Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. T CAN jC -A- 21 AO
GEN. MILES 18 31AD.
He Declares that He Will Resign if a
Certain Bill Passes.
SECRETARY OF WAR'S SCHEME
To Promote Interest or Personal
Friends Without Regard to
Rank for Service. Miles
Gen. Nelson A. 'Miles Thursday told
the senate committee on military af
fairs that if the bill introduced by
Senator Hawley at the instance of the
war department for the organization
of a general stafT for the army should
become a law he would decline to
longer hold his commission. The
reason he gave for the statement
is that the bill is utterly subversive
of the interests of the military estab
lishment. and he said that he would
not be a party to such a proceeding to
the extent even of continuing to hold
The statement was made in the
course of a prolonged hearing by the
committee which was c.)nducted be
hind closed doors. and in which Gen.
Miles touched upon a variety of sub
jects connected with the army. The
portion of the bill to which he direct
ed his especial criticism is that con
ta'ned in section 7, reading as. fol
MAKE GENERAL A FIGUREHEAD.
"That from and after the passage
of this act the senior general officer of
the army shall be assigned to command
such portion of the army as the presi
dent may direct, or be detailed to duty
in the general staff corps. All duties
prescribed by law for the commanding
general of the army shall be perform
ed by the chief of general staff or
other general officer designated by the
secretary of war. Provided, that so
long as the present lieutenant general
of the army continues on the active
list he shall be the chief of the general
staff, and upon the separation from
active service of the said lieutenant
general of the army, said office, except
as herein provided shall cease and
WOULD DESTROY UNITY OF ARMY.
Gen. Miles said that if this provision
should become a law it would have the
effect of destroying the unity of the
army and he read numerous authori
ties, including Napoleon, Wellington,
Washington, Cass and Grant to show
the necessity of having one head to
the army and of controlling authority.
His own experience and observation
had. he said, had the effect of contirm
ing these views and he gave an illus
tration of its beneficial effect in time
of emergency, instancing the begin
ning of the war with Spain.
"I heard at midnight," he said,
"that the Spanish fleet had been
located definitely at Santiago, and I
hastened to the home of Secretary
Long, where the news was confirmed.
Shafter was then at Tampa, and I
sat down there, in the secretary's
house and wrote a dispatch, directing
him to start immediately for Santiago
with the result that the army was
soon on its way to the point where its
presence was needed. Suppose," he
added, exhibiting the message which
he had sent to Gen. Shafter, "I had
been compelled to get around to a
dozen or more majors, as many colo
nels and any number of generals con
stituting a general staff."
sCH.EMIE OF THE sECRETARY.
Then he added that in all probabil
ity the senior general of the 'army
-would not under the provision he had
-quoted have been in position to do
.anythinig, and he called attention to
the clause relieving him (the senior
-general) of command and making it
possible for any other officer to be ap
pointed. He declared that under
section 7 it would be competent to one
day promote a captain to the position
-of a brigadier and the next day to
make him chief of staff, thus practi
cally placing a captain at the head of
the army. Warming up somewhat he
asserted that the bill was calculated
to accomplish no purpose except to al
low the secretary of war and the ad
jutant general to promote the interest
of their personal favorites.
WHY THE DELAY AT TAXPIA.
Gen. Miles was questioned as to the
reasons for locating the American
army of occupation at Tampa and
holding it there so long with the re
sulting congestion. Replying to the
first question, he said that it was be
cause of the order to occupy Habana.
The delay was due, he said. to the
fact that the American army was sup
plied with only 64 rounds of ammuni
tion which would not have been suffi
cient for more than half an hour of
fighting. Considering that Habana
was one of the best fortified cities in
the world, he said that to have attack
ed it would have been foolhardy in
the extreme. He declined, however.
to criticise the then secretary of war,
Gen. Alger, for the condition of affairs,
saying that probably any one else in
the position would have done about
what he did. He laid the general
blame for this condition of unprepared
ness at the door of congress.
KNOWS THE FAVORITES.
In the course of his remarks Gen.
Miles told the committee in contidence
that with the bill a law he could now
name the men who would hold the
places of honor provided under is but
the committee did not ask for the
The printed report of the testimony
of Secretary Root before the military
committee on this bill was made
public Thursday. In his statement
the secretary stated that the general
staff of the army as it is proposed to~
organize it under this bill would be
simply an advisory board and that its
principal duty would be that of an
Asked as to the place the command
er-in-chief would occupy with refer
ence to this board, the secretaryre
"The plan of the bill is to have the
chief of statf selected by the president
as commander-in-chief, and to have it
a detail so that he will come in with
the president and go ojut with the
Seair Bte--nn 1 ndrsannd that
there is a limit to their power so that
they will not interfere with the lieu
Se'cretarv Itoot --The proposition is
to have the lieutenant eneranl to de
As to the worl: of this ciaracte
during the war with Spain. Sccretary
GIVEs COIBIN THE CIRiEDIr.
"That work was done during the
Spanish war practically by the gentle
man in the adjutant general's office.
If We had Uot had an adjutant gener
al with the strength of ten men, with
a wonderful physiqne and extraordi
nary executive capacity the whole sys
temn would have been broken down ab
solutely. You cannot depend on hav
ing such men."
"I want to say." he went on. "that
I believe that with the organization
as it was at the outbreak of the war
with Spain and is now, the outbreak
of any war would irretrievably ruin
I any man who was secret ary 6Z war. I
think the organization is such that it
is impossible that successful results
may be produced until they have been
worked out by most painful and ex
THE DAVIS MONUMENT FUND.
The School Children of this State to
Help Get It Up.
Some time ago State Superintendent
of Education McM::ha received a let
ter from Mrs. Alice A. Gaillard Pal
mer of Charleston on lhe part of the
committee for South Carolina to rep
resent the Southern 3iemorial associa
tion in an effort. along with the
United Daughters ot the Confederacy,
to further the collection of funds for
the erection of a monument to Jeffer
son Davis. Mrs. Palmer suggests
that the school children be given the
opportunity to contribute 'o the
monument. This would be most ap
propriate. especially in the State of
South Carolina, the leader in the or
ganization of the Confederacy, which
will forever be symbolized by the name
of Jefferson Davis. The chief reason
for the contribution is the sentiment I
rather than the money. Mrs. Palmer
"We feel confident that every man,
woman and child will consider it an
honor and a privilege to contribute to
this fund. I write to ask if it would
be possible for you to appoint some
day and have a collection taken up in
all the schools for this fundy If each
child gave five cents. I am sure it
would amount to a goodly sum. There
is a rule. in our city schools that no
collection shall be taken up, but I am
going to make a special appeal to the
board, and have the sanction of the
chairman to do so. It is the desire of
the women of the south that the
monument shall be unveiled on June
3, 1903, and each State is earnestly re
quested to act promptly in adding to
the funds now on hand."
Superintendent McMahan thinks
that in connection with the taking up'
of the contributions, there should be
exercises commemorative of Jefferson
Davis, and of the Confederacy. These
would serve not only to interest, but
to instruct the children of the schools
and the people of the community. In
order to assist the teachers in devis
ing an attractive and significant pro
gramme, he will issue a pamphlet,
which 3Miss Withers is now preparing
with the assistance of several teachers
of the State. Of course, Jefferson
Davis's birthday would be the best
time for such an exercise, except that
it. comies after most of the schools will
have closed. M1emorial day, the 10th
of May, will, therefore, be designated.
As many country schools, however,
will close much earlier, they are asked
to fix each a day for itself in connec
tion with its closing exercises, and
give the children of the school and
the people of the neighborhood the
opportunity to contribute something
towards this monument to the south's
great leader in the Lost Cause.
Rescue of' Crew,
A special from M1orehead City N. C.,
says the United States revenue cutter
Algonquin, stationed at this port, has
just arrived there with Capt. Garay
and crew of 27 men from the Spanish
steamship "Ea,'' 1,694 tons of Bilbao.
The Ea sailed from Fernandina, Fla.,
MIarch 13, for New York with a cargo
of 2,500 barrels rosin and :',500 tons,
phosphate. When off Cape Lookout
shoals. 3March 15, at 9 a. mn., she went
aground and high seas and brisk
southeast to northeast winds prevent
ed assistance of life-saving crew. The
steamer broke in two this morning
and is a total loss with her cargo.
By a combination o;f the efforts of the
life-saving crew and the revenue cut
ter the crew of thle Ea was taken at
the last minute off ti:e bridge of the
vessel after having remained without
food and water since Saturday.
Swam Through Ice.
Ed Damneron paid a bet that he lost
on the 31eGovern-Sullivan fight by tak
ing a swim in the Ohio ri ver at Louis
ville with the thermometer hovering ar
ound zero. Dameron swami 75ft.through
the Icy waters and when he reached
the bank his mustache was frozen stif
and icicles hung from his hair. Dam
eron made a bet with Henry Haner,
a fellow employe of the Norman Lum
ber company that Sullivan would win
and made the proposition that the los-I
er shotld take a swim in the river on
St. Patrick's day. As MIcGovern land
ed the big end of the purse Dameron
paid the bet according to the
Only a D~odge.
Senator Penrose's attempt to head
off the movement for poipular election
of senators by proposing an increase
of senators, based on population, was
too transparent to amount to anyth
lng. The people of this country de
mand popular election of senators, and
they will get it some day, but they:
will never stand for giving the big
IStates a lanrer representat ion 1 n the
senate than the small one-s.
Pie Counter Hunters.
- Hanna is said to b~e the choice of,
the southern Republicans for next
Ipresident. And it must be admitted:
says the Atlanta Journal, that the
average southern Republican comes
pretty near knowing where the pie
coumner is located.
A GtRANU SUCCESS
Was the South Carolina Day at the
VISITORS WARMLY RECEIVED.
By the Good People of the City of
Charleston. The Gov. and
Others Make Speeches.
The Charleston correspondent of
the Columbia State says South Caroli
na Day has been a great success. while
the crowd in attendance should have
numbered not less than 25.000 yet
there were indeed 10.000 people in the
grounds. This fact in itself is not
an indication that the exposition man
agement is disappointed, for the at
tendance of such an enthusiastic crow, d
as was here Thursday means brighter
days for the exposition.
For those who were here will go
out and do "missionary work" for tLe
great show. Last week a prominent
county official came down from Co
lumbia and was so thoroughly delight
ed with his visit that he has been urg
ing all his friends to come. The re
sult of his efforts was apparent, be
cause several Columbians who had
thought of the exposition as a "fail
ure" were by him persuaded to come.
and these ''converts'' declared that
they were going home and urge others
It is strange that home people must
be persuaded to believe that this ex
A GRAND sUCCESS.
from an aesthetic and artistic stand
point. The exposition has had many
things against which to contend and
the one which has, perhaps, influenced
the people of South Carolina to dis
trust the exposition is the fact that
the exposition was opened before it
was ready. Had they been admitted
ree they might have had no kick to
make, but as they paid their way to
see an unfinished show many of them
went away with a feeling akin to re
5entment. It is a great pity, and it
is difficult to overcome whatever im
pressions were made at that time.
However, the visitors who are coming
ere now declare their gratification at
seeing the exposition not only com
pleted but complete. There is noth
ing lacking to make it a success if not
successtul. The crop year has been a
bad one, but there are people who are
able to come here for a few days of
recreation and for enjoyment.
THE LAST OPPORTUNITY.
They may not have such another
:pportunity for 10 years or longer. It
may be many years before a southern
:ity will have the conrage to under
take what Charleston has carried to
:ompletion. For the reason that the
delighted crowds who were here Thurs
Jay will go back to their homes and
speak kind words for the exposition,
the South Carolina day was a success.
The weather was ideal, cool enough
to be snappy and warm enough to be
inviting. On account of the very se
vere weather of the past two days, the
exposition authorities feel very glad
that the trains brought about 4,000
people to Charleston Wednesday and
THE DAY'S EXERCISES.
There was an exchange of compli
ments between the representatives of
Charleston and the representatives of
the State government. At noon a
large crowd assembled in front of the
portico on the west front of the South
Carolina building. Major J. C. Hemp
bill, a director, took charge of the
exercises. He declared his pleasure at
the presence of so many visitors and
introduced "the one man in Charles
ton who has had the pocket book big
enough and the back bone big enough
to make this exposition the success it
is"-Capt. F. W. Wagener, the presi
dent of the exposition.
Capt. Wagener welcomed the visi
tors in his characteristic manner. His
face beamed with pleasure when he in
vited them to make themselves at
home in Charleston. He hoped that
they would enjoy the day and would
go back arid say that the directors- of
the exposition had done their part.
He hoped that the visitors would be
the means of bringing others. "Na
ture has not been in our favor,"~ he
said, and the attendance is not what
it ought to have been." Hon. James
P. Johnson, mayor protein, made a few
remarks of welcome on behalf of the
city of Charleston. He spoke with a
warm cordiality which was apparent.
THE STATE IS A UNIT.
Judge C. H. Simonton of the United
States court, then introduced the
speaker of the day, Governor McSwee
ne. Judge Simonton referred with
earnestnest to the fact that South
Carolina has been made a unit and he
complimented the Gov. in his part in
that pacification. He presented "the
governor of the whole people. Gover
nor McSweeney was well received. His
was the only prepared speech and he
followed the manuscript closely after
making a few remarks appropriate to
the occasion. The governor said:
GOV. M'sWEENEY's ADDRESS.
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle
men: It Is peculiarly appropriate that
one day during the progress of this ex
position should be set apart as South
Carolina Day. For this exposition is a
a State enterprise, conceived and car
ried to a completion In the metropolis
of the State. and this day has been
fixed when the people of South Caro
lina may come together to do honor to
their exposition and' to the city which
made it a success-to see here dis
played the resources and advantages
and possibilities of their own State.
and of nearly every other State in the
union, and other parts of the world.
And it is most appropriate that
South Carolina should have an expos'
tion to which she may with a just
pride invite her brethren of every see
tin of the country. 1 believe that the
people of America are peculiarly in
terested In this State, and I have
noted with the keenest interest and
dlight the kind and eloquent words
spoken by the governors arid represeni
tatives of other States upon their
visits to this exposition. No better
indication could be sought that at least
one of the ends for which this enter
prise was undertaken has been accom
plished-the bringing of our brethren
f othe sections of the country into
closer touch with our people, to give
them the hand of welcome and assure
i them of our interest in the people of
the States which they represent. and
I believe they bave gone home with a
new and broader and fuller conception
of South Carolina's position in the
galaxy of States. Some of them- were
from that section which less than a
half century ago were lined up on the
other side of that dark and deep chasm
which was opened wide in '61, but
across which is now clasped the hand
of brotherly love. It is useless to deny,
and I would not, that the memory of
those days still linges, sadly though
sweetly, in the hearts of the northern
and the southern people, but I repeat,
that on account of the visits, as it
were, of these States to this exposi
tion, and their reception in the city
where in the '60s Sumter belched
forth its flame and steel -against the
northern fleets, the hand on the clock
of time is pointing nearer the hour
when the last remnant of any antag
onism must be obliterated, and the 45
Statesof this union shaIll be knit to
gether by ties closer and stronger
than ever before. By the efforts and
the untiring energy of the promoters
of this exposition we have greatly ad
vanced that time. and should nothing
more be accomplished, it will have
deserved the well-done of eve%-y true
The sons of South Carolina havE.
ever striven for what they believed tc
be right. doing their duty as they saw
it, and leaving to their God the con
sequences of their action. From the
time when the first permanent set,
tlement was moved from Port Royal to
the banks of the Ashley river in 1670
until today, she has played a promi
nent part In the history of the western
world. As far back as 1719 a revolu
tion directed against the proprietary
government had been successful, and
the colonists in this State had placed
themselves under the direct care of
the British crown because in this way
they believed they could secure greater
political and religious liberty. And
when the tyranny of the crown had
become oppressive and it had made
encroachments upon that liberty, and
the thirteen coloneis had revolted. I
need only to mention the names
of Francis Marion, Thomas Sumter,
Pickens, Rutledge, Pinkney, and a
thousand other heroes who claimed
South Carolina as their mother to re
call the memory of the part she played
in that conflict. And after the war
was over and the victory won, when
South Carolina thought her rights
were again being trampled upon by
the government she had helped to
make, unsupported and alone she nulli
fied the laws of that government, and
put before the world her position in
the famous declaration of State's
rights. At that time the fiery and
eloquent Ilayne represented her in the
senate of the United States, and upon
his retirement and election to the of
fice of governor there went to the sen
ate one of the three great men who
have ever been considered America's
geeatest statesmen, whose dust now
mingles with his parent earth in the
State which he loved and served so
well, and to whose memory there, on
Citadel Square, stands a monument
erected by the people of this historic
city. With such men at the head of
her affairs she could not but command
the attention and respect of the world,
and when this trying ordeal for her
and for the country and had been safe
ly passed with honor to both, and a
reunited country battled with Mexico,
the deeds of the Palmetto regiment in
that struggle have hardly been equal
led in the annals of war-fare, even
should you go back to the time when
Leonidas -and his hundred Spartans
gave their lives at the pass of Ther
mopylae, and never surpassed' The
historic flag they bore to victory in
Mexico was not long since unfurled by
another South Carolina regiment in
Cuba on the wails of Morro Castle.
Not long afterwards followed the
Civil war-that war precipitated by
the action of South Carolina in seced
ing from the union because she
thonght it her right and her duty to
sever her connection with her sister
States. There is no need fof me to
speak of that conflict; the names of
the men of South Carolina who took
part are engraven in the hearts of the
southern people, and when it is de
sired to point the childreu of America
to the record of deeds of courage and
self-sacrifling heroism worthy or emu
lation, they are taught in infancy to
lisp tne names of the men who from
Manassas to Appomattox bared their
breasts to the belching fire of the
enemy for a cause they believed to be
just. And when the arbitrament of
arms had decided against us, when
Lee had surrendered there were no
vain sighs and regrets from our peo
ple, but "with a heart for any fate"
they renewed their .allegiance to the
union and went to work to rebuild
their lost fortunes. Since that time,
since the Stars and Bars were forever
furled at Appomattox, South Caro
lina has time and again proven her al
legiance to the government, and she
is as true to the old flag today as If
those stirring times had never been.
South Carolina has been no less great
and illustrious in peace than In war.
In iridustrial development and pro
gress. she has kept pace with her sis
ter States, and many of them she has
Ifar outreached, as the manufacturing
enterprises which stand as sentinels in
every city, town. and hamlet from the
hills of of the Piedmont to the low
lands tihe coast, will bear testi
This teautiful Ivory City in her me
tropolis attests the pluck and the per
severance of the people of the palmetto
and the pine.
But the most beautilul jewel In her
crown is the loveliness, the devotion,
the self-sacriticing fortitude, and the
stainess character of her women.
Without these she could have accom
plished nothing. The women of South
Carolina are the ones who have cheer
ed and encouraged her sons in times
of peril as well as In the days of peace
and prosperity. And without their
encouraging words and helping hands
-this beautiful exposition could never
have been. God bless our women.
VHlE STATE's PARtT.
The State of South Carolina gave
$0.00 to the great exposition. and
this should be a matter of pride for
every patriotic son of the State. This
money was wisely -expended by a comn
missIon consisting of Gov. McSween
-c. C p w. w. agner, Co. Jno. 1B.
Cleveland, Senator Louis..T Appelt and
Mr. Thomas Wilson of Clarendon coun
tv. At their direction was erected
tie splendid structure known as the
Palace of Agriculture or South Caro
lina building. Acting with thei Mr.
Earl Sloan, the State geologist, and
Mr. A. W. Love, the State commis
sioner, have arranged an exhioit
which is representative of every 'class
of industry in this State. This exhibit
is displayed in the handsome building
which was designed by Othe architect,
Mr. Bradford L. Gilbert. The decor
ations in this building are admired
about as much as are the exhibits. Mr.
August Kohn, the secretary of the
comis.sion was also pr6sent. His ad
vice was servicable to the commission
on more than one ouccon.
TEXAS HAY FEVER.
Breetters in this State Lose Thous
ands Annually By It.
Since the stock law went into effect,
and ticks have disappeared in many
parts of the State, Texas fever has be
come qu te a common disease. It is
estimated that the breeders of tbe
State are now losing annually more
than $10.000 from this disease, and it
has been shown to be so important
that the South Carolina experiment
station has undertaken the work of
combating its ravages by a process of
In the fall of 1900 twelve calves
were bought by the veterinary divi
sion, of which Dr. G. E. Nesom is
chief and Dr. Shealey assistant. All
of them were subject to the disease, as
they had never carried ticks. They
were innoculated with blood from a
cow that was immune, and in a few
days they developed a light case of the
disease from which they soon recover
ed. During the summer of 1891 they
were kept in a tick-infested pasture
and none of them contracted the fatal
form of the disease,
But more Important work is now be
ing done in the same way on Northern
cattle. Every one who has purchased
cattle from the North and exposed
them to the Southern cattle tick knows
that most of them die the first year of
"acclimation fever," another name
for Texas fever.
Sixteen head of beef cattle were
brought down from Indianapolis in
November, 1901, and have been in
noculated. They are doing well so
far and when the work is finished in
the spring they will be tested in tick
ifested pastures. It is hoped they
will prove immune. If this method
proves entirely successful it will es
tablish the fact that a great obstacle
in the way of introducing better cat
tle into this State has been removed.
In this connection Dr. G. E. Nesom
has sent out the following circular let
ter to farmers and cattle raisers in
This circular letter is sent you in
the hope that you will assist the vete
rinarian of the experiment station in
securing some information regarding
the cattle disease knnwn as Texas
During the past few years the dis
ease has been prevalent in many sec
tions of the State, but since the pas
sage of the present stock law it has
become very common, especially In
the upcountry and in the pastures
and pens of stock buyers and feeders.
Texas fever is known by a number
of names, but the most important of
these are splenic fever, splenetic fever,
acclimation fever, Southern cattle
fever, tick fever, red water, bloody
murrain. bloody urine, distemper,
mountain, distemper and many local
The symptoms are readily recog
nized by any one who has seen cattle
suffering from this fever. At first the
animals become' stupid and leave the
herd for some secluded and shady part
of the pasture. They appear listless
and droop, as if all energy had for
saken them, the ears drop, the nose
is more or less dry, rumination (chew
ing cud) suspended, the urine light to
dark red in color, and constipation
marked, only small quantijies of very
drk, dry dung being voided. They
are highly fevered, the temperature
running frome103 to 107 degrees F. In
milk cows the flow of milk is almost
suspended. A1l of the symptoms in
crease in severity until the animal be
comes almost or quite unconscious,
walks round in a circle, groans and
seems to suffer real pain. Then con
vulsions set in, the animal falls, un
conscious and snoring in the intervals
between convulsions, until death en
sues. Calves rarely develop the severe
symptoms or die from the disease, but
in cattle over a year old the death
rate is possibly 50 to 90 per cent. in
creasing as the age increases.
Post mortem examination of the
carcass snows the flesh to be almost
bloodless and pale in color, the spleen
(melt) black and easily torn, the blad
der tilled with bloody urine, the liver
and intestines yellowish and the gall
bladder filled with bile.
In all cases an examination of the
skin about the thighs, flanks, neck and
other parts of the body reveals the
presence of ticks, which always go
with Texas fever. The cause of the
disease is a small animal organism
(protozoan,) which seems at all exist
in the body of the times to tick. When
the tick inserts its bill through the
hide these little germs gain access to
the blood of the cow and there develop,
producing a case of Texas fever in ten
to twenty days. Death results from
the destruction of the red blood cells,
the refuse going to the spleen and the
coloring matter to the bladder.
Cattle that have had ticks on them
when they were calves are immune to
the disease, and will not have It again.
Cattle that have not had ticks on
them until a year old, will develop
the disease as soon as they get the
The experiment station oflicials de
sire to assist the stockmen' of the State
in getting the disease under control
and prevent severe losses in future.
Innoculation experiments are now in
progress, and it Is hoped that immun
ity to it may be produced by artiticial
You are requested to answer the
questions on the enclosed postal card
and return as soon as possible to the
veterinarian, who wishes to thank
you in advance for your co-operation
in the matter. Yours truly,
G. E. NEsoM, Veterinarian.
Cemson Cege, . C.
THE BLOODY SH1RT.
The Republicans Raise it Aloft in Con
- gress Once More.
WILL HELP THE DEMOCRATS.
Crumpacker's Resolution for an In
vestigation of the Suffrage
Question in the South
Will Be Pushed.
A special dispatch from Washington
to the Atlanta Jouurnal says since the
Republican leaders have determined to
!orce through the Crumpacker resolu
Lion for an investigation of the suf
fragelquestion as it affects the south
rn representation in the house, it has
become clearly evident that this. move
>f the majority means a repetition of
he old Force bill fight and a revival
)f the sectional bitterness of recon
The supporters of the measure have
made no concealment of their desire to
tilize It for purely partisan ends.
This is particularly true of certain
western representatives, who seek to
;olidify the negro voters in their dis
ricts. Conservative Republicans, such
Ls Cannon, at first arrayed themselves
stoutly against any such legislation,
md the speaker himself took but a
perfunctory interest in the proposition
ind only ceased when a policy of con
:iliation became necessary on account
)f the row over the Cuban tariff.
The Democrats will fight the reso
.ution vigorously, beginning with the
3resentation of the rule of the house.
hey believe that if so radical a step
s at once talen the majority will not
esitate to go even to greater ex
remes to insure control of the house
n the next congress. The Democrats
ill probably consider their plan of ac
ion in caucus, and It is said they may
tgree to stop the regular procedure of
he house by fillibustering. The sud
len change in the attitude of the Re
>ublicans toward this resolution is re
carded as full of significance, coming
is it does at a time when the prospects
)f the Democrats electing the next
iouse are admittedly bright.
The Post today publishes views on
:.he action of the Republfcan leaders,
ts follows: .
David B. Hill says: "The proposed
vestigation will be fruitless, and will
ot injure the Democratic party. Of
:ourse it should be opposed because it
.s partisan and unnecessary. It in
licates a desperation which is ominous.
If the investigation should be followed
>y an attempt to enact a federal elec
on law, the effect will be to unite
he Democratic party north, south,
ast and west as nothing else could do.
[t will work the beginning of the end
)f Republican national rule."
W. J. Bryan says: "If the investi
ration of election methods includes
iorthern elections as well as southern
here ought to be no objection, but an
nestigation that ignored the fraud
racticed in the Hanna senatorial
~lection and in the Pennsylvania elec
ions would be unfair. The commit
see should also investigate the coercion
practiced by employers and bankers, as
well as fraud practiced on black men.
An investigation to be valuable must
mot be partisan."
Senator Gorman says: "The entire
ountry will be amazed at the ex
3reme radical partisanship embraced
in the action taken today. It is pro
posed to stir up sectional animosities
it a time when all thoughtful men of
very party in the country recognize
hat the problem of the sufferage of the
south must be adjusted by the people
f the states where the great negro
population exists. Tpe business
.nterests of this country will resent
abis effort to create political strife
is they did when it wad attempt
id during the speakership of Mr.
Blae and again in 1890, when
she whole country protested against
3he force bill: This latest attempt
:an only be accounted for in-one way.
Ihe Republicans fear the defeat of
heir party in the next congressional
lections of the issues they have made,
growing out of the Philippine ques
Sion and the enormous expenditure of
she government. Therefore, they have
seen fit to array the north against the
outh. Business intersets will resent
>his wanton and unnecessary agitation
The Democrats must fight this propo
sition from now until the end of this
:ongress. They must fight,.*and fight,
Henry Watterson says: "I have
:hought and hoped the Republicans
were done with the bloody shirt, at
.east as far as far south is con
erned. It has always done them.
nore harm than it has done us. The
)nly effect of Its revival now will be to
nite the Democrats and frighten the
:onservatve element of the north and
tast. Millions of dollars have gone
;outh the last five or six years. This
novement will be regarded as direct
mttack upon those millions. Both
;ections yearned for peace. At last
hey have got it. This proposal to
ip open the old wound is an assault
ipon the peace of the country. and
or what? Under what pretext? Why,
:he negro vote-a fungus vote-car
cying no moral weight, but on the
ther hand, the occasion of incalcul
The President in Charleston.
The Columbia State says news has
been received in Columbia that Presi
lent Roosevelt will leave Washington
ror Charleston April 8th and will
spend the 9th at the exposition. On
the afternoon of that day will be the
sword presentation. President Roose
velt has expressed himself as pleased
it the prospect of handing to "one of
the most gallant men with whom he
was asociated"--Maj. Micah Jenkins
-a testimonial of the appreciation of
South Carolinians for the officer and
gentleman- "the worthy son of a no
ble sire." The exposition manage
ment has provided on the programme
or this presentation. The sword will
be ordered this week. Its value and
beauty will be governed somewhat by
the additional contributions made to
t fnde in the next few days.
THE JURORS DRAW.
To Serve in the United States Court
at Charleston in April.
The April term of the United States
Circuit Court will convene in Charles
ton onApril 1. There is a full docket
and many important cases will come
up for trial. Jurors for the term have
been drawn as follows:
Thomas J. Nichols, Bethel.
Thomas Whitaker, Camden.
Mason C. Seaborn, Walhalla.
Philip Carter, Pritchardville.
Joseph Bennett, Spartanburg.
J. C. Stoudemire, Lone Star.
0. P. Field, Pickens.
S. G. Wingo, Gowersville.
W. E. Irindsay, Glendale.
A. M. Bozard, Orangeburg.
G. Henry Moore. Abbeville. -
V. A. White, Powers Shop.
A. M. Aiken, Coronaco.
J. A. Moody, Marion.
S. E. Boynton. Greenpond.
E. W. Dabbs, Goodwill.
Adam Goodlet. colored, Greenville.
W. Allen Parmley, colored, Conway.
H1. P. Weekly, Early Branch.
F. M. Shumpert, Utopia.
J. S. Connor, Connor's.
Frank DeMars. Orangeburg.
J. L. Nelson, Varnville.
J. H. Lesesne, Manning.
J. B. O'Neill Holloway, Pomaria.
R. McLendon, Florence.
John Eve, colored, Barnwell.
Tom Jones. colored, Abbeville.
E. F. Reed, Varennes.
J. Thomas Power, Stewart.
J. A. Kennedy, Govan.
John L. Huggins, Columbia.
W. J. Hunter, Rapley.
John A. Easley, Greenville.
J. Wilds Wallace, Mars Bluft.
W. S. Langford, Newberry.
J. P. Phillips, Ninety-Six.
J. C. Land, Foreston.
D. C. Smith, Waterloo.
C. F. Moore, Bennettsville.
R. R. Johnston, Elko.
J. L. Gibson, North.
George C. May, Union.
W. P. Counts, Sligh's.
W. Hampton Dukes, Orangeburg.
C. W. Evans, colored, Walterboro.
W. R. Owens, Dumbarton.
J. B. Holland, Clinton.
Prince Cannon, Laurens.
W. T. Dorroh, Young's Store.
Joe Lake, Phoenix.
Thomas Stevens, Pendleton.
C. T. Stone, Timmonsville.
David N. Smith, Orangeburg.
John R. Bart, Hopkins.
Fred Duncan, colored, Darlington.
C. J. Carroll, Columbia.
D. D. McCall, Bennettsville.
E. B. Berry, Sellers.
Emmet Plexico, King's Creek.
Killed by the Cars.
The Newberry Observer says "on
Friday night two young men, or well
grown lads, left their comfortable and
happy homes in Newberry to seek for
adventure. Their-people did not kno*
whither they had gone, and of course
were greatly worried about them.
Nothing was heard from either until
Tuesday morning, when Agent Bur
ton of the Southern received a dis
patch from the agent at Toccoa, Ga.,
conveying the intelligence that one of
the boys had just been run over by the
cars at that place and was in a dying
condition. The other boy had told
the agent the name of the unfortunate
boy and that he had a step-father who
is a preacher living in Newberry. Mr.
Burton at once communicated the sad
news to Rev. Dr. Charles H. Arm
strong, the poor boy's step-father, .and
he with the heart-broken mother took
the midday train for Toccoa, leaving
Newberry at 12:35-just as the son
was breathing his last. The name of
the young man was Hoyt King.. -He
was 17 years of age, and was a mem
ber of the Freshman class at Newberry
college. He was cleverand popular
with his college mates,'but did not
take much interest in his books, be
ing of a restless and roving disposi
tion, wanting to see something of the
world and not having the patience to
wait." This'should be a warning to
boys who may want to leave home and
be their own masters.
Mixed on His Vowels.
He was a short, corpulent, import
ant-looking man, and as he walked
down the aisle in the church in which
he was a much respected and honored
member he seemed fairly to radiate
self-love and self-approval, says the
New York Commercial. He stopped
a few paces from pew No. 5 to allow
his matronly-looking wife and three
stunning-looking and blooming daugh
ters to precede him, to his disgust and
amazement, he disccovered that it
was already filled to overflowing with
some strangers. Hastening to the
back of the church, where the negli
gent ushers were engaged in an ani
mated conversation concerning the
spring styles, he demanded in a voice
filled with indignation and ire:
"Who's occupewing my pie?"
Wholis He ?
There is now in Winnsboro a small
white boy that no one there knows
anything about, and so far inquiries
about him have brought no informa
tion. He came here Friday morning,
and soon succeeded in arousing the
sympathies of a lady in town to such
an extent that she has since cared for
him. He gives his name as Archie
D. McCoy, and says that he is from
Rockingham. N. C. He Is about 12
years old, and apparently a right
bright boy. Any information that
will lead to his identification will be
cheerfully received by Winnsboro's
cheif of police.
Lynched a Murder.
John Woodward, the negro mur
derer of Leonard Calvitt, a white
planter at Union Point, Concordia
Parish. La., was lynching Thursday
morning at 2 o'clock within 300 yards
of the parish prison in Vidalia, La.
The negro was about 25 years of age
and had stolen some cotton from Cal
vitt. On February 17th he confessed
the theft and promised Calvitt to
make restitution if the latter would
go to his (Woodward's) house. Cal
vitt did so, but when he appeared the
negr kiled him.
OUR OLD HEROES.
A General Order from General C.
ABOUT THE TEXAS ERUNION.
He Urges a Large Attendance of a
South Carolinians .and Gives
Much Valuable Informa
tion About the Trip.
Headquartdrs South Carolina Division.
United Confederate Veterans.
Greenwood, S. C. March 14, 1902.
General Order No. 57.
1. The Twelfth Annual Reunion of
the United Confederate Veterans will
be held at Dallas, Texas, April 22-25,
1902. The Division Commander urges
upon all the Camps of the South Caro
lina Division the sending of large
delegations to. this grand Reunion. .
To how many of us, will it be the last
time we shall clasp hands with our
II. The rate of travel will be 1 cent
per mile. As this will be long trip,
arrangements have made by which
Tourists Cars, with all the substantial
comforts of the Pullman Car, but only
lacking their elegance, will be run by:
the Southern Railway from South
Carolina to Dallas, and such Tourists
Carsas may be chartered by Camps
will be parked while there for use
as homes for the Vetirans. The
special rate for the same will be an
nounced by the railroads.
III. Thinking always of the con
venience and comfort of his comrades,
tqe Division.Commander has carefully
weighed the. advantages presented by
the various routes to Dallas, consider
Ing not only the advantages of the
official train going, brt the regular
schedules of trains returning, to bring
the Veterans easily 1 to their homes,
outside of and including the official
train, and has decided that the route
by the. Southern Railway Is by far the
best, and the official train will-go by
this route. This train will carry the
Tourist Sleepers from South Carolina.
The official train will.leave olunimbia,
S. C., about mid-day, Sunday, 4prIl
20th, 1902, after the hour of the ar
rival of trains from Fort Mill, Rock
Hill, etc... from Charleston; and trains
by the A. C. L. from eastern parts o.
the State. It will go via Newberry,
Greenwood, etc., to Greenville, where
the trains from Charlotte, Spartan
burg, etc., will join It, and thence on
to Dallas. The comrades from points
in the western part of the State will
join the official train at Atlanta.lt
is scheduled to arrive at' Dallas, -6
A. M., April 22d. This movement
covers more nearly the whole State
than is possible by any other route.
IV. The Division Commander
recognizes that he has no right, and
certainly has no inclination, to require
the comrades of the South Carolina
Division to go by any one route, and
particularly if at any, personal inoon
venience to the comrades, but he ap
peals to them to support him in'his
decision of a route, and to patronise
the "Southern," the official route.. He
urges this, because:
1st. The trip is a long one, and sall
South Caroliniansgoing together places
them in pleasant communion during
the 36 hours of the trip.
2d. Parking the chartered Tourist
Cars from South Carolina together,
places the many South Carolinians co
cupying such cars when there, at home
together. It gives our State a local
habitation at the Dallas Reunion.
3d. If the Veterans of the State de
sire that their influence as a body be -
felt in the State, they must act to
gether as a unit. They can show their
common bond of comradeship by en
dorsing their official head and moving.
The Division Commander feeling all
this, most earnestly urges the corn
rades of this Division, for their own
comfort, their own pleasure, and the
interest of the Division, to stand to
gether, and all make the trip to -Dal
las by the official route on the South
ern Railway. By order.
C. IRVIlE WALKER,
S. C. Div. Commander.
JAMES G. HOLMS,
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff.
Bought a Church.
Jopln F. Walsh, the colorado mil
lionaire, who is buying much property
in Washington, had his eye on the
Foundry Methodist church building, -
and dropped into the church one night
while an ice cream social was In pro
gress. He astonished the young ladies
by the prodigality of his expenditures.
Finally the pastor came around. Mr.
Walsh introduced himself. "I'm
having a good time," he said. "I
like to buy things. Have you any
thing else for sale?" "Nothing ex
cept the church property," replied the
pastor. "All right," replied Walsh,
"I'll take that too." And he did.
paying $201,000 therefor.
A New York woman sued ahospital.
the other day for having performed an
autopsy on the body of her husband
without her permission. She asked
$25,000 damages, and the jury award
ed her $500. The-subject of the autop
sy haI a very large and peculiarly
shaped head. and the hospital authori
ties could not resist the temptation_
A Big Salary.
It is said that the Rev. Baker P.
Lee, of Kentucky, who has been offer
ed the pulpit of Grace Episcopal
church, Chicago, at a salary of $15,
000 per year, does exactly .as he
pleases. The Atlanta Journal says he
probably also allows his parishioners
to do the same thing, which would
account for the size of his salary.
They will Catch On.
The Atlanta Journal says graduates
of the Tuskegee Institute have suc
ceeded in teaching the natives of
German West Africa how to grow
cotton. And pretty soon they may
be expected to learn how to refuse to
pick it for less than 75 cents a hun