e had not got his money's worth,;
52.00. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Now is the time to rake around the'
roots of the fruit trees to expose t
: the cold so that they will no in
:00 big a hurry in crowding the seasonl
Ld causing the trees to bloom ahead